Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Saturday Morning, July 24, 1875.T
Tue Cotton and Other Southern In
xtkoests.?Tho convention of cotton
growers at Raleigh, N. C, which has just
adjourned, affords a cheering indication
of tho reviving fortunes of the cotton
planters. The delegates to this assem?
bly represented the cotton State.-;, and
they met not for political purposes, but
for consultation as to their peculiar
branch of industry and mutual aid and
suggestions. The improved condition
of tho cotton interest may be traced to
the solution of political difficulties at
tho South, and the feeling of security
and stability imparted thereby to the
planters, and to tho more regular indus?
try of the freedmen, who have at length
discovered that they must look to labor,
and not to politics, for the means of sub?
sistence. The report of the department
of -agriculture upon the condition of the
cotton crop for July is of a cheering
?character, and is confirmatory of what
is learned from the reports of the pro?
ceedings of the cotton congress. The
cotton crop, which was previously doing
well, is now reported to hove improved
by from three to ten or twelve per cent,
during the month of June. Nor is
cotton, as formerly, the only crop
-which Southern enterprise recog
?ir.es as essential to its prosperity
There seems a disposition in the South
to diversify the productions of this
.section, which is capable of producing
to unlimited extent and variety nil the
fruits of the earth, and by a diversity of
?crops secure the planters from the
hazards to which they are exposed by
tho possible failure of cotton, out of
which they have to pay all their other
expenses. Such assemblages as that of
the cotton congress, wbilo confining
themselves to practical discussions, can?
not but be beneficial. It is to be re?
gretted that the Raleigh congress thought
best to take up tho financial and rail
road needs of their section. The ad visa
bility of government aid to railroads,
wkich, after the recent experience of tho
country in that direction, would scorn to
be settled as inexpedient and corrupting
toiha last degree, and the philosophy
of tfbo various schemes of national
finance arc entirely irrelevent to an as?
sembly representing agricultural inter?
ests. With these exceptions, the Ra?
leigh congress will be welcomed as of
good cheer by all the friends of South?
ern industry. If the fertile hands of the
South are wisely apportioned between
cotton and the food-producing crops,
And energetically cultivated, the South
will not need the aid of any government,
nor eould any government do it so much
good as the soil and climate, assisted by
the intelligence and industry of man.
.lohn E. Bacon, Esq., a member of our
Columbia bar, will sad in a few daj-s for
old England. He has been employed by
the South Carolina branch of what is
known as the Jennings family to pursue
their claim to a large estate in the mo-1
ther country. They have placed between
$5,000and $10,000 'at his disposal for this I
Eurpose. Mr. Bacon was Secretary of
legation at St. Petersburg while the late [
Gov. Pickens was American Minister nt
the Russian Court. lie is a good lawyer,
a man of reading, talent and travel, ami
will no doubt both do justice to his cli?
ents and have a good time of it. Bon
voyage. Judge. Here is how the Jen?
nings claim arose: Humphrey Jennings
died about the close of the last century,
leaving an immense estate and several
children?ono of whom, William, fell
heir to n largo amount of persomil pro?
perty and a magnificent real estate and
mansion near Acton, England. William
was a miser from youth, and grew more
so with age. He became estranged from I
all his relations, and when he died be
left a colossal fortune, now known as the
?'Jennings estate." Ono of his nephows '
came to America, and lived and died in
Virginia. Several Of this emigrant's
children and grand-children came to
South Carolina?among them. Robert
Jennings, of Edgefield. Their descend?
ants reside in the Southern States, even
as far as Texas.
Among the incidents of tho French in?
undations, the destruction of Verdun
impressed Marshal MacMuhon as the
most terrible. A London Times letter
says: "In fact, at 1 o'clock at night on
June 23, a whole village of 50U houses
was completely destroyed in five mi?
nutes by nn avalanche of water, mud and
boulders. To explain this, it should be
said that the inhabitants had dammed a
small stream on the mountain above tho
village Swelled by rain and melted
snow, it burst its bounds and suddenly
discharged a fearful torrent, which was
accompanied by a whirlwind, over tho
Erocipice. To-day one or two ruined
ousos axe all that remain of Verdun.
