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-VOLUME II, NFMBER XIT;
iG. D. SWEARINGEy, Proprietor
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JVte Best Work tor Canvassing j3 gents.
Harper's Pictorial History of
THE GREAT REBELLION IN
THE UNITED STATES
s, Messrs. Harper & Brothers have .com
menced tHe issuein Numbers of a complete
History of the Great Rebellion in the
.United States. The work has been fori
" -many months in course of preparation, by
a writer every way qualified, for the task.
TThe Introduction, contains a clear and-
, succinct account of the formation of the
Confederacy of the States ; the formation
'and adoption of the Constitution of the
" United States, and the establishment of
' the National Government ; the origin, de
velopment, and progress of the doctrines of
Nullification and Recession, and the van
ous phases which they assumed until their
final culmination in the ureat .Rebellion.
1 The History comprises a full account
. -drawn from the most authentic sources, of
gijl the Events of the War ; the intrigues
-bf'the Southern leaders at home and
"abroad : the gradual defection of one
'.section : the great Uprising of the Peo
pie for the maintenance of the National
r-Life and Existence; the rapid creation of
an immense army and navy ; and" chc bat
tles- by land and sea. '
The illustrations comprise portraits of
. all those vho have borne a prominent part
in the struggle ; Maps of the different lo
- -calities , plans of the leading actions
views of every scone of in'ori. and "of
'the most important batilea. Theo illufitrd-
''lions are mostly from drawings taken on
!tho spot, by artists deputed for that purpose
to accompany every division of our army
Evtry facility at the command of the
Publishers has been employed in the prep
aration, and execution of this work ; and
they confidently believe that it will form
the most trustworthy and valuable history
which can be prepared of the great Strug
gle for the American Union.
, MODE AND TERMS OF PUBLICATION-
The wjirk will "be issued in Nuttibers,
;' each contitjtiriK of 2-JL paces of the size of
u Harper's Weekly," from clear type, upon
fine paper, and will probably be completed
in aoout twenty numbers. The numbers
will be issued at intervals; if possible, of
about three or lour weeks.
The price of each number, which con
tains matter equivalent to an ordinary vol
ume, will be twenty-five cents. The illus
trations in each number are alone worth
Uthe price asked. Men out of employment,
especially Sick or Disabled Soldiers, can
, find no other work so sure of ready sale
and good profits. For further particulars
,v apply t,o the Publishers, v
iARPER & BROTHERS,
' " n42 Franklin Square, New York.
, J TJSE ATJL ANTIC JHLOiIITUIjV.
'.' ' ' The lumber for January, 1S63, begins the
c llth volume of the Atlantic Monthly.
From the commencement, ia 1857, The
Atlantic has rapidly increased in circula
tion, and it now has the largest class of
readers since its beginning, five years ago.
ItsJ prosperity steadily augments and it
continues amid all the fluctuations and dan
gers incident to our national crisis, to gain
l ground in the estimation of the public
" At a time so pregnant with events which
touch the future destinies of America in
every vital particular, the Publishers and
Editors do not deem it necessary to prom-
ioe tha its pages will never swerve from
; the honest paths of loyal patriotism and
universal ireedom. Its opinions have al
l' -ways been on the side of Liberty, Prog
" resaand Right, and -the course " it first
t adopted in its early career, will ever be
4aitkfullv maintained. The staff of wri
L ters. reoularlVcontributinff to the Atlantic
" Monthly, embraces all the best known an
thors in American literature and warrant,
l: the Publishers in'promisiig to its readers
f.The Best Essays,
i&L " The BestJ&ories
Jl"" The Best Poems,
rWMcbAmencan talent can furnisn.
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TlOidrOR. & FIELDS,
liWaslungton St, Boston, SIss.
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Delivered to the 7upj; .en cf ?.Tnsadjusrtt3
by the Hon. "ii" ngu', L.at,iu- time, pe
culiarly r.ppropmte to ycung men every where :
A bcobe of generations may roll by
before the world presents another oppor
tunity so glorious ' as now offers to make
your lives immortal. History has a sharp,
quick pen now. The lightning plays
through it. Not one atom of the humblest
heroism escapes it. Not a name under
which a brave man or boy does well shall fail
to be recorded where it will be read by
admiring, grateful millions, ages hence
The revolution of '76 was but the tame,
prosy prologue to the grand drama in,
which you are invited to be actors.
