Newspaper Page Text
:&. id. s-.:M:?sp:fcT,
AT SALINA, KANSAS.
OrTWB ea In ATeBat.Urea daon eaet t
HATES OF B0BBOK1PTION.
roprvoae rear - 2
r 'eftmealb g
ra exr wik.
i i oa i Wte l
I n i uuntfaiwB'.
Throe tnebee W 1 Hr',!?,"
Fr fae-tt W J Whole cotasw
FOB TWO !
On lacs. f 199 1 liilA f
TwolKBea. IM quarter eooaut- 6 SO
Tbree je- JM I lljHeotaina . -ItfO
FVwrlPtfi-t 1 6 I Whole eBtoaw MW
Oae 1Kb flOOl Flretaebea I7rt
Twolnc-ee a qartrrelaBta 800
Three lnfare 4 SO I HiK eotaan BOO
FMrlsefaca I Whate eetoma- W
ma nn witti.
Oh Isefa I 2 SO I Fltc iaehra 4 S SO
Tw Inebre 00 I Quarter eetamn.- U 00
Three Inehra SO I HK eota-ia IS JO
year lubtt 7 Ott I Whale rdama. .30 00
ma rws wmnt.
Oar 1Mb 4 00 Flee tnrb-a. ...Ill JO
Two laehea 6 08 I UaartereBtB It SO
7?&t: I taste: S 3
ram tukbb bmtu.
Oae kwb 1 SO
T-o Iwbn 7 SO
Poar InrtM- II so
Flreteebet 1 00
artrr . it in
re-a mi th
, K oa I Flte tarfc-
I'lW I UMitnnliMHi
. JIW! Whole ooloBm-
ma our rata.
Uni Ineh I li 0u I Flreiseare.
Two lurbre 1"0 I baaiteresle-M
T brae . 21
Poar Inrb.-.oJ-S. UN 1 Whale cta- KM 00
Ej-rrefnulaeil orBattaeat rardt, aeraprtar
o ore lata of apart, oae year, tea.
KJ-Liel SoMre at Lejal Bate.
tr-Baonr Xotin-t hi Newt or Local Mumiii
eeren eeatt a Hoe.
-Annual Adrrrtbrn an aNrd ttt jirlti
Iff ef otaU tbtsin.
oynciAL count? sib-otobt.
r. a ficii. not ouiriH.
Olof Farm.TMrd Dllrirt,
Jovpb Smrjtct ..-.
John FwUr .. ....
C. 8. tUdeiur
jOmb 4 iMcn.
J. M. OrIr
O. P. Ilaarfliea-
-Oaastr Portf jor
L. A. Itl--J!IriatBJ'a4a4' Pabbe hrtoolt
Pr J. B. Oref r. Cror
A. P CaWii,
E X. Surw,- .
Tata And ea .
J. II. PlTKolt.
CJtk af DMrirt Coart
,.. . Stmt Senator
Jedf Dittrtn Coarl
OmCIAL CITY DIBBCTOBT.
E W CHwr Mayor
Fl-i Ward-TajW MHfrr. B. A. W. Boa,
BcroBil ward 3m. WuMrnVr, Fraak IKwdnaw
Tblrd Ward-U . WlfW, A. U Do.
Fourth WirJ-H. Ilar-i, WHH Brbtul.
L. M. Tuttlf. Marshal
W. D. KadeHIT. ... Trratarrr
C A Hitler. CHj Atturaey
A. Buadl. . VMtr Jud(e
F- E Boaea. Plrrk
W II SbaaVr BwdHinK
John It Cbm-
fWrf Fire PaaMttwe
nulla or Be an or xwcatwx
JV- H-J-J.I1 IIHMraiadJ ll.--fcmJ
Hani-J. W Cravtor aad C Etorbardl
ntrd rTanf-V. B Flaalan aad M. M Bri.
fiwrt WardT. F ltJH aad E. 1L tW.
A-ieAed TWrflerr-J. F WeMtactaa aad J. M.
J. G. MOHLER,
ATTORNEY - AT - LAW,
OaUa ia Port 0eKoek
J. yi. JENNEY,
OSra la Journal Block, Irea Aftout, HcUoa,
Kanaaa. fial atteaUea ftrea to dbeaara 01
womro aad rWlirro,
E. .R SWITZER, M. D.f
(Ura4ualf-orHrUIII UnUemlty, Mon
OFFICE la Cem-ereial Bloek orar SaotrS
boot aad ahoeatere. ResUraea weiteodot
J 0HN J. GEIS,
Notary Public and Conveyancer
Ofiea oter Wbilebead A Seaman' Bookatora,
DR. R. E. NICKLES,
JKNTiST. F1iietUlBBfta.preHT. Arti
atea. Hltre aOtU Oaa adialablerrd far the
Offlee la Kotha flkri, (up aUlra) Career SaaU.
Fa aad Ira Aeeooea.
DEKTIST. Partleahu- atleatkm flrta U the
praaerraUoa of aataral teeth.
a - . of . aaaaial - ----
All n vra ifwtmrH - -
OBea la A. F. Shabtl buU41n oit door U
Buh A Boni at-it, BaaU Fa annua.
