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THE BIG BLUE UNION.
JOHN P. CONE,
HARTS VILLE, KANSAS.
Saturday, July 5, 1862.
THH CELEBRATION YESTERDAY
500 PEOPLE PRESENT.
The Barbecue and Celebration of the
Fourth at this place was participated in by
a goodly number of patriotic people, old
and young. A delegation was in. attend
ance from Irving, and other parts of the
county and adjacent country was well rep-,
resented. Some five hundred persons, it
was estimated, joined, either by their pres
ence or more active efforts or both, in the
"proceedings o that ever memorable An
niversary Day, the Fourth of July.
The procession was farmM and accord
ing to programme matched to the grove
neathe Barbecue grounds, where had
been prepared the stage for the speakers
and readers of the day and seats for the la
dies. The exercises were then commenced
by an address and the reading of the Dec
laration of Independence by Dr. J. H.
McPougali. An oration was then deliver
by Rev. C. F. Parker, of Irving. We
were not present at the commencement of
the address, but from what we did hear of
it we can say it was a most excellent one.
He believed the moral strength and cour
age of the United States to be sufficient
to triumph over traitors, to crush out of
existence their foul rebellion. Although
theJoyal army is composed of "Yankees"
and " mudsills," it has the .ability and un
swerving determination to prosecute the
" war successfully and regain for the nation
a lasting peace. Delivered in an easy and
natural manner, it was, throughout, an
earnest, effective, able and patriotic ad
dress. W.W. Jerome, Esq., from Ir
ving, was .called on and replied in a short
and spirited speech, after which ihe as
semblage adjourned for dinner to the bar
becue grounds, where was displayed under
the cool shade of the forest oaks the culi
nary efforts of our citizens, end where was
partaken, by the assembled people, of a
rell-arrnged and bountiful dinner. Ad
journing to the rostrum, toasts were next in
order, and several very worthy ones were
yead by the toast-master, It. S. Nowell,
and well responded to by gentlemen pres
ent. Volunteer toasts and speeches were
offered by C. F. Brooks and Dr, C. J. Lee.
The Ball in the evening at the Ameri
can, we understand, was a perfect success.
The, supper more than sustained the for-
' mer reputation of the proprietor, Hutch
inson, in preparing dainties for the " festal
board." The social intercourse was of
course pleasant, and the dancing kept up
until the we small hours, or, to use an old
expression, changing the phraseology
elightly they daneed ail night, till nearly
the break of day, and went home with the
girls about sun up.
What to Do with Thxm. A good
many worthy people are.anxious in regard
to theiuture disposition of the liberated
slaves those escaping and freed by the
present war and are exercising their
minds as to the method best calculated to
be-of service to our own race and the ne
gro also. What appears to us as a very
good scheme is a proposal made by the
"Spanish Government to ours, a short time
since, to .the effect, that that Government
woald take all the negroes who escape'from
their masters and remove them to 'St.
Croix, or somo of their possessions in the
tropics, free of charge. It then proposes
to put them under an apprenticeship of
three years, permitting them to receive
regular wages ; and at the expiration of
their apprenticeship to free them uncon
ditionally. The correspondence in refer
ence, or accompanying the proposition,
was referred by the State Department to
the 'House Judiciary,
. E. Chzsebkouoh, Atchisoit. The
Business House of this gentleman has
been established some three or four years,
j&nd during that short period has earned
the reputation of being one of the best
Wholesale and Retail establishments in
the State. It does business in a large
and tommodious building, and its several
branches .are carried on with complete
jy3iOi and attended to by efficient and at
tealftja clerks, Merchants of this plaae
who have bought .it this House express
theniseltee well satisfied with their bar
gains. Read .the advertiaameat of Mr.
