Newspaper Page Text
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Sunday Horning, July 25, 1875. j
A Now York paper thinks "tlio most j
perfect climate is that in which the tem-1
poraturo never excites remark," meaning
an oven temperature, higli or low, such
as the Hottentots or the Esquimaux en?
joy. But, how in the world, wo would
respectfully ask, could Americans or
Britons exist, Unless they could talk
about tho weather? "What would half
tho people who meet each other in this
country or England, or in any European
country, find to talk about, if they had
not tho tcinperaturo for a topic? Of
course, if tho temperature here were uni- j
form, as in Greenland, or whore roams
"tho naked negro, panting nt tho line,"
we should seldom, if ever, think of
making any Temark nbout the weather.
There no one day is colder or hotter than
another, in any remarkable degree, and
tho weather subject is too monotonous!
for discussion. The poor Africans and
Hottentots, on the one hand, and tho
poor Esquimaux; Greenlanders, etc., on
tho other, are, therefore, deprived of the
delights that we derive from' discussing
the weather whenever we moot a friend.
The climate m tho torrid or1 in the frigid
zone may bo "perfect," according to the
logio of our "New York conieinporary,
but we confess to a preference for our
own imperfect climate, not alone because
it affords a perennial theme of conversa?
tion, enabling bashful lovers to break
the ioo, and all that, but becauso, with
all tho evils incident to its sudden and
great changes of temperature, its very
variations suit tho temper of man and
afford that variety which is tho spico of
his life, even though it too often causes
his promaturo death; and becauso, in its
hottest and coldest stages, it is far more
tolerable than the climate where the ex?
treme and constant heat or tho extreme
and overlasting cold "novor excites re?
mark." Such "perfection" of climate is
not pleasant even to contemplate at a
safo distance, and would bo a sorry sub?
ject for conversation, even if it should
over "excite remark." Ono could never
greet a friend in tho arctic or the torrid
regions of tho earth with "a dolightful
iday, sir," without perpetrating an at?
During tho first half of tho current
year, the number of mercantile failures
in this country was over 3,300, and the
aggregate liabilities of the susponded
morobantsare about $75,000,000. This
would seem to be a very large amount of
suspended debts for a single half year,
but we are assured it is much less than
the averago for the corresponding pre?
vious half years since 1871", and that it
consequently indicates a healthier con?
dition of trade, so far as a diminution in
the number and amount of failures can.
It is quito ovident to any one who ana?
lyzes the subject, that many of these
failures, although set down to 1875. in
roality belong to previous years. They
have boon caused by tho revulsion of
1873, with its depression and declining
Erieos. The unfortunate merchant, with
ankruptcy impending, has been strug?
gling to postpone failure as long as pos?
sible, hoping ultimately to got through?
paying one debt by making another?
taking up an old note with a new one?
doing the host he could with his declin?
ing market?the result being a post?
ponement of the final reckoning by
piling up interest and spending capital,
until the crash became inevitable. Hence
tho cause of most of these failures of
1875 goes hack to 18T3, or even before.
Letters received by tho President of
tho New York Stock Exchange and tho
bankers of that city, show that extensivo
swindling operations have been going
on to victimize people in tho country.
Tho operators of the fraud have been
advertising extensively in tho country
papers, giving glowing accounts of stock
speculations, by which fortunes arc easily
gained. Pamphlets also are widely cir?
culated, containing particulars of the
modus operandi, the explanation being a
plausibly construed theory of specula?
tion, and claiming that tho operators
have a combination by which failuro is
impossible. Ono woman in Philakolphia
has written to tho President of the Stock
Exchango, stating that she had sent $10(5
there, and asking information, as tho
firm informed her that her money had
boon lost in speculation. The President
replied that he could do nothing for her.
Many letters have been received, show?
ing that tho victims of tho fraud aro nu?
merous, and extend through all parts of
Tho Herzogovinian tax-payers aro very
evidently in earnest in their rovolt
against tho Sultan of Turkey/ A despatch
from \ Constantinople states that more
troop* have been ordered from tho neigh?
boring province of Bosnia to quell the
rovolt " The significance of this tax-pay
ors* rob oil ion is just this: that Turkey is
bankrupt, cannot afford to carry on a
war against those provincials, and, if the
conflict is protracted, England, who has
lont a good deal of money to the Govern?
ment, will step in and a demand why the
reforms required by the treaty .of 1856
have not been fulfilled.