S. C. SERVILLE.
HOUSE, -, Freaeo as. Carriara Painter.
tarb-s.m-B-ad papar baaflat Job
with atatreca and difpateb.
K 0.M Fifth etet. Sa-B Kaaeu.
WILMABTK & GILBERT,
Ajclritects & Builtto
Plana rurala-eda slll(M,!
Ara prrpared to naderi-M bafiMnJtaifd..
aeripuon. Shepoa iron ATtaaajWHoaof w
A. -lr A Co.'a Plow Fatter. Sas.
C. T. HILTON'S
Livery, Feed & Sale Stable,
opposite PatclSe Kam-e, aII-a-
Banea boarded hr Oa f or T4-Oed
raaata Tradt toUeitad.
c w. aaaaa. a a.ccayHAit M r soosz.
!, Cmhkt & SMI,
X- , "77" "ST 3E3 -K S .
WILLpnettrc la all cwtrta ia the State of
Kaaaaa. KpeeUl a-eattaa rtTen U col-
1 Sana , iumb raaea
500,000 Lives Saved
Bjr l-a ne tf
Dr,Dywis Eeaiach Dyspepsia
-iA 'itfWtMTa oftVrat fat a BeUer i-edj
f J . lath
D. . DYER'S PlT-l-S
For the care otSkk Beadaeae. Djpef!. Liter
Oaaplalat. and aU diteaaea arWnf froM a dU-
orterrd.Stamaeh aad loware k4.
A. L. BODGE, SAUNA, JLINSAS,
la whoJeaale ajeai fer lb StaleafKa- -
fikaa B. -arrM. aai- A. BaunM-
llouae mnd B&ddiag Plants.
riornl Dewl-a a Kpe-rlaJtr.
Orden brtrkafaph or avaU for Veddl rrti.
ruoeeaw.ie- reet-i prompt aMealioni K.
W.'Can SnMi a QaXvaV Su. fetvathtotk fraa
Main atrtet ear Hae t TOTE, KAXSAS. ead
Opaaatutaa Coart Boaae.Bt Hat, tta.
Free 'fins to and fromTrain.
rBWl-V4tiooM It W-Ueaf'a-dcos-
A i-iSmii uaa rooaa baa bees ooraed asd ar-
raared far Ue tut a(Uaa4j0. MJtineUM aetrjr
.11. tli. inwl.tniMilrFi tatiitot Ludt
caa ba oVuUed aiT---L- ar.akfaoatt
Litowich & AVdlsieffer.
W '' P"Mp
In Boots and Shoes we
are ahead "of them all,
both in prices and quality
We also carry a large
stock of the best'CIothing.
Litowich & Wolsieffer.
Litowicli I Wolsief er.
Litowich & Wolsieffer.
The reasdn why we sell
so many goods is plain :
we buy our goods in large
lots for cash, and we take
advantage of all thb -discounts,
and we give the
benejits thereof to our
Jjitowick SrWolsiefler. J
. l.i. . i1" ' ' 1
'Wo-Pio-P -B yw-P'"B O iojaw'-wi-a
Fa.B'la-lfcB.rlWf-' -P.lldlr4L W
-- r 4 - 1
--- -T - -v--- .'--- --aawa-aaw-w-aj-a
Litowicli & Wolseiffer.
tow LI nu
. We are carrying the
.Largest Stock of General
, - i
Merchandise in torn, and
are selling more goods
than any store in Town.
Litowich & Wolsieffer.
f ---"-ip ' - -p nr m
"Jlllj -iMI-t. a
Litowich & "Wolsieffer.
M . - -
k-p -p " P' ' w
Oall and see us and
llearn our prices before
We pay. the' Highest
market prices for country
" We are agentsf forthe
While, American, New
Home and Queen Sewing
Litowich ,& Wolsieffer.
SALINA, KANSAS, THURSDAY, AUGUST 23, 1883.
TitB Ifew York Bejmbllcan FUte
Coavenllon Is to be beM At Richfleltl
Springt), Sept. 17.
R. F. TnoHPSos. a well-known at
torney of MianeapolM, l ac&ndidate
f.tr Judge or the Eiglitli Judicial Dis
trict. LoNti live Stanley r.,KlngofCongo!
Stanley was once a iiewpaper repor
ter All the reporters of the future
will bet ou kings.
JuixibJ. S. Watkom, of Emporia,
onee chief Justice of Kausas and judge
or the Judicial District In which he
lived for two terniR, died at the au
vauced age of 79 yearn last Thursday
The Grand Array or Kannas will
hold tbelrreunlon in Leavenworth the
loth, 11th and 13th or October. Leav
enworth Is a pleasant city with pleas
anlpeople7 a'nrflhe-boys will surely
have a pleannt time.
The handsome stone residence or
Capt A. C. Pierce, or Junction City,
was destroyed by fire last week Wed
nesday. The fire originated by a ser
vant girl spilling gasoline. Capt.
Pierce Is a brother-in-law or Mr. E. E.
Bowen, of this city.
Talk about personal liberty. They
are awful particular over In Germany
about trifles. They have a law there
which prescribes that each beer glass
shall have a mark to direct where the
froth ends and the beer begins. This
Is all right for the consumer but had
for the seller.