The rest, with 100 inhabitants, have dis?
appeared, totally swept off the face of
the earth. It seems incrediblo that any
village ever existed."
Ex-Treasurer Camp, of Si
la once more free?having given the ne?
cessary bail. He claims that he will bo
able to make his accounts straight.
Hampton Lxoxom Rk-union?Bbmabks
or Gen. Gart.?At the collation served
to the Hampton Legion, Lieutenant Mo
Elroy read the following toast, sent by
teleg'rem by Dr. F. L. Parker: ?-Honor to
the dead of tho Hampton Legion." Gen.
M. W. Gary was at once unanimously
called to respond to it, and spoke as fol?
Fellow-Comrades : I have endeavored
in the past to respond, to the best of my
humble ability, to every demand that
bus been made upon me by the Hamp?
ton Legion. Duriug my long connec?
tion and association with it, whether in
the bivouac or the field, no duty was
over discharged with a more sad yet
ready response than the one of speaking
for the dead of the Legion. I can scarce?
ly realize that fourteen yo/?rs have passed
since that flag was first baptized in
blood upon tho field of Manassas, and
that the first life that was offered up in
its defence was that of the gallant Lieu?
tenant-Colonel B. F. Johnson, who fell
so soon after entering the battle, that he
scarcely had time to draw his maiden
sword;"and close by his side fell Lieut.
Yerger, with the beauty of youth upon
his heroic brow. Tho modest but chi?
valrous Major J. H. Dingle fell in the
bloody charge at Sharpsburg, in which
that nag was shot down five different
times, and when it fell the fifth time, it
was being born to tho front by tho brave
Dingle. I was a few paces in his front,
when I cast an eager eye upon tho three
stand of colors of the enemy, who were
huddled in tho corner, near the
stono fence hard by, and was
in tho act of charging again,
when tho intrepid Dingle was shot
down; ho fell with the flag in his hand,
and when I stooped down over him to
raise it again, it was with difficulty that
I wrenched it from the hand that had
fondly clutched it in death. Fifty-six
out ot the seventy-seven, rnnk and file,
of our comrades who participated in that
battle, had fallen under the folds of our
flag in this memorable charge. In tho
bloody track of tho Legion, lay the bravo
Capt. Smith, who was shot so near me
that his life-blood spattered my sash;
there, too, fell Capt. R. W. Tompkins,
covered with glory; Lieut. Aixon, in the
bloom of manhood, lay amongst the
bravest of the bravo; the non-commjs
sioned officers and privates lay wounded,
dying and dead?wore stretched side by
aide?the peers in courngo of any sol?
diers that ever fell in battle. It was
amidst such havoc and death that while
unfurling that flag again to the storm of
battle, its staff was struck by musket
balls, and its beautiful folds rent by a
shot of cannon. It was there, too, I
hoped to find a soldier's grave, but the
talisman that I wore gave me "a charmed
life," and I pasncd the terrific dan gor
unharmed, and I am here to-night to
give this foeble tribute to their impe?
rishable fame. It was under tho shade
of tho "Seven Pines" that the genial,
popular and fearless Lieut Klinck fell.
It was in tho campaign through Ten?
nessee that Lieuts. Henning and Clark
offered up their lives. It was at "Kiddle
Shop," wnen contending with great odds,
that the bravo Capt. McNeely and the
dauntless Lieut Huff were summoned
from the field of glory. The names of
Capt McCord, Lieuts. Haynesworth,
Stenhouse, Thomson and Williams are
all inscribed in unfading letters upon
the roll of honor of the dead of the
"Brief, brave and glorious was their
They are all representatives of their
commands. Time nor memory will
not permit me to give each private
his just tribute?it will become the
pleasing office of tho historian of
the Legion. When I look upon that
battle-scarred flag, and tho luces of
you who so long followed it. it rcvivos
the memory of the principles it symbol?
ized, and keeps alive the sentiment that
has been clothed in classic language,
"DuJce el Decorum est tiro patrla mori."
