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SALINA, KANSAS, THURSDAY, JANUARY 11, 1872.
fiHI HI Till IrllM 15I I
911 Willi I
SALINE COUNTY TOTJBNAL
18 PUBLISHED XVXRY THURSDAY, AT
OmCE.-Xo. NSuU Fe Avaiue, nearly opposite
ta Baal Estate otto of MaJ. Jam W. Brans'.
TEItMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
OaeCopv. one tear ? 1?
use Copy, aix months
lWCZK. IMotTII. 3MoS. 6MO. 11EAK.
Elaht lioea or too of Nonpareil type constitute a
Doable eohunaaad all artrertJaeroentaoutot thensual
tape wUl be charged linren i-r crut. above rale.
EUlafor regular a.lTrrtlsii.C will be collected quar
terly Where for a leas imnwl than three inuuths o -aeat
ia advance will Isr rriuirrl. .... ,
tegular advert Ueiwnts w ill be entitled to be changed
ee la three month without additional cost.
mlar advertiser r. ill be charged altera centa .rr
Itsc-fte local notienrand all .them twenty cent -r
addm all communication to
, THE JOURNAL,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
J. H. PRESCOTT,
ATTORXKV AT LAW. Scliua. Kansas.
SVEAD at HODCKINSON,
ATTOKNKYS AT LAW, salina. Km-ss.
F. A. WILDMAN, .
ATTOEXEY AT LAW. office. No. 33 Seventh st.
ATTORNEY AM COL'XsKLOIt AT LAW, Oilier,
1 LOGAN at WAIT,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, alliu, Raima, office over
J. C. MOHLER,
ATTORNEY' AT LAW. othre on Iron Ave., east of
the posloltlce, salina, Kanxjs.
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Sahna, Kanau. 1-articuUr
attention given to land contests ami an liusiiirss in IT.
LOWE at HILLER,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW., So. 96 soul Fe Are., Sa
v. u. lowk. " miuia,
ATTORNEY A I LAW, .saliua, Kau-.a. Will alten I
promptly to all l-Ol biuiue4 nunulol to 'lint in baluir
and the adjoinlnit eiutirit.
ATTORNEY ASH COUNSELOR AT LAW. Oftlce in
(a the counties 01 Dickinson, siliar, ottanaaiui Cloud.
JOHN W. BERKS,
NOTARY rCBUC. Oflice at the K.uim Central Laml
Aeency. " ' '
. JtEAHtHSTATE AGEN'T.
HEAL ESTATE AND SsUKAMK .U.EST. aliia.
J. W. CROWLEY, M. D.,
(LATE 8URUEON 73 JIO. VOL. LAV.) Office, So.
at JClgfetM., Naliua. Kau.o.
' J. W. JENNET, M.O.,
jHrtacor.vniiui'HYMciAN anii miuceox. or-
AozSo. 80A.il t., alina, hau.-aj.
" J. W. DAILY, HI. 0.,
AL1NA, Kansaa, ha just reciia rvmplrte cae
vf-UenUU !urgrl InHtrumrnla aud Ujirepaied to rx
tract all kinda ur u eUi.
rHT81CIAS, hCRtlEUS im ACiXilJCIIER, Lincoln
Ceater. Lincoln county, Kana. Kriir-tluil rolirils
Ihe patronafre of the -uule.
DR. R. E. NICKLES.
D.W. POWERS A CO.,
m ASKXRS. Exchange aold on all iinnciiul rrtie of the
kllnwrd on dcpoaiU,
jntwa maw i.iwic. vm .."..- .--... ....
jWUlkluK llfurHi iiuii.riiur.
p. w. row Kit
J. W. ttlWUt-i.
A. H.THOMPSONi IToprietor. Kree conveyaaee to
jaidtHMthedriut. Comer. anta Ke and Irouare-
J WlfluoM. 1'roraiaToa. Good stable and loo11
jeaauaadation. Minnrajwlb'. Ottawa county, Kan
It. A. SKTSNEK, l'roratBToa. Comer Sew Hamp
shire aad nacXaettreet. Lawrence.
CARPENTER. BUII.KEU ANKCONTRACTOR. Bkop
Moaciuitts. so. !, Kichth
w DaiMing; urpoaea, lor aale.
J. I. M. COXaAO.
W. B. SCHOLL,
BLAdOainH. Shop; BarofSo.l.SaaUAT
- aaUna, Kaaaaa. Her hia aid frtroaa aa pat
nuwOM (ood laatnial, aklttful workmen ahd low
Alt ataaa OS BkeWinaa; cznwqiinim)iii; ani
I aad far sala at a uaall advance.
THE ! STAB SA-Oeif.
IARNY BOHAN, PaoraiBToa. Ratiard and Li
ji. BrooarUlf. Kanaaa.
RLEHtRN BILLIAK KA-!.