Important Dxcisiox. An exchange
says ; The Supreme Court of Iowa has just
delivered a very inportant'decision. It is
to the effect that county aad city subscrip
tions of bonds to railroad companies, are
illegal and void. The case decided was
entitled " the State, on the relation, etc.,
of the Burlington and- Missouri railroad
company, vs. the county of Wapello."- -
The point decided, (the opinion of the
court being unanimous and deliveredby
Judge Lowe,) is that the Legislature of
Iowa has never conferred upon the coun
ties of that State, the power to issue bonds
in payment for stock in railroad compan
ies, and that such bonds aro therefore in
valid. City bonds, of course, fall within
the same principle. Decisions similar in
principle to the above, have already been
made by Judge Love, of the U. S. District
Court, and the question is now pending on
appeal from Judge Lore's decision to the
United States Supreme Court.
A Leader of the Democracy. Val-
landigham, of Ohio, who, with thirteen
other members of Congress, recently is
sued an address to the Democracy, is thus
shown up by Edgerton,of the Sixth Dis
" My colleague, during the dark dayd
of the last session of the Thirty-Sixth
Congress, when this House was filled with
traitors when State after State had gone
out of the Union my colleague," in my
presence, and in the presence of others,
said that the troops of Ohio, before they
should march through his District to co
erce the South, would have to march over
his dead body. True it is, that he denies
it ; but in that his memory is at fault.
There are others who heard it, who are
now members of this House."
A Front Royal correspondent of the
Gloucester Advertiser says that a few
nights since as General McDowell was ex
amining tbo picket lines, he narrowly es
caped being shot. When the guard de
manded the eounte-rsigB he merely re
plied that he was MeDewell, and insisted
on passing the lines, when the pickets
fired upon him. The shot passed by him
harmless, but struck one of his aids,
wounding him in the leg and killing his
horse. No blame was attached to the
guard, and the General thanked 'hem for
doing: their duty. They belonged to the
New York 26th.
A Demagogue Described. The dan
ger to our institutions is not so great from
traitors in the field, with arms in their
hands, as it is from the nimble-tongued,
slippery hypocrites who go forth apologiz
ing and countermanding every energetic
measure of the administration as tyran
nical and wrong, anpl endeavoring to de
ceive ihe people and stir them up to hostili
ty against this wise, this Just, this most
moderate administration. Extract Son.
B. F. Wades Speech.
The Democracy arc cut up into three
factions. One, under the leadership of
Jeff Davis, is making war upon the gov
ernment and nation. Another under the
leadership of Vallandigham, (Jeff's right
hand man in Congress) is rendering aid
and comfort te Jeff's party, as it can con
veniently under the guise of the " Demo
cratic Union" party. The third, under the
leadership of Dickinson, (since the death,
of Douglas) is working and fighting for
the Union. It remains to be seen what
shape these different factions will take.
Gep. Francis Train uttered a string of
rather sharp sayings in a' speech in which
he recently delivered in London, upon
foreign intervention. " The almighty
dollar," said he, " has furnished you with
many a sneer. The almighty Cotton has
also stimulated your sarcasms, but in fu
ture we intend to make you respect the al
mighty Union I The reserve power of
America is terrible ! Every soldier is a
voltaic battery , every officer is a steam en
gine in breeches for the future, to be of
Mr. Seward's famous " irrepressible con
flict speech was delivered at Kochester,
October 25, 1858. The essential feature
of it was an iteration of the sentiment
pronounced by Mr. Lincoln at Springfield
four Months before. Mr. Seward said :
"It is an irrepressible conflict between
opposing forcea and it means that the Uni
ted States must and will, sooner or later,
become either a slaveholding nation, or
entirely a tree labor nation.
Eighty-five rebel regiments ware en
gaged in the battle of Fair Oiks, Jota1
rebel loaf they report at 5,897.
