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title: 'The Leavenworth weekly times. (Leavenworth, Kan.) 1870-1880, July 28, 1870, Image 3',
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Inspector General |
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THUB8DAY, JULY 88, 1870.
There is naturally great anxiety in this
country as to llie effect the Eiiniiiean war
will have on our prosperity. Its first influ
ence has lxtn Fecn in stopping Gentian im
migration, ami that will continue as long as
the war lasts. Our loss this year in estimated
at i00,000 immigrants. Nearly all of then;
ltroTLj bring momy with thou and their
Idwr ami skill are inimrdiately productive
..n their arrival here. Thin is a negative
lor-, but a very iniortant one, expccially'to
our new State
The croi in the United State- are proba
bly Ivtter and larger than ever licfore. A
long wai will make a demand for our Bur
phis for exportation, and at high figures.
This will be a gain which every farmer and
btiitiess nun can appr ute, and from which
tFie wlinle. jKVfpli- w:ll ran an abundant
hanc?t. The Fiiu .cLil Chronid' &xs:
"1 he efi'.cu of th -A?.r upon this country
cannot but I of the firrt importance. Un
certainty of any kind makes capital timid,
and depress- securities; and our bonds have
uflered, in European market1', in company
with tho-e of other nations'. But this result
i temporary; and there if no reason to ex
irtjct that any lasting distrust of our credit can
le produced by a broil which merely makes
it excellence more prominent, in view of the
fact that we arc Mire t remain at jKssce who
ever fighti beyond ww. In all other res
jiectg the war can only add to the immediate
prosperity of trade and industry in the Uni
ted States. While Euroie fights we mut
send her food and clothing, at our own price,
kk well R3 bonds and stocks-, in which she
may wish to invest n little of her savings at
a distance from the storm. After the first
tluriy of disttirliancc ii over, the course of
the exchanges and the value of all our secu
rities which depend on active trade can
carcely fail to improve."
Thus far we have had a rise
in gold of about twelve point,
and a small depreciation in government
tck);. Our on n people are more able and
willing to invent in our bonds now than they
were while our war was in progress. It in
an investment free from taxation, and one of
which nearly every workingmau can avail
himself. The interest is high and taid in
gold tend-annually. Should our bonds be
wnt home from Eurojie very largely and at
depressed rates, they will be taken up here,
and the jieople and the government will lie
the stronger for this home investment.
In view of tin- facts it becomes important
to watch the changes in the market. Bonds
an- issued in as small Minis as fifty dollars,
and the farmers nill makegood liargains who
fell wheat and corn at high prices and buy
gold-lic-iritig and taxation-exempt lxinds at
low prices. The war can hardly !e other
than acommcreial gain to this country. The
following ipiotatioiis will show the recent
fiiictuations in the money market.
r'rum the New York .Sun, Tuesday.
Monday, July 18 1. M. European de
spatches received this morning caused a
sharp advance in the gold market, with
1 trices active and liouyant at an early hour.
?eforc the formal commencement of business
Kales were made as high as US, against 116J
at the close on Saturday, but from this point
declined J iwrrenL. at"l0:13 A. M. Then
commenced :i serious of transactions seldom
witnessed in the best days of the (rold Koom,
ami occasioned by cable desjiatches that Kus
sia had espoused the Prussian cause. The
fluctuations were so rapid that a record of
the same on the dial was impossible,
there being ten changes ier minute at 12:21.
The price rapidly advanced, selling at 123
at 12:23 a rise of 21 jcr cent, in seven
minutes. At this jsjint the Gold Koom was
a scene of wild excitement, especially while
.liort interest hastened to cover. A reac
tion, however, soon succeeded, and the feel
ing was generally expressed tliat such juick
advance was more sudden than even more
serious complications would warrant. More
favorable despatches during ilic .iiU-rnooii
from the Londou Stock Exchange caused a
decline in price to llj, though later in the
day, under rumors of a Kinic in Lnerpoul,
the price was again carried to 122, assisted
by reports that from live to seven millions of
gold would Ik' shipped by Wednesday's
Government bomU were somen hal excited
over the tenor of foreign despatches, the de
cline of our securities in London and the
consequent renewed sale by the foreign
tankers, and jirices yielded Jl "H cent.,
the ten-forties falling "off J f cent. Uikmi
the receipt of despatches indicating a ls-tter
feeling in seeuritiii; at London, prices ini
pimed, and thefer -a "...inkers agrin sj
icarcl in the m.'rl.ct ar. free jmrcha-crs,
while at the same time selling gold in large
Hiuotmts. The decline of the morning was
less than warrantcil by the low London no
tations, the effect leing neutralized by the
stiff advance in gold. The cightv-oiies and
currency sixes were noticeably we-tk, the first
named dropping to 112, and the latter to
lllJS, a fall of aliout 2 p cent. Leading
dealers report l-ircu orders to purchase for
investment, and the market closed with a
fruiu the New York feiui, AVriliicsflar. J
TuiiDAY, July 19 r. M. The gold mar
was 1cm active during the morning, and the
fluctuations within a narrow range. In the
afternoon, houever, under the influence ol
private cable desiiatchcs announcing a hcavy
declinc in consols and lxmds in Ixnidon, the
gold market rallied, ami for a time became
wpial in activity to the liest of yesterday's
transactions. The price was carried np to
123, the highest iKint yet attained since the
present upward movement commenced. As
yet to-day there is no definite information at
hand, except the fact that the Ixindnn Stock
Excliange is panicky. Soon after this an
nouncement, private despitches affirmed tliat
the Bank of France hand suspended specie
payments, and the eager purchasers were
suddenly anxious sellers. The price thus
declined to 122, closing at t:15 p. m. at
Government ltondsopcned firm and a frac
tion higher, under the improved tone of the
London market. 1 here was little disposition
on jhc iiart of the foreign bankers to operate,
on the account of the lack of despatched from
their correspondents. In the afternoon,
when cable de-patches announced a panic in
the London Stock Exchange, and a decline
in bond to go the lowest point yet touched,
prices fell ofl"JC'C2i but sub-cquctitly reacted,
Tin: question as to which railrtsid shall
have the right of way through the Cherokee
lands has been finally decided by the Attor
ney General. The contest was chiefly be
tween the Joy, Missouri Kivcr and Fort
Scott road and the Parson's road, one through
the Neosho vallev. Thedecision was in favor
of the latter line. Some time since Secrctary
Cox decided, after hearing full argument on
both sides, that under the treaty but a single
tnink line could be built through the Indian
country. This decision is affirmed, ami the
above road designated. Parsons at once tele
graphed to pni a large force at work on the
When Louis Napoleon proclaimed hiiu
felf Emperor, he announced, in pompous
phrase, "The Empire is peace." Yet
during his diort reign, he has plunged the
Freach Empire into three great wars with
three of the great continental Powers, Russia,
Austria and Prussia. If, before he disap
pears from the stage, lie should get up a war
with England, he will have proved tlie
"Empire" to be "eacc" by fighting all the
great Powers of Europe. Beside his Euro
pean wars, lie has had his Mexican war, his
war in China, his war in Cochin China, and
his fighting in Algeria.
