Search America's historic newspapers pages from - or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
title: 'The daily phoenix. (Columbia, S.C.) 1865-1878, July 21, 1875, Image 2',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC
All ways to connect
Inspector General |
External Link Disclaimer |
Wednesday Morning, July 21, 1875.
The not unexpected news comes from
London that Lady Franklin is dead.
With tho history of this noblo woman,
all our roadors are familiar. Many years
ago her husband, Sir John Franklin, was
lost in an expedition in search of the
North-west Passage. He was last seen in
Baffin's Bay, July 26, 1815?just thirty
years ago. For muuy jeais it was net
certainly known whether ho was dead or
dragging put a miserable existence in the
ice-bound regions of tho North Pole, and
she expended every dollar of her private
fortune in equipping expoditions for his
reliofi At last the most positive evidence
of his death was discovored, and since
that time she has been endeavoring to
recover the remains of tho great explorer.
Almost her lost act, was to aid by every
means at her command in the organization
of tho expedition which so recently bailed
for the Polar Seas. The devotion of
Lady Franklin , attracted the attention
and elicited the admiration of the civil?
ized world, and the purses of princes
and of private citizens alike havo aided
in the prosecution Of her searches. Tho
groat navigator was twioo married, and
was exceedingly fortunate in both his
vontnres. His first wifo was equally de?
voted. Da 1825, ho was appointed to tho
command of an overland expedition to
the Arctic Ocean." When tho day of his I
departuro arrived, his wife was lying at
-the point of death. She insisted that he
. should not delay his voyage because of
, her illness, and presented him with a
Silk flag, which she requested him to
hoist when he reached the Polar Sea.
The day after he lelt England, sbo died.
Cuba.?The reported interference of
foreign powers in favor of a peaceful set-,
tlement of the Cuban question is autho?
ritatively denied. No stops have been
' taken of late by the United States Go?
vernment, and the Monroe doctrine will
bo rigidly enforced, so far as other na?
tions are concerned. Still, it is a pity a
wasting, useless war should be continued
in Cuba when the possibility of Spain's
holding the island is already at an end.
Starvation Amono the Indians.?A
Denver newspaper publishes a lettor
from Hod Cloud agency, which gives a
touching picture of the sufferings of a
body of Arrapahoe Indians, who live in the
vicinity upon a reservation. After stat?
ing that they hang about tho post and
fish refuse from swill barrels, and relat?
ing some instances of extreme suffering,
the writer says:
"They are starving and their papooses
are starving. They have ponies that
they want to 'swap,' and money they
want to pay for provisions, but the pro?
visions are not to bo had. Tho agent
has none, the trador has none. Tho post
commissary officer is not allowed to sell
to them, and they are not allowed to go
off the reservation to buy. If they were
allowed, the nearest market is seventy
fivo miles away. So they aro como to
starve. The children are perfect littlo
skeletons, arms and legs like pipe
stoms, and faces bony, gaunt and odd
looking, with an ashy, unnatural com?
plexion, that at once attracts attention.
A woman had one of them, a little three
year-old half-breed child, with lovely
brown eyos, light hair and fair com?
plexion, at tho post to-day, trying to
tnulo him off for a sack of flour. Now,
somebody is certainly to blame for this
state of affairs. Somebody is responsi?
ble for the starving of bliese people.
They have submitted to the authority of
* the Government, and this is their reward.
Who can blame them if, starved into
desperation, they leave their reservation,
kill cattle that do not belong to them
and shoot a man who resists them?"
This is not believed to bo an excep?
tional case among, the Indians. A Wost
? ern journal suggests that if the rod men
were only black, and could bo made
available for voters, these atrocities
would ring from one end of the land to
? m ??-?
The Statue op LaFayette.?Tho
statue of LaFayette, tho gift of the
French Government to tho city of New
York, was received in that city on
Wednesday. It is tho work of Frederic
Bartholdi, a nativo oi Colmar, in Alsace,
and is seven feet high exclusive of tho.
pediment. Tho project of presenting
this statno to Now York originated with
the Thiers Government, and nearly
$30,000, gold, was appropriated for its
execution in bronze. The design of the
sculptor represents Gen. LaFayetto in
his twentieth year, at tho time when he
joined the continental army. He stands
upon n ship as if in the aot of speaking.
