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lopment, yet oirounisto|ices.are changed,
und in that maddening cateer of worldly
progress which she, top, hi now entering,
wc should beware of overlooking the
value of moral worth, tfhere is Some?
thing to bo cultivated b# our people far
more important than physieol progress,
without which no national prosperity
can be real or permanent. As the elo?
quent Chunning has told us: "The great
?distinction of a people?the only one
worth possessing, and which brings after
it all other blessings?is the providence
of a pure spirit among the citizens."
This is the ttrstr essential-of n'couritTy'y
greatness, and in the nuiuo of a common
country's welfare, wo should, in these
latter days of worldly progress, all unite
in urging the importance of cultivating
And chorishing a high moral tone?purity
as well as force of public character.
Before concluding the task assigned
me at this our first re-union, permit mo
to advert briefly to a few features of our
Confederate struggle, which have not yet
received tho prominence in tho public
estimation to which their importance en?
titles them. While the military genius
of our generals and tho courage and
dash of our troops aro universally con?
ceded, tho individuality which pecu?
liarly distinguished tho Confederate sol?
dier is general overlooked. It has no
parallel on so grand a scale in military
history, and was decidedly the most re?
markable characteristic of our armies. It
has, produced a marked impression
in military- circles abroad, if it has not
already caused something'of a revolution
in tactics. This same individuality,
which changes the battalion from a mere
machine into an aggregate, intelligent,
thinking unit, has been of late diligently
cultivated in the Prussian system, and is
fully appreciated by. the German com?
manders. The idea ho longer prevails,
as it did formerly, that all independence
of action in the soldier should be drilled
out of him, for the brilliant Confederate
victories achieved by this individuality
of tho rank and'file has taught the world
its value. The uso of temporary and
bastilyroopstructod earth-works in the
lield', to supply the deficiency of num?
bers, WAS. another * equally striking fea?
ture of our Confederate tactics. Only a
few occasions aro reported on which a
similar system' had been regularly adopt?
ed previously, and its. value on,an.active
campaign had never been'duly recog?
nized. Its wonderful success in the.,
campaign from tho Wilderness to Peters?
burg demonstrated that brave troops,
under a skillful leader, can always.re?
main in tho field against at least two or
three times their number, and certainly
should not bo forced into fortifications
and surround oil. Lee, although vastly
outnumbered on this campaign, re?
pulsed every attack of his persistent op?
ponent?a single rank of his half-fed,
half-olothed heroes, hurling back re?
peated assaults of heavy columns; while
in the campaigns of Sedan, Metz and
Paris, armies equal in numbers to those
of the Germans were actually surround?
ed and forced to surrender by tho Prus?
sian commanders. Think of Lee, with
anything approaching equality of num?
bers, being surrounded! Impossible, bo
long as a few spades of earth could be
thrown up along the front and the lines
thus almost indefinitely extended. I
venture the assertion that in defensive
warfare, Lee has never been excelled, if
ho has ever had his equal, in the annals
of tho world's history, and that his brave
veterans behind 'temporary field works
were more nearly invincible to an attack
upon their front than was ever any army
of which history gives us an account.
Again, as regards tho cause itself for
which our comrades offered up their
lives. We should never admit that it
involved a useless sacrifice. For other?
wise! Every instinct of honor and of.
manhood, upon the facts as then pre?
sented, required tho effort. We were
overpowered by superior numbers and
resources; but we did our duty, and good
must ever result from duty faithfully
performed. We have, At least, recorded
upon the pages of history, in undying
colors of blood, a people's prolest against
interference, in popular governments,
with tho constitutional rights of the mi?
nority. It is a protest which will be re?
spected, for it was earnest, determined
and grand. We should, ever bear in
mind the distinction between principle
and the issues which may from time to
time be raised in their defence. Princi?
ples are based upon truth, justice and
right, and are, consequently, eternal.
Issues that may bo raised and joined,
undor the forms of a principle, are based
upon expediency, upon the adopted po?
licy of the hour, change with circum?
stances, and are, in any ovent, temporary
and evanescent. Principles are neither
affected by success nor by failure?being
above the accidents of time and circum?
stance. Issuos stand 'or fall, according
to their success Or failure, and are judged
solely by the rule of "might" Tho issue
upon which our Confederate conflict was
joined was secession, and the arbitra?
ment of the sword decided against it;
but social self-government was tho prin?
ciple for which wo fought. This princi?
ple is freedom, is liberty itself, and. is as
right, as true, as eternal as that principle
of allegiance for whica the North con?
tended. Tho result,'then, condemned,
according-to recognized rules, the issue
of secession, but affected not the sacred
principle for which that issue was made.
