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THCKSDAY, AUGUSTs1S70.' '
ty f f i
THE LEAVES WORTH TIMES.
DAILY AND WEEKLY.
Tin: i 01
t - - -
OfictaWnr-ef;he. City 'aaatMUr)v:-
One control jrearil-J2
One copy hi month r.
One ctijiy three iii-m h-
uo copy one month
Vhfii4lclivere.lbvtlieCarrieri.ithel il. urenty-
five cents per ireA. . .
One eopy one icar . .., 00
Liberal .U-Oiutfon 1 club.
FE.1I letters houl,l Is? ad IrcssM to
OFUCL OJ. J? A T SltAWAItE STIIEET
BEI'ltnr.M'AX STATE COXTEVsTOX.
A Repuiuiean State Condition, f nominate
candidates fr Mei.iisrof C.nrres-, Governor, lieu
tenant Coventor, .Isolate Juslir.of the Supreme
Court, .Vcretary of :ta!e, Auditor, Trvaunr, At
torney General, and 5u;rintn.letit of INil.Iic In
tniriion, will lie lulJ at Tojeka, on tlie
Mill May nr.Hcptcaiber. A. It. 1S70.
At t-xelie o'clock iu.
Tlie lVj.ul.licaii voter of Kansa-i will, in each
llerresentstire Kistrict of the State, on the thinl
.lay of Scpti ml. r, A. 1). 1ST0, instil niaumrand
f jrni as may lie pre-seriW by the County or li
trict Committee of each county In the Mate, elect
one delegate, and one alternate Cr every 2,0o0 in
habitant, or any fractional part tlicreof, in each
Hepresentatiie I)itrict, hased nin the renMi-. of
170, aui!l appear by certificate of the County
Clcrfc, attached to the reilentiali of the sceeral
1 elegit es.
Xo proxies will 1 admitted la said contention.
The local district committees of the several coun
ties or diitricts are requested to cause sufficient
notice to be given of the time, place and manner of
the election of delegatcsand alternates, in their re
tlective counties P. p. Hliifii, Chairman.
M. 3f. MrnDooc, Secretary.
Three Conventions are already announced
to be held at Topeka during the month of
.Vitembcr the Republican on the 8th, the
Democratic on the 15th, and the Working
men's on the 22nd. It will be a good month
for Topeka hotels and the telegraph wires,
and we hust that it will also be a good month
for the tme men of the State an element
not often well represented in political Con
The inference we draw from these calls for
thess Convention? is the same that one gels
from moving among the people and from
reading the newspapers of the State, namely,
that the peoplearc deeply interested in the po
litical welfare of the State. We believe there
has been no Mich deeji feeling, no Mich earnest
and-unflinching determination moving the
leople of all classes, and of the most oppo--ite
personal aims and political purposes,
since our early struggle for bringing Kansas
into the Union and bringing her in as a Free
State And if ourjudgment in regard to
this strong current of feeling is correct, then
there is nothing to fear. Tlie danger here
tofore lias arisen from the apathy of good
men. They have stood aloof and allowed a
few profe-ional office-seekers and loafets to
dictate our public men.
The people can 1 trusted, and a general
movement of the masses means the rcdeni
tion nfthcSiateand the utter overthrow of the
rings of rascals and cormorants the men
who live on public plunder. It is with tlie
Republican parly, if it chooes, to inaugurate
this movement and to save the State. If it
fails to .see the signs of the times, if it hesi
tates, or misapprehends its true mission, it
u ill leave a void which other organizations,
or the jieople under new organization, can
hardly fail to fill. Party ties are not strong
enough even in Kansas to sustain men who
defend thieves and buy up courts to keep de
faulters out of prison. When the Republi
can party shall thas consent to wallow in the
mire, it will become an olyect of universal
contempt. The thieves are now uing its
organization and its patronage to Mtstain
ciimiuals in office. They make no reply to
the facts showing their crimes and liascness,
and their only hoje of success is founded on
the cohesive power of public plunder.
There is no other State in the Union where
Republican office-holders are placed in this
edged position. We trust and believe that the
shame is not to endure here longer. Let the
Eighth of September mark a new era in our
political history let it inaugurate the rule
if honest mer.
timn nf the FvraisilinB '
Baron, you have quite transformed thin city
since I was. here in 1815.' lAhf k Brigand."
scrcam'thc irate bloa;''wejwnj show binf
that lerlincan be cimnged less time we
will laalefc a faubumVg of Pjps!"
THE LABOB VSfS.
It is hardly necessary for-us to say that wc
do not endorse all that Mr Sylvis says in a
communication which we publish to-day.
But we do most heartily applaud his spirit,
his cameaneav-MRl thiguimt1 KIluYWl or
the labor movement,- Wc have been a la
boring man aUour,ue?, working more ahan
twelve hours a day, and with little project
of ever being anything ele. We believe
that most of the men who become rich gain
their wealth because they are liar, becaoxe
they are cunning and iwe deceit, duplicity
and treachery to aecomplhdrth'eir ends'' We
would rather trust the,, first .ten. carpenters.
stone-masons, mechanics or'libortBgraeB of
any sort, than the first ten men whoa we
might happen to meet each of -whom was
worth one hundred or more thousand dollars,
on any que tion invohing truth, bqporor
fair dealing among men. The rich are rich
in a vast number of cases becan-e they are
fal.c, selfi-h, cold-blooded and utterly in
dilierent to the rights aixl u ell-being of
their fellow men. We elo not make these
statements with any bitterness of feeling, but
our judgement has been formed from a
pretty extensive dealing ith all clas-ts of
All reforms originate ith poor men,' with
common people. Christ took fishermen and
tent-makers) for companions and followers.
Who ever heard of a banker, broker or mil
lionaire becoming worried about the condi
tion of mankind? Reforms come from the
people. It was so with the anti-slavery,
temperance and every other great movement
which has originated during the' last century,
and it will be so to the end of time. The
working men need cxitect no aid from the
purse-proud class. When they are fully or
ganized and their jKwer is feared, they will
be listened to, and even-just measure which
they advocate will be granted. Justice tri
umphs at last, in every cau.-e, and certainly
no rights arc so t-acred as those of man as
man. We think the working men will get
little sympathy from the Democratic party,
but plenty of promises, especially while that
party is out of i.ower. When they get into ,
jmwer they will do in the future as they did
in the long and oppressive past. The in
stincts of that party are with oppression and
not with the people, and no reform move
ment has originated with them or received
their hearty approval. August Belmont, the
largest landholder iu the country, is a Dem
ocrat and thePrcsieleiit of the National .Dem
ocratic Committee. He has a picture gallerv
worth half a million dollars, hut not a single
maodoftSe Departtaeai,' va
Ltiminw, OmtimX.i mi-,liiA
garnson, under the Duke of Guise, managed
- f'"v kBUW UUU UflA IUL MCa:C . m .m " - . " -----
r-:.-icr-rrj -.- . r",4m-'J-a-nrer. TfeoKJUCJMM nMajueexcetHMWAf theSi.v;
MdH EWCllUiailT nMBni. I 1 1 II M !! I II ! -- ' - - -p. --.w-.
- - ' j " . iiwj npiBf fir MncAnnftWanm tMi naaiinr mm tmKmmmoiv mm rc
bXCbarks the Bold iu 1476, buf.wiih illlkrgaDd lt buiWiaCT. igl ! ifcr3t morlifiSon r,V
KTho besieger. i4ecd,.wa8,iverii
i..' : '-.- - .. . . ... l
" ' cunHeejBence oi lus attempt, Djrine
Duke of Lorraine, who .sailed forth and de
listed him, January 5, 1477. They had no
needle-guns in those days, to be sure, nor
mitrailleurs, but the towns, are capable of
stout defence even acainst modern artillerr.
and he would Tie a bold leader who inarched
to Paris, leaving Metx and Strasburg uneap
tured in his rear.
