Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Wednesday Morning, July 14, 1875.
The, discussion in the English House
?of Commons, relative to the progress of
Russia in Centrnl Asia, indicates tho,
growing conviction in tho minds of Eng?
lishmen that the real policy of Russia is
that of conquest. Tho fact is as plain as
? daj' that Russia's conquest of Khiva was
hut tho proludo to a grasp of territory
under tho pretense of extending "com?
mercial facilities" in Asia. She has re?
cently obtained possession of tho island
of Saghalicn, in tho Pacific, off tho mouth
of tho Amoor River; she is arranging to
?obtain Corea, and sho wants tho whole
intermediate country, and will, doubt?
less, try to get it. Indeed, it was not
long since one of tbo orators at a ban?
quet of tho veterans of the Caucassian
wars, at St Petersburg, openly declared
'ihnt Russia* alone could civilize Asia,
and that it was her intention to effect it
-completely. As shown in the recent de?
bate in the Houso of Commons, tho dc
?nixo of tho English is to cultivate friendly
relations with Afghanistan, tho only bar?
rier botwoen tho advance of tho Russian
and British India; but tho warliko Af?
ghanistans nro kept in antagonism to tho
English, it is believed, by tbo Shah of
Persia, who is known to bo under tho
influence of tho Russian Government.
' Tho Shah has permitted the construction
of a Russian railway through his domi?
nions, in spite of a protest from Eng?
land, and events nro very evidently cul?
minating to a crisis. A war between
R/ussia and England, growing out of
.these complications, would be no minor
affair. It would possibly convulse Eu
.ropo, as Prussia would then havo an
opportunity to pursue her ambitious de
.signs upon Franco and Denmark. It
, seems inconsistent for n member of the
.English Parliament to announce, as Mr.
JBnrke did tho other night, that England
is not an aggressive power, when the
i facts prove the contrary. She has been
.acting on the aggressive from tho period
of her first acquisition of Indian terri?
tory, and sho is at this moment seeking
to add largely to her Burmese acres.
Tho truth is, both Russia and England
-.want Central Asia, and the present trou?
ble is simply that observable when two
dogs get on cither side of a good, rich
Late despatches from tho Black Hills
.ure decidedly more instructive than Pro?
fessor Janney's discouraging report.
'There are, as is known, several hundred
miners searching for gold there, and
.they aro experiencing now what gold
hunting in the Black Hills nicans?star?
vation. Most of them have had nothing
to eat, but an uncertain supply of game,
for woeks, and a party sent in to a fron?
tier post to get food was massacred by
.the Indians. "There is no .enthusiasm
''here," is the report from the Black Hills,
. about tho meagre discoveries of gold,
nnd the pervading feeling is disappoint?
ment with the mineral resources of tho
?ountry." We have repeatedly warned
our readers that the glowing reports of
the wealth of this region woro grossly
and purposely .exaggerated, bxit we shall
not express nor form an opinion upon
its actual wealth until we have some
trustworthy information, of which we
now have none. It is entirely safe even
now, however, to say that every dollar's
'worth of gold brought from tho Black
.Hills will cost many dollars' worth of
ttabor, and more than can be easily esti?
mated of suffering and sorrow.
The Boccher papers propose to educate
' public opinion up to a belief inBeecher's
innocence. In time, when tho main facts
are forgotten, public opinion maj'change,
but there will always bo a fow unomo
. tional persons who will never quite agree
? with tho pastor that tho Prodigal Son
?was a better man than tho good fellow
.who stayed at homo and made tho old
Business is very dull in New York.
"There aro more empty stores on Broad?
way than have been known for years
past, and oven the Commissioners of
Emigrations are suffering from tho pre?
vailing torpor. Tho number of immi?
grants who have arrived there during the
past six months is 50,500, a falling off of
?23,0(52 from tho corresponding period of
Iowa sent a poor man to the penitenti?
ary for fifteen years, tho other day, sot
?for anything in the shape of manslaugh?
ter, but merely for marrying his step?
daughter. What can you expoot of a
State which punishes a man so severely
for such an offence? The first thing you
.know, oho will como at you with a legis
Hativo enactment to eheak, in the most
-cruel and oold-blooded manner, the lone
widower's .-sweat, dolicions impulse to
marry his mother-in-law. 1
. '.! ??? ? I ? / .