His right arm is extended, and the left
is thrown across his client, with tbo hand
grasping tho pommel of his sword and
a mass of drapery which falls at his feet.
Tho body is firmly posed upon tho right
foot, while the left leg in extendod.; The
head is slightly turned to the right. Tho
statue WiU be placed in Central Park,
and. the unveiling will probably hike
place early in tho nil 1.
m t ?.i . - '
The woman who was filled with emo?
tion hadn't room for her dinner.
' '.I' M.; T U 1. 111 i t ' ,'.I '
Re-appearance ot|tbis Plaoue.?An old
and very unwelcome visitant has made
its appearance in the marshy districts be?
tween Tigris and Euphrates. It is the
old-fashioned plague, which, under the
name of black death, destroyed in Eu?
rope, between 134? and 1351, about
25,000.000 of people, Italy losing half its
inhabitants, Germany about 1,2-10,000
souls, and London alone 100,000 of its
residents. In China 13,000,000, and in
other countries of the East 21,000,000
persons are said to have fallen victims to
this epidemic, which scorns to have ex?
tended to Africa in the South and to
Greenland in tho North. No such de?
structive scourge hud been known, and
as usual in the middlo ages, tho Jews in
Europe were held responsible. It was
said that they had poisoned the wells,
and at Mayence 12,000 of them were
massacred. * Tho plague has since spread
into Europe at different periods, but its
ravages have been confined to narrower
limits. In 1570 Titian died from it at
Venice. In 1GG5 it raged in London,
nearlv 70,000 having fallen victims to it.
In 1720 not far from one-half tho people
of Marseilles were swept away, and
about 1790 it was very fatal in 'Russia
and Poland. Tho later visitations of tho
plague have mainly been confined to the
countries lying on the Eastern shores of
tho Mediterranean. The disease is fatal
in tho majority of cases, death occurring
in less than a woek after the first attack.
Nowhere have its symptons boon more
faithfully and.vividly described than in
Defoe's wonderful description of the
plaguo year in London, which is true to
reality,"though tho basis of tho narrative
is imaginative. About thirty years have
elapsed sinoe the last violent inroad of
the plague into Egypt and Asia Minor.
Its ravages in the former country are
briefly, yet eloquently,' portrayed in
Kinglake s Eothcn. People woro begin?
ning to hopo that it had died out, when
in 1867 some-cases appeared in tho low
and malarious districts of Mesopotamia.
The spread of the disease was quite
Blow, and it did not attract much notice
until tho close of 1873. From that time
until now; cases-have multiplied, and
the. area of infection has been greatly
widened. Some localities havo suffered
frightfully. The future alone can tell
whether the malady will be confined to
sections to which.it appears almost epi?
demic, or whether, as at former periods,
it will overleap its limits and advance
toward the civilized centres. It may be
aided, as are other diseases, by dirt and
poverty, but, on the other hand, the
channels through which infection may
be spread ore largely increased. Medical
Bkili as yet has discovered no . specific
against it, and, liko small-pox, which
half a century ago seemed likely to be
stamped out, it may be entering upon a
now cycle of vigor.
The Sultan of Zanzibar having failed
to. carry out tho provisions of the treaty
entered into with England in 1873, for
the suppression of tho slave trade on the
East coast of Africa, he was induced to
visit the former country. While there
in the nominal aspect of an honored
guest, but really as a semi-captive, an?
other treaty was signed between tho par?
ties upon the samo subject, which the
Under Secretary of tho English Foreign
Office hopes "will be fully carried out."
From this time out, Zanzibar is virtually
under an English protectorate, and the
King a tool and puppet of tho British
Ministry. Disraeli, not the Sultan, will
now say what shall be the policy of Zan?
zibar in relation to other questions, as
well as the slavo trade. Tho country
about the head-waters of the Nile is be?
ginning to assumo importance in the
estimation of European rulers, and one
way of reaching that locality is by strik?
ing inland from the coast of Zanzibar.
