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THE BIG BLUE UNION.
&-"E. C. MANNING, - - - - EDITOR.
Saturday, July 1864. -
"Flag of the frac heart's hope and home,
By angel hands to valor given ;
Thy start have lit the welkin dome,
And all thy hues were born of heaven.
Forever float that Standard Sheet!
Where breathes the foe but falls before us
"With Freedom's soil beneath our feet,
And Freedom's banner streaming o'er us.'
For Vice President, .
Not too fast gentlemen, if you please!
"We are addressing those papers, and all
others concerned, who aro talking about
this man and that, for the various State
offices, and suggesting and speculating to
no small extent. VVe wish to put in a
word for northwestern Kansas. Since we
have been . State this portion of Kansas
might as well have been one of the Fejee
Islands for all the attention or considera
tion it has ever received from those who
run the political affairs of Kansas ; and
we in reason ask, cannot the comeing State
ticket have a representative from these
parts? We are scarcely known, much
less, recognized upon the Kansaspolitical
map, which we consider very unfair. Ev
ery portion of the State except this has
men in high official position to look after
their local interests. We of this section
help to support them and directly receive
no benefit. Now, while we help maintain
the State organization wo claim the right
of at least one place among the official
corps. There are, at least a few able men
in this portion of the State and we hope
they may receive some consideration from
those who assume or may be elected to
represent the people in the matter of se
lecting a State Ticket.
Tlie County Fair.
Again we jog your memory about a
County Fair this fall. The Agricultural
Society should have a meeting soon to
make arrangements for the Fair being held
here. Washington county will join U5,
and Nemaha can bo invited to participate.
This is going to be a bountiful year.
Largo crops and vegetables will be raised
- and ourarmers want an opportunity to
Bhow them. There is some fine stock in
the county, and to exhibit it, to compare
it, to brag over it and exchange opiuions
ubout it our fanners want an oppertunity.
We heard a farmer say he would give five
dollars towards getting up a Fair besides
paying his entry fees, as lie had some stock
to show; and we believe his case is a sam
ple of the general interest felt by the farm
ers. Good ground can be found handy to
town where a Fair can be held at little
expense and much pleasure and profit ex
perienced. We are bound to have a Fair,
and if the present officers cannot take the
matter in hand, let them call a meeting,
resign, and have officers elected who will
put the thing through.
Secretary Chase Resigned.,
The late papers report that Secretary
Chase has resigned but no reason is given
for it. His great financial powers can
hardly be repkeed.
It is a funny coincidence that Memin
ger, the rebel Secretary of JTreasury has
also recently resigned. We propose that
he and Chase take a game of seven-up to
see who shall take both piles.
The President has recently returned
from a visit to Grant and his army and
comes back very much pleased with pros
pects and positions military.
Gen. Wessel, formerly Col. of the Kan.
8th, now a prisoner in the hands of the
- rebels, is one of the officers proposed to
be confined in that portion of Charleston
being destroyed by our shells. "
To Our Patrons.
We expected to enlarge our paper by
this lime, but arc disappointed aud pre
sume some of our readers are. Our ma
terial for enlarging has not come, and if it
bad, since our help has left us we eould
not increase the size of the paper. We
are thrown upon our own muscle, and must
get the paper out alone until we can pro
cure help, for which we have both sent
and written. Our paper will not be quite
as good as it would be had we. more time
to select and get up interesting reading.
Please bear with us a few weeks, then we
will do better.
One Hundred Day Men From
Gen. Curtis has received a dispatch from
Secretary Stanton authorizing the Gene
ral to accept from Gov. Carney a regiment
of hundred day men, to be organized on
the same terms that other States are fur
nishing such troops.
The time of service will date from the
time of mustering in the regiment, which
will be done as soon as it is full.
Also, to raise a battery of black troops,
the officers ofthe same race to be commis
sioned by the Secretary of War.
Gen. Blunt ha9 written a letter to the
Topeka Record refusing to accept the
nomination of candidate for Governor or
any other office, and asking Mb friends to
use his name no longer with that idea ; and
stating that he expected to soon be placed
in active command.
