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The Saline County journal. (Salina, Kan.) 1871-1893, September 21, 1871, Image 1

Image and text provided by Kansas State Historical Society; Topeka, KS

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84027670/1871-09-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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TOLUME 1.
TIB
SAUNE COUHTY JOURNAL
18 FCBLIBHID TCVX&Y THCKSDAT, AT
SALINA, KANSAS.
OFFICE. No. M Santa Fe Avenue, .early PP1
fa Bcml Estate omce of Ha). Joa W.Bnn
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Copy, one year,. ...............
One Copy , six months
On Copy , three monlns
-JS
ITbab.
10 M
ISM
MM
JS0O
MM
MOO
US SO
.ADVERTISING RATES:
I Wm. I storm. JMm. .Mo!.
laoraare..
.11(9
. 100
. in
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SM
3M
t7
Saqoarea,
a squires,
i squares,
t column.,
t column,,
4(0
$3
It 00
20 00
3 oo
10 00
tt
MM
MOO
100
15 00
ISM
turn
90 09
WM
comma.
f''?i7l"!?!JlSeSSS??."Si
, mm
SOD
Moa
nape wlU be dwtd nfteen per eenl-i J5?aor-
lfiiufr regular advertisingwlU be J"S.'SJ.
tcrty . WnenT lot a lew period Ulia ttw W
m-ut in advance will be required. ...w--fc a
lingular aarertUemnUwWlentWedtox changed
once In three months without additional .coat.
Secular advertisers wul be charge "" gg
line for local aotieea and all otfcera twenty cent per
line.
Addreaa all oanuBOBieaUoaja to
TMK JOUIIIIAt,
r Salina. Kanaaa.
Business Eirrctorg.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
J.H.PRESCOTT,
ATTOBXEV AT LAW, Salina. Kama.
HEAD NOOOKINtOlt,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Salina, Kanaaa.
F.A.AS.A.WILOMAII,
ATTORJJETS AT LAW. Offloe. Wo. Seventh St.,
Sauna,
J.O.MOHLCR.
ATTORNEY AT LAW. OIBce on Iron Are.,
the poatonce, Salina, Kanaaa.
eaatof
JOHN W. WILLIAMS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, oalina. Kansas. Particular
aitenUon given to land contests and any buaineas in V.
S. Land omcr.
LOWKJt HILLUt,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW., So. W SanU Fe Ave
Una, Kanaaa.
,8a-
a. a. laws. c.
JNO.O.SFIVEY,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Salina, Kansas. WUI attend
promptly to all legal buaincaa entreated to him in Saline
and le adjoining countiea.
JOHN FOSTER.
ATTORNKY AND COUNSELOR AT LAW, Govern
ment Claim and Land Solicitor. Ohcc over Dibit
Davis' Ilarnras Store.
A.J.INCER80LL,
ATTORNEY AND COUNSKLOR AT LAW. Offlee in
County Building, Minneapotu, Kanaaa. Will practice
in the counties of Dickinson, Saline, OUawaandUoud.
JOHN W. BERKS,
NOTARY PUBLIC. Offlee at the Central Kanaaa Land
Agency. ,
REAL ESTATE AGENT.
WELT Ni7DURHAMt
REAL ESTATE AND INSURANCE AlENT, Salina,
PHYSICIANS.
J. W. CROWLEY, M. D.,
(LATE SURGEON MO. VOL. CAV.) Offlee, No.
gl Eight ht., Salina, Kaunas.
J.W.JENNEY.M.D.,
HOMEOPATHIC PHYTIC! VN AND BURGEON. Of
flee No. 60 Ash bt., Salina, Kanaaa.
J.W.DAILY.M.O.,
S ILIXA, Kanuu, has Just received a complrte case
of Dentil SJrgical InstrumenU and is prepared to ex
tract all kin Is of teeth.
DENTIST.
OR. R. E. NICKLES,
DENTIST. OJiccNo. 9 j SanU Fe Avenuf , (upstairs)
BASKERS.
O.W. POWERS CO.,
It VNKKSS. f.xruusrwlilonaliprincipalcitieaofthe
United "Mt.-s osd Knrope. CoUectuma made. Interest
allied oa '1.-;oj1u. lW.Ung bouse on Iron Avenue.
n w toxcm. t. w. rowua.
II. I. fOWSKJ. J. LCBBKBS.
HOTELS.
AM EsTcAtTriOUSE.
O J. LAY, PrormETOR. Chargea moderate. Corner
of SanU Fe and Iron Avenues.
TRAVELER'S HOUSE,
J. W. T110M. IToraiiTon. Goodatable and goodac
eomniodiitioaa. Minneapolis, Ottawa county. Kanaaa.
OURFEE HOUSE,
E. A. SKtNEK, lrorarxToa. Comer New Hamp
shire and Pincknej StreaU, Lawrence, Kansas.
MECHANICAL.
H.C.STANLEY,
CARPENTER. 1IUII.DKKASI) CONTRACTOR,
opiusite tberhirdt's lumberyard.
Shop
ED. ROBAYES.
