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THE LEAYENWOBTlH WEEKLY TIME&
LEAVEXWOBTH, KANSAS; THURSDAY MOKKEG, JULV 21, 1870.
C i" ,..t
THE LEAVENWORTH TIMES.
DAILY AND WEEKLY.
TRi: OI.ItEKT PAPER IJf KAS-AN.
OMrial Paper of the Cilj and Conntj.
i 1 1. t .
Ow (opt- out -.ar . 4I0 U")
One ci'-" ?4x iM'tiith- ... . Of)
One ciipi thtec iimtillii ......... S 00
One tojiV iiui- mon'li - ... 1 00
WIirrwlrliirn-Hij'tlM CiniTiiill-cntv, tcnty
fitp cent rr week ,
(Jw t. ism tiar - 2 00
literal IkIihIi'mi" IimI'iI"
mm- III Mot -liciiij'l Is- uMn ssp.1 :
OI-FKK N-. 1 1 A l". fiiAUM : stbi it
-erEKATiex the keebv.
The Aafi'in discus,, the Cih e-e bilwr
question, and ni'M. other question, ith a
fairoe-,, iu-ight and intelligence which wc
fail to find ant when" in ill-' daily press. The
great dailies of New York seem to he afraid
of thcquctioii in its -Nilitic-ilh-ariugs. TJie
ahhst il.it lr of Boston, the AdiaiUn; defend-,
the Chinese and attacks the Crispins in
Mich a way a- to show thai its feelings arc
enlisted and that they ;ire on the side of the
apitalist. It u.oitc the:ii l.dxir. J!en.
Bntlerand Senator Wil-on tike the side of
the Criiins j, aaint thfChincMscnhhlcrs
Iwvaii-: lurth are landidates for the United
States Sciutu, and lliev want hhocmakcr
ott. Oakcj- ll.ill, S.im. Cox and the Xc
York IViiiocrats t ike the amc Mile in order
to mike the Democracy jMjmlnr with the
norkiniiR-n. " Ofcouix; there is no fairdiy
cii-ion to he exMtled fnmi Midi iartian
MmrrrK. ISnt rei-oniii men demand i-onic-tliing
ihvjicr.th.-in thN, and we ie lielow a
Hiimmaryof the tirns held ht the Sutton
not the advocate r attoniey of cithr M!t of
Khiwmakers tir of any iiolilicat JKirty. It is
won to hrcathe jmre air occasionally, and
thi- i e-iiecially deirahle when a new
iietioii conic up which demands hone-t
and clear thinking.
By the terms of the Kiirlin-aine treaty
niru. was oieiiel to America, and America
waM o'ncd to ('him. The Chinese were
xiten the auih priilege in thi amntn
that we tnjoy in China. A country whith
tvechtwa million ortwoof immigrants every
year, and is con-tantly calling for more, enn
not tell a great empire with whkh it has jiM
made a treaty of icncc and amity, that we
3tunot rwvive any more of its citizen?, ul
rbniigii we now hate eenlr thousand. AVe
nm Mick to our liargaiii. Jlut the niimlicr
of Chinese v. ho can lie tempted to come here
h omnparatitcly small, and the (inning of
Urge numliers is indefinitely remote. The
"coolie Mj-tini" (-iimot prevail in Ihin
cmntry that is Chinese l.ilorer working I
at hiw wag-, in a Mate of hjlf-laery, for a j
Jong lenn oi ear. inline opinion woulil
not allow an emploterto enforce hiscontract,
and the law would not afliird him Icg:il rem
edies where the "coolie' decri(il them or
refused to work.
But, .supMk-iug that the Chinese are likely
to come in vast numhers and undersell our
lalxtrers hv their low itaiidanl of living, and j
delniiLh our mlitics liy their ignorance and
immorality, what can wedo to prexent their
ciining.' Nothing, we tear. Me have gone!
too far in leaving all these things to lie taken j
careoiliv I rut iritiicc, to go I kick now and
attempt to titiistrnct protectite machinery.
liiereisixi wat'in wlntli they can be Mint
twit, and we an quite Mire that any arty
which attoiipt"! to protide one oiild (liter
it-elf w itj ridkiilc. All the foni aiKlJilra-j
nun wants o: lhc;ige woiiiu tight ag-uiisi anv
thingof the kind. ' -
AVv shall ncalVtriiigcrit measures for the
purification ot nplccjlons, closcr'attention'to
the (hanict.r of puhlic men, a total reform
in the tit il -eriv, and, above all, the res
toration and preservation of the indejicnd
cnec of the judiuary. It i- the attempt to'
cmoijci (lie complex an on, in a great n mk-ii
on tne moncioi tne town nx-etiiig wiikii lias
cnahltxl ipiorant fureignei to .work m much
mi-chicf in -Vmciiean oHtit,',aiid if thct
uuixil tMJituallv ili iiuLni.J. tliange in
tliet foni of gotirnmtnt ncctrxorv for thet
irotcctioii of property and (itihwtii'P, it
will he lmaiisu Amtiicaiin thuiinclc hate1
furnished them, in the idi.iic of cirropt and
, incompetent ihil :eit ants ami of jmor and
(hicnd(.iit judges, with the only wcajKins
which can ter mt Ann iicai-iolitv in ts?ri
oiis peril. ' I.' iC
It i xafe to predict, howrrciythat it will he
as difficult to keep Clirutiicn out of America,
if ll.et want to eome, and if tiiiplotcrs want
their k r ices, as "to keep the skin lnm iier
ppiring,"' to nv King Louis of Holland'
hippt- j'lii.isc, ttln.ii his hrother was urging
him to enforce the cmhtrgo laid hy the Ber-liinIeiTcc-.
Nor do we think their advent
will (ott fatal to the American gownimiiit'
or civilization. The only class, in the world
cjuil tothetisk of ilcMruting citlar is the;
tlarsiif natite American demagogues. t
Capital cannot lie Miccvs.sfijllr Qs-istedjjtj
fonv, ly Mrikes, lu'rotrictife lcgr-lalion, or
lit romhinatioiK "- "
It is tin) ."siihtle ami ftignio'is.i tiling,' and
the world is too large and communication
too eat-y, for any oiiecoiintn. or race to re
tain it one minute longer than it plcascx to
Htay. If it (imnot work iieccs.sfull in Kn
rnpe, it will go to America; or if it funis
America hostile, it will uo to Asia. More-'
oter, steam ha git en it access to an enor
mous lalior-markct, which the trado-unions
if Christeiidoni will find it iniNHsihle to
cnctr:itc. Between India and China 't is1
safe to s.iy that capital now Ills within its
reach, if hard prevail, the lahur-of. three or
fourhuDilrrd millions of very aasAtng hands,
ready to work for mall wageynnd for a
many hours, as they cm upjv)rt. In the
lace of this tremendous fact, the efforts of
Kuroicau and American workmen to coerce,
11 pita 1 beimmc almost ludicrous. They have,
hut one means of protecting theinxclt e-i
against its tyranny, and that is, le-;
(inning (apitalUts themselves hy co-oper-j
ating. It is Kvomiii!: clearer and clearen
every day tliat this in the only road out oC
their (lirhcultics. Of cotir-c, it rcqnircs
to co-ocratc tlian to-trikeor harangue iKlit
ical meetings, '-hut there is notliimrclsc lor its
and workiiijrnica aru radmllv. thoarb dt-I
haM very slowly, heginnimj io feclthu. At
a mt-ntCTf-opcr-atitc owgm-M.inclirJ
ter, England, it was stated nvttaVMiul
ofxtMiiierative socie-ties hadnMM'irMn 11
in WW to 1,000 ianS70; that; thlw, had
2)0,000 memlwrs, and 'a ca.ba1 VX-j
000;' and it, isj now 'proposer! to establ-h sJ
oo-t)e'ratitchanlc, wcrc5unie like Misi,of
Germanr. We few?, hotrct er. the ino ement'
(l 4 will not ni-cive the support it deserves till the.
great craze of a "general strilte'! a.-& had U
grew craze oi a "general urnlw
trial, and has i.luicdUe-aii
k? I i , wist aln
Wc learn from UiC-PAoiar-Ji-ti
h MaJ fiuaAerifSi-rti m3liii
The Total tahutiorf last ear was S2,615,-,
"N . .-v 1
372 00, showing an incrca.sc of $162,349 00,
over the assessment of1 last year. ' . ' '
The following is the asM-ssment made on!
the properly of the Missouri River, Fort!
Scott & Gulf Railroad Company :
Malkms. M0p-Trark Vatuthm.
Columt'ia, " 800 feet, $ 1M0 00
piU. i.anfrrt, i,mw
-Kmtana, w , ftel, ,0 1.M0W
Total Valupgmutitlsjini! I'tlllJltiCv, .,5"J 0t
nisjuiu sioct aisinioniupni atxi towl- i
my, an . ntilps lntlu.Iing MJC
Trr k a57,nouoo ier mile .2I3
Total Am' t K. R. AsTrssmcnt, 2,t) 00
This sum added to the total amssaKnt of
other property gives a gratrazzirjatc of
$2,99,621 00, or an increased
vearof 5382.349 00. which.
trow the true value, would '
State a largely increased? jtfwfeglitr -the
year, if a corresponding ratiotttMlstaincd m
other localkiw. .