Joe Wilson, Slayor or Topeka, finds
the city badly In debt, and to settle
the indebtedness, has made some
sweeping reductions or the city's ex
penses. The police force, with the
exception or three men, have been
iliscbarped ; the lire department has
Iteeti cut down ; the city's gas, water
and electric liht have been discon
tinued. During the pat month
the saloons have not been taylng
anything into the city treasury,
though they have been running reg
ularly all the time and selling oa
much beer and whisky as usual.
Where there is no income, the city is
llabTe to run into debt.
Galvkhto.v, the beautiful island
elty of the Gulf, Is suffering from a
water famine. In the midst of water,
with water everywhere, and still a
wuter famine. Galveston Is connected
with the main land by a long cause
way,and as the train passes over It the
thought nf beautiful Venice rises up
In one's mind. The water which sur
rounds the city U of course saltwater ;
and there are no welU because noth
ing but salt water can be obtained on
that sandy location. The water for
ilomtwtie -se Is taught In cisterns'
not brought from the main laud as In
Venice. A long drouth has prevailed
and the cisterns are drained. People
have lieen "borrowing" from eacli
other for several weeks. Rain only
pan bring relief. If there ia no rain,
the Mater must be brought In from
miles In the Interior.
It was generally believed the sum
mer that Col. Phillips was defeated
fiir renoiuluatloii to Congress that
there was mmething rotten in the
way in which the delegates from
Dickinson county to the convention
were elected. The Abilene Gazelle
refers to the matter as follows:
It was not an "accident" but the
dirtiest and most despicable kind of
villiany that raada John A. Andersou
a Congressman. When the county
convention was held at Abilene to
elect delegates to the congressional
convention, it was found that Wm. A.
Phillips had a majority or all delegates
elected, several precincts not having
held primaries. Credentials were
forged and delegates for Anderson
from two precincts took part In the
convention, and even then the vot
was a tie between Phillips and Antler
mil Gen. Guthrie, or Atchison, bad
two delegates who went with the An
derson men, thus giving him Dickin
son county. And, in addition to this,
Col. Phillips was absolutely "counted
out" or his delegates In Abilene, and
Anderson "counted In." Anderson's
friends gave him this county by
cbeatery at the primary election.
Some of the aiitl-Prohibltlon papers
are very merry over the nou-en force
in en t or the liquor law In some cities
they name, and thus pronounce pro
hibition a failure. Prohibition has
never had a word of encouragement
from any or these sheets. When pro
hibition was enforced, as it has been
at some period in a large portion or
the oities, they were very silent ; but
when some fellow started up with a
keg or beef' In a back room, they im
mediately became clamorous, shout
ing that prohibition was a fraud and a
cheat There la not a law on the stat
ute book that can le enforced If the
law-breakers have the sympathy and
suptiort or the newspapers, ir these
newspaper men had supported the en
forcement of the law with as much
vigor as they have Its. non-euforce-menl,
there would be little chance for
the violators of the law. Taking out
Jlo larger cities of Kansas, the prohib
itory Iaw has been as successfully en
forced as could be expected for the
time it has been upon the statute
book. It takes years for comraunltiew
te become accustomed to such a new
order of thiags as would naturally be
inaugurated by such a law. We are
notpecilly pleading In favor of the
prohibitory - law as a practicable
measure; oat we do assert that al
good dtiiens should do all in their
power to enforce the statutes pro
vided for a proper test of its practica
bility. We believe the newspaper
aen-ire bare referred to desire to be
classed under the head of "good citit
sens." Beeaase the law la not enforced
la Tepeka, Atehteoa, Leavenworth,
Junction City, or Salina. does not
prove that prohibition Is a failure
throartout the Btatc. We do cot
IblakStUiuest ardent prohibitionist
lias ever tbeaght that liquor drinking
and selling coshl be entirely prevented
Ibt Kansas. If there Is good argument
In favor or prohibition, and the law
lean be enforced in two-think or the
State, there is etlll reason forendear-
arto-to.Hfore ILJb the. remalnlsK.
ItMSfhrrfrii " B'-.
i . '
' fc - . -
The Hiawatha iTorfti Is authority
for tlje following concerning Sol Mil
ler, one of the ablest and most success
ful journalists of the State :
lie is the luoat Industrious editor In
the State, working more than twelve
hours in the day and never leaving
his post We think" he has attended
only one editorial convention In
twenty-six years. This Industry.!!
his remarkable talent, has given him
a comfortable fortune but mueh less
than the same ability and attention to
business would have afforded bad
Miller been a farmer or banker. How
ever.be seems to be satisfied and don't
Some talk or getting up a bleycle
contest during the Fair.
Tlie public schools coiumem-e two
week's from next Monday.
The Methodists held their morning
service at the Opera House lat Sun
Citizens are ordering tlielr winter's
supply of "hard coal" delivered at
S1.75 per ton.
Mr. F. M. Buchanan, the gentle
man who married Mrs. Vorbees, was
In town last week.
Prairie chickens are fast ripening.
One week from next Saturday It will
be lawful to kill them.
Rev. Mr. Bulllnton commenced can
vassing Saline county In the Interest
nf the American Bible Society last
The ladies of the Presbyterian
church are raising money for the pur
pose of making some much needed
Lawn sprinklers are becoming
abundant. Already the lawn mower
and the sprinkler are brlghtnlng up
the grassy carpets of front yards.