This way is now under the eye and claws
of tho British lion. Of lato years, all
potentates that visit England have to pay
for their trips. When the Khedive of
Egypt put his foot near tho throne of
England, he was approached in relation
to the Suez Canal, tho Shah of Persia
was importuned for a railroad grant, and
now tho Sultan of Zanzibar has been
chained to the "fast anchored isle" in
such a manner that release is impossible.
John Bull takes his beef and porter in a
quiet manner, but at the samo time, has
an open eyo for tho main chance.
Tho London Times, in speakmg of the
French inundutions and the relief sub?
scriptions on foot, says that "in Paris
Madamo MncMahon has opened a sub?
scription list for tho sufferers, and has
herself contributed 5,000 francs to tho
fund. Tho house of Rothschild and
Madamo Heine have been conspicuously
magnificent, and the leading newspapers
are publishing subscriptions lists, which
prove that party hostility does not slum?
ber oven in tho face of a national calami?
ty for which no party can' bo answerable.
In every part of tho country private
charity is aroused. A Paris letter says:
"Not only is thcro a material loss of
?12,000,01)0 to ?15,000,000, but there is
tho ruin of thousands of families, sud?
denly deprived of their livelihood and
dobarrcd from a hundred resources
which tho wildest charity cannot replace.
Tho South of Franco, which was spared
tho spectacle of tho war, with its hor?
rors, now undergoes in its turn a public
calamity. Every private lcttor which ar?
rives here describes n new episode. A
singlo view cannot take in so many hor
rors-ef. onco, and world-wide charity will
have ample scopo in relieving bo many
Tho unfortunate speech of Gen. John
S. Preston at tho University of Virginia
has beon given a good doal moro promi?
nence by certain Virginia journals than
it deserved. It roprosented nobody's
opinion but Mr. Preston's, and wo do
not suppose it should. He has a', right
to think as ho pleases, and we do not
know of any law to prevent him from
speaking his thoughts when ho finds oc?
casion.? Marlon Patriot:
i' 11 aT l ?! ? '
Tho experiment of destroying the body
of a dead horse by cremation has been
made at Milan, in the preBenco of several
doctors and scientists. The carcass was
placed in a huge oven, through the late?
ral openings of whioh 400 jets of lighted
gas were directed upon it, and three jets
of In and air applied to tho three most
difll?ult points of combustion. The
operation lasted over two hours. There
was no residue from the combustion, and
it was unattended by bad odors.
King George, of Greece, seems to bo in
an unhappy predicament. His kingdom
is threatened with a revolution; he is
unpopular, and nobody takes Iiis hat off
io him uu the nt reefs; the Queen ha::
been insulted, and he is afraid to go to
tho Hellenic Long Branch, at Dekeleta,
because ho thinks it quite probable he
will not be able to get back to his capi?
tal again. Two Russian ships are ready
at the I'ireus to carry him away in caso
of a revolution.
A young gentlemen of Baltimore, has
invented a dying umehince, in which he
proposes to cross tho ocean during the
present summer. The machine appears
to bo a combination of the balloon, the
wind-mill and tho steam launch. The
voyager rides in a boat containing a
small steam engine, which is used for
moving the "wings" and steering it
through the air. The boat is attached to
the flying machine with a rope, and thus
is drawn through tho water.
? Tho Mann boudoir sleeping car is
driving tho Pullman coach off of Eu?
ropean lines. The former does not con?
sist of ono grand saloon like the Pullman
cars, but is divided into small compart?
ments, which afford all the comforts of a
small drawing-room during tho day. and
well-nigh all the comforts of a private
bed-room during the night.
A correspondent of the Greenville
Acic.? asserts that the difficulty between
Superintendent Pnrmelc, of the peniten?
tiary, and Secretary Hnync, is that the
former had refused to allow the horse or
horses of the latter to be fed at the ex?
pense of the State. We repeat, "enn
sich things be?"
Mrs. Pratt, of Smyrna, Del., six times
a widow, has taken her seventh husband.
Her last six husbands were all widowers,
/jome of them with a largo number of
children. The history of these six poor
moths would doubtless be full of inter?
Last week a Pittsburg editor wrote;
"The closer peoplo get to nature the
closer they arc to God." Then he ob?
tained leaves of absence to go out into
tho country, and was struck by lightning
while robbing an applo orchard.