Comptroller DtmN as Receiver.?
Comptroller-General Dunn publishes
the following letter, in reply to an edi?
torial in tho Charleston News and Cou?
In your paper of a few dayB ago I
noticed an editorial in which you mado
some comments upon my having been
appointed Receiver of tho South Caro?
lina Bank and Trust Company, of this
city, and also of my having influenced
tho Governor to vote with mo to put
more of tho State funds on deposit with
that bank previous to its suspension. As
I havo since seen the samo statements
repeated in the Winnsboro News in
coarser language, I am impelled to de?
part from my usual rulo not to contra?
dict newspaper statements regarding my
official conduct, except a? my official re?
cord may of itself show tho incorrect?
ness of such statement, and to request
you to afford me space in your columns
to say, in brief, that, so far us tho deposit
in the South Carolina Bunk nnd Trust
Company of State funds is concerned,
tho first report mado to mo officially by
that bank, after I became Comptroller
General, showod a balance of $183,000,
placed thcro by Mr. Cardozo as Stato
Treasurer, and, as I am informed, by his
own volition. I did vote, in April, with
tho Governor, at a meeting of the Fi?
nancial Board, to increase tho deposit to
S200.000, and lot it remain until 1st July,
when it was to bo drawn upon to pay tho
July interest upon the public debt. Un?
der tho circumstances as thoy then ex?
isted, I believed it right to vote as I did,
and I prcsumo tho Governor felt the
same. Certainly wo neither of us had
any reason to believe that the> bank was
in any danger, and if Mr. Cardozo felt,
as he noio declares ho did, that the fail?
ure of that bank was only a question of
time, why was it that ho put $180,000
thero beforo I went into office?
You say you aro informed that I was,
as a Senator, a warm advocato of tho bill
to make this bank and tho Carolina Na?
tional tho solo banks of deposit, which
bill tho Governor vetoed. If you will
examine tho journals of the Senate, you
will find that iny "warm advocacy" con?
sisted in simply voting aye on the ques?
tion. In doing which, I found myself
in company with every Senator on tho
floor, Democratic as well as lie publican,
oxoept Gaillard, of Charleston, the voto
being 27 to 1 against it. If tbo bill had
not been vetoed, tho Stato would havo
not had so much money in this bank at
the time of its failure, and would havo
had $100,000 security instead of nothing,
as the matter now stands. As to being a
stockholder in this bank, I havo simply
to say that I havo never owned a dollar
of the stock of any bank in South Caro?
lina. As to the Recoivcrship, the Attor?
ney-General thought it proper that, as
tho State had so largo an interest in this
matter, somo Stato official ought to be
Receivor to guard tho State's interest.
Ho first offered to ask the opinion of Mr.
Cardozo, who declined, as I understood,
on account of his personal relations
with Mr. Solomon. It was then ten?
dered me, and accepted as a matter of
official duty. Whenever any action of
mine, as such Receiver, shall render me
liable to public censure, it will be time
enough for tho press to speak. Until
then, it would seem that my record as a
public man ought to shield me from
such unjust imputations. Tho press
and the people loudly proclaim that tho
only remedy for existing political evils
is honesty in official conduct. I venture
to suggest that to abuse, villify and mis?
represent every man who accepts a pub?
lic office upon mere suspicion, charging
official and personal dishonesty, no mat?
ter what his previous character may
have been, is not the best way to secure
the reforui so much needed.