Those who fought and those who fell
undor that flag, contended for constitu?
tional liberty out of the Union. And
sinco tho fate of war has placed us again
under the "old Hag," so long as it sym?
bolizes constitutional equality and union,
and not a principle or sentiment higher
than the Constitution, will wo who fought
against it yield our allegiance to it,
second to none in the land of Washing?
ton. Put should the same politicnl status
arise in tho future that existed in tho
past, I for one am ready again to draw
my sword for constitutional liberty in
While I am willing to acknowledge our
defeat in the field, I am not willing to
admit that the principles for which we
fought have been destroyed. They are
tho life of this republic. When they uro
ignored or destroyed, this republic will
have degenerated into an empire. Nor
do I regard tho loss of our cause "as a
blessing in disguise." Aside from the
political principles involved in our strug?
gle, as a corollary flowing from it, was
the contest of two civilizations -ono of
the North, the other of the South. I
claim the civilization of tho South
was and is to-day superior to
that of tho North--a civilization
based upon materialisms, in which
everything is tried in tho crucible
of "cui 6o?o,"and every virtue is limited
to tho perimiter of tho almighty dollar
?a sacra fames auri, that destroys all
that is noble in man or woman; a civili?
zation that only recognizes redross to
woman's wounded honor alone in tho
courts, is more to be feared than the
blast of the simoon of the dessert, de?
stroying, as it will, the courage of men.
and blasting tho virtue of women. Let
the South cling to hor own civilization,
to the social laws that have governed her
id the past Let her young men pre?
serve/ her code of honor. Let the civili?
zation that recognizes truth, honesty,
courage and virtue be preserved and
trsnsmitted to our posterity. The prin?
ciples for which the dead ot the Legion
fell were true; they are as true to-night
ns they were when the cannon opened
its roar nt Manassas, fourteen yean ago.
And I tor one esteem it a grateful pica
sure to vindicate them to-night?those
principles?and shall content myself in
(icing for, for what they so nobly died.
I truat that our pure countrywomen will
continue to revere their memories, and
that they will not cease to weave gar?
lands of immortelles with which to adorn
and beautify their heroic and patriotic
The following letter was afterwards
Columbia, S. C, July 20, 1875.
Dear General: As the subject of
monuments may come up before the Le?
gion, I, as Treasurer of the Ladies' Mo?
numental Association, beg leave to pre?
sent our needs und claims nnd give you
an idea of the condition of our tears,
hoping you will aid us with all your
might. The situation is this: The found?
ation of the monument is laid with
granite and has a graceful appearance.
The shaft of marble is now on its way to
Columbia, and the architect will soon
bo here to complete the work. We have
never lost any of the money collected,
but we have met with some drawbacks
und disappointments where we had no
reason to expect them. Those, with the
great financial troubles of the country,
leave us sadly in want of funds now.
The erection of county monuments has
greatly interfered with the success of
ours, which was certainly designed for
the wholo State, for the remembranco of
every private and every officer who fell
in the cause. Could any other place
than the capital be selected for a work
liko this? There has also been a misap
Iirehension with regard to what bos
)cen already accomplished. Too many
look upon the foundation as being the
monument itself and charged us with
having thrown away the amount already
expended, but they mis take. "What has
been expended has been given, not for
the foundation alone, but as in payment
of the shaft, the marble work, the most
expensive part, of course. The architects
are men of standing, and it is to their
interest so to fulfill their engagement as
to sccuro approbation and not criticism
from the whole State. We feel mortified
enough in not being able to meet our
engagements in full. Will you not aid
us in influencing all who are able to con?
tribute at all to a concentration of their
forces in this direction to the relief of
this burden which presses upon the
ladies so hcuvily. I am verv truly vours,
JULIA K. BACH MAN.
