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SAUNA, KANSAS, THUSDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1871.
SALINE COUNTY JOURNAL
IS PUBLISHED EVERT THUBSDAT, AT
OFFICE. Xo. (V) Santa Fe-Avrmie, nmrly oriwite
I he Keal Matc office of MaJ. Joun W. BtKXi
TEKMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One CodT". one Vf ar.
Oue Copy, u months,..!
One Cop , three months,.
... s: oo
IIVekk. 1 Month. 3MtH. 6SI0-1. ITbae.
I square,.... ft 00 S3 00 (IS 00 IT 00 U 00
2raarrs,... oo 400 700 WOO 13 00
isquajva,... 3 08 600 1000 MOO SOU)
Isqaarrg,... 400 7 00 MOO WOO 2500
column,... 8 00 It BO SOW 00 SOOO
column,... Ii 00 2000 00 SOOO MOO
lcolnmn,... a3 uoo SOOO SOOO liOOO
Xin linea or Irad ofXonnareil tyr constitute square.
Iloujilr column and all ndrtif menu ont of the uual
..IS wyl n charge4 flm-m ir cent, above rates.
ltillsfur regular alierti!ng mil be collected quar
'rl y. Wln-re for a less lieriod titan three months pay
meat in advance will be required.
Ilegular adrertUtroratti U1 be entitled to be changed
once 10 three month without additional cost.
l-egular adrcrtiseis will le cliargwl fifteen cents per
"he lor local notices aJ all others twenty cents per
iddrtsa nil eonnnuriicatioa to
A TVORNE YS AT LA W.
-VT LAW, Salina, Kanus.
SMEAD A. HODCKINSON,
ATTOISNEYS AT LAW, Salina, Kan-n?.
F. A. . S. A. WILDMAN,
ATTORNEYS. JIT LAW. Office, So. W Seventh St.,
J. C. MOHLER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW. Office on Iron Ave.,
the )mneicc, f-alinj, Kansas.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, salina, Kansas. Particular
iiU.ulicn j.itt-n to land contests and any business tn U.
S. 1.2nd oitice.
vATlORSEVS AT LAW., No. '.10 Sauta Fe Ate., Sa
.. .,iinj:. c. I. IIIIXEII.
A HORSEY AT LAW. Salina, Klns-u. Will attrtll
the mijoinin countK-s
ATHilSKEV AXII OUXsELOU AT LW. G.ivtrn
mtul Clj'ianl l.aii'1 olicitor. OHicc over Lihle &
IMti' Harms Store.
VTIORVEV AXII LOUXELOR AT LAW. Office in
Comiu IltMiihn?. Minneujiolis, Kaunas. Will iiractiv
In becutiiMnvi Dickinson, saline, (matraanil Cloud.
JOHN W. BERKS,
XOTAItY l'UltLIC. OSice at the Ontral.Kanw Land
Aar&cg, . - v
REAL ESTATE AGENT.
WELT M. DURHAM,
HEAL ESTATE AXD INSURANCE AUEXT, Salina,
J. W. CROWLEY, M. D.,
LVlKUIH!KON'7i MO VOL. UAV ) Office, Xo.
LI r.ijrhtSt., vilina, Kansas
IIOMEOI'-YIIIIU rilY-ICI VX AXII MJRGEOX.
flee No fl h "t., Salina, Kamw.
J. W. DAILY, M. D.,
il', K.1U.-U, lnsjul receivetla complete cl-e
nr llciit -I sorclcil In-Iru:nnts and is iHTjnrrd lo ex-
nctr.il Unl of i-etli.
DR. R. E. NICKLES,
OJiccNn M'NinuIVAirnur, (upstair.).
D. W. POWERS it CO.,
RAXKKU" Kxeiumr soM on all princliial cities of Ihe
L'niteil state and LnritK 01IkUui made. Interest
allowctl on ilpal. llauLing Ilium-on Iron Aiiime.
p roam. j. w. ritns.
ii. 11. iiw ta. . LCimr.iu".
tl J. LAY, ITonuKTOR Onrges moderate,
of atitt IV anJ Iron Avenues.
.I W TllOM.JToriUETOK Good btable and pood ac-
conim-xtatlons.'-Mfniic3po:U, Ottawa county, Kan
i:. A. bKIVXUU, rrorjafcTOK Comer Xtw IIam-
shire and Hackney Mrtt, U'STvncr, Kansas.
CAKI'KNI EK, liriLDKUAXIlCOXlU VCTOU. Slwp
,,. -iie KOerhardi'siumieryant
W VGOX MAKING -VXD KLl'AIKING done in firt
ri s. s j 1 ; v&hnp In rear of xiiz's III ug Morer
NORTON & CONRAD,
CrtVrnACTOIBAXIHIL'II.WElH. Xo. lii. Eighth
.."alinv IJme, tjr building purposes, Tor aale.
J. I .NU3TON'. J. l. M. COMUI).
W. B. SCHOLL,
BLACKSMITII. Shia, KearorXo. KBSanUVeAv-
O.ll.. !.. J 1. IT .. 1 I nt I M.H.I . ...1 .. .