The Keely Motor, Auxin. ?- In view of
publications in tho Scientific American,
deriding mo and my invention, I feel it
to bo my duty to depart from my intend?
ed policy of making no public declara?
tion relative to my invention. I now
publicly assert that I have produced tho
results which many persons havo seen,
in tho precise manner heretofore stated?
to wit: tho introduction of atmospheric
air into my machine, n limited quantity
of natural water direct from the hydrant
at no greater than the ordinary hydrant
pressure, and tho machino itself, which
is simply a mechanical structure. With
these three agents alone, unaided by any
and every chemical compound, heat,
electricity or galvanic action, I have pro?
duced in an ivappreciablo poriod of time,
by a simple manipulation of tho ma?
chine, a vaporic substance, at one expul?
sion of a volume of ten gallons, having
an elastic energv of 10,000 pounds to tho
squaro inch. This I solemnly assert,
and am ready to verify by my oath. I
only ask of tho public their indulgence,
until a now and perfect machine, now
rapidly approaching completion, is
finished, when I will publicly demon?
strate that which I now publicly assert
JOHN W. KEELY.
PuiLAOELr-HlA, June 25, 1875.
The Comino' Corn Crop.?Thcro is
every indication that tho coming crop of
corn will bo tho largest on record, not
excepting tho great one of 1872. Many
causes combine to this end. La the West
a largo quantity of wheat was ploughed
up and planted with corn, under tho im?
pression that tho wheat was too much
injured by the sovero winter to pay, and
then in tho Eastern States the prospect
for hay was so poor, that whatever corn
could bo planted it was put in, so that
the fodder might in somo measuro make
np for the deficiency of the hay. It is
estimated that tho acreage of corn is fully
one-fourth more than last year, and if so
this is an enormous increase. From all
sections the crop is reported as growing
finely, and with tho inoreasod acrcago an
immense yiold may be confidently anti?
Eating an orange beforo breakfast will
euro an appetito for intoxicating liquors.
Juan N. Cortina.?Tho depnrtnro of
tho notorious bandit chief, Cortina, from
the Bio Grande border, in chargo of a
force of cavalry, en route for the City of
Mexico, is an evont in the history of that
locality the importance of which few
persons unacquainted with his remarka
blo career, extending over a period of
moro than twenty years, can appreciate.
Siqco 1859, it has been a problem with
every one oi tho shifting administrations
at tho Mexican capita!, how to rid the
section of this notorious free-hooter,
whose catuloguo of crimes probably sur
pusscs that of any living man. The war?
ring of the conflicting parties in that
distracted republic, generally so evenly
balanced as to make the poss-ssion of
every element of strength desirable, has
proved his salvation heretofore, and his
present arrest is the natural result of
that strength which has accrued to the
Government during the long term of
comparative peace which has followed
the downfall of the empire and the death
of Maximilian. Cortina is the embodi?
ment of that spirit of antagonism between
tho half-breed Latin and Indian of
Mexico and tho Saxon of the United
States which existed before the war be?
tween the two republics, and which took
shapo during that struggle, when the re?
spective combatants became imperson?
ated in the "Greaser" and the "Cringo."
This antagonism has been the more
marked on the Bio Grande frontier,
where the two races have been in con?
stant contact, and where constant incen?
tives to renewed bittorness of feeling
have not boon wanting on either side.
Beaching the years of manhood soon
after that atruggle was over, his earliest
i recollections were of the defeat and hu?
miliation of his people, over which his In?
dian nature was constantly brooding and
to revenge which ho seems to have de?
voted his life. "I did not sign the treaty
of Gaudalupe Hidalgo," he said, while
laying siege to the city of Brownsville in
1851), after murdering several of its more
prominent citizens; and it is not recorded
that tho important omission has since
been rectified. Defeated and driven off
at that time by a combined force of citi?
zens and the United States troops
stationed there, ho has since kept up a
bitter, unrelenting war upon the persons
aniPproperty of American citizens, hun?
dreds of whom ho has caused to be shot
or hung to a tree, as is the peculiar cus?
tom of the country. During this time ho
has boon a partisan of every cause and of
every faction in Mexico*, constant to no
ono of them long. Secure amid the
ranches and small villages of Northern
Tamaulipas, he has defied the power of
both the national and State Governments
at intervals as his sarvices were required
or his demands imperative, serving as
Governor of tho State, Mayor oi Matu
moras, Administrator of "the Custom
House, Maior-General of the Army, or
whatever other position he chose to as?
sume in order to reward his followers or
punish his enemies. He has been the
head and front of the cattle raids into
Texas, all of which have been carried on
by his immediats followers and under
his immediate directions. In arresting
him in the midst of his retainers and
friends, who comprise a very largo pro?
portion of tho citizens of Mauunoras,
President Lcrdo has done what no other
head of the Mexican Government' has
dared attempt, and has doubtless pre?
vented grave complications between his
own and the Government of the United
States. It is sincerely to be hoped a fit?
ting termination to his career may be
found against the wall made memorable
by the death of Hcrron, Vidnnrri and
others, victim;; of the hundred revolu?
tions in Mexico.