Rxm&bkb of Gen. McGowan.?At the
re-union of Orr'b Rifles, at YVulhalla, on
the 21st, Gen. McGowan spoke as fol?
Comrades: It is good for us to be here.
It is now ten long, weary years since the
surrender of Appoinattox?a decade of
suffering, and it is natural and proper
that the survivors of the war should
occasionally have such re-unions as this.
They are pleasant, thoy are propor, and
they may bo made useful. Such meet?
ings as the present uro well nigh all that,
is left us. The causo for which wo
fought?a separate government for the
South?was not triumphant. The inci?
pient government under whose banners
we marched went down, and in conse?
quence no power exists to reword the
poor Confederate soldier for his toils and
sufferings and heroism. His condition
is thnt of orphanage. Tho government
for which he struggled cannot honor
and reward with pensions the survivors, I
nor gather up tho scattered deud into
imposing cemoteries, and erect over
them splendid monuments to their
heroism. The Confederate dead lie in
lonely and unknown graves, from tho
Rio Grundo to Gettysburg, for the most
part without monuments to mark the
place where they lie; but not without
"Sleep, angels, hither from tho skies,
There is no lovelier spot of ground
Than whero defeated valor lies,
By mourning beauty crowned."
The toils and sufferings of the Confe?
derate soldiers wero great, but they have
none of the "rewards usually enjoyed by
a patriotic citizen-soldiery. On the con?
trary, their struggle was considered re?
bellious, and their efforts, instead of
honors and rewards, to deserve rather
that punLshment which was thought ne
oefisory to make "treason odious." No
public hospitals rise in the land for tho
purpose of earing for iho maimed und
disabled in the war. On all sides may
be seen heroes with empty sleeves, or
hobbling about on ono leg?actually jost?
ling and struggling in the dust and heat
of octivo lifo for oread. Tho speotaclc
is a sad one; I never see it but my heart
is touched. This forlorn, uncared-for
condition of tho poor Confederate soldier
should only bind us the closer together.
It reflects back and gives an increased
interest and sadness to tho great strug?
gle in which they followed their honest
convictions, and fought with heroism
and fell without dishonor. My comrades,
if our services in that war deprive us of
all else, we have left to us, at least, tho
consciousness of rectitude and the pure
Slcasuro of such re-unions as this. Tho
cart is still untrammelled. Let us make
the most of this privilege. Let us in
Eeaco and in quiet, without malice or
atred to any, hold sweet converse one
with another, talk over tho past with all
its hopes and fears, joys and sorrows;
recount tho stories of tho bivouac and
camp-tire, and as we poss, drop a silent
tear over tho sweet memory of some
comrade whom wo buried on the battle?
field, and recall tho long marches and
bloody battles in which wo Buffered and
struggled, hungered und toiled, and
fought and bled together. Hore, at least,
as at the parsonage of the "Deserted
"The broken soldier, kindly bade to
Sat by the fire and talked the night
Wept o'er his wounds, or tales of sorrow
Shouldered his crutch and showed how
fields were won."
But, my friend, you must allow me to
make one remark: This re-union of old
soldiers is not intended, and we must
not allow it to have tho effect of rekin?
dling again the old fires of strife. By no
means. This meeting is only a social
and kindly renewal of old ties, associa?
tions and friendship. It is well occa?
sionally to recur to first principles?-to
recall the past and take our reckoning.
It sustains our self-respect The soldier
who did his duty in times of war was
not actuated by malice, and is always
ready to do his duty in times of peace.