A Western physician has just dis?
charged a caso of confluent small pox
without a pit. He painted the face of
his patient with collodion and ivory
black, applied as often as necessary to
keep up a complete mask.
A mother and father are trying to force
their daughter to marry. Daughter
(loquitur)?"There arc many reasons
why I don't want to marry him; in the
first place, ho is too hideous and stupid."
Mother (with dignity)?"Stephanie, did
I not marry your father?"
Mr. Bcochcr has made a contract with |
a Western agent to deliver fourteen lec?
tures nt various points in the West dur?
ing the coming season. The price is
$500 a night and expenses, which will
help him to ekii out his scanty salary.
Mr. Micajah Dwyer, of Gainsville, Ga.,
has invented a Hying machine on a new
principle. It is to be propelled by wings
and paddle-wheels. Bail roads have hud
there day, and something else must come
to the front.
Flies arc the scavengers of vitiated air,
whe re they fatten on the parasites that
settle upon them in myriads; while they
grow lean and Ktnrvo in a pure atmos?
phere, whore their favorite game is very
A Kansas woman offers to bet fifty dol?
lars that hor husband can "cuss" a
bushel of grass-hoppers out of the coun?
try while the people of Missouri are fast?
ing and praying a pint out of a ten acre
The Chinese have, for the first time,
whipped the Formosan savages. These
aborigines number 20,000 only, and yet
they have kept in terror about 2,000,000
A Minnesota sheriff carried a bullet in
his head for ten years, and when they I
removed it tho other day he became
foolish. They are looking for some one
to shoot hira again.
Prof. R. T. Greener, colored, of the
South Carolina University, has been
elected a membor of tho American Philo?
logical Association, at the lato session in
Newport, B. L
A man who has had experience in tak?
ing cod liver oil, says that tho best me?
thod of taking it is to fatten pigeons with
it and then eat tho pigeons.
Mrs. Lizzie Pettit Cutler declared in a
recent lecture on "Flirts of Modern So?
ciety," that "it is always tho noblest and
best men who are ruined by the flirt."
Taming tue Snnsw.?The great Shak
spearean comedy, at the Opera House
Sixteen ohildren, not ono of them over
eight years old, got drunk together in
Hartford, Conn., the other duy.
A Great 'Snow Storm ?At tho Opera
I louse to-night.
On tho 10th instant, Charles Talboro
was drowned in a crook near Beaufort.
Hint to young bachelors?Pay your
bills before you pay your addresses.
Tho military telegraph in Texas is in
working order to Fort Griffin.
Who is Joe AnMBOYD?^Ask Cramer, at
tho Opera Honse, to-night.
Gon. A. C. Garlington will soon pub?
lish a drama.
Euobne Cramer, in his great character
ofPctruohio, at tho Opera House, to-night.
Cm Itehr.?Weather decidedly cooler
and more pleasant, yesterday.
The City IliLVMinated--At tho Opera
Old newspapers, suitable for wrap?
ping, at fiftj cents a hundred.
Lost in London*?At the Opera House,
A man cannot expect half a loaf when
he loafs all the time.
Down in a Coax, Mixe.?At the Opera
The trains, yesterday, brought in a
great many members c;f the Hampton
Legion, besides other visitors.
May Wilmotte Loyell as Katharine,
in Taming the Shrew, at the Opera House,
Old typo in any quantity, at from
twenty to thirty cents a pound, for sale
nt Phoenix office.
Any and every style of book and job
printing executed promptly at Phcsntx
office. Material of every kind on hand.
Ex-Treasurer Parker, it is reported,
appeared quite amused at the verdict of
the jury in his case; and over a glass of
champagne, made the sage inquiry ns to
where the money was to come from.
The re-union of the Hampton Legion
takes place to-day, at 11 o'clock, in Par?
ker's Hall. Gen. T. M. Logan, the orator
for the occasion, will address the multi?
tude in the evening, at 8 o'clock, in the
same hall. An invitation is extended to
the public to bo present.