That war grew out of a question about
taxes, as many wars had before. It
aimed no deeper. But in getting into
full blast it raised a principle which gave
it a glorious vitality and insured it suc
cess. That principle has a political em
bodiment in the constitutions of the
national and state governments under
which you live, consciously happy, proudly
free. But the revolutionary war was not
fought under those constitutions. Our
fathers for seven long years threw them
selves, shoulder to shoulder, against home
tones and foreign despots, under another
document a paper such as the human
world had never heard'of before. It needs
not be named for you all have it by
heart and your hearts have all been
made larger by it. That paper thrilled
through all Christendom, and far out into
heathendom. It served better than the
strongest government to knit together the
hearts and arms of the people of thirteen
V most heterogeneous colonies,' and make
them victorious over the proudest govern
ment of, Europe for it charmed enmity
out of the very heart of the people of that
Against that immortal paper it is, and
not against the constitution, otherwise
thanTas' an emanation from it, that the
conspirators of the South have risen in
rebellion. -They long ago made up their"
minds that they would, not temporarily,
but .forever and aye,, mollify and s.e.tat
nought the! first -and foundatioa sentence
of the .'Declaration of Independence, the
true and only gospel of American as well
as human .liberty, and they have rebelled
against, the constitution only. because it
would not practically confirm arid eternize
that' nullification. - , -- -
Jhe MtghatGkorta Iff i America the
political cynoanreof ailjthiii-jTiHnpntg -
admits of no such exception as the shame-'J
less rebelrfight to establish. God's ever
deepening curse' on the fairest half of our
country's toil shows' that exception fatal, i
History; which lives down all lies as the
eun does the clouds, declares that the
ages of Virginia, through whom God
FARM RESIDENCE OF MR. SAWYER, ON FEE
promulgated' the' political gospel that all
men are born free and have equal, inalien
able rights to life, liberty, arid the pursuit
of hApuiness, were' inspired to write it at
the very time when George III. was
stirring up, by the promise of liberty,
their negro 'slaves as well as white bond
servants, to aid him in subjugating what
Be called his rebellious colonies, 'and they
used its gloriously generous generality "
if simple justice "can ever amount to'
generosity tq , make both black and
white serviles faithful to the continental '
i cause. It was a sincere, earnest vow to
God and man, that the war should result
in freedom to all, if it resulted in favor
of America ; and it put an end to the
British project of raising the slaves
niinst their masters, of which Washing
ton expressed such dread, in his letter to.
' Richard Henry'Lee, -written from Cam
bridge. By many masters arid by some
whole states the vow was kept, but by'
others it' was meanly broken. " -
So surely, does one despotism -beget
another, that before half a century went
by it became a crime' to read in the hear- '
ing of & slave the very document which
was used to persuade his poor chattel
father not to accept the liberty offered
him by Lord Dunmore death to breathe
in half the country what all the other half
and the rest of mankind knew to be true.
Slaveholders with the immortal. declara
tion" in their mouths became, the scorn
and stench of the world. ' The constitu
tion, with its received interpretation,
thej could bear well enough, -but one
sentence of the "declaration1 lrbve;
them mad they could not aifd would not .
consent to be even - constitutionally ruled
by any parry that would not virtually or
expressly pronounce it a lie.
Young men of Massachusetts, that sen
tence which has driven, thej slaveholders
and their poor white dupes into .rebellion
is inuE in every sense, morally, scient
tifically, legally.-"There is no peace or I
aicby io any ikucivj uu.iais continent m j
it is established to the letter on every
square mile of its soil. There -is rip use"
of shivering about epitnets, there is no
use of thrusting our heads out, of the
sunshine into the sand, like ostriches we
can't 'annihilate facts" by shutting our .
eyer.cNo thousand horse-power or even
thing but war to sustain the first sen
tence of the Declaration of independence
as a practieal.truth, against a bloody, con
spiracy, to blot it from the faith arid,
memory of.iaen. . -
' The, lederal leader have thus farmost
carefuUyabstained fronTmakingwar on
slavery, though this, as U;;the world
knows, is an aggressive war of slavery
Sinjt freedom. Of the jistice or ex-
BIG BLUE-, i:
i pediency of this thcre'maybe different
opinions. J? or my own part, l lail.to see
the wisdom of not welcoming tfie aid of
four millions Jof people who have the best'
reoauu iu me wunu w ognc me reocis.
only because their complexion is dark and
they are riot disposed to fight till they are ,
asked, or' because a few 'loyal slavehola
ers" would be displeased.' 1 I don?t corn-'
prebend the high political 'expediency, of
' being AeartZs; and'donVbefreve you4 do.