Tho issue was forced upon us, In our
judgment, by the attack of a minority
faction against our local rights;' and
although the majority at the North dis?
countenanced this threatened attack, yet
whon the issue Of secession was made by
tho South, the spirit of loyalty was.
aroused at the North. ' Their people con*
doused the Issue of- secession, and
against it the*/ united under the princi?
ple of allegiance. White, then, all .'re?
cognize the Isauo of secession as finally
disposed of. the people of the North, as
well as those of the South, revere and
?cherish the ever-living principle of free?
dom which inspired us in the contest;
and it i*the:tnutual recognition of these .
two. principles?freedom, allegiance - ;
Under whose, respective banncrs.tho'see- ';
pons were arrayed, that fnrnisnedv.tho :
.basis for tha^ enlarged epirit of rcconfcili- [
'ation which now pervjBesBhe counry. |
And sonas It ever been in the history of >
the Anglo-Saxon race. Allegiance and
freedom are principles equally sacred, |
' and have both been, at times, the battle !
! cry of true patriotism. John Hampdcn
' and his followers, inspired by the call of I
j freedom, appealed to force to establish
I their principles, and they made the issue
j xrt" simod-- resistance to royalty: The
j cavaliers, inspired by allegiance, sup?
ported royalty?not to uphold the abuse
of the King's authority, but to uphold
the principle of loyalty to their recog
nixed sovereign; but they raised the false
issue of nou-rosistancc to royaltv. Wc
oil know the history of the several Lisurs
that were joined from time to time under
the inspiration of these respective princi?
ples. .Success first smiled on the ono
and then' on the other, and the final re?
sult was the reconciliation of both in
a constitutional monarchy. Success
crowned tho revolution, and the com?
monwealth of Cromwell was established;
but success added nothing to the princi?
ple, which would have boon us true, as
sacred, if defeat had resulted; and it was
equally true, equally sacred after the
restoration, when royalty was. estab?
lished., We aotcd then conscientiously.
We belle vod that tho oause of local self
government was endangered, and we ap?
pealed to fho god of battles. Principle,
wo thougbt,.requircdlt, and for princi?
ple ??ras tho issuu made. Wc wero
crashed; but .the ?frugglc, I repeat, was
not in vain.. Tho result demonstuted
that secession was not the doctrine for
America; but republican institutions
and' self-government arc still ours; and
the sacrifices und losses which wc have
sustained will' be recognized' hereafter,
oven by tho North, as having been offered
at tho-shrine of freedom; while the blood,
which laus flowed so lavishly, will conse?
crate the land in the eyes of posterity, as
hallowed ground where truo patriotism,
valor and unexampled devotion to.duty
united a people together in a heroic
struggle for right ugainst might?for
what they believed to be the cause of
And now, fellow-soldiers, ih organiz?
ing our association, let us bo equal to
the sacred trust we arc assuming. We
honor the memory of our departed
brothers for their valor. ' We honor their
memories still more for the virtue of
which that valor was only the outward
expression. . We are proud of their cou?
rage; <ve are proud of their heroism; wc
arc prouder still of their true patriotism,
of their self-denial and of their faithful?
ness to duty, which kept them always at
tho post of danger. Their memories,
then, should over admonish us of our
duties in the living present, and should
arouse us to act our part faithfully in
peace, as they did in war. We cannot
avoid associating the idea of duty per?
formed, as well as that of heroic courage,
with the names of our departed heroes.
And passing from our own loved ones to
those great chieftains, the Custody of
whoso memories belongs to the entire
South, it is a peculiar satisfaction to
know that the influence of their bright
examples will be invaluable to their
counfrymon. The character of a people
is,always largely shaped by that of their
great leaders, whose moral qualities in
sonsibiy stamp themselves upon their
youthful admirers. Hence, it is one of
Heaven's richest blessings to a country
that the lives of her illustrious heroes
should be pure and ennobling as well as
brilliant and grand. Tho South has
been peculiarly blessed in this respect. .