Attobsey Geseeal Aksbxxs is exert
ing his influence in favor of an election in
Georgia this falL the question having been
left to the discretion of the President. He
says: 'If our people have not been brought
to reason, moderation and fairness br two J
yean more cf reflection, two years of general
prosperity, almost two years of liberal and
just national administration, when will they
come to reason? At least let us prepare to
try it. If the same disposition of 1SC8
should reappear in formidable strength then
there will be a reason which does not now
exist for postponing the election. We can
at least try the experiment of trusting them."
rauaiBes. puwBi iBpaani moqNMMon
rehouses, otw - TbeSelve mjliote alh
ns. etc. ITnfnimnr TTf imr Inr' Mnhnni tnW cTr)
riDnai4willnt liMj1jn.UMB ma lu.rA TT-A 1.bha Iwuu. .1 . .
rumwiiwioiuc unng orow um ihic vxn auutmi excitlsivelv ConsCCra-
at a cost of $100,000. ted to tlie erection of forts necessary to make
. uic place Uie great Uilwark of Tlie east of
IXTEBENnjtC I.ETTEB VU9U . V. , "nee. inc rrencu engineers followed
. s . I .
ggf"jf"FwiMaMiiaaaaiBllwry-- - -M AimUK--? v'-
-as aacavaa wmb inni uuiioik aanra akk it niwwi u nnimin
tOUrt4ar. Tlir.OnrrTmTii 7 000 nrrrK mm! Iiv nn tntnn'm . r? -J
, - - -. wnsn. ..vvv ( .-- , . .viuvusPfML-ui tii inuiMiaiiniw
.i, r ! .. . " MrAl al m . - ......vswuv
Ix ostyr,ning the General Conference of
the Evangelical Alliance for one year, its
managers have acted wisely, for the existing
war would prevent many of the European
representatives from reaching this country by
the 22d of September of this year. It is very
desirable to have this assembly as large as
possible and to have it attended from every
Evangelical Church throughout the globe,
and if there shall be peace next year, many
countries can send full delegations, that would
'now be koorly represented, if at all.
The Coroner's jury in the Nathan murder
case have adjourned without date, having
elicited no facts calculated to lead to the de
tection of the murderer. The detectives ap
pear to have been on false scents. The ex
amination ha", however, released the sons of
the murdered man of the horrible suspicion
which for the moment rested on them.
Tun "Cotton States Association," now
organizing among the Southern planter-, re
solves: First Not to plant more than one
third of our cultivated lands hereafter in
j cotton, and the other two-thirds we agree to
plant in the cereals. Second We solemnly
agree that we will not dispose of any cereals
made by its to any planter not agreeing "to
the proposition herein contained.
Kaxsas paid last year in internal revenue
taxes $342,217 27. By the reduction in
taxes made by Congress a few days before
adioumment. we shall nav this vear onlv
' . i i ,. .. ., -. f ' .. - '
imimisciiiienaiiottiierrtiggltng'inassesrtrSl.rd,01fi fifi a reduction of fifty-six r
humanitv. '..,i '
The working men are -right in agitating,
and, of course, they will do it in tJieir own
way. We think they could make themselves
felt lx-kt in the Republican Convention, but
they may lie right. If all classes will take
the same interests in public affairs our' State
wni soon ceased to lie elisgraeen by corrupt J
Under the census to lie taken April 1st,
1871, the population of Iondon is expected
to fall little, if any, short of three and a
TO THE WRKI.CiXF.X OF KAXNAK.
IKor the Leaou north Time.
Fellow workingmen of Kansas, the time
is fast approaching when the jieople of Kan-
"aIoxaiixock" writes from London to the
New York 77im his belief iu the duration of ras will be called upon to cast their ballots
the war, and quotes an English writer, who for a member of Congres and for State offi
can compare it only with our American war, ' eer. What are you going to do? Who
PiJE-iairrmx SmrtEns are officially
notilu'd that the settler on Minewil "un
4. lie-red land" hum file his or her declaratory
statement within three months from the date
of his or her settlement on such land, and
within eighteen months fmiii the expiration
of said three months mike the proper proof
and pay for such lands. Where Fettlers liad
already filed lcfore the passage of the ad,
they are u-quircd to make proof and payment
v ithin one year from such passage; therefore
all filings made prior to that elate will expire
by limitation of law upon unouercd lands nn
the 14th of July, 1S71. The settler on "un-
surveycel land" must file his or her declara
tor' statement within three months from the
elate of the icceipt at the district land office
of the approved plot of the township em
bracing the tract upon which he or die has
settled, and within eighteen months from the
expiration of said three months make the
projwr proof and pay for such tract. The
proviso of the act of June 2, 1S62, requiring
the filing within six months from the survey
in the field, and providing for the filing with
the Surveyor-General, Is repealed.
in intensity of hatred, in personal bitterness,
in the immensity of its operations. The
Englishman cxjiects the same issue of a pro
longed and deierate struggle until the utter i
exhaustion of one or the other contending
nations, let he says the issues are great,
the interests are too intimately connected to
permit this struggle to thus continue, with
out involving some nation or other, and
hence he is convinced that we are at the lie
ginning of a great European war.
3Ir. Meyer, the editor of the Xer York
Iluwtrh Zeitung, one of the ablest German
periodicals of this country, sent a copy of the
last numlier but one of his aper to Paris
under this address; "To King William of
Prussia, the Tuikrie, Paris. Post Restante:
If the addresreel has not arriveel yet the
Postnnsfer is requested to keep the paper in
in the office, as he will soon be there."
La-t week's number has liee-n mailed to the
same address, but without the "Kste re-
A list of the eighty-eight bishops who
voted directly against the infallibility dogma
shows tliat twenty-five belong to Austria and
the same number to France, eleven
to Germany, eight to the British Dominions,
six to Italy, six to the Oriental rites of Tur
key, and only four to the United States.
Relatively the strongest opposition came
from Germany, alwit one half of all the
bishops voting in the negative. Austria and
France also gave a strong negative vote,
which, however, fell considerably short of
the total episcopal vote of these countries.
Thus the dogma has the majority of bishops
in every country except Germany. If, how
ever, Hungary is considered independent of
the remainder of Austria, its opposition is
much more compact than even that of Ger-tuanv.
Missouri Kansas & Texas Railwav
Ceiuipany have filed with he Secretary of the
Interior a Kind iu the Mini of fixe hundred
thousand dollars that the-y will, in the con
struction of their nail trom the southern
boundary of Kansas through the Indian Ter
ritory to Proton, iu Texa. and Fort
Smith, in Arkansas, conform to the standard
prescrilieel for the construction of the Union
Pacific railroad, and will in every particular
resiie-d the rights of the Indian tribes.
The German coast w being put into a j
thorough state of defence. At the mouth of
the Oder an army of 103,000 has been sta
tioned; at the mouth of the EHe lies a corps
of 58,000 men, and another corps of 50,000
men covers the mouth of the Ems. Besides
these forces, a levy en masse for the defence
of the coast has been made. It-is believed
that all these preparations will be adequate
for the defence of the German coast.
The work of taking the census is near
completion. The Superintendent states that
by next Monday he will liavc the total pop
ulations of Maine, Delaware, Connecticut and
Rhode Island; by the 1st of September the
Northern district of New York, Maryland
and Ohio; by the 15th of September all the
States and Territories, except Texas and Or
egon and a portion of Wetern Michigan,
which will not be completed by the 1st of
October. He will be able to give the com
plete population of the country by the 10th
of October. He thinks that by the 1st of
September he will be able to give the popu-
lation of all the large cities of the country,
except San Francisco, and this latter by the
10th of September. The total population of
the country he estimates at 40,300,000.
A Gekmax Democrat in Burlington,
Iowa, told the editor of the IFawLeyr, a elay
er two since, that he had never voted any
but the Democratic ticket, but he was now
done with that party and should never vote
that ticket again. He said he knew thirty
Germans in the city who had voted just as he
had, and who now feel just as he eloes.