(Hr, ..urn.. iw .. . - . . ..."v.j . ..-
pins will flnd good material. killfl -woramen ahd low
prices. All kimls of Urpairiuc eiecuUl promptly an.1
tisl-ctioa guaranieen. ineoest inn scou coil ai
vnVi on hind and (Or sale at a amall advance.
THE LOK TAIt SALOON.
K USY rtOHAX, PKOFKKToa. Itilliards and
qiiors. llrookville, Kansas
HLKHOKN IMLLIAItn SALOON.
O. TRl'EY rO., l'romiETOc. Xew BiUiard Ta-
K. T. .WATJMW,
unr i.IEIMI RETAIL DEALER IXGKOCEU-
i- . . .11111., l'roikn. Etc., Xo. vi sanla Ke
1. n. ciiarMAV.
J. 11. Ginsox.
Chapman & Gibson,
Hi) UsE, SIGN & CABMAGE
Glazing and raper-oangm done with neatness and dis-
!. - .It, tan . a rt
rVSaCil LV(, UVU AiriUC WIU Cra)at4jv..-f --..
EVKT ONE IS SUITED!!.!
Tlie Pacific House
Is complete, beilg entirely new and well furnished with
coot rooms. It is located nearly opposite the county
boUdings, where good board can be obtained at all times
with or without rooms, bausuctioa guaranteed.
JKVVatlHH MSTSWilT, rraaitolan.1
FBOMerB IEIAS CeEK8M3fBaT.
Wise ConuTT, Texas, Aug.,22d 1871
tv. the Eibtors ol Tui &U4K Coociy Jocs-tai..
Sirs : In compliance with your ro
qucst that I should write a communica
tion for your paper descriptive of this
Rcction of Texas, the manners and cus
toms of the people, the nature of the
country and its chief resources, I now set
about the tasK. xnougu n van ua.uy
ii ..viMf ted that I can treat of these
matters in full as the" subject is too ex
tensive in its nature to bo cmbodiod in
a single letter, yet 1 hope to be able to
scan them over in a manner interesting
to vour readers.
Starting then with the first item, the
people, in their manners and customs, I
should say that .they are totally unlike
the Fategonians, who arc said to be with
out manners ana addicted to horrid cus
toms. In fact I find the people here very
much like those of other States. The
men here as elsewhere make love to tho
women, which conduct as usual is dis-
tastful to the female sex. 'Tis truo the
girls wear ornaments and strive to ren
der themselves attractive, but this is only
to please their mothers. Some of the
men are said to be fond of money. One
can meet with plenty of rogues and ras
cals, here, but also thcro can be found
men of the highest stamp of honor and
integrity. The most marked difference
between Texas and other States is in the
subject of popular education. In this re
spect Texas is far behind her sister States.
It is not unfrcqucntly that ono meets
hero with a man worth a hundred thou
sand dollars in property, who cannot
write a sentence in English grammatical
ly. Cattle being the principal wealth of
tho country, boys hero learn to ride, and
read cattle brands boforo they have
learned the alphabet. But this state of
things will disappear with the introduc
tion of railroads. In fact, a great deal
has been done in the last few years to
ward the introduction of schools. One
important ohango for the better has taken
place within the last year. That is
brought about by a law, enacted by the
.Legislature at its last session, prohibit
ing tho carrying of deadly weapons; ex
cepting in the frontier counties. Form
erly ovcrj- man used to carry a revolver
ana bowio knile on Ins person, and tho
appearance presented by a crowd of poo
plo "armed to the teeth," without anv
apparent cause, was calculated to shock
the sensibilities of one from the midstof
civilization and refinement. On the
frontier where one is likclr to meet with
hostilo Indians, it would bo foolish to go
unprepared. Uut thcro is no reason for
carrying weapons in tho interior conn
ties of tho State, and tho people certainly
present a more civilized appearance with
But whatever maybo wanting in polish
f manners in the Tcxans, they make up
r . I. - .!....: ; ' - ,T ?..i!
ir muiii-iii-ii-iicy, i ii genuine iiosjiiuuiiy,
which trait of character seems to disap
pear with tho inarch of civilization. No
better illustration, can be given of this
virtue in its native grandeur than in the
anecdote often told in this country of a
Toxas ranchero sitting in front of his
house, said house composed of picket
wall, elap-loard root, anil grounu floor.
A traveler rules up, on horseback.
Texan. "Stake'outyour horse, stran-
gor. The strange docs so, then conies
up to the cabin.
Texan. "Yer'llfind some corn bread
and meat, in that skillet, holn ycrself."
Ho pitches in and cats his supper.
Texan. " Beckon yer must be tired,
ifj-cr want to Ho down, jost spread down
that 'ere raw-hide and turn in and rough
it over thcro in tho corner."
