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SALINA, KANSAS, THUKSDAY, SEmEMBER 7, 1871.
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SALINE COUNT! JOURNAL
IS PUBLISHED XVKJIY THURSDAY, AT
OTflCC. No. 60 Sint Fe ATeane, ne:ly oppose
tbeKMklCutsoactor jlij. JoiU W. Biui'.
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Nine linn or I'M ofNoopareil type wmatitateniquire.
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IlilU Tor regular adTeruainz wiU be eolli-cted quar
terly. Wnere for a K-aa period than tare auaUu p.y
nent la advance will be reqalred. ..... .. .
Regular adrertiaenvuta will be entiU-d to be changed
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Address all cummnnicallona to
A TTORNE YS AT LA W.
J. H. p7lBS30TT.
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Salm. Kaaaal.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Ulin. Kana.
ATTORNEYS -VI L.V'V. OHM. So- M3cnthst.
J. C. MOHLER,
ATTORNEY AT f. V W o oa Iron Are.. emt o.
lb? p,.o.use. "I al 4',"
JOhNW. WILLI AN3,
ATlORJ'fcY A. -Av, -..ui, .. Part.euUi
nit -..u ,j.itn.ulul cJ.r -0 tj lOiJleaa tu 0
tit i. JO UC" .
I r'.UK A UILLCO
ATTOltVEYS Al 1.AM'., j. s Santa FeAre., S-
lll.4 IV f
c. a. aiuxn.
J NO C SP1VEY,
Ani't'.'KY .'.t . V, Su.i. Kvaaii Will aft -n
mui.y v ; 'i.ir., ic!:ti.l.-d to bun inSalin
aaii i.-i .
ATTYrZY AS- i.Uu.nKLO.1 AT L"V (iierrn
n-n'.O" m ml l.i1 Sulsiur. Offls: o?r i i r
ATTOISi: i' AN 'XfUN.L!!'. ATLtW 03ee u
C.'ujT :- ?. "I lo-apulu. ti-Uiiu Will i.r.icllL
L:Vi:&)4i .. j -ia:a.Sl.at. O.tawaaaJCiKii
JOHM W. BSRK3,
SOTAttV rUSLiC uioe ittbe CcJU-il Kaaau Lo
i5.li ESTATE AGENT.
-- WCLT M FuRHAM,
HEAT. ES7--.S ASl INSURANCE AOEST. Salim.
J. W. CROWLEY. M. D.,
(l.Tr.UU(.EUSZ. MO. VOL. cvv.) once. No
II ME'.UIl.t. uyh:ian VNO SUKOEON. Oi
uc N.J1 Ali ' . Stlinj. liuu
J W. OAILY, M.O.,
S.VI.U'. ' " jo rec.-iv.li cim?l-te ci-
o: 1) at : -j . la rara:nu u.lii yrpu-rdto es.
tr i ii . i . e. .
rE.V:HT. OieNo it.Sabtal'e Aeaae, (tttainj
D. VY. POWERS A CO.,
It SKEK3. Eicnmj.'joljoa all (irtuci)al citlra ol th
Unileil Mlte and Eunine. CollrCllooanvtde. Illteri-
ailnrrtl ou lriiiU. lUakiu booae on Iron Avena
D. w. rovERS. J. w. rttwena.
ii. B rowuu. J. lA-anzaJ.
G J. LAY. ProriUKToa. Chirga mlerite. Coran
of SaaU Fe and Iron ATrnnra.
J. W. THDM. lronuTO. ti- stable aad cnolac.
ijitliiiu. Jlianeapoiu, uiiavra couaif, miiu
E. A. SKINNER. PronuETon. Comer New Hanp.
blre and I'inckney Striata, Lawrence, Kanaai.
CARPENTER. BL'ILDEK ANUCONTBACTOS. Suo
WAGON MAKING AMI UEPAJIUXU done In flrit
dui aiyle. -a ip U rrar orSeit'a Urttj Starer
N31T01 A COMPAQ,
CONTRCTOitANI)BUlLIEllS. No. 1. Eighil.
St..alin Llniir, lor baildiaf parpoaes, for atle.
j. i. Monro. i. p. x. COVEAD.
W. B. SCHOLL,
RI..CKMITII rt. Rear of Nn. 113 Santa Te At.
enje. tlina. Kana. II re )u nllfrieDtla and par
rims will 3a I -ixkl m iterUI. aV.llful wnrkin -n abd low
pne . All kladt of lleptlrinc exeeutt pnim.tlr an
m L-riCIl.iu cutruileeil. ThebNt Fort Soutl cil al
w ya on li tud ind fur ale at a m ill lrance.
run MtMK ot.IK LOOX.
HVRNY RulIAN, I'R.inurros. Billltrdi and L!
la ira. IlniuLvilK., Ktnta.
Kt.KlliiI BILLLtHD XALan.
O. TBOItY V.. IMnu:TOM. N'W Uilliird Ti
blM -"iJl.-'.ut jjm.lur. .vuatV Araa. salua,
it. r. i im.m,
V1I 3LES.VI.EANU UETAIL UE.VLESl IN UltDCEi;
ie. ijacwrr, I'roiuija. He, o. w sauia r"
s. n. cnxrnas.