Tlv tTsaalt of tluTwtt v.r in Ps,-,m, tori
-...- ". ... . "iu,, .j
that there are fifty women to evervWn. IfS
st,.n V,n. t),;nv. r n. i ?-
:W,W1; Valiiatioa JieiaileS7lJ
927 00; Valuation of" Perwwial propalyj
$6X5,749 00: Total Variation, $2,777,fiV (Kl.i
i i - ta k ri r i
"6 . a s "ii,i iicre n j irntiihTtuiiii inouiti uc antic at once wnicn
hi chance to accomplLsh the flitting with! would serid'our mail matter through the en
eelot, and a feir prospect of many amverts. tire route each day, W. F. G.
THE EAMTEKft MBIER.
rrnrn Our Tnnelliri; OiiT"l-n-1eiit.
Baxtmi Smiiscs, Kan. JhIv 15.
ThL; lic city is situated in Cherokee',
cuumy, ami mc Mmuica.-i corner oi inc Male,
... 1 .. . m . t. .
; ..i . ,-r .i-. xt:...: i: i .
r- -. 'vi nij-V Wl .il; .Uimrilll aillTJ IIIt V'llxr
and thrre-fourths milts north of the line of
the Indian Territory. It is reached from
Leavenworth hy traversing a road that runs
through alwut one hundred and seventy miles
of the fimst country existing in America.
The place, as (.vertlxidy knows, derive its
name from an old gentleman hy the name of
Baxter, who seems to hate hcen the "oldest
inhabitant," and the numerous spring; riing
to the surface within the city limit-. Until
the completion of the Kailroad it dented its
notoriety from the claughtcring of Gen.
BhintVhodt" guard hv Ouantrell durinz the
war a massacre mvoihI only to that hy the
same fit ml at I.m rence, ami one of the most
eold-hloodcd on record. In comjiany with
Mr. (S. .1. Lund, at present a citizen, wc en
jot ed a melancholy hut fascinating interest
in (-trolling over the sjt where such a scene
was enacted. litre iiion thctergc of the
town, and near one of the famous Mirings, we
were shown the site of the stockade the lvs
hid thrown up for protection, and to the
right were the rifle pits; and yet a little
further was the long grave from whence
cighty-jetcn were taken a month ago and
placed in a Christian citv of the dead, their
aslies there to remain nndistiirlxil forever!
Still there are a few who rejosc nndistnrhed
heneath thcsliadc of the hcaiitiful tree where
thev gave the last full nieaure of devotion)
to their country.
During this ramhle, and when at the east
ern suhurlis of the town, our guide Fiiddenly
halted in the hig road and made the startling
remark, "Vc are now standing upon the
graves of two men hung Imt a few tears ago
hy the citizens of the place for stealing
horses." Whether they were guilty, only
the great Judge knows, hut certain it i- that
mankind vi-its Uoii their memories a con
teiupt wonderful to contemplate.
The city is situated on what is known a
the " Government Strip," and it eastern
l-ouiidnry extends to Spring river, a stream
famed jfor the dependence of its existence
upon the great springs which feed it along its
entire course. The-e springs, Ix-ing in their
nature never-failing, do not jiennit the water
to arrive at an extremely low stage, and,
hence, the citizens here pride themclvc
iilon having the Ixsit water-jHiwcr facilities in
the country. Thee facilities remain yet un
improved, and afford fine inducements to
some capitalist who might develop them.
This "Government strip " is alxntt 1 miles
wide, and extends through the southern
JMirtiou of the county, cast and west, 26 miles,
t is all settled and well improted. Between
this and the State line lies the ( fuajiaw strip,
almost three-fourths of a mile wide, and ex
tending along the entire southern lioundarv
of the countv, '2R mile-.. This is alo
entirely settled up. The M. K., Ft. S. & G.
If. J!, extends across these stnjis and termin
ates jii't oter the line in the Indian Terri-
torv. That produces the great centre "of the
Texas cattle trade. There are alxuit 10,000
head of (rattle in tliat tkinitv, at present,
awaiting shipment iind punli.L-c, while sev
cral larjn; additional drot e will arrive in a
few days. The situation of this place relieves
t ironi all complication in the Cherokee
Neutral I.md question, so far as it is imme
diately concerned, and that ipicstion dcrites
a guieral interest, only, from the fail that a
large ; portion of the kind lie. within the
county. .From Mivsrs. Hawkins, Durham
St LuimI, of the Southern Iind Agency, we
hate learned several facts concerning the
present tiatiM of this land, ami, as they are
rather important to thoM- whose ever- may he
turned in this direction, they are Mil joined:
In the first place a, 'great many head
righlnyan now lie Ixmglit, the Indians hating
reeched their itcnts fnm the Goveniment.'
These are of the choice lands comprised in
the. Neutral Land-, and none of them, scarce
ly can he bought for lc-s tlian S10 ier acre. )
On the sl dav ol -Mat- last, .tir. Jot- Ix-ganH
to dispose of his land in towiishis '2ii, 27
south, nuige 21, 22 ci't, BourNm omnty, at
private sale. Yestcnlat the s.de lieg-ui in
tliis iitunty, and tt ill finally end on the :1 of
Interest on the puitha-e ittoiit t at the rate
of set in jxrdiit., tahh'.Tanuiry 1st, 1.S72,
One sith of the punha- nii'icv, with in
terest on the v hole, pit aide Jauuiry 1st,
1S7.I, and thereafter one -sixth of tho pur
diac niviiet, with inttict a. al-ote, on the
1st of January in .i(.h tear until the whole
rLaOi applicuit will In." rcjuiitil to show
that he. is the ownti, and in Kss..un of the
iiiiprotduuits, if any, on tin lmd applied
TJtc following i, foi the pm-cnt, rexried:
All lands Itiug within tuo milts, ot Paw
nee, Girard, Cbtiokie ami Colunilius, within
within three miles of Rixter Springs, within
two luilt- on oath sitle oi (he ntilriMd
through township.;!, and north half ot to.vn
ship "si; sections 2o, 2I, Xi ami ., tonii.hip
C52, range 21; sections 211, :(, :?1 aril :
tovtiisliiii :J2 ntnirt; 22: m tiotis .. (. 7. S
17, 18, lt, 20, 2l and :(; township .
mnge22; -xlhu 1, 2, 11, 12, 13, 11, 2.5,
,21, 2-3 aud 20, township :KS, range 21; s,v.
tioits 2.5, 21, 'Si, 25, :!." .ind SO, township 152,
range 21, and sections l'.l, 20, 2t, , .".1 and
32, township ol, range 22 cast; also sueh
lands along the line, ot the railroad as mat
lie miuired for railroad purioscs.
The land to he sold LsappraL-t.il at $o to
lt( jier acre. This, is one of the finest
Ixslics of land m the Mate, and will, one
day, lie a solid mass of farms, unouialled in
the West. Nearly every (purler seems to
lie claimed, anil large farms are being ojiened.
The crop-, upon those alrcadt ojcneil are
magnificent, and it is confidently asserted
that underlt ing eae h firm, and cat h tjuirtcr
sction, are ine'xh.ui-tihle Kils of (ii.il, and
(if easy aciTss. Cotton grows well, and, for
fruits, these lands (iniltl eircelv lie excelled.
But to rctuni to Baxter. The place has
now a population of nearly 2,000. No jier
son to take the census has tet ajijicareil, and
the citizens arc wondering whether thev arc
to he put down as tet being in the " land of
the living" or not. The tiniei short.
'Sundry paper liate slandered the citt
consitlcrahly lately, hv stating that it was
filled with "thict es, pick-pockets, women of
doubtful reputation, Ac. Tliat was unjust,
a wc are informed by citizens, a. well as the
authorities, that perfect order lias been main
tained since the influx occasioned hy the
arrival of the railroad, and with the services.
of hut two on the police force. It is tnie
that' there are tpiite a nuniler of gambler
ahd'othcr of tpiestionable means of supports
both mtn and women, but nothing' occurs to
mar jthe good order of the town
or interfere with the business of!
evcrv dav life.
,f There" Ls a Linre utiblic school, and it is
well attended. The M. E. Church, with the
CoJigregatiorialisLs, rrcsbvterians and other
uLiiunimniionvy noia rraiiar!-crvici, aiiuiin:
all preparing to build good churches.
Tito iMvmln hom have sent a man tn
Washington to represent them in the eflurti
io secure inc ssagc oi inc cnuuivni x acinc:
Itailroad, of Missouri, tlirough the place. In(
Ihe event that thev wicered, the, road is ex-j
run hv waf of cosho, Mo., and'
oiiir the southern noumtarv ot the
Tli. 1n.. .1,n s.,l .kfiMl (I...
j distami: to St Louis at leastl.'JO miles. I
t i !:!.'' J.. .1 - -r t .-J
,.-u,ii;. . J.IU.-S. im. v..,...., -... .-....,.,... tllV.
n iin n-garu io lite- aiiijniiv.- ui raiier
it 'present, one is reminded of Denver hi
1859. The new buildings that have sprung
up within the pxt three months give it 'the
appearance of being altogether new. And
not only this, but so great lias been the rhsh,!
and so anxious have been tho-c going into)
business to get started, that, in many in-
stances, saloon, theatre btuldings,!
and even wholesale . and retail
dry 's" aI ?X0ixry houses, h.-irdwarc
and in their ients, Ihe proprietors, seem lo
think themselves jserjectfr safe and their lot a
a hanov one. T.tsf ihmn'fi r-irf l-tt7T rnmej
to snraK ctf tht fCmtitil "in1 1I4 nliltf. nnil ppn-l
tlcmanly proprietors. These gentlemen have
secui'exl for their paper a verv large circnla-
6oh," and, being sitmted in a town dcstincdi
fo "become one of the foremost in the State,!
have 'a brilliant future licforc them. w e-
wish them every succe-.s, and for the kind-.!
tic every person about' the office has ex-
hihitrd towards us wc 'sliall sratefullv re-!
member them. AH liandV persist in savinci!
that they value the Leading Paper above ally
other exchanges, and that witliout it they
could not get along.