But tkereiis no-reason or 'time to1 dispute,
with' 'the administration dn this point.'
They and-alK loyal-men agree that the
Magna Charta of tiur liberties shall not be .
i recanted", and'the'eoristitutionarid govern
ment 8halt-not'godown:fbr the crime of
Jbeingtoo'faithfultoit.' So" if our side beats, '
i Have wflled'to have it so; -We rri'ay trus i the
folly of their sideif no't the-wisariin of ours.
) ..Young men of free America,'your ears '
have riot 'been from the cradle attuned to
the Fourth of July music' to take up- the
slaveholders' glove by the halves; or to -be
content with, av tenancy at will, or a'
liberty for your precious individual selves,
by sufferance, under the Declaration of
Independence. That is not what you are'
going to fight for. ?No, by the Eternal1!
So challenged by thieves and traitors,'you
will fight to make the human ivlagria
Charta o'76 the living law of this whole
land, aridevery acre which has belonged to1
thebloody '.rebels against that law shall gar
' to the worthier, andevery human-chattel
of theirs shall be blessed in a labor rriarket '
where it takes two? to: make a bargain. '
Young fnen of '61. this opportunity of
the ages -it is tcyoundmatteriaf twelve
or twentyi dollars -a month." It is the
opportunity to'-free the fairest land from
the foulest cUrsefto lift ai reign of terror
from millions of -victims to send a line '
. of. posterity down the ride of generations,
honored, as descended Jipnirthe saviors of
f Jheir country and enriched with- i
r choicest 'rewards. Unborn cities of. .the
sunny south willjbear your names to the
unborn, crowds of aireeand happy future
Grasp thev golden- moment,, and" the;
righteous steel shall, open, your way to f
suchzlory as is, not for us who were born
and grew rotten in the foul fen of com
promises that lay between the two revolu-
UUUi """ uevnecu vug wMwcuuua ui UUX
Magna' CKatta in 1776F and'tne-tembie J
Uuun ui Aba Mbuu uutu iu iuvii r -
IS Arms Soar. SokC
h- -ne. .
Tbs.Chiaese haye a .saying that anjin
lucky "wordlropped from" the ""loflue'cab
not be' brought back again bracoaeh-ani
rm J z
jsix-norsec - -
i . r - . A
Your looking-glassYitelfyou whst
none of your friends will.
MurrGen. j J3tler oarme Waf
At"ihe Unfon Mass'fouvpntiorr at Con-'
conf.H., on the 17iK utd, Gfe'fieral But
ler was' one oftheinVited gtrei't3!o4,Wrhen
called upon Tor a'Vpeech, he-thanked the
Convenii6a4otdthe,xhonor conferred upon
nimIriaicosiDliedrwith thencall',Dy speak--
; tsosrwaT topics Tor an riqur and-a-Bllf.
' IKs remarxTB ete'enthusia'stTcaliy received
hf theuimwense'i'throng athernliinbout
tlM plsitbrmntleisqussed at length ar-
,bitrary,arrasts,.the ,sqspensionv7 of the ha-
I6riMU corpus, and the relation between tha
"eifif anj niilitarfa'w:1 So6nr'aftereom-
mencirig'hflPsaid1?11" ?o a a
I havecalwvra lived;ai J)emocratae ord-
ting to the strktm -faith. - lu knyW S$ no
,Deueraemocrac toanjne. . .