Mr. J. E. Gebhart has purchased of
Mr. P. Olson, the residence property
at the northwest corner of Santa Fe
avenue and South street. Amount,
Gov. Crittenden, ofMissourl, paed
through Ballna last Thursday guiug
east, being well provided for In the
npecial car or Vlce-Prwldent Hnxie or
the Guuld system.
Crops abundant, rains plentiful,
granaries brim full, youuir turkey bud
ding into a juicy gobbler, pumpkin
pies rapidly approaching. A smiiiug,
n peaceful and a happy land.
Miss M. E. Wilson, a young lady
very highly respected here, removes
to Reno, Nevada, to reside for the
preseut She has not decided whether
she will remain there permanently or
Some good street sprinkling has
been done during the late dusty
weather by the aid or the city's hose.
It would not be a bad idea for the oily
40 havB-a permanent engagement with
the water company for street sprink
ling. At a shooting match held last veek
Wednesday the following was the
TEX B1RDJ 31 T-K.D3.
Kealer B 1110 0 10 0 1
Campbell 0 1 I 0 0 0 1 1 0 1
Werrj 0 0 1 I 1 1 I 1 0 I
rtvr aiaoa 31 tabds.
Kealer t I 1 0 0
Werrj 0 I 1 I I
Tho electric storm or Tuesday night,
hut week, did considerable daniago at
Wichita in blowing olT roofs aud lev
eling the walls or new buildings. The
safest place In such a storm Is In the
cellar no matter what may be Its vio
lence at the time. At any moment
its fury is liable to be increased then
The lawn tooial given by the ladies
of the Christian church at the home of
R. A. Lovlt, Esq., was an exceedingly
pleasant entertainment and much en
joyed by the large number of patrons.
The beautiful grove on the premises
was illuminated by torches and Chi
nese lauterns, and there wete music
and games and much social 'pleasure
It was the first entertainment of the
kind given in Salina, and we hope It
wilt not be the last.
Law term of the District Court
commences nex Monday. The Judge
has been seeking recreation in the
Indian terrltory( the clerk in the
mountains, Mohler In the wigwam,
Garver at the springs, Hlller and Cun
ningham In rstronomical observations
In the night hours, Spivey, Banks,
McClelland,Foster, Moore.WIlson and
sheriff have taken It leisurely and the
rather pleasantly In our own hand
some little city. They art all recu
perated and ready for work.
Although the water works celebra
tion and the liberal provisions made
for entertaining the niaaaea durlug the
fair may absorb a goodly portion of
of the aUeution of the people, we
would earnestly renew and press the
suggestions we have heretofore made
that the old soldiers or the eoaBty
should unite in having a camp fire
while the Fair is In progress. It is
not too late to get ready and we nr
genlly solicit that In order to start the
ball rolling tha Grand Army posts or
the county should take the Initiatory
steps. It la a time when the soldier
boys will take a vacation, and they
can safely participate in a camp
fire. What say you, Vets., shall It be
Quite a number or places, with Be
lolt and Minneapolis In the lead, are
making an earnest effort to aeeure the
proposed M- E. church aeminary.
Such an institution Is a most desira
ble acquisition tc any place, and we
wonld very much like to sea Salina
make a vlgoroaa demand fer the
prise- An Instltqlton of learning b
not only or aenrlaolnaa edaeaUoaal
point orview, but ako brings money
into the pockets of iba dtizes, and
adds popakUoB and wealth to the
dtr which b his home. Ifa few f
our moneyed men would eowe for
ward andnlcdee koout- msm oa
snbscripUoa list, a large aawoat of
cash co-Id bo raised' thro-ghoot the
tslty and eoaaty IctBaH"aoflUt
whrch ht the Aggregate wotttd ferob
ably be far ahead ,bt aayt-BwaBl of
fered by.aay place. In,tBe:.Nertbwe3h
I Coafereaee- '
The, dormitory f..r Bethany Acad
emy Is progressintr Hii-ly. The build
ing is to he 38x90 fii-t, three stories
high, and When completed will be the
largest building in the city. Next
fall another nf the same dimensions Is
to be erected on the grounds. Lindt
Mr- A. T. Sauden was visiting here
last week. In . company with Mrs.
Sanden he returned te St. Louis last
Sat unlay. He has been appointed
General Manager of the American
Galvanic Co., and will hereafter live
Mr. and Mrs. T.J. Going have re
turned from Kansas City .having spt-at
amontliln that place. Mr. Going
states that the retail business is dull
there, and that vacant stores and
houses are altogether too uumeroos
for so thrifty a place as that city has
always been reported to be.
Mr Jonathan Tinkler .has proven
that decrraisIageaw-boNniade a suc
cess. He has eight deer in his park
orseventeen acres, which is enclosed
by a wire fenee six .feet high, the
creek running through the park. Tbe
deer reed principally ou the wild su
mac which grrms in abundance in
tbe park, and are as rat as can be. Mr.
Tinkler thinks he can raise deer as
successfully as sheep. He will en
close more aores this fall and hunt up
some more deer.