Cause, Democratic sympathy is with Napoleon.
The steamer Great Republic, which has
just sailed from San Francisco, carries a set
of California made gold ami iron quartz
mining machinery for the Japanese govern
ment, which gets enough gold, silver and
copper for its own use from mines long
worked in the island, ad which are regarded
as inexhaustible. This is thought to be but
the beginning of a considerable business.
Herxy, the recent headquarters of (he
Prussian army, is a station on the Metz and
Saarbruck Railroad, some eighteen miles
from Forbach, and about the same distance
from Metz. It is situated near the river
Nicd, between Fanlqnemont and Remilly.
Here the railroad, which had been running
east-southeast, makes a great curve and con
tinues in a northeast direction to Forbach.
are you going to cast your ballots for ? For
such men such professed politicians as
now lord it over ou in this State? I hojie
not. Both tlie member of Congress from
this State and the present Governor are men
that care not an iota for the working class of
the country. All they want is to fill their
own pockets, and they care not from whence.
it comes. They would just as soon it would
come off of the laborer or mechanic as oil
the millionaire; and there is no difference
which of the present political parties are in
power, it is all the same. None but the pro
iessed politicians ever get the nominations
for office in either party. The Republican
party and the Democratic party are both
fighting among themselves in this and other
States. Some of them are getting desperate
for fear they will not get a lew more years to
lord it over the workingmen of the country.
Fellow laborers, what has either one of
thte parties ever elone for you? Think over
it, and think seriouslv, for there is a time
coming when you will think. Then it will
be too late to act. 1 hcrefore, think now, and
act too. We, the organized workingmen ol
Kansas, are going to call a Convention of
the workingmen, independent of either jki
tical party, for the purpose of nominating a
candidate for Congress and candidates for
State officers, and we would urge upon the
workingmen everywhere to organize them
selves into Unions and elect delegates to said
Convention organized in every town and
township. We want the workingmen, no
matter whether farmers or mechanics,
whether they labor at manual labor or men
tal labor, whether they are white or colored,
to be represented in that Convention, and to
say who shall be nominated, whether '1 he v
shall b; professed politicians or honest labor
ing men. Capital now rules the country;
might rides over right; the minority now
rules, while the workingmen are in the
majority and can rule if thev will. The
workingmen have the power to dethrone the
politicians that arc now mL-ruling; then
why not use it? I say this power rests with
you who labor for a living. There are men
in the ranks of the workiiunnen in Kansas.
to-day, far more capable, both intellectually
and morally, to fill the offices of the State
than now fill them, or ever have. The
workingmen made this State and country
what it is. They drove the wilderness from
Maine to Calfornia. They opened our mines.
They made New England's machinery; dug
our gold and filled the treasury.- They filltS
the armies with men and fought the battles
of our country. Then why not have some
thing to say in the administration of our gov
ernment? Drive old party feelings entirely
out of your mind, and stand up with us in
the good work of cleansing politics. If all
who live by labor will join hands and swear
by the great I Am that they will vote for no
politician, or support for office any man un
less he pledges himself to equal taxation, and
the constitution and platform of the National
Labor congress. Ao other plan but organi
zation will protect the laborer. Organize
then, and cast your ballots as one man, and
victory will crown our efforts. But if you
donot organize, labor will forever be a skive.
Will you fold your hands and let the present
opportunity pass, and be forever slaves to the
ceipt of your section of the rocks in your
coal shaft. I have just looked k over and
cannot refrain TICBffcJtting vouon
the results which so fullv-sustain vour views
on the structure of, tcoa) measures of Mu
souri and -Kansas, so fullv cxprassedtome
.-,. , ..."
in your veruai aau wnoea repeat or yonr
work in the surveys of thorn State. 'I also
feel gratified that my own views, , opposed to
so many eminent geologists, are so. trium
phantly sustained by the section. '
It is not surprising that Prof. Jaafca Hall,
and Prof. H. D. Rogers, should have' placed
the rocks at Leavenworth in the lower car
boniferous, or below all the coal, for they re
lied on the accuracy of Dr. D. D-v Owen's
report on thoe rocks as made to the United
States Government in 1851. But it is sur
prising that Dr. Owen should have; made so
wide a mistake, since he examined the coun
try along the Miasoari river froaOhe Iowa
line lo Lexington, aad made many sections
or tlie rocks, and collected maBy fessils, and
it is still more strange that Dr. Havden
should have failed to toaiprehen4-thc truth,
after it was so clearly deaaonstrated la the
reports of Missouri aad Kansas, that the
rocks at. Leavenworth belong to the middle
coal aieasures, or that portion of the series
which overlie the thickest coal beds.
It is the lushest praise of the-snrvev of
.Missouri and Kansas that they have made so
many practical applications of science; and
that in no instance have the industrial pur
suits been led astray bv following the conclu
sions announced by those surveys, in which
your labors were so efficient ami proaaiaeat.
You have reason to be gratified that the
developments along the Hannibal & St.
Joseph railroad have proved the existence of
so much coal on the route nf your survey of
that road made iu 1853. The'day is'aot dis
tant when the fire clays and hydraulic lines
on that line will be made as available as ks
coaL The gypsums of Kansas, to which
you first called attention, a ill ere -ion be
come an item of .vast moment in ,the pros
perity of your rich State.
Your coaL discovery is a matter of great
importance lo Leavenworth, but its benefits
will not he limited to your locality. The
reports of MLssou-i and Kansasshow that the
strata which contain the coal beds that crop
out on the Chariton and the Missouri, below
Napoleon and Rocheport, and along the
cistern edge of" the coal field from Boouville
to Baxter's Springs, lip beneath the strata to
the Northwet, and .underlie the whole of
Western Missouri, Southwestern lowa.South
castern Nebraska ami Eastern and Cnlral
Kansas, an area of at least fifty thousand J
(50,000) square miles. This vast area is
nearly all. prairie, and almost destitute of
forests, towliieh a population, usually look
The facts .which prove this fertile region
underlaid with coal, were first published in
the Missouri Reports in 1855, and reiterated
in 1850 and in 1857. They wrre confirmed
by the survey of Kansas and the facts pub
lished in the Kansas Reports in 1800.
But the fact whichproved to geologists
the exi-tenec nf coal beds so- far below the
surface, eesild scarcely induce capitalists to
inesti money in their development, and we
are indebted to vour brat emeu of Leaven
worth, who have sent the pick and drill of
the miner to the depth of 00 feet and ex
posed the coal lieds where science had placed
them, for making these conclusions at once
available to all the people of those 50,000
1 ins ir. one ot tlie triumphs of the nine
teenth century. The value of this demon
stration can scarcely be realized. Those of
us who proved the position of the- coal
beds, rejoice that our investigations are so
soon made so useful; those who have spent
their money on our judgment rejoice in for-tune-n
secured: and the neoule of Leaven
worth arc niade glad with the prospect of
etieap luci. uut the good does not end with
Leavenworth ; those same strata extend under
all the region from Omaha to Kansas City,
and from Chillicothc to Manhattan; and all
the cities and towns in this vast area, will
seek their fuel from thoe beds now slumber
ing beneath their foundations, and beneath
the mighty waters which flow over them.
The pick of the miner will bring these
stores of fuel to the light of day. These
coals will supply the fires of the factories,
steamboats and railroads of the teeming mil
lions who will ieople this beautiful and fer
tile region. These coals will shed a genial
warmth and diffuse a cheerful light through
millions of homes, for many generations.
Eery industry will be stimulated, every
heart lie made warmer, and every household
happier by this great discovery.
We, who have toiled m in hope delayed
feared that capital would-be too cautious
and faint before the good was reached, can
rejoice at the wide spread good, though our
own pockets are not tilled by the fortunate
1 shall pnent the section to the Ameri
can Association in your name. To it I shall
add a few historical facts and some additional
scientific deductions from the facts developed.