O TBCBY A X., ProrajTo. Sew BUltard Ta
ttles aad degwat farnllure. nu Tt Avenue, Salina.
tea, quw ai are,. r. . --. - -- .1
, I '
a. at. c r5'.
t. n. cibox.
Ohmpman b Gibson,
HOUSE, SIGN & CARRIAGE
namirfJrT"- '"- a
-. Car. lroaAveaBeand'Jivia-tl Street,
7KRY OITE IS SUITED ! ! !
The Pacific House
jnwmrnwmn ranviiT. mprtrr.
1 aqaarr,.... Ilin MUD
Saquarr,.. in i M
Saqaare,... 3 00 Ki
ilquiu,... 4(0 7o
t column,... H 00 IX 00
iMlUB,... t W 50 00
lealaaaa,... to 00 soo
(, bckca rdrarv aad well etrabhed with
ZsaTaMM. Rttlaeated acarlr appaaKe Ihecotsaty
jhaMa-Tw--goad board eaateoUwdtaUtitK
V j a 1 1 "ill 1 Satl.fartioa -raateej.
Utt A LlTTlK.
Lift a little ! lift a little I
Neighbor lend a helping hand.
To that heavy-laden brother.
Who for weaknesa rearer can stand.
What to thee, a ith thy ilroog music,
Serm. a light and easv load.
Is to him a iKinderotu Itunlen.
Cumbering hU pilcrim ruad.
Uft a little ! Hit a little !
Effort givea one added atrrngth ;
To whirh tagxrr hm when lisiag.
Thou canst hold at arm's full length,
Sot his fault that he ia feeble.
Sot thy praiae that thou are f tronr
It ia UMlroakra life t J differ.
Some trom wailing, some from song.
Lin a Utile! lift a little t
Many they who need thine aid ;
Mant l tug on the roadside,
'Xrnth misfortunes dm.ry shade
Pas not by like priest and Levlte,
llretllesa of thy fellow man ;
Itut, with heart and arm extended,
lie the good am4ntau.
BR. SFEXG-K'S CRIMK.
I was sitting alone in my office, half
dozing over an interminable article 011
defective nutrition in the last JJediral
The fire in the grate was low, the night
was stormy, and the clock was on the
stroke of elev i. I was just aboat to
turn off the gas and retire, fur being a
bachelor, I t!ejit in a room connected
h my office, when there was a pull
a. y bell.
I Htarted up suddenly, for this was
something new. Middlebury was a de
corous sort ot place, aim mc people
111 an aged to bo taken hick at reasonable
Old Mrs. Jerome had been threaten
ing to die for the last five years, and at
every visit I paid her, she informed me
solemnly that whn the decisive moment
did come, she desired me to be present.
But as nothiii"; ailed the old lady be
yond now and then an indigestion from
too much high living, I had never yet
been called upon to be present at ncr
Now, I thought, it must be that Mrs.
Jerome is going.
I took up my lamp and went to the
door. A strong gust of damp, sleety
wind nearly extinguished the light, but
shading it "with my hand, 1 dimly dis
cerned the form of a woman.
"Come in," said J, holding open the
door, but she declined with a gesture of
" You must come out," she replied, in
a sharp, incisive tone, "and be quick
I put 011 my overcoat without demur,
locked the surgery door, and stepped
out into the storm. As 1 did so the
the, woman laid a firm hand 011 my arm,
and putting her face close to mine, said :
"Dr. Jjockwood, can vou keep a se
"I think so, madam."
"Is this secret of yours of a profes
sional character ? That is, is it anything
you wish to confide in me as a medical
" Very well, then, I swear it."
"That is riirht. A man respects an
oath, though why he should, is a myste
ry to me, since mens mouths are run
ning over with them."
" Whither are vou taking mc, aim ior
what parpose 1 "
"To the Ulittoii House to see mc mis
Clifton House was an old mansion re
cently taken by Dr. Spencer, a .stranger
to ever- one in .Middlebury. npencer
was a tall, dark, rather distinguished
looking man, who had hung out his sign
in thevillage only a few doors above
mine, but as yet had got no practice.
lie was unMH-ial in the extreme, and
avoided his neighbors persistently, and
when he did speak, it was in such a curt,
half-savage way, that one was not likely
to attempt prolonging the conversation.
The doctor had a wife, it was said, but
no one had ever seen her. She was an
invalid ; and a Miss Melrose a friend
of the family presided over the estab
lishment, and sat at the head of the ta
ble. Miss Melrose was very beautiful, and
won the admiration of all who visited at
the Clifton House, by hr grace of man
ners and her fasctSRtWf WBvemvtion.
" As we walk aloag," aM my compaa-
tan, "let Bo explain to YM jam waatia
necessary job hoaW know. My rnjft
"1 beg your pardon is it Mrs. Spen
cer, or Miss Melrose ? "
She laughed bitterly.
"Miss Melrose ! I wonld stab her to
the heart sooner than own her as a mis
tress. My mistress is a lady, noble, loy
al, and of gentle birth. It is an honor
to anv one to servo rav mistress.
