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THE BIG BLUE CUriOW.
M .J V
1KWMWgMBini II "'MB
BY EDWIN C. MANNING.
THE BIG BLUE UNION,
PUBLISHED EVERY 2ATUI1DAY MORNIXG, AT
Marysville, Marshall County, Kansas.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION.
One copylone year, cash ia advance, l?l-0
Ten Copies, one year, ...la.uu
An extra copy to me geuer up n mu i
RATES OF ADVERTISING.
I One square, first insertion en
j Each subsequent insertion, -50
Yearly advertisements inserted ou vei nu-
Done with dispatch and in the latest style o
the art. TPaymenL required for. all Job
ffork on delivery.
All Communications, or matters relating to
the business of the office, should be addressed to
E. C. MANNING, Publisher.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW
Will practice in all the Courts of the Second
Judicial District and Supreme Court -of Kansas,
aud the Courts of the Second Judicial District
of Nebraska. " They will pay particular atten
tion to paying taxes for non-residents of North
ern Kansas and Southern Nebraska. Claims
collected on reasonable terms and remittances
promptly mode. vol3-no33-tf
ATTOENEY AT LAW
Aud General Collecting Agent,
Will practice in the Courts of Marshall, Ne
maha and Brown Counties in the Second Judi
cial District; and Pottawattomie, Riley and
Davis in the Third Judicial District.
Collections carefully attended to and proceeds
promptly remitted. volo-nodiS-tf
. O. zSLSiEeJE
Is permanently located in Marysville, and
Kill promptly attend to all calls in his profes
sion. Office in A. Coltrell's Drug Store.
Dr J. H. McDOUGALL,
Having returned to Marysville, has resumed
the Practice of Medicine in all ifs depart
ments, tenders his professioual services to all
who may need them.
Egk,Officc at his residence in F. J. Marshal's
ftone house. 3-33-tf
I Have opened a Tailor Shop on the north side
of Broadway, Marysville, one door west of
A. E. Lovcll's Stors, where I will always be in
readiness to cut and make gentlemens' gar
ments of all kinds, in the latest and best styles.
Particular attention given to cutting. Old gar
cents Cleaned and Repaired in .the neatest n.an
toer. I will tv arrant entire satisfaction to all
ho "will favor me with their patronage
John Frazier, Proprietor,
Caroline st. bt. second & third,
Marysville, - - - Kansas.
This Hotel has been open for Svcyears, and
e proprietor is thankful for past favors, and
elicits a continuance of the same, with the
Promise of the usual attention. vl-n'27-ly
HAVE lately purchased the property known
J- as Barrett's Hotel, in this place, and shall
jwearor to keep a First Class Hotel. Fare
iHvo Large Stables
kneeled with the Hotel.
Y.CORAWD OATS, PJLEXTY.
, J.H. COJTHELL.
5ePt. 30th, 1865 ly
BW WAGOI SHOP,
1. L. KIEFOVER, Proprietor.
MlVER has started a complete Wagon Shop
fcnni?011 in Marysville, in connecticn rith the
Mii? pofGardcn & Strange, where ho can be
eiair nw rKWy to receive orders for new wagons
llftw r Ho is Prepared to stock plows, mako
& W. .an,J"thlnS apertaining to that line of business.
tiallS:".6 t material there ia to be fouad in 3Iar
'ejgfAM' anwiui tliirtcan years experience in the
pT bin , ,etircly confident of satisfying nli that may
m call. 33.ly
MAEYSVILLE, EXISTS A.S, STTJRDY,
BT A l'OE-T.
Once upon an evening bleary,
"While I sat me dreamy, dreary,
Tn the sunshine, thinking over
Things that passed in days of yore ; -While
I nodded, nearly sleeping,
Gently came a something creeping
Up my back, like water seeping,
Seeping upward from the floor.
u'Tis a cooling breeze," I muttered,
"From the regions 'neatli the floor
Only this, and nothing more." '
Ah ! distinctly I remember,
It was in that wet September
When the earth, and every member
Of creation that it bore,
Had for weeks and weeks been soaking
In the meanest, most provoking
Foggy rains, that, without joking,
We had ever seen before,
So I knew it must be very
Cold and damp beneath the floor
Very cold beneath the floor.
So I sat me, nearly napping,
In the sunshine, stretching, gaping",
And a feeling quite delighted
With the breeze from 'neath the floor ;
Till I found me grow ing Colder,
And the stretching, waxing bolder
And myself afeeling older
Older than I'd felt before ;
Feeling that my joints were stiffer
Than they were in days of yore -Stiffer
than they'd been before.