The Survivors ok Orr's Rifles.?The
re-union of the survivors of Orr's Rifles,
one of tho most gallant regiments in the
Confederate service during the late war,
and one among tho first to rally round the
flag when the call to arms was sounded,
occurred at Walhalla, on the 21st. This
regiment was organized by the late la?
mented James L. Orr, and was known
for some time as Orr's Legion. It was
mustered into service on July 20, 1801,
at Sandy Springs, in Anderson County,
where it remained in camp until some
time in August following, when it was
ordered to Sullivan's Island, and there
remained nntil May, 1862, when it was
ordered to Virginia, and did duty in the
Army of Northern Virginia until the sur?
render in 1865. Soon after the removal
of tho regiment to Charleston, Col. Orr
resigned Iiis command of the regiment,
and was succeeded by Col. J. Foster
Marshall, of Abbeville - a gallant offic< r
of the Palmetto Regiment in Mexico?
who accompanied the Hilles to Virginia,
and was killed at the second battle of
Munussas. On the death of Marshall,
Lieut.-Col. Lcdbetter assumed command,
and was immediately shot down. Miles
M. Norton, senior captain of the regi?
ment, then took command and was kilb-d
outright ?making three commanding of?
ficers in ono fight! Livingstone, who
next commanded the regiment, threw up
his commission, and was succeeded by
Maj. J. J. Norton, who lost an arm at
Fredericksburg, and retired from ser?
vice. Col. James M. l'errin, of Abbe?
ville, then took command, nnd was killed
at Chancellorsville on May 3, 1803. Col.
W. M. Hnddon succeeded Perrin, and
was killed at Gravely Run, July 28, 1804.
The regiment was then under command
of Col. G. McD. Miller, who still sur?
vives, and by whose suggestion the pre?
sent re-union was had. During the war
this regiment was engaged in about
twenty pitched battles, and never de?
serted its colors. It was composed of
the chivalry of the country, and in its
first engagement with the enemy at Cold
Harbor or Caine's Mill, out of an actual
force of about 500 under fire, left more
than 300 men upon the field. At the
surrender in 1805, only about 00 men.
out of the original draft of 1,300, laid
down their arms. The noblest Romans
of them all!
Longevity of Public Men.?The New
York Churchman, speaking of the longe?
vity of English public men, wisely says
the principal cause lies in the fact that
in general they nro not thrust prema?
turely upon the responsibilities of life
before they have had timo to prepare for
them. Wo think that this is worthy of
attention. In this country, by being
thrust forward prematurely, men break
down too early. If they do not yield
physically, thoy are mentally incapable
of advance at a time when their powers
ought to be nt the ripest. And this is
because thoy aro called too early into the
field as a rule, and are sot to the task of
producing results when they should be
accumulating means. There is a pre?
vailing fancy for calling young men to
Srominent positions, using them and
topping them, which is very wasteful.
The ripeness of middle age hi certainly
more valuable for public uses. 3
??-,???? . ...
No order for election of Shtriff yet,
Gov, Cbembeslain still absent from the
State?supposod- to be shirking the Par?
English Sentiment.?The London
Timm, of the 1st inst., has a sedond edi?
torial on the centennial celebration of
Bunker Hill, which in in the Rome
friendly and conciliatory rein that
marked the first. The Times speaks of
Lord North's "unfortunate attempt to
reduce the States to the rank of crown
colonies," and says that the British have
even more cause than we to exult in our
victory, because they now have "both
the old country and the new principles
contended for and established by the
American States." It sees, too, the deep
significance of the celebration. "The
real beauty of the spectacle was that they
were seen together, marshaled in one
procession to one nntionul shrine, North?
erners and Southerners, Federals and
Confederates, glad to show how much
deeper their union is than their differ?
ence." The "Thunderer" rolls out pon?
derous praise upon the celebration that
is eoming?the nation's centennial, July
?1, 187?. The Bunker Hill festival was
only a note of preparation for the tre?
mendous chorus of jubilation to bo ex?
pected then. The Chicago Tribune thinks
it is well for tho deep friendship that
ought to exist between the two great
English-speaking nations, that the chief
exponent of English thought should
speak so generously of this thin-skinned
people?a people not proud enough, but
too vain, greedy for tho applause of
others, unable to be content with its own
calm self-approval. The change in the
ton?? of the "Thunderer" in a sure sign
that the feeling of the English people
has changed. The Times always reflects
A Madrid despatch states that the Car
lists are retreating toward Estella, pur?