1 ours truly. l. t;. .wallow.
M VSTEKtOl-.S DfcjArPKAKAXCK. Wi Irarn
""'..IvthajLAbraluu. Cpr- u'i'
Wt. ' boJMs bring with him sometime mrc- lyn i flf
ivioiK icvtte first 6f thai present Jionth.Ms- LU
appcafroaihis(IIVs) houen tUa-lsK
inst., Lin a th mysterious wy. jfjtjiei
uaj oi nis leaving, nc was seen going toward
the Marmaton river, some rods west of Mr.
Hill's restdence,-and, having no coat on, the
family of the hou.sc tupno-ed that he Im.l
4foaaiigirmiyqHeW;n Sbfcsf7BPT5rtobatlie. ,Hc lias not been
pol,- where the KtAnans raked fcthaH Jeartti-JJfc:" t1" "i?06, J'e was e of the
waiiii iiic lucnmonujuuruc rtriai.
guuig u as a mct mai nt saw .xneiers
ibtable fortresses, under the fin r
wkKh the iius-naas aastaiacd themselves for
eleten aranth. , ,. .
THE FOETSv- ' , V
At Metz the heights of St. QaeatiBf Plap
peville, St. Juh'en, ami-Ghenkus have bam
crowned with forts,, aad atrjpreseBtif woald
oe xeasy fara gamscmof 60,000 awn. to sur
round the mtreodiedcainlwithacoadaa-.
ous aumUe of earthworks similar ta $he
eomrtUe which connected Malakoi'wkh the
Redan. . .
The Fort deGueuleu, at a distance of 2,
800 metres from the Porte :Moiellc, is com
posed of five fronts, and contains casemates
capable of receiving 2,000 men. The engi
neers have strictly conformed to the tradi
tion of bastions; but to diminish as much xs
possible the inconvenience of this systeraL
which does not afford sufficient space for
rifled cannon, the engineers have constructed
in each fort an immense earalin, to furnish a
second line of fire. These ennriierx serve as
barracks for part of the garrison, and the
casemates will only be occupied in event of a
siege. The Fort de Gueulen can receive
more than 3,000 men and plare more than
100 guns on the ramparts. .
The Fort St Julien is also situated on the
right bank of the Moselle, on the Mont
Cnatilloa, 2,000 metres northeast of the
forte St. Barbe. It is at about the same al
titude as the Fort St. Julien and has also five
The Fort de Plappeville, on the left bank,
Is 4,300 metres from tlie Porte de France, at
an altitude of about 300 metres, and has
four fronts. It can contain about the same
garrison and mount the Mine numlr of
guns as Fort St. Julien.
The Fort St.Quentin,Hi the luights of the
same name, is at au',altitudei of, about. $45
metres, and is distant 2,800 metres from the
great powder magazine, j From, aU-poiaU
ui tneiowm can be seen tnis tort, suspended
likean eagle's nest, im the cn-t of St. Qiien
tin, which may be considered the key to the
position. Its capture would exercise a ele
cided influence on the inhabitants ami nn tlie
intrenched camp, but to take it would be
difficult. In form, unlike other fort.-, it is
an irregularsquarc long sides of :!0l metre-,
small ones of 160 onlv. General Frossanl,
the clever President of the Committee on
Fortifications was happily inspired to con
struct thl fort in view of the town of which
it is considered the guardian angel. The
above named forts are the four .strong points
of the intrenched camp of Metz, and within
a few days the corp d'armee concentrated
there could, in case of'need, throw up a con
tinuous line of earthwork.
Amongthe other works of minor inqior
tance are the following: '
Fmt The Fort le Saint Private, between
the Moselle and the Seille, to the south of the
Second The Redoute des ltottes, on an
eminence that commands the' road and the
Valley of Flantieres. Its fire will cross
t how of the forts of Gueuleu and Saint Julien.-
ihirtl The Saint Floy, to the south of the
village of the same name and to the north
west of the town, on the right bank of the
Moselle. Its fire will cross those of Saint
Julien and Plappeville. Metz Is at pree!it
one of the strongest places in the world. It
could be well defended with 50,000 of the
Gardes Mobiles within the town and G0,0f0
regulars in the intrenched camp. '
shoot the unfortunate man; and hL life was
inreatened, as he had said, on several occa
sions, and he was afraid of the accused' par
ties. He is a man whom we would jadge to
bei near forty years of age, being somewhat
ignorant and timid,- and could be easilv over
powered. Fort Scott Monitor.
TheCexscs. The six counties of Leav-J
enwonn, iwngias, Jenerson, Ttyandotte,
Johnson, and Franklin,show almost as maiiv
inhabitants as the whole State had ten veaxs
ago. The same counties, in I860, had an
aggregate population of S-3,710, of which
Leavenworth had one-third. In 1870, the
population of these counties Is about 100,000,
having about trebled in ten Tear. Lmrrrncr
Laxd. During the month of Julv the
following amount of land was entered 'at the
Junction City land office: homestead, 263
entries, 39,046 acres; with warrants, 4,280
acres; cash, 29,948 acres. Total, 70.274
Axother Last Raii We learn from
Cape Andrews that the road frem Olathe to
Ottawa will he finished to-day, and that it i
expected that the cars will "pass over it to
morrow. Railroad companies are organized
and railroads built so fast now-a-day, that it
is difficult to keep in mind the names of the
different roads. J bid.
Clarkejtoops to the meanest things in the
world to get support. Not long ago he re
moved Mr. Baily, Route Agent f the Gulf
road, who was a faithful officer and a real
gentleman, for no other reason than that he
did not support Clarke's infernal thieving.
Language fails to perfectly rebuke such dirtv
work. The people will," however. Ruttf
BoCKBOX CofXTV. We are imlebted to
Mr. Fitch, County Clerk of BonrUm Cotintv,
for tlie following facts:
The total number of acre of land taxed in
Bourbon County, is :35,358, ami the aggre
gate value is $1,815,901 ; the average valua
tion per acre, $5 414; the assessment in
Scott township is the highest, and in Walnut
township the lowest; in the former it is
$10 70, and in the Litter it is $2 90; there
are 4,278 town lots in the county, a-M-wcd at
$1,544 20; the value of personal projienv iu
the county, is $980,392; the total valuation
of all property in Jloirhoi County is $4.
189,392; there are still some Indian lais in
the county that are not taxable; there are six
teen sections of the Osage, and a numUr of
head rights on the Neutral land, ami about
four sections of school land yet un-old, the-,
total if which would not vary much from
15,000 acres more, which would make t lie
actual total value of all nroertv in the
The national hymn of the licrmani Is now the
.mathtiwlH.in." TW mu-irof Um
and ajrihlM. y V
TapVinlvells a MrJnw tli.T. s. r-9 ?
I AS dli ofairontnnad bmkris.iL2-
Vlolfne. tftSUflLto the Geiaftan Ball
10 wuTnrotcct thee. riTer miin."-
I ear Fatherland let peace l thine,
Wrarc hearts and true defend the ltliinc.
To Millions, swiftly came thecry,
Aud lightnings flashed from everv eve;
lh:r voutli so good and brave will stand
Ami puanl thee. Holy Border Land!
lVar Fatherland let peace be thine.
And Ui'iuIt wy Jieart sboald beat iu uwre,
X ftrvigu Toe sfiaH hold thr shore;
t Kith, asutvasce brtay aood,
Is liernuny in hro blood.
'Peat VMheifcniaV 1 peace he thine.
j .Brajrhcaruvainl trye sUX.;nd !h.Rtua..
I'y IifeaejM-.fa the acaTeaN Moo,
wfcerc hero-dead our actions, view ;
He skr and proaaly sought the nrife
-' 'The. Khine is licraan as luy lite ' '
IV-ar Fatherland, let peace he thine,
liraie heart and true defend the Ehine!