In northern Texas, as in tho middle
and southern portions of the State agrcat
amount of attention is paid to stock rais
ing. This business has gencrallj- bcon
considered the chief source of income to
Tho cattle arc branded by tho owner,
when calves, and turned loose upon the
prairio. Beared in this way they aro
ollon as wild as the game. Tho princi
pal labor connected with the business
consists in what is here termed "cow-
hunting." Tho owner of a large stock
of cattlo will keep in his employ from ten
to twenty cow-boys, who may bo said to
live in the saddle. Thoir business is to
hunt the range, gather tho calves and
brand them, and to gather beeves for tho
purpose of sale, or driving to a foreign
As a matter of necessity, a great many
calves grow to bo yearlings without be
ing branded, and when they are weaned
and quit following tho cows, it is impos
sible to tell who is tho owner. It has
thereby becomo the custom for all stock
raisers to turn out in tho winter season
for the purpose of "conscripting," that
is branding yearlings. Ono can then
brand in his own brand all the unbrand
ed yearlings which he gathers. A brand
ing scene is an interesting ono; a fighting
yearling will sometimes mako it lively
lor the hands.
The cattle of this section are of a. su
perior grade to those raised the more
southern parts of tho Sstatc. It may be
said to bean intermediate grado between
tho thorough bred or Durham stock and
and the Spanish stock of the Gulf coast,
(boves long horns.) I should advise
any ono desiring to purchase beeves for
n.!nl.J- : IT. . 1-. 1
......mil; hi xvaiisM u mane nts pur
chase in this section of the State.
The difference in Texas between the
price of Bed river cattlo and Spanish cat
tlo is from two to three dollars, whereas,
d when wintered over in Kansas and ship
, tho margin is from twenty to thirty
lars in favor of Bod river beeves.
One great draw-back to the stockmen
of this country, and in fact, to the ad
vancement of tho whole section of Texas
frontier, is tho Indian troubles. It is im
possible for ono to manage wild cattlo
without a large number of horses, and
when the Indians Btcal these, he is ob
liged to buy again at once, in order to
keep his hands on the move and treanen.
tly tho Indians will steal htm out again
as soon as. bo gets "a remounL" One
large stock raiser on the Braxoa,(Mr.
Rivers,), has lost in this manner about
fifteen thousand dollars, worth of horses,
in the last eighteen months. This is not
the worst feature of their depredations.
They have broken up many settlements,
and couynitted many horrible "outrages
in the last five years. In the fall of 1868
a large force of Indians made a raid into
this country, murdered several families
and drove off about five hundred head of
horses. They came very near depopu
lating the country as the settlers started
on a general stamped, leaving every thing
behind them. 1 was connected with the
U. S. Army, at that time, and on a scont
up Denton creek I passed several aban
doned farms, where tho owners had ap
parently been- in very comfortable cir
cumstances. Tho crop were gathered
into tho cribs, calves in tho pen, chick
ens and everything else which goes to
mako up a well stocked farm were in
abundance, everything was left behind
and tho owners fled. Starvation was be
fore them, and Indians threatening from
behind. As if to add to the aggravation
of the case as much as possible these
same Indians have been fed and other
wise cared for at Fort Sill, by tho U. S.
Tho raids into this part of tho frontier
have been made principally by the Kiowa
Indians. In September, 1869, 1 went to
Fort Sill, in company with some citizens
of this part of the State, for the purposo
of trying torccover somo stolen horses.
Gen. Gncrson was then in command of
that ost, and is yet. Ho at first prom
ised fairly enough, but when a horse was
identified by ono of our party, and proven
oy, a disinterested person, the owners
brand found on the horse and other items
to establish ownership, then Grierson
could not compel tho Indian to givo up
ino norse, wo came to the conclusion that
instead of having the Indians under con
trol he was actually afraid of them.
I was somewhat surprised to learn
from the interpreters that General Philip
Sheridan liad yielded to the Jviowas,
in the matter of the surrender of the
Texas horses. Ho was at that time a
Major General, expecting promotion to
the rank of Lieutenant General, and he
did not dare conipromio hisptospects,
and bravo the Indian ring by an act ot
simple justice toward a lew Texas Iron
Frequently sin to tho establishment of
tho post ot rortbill, ransoms have been
paid to tho Kiowas by their agent for
women and children carried into captivi
ty trom Texas, thus placing a bid and a
premium upon thoir rascality. Xiastj'car
seven hundred dollars were paid lor tho
ransom of women taken from the town
of Henrietta, and when the money was
paitHhe chief remarked "me go to Texas,
But it seems as though the Indians
have met with a chcck'at last. General
Sherman paid a visit to this country du
ring the spring and while at Fort Rich
ardson, tho Kiowas, about one hundred
and fifty in number, headed by their
Chici'Sataiitcc, attacked a train of wag
gons about twenty mile- lrom thep ost,
murdered seven men and took oil foity
mules. Gen. Sherman visited tho scene
of the massacre and tlion wont to Fort
Sill, where he arrived at about tho same
time the Indians did.
As it has turned out, this occurrence,
hard as it was upon the suliorers, was
about tho best possible event, for this
lronticr, mat could have happened, den.