Douglas County is one of the largest and
most important in the State and has
always exercised a large degree of political
influence. Douglas county, however, L un
fortunate in nearly always going to Topcka
with contesting delegations and divided
counsel!-, and thus neutralizes her influence.
We trust that we shall sec no more of this
wrangling, and that the time of the Conven
tion will not be taken up with the quarrels
of Doragks coonty. She can unite on the
deof boMtfraod the people, and should
As we fhall have, for some time to come,
in detailing the warlike movements of the
French ami Pnisins, to sieak frequently of
the right and the left lank of the Kliinc, the
Moselle, the Main, &c, and as the general
reader is apt to confound the bank, of a
river with the movements of an army p or
down the stream, let it be understood that
the right bank of a river is always the bank
which is on the right hand as yoo look down
the stream, and the left lank will never !e
pliced on the wrong side.
The three most prominent French officers
awl Corp Commanders in the present war
McMahon, Bazaine, and Caiirobert are all
over sixty years of age. The three leading
commanders in the Prussian service, be-ide
the Crown Prince Von Moltke, Mantcuflel,
and Von Boon are all over sixty, and "the
first-named is seventy years old. The King
of Pm-wia is seventy-three, and the Emperor
of France sixty-two years of age. It Ls like
ly' that some younger men will be heard of,
on !th sides, liefore the war is over.
Fram:k has not gi-en up the hojie of rev
olutionizing South Germany. It is undeni
able, huwcier, that South Gtroiatiy ha gone
in with Prussia. That French sympathizers
exi-t in South Germany wc cannot doubt.
But the great fact that Bavaria ami AVurtem
burg and Baden and Hcs-e have fully and
without question complied with the terms of
their joint military treaty with Prussia speaks
volumes as to the feelingof the South German
Hkhi: vox BlSMAUCIC is married and hxs
three children. His private life is of the
happiest, ami his wife is said to lie a most
efficient helpmeet, and his very best secretary
and amanuensis. To his sister he is most
tenderly and devotedly attached, ami their
mutual affection is a bright spot on the his
tory of r great life. 1 Ie is 5tj years of age.
Wn have the authority of the Washington
corresjwndent of the New York Erening
Ihtt for saying that the President lias accept
ed the regisnation of General Kilpatrick as
Minister to Chili, to take effect on the 1st of
next September, and Joseph P Boot, of Kan
sas, will lie ap(M)inted to the vacancy thus
Tiikri: is no doubt but the Pope's tenqxs
ral power is imperiled by the present war as
it never has lieen at anv previous time. If
the French Enijieror lie coniielIed to with
draw his army from Home, it is very certain
that the Italian and Unman revolutionists
will attempt the overthrow of the Pope.
Tiik route of the Chicago and Southwest
ern road has been determined from Fairfield
hi Centrevillc, a distance of aloiit ."0 mile-!.
Ccntrcville is aliout 46 miles wot and 17
miles south of Fairfield. Appanoose county,
of which Centrevillc is the county seat, makes
a Miliseriptiun of 5100,000.
It is probable, thnlwcshali havctocmlurc
no greater inconvenience as to our ocean
mails than to send one hs per week that
is, three hereafter instead of four. The Eng
lish lines will probably lie railed tqion to
carry them in place of the North German
Urw'ARD-i of sixty caes of sunstroke oc
curred in in New York City on Monday, the
hottest day of the present heated term. On
that ilay the average teniieratiire was ninety
degrees, and in some parts of the city even
ninety-eight and ninety-nine in the shade
Tiik Freemasons of the Grand Lodge of
Iowa have amended their laws so as to admit
colored people to the Order. This, it i
thought, may prolcibly result Jn excluding
the Grand Lodge of Iowa from Masonic in
tei course with other Grand Jurisdictions.
The Kblne nm Bonndnr.v.
Knim Ilic Jfew York levelling IV-t.
A generation ago Victor Hugo wrote a
liook on the Bhine, in wliiili, liesidcs giving
the most fascinating and metir of all de
scriptions of tluit Cimoiis stream, he cried
out, "France, take liack the Bhine," as hi
stood at the tomb of Hoche, who was buried
on the sliores of that river, and wIkm; grave
is to this dav pointed out to the curious tour
ist. Napoleon, the bitter enemy of Hugo, has
Irifd several occasions to make this cry a
iiatioual slogan lo call to his siiport all tar
ties in France. The Bhine is, according to
many Frenchmen, the ''national boundary"
of France. The Germain whom the Ein
jieror would like to make his subjects,
however, do not agree with him. The peo
ple of the German Rhenish provinces are
German in language, tastes ami 6-eIings, and
have no admiration of Xadean III or his
jsdicy. Belgium, with its Freiich-spcikin
population and with but forty yeais of na
tional exjierience to overturn, would le a
much easier acquisition for France.
France already owns the west bank of the
Rhine from a few miles north of Basic, in
in Switzerland, to the frontier. of the Palatin
ate at Laiitcrburg. The possession of the
last named district would add to the list of
French cities. Spires, with its old Cathedral,
nn. I (lit fortified plates of Landpu and Xcu
stadt, Ifsidcs a large liumlvr of smaller
towns and village. In Rhenish Prussia
sps-aking always of the western shore at the
Rhine the first town of iuiiortance
is Worm. associated with the
name of Luther. After pissing over
the flat, highly cultivated district
through which the Rhine here sluggishly
rolls along, the tower and bridges of May
enoo loom in sight. This i a city of strategic
and historic imKrtancc Shortly further on
is Bingen; and there Ivgins the marvelous
scenery which has given to the Bhine such
world-wide celebrity, and has made familiar
the names of Mich trifling though pictur
esque hamlets :is Oberwcssel, St. Goar, Bop
iart, Andcrnach, Bachanu-W, Bcmagen and
the like. Midway there is Cohlenz, over
looked by " Ehrcnbreitstein's castled
height,," and still further down the stream
i the collegiate town of Bonn.