While yet one drop of Mood throbs warm,
To wield the sword remains one arm,
To hold the ria yet one hand.
No faesaan streps opoa the strand.
I-OTed Fatherland, let peace be thine.
Bravo hearts aod trnP defend the Rhine:
The oath resounds, the billows run,
Our cotes I truer ia the sua ;
To' Khine, to Ehine, to the German Rhine,
We will protect thee, river mine.
Dear Fatherland, let peaee be thine.
Brave hearts and true defend the Rhine!
istmg drcumstanccs. A little later aad the
troops had all cone to the frontier whr Ik
fEos(ero1aJ4nld them. Eugenie, on her
retain stohh (theroourg, in a dinner at
SCt2 ClotulS toasted the ex-mini-r.
"T,53r Tt.:- . u
fs.i-5ir.lf.fcin.r"is;t.. A.:c.:A fti ?
u; muiuuu , . luitmuilUBUI iin.1, a
'work which now enables us to send to the
"frontier 100,000 men who otherwise could
"not have been spared." The soldiers who
went so gaily to the field have been beaten,
the ministry which weakly 'coiwcjalt't he
war is overthrown, and worse than the wild-
T ejcnnagfBBgsvjWaTrwlew havOMHenTlMnsc
ii is in mis emergency that neadds his voice
iw m; spoiling caorus ,qi .-
declares that the moisVsi
can be no morestrikiiarevidence of the state
of feeling, in Paris. The Emperor went to'
war to extend his power abroad and to con
solidate it athome:.' He is in; daafet of los
ing both and altogether. The next battle
must decide his fate. "Victorious or dis
crowned" istha fcrfiU3Jteraaaiffeaented.
If the Prussians are successful the'uRuaatuni
of Bismarck, sneered at in soate'qaarters and
regarded aa as idfo-haaat W 'aearrraH be
come sn accomplished fact.
county, S4,2iM,r'. Fort .S-ort M.nilr. ' .1
WOERTH AMI WEIKNKXHrKU.
Vletar Haa am the War aisd Woinnii'N
Victor Hugo has adelrvsed the ladie- of
Guernsey as follows:
Ladies: Again some men hae condemned
a part of the human race to death, and a
desperate war has commenced. This is
neither a war of liberty orif duty, but a
war of caprice. Two people are about to de
stroy each other for the plea-tire of two
princes. While thinkers are perfecting civ
ilization, kings are perfecting war. This
will be a frightful, one. Some chefs d'eeuvre
are announced a gun that will kill twelve
men; a cannon that will kill 1.000. It is
no longer the pure and free waters of the
great Alps tnat is to now in torrents into the
Khine, but human blood. -Mothers, sisters,
daughters, wives, shall weep. You are all
about to go into mourning: some because of
their own troubles; the rest because of the
misfortunes of the others.
A Paris letter to the New York Post says:
"The approaching campaign has awakened
old hates and memories; the French will tell
you of the invasion of 1814, and of the in
vaders triumphal entry into Paris, when the
present King William rode as a subaltern on
the staff of the conquerers, and angry Gauls
show their teeth and shake their fists as thev
read over the anecdote served uji to them by
one of the dailies, by which his Prussian
Majesty is reported to have told Baron Hauss
man, when he last visited the capital, at the
Gnx. Sigel lias so far recovered from in
juries received in being run over in Broad
way some time ago, that he expects to he re
moved to his residence in Morrlsania in a
few days. He is indignant and disgusted at
the statement in some of the papers that he
had entertained or was entertaining any fili
bustering ideas in favor of Germany, and he
declares it to be an utter falsehood.
The total cost (ordinary) of the public
schools of Boston for the financial year end
ing April 30, 1870, was S988,6o567, and
the special expenditures were $612,337 86.
Total expenditures for the year 1869-70 $1,
600,99353. Boston has the best schools on
the continent, and her civilization is cor
respondingly better than where schools re
ceive less attention.
A comparative statementof internal rev
enue receipts shows that the aggregate for the
first fifteen months of die present Adminis
tration Is $65,500,657 29 greater than the
receipts for the last fifteen months of the pre
Metz and Nancy have both successfully
withstood sieges in their time. In 1552 the
the former -town was beleaguered by the
professed politicians and monopolists? I
iuiu im, x une a ucuer opinion oi my
brother workingmen of Kansas. New York
and other States are calling Conventions for
the same purpose that we call our Conven
tion. Let not Kansas be behind; organize
then everywhere; make applications for
charters to the Secretary of the State Labor
Union, B. F. Sylvis, Leavenworth, by send
ing two dollars, with the names of President,
Vice President, Secretary and Treasurer, you
will receive your charters by return mail.
We mean business and hope to have the help
of every workingman in the State. Papers
friendly to the Labor Reform cause please
copy the weeklies especially.
" Respectfully, " B. F. S.
From the Iowa Voter. 1
From here we ran up to Leavenworth,
twenty-five miles, where carriages were in
waiting to convey the weary excursionists to
places of entertainment as guests of the city.
In the afternoon carriages were again free to
all who wished to see the city and the Fort.
Leavenworth has a population of about
30,000, accumulated in fifteen years. Its
five daily- papers, its numerous' churches,
academies, fine residences, and business
houses, would he a source of pride to anv
city in the Union. A Masonic Temple and
a Cathedral are beingerccted, both of brick,
with marble mounting. The former will be
75 by 125 feet on the ground, and five stories
high: cost. SIOO.OOO. The Cathedral of
the Immaculate Conception is to be
78 by 260 feet on the ground, and cost S450.-
000. A railroad bridee is nowbeimr built
across the Missouri opposite the Fort, two
miles above the ckv. Until ncentlr their
-.l -. T . snap . .
i came iron nexingion, Ma, and cost 40
cents. It Ls now taken oat at home, from a
three-feet vein, through a perpendicular
shaft 700 feet deep, which cost $90,000.
This coal is worth 21 cent per bushel.
Wood is worth $6 to $8; has sold at $15 per
cord. Theciry k lighted with gas. The
Fort, two milts north, from which the ckv
took its name, is bow commanded by Gen.
Ulster)- and Ta;rajr.
From the New York Herald.
The town of Metz being most important in
a strategical point of view, a rapid glance at
its history and present capabilities of defence
will be of interest. The ancient capital of
the Mediomatrici a people of Celtic origin
it became one of the most important cities
of Gaul. Ruined in 451 by the Huns of
Attala, it soon recovered aud was the capital
of the Merovingians. At the time when the
empire of Charlemagne was dismembered, in
953, Metz was part of Lotharingle, from
which the name of Lorraine springs. In 900
the Kings of Germany and of France dis
puted the possession of this province, and it
ultimately remained with the former. In
1032 the Emperor Henry III. gave it to Ger
ard, a noble of Alsace; but the Emperors
reserved to themselves the three bishoprics
of Metz, Toul and Verdun. In 1444, on the
demand of Rene II., the town was besieged
by Charles VIL, and saved itself by paying
a ransom nf 100,000 crowns. In 1552 Henry
II., took possession of the three bishopries,
and since that time they have belonged to
France. Their possession is the key to the
military possession of Lorraine. The Emperor
Charles Quint, attempted to retake the town
with an army of 90,000 men, commanded by
his best generals; but the Due de Guise shat
himself np in the town and withstood the
siege for sixty-five days. On the Serponoise
entrance gate, which is passed through on
leaving the railway station, is an inscription
in commemoration of the event. CharlesQuint
was forced to retire, with his army reduced to
one-half by sickness and battle. In 1676
Vauban was sent bv Louis XIV. to fortifv
the town and fhe enceinte with his bastions,
which have undergone but slight alterations,
were erected. In 1736 the works were per
fected by Cormontaigne, and the forts Moselle
and Belle Croix were constructed. Since
the year 1814 the system of mtrenc&ed camps
has gained ground. Cologne, Pans, May-
ence, lerona anil otner places are sur
rounded with forts, which would keep the
cncuiy ;ii a uisuukv auci sneiier enure armies
between the forts and the enceinte. This
principle has been adopted at Metz with great
discernment bv the French enrineers.