WAGON MAKING AND REPAIRING done la rst
eliss style. Shop in rear of Saitz'a Drug Storer
NORTON CONRAD,
CONTRACTORS AND BUILDERS. No. 1J1, Eighth
st.,aliu. Lune, lor building purpose, for sale.
j. t. voaTOt. - j. o. M. COTSUO.
. W. B. SCHOLL,
BLACKSM. jl. Shop, Rear of No MS SanU Fe Ar
cane, iilras. Kansas. Ben Ma old frteada ami pat-rons-
il Cad goad laati ilal, aadttfal worknyn ahd low
prices. All kinds of Repairing exeeuted piumptlv ana
itulaetian guaranteed. The best Fort Scott coal al
ways on band and for sale at n small advance.
SALOONS.
TUm LNB STAB SALM!t.
BARNY BOUAN, FaormnTOB. BilUarda and
U-
qusrs. orooavuie, avi
KLKHAKIf RUUW
BALM".
New Billiard Ta-
bin ami elegant furniture.
O. TRUBl to., rroratTOB.
Sanure Avenue, Salina,
Kansas.
MISCELLANBO VS.
U. T. WaTMN,
irnT r a I-Tt ND RETAIL DEALER IN r.tnrn.
ie. Uuernswart. Provisloaa, Etc, No. w Santa Fe
Avenue.
i. u. riurMax.
i. . ctaao'v.
Ohapman & Gibton,
HOUSE, SIGN & CARRIAGE
Fta4JKrTERS.
v:iaxlng and Paper-bnngindona wiMaeataeaaand dia
.xich 7.lrowAveMaaatiamMliil.8AiJa.
EVERY ONB-IS SUITED !! I
The Pacific Hon13'
U complete, lieU entirely arw and well farmssacd with
fxu ruuau. jiu k-ucu nnmm oupoaua me conaiy
4Hiuutns, wnenfy"'oqaeofiiaineqatau
wuowwimout rooms SatktacUa. gaaraaksad.
ittrruuu rvsTBWAir,
TMHSinTKXAS OtUUSrSflMOT.
Wise County, Texas, Ang,22d 1871.
TomeEdttoraof Tire Balok Cocarry JocBjrat.
Sin: In complince with yourre
aBnt that I aottId "write comminuc.
2on for your paper descriptive of this
section oi'Texss, the manners and cus
toms of the people, the nature of the
country and its chief resources, I now set
about the task. Though it can hardly
be expected that I can treat of these
mattere in full as the subject is too ex
tensive in its nature to be embodied in
a Bingle letter, yet I hope to be able to
scan them over in a manner interesting
to your readers.
Starting then with the first item, the
people, in their manners and customs, I
should say that they are totally unlike
the Pategonians, who are said to be with
out manners and addicted to horrid cus
toms. In tact I find the people here very
much like those of other States. The
men here as elsewhere make love to the
woman, which conduct as usual is dis
tastful to the female sex. 'Tis true the
girls wear ornaments and strive to ren
der themselves attractive, but this is only
to please their mothers. Some of the
men are said to be fond of money. One
can meet with plenty of rogues and ras
cals, hero, but also there can be found
men of the highest stamp of honor and
integrity, xne most msmou uiuerence
between Texas and other States is in the
subiect of popular education. In this re
spect Texas is far behind her sister States.
It is not untrequenuy inat one meets
here with a man worth a hundred thou
sand dollars in property, who cannot
write a sentence in English grammatical
ly. Cattle being the principal wealth of
the country, boys here learn to ride, and
read rattle brands before they have
learned the alphabet. But this state or
things will disappear with the introduc
tion of railroads. In fact, a great deal
has been done in the last few years to
ward the introduction of schools. One
important change for the better has taken
Elace within the last year. That is
rought about by a law, enacted by the
Legislature at its last session, prohibit
ing the carrying of deadly weapons; ex
cepting in the frontier counties. Form
erly overy man used to carry a revolver
and bowie knife on bis person, and the
appearance presented by a crowd of peo
ple "armed to the teeth," without any
apparent causo, was calculated to shock
the sensibilities of one from the midst of
civilization and refinement. On the
frontier where one is likely to meet with
hostile Indians, it would be foolish to go
unprepared. But there is no reason for
carrying weapons in the interior coun
ties of the State, and the people certainly
present a more civilized appearance with
out tnem.
But whatever mar be wan tine in polish
of manners in the Texans, they make up
for the deficiency, in genuine hospitality,
which trait of character seems to disap
pear with the march of civilization. No
better illustration, can be given of this
virtue in its native rn-andeur than in tne
anecdote often told in this country of a
Texas ranehcro sitting in front of his
house, said house composed of picket
walls, clap-board roof, and ground floor.
A traveler rides up, on horseback.
Texan. "Stake'outyour horse, stran
ger." The strange does so, then comes
up to the cabin.
Texan. " Ter'll find some corn bread
and meat, in that skillet, help yerself."
He pitches in and eats his supper.
Texan. " .Reckon yor must be tired,
ifycr want to Ho down,jest spread down
that 'ere raw-hide and turn in and rough
it, over there in tho corner."