To-day we received this morning's Leav
enworth paivers, for a rarity. Areire to re-1
main at a nermanent dLsadvantapi in tlex
VItl r. r.n' .'mJiatai. 1 r:....:
uidii umiiup, wu . .VJAMf-uiii, uvsitliuiliailllll
ttieinadc in1 fcvor of other localities? Ah
'; r .i ui j. ; -.
The drought in France ii thus described
by -'Spiridioii" in life la.it letter to the Bos
ton Gtvxtte: "The ahsorbing question of
t 111 flflV t-i tit ft twinlltlllAfl sta-tr wnnflin I
1 V "' - V"Mlii-.-t-- , UTi,,
r:iMnftt (if tllf-i thf ntmrtnfr fif ft-im miinirt
" "' "" ""-
e hate no innt, no tc-e-taljlo. or merit.
ami the wretched .stuff is sold ri prices which
place it lietond the rcieh ofjthc working
olaes. All iiomls, many wells, and small
streams throughout the country have dried
up. Water (or cattle has t lie brought
mile-, ami in some villages rations of water
are allotted to" each inhabitant."
SoiTH Mix KA s s Wit eat. What State
can beat it? D. F. ;hepard, of Fort Scott,
in formed us last week that In; bail reccivetl
one lot of ne wheat at his milk, which
weighed sixtr-ix pounds to the bushel, and
another sixty-three; and our wheat this sea
son is unusually good, of excellent berry, and
makes the choicest hour. Evcrv tear Kan
sas i-, certain of its wheat crop, anil her ieo
plc will always liavc money. Wheat will
always bring money; and inall other grains
we know of no Stale that can Keat Kansas.
Oats and jiotatoe ant turning out well, the
corn crop promises all almnd.int jiarrcst, nnd
the enormous inimjgration wMI consume
more tlian our entirel crops, so (hat for the
present our market ifill be at hoine, and one
of the liest in the States. Glrani iVrra.
T.i.r. Coux. J. B. Ik-rrett.Kstj., brought
in some stalks of corli from his; held of 23
acres in the Kaw bottom eat of Dc Soto,
which we mca-iircd on the 28th ef June and
found tt) be 'J feel 8 inches high; now we
find from measurement that they are 12 feet
high. Olatlic ycirx-Lrlttr.
A lion.: lielonging to David Alexander,
who Iites two miles north of this place, was
shot on last Friday night by some unknown
jierson and in an unknown way. Utwn ex
amination hy Mr. A. of his premi-c- it was
found that a lariat ami halter that was to the
horse had Iteen taken, together w ith two other
lariats, and that a paniicl of fence had been
burned. It is siipiioncd that the horse had
lieen stolen, and the thietcs in endeavoring
to get other property, had been shot at, and
the IkiII taken effect in the hor-e. Mr. Alex
ander is not aware of hat ing an enemy in the
country that wo.ild lie guiltv of Mich a mean
ac, and the animal not lieing breechy, he is
unable to account for it in any other way,
hut in that as first stated. Guard t our horses,
there is no doubt hut the county at present i,s
infested with hor-e thietcs. Mjiiml City
Kaxa Tax Law. Taxes become due
Notcmlier lt caeh tear. If not paid hy
Jamury 10th, following, a percentage of ten
jiercciit. is added. If not iid hv March
1st lollowing, a lee ot 2o cents for advertising
each tract, except town lots, is added, and
tow n lots 10 cents for each lot. If not id
before the first Tuesday in May following the
land i sold for taxes, ;,n,I the exiencs ad
ded. The, whole amount from, tint date
draws interest at the rate of 0 ier (vnt. i.-r
annum, with cost of redemjKion. Three
tcsirs from date of sale the ircli.i.-er invites
a deed, ami in two tears after the recording
of the deed the same becomes uIkuIiiIc, and
the original owner i Itamil from heginnin
suit to reenter or redeem the lain I. Toptku
Ax Averted Mfi:ii:i:. Not 'to l Ix.
hintl the rest of the world in the matter of
-ens-ation, Trading Post lias lately been
favored in this respect through the efforts of
the redoubtable J ark Ma-ey. There has
lung Ik-ch :( Question of title to certain lands
at anil about Trailing Post, hctirecn the
heii of Dr. Massey ami one II. It. Smith,
or parties which he represented. Mr. Smith
is a resident of Indiana, I ut for -ome months
past'hc has been stopping at the Post, where
controversy in regard to the aforesaid lands,
between him ami young Ma ey, were fre
quent and not alttigethcr agiei'ahle to both
It (haucvd that on ."Mtuniiv l.i-l the dis
pute waxeil (iiiasiu'ly w.trin, ami" Mas-ev,
who was slightly iutoi?iti, aftir Using the
worst kiuguage iirsihle, (he is .-tiuievt lint
gifted in thin line) toM Smith that he in
tended to kill him on the fiii t rp"rtuuity.
Smith, after dodging .d.tiit town foi soinc
time trting to evade him, s'artcl Io go out
into the couutrt a short di-tamv. Mas-eyin
the ii'c:intime hat ainieil Iiinutll wilhare
tulwr and luikher knife, and natlaitl him
jiist at the nlgc if the '. illage in a t lump of
hii-bcs, where h' ortlercil him to di.-mount
telling him he w.'s there to fulhl hio pniiui-c
to kill him.
Smith not fe:ljiu uilc willing to line the
programuii carri'tl oii',si siimnnrily, allied
In tilt for help, win- h speedily cimvautl.rc-h-.i-el
him fre-m thr gr.'p i(t the would-be
murderer. M.i-.set lygHiiiiiigto(iiiiipreheud
Ihe situation hitehdl up his team and left for
Mrts unknown. Wo belictc , lep, hatebeen
initiated to hate him arrottd and brought to
jiMioo. Can't ju-tiv Ik; sent to him? ltta-r-ttiitvn
The piosieet for a large tie Id of graics
in this ticinitt, is still uior.' cm ouniging
eti'iy dit. Wc are informed by Mr. C.
Poirier, the pioneer "gr.-pi-t"' ol this ruc
tion, that he cxjieeti. a tidd of lift cell thou-r-and
g:illtiisof wine from his tineyard, -.n!-joining
this city. Minyotlur tinetanis in
till tieinitv promi-e a projcrlionate tield.
Who .-ats Kan-sis i- not the t It impioii grape
State.' - Wuthcmi Ilrjxuhi.
L'ntNKi.lxCofXTY. Mr. Win. II. Clark
In- completnl the e"cnus of l'otaVr.ttoniic
township and find:
Dwellings 151: families 2-17; white malo
o-"-"); white fetnalcs :i(); t-tilorctl males :!;
femal(s 7, total iiumlier of inhahitaiits 59o:
male citizens of the V. S. 162; value of real
estate owned by residents of the township,
SWI.fcOO; ieronal property $109,240; nnm-U-rof
acres improted 7,8.1 1; value of im
proted farm, including prairie belonging to
the farms not fenced, and timlier land, S2G6,
l."; nunilier of horse 115; mules CJ0; milk
cows 420; oxen :0; other rattle 571; sheep
022 ; hogs 115; value of all kinds of stock
!71,S:5;andamouut of w heat rai-eVl in 1809:
8,1 10 bushels; com 54,:2" bushels; oats 20,
450 buhcl; iwtatix. 4,257 1iiiels; 2( of the
inhabitants arc of foreign birth; 150 arc
natives of Kansas, 137 of Indiana, 76 of
Ohio, 50 of Iowa, 4G of Tennessee; numbcr
of death in the township from June !-, 1S09,
to June 1, 1870, 7: nunilier of birth !0.
Marshall Couxtv. The ixiisus, just
completed, shows that Vermillion township
has a Mpulation of 1,74 souls; BIueKapids
township lia a iopiiIation of about 1,450;
Waterville township, about l,SO0. The two
la-t estimates are not official, lmt they will
not Vary much from the true result. Irtiny
Shot. We learn tliat 'Sylvanus Green,
Fxi.. a late resident of this place, was -toot
through the hings, one day last week, at his j
home on the .Republican. A lie assassin is
not known and is vet at lame.' The onlt I
partirulars we could learn were, that the
would-be murderer crcit up under cover of
iiiuurr, wiuim mumjiiiij; uindim,
the mntents of a rifle into the breast of the
un.-iispcctii!g tictim, who wa quietly plow
ing lib com. What oocasiotud this unpnt
oked and cowardly attcmjit at assassination
we are at a loss to conjecture. ' We do know,
howercr, that Mr. Green is, .i quiet, inoffen
sive.citizrn: his character is good, and while
here liwdiwrtment-was that of a gentleman.!
uriat) Jiecortltr. ';
MrxxEAPoUi is the county seat of Ottawa,
one of the best and largest countie in. the
Solomon Vallev. No irt of our heantifal
State L Nrttliiur up more rapidly than this
delightful valley. The people are mostly of i
the tcry best class, and will soon build up a
civilization equal to that of the oldest sec
tions of the country. During a recent trip
up the Solomon we noticed school lieu-es. in
every neighborhood, and were informed that
churches have been organized and houses of
worship will oon he built. A Universalist
church was organized at Minneapolis on the
11th inst. It is the only one in the place,
and promises to be a strong organization.
