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Br7: D. SWEABINGEST.
esWard the Star oflSipire tates itWay."' ?-;
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THE BIG BLUE UNION,
IB PUBLISHED EVEUX SATUEDiT ilORNIXO.
CD. SWEArSgeN, Proprietor.
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artlPayment required for all Job, Work on
Ail Communications, or matters relating to
tie business of the office, should be addressed to
JN0. P. CONE,
Editoe akd, Publisher,
Rebel Graves and-rXpitaplis.
" It Is sad to wander through the Wesley-
"an Cemetery in St. Louis, and see the
graves of hunareds of our brave soldiers,
-. who, having sacrificed their lives in their
country's cause, now sleep in the cold arms
of death. Twice a day loads of the dead
are" conveyed from the various 'hospitals to
this'their last 'camping ground. Sie by
side in this great camp of Death lie our
own "brave boys and the rebel dead
ECiircelyany distinction being made.
They who dared to defy their country and
her Jaws here sleep quietly beside those
who. died in her defence. Over each
grave is placed a headboard, on which the
number of the grave and the initials of
the deceased are printed, and it is custom
ary for the women of secession proclivities'
to place flowers over the rebel dead, and
tlms show their sympathy for the unholy
ause They also write upon the head
boards verses, the sentiments, of which are
remarkable, and perhaps worth copying.
It will be seen that they glory in the name
of rebels :
. .-.."Rebels, 'tis our dying name; ,,
j . For though our life is dear,
Yet, freemen born and freemen bred,
We'd rather, lie as freemen dead;
Than live in slavish fearl"
, "Rebels, 'tis a holy name; , m .
' " ' "Nigger thieves then keep arrayl"1
V? in .
. "He died in a noble cause, .
. Rest in peace." - f .. -:.-
"'NL Southern soldier- l '"
IIe?fought and bled for tho . . ; .
t W Sunny land he loved. ; .-
t Black Republican, touch not.",
l Sweet sleep the brave vr ho for their country
"The above are samples of the epitaphs
ia-memory of these braves but it wil
hardly be credited that the following ef
fusion is an actual copy of one of these
mournful strains, savoring as it does of
aArtemus." It was written on a head-
board by a lady, and copied immediately
After. J Did wo agree with the patriotic in
dividual in her politics, we certainly could
jind no fault whh the sentiments expressed
in this dirge, though the spelling, it must
"be acknowledged, is rather rough, her la
mentable ignorance touching things celes-
. tial, as manifested in the last line, is how;
cverj unpardonable. She thus ings :
.V.Herelijse a jtoainger braiv,
dide while fitin the Suthern Confederacy
"to save. m ,. ., ,
v;peice to .his dust. ,' "
i. - . ' , ' ' ,
Jktma Southern friemd w . ,t r .
frbmisluidlO " '. '.'...-. T.
' y you reached a.gloryus entL T ' .-'''""
ire plaM.these flewrsabev tho straihgerlahed
. ,Jxxhonpr;oj: Uie shiverluscd.-J
'" FWt spirit rest iiThefen11-1 "--'
Therl be no Yankis there." l ll
The young woman .who . marries an un-
- jot ortbj?inw WKessner lorafai namenn:vain. charitv in:
AMERICA'S DESTINY. .
4I haVe a faith, a living faith,' '
I know iiot how or why, r
That'America,rin her growing age,
Is yet to young todiei f :,
And oft, in inner breathings deep, ..
rlt whispers thus to me,
" Your America yet must live and teach
The Nations to be free."
I smile at an's philosophy,
However wise.or great ; ;
I look with calm, unflinching heart
Upon a shattered State;
I hear amid the woeB of war
.. The hopeful, thrilling cry, f r
li Your America with her workutdoae,
Is yet too young to die"
Oh, tell me. not of rwealth o'ergrown, ,
Of. great, unwieldly, might; ,
Of trembling in the scales of fate
Or of approaching night: 'J ' tW '
A frown of wrath may come: froml Heavem
A cloud may cross our sky, . .v.
"But America, with her work undone, . j
1 - JJ
Is yet.too young toaie. .
And tell me not of ancient times, c yu.
Of powerful States' decay ;-j- -r
Theirlifewasbuta flickering light, JJf
-But yours the blaze of day :
With you I. see no crouching slaves;
No rabble laws defy f ' - "
And I think America's lived too long J
To know they way ..to die. 'J. ! 8wJ3 fi:
Icarinotyield7astavisVfearf 'D -!