J. . ttWSON.
Cbapmaa & Gibson,
HUU:, MT.& CARRIAGE
OI uinj aad 1'ijwr-j lagm done witb neatneaj and dU
la;cli cor. Iroa Atuuai.d aecntn street, 3AUIA.
EVERY 0NEI3 SUITED ! ! !
The i3atjiile House
Utaa?sir, bL;ttu.j w-ja.Ufarj-lW'tb
Cool 1Mb. .I. -"i- - JJWIjr wrvw-U UJOoOJ.
.le,p WO k-Wt-l 4CU d. MMUC4 M Mi mw
raia vr 'ii-ici: i iucoiy oaraauvo.
i!C 6t MiVS MUla.
An old man aat before tb Ore,
-w rtrfa. Infr'al irtit
Abd dreara-d of lac tim- In tb
bd areaia'a oi ac wn- in - Tw
Wntn bU liie wai yooaj and brint.
He dreanM tnat be arandt at the alter now.
With tbe 1 .red one by bia aid,
and wbiaprred (be word of tbe manuje aw
In aw ear of of bia fatr yoa-ig bride.
And now tbe? are wandering happily .
A th-y did li tbe " loi tt."
Be does not tbibk abe baa alept for yearo
Wbere la naotr tbe ftoleta grow.
And it waa u he dreaia -d tbu aigbt
Canir id at ibe cbimr oramidnUntbOBr,
Aid ailinccd au aUTiiXiia,; brralb.
And bU aoal piwJ la at h-aeen'a rue,
Wm: b! lorel oieaptb'fir.
And. In I ibry nare m-J o i the Plaioa of Paaoe,
Wbere aorrow i known no more I
Tbry fband him dead when the moroing dnwoed,
ud a. y d. ' It ta wet: be a.eepa I
Forweknow lb At hit none 1, wrilt-adwm
la tbe book taat tat angela keep.'
Tbey bore blm firth, aid tbe drifted ta jW
wiadeirel from tbe :roun llun.
Where, yeara axo, in brr crarr ioo dad.
Ilia beautiful bride Waa lain.
And )o I 'bey hollowed the narrow bed.
Tut M Junt rooad it alvae :
And tbey :! " Tu a .iif i thit ia pe- tbey reet,
From the Journal of an Aoatriaa Naral OSeer.
IX A5IWPS 4DARTKK F At I9DK.
On the station between Turin and Na
pies in tbe rear 186 , the stately iri
gate, " Sweeper of the Soah," under thf
coribing rays ot an August sun nun
with ever j rag of anil spread to the faint
and unsteady southeasterly breeze, wt
HI0WI3 cleaving tbe dark blue wave ol
Off to the right, far and low on the
dusty horizon, lay the blue peak of the
we&ter-i xpurs oi tbe Sicilian mountains
Elsewhere the eye, in it sweeping elnnce
over the boundless unace of w.tter, gleam
ing in the heated atmoiphere like a mir
ror ot burnished steel, found no point 01.
which to rest.
While half the crew were busy with
-ome light work below, the rent of th
.iilors, artillerists and marine-, who
luty kej)t them on deck, tried to find
-efugefrom thealmo.-a ut:btn-tle noon
lay beat by creeping under the shadow
f the bulwarks, boats and s.dls, urert
iiot of them sought, in dozing, snmeob
ivion of the barJ.-ttnp il.ey 11 ad to en
lure. A tew were forbidilen by iron
liacipline to shelter themselves in any
vay from the heat, which h.td r:en t
-oiim 112 degrees Fahrenheit. Sulky
-et anxious the officer oftne 'atch wa
eaning ugaiint the gangway ladder t
vindward, while bis eye wandered now
1 the horizon, now to the muz 3 ot rig
;ing overhead, and now to the steersmat
.s be btoo J carelessly holding the spoke
f'the helm; and sometimes his glanci
vould fall on a group of ship's boys win
.vcre noialcgsly playing with beans atu
crap3 of paper between the two forty
ight pounder canister guns of the alio.
On the windward Bide in the full blaz
tf the nun a half-grown lad ofamidxhip
nan wm walking the heated planks o
"Tie quarter-deck now entirely desertoi.
y the crew- whose watch was out. get
mg u furctaite of the pains of purgatory
tud cursing the moment in which, at
inwitting of the sufferings and priva
ions of a sailor's life, he had been tempi
d by the fair outside of thf naval servic
0 enroll himself in this cho.son corp
On tho forecastle in the shadow of th
,reat forctourse were lying several otti
ersand middies, with the doctor and tin
mrser, stretched on soft mats and listen
ng earnestly to one of their number win
vas spinning them yarns from bia owi
idveuturous existence, blowing ltgh
-ings of smoke from their favorite czar
itoi and sipping their pctites tosses o
aire, thick mocha. During the conver
ation one of them chanced to mentio'
-vhat an incredible quan'itj of spirit
specially in cold, inclement night watch
ss, many sailors can dispose ot witb im
punity. Lieut. Von U , who ha-
oeen listening iu silence, broke in wit!