Sherman being the Goneral-iii-chiel of the
army and lucked by his military ropu.n
tion, w:ls perhaps tho only man in the
nation capable of grappling successfully
with the Indian ring; but above all ho
is a man of an independent mind and am
bitious to uso his high position for a good
It had been the custom of the Indians
on returning from their raids into Texas,
to come into the reservation and boat
of their murders even to Gen. Grierson,
exhibiting in corroboration of their state
ments the scalps they had taken often
women's hair. At the same time Grier
son was making tho most extraordinary
statements in his official reports in re
gard to tho peaceable deportment of these
same Indians. As usual these Indians
came to Fort Sill and commenced to
boast of their achievements, whereupon
Gen. Sherman ordered tho arrest ol all
tho chiefs, connected with the cxpidition
to be sent to Texas, and turned over t3
the civil authorities for trial ior murder.
There were seven chiefs in the party,
three were arrested. Satantec, and his
son Satanic, and Big Tree. While en
route to Texas, Satntik who wa in a
wagon with two soldier guards, slipped
his handcuffs and attacked his guards
with a knife, wounding ono of them in
the leg. lie was killod by the other
guards, who shot him fifteen times. The
other two were taken to Jacksboro, tried
and sentenced to bo hung on tho first day
of September, 1S71.
Since this arrest was made there have
been no raids made into Texas by tho
Kiowas, and from the present appearance
ol things, l think that ticn. Onerson,
may hereafter trvthfnlly report the Kio
was as quiet.
1 have now shown how much Texas
has suffered through the imbecility and
mismanagement ot Gen. Grierson, and
what a great advantage to the frontier
it would be to have an able otlicur in
command at Fort Sill, but the State ha
been equally unfortunate in tho officer
who commands tho Licparuncnt ot lex
as, Gen. J.J. Reynolds.
This officer has enjoyed the command
of tho State ever since Gen. Griffin died
in the fall of 1867, with only a short in
UTTtgium, yei he has not once in nearly
four years 'reign paid so much attention
to the frontiers as to visit his outposts.
For a long period the reconstruction
laws had the monoplyjof his time, but
for more than a year the civil aathority
has passed out of his hands. The ques
tion then arises,what w it that keeps him
from achieving a military renown upon
the frontiers? I have .been credibly in
formed that it is the army contractors,
and that bm time is bow as completely
monopolized in Jhumnerhtf with them,
as it formerly was by tho acts of Con
gress. If such is really the case, ono
must not judge him too severely. If it
is true that he is now living in Sau An
tonio in a fine manMon, the gift of an
army contractor, revelling injsplendor,
and" enjoying all the luxuries which
money and a corrupt 1 should s.13- ob
liging" Quartermaster, can prove. Why
should he trouble himself in reg?rd to
the-sufferings of the bleeding frontier?
And as ho is an ambitious man, it may
be that be is an aspirant for presidential
honor, and in practicing recqttions, is
only trying to perfect himself in the form
of deportment peculiar to that higli office.
A friend of mine has suggested that if
he were called upon to improvise a motto
for the Presidential coat-of-arms, ho
would only take the first words of an or
dinary conveyance. "Know all men by
these presents." It is vcll to do things
in a magnificent scale, even in tho way
of receiving prvents ; it charm-, tho :ul
miration,but thus far it has notterqed to
stop Indian raids.
thc"whito men would get
theadvantaguofthclndiun. Olo method
ot baiting for Indians wo to stake out a
horse during the full moon and two or
three white men hide near him with shot
guns. In tho night tho Indians slipping
about to steal houses, sees this horso and
coming up to him suddenly finds him
The success of ono of tlicso experi
ments inspired a dog-latin poet to get oil;
tho following effusions :
Iadianns fn the woods
Intentus lie on white man's goods,
While man eee him mulis,
"-urfeJiii," dixit he, "Iituis"
Tuir Hie lakes h.irse. aud states lilm
In loco wtu'Ve a shot-gun rakes him,
Injun ovei Hit Lam sdente,
(.Vl the luck-?hot si im iu ventre,
1 unc LirLs the bticVet.
The ti;ul nou c?:I.-c,
Seili.ulem I k.ww ibis liiou,J.:
He never stole n.nn.
Cum inemitiiscilur n ancient Vlns
Qui unus poet once did einr.
lie n:Vir .m again,
Iujuns o-mes nunc 1 el ly,
Auns Ure rd ill 111,
And Inteii V) my p.-ic!:iniitioa:
smut ult on.-sc-i'p'oliw,
Juit t..iy upju jour re-irvtt Ion.
For if! Tes.' venunt
Wninr, eslres com ujrcluit,
AIM viri 'II tiy lo chid, 'tin,
LI i ill pnrlo Jon arc t.mk.
Am. rim vtsiitmihey will cook,
Lt fi-jngire niclum.