On the up train from San Francisco a
day or two ago, was a passenger who had
with him a cage containing a parrot.
Shortly after leaving Oakland a newsboy
came through the car, announcing, "San
Francisco papers! Here's your morning
papers!" Ac, when ho was unexpectedly
interrupted by the parrot, which ejacu?
lated, "Oh, give us a rest!" Under the
rules of tho company tho parrot was
presently removed to tho baggage car.
The baggage-man was busily engaged
sorting out his baggage and puttingjit
just whore ho wanted it. The confusion,
added to tho noiso and jolting of tho
train, was too much for tho bird, and ho
cried out, to tho astonishment of tho
baggago-man, "Where in-I am!"
The State Tcmporanco Alliance, of
Massachusetts, has bitterly and publicly
condemned the action of tho Boston city
authorities in providing wino at tho en?
tertainment tendered to President Grant,
during his visit to tho Lexington centen?
nial exercisos. The wine and cigars at
tho banquet coat 8i,3G2, and tho wine
was supplied in violation of the prohibi?
tory liquor law.
Shot Dead in an Attempt to Rescue
His Brother.?A tragedy occurred in
Asheville, N. C, on the 10th. A man
named Hall had been committed to jail
for tho murder of his uncle. Two of his
brothers went to tho jail and attempted
Iii? rescue, when tho guard shot one of
them doad and snapped his gun at tho
other, who escaped.
There are indications of a serious out?
break in China against foreigners. Tho
American Mission at Ku-Kiung was at?
tacked and sacked by a mob on the 1st
of May. Tho troublo arose from the
disappearance of a boy, whom the
Christians woro accused of spirting away.
Tho boy has not been found.
London has another new industry. A
man advertises himsolf as "Knookerup
and window tickler, from three to seven."
Ho wakes heavy sleepers who wish to get
up early. Window tickling is waking
without ringing the bells, by means of a
long pole, with, which ho taps oh the
Boad-master China, of the North-east?
ern Railroad, was run over by a train,
near Salters', on Saturday afternoon, and
City Items.?A decided improvement
in the weather, yesterday. Cooler.
Very short trains are to be worn. It's
Ladies will sooner pardon want of
sense than want of manners.
Wind enough, yesterday, to remind
one of March.
The solid men of the country now
wish they weren't so much so.
Good quality of ladies' hose can bo
purchased at Win. 1). Love A Co.'a for
10c. a pair.
There are few wild beasts more to be
dreaded than a communicative man with
nothing to communicate.
Dr. E. E. Jackson goes it heavy on
Buist's seeds. He thinks they aro the
best, and speaks from actual experiment.
Tho hot weather causes Mr, McKen
zie's productions?ice cream and soda
water?to be in active demand.
Old typo in any quantity, at from
twenty to thirty cents a pound, for sale
at PnozNix office.
Wlicn a man is ignorant, it is not pos?
sible for him to talk and keep the fact to
Hundreds in city and country are ap?
preciating the bargains they are getting
every day at Win. D. Love A Co.'s.
Friendship and friendly intercourse at
the table whets the appetite and pro?
motes the flow of animal spirits.
Any and every style of book and job
printing executed promptly at Pihexix
office. Material of '-very kind on hand.
Subscribe for the Ph<KSIX; have it re?
gularly left at your residence, and don't
dopend upon buying single copies or
The boots and shoes on the bargain
counters at Win. D. Love A Co.'s are
selling very fast. Stock must be sold,
they say ?want money.