In northern Texas, as in the middle
and southern portions of the State a great
amount of attention is paid to stock rais
ing. This business has generally Deen
considered the chief source of income to
this section.
The cattle are branded by the owner,
when calves, and turned loose upon the
prairie. Beared in this way they are
ottcn as wild as the game. The princi
pal labor connected with the business
consists in what is here termed "cow
hunting." The owner of a large stock
of cattle will keep in his employ from ten
to twenty cow-boys, who may be said to
live in the saddle. Their business is to
hunt the range, gather the calves and
brand them, and to gather beeves tor the
purpose ot sale, or driving to a foreign
market.
As a matter of necessity, a great many
calves crow to be yearlinirs without be-
inc branded, and when they are weaned
and quit following the cows, it is impos
sible to tell who is the owner. It has
thereby becomo the custom for all stock
raisers to turn out in the winter season
for tho purpose of "conscripting," that
is branding yearlings. One can then
brand in his own brand all the nnbrand
cd yearlings which he gathers. A brand
ing scene is an interesting one; a fighting
yearling will sometimes make it lively
tor the hands.
The cattle of this section are of a su
perior grade to those raised the more
southern parts of the Sstate. It may bo
said to be an intermediate grade between
the thorough bred or Durham stock and
and the Spanish stock of the Galf coast,
(boves long horns.) I should advise
any one desiring to purchase beeves for
wintering in ivmnsas 10 raaxe nis pur-
caaso in uiis section 01 ue state.
The difference in Texas between the
price of Red river cattle and Spanish cat
tle is from two to three dollars, whereas,
when wintered orer in Kansas and ship
ped, the margin is from twenty to thirty
doUsn i. favor o Kajd river beeves.
One great draw-back to the stock men
of this country, and in fact, to the ad
vancement or the whole section of Texas
frontier, is the Indian treble. It is im
possible for one to manage wild cattle
without a large number of horses, mad
wm Om -I-dWtstJ tW,k u oh.
Ibid lo bay again stoatm. f'ApeU-4A
keep his haads oa the move and frequea
trr tho Indiana will steal him outaUsi.
M oooaaa kogets "aremoaat." One
large stock raiser on the Brazos, Mr.
SAUNA, KANSAS,
Rivers,) has lost ia this saaaaer about
fifteen thousand doIlars,worth of horses,
in the last eighteen .months. This is not
the worst featare of their depredations.
They hare broken ap many settlements,
and committed many horrible outrages
in the lestave years, in uieiaiioi leoo
a large force ot Indiana made a raid into
this country, murdered several families
and drove off about five hundred head ot
horses. They came very near depopu
lating the country as the settlers started
on agenei-al stamped, leaving everything
behind them. I was connected with the
U. S. Army, at that time, and on a scout
up Denton creek, I passed several aban
doned farms, where the owners had ap
parently been in very comfortable cir
cumstances. The crops were gathered
into the cribs, calves in the pen, chick
ens and everything else which goes to
make up a well stocked farm were in
abundance, everything was left behind
and the owners fled. . Starvation was be
fore them, and Indians threatening from
behind. As if to add to the aggravation
of the case as much as possible these
same Indians have been fed and other
wise cared for at Fort Sill, by the U. S.
Government.
The raids into this part of the frontier
have been made principally by the Kiowa
Indians. In September, 18ov, I went to
Fort Sill, in company with some citizens
of this part of the State, tor the purpose
of trying to, recover some stolen horses.
Gen. Gncrson was then in command ot
that ost, and is yet He at first prom
ised fairly enough, but when a horse was
identified by one of our party, and proven
by a disinterested person, tne owner s
brand found on the horse and other items
to establish ownership, then GrierSOn
could not compel the Indian to give up
the horse, we came to the conclusion that
instead of having the Indians under con
trol he was actually afraid of them.
X was somewhat surpnsoa to learn
from the interpreters that General Philip
Sheridan had yielded to the Kiowa,
in the 'matter of tho surrender ot the
Texas horses, lie was at that time a
Major General, expecting promotion to
the rank of Lieutenant General, aud he
did not dare compromise his prospects,
and bravo the Indian ring by an act of
simple justice toward a few Texas fron
liersmenL
Frequently since the establishment of
tUe pOSt UiXUrou..-, lausvau mv v.v-.
paid to the Kiowas by their agent &r
women ana cnnaren camou idw captivi
ty from Texas, thus placing a bid and a
premium upon their rascality. Last year
seven hundred dollars were paid for the
ransom of women taken from the town
of Ilenrietta, and when the money was
paid the chitf remarked "mo go to Texas,
get more."
But it seems as though the Indians
havo met with a check at last. Go n oral
Sherman paid a visit to this country du
ring the spring and while at Fort Rich
ardson, the Kiowas, about one hundred
and fifty in number, headed by their
Chief Satan tee, attacked a train of wag
gons about twenty miles from thep ost,
murdered seven men and took off forty
mules. Gen. Sherman visited tho scene
of the massacre and then went to Fort
Sill, where he arrived at about the same
time the Indians did.