Passing from the Indian difficulties to
tho nature of the country, I can find no
better means of describing its general
appearance than by comparing it to Kan
sas lt lias, tuc same roiling Droi;en
prairies, but an abundance of timber in
the bottoms. From Red river, which is
tho northern boundary line of the State
for about two hundred miles, there ex
tends southward to the Brazos river, a
belt of timber known as tho "cross tim
bers." This belt is of an averago width
of about twenty miles. Tho timber on
the uplands is principally scrub-oaK or
black-jack, but in tho bottoms", the wal
nut, pecan, Spanish oak. burr oak, elm
and ash are to be socn in surpeihitive
grandeur. The bur oak is a very hard
wood ami when seasoned a nail can with
difficulty be driven into it. The .Spanish
oak is the most compact, .firm, and dur
able timber in the country. 'Hie pecan
is a magnificent growth, it resembles the
hickory tree, but the lhnbs are larger,
and extending out somo distance from
the main trunk they form a Ifnc shade
when the tree is 111 foliage. -o pine
grow" in this part of the aute, though
ihnronru lariro nine forests in Eastern
Texas, and pine lumber is delivered here
at from three to five dollars per hundred
There is an abundance of gamo in the
cross timbers, such as wild turkeys, ot
which there arc countless thousand, deer
and antelonc of which I have often seen
from twenty to thirty in alien), and alo
nlentv of bear, panther and wild .cat.
The buffalo come into Texas in Winter
and migrate northward on the approach
of warm weather.
The land in the cross timbers is of a
light, sandy appearance, but very pro
ductive, eiiuallv as good as the best Kan
sas lands. The principal streams pass-
m-' through the upper or northern cnu
of the cross timbers are Sandy and West
Fork of Trinity.
The crons this year arc a failure on
account otthe severe drouth ; there has
been no rain here for nearly ninety daj,
and everything even to the grass seems
to lie scorched and burnt up.
The climato here is much warmer than
in Kansas, being in a latitude about six
degrees further south than Salina. This
has the effect of producing earlier crops
and a more luxuriant growth o: vegeta
tion ot all kinds. But one does not suf
fer so much with heat as in Kansas, as
tho Gulf breeze prevails hero in the sum
mcr, blowing generally from 3 o'clock
I'.J-l. until midnight
Besides the fine climate fine, soil and
fine timber, this part of the State has
great mineral resource. On tho upper
Brazos is a anc coal region. hen the
troops wero stationed at Fort Belknap,
Young count-, they Used to get their
coal from the" out-croppings. Wagon
trains sometimes go to these regions
from the distance ol one hundred miles
and load with a first-rate article ol bitu
minous coal. Xo effort is made to sink
shafts. r.Vn abundance is obtained from
On the Wichita river there are fine
copper and silver Iead. Prof. Rc?ler,
Office, visited these copper leads last year
and pronounced the ore as fine as any tn
the United States for smelting. His party
werc attacked by Indians, and be would
have been "gobbled but
.escort of soldiers from Fort Ricbardjon.
Two of his party were killed.
This spring there was a" prospecting
party or Tcxans who went to tno same
countrr to prefect for silver. They
struck the lead aad broaght away some
of the ore which when smelted yielded
a largo percentage of metal. I am afraid
to mention the percentage yield for fear
that yoxr reader might thiok law ex
aggerating. This party was also attack
ed by Indians, and one killed, the rest
escaping by hard running.
Jn Hopkins and Lampasas counties,
there are fine sulphur springs, which
places Will some day becoiio famous
In this county (Wise) there aro salt
licks as fine as any in tho world. In the
south-west part o'f tho comity is what is
called the Salt Lake, where salt was
manufactured during the late civil war.
Within a quarter of a milo from .where
I am writing there is a very fine salt
lick. Wild animals frequent" these pla
ces. Deer and domestic cattle go there
for the salt, while the wolves, panthers
and wild-cats watch the licks to prcytq
011 them. A good way to kill deer is to
watch the licks from a scaffold built in a
tree. I passed a 11 ght once upon a scaf
fold once built in this manner. It was
then 1 first learned to appreciate the
term, " howling wilderness." An Eng
lish f-ockiiey could make no mistake in
describing the noise, for I heard both
01m and tiOicls that night.
This, dear sirs about completes mv
description of this State. To those who
desire filrther information my advice is
u visil me oitne aim sec ior llieiliseives.
Very trulv your obM't serv't,
A StartHus Exp-oscre.
Tho particulars of tho wreck of tho
ship Golden Rule, oh tho J0th of .May,
1865, while on her way from Xew York
to Greytown, are too well remembered
to bo repeated. Since that circumstan
ces havo transpired tending toshow that
the vessel was puqioscly run 011 shore
to cover up the robbery of a largo amount
of U. S. treasure which was on board,
and for upwards of two years tho dete"c
tivcs worked diligently looking np the
facts, and havo made reports from time
to time to the Treasury Department.
These reports hao been examined by a
member of the New York Sun editorial
stuff, and some interesting and startling
facts have been brought to light.