If it was not inappropriate to this occa?
sion, I could instance tho highest speci?
mens of true manhood among those of
our living Confederates whose names are
household words; and I need not go far
to find the peer of any knight who ever
broke a lance in a hoi}' cause, whoso
valor, whose honor, whose unspotted
moral character, whose cultnro and true
refinement are as well known and appre?
ciated as his brilliant military career,
ltunkcd immediately after Lee and Jack?
son as tho first cavalry leader of the war,
he stands among the foremost in renown
of living Confederates. To describe him
thus is to name him. Ho is our own
great chief?Wado Hampton.
When we pass to tho contemplation of
our departed heroes, there aro two whose
names are already enrolled on tho high?
est tablets of fame, who appear us pre?
eminent for their virtue as for their
valor, for their moral and religions
worth as for, their martial fame. No
people can exhibit higher types of cha?
racter than those of Stonewall Jackson
and Robert E. Lee. Jackson was em
Idiatieolly tho hero of our struggle?be
oved and admired by all. His military
genius was only equalled by the un?
bounded confidence of the army in bis
invincibility. He was taken from us in
the very noon-day blaze of his glory?
triumphant and victorious in his last
flank movement. His brilliant, although
short, career has impressed his followors
'? and the world with the power and tho
! grandeur of genius when guided by
strong religious principles. Ho was
' spared tho last test to which tho great
I Leo was subjected. It was the fate of
Lne to survive the shock of battle; and
after furnishing us an example of what
is due by the soldier, when overpowered
and crushed, to bis afflicted country, ho
has left us a character pure, exalted and
f*and, to be loved, admired and revered.
Will not apeak on this occasion Of his
genius as a groat captain, but prefer to
allude to him in his still greater character
as a true man.
' j Leer, as tho successful General?the
victor of many hard-fought fields?is
great; but Lee, as tho trne Christian, the
Sure; unselfish man, seeking the path of
uty and following it, whether in time
qf triumph or In tho day of disaster, is
greater s?ll.' Lee, with the flush of vic?
tory npon him,'as he is portrayed by the
artistr.iUttunted on "Traveller" at Spott- \
sylvanla among his advancing regiments,
is grancfj^bjjal Lee, writing to his faithful
lieutenaft^wbo had been ^wgnnaed at
and onergj," is greJider,;W33??^iee, as
(1 M rib?? in the wilderness, again at the
head of his advancing lines, but forced
to retire from the front by his men, (un?
easy for his safety,) with the assurance
that if b> would go to the rear, they
I would go to the front, is glorious; but
[ Loe, after the repnNe at Gettysburg, i
I nwying,?"all- this in my faulty" sndr- as- j
Burning the responsibility of the reverse, I
is more glorious, still; it is sublime - 1
J showing us how true greatness, gene-1
( rous and magnanimous can bear itself in j
i defeat. Lee's military genius is eon- ?
QCded, and lie will unquestionably rank
iiniong the foremost captains of history;1
I but lus noble manhood exhibited in the
I hour of disaster at Apponiattox, and in
the subsequent days of adversity, is a :
J priceless legacy to us as an example far '
j more precious than his military renown. 1
Lord Bacon has told us 'that the;
virtues of adversity are of a higher!
order than the virtues of success, \
and that while success was the
blessing of the Old Testament, ad-1
versify,is that of the New. While Wash-1
ington, then, represents in the historv of1
this country the virtues of success, Lec '
will represent the virtues of adversity. 1
The classic matron was wont to study
and dwell upon the lives of great, great j
heroes, hoping thus to transmit to her
sons their virtues and theiv valor; and in
one sense, there was deep philosophy in |
the idea, as the mother herself must bo- j
oonie fully imbued with the spirit of
those virtues she would impart to her
son. In the case of Leo, both parents
reverenced, ami venerated ? Washington;'
and the happiest of maternal influences
Presided" over his infancy and youth,
he love of tho elder Leo for Washingtr n
naturally impressed itself upon the son,
who adopted him as the ideal of his
youth, as the model by which he sought
to mould his own character. It is not
surprising, therefore, that the good seed I
of Washington's example, sown in such j
soil, should have yielded an abundant j
harvest, of virtue and of valor; and that!