As it has turned out, this occurrence,
bard as it was upon the' sufferers, was
about tho best possible event, for this
frontier, that could have happened. Gen.
Sherman being the General-in-chief of the
army and backed by his military reputa
tion, was perhaps the only man in the
nation capable ot grappling successiuuy
witb the Indian ring ; but above all he
is a man of an independent mind and am
bitious to use his high position for a good
purpose.
It had been the custom of the Indians
on returning from theirraids into Texas.
to come into the reservation and boast
of their murders even to Gen. Grierson.
exhibiting in corroboration of their state
ments the scalps they had taken often
women's hair. At the same time Grier
son was making the most extraordinary
statements in his official reports in re
gard to tho peaceable deportment of these
same Indians, as usual these Indians
came to rort sill and commenced to
boast of their achievements, whereupon
Gen. Sherman ordered the arrest of all
the chiefs, connected with the expidition
to be sent to Texas, and turned over to
the civil authorities for trial for murder.
There were seven chiefs in the party,
three were arrested. Satantee, and his
son Satank, and Big Tree, while en
route to Texas, Satank who was in a
wagon with two soldier guards, slipped
his handcuffs and attacked his guards
with a knife, wounding one of them in
the leg. He ;was killed by the other
guards, woo snot mm niteea times. The
other two were taken to Jacksboro. tried
and sen fenced to be hung oa the first day
of September, 1871.
Since this arrest waa made there have
been no raids made into Texas bv the
Kiowas, and from the present appearance
of things, I thank that Gen. Grierson,
may hereafter truthfully report the Kio
was as quiet.
I have now shown how much Texas
has suffered through the imbecility and
mJavaanacemeat ot -Gea. Grierson. and
what a groat advantage to the frontier
it would be to have an able omcer in
command at Fort Sill, but the State has
been equally anfortaaate ia theoHcer
who commands tne uepertaent of Tex
as, Gea. J.J. Reynold.
This oateer has enjoyed the command
of the State ever since Gen. GriSn died
in the fall of 1867, with only a abort in
taregmtm, yet ho has aot once in nearly
roar years reign paid so much attention
to the frontiers as to visit his outposts.
For a long period the reconstruction
lawa had tho moaeplyjof his time, but
Jbr saoro thaa a year too civil aathority
has passu! oat of his hands.. Tbequ-
hmi fa anawSfWavasiai u iaHanu Din
irosi acaieria-r a'atBif j rsaotra upon
tiM frontiers f I have hosa credibly in
formed that it u the army contractors,
mad-that his time ia aow aa completely
Hoaopeliaed ia Jknmmf wish them,
THUSDAY SEPTEMBER 21, 1871.
as it formerly was by the acts of Con
gress. If sucn is reaiiy tne case, one
must not jaage mm oo eevsrwy. u it
is true that he is now living in San An
tonio in a fine mansion, the gift of an
army coatraatof, revelling insplendor,
and enjoying all the luxuries which
money and a corrupt I ajioidd say ob
liging Quartermaster, can prove. Why
should he trouble himself in regard to
the sufferings of the bleeding frontier?
And as he is an ambitious man, it may
be that he is an aspirant for Presidential
honor, and in practicing receptions, is
only trying to perfect himself in the form
of deportment peculiar to that high ofiicc.
A friend of mine has suggested that if
he were called upon to improvise a motto
for the Presidential cost of arms, he
would only take the first words af an or
dinary conveyance. " Know all men by
these presents." It is well to' Jo things
in a magnificent scale, even in the wav
of receiving presents ; it charms the ad
miration,butthus far it has notserqed to
Btop Indian raids.
Sometimes the white men would get
the advantage of the Indian. One method
ot baiting for Indians was to stake out a
horse during the full moon and-two or
three white men bide near him with shot
.a . . W
gUns. In the nignt tne inaians supping
about to steal aoases,sees umnuiscaim
coming up to him suddenly finds him
self enfiladed.
The success of one of these experi
ments inspired a dog-latin poet to get off
the following effusions :
Indianua in the woods
Intentua be on white maa'a goods.
Such aa eonem;
White man see btm oeulla,
fepoleam, dixit bt. "Igoeaa"
"Vour little indent."
Tunc Ule takes horse, and stakes him
In loco where a snot-gun rakes him,
hi Injun tuokil;
Inluo cree. up lam ailente.
Gets the buck-shot slam la ventre.
Tunc kicks the bucket.
The sequel Don eogntadi,
Sed eadem I know this though:
He never stole again.
Cum memiaiscitur an ancient king
alii nana poet once did sing,
e never aasafa again,
Moajx.
Injuns omnes nunc be spry,
Aurea dare ad mini.
And listen to my proclamation:
si non volt your scalp to lose,
Vt lereatia young pappooae.
Just stay upon your reservation.
ForiftoTexaaveniant
Warriors vestrea cum war Chant,
Albi viri 'U try to check 'em,
Etellnpradoyouarrtook,
Anaerem veatrem they wUI cook.