sued by three Alfonsist Generals. Estella
is a favorite stopping-place of the Cur
lists, although they have been obliged
several times to vacate it through the
"force of circumstances." In Lstella,
the old Don Carlos, the first pretender
to the Spanish throne, was crowned
King in 1833. He was driven out sub?
sequently, and in 1830 a large number
of Iiis officers were executed there. Since
then, the Carlists have tried very hard
to hold it, and always manage to get
back again after being driven out. Es
tolla and Pumpaluna, twenty-five miles
North-east, have been thus occupied and
deserted over and over again. The area
for Carlist operations, according to the
despatches, is very much circumscribed
at present, as they seem to be driven en?
tirely North of the railroad which runs
from Bilbao, on the Bay of Biscay, near
the French frontier, to Barcelona, on tho
Mediterranean. Alfonso's only hope is
to mass enough troops to push Don
Carlos across the Pyrenees into Ariege
and the other contiguous French pro?
vinces, which would end the matter, but
he cannot do it. The Carlists evidently
feel secure in the mountains and foot?
A Sau Warning.?Last Sunday even?
ing, Miss Jane McNineh, daughter of
Mr. John McNineh, a few miles from
this place, came into town on a visit to
her sister, Mrs. W. J. Brown, who had
been quite ?ick for some time. Monday
morning, Miss McNineh, in attempting to
kindle a fire, poured out some kerosene
oil into the stove. The blaze at once
was communicated to the oil can, which
exploded, and set fire to tho clothing of
the unfortunate young lady. She was
horrribly burned, and lingered in the
greatest agony for a few hours and then
died. Her sister, Mrs. Brown, sank
rapidly under the shock received from
this terrible disaster, and died at mid?
night. It is a remarkable circumstance,
that this is the second time that this
familS; has been similarly afflicted. In
A.lgnst, 18<>2. two sons of Mr. John Mc?
Nineh died in hospital at Bichmond.
Their remains were brought to Chester
and buried in the same grave in Ever?
green Ce metery. ? Chester Ilejiorter.
The Fate of Two Brothers. - Charles
liarnum, a Brooklyn clothing merchant,
went on board the steamer Providence,
on the '28th of June, having purchased a
ticket for Boston, and arose at night
seemingly suffering from physical pain.
As he has not since been seen, and his
clothing and ticket were found in his
state-room, it is supposed that ho was
drowned. Ho was fifty-five years of age.
He was insured lor $18,000. His brother,
who had been subject to heart disease,
dropped dead on hearing of his loss.
The difficult question of what happens
when an irresistible force meets an im?
movable body will be recalled to many
persons by the recent .collision of a
whale with the Cunard steamer Scythia.
The conditions in this encounter were
not very unlike those of the celebrated
hypothesis, and we are able to announce
that tho irresistible force, tho steamer,
put back to Liverpool for repairs to her
propeller, and that the immovable body
of the whale was towed into the port of
Wood Fires. ?The Savannah Advertiser
says: "Tho continued dry weather has
caused several fires in tho woods all
around us, and yesterday, we learn, that
the fires on the South Carolina side, be
twoen Hardeeville and Now Biver, had
assumed rather large propotions, and
caused considerable anxiety. One house,
in which a number of negroes had boon
living, was consumed, and all the sur?
rounding fences had been burned. The
damage thus far has been to tho fences
The Campirdown Factort.?Tho
Camperdown Mills Cotton Manufactur?
ing Company was organized on Wednes?
day, and Greenville stock to the amount
of $175,000 was represented and $115,000
paid in. The President has been autho?
rized to mako contracts immediately for
tho balance of the machinery, to put in
operation 200 looms, and by the 1st of
February next, it is expected that the
entire work will be completed and in
Crrr Items.?Clean np back lots.
4 Shin on tbc shady .side.
Look out for mad do,;s!
Mercury high up yesterday.
Water-melons are quito abundant.
Lo business?cheating tbc Indians.
At what season did Eve v.at the apple?
Early in tbc full.
If you don't bridle your tongue, sad?
dle be your fate.
Mntcblcss maid?the kitchen girl out
Tho mean temperature is what disgusts
a man with every climate.