All along my back a creeping
Soon gave place to rushing, leaping,
As if countless frozen demons
Had concluded to explore,
All the cavities the varmints
'Twixt me and my nether garments,
Up into my lyiir, and downward
Through my boots into the floor;
Then I felt myself a shaking,
Gently shaking more and more
Every moment more and more.
'Twas the Ager, and it shook me
Into heavy clothes, and took me
Shaking to the kitchen every
Place where there was warmth in store ;
Shaking till the "china" rattled,
Shaking till my molars rattied,
Shaking, and -with all my warming,
Feeling colder than before ;
Shaking till it had exhausted
All its power to shake me more
Till it could not shake me more.
Then it rested till the morrow,
When it came with all its horror
That it had the face to borrow,
Shaking, shaking as before ;
And from that day in September
Day which I shall long remember
It has made diurnal visits,
Shaking, shaking, oh, so sore I
Me to bed if nothing more
Fully this, if nothing more.
And to, day the swallows flitting
Round ray cottage -see me sitting
Moodily within the sunshine,
Just inside my silent door,
Waiting for the Ager, seeming
Like a man forever dreaming,
And the sunlight on me streaming
Sheds no shadow on the floor ;
For I am too thin and shallow
To make shadows on the floor
Nary shadow any more !
A Slountaiu oa Salt.
Among the many curiosities and won
ders that have lately been discovered in the
far off Western wilds none is more strik
ing or marvelous than the mountain of Rock
Salt, situated about twenty miles from
Meadow Valley, Nevada, and only eighteen
miles from the head of navigation on the
Colorado river. It rises abruptly from the
plain, about four hundred feet in height,
a mountain of pure, sparkling, crystalized
salt. Not a particle of dirt upon it,
seemingly a mountain of glass, being per
fectly transparent, and when the reflection
of the sun falls upon it, the glare is blind
ing. We have seen specimens taken from
it, now in possession of Mr. C. B. Norris,
and it resembles pure crystal, more than
it does salt. From what we can learn of
it3 extent aud magnitude, there is salt en
ough in this one mouutain to supply this
continent for a century. St. Joseph Union
An idiot sleeping on a New York rail
road was knocked forty-five feet by the
cow-catcher of a train and unharmed, on
ly a little surprised.
" Westward tlie Course of Empire takes
Coal in Kansas.
The following interesting article is from
B. F. Mudge, formerly State Geologist of
this State :
Bditok Kansas Farmer: In accor
dance with your request, I will make a few
brief statements in regard to the supply of
coal which our Slate possesses. With
such a vast extent of prairie as Kansas pre-
sents, the question of fuel becomes one of
first importance. In almost every county
of the State thin seams of coal are found
near the surface. But except in the south
eastern portion they are of little practical
value. North of the Kansas river, the
Kansas river, the surface coal is always of
an inferior character. It is light in tex
ture, produces a large precenlage of ashes,
and has too much- sulphur to be lit for
blacksmith purposes. Near Topeka and
Burlingame, a better article is fouDd, but
the thinness of tho seams, never over
thirty inches, and most usually as low as
fifteen, will not allow a cheap article of
fuel to be furnished-
The grpat supply of good coal for the
future population and mai.ufactures of the
state, lies lower down in the geological
strata. The stratas in Kansas are very
remarkable uniformity of thickness and
character for hundteds of miles in extent.
They dip slightly to the northwest, and,
as we proceed in that direction, the older
ones disappear under those more recently
deposited. The best seams of coal with
us, lie the deepest. In the southeastern
part of the state they crop out and show
themselves at the surface in various places
in a northeasterly and southwesterlrfrbelow the surface in tho middle of' the
direction. One seam three feet in thick
ness, crosses the country in this manner,
about fifteen miles northwest of Fort Scott
But the best and most economical supply
of coal is a vein of bituminous coal about
six feet in thickness, appearing af the sur
face near the forks of Dry Wood creek,
forty miles south of Fort Scott, and like
all other strata disappearing under the
country to the northwest. This is an ex
cellent article of uniform character, and
for blacksmith use, as well as all other
purpose?, is the best coal in the state.
This seam has been traced from th3 Indian
territory in a northwesterly direciion across
Missouri as far as the Hannibal & St.
Joseph Railroad, and according to my ob
servations, underlies at least 20,000 miles
of our state. Though, as we proceed to
wards the center of the state, it sinks deep
er and deeper below the surface, still in
no place is it more than half as deep as
seams are now mined in England. At
Wyandotte, Leavenworth and Atchison,
it lies about two hundred and eighty feet
below the high water line of the river. At
Lawrence it is but little deeper. The
overlying strata consist of various beds of
lime and snales, in the aggregate being
about one fourth of the latter. In sink
ing a shaft to reach this main coal seam,
the sha'es will be found usually so soft as
to yield to the pick, but sometimes so hard
as to require a small charge of powder.