Mr. Caldwell Robertson, who lately
graduated with such distinction at
Georgetown College, a son of Senator
Robertson, is a Constitutional Democrat
of tho Calhoun school, and sticks to the
old time teachings. He is studying law
and promises to fulfil the high expecta?
tions raised by his college success.
A meeting of the survivors of the
Hampton Legion in this vicinity was
held at the Wheeler House, yesterday,
at which arrangements were made for
the re-union of the Legion on tho 21st?
Wednesday next. It is understood that
the different hotels will accommodate
survivors at reduced rates.
Reduction vv Subscription.?The
Weekly Gleaner, a large family paper,
containing from thirty to forty-eight
columns of closely printed reading mat?
ter, will be furnished from this date at
tho low price of S2 per annum, postage
included. Old subscribers will have
the time extended in proportion. The
desire is to furnish a good readable
weekly journal at a low rate to every
family within the State. The Gleaner
is issued every Wednesday, and will
contain the latest telegrams to date of
publication. Specimens furnished.
Special Term ok the Court ok Com?
mon Pleas?The Parker Trial.?The
Court met at 10 A. M.
Mr. Samuel Cavcnder was recalled by
the plaintiff. Ho testified that he was
present at the examination in New York
of H. H. Kimpton beforo the Legislative
Committee in reference to bonds, Ae.
Kimpton was not sworn, because he
stated to tho committeo that ho was not
in tho habit of swearing, unless he was
obliged to do so, and did not consider
that it was compulsory upon him in that
instance, because ho did not recognize
the authority of the committee to exam?
ine him under oath. Witness was pre?
sent at tho examination of tho coupons
then shown him; they wore counted
separately and returned to tho same
boxes from which they wero taken. Wit?
ness was as confident that tho schedule
of tho count of tho conversion bonds
was correct as he could bo confident
about anything. Witness then gave the
numbers and the color (red) of the two
dosses of coupons; tho number of the
coupons amounted to thirty-nine, and
were for $30 apiece. Witness then asked
leave of the Court to stato that the testi?
mony relative to tho coupons in tho
Treasury was correct, but tho division of
the conversion bonds and coupons into
two classes, regular and irregular, as
adopted in tho Comptroller's office, was
purely arbitrary, as it was mado without
a list of the coupons converted in tho
treasury, ho, thereforo, could not swear
it was correct.
Mr. Attorney-General Molton then
stated that tho testimony for tho plain?
tiff had oloBod.
Mr. C> H. Melton, counsel for defond
ant, stated that the defence would offer
no testimony, and that ho would claim
the opening and closing speeches to tho
Tho Attorney-General said that ho did
not know why tho caso had taken this
turn, and pleaded surpriso, alleging that
all along, and on the day beforo particu?
larly, the counsel for tho defence had in?
timated that witnesses would be offered
by tho defendant. Tho plaintiff mighi
have foreseen this, had it not been that
tho other side had plainly stated that tho
examination of witnesses for the defence
would take one or two days; he was not
so much embarrassed^ by the exigencies
of the case as because, his argument was
at homo und his books in the office, as
was the case of his nssociate, Mr. Ition.
The Court then asked him if he con?
ceded that the defendant was entitled to
the opening and closing arguments to
The Attorney-General stated that ho
had not conceded anything of the kind.
On the contrary, he contended that the
plaintitf was entitled to both first and
#The Court then desired to hear an
argument on that point from defendant's
Mr. C. I). Melton then arose, and stated
that he desired to make a few prelimi?
nary remarks, lie said that the state
of his health was such that lie had
found that he would either have to
forego the examination of the defend?
ant's witnesses, ur abandon the idea
of making an argument to the jury, and
had therefore concluded to offer iio tes?
timony, and argue the case upon the
plaintiffs testimony alone. He said that
his condition was such, that he could
not devote that day to the examination
of witnesses, and the next to an argu?
ment to the jury. He had no objection
to allowing the plaintiffs attorneys every
opportunity of arguing the case. He
then stated that Mr. Youmans would
discuss the point as to whether the de?
fendant has the opening and closing
arguments, when he has introduced no
Mr. Youmans said that he had always
supposed that the practice was settled,
and the authorities decisive upon this
point. He then cited from Connor's
Suit at Law, page 20, the general rule
that if the defendant introduce testimony,
the plaintiff replies, and that if the de?