It is not the soldier who has smelt gun?
powder, but the selfish politician, who
wishes to perpetuate strife between the
porties to the late contest. Tho true
soldier is always just, liberal and mag?
nanimous. If tho difficulties between
the sections had been left to the soldiers
at Appoinattox, the "bloody chasm"
would have been crossed at once by an
improvised pontoon bridge, the work of
both armies. We ore now all one peo?
ple, and able to remain so. Tho fates
have so decreed it; and it is tho part of
good sense, good policy and humanity,
that wo should labor to bo in fact, what
we are in theory, one people! I am one
of those who believe that the lino of duty
lies in the direction of conciliation in oil
things consistent with truth, honor and
self-respect. The war is over, and gentle
peace returning. Tho em of good feel?
ing is at hand. Good omens are in tho
air. It is the season of centennials. The
day is breaking. Let every one who was
a good soldier in tho past do his best, us
a good citizen in the future, to create
kind and fraternal relations between tho
sections, and to maintain that mutual
respect, which alone can make tho con
dition.of tho South, as a part of tho Go?
vernment, tolerable to a defeated, but
proud and high-spirited people. Gon.
McGowan then gave some account of tho
regiment, and road somo official accounts
of battles in which they were engaged.
This speech did infinite credit to tho
After the spooking, the regiment was
marohed down to the eating stand, and
had on elegant barbecued dinner.
On Tuesday night laut, a difficulty oc?
curred on tho plantation of Mr. T. 8.
Brloe, in Falrfiold County, when ono of
tho parties, Adam Wood, was seriously
out with a knife, and tho other, Calvin
Douglass, mortally wounded with a gun?
The Recobo of Disasters.?The socri
fico of hum mi life from flood and earth?
quake daring the pest six . months has
been very great. We have before given
somo facts of the recent destructive in?
undations in France. Nearly one-sixth
of that fertile and highly cultivated
country haB been submerged by deso?
lating hoods. Tho principal river of tho
inundated department, the Garonno, is
a broad but somewhat shallow stream,
with fiat valley lands on either side. It
receives frcm the Pyrenocs hundreds of
turbulent torrents, and, on tho other
hand, the whole water-shed of the South?
ern slope of the high land between it
and tho Loire, including some considera?
ble rivers. For months, there has boon
a drought in that region, when suddenly
thcro was launched upon it in three
days a mass of water which would have
been amply sufficient if distributed
through three months. The result was
what we have seen, on a smaller scale,
though sufficiently destructive and ter?
rifying, in our own country, where
absorption and evaporation have not
assisted in the disposition of rain, and
the river bed is not ample enough to
carry it away. We have bad sufficient
experience enough of tho effects of sud?
den freshets in Jones' Falls to enable us
to form n faint conception of tho disaster
from which France is suffering. But
nothing like that in the magnitude of
tho losses of property and life has ever
occurred here. Cities have been ruined,
villages and cattle swept away, and large
numbers of people drowned. The tlood
seems to have been as sudden in its
onset as it was terriblo in its effects,
many distressing illustrations of which
are given by the foreign journals. The
exact amount of the loss of life is not
yet ascertained, though 215 bodies
have been recovered at Toulouse,
where tho greatest loss of life was
supposed to have occurred. Num?
bers *f families arc- left penniless,
and the active charities of the civilized
world must bo exerted to alleviate the
sufferings and impoverishment which
have resulted. The loss of life by the
floods in Franco is, however, compara?
tively small to that which has been pro?
duced by other causes elsewhere during
the last six months. In the Fiji Islands
alone, 50,000 people are said to have pe?
rished by measles and other diseases,
introduced since the annexation of those
islands to Great Britain. 000 lives are
said to have been lost by the overflow of
the Danube in Festh. Wo are not in?
formed of tho loss of life by the recent
earthquakes and accompanying volcanic
disturbances in Iceland, but thero havo
been four other earthquakes, from which
the loss has been given approximately as
follows: In New Grenada, 16,000; in
Asia Minor, 2,000; in the Loyalty Islands,
where the earthquake was accompanied
by a terrible tidal wave, 2,000; and at
San Cristobal, Mexico, 70. A famine in
Asia Minor during the early part of the
year swept off 20,000 people before relief
could rcaoh the afflicted region. Tho
marine disasters of the past six months
have been peculiarly destructive of life.
Among them are tho Schiller, on tho
Scilly Islands, 350; the Gottenberg, off
tho Australian coast, 100; tho Cadiz, 02;
the Fu Sing, a Chinese steamer, 50; the
American ship Violetta, 42; tho Vicks
burg, collision with icebergs, 40; the
Thornabia, 20; tho Cortes, 2?; tho Geo.