The Conservative comes to us with a
new, clean face. The "Leading Paper"
is flourishing in a manner that throws all
Its competitors in the shade. Everybody
reads and likes it.
Republican State Committee.
The Republican State Central Commit
tee will meet at Lawrence on the 13th of
3fo More Slavery in Maryland.
The Maryland Constitutional Conven
tion has concluded its session of thirty
nine days by adopting the twenty-third
article of the bill of rights which provides
for the abolition o slavery. It occasioned
a stormy debate, but the loyal sentiment
was in the ascendant, and "My Maryland"
is made forever free by a' vote of 53
This act of Maryland, as one of the
speakers remarked, with the movements in
the other Border States, brings the free
line down to the center of the rebel terri
tory, and is a death blow to the project of
establishing a slavo confederacy. All
hail Maryland ! Ex.
We take the following from the Leaven
worth Bulletin ; it is none the less applica
ble to this place :
"We bad a conversation the other day
with a gentleman who is visiting our city
with a view to making it his place of busi
ness and residence. lie is a man of
means, of enterprise, and of excellent char
acter. Withall he has a large family of
sons and daughters. At home he is one
of those that give tone to society. In
short, he is a type of just the class of per
sons that is most desirable to aid in the con
structive process now going forward in our
city and slate. It will be instructive to ob
serve the inquiries he made of us. For ex
ample : What is the condition of your
schools? How are they controlled? Ilave
you suitable buildings and apparatus?
Could I fit my sons and daughters for the
higher institutions of the East? lam anx
ious to know; fori cannot think of taking
my family where they will have no such op
portunities. "Then I want to learn something about
your churches. How many have you? Are
yonr citizens in general a church-jjoing peo
ple?! It may seem odd to you that ask such
questions ; but I am anxious to bring up
my family in the right kind of society, and
very reluctant unnecessarily to expose them
to.wicked and degrading influences. And
I have always observed that the degree of
interest manifested in schools and church
es is a certain test of the character of society
in any place.
Oue other thing I want to know. How
is the Sabbath observed in your city ? Is
business done to any considerable extent ?
Do the authorities take cognizance of the
infraction af Sunday laws ? Is your place
in general quiet and orderly on the Sab
bath ? For I woul d not settle in any com
munity in which the obligations of the
Sabbath as a day of rest is not recognised.
v This is-the substance of the inquiries act
ually made by an excellent gentleman, a
worthy citizen where he resides, and a
shrewd, observing and .successful man of
business. What is the lesson? One which
a people like ours is often too slow to learn.
Two lumps of sugar rubbed together in
the dark produce.distinct Hashes of light;
and if a Jump, of sugar be broken, similar
phosphorescence is, visible.- -
M r. lilncoln's Acceptance.
The following is the reply of Mr. Lin
coln to the letter of the committee notify
ing him of his nomination :
Executive Mansion, Washington, ")
June 27, 1864. J
Hon. William Denison and others, a com
mittee of the Union National Conven
tion. Gentlemen; Your letter of the 14th
inst., formally notifying me that I have
been nominated by the convention you
represent for the Presidency of the United
States for four years from the 4th of March
next, has been recieved. The nomination
is gratefully accepted, as the resolutions of
the convention called the platform are
While the resolution in regard to the pup
planting of Republican Government upon
the Western Continent i fully concurred
in, there might be misunderstanding were
I not to say that the position of the Gov
ernment in relation to the action of France
in Mexico, assumed through the State De
partment and endorsed by the convention,
among the measures and acts of the Execu
tive, will be faithfully maintained so long
as the state of facts shall leave that position
pertinent and applicable.
I am especially gratified that the soldier
and the seaman were not forgotten by the
convention, as they forever must and will be
remembered by the grateful country for
whose salvation they devote their lives.
Thanks to you for the kind and compli
mentary terms in which you have commu
nicated the nomination and other proceed
ings of the convention, and subscribe my
self, Your obedient servant,
Prof. Mudge, State Geologist, and
Major Home Assistant weremaking their
examinations in our fvicinitv last week.