we should, accordingly, have in Leo a i
greater even than Washington for our
matrons to admire and honor, and our
South to imitate. Loc, himself, then, is
tho choico fruit of Washington's exam?
ple, and furnishes a distinguished illus?
tration of the valno of great exemplars
in forming the character of vouth. When
we recollect that Lee, lavishly endowed
by nature, was reared under these hal?
lowed influences; that duty (which ho
styled the suhlimcst word in our lan?
guage) was tho "key note" of h; * life, tho
pole-star of his every thought and action:
r and that he was ever sustained by his
religion in this unwavering and conscien?
tious adherence through life to the call of
duty; we recognize the presence of every
essential for developing the most exalted
of mankind. We nave, accordingly, in
Lee that rare combination, the highest
I order of genius with the purest morality '
of its day; the supreme valor of an Alex?
ander with thelfiiiswtrving justice of an
Aristedes; the brilliant talents of a Cresar
with the stern virtues of a Cato; the
tmnscendant genius of a Napoleon with J
the unselfish patriotism of a Washing- '
"A combination and a form indeed.
Where evciy god did seem to set his seal,
To give the world assurance of a man."
We hir e, accordingly, in Lee the hist,
best gift of the mother of States and
statesmen, uniting the valor of the war?
rior with the gentleness of tho woman:
the wisdom of the sage wjth the purity of I
the saint; the virtue of the patriot with'
the humility of the Christian; the bril
lianey of genius with the simplicity of!
faith. We have, accordingly, in Lee, the !
most perfect embodiment yet developed
bf the ideal manhood of ?ur Christian I
civiliz-ition. Nature, birth, home in tin- |
ence and social advantages, with his
own high uspirations for moral and
Christian excellence, all combining most
happilv to produce in him the purest
and the greatest man of all the ages.
May his grand chamcter as a bright ex?
ample, a shining light, bless his country?
men to remotest generations.
Whose Fault isllt?
Mr. Enrroa: Last night, I received a
note from Dr. Simon Taylor, requesting
me to come and bring instruments to re?
lieve a poor sufferer who could not be
relioved by other means; the bearer
stating that ho would expect, me by tho
morning train of the Wilmington, Co?
lumbia and Augusta Railroad, -On both
inquiry, as well as inspection of their ad
vert is em cut of schedule, I found the morn?
ing train North loft at G.50; when, be?
hold, on reaching tho depot this morn?
ing, I was told by one of the emplocos
that the train had left at 5 o'clock A. M.,
and on reminding him of the advertise
1 ment, ho coolly rep lid, "it onght to havo
1 been corrected." This is poor consola?
tion for a poor dying woman, and yet,
whore is tho remedy for suoh unwarrant?
ed carelessnoss? M. D.
Columbia, S. C, Thubrdat, July 2*2.
The Iron Crown of Lombardy is so
called from a narrow band of iron within
it, said to havo been beaten out of one of
the nails used at the Crucifixion- This
bund is about three-eighths of an inch
broad and one-tenth of an inch in thick?
ness. According to tradition, the nail
was first given to Constantino by his
mother, who discovered the cross. The
outer circlet or the crown is of beaten
gold ohd set with precious stones. It
Was preserved with great care at Monza,
near Milan, and Napoleon, like his pre*
dooeBSor Charlemagne, was crowned with
it. After the war between Austria and
Italy, the Iron Crown was delivered by
the former power to Victor Emmanuel.
A worthy colored man, named Ellison
Wilson, was killed by lightning in Sum*
tor, last week.
COLffMpiA, 8- C J
Fridayjjtoornin*;, Jul| 23, 1875.
bjThe Railroad War. \
Our Usually Well-mforrhcd cohtompo- J
rary, tlio News and Courier, of Charles
t m, in an article published on the 20th ;
inst., headed "A Railroad Conspiracy j
Against the People," appears to have I
fallen into soveral error? in refi rence to !
the Soutitern lia'dumy Stcurily Company. |
Their known character for fairness, pre?
cludes the idea of iidtntiouat injustice;
but injustice has been done, and they
are now asked to make the proper cor?
rection. They state that "the interests
of the Southern Security Company lie
away from this city ami State. For them
it has done nothing, and will do no?
thing." Let us see. The Security Com?
pany controls 731 miles of road; oi which
4*51 miles are in Sonth Carolina, 245
miles in North Carolina, and 2"i miles in
Virginia. Thus, over four-sevenths of
its interests lie in this State. If wu give
the company credit for ordinary sense,
wo must believe that tney will continue
to c^nsuit-thi'ir iaterosts by building up
the 6ov\ntry'aMng" their lrrte.^TheV have
invested million* m this State, in build?
ing new roads, (the Air Lino Railroad
and the rond from Sumter to Columbia.)
and in re-laying and equipping others.