A new coal mine recently discov
ered near the outh linenf this county
Is owned by Mr. Abratu Whitehead, a
native of Lancashire, England.
The quality of this coal is very fine
and it Is improving both In quality
and quantity. It Is now forty Inches
thick and dips one Inch hi twelve and
it only makes about three barrels of
water per week. The distance pene
trated into the hill is one hundred and
sixty feet. Mr. Whitehead Is an ex
perienced miner, having worked at it
since a small boy, commencing in
England and working many years in
Pennsylvania, from which state he
emigrated to this country. He intends
nutting twenty miners to work before
long so that the great demand for coal
can be promptly supplied. The mine
Is situated on the NEJ or sec. 2, town.
14, range 7, two miles west or Delight
and about one mile east of the Twin
Mounds. Lini-oln llmier Beneon.
K.V8T FLOItlDA, Aug. 1833.
KniToit Journal :-ThU and the
two following letters will be a "gen
eral mixture" of darkies, cracker,
"low down whites." and orange cul
ture. Those Interested In the eost and
culture or the orange will please "ort
DrlBfdeblglreede-'n tade groan'
So sang the "darkies" in the forest on
a December morn. There was Anion,
a six-footer, who weighed 18-5 pounds,
strong as an ox and straight as an ar
row; he used a long bitted seven
pound axe. Then came Aleck, a five
footer; and next was Sampson, tall
and thin ; Preachers was thick and
clumsy; Rob was genteel, light aud
thin and "spry as a cat." Home of the
"crackers," when they had a turkey
aud wanted to make a "spread"
would gel Bob to cook and wait on the
table. Aleck had atlddle made out of
a long-necked gourd ; ho oouid play
three or four measures of a tune, which
was rather monntomous although u ot
unmusical a sort of JIggerJIgger, lg,
jig. Bob would get on top or a log
heap ami execute all the dancing
steps that I ever saw at Morris Bros.,
or Cliristye'tL Most or the time the
darkles were barefoot, for they could
stand on a logdjelter while chopping.
Frosty mornings they wore their
shoes. Sampson's toes stuck through
the holes In his shoes like a turtle's
head front bis shell, and his pants
were '"sown with tears ;" lie "elaimed
to be a teacher." He was the laziest
one of the lot, always talking and
spitting oi) his hand . He got angry
with Aleck (who is a live darkey and
quite a joker) and threatened to "dead
hlin." "I'll fight you,sah," I'll dead
you.sab." Aleck asked hlin If he bad
A. M. put to his name? "No, what's
dat?" "Don't yer know when dey
go to college dey sometimes put M- D.,
en' sometimes A. M. to dar names?
wall, I reckon you inus' beau A. M..
for dat means all mouth." Chorus of
laughter; then Aleck started dat old
"Da dibMi la aud aad I ara ilad,
lit teat a aoel ba tbeagbl be had."
They all joined In the chorus and tbe
woods rang with"glory .glory hallelu
jah." Amos was a good worker,and!whea
he swung that seven-pound axe, the
monarch Qf the forest trembled from
root to branoh .
The trees are out off two and one
halfjfeet from the ground, so that the
chopper stands erect. Tbe choppers
select their places a short distance
from each other and fall the trees so as
not to Interfere or bnrt one another.
No matter how heedless and careless
a darkey appears, he Is always careful
and cautious about getting hurt or
hurting others. If It Is windy and
the tree is liable to go wrong, the
warning, "watch out dar," Is given;
then tbe whltesof all eyes are exhibit
ed as they look upward (q Fee "which
Reader, have you ever been In a pine
forest and witnessed tbe railing or
large trees? ir you are an Invalid,
there is nothing better (after throwing
away all drugs), than to visit a clear
ing, see the trees fall, and inhale the
balsamic aroma from tbe newly cat
pines. One feels sorry to see a yellow
pine, nine feet In circumference,
eighty feet high and tiny feet from
the nearest limb, brought to the
ground and burned to ashes. There is
something almost human tn tbe groaas
Which emanate from the trunk as it
ItejrluB to totter i then that peculiar
awish, as it outs through the air,
sounds like a suppressed sob ; but we
soon "get hardened" and like tht boy
who killed the frogs, we "want to see
another turnover." Occasionally it
Is still and the tree stands plumb,
then it has to be cut nearly off before
It rails; as the tree begins to tremble,
tbe chopper steps one side, bat "no
go ; he strikes a few more blows,
then puts his hand on the tree aad
pushes ; slowly It starts and Its veloci
ty increases every second until it
comes crashing to tbe ground, driving
some or the limbs three feet into the
soil. The limbs are cut Off, aad (he
trunk la cat la ten feet lengths for con
venience In toting. Aner the trees
are all cut down the topsfand brash are
put In largo heaps. ,,Iandaplkes',
are made from pine about twoandoae
half Inches in diameter and Ave feet
in length, tapered a little at tbe
ends. They are used to roll and tote
tbe logs into piles. Three men tan
tola quite a large leg two la front,
oae on each Bide of tbe log with hand
spikes about a third distant from the
end of the tog; tbe third m&a "tails
IfMhalis lakes hold of the end and
keeps It balanced. For Urge toga it
Heeds four men. Tbe handspikes are
ran uBdertbelog, sometime through
the aaa'd where tha logs lie ateae to tha
ground, thea the word Riven, aad
esaH-one takes bald. Jftke lee is
heavy, It ti raised ta the kaeea with
the handspikes partly resting en the
knee for a moment, then tbe leader's
'up'wllh It" brings t lie hag In pod
tlon to carry. On arriving at the pile,
two oflhe iiteii plaee the eniNof the
handsitikex mi the ground or top of
the pile and then step aside, when the
other Ian roll tbe !R off the hrtliil
Hpikes. The lttr next to the stump Ior
Is turned and rolled, bat all those a
few feet distant are luted as it can be
done so much quicker.