iho assertion that for tbe quantity
pirit.s be could stand he would be nar
.0 beat and offered to bet that he cnuh
wallow at a draught a lull Aa(nearh
1 quart) ot clear Jamaca rum. The oili
ere who lay around him, thinking bin
in jest, laughingly took up tho bet, win
shall describe their amazement wbe:
Von K coolly declared himself read
to carry out tho wagor on the spot. Oik
of tbe watch was sent dowu to the stow
-ird for the immenso mug with its con
tents of pure rum, and Von R , set
ling it to his lips, in t-pito of the earnest
remonstrance and entreaty of his friend
: rained it to the bottom, iiising aftci
.his tearful draught he stood for a mo
.nent, pale and shaken witb a nervou
trembling, but apparently recovering im
mediately, bowed to his comrades, who
looked on in consternation, and went
with a firm step down the foro'-astle lad
ler among the sailors of the spar deck
lere, drawing a handful of glittering
Maria Theresa dollars from his pocket,
he rolled them to the crew, ecemiugh
delighted at their sfutntng and lighting,
is ,they sprang up and rushed after the
prize, men waiKing, an, uowcinuuai;
1 be officers' hatch and disappeared in hit"
tate room. The spectators of this drink
:ig feat believed hrralv that Lieut. Von
it had irone to lie Jown and sleep nri
the inevitable conseqiiein.-es of such a
Iraught. Thoj- had no idea that mis 01
dcer, thotigh one of the most able, ex
perienced and cultivatcil men on boanl,
oeloved and respected by high and low,
had unfortunatelv duifeivd for some time
losi with nervous headache, and said ov
cation ally things which looked like slight
mental a'berration. In a few moment
after he had gone below the incident was
forgotten ou deck, and every one was
again busy with bis occupation or his re
On most vessels, especially racn-of
war, ineomcers state-rooms, surround
ing the ward-room, have a ball's eye in
the deck, closed with a laaa lens an inch
thick, which is renlaced iu very kt
.weather by an open work rottteof mec
tal, furnishing at least some slight ven
tilation in thi3 confined quarters. On
roen-of war, too, by an exceutional ar
rangement tbe state room of tbe first
abort ladder with tbe powder-magazine
which tbe sailurs call " Santa Barbara,"
that, in view of possible mutiny or acci
dental closing of access to the magazine
through the central parts of the ship, this
way of ingress may remain open for the
officers into the central shrine of every
war vessel. This brief hint is necessary
for tbe clearer understanding of tho se
quel. Precisely on this blazing noon, on ac
count oi the heat, the glass bull's eyes
haa Deen taken out and tbe open metal
rosettes screwed in, through which the
middy on duty, a he paced the deck
overhead in the sunshine, cast many a
longing glance at the shady regions be
low him. A short time after Lieutenant
ft had eone to bis room the middv
suddenly stopped, cocked his pug-nose
aynaru wiui an expression 01 Donna
less amazement, as if awaiting a supernal
message from one of the blinding sun
beams, wondering where the singular
smell of burnt powder came from which
suddenly asailcd his tender olfactories.
His motionless attitude lasted but an in
stant, for a glance at the helmsman and
at the sentry by the arm-chest (tho only
persons but himself and tbe boys on the
quarter deck) showed him that'they, too
with wide open nostrils and faces of fear
and horror, were sniffling in the smell of
burnt powder, which grew stronger mo
ment by moment. The young fellow
in fact yet a mere lad fiercely as the
heart throbbed and imminent as was the
cry of dismay which hovered on his lips
itill felt the sentiment of soldier! honor
and official dutv so strong within him
that he managed to contain himself, and
tepping to the watch, as he leaned
igainst the gangway ladder, he calmly,
though deadly pale, called his attention
to the burning smell he bad noticed.
The officer of the watch, Lieutenant
Ylfred , a calm, cautious and phleg
inatic fellow, a Swede by birth, had
scarcely taken a few steps toward the
quarter-deck and convinced himself of
the powder smell, when the crew, who
were lying about on the spar-deck and in
the shade of tho forecastle, or behind the
heavy thirty-pounders, getting uneasy
it the smell, which now grew perceptible
tmidships and forward, sprang to their
reet, in silence as yet, but dismayod aud
There, arc, unfortunatoly, even on
ooarda man-of-war, terrible moments
vben even tbo sailors usually kept in
hock by a hard and strict discipline
ourst through every restraint, defy oVery
rder, and in their anxiety for life strive
o take their fate into their own hands.
.othing- but the greatest coolness and
;nergy on tho part of the officers at such
uomciits caQ avert from the ship a fright
A glance forward showed the officer
if the watch tho most imminent danger,
in tho conviction that the smell of burn
ng powder could only come from Santa
.iarbara where alono powder was kept
and dreading that tbe ship might at
my monicntyawn like a volcano beneath
hem and burl their mangled limbs sky
vard, the crew made ready to rush to the
tuar.er deck to letdown tho boats hoist--d
up there, and if possible save them
elves, though they had to pass oyer their
ifficers' bodies. With a few springs the
fficer ot the watch reached tho quarter
teck armory, seized a heavy boarding
i.xe, called out tho guard, and uccompan
ed by the middy, who brandished
hreateningly his little boarding dagger,
-ushed forward to the mainmast to meet
he still irresolute crew. Quick as thought
he more disciplined marines usually
coffed at by the sailors as loungers and
and rats had hurried aft, seized their
pieces, which were leaning against tho
-acks, and at the word of command from
heir sergeant, witb bayonets at the
-harge, cut offlhe quarter-deck from tbe
As soon as the officer of the deck saw
hat the men gave back an instant be-
'ore the threatening steel, with the aid of
it some artillerymen wuo hurried up, ho
apidly turned the two after hattcry
;un-, which always stood loaded with
41-ape, and trained them forward along
cue gangways ou the crew.