El fraugtre uttsm,
Pasainif from the Indian difficulties to
tho nature of the country, I can tind no
better means of describing its general
appearance than by comparing it to Kan
sas it has the same rolling broken
prairies, but an abundance of timber in
the bottoms, rrom Kcd river, which in
the northern boundary line ot the state
for about two hundred miles, there ex
tends southward to tue israzos river, a
belt of timber known as the "cross tim
bers." This bell is ot an average width
of about twenty miles. The timber on
tho uplands is principally scrao oax or
tt-ht. .AAlr I.,,, in tliM hntfnnw. llu. ten
nut. pecan. Spanish oak, burr oak, elm
and ash are to be seen in surperlativc
grandeur. Tbe bur oak: is a very hard
wood and wnon seasoneu a, uaii can witu
difficulty be driven into it. Tbe Spanish
oak is the most compact, unn, auu dur
able timber in tho country. The pecan
is a magnificent growth, it resembles the
hickory tree, but the limbs are larger,
and extending out some ui.siancc iroiu
the main trunk they form a ffne shade
when the tree is in foliage. So pine
grows in this part ot too state, though
there are large pine forest i in Eastern
Texas, and pine lumber is delivered here
at from three to nveaoiiarsper.-iunuic
feet.
There is an abundance of game n th
cross timbers, such as wild turkey, of
which there are countless tnousand, deer
and antelope ot which 1 have oiten seen
from twenty to thirty in alien!, and also
nlcntv ot bear, panuier and wild cat.
The buffalo como into Texas in Winter
and migrate northward on the approach
of warm weather.
The land in the cross timbers is of a
light, sandy appearance, but very pro
ductive, equally as good as the best Kan
sas lands. The principal streams pass
ing through the upper or northern end
of the cross timbers are Sandy and West
Fork of Trinity.
The crops this year arc a failure on
account of the severe drouth ; there has
been no rain here for nearly ninety days,
and everything even to the grass seems
to be scorched and burnt up.
Tbe climate here is much warmer than
in Kansas, being in a latitude about six
degrees further south than Salina. This
has the elect of producing earlier crops
and a more luxuriant growth of vegeta
tion ot all kinds. But one does not suf
fer so much with beat as in Kansas, as
the Gulf breeze prevails here in tbe sum
mer, blowing generally from 3 o'clock
P. M. until midnight.
Besides the fine climate fine, soil and
fine timber, this part of the Stato has
great mineral resources. On the upper
Brazos is a fine coal region. When the
troops were stationed at Fort Belknap,
Young county, they nsed to get their
coal trom the" oat-cropping." Wagon
trains sometimes go to these regions
from the distance of one hundred miles
and load with a first-rate article ot bitu
minous coal. .No effort is made to sink
shafts. JAn abandonee is obtained from
surface digging.
On the TWichiU river there are fine
copper and silver leads. Prof. Reenter,
of the Geological Bureau, U. S. Patent
Ofice, visi tea these copper leads last year
and pronounced the ore a fee as any in
tbe United states for smelting. His party
were attacked by Indians, aad be would
have been " gobbled " bat fora strong,
escort of soldiers trom Fort Rjefaardsoa. 1
Two of m's party were kiilsd. wift. The as day Caroline did not ap-
This sanag there was a moan it ting ' pear ia school. Her father, with prompt
party of Texsas who stoat to the same oaargr, took her immediately w an acad
coantrr to oropect for silver. Thcv , tar nfir rail ivir.
stracat tae lead ana brought away some J I did notaitempt to follow ber or write
of the .ore which when smelted Vicldedfto hzr: a amiaami ssMao.r diacuararc-
a large peftwatageofmetal. lam afraid
to meanoa tae percentage tmm lor icari
tsmtyoar readers auftak lam ex-
attack
rest
esiaping by hard running.
in xiupains suu .Liaiupaow uisuun,
there are fine sulphur springs, which
places will some day become famous
summer resorts.
, vyj-il: j t r .:
In this county (Wise) there are salt
licks a fine oa anr in the world. In the
south-west part of the county is what is
called the Salt Lake, where salt was
manufactured during the late civil war.
Within a quarter ot a mile from where
I am writing there is a very fine salt
lick. Wild animals frequent these plac
es, ileer and domestic rattle go mere
for the salLwhile the wolves, panthers
and wild-cats watch the licks to prey up
on them. A good way to toll deer is to
watch tbe licks from scafToldbuiIt in a
tree. I passed anight once upon a scaf
fold built in this manner. It waa
then I first learned to appreciate the
term, " howling wilderness." An Eng
lish cockney could make no mistako in
describing the noise, for I beard both
oicls andAoiWa that night.
This, dear sirs about completes my
dcHciption of this State. To thoso who
desire further information my advice
is to visit thcsstato and see for thctnseles.
Very truiv your ot d t serv t
" MOSES WILEY.
A WAXTLie.
Vra Sinva. in the serial storv which
she is writing for the Christian Union, de
scribes in a most powertul piece ot wora
painting the disease which is induced by
the use of stimulants. It is a part of a
letter from one young man to another. A
highly talented young man named Bol
ton writes lo hfs friend at follows :
I suppose no youugfellow over entered
the course of fife with more self-confidence.