Batters, 21; the Bride, Bcrar, Berlin, (Ja?
panese,) and the Alice, 20 each; and the
Locbnagar, 10. There have been other se?
vere disasters on the South American, Chi?
nese and English coasts, which involved
a serious loss of life, but it is impossible
to estimate them, as the telegraph fur?
nishes no record. The season has been
unusually characterized by tornadoes
and hmiricanes, and of these there have
i been eighteen which have beim accom?
panied by loss of life, as follows: In
I Hong Kong, 500; Georgia, 317; Chili, ('.It;
! Louisiana, 20; France, 11; Missouri, 0;
Mississippi, 11; Arkansas, 5; Michigan,
? 3; Wisconsin, 3; Illinois, 3; South Caro
j Una, 2, and Kansas, 1?total, 0-14. Thirty
five fires havo been reported, by which
301 lives have been sacrificed". Only
three of these have been accompanied
j by a heavy loss of life, being the burn
I ing of a match factory at Gottenberg,
Sweden, 5U; steamers at Now Orleans, 75;
and the recent Holyoke, Mass., church
disaster, 02. Explosions, mainly in this
country, have killed 207 people, as fol?
lows: Firedamp, 122; boilers, 48; gun?
powder, 21; tire-works, 0; nitro-glycerine,
4j and chemicals, 3.
This list, as will be seen, does not in?
clude railroad disasters, snow slides and
I the largo number taken off by suicide,
murder, war, massacre and other violent
forms of death. Most of these calami?
ties admit of no remedy, but such us do,
like tho privations nnd misery of the
helpless survivors of flood and earth?
quake, ought not to appeal to the civil?
ized world for help in vain.
Don't Make Wai: on tiik Stomach.?If
you are bilious, dyspeptic and constipa?
ted, don't make war on the stomach by
successively swallowing blue pills, strong
purgatives and powerful astringents.
Such a procedure damages digestion and
weaken tho bowels, leaving stomach, liver
and intestines, after tho immediate effect,
in a condition of greater disorder than
before. That completo relief which
remedies of tho above description signal?
ly fail to afford is obtained by using
Hostettcr's Stomach Bitters. And for tho
best of reasons. Biliousness is tho re?
sult of inaotivity of the liver, dyspepsia
of weakness of tho digestivo organs, and
constipation is produced by tho above
causes operating together. Tho Bitters,
'Doing a powerful stomachic, overcome
indigestion by stimulating the secretion
of gastric juice, relieve biliousness by
promoting greater activity of the liver,
arid thus enable the bowels to act with
renewed regularity. J23|3^1.
Stick candies, at Pollock's, under Opera
Tue Veiled Murderess Free Again.
The bill that hns just passed both bouses
of tho State Legislature in relation to
convicts sentenced to prison for life,
affects but ono person sentenced from
Troy?Henrietta Robinson, known as
"tho veiled murderess." Tho bill pro?
vides that persons sentenced for life
shall bo conditionally released at the end
of fifteen years, provided their conduct
has been such as to warrant clemency;
and they are to have their liberty for ten
years, at the end of which time, if no
other charge is brought against them,
they aro to receive pardon. If they are
convicted of crime during the ten years,
they arc to bo remanded to prison to
serve out the lite, sentence. Henrietta
Robinson is now confined in the insane
asylum at Auburn, being one of three
women in tho State prison there, who
will be released by the new law. Her
crime is familiar to Trojans. She was
convicted in 1852 of poisoning a saloon?
keeper, residing near her homo, in the
upper portion of this city, by adminis?
tering poisoned boor. No provocation
was shown, but it was proved that she
not only administered the poison to the
person who died, but also to a lady rela?
tive of the deceased. She was sentenced
to be hung, but this was afterwards com?
muted to imprisonment for life. She re?
mained in Sing Sing prison until quite
recently, when she became insane, and
was transferred to Auburn. She was
very beautiful, and to this day even tho
counsel who defended her, among whom
was the Hon. Martin I. Townsend, do
not know her parentage for a certainty.