.New' Music. We have received1 three
nicely-executed pieces of sheet 'music from
H. H. Higgias," Publisher, Chicago, 111.,
eatitled respectively, c Happy Hours,"
The Needle Soag," "Year of Jubilee
or Kingdom Come?' Also from the pop
ular music dealers and publishers, Oliver
Ditson & Co , Boston, Mass., the following:
" Weep no more for Willie," ' Musings
by the Sea Shore,' " Rest I where shall
we Rest," Voice from the Old Church
Bell.' (The subject of this piece was sug
gested to the author on viewing an old
church on the Fairfax road in Virginia ;
it had been the house off God, afterward
the fortifications of some rebel troops, but
now a deserted and dilapidated old build
ing. The windows wereflroken in, the
doors torn from their huages and the old
bell, having been thrown from its gudg
eons, seemed to say " My mournful song,
farewell now, 0 farewell long') " Levi
ni Waltz," " Jasamine Potpourri," " Bell
Flower Waltz," Yankee Volunteers
Marching into Dixie." The frontispiece
of the last is a highly colored engraving
of the " bold sojer boysv on the " double
A Fresh Stock. The House of N.
Edwards has just received from the River
a new and select assortment of Goods, and
is still receiving articles in the Grocery,
Dry-Goods and general-everything-want-ed
line, of the latest style and best quali
ty and which will be sold at tne most rea
sonable prices. The Stock of Mr. Ed
wards was purchased for cash, and he in
forms us that he never made better bar
gains than in the selection of his present
new arrivals. Make it in your way to
call at his House and examine the Goods ;
you cannot fail to be suited and then to
A. E. Lovell's New Goods. Mr.
Lovell returned from the River by yester
day morning's coach, after making an ad
dition to his purchases of a fine assort
ment of Drugs, Medicines, Summer Cloth
ing, &c, &c. Give Mr. L. a call and we
will warrant that you will find things to
i m n i
Religious Notice. Rev. Charles Parker will
preaeh at the M. E. church at 10$ o'clock to-morrow.
Capl. Bowcn'fl company will asaemblo or mus
ter here on Friday next, preparatory to going
into Retire doty. The Captain starts with to
morrow's coach on business U Ft Leavenworth
in relation to his company.
Company A., Capt. Abernathy, Co. D., Lieut.
Todd, acting Captain, of the Kansas Eighth,
passed t rough here from Kearny for Ft. Lear"
enworth on Monday and Tuesday last.
Thos. P. Cone, editor of the Big Blue Union,
has received a captain's commission. Leav.
Slightually mistaken, Messrs. Thomas M.
Bowen of this place, has received a captain's
commission in the Kansas Ninth ; but the edit
or of ho Union has received none that we've
Shocking Disregard of the Feelings of our
The Government has steadily persisted
in its original purpose of prosecuting the
contest upon the broadest possible grounds
of humanity and magnanimity. The ut
most deference aud respect have bean
shown to the rights of persons and prop
erty. Not a spy ljns been executed not
a deserter shot nor hardly a traitor hpng.
Rebel property has in every case been reT
spected, preserved and protected from pill
age by the Union troops. The rebej
wounded havo been attended carefully and
skillfully by our surgeons and nurses. r
No distinction has been made between
them and our own soldiers, in the hospital
or on the field. And in every possible
way the Government has sought to fulfill
the pledge made to foreign powers by Mr.
Seward at the beginning of the war, that
this contest should present an instance of
magnanimity and forbearance without ex
ample in the history pf all civil wars.
In return for all this, ihe rebels have
steadily and systematically imitated the
worst excesses of the worst savages in tht
worst ages of the world. The history
Indian warfare presents nothing rnrefUmd
isht more utterly unworthy of a civilized
community, than the cenduct of the rebels.
in this war. Their treatment of Union
men, their persecution by piljage, impris
onment, and even murder, of all who have
not joined in their rebellion , their horrid
butchery of the wounded on the field of
battle, and their brutal usage Qf prisoner!
who have fallen into their hands, brand
them is beyond the pah of civiixzqiiommnd
to be regarded as insane savages rather than
men entitled to the rights of avtlmd t
Our latestppera gam Mm account el a
desperate two fays' atrngfte before -Rich
mond, which coavneoced June 26th. .The
account fays that 'over 125,000 raen were
engaged. The lose e either aide is giv
en with bo certain accuracy. A corres
pondent of the New York Times in mak.
ing an estimate of the Federal lose in the
first day's fight, saya : ' The list of over
200 hundred names of those killed and
wounded, which I have, will show that
the estimate of 200 as the eum of the loss,
is wide of the mark. Our loss is, indeed,
slight, considering the amount of fighting
done during the day, and tho result ac
complished. But it cannot fall below 500,
and may be found nearer a thousand. I
should estimate it at six or seven hundred."