" And is she ill 7 How long since? '
" Ever since she married curse him ! "
sho muttered in a fierce undertone ; " but
I must not eet excited. I must tell my
story or rather hers. Two years ago,
through the desire of her dying father,
whom sho loved passionately, Alice Hern
don became James Spencer's wife. Be-
tore mat sue was a bloominir, ncauny
girl immediately after this marriago
she began to tail. Xlo you see anvthtng
strange in that ?" she asked.
er . . .1 ft
" Let ae enlighten yon further. Dr.
Spencer atone time was engaged to Miss
Lucille Melrose, but he .broke teeengafie
ment and married my mistress instead.
Miss Melrose was as poor as Job's tur
key; Miss Herndon was an heiress.
And Dr. Spencer was deeply indebted
and hard pressed bv his creditors. Do
you see anything sngular in that? "
"When my mistress married Spencer
he as only seventeen, aad she had
been taaght to obey her her father.
She was a gentle, effectionate child, and
it would have been, easy for Spencer to
have won her love. Bat hs did not care
for that, it was her money ho wanted.
it paid his debts, it bought kim fast
horses, it set his table with eosRy dishes,
and it pat it into his power to keep Miss
Melrose robed as a queen. And all this
time mv mistress aad bees slowly bat
sarel v failinir. And look yea, Dr. Lock
wood, I bclfevc that she is aot dyingof
disease, but of" she lowered her voice
to a whisper as she spoke the word
" poison ! "
"Impossible! That is a grave charge."
"Ot poison given by her husband,
who, at her death, will have sole control
of all her property, and be free to mar
ry 3Iiss Melrose! There is no time to
explain to you the thousand and one cir
cumstances which have led me to this
belief, for we arc almost at the door. It
is never the case that Miss Melrose and
Spencer are out at the same time, or 1
should have called another plryeieian be
fore, but to-night they are called away
by the death of Miss Melrose's sister,
and will not be back until to-morrow.
With the eonsent of my mistress, I came
for you, and, oh, Dr. Lockwood, I pray
you, save my dear mistress. I nursed
her when her mother died and left her
her a helpless infant all through her
babyhood and her innocent youth she
was" like an own child to mc, ami now
to see her fading, hour by hour, before
my eyes! Good heavens! if I but
knew bevond all doubt that he wa
guilty, his life should pay the forfeit!"
1 was beginning to feel a strong inter
est in this Mrs". Spencer, although I had
never seen her, and, like her old nur.-e,
I was inclined to feel a keen ummoMtv
to Dr. Spencer.
Mrs. Spencer received me in her cham
ber. It was on the second floor, and
was furnished with exquisite elegance.
Everything in the room bespoke the
taste.'and delicacy of the occupant. The
warm air was irascrant with the faint
odor of heliotrope, and glancing around
i saw the purple blossoms ami green
leaves in an alabaster vase on the ledge
of the south window.
She was a woman wiio,onco soen,could
never be forgotten. I have met, in my
life, many lovely women, but never one
She was tall and slight, with a purely
oval face, large, liquid, brown uyt:, and
a dash of hectic in her cheek, which i
never seen in perfect health.
She received me as I now know sho
did everybody, gracefully, and though
there was a slight embarraiiiiient in her
manner when I spoke of her illne-, she
answered my professional inquiries with
As lor myself, I laid aside all false
delicacy, and questioned her plainly a
to hei'nymptoms. Mrs. llurd, the nurse,
remained in the room, and added many
little important items of information.
Not a breath of suspicion against him
in her answers to my questions, and I
felt sure that at present she knew noth
ing of" what Mrs. Ilurd had such serious
apprehensions. I was glad that it wai
so, for with her not strong organization
it might have produced serious results.
I made my examination of the patient
as close as I toiild, and drew my own
conclusions. I could have sworn that
Mrs. Spencer daily swallowed arsenic in
small quantities, and the deadly drug
was telling fearfully upon her constitu
tion, never very robust.
She said, in answer to my questions,
that she had no physician except her
husband. He had thought himself bet
ter acquainted with her case, and, there
fore, better qualified to treat it. He
never left medicine for her to take; he
always brought it himself fresh from
his o'ffice anil adininstered it personally.
There was little enough 1 could do in
such a case. Anxious to do everything,
the very circumstances of the aflair left
mc nearly powerless.
A chargo of such a grave nature, of
course, I could not make out against
Dr. Spencer without the amplest proof.
If I had hinted a suspicion every one
would set it down to professional preju
dice, and if I could not substantiate my
statement, the doctor could make me
pa- dearly for such slander uttered
The only dependence seemed to be in
Mrs. Hurd. To her I unbosomed myself
freely. I told her without reserve, that
1 believed Dr. Spencer was killing his
wife by slow poison, and besought her
to bo constantly on the watch to save
the victim, and discover some proof by
which we could fasten gailt npon him.