A postmaster on the Charlotte, Colum?
bia and Augusta Itailroad, near Edgclield,
had his head blown off with a torpedo
chicken, forwarded from the War De?
partment, last week, for charging five
cents a piocc for postage stamps. Served
In an interview with one of the jurors
in the case of the State vs. N. G. Parker,
our reporter was informed that the basis
on which the verdict was rendered, was
that Capt. Ladd's testimony was taken to
be true in every particular, and tho divi?
sion referred to by him was respected,
and Parker held only for fifty per cent,
of his part, viz: one-half of $150,000?
Lost in London and Katharine and
Petruchio are to bo performed by Mr.
and Mrs. Lovell, Mr. and Mrs. Eugene
Cramer, and the Columbia Comedy
Company, this evening, at tho Opera
House. There are several very hand?
some and sensational scenes, which are
well worth looking at. The "snow
storm" will aid in making one feel cool,
while "down in a coal mine" will tend
to make dissatisfied mortals who live
above ground feel contented, perhaps.
Attorney-General Melton, in his clos?
ing speech in the Parker case, referred
to a 'possum hunt which his brother, of
the opposite counsel, had spoken of, but
did not fully carry out. He said they
were in tho woods, and got lost, but
tramped around and finally came out
where they wont in; "but," added the
speaker, "wo brought out tho'possum;
and so we have in this case, and there is
tho 'possum," pointing to the prisoner.
There was a smile all over the court.
Passer Again.?The following are the
names of the jurors in the case of Daniel
H. Chamberlain, Thomas C. Dunn, Sa?
muel W. Melton, Wm. H. Nash and Paris
Simpkins, Commissioners of Sinking
Fund, vs. Niles G. Parker. The jury
was empanneled and discharged until
10 o'clock, this morning. Each juror
examined on the voirdue:
W. C. Swaffield, white; Harvey Terry,
white; Daniel H. Howell, colored; John
E. Jacobs, white; Cato Johnson, colored;
W. N. Levister, white; Samuel McCoy,
colored; Stephen W. McKenzie, colored;
Kitt Mills, colored; John R. Trice, co
lorod; Josoph T. Zealy, white; Andrew
J. Hosford, white?G and C.
Tho Now York World publishes a
double-leaded editorial, inquiring whe?
ther vigilance committees shall be organ?
ized in New York city. Recent burgla?
ries in that city, and particularly the
Dancer burglary, suggested the question.
So far a3 wo have seen, the Northern
Radical papers have not had a word to
say against tho editorial in question,
though it virtually advocated tho crea?
tion of such a state of affairs as once ex?
isted in San Francisco and the cities of
the Pacific slope. If, however, Now Or?
leans, or Charleston, or Vicksburg pa?
pers had dared to propose such a step,
what a howl of indignation would have
been heard from every Republican jour?
nal in tho country. And if Congress bad
happened to be in session at tho timo,
tho Force Bill would havo been passed
out of hand. Vigilance committees are
very proper things in New York, very
improper things in New Orleans; lynch?
ing is all right in Indiana, all wrong in
Mississippi. That in tho North is bnt a
choleric word, which in the South is rank
Children are children as kit tons are
kittens. A sober, sensible old cat, that
sits purring before the fire, does not
trouble herself because her kitten is
hurrying end dashing here and there, in
a fever of excitement to catch its tail.
She sits still and purrs on. People
should do the stone with children. One
of the difficulties of home education is
the impossibility of making parents keep
still; it is with them, out of their affec?
tion, all watch and worry.
List of New Advemise:hj"NTs.
Meeting Hoard of Fire Masters.
A. Ii. Halladay?Chicorn Tribe.
W. 13. Burke?Auction.
Hot En Arrivals, July 20.?Mansion
House?J. L. Mauldin, Sumter; Charles
McAlistor, Charleston; E. AV. Wheeler,
city; W. A. Limbecker, J. P. Phillips, E.
S. Addison, Dr. J. Q. Bozeman, Ninety
Six; C. F. Hoke, Ca.; C. L. Gates,
Greenville; W. T. Fields, Pickc-ns;C. D.
Nesbitt, S. C; E. H. Acker, Bclton; W.