She became known as "tho veiled mur?
deress," on account of her refusal to
raise her veil during the trial. She has
no friends, and will probably remain in
tho insane asylum until released by
death. A few years ago her pardon
would have been gladly welcomed. It
comes too late, however, and perhaps
she will never realize it.
[Troy (X. Y.J Tin?.-;.
Nothing is more lady-like than the use
of fine note paper and a neat fashionable
envelope. So think the fortunate re?
ceivers of such billet-doux. Tho sweet?
ness of a charming sentence is rendered
more delicious, if convoyed on a delicate
tinted sheet of Pirie's Note Paper. It is
bad taste in a gentlenirn writing to a
lady on inferior stationery. If von wish
to be posted on the latest nove\ites, the
fashion in these matters, enclose a stamp
to Walker, Evans <t Cogswell, for one of
their little fashion books "Card Eti?
quette," or send an order for a recherche
lot of paper and envelopes of the latest
style. Do not forget at tho same time to
order a monogram. Jltif
Tho Now York Commercial estimates
that "about 3U,()00" of the well-to-do
people of that city, "including.it may
bo, a largo number of alien foreigners
who have made their money here," have
gone to Europe this season. "For fifteen
weeks past they have been going by
thousands." The steamers plyiuj.' be?
tween New York and European ports are
In a letter to a Louisiana gentleman,
Gov. Allen, of Ohio, says: "Your State
and the cntiro South must look to a De?
mocratic triumph in 1S70, as tho only
sure guarantee of peace and civil liberty.
We are making tho preliminary fight in
? this State against most powerful combi
' nations, but we will triumph in October
' as wo will in the Presidential race of
j next year."
! Mr. T. S. Cavcndor, known a Ohl
Malhtmatics, in consequence of his fami?
liarity with figures, has been presented
by Messrs. S. W. Melton ami J. H. ltion,
counsel for the State in tho lato coupon
cose, with a solid gold pen and pencil
case, having tho simple but significant
words, "Old Mathematics," engrave.1
; Hail Storm. ? A terrific hail storm vi
' sited several portions of Kershaw County
e>n Monday night, destroying houses,
fences and* growing crops. We learn
that the gin house on the plantation of
Mr. J. D. Hammond was blown down, as
was also the dwelling of Mr. Shiver.
Severe damage to the crops are reported
from several sections.
W. W. Peako, of Winnsborro, has
boon appointed route agent on the Air
Lino Railroad, rice Adam Crows, trans?
ferred to the Charlotte, Columbia and
The four j^irl babies of Baltimore that
were born all at once, or nearly so, last
I February, tiro all dead, the last one hav
I ing gone ofi" with tho whooping-cough, a
few doys ago.
Several prisoners escaped from Wil?
mington, N. C, jail, a few days ago; but
? ono of them, named James Crawford,
was overhauled and killed.
Capt. Torrent, a native of Charleston,
but for several years a resident of Au
? gm.tn, died in that city on Thursday
John Smith and Joseph Gibbs, the
colored men who murdered Mr. James
Garety on Edisto Island, are to expiate
their crime on the UOth instant.
It is said thot tho fumes of sugar snuffed
up tho nose will euro ortlinary cases of
neuralgia. Put a small quantity of sugar
on a hot shovel and try it.
A colored man named Allen Beach^
while building a bridge across Lynch's
Creek, was accielently drowned iii that
creek on Friday bust.
The law office of Mr. J. M. Hutson, of
Rarnwell, was destroyed by fire on the
21?t. Nearly all bis papers lost.
Mrs. Mortimer' Glover and Mr. G. W.
Whitehead, of Orangeburg, died last
Canned goods, at Pollock's, under
HjMr. John J. Furlong, of Charleston,
died suddenly in that city, on tho 23d.
Ladies' and gents' dining saloon, at
Pollock's, undor Opora House.
City Items.?Seegors' ice house will
bo open this morning, from 7 until OA
Fruit, nt Pollock's, under Opern House.
"When this "heuted torm" is over, we'll
nil bo happy again.
Fresh cukes, ever}- day, at Pollock's,
under Opera House.
Hix received all the premiums at the
last fair for the best pictures.
French confectionery, at Pollock's,
under Opera House.