To add these to the long list of French
towns would certainly lie a splendid gain to
France; this is what is meant when French
men say with Victor Hugo, "Take back the
Rhine." It is, however, a large enterprise,
and not likelv to succeed.
Mayencc was formerly a city of the Ger
man Confederation, the old Soilverien, and
was garrisoned by Austrian and Prussian
troops. Its jicculiarly dangerous osition,
K-ing on the left hank of the Rhine and
greatly coveted by the French, led to its for
tifications Iieing of the strongest character.
It was originally garrisoned by 8,000 men,
but after the decisive defeat of Austria in the
late contest, it was agreed by the treaty of
Prague that its fortifications should be" dis
mantled and its garrison withdrawn. This
stipulation was insisted on by Austria, but
the Prussians have never carried out the con
ditions, and Mayencc Ls at this moment one
ofthe strongest cities in the world. The
four lines of works are greatly strengthen by
outworks and detached forts and bv Fort
Weisman, which is on the upper bank ofthe
Main. The city of Mayenee is opposite to
the mouth of this river, which here falls in
to the Klune alxmt twentv miles west of
rraukfort, to which it is connected by a rail
way. A bridge some l.tWO feet long con
nects it with the fortified suburb of the Cas
tle. It has now a very large garrison, ami
is commanded by Prince Waldemar of
Trae Is its TrmUtfoBx.
The Democratic jartv of this republic lias
not much sentiment, kit, in the pending
European war, it gives whatever svmpathy
it can command to Xajmleon the bandit of
Of seven prominent Democratic iapers
that wc have glanced at five are wannlv for
France, namely, the Xew York World, Chi
cago Time, Cincinnati ICiuiitiirr, St. Louis
iiuwv, and IjouisviIIc Gmrier-Jourual. The
St. Louis JlymblicaiL, Iming a German ed
itor of foreign affairs, is neutral; and the
Milwaukee AVirx, having a unanimous Ger
man constitiiencv, favors Prussia.
The Republican press of the United States,
with not a conspicuous decision, see in him
a butcher and a usurper, and hope his arro
gant designs will be defeated. The Dem
ocratic journals, with scarcely less unanimitr,
support hw claim ami denounce Prussia.
Some of the Chinese in California make
money by cutting up silver coin, coloring i:
yellow and selling it with gold diut The
iwcret lies in the process of coloring the coin
to escape detection.
r lh' MUnrrf the Timti:
Xow tliat the Rhine becomes again a scene
of conflict and occupies a prominent place in
(Hjblic thorght, there is soineStncss in giving
your readers fome of Byron's beautiful ver.-cs
on that historic stream. How well the poet
pictures the natural beauties of the romantic
river, and recalls scenes of its former history.
Bat most, how forcibly we feel to-day that
ever-recurring "to lie" that has been, that
jossion and pride which time so slowly con
quers. True Wi-Jom's wiirM ill U:
Within it- own treatiii, or in thine,
Matemal nature! For who teems like tins'.
Tims on the banks ofthe uuji-stic Khinc?
There Harold gazes on a work dirine.
A Mendins of all beauties; streams and dell-.
Km it. tillage, crag, n-od, vornfitld, mountain,
And cMcBiaj castle lrcath:nc item farewell.
fromBnjr liut leafy wall where Ku!n greenly
And there they stand as Mauds a lofty mind.
Worn, but un.-toojiiii; to the Imlht iniwd,
AU tenantless, save to the crannying wind.
Or holding dark communion with the cloud.
There wsj a day when they were youns ami
lUunira on ni?h, and tattle jossed below;
l!ut they who fmxht are in a bloody shroud,
And tho-c whi h waved are shredlWlu-l ere now,
And the bleat lattliinnit- shall t--jr no future
Bcnfiththe-i'liattleiiicnls, uilliin tho-t? wall-,
l'owcrdwelt amidst herta5.iou; in proud te
Kath rubber chief upheld hianned lull",
m Doing hii evil will, nor les elate
Than uiiRlitier hen-s of a !m;erdate.
What want the; outlaws t-niienir should lune,
Tut History s urhas;-l lagv to rail them great !
A widrriace, an oniaiui-nted gravel
Their bnjies were'not le-s wanu, thir souls were
full as brave.
In their !n.ronial fends and sinlj field,
Whit deeds of prowess unre-ordrd dii'l'
And Iive, which lent a blazon to their shields.
With ciaU'ius well devisud by smorous pride,
Thpiiii;h all the mail nf iron li-MrtswouIdRlidc;
ISut still their flame was fwivenc-s, and drew on
Keen csiutcst and destruction nearalliol;
And many a tower for some Ciir misrfiiif won,
,-jw thudiscolonsl Ithine leneath its ruin run.
Hut thou, exulting and abounding river'
Making thy waves a bleing as they flow
Through banks who-e beauty would endure forever
Could man but leave thy bright creation si,
Nor its fair promise from the surface mow
With the harp scythe of conUitt, then tow
Thy valley of nweet waters, weretokuon
I jrth paved like Heaven; and to seem iu-h to me
Kven now what want-tlir-tmni" that it -hould
A thousand tattles have avuitnl thy bank,
ltut these and halftht-ir fam hate m.sl away.
And slaughter heajusl on high their weltering
Their very grav- are gone, and what an- they ?
Thetide waslml down the lilood of yesterday,"
And all vras stainlsvs and on thy clear stream
: tamed with its dancing light the kunny ray;
Hut o'er tlieb'stkeii'sj momorv's blighting dream
Thy was would vainly roll, all sweeping a
Adieu In tins-, fjir Ithine! How long delighted
The stranger fjin vroiild linger on his way!
Thine is a scene alike where xiuls united
Or lonely Contemplation thus inilit stray;
Anil eoidd Ihe ceaseless vull ins-assise lo prey
On clf-condcmning lsoms, it were here.