.the united states treasure on board
the Golden Rule was in an iron safe e.v
asod in a wooden bo:: made of pine
boards an inch and a half in thickness,
tiul consisted ol ono million dollars in
greenbacks, 5161,850 in 7.30 Trotwurj-
notes, andS.JOO 111 coupon bonds, making
a total ot 51,102,150. The safe was in
trusted to the caroof liuftis Lcighton and
ictor hinith, special agents of tho De
partment, ana they were instructed not
to leave the safe alone until they deliver
ed it to the Assistant Treasurer at San
Francisco.- Notwithstanding-the inten
tion of the Government lo keep tho fact
that the treasure was on boai d n secret, by
some 'iieaus one man got s'-ent of the
treasure, who said ho was going out in
the Golden Rnle on Governtmoiit busi
ness. Hardly had thcshipstartodon her
voyage when ono of the pasiongers, out
of the G;0 who went out in hor, named
Montgomery Gibbt, was seen lo be on
terms of intimacy with the captain, whose
name was Dennis. Gibbs had a chum
by the name of Walker, and tho above
three were on unusually good terms,
which is strange, as tho captain testifies
ho had never scon Gibb.still he came on
board the vessel just before she left the
This Gibbs is summed up as follows by
tho S'J.n : "So it stfcnis that Montgom
ery Gibbs, the sinoolhcd-fiiccd, full-chcstr
ed, clerical looking man, above medium
height, straight hair combed back over
his cars who repeatedly inquired at
Mr. Carringtoii's office it Victor Smith
was going out in th Golden Rule ; who
followed tho safe containing the. treasure
on board; who pretended to bo in the
omploj-mcnt of tho Treasury Depart
ment, but whom the Treasury Depart
ment then knew nothing about; who
was very thick with Walker, tho hanl
ease, who slolo on board tho ship as she
wjif leaving ..uw l orii ; who iiumciiu
tcly became Captain Dennis's most inti
mate and beloved companion, and told
:mn nlKiut tho trcasnro being on board,
and who was looked upon with aversion
bv Victor Smith, one of tho agents in
cnargc of tho treasure took passage on
the Golden Rale, under nil assumed
From the testimony of the snrvtving
passengers of the Goldeti Rule and from
facts brought to light by the detectives
there is no doubt whatever that the ves
sel was run on to IJoncador reef on par.
pose to cover uji the robbery of tho sale
by tho threo indi.iduals mentioned
above. When the passengers were res
cued lrom the reel by U. a. men-of-war
a long time after the wreck, Victor
Smith ; otic of tho agents in charge of
the safe reftucd to leave the spot until he
ascertained fo-a certainty thatthe funds
This heroic man slaved alone on the
reef two weeks before tie wreckers came
to help him hunt, up the .safe containing
tho treasure On June 2Gth they found
a bundle of 7-30 notes, amounting in all
to?160,330. This bundle contained f7
pacKagcs ot notes, made payable to a
many different pron and firms in San
Francisco. From a package numbered
1,057, payable to David Ilayn, and orig
inally containing 10,000, three notes of
of 25bQ each had been abstracted, and
the whole bundle .smelt stronglr of bilge
water. ThU showed that it had emerged
from tho safr and been manipulated be
fore the ship went to pieces, and had
lxn long enough in the hold to become
saturated with'bilge water. The safe
was finally found, broken open, and
empty. hen it was broken open, or by
whom, it was of rore impotsible to
The Maine papers y that the daa-
. 1 .
dtstnets almost tic cnUre grain crop i
. , .
age done by the gras.-botmerj ia tLall: 'ln gratcfalrcjceabracwofafcair
Stale. this "vear. watt be estimated by crown pie that ? kind trsajrrUc-i
millions r.f 'dollar. In some exteaire "" '"' bttnat girl ovrrtO
The ex-Erapcror Xapoleon tas scat;tyitretarncsl tohi-a.
his iKirtrait. with his aatosrrsnh. to cve-i - '
ry deputy who voted against the dedu -
cxtc in Xatiooal Asaessblr at Bonfeaax.
AX E.VGLXSU ST0HT.
"Pleae, sir, will you bay my chest-
"Chestnuts! Xo." returned Italnh
Moore, looking carclessh- down on the
upturned face, whoso largo brown eves,
shadowed by tangled carls of flaxen lia.r
were appealing o pitifully to his own.
"What do I want with e-iesttiutsT"
"But, please, nir, bin 'cm," pleaded
the little one, reassured by the rojgh
kindness of his tone. "Xobody seems
to care for them, and and "
She fairly buna into tears, and Moore,
who had been on the point of brushing
careless "past her, stopped instinctvely.
"Aro von very much, in want of the
money ! "
"Indeed, sir, wo arc," sobbed the
child ; " mother cnt me out, and
"Xay, little one, don't cry in uch a
hcart-brokea wav," Mild Ralph, smooth
ing down her hair with at atvless gentle
ness. " I don't waut your chestnuts, but
here's half-n-crown for yon, if that will
do you any good."
llo did not stop to hear the delighted,
incoherent thanks the child poured out
through a rainliow of smiles and tears,
but strodo on his way, muttering be
tween his teeth, " That" cuts off mv sti
ply of cigars for tho" next week. I don't
caro, though; the brown-eyed object
realh- did cry as it she hadn't a friend in
the world. Hang it 1 1 wish I was rich
enough to help every poor creature out
of tho slough ol despond."
While Ralph Mooro was indulging in
these very iKitural reflections, tho dark-eyed-
little damsel whom ho had comfort-
pd was (hashing down the street, with
clastic footstep4, utterly rognrd-
tho l):is!(sWt unsold nuts that
still dangled on her arm. Down an ob
scure lane she darted, between ruinous
rows ol houses, and up a narrow wooden
staircase, to a room whore a pale, neat
looking woman with largo brown eyes
like her own, was sowing as busily as if
tho breath of life depended ou'everv
stitch, and two little ones were content
edly playing in the -.unshino that torn
poranly supplied tho place of fire.