With hastily lighted matches tbo faith
ful artillerist stood unhesitating, ready at
the word from their officer to burl death
and destruction among their comrades.
in these brief moments, not only had
tho stench of powdefgrown stronger
and stronger, but the whole quarter
leek was covered witb a white layer
Mime inches deep of light smoke.
Immediately'on the alarm most of the
officers and the midshipmen had turned
jut on tbe quarter deck, with the com
mander of the ship, Captain Von L ,
a.i able, just aud courageous officer, but
one little loved in the ship fur his terri-
ule severity on duty. Calling bis staff
about bun, he bad bis speakiwg trumpet
aanded him by the officer ol the watch,
as a token that he had now taken com
mand himself. Deathly stillness reigned
on deck. Discipline brandished her iron
scourge over every bead. .Every one on
Ooard, witb sinking heart, but without a
inurmer, awaited :u silent resolution tbe
death wnich, as all thought, but noue
dare say, they believed inevitable from
the explosion ot tho magazine. A call
orougul tbe gunner, an old experienced
artillerist, before the commander, who
iu a clear, calm tone ordered him to go
down with tbe utmost caution into tbe
magazine and iuquire into the cause of
tne smoke. j
In the silence which rcignjed on deck
every one beard this short drder. The
old "gunner turned pole, asjifhe were
ordered on his last journey to Raanocke,
(the place of execution) and in that
tWhitiil moment many a silent but fer
vent prayer must have risen to the Al
mi"htv fromtue breasts of tho two hun
dred "and twenty-tire men on deck.
Mam- adesiiainui; thought was given to
di'taut dear ones, their own loved home
and fresh young lives ; and many a one
J whole pauorama of bis life unroll before
' his mental eye. As on men-of-war not
in ;l .. 1I1 'All Ls SAW. U IO UTMU1, liac
SalVaO4aa OOOkB. gTwOaucw Mwa-
ets, but also all tbe "powder and cart
ridges are kept in iron chests deep under
tne water line in sania Barbara, and as
the heavy cloud of aiaoke which now
overspread tbe deck gave rise to the sup
position that onlyafew boxes ot cartrid
ges bad as yet takes fire, every one be
lieved that as soon as the gunner should
open the door leading into the magazine
the draught of air, if nothing else, would
explodo tbe whole mass and blow the
ship and crew' into the air.
The gunner, with mechanical formal
ity, touched bis cap, a aoarse " aye, aye,
sir!" struggled throuth his set lips a
hurried "'bout face!" a few steps
and he vanished down tbo magazine lad
der. it was about fifteen minutes before he
reappeared on deck, but what a quarter
01 an noun it seemed an eternity
yet so short! Every one read in bis
neighbor's features the anguish of death
yet not one dared to whisper a syllable,
as if it might hasten the explosion. The
very beating of our pulses was audible,
and tho cold sweat trickled from every
brow, and yet how wonderful, how in
spiring it was to see the power of vigor
ous discipline, of re-pe.-t for law, and ot
the good example of superiors. Certain
death stared us all iu the face, yet even
one stood motionless at his post, hi
glance fixed immovably upon tbe man
who stood surrounded by his tried offi
cers, speaking trumpet 111 hand, ruling
us all with his eye.
Whilo every soul on deck looked mo
mently for the coming death tho face of
tne om gunner rose again above the
hatchway, beaming and happy. At the
first sight of his smiling, almost roguish
features, all faces Iot Uieir strained ex
pression, our breath came freer, our
hearts beats calmer, bnd tho mountain
was lit'ted from our breasts.
With haty steps tho gunner went up
to the commander and reported that he
had not only on accurate investigation
found the magazine in perfect order
except one open case of musket cartrtd
es but that neither on tho gunduck
nor the lower deck was there any trace
of powder smell. To avoid anything
like draught he had not got into the
magazine through the ordinary iron door
but standing outside, had "unscrewed
from the wall the great round refractor
lamp which light the magazine by night
and day, and crept in through the hole.
Tho cloud of powder smoke accordingly
was uuiiivu 10 iuc upper-ticca.
At this moment, goucpil calmness be
ing restored, the commander notice J ilw
Lieut. Von li was not on deck. An
inquiry after him was met by the officer
with dead silence, but.with slv smile!
from tho surroundlnrr'trewr The cabin
boy reported tho door from tho ward
room into the Lieutenants room locked
fast. Ucrsupon several officers went
down and knocked aid called at the d jur
uut without rep!-.