They have nearly completed a prelimi
nary survey of the State South of the
Kansas River. Prof, Mudge says he has
found coal and salt enough in Kansas to
supply the State for ten thousand years.
He informs us that there are two dis
tinct veins or formations of coal, the upper
one, that which crops out in almost every
county, is from twelve to twenty inchees
thick and generally of good quality, the
lower vciu is from four to oix feet thick
and lies at a depth of about two hundred
feet from the surface at Leavenworth, crops
out about twenty miles below Fort Scott
and extends under the entire State so far
as they have examined. The Prof, expects
in a few weeks to be able to inform the
people in any given locality within ten
per cent of the distance from the surface
to the lower coal bed, and to estimate the
number of feet of rock, shales, soap-stone,
soil, clay &c, that they will have 16 pass
through in sinking a shaft in tho centre
of any of our towns. It will not be many
years before coal will be furnished at the
mouth of the shaft in any town in the
State for eight or ten cents per bushel.
Salt is abundant and Kansas will soon
be exporting, all we want is the capital to
develope our resources in this direction.
We hope Prof Mudge will visit this sec
tion of country and give it a thorough sur
vey. Valuable mineral deposits exist in
this region that will be a great source of
revenue at some future day.
Hon. Thos- Butcher of this county has
harvested his crop of twenty-fivo acres of
winter wheat, and he assures that it will
yield thirty bushels to the acre. He thinks
it the best crop of wheat in tho State, and
he intends to compete for the highest pre
miums at the State and county Fairs.
Mr. Butcher's crop last year yielded forty
six bushels to the acre. He raises the
large white May wheat, and he has been
so successful in its cultivation thai his
neifjhborB are now offering him two dollars
per bushel, in order to secure their seed
from him for next fall's sowing. Winter
wheat seldom fails' to be a full crop in this
county. Atchison Free Press.
Our farmers had better try to procure
some of that seed.
The Peace Faction Organizing
The peace wing of the Democrrtic party
held a secret cauces in New York on the
21st, Fernando Wood in the chair. Dele
gates were present from many of the New
England and Northern States, and the sen
timent of the gathering was decidedly
hostile to the nomination of any but a peace
candidate at Chicago, and against McClel
lan. A formal organization of the party
was effected, and a mass meeting is to be
held in New York this week.at which
Vallandigham is to speak. The object is
of course to afford a rallying poit't for
northern rebels, and if possible creato a
northern insurrection. Conservative.
The rebel General Leonidas Polk was
killed while attempting to reach an eleva
vation where he could inspect Gen. Sher
man's lines. The latter discovered him
with his own glass and directed one of his
cannoniers to bring him down. The order
was executed at the second discharge of
Mr. Joseph Shaw, the founder of the
Imperial Order of Odd, Fellows, died re
cently at Nottingham, Eugland, at the ape
' of 76.
The War Xews.
New York, June 20. The Washington
Star, of yesterday, says since Grant has
crossed th& Rapidan ho has taken 17,000
prisoners, not including those of the last
four or five days, wnile his own loss is less
than one third the nuinder. Among the
recent prisoners were several over sixty
years old and boys of fourteen and sixteen,
they all say they were forced into the
rebel ranks. .
Memphis, June 25. At daylight Wed
nesday morning, a detachment of Mar
maduke's command, nembering six hun
dred, attacked forty members of an Iowa
regiment, stationed at the mouth of White
river, and after a severe battle were re
pulsed, with a loss of twenty killed and
wounded. Our loss was one killed and
The little band of Iowa braves fought
like devils, and heroically withstood sever
al of the most desperate charges of the
rebels, and after contesting the battle field,
drove the six hundred in complete demor
alization. We were unable to learn the
regimentof this gallaut detachment, but
they are Iowa men.
Fort Smith June 29. The cavalry ex
pedition sent bs General Thayer toward
Red rii'erhas been heard from.
The rebel Colonel Wells was attacked
on the 26th, and his force, consisiing of
eight hundred men, competely annihilated.