She smiled grimly aad promised obe
dience. I care her a powerful, aatids
ior thspoison I suspected, and wsat
borne strangely perturbed and anxious
in mind. 1 did not sleep that iJiirlit, and
all the next day I was in a high fever
of excitement. A ring at the hell made
me tremble a step on the gravel out
side my oflice stopped ray breath, and I
hardly know what I expected to hear,
and yet felt sure that before morning I
should hear something. And now 1
must tell you the story as it was told to
Dr. Spencer icturned home the morn
ing alter my visit to Clifton House, lie
looked wretchedly, the nurse said, and
appeared gloomy and depressed. Miss
Melrose came with him and was decori-
ouslv sad over the death of her sister.
Women of her stamp always mourn to
perfection. Thev neither overdo or un
derdo the thing as men of feeling are
likely to do.
Dr. Spencer came at once to his wife's
chamber. He thought she looked ill,
and prescribed a cordial at once, saying
that he would go anu letcn it.
" You are always ordering cordials for
ber," said Mrs. ilurd, musingly . " Why
not take something yourself? You look
like a ghost."
He eyed her keenh-, but replied com
" I think I will take some ot the cor
dial mvself. for I do not feel quite well.
Alicia, dear, shall I bring it here and
drink your health .'
Mrs." Spencer smiled sadly in assent
she aerer disputed her hasband and he
went out. Presently he returned with
both glasses. Both contained liquid,
colorless, and iaodoroas. Mrs. Hard
was watching him with heart in her
throat, for, as she told, she felt that the
decisive saameat had come. There was
,ethinpn the doctor's rigid faec that
told her of a despente purpose in the
He lifted the glass on the right of the
trav, and gave it to lis wife.
"Drink it, dear, lit said; "it is a pan
acea tor all evils, i, aiso, am going 10
take a glass with it! "and he pointed to
the glass still on the tray.
Mrs. Spencer accepted it, and was pnt-
ting it to her lips when -Mrs. llurd inter
"It vou will bring a tumbler ol .va-.
ter, doctor; Mrs. fencer complains
that the cordial leave a bad taste in her
mouth. And my ole bones are so full
of rheumatism that it kills mc to go
The doctor turned ind bent on her a
look as if he would read her through.
But she kept her face impassive. If he
had any suspicious, ker manner quieted
them, and putting dovn the glass he left
Then Mrs. Hurd clunged the position
of the glasse.
When lie came bade, and lie was ab
sent only a moment, me nurse stood
just where lie nan iui ncr, ami .urs.
Spencer was lying baefc in her chair with
Again he lifted the glass this time
the one he intended lor him-elf and
placed it to the lips f his wife. She
drank the contents, swallowed a little of
the water he had brougil her, and thank
ed him in her sad, swcit way.
".Now for in v own .-ordial, said he,
with affected gayety. " 1 indulge my
self in something a lit le stronger," and
is he spoke he tossed f the mixture.
" It made me stone told to mv fingers'
end to see him do it," .-aid Mrs. Hurd, in
relating the circumstaice to me ; " but
heaven is my witness,! felt not a single
twinge of conscience 1 argued like
tlii. If it was a sini'ile cordial, as he
said, it would do him no harm. If it
was poison, his blood would be on his
He went to bed a lull hour afterward,
complaining of fatigte. In the morn
ing they found him ilfad.
I was called to the fust mortem exam
ination, and we discovered in the -toni-aclt
of the deceased a Mitlicieut quantity
of one of the deadliest poisons known
to modern scienc.tq kill a half dozen
My brother physieiani agreed that the
man" was insane, and had probably tak
en the drug in one ol tno-e unsettled
lits of mind. I did no; dispute them.
but, even before Mrs. llurd told me the
story, I had 1113- own theory 111 regard
to his death.
There "was'no public exposure. Mrs.
Hurd and I agreed that it would profit
no one to make the wretched affair pub
lie, and we kept our own counsel.
.Miss .Melrose, 111 spite ot my convic
tion that she had been an active party
to the conspiracy against Mrs. Spencers
life, I could not help pitying. Such a
miserable, worn, and haggard face as
her, I have never seen, and when they
biiried Dr. Spencer, she was confined to
her chamber with brain fever. "
I attended her in that illness, but
though she recovered her health, she
was "never herself again. Sho was a
harmless maniac, whoso delight it was
to gather flowers and decorate the doc
tor's grave with them.
She is living still, and she still gathers
flowers and lays them on that grave,
singing to herself, meanwhile, a sort of
low incantation, which no one ever pro
tends to understand.
Not until Mrs. Spencer had been many
years mv wife, ami faithful Mrs. llurd
slept under the violets, uni .vncia ever
know of the perfidy of her husband.
And when I told her, when the first
shock was over, she crept into my arms
and said :
"But if it had not been for James'
crime, I should not have found you,
Earnest. So good sometimes docs come
out of evil."
M ArkBewltdee Ihr lorn."