If any one wishes to see a display of
muscle and Mi-dhie-w. Jrt witness
four (lartries toting a tog ten feet long
and twenty inehes in diameter. Ail
the small fogs from four to six Inches
In diameter are handled by two men,
and as thev tos them on the pile they
exelalm "hi the lire now she goes!"
Most of the ohopiers wanted a "set
tlemint" every day or two, then they
would be absent several days ; part of
tbent returned when they agreed to.
but some never found their way back.
Some days we had seven darkles, then
It was lively around, fur with laughter
ami song the wood-t did resooud Then
lays w'hen the work dragged, for we
had but three, the. others being absent
oil a recularatpniA. TtMit.oli-er days
when of darkles there were none.tuen
we fumed and scolded aud chopped
After the logs ami brush are all
piled, then comes the burning which
usually takes from four to seven days.
If the piles have not sutlicient lighter
(drv pitch pine) more is added ; then
the'grass Is set on fire which ignites
many or me piles ami an oi me urusti
heaus. Imaciiie a ten acre lot nearly
covered with over 800 piles of logs and
brush as the fire goea hissing, rack
ling and roaring through It; dense
volumes of smoke are whirling up
ward In spiral forms, then as the
breeze strike it. It ilatteus out and
rolls and tumbles over in waves and
billows. On goes the Are creeping
along, occasionally hurried by the
breeze, setting pile after pile on fire.
The air is tilled with smoke and
flame, and the sunlight Is nearly
blotted out. The men stand still for
awhile, awestruck and silent at the
fascinating but terrific sight. Birds
fly screaming to the forest, the snakes
hurry rnmi a burning pile only to get
scorched In the-next and the rabbits
go scurrying and bouutling along with
lightning rapidity; charred oak and
palmetto leaves uo whirling and float
ing off a quarter of a mile distant
Day after day ue burned large piles
of logs within live feet id dry gra!.
over a foot high willnmt selling it on
(Ire; imrl of the tinie the wind was
blowing towards (he gmsH. There are
but few tiparks from jellow pine ami
theso go out williiu two feet nf tbe
fire. A tlt one fntii wide will stop
all fires, unless there H a gab" of wind
or In n IminmiK'k where tin brush is
dense. After the smoke has partially
cleared the bunds svt fire li the piles
that lire not burning, and as the small
Elles burn down the dramls and nn
iirnished stieks are parried tn other
piles. At Minset all the piles are
"stirred up;" (men who are iu a
hurry, keep a set of IihihI to attend
the fires all night ) Monday morning
our fires were nearly all out except tbe
light wood Ktimiw. some of which were
burning two feet lieluw the surface nf
Ihegrniind. Only Amos and six-foot
"cracker" were prent at stinrle.
They commenced filing on ophite
sides of tile Int. aud as there appeared
to be a little rivalry betat-eii litem, I
timed them for two Itours; they bnd
to spilt lighter, besides adding lirge
pieces tn the piles. The "crackers"
set forty piles on fire anil the darkies
forty-two. No one can make a lire
out of next to nothing and coax it tn
burn likeaeoiitheru ilarkev; he will
light the match and kindlings In his
I tat and handle them when they are
blazing. Tlie darkles are happy at a
"hurtling" especially if II Is a little
cool. They will walk through tho hot
ashes aud embers barefooted anil If
they step on a burning brand, they
only move a little more lively. I have
burned my fingers on a brand when
tfiey would plek It up ami place it
At sunset the tlarkleH usually start
up a "singing ballon" (which will be
answered from the adjoining planta
tions) orslng a hymn. The practice
has teen continued since "slavery
times" but what a difference now
they go where they please aud do as
they please; then they sang a differ
ent ong when they were ronduetcd
to the whipping cabin, where they
received a "goodly" number or lashes
for not completing their task.
"Come down, flahrHl, Wow de hern.
Call me home In da earlr raera ,
Seed d eharriot down die war
Came and take me borne to eear
O, anrtU meei me at da eraweti. meet rae,
O, ancett meet me at de eraaereadi,inet me.
Anreu meet rae an de eroaoranli.
Can't eaarra a tinner tall.
"I'aeHbftrmenHM. and Pee Mb far yean,
Can't get need to lor wtepla' tear,
Loit mj war In de read to tea.
Ware up. Batata, paaa bm la. Ckerwe.
-Dem aaftta harta't aat leaf ta wait,
I lej'a ataalB new at de aaMea fate.
When wecetdare, on de to ler there,
Daj'H as taeUe.aa' dejlt that da door.'QUrw.