I had BDlendid health, high spir
its, great power of application and great
social powers. 1 lived freely and care
lessly on the abundance of my physical
resources. 1 coma nue, ana row, auu
wrestle with the best- I could lead in all
social gayeiies, yet keep the head of ray
class, as I did the first two years of my
college life. It seems hardly fair to us
human beings th.it we snoaia oe so ouoy
ed up with ignorant hope and confidence
in the beginning of our life, and that we
should be left in our ignorance to make
mistakes which no after years can re
trieve. I thought l was penectiy sure
of mj-se!' 1 bought my strengui Z?.i
nc.il tli wcro inexhaustible and that I
could carry weights that no man else
could. The drain of my wide awake ex-
hauiting life upon my nervous system 1
made up by the use ot stimulants. I was
like a man hibitually overdrawing his
capital, and ignorantof whatextent. In
my third college year this begai to toll
iii-rciTitiblv unon mv nerves. 1 was los
ing self-control, losing my way In life;
I was excitable, irrita'ole, impatient ot
.guidance or reproof, and at times horri
bly depressed. I sought refuge from
this depression in social exhiliration, and
taxing lost control of myself became a
marked man among the college million
ties; in short, I was overtaken in aeon
vivial row, brought under college disci
nline and suspended.
It was at this time I went into your
neighborhood to study and teach. I
found no difficulty in getting the highest
recommendations as to scholarship from
oino of the college officers who were for
giving me a chance to recover myself;
and for the rest I was thoroughly sobered
and determined on a new course. IIjrc
commenced my acquaintance with -our
cou(.in, and there followed a few months
remembered ever sinco as the purest haji
pincis of my life. I loved her with all
here was in me heart, soul, mind and
strength with a love which tan never
die. She also loved me, more perhaps
than she dared to say, for she was young,
hard! wcome to full consciousness of her
self. "She uas then scarcely sixteen, ig.
no rant of life, and almost frightened at
the intensity of the feeling which she
excited in me. But before we could ar
rive at any thing like a calm understand
ing, her father came between us. He was
a trustee of the academy, aad a dispute
arose between us, in which he treated me
with overbearing haughtiness, which
aroused the spirit of opposition in me.
I was in the right and knew I was, and
I defended my course beiore tbe other
trustees in a manner which won them
over to my way of thinking a t ictory
which he never forgave.
Previously lo the encounter 1 hod been
in the habit of visiting in his family quite
intimately. Caroline and I enjoyed that
kind of unwatched freedom which the
customs of New England allow to young
people. I always attended her home from
singing school and the weekly led area,
and tbe evening after my encounter with
the trustees I did the same. At the door
of his house be met as, and as Caroline
passed in he stopped me ; and briefly say
ing that my visits there would be no
longer permitted, closed the door in my
face. I tried to obtatn an interview soon
after, when be sternly upbraided me as
one that bad stolen into the village and
won their confidence on false pretenses,
adding that it he and the trustees had
known the tall history of my college lite
I should never have .been permitted to
teach in their village or have access to
their families. Il was in vain to attempt
a defense to a man determined to take the
worst view of facts which I did aot pre
tend to deny. I knew that I had bver.
irreproachable as to my record in the
school, that I had been faithful in my du
ties, that the majority of parer.ts and pu
pil were on my side, but 1 could not deny
the harsh facts which he had been ena
bled to obtain from some secret enemy,
(and which he thought justified him in
saying that be would rather
daasrater ia her crave thaa see b
see Sit
daasthter ia her arrave thaa see her my
f ment came oTeTme, awd I looted oti my
acquaintance wit aer wit a son n re -
morse. Tbe troth Iwttarry told by aa
exaggerating. Thisparty wasjalso att
ed by Indians, ana one killed, the
enemy with vivid power of statement is 1
a tonic oftentimes too strong for one's I
power of endurance. I never reflected
ao seriously on the responsibility a man
assumes in awakening the slumbering
feelings of a woman and fixing them on
himself. Under the reproaches of Car
oline's father I could but regard this as
a wrong I had done, and which could be
expatiated only by leaving her to peace
in forgetfuiness.
I resolved that I would never let Mr
hear from me again till I had t'ullvarov
ed myself to be possessed of such pow
ers of self-control as would warrant me
in offering to be the guardian of her hap
piness. But when I set myself to the work I
found what many another does, that I
had reckoned without my host. The man
who has begun to live and work by arti
ficial stimulant, never knows where he
stands, and never count upon aimaelf
witn any cortainty. He lets into his
tie a servant who becomes the most tyr
annical of masters. He may resolve to
turn him out, but will find' himself re
duced to the condition in which he can
neither do with nor without him
In short, the use of a stimulant to the
brings on a disease, in whose paroxysms
a man is no more his own muter than
in the ravings of fever, a disease that few
have the knowledge to understand, and
for whose manifestations the world has
no pitv.