In this new book on "Americanism,"
Professor Scheie de Vere, of the Uni
versity of Virginia, discusses the origin
of this nhraso among ntherj. He says:
The Hon. Andrew Stewart, member of
Conirrese from Pennsylvania, claimed in
'recent speech to have caased its first
annearance ia Bablic Ia 1M2 he was
ia Congress diseassing the principle of
" protection, ana bmi, inuamarsai
his remarks, that Ohio, Indianaand Ken
tucky sent their hay-stacks, cornfields
and fodder to New York and Philadel
phia for sale. The Hon. Charles A.
Wicklirle, from Kentucky, jumped up
and said: " Why. that is absdrd. Mr.
Sneaker. I call the gentleman to order.
llo is stating an absurdity. We never
sent hay-stacks or cornfield to New York
or Philadelphia." " Well," said I, " what
do vou send : " ny, norses, mine,
cattle, hogs." " Well, what makes hors
o. miilM. r-attle. hogs: iou feed a
hundred dollars' worth of hay to a horse
you just animate and get ujKin the top
of'vour hav-stack and ride otT to market.
How is it with your cattle ? Y011 make
one of them carry fifty dollars' worth of
hay and grass to the eastern market. Mr.
WfckliftV, yon send a hog worth ten dol
lars to an Eastern market; how much
corn does it take, at thirty cents a bush
el, to fatten it 1" " Why. thirty bushel."
"Then yon put that thirty bushels of
corn into the shape of a hog and make
it walk off to an Eastern market."
Mr. Wickliffe then jumped up and
said: "Mr. Speaker, I acknowledge
The other popular accosnt ot the
phrase ascribes it to the misfortune of a
flatboatman who had come down to New
Orleans with two llatboats laden, the one
with corn, the other with potators. He.
was tempted to eater a gambling etab
lishment, and lost his money and his
produce. On retarning at night to the
wharf, he found his boat with corn bad
sank is the river, and whea the winner
came next morning to demaad tie stake,
he received this aaswer: M Stranger. I
acknowledge the corn, take 'cm ; bat the
potatoes yon can't have, by taander!"
An Immense Farm.
The Louisville Journal thus describes
the farm of Mr. Sullivaiit,in Vermillion
county, sixteen miles from Chatsworth,
The farm of Mr. Sullivant contains
10,000 acres in one tract, though else
where in the Slate the proprietor has
tracts numbering, in the aggregate, al
most as many acres more. M uch of this
laud was entered by Mr. Sullivant years
ago, at a very small sum per acre, some
thing Ies tha'n S2. The land is now worth
about $40 an acre, and is rapidly increas
ing in value as the country becomes pop
ulated, for thu soil itself is eminently
productive ; rich, loamy, and fertile prai
rie land, with an occasional forest, main
ly of oak trees. The extent of all this
tract maybe conceived when it is stated
that one may ride directly from his house
in more than one direction as he may
choose, six miles before leaving his ter
ritory. Mr. Sullivant is a thorough farmer, and
one of the old pioneers in the art and
science, ami he is now the first, greatest,
and most practical farmer perhaps of the
age. The order in which he keeps his
firm, and the successful conduct of it,
speaks Mitlicieiilly for his ability. If
there be no particular merit .n the ac
quisition of his immense estate, or the
foresight that led to it, his management
is enough to mark him more than an
ordinary man. ilis hospitality is wide
ly known and has been enjoyed by many,
among whom may be mentioned the
I'rince of Wales, who, during Ii s visit
to this country, expressed his wish to en
gage in a hunt of prairie chickens, and
was elegently entertained at Mr. S.'s
place. The estate is divided into farms
of live thousand acres each, which are
known by their numbers. Between
runs a boulevardc, eighty feet in width,
bounded on each side bya hedge. Kach
farm is thus enclosed, and entrusted to a
reliable tenant, who lias a residence ami
a requisite number of houses for his laborer.-.
There are four or five hundred men en
gaged on the entire place. Near the
residence of Mr. Sullivant is quite a vil
lage, inhabited by the men in- bis cm
ploy ; there is a blacksmith's shop with
four li res, an immense building devoted
to the protection of the agricultural im
plements being quite conspicuous, r.v
ery improvement on such implements
has been seized on by this great farmer,
who at the same time is careful of his
stock, and has his hundreds of plows
carefully cleaned when put away for the
season." There are several hundred
horses there, but tliispiimber is only so
small from the faeffliat Mr. Sullivant is
not a stock raiser. Jlucli ot the laud
lies idle, awaiting the due time for its
The main energy of this year's farm
ing is devoted to the raising of ten
thousand acres of corn. Twenty thou
sand dollars worth of lumber lias just
been received, ami is to be applied to
tho erection ot bams and elevators.