Water-melons arc plenty in market
now, and range from five to thirty cents.
Ice cream, at Pollock's, under Opera
Best pictures in the State made at
Ilix's, cheap, for the summer months.
Water-melons on the ice and off the
ice, at Mrs. Hoffman's, near Phoenix of?
Old type in any quantity, at from
twenty to thirty cents a pound, for Bale
at Phoenix office.
There were 11 deaths in Columbia for
the week ending the 21th?whites 7; co?
A storm of thunder and lightning
cooled the atmosphere last night, and
made everybody glad.
Customers will find the bargain coun -
tcrs at Win. T). Love A Co.'s fully replen?
ished every day, next week. Goods still
Those in want of white goods, should
call early next week, at Win. D. Love &
Co.'s. They are closing out these goods
at a sacrifice.
Wm. D. Love & Co. are selling their
boots and shoes less than any house in
the trade. A look through their stock
will convince any one.
??Tho people," says the JUrald of
Health, "lined more sun." Then, let
them send here and get it. We have a
groat deal more just now than wc can
I use comfortably.
Wc return our thanks to the commit?
tee of tho Knights of Jericho, Saxe
Gotha Lodge, for on invitation to a tem?
perance pic-nic, at Lexington, on the
12th of August.
j Gen. Wiide Hampton has been invited
I by the Washington Artillery, of Charles?
ton, to dolrvor the oration before them on
the next 22d of February, and has ac?
cepted the invitation.
Unsealed circulars for local delivery
are subject to a postage of one cent each
circular, which must bo prepaid. An
address may be written on a circular,
but any other writing thereon except the
mere correction of a typographical error,
will subject it to letter postage.
Religious Services To-day.?Trinity?
Rev, P. J. Shnnd, Rector; Rev. J. H.
Stringfellow, assistant; 11 A. M. and G
St. Peter's - Rev. Father Folchi; 1st
mass, 7 A. M.; 2d, 10J A. M.
Washington Street?No service.
Marion Street?Rev. Geo. Howe, D.
D., 101 A. M.
Lutheran?Rev. Z. W. Bedonbaugh,
ia.\ a. m.
Baptist?Rev. A. B. Wordtin, Pastor,
11 A. M. and 8 P. M.
Odd Fellows' School House- Rev. A.
W. Walker, 5 P. M.
Presbvterian?Rev. J. H. Brvson,
Pastor, IDA A. M. and 8 1'. M.
Religious services, under the auspices
of the Young Men's Christian Associa?
tion, will be bold at Good Templar's
! Hall, on Main street, this afternoon, at
i 41 o'clock.
I Court of Common Pleas.?The Court
j met at 10 o'clock, Judge R. B. Carpenter
? presiding. Arguments were heard in the
I following cases:
E. W. Wheeler vs. Theo. M. Pollock.
Exceptions to report of referee. Deci?
Furinan, trustee, vs. the Greenville and
Columbia Railroad Company. Motion
to re-open order of Judge Boozer, of
date August it, 18C9, discontinuing case.
The Court adjourned at 1 P. M., to
meet again on next Wednesday morning,
' at 10 o'clock.
Hon. J. B. Campbell, of Charleston,
j was in Court, and participated in nrgu
j ment in case of Furinan vs. Greenville
i and Columbia Railroad Company.
Savannah and Charleston Railroad
! Casks.--The Supremo Court, Judges
I Moses and Wright being present, heard
the appeal of tho Comptroller-General
from the decision of Judgo Rood in the
Savannah and Chvrleston Railroad case.
The Comptroller-General was represented
by Corbin A Stone and S. L. H?ge. J. B.
Campbell represented the receiver of the
railroad. Printed arguments were sufe
mittod. A motion was also made that the
roceivcr and advisory board bo attached
for contempt, in refusing to obey the
order of tho Supreme Court, and also for
an order compelling said receiver and
advisory board to give immediate posses?
sion of tho Savannah and Charleston
Railroad to the Comptroller-General.
Tho Court took tho papers and reserved
List of New Advertisements.?
E. Pollock?Confectionery, &e.
A. Pope?Atlantic Coast Line.
Phoenix Hook and Ladder Company.
W. R. Cathcartr-Stolen.