Fans, bugs and flies are now about the
only things which are busy.
The hot weather keeps our "buds of
beauty" boused during daylight.
What kind of robbery is not danger?
ous? A safe robbery, of course.
There is a dry goods man who ex?
presses it the best. He says that women
come into the store "all twisted up."
Old type in any quantity, at from
twenty to thirty cents a pound, for sale
nt Phoenix office.
This is the sort of weather that impels
the young man to have nil bis hair cut
off and bis head sand-papered.
You could see people stop in a shady
plane, yesterday, and wait until the sun
went under a cloud, then leap across tbc
street before it came out.
We have been requested to say that
there will be services in tho Presbyterian
Church, as usual, morning and evening,
to-morrow, after which tho ahurch will
be closed for three successive Sabbaths,
Of this be certain, that no trade con be
so bad as none at all, nor any life as tire?
some as that which is spent in continual
visiting and dissipation. To give one's
time to other people, and never reserve
any for one'u self, is to bo free in appear?
ance only, nnd a slave in effect.
Song or tiik Hot Man.?Just at this
time, the following song can be sung by
many a one, with the spirit and the
"O for a lodge in a garden of cucumbers,
O for an iceberg or two to control;
O for n vale which at midday the dew
O for a balloon trip up to the pole!
O for a little one-story thermometer,
With nothing but zeroes all ranged in
O for u big doublo-barreled hydrometer.
To measure the moisture that rolls
from my brow.
O that the cold weather was twenty
(.That's irony red hot, it seemeth to
O for a touch of its dreadful cold shoul?
O what a comfort an ague would be!"
List of New Advertisements.
B. I. Boone?Citation.
Ditson A Co.?Books of Easy Music.
T. R. Center?Thieves About.
Meeting Hampton Legion.
Hotel Arrivals, Jolt 23.?Hendrix
I House?S. F. Hendrix, Lecsville; J. R.
j Watson, Ridge; T. W. Bull, R. T.
i Huested, Baltimore; G. W. Radchtife, R.
F. Mel'asIan, Charleston; Frank Logan.
Jr., Atlanta; B. A. Stovull, Augusta.
I At the New Orleans jail there is a
j haunted cell. Four persons have com?
mitted suicide therein, three lost women
and a man who could not get along with
his wife, because he loved whiskey im?
moderately. Everv criminal incarcerated
in that chamber cither attempts self-de?
struction or accomplishes it. Several
individuals, it is paid, were caught in the
nish act, and when asked the cause, in?
variably answered, "a woman in white
appeared to me and bade me go with
The Khedive of Egypt.?Gen Dye, of
Mansfield, Ohio, a gtadnate of West
Point, and Adjutant-General of the
Khedive of Egypt, is now at his old
home. Gen. Dye says the Khedive is
conquering Africa with some skill and
the grand purpose of civiliziug the peo?
ple. He has four corps now out, mostly
Arabs officered by Americans, and sent
up the Nile and its branches. He is in?
troducing our machinery and agriculture
whero be can, and with bis enormous
wealth does much good, but he fills his
own pockets as be goes along.
?The Khedive of Egypt wrote to Gen.
Sherman to ask him to recommend a
good engineer officer for the Egyptian
army, and tho Genenil recommended
Col. Derrick, of Virginia, who was a
prominent officer in the engineer service
in tho Confederate army during the
whole war. Col. Derrick has received
bis commission, and sailed ffbm New
York for Egypt on Wednesday.
A bloody affair happened in New York
on the 21st, among a number of negroes
who were gambling in a saloon. In a
fight which followed a quarrel over the
cards, one man was slashed with a razor,
and in return killed one of his assailants
with a knife and mortally wounded an?
A Meteoric Explosion.?Last Satur?
day morning, about 0 o'clock, a brilliant
light was seen in the South-eastern hea?
vens, about 15 degrees above the horizon,
followed by a fearful report like that of
the heaviest artillery. The report was
heard very generally. The sky was per?
fectly clear.?Greenwood Kexo Era.
A hail storm passed over Smith's Ford,
Union County, a few days ago, whiohdid