Where, nature not too somlire, nor too gay,
Wild wit not rude, awful vet not au-tere.
Is to the mellow earth as Autumn to the vear.
Adieu to this again! A vain adieu!
Then- ran U- no farewell to xvtic like thine;
The mind is colored by thy every hue;
And if reluctantly the eyes resign
Their herilusl gaze ii"ii the-, buely lihine!
'Tis with the thankful glance of urting praise;
More mighty spt may rise more glaring -bine,
l!ut U'Mie unite in one attaching maze
The brilliant, soft and fairthe glories of old davs.
The negligently grand, the fruitful bloom
of coming ripenos. the white Sty's sheen.
The rolling strca m, the pretipiee'.s gloom.
The fon-t's grow th, and gothic nall-s betwis'ii.
The wild nks -1i.ih-1 as they had turrets ln-cii
III ill's kery of man's art; and the-e withal
A race of faces happy as the scene,
Whos" fertile l. untie liereexleml to all,
Still springing o'er thy lunk, though empires near
OTllI4J TO IM.
"Nothing to do!" in this world of our-.
Where weed pring up with the faire-t bower-,
Where smiles have only a fitful play.
Where hearts are breaking every day.
"Nothing lodo '." thou Christian -oul.
Wrapping thee round in thy selfih stole;
OtTwith the garments of sloth and in
Chri-t thy Iaml hath a kingdom to win.
' 'Nothing to do!' Then- are prayers to lay
On the altar of iiHTiise, day by day;
Then- an- fi-c to meet w ithin and without ;
There is error to coii-jucr, stnmg ami stout.
"Nothing M do!" There are minds to teat !i
The simplest form of Christian sjiccih;
There are harts to lure, with loving wile.
From the grimmest haunts of .-iii'sdetilc.
"Nothing to do!" There are lamlis to feisl.
The precious hope oft he Chunh'ii need;
strength to lie Imrne to the weak and faint.
Vigil to keep with the doubting saint.
"Nothing to do!" and thy Savior said
"Follow thou Me. in the path 1 tread."
lord lend Thy help the journey through,
l;et, faint, w'ecry, "Soniuih lodo!"
The Protestant Council oens iu Xew
York Septeml'er -2 and closes tXlolier -d.
The I'liiiiilier of s'm's of China has now
The Chinese have onlv one Sundav in the
year, and th.it i.- Xew Year's day.
There are ten Chinese .Sunday School - in
.San Francisco, with C0l teachers and 70 1
Dr. Abel .Steveii is writing a "History
of the Methodist KpiscoKtI Church in the
The Council of Xeiifchatel has voted by a
lare majority for separation of Church and
A Xew Hamiishirc clergyman protests
against the unplcasitiit custom id' :tdverti-iii
Aliout thirty Baptist ctcrgymen ol Xew
Kngland have already signed a decl:iratitii
of faith, which allotisetich chimli to fix its
own terms of communion.
The Catholic Club of Vienna oilers a prise
for the discovery of a legal means of pre
venting Ji s from leing Ixirii, and unking
The Bishop of Manchester decided that in
the Knglish Church the black preaching
gi-vwi is illegal, but that flowers on the
alt.ir nre lega'.
The denunciation of l-'cui.iiii.iii by the
Pojks is exciting great indignation in Ireland
and is doing much to weaken the
P.iiul authority in that country.
Thcticniianand Swilzx-rlaiid Cotiferemv
of the Methodist Church have voted unani
mously in favor of lay delegation, thus put
ting the result Iwyond all cimtiongencv.
Missionaries write tliat the constant de
crease of the Sandu it-h Islanders has left
nearly l the large churches built years ago
much too large for their present congrega
tion. Hcv. CJ. I!. Finney .-ays that Henry
AVanl Beecher's apparent willingness to
synqiathizc with those who hold unsound
doctrinal views, is owing to an over-strict
religious home training in his youth.
The members of the Methodic Churches
in the world now number aliout three and a
half milions; ministers, 10,049; local pre-ach-ers,
57.934; Sunday school scholars, nearly
Bcv. Dr. Boynton of Washington, D. C,
long known as an eminent Congregational
minister, is aliout to take charge of a Pres
byterian Church in that city, ami will soon
be transferred by letter to that Presbytery.
The French Methodist Conference has the
question of lay delegation under considera
tion, and the official members of the Wes
lcyaii Society, in Belfast, Ireland, have sent
to conference, a jietition for the introduction
of lay delegates.
Hie London City Miston basin its. cm
ploy :575 missionaries, who made over two
million visit's last year, reclaimed 90-" drunk
ards, restored f7(i fallen women to tlicir
home, or put them in asylums, ami induced
184 shopkeepers to give up Sunday trading.
Dr. Kinhom. a Jewish liabbi, at Phila
delphia, and a strict observer of tlie Hebrew
Sabliath, has instituted an additional weekly
service on Sunday, where those may wor
ship who are compelled to work on that day
many of whom could not. or would not visit
the synagogue on a Saturday.
In the Congregational ministers' meeting,
in Boston, Mass., appcard a brother from
tlie West, who liad recently left the Baptist
fold. He was introduced by another as one
who had recently come to the surface, and
whom all would gladly help to find dry
Ol'Klicnuaji-Atuerican fellow citizens who
may now be sojourning in Prussia, have
ccasion to rejoice at tlie establishment of
the treaty which was recently negotiated be
tween the American and Prussian rovem-
ments in regard to the rights of Cermans
naturalized in this country. But for the ne
gotiation of this treatv, "all Prusso-Amcri-
cans found in Pru.-sia at this time would have
lcn lialde for serficc in the Pruian army.
Xow, n German naturalized as an Ameri
can can be compelled to enter the army uf
any of the Statrof North or South Germany,
tterman-Americans have precisely the tame
rights, franchises and jirivilegen in Germany
as mthre-born Americans. The treaty was
negotiated at a most opportune time; and it
will save our government from a great deal
The Hon. John B. Harlow,' of Dixfcld,
Me., for many years Postmaster there, and
well known thrimgnont the State ax an active
and leading Whig politician yeais ago, died
Am latereattaK Cfcaater f.1HtMrici.l
tUomlp Afcoat Ike Keyiil ratnlly mT
By Dr. Osgood, in the Evening rts.