PERSONS AND THINGS.
The Rev. Dr. Robert Laird Collier
has accepted a call to the Free Chris
tian ehureh in Kentish Town, London,
D. W. Bushyhead, the old chief of
theCherokeesIn tbe Indian Territory,
has been re-elected after a bitter con
test. Tbe first Chief Justice under tbe
State administration was Judge Tom
Ewing, Jr., now of Ohio, and the As
sociates, Lawrence D. Bailey, now of
Lawrence, and Samuel A. Kingman,
now living In Butler conuty. Andrew
Stark was the Clerk at that time.
Looking back over the records we
find the first Territorial Chief Justice
was Samuel D Lecomple, appointed
front Maryland, and the associates
wereSeunders W. JohiMton, of Ohio,
and RimIi Elmore, of Alabama. They
were appointed in 1M, and from the
Chief Justice, Leennipten, afterwards
the capital, got its name. It i be-
llsved lie Is how living near White
Oaks, New Mexico.
An old operator thm tells how cable
messages are received j "i don't sup
poe you know bow tbe cable messages
are received? No. Well, its alto
gether different from this tick, tick,
The messages eome as little electric
sparks; the letlers are knewa by the
length of the flash. These men go
blind at the end of fifteen vears. and
are pensioned in England, but nothing
is done for them Here Tltey are not
even paid any better than we are."
Dr. Franklin B. Hough. Chief of
Forestry In the department at Wash-
Iugtotl. estimates tlial In JS70 our
entire area of wood lends of every
kind was 359,000.000 aeres ; that we
were stripping off the wood Treat 10,
000,000 aeres annually am! were plant
ing less than 10.080 acres. If this data
were correct, the area of wood has
Since been reduced by lS,ODJ,Of
aeres aad stands now at 66,O0ei.0uO
acres, er enough to last twenty five
Official advles from Foote. the new
ly appointed United Ktates Mfnister to
Cares, state that he has taken Up hi
residence in the capital of that little
known country, bat life there is at
tended by many discomforts and pri
vations. Tbe only house he has been
able to ohtaiH Is a rude oae of wood
aad paper, with pajer wiaitaws, and
k sitaated tn an nadeirable location
in tbe mkltt of hovels aad filth. Tbe
climate is marked by great extremes'
Of heat aad cold. The oaly fuel ob
tainable consists ef the Bo-gbs orpine
treeB,raBd everything ieHheshai .of
food exeept tbe simplest neeearariea
of life has to b brought from abroad
The embarrassment of Certt Ward
itt'o. caused tbe suspension, Wednes
day, of. tho firm of HC.8rt)mM
Co., New York brokers. Mr StedrtMn
is well kaown as a poet aad prase
writer. It ia elaimed that during a
short vacation hb sea Frederiek, aged
K. a partner In the business, by lujo
dlehms sitf ukiloB with tlie firm's
rands, caused a financial rrkda. Mr
Stedman baa the pub'ie 'sympathy,
and has reeeired numerous offers of
aid, but declined them. It is boiievad
tte tmspensieu will be oaly temporary.
a the Ikbilities will not exceed $,
060. The London Daily JVetm gives an
other vendonor the story of finding
Noah's ark on Mount Ararat. Many
years ago a Mr. Garry-, then la the
employ of the Kusaka Gevernrhaat.
ascended the summit of the mount
ami remained for some days on a
visit at the monastry which was then
there. The monk stated to him that
the rooforthe apartment assigned to
him. and some others, was composed
of the ribs of the ark. Mr. Garvey
said that he examined the atructnre
very closely, and that it bore all the.
appearance of the roof belngsupperted
by the ribs of a vessel, ana the wood
appeared to lie very old. He also said
that a few years after his visit the
monastry was destroyed by an earth
quake, and that he had never beard
what became of the alleged ribs of tin
ark. Mr. Garvy In making his re
port afterward expressed tbe eplnlen
that the monks, having got the story
ftom their predecessors, were houesi
In telling it.
A MONUMENT FOR MATT CARPENTER.
Oa the first or December next there
will be erected over tbe grave of tle
Iiimuiiru-1 ?. a .-. .. . n
un-ukcu cHruaior uryvaeer, ia ror
est Home cemetery, Milwaukee, a
stately work of mortuary art; a fimag
tribute in meinoriam of his bereaved
family. The work Is a cabinet monu
ment, a right line Grecian composi
tion, seven feet rquare at grade, and
twenty-live feet seven Inches high,
cvitiposed of plinth, hoses, die and
capital, wmugnt from light Barre, Vt .
granite. The design is fresh iu con
ception, bespeaking dignity and re
pore in ever' line. Tbe shadows aad
high lights are few, but powerful, tli
Kruiiu eueci being obtained by well
proportioned masses, blending softly
in receding growing lines pyramid
leally, from bae to apex. The base
bears in bokl raised letters the family
name, and on the front of the die tbe
record or his entltv and epitaph are
cut In letters raised, unpolished. In
front of the monument a flight ef
granite steps, flanked with massive
swelling buttresses, graved granite
flower vases, forms the approach Trout
the street The finished work aggre
gates sixty tons In weight, and k coh
stucted to withstand for many centu
ries the blighting touch of time ; ami
In its silent dignity will tell the curi
ous visitor a most ImptesMve story of
the broken easket ofan immortal soul
wrapped In eternal -lumber at its base
GEORGE WASHINGTON ALLEGED
HAVE BEEN $160,000 SHORT
IN HIS ACCOUNTS.