In order to understand the important part
that Metz will take ia future wars, some de
scription ir necessary of the splendid work
executed by the engineers in order to permit
of the demolishing of the nidt de bow&a, as
the acute angled bastions have been termed
bv Marshal Le Bcraf. Metz is skaated at
the confluense of the' Moselle and the Seule.
It is 170 metres above the level of the sea.
On the right the place is commanded by the
batteries of Gueulen and Saint Julien, on an
altitude of about 250 metres; on the left the
more distant heights of the Moselle are 350
metres. Since I860, in order to give asore
air to the town, the St. Vincent front
was demolished and pushed forward en
the right bank ot the Moselle. It would
cover, in case of siege, the bridge of boats
necessary for the service of the garrison.
On the left bank, in advance of the St. Vin
cent front, is the Fort Moselle of which the
extremities of the four bastions toach the
river. On the right bank, fadna the earn.
the town was defended only b the Fortde
.Ladies what carnage! what a conflict
must follow the meeting of these unfortunate
combatants! Allow me to address you a
prayer. Since the ignorant forget that they
are brothers, be their sisters; come to their
aid, and make lint. All the old linen of our
houses which is of no use can save the lives
of the wounded. It will be fine to have all
the women of this Island employed in this
fraternal work; it will be a glorious example
and a great benefit. Men do evil, let you
women supply the remedy; and since nn this
earth there are had angels, let vou be the
good ones. If you re-solve to do so, and
commence, in a short time you will have a
considerable quantity of lint. We shall
then make two cotiai tart, and shall send
one to France and the other to Prussia.
Dfalt r The Vletory.
Our special 'cnrresiMindeut on Thursday
from the headquarters of the Crown Prince
sends an account of the battle of Woerth.
The swilt and skillful movements against
Woerth, resulting in the complete success of
our arms was but a foreta-ie of the storm
which threatened the northern part of
On the second day after Weissenbnnr c-ame
the battle of w oerth, and the Crown Prince
gained a great victory over ths ablest general
in the Fiench army.
It is admitted that the French fought with
reckless courage, and that they inflicted
heavy losses on their opponent, but the
fact'of this liard fighting and of this heavy
loss shows Low serious the defeat which wa
sustained by McMahon.
I traversed the battlefie!d while the dead
still lay unhnried on the trampled ground,
and could form a good idea of how the fight
had gone on by the ghastly evidence which
Woerth is at the bottom of a fertile val
ley, between two ridge- of cultivated ground;
there is a quantity of wooded land in the
neighborhood, and especially behind the
French position, and on the western side of
tlie valley tl's mi rcrir of o.rpst, whioh
forms a cover for retreating troops.
The little river Bruden, not big enough to
float a skiff, flows through the village, and
the high road comes winding down toward
the village, on the eastern side of the village.
Ice Is dear in California, too.
A-mow-sing e-if fteniiA.
Moruiondom.noat "Hes kid gloves.
The census population of Dtiluth is
New Orleans thinks it doubtful if it
Imputation is 200,000.
A monument is to he erected to the late
Earl of Clarendon.-
Joint political discBs-ioiis are arranged
in every part of. Indiana.
Delaware will dedicate a State Normal
School on the, 14th proximo.
St. Taul and Chicago art to l united
by two new lines of railwav.
Grasshoppers are at their old trick of
stopping trains on the Lninn Pscihc Rail
road. -i-Madauie Janaiischek and Carl Formes
will play only in English dramas next sea
sn. Then, are 12,000 windmills in Holland
at the present day, for the simple purpose of
Sioux city has had an illustration of
woman's rights. . man at the wash-tub.
and the martyred wife enjoying herself do
ing nothing at the window."
Clothes-wringers are now u-sed for shell
ing peas, and they are as had at that as at
their legitimate work,
Tlie Sandwich Islands are thinning
out iu isijHilation more rapidly than tlie
country towns in New- England.
Mctoria in uot pleaseel with the terms
Here was the Prussian-
Xurder In Wichita.
(From the Toneka Common wealth.
We learn the following particulars of the
murder of a man who went by the sobriquet
of "Old Uncle Jesse." A short time ago
Jesse and his partner bought a claim aliout
eight miles north of Wichita, of a man by
the name of Phillips. They took possession
of the claim, and Jesse (laid his part nf the
About three weeks ago Phillips went to
the claim and demanded of Jesse the balance.
Jesse refused, telling him that hU partner
would pay it when called upon. Phillips
then shot Jesse in the arm, and again de
manded payment. Jesse again refused, and
Phillips shot him in the other arm. Another
demand aud refusal, and Phillips shot Jesse
in the stomach. Then Jesse turned to go in
to the house, and Phillips shot him in the
back several times, making in all eight shots
that were tired into Jesse's body. Jesse was
carried into the house, and died in a few
The murderer started off, and when about
twenty miles distant, he was captured and
taken to Wichita. He was placed under
guard and permitted to promenade the streets.
When brought before the justice he waived an
examination and was committed to the care
of the guard, to be taken to the jail at Em
poria. While on the wav, the guards, for
some reason, got off dieir horses and hud off
their revolvers. Phillips picked up the re
volvers, jumped on a horse and put off at full
speed. lie has not been heard of since.
Uncle Jesse was a man of considerable
property, and it is hinted that there were
more persons interested in the killing than
Phillips. Uncle Jesse is described as a very
genial and companionable man, while his
murderer enjoyed the nattering title
As the renowed Swedish prima donna,
Christina Nilsson lias been engaged by Max
Strakosch to sing in New York next Septem
ber, the following sketch may interest some
of our readers:
"Christina Nilsson was born nn the 3rd of
August, 1848, in the hamlet of Hussaby,near
the southern coast of Sweden, and is the
youngest of eight children. As is the case
with most persons gifted with unusual eenius.
she was remarkable even as a child. Her
girlish warblings delighted the peasantry of
the village, and at last attracted the notice of
a wealthy lamily, who recognized the pecu
liar beauty of her voice, and undertook to
secure for her a musical education. Once
taken from her peasant home, she found
many friends and patrons, and finally placed
herself under the instruction of Mr.Wartel,
in Farts, and pursued a severe course of
training for several vcars.
"She made her first appearance on the
rencn stage 'i th or uctooer, 1804, and from
that time to the present has divided with
Adelina Patti the plaudits and honors of the
courts and capitals of turope.
" The fair-haired songstress has been sing
ing recently at the Drury Lane, London, and
though the English capital has been frequent
ly delighted by her before, the public has
gone well nigh wild over her. At last ac
counts she was appearing there as the Coun
tess, in "Figaro, and the London Grankie
concludes a notice highly laudatory of the
performance by remarking that "'the ap
plause was tremendous, her reception im
mense, and that the audience went awav de
lighted, it is superfluous to add."
From the Topeka Caramon wealth.
The Btmnlation of the townshins com:
the Forty-second District is as fol-
Sturges, and is garrisoned by a company of Belle Croix, erected by Cormontaigne. On Total
flanked by trees,
Stretching along to the right and left
along this road, were heaps of spiked hel
mets to be seen, and cart loads of needle guns
collected under the trees.
At the distance the French musketry fire
had told more than the Prussian, and I
heard that the French artillery hail U-en
very well served; but though burying par
ties were still bnsv with German dead on
the eastern siue oi noertn, there was more
than an exchange of slaughterous work on
Here the Prussians and Rivarians had
pushed forward in strong force, and their
tire had told fearfully niton the French.
The high spirit and rigid discipline of
one army had been more than a match for
the desperate rfsistanev of the other.