May it ami all other churches, of whatever
name, accomplish much good in the beautiful
vallev. MinneapQlis lids fair to improve
rapidly. A new two-etory court houe lias
just been built, al-o a large hotel, besides
other houses. .There Js bound to be a big
town in the Solomon Valley, hit whether
MinncanolLs will he the'favoni! citv remains
tohen. Some place is sure to go in and
win. Enterprise will do it. A railroad
must at no distant day be built along the
valley, starting say at Abilene. Another
road will run from northeast to southwest.
The locality which secures the crossing of
inc two roaas wm nc)uc,greai cuyoi pie
It is rerwrred'lromKris that ' fashionable
girls have appearedupon'the street thts"i.,nV
mer, wearing sandals' of Fnchforra as to leave
the rosy sides and white upper portion of!
inc insicp oarc.
Tlic one topic of interest and discuVioB, in
, , : , , . , ' .
thes hot midsummer oats, is the r raneo-
German ' war.
Wc s-urrcntler much of our
space to facts
which will give American
readers as full an inight as, it is now poisi-
hie to obtain of the strength and character of
the opjioiiig armies in a war which prom
ises to lie gigantic. The first question asked
Ls, "How long it will last?", although the
questioner knows full well the imitribility
of obtaining a definite answer to his query.
The New York llorfrf aids matters some-
w hat by giving the duration of recent (Euro
In the Crimean war of 1853-0,' Turkey
declared war again-t Iuia October 5, 185.
Rus.-h decLrcd war against Turkey Novem
ber 1. France and England declared war
against Russia March 27-28, 1854. The
battle of the Alma was fought Sttteniher 20;
battle of Balaclava, Octotier 25; battle of
Inkennin, Not ember 5. Sardinia joined
the allies Januarv 2d, 1S55. The Malakhoff
was taken hy the French, September 8.
Sweden joined the allies Not ember 21; and
hostilities were suspended February 29,
1850. The war Iwtwcen the Western
Powers and Ittisia lasted two years; lacking
The Italian war of 1859 was begun by the
rejection of the Austrian ultimatum hy Sar
dinia April 2i. The Austrian:? cros-ed the
Ticino April 27. The French entered
Genoa May 3. The battle of Montdicllo
was fought May 20; battle of Magenta May
00-31 and lwttle of Solferino June 24. The
ieace of Villa-Fram-i was signed July 11.
Hostilities were actite ImiI ten weeks.
TiiKSchlcswig-Holstein war of 1864 be
gan ljr the invasion of Sehleswig by the
Prussians February 1. The Prussians" took
Duppcl April 1 8, am! Ahseu July 9. Treaty
of ieacc lietwccn Denmark and (ternuny
signed at Vienna October 30. Actual hos
tilities covered a sace of twenty-two 'weeks;
TheGerman-Italun war of 180C was he
gun Irv Pni-sia Jnne 14. Italv declared war
against Austria June 20. The Iiattlc of
Custtiza was fought June 24, nnd the Inttle
ofSadowa July 3. The treaty of ieacv lie
tween Prussia ami Austria was signed at
Prague August '25, and lietwoeii Anstria ami
Italy at Vienna Octolier I. Actual hostili
ties between the belligerent lasted dnlv five
The number of 'men under anus in France
Ls stated by the World to Ix; 1,350,000. Un
der tlie law of February 1, 1868, the army
was organized in three grand divisions, the
actite army 400,000 men, the'reservcs 400,-
000, and the National guard 550,000 men,
The French army in time of eaee lias
121 regiments of infantry, containing 252,652
men; liti regiments of cavalry, 02,798 men;
29 regiments of artillery, with 39,8S2 men,
10,646 horses, ami 1,362 gun-. The army
on a fieaee footing nnmliers 401,192; on a
war footing, 757,727.
At the head of the. French army arc eight
Marshals of France, namely: Count Vail
lant, Count Baragncy d'Hillier, CVhiiiI Ran
doti, E. liclKenf, F. C. Cmroliert, M. E. P.
M. McMahon (Duke of Magenta), ,' V.
Forey, F. A. Ikizaine. L'ndtr the ieace
establL-hment the ar.nv was dividetl into the
coq-if the Imjierial Guartl ami sever, army
corps. The ltrrswiict of tlic.irtnv is as fol
IMI'l.ltlAl, CfAUti. i
CoitiiiniiUr-iii-Chiet. Marrlt.il VulLtiit.
l-nsl Uni.icni .......( finrrjl ltoitrlukt.
SiiiihI iiiisini (;enrril it' Kitill-.
Cat jlry Ontnl ,! Moittilnll'i.
HKST ORRs D'AIIMFE. ' '
('(iiiiiiaihlir-Mi Chief, Mir-tul CaiinJirrt.
tir I luti-tii'i , Mjrslul Ojiiroliert.
.Stmiil liiti.mn- tutu-nil lUnui Ht-iidt:!'.
t'oiiiiiijii'liT-in-l liiif, C, tt. Omul I.'.Tltnirjiilt.
TIiipI li.i-n T 7"M,prl'"''"rinr'" '
Kiinrtli Dtti-'Kin ititsni!IintiMilrtanirr..
TlllltP t,0t:i" p'AKMKIi.
( tnriijti-l. i.iti-Cliut, M ir.lt it Itjjui-
l-tlt't IHM.ii.ti , iifiifi'l 1e IVilt'1iiis,
s.itli Piti.i..it (JpikHI Ptttrt.l.
ti tillt Iinm,tt . . .( tti-nl tKtitsv,
u t!r . . ;tttr.tl t-.vjii.
(OKI1 1) AKMI.K.
CV'titii ut It r iii,i hit f, ( is rat I'ott.iii
I. til, (Oitllt III tJUkrfl)
I iclil'i liiiisum . ... ..Omnt of I'.tlik.i".
Ni'tlli liv.i.,ti . t;. mrtl )httei.
Tttilli iitisiii t . (Ptttnl Matsjtt.
s'itntitili Jiivttttm . .(,en. ly Ciivnlelt i.
Tuttttt'lli litii.Kitt .. . Cuiralil' Xjilfit
Ttl3 -PH'tl 1 llTsMt..(t1,.-? l,titit ,Ip M.sitt.
('tain .. -. ; it. Outfit uftlciriiilutilt
KIITII (Oltrs n'AUMtE.
niinit'i l r iti-l In-f, M ir.li il Istrijiit-t tl'ililltrrs.
I till-, till Piti.ioti . . (MiiPrtMe II Mollriiiip.
silwiit!i lhtisiii. . .. t.inil ,1 t iv-v.
I ulttittili Diti.ton . ,i poral It Ciraml'Mi.
XhiPt.siitli pttistoti. . fcCt tttril il,
r-re-it t-in-i Itiiisiun lipn, nidlp VilliPi.
sIVTII (TIKP Il'AKMKIL
I'MiiiiMtsl. i-in-Clilt f, (itlttrl O.tttit 1t (m,.ii
I.I. until iMvi.sin ... (.pin ml rrMv.
Intlnii Pit Lion t;.mi.il ilu linmi x.
Tliirtirmli )itiuu i;innl,lp iiimiiioii.
riMtitis-ntli )iti.i.n... (;pntr.tl iHntiu".
m:vkxth e-oirt-.s ir.ti:.Mi:i:.
("otiit nisi. r-ln-Cliitf. Marslisl taeMalini, I'nl
' tf M-ottH. '
Twintt-lhinl lnti.ioti .. fpti, ral Ip Witiil1tii.
Twpiilt-Rittrtli livi.fiit-..(,nprjl PpIisiiv.
Titntt -fifth 1ii.;u-i .,....(;ucr.il IVnxoI.
Fnuiev his 119 fortresses', of whieh eight
are of the tir-t rank: Paris, Lton, Stras
bourg, Metz, Lille, Toulon, Bre-t, ami Chcr
iKMirg. The fortification of Paris are stated
to have cost $40,000,OiX, ami iqf lo 1868
there had lieen exjiendeil on Cherbourg $34,-
The (Jermaii military organization i com-
plete, and, according to a statement in the
Pni-sian .ViiVtiry (Inztilr, "a million soldiers,
can at any moment lie placed under anus hy
a ringlc telegram from Berlin." The Prus
sian trooiw, the same authority adds, consist
of 325 battalions of infantry, 208 iuadrons
of cavalry, 11 regiments of artillery, with
1,146 guns, and 12 battalions of engineers,
making in all 410,000 soldiers. To these
should be added the Federal contingents of
Saxony, Brunswick, Mecklenburg-Strelitz,
and Hesse Darmstadt in all 53,000 men.
But this force of 463,000 only represents the
standing army of North Germany.' In ense
of inmsion and then oay, Prn-sia' carl also
command tlie services of the tmos orBailen,
Wurtemberg, and Bavaria, and immediately
order a reserve, consi-ting of an army, of
143,000 men. An additional force of 200,'-
000 men is at her disposal for the' occupation
of town .and garrison. Etery Prussian
subject is enrolled as a soldier as 'soon as he
lia completed hi twentieth year.' He serves,
unless exempted, three years in the regular
army, four in the re-crte, ami ,ai the end of
tills term enters the Landwehr or militia for
nine years. IxavinghfT'Lawlwehr he is
finally enrolled in tiicTiandstumi until he Is
fiftv vear of age. '
The Conuiiander-in-Chief of the army and
navy is the King. The chief of tlie stiff is
General Mokke. The regular army is divi
ded into twelve coq-s d'anvee and twenty
four divisions, with the following command
ers: coRrs or the or.ru.