To any tyrant's power,' s 4 ,- iv.i
Tho' it appal some feeble hearts, ,-tu .,..-,
And make the bondsman cower, ;. n,
From God to man from man to God,
With faith's discerning eye,
I look and feel, while time rolls on,' '
That America ne'er shall die !
t '.Hi "l l' i ,
If we were to -tell a -number of our
readers that they don't know what a '.home
is, they would grow indignant, and, per
haps, use harsh words. And yet it may
be remarked that the number of persons
who know what a genuine 'bomfe is, by ex
perience, is decidedly few1. One mari in
good circumstances, will tell you he has' a
fine house of his own, 'in which every
comfort and convenience are provided? -He
has a. wife and children there also, and
they give life to -the place. Very true.
But does he prefer that home thus provi
ded and enlivened, id every other plac in
the world"? Does he'regret when the hour
for leaving comei and smile 'when he-is
permitted to return? Does he ' love to sit
by the cheerfuUfirenncl fondle the chil
dren, entering into all their' little disputes
with a curious" interest? - -Does he, take
particular note of the -bird in the cageand
the cat near the fire? If not, be has noli
home, in the deareWsense: -of "-that dearest
of words. T 21 " i
If his mind is altogether jabsorbed in the
dusty ways o business if he hurries
from the house-in tho morning and is loth,
to return at night if, while he is at home,,
he continues to 'thihkt'of the journal rand
ledger, and repulses the advances of the
prattling children, he has no home. k He
only has a placewhere he lodges and takes
his meals. ...'--- t
Ah ! happy is he who knows and appre-!
ciates the full bliss of !home ; whose heart
is warmed arid humanized by its cheerful
influence, arid who feels hoV superior in
purity of pleasure are' 'all its 'enjoyments'
to the turmoil delights of out-doof life
Thrice happy is such a-man. He ' has'tliB--
covered the only .paradise this world can
now aflord.. It is only suoh a man that
can have a deep andsincere .pity for' tha
unfortunate creatures who are hdmeless'.r-
"i !" i.'i.&an wn.j.0. n a, t
He regaas mem as Dcing cut on Jrom tne
best influences of the earthaud exposed
to tho action of alltliV Barkis? JwaVes of
life. He leeli keDlyf&fcHn who Has no
fireside no dear ones to welcome hinr
with srailes,-and-praUle-over-4he little his
tory of thfiWfBotfcoogwi toisooths'When
ueayy. careyx.o JLrqnjlf tiiSj ujind, and
rendered the heart aore apdJheV' sympa
"tn"y c sua"mani3noi sTow to overflow
in acts of inllnatileSeTolcflcb.
crbbtr'hotiiB is thaMtitfihfoiintaioi of
ithojhiart.-y & 5iirA..Ji
a the War.
Myfriends, it fci bexn a difficult ques
tion to solve whogigimenced the ."-agitation.
. of 'slavery .pAnother more , painful
problem has been bw,the agitation can be
stopped. A grMiany well-meaning
people have troubledtkemselves -with these
questions. And this onebas been blamed,
and thatjon.e hasbeaui blamed, for. moving
in the matter, of .thvtiyij -Row, I. da not
doubt that;the great question, lias been
abused and perverted to selfish ends. Eut
the agitation itself is inherent in the' sub
ject., falavery never did exist anywhere
without an agitation. It never will exist
;without one. If any man will point me to
the spot and to the time when a people
were cast into bondage, from that spot and
from that date I will trace for him, oh the
historic page, the course of a series of
ceDtrpversies, andlieart-burnings, and con
vulsions, which followed the track of the
peculiar institution like the shadow on tho
dial'follows the course of the sun You
will observe that while many nations have
been coerced into slavery, no nation has
yet'voluntarily entered into that state.
While masters have employed no little
ingenuity and pathos to show how much
slavery contributes to the happiness of the
bondsmen, the bondsmen, themselves, have
never been able to appreciate it ; nor have.
I learned that any of the masters have
been willing to exchange positions with
their bondsmen. And though philosophy
and religion, and the stern behests of pow
er have all been put into requisition to give
sanction, and support, and composure to
the peculiar institution, they have been
found inadequate to that end. If any or
all of them have ever seemed to attain the
purpose, the appearance was delush'e.
The cold and quiet surface did only con
ceal the subterranean fires that glowed
beneath. It has no more excited and har
rassed our people than it has every people
under the sun who have had do Rrith it.
The history of slave systems has been tho
same everywhere. The Egyptians, the
Greeks, the Roman3, the Germans, the
French, the English, the Russians, have all
had their slave systems, and their civil
feuds and broils, and wars in consequence.