Those not killed and wounded vwere
taken prisoners. Our loss was slight.
The prisoners have been sent to Little
The supply of commissaries at this
post is adequate.
The troops are in good spirits and con
dition for either offensive or defensive
Near Petersburg, Juno 2S, 11 p. ar.
A large body of rebel cavalry that moved
round our lef,t is at Ream's Station, on the
Petersburg and Weldon railroad.
Gen Wilson's 3d division of cavalry
passed this place a few days ago, en route
for the Danville aud Richmond Railroad.
The rebels were too slow in their move
ments to head them off. Gen. Wilson
reached tho road and destroyed many miles
of track before he retraced hi3 steps.
He met with no opposition until he neared
the ?pot from which he started.
All the track was composed of scrap iron
placed upon wooden supports. The de
struction of the one was the destruction
of the other. As the track was torn up,
it was placed upon the wooden sleepers
and burned it until it was bent and use
less A locomotive and a train was surprised
at one station,, and before tho engineer
moved off all were in the hands of our
men. They wore crowded with refugees
from reterersburg. All of the cars with
the Locomotive were des'royed.
, General Wilson having accomplished
his work in the most successful manner,
and destroyed over 20 miles of the rail
road, rendering it completely useless,
commenced his return.
The endurance of the rebel troops is
giving way. Forced marches to defend
different points menaced by our cavalry
has broken down and used up a large num
ber of men. Disease of various kinds
prevails to a fearful extent. It is estimated
that Lee has between 40,000 and 50,000
sick on baud, whom he finds it impossible
to remove beyond tho scene of conflict, be
sides a population of 200,000 on him for
Hon. A. C. Wilder.
We published some time ago an.articlc
from the Conservative, stating that this
gentleman would not he a candidate for
re-election. If it is so wo but express
the regrets of nearly the whole State.
His course during the session that is
about closing, has been such as to give the
people satisfaction. We think it bad pol
icy when a good representative is secured,
to change at the end of his first term.
He is worth much more to his constit
uents and the nation for a second term
than a new member possibly could be. If
Mr. Wilder's reasons for refusing to serve
a second term are not imperative, we hope
he may yet conclude to allow his name
to be used by his friends. If he does,
he will be re-elected with but little if any
opposition. Topeka Record.
Very Bad Company- The Chicogo
Times, the paper suppressed by Gen.
Burnsidc, fully endorses Framont's letter
of acceptance, and speaks in flattering
terms oftho General. The Cincinnati En
quirer, that has just been prohibited circu
lation in Kentucky on account of its trea
sonable character, speaks of "the splendid
and heroic letter of Major General John
C. Fremont." In his speech at Hamilton,
Vallandigham was also complimentary "to
General Fremont. Constrvative.
Church Orgax. The finest church or
gan in Kansas has been erected in the Con
gregational Church at Atchison. It is a
gift to the Society from W. Gaylord, Eq.
formerly of Atchison and now of NeV
York city. The cost of the instrument and
its erection was 81,400.
The Boston Herafd, by far the ablest
and most popular Democratic paper in
New England counting its subienbers
by hundreds where othera hava but lens
comes out for Lincoln and Johnson. Thia
is a political event of much significance.
Much has been said, and at times ,rat
anxiety felt about Hunter's expedition
south.west Virginia. VepuPbli3h the
Inwincr fn lof ,,. ,. 3 1 u
e fc UU1 icauers xnow that h
saieana aoing welL
Meadow Bluff, Va., June 25th.-Hunt
er s army reached Lexington, June Tlth
found it occupied by infantry and till'v
After fighting a few hours the eDe l
left.B W9 burned the Virginia Milium
Institute and Governor Letchers hoJJ
Captain Blaser's scouts captnred awL,'
canal boats containing six cannon, nine
thousand rounds of amunition, and a huQ
amount of commisary stores.