Couiuiandcr-ilPCMcC nrMrattliernnc: Augus
tus, if Wurtpmts-rj;. .
First Division IJcut. (apral d'Altrpn.sW-n.
MximJ Divisinu Lipttt. (h-ihtjI il' lpwroMd.
Caratrr Maj. (Jtn. Count VoodcrUoltr.
KIKST ARMY CORM.
OmituanJiiM Ueneral ItUDO ile MantcinM.
Firit Iiri.in Ucut. (ien. dc Bcnthciui.
SMund Iiri.iiHi...IJcui. Gen. de Itarttuann.
CounuaniUT-in-Oiief, Jslijtckjyjiiun,f 1-rinre
Thinl DitLsiitn, Xicut. t!cn. dp. Wcrtler.
l'uurlb DiTiion Lieut, (im- tic Wej-hcni.
TlilKIl ARMY CORPS. .,
ronnnander-in-Chicf, rrincp Kredrrick Charter,
Kefth Iii-ln .IJptit. (Jen. dp SHiltxucit.
Mxth PiTi-ion..lical. lc. Buddcnbtxidi.
v FOURTH 'ARMY CORPS.
Coamaadrr-in-CUef, (ivofnl d' AtrcBslpWa.
SPTenth Division Iiput. (Spn. dc Fran-ret--.
Eighth Pivi'inn Lieut. Cpn. dp Schorlcr.
ilFTH AKMY CORPS.
Commander-in-Cliier, On. d Mcinmctz.
XtMh PWtrfdn Lieut. J(-o. RhpintdUra. l
TrMhMrtji..-l LieutpUen. UeKirthts-ciu
1 SIXTH ARMY Ct)KP. '
Connuamlpr-iq-Clii-f, Gen. de Tuni-siog.'
rf.ntl, T),.i.ion Uput. (pn. dpdonfon.
I Tejnii IhTKion licut. Urn. Count Wcinigervde
SEVENTH ARMT COAIS
i . OmimiMrfcr-in-CliIrr, r,to. deZtrow.
Thirtiilh nirMoa Unit. ni. &e Costvc.
Koartefntli ViitUn Unit. tJn. at-BIamthiil
eiohth army cxinrs.
GMiiiiiamlcr-in-Chirf, Urn. Up BiltpnfpM.
Kiftn-nth IKriskon IaVut. (Sen. itp Cuulcin.
saxtrcntb IMtUion Lirttt. (untie Blrnvko-r.
r XIXTIt AKMY COKP-.
Oituiit4-r-iu-CtirC tirn. ds Manstmn.
irmlepiilli Pir1ionIadt. (in.1s()rttn-ilnki.
12t;ht.nth ItTiskn.Llrut. fttti. Vtavn WTnngrt.
TEXTH ARMV CDKIV.
Comoiairir-iti-CrilrC 0-n. its Vnishts Rhrtz.
Twt-nti. ih IHTi-ion.-Uptil. Cm. tie Bcrr.
ELEVEXTU ARMV CORT.
CVMiimanlpr-in-Chipf, Urn. ile PIinii.
TwntT-rt WTislon I.l..tt. (Jn. dr RnTsn.
Tirrnt y-spcood Diviinn-.Iant.(ien. de (rPisdorlT
The Military Governor of the Rhenish
provinces h the Prince Charles Anthony of
lIohcnzolIcm-gRiaringcn;and the Military
Governor of Mayence i the Prince Wblde
mar, of Srhle-wig-IIol-tcirs-Kon lerhourg
Augustcnbourg. The N. Y. FM makes the point that white
European immigrants are mainly brought
hither by their friends 'already among lis; the
American Chinaman only saves his money
to enable him to go back nnd live genteelly
in Pekiu. The Chincfc come over at the
rale of about 7,000 a year; the Europeans al
the rate of 300,000 a year yet the Eoro
jican is jealous of the Celestial! If the
Chinese could eome over at the rate of a
thousand a week, which is utterly uupomible,
it would take twentv tears to "flood the
country" with even so many ax a million!
The Chinese question, as the rallying point
of mal-coateats and tieaugogBcs, will still
remain before the cople; hut as a living
issue, either for hope or fear, eillter as a
peril or a blessing, it dues not exist.
A mono the recent Congressional appropri
ations wc notice $444,000 a pretty hig sum
ior surveying Indian reservations, inis
probably means Ihe Osage lands, and tliat
the surveyor are Income from Washington.
For removing the Osages to their reservation
?50,000 arc appropriated. A payment is
made to the Osages of $16,500, and $30,000
are given to the Osages as etimpcnsation for
ill mages. There ought to !c stealage
enough in this half million, ami more, to fill
the jxickets of Mlitical shysters.
Rhkmsh I'kit.ssia, Napoleon's olijectivc
(mint, is divided midway hy Ihe Rhine, and
comprises an area as large as the State of
Indiana, containing five. million of xoplc.
It inchids on its left bank, Ihe cities of
Treves Cologne, Clevrs, Aix la Chapelle,
Bonn, and Coblenz. The ixipulation of all
this territory is as distinctly German as thai
on the cast sitle of the Rhine, and, indeed,
there are more German-speaking jieoplc on
the acknowledged French side of the border
than French people on the German.
The troops of the French army are now
supplied with the Ctiassepot, whose value
was tried, in a small way, on tlie Romans
three years ago. The Prussian troops are
fumislied, with tlie Zundnadelgewehr, or
needle-gnu, whose terribly destructive mwer
was demonstrated upon the Austrians in the
Inttle of Sadowa four years ago. Both of
these kinds of rifles are stiiierb; but we shall
be better able lo decide upon their relative
merits at' the close of Ihe first rampaign.
A Texas editor has had presented lo him,
by his admiring lady readers, an embroider
ed shirt, which presents a pictorial history
of, the State1, including the Mexican war:
The-editor weals the shirt outside of his
coat, ami wherever he goes he is folio wis I by
crowds of admiring boys, studying from the
bad: of it the fine arts ami booking them
selves in Texas politics.
The Intern itional WorkingmenVAi.otia
tioli i-one of Ihe most formidable organiza
tions in Kurojie, numbering fully one million
miiiilten , distributed a.; follow.: In France,
4!,.S75; '" Germany, 150,000; in Austria
.mil Hungary, 100,000; in England, 80,000;
in Switrcrhnd, 45,226; in Spain, 2,718.
Tjti. Iirgef-t vessel in Ihe Prnaian naty is
the King William, of 5,938 tout. Thi
.ti-.mitr n.n Ixiilt in England for the Sultan
ofTnrkey, but as he could not i-iy, Pni.ia
gttil. She ha. twenty -three gun and six
It i-said 20,000 of the. Spanish fore- of
10,000, which arritcd in Cuba last Novem-
Ut, have either perished by the Imllets of
the insurgents or by disease.
r- t!' tjhtnr of thr Ttmri:
.t a ilieli of Kana, I frel an interest
ii the trade of Kau-as,;. ami there is an
opportunity pf'securing 'a large addition to
the trade of lx-atenworth hy tapping llie
Xeinaha Valley, through the agency of the
Hiawatha and Falls City Railroad.
Thi road is designed to connect On.aha
and Lawrence, Northern Kansas and South
There are about ten miles to be made be
tween Hiawatha and Falls City; the St. Joe
and Dcnter Itailroad already pnqiosc to iron
jit and run it as soon as graded
This rond will tipccrde the Trunk road at
Nebraska, ami even if the Atchison road
uonnortti with the Burlington and Southwest
Road, it will have onlv ten miles of trade
between Falls City and Rnlo, and no north
What Leatenworth requires i the control
of this link, not only lor the sake of tlie
immen-c trade of .the Nemaha Valley, bnt
for the sake of the. Trunk road lo Omaha.
Of course ton will tap the road at Kulo, but
all the trade wot of Rnlo, the Nemaha Val
ley, and the Trunk road, will be discrimina
ted in favor of St. Joseph and against Leav
enworth. By acting promptly, Leavenworth
can secure this whole thing, by either secur
ing this road or tapping the Burlington and
Southwest 3i Falls City, and then securing
tlie continuation of this road north.
By1 making fifteen miles of road from
White flood to Falls City, which would be
four miles more than to Ralo, this whole
thing can be accomplished, provided you can
secure tlie road north. Or, which would he
Itcttcr, connect Atchison with Hiawatha, and
then secure the running of the Northern
Kansas and Southern Nebraska Kailroad.
Then you will have, without question, what
you require the control of the North road,
and the trade of the Nemaha Valley.
Will tliose who are intended in Lcavrn-
worth act in this matter?
Batlvaaal i-aatau t
Attomev General Akcrman, with General
Blair, of Kansas, Mr. A. Brown, Lawyer
PUUip-t, aad Rtrcral of the chiefc of the
chiefc of the Cherokee nation; Thursday,
called upon the Preaident relative to the
railroads pausing throagh the lands of the
Cherokee, Mr. Phillips, on behalf of the
nation, having appealed from the decision bf
Secretary Cox, of the Interior Departmert.