F. Lee, R. M. Nelson, S. C; J. M. Tarry,
Greenville; G. A. Swvgcrt, H. G. Hoof,
S. C.; T. B. Hollingswortb, N. C.
A despatch from Omaha states that two
Indians have been killed and several
wounded by soldiers in tho neighbor?
hood of the Red Cloud agency. This is
an unlucky affair, as tho commissioners
recently appointed by tho Government
to treat for the purchasa of the Black
Hills, were just arranging for a council
to be held at Fort Randall or Fort
Sully, about the 1st September. The
killing having taken place on the reser?
vation, the Indians are excited over it,
and negotiations will doubtless be de?
layed or rendered impracticable. Ten
davs ago, tho commissioners held a
preliminary meeting at the Red Cloud
agency, which was attended by sixteen
prominent Sioux chiefs, who were all in
the best humor, and expressed their wil?
lingness to get all their people together
to consider the Black Hills business.
There may have been some good reason
for the reported shooting, but whatever
may have been the cause, it will be very
difficult now to bring the Indians to twrius -
A Double Danger Averted.?The in?
habitant of a malarious region is threat?
ened by a double danger. He is not
only compelled to breathe miasma, but to
siealloic it, since it infects, not only the
atmosphere, but the water. The airial
poison threatens his system through the
lungs and pores, tho liquid through the
stomach. Against this double peril there
is but one protection, and that is to in?
vigorate tho entiro body through the
digestive and secretive organs. Ordi?
nary tonics usually fail to accomplish
this?Hostetter'8 Stomach Bitters never.
In the tropics, where the diseases origi
I nuted by malaria aro of a far more malig?
nant typo than those originated by the
samo cause in tho temperate zone, it en?
joys immense and constantly increasing
sales, and there is no portion of this
continent where it is not the reigning
specific for miasmatic fevers and disor?
ders of tho stomach, liver and bowels,
proceeding from malaria and other
It wasn't Mecklenberg, nor Philadel?
phia, where independence was first pro?
claimed, but in a letter from Mrs. John
Adams to hor husband. When the King
issued his proclamation for suppressing
rebellion end sedition, after the failure
of tho mission of Richard Penn. Mrs.
Adams wrote to Mr. Adams in Philadel?
phia: '?This intelligence will make a
plain path for you, though a dangerous
one. I could not join to-day in the peti?
tions of our worthy pastor for a reconci?
liation between our no longer parent
Stato but tyrant State and these colonies.
Let us separate; they aro unworthy to be
our brethren. Let us renounce* them:
and instead of supplications, as former?
ly, for their prosperity and happiness,
let us beseech the Almighty to blast their
counsels, and to bring to naught all their
devices." This was a declaration of in?
dependence preceding by months that
which Jefferson wrote.
Nothing is more lady-like than the use
of fine note paper and a neat fashionable
envelope. So think tho fortunate re?
ceivers of such billet-donx. The sweet?
ness of a charming sentence is rendered
more delioious, if conveyed on a delicate
tinted sheet of Pirio's Noto Paper. It is
bad tasto in a gentlcmm writing to a
lady on inforior stationery. If you wish
to bo posted on the latest novelitcs, the
fashion in these matters, enclose a stamp
to Walker, Evans A Cogswell, for one of
their little fashion books "Card Eti?
quette," or send an order for a recherche
lot of paper and envelopes of the latest
style. Do not forget at the same time to
order a monogram. JlOf
Tho Russian Government is renewing
tho old-time persecution of tho Jews. A
number of these people having shifted
their places of residence in consequence
of tho changes in business brought about
by the introduction of railroads, tho po?
lice, aoting upon a ukase issued a few
years ago, nave compelled them to leave
their homes, and have driven them alto?
gether out of the province. The Christian
population protested, and oven peti?
tioned tho authorities against tho injus?
tice, but thus far their efforts havo been
A sori?u^B'fnculty oc?\Trred^u?l7oeTi
Hill, on tho 19th, during which a num?
ber of persons?whites and _ colored?
wore injured, but none seriously, al?
though guns and pistols were used. The
troublo originated between a colored
pic-nic party from Charlotte and some
of the village darkeys. Many of the
peacefully-disposed colored people ren?
dered material assistance in quieting the