Hitherto tho nearest railway point was
twelve or fourteen miles distant, but a
road is about completed which will give
facilities that will give much increase to
thevaluc of the estate. The propriotorcx
pects to raise 400,000 bushels of corn this
year. Forty bushels to the acre is'a small
In 1828 the first railroad in this coun
try was in progress of construction. It
was six miles in length, and in ll'iO was
in operation. 1 be motive power was a
yoke of oxen. It commenced at the
uincy granite quarry, and extended to
.Milton lianding, Massachusetts, about
six miles from Boston. It was used to
draw stone from the quarry to vessels
tit Milton Landing. The second effort
at railroad construction was from Balti
more to Harper's. Ferry, in 18:10 and
1S81. About thirteen miles were con
structed, and the motivo power was this
time horses and not oxen. This was
continued from year to year, and is now
the Baltimore and Ohio" Itailroad. The
next was the Albany and Schenectady,
in 1831 and 1832, a distance of fourteen
miles, and the motive power ot this was
horse-flesh. The next was the Schenec
tady and Saratoga, in 183.1, and the
next thv'Xharleatsn railroad, of South
rl Carolina'and the Northern railroad, from
Hammer. o to ierlc, rav, sum im Har
lem road,' in this city. All of these reads
were commenced in 1833 and 1834. Prior
to 1833 the railroad between Carbonrlale
and Hone-dalc was built, and the firt
locomotive ever placed on the iron track
in this conntry was on the Carbondalc
road, and was'run by a now living and
most worthy engineer and estimable
man, Horatio Allen, Esq., formerly of
the Novelty Works, and now consulting
engineer of" the Brooklyn bridge. The
next locomotive brought into ue was
the John Bull, on the A'bany and Sche
nectady railroad. Ihe first locomotive
built in this country was made at York,
I'enn., and wa tried on the Baltimore
and Ohio road, by a on of Peter Coojh
cr, of this city. During the experiment
in Baltimore, tho boiler exploded and
killed young Cooper. The next locomo
tive was built at i'eckakill, for the Alba
ny and Schenectady road, and another
for the Schenectady and Saratoga road.
Allot this wa prior to 136. One of!
the other early roads wan tho State road
from Philadelphia wct,ard ojratal by
horse power lor some time. This rsd
was in operation in 1834, and wa ex
tended on by the State to Lancaster. Tbe
next wa the Boston and Providence,
pet in operation in IS35, and the next
from Borton to Lowell, in Zfi. Tbe
rate of speed on tbese latter roatl, was
from ten to twelve miles per hour, which
was. at that lime, eonaidered aa a high
rate. The history of railroad, m this
country is not forty rears old, and in
ten .l ; :.:' c.- 14 :l
1870 there were in this State 7,1 6 miles
of steam roads. A. T. Krfrn.
The beet watchrs are seuerally sec
HIm Pradf arc IVIllBgiir Tint Klde ia Ihe
iVe are indebted to a Concord, Mas
sachusetts, corrcondeiit for the fol
lowing account of an old lady's tii"st
ride in the cars:
Miss Prudence Pettingill, at the ma
ture age of sixty-one, made up ber mind
to visit New York for the first time in
her life. She had never recti a railroad,
as such things had been unknown in
Aroostook county until this summer, and
the ancient farm-house in which she liv
ed was seven miles from the station.
So she sits calmly upon a icat placed oil
the great wooden platform which sur
rounds the country dcot, and gazes
with amazement upon the train which
arrive-, pauses a few moments to take
on passengers, ami then proceeds upon
its journey. The station master interro
gates the old lady, who sits placidly
wat'-hing the departing train.
"Why did you notg't on, if you
wished to go to New York ? "
"Git on." says theold lady "git on!
I thought the whole c-oiisarn'went ! "
Having explained to her that the plat
form was stationary, the man kindly ad
vises her to wait lor the express "train
into which he escorts the maiden, and
finds fur her a seat by the side of a le
nevolent old gentleman. Cltltehing fast
hold of the seat in front ot her, sho is
at first very much alarmed at the speed
at which they are going, but gradually
becomes calm, ami much interested in
the novelty of her surrojndings. The
old gentleman answers her many inquir
ies civilly, and, among other things, tries
to explain the use of telegraph wires,
and tells her that messengers are sent
over them at a much greater speed than
they are traveling. " Wn'al, wa'al, says
the old lady, "you don't ketch mo a-nd-iu
on 'em, tor this it as fast as 1 want lo
go, anyhow." She had seen so many
wonderful things that she makes up her
mind at last not to be astonished at any
thing; ami when the train dashes into
the one which had proccded it, owing to
a misplaced switch, and the poor old la
dy is thrown to the end ot the car
aiming a heap of broken seals, she sup
poses 11 10 oe me omiuary iiiuiiiilt i
stopping, and quietly remarks, " Vou
fetch up rather sudden, don't ye? " Be
ing provided with a seat 111 tho forward
car, which was injured, she arrives with
out farther accident at her journey's
end. and is surrounded by an eager
crowd of hackmen, and listens in won
der to their oil repeated call of " Hack :
hack!" Grasping her umbrella in one
hand and her bandbox in the other, she
looks down info tho lace of the loudest
driver with the compassionate inquiry,
"Air you in pain?" From the conse
quences of his wrath she i rescued and
carried safely homo by her nephew, who
has come to the depot to look for her.