The question was discussed at great length
by the Presioentr"The point "m question is
as follow The Atlantic and Padftc and
the Union Pacific (South Branch) wish to
extend their roads through the land of the
Cherokee' Nation, hot are not content to con
form to' the trearr stqmlations which give
them 200 feet right of way, but ask certain
large grants of land on either tide of the
road. TheCherokees do not advance any
obstacle to the roads passing throagh their
eountrr, bat insist that the stipulation shall
be strictly aSmiUKWSKnijhnOirontcfe.
A sportive voaag lady y: "If Ae "
of -true love actor did ran smooth, why doa t
they water k, aad roUfeKgnkciy, so aamy
hours a day, until they get the coarse f
smooth that any donkey can run upon it:'
A 5nr RUllIwajr CaaaalK 1 K
Kmra theChirp Kailwur FptIcit.
The Breml of Directors of the Chiraen.
Rock Island A Pacific Railway Conquny at
its last annual meeting, : uthorueu I'resKtenl
tracy to appoint a committee to make a full
k examiulian in Kansas, w ith view to extend
f ing the corinections of the Chicago x South
western Railway beyond 'he Missouri. This
imjiortant tributary of the Rock Island Road,
we have informed our readers, is to have 190
miles in ottcration this fall 140 miles at the
ea-i, and 50 miles at the wet end. Ninety
miles of the unfinished portions are-ready for
the in u, and track-Lit ing is proceeding from
each end one mile a (fay, 'under the personal
ilirecticn of J. H. Moore, Eq-, the Co.'s
.Sunt, n," Construction.
invitations were extended to the Commit
tee from the cities of St. Joseph, Atchison,
Iaatenwnrth ami Kansas City, at which
place extended conC rences were held with
municipal and railway officials, and leading
lmsiiicsi men. '
The meeting at St.' Joseph was largely at
tended, and two principal routes to that" city
(iiiidercd. From Pnnceton, Mercer coun
ty, on 'he C. Jc S. , .. R., an imlepeadent
line is t oioscd, thnsigh Harrison, Gentry.
DeKalb, and BuclLin.io counties to St. Jo.
Influential delegations of citizens residing
on the promised line w'ere present, and were
lilieral in jiromises of material aid. An
earlier and ert-direct .connection is proposed
from Plattslmrg, Clinton county, at which
point the St. Louis & St. Jo."roa"d, from
Lexington, crosses theiC. & S. W. R. Over
the track of this it is! proposed to run the
cars of the latter to St. Jo An urgent de
sire was authoritatively expressed to have
the C. ix,:. t . Co. take hold or the pro
posed bridge at St. Joseph, ind the St. Jo. A
uenver cny mad.
At AtcIiL-on, the citizens expressed a de
sire lo secure a connection for the Central
Branch Road with th" C. & S. W.; as also
for the Atchison, Toj ka & Santa Fe Road,
Ihe jiortion of whieh jlietwecn Topeka ami
Emtoriat will lie conlpleted in July; in
connection with both of which the project of
a bridge at this very feasible point was con
sidered. The line to Atchison, from Platts
hurg, would not lie a' verv wide departure
from the general direction of theC. A: S. W.
The unit tf the cinmnittiY ti LeutVMCOrtA re
itultal lit Ihe co)iKiHimti'jH of iutmtdiate ar
miiycuiriit if ijrait iiiux,, tanrr. A contract
was ( loscd between thb C. fc S. W. R. Co.
and the Kansas & Missouri River Bridce
Co., by whieh the former Ls to furnish
money to complete the bridge the present
teal1 the Railway Co. taking -uflitient stoek
in the Bridge Co. to git e it practical ceaitrol
of the enterprise. It is understood that
this arrangement looks to the immediate
prosecution of the 1 .cat en worth ami
Tocka railway enterprise". It should be
noted, in thi connection, that the New York
IMrtic. in the Atchison, Topeka and Santa
'e interest have expressed a willingness to
have their Missouri Riter terminus at
Lratcnworth, involving but a slight detia
tiou from the proosil line. Lx-al repre
sent'ilive of theTojieka tc S.mta Fe road
were met at Kansas City on Satunlay; and
it i proiKt-ctl to raise from $:00,000 to
$-100,000 in aid of the enterprise in Jefferson
ami Miawnee cotintie.
The committee, on intitatit n, also met the
Mat or and other prominent citizens of Kan
sas citv. col. .1. Jt. liirch, Mate senator
from Platte and Clinton counties, who is at
the head of an organization to build from
Platlshirg to Kansas Citv, connecting with
the C. & S. W., wa present, and expressed
a willingness to ctMijrate with the C. & S.
w. management. It is proo-ctf to avail
themselves for. i distance of 25 miles of tlie
abandoned road-bed, which is graded, of the
old Parkville Road, located from Cameron
to Leavenworth, winch would leatc but
about ten miles of grading to lie done; and
considerable local aitl i pnuir-cd along the
rravfaKMM !" the Army Bill.
sxial Despatch to the' Mn-mri Democrat.
WAHiKrTox, July 17. The army bill,
as it finally ,went through Congress from the
Conference Comiiiiltev, protidoifor a large
reduction in-the ytimlnr of offircrs during the
next six months. The grat'es of General
and Lit iitcuant-GcneRil are to expire with
Sherman ami Mieritl.in. Tie iiiimbeT of
Major General i tixeil at fhree-, ami of
BrigndiertitMKr.il at si, and no apoint
ments to the'segmdesaretii be, made till by
tleath, retirement r roinalioii the nunilier
is reduced below Iht-; Siguns..
The retire'! list i fixed at three luindml,
and until that niiuiltr i rcu hvd, officer of
thirty tears' service nut Iwrt tired on thiir
o'.rn applicitioii anil at tho President's di
ciclion. (Mn'cers,wIii)d.ire, r.i.iy h- hontir
ably diehar,eil prior to next January, with
year's i'y .mil allowanee.. Worthies.' or
iiiuoiiilictentiiHic- r-, de.sigiiatdl by the Gen
eral of the Army- are to I sent a soon as
Nis..iblc before an examining bo.ird of flte,
to lie apHint(il by the Secretary of War, and
on its recommend itioii :tie to lie mustered
out with oney ear' mv, ami all ueh officers
in-tobr hennl in llnir own l-chalf Ivfore
the t-oard. '
Vai-am ie in either arm of the ert iev are
to l-e filled until next January by appoint
ment from a list of siiirniuiierarie'-, having
reference to present rank ami seniority; and
and at tint tinik: all suMniume:iri(s. are to
-elect h tween going into grade of .second
Lieutenant ir l-eing honorably miMem! out
with one jw -V i,iy and allow.tnei-s. Retired
officer bate, set enly-lite ".r tint, of p.iy of
officers on active duty, and are not prohibited
from holding office, though th se on active
di.lv are thus ppil.ibitcd on -.-ahi of vacating
their comniisiiioiis. But officers are to be
addressed only by their actual title, and can
wear nothing hut the uniform of their actual
KMl.KOAI) BU.I.S r...SED BY THE HOL'-I.
The House: during the last s.-.ion isessed
hit four bills'reLiting to r.iilnuds. The first
was the Nortliern Pacific, about which so
ni'ich was siid; IheK-coml wav one giving
ten sections of land wr mile for a rixnl about
sixty miles long in Oregon, with a protl-o
that tlie land must be sold at two dollars and
a half per acre; the thinl was- that git ing
the right of wiiv two hundred feet wide to a
road from OgVl'en to Salt Lake Citt ; and the
fourth was one changing the location am! rc
ducing the land grant of a line in Oregon.
All these billi became laws exeppt that for
the Salt Laketn-ad, which did not reach the
President until two minutes after adjourn
SEXATK OXI'AILKOVb I'.II.l.-'.
The only railroad bills not o.seil by tlie
Senate were those it could not reach for want
of time, but they are on the calendar and
will como up t next se-sion.
SALARIES OF" ARMY AXO XAVY OKHIJKKS.
Hereafter al armv and imyy offierrs liavc
fixed salaries.'acconliiig to bills ia.sseil last
wek. Some 'of the-e; for oi-res)tinding
grades, areas, follows: Gcurral, $13,500;
Admiral, $13,000; Lieutenant (Seneral,
$11,000; Vi-u-Admir.il, !,500, Major-lfen-cral,
$7,500; Kear-Admiral, $6.0; Briga
dierCJencral, $5,500 Conimoilore-", $5,000;
Colonels, $3,500; Naval Capuin, S4,000;
lieutenant Colonels, $;,000: Commanders,
$3,500, and so on through l-oth ILss. Army
officers get fuel and forage in kind when on
thttv. The lower grades of natal officers gen
erallyget more iy than lower grade ofanny
f.UiRCI-i AK RUXDM'TTEP
Withont condition, excet thit cleelions
shall be held in pursuance of the Slate Con
stitution, and nothing in the act sliall be
held to interfere with this Constitution. It
is declared in the act, howctcr, that amend
ments to the Federal Constitution were rati
fied bv a legal Legislature, ami this is gen
erally regarded as fixingtlut the election of
tne new Lepslature mast be held in Novem
ber. The. House some time ago decided that
the old members of that body, did not con
tinue in office, hit the Senate has et to de
cide which set of Senator-shall be admitted.