Whole companies of Frenchnici have
been mowed down in their wild attempts to
check the enemy's advance.
It had been a tolerably equal fight in some
place", for the ground was strewn with Ger
man ilead ; but more and more Frenchmen
had fallen in proportion.
The black Turcos anil widc-trouser Zou
aves lay thick at many points, and the cnir
rassiers had suffered much.
There were steel breastplates and brass
helmets scattered thickly on the line of re
treat, while dead horses in all directions
might be counted by hundreds, and o west
ward through the woods went trace- of in
Officers and men were lying where they
had fallen, some of them in quiet, shady
spots, as though they were pic-mckers asleep,
in pools of blood". Where the wounded
lay had been found knapsacks, rifles and over
coats, either thrown away in flight, or left by
wounded on the field.
Then came a spot where the French had
rallied, and where the dead of Iioth sides lay
thick. Turcos might Le een who had
fought to the last, and tried to fire their
pieces as they lay.
The Frenchmen of the line regiments had
here and there fallen in numbers a though
having halted and faced aliout in regnlar
But the aspect of the fields bevond the
woods seemed to indicate a hasty retreat.
Wagons were overturned, baggage thrown
upon the roadside, and many knapsacks
were to be seen.
No one who passed over the 1-ittle ground
of Woerth when I did could have failed to
realize what a great disaster had befallen the
French arms, though at a time when the
wounded had been removed, and on so large
a scale of action it would have been iniHsi
ble to judge of the exact loss sustained.
However, 1 see no occasion to doubt the
official return on the German side, w Inch
gives about 10,000 Frenchmen and 7,000
Germans horn du combat, and about 7,000
prisoners taken by the victors, 4,000 in bat
tle and 3,000 more in pursuit.
These losses, with a further loss of cannon
and colors made the work an evil day for
Well might the wounded Germans ntisf
themselves to cheer the Crown Prince as he
passed, and crv that Germany was safe.
There was a fierce attack on both sides, it
being hard to sat which party began, ami
gradually, as the Germans prcs-ed round
upon their opponents' line of retreat, the
French were forced to make a liasty retro
grade movement that the retreat became very
nearly a rout.
The needle gun proved itself fully equal to
the Chassepot, and something more so, at
least, say the German soldiers with apar-
entiy good laith.
Then, moreover, the Prussians know their
weapon better. They have long been ac
customed to it, and the Crown Prince han
dled his army so as to make a most deadly
fire of infantry.
But we must not forget that France showed
ardor likewise, and the scale was turned for
the Germans at Woerth, by their intelligent
understanding of the breech-loader drill, and
by their steadiness in firing.
These matters take time to learn. We see
the glorious results which Gcnnanr i
reaping from her careful preparation.
The prisoners were assembled near the
first station of re-opened railway through
Wetssenbcrg. I could see manv Turcos and
Zouaves among them, though the greater
part were soldiers of the line.
There were no .songs and no laughing to
be heard from them, and the few there were
occupying themselves with picking fruit in a
tree that they had climbed had not a very
lively air about them for "Frenchmen in
such a position aa fruit picking.
The Germans and Frenchmen, mingled
with sock opposite ideas about the Rhine in
their beads, all the while sat or lay quietly
which it is proposed, to admit her tn the
minion of Canada,
There are two married couple, in Mont
gomery County, Pennsylvania, who haye
lived in peace and harmony for sixty years,
Assault with intent to' kiss, was the
charge on which a Philadelphia youth was
Scott's 'Lady of the Lake," drama
tized, will be periornicd Saturday nights at
Booth's Theatre during Mr. Jefferson's en
gagement. ; So many icoplehaye left New York
this hot season that the crowds in the streets
are perceptibly smaller.
Georgia Is to haye a new county named
IXxlge, ii) compliment to Governor Bul
lock nad other' Artful dodgers of the State.
A nugget of 100" Hnnd, containing
ninety -seven poumls of gold and nine of
'quartz, was found near Auburn, California,
a short time since.
The United Presbytery of Western
Missouri has adopted a resolution instructing
sessions to exercise a discipline on members
who pcr-ist in indulging in "promiscuous
Good progress is made on the Lincoln
monument at Springfield, Illinois. Several
car-loads of granite arrive daily, and the
blocks are being rapidly placed in position.
The Cincinnati Commercial thinks the
census the most severe epidemic that ha
ever Msited tlie country. It lias swept ott
175,000 in Chicago alone.
Sir Francis Croesley, an English mil
lionaire, has given X200,IKK) to certain ptili
lic charities, on the condition that it shall be
perpetually invested in United securities.
Upon the bridge over the Platte, lead
ing out of Denver, Colorado, there was a
year ago, this inscription: "No vehicle
drawn by more than one animal Is allowe-d
to cross this bridge in opxjite directions at
the same time,"
"What would vou he, dearest." said
Walter to his sweetheart, "if I were to press
the seal of hive upon thoe seal-wax lik?"
"I should be stationary."
Irritating the feelings After rolling all
night in your berth at sea till you are miser
ably sick, to have a steward ask ou in the
morning if you will have a fre-di roll for
-V getlep)an Vfjio hat a vcrj (leaf scr,
vant was advirs.il by a friend tfi discharge
her. "No, no," replied the gentleman, with
much good feeling; "that poor creature could
neer hear of another situation."
"Wife," said a broker, a few flays since,
"do you think I shall ever lie worth fifty
thousand dollars?" "Ain't I worth that
to you?" said the confiding siiou.se. "Ye,"
said the other half; "bit I can't pit yoi
out at interest.
.iV cynical old bachelor, who firmly be
(ieyes that all women haye soipetliing to say
on all subjects, rtx-entlyaskpda female friend,
"Well, madam, what do you hold on this
question of female suffrage?" To him the
lauy responded caimiy, "Sir, 1 hold my
A rowdy intending to be witty thus ac
costed a lady in the street: "Maiiaiu, can
yon inform me where J can ee the ele
phant?" "No, but if I had a looking- las;
I could show you a very large monkey."
The rowdy eIoied.
A gentleman in conversation with Dr.
Johnson, having, to some of the usual argu
ments for drinking, added this, " You know,
sir, drinking drive- away care, and makes us
forget whatever is disagreeable. Would you
not allow a man to drink for that reason?"
"Yes, sir, if he sat next to yon," replied
"W'hatare you doing there, Jane?"
" Why, pa, I am going to paint my doll's
pinafore red." "But what have you got to
dye it with:" "ISccr." " Who on earth
told yon that beer woiM dye rul ? " ,f Why,
ma said that it was beer that made your nose
so reel, and " " Here, Susan, take this
They IMeaaaerlae aLaw am nilaarr
The Rutland Vermont Herald tell the
following singular story:
"There has been for some days past aa en
campment of what might be called Gipsies,
in Rutland, their camping ground having
licen clianged from time to time, if not from
elav to day. On Saturday last two of them
called at the house of "Mrs. Hubbard, a
widow ladv, with some baskets, which thev
offered for sale. Upon Mrs. Hubbard's de
clining to purchase, they entered into con
versation with her, and one of them, observ
ing she had a small bunch on ber forehead,
propo-ed to remove it. Mrs, Hubbard in
formed them that it originated with an in
jury which she had received some years ago.
and that, as it affected the bone it conk not
lie remedied; whereupon one nf the gipsies
made a pretense of cxaniinatitig the bunch,
and iMuimeiMvel passing her hand over
Mrs. H's face. This ls-the last she remem
bers of tlie transaction at that time.
On the next day (Sunday,) wishing to u?
some money, she went to the place where
she was in the habit of keeping it, hut conld
not find any, anil, upon further search, jt
was ascertained that a dozen silver spoon
and some either articles were nilssjng. Mrs.