The Thiergarten at Berlin is one of the
largest and finest parks in &iroe,,hjBmg two
miles long and a half mile liroad,'flniMia
in grand old trees, and only needn. rpcfc
and hills to give it all the ovaMkot the
rural pictunxme. Xcar the BegeBtea lect,
where our American minister Dvca, rem tlie
southern boundary of the park, and you do
not go inside far "before you meet a pretty
sheet of water, with a little ida'nd in the
middle, with a handsome monument, and
few oteps beyond the island you find a striking
status within a lovelv grove. Tlie statue
is of Frederick William III., and is by
Drake, tlie famous pupil of the peerles
Kauch, and the iIand bears the name of
Louisa, tlie noble queen and wife of Frede
rick William III. I do not propose now to
criticise the statue or celebrate its great mer
its. I will only say tint it is at once a his
tory and a ioein, telling by its portrait figure
the story of Prussia's most heroic life since
her great Frederick, and exhibiting on the
carvincs of the base the triumiilis of Prus
sian art and science over all the kingdom of
nature by that heroic kings large jiolicy.
The point that I wish to dwell uioti is one
tlutt seemed to me to bes defect in the ai list's
I asked the accomplished lady who was
my gracious guide how it was that such an
oliviotks flaw in the marble was allowed to
exist iion the foot the right foot I think it
was and she replied that it was not a flaw
in the marble, but an intentional work of
the chisel, and was meant to represent a
tch in the king's boot. I saw at once the
intention, and that this King, who had
carried Prussia to such triumph through the
terrible wars with Napoleon, was here or
t rayed in majesty, yet with sagacious recog
nition of his humiliation and sacrifice. He
ho wore the crown and bore the sword was
willing to share the fruits of his misfortunes
and have his boots patched, tliat the nation
might have an example of frugality and de
termination, and spare money from, self
indulgence for the great war of liberation.
The whole story wait told at once by the light
of that charming midsummer day that fell
upon the statue of the king ami tijion the
island that lxirc the name of his wife Louisa,
and the monument there by Schadow, that
commemorates her return from Konigsburg
in I BUS. there is a crcat tleal ot iioctry
aliout the whole affair, and it speaks well for
tee "grateful inhabitants of Berlin ' who
erected the staute in 184H.
THE PRUSSIAN MONARCH.
As this ccne expresses an important crisis
in modern hi-tory, ami brings the king and
queen together under the watch of art and
nature, as they were together in their mem
orable lives, a few words of explanation may
not lie amiss. Frederick William, iisrullv
styled the Great elector, and the founder of
the rnKsLin monarchy, was bom in lliX),
and his accession to the electoral iowcr in
1610 is tistinllv regarded as the founding of
the. nation, lie brought Sweden to terms,
freed Prussia from her former subordination
to Poland, keut Louis XIV. at luv. and even
L cut into his conquests, welcomed protestant
exiics 10 a tree asyium, louuucu universities,
identified himself with the liberties of Ger
many, and died in 10S8, the vear of the
great revolution tliat gave constitutional lib
erty its triumph in .hnglanu. His sou
Frederick I, lxirn in !C-"7, carried out his
father's policy, furnished troop to the Kng-
lish liberators, ami January IS. 1701, at-
taineii tlie darling olyect of ins ambition, ami
with Ins wife, the sister of George 1, of r.ns
land, was crowned at Koiiigsberg. He died
in 1713, the first king of Prussia. His son,
TrcdericlC-William I, was born in 1688, and
died I40,aner a reign of twenty-seven
vears that so fully show his shrewdness ami
fo!lv, his honestv ami cruelty, his inrental
carefulness and brutality. He left to his
son, Frederick II., called the Great, over six
millions of surplus money, and an army of
seventy-two inotisnmi sottuers.
Frederick the Great was born in Berlin in
1712, and died in Pottsdam in 1786. It is
well to rcmeuibcr that he had English blood
in his veins, and that his mother was daughter
ofitcorgcl. of r.ngland. His life is too
famous to need notice here, and I pass on to
his nephew, Frederick William II, who was
grandson of Frederick William I. He was
born in 1743, and died in 1797. He was
ati-terly educated tinder his uncle's eye, but
voluptuous and visionary, extravagant and
arbitrary, yet his reign of eleven years was
not without good influence Uxm the public
spirit, thelaws ami industry of Prussia. His
son, Frederick William III, with whom wc
have now to do, was bom in 10, and died
Before sjieaking of his career, I will com
plete the record ofthe myal family, and say
that the son, Frederick William IV, who
succeeded him in 1810, was bom 1705, and
ill 18-8 he w:ts coimielled by itismitv to
yi'ld the management of affairs to his brother
William, who succeeded him in lobl. and
who was lioroc in 1797, and his son Freder
ick Yiilliam, horn in 1831, is now the crown
prince of Prussia. 1 state all these parlictl-
l.iis because they are very much confused in
the minds of many iieople, and I give to
i aiders the simple points that I lind so im
Nirt.iut to hunt up for myself.
FltKDKKICK WILLIAM III.
It -eenis to me that Frederick William
111, deserves to lie named with his grand
uncle, Frederick the Great, as doing tthe
work in the nineteenth century which Fred
crick did in the eighteenth. He withstood
X.ipoleon and French cvniralifittioii with all
its Iitiu alhnitic-, as Frederick withstood
vcrv much the same spirit in the desjiots of
Btissi.i, Austria and France, and fought out
tin; kittles of modern tunes in his day. He
was carefully educated by a good mother,
saw enough of his father's extravagances ami
his grand uncle's economy to form habits
and ideas of order, discipline ami frugality.
Probably the let thing for him was his ear
ly marriage at the age of twenty-three to the
beautiful and accomplished Princess Louisa,
of MceklenbttRr-Strelitz, whom he met at
Frankfort in 1793. It scorns to hae Ksjn
an honest old-fashioned love match, wi-e as
it turned out in the end to be, and the Prince
of Prussia was so struck by Iter beauty, no
bleness, racc and sense that heat oiiceasKed
her hand. The betrothal took place, and
the marriage followed on the 24th of Septem
lier following. On the death of King Fred
crick William, she ascended the throne with
her htislKind November 16, 179S, and won
all hearts by her goodness-. She helped the
unfortunate, interested herself in art ami lit
erature, encouraged agriculture and educa
tion, and had an eye for merit of all kinds.