IFi-rau Ihe Xew York Tribune, July 13T
The BaptirtcIe-sQ-HN-n who met in Boston
to protest against the impiety of not sending
u-aKB-i . mi, mrm i j naTe nau-a ueiigat
rai time. The Rev. Dr. Mason objected to
the phrase -'final retriUition " of the unbeliever-,
becausej he did not think it was true,
and the Reverend and celebrated Mr. Fulton
replied that Dr Mason would yet find that
it was true which we con-ider a cnr neat
and prcttv extinguisher. Then Mr. Fulton,
who has lcn kicking the dead lion lustily
for about three weeks, varied his performance
by repeating scandalorW stories about ladies,
and boast cd tha't he maie it his baine-s to
ready to helieve. Finally it occurred to the
brethren that if God w-rntcd to -damn Dick
ens he could do h will-out their help, and
tnai ine we oi we deported would probably
bov ue cm-w-i dt anv irmocace weir con
n-alirm mnM bnivrr t Iwn -1
they should pass a roclutioa iiaaaiaioasly;
so the meeting adjourned. It was Ian-en-
table aflur all through, tat we regret noth
ing about it so much as that Dickcm had not
an opportunity to describe it.
Peach Potpie. Put a plain pie crurt
round the edgeofa pan; cut up some peaches,
and put a layer of them into your pan, then
a layer of sagar aad nutmeg; cover with a
crust, and bake slowly for two or three hours.
Lemox Ccstarp. Six eggs, heateu well;
six soda crackers, rolled fine or grated; three
lemons, grated; two capful of milk, two
capfolii of white sagar, a qaarter of a pound
of better, and a nutmeg. Bake on a crntt.
This quantity of material is sufficient for six
ClVTAKD (TO BE t'SED WITH PASTRY).
Mix in six siKvonfuLi of flour with one quart
of milk; boil it like starch, and let k become
r cokl; afterward beat in five eggs, adding
essence of lemon, whatever spice, and as
much sugar as yon prefer. Make a good
paste, pour in the mixture and hake.
Dried Aitle Pie. To a quart of dried
apples or peaches, stewed and mashed, take
one teacupfnl of cream, two eggs, well beaten,
and seasoning of cinnamon or lemon.
Sweeten it to your liking. Bake in a pie
Apple Civtard. Take a pint of boiled
apples, and mash them as fine as possible.
Add the yolks of six and the white of three
eggs, well beaten; one teacupfnl of sweet
cream, a little rose water, some nutmeg, cin
namon, and a small lump of butter. Mix
all together, and sweeten it well. Then
make a good crust. Pour in the mixture
Oyster Pi km To seventv-five oralrnt
tike two boiled eggs (the volks chopped) aad
some bread crumln mixed in with them.
Add some butter lo the oysters, as much
pepper as you like, twelve cloves, some mace
and an onion. Fill your pies, put the top
crust on, and bake them in the oven half aa
hour. This receipt is sufficient in quantity
for two pies.
Mixce-Meat Pies. Procure two pounds
of lieef, scrape 'it free from skin and strings,
and boil it with salt, or add salt to it, mix
in two pounds bf suet picked and chopped
one pound aad a half of currants, and one
pound and a half ot raisins or,
two pounds of each nicelr cleaned aad
perfectly dry; then add six pounds
or more of chopited apples, two
nutmegs, cloves, allspice and cinnamon.
ground fine of each about three quarters of
an ounce; also mace, it you like it. nit the
whole into a deep vessel, after mixing it
well, ami keep it (well cotered) in a cool
place. When you ltakc your pies, add to
the mince-meat some citron and a little cider.
Sweeten it to jour taste.
Potito Pie. The ingredient), are:
One .md of white sugar, two and a half
ixmiids of isolators, one iKMind of hitter, six
eggs, one nutmeg grated, the juice of one
lemon, ami a very little salt. Hike m fine
ITEM rat LANKM.
Grenadier hats for ladies are intimated
The present stt Ie of ladies hats in Paris
is wliat it was orie hundred and five years
Russian manners and customs liave been
modified to crmit the employment of wo
men as tide-waiters.
"I sat me down in thought proliHind;
ThLs maxim wis- I drew
It's easier far lo like a girl
Than makra girl like yuu."
"That charming woman and myself are in
sTn-'athy wkli each other." "How so, mv
(tear fellow?" "Well, I hate her husband.
and she tales mm too.
"That's very singular," said a young
lady to a gentleman who had just kissed her.
"Well, my dear Miss," war the reply, "I
will make it plural," and the villain did.
In the Jewish marriage ceremony, the
bride and groom stand under a silken canopy
which is held by four orfsix of their griitle-
inen friends, and a gfass is u.-rif lo tlnnk
wine, which is broken to pieces at the eon
( lusion of the ceremony.
Long Branch wants young men sadly.
There are plenty of toting girls, coniiara
litely sicaking, hit lieaiix are woefully
scarce; and if a reinforcement does not
come soon, there will lie no ue for the flirt
ation coniers, whieh are so c-iy ami teru-it-ing.
Anthony Trollope Kit: I do not compre
hend the re-i-son for the existence of so many
w i -imn; although I suppose Providence had
some wis end in view in giving lo etery
man at least eight or ten women to choo-e
froin when he Lsal-out to select a wife.
At the la-t ball at the Tuilerie a lady
from South America almost mesmerized her
Majety by her charms. Mademoiselle Is
nagha "i one of the 1'kinde-t of Ihe blondes,
with eyes dark and large, and sparkling with
mildness ami intelligcmi, lips like ruuei,
ami air anil grace bv no mean common,
ami a toilette simplicity itself.
I'ert laveaiwortB) A Me-mlat-ie ae.
In 1827, the War Det-artniwt issued an
ortler for tlie establishment of a military
por-t, on either side of the Missouri river,
within forte miles u or down of the
mouth of Little Platte river. In acconhnce
with this onle-r, four companies of the Thin!
United SLitcs infantry, Col. Henry Leaven
worth, commander, "left Jelfenon Barracks
on the 17th of April of that year, and on
lanl three one hundred ton barges, made
their tedious way up the Missouri river.
Pioneer parties were constanlly required to
move in advance, to clear away snags, fallen
trees ami undergrowth, in onler to enable t he
Iwats ami (nrdelling arties to proceed.
Often thec pioneers would lie required to
swim out a distance into ihe turbid stream,
with axes Lishrtl to their bodies, in onler to
cut away olistrnctions.
Thcv'arrived at the Rattlesnake hilis on
the 22(1 (by of May, 1827, and havi- taken
elose observations on their wav up, con
cluded to establish the future military post
This bh of historv has some local interest
Air (Mir readers, more partknlarly those of
estoa, for one of our okleM and much
i-esprctcd citizens, Uncle Thomas J. Ellis,
was a incml-er of one of those three com-
iianies, holding at the time Ihe iiosition of
Sergeam in company -iv.
A select )rty, among whom was Uncle
Ton?, pn)eed(-d with Col. Leavenworth, in
a canoe, to reconnoiter the positioa. Near
the site of the warehouse, on the levee, ihev
tied their canoe and ascended the hill.
Arrived on the summit, Ihe party gave vent
to a general expression of admiration over
the spiend id prospect which wan spread out
Coloner Leanenworth stepped out upon a
tree leaning over an acclivity of the hill,
in order to obtain still better view, and step
ping down again he remarked to Uncle Tom,
w!h- was near by, "Sergeant, I'm gong to
establish a (-aatiimteat hereand shall name
it after the Colonel of yoar regiaaeat. How
will that dor' Uncle Tom replied: "That
will do t err well for a modest man, Col
onel." After the place was thus -elected and
i hrlstened, the Colonel said: --M-geat Ellis,
I noticed a fine spring Bear oar canoe go
and get us some water, and in my valise in
thecanoeyouwillfind s(me excellent brandy;
bring that ap too, and we will have some
thing good do drink." Uncle Tom did aa
requested, and on ttbumag took hk ax and
blai-cdonalinleix-irnt-arfc-r.- The Colonel
spoke up rather sharply: '-SerfR-aat, I would
sooner have given yoa fifty dollars than had
rou do that." Uncle Tom asked him why,
and he replied: "Because I wanted the honor
of being the first white aun who blazed a
tree at Fort Leaveaworth."
Such is the history with its immediate lo
cal bearingof the eitahlishing and naming
of Fort Leaveaworth.
Among the few survivors of this expedi
tion, u Gen. Hemtaelman. who was at the
hime brevet Second Lieutenant in the Third
In 1828 three monr eoarpaaics of the
Third infantrv came to Fort Leaveaworth,
and it became' the headqaarters of the regi
meat, ai-d so remained until 1829, when it
was relieved by a portioa of the Sixth in
fantrv, aaderCol. Atkinson.
It h bet jast to sav, before we cot-dade,
that Uade John followed the varied fottaaea
'of hhi regiinent, as sergeant aad oiJerry,
during a period of twenty years, Utaag put
in the Bwekbawk, Seminole and Mexataa
as tma m the m-edle to the pole to the GoT-
ernmeat he had served so long aad authfally;
and, though grown old, was always eager to
shoalckr tb musket aad do BoaM-gat-d
dary. He acted a drill master of the fiat
comiany mrmed in Weston, ia 1861, la de-
Lfcace of our imaiediite homes. lTft.
or ihe rrrnrkt Arm).
tFnm Ihe w York IKral 1
Of the French commanders the nft.t cun
spteaoas are Marshals McMahon, Canrobcrt
aad Bazaine, who will undoubtedly hate tho
principal command;. Mandial McMahcn, a
descendant from a family of Irish noblo who
lost their all in defence of James, II. ami re-.
mained In France after tlie final ove'rthmtvV
of the Stuarts, began his military career du
ring the war with Algiers in 1830. lurticu
llarry distinguishing himself in the assault ot
Coastaaane. the rcestablishineut of the
empire in France fonnd him a brigadier gen
eral and a demoted adherent of the Enqieror.