1 can not tell yon the dire despair that
came upon me when, after repeated falls,
bringing remorse and self-upbraiding to
me, and drawing upon me the severest
reproaches of my friends, the idea at
last flashed upon mc that I had become
the victim of a sort of periodical insanity
in which the power of the will was over
whelmed by a wild, unreasoning impulse.
I remember, when a boy, reading an ac
count of a bridal party sailing gaily on
the coast ot Norway, who were insidi
ously drawn into the resistless outer
whirl ot tbe great Maelstrom. I he hor
ror of the situation was the moment when
the shipmaster learned that the ship no
longer obeyed the rudder, the cruelty of
It was me grauum manner in wnicn ine
resistless doom came upon them. The
sun still shone, the sky was still blue.
The shore, with its great trees and free
birds and blooming Bowers, was near and
visible as they went round and round in
dizzy whirls, past the church with its
pcaccf! sotre, past the home cottages,
past the dwellings "i irj11Us "u is"
bors, past parents, brother; nd sisters
who stood on the shore warning and
shrieking and entreating, helpless, hope
less, with bitterness in their ouls, with
all that made life lovely so near in sight
and yet cut from it by the whirl of that
trem.ndous late !
There have been just such hours to me,
in which I have seen the hopes of man
hood, the love of woman, the possession
of a home, the opportunities for the ac
quisition ot name and position and prop
erty, all within sight, within grasp, yet
all "made impossible by my knowledge
and consciousness of the deadly drift and
suction of that invisible whirlpool.
The more of manliness there is yet left
in man in these circumatauces, the more
torture. The more sense otbonor, love
of reputation, love of friends, conscience
in duty, the more anguish. 1 read once
a frightful story of a woman whose r.ghl
hand was changed to a serpent, which at
intervals was roused to fieudish activity.
and demanded of her the blood ot her
nearest and dearest friends. The hide
ous curse was unappeasable, and the
doomed victim spellbound, powerless to
miiL' Even so. the man who has loat
the co'ntrol of his will is driven to tor
ture those he loe, while'he shivers with
horors and anguish at the sight.
I have seen the time when I gave car
nest thanks that no woman loved me,
that I had no power to poison the life
of a wife with the tear, and terror, and
lingering agony of watching lb. slow
fulfillment of such a doom.
It is enough to say that with every
advantage of frienda, patronage, posi
tion 1 Tost all.
The world is exigeant. It demands
above everything that every man shall
keep step. Ue who cannot falls in the
rear, aud is gradually left behind as the
irmr motes on.
The only profession left to me was
one which could avail itself of my lucid
intervals.
Tho power of clothing thought with
language is in our day growing to be a
species of talent for men are willing to
pay, and I have been able by this to
mak2 myself a name and a place in the
world ; and what is more, I hope to do
some good in it.
I have reflected upon my own tsmata
tion. endeavoring to divest myself or the
horror with which my sense of the sat
fering and disappointment I have caused
my friends inspires me. I bare settled
in my own mind the limits of human re
sponsibility oa tats subject, and nave
come to tbe conclusion that it is to be re
garded preciseiv as Mary Lamb and
Charlie Lamb regarded the incursion of
the mania which destroyed the peace of
their lite. A man who undertakes to
comprehend and cere himself has to fight
his way back alone. Xobody aeder.
stands, nobody aympstbises with him
nobody helps htm not bscaas. the
world is unfeeling, but becaas. it is ig
norant of the laws which govern this
speciea of iasanity.
It took me therefore, a great white to
form the system of self-care. I still hope
fur this . I, the saaa aad sosud, hope
to provide for the iesaa. and snsoaad
intervals of my life. Aad my theory is
bnafiy, a total aad eternal roliaqaiohmeat
af the poasoaoasinlssaae, so that aataro
may have power to arraeioeaow aad
hoakky arsia manor, aaJ lo remove
that which is diacaerd. Jsatarc will do
this, in the r.d, trr sbc im eevrr nssicife!;
baere is always "f-rgivnems with her.
loat sse saay b. fezrwo. S'ace yeas
have kcowo me. vera have aam that 1
j live a life of aa aacfcnr.te that my hoars
i are regular, toot i stow rwmwrg
'ty, that I later wit wtssity,!
Number 32.
1 nevsr touch any sttmulatiag driak.
It is a peculiarity of cases like miae that
lor lengta oi time ta. ssorwra asssawo
leaves us, and 79 reel the utmost aversion
to anything oTthe also. But there U si-
ways a danger lyiug oeruna tnu suMle
calm. Three of four drops of alcohol,
such as from the basis of a tincture which
a doctor will order without scruple, wilt
bring back the madness. One Ire min
utes inadvertanee wist apeet "the pain
ful work of years, and carry one away
as with a flood. When I did not know
this I was constantly failing. Society
through all its parts ia full of trans and
pitfalls for such as I, and the only ref
uge is in flight.
It has been part oi my rule of life to'
avoid all responsibilities that might in.
volv. other in my liabilities to failure.