Again, the News and Courier states
that "in the case of the Charlotte, Co?
lumbia and Augusta Railroad, the local
stockholders have no right.-* that the Bal?
timore and Philadelphia stockholders
acknowledge or respect." In this state?
ment, they have again, no doubt, unin?
tentionally done greoj. injustice. Hud
they been ncqnointed with the faots, they
would have given tin- Southern Security
Company stockholders credit for such
consideration as majorities rarely exhibit
towards minorities. Of the eighteen Di?
rectors of the Charlotte, Columbia and
Augusta Road, only four are stockhold?
ers in the Southern Security Company.
Again, they chargo that the Security
Company seeks to divert business from
Charleston. This is not so, us any one
who knows the amount of cotton, Ac,
received in Charleston by tfie North?
eastern Road can tell them.
They err again when they charge the
Security Company with being parties to
any "conspiracy against the public."
That company had nothing whatever to
do with instigating the "blockades" to
which they refer. They were no part}'
to the PooJinK Convention. Tjrue, some
of their roads were represented there,
but so were nearly, if not All, the roads
and lines leading from New York to
Atlanta, and from the W**st to Atlanta.
By-the-way, while on the subject of
'?blockades," they were probably not
aware that the Greenville and Columbia
Road, corporated by the South Carolina
Railroad, served the very same notice on
the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
Railroad and the Wilmington, Columbia
and Augusta Railroad, that they censure
the Charlotte, Columbia and Augusta
for serving on the South Carolina Rail?
road. If they have not knocked the form
for their article of the 2t)th into "pi,"
perhaps it would be well for them to re
pnblish the article, inserting the name
of the Greenville and Columbia Railroad
for the names of the Charlotte, Columbia
and Augusta Railroad and the Security
If the charge they make, that the
"Charlotte Road people" arc oblivions of
the fact that railroads have duties as well
as rights, be true, it is equally no as re?
gards the "Greenville and Columbia
Road people," and the threats uttered
against one must be regarded as uttered
against the other. Hi oar judgment,
these repeated attacks on Northern capi?
talists who have invested money here
are calculated to do h?rm.
We trust that the News and Courier will
undBTshmcf rbftt tt? "imputation of un?
fairness on their part fe f?tenfieff." They
have no doubt given the statements as
they received . them,- and they will,
doubth ss, cheerfully make the correc
tioiij now that tho orrera of Iheir jjiforni
nnt nro pointed out. . g
Mr. Schurz, in bis Berlin address,
spoke of tho opprtidHofi wBibb corruption
always make to exposure. That's jubt
what's the matter with tho President and
his official family at present, and just tho
reason of their want of tolerance for
Schurz. They don't like to be exposed,
and there is so much in their past history
that makes them liable to exposure, that,
to them, exposures are tho most unplea?
sant things that can possibly occur.
12,000 wator-mellons, filling fift
cars, were shipped from Holly w<
t ion, on the Georgia Railroad, a f
The Committee on Constitution xif
rejected another amendment direc
against religious liberty. yt -
The number of Carlists captured* arnce
July 1 is 4,000.
Crrr Itexs.?Thermometer up again.
papers, sffi table for?-wrap
pin-, at fifty oen|> a hfcndtnd.
Any and every stylfcof book and job
printing executed prYnnpfly at Phoin:*
office. Material of every kind on hand
('apt. Drury Nanatnaker, a highly re
Hpccted citizen, residing in Lexington
Fork, departed this life on the 22d. He
was a brave Confederate soldier.
Judge Carpenter is cultivating a farm
near this city, and grows a variety of
things. He has been experimenting
with Lucern' grass, and thinkS:it is just
the thing. Tie has exhibited fco us a
sample of the fifth cutting* since*. April.