According tn the books of the Tteos
ury Department, General George
Washington, the fatberof his country,
is indebted to the country in the sum
d $1B1,M). Mr. Vale, chler of the
collecting division In the offiVe r
Third Auditor Kelghtly, recently had
oot-ndon to rummage among some M
looks Iu the top story of the Treuury
Department. While doing so the r
eonlsoftlie iwy otllce of tlie Conti
nental establishment from 1771 to 17a
were unearthed, and iu them the ia-ilcMt-ilne-M
of Washington to tbe Oov-t-rnmeut
was found. These old liooks
are in a wonderful state of preserva
tion, and they are properly regarded
as one of the greatest curiosities nf tho
Ueiierul Washington's aeeouata
with the pay department are found In
four searate entries, in two volume
of the journals. The money eharged
to him. ami for which credits an
given, was on aeeooat of disburee
nienlM in the war for InilejieioleMee
Am before stated, the honks sltow thst
lie received $ll,38 more titan U
accounted for. exclusive of a large bal
ance due the Government on General
Washington's spcele account. It
impossible now to tell what was the
i-auso of the apparent ilptieit In the
regular pay account, but tbe deficit hi
the sHi-ii- account is lielieved to be
due to tlie depreciation In the colonial
The name of Colonel Benedict Ar
nold appears en the record near that
id Washington. A bakiiee of $l,sai.
87 appears by the books to be due from
Arnold. An Index accompanies tho
journal, and on this index, opposllo
Arnold's name. Is written, in a steady
hand, the word "traitor." Aaron Burr
also bad an account with the pay de
partment, and his receipts and expen
ditures balance to a penny. Goleael
Ethan Allen's aecounts, upon exam
ination, are found to be eorreet, but
tlie Marquis de Lafayette was not so
fortunate. There appears to be a bal
ance due from him of $2,030.
WASHINGTON'S BIRTHPLACE PUR
CHASED BY THE GOVERN
MENT. Another spot for pilgrimage will
shortly be added to the shores of tho
Potomac, tbe government bavins Just
secured the title to Wakefield, West -mertrfand
eouuty, Va., about eighty
six allies from Washington, and the
site of tbe birthplace or the father of
his country. The estate, eoroprMne
tw?ty acres, k near tbe mouth of
Pope's Creek, and k a portion of the
landed property owned by the grand
father of Washington, whose remains,
with those of Washington's rather,
and several uncles, lie In adllaphlated
tomb on the ground reecntly purchas
ed. Congress has appropriated 983.
OCO to mark tbe site of the houso
where Washington was bora. Tho
design adopted by tbe Secretary at
Stale calk for a monument building
twenty feet square and about thirty
feet high. Within tbe foundation
at least partially constructed or the
old brick's ef Washiagtoa's early
home will be Interred tbe remains of
Ilk ancestors and relatives. A recent
examination of the premkes discover
ed at a depth of two feet eight inehes.
the polid wall of the ohl house la a re
markable state of preservation, fleo
old-fashioned brlek being as good as
the day they were lauded there from
England, now nearly two renin rieo
since. The chimney (dialed out tt
tourists as all there Is left of the oM
home, really belongs to a house of
more recent construction by lite over
seer of tbe property Several years
ago a party of distinguished gealte
mea, among them Senator Evarkaud
General Sherman, visited the piaos
and secured a number of the brieks
from tbeehlmney-whicbrwtre subse
quently euelosed in mahogany a-ioi
it-s of the birthplace. The old resi
dents ofWestmorekad know bettor,
and when Dr. Si. Cklr, of the Stalb
Dvparlaieat was Bent down to aavte
(he land appraised aad secure feh
deed the exaet spot wae designated.
With the aid or the kborers tho
frouad wasexeavaled until the aa
atloR wall was discovered. At pres
ent there I no landing. The short;. k
laaereaslble, owing to the kagtu of
the beach and the sbanownewt of the
water. To proceed with the erection
of the handsome structure it wHt fii-t
be neeeasary to bulk! a wharf fuMy
one-half mile ia length, wbkh win
reach thirteen feet or water, s depth '
suRirietlt lo allow the Potomac steam
ers to land the material, as well as the
paval vessels, which are need by aov
t-rnmeai officials to vH4t Mount Ver
non. The memorial rdMee will he
about oneand oae-halfmrles from-tho
wharf, aad plans eoutempkte tho ia
eloMireof the tweaty aeres, wbkh k
to lie improved from year to year. It
k aahl by ok residents In the vfctaKy
that the erection of the wharf wpH
onea to cultivation thouaaBds efaenti
or tbe best aad la NortberaVlrgjata.
redeem tho garden seettea ef the 9tat
aad make sacred a spot too lean ag
lected bv the peepte of tha eouatry.
i . i
. . . : - ",, -a&j
.The Saltee, County Basd-of-'
IrHboIdiihugusIpipt at ,tbe dMr-
terka cbureb of salina. . v