With prompt resolution they set tin
edge of a boarding axe in the joints and
bunt in the door. What a sad and ter
rible picture met their sight through tin
thick cloud at powdersmoko which tilled
the cabin, iiy the little nap table, on a
camn.stool, sat Lieut. Von ft , with
out co it or waiitcoat,hisahirt bosom open
ind sloves rolled up, pale and blacken
ed, with scorchod hands. At his fee
st'iod open the trap into the magazine,
on the flap table beside him was a wax
candle, and near this, as well as on the
hod, lay a lot of open pa'-ks ot rifle cart
The thing was clear at once.
The consequence of his terrible draugir
the poor fellow had gone crazy, and
fetching from the magazine some pack-.
ot loaded cartridges, nan been amusing
himielf with holding them by the bullei
end and netting them off at the caudle.
The smoke nad naturally drawn through
the metal roseite in the bull's eye on
deck, where tt had spread along the
blanks and produced the consternation
we have descriled. At tho sight of hi
comrades standing speechless with umaz
ment in the broken door Von ft
seemed to come partially to his senses,
and grasping with trembling hands at a
razor in his dressing case. Count Von
D , gueseJ his dreadful intention,
htistilj threw himelf upon him and
wrested it from him.
A lew months after the famous insane
asylum at B nuiibered one more ind
The GatAT Town or Enola.nd. The
population ot sevtiteen of the large-it
towns in England, Recording to the ten
sus ofl871,isas folows: lndon,3,25I
801; Liverpool, -03,346; Manchester,
355,661 ; Birminghmi, 343,696; Leed-,
359,201 ; Sheffeld. 139,917 ; Bristol, IS".',
524 ; Bradford, 14aS27; Newcastle, 12S
160; Salford, 12405; Hull, 121,598;
Portsmouth, 112.S4; Sunderland, 9?,;
385; Leicester, 95S4 ; Notinghatu,85,
608; Norwich. 80j90; and Wolvcramp
ton, 63,279 Malmg a total of 6,1SS,
233, against 5,293424 in 1S61, and4,
454,140 in 1851. Tie population of Lon
don in 1871, as gifcn above, is 3,251,801
against 2,803,939 h 1861, and 2,362,236
in 1851. The agregate population ot
the sixteen large lows next to i.onnoti
i 2,936,429 in 181, against 2,195,435 in
1861, and 2,091,94 in 1851.
Tue LTprza Mtsisstrn. The United
States Governmfil has for some time
nast been cniradl in dredins out the
channel of the Misissippi ; reports from ! with nothing to eat or drink, and h heo
that region stall that large boats will! tbe r wa ecned he was nwck he
hereafter pas nj from Dubuque to St. aU hard'v stand. He cvrtainly caru
Paul, Minnesota The channel has been ed his ride."
scrated out to aleptbot four feet all the - . - -
troublesome saAUrs, and large and Constantinople .. to b: wnneetesi
da-i-rerons snaji Lave ben removed, with the opposite Asiatic cu.t by a ril
At lied Bock bt, however, tbe channel'
takes an abruptiim, and et directly M tubes, under the water of the Bo
acrovs the riverind the difficulty in nav- phonis. Tbe tunnel 1, to be about I,
-..Hn n,i.tsturninirthe Iomr boats 200 feet long, ten feet in diamster in tbe
! without strikinf tbe point of the bars
t ... 1 m. 1 i. :. .
above ana teiof.inee ormacic, n 1
said, cannot behooved br means of the
Lelvoarpisert bo sincere aad with-
the compASnf roar ability. '
ia tberompASsf j
A ateaurkaMe Fas-llr."
Americans, like the grand old gar
dener and his wife," iu Tennyson's poem
"smile at the claims of long descent." It
makes but little difference among us,
generally speaking, whoa man's grand
father was, and in many cases, the less
said about the old gentleman by his re
spectable descendants, the better. Tal
ent, or even wealth, is seldom transmit
ted to the third generation. It seems to
be the rule that the descendants of great
men of tho revolutionary period have
less brains and even less money than
A writer in the Cincinnati Qazette
gives a very readable notice of a striking
exception to the rule we have mentioned
viz : tho Adams family of Qttincy, Ma-.s.
Tho first Adams, of this family, who as
pired to a position higher than that of
his forefathers, who were day laborers,
and who did not even possess the title
ot ".Mr." was Paokon Adams, ufQuincy.
Mass. lie sent his son John to Harvard
College, and in due time said John be
came a country lawyer, atid married
Abigail Smith, who was suppoied to be,
in a social point of v'etv, immetiicly
above her husband. The Revolution
breaking out, John Adams, attorney,
went into it with all his might, mind and
strength, and became a great public
character from 1774 till he quitted the
Presidential chair iu 1801, a period of
twenty-six years. He died on the saine
d.iy with Jefferson, July' 4th, 1826, jut
fifty years after the o'gning of the Declar
ation of Independence.
John Qiiiinv Adam-', the son of John
Adams, was a far more remarkable man
than his father, and was the most accom
plished scholar and slate-m-in who h.i
ever been President of the United Sato.