The agitation of slavery is truth struggling
against error. It is the voice of humanity
pleading for its rights. It is the everlast
ing law of God. Heaven and earth shall
pass away, but not one jot or tittle of that
iavr.- Extract from a speech recently de-
liver td in St. Louisby j$am?l T. Clover.
c Important Decision. It will be re
membered, that, a few weeks ago, a slave
named Edmund was arrested a3 a fugitive
on board an upward boand steamer oy of
ficer Gilchrist, and placed in jail in this
city, it being the object of the policeman
td return the negro to his master, who re
sides in Tennessee. It appears that the
negro, who had been permitted by his
master to work on the rebel fortifications
at Fort Donelson, had been seized by the
Federal army, and that he had been turn
ed oyer to Captain Lelarid, of New York,
a member f General Grant's staff. At
the time of his arrest the negro was on his
way to New York, and was traveling un
der a pass from Gen. Grant. A short
time after the negro's arrest, apt. Leland
appeared and cbmmepced proceedings in
the Uiited States Court, Jidge Ball&rd,
foHhe negro's releare. Thffevidence was
Heard afew days fince, his Honor Judge
Baftafd "withholding his decision until
yT&terday- when he decided, in; effecti -at
ftlriiegrcMsno longer the property of his
imaster,' the master navmg ioneited' the-
right of property in the siave- when he";
permittedhim to be used in aid of the re
b'eilion.The negro was accordlhgly fe
leasedZbktspWc Jour.. JuhcZS. '."''
Our rebels who swear there is no Con
stitution, beg ua, the memc-at they" iirhik
themselves in danger, to-jcep'dct 'Uiat sa--
ion. - -- is "i
4p'declafe iBatltheyIoved 11s bettertnali
themsesMerlhat.b'efire anlucmy- of
invasion should inarch against the South, it
should march over their dead bodies. It
seems to be supposed that they have chang
ed their character, and been merged by
the war into one seeting cauldron of Ab
olitionism. Thi3, however, is a great mis
take. ' The war has not 'changed tfieir
character,but onlvdiscovereditto the world.
It has shown them to -be the falsest, the
most treacherous and the most hypocritic
al of mankind. But for conservative
money, and conservative men, it could not
be carried on a single day. Conservative
cities have provided the cash and the sold
iers; conservative Generals 'have lead
their armies : conservatism nas, in fine,
proved the most formidable of our ene
mies. We are not aware of a single Abo
lition' General who ocupies a conspicuous
position in tho federal hosts, McClellan,
Rosecrans and others are somewhat ultra
in their conservatism ; and jVIcCopk, who
said that if he had an Abolitionist in n3
army he would cut off his" ears, is the. same
who proclaims, " The South must.be- sub
dued or exterminated."
The conservatism of these men is still
however, censervatism, only it does no
mean, as we formerly supposed, the pres
ervation of tho constitution and '.the .rights
of the States, - but the ""conservatism of
Northern commerce and manufactures, at
any cost whatever to the South at the
cost of every life and hearthstone in its
limits at the cost of converting its whole
territory into one vast scene of blood and
tears. That is what Northern conserva
tism means and nothing else. It is, in a
word, the most detestable avarice a love
of money so passionate and absorbing that
it would murder a whole people to fill its
pockets. That is Northern conservatism!
In what respect is it better thanabolitioh
There ye pitiful .Northern doughfaces
who are so much afraid of hurting the
feelings of traitors, who wish to have the
war so conducted that no rebel may be
hurt- (not caring how many union men are
destroyed,) you have you own reward :
you are the " falsest, most treacherous, most
hypocritical of mankind," your sweet
friends say. Your conservatism is. the
most c detestable avarice a love of money
so passionate and absorbing, it would mur
der a whole people to fill its pockets."
We "hope you feel flattered and comforta
ble, and expect you will go on apologizing
for traitors, and begging that they may be
treated leniently, and their " rights" care
fully observed; especially their right to
trample a Democratic Government under
their feet and erect on its ruins a slave ol
igarchy. Richmond DUpatch.
CoL Jennison publishes a card in the
Conservative, giving his reasons for re
signing, and says :
"" I did not enlist to return slaves to pro
tect rebels, but "to crush slavery and kill
rebels, and while in the service I gave a
good deal of attention to these two points.