Below are the telgraphic details :
From a Tribune extra, New York June
29. A company of Bucktails was sur
rounded and captured. Retreat of our
right wing. Over 125,000 men engaged.
All civilians ordered away from the
White House, which was afterwards burn
ed. A most determined battle was fought on
the right wing, Thursday and Friday,
which is claimed by some of our officers as
a successful strategic movement, into
which the enemy had unwillingly been
drawn, and which will soon result in the
capture of Richmond and the entire rebel
The attack was made by the enemy in
immense force, who crossed the Chicka
hominy near the railroadJabove Mechanics
vill Thursday afternoon, They fought
desperately, but were iraable to drive our
men a single rod, though they outnumber
ed us ten to one. The only forces engag
ed that day was Gen. McCall's .division.
The battle lasted from two till nine, F. M.,
when the divisioniwas ordered back.
Gen. McClellao was on the field and ex
pressed himself satisfied with the result.
Annother correspondent says of Fri
day's battle: twice all along, tho front did
the rebels attack our lines, our rifle pits,
and-redoubts. Porter, with fifty cannon,
aiwbSumner's Hooker's an&Ayres guns
mow edtthem down with a death harvest.
Their loss in- kiikd and wounded was
At night ten guns were taken from us by
a sudden. flank attack, covered by; the, thick
smoke whioh- hung around.
Comtde'BariB captured a nebel i Major,,
who belonged) to- Jackson's army. He
said he hadi been in the Valley of the
Shenandoah all. winter, and came here yes
terday with part of. Jackson's army. The
rest of it arrived this morning, and the
whole of it was here.
Thomas Meagher's- Irishmen came over
the hill stripped to- the bare arms, and
were ordered to go fen. They gave a yell
and went to work, and the result was, the
enemy fell back to the woods. Thus mat
ters stood up to 11 o'clock yesterday (Sat
Major Russell, of the regulars, a kins
man of Gen. McClellan, is 'killed. Col.
Pratt, of a New York regiment, is also
killed, and Lieut. Cols. Black and Switzer.
Our loss in officers is very marked in
deed. The disproportion in numbers was
so extraordinary, and the obstinacy of our
troops so unyielding, that our losses were
The arti)lory in both Porter's and
Smith?s divisions piled the rebels in heaps.
The fire was terribly effective.
The Missouri river is again on a regu
lar " tare." The St. Jo. gerald says " she
is nearly as high as in April last, and, to
use a term which is very expressive, and
intensely western, the ' pld gal is just a
bulging.1 Elwood is jjgajn in danger.
The June fresh is uppn na-and it is no
alight freshet either."
It must be very hot down South. A co
temporary says that a small negro boy in
judiciously leaned mp against the sunny
aide of anouse and fell asleep. In a few
minutes he began to soften, and in three?
quarters of an hour aa ran over the yard.
His mother dipped hjai up and put him in
a wash tab.
The way the Saamr caata wread them
selves throughout the hot nya of this
week at the next door west of us Ed
ward's was a eaatipa, and made " the
local" when h JidVt f et one sigh " 0
for a lodge it soma vast wilderness, some
contiguity of overshadowing appletrees."
be new style went like- hot cakes.