It grow* tnxnriantly, and one planting
is sudiciest; roots'sometimes extend five
or six feet down. The Judge feeds] hia
horses, mules, cows "end hogs on the
grass, and it keeps them in good condi?
tion. .Wouldn't it pay to grow less .cot?
ton utt4 more grass?
In the Coort of Common Pleas, yestor
day, Judge Carpenter stated that as ho
was slightly indisposed, the Court was
adjourned until Saturday.
- ?Mr. fj. Kebhut, of^qaorrgfHu is engaged
In e*nva*sing for * Verw^^whAetf will
prove highly entertaining, as it .describes
the hot as well as the cold regions. ,
(ien. Logan's speech, delivered on
Wednesday night, (the conclusion of
which we give this morning,) is highly
spoken of by all who heard it. The sen?
timents are honorable to the man and
the gallant soldier.
C. J. Lnurey, opposite Phienix office,
has on hand and is constantly receiving
choice peaches and lemons, wbich he is
Sidling at lowest market rates. Orders
from the country will receive prompt at?
Opei:a House.- The Columbia Comedy
Company were greeted with a larger
audience, last night, than on the pre?
vious evening, and rendered "The
Streets of New York" in a manner that
would have reflected the highest credit
upon professional artists, and received
frequent rounds of applause from the
audience. We are glad to notice that
our citizens have realized the true merits
of this amateur troupe, ami wc have no
doubt that they will receive the support
that their talent so well deserves. The
scenery is beautiful and complete.
? ? ?
*Lisr or New Advertisements.
Jacob Levin ?Furniture, Ac.
E. Nebhnt - Canvassers wanted.
Enrror. PHo-.s-nt^-'in th^tfooals" of
the Union-Hera'<l, of the 21st inst., au
extended ncceunt of the action of the
Parker jury is given, in which occurs
tho following .spntisaoe: ''Mr. Sterl a
very intelligent juror, a"'Jew and a jew?
eler,' seemed to think that $150,000 was
all that could be traced directly to Par
k'-r, although there was collateral evi?
dence that induced him to vote the
whole amount." We should prove re?
creant to our character and nationality,
were we to pass unnoticed language
which, to our mind, conveys a sarcastic
slur upon our character and creed. The
Heraldseem* ignorant of tho historical
fact that the days of persecution of my
p?ble race have long since passed, par?
ticularly in this heavenly land 6f*"reli?
<_'ious freedom;"and it is indeed surpris?
ing, that on tho most trivial occasion,
this malignant spirit of "tyrannical per?
secution should again dare to lift its
long-entombed skeleton.'? ?* suited the
Herald to parade ns before the public, to
single as out as "the -lew." Unas,how?
ever, omitted tho addition of "honest
Jew," whioh would have been a true rep?
resentation of ourselves,and we can con?
ceive of no earthly reason why not the
twelve various oreads and colors, who
wore all actors in the drama, Bhonld as
well have deserved the hawk-like eyes
and fertile brain of the Herald's local.
Our actions in the jury room were the
dictates of an "honest conscience," and,
if the Herald means to intimate that we
were wrong, why not be outspoken, that
we may more clearly comprehend its
mysterious version? Wo would advise
this remarkable "local" to change his
method of stigmatizing the "Jew." We
are Israelites, and as auch we are proud
of oar calling?our profession being but
a verification of Scripture, to earn our
bread by the "sweat of .brow," and aro
as well qualified to adorn public society
and decide, a case, however intricate, as
those who, through ignorance or .base?
ness, delight in our censure. e We have
thus placed before the pubjlio onr aver?
sion Of a sen tones ho uncalledfor; ami
Teisjr, vo^SsjftjpJ#wuT?ot notice such
sonrce whence it emanates?being as
snred of our' dignity in the circle in
which we move, and well knowing that
tho character,.reputation nn<~ nobility of
the tsraeiitlsn ' rab?~Ts too well estab?
lished, needing no vindication at our
hands. HENfcY STEEL,
A Jew and Jeweler.
Columbia, July 2L, 1*75.,
An exchange says; "Young women
looking up pie-nic costumes, should try
and find something that will look very
sweetly artless and Won't wrinkle. A
woman returning from one of these ex?
peditions is the ugliest creature known.
Edinburgh and his Duchess take 80
tons of luggago in their little summer
trip to Russia.