But at.the present Jtime npw principles,
new measures, andriew'thdlightiH1! the
future must occupy ouiOMirids,' -railieivtbad
the butiedr , issues. ofi the vpaat JIes two
fn'i ' cerilury.-" ITdidayr with" (he1 'eriemy
question .anes, iwjaj, eanbe--jdopeX tft pre
serve the SfaSfrfl a$t$m& T9
rescue, tha nation is the gre.at duty of all
fpatriols.' "Wifiis we-'rhustunife'Vith
loyal riien'evey where., "The negfoup
tion must not trarible ua j it'is.-jitdead is-
sueof the-past. No one need, to trouble
"themseke's about that. And now. flbout
tne ftdi'tas corjp ., According ttheUon
stitutiori ftcoula"be susendea onfywhen
the safer of ttiq co'untrydemands-t,
That isnd eiet shall be injLouorfv
My Democratic friends 1 my peculiarly
mffmll.ynt Tlomnprntirt fripnilflJ.. A TllJln
higli inVmc once thought 6r suspending
"the habeas cdrfeus '"Would'ouMifce to
xnowane circuuiaiut; i iwiris-'ure ur
.casion .of the, conspiracy .;ooAartnBurr,
and the actor was 'lnomas ettersjjn.
side, and an invasion by Lee onthther,
and if the .constitution.-ever" justifies the
suspension of .his writ, ;t,wou!d dOgSOj un
der our present circumstances. " When the
war is 'over, I will goas'far to'protecif those
privileges la8 any-Democrats' who riow" stay
I a,tihome?anl: nockljne.D. Mji Democratic
inenas, l repeat it pui aownttuiseneu
ion, and you won't hear anything about the
suspension 'of ithe .habeas oorftu&&
0.0 hear.,agreM deal from) the:-cDemo-
crats about settling up this matter. -Lass.
the1 question,' shall wef compromise to-5ay?
ShallJ fieckinVidge, With1 JnarisJ imbued
With fhe'bteod' of your' 'brothersome
back and lake his scatrm the Senate '6T the
.United States?. PShall Wigrall comeback
aod take, hia place'in eialls of National
lesisiauon i x
kav that there is orie-duty-
hour of nationalperil it: is; to sustais the
.GovernmentjOf the Jtfnited States,I ?hen
neace and a re-united nation comes attain.
then we can'settle alfour'minbr differences.
i .?; t'..: J Li: " -
A .Toucblns; tetter. d f
Dr. Carl Augustus Hartraann'sktgeon
of thet :107th Ohio" Temgrftaod,
brave, patriotic roan fell in the lasBhard-
fought battle,at - EredricksbpjgiQn hia
pereon was rouna tnis Driei,ana rteiciiing
letter to tis wife :
i i;1 .
11 Dearest Akw a :' Dunncr thr -wiid'fitTht
.'0 TV.J: uJifZ:Jiti
of bur troops yesterday "aftemdbri Icwas
shot through the., abdomen. ,,1 am mifthe
hands.of itheSoptberners.! ,pnly ta,JittIe
part of. my mtesupes isiDjured, and all
5?yi.bSellji ftttl, tl owatot'W "Write vou
whilst! amiable, to send, you a laat7&re
well'ir iVhouHdie." . iW .will, receive
this lfettfonlvfh case 6 mv. death. I
tear'aoedeath;' but t6 Jeave yOnanaJ the
cbiMrcn so soari. .- s.- -!i lJ3 r 3
-..Mv nortfnlio. containin2.ov,errfione hun
dred dollars, watcb, jck Jcpifg and.gan
teCrijThave been robbd orbyTArabama
BOluiers. ?rriiiC v "uauo i.u oca uiy
hdrse, saddle, blankets fif eaved)amdseod
vou the prdce43:MTa0b.mincthersTar3
ofniypay and pewion, .employ Jcob
to,er-. r: . t. n s.. !T -?J -v
Educate our children- tojbe eoodnd
u'seful;- -'With:'myasf iss.fafeweHTor
triecHrite;-Tbe last farewejt. From
yonts lo- i$'r iul j -"'i Awoust.
A man who his some t " music in his
iionli' ivs ethat the - 'most cheerfur and
blended tone sof4iricket, tawankettfe, a
loving wife, and the crowing of a baby !
- . .
yean just gone, py, nae taugnc 0 usn
truths as a. nation. v e nave learned
fin t.Wf.fm fh?- AriofiVo,fi,o!SBft
Once it was really suspended at
Idans and' bv FWboni?- Ge'h'eral An
JacksbnWe 'have " rebellion -'on1
atceo wicu iijy. lneuus,
hairnot:'and iri" elbsinc I can 'only
for 'us allin'this