Ho became minister resident at the
Netherlands at the one of twenty seven ;
minister plenipotentiary to I'ortug-il a:
twenty-eight ; minister to Kuiia :it for
ty-four; .Secretary of State at fifty, and
President at fitly eight, lie retired to
Quiucy upon leaving the Presidential
chair, "but in 1811, ut the ago otMty
three, having been elected by his district
to represent them in C nre-s, he took
his seat in the House of Representatives,
of which he continued a member for
In Congress the old man distinguished
himself by his indomitable pluck. He
never, apparently, got tired, but with a
crust of hard, dry rye broad in his pocket
to satisfy hunger, woul 1 sit, and watch,
and finht aj antagonist for seventeen
huiira at a .tr.tch. His hittlu for the
right of petition was one of the most re
ui-irkablc struggles ever witnessed in
Congress a:id his appe trance before the
"npreine Court at tho iiio.of 74, after an
ibsencc of thirty years, to plead the
i-ausc of some poor negroes, was one ot
the most pathetic rccnes in our history.
This great man died as he lived, at the
lo.st of duty. Ou the 21st of February.
13-13, he had risen to address the speaker
when pir.ilysis seized him. Uttering
the words, " This is the last of earth ; 1
am content," he fell to tho flour. Two
days afterwards he died in tho Speaker's
Charles Francis Adams, the son of
John Qiuncy Ad ims, is now sixty-four
years of age. He is a man of learning,
e'pial in this respect, perhaps, to his illiis
trious father, ami tar his superior iti
those graces of manner which m ike men
popular, but he had the miefortune to t
born rich. Ho inherited a good cstat
.'rum bis father and married a daughter
of the late Peter C. Brooks, oflloston
who left a large estate. Edward Everett
married another daughter. Mr. Adam
was a cat.didate for Vice President on the
Tree Soil ticket in 1848,.and has always
acted with tho Republicans, though as li
.rows older is suspected of conservatism.
He made an honorable record aj Minis
ter to London, and has lately been se
lected as arbitrator al Genera 011 behalt
of our government.
Charles I'rancis Adams has three sons,
ill men of character. The eldest is John
Quincy Adams, who has for several years
been the candidate ot the Democratic
party for Governor of Massachusetts.
He is a lawyer, but does not practice,
ami resembles in appearance his great
grandfather, John Adams, the great fed
eralist. Charles Francis Adams, Jr., second on
of the late Minister, is one of the three
State commissji, ners of Railroad, at a
salary of $3,000 per annum. He is a
man of more off-handed ability than the
Vdamses unallyare apt to be, aid;would
lie set duu n in Loudon as a man of mark
from Clih-ao. rather thin a dweller al
the "huh." lie is best known at the
West as the author of the railroad arti
cles which appeared in the 1370 nmn
tier ot the Xortfi Amtncan Review. lit
is a Republican beyond any shadow oi a
The Vtiunsest son is Henry D rooks
A lams, lately elected editor of the .VorfA
Amman Renew, a quiet, studious man,
hut little known in general society.
Stealio a Ride. The Kansas citv
Journjl of Commrrce av : " Yesterday,
a man arrived over the Kansas Pacific
railroad, from Carson, in a car of wool.
He had wcrctcd himself in the car when
it was being loaded, to get a free ride.
When the car was loaded it w, locked
and -c.de-1, and could not be opened until
reaching its destination. The man wa
in the car tfcree days and two nights
J" iunn,ojnisung. aiieci iruou.
Hear, and to be placed tbirty'-six fesrt fee-
If-it- tk lf! ..ffl-.A r..fe in jif-der not
- --- -. --.-.,
to obsiract navigatian.
f Let your expense be ucb a to leave
nbalan.-einyoorjioeket licadjr aaoacjr
is a triwad la aveW.
Ike Coelie Tra4e.
According to a late Washington wMcial
Chief Justice Smale ot Hong Koas; baa
the effect of putting an end to tks cool
ie trade without the intervention of
treaties or legislation. The point came
up this way: A Chinese coolie was ar
rested for mutiny on the high seas, and
also for being concerned in the murder
of the captain and some of the crew of
the ship Novelle Penelope. Tho chief
justice, after an elaborate review of the
case, discharged the prisoner trom arrest
on tlie ground that the coolie trade is
really nothing but slave trade, and there
fore no better than piracy; consequent
ly is beymd tho pale of law, and the
man who r sisis it is no; guilty ot crime.