JtrxiTAT Criticisms. "Under" this '
heal, the Missouri Democrat saya:
OJie campaigns of Napoleoa have been"
criticised by many military men; by hi
own Marshals and Generals, and by those
who served against him. Over and over
agaia, if has been demonstrated that -
why must that if be alwaps in the way?
that rr he had done thus, or se, he would
have escaped the humiliation of Elba, and
certainly the indignity of exile at St. Hel
ena. Criticisms and opinions we have
had oa the campaigns of the great Captain r
enoBgb, quite. Let as bow to them with
all deference, we who "never seta squad
ron in tho field, nor the division of a bat
tle know, more than a spinster." But the
criticisms which we daily see npon' the
conduet of the campaign in Virginia, com
ing from veterans of the quill, put us still
more in reverential mood. The" President
or his-Secretary of Warr which is the
save thing has done nothing but blum
der; blundered in meddling with. Mo
Clellan, bluudered in tho route jo Rich
mond by the Yorktown peninsula ; blan
dered in placing so- many, troops for the
defense of Washington ; in not withdraw
ing more from the Shenandoah valley ; ia
leaving McDowell at FredTicksbufa; ;
blundered in all things d'ooe, in all thiags
not done. He should have had' a larger
force in the Virginia- valley ; he shomli
have withdrawn more for the advaner
on Richmond. McClellan should have
had twice the force he has ; Banlis ought
to have been strengthened so as to hold
Stonewall Jackson in check, and ee
operate effectively by an advance.
Washington, the capital, should have
been protected by an adequate force '
the Rappahannock; yet' all the troops
in the various commands should have been
put in McClellan's column for the advance
We are patient in reading or listeaiag
to all these miscellaneous and contradicto
ry cavils. Why should anybody be other
wise. What, has been will be hereafUr.
Men will talk with the assumption of
wisdom, on subjects- they knew nothing:
about. They will discourse by the hour
to prove- how much hotter it would have
bsent, had this thing been done thus, orr
that thing been, dono so. Ih, short, had.
they had the management of all the affairs
o' the universe, the sidereal clock in the
heavens wouldc have kept true time,. and!
not have bedevillediso many old watche
by its eccentricities.
The Republicans of Iowa have called a
State Convention to-be held at Des ftleincs,
en the 23d day of July, for the purpose of"
putting ia nomination a Secretary and Au
ditor of State Treasurer, Attorney Gener
al, and Register oF the State Land! Office.
Hillyer and' J. W. R'obinson, the im
peached State officers, refuse to vacate
their seats, on the ground that the Court:
of Impeachment was illegal ; and Gov.
Robinson Sustains them in this course.
An interesting trio. " How long, 0, Lord,
how long ?"
Be ig. Gen. Rufus King has been as
signed to the command formerly under
Fremont in the Shenandoah valley, ani
this command together with those of Ban ks,
and McDowell; been placed under Gener
Not"Cons-erva.ti83i.' Some one asked
Gen. Cass the other day in Detroit : " Gen
or.il. what mav we do to save the Union ?"'
" Anything.'" u May we abolish slavery ?!'
Abolish anything on earth to save thena
tion." Why doa't some of the extra ccan:
servatives" charge Gen. Cass with being
The greatest horse show ever kaown,
according to promise, is to be held at Chi
cago on the 2nd of September next.
Fifteen thousand dollars are offered ia
Wckara atCentrali. Nemeha coaaty, Kuw, ht
40,000 apple trees, all grafted, and or aU rarieUee thathaT
beea tested la the west. Thej have beea j. rowa here on vm
ppea prairie. If any trees will do weU in Kansas ttee
most. Also a quantity of Cherries and different Taneties ts
Strawberries, Lawtoa Blackberries, c.a We shall m
ready daring the Fall of 1862 and Spring of 1S6S tosapply
the people of Northwestern Kansas with trees grown herjs
on fcToraWe terms. Apple trees,3 years' frowta ro gr
4 to 5 feet high and stocky, 20 cents, and other tress in pro
portion. WewiUtakeim exchange for anything to
Narsery, all kinds of Farm prodaos and stock. GiTooss"1
as yea are going to the river, and exasaine for yourself-"
arias; along a lead of corn, wheat, pork or anything 7
have to spare, and take home trees when the proper tim
traasplaatg eomes. Sosm prefer trsnsplsnting in "
J?ine;i862. BAKER 8QUIRE-
A t ftTiia nffiee. a smoil fahhfal bnr front I4t0 16
years of age as aa apprentice to thw Pri!l1!JJ
business. An apt and lnaostnoaa oaj
oeive good inducements.