Elitor's Dnttcer, in ILirittr Magazine
The Boston Tranncript of the 15th
ult. contains the following:
One of the sad results of the Chica
go tire is exhibited in the attempted suicide-
of Col. B. F. Lawrence, of Elgin,
111., at tho American House, this morn
ing. Colonel Lawrence lost 8100,000
by this calamity, and although he is
possessed of poverty to the amount ot
8.10,000 besides this, the reverse so prey
ed upon his mind as to render him par
tially insane. About three weeks ago
he was brought to this city for metlidal
treatment, and placed uiufer the charge
of Dr. Walker, of the insane Asylum,
South Boston.. For days he secmisd to
be steadily improving in health. This
morning, liowuver, he arose and droned
himself all but bis coat, and stepped in
to the parlor. His wife asked him where
he was going, and ho said, " I'll bo back
... ..:?. . I -. .. .. I. .!!...... I
in 1 iiiiiiiiiii 11 rtt .:a n 1 1 111 iiiiiiiii a 1 a 1
i.t... :.. n ...n.n..,".f i.i f... : not t be
. . ' .
.. .1... iKLlft. I f,,l.Ilkl- U"l.
mdrusling there, the distracted
T" . - I
II IIIU IMIIMIf ... '- ! n ,.
....... - ,
women aw her iiubami hanging 011 uu
iron picket fence- It is supposed that
in a moment of serious derangement he
jumped out, having seen the window
open. In his descent be passed the win
dows of the barber eliop,tiio occupants
of which says he tamo down feet firat.
The window through he pasod oincd
into the inner court-yard ot the hotel,
and the iron fence stood upon the top af
a stone wall which was aatoat war reef.
from the waM of thcbiit'i.iejr, in order
rooms. tJae this feaea CoWa! J-w-
rence traelc rt in Ins fall, and binga
large heavy man, the ahock waa aeriou.
The right'leg of the unfortunate man
first struck one of the iron picket on
the top of the fence, and the aaine wa
o forced through the fieahr jKirtion be
low the knee that, in spite of his weight
falling suddenly backward into the re
cess behind the fence, hi body hung
downwards ucnded from the picket.
The bones of the leg lielow the knee
wero frightfully broken, and the ends
protruded through the flesh in aeveral
place, and in one instance through his
pants. Assistance was at once render
ad him, and he was speedily removed
from hi terrible sanation and carried
into the houe, where amputation wa
performed at once. Colonel l renew
fie in a critical condition.
A youth in Iawa. who ha a tarn furl
practical joking, recently tried to Im-
po apon an noneat lager beer vender
by leafing aatmia into hta saloon aod
taking it ap to aha bar aa 1 for to dnnk.
Myhcir looked steadily at tbe pair a
few momenta, and then broke oot aa
follow : "See here ! Vynce, I know what
dis is here your own braddar bat he
be one yon call a as in or. He ia too
mocb yoang to drink bis gias lager -, H
1 not for the law in noplace, mar f
mitt my esaoos. lie look like you, j
t"?1? ?. kr?ffer Un taw." wa she raadr f-mlr s4
1 wui aaast fl year e-M naif aikayaav j u a --- U !mat aaa.
ass ed to both, Kow aha lame "' , .
Htyoar self. Nam m aha ffVMNa'r - " i jB
ataaa ' - y'' ' "ja?'SV " : . 1 Tiafaaaaasaaiiii ' 1' 1
A Stat fa eaat iaas.
The Louisville Journal has a Naples)
correspondent who writes : "I spent the
uigiii una some incntts on ine top 01
Ve-uvious, freezing on one side and
boiling on the other. Wekeptouraelvea
awake by the amusement of dodging
the falling stones. About once in tei
minutes the old mountain cave a shiver
then a burst like forty thouand can-
msT it ever there was such a thing.
At each hurst like a cloud of black
smoke in the shape of an inverted hay
slack, and thirteen times the sis of the
Gait House was driven into tho air. fol
lowed bv a mass of livinir flames that
lightened tho country for leagues"
"Then look nut for stone. Millions of
stones are thrown hundred of feet high
into the air, most of them falling back
inio the crater, hut many, varying in'
sire trom a iiigoou s egg to a tobacco
hogshead, land outside, and you mint
lodge generally easy enough, as they
are ot white heal ami show as plain as
a rocket star. They tumble down tho
step cone, hissing and steaming in the
snow, the big ones breaking into frag
ments and tnring like bursting ahalla.
Now is tho time ten 'minutes interval.