"Maryl back already? Surely yon
have not sold your chestnuts so on? "
" Oh 1 mother, mother, pee ! " ejacula
ted the almost breathless child. "A gen
tleman gave mo a whole half-crown.
Only think mother, a whole half-crown."
it italph Mooro could only have scon
the ranturo which his hall-crown gif
diffused around it in tho poor widows
poverty-stricken home, he would hav
regarded still lees tho temporary priva
tion of a cigar to which his geucrosi'.y
had subjected him.
i cars came and wont. The little chest
nut girl jrawed as entirely out of Ralph
Mooi 's memory as if pleading eyes had
ne-er touched the soft part of his heart -.
but Man- I,e never forgot the stranger
who had given her the hall-rown
I lie crnnson window-curtains were
closely draw n, to shut out tho Morm and
tempest of the bloak December night;
tho lire ui glowing choorily in thcjwell-
nueu grate, aim tno iimncr-iaiuc, in n
glitter with cut gin4, rare china, and
polished silver, was only waiting lor the
presence of Mr. Audley."
"What can it be that detain papa!"
said Mrs. Audley, n fair, Imndsomn ma
tron of about thirty, as she gl'inced at
the dial of a tiny enainhd watch. ''Six
o'clock, and he dot s not make his np
penrance." " J here a a man with hirp m the study
. . I ... - W 1l -
mamma, come on business, " citd Rolert
Audloy, a pretty boy cloven yonts old,
who was reading by the lire.
"I'll call him again," Kihl M rs. A udley,
stepping to tho door.
But as slio opetied it, the brillintit gas
light in the hall fell full on tlw faco of an
humble looking maiiin worn and thread
bare garments, who was leaving the
house, while her husband stood In the
doorway of hi tndy, apparently re
lieved to be rid of hi visitor.
"Charles," said Mr. A ad ley, wfio
cheek had paled ami flushed, "who Ja
that man, and what dors he wnnlf"
"His name is 3Ioorc, I bellevi, and he
came U) see if I would bestow upon him
that vacant clerkship in the bank."
"And will job?"
" I don't know, Mary; I rsust think
" Charles, give him the ita-itiot"
"Why, my love I"
"Recaue I ask it ol you as a favor, and
you have said a thousand time yor.
would never deny me anything."
"And I will keep my work, Mary,"
said tho noblc-bcartcd husband, with an
affectionate fcws. " I'll write the fellow
a note this very evening. I l-cliercl'rc
got his addrvs al-ont me, wimewrHrre."
An hour later, when .Bobbie, Fran 5:
and Eugene were snagly tnekod i:i bed,
in the spadoon mir-wry ap Uirx, Mrs.
Audley tokl her husband why i.be was o
interusted in the fate of a man whom ?
had notf-een for twenty year.
"That's right, my little wife," replied
her hasbaad, Aadlng her foldly to hi
brcAst, when U Siap"eiarf waaeoodnd
cd. " Xvr hr-gct one who wjmi Vnd
to yo in the . -ys whn yo needed
kinJi.js-rj.t. Ralph Moore wa it-
ung in bis poor wjriiig ih-wuo m- aj.
ing wife a mck ixJ, woen a iivenea ser
vant broaghi note from the rich baakcr,
Mr. Charles Aadiey.
" Good nets-, Bertha, lie exdairaed,
as he read the brief word. " We ahall
not xiarTL ; Mr Aadley prowisc rae the
vacant a: AMioft.
Yoa tiavc drorriiod something frocj
e letter,Italph, ail Mri. Jloore, poll
Snc tn a Kt. cf natr on thi",or.
iwn stooned to recover tbeertray,
j It was a City poawl ncte, ccaUy folded j
" a J VTrt oa f ttJ " '
J",p"' ... .. . , J
. " i. .. -.-r,.-.-w. ,
i trea4 npon tie vatenf al slur najy
1. The doers of the bcaotlfsl depends tp-
' oa the dors et the serricieab!
TTcH Bow, Girl.
Sunday evening, not manv
nights ago, tho Rev. Mr. Thompson fWt
fonncd a marriage ceremony at tho Tab.
crnacle both parties said Ye at tho
proper time, and the reverend gentle
man said Amen.
' I wantyott to perform the same thing
for mr," said a well-dressed, vounci-h
gentleman to Mr. Thompson.
".Now right off to-night"
"CaVl you put it off a liti
littlo! It will
make it rather late."
"Xo tho lady says now or nover,
and I am very anxious. Will vou go !"
"Yes, where is it 1"
!" C losk by only a few steps west o
He park. Wo are all re.- iv, and l!t
only detain you a lew iniuuU's on vonr
Mr. T. went to the place which was a
respectable boanling house, and, every
thing evjnced decorum. The lady, young
and pretty, neatly drcssotl, and "altogcth
er a de-irab!o partner for a gentleman,
and nshurtpraj-or, as usual upon 8nch
occasions, o tiered, and then hands joined.