The Crimean war established hi reputation
as a soldier. m At tlie head of thr division
formerly commanded by Gener-.l Canrobcrt
he storaied and captured the Malakofl one '
of the most brilliant lcats in modern warfare. '
Following ihe war with Russia came tint
.with Anstria in Italy. In the campaign,
of 1859 he again distinguished him
self by the celcritv of his movements
'land the skill he dipkived in handling hi
I - v. ut. -l:i:... I.i j. t. i.. .
iuis .miiii mm vur-ii nrn- tote i -
great victory of Magenta, and .es a reward
for his services Napoleon errated him a
Marshal of France and Duke of M.tirciit.i.
'There Ls not in the Frenclwrmt a more dash
ing officer than Marshal McMahon. A clo-i-
stadent of the military numvnrns of ihe
,first Napoleon, he belietcs in siidileu ami
rapid marches irjion the enemy.
I Jlarshal Canrobcrt L-, if ant thing. Ntter
known as a soldier thart Marslial McMahon.
Like the latter, his military career began in
Algiers, and he first distinguished hiiuseif in
,the assault on Coutantine. Subsniuciitlt,
placed in an independent coniin.mil, he tb
fcatcd the Arabs in three, campaigns, in the
ia- oi -Tincn ne uispiaten ureal nulitirt
,skill in the disjut-itioii of his force--. When
'Louis Nai-oleoil was l-reident, General Can
robert was one of hi .iide-de-caiiip, and
and aided in carrving out the conn
'ffe'mf. Sent to the Ciimra in com
mand of the First Division, he lurtkiiutcrl
iin the battle of the Ainu, where he vri.
wounded by a splinter ofhell, whieh strut I
him in the breast ami hand. After tit
resignation of Marshal St. Aniaud tlenenl
Canrobcrt took command of the Armt- of the-
'East, and at the battle of Inkeruiaii i-reatlt
It distinguished liimself by hi-. ,er-oual valoi.
,iie led the ramoas charge or the Aou.it ---,
during which he wasslightly wonuihil. Kul
health comielIed him, in May, 1855, to r
turn to France, on arritingin whiih couutrt
the Lmprror trrated luni with m trktil.jrF
tinction. Durihg the Fr.iiit-o-lt.ili.tn .ir 'of
1859 he won fresh laurels by his hcroi.m at
Magenta, while at Silferino hi I'.imiou...
movement inaidofMarsh.il Niel lurmil the '
scale of victory in favor of the l'mali. I'm
these services he was niatle a HI.irsh.il ol
Franre. (Seneral C-innJ-ert L one of th-m-Ht
henac men in Europe. In ettrv ei
gagement in which he h.o -urtitip-tttil It
lus, with almost reckles coiir-ige, (Xi"s("
his person to the enemy. As a coiisc-tit n,v
lie is immensely popuU with hi mo-
f Marshal llazaine is well known tome l?'
Die of the United States. He h-lili-tin
guished himself in Africa ami sl-etuently
served with credit in the Criiiva. During
fthe Italian camiign he reniai-icd in Franc-'
on home duty. In im": he wa placet i in
command of the rreneii cx.-mtiiion to .tiex
m, and succeeded Marslu-u' rorey in the mi
preme command. In the slsUr republic hP
ereatlv (listincuishril binisilf, (inisidrring
1he number of men at bis dis-io-al, and for
his services he wa created Marshal of 1- ram c
in 1864. Marshal Bazaine Ite-ar. the n-put.t
tion of i-ossessing one of the mo--t stnt- tit
minds in the prench antiy.
There are several other Fren h gene ral of
established reputation, who will, no doubt,
take active part in the contest. Count d-
l-alikao, General Govon, G'cnpral IUtuf
' - . - ..i"ii .t:ir..i ..ic
and Count (IC Monieueiio are skhiiii iituevr
Marshals Baragitav irllillier, and Kjii'Idii
are each seventv-five years of age, and will
probably not take the field.
COMMANDERS OK THE lf,-l X AKMTt .
Excejiting the brief rcvoliitiuiuiry Mnygl
of 18te, tlie first Schleiwig-llolsiiii- war t.l
the same vear, the second war of 18t,aii'
'the brief hit decisive stnigj-I-- witliAiitrn
in Ibob, Prussia has U-en eugagesl in no
armed conflicts since the downfall of the first
Napoleon. As a conscquciiii; of thli long
intertal of )cacc the pre-enl- Prussian gn
'erals liave not made as great military rnta
,tion as their Freneh oinionriits. Neterrhc
Icss, during tlie war with AieJrLu, lli y tli ,
iplat eil considerable skill, th.ir ni.tiioiuri .
ami combinations lieing riirrbil out with
The leading mind in the I'uk'I.iii aimt i
I'-aid to l-c ieneral Count ton Moltke. Ut
'saw actite field ser'.iii- with the Turkish
army in 18"W, where he ol-tained great ts
1-erienre. In 1858 le was apiiiitetl t'hief
of Staff of tlie lriLssian army, ami to him is
attributed the plan of caiu--.Mgu .i.iiu l
Austria in 18ut. For tlus he hail hi n mak
ing preparation., tear, h-fore, and after th"
tleclarrttion of war he directed the imp.-ftn
with, as already stated, signal sit cs-.
Of Ihe other l'- -sLm omiin.iiulcr. tin
Prince Roval, Freii. iek William, and h"f
'l-rother. Prince Freilcrick Charh-, com
uiandtil the two prineq-ai armies iliiruig 1 1
war, and won reputations bv the relerii- ol
their movements. GentraT Steiniiieti al-
distinguished hinLsclf. None of tin- other
,were conspicuous, although General Man
trflel, Marstciu, ami one or two otb r .t
reiranteil as offieTrs of ahilitv. tSintr!
'd'Alvendchen is anoffii-rri.f kill aL-o. Iti
impossible, however, to place thr-' gem ral .
in any onler ot merit, ncraiM- iny inte,
thus "far, done nothing to irfllii-alc thcii
military ability l-eyoml the prompt carrying
out of the orders of General Moltke, who i
iindoulrtedly the able-t com ma mb r in tin-Pni-sian
faljr r-rs-r-Wlilir .Wale' fauue -.
tlnr- Altowesf to EmIb-iI-- Ulnsitom
From Hip New York Iiirtpj-cruli ut
If the corresMnd(-nt of the Cin inn.il t
Comuierrml tells the truth, the International
Convention of Young Men's Chri-tfan Ass.,.
ciations. lately held at Indianaimlis, wa
,badly afiieted with roloqihobia. M r. I I.iiu-
iKoa, of Boston, threw the h-dy into a l-.n-ful
state of excitement by mot ing an ami inl
ment to a roolntion in relation to the toung
'men of the South to make it iheludc tln--e ot
a dark complexion.
"Aa effort was made to igiiorchis pros
ition; but he stood his ground, :! sueh a
tumult ensued as l-eggars dtsexiption. Angry
voices were heard in di-cu.--ion, and the ut
most confusion prevailed. "Will Brother A.
lead in prayer?" askil the chairman, ra
ping savagely upon the stand, it wasaoi
rious prayer, every face of the andieii"
more or less moved by the recent agitath n ,
When Ihe prayer was over tlie t oung gpntli
man from Boston was olj-erveil to be still
standing, and he insisted tliat the -, mimiit
of the convention upon his anicndm n
shoald be given. When he resatil hi
qaestioa, his face was illuminated "ill; a
smile so sweetly ingenuous that op-x-sitiiiii
was dharmed, anil another tumult ra in
procerus. The leader of the ehoir stru k up
From CJreenland's ley Mountains,' .!u i
think of it! Every terse of the good old
hymn was sung, by which time a series of
questions of order and resolutions choked
down the apostle of colored extrnion. A
resolution was offered that the whole &
ceedings be struck from Ihe minutes, and u
report allowed the prcM-. Hence have I
It is a disgrace to siien aconteiitioiithit
jt could be thrown into a tenipe-st of e' if
nent from sacha cause, ami that so h mt-.ii..
were emjiloyed to choke down (lisijt-.ioii.
Partial returns of the vote on the Conti
tntion of Illrn-eB(ie-:t-- the-eiiinifti f
sixty-fix coantie-iof that State on the eigh'
propositions submitted to the popular t
The voting wx as Cdlows:
Constitution 33,;s i.',:--'!
Cotml-r isl . ",1.4
Illinois Central IUiir.-ul -UI.SH
3linoritr n-rresentatl'.n 7n,K-
hBrnrt).H- to nilnai'ls.. &-',!
It is to he noticed that here, on vital
tions affecting the Slate during a whole g n-
eration, hit half tlie vote of lit State it t .
hen cast, while had the Lsiie Uiu the elet-
tion or defeat of -ome isilitical trieL-ter,
almost the entire vote would be -Killed. The
minoritv -rep-rrsentation anieiHluieut, whieh,
although far from a complete measure, y a
great advance, was adopted by a fair majoriij
on a moderate vote. It is curious that, not
withstanding tlie long and very intelligent
dLscn-ion of Ihl measure Tn Illinois, tliat it
did not fere mnch better. The ni(Ft instruc
tive Itssoa of the whole vote is to be learned
from the determination with which the 'sx
ple uronounred against the corporatwias, rail-.
xtmi and financial, by accepting with the
largest majorities the amendments -estricting
the powers and privileges of corporate bodic-J.