We rush up to the very edge of the
abyss and look down ; for further par
ticulars see 'Dalit's Inferno;, but joa
spoil your boots; I did. You aingo
your moustach ; 1 did. And you wistr
you were safely out of it ; 1 did. Voir
turn away sneezing as it you had accf
deutlv ignited a box of lovofocoa under
; for a moment all is dark ;
en tlie long twinkling row ot gaa-
laiups in the streets of Naplca aeema to
spring out of tho ground at your feet,
though miles away ; then you ace tho
lights in the little towns above the baao
of the mountains, in all save one, and
that one the largest. l'omeii-xwilh its
great old temple, magnitiec.it theater,
close built streets, and vast arena, a
dark, the grim skeletons lying in their
asheu beds alone keep their vignl there,
their eyeless sockets need no light. No
sight That ever 1 witnessed can equal a
clear sunrise from Vesuvius.
" No one can imagne iU grandeur; bat
you must try to, for 1 dare not attempt
it description. As wo Btood gaaiu,
down on the rootles houses of I'umpeii
the nun lighting its gay-colored wall
There del Greco, with its earthquake
shaken walls I aatd ' I 111 glad ot IU
Says one of the party, it's uwlul shabby;
don't think it pava.' That young man
was from llciirycouiity. Ind. With a
pretty general destruction of boot and
clothing, and the aforesaid loss of vuw
of ihv.haudaomcst moustaches in Naples,
by your humble servant, we got down
safely. Not o with another iarly wh
ascended from tho Nola aide, tine ol
them had an arm bokcu by a falling
stone, another a leg 111 getting down."
Mr. Wharton Mr Bar after ChrMa
The process of justice wafts but littl"
on thu holiday fcativitiea, and at hnlf
past today, while the ctLnt of the mer
rv Christmas were still clinging to all
those whose dutic or desirvn called
them to an attendance iiioii tho trial of"
Mrs. K. G. Wharton, lor the murder of
General U. Scott Ketchum, tho court re
assembled for the eighteenth day'a pro
t eedings in the case. Tho Judges, nil
the attorneys, a great number of tho
witnesses and several spectator arrived
by the 1 o'clock! rain, and iijmmi ihe atrp'
nt the court house, the vrnerahlo rier
iqiencd the court in dm- form, and th
jury were brought in, looking as though
tbeV had not suffered much from lb?
Christmas service to the state. Tho
prisoner and daughter h.fl alre-tdy nr-'
rived, and Istth nccmrd moro aorrowful
than ever before. Their heavy hlwk
drapery brought to them the air of dnrja
melancholy not Heretofore noticvaiiie.
heightened to our imagination, pr jr
In' ! liriflil anil hatmv aurroundlllif
v ..- ......-- --" "
- ,. , .
- ., , ,t. . 1 t 1
u io pawiiiig .our,. --
l-- Vail...-. lliat a-f.fataf tltf Mflfl llttltfNl
IS1 siV-'llf .aj lun-nt n-. --- -----
friend of the prisoner and daughter,
were called homo to ajiend their Chri't
ma, but came down on the train lolho
court and joined ihcrn in the toiirl-rooii.'
but Mr. Nuciit,Wliartiin'a b"JHj
reinaifiwd with her at AsmsmalsVM s
wa, as usual, p reseat kt. Hat samiimesa. 3
Wham tk raajH waa asasd w" -
was wM aVMeal wfah m iiMitn of hv
diss aad awNtiasasw. among whom war
aarrcral gssrtlerneii of legal and political
pramliich'-r, abowing that Interest In
thi inisfrtnnt cac had not deenitiMitsi,
a Prof. W. P. Tonry, thu clieiniral e.
jwrt to whom had been irtruted the re
examination of th remains of th-t d
ccated in a march for poison, wv !
conclude hi ttimony, which had been
broken off 011 Tuc'ayjut a Im dlar
ed hia finding of aulphida of an
timony in the liver of Octi. Katchttia.
There wa great inUrawl manifested by
the medical fraternity, a lar wimbwr d
whom had come over from ilaltlmuro
and Waahington to bear the coot lusio of
Bacoa Awsn Most town of
any pretention pss one or mora fa
habitants penally odious to all tho rasst,
by having, a thgIrihman aaid to them.
"rcry winning way yi mast imaan
hated. Thi di.rrbl rsmisrfr
waa poejcd to a high degree, ia a ca-r
.7 uiwi in VMiaw.nt. tW a aaa named
one abater .lay Mr. Baeoa waa kwf
lf2 a batcher of the riltaga- ia hta akvp.
,. ...roiled a welt-known dortor
0r Uirimtr vt make parchaac Mr. -
con f9rth with le4fthabSchTatral
:,;- k..f. ,., tk f men
u M yoi jj mtf dertor , !
j. Imja.r his kavaai e trwaw
otktrwhUk was ssrsssw. JmM hwajtb
,,, t,. -Cast tw mm, air, why tsw
ijj jt Utlj Li caff ad aWnwArf fit
u wiH toy, air, It JfM tail at