The favorite ofthe lVtissian people, she had,
of course, a certain influence in public affairs,
and is supjmscd in 180-j to have influenced
the king in favor of the war with France,
which proved to be so disastrous for Prti-sia,
although it was very jiopular with the peo
ple at the time.
LOUISA AND XAFOI.KON.
I need not recapitulate the disasters of the
wars with Napoleon, or the great triumphs
that redeem them. Attsterlitz, Jena and
Friedland brought the humiliating peace of
Tilsit, July, 1807, which sacrificed half the
territory of Prussia and left tke other at the
mercy of the conqueror. Louisa was with
Frederick William during the treaty, ami
there met Napoleon twice at dinner, and al
most pcrstiided him in spite of himself to
grant her muet. The first time he pre
sented her with a rose, and as idic accepted it
she adtled, "ane Magdtbourq cu mains"
"With Magdebourg at least.5' She did not
get the fortress from Napoleon, but he con
fcsscd that she was fully up to him in spirit,
and led the conversation in spite of his efforts
and hi address, constantly pressing her
punt utxrti him with great propriety, and in
a way tliat could not possibly provoke him.
The queen seems to have been a sharp thorn,
however to the French autocrat, and there i
reason to believe that he countenanced 1am-
ooas against her, and even accused her of
too mucti regard for Alexander of Bu-sia.
One of his bulletins satirized the part she
tooKat the tomb ol .Frederick the Ureal, at
Pot-slam, in the oath of her husband and
Alexander against the French November 5,
1805, and the consequence, which was the
battle of Au-terlitz and the evacuation of
Bussia by the German army with maichtng
rations. Yet in the calm reflection of St.
Helena, he seems to have thought well of
the brave woman who had done so much to
set Germany against him, and whrwc
spirit strove against him long -after iicx ex
hausted body was laid to rest in 1810.
O'Meara attributes these sentiments toNajio
leon: "1 have had," said the Emperor, "a
high consideration for her: and if tlie king
had brought her first to Tilsit he would liavc
obtained better conditions. She was elegant,
spirituelle, prodigiously insinuating. She
biUerly deplored the war. Tlie queen could
not lie'con-oled for the treaty of Tilsit and
for the treaty of Magdebourg. 'Peace is
concluded' she wrote a little time after, 'but
at what price?' Our frontiers do not reach
beyond the Kibe. AiWr all the king has
shown himself greater iImh his adversary."
Napoleon had good cause In remember her
as she was licfore and after her eeriy death
at thirty-four. She was wkh the ling m his
hmniliation after his defeats, went
with him to St. Petersburg in 1808
to share in the splendid reception
there, and December 2o, 1809, she re
niMnl Ttprlin with him. and took mrt in
all his vrorthy efforts for the good of his peo
ple, and lier name deserves to he connected
with the foundation of that gnat Berlin uni-
nor. on earth. In June, 1810, one died in I
her'hudKna'ii snnV iuM her Wdy wr H f
in peace in the park atOMrkmenburg, where
Kauch raised a statue worthy of her memoir,
and where now her hunband rents by her side
in a tomb with a statue from thewmvMUter
hand. Her spirit never left him and the
nation. She was with Bluchcr and theTiw
sians when they bore down npon the' Vraacfc
at Waterloo, aid settled the fortunes of the
day; and even now the order of Lomsa
which the King created August 3, 1814, after
entering Paris in triumph, is the inspiration
ami reward of the young chivalry of Pruwia,
ami led so many heroes in the sainted
queen's name to the victory of Sadowa in
THE MORTUARY MOKVMKNT.
I have never seen a monument tliat is no
beautiful and expiessive an tliat in the chapel
of Cliarlottenbttrg, which bears the rectuu
bent statues of Frederick William III. and
Louisa. The statues arc masterpieces of
Ranch, and their attitude is natural and
graceful, a if these royal heads were in gen
tle sleep. A softlv tinted blush licht falls
upon them from stained windows, and the
central crucifix, the two candelabra, with the
three rates on one side and the three horns
on the other, with the crucifix on the altar
and the scripture tests in fnco upon the
walls, gave me an impression tliat I shall
nerer forget. The situation itself insignificant.
It i three miles from the famous Branden
burg gate acrow the Thiergarten and does
much to show that the serious spirit of the
old order of Brandenlwrgwho won Pruxaia
from liaganisin still remains, and the-royal
familv still unite heroism with religion, as
in the days when the Teutonic knights wore
the black dress with the white mantle, upon
which was a white crow with a silver edge.
Thev arc not, indeed. iwrfcct race, and
have their share of .man " frailty, being
esjiecially fond of having their own way.
One would like to forget that thi" king cvtr
nude love to another woman, and that even
fourteen years after Iotiisa's death he conld
form a morganatic marriage with the Count
ess AtigiHta of Harwell, whom he made
duchess of Leignitz. ISut history takts little
note of this vagary, and art, her daughter,
knows no wife but that first heroic, gentle
soul, and refuses to divide in death the two
who were m true and so loving in life.
TIIK IIESCESIAST OF LOUISA.
It is interesting to remember that the eld
est daughter of Louisa, the Princess Charlotte,
was married July 13, 1817, to Nicholas, of
Itussia, and that she was the mother of Alex
ander II, the present Kmiicror, a fact that
strangely rebuffs the lampoon of Napoleon
as to the oath of Alexander and Frederick
William at the tomb of Frederick the Great,
in the queen's presence, ami shows that
I)uisa'.s race still lives and triumphs, while
Napoleon's seed has itcrishcd, in spite of his
repudiation of his loyal Jiephinc and his
shift to win posterity and fame by an alliance
with the house of Austria. The Emperor of
Russia is her grandson, "the King of Prussia
is her son, and the Prince Koyal of Prussia
is her grandson, with good jprosiicct
of pcrjictuating his race by his mar
riage with Victoria's daughter Victoria,
who has already ketit up thc good
name of her Englidi mother by presenting her
hiislsind with five children in twelve years
three lioys and two girls. As I said once lie
fore, I saw the Prince at Venice and was
struck by hi manly and somewhat severe
simplicity as Count lie Lingeii. He went off
to the German church at noon in a stalely
little licet of four gondolas from our hotel,
and he impressed Us as a man very much
after the Frederick William 1 1 1. type, ami
who would wear a patch on his InmiI in case
ofa pinch in his country's fortunes. His
race, the Hoheiizollern family, have done
wonders by their economy aswell as heroism,
and they need lioth virtues in the recent exten
sion of their dominion and the new ami tin-K-irrassing
demands upon their treasury.