They are composed by clay mixed with
sand and sometimes passing intosandstone.
There is such a mixture of clay in these
strata that the liability of trouble from
water in the shaft is very small.
That this six foot seam is to be the great
supply of cheap fuel will be apparent from
a little calculation. On a seam of coal
twenty inches thick, in drifting, a man
does well to obtain twenty bushels a day.
On one thirty six inches ho can obtain
about sixty or seventy bushels, but on a
sis foot deam he can obtain about two hun
dred bushols per day. So that to supply
a population of 5,000 or more with fuel,
it will be cheaper to expend 10,000 in
shafting aud machinery to .work a six foot
seam of coal, rather than to mine in a thin
seam near the surface.
Few are aware of the immense quanti
ties of coal in a bed of this thickness. A
six foot seam of coal, a square mile in ex
tent, contains 6.000,000 tons of twenty
eight bushels to the ton. In other words,
every farm of a quarter section in the
eastern part of the state has under it in
tnis coal seam, 1,500,000 tons.
The consumption of fuel (aside from
steam engines) is equal to one ton to an
inhabitant. A company at Leavenworth
is now sinking a shaft to supply that city
with coal. If it should use no wood after
the mine is opened, it would require less
than 20,000 ton for its consumption per
year. Allow the city to cover four iquare
miles of territory and this seam of coal at
that point to be but five feet in thickness,
This must not Tie confounded wih the "Fort
Scott coal" which is from a minor seam in thas
Ticinity, and altho'hgh a good article, is not at
uniformly so as the thick, six fo'ot-seam.
its "Way !"
DECEMBEE, 2, 1865.
(for il decreases somewhat as we go north)
we shall have 20,000500O tons underlying
its streets and lots. So that the supply
may, for all practical purposes, be con
sidered as inexhaustible. We must recol
lect, too, that rivers do not effect the
strata below, and that the coal may be
mined under the Missouri river as easily
and safely as anywhere else.
U we compare the relative value of
coal and wcod, the result is quite inter
esting. One ton of coal is equal to bne
and a half cords of good hard wood for
heating purposes. Consequently 6,000
000 tons of coal is equal to 9,000,000
cords of wood ; or an acre of this coal seam
is equal to 14,062 cords of wood. We
thus find that if all Kansas (78,000 square
miles,) were covered by a forest affording
one hundred cords to the acre, that 557
square miies or less than sixteen town
ships, of the six foot coal spam, would
equal the whole forests of the state. Who
then, can say that our state is deficient in
I have said that not less than 20,000
square miles of the State is underlaid with
the coal beds. This conclusion is based
on the fact that the coal measures, or that
geological formation which contains coal,
extends as far west as Manhattan, aud the
indications justify the conclusion that- the
coal seams that crop out in the southeast
ern portion of the State, continue under
the whole country to that extent. I have
also rood reason to believe that it may un
derlie the more recent formations of the
remainder of the State. If so it is loo far
State for present purposes. But when we
have a demand equal to England, we can
by using tho same exertions that are used
there, easily reach it.
There is in tho western part of the State,
about 125 miles from Fort Riley, extend
ing across the Republican, Solomon and
Saline rivers, a deposit of the kind of coal
called lignite,which, is said to be thicker
than the great seam described. It is of
the kind weich, during the rebellion, was
mined in the vicinity of Richmond, Va., to
the depth of over one thousand feet. So
that part of the State is abundantly sup
plied with fuel.
When our Pacific railway is completed
up the Smoky Hill Valley, a shaft at To
peka can supply the country as far as the
mouth of the Solomon, and the lignite de
posite by tho.samettransportation, cansup
ply the other western portion of the State.
The other projected railroads when com
pleted, will carry coal into all partsvof the
State not supplied by their own depo m"".a "ut l"rue c0CiZ n aItr'
t i u i i T'sjioon ot that day, he went to the "Star Sa
in conclusion, we would most strongly Tr n j u v. . V'UI' lu V u'ar
urge all capitalists not to waste their time
and money in endeavoring to procure coal
from tho thin surface seams. None of them
can supply a good, cheap fuel. Let com
panies bo formed in all our chief cities to
open a coal shaft at each important point,
it will not only supply the cities, but the
farmers who have no "timber" will find a
cheaper and more agreable fuel at the
mouth of the coal pit, than to buy wood.
Steam engines could be supplied at so low
a rate that manufacturies would soon
spri ng up among us. Coal ought not, and
in a few years we believe will not, sell in
our towns for more than a dime a bushel.
Wanlecl An Irenes!, Intlastrloiss
We lately saw an advertisement headed
as above. It oonve5T3 to every boy an im
pressive moral lesson.