Wbea the. Government adopts that policy,
I shall bo 'gain sd$ untii t?sJttil?e;
I shall bea citizen . WhileoGo v.. Gamble,
fosters bushwhacking in Missouri, and the,
cxpe&to wear soldier s do;the3j ajJ drath.
epfts.apeaoaabie .citizen .qKansas.'' ,
The iijusea'o'tcVtnfeBee iof the
cymcw oi?-iatriJ6dy4j-iiie loyal annv.
The -Conservatives ana Destructives; -
. Thejeople of the.Noru are divided ro
to two parties, in thelprqsent? war, ts in
the peace that;preceded- it tht- conserva
tives and destructives. The latter areoui
old enemies, the Abolitionists, who .ire
crazy people honest perhaps, on their; Ak
naticism, but fit poly for a straight jacket
The former are eur'old friends, who used
tMS&k eUrcaVr of
fKiaiVit. , iflA.4,.t3 1 there arc. 322 cler-.
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r About General Butler's, Order.; :
Acgreat deal of-stimulated indignatwn '
hW Seen roussdWiist General Buder oias'
:acpqttht of his rather coarse order respect- r r
'e,-"10 iuuiuB 01 new uneans. snow,
wiiltwo unqulifiedly condemn the style of
,kIi;pronun'ciamerito, we cannot withhold
oiTcensure from those' ladies who, so far
fotfetul of thai modesty and reserve with
whm'womanishbuld always encircle her-
selfThave stef ped from the pale of woaia-'
very streets of their city. When this is
the case, women always subject themselves-
to censure, if not insult.
Neither time nor circumstances will
shield her from the inevitable' consequen
ces; whether her intentions are insulting
or otherwise, she is no longer invulnerable 3
when that beautiful shield she hofds 'before
herself and contact with strangers is with- '
drawn, for suspicion always attaches itselF'
to such demonstrations. '".
Is there any 'father who would wish to- ""
see his daughter flaunting through tHe
streets, and insulting those in whose power
fate has thrown the city of his residence; '
or, on the contrary, how would a Confeder
ate officer act, should a lady, or woman -
with Federal proclivities, publicly flaunt
the stars and stripes before his face and '
use insulting expressions in the streets
where his duty to his Government had
Is it not better, is it not more consonant
with the nature, of woman, to shrink from
all contact, all communications of whatev-
er character with enemies and strange? f
and thus vindicate her sex from unworthy
suspicion, and insure protection fromia
suit and abuse,1 JIfdcon -2iTs8.,TJ5cocon.
His Tutob. " You say, Mr.JSpriggSg
that Mr. Jacobs was your tutor t
"Docs tho court understand from thai,
you received educatien from him?" .
" No, sir."
" Then explain yourself, sir."
" Yes, sir. By tutor I meant that hm
taught me how to play on the French horn.
He taught me how to toot, hence I" call ,hiin,
my tutor." '
"Ah, indeed. The court understood
you differently." r . m"
When a-poor woman steals tokeep.'het
from starving.they .call the act a theft, ai$
punish it as a crime. When a lichjwq-j.
man steals to gratify her longing for finery
they call it cleptomania, and give her sym
pathy and a fashionable doctor. On the
jwhole, it is an advantage to be rich! It'
promotes pleasant language and charita-.'
ble opinions. .
An exchange, in speaking of a subecrib. ..
er who has taken the paper for a number
bf years, and then refused to pay for it,
says : " He would steal a passage to hear- .
ten, in a secret corner of a streak of light
ning, and smuggle gold from the streets of r
the New Jerusalem to buy stumps of ;half
A young man being asked by a young
lady what phonography was, took oat his
pencil and wrote the following, telling her
that was 'phonography : u U. B. JLo U T.
L N : (Ton are a beauty Ellen !) This it
not so bad as a lazy4 fellow, who spells '
Tennessee 10 a c. ' l
The number of horses in the world 'is
estimated at about 27,000,000; of this
number, the United States have 5,00d,000l
tTheageneral estimate has been eightt1o' ten"
ihorseVin Europe for every " hundred m-
. 2 . - - - :. ,-i e:i-
' A negro on beingquesticwed, was.askr 7f
lcd i his.master-wa3; a CnnsUan. . . 1 v-No ,j
sir, he is a politician i&waa the reply.. . ra
' Woman lost the tworld one Paradise, but
shecan eajiiyjnakeiUs, another : wherey
shegocs.t cM&tsi? hvjvjJu.k
ie,ia5wniaenif uiu uuitouiuuuii.
sifSh&tt t;l -IMP 4a4f
&&'Robs4tsiQ 10 vifisiiffoo
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