Diamonds have recently increased in value
seven or eight jer cent.
Over ten thousand emigrants arrived in
Xew York last week.
A whale, is noticed as otie of the recent
distinguished arrivals at San Francisco.
Illinois .fanners are forming association;
to prevent gunners tresi:tssing on their farms.
Ikiltimorc morocco-manufacturers are in
troducing machinery to a considerable,
Illinois has CiOOO miles of railroad-, which,
with equipments, ctv-t $I2000,OTW.
Fifteen -tr loads of Chinamen have ar
rived in Tennessee.
It is said that the connecting link between
the animal and vegetable is hash.
An exhibition of feminine work ofall kinds
is to lie opened iu November at Florence.
The Nines of l,i()0 Chinamen hac ju-l
Ik'cii wnt home from Sail Francisco.
The helmets worn by the Loudon oIice
arc "on the -ttern of that worn by Alexan
der the tlr.-al."
It i a cited that S jTvnt ofthe luiiatie-i
in Charcn'.on Asylum, France, are victims
to the u.-c of liair dye.
Thi exports of Philadelphia for the l.i-l
: i ..i.. :tt; .
and the imports aliout fourteen and a half
Cincinnati has lost an kc-hoti-ennd all its
pret-Miiis ctinlent-. thnuigh the agency of the
A (Scrnian in Milwaukee lately kicked the
!cg ofl'a tabic, ami found that the stamlard
contained almul seventy-live ten-dollar gold
The entire iolicc force of a Pennsylvania
town resigned the other day. He was lone
some, ami his name was Jones.
An enterprising and growing industry i;
that of manufacturing bark extracts, of which
tanners in the middle as well as in the East
ern States are large uiniimcr.
A Wi-coiiMU man lately published a chal
lenge to all the world to play at tenpins, and
the challenge has lieen accepted by a Ronton
gentleman whose name is not given.
S many wedding ptrties an- visiting Sar
atoga that it has been found necessary to
place a bridal ear on the Ren-salaer and Sar
A huly who w.is not a Shakespearian
scholar, hearing the " Merry Wives ol Wind
sor" highly praised, inquired how inany
wives Mr. Windsor had.
Kentuckians want to run Humphrey Mar
shall for Congress. But there are no two
districts that will unite on him, and if elected
he would fill more than one -eat.
Mr. Strader, of Ohio, the author ofthe
great i-peech, " lioys, don't mind the weather
when the wind don't blow," is not a candi
date for reelection to Congres.
Indiana expects to come pretty nearly up
to two million inhabitants by the ccn-m now
taking, an increase of considerably more
than half a million in ten vears.
Celia ltgan lias jut finished a romance
which will soon lie out.
Xaxleoii, forced by the gout, has to weir
Phoibc Thomas, of Chester county,, Pa.j,
ha just celebrated her centennial birthday
in East Bradford, July 7th. She ha "nov
living, fifty great-grandchildren. -. 5.'
The friends of J. W. I.incard, the factor
who (Viiumittcd suicide, arc about to raise a
monument to hi- memory. .'''
Ako .In mho has organized a war. He; is 2
soTcrcuni 01 iiiu.nes. coast. 01 .vhhti.'-hiu, s
aliout to exterminate the OocboiU O " "
Cottldock, the actor, intends to lecture n
the distinguished dramatists and wits he has
met, including Dickens, Douglas, Jcrrold,
Macready, Kcan, Kemble and others.
Mir Ann S. Cook has been aneoinlad
Postmistress at Glade Springs, WHrtoi,
Va., vice MisaLavina M. I Jy burn J4J&-
iiYnli(iMt li- ninrrwi ,? w i.
Saldanha lias looked over and ."anprvrl
int nactor. ; "
Annc-Pickinron received a letter rvcenlly
esprcssing the sorrow exjwrienced by the
writer on leaniing of the sudden death of
"lier brotlier Cliarle, who wrote so many
Tlie Pope, according to the latest minor,
thinks he will not live very long. The
other dav, says the Pall Jfall GmtHe,
French lady who is very devout and for
whom he entertains great friendshipj wan on
the piint of leaving Borne, when his Holi
ness sent to rentiest she would remain to at
tend his funeral. Nevertheless, he contin
ues to take tlie keenest interest in the debate
in the Council on the dogma of infallibility,
and thus be is almost daily exposed to shocks
which feeble health can very ill rastain.
rT " "
Buckeye Bell Fu4ry.
rtiurch, -VwJrnir, Factory, Farm, Firc-AUnn.
IWk. iuie '.if Pcrk BctL MKcai, Cpp r aai
ami'monntc! with our PaWat Ixraovro Bwiatwo
Haas., "'"tnurt Qaggg-t
nr- sii.l 104 East Hecnodftt'!.
tlieproob ofa new lustorr ircEnphtjof Ae
Spauish and Portnneae-van of.ineeeaUaii
from 1820 to JS40, in which he wan. a prom
vv tJt;i ""
jk . -
JIOOK AM6 JOB
;i t -t for? a(.!
i! f -n - -."'fi
vi v ; . &"
HA 7.V JWCJiXTLrbj'UKCUA
' . . An; i . -' -.lidV-
BTJflTw ROTAL CYLINDER TKKSS
!lli all tlw hit im-iorrmciiti-i'viIiiirI.- It
BOOK, JOB A: C010KEI) I'KlMiNi.',
in additiuii Imui inrTiuiismpidy t I'riiKiii- M.s
chinrry, wc an- now i-reonl ti tiirri i-itt mrt
with ilrattb, jinl inasltle thai i-an imtlvL"!
llcd wrst nf fhiiaun.
Wc notihl cull tin- IUrta.uUr atlv:itivii o( l!u
Jlcrcantilr aist Itiisiiirss toiiiiiiunilt- ( tliis I'l
,TKirtiuetilof mir U-taMUbi.itnl, a. nc- hoe mnle
VKKY XKWEST STVLKS
tl .11 u'
Poster & General Job Type,
Willi II l-ZMiLIS t" in
KKCVTi: VA'KIIY . DtWJKirilUS
V O! AS
: j 1 1
FANCY .SHOW CA K I S.