It is now a very long time since I hat.
telt any abnormal syratnras, and if 1 had
not often been thrown down after sach a
periea of apparent calm, I might fancy
ray danger over, and myself a sound
man. In the end I expect to conquer
either here or ho realtor, I believe iff
the Fatherhood ol God, and that lie has
a purpose even in letting us nimble
through life as we do; and through all
my weakness and worthiness I still hold
Htshand. I know that the whole tempt
tation is one of brain and nerves, and
when he chooses hecan'retease me. The
poor brain will be cold and still tor good
and all, some day, and shall be free aad
able to see, I trust, why I have been suff
ered tbtiatoatnif.-jlo. A tier all, i mortal
ity opens alarg hope that may overpay
the most unspeakable bitterness of lite.
Meanwhile, you ran se. why I do not
wish to bo brought into personal relation
with the onlv woman I have ever loved;
or ever can love, and whoso hapineas 1
rear to put in iertl.
The Nsw Yortt Commercial's correspond
dent at Saratoga writes thus :
One of the sweetest, prettiest incidents'
of our watering place is enacted daily at
the Clarendon. While the thoaUes
watering place throng sways in aad oal
of the dining-room, and the endless clot-.
tcr of tongues and cutlery seem to drown'
every holv thought, a venerable silver
haired old gentleman walks slowly ia at
the head of his chrsttan family and takes
his scat at the head of the table. lastaatc
ly the laughing faces of a table full ot
diners assumed a reverential look; Tho
knives and forks rest silently on the ta
ble, and the beautiful silver-frosted chrie
tian, with clasped hands, modestly mar
mars a prayer of thanks a sweet bene
diction of iJo.l. The scene lasts but a
moment, but all day long hallowed pray
ers ol'the chriatain child seems to tost la
the alr.guidiug, protecting and conaecrO
ting tbe thoughtless array oi waywara
souls. I could not find nut who table
brave old christain was, but last night
his name came all at once. A lovely
woman with her bcauillui rniiurcn arose
early from her scat at tho Congress Hail
hop to return to tbe Clarendon. " "fhy
do yon go so early. Mr. Clnrk 1 " asked a
fasbionaMe laov iriena. "iiiiyou ww
laugh at me if I tell jou nirvMitty my
dear, won't you!" "X '.mos you
make me," replied her Kaul. And
then she leaned forward ami whisper
ed, " Well, mv dear, you know I stop
at the Clarendon. My room is next to
that dear good old man's, aad ho does
pray o beautiful every night that I
kneel down bv his door with my children
to bear him, and then I go to bed so hap
py, for I know i
when we are so I
tear from her eve.
m iro with vou t " and right i
die of the lancers tbeao warm-aoulrd
women with iheir children walked to
the Clarendon to sit in the neat room
and hear the evening prayer of good old
Richard Syndam, ol Weal Thirty ninth
street. I have since Icarsod that Mr.
Syndam has edatated three ministers,
and started a greet many poor but worth
y men in buainees. Ife is very weal
thy, but stands but one-third of his In
como, devoting the tho rest tu charity.
Tae atsssag of Bartf
All this talk about early rising is
moonshine. Tbe habit of taroiag out of
bed in the middle of of the alfbt suite
aome people; let tbem enjoy it Bet
it is folly to lay down a general rale up
on the subject. Some men are fit for
nothing el I day after they liar, risen
early in the morning. Their eoergiso
sre deadened, their Imaginations
heavy, their spirits are d eyre seed. It if
said you ear work sa well m the mcrri'
ing. Some people can, bat others corf
work beat at night; other again ia t.
forenoon. Long trial arid experiment
form the only conclusive tte upon the
points. As for getting op early heeasso
Prof. Gammon has written letter to tho
papers proving the anissiiy uf it, let no
one be goose enough to do it. We all
know the model man, age eighty: "I
invariably rise at six: I work three
hoars, take a light breakfast samnly, a
cracker and a pinch of salt work, five
hours more; never smoke, never anaa
anything but barley water, eat ao diaaevf
and go to bed at 6 In the .rsalafr" If
anybody aoda that doakeytleal sort of
life salts him, by-all aaeoaa let kern coo
tinse It- But few people woeJd ear to
live to eighty oa those term. Ifassaa
cannot get all withered asm namiili oaf
on eaTerefradtieae thaa tstoao, K U si
moot as wail U4 he ihsala dtajwrt betar
he I a aaisaare to Uaaeeii aad a bore to
every body else, fkherol boys aad yoeag
Jtr-licldesTa general oaght u get up ear
ly, for it te freed that rtlee-tsnth of
Usees eaasaamrVsmii4eaM taMsageodi
Bet let ao maa tee-tare BHrostif wfck the
taoaarat that ho eaald hate bas twice
as ao to aa asm rsmwa
att SaTryligkt. TatflMawt
ofaaaofvof
liana lie fate tlorfS at
ataleaa welters waded areood aotseeH'l
aad aant glesees of beer afKsa' is l?'
meaaata tea mis woo aow
th
the awrrVrsie
S UlOirf
oat aot aar jew.
nothing can happen to us
near dim. wiping a
the friend said, " lt
in the m lu-
,? . s

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