Whether this decision will be sustained,
should it be referred to legal tribunals
in Kngland, is, to nay the least, doubtful,
from tho fact that some of the British
colonies are deeply interest od in the traf
fic, und have taken measures to sneour
age and regulate it. Prom a report sub
mitted to the House of Lords in 1859,
we find that the sum expended on ac
count of immigration t" the -oIony of
British Guiana from 1S41 to 1859, was
el.230,775 largely nver half of which
was coolies. During tho period named,
13,532 of these were brought trom Cal
cutta, and 9,423 from Madras. To Ja
maica there were brought, from 1845 to
1S54, 4,551 coolies from India and 472
trom China. From 1843 to 1853 there
were sent from Calcutta to Trinadud U
631 too'ies, of A'hoiu 749 died on the
passage, and 111 were put to the hospi
tal immediately on arrival. From Mad
ras and China to Trinad-id during the
-ame period, were sent 3,107, of whom a
fair proportion diod en route. From
tho colony of Grenada. there were em
barked 777, of whom 132diedon tlru voy
.ige. From 1831 to 1S58, not less than
250,000 coolies wore forwarded to tbe
Mauritius, mid of these 35,000 died there
in a comparatively short time after
arrival. To what extent the business ie
carried 011 now we have no means ot
snowing, bill it is an indisputable fact
I tut while the philautn.pists nt Great
Britain were expending their virtuous
indignation in denouncing American sla
very, the government of Great l'ritnin
was deliberately aiding a system of hu
man bondage inconceivably worse. "The
horrors of the middle passage," about
which we have heard so much, were
eclipsed an hundred fold by the awful
ufferiniis oi these poor wretches carried
from their homes 111 India and China, to
lie in mid ocean, or perish miserably on
some unhealthy island or coast in the
iroiiics. .Mot unlrviiuentiy a third or
:i. ill" of those who sailed wjru dung from
the ship to feed the sharks before tlit
voyage was accomplished, and tho mis
ery endured by the survivors no pun can
Jescribc. It was always necessary to
keep them below, or watch llicui closely
while on deck, for if left alone they wore
sure to commit suicide by jumping over
board preferring easy death to a hor
rible life. Nor when they landed wa
their lot much improved. Had they
been slaves their masters would have
uad a pecuniary interest, if no other, in
their welfare; but being only laborers
working under contract, they were sub
jected to the most brutal treatment aud
lied by thcthousandi,unnoticcd, &nd un
It is quite time the infernal traffic was
broken up foruver, and the liold stand oi
cj4iief Justice Smtde, if it does not con
.utnniale that purpose at once, can hard
ly fail to bring it about ul an early day.
1 nil O saaasa a in-
Workers as4 Tklnkcrs.
Among tbo prevalent errors of the agi
is the idea that one class of jiersons muc
tie workers and another class thinkers
Vorking and thinking are regarded by
many as distinct it not antagonistic avo
cations. But the truth is, we apprchcou
just the reverse ot this. Drain exercist
and bodily activity must tiecrssarilv
work together to give cither its bighes,
and best condition. All history attest'
the fact that the hardest workers have
ever been the clostt thinkers. Indcexl
A'e doubt if the records of human great
n ess can produce a single example otauv
one achieving distinction in any of the
walks ot lite who was not active Uwlil)
as wcil as mentally.
We do not mean that hard and unre
milting toil at any particular kind ot
manual labor, that a monotonous routine
of mechanical or agricultural cmpluv
uieiit which shall lax th muscular svs
tem to the utmost improves the thinking
faculties, oris conducive to high menu.
development But we mean to say thai
active labor of some kind is essentia! to
give tone, vigor, availability and practi
cality to the intellectual powers.
10 shut a young roan nr a young wo
nan up in a -thool hou to tw educated
is to leach them to dream. To confine
them to the c-iosci or library witb the
view ot getting an education there is a
mistake. Libraries are necessary, cIoki
studies arc useful, and school boe1 arr
important, but all together will nuver
make a thinking ron. Combine tbc-tn
m itb free, active and varied bodily work.
and then tbe harmony and health of all
tbe function may be prterved and tbt
individual may become emiucci both a
a worker and a tbinktr.
Tboe jTMri who hate been placed
in whrft arc usaaiiy rrgarutsj a uie moat
cUom Income eminent. Tbe reason is
tbevbod nothing 10 call out their powers.
Their brains were stuffed but not devel
oped. To develop tbe: mind, to bring
out tbe latrnt energies, to give frce, and
point, and direction, aod originality 10
the mental power, opposition ! requir
ed, instead of having ali tbe pathway
of life smoothed befor, it It mot rawrt
with trials aad overcorao oppoaitiorj. It
at cat be IralrsvJ to get arosbtldiScaltM
and remove impedifuenta. It moat be
thrown often and vsrioaJv Uboo it own
reaoan.es and then it will soon kave re-
sourtssa. Tbst whole orjanlt-n saastvork
energetecicaily or IM bcaoa wits
fcw ta KaHr a OMrth.
v jossraisj a roLLaas.
When yon take possession of the pul
pit, be sure to remember the sacrifice yoa
have made, and compare tbo waters ot
A ban a and Pbarpar witb tbe Jordan,
which flow at your tsrt.
Ascertain Who are tbe wealthiest peo
ple in your congregation, and pay par
ticular court to lii cm, for ''riches have
wings'" and -yoa cannot afford to lose
anv of these magnates.
Find out all the net k point, among
your people, and bessre and dnvo vour
sharpest nails into their quivering tiesh.
Pour on the must.-rd .-Jid vinegar with
out one drop ot oil, and if tbe wretches
cannot stand it, why obey can vacate
their pews. Don't Se supriacd if they
Ieav9 after the first application of the
Be very personal, there is nothing like
locating your remarks; it prevents the
cap from getting on tbe wrens: head.
Refer frequently to the llounshing
vineyard you left ; it h.-vt tr.e same effect
as Mr. Thrasher's remarks to his second
wite, in regurd to his " late lamented."