H?tK - I. - 'i " tis
JjA liMiP JJiiJ,,
i HAND BILLS,
INSUKANCE IX)L1C1ES BLANKS
SUV JltL'KIND'Ol-1 tl
XEBCAlVTIIiE , WORK.
t Xbeftiblite liareiu tli&Jj-if btwiii, tJt'I
au-1 llau-i Frts-t?, truiit us to txicute wurk
RAPIDLY, SEATLYASD VUEATLY
At 1 -wS- - ,a.
- f'9)f i
Iii fact, all kinl5jtif.,.j .
.. - --j
I tan I eieeuted at
this otfc not only with Ie
ST. LOUIS SAW
BRANCH. CKOOKEft A CO.
.EXTRA FINEXCAST STEEL SAWS,
- Mj:. L. '. i ' --'-' tJ1 La-.p-L-f.-ii iTrr"7j-V-'"' ---.t- s---
! xip" v it
W ; BRAHCHfGR60KES &C0. Jp
mW ' - - '
1l' till the DvMcriptionK nnw
T!iv-sa-. , luir t-Tii iimiiu1j tuitst .mlaiu use Mt
Jithjvi mi.tr. .ii,Mllri'limiptt-(i th CarirU
foi: sau: at
11G aad 116 Vine street.
St. Louts. ?to.
ij JS F K 1 91 M IT R A ar V K l y P A m' A
W. S. OI.MSTKAP. Nei-'v.
ASSETS NEARLY $30,000,000.
$10,000,000 Loaned on the
It IVr In ur.iiiial Ir-"si.t Ifi.in Miy ;Iit i
A PURELY MUTUAL COMPANY.
N. i'.'ili:i .f the IVIi-y l!.NVr- mi-i 11 . t .nn!! M-t. :i.J.Vi
II. Im. siti..v. t-r.
t.-i!l't .!yti!.t t'n-
vvr ;i"il ti.l.ilif t T . j-t.i t-stfm--
t Miitii.il l.:f-- ln-iiiait.
75 DELAWARE STREET, LEAVEXTW0RT.il.
sli.'.H .T I -
l.V. I.i-1 I'i-tii, t ami tra
GREATEST REMEDY OF THK AGE.
i HAS. l
mt .orlh iiitli
'HMIQ'N VISE COWP'Y,
Manufacturer!: of Parallel Travelling Vis
!:ijlnii i" i-jl.iii, 1 in j;i"3l tariety, a-It
i.iiirs.i?; ti.U'III.xks f
01TICE IN BOSTON, at 80 Milk
l!..Nt"i:, .(p-uUl lr
-tut t.. HVIii; I'.VRK, M
r.i:Ti ti.i: rrKNTHw is- uiis.s fi
I tin- V.' nrs-c!J cu-tjnl wmfc of ilir Uu- t
'. i-rii.il. r li-rv us?. U'c iiumiti-.i.iri: frni tlw i - -
urs hi-, witli sr-.it ruT-, an-l iiLini:Cu:luivni:rr'i
nr "trlmmin- :in-l rMintin;" Is itiil ' lholi-
IVr! wi.ii:i' li, pun-h-t tirit-tl ws wrt ami an
lirltiivii f ii.. sijtiii, tlicir iiiw.ii.
Ir.'rIl)'. bai.C PROon.MMr. Ac-.,
iluiicin MTl-tui-jiiall-l liranyi'lttc Writ of
U.kw-, st the Tlillj-'.
TI-'.rT) I'KINTISli WT OK niK MtS.
sisairri j:ivu: AT TIIK TIMIS JOlt
VwWM " i 11" n'7 1
w 't..' ti.f i rr rv m r - ' -
H l-tBBa A BBh BBa .Bft fta BLSf?
iiHHvoSiiin mriim mmm i m
W9m,,mWmWm IK'in ( i
a' mmjn mi,m3zx ' s
.i-,l iu the lTitl Stiitcn.
- ts - tsnt. 'tber nn u.nruitfl tl l-?t tii--iie-i
Cost. Jisl arj'ruH "' mill mn nl-r:tr knmt
Kcw Orleans. La.
1:. w i:!:y:;t. vtuur.
Solid Property of ihc West.
iiitui-tiU au'.ll vl ititi
' r i'ii i;nnrv r n irtltl .1
N0K - F0SFEITINGr.
'I l t t-iiiui'-niMiir
t.T S.IMI ? I t
IVIHTTS-: tV IIOS"iI.S,
i:irr:!l Wtti'rn Aj('iitH.
lliii i-ul. V..u.ti-l "
1ii:: A- S535-?.
il al! aitilntr m V, .l -i Mn.it .i ri:
i.mikovl:i covsyas t tso.v
St., Factory at IIYDK PARK, W.rr.
ii. ill I t!.- 1c- -ir -t jl i'l
il i!i:.i w.u. i'k... i
r Mil I. I'r.J in.-r
Buffalo. N. Y.
ixis. imi siiiitim; th m.i. itn h
ju'WINib "inric -'' f cjrri.'i-- ii:UI-i: f :
ii-l srnwt'i v
I I!irV'rr nrl-i- li rr
.mf il ki.iliui h
t 'if Npr Yin
t r al mul n.7i-i.iii.:!i Ki.
Iia-j- r "r.ai- ri!I firrr tli-.m-Wr.
It tZecat J!o:utt.'iti Ti:tc iuiJ J'rc-
moterrf ' If rjlt.it-tr diueicro!. It i
a frrzt-Ktirs end sure ture fr Pvi
fepi'i, nittrji:e)t and ell ci:ea:cs rj
I Hit Lntr ana a tmuvs.
It is a nu.'d end delfcktful Im-i'cr-
, ex! fir thcatt I-imaus, ami it Lit
j most ar;call: a: J flazzaiii-testing
ti jinie cf the thy. j
is tl sure eitrf f r llr:i:d i'., l,r::r:r
Itins in the St 'm r k nr.d Itcrrls, 5fc.
Hemic hi-! at 't Ptnsft- arl crrftil
dfIs, or by addxesanr the V'bo!ei!
HZZxTT. -V?SBR fe CO .
13 e.-.d 12 :;. Srt"t St
8T. LUCL. i
HE-lltt?, Ac, Ac
Jme ou short notice.
ft '-. .-urk-