" You, with a lm -nso or tho obliga
tions you assume, ao promise, hero in
the pretence of God and these witnesses',
on take this onien, whoe right hand
yon clasp in yours, to Jio your lawful
wedded wife, and as such vou will love
and cherish her forever!""
"And yon, Miss, on your mrf, will
VOU tnl.f thw min in K-. .-..l....r..i i
Wo havo heard in ttniM past, when
showers were ," -hionablc, some pretty
heavy claps of . .under, but none that
aver rattled abor. tho tympanum ol tho
bridegroom was quite so loud as that
stunning littlo niOiiojyllahle.
'No, I never wilf." said ho most
emphatically, and walkod away to her
soat, leaving her almost husband looking
a id probably fooling the least trine in the
Mr. Thompson remonstrated not )
induce her to charge that Xo for Y.i",
but for trilling with him in tho solemn
iitiy ol his call 1 1
ing, anil asked for an ex
" L meant no disrespect to you, nir,
or to trillo with your doty, or the cere
mony yot, wore onllud upon to perform,
but I had no other way tn vindicate my
ciianu.nr, i come io tne city a povr
sewing girl. I worked for this man.
He made profcsnioits of lovo to me, but
from other citxaimntariof I doubted hta
sincerity, and loft bin employment and
went lmcfc to the emirtry for n while
When I returned 1 found the door of my
former boarding hour rioted again!
me, ami this lady, whom I had esteemed
as a kind fnend, cold, quite indisposed
to renew my acquaintance. And I In
(tinted iition knowing tho rea'oii I
teamed that this man had blackened my
character, denied lit proposals of mar
ringe, and nid I was no nnttcr wh it.
I said to tho lady, let tno come back and
I will provo my innocence. Will you
Wiieve what 1 say If ho will marry rnf f"
" Yva, I certainly will, and will all
u ho know you."
"I renewed thn aoquaiiil.-inco, ho ic
nowed his piuposmJ. I ncceptrd t a I
ntd ' Y, thu minister at ini' If
slankmd mt J dirioved him. I rn
ed my vor.I true, and hi fal.c. It wa
the only way jKior, helplcs girl hail l
avenge herself upon a man who hid prov
.d him-df unworthy U) be her husband
t was only at aright lime, to sty otic
urJ ne If ate wont. I havo aM 1,
I hone it wHS be a lesson to inn, an ex
ample to other eirl. and that in mam-
other and diffrrunt firwimstantcs tlfy
may learn to y 'Xo.' "
" If I ws angry for a ulngte moment,'
aM Mr. Thompson, "I carried non tf
it over Ihe thrmlwid. It woj a mvcf
leMMi, btitweJI aj.r.'iH. went Jkwo
'.oTVsrir on the w ua of the wnrd
I -r Love Of all Ik henrsie- llut
ofciiet IttM north, Use moat abominable w
that called Free Art. It ha tbne mor '
la the) lat tr-'ve'm'ntl to poUon v
ely than t trr idea offrror that Ijs4
ever hsefi i semtnated.
As an iiwtAnfs) of iu -rkiujf, Uki
Laura Fair's testimony in 'Jit Crittenden
trial. rhe wasaked"if lv wwt Critten
den' wife and she replied that he v&.
" When were you married lo lilm ? "
asked Ue attorney. " God married me
to Wni when ws were both hvrri God
made him for ?09 and pie for him J"
"Did yoae standtng before Dr. Hcotl
mak- yoa'3Ir. Synd9r wf fn 1 wikM tbs
" X'oi in the fght el God ; bccacM I
did not love him, nor he tne. There.
hat one ,vron borh Air anothrr in thi
world. 1 flt w different trarl Mr.
Cnttcnden than I did toward upy oth
er human bein;j. I woatd hare wHilrijf
ly died for hlw.' I was CritteO'lVaVi wil
bocaavj my tcry Hf was bound up m
his ; be ofte said I wa h only wjfr,
and the only w .mett he loxyl , aad th
last time I wr him, be VtUl me I w the
only wife that ho liad, ad the oaly wife
that ki-"-" Hath i Free Ire,
7ih beve great teitadiy of life. It if
! believed that the crab liat attained tbe
zot sc handrcl afldfifty rctn, 6A.J
Urn jn ke a stiff greater age. A A k? w
raaght 1 a lake in Koeifc Gcreiacy Tn
1 , ew whSeh wa find a riw 18113;
tb laser .- ou : u I m tirf Ai whj'ii
mm fi-i . a pat tuln iitt L-J if ths
bafed! iie Gorernor of tlj Caarerw,
FrvUri .' II., the SJ of f Jtiober, 133ff,
Itwfa-hd tliree hatxlrcl awl flSytwo
jiosfd, and was 19 ftt kg.
t U rmt I . fie Cosnt d I'arif, li
UrcacUt oh - jte far J t"rw f
Irsace, tiwc, bd ".
.! os theToakrsrd ot rrw, sda
hsfe la re Wts far tr
n... Kr t, !nrr. irsariarwf tia V
to fa-l UtA6 t S&U