HubUird then remembered that die was uu
coiiscioifs at the time these two women left,
and that there hail been during the rest of
the day a strange feeling of dizziness in her
head, and her sn-pii-ions were at onre?
aroused that she had beer piagnetized b
these women, and that, taking ail vantage of
her unconscious conditioti, they had taken
the money, siler, etc., with them. Pro
curing a team, she startce! in the direction of
their encampment, and, taking ad, ice, jtro
ceeded to procure a search warrant and si)
While lining this she was probably observed
by the woman, for on returning to" her house
to get ready to go with the officer, and while
up stairs, tlie two women came into the house,
left a bundle on the table, and simply re
marked tliat ''it was all right, they had only
borrowed it," or something to that anViot,
went away. Upon opening the handle all
the missing articles, as well as the money,
with the exception of some two or three dol
lars, which was in silver, were found. It is
supposed that the women noticed Mrs. Hnh
bard going to different places, and thinking
tliat she suspected them of the theft, and not
having had time to properly secrete the arti
cles, took this method to avoid prosecution.
The tteraaam Victory at Mef a.
CiJfCJXVATi, August 16 The Cincinnati
Courier publishes tevday the following highly
important despatch about the success of the
German troops at Metz:
"Berlin, August 15 Further particulars)
of the great battle at Metz, yesterday, have
been received. The battle was fought at the
village of Pagny, near Metz, and raged
fiercely for six hours. The Prussian forces
engaged in the action numbered 20,000 men,
under command of Gen. Steiametz- The
French army was commanded by Manlial
Bazaine; the number of troot- engaged under
him has not been ascertained. The fire
from the French infantry and artillery was
terrific, but the Prussian line did not wacr
for an instant, but followed up every advan
tage under a perfect hail of shot and shell
from the enemy. Finally, after 4 hrd
fought ami bloody struggle, the Prussian
succeeded in breaking the French line, when
a general panic seized the French ranks, and
the troops under Bazaine were driven in
great confusion into Metz, while one corf
retreatetl upon Verdun. The troops under
Generals L'adiuirault and Weicar were en
gaged in the action. The loss on either side
Ills not yet been ascertained, but it is thought
it will exceed that of Woerth."
Pagn-siir-MieIle is a town of about u
thousand inhabitants, in the department of
the Mctirthe, mi the Paris & Strasburg railr
way, a!ut twelve miles southwest of Metz.
From the Kansas Farmer.
The following is a jartial list of the Ag:
ricultural Fairs to be held in Kansas this
fall. There are -ome others, but we have
not, as yet, hcc-li able to obtain the particu
lars: Hiawatha, I!row ii County, Sept. 8th, 9th
Kansas Agricultural and Mechanical Asso
ciation, I.etivenwortli, Sent. Kith, 14th, 5.lh
Trov, Doniphan County, Sept. 4th, lth,
lfjth and 17th.
, LaU-tle County, Sept. Ifith and 17th.
State Fair, Fort Scott, Kansas, Sept. 17th,
28th, 29th and 30th.
North Missouri Fair, Haunilal, Mo.,Set.
25th, 27th, 28th, 29th and 30th.
Holton, Jackson County, Sept. 15th, Itith
Oskalotk-a, Jefferson countv, Oct. 5th, Cth
Gamut, Andcrniii County, Oct. 5thf fjth
District Fair, Atchison, Oct. 5th, Cth and
Kansas Valley Fair, Manhattan, Oct. 5th
Alma, Wabaunsee Countv, Oct. 13th and
Hrneeeh fraaa Mecretarjr
3,n 1 side by aide, as if they were old comrades.
SHaverjr In Lamlalama Three Calami
rhIMrrm Kept Im atoawlaaje.
The Baton Rouge, La., Courier, of a recent
"On Tucxlay last a colored woman, by
the name of Lydia Ann Williams, ati-teared
before W. H.Van (Jmum, United State
Commissioner in this city, and made affida-
it tliat her three children were being held
in a state of bondage and slavery by Mrs.
Nancy Foreman, widow of John "Foreman,
lately denrased, residing near Bavoti Man-
c-liac, in this jeirish. A warrant was placed
in the hands of a Deputy United States Mar
sha, and on Thursday morning the children,
aged respectively fourteen, twelve and eight
years, were brought before the Commis
sioner and examined. The facts elicited
proved that they had been kept under
a close survileance, and not allowed to leave
the vard of the premises on pain of severe
punisnmcnt, or to speak to or otherwise com
municate with jieople from other plantations;
tliat their treatment had been extremely
cruel aud oppressive, and that thev were so
completely intimidated that thev did not
dare to make any effort to escape. One of
the children, a boy twelve yean of age, was
hired to a neighber for 550 a year, and when
found was plowing in the field in a state of
perfect nudity. It appears that these people
were in the habit of cruelly beating the chil
dren almost daily. One girl, fourteen years
of age, had been severely beaten tlie amue
morning on which the arrest was made bv
the Maralial. The children were handed
over to the custody of the mother, and in
formed th.it thev were as free as other children."
BosTox, August 13 Secretary Boutwell
addressed several hundresl business men at
the Shoe anil Ix-atlu-r Exdiange to-day. He
favored the breaking down nfthe monopoly
possoseil lv KnelMi iron vessels in the carry
ing trade- of the world, the continuation of the
payment of the national leU at the rate of at
least fifty million dollars tier annum, until
the bonds of the United States are at par in
oin, whether they hear interest at fpur or
six per cent. This could, he thought, be
done after one year, even upon a reduced
system of taxation, the interest account is now
about one hundred ami eighteen millions an
Dually, and should he reduced to a hundred
millions. A reduction of the principal will
accomplish it immediately. .Scretary Bout
well then favored the refunding of a iiortion
of the national debt at a lower rate of inter
est, and clo-ed with a complimentary allusion
From the Boston Advertiser.
"The empire," says M. Thiers, "Is hence
forth out of the question, there can be no
empire without an emperor. To this state
of events a republic must inevitably suc
ceed." Is he a prophet? It is but a few
short weeks since he stood boldly in his place
in the Corps Legislatif and braved the in
dignation of the nation. "The time is ill
chosen," he declared. France ought not to
go to war. And in the face of the wildest
uproar he intimated us want of confidence
To -how the feeling of the people in the
Southwest, we publish herewith a letter from
a leading Republican of Eldorado, Butler
County. The letter is dated August 9th :
" e have forwarded to your care a letter
for the Central Committee, expressing th
views of the jieople of hitler, Sedgwick and
Cowley Counties on the question of increased
representation to the Convention. Our peo
ple are wide awake, and you may rely on our
sending up delegates that" will uphold over
the left our 'sole representative,' or any pf
his satellites'. We will do all in our p'wer
against the valiant Sidney. Clarke will not
receive a delegate from" this section. We
know him." jMicrence Journal.
PitoF. Pkhuv, who preambulotes and
orates in the ay of the tree-Trade League,
was recently speaking las piece at Urbana,
Ohio, and in the course of it, set forth t he
superior condition of British to American
working men, instancing that a suit of
clothes equal to his, which cost $45, was re
cently bought in London by a friend for$10.
A workingman present was impelled by this
statement to ask "How much did the Eng
lish tailor receive for making that $10 suit of
clothes?" The Professor did not seem to
know, nor to consider that point material
wherein the workingmen present didn't
agree with him. A. I' Tribune.
r . o rt. rw
.ft. uto. ui-AUAJf, state treasurer,
lias returned from New York city. He pur
chased $60,000 of the Kansas penitentiary
bonds, for the sinking and agricultural funds.
He also paid the coupons due ia July, to the
amount of $33,000. He was very uicceaiful
in securing the bonds at 99 cents. Common
wealth. Talleybaxd, on being asked by a ladv
the meaning of non-interveation, replied':
"Madam, non-intervention is a (Uplomatic
and enigmatic word, which signifies about
the same thing aa intervention.'
They are discussing the righteousness of
stocking Georgia strawberry beds with rank
snakes to keep away thieves.