They feel like giving you a returu ticket.
Ventilate your own private opinions,
and so in.preaa them upon your peoplo
that tbey wili be obliged to think as yoa
do ; or else be classed among tbe idiots
Keep an open grave very close to the
pulct, and when some newly bereaved
ones enter their pew, setdong for com
tort, strength, and toatolation, bring up
all the terror of death, tho horror of dis
solution, and uncertainty of all bevond,
until the shndowa of grief baag bsavy
ov er the place, aud the world sec m una
The soil must be well harrowed, and
this plowing up of tho emotions is essen
tial to your success.
If you should hear, through any good
friend, that some member of your con
gregation had spoken disparagingly of
you, lampoon him from the pulpit lin a
way thai shall distress evctybody.
fie vorv putroMting to tbe poor of the
church. Their feelings are of no account;
and you cannot ctford to draw uimn the
treasury of Heaven forthoae w;iogive
so little into your t'eistiry .
Besides, there iirotho crumbs.
Keep your own sorrows, your own
soul-expcriciucs, prominently before
the jieoplo; it will awaken sympathy
for you and prevent their encroach
ing on the pastoral cornfield. Their
own trouble will grow light by compar
ison, and you will Co saved tbu worry of
hearing all their complaints, and hsallns;
all their -wounds. Tbey ought uot to
expect much from their pastor.
Slake very few culls, and should you
nu'ot any of your purishnneri on tbe
iret, ct'ilcsa they are the crenu-dt-la-crtmt,
bo lost in thought and oblivious of
their approach, or, if taken unawares,
grant them merely a blnjht ncd of recog
nition. Follow out these uggeations, adding
to them such hints as you may gnlbor
trom your own, or other people exper
ience, and rest nssurred thai tuuieault
will exceed even your mot sanguine ex
pectations. la Keclnfowtaald'i" estrlstiaa af Ham.
Ambition docs not weary me. I fear
but few things, and I do not foar diialk
111 the least. 1 am but littlo given to pity,
na 1 could wiah 1 was i,.,t at all. Though
there is nothing 1 would not do to cum
lurt an atllicted (icrsori, and I really be
leve thai oho should do all one can to
diow great sympathy to him furhu mis
tortunr, tor miserable )cople arc o fool
ish thai this does them the u rvatetl good
n tho world; yet I also bold that
should bo content with txprcsefng sym
pathy, and carefully avoid having any.
it is a passion that! wholly worthless
u a well-regulated mind bich only
.erves to weaken tho heart, and bnb
should be left to ordinary croii, who,
t ther never do auythitii; from rmaon,
,iavc need ofpasaions to lUmutate their
action. I lore my triends; and I love
them to such an extent that 1 would nut
for a moment weigh my interest against
theirs. 1 condccctiii to thctn, I patien
tly endure their bad temper. But, also,
I do not make much of tbeir careaasja,
and I do not feel grs-ater aneseineas in
1 heir absence. Naturally I have but lit
tlo curiotitj- about the majority of things
that tir up curiosity iu olber aeu. I
am very secret, and ha lcsi dltBculty
than most men in holding my tODgaes
to what ! told me in coni deuce. 1 ass
inot particular ks to my word, and I
would ntvr fall, whalrer ssighl be tbe
csmaequence, to do what I have prom
sed; and I have made this an Inlcxible
law, during the wboe of Hie. IksstptA
moat panctillou ctviiiiy to uomM. I
Jo not believo I hare ever said anytataf
U-f.ire them which could causal IM
novbDce. When tbeir intellect (a calli-
vated, I prefer tbclr otr to tbat of
men ; one there find a 8ViIdflvo& doaa
not mt witb among uantitf, aoa u
scm to me beyond this that tbey ex
press tiiemlve3 with or aeatefwsa4
give more agreeable jsrn to thing tbey
,.1W .hoat. A for fljrtailon. I tofTkewrir
Indolged In a little, nfcw I taWJ do
more though I am still jcsbg. i aava
n-nOunsl all Sirtstoon, aad I aa sIsbp!'
i.Uifii!e-l there are atill so psaay --
r!e people who csa oct-wpy akir Uat
A citizen of New OrWaas trweMtlr
fluid jra of awoaia as a taouv fowwr
that be rUM taat tbvra Is a preUWity
ikt It mar awrrede korw power or.
.iNt TSltlrrekJa Tka fct of A S,
amlniag tosBBiittwa, hmini by (,
llssaaraswd. aptvovs. of tW iortw
! wa.-B.w aa- -ss. w - - w - .,
ia terms wbki an
an ttM U-l4uii w ajj
TU aaa,TrJaaL noaaAfle Oti tb aVOf
,.r iV. tmt.tim ta Kiiaait, wbo UtG
ttU-ly by ti! aad kBf,t,ll
ated wara tormmny rv-'Y'"
k... J- i.arlr aLaasjvaaaaai im PaSV
mm'w .w.- a, ;u .v
Wr, aad it Itmwm aw w wa
Jieutenaav cuaunuiuiraua or a trap ana
icr'i'Uilia a (rW4ir. rrMlHra
- 11 im Mini
now. 1 . .