"An honest, industrious boy," is always
wanted. He will be sought for; hi3 ser
vices will be in demand ; he will be spo
ken of in terms of high commen
dation ; he will always have a home ;
he will grow up to be a man of known
worth and established character.
He will be icanted. The merchant will
want him for a salesman or a clerk ; the'
master mechanic will want him for an ap
prentice or a journeyman ; those with a
job to let will want him for a contractor ;
clients will want him for a lawyer ; patients
will want him for a physician , religious
congregations, for a pastor ; parents for a
teacher of their children ; and the people
for an officer.
He will be wanted. Townsmen want
him as a citizen ; acquaintances, as a
neighbor ; neighbor, as a friend ; families,
as a visitor ; the worll, as an acquaintance ;
nay, girls will want him for a beau, and
finally for a husband.
An honest industrious boy ! Just think
of it, boys, will you answJer this descrip
tion ? Can you apply for this situation ?
Are you sure that you will be wanted?
You may be smart, active, but that does
not fill the requisition are you honest?
You may be capable are you industrious ?
- VOLUME III, -NUMBEE 42.
You may be well dressed and create a fa
vorable impression at first sight are you
both honen and industrious? You may
apply for a good situation are you sure
that your friends, teachers or acquaintan
ces can recommend you for these qualities ?
Oh, how would you feel, your character
not being thus established, on hearing tho
words "I can't employ you 1" Nothing
else will make up the lack of these quali
ties. No readiness or aptness for business
will do it. Uou must be honest and indus
trious you must work and labor; then
will your calling and election for places of
profit and trust be made sure. Rural
Estimating lyeigtfii oi CatiSe
The Canada Farmer, in reply to a cor
"Many experiments have bebn make by
graziers and salesmen to ascertain the net
weight of cattle by measurement, and a
number of rules4 and tables have been
formed of tho results obtained. None,
however, can be regarded as absolutely
correct. With the most accurate measur
ing is required a practical acquaintance
with the points and forms of animals, and
allowance must be made according td agej
size, breed, mode aud length of time in
fattening, etc , conditions which require a
practiced eye and long experience to cor
rectly appreciate We have found the fol
lowing method to lead generally to trust
Measure carefully with a tapo line from
the top of the shoulder to where the tail is
attached to the back this will give the
length. For the girth, measure immedi
ately behind the shoulders and fore lpgs.
Multiply half the girth by itself in feet,
and the sum by the length in feet, and tho
product will give the net weight in stones
of eight pounds each. For example, with
an ox or cow five feet in length and seven
feet in girth, the calculation will be as fol
Multiply half the girth bv itself in feet. 3-5
Multiply by length in feet.
Weight in stones.
ISeatli from DrlnEting WhisKy.
On Sunday evening last,- Theo. Reeder,
son of Elam Reeder, of this city, died at
the "Star Saloon," in this city, from tho
effects of drinlcing a large quantity of
loon, ana soon alter entering drank a
small glass of whisky. There were a num
ber of persons in the saloon, and a bet was
made tnat Keeder could not drink two
glasses of whisky in fifteen minutes with
out falling or vomiting. TLq said he could,
and did drink the two glasses in about ten
minutes. Another banter was then made
that he cou'd not stand two more glasses,
whereupon he drank two mere, making in
all Ivocnty-eight ounces or one pint and three
fourths of whisky. The four glasses upon
which the bets depended, were drank in
about half an hour. In five minutes after
drinking the last glass, Reeder attempted
to go out of the saloon, when he staggered
and fell. He became unconscious in a very
short time, and died about eight o'clock.
Drs. Thompson and Kinsman were sum
'moned to his assistance, but all their ef
forts to save his life were unavailing. On
Monday, Coroner W. M. Sturgeon sum
moned a jury and held an inquest apon the
body of tho deceased. Dr's. Griswold
Thompson, Kinsman and Wilder made, ar
p03t mortem examination of the body. The
brain, lungs, heart, &c , afforded strong
evidences of Abe effects of the liquor, show
ing conclusively that death resulted from
over-stimulation. Several witnesses were
examined, and after hearing all the facts,
the jury returned as their verdict, that th
deceased came to his death by drinking
twenty eight ounces of whisky in less time
than one hour; and that he drank the whis
ky upon a banter made by certain parties.
The deceased was in the 21st year of his
age. On Wednesday T. W. Hodges, Jacob
Gephart and Henry Cook, who made ther
bets which induced the deceased to drink
the liquor, were a&sted on a warrant
sworn out by Reeder's father, charging
them vith man-slaughter. They were ar
raigned before Justice Case, waived an ex
amination, and gave bail for their ap
pearance at the next term of court. Ci:
cleville Democrat, .Nov. 3d.
It is a curious and significant fact that11
the Emperor of Mexico-is continually sinSi
vesting large sums in Europe. .
, S v ,