General Cuffie having cut tha Charlottes
vtlleand Lyncnburg Railroad at Amherr
we marched by way of Buchannon and
Liberty to Lynchbnrg. At Liberty r
tore up the road for several miles, burning
a bridge seven hundred feet long. ?iVg
miles from Lynchburg we found the rebels
ma strong position, and attacked them
June 17th. driving them, when nirht
closed in. During the night heavy rein
foroements from Richmond, under Gen
Early arrived. On Saturday, after feel
ing the enemy's strength, i. was decUed
that they were too strong for us, and by
night we withdrew, having taken tro
cannon and sixty prisoners.
The Second Virginia cavalry, Saturday
night, cut the railroad ten miles east cf
At Salem a party of rebels attacked Cor
lin's aud Strauss' batteries in a defile
drove off the men. cut the when'.! -n,i
took off oue hundred and tweuty hoses.
We brought off five cannon, leaving
seven that were ruined together with seven
caissons and carrirges that were burned by
the explosion of the former. Six men
were killed and ten wounded of the2l
Virginia cavalry. Oar whole loss in tha
entire movement is probably six hundred
killed, wounded, and missing. We hv
one hundred prisoners, seven cannon at.J
six huudred horses captured, and ha;c
have lived almost entirely off the country
and made the biggest raid on record.
Among the killed is Adjutant Torrenc,
12th Ohio ; wounded, Colonel John A.
Turley, 91st Ohio, and Lieut. C. Roberta",
of the General's staff.
From the subscriber at M.i-ysville, Kan.. -'
the last of June, one pair of well m ilea 1
both deep red with brocklu faces, one fvur
old with horns little lopped, the oiher .. ihr
year old. Any one returning or le.iIii
formation about said steers at Mr. I ju.
Hotel will be liberally rewarded.
July Sili, 'G4. li. VT. Iui.
i L LINER. Y-
Is prepared to do all Kinds of Millinery ITork. IV
and dre3s ur bon net, L.iM Ac V o. k duue in tlw Li
stjloand oti h" -honest order.
Joel 15. Abbott and Maria Abbott resident f
the Territory of Nebraska will take notice 'in'
Francis Kirkwood, on the 1st day of June,
D. lSG4led his petition in the Second J ml -cial
District Court of the State of Kansas
and for Marshall County with other couatiei
in said S'.atc attached for Judicial purp -against
the said Joel B. Abbott and Miri.i K
bott the object and prayer of sai 1 pes.it.ofi i
to obtain judgment against the said .Joel II Ab
bott for the sum of ou6 hundred and fifty dl'ar?
with interest thereon from the21:hd.iy of Ju'y
A. D. 1S60, at the rate of twenty per ceal I -'
annum until paid, on a certain promisory uj
dated July 24th 1860, given by said Joel I!
Abbott to a certain John Potter junior, an I ''
the said John Potter junior assigncl id
said Franci3 Kiikwood; and for the furth r
sum of twenty-five dollars attorney's fees at 1
the sum of twenty-four dollars and siy c?vs
amount paid to redeem the hereinafter deer el
lands from sale for taxes, and for a decree d
foreclosure and order of sale of the Dart cJr t
the North West quarter and ttic North Mc".
pal Meridian in sari uar
shall County Kansas, conveyed by t'-
Joel B. Abbott and Maria Abbott by mortgage
to the saifl John Potter Juu. to secure tue pJ"
ment of said promisory note, which msrtgiZJ
was afterwards conveyed by said John P l':T
Juu. to said Francis Kirkwood, and tint all per
sons be forever foreclosed from all Hn, cLjis
or equity of redemption in and to said mor
giged premises. And the sail Joel 15. Vt
and Maria Abbott are further notified tha t "
are required to appearand answer sail petm &
on or before the 9th day of September A. v
1864 or judgment will be taken by defaiut
against them. Dated July 8th, 1'-
By.BruMbaugh & Bollinger, Attj's.
no 15 7t
CAREFULLY CORRECTED EVERT
Flour Fall Wheat,
do Spring Wheat,
Butter, H, '
Lard, "3 lb, -'
" dry, salt,
t " Hiut, 5.,
quarter of the North West quarter ot rf"
Pour, Township Four South of Range Si- K-3
of the Sixth Princi