fendant introduce no testimony, lie had
the opening and reply. There were two
cases in this Stato decisive of the point,
viz: Hagood vs. Cathcart, Rice's He
ports, page 20-1, and Hamilton vs. Fcein
ster, -1th Richardson's Law Reports, page
57t?. Ho then cited Chitty's Practice and
Tidd's Practice. The cases there cited
bore him out. As to testimony brought
out or introduced by the defendant in
the cross-examination of the plaintiffs
witnesses, he referred to Hedfiold's
Greenlief, and, explanatory of that, 1st
Peters' and 1st Wallace's Reports. In
Clinton vs. McKenzie, 5th Strobhardt,
page 45, where defendant brought out
the entire line of defence on the cross
examination of plaintiffs witnesses, the
language as to the reply wus not only
permissive, but mandatory.
The Court thereupon,* and without
argument from plaintiff, over-ruled the
Col. Rion stated that he would not bo
ready until to-day.
Court then adjourned until 10 A.M..
Supreme Court Decision?July 13,
1875.?Reeder A Davis vs. H. K. W.
Flinn el a!. Decree modified and case
remanded to Circuit Court. Opinion by
Moses, C. J.
List ur New Advertisement*.
T. C. Dunn?S. C. B. & T. Co.
Regular Com. Columbia Chapter.
Special Meeting Sehuctzen-Ycrein.
Hotel Arrivals, July 10, 1875.?
slon llii'.isc?Mrs. C. F. Corley, Norfolk;
P. G. Chappoll, Richland; B. W. Han?
cock, Riehmond; J. C. Eason, J. S. Swv
gert, S. C.; O. B. Warwick, G. L. Tur?
ner, W. R. Wheeler, U. S. A.; J. M.
Sparks, Gil; G. T. Ried, Cokesburv; J.
K. Hyer, U. S. A.; H. D. Hamitcr, Rich
I A Revengeful Okoanv?The stomach
is a revengeful organ. If wo assign it
indigestible food, it not only refuses to
perform its ullice, but inflicts upon us
unspeakable tortures, such as those of
indigestion, colic, cholera morbus, Ac.
Not content with giving us pain, it fre?
quently inaugurates an excessive and
wasting diarrhoea, called dysentery,
which carries us to our graves. With a
view to prevent theso consequences, as
soon as the stomach gives notice by pre?
monitory twinges that its cargo is not to
its liking, a wine-glass-full or two of
Hostotter's Stomach Bitters should be
swallowed. This admirablo digestive
cordial will promptly reconcile the re
fractory organ to its contents, and pro
vent any of those annoying and possibly
fatal results which the presence of indi?
gestible food in tho stomach is liable to
produce. Tho Bitters aro also a superb
tonic, restorative and appetizer. J9Vlf3
It is truly wonderful, the variety and
ingenuity of tho conveniences for the
desk and office?pens of varied patterns,
inkstands possessing numberless ad?
vantages, letter files, each ono the best,
cnvclopcs'of size and qualities infinite.
It is almost bewildering to enter the
largo Broad streot storo of Walker,
Evans A Cogswell, in Charleston, and
soo the number of these attractions.
Here you find the largest stationery
stock South of Baltimore, and you only
have two troubles?first, sufficient cash;
and, second, the difficulty in deciding
among the many things offered, each
equally suitable to your wants. M7t
Tho Barnwoll Tax Union have appoint?
ed a committee of five, consisting of
Messrs. Alfred Aldrich? F. M. Wanna
maker, S. 8. Wise, J. C. Miller and G.
B. Lartiguo, to inquire and report what
County officers havo failod to give suffi?
cient official bonds, and what County
officials aro guilty of misconduct in
Tho immediate cause of Gen. Frank P.
Blair's death was a fall he received while
walking, last Friday afternoon, from one
room to another in his house. As he foil
his temple struck a picco of furnituro,
rendering him insensible. Attempts to
restore him to consciousness were unsuc?
cessful, and ho died at 11.30 P. M.