THE LEAVENWORTJE WEEKLY TIMES.
LEAVENWORTH, KANSAS, THURSDAY MORNING, SEPTEMBER-23, 1870.
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1870.
T THE READERS OF THE TIMES.
Aflcr a separation of six years, I again re
sume my place among llie brotherhood of
journalists of Kansas. I lo ibis with pecu
liar and sincere pleasure, as I discontinued
(hut relation with profound regret.
I am al-o by no means unaffected by the
thought that the renewal of the rcspons-.bili-ties
of the past again brings iue into inti
mate relations with "the public mind with
the people of Kansas.
1 tight gladly I grasp the hands of my fel
low workers in ttie arduous field of journal
ism. At the head of many of the hot
uiers of the State I rcal names that are fa
miliar gto nit:. Many of their owners are
g.Hid friends :md acquaintances. Quite a
proportion of thou have irrown from
"country editors.' into legislators, filling the
various grades of State and National legisla
tive trill. Others have gone into other
places of inllucnce anil honor. The papers,
It is wedles.-. toolt-erve, have grown with
(heir enterprising and talented conductors,
and instead if "conntry papers," they have
luir: t the chrysalis, and arc now rejoicing in
the full habiliments of full fledged influ
ential "central organ-."
l.Iadly again 1 greet all these ntctnliers of
llf guild, and with a full heart congratulate
tin in iimiii iheirsucccs.-.
Totbe numerous ho-l who readthoTlMF.--,
(and tin- other numerous host whom I trust
will sj-ccdily le iM'r-iiadcd to do so) I give
the hearty hand of good neighborhood. I
am not vain enough to promise you that you
will have a Itetter paper liecatisc 1 have
joined my good friend-, who have heretofore
-onlii-(-d it, and whose relations to it will
icma'ti unchanged. Thecditorsnnd workers
on the Times, it wen; a business of almost
impertinence in jnc to tell you, are ac
complished in their several dejiartiiichts. I
haw-only to pledge you that, whatever of
ahilty, energy and cxjierlenee I ik-sscks, I
.shall give without r-tint, in seconding their
eflort.s to continue the Times the "Leading
pq-cr in the SUite." II. E. 1ttVMAN.
the mountain. The tower on which the
immen.-c Hag was hoisted is tottering, and
tlie feat could be executed only at a jjreat
rlk of life.
The Boston Adccrtiscr, one of who; edi
tors has recently visited our city and State,
contains an. article on the new States from
which we copy the following:
At this moment the fashion of emigration
leads people into Kansas again. It would
be liard to say whether there is any substan
tial reason for the preference. Missouri,
Tennessee, Iowa, Florida, and Texas, liave
each their claims. We do not suggest to the
young adventurer that he must see all these
regions. Hut he must make up his mind
nxilulely for one or the other, and know
why he docs so. Then he mast cither by
direct purchase or by agreements with the
present proprietors on which at any time a
purchase can 12 leased, secure for his purpose
a sufficient otiantity of land. Let him
rememlier all alone, what beginners never
know, that land Is worth nothing till it Iiavc
Icople iiion it, or till it hare the prospect
of people on it. Mistakes here are of con
stant occurrence, and lead to constant mise
ry. The traditions of Eurojie mislead us,
and we think that the owner of a hundred
thousand acres is necessarily richer than the
owner of five. Unless there is a chance for
iieoidiui; them, lie is probably iioorcr. The
and for Lowe for Congress. A very large
number of leading Democrats will vote the
same way. Leavenworth propose to lake
care of her interests, and not to throw away
Berry & Camprell Iiavc begun the pub
lication of the Southern Kansas Statesman,
at Iola, Allen County. J. A. Berry, the
principal editor, Is well known as a journal
ist, having been an editor in Missouri, ami
in Wyandotte, and having written forall the
English dailies in this city. lie is a pleas
ant anil genial gentleman, and enthusiasti
cally attached to his profession. The Sltttes
man Is a Democratic paicr. It L well print
ed, and contains a large aniouut of. reading
matter. Iola is a flouishing town, ami will
soon ie in raitwav connection with us. We
wish town and paper akindant success.
From thcaliove it will Ikj seen that Mr.
liHin.iii Iris become one of the editors of
Shis pajicr; he has :ilo become a stockholder
In the Ti.Miis Printing Company. Mr.
1-owiii.in has not been conneitcil with jour
iiiIImii in our State miiiv 1SGI. His paper,
the lCanas Sl'il-' Journal, was ilestroyetl dur
ing the (jiiaulrell raid at Ijawrcnct-, and his
pirtiier killed. Hut Mr. Lowinan needs no
inli-odiietioii her or in any (art of Kansas,
lie one of the Old Guard. Our readers
will receive the advantage of his rqie intel-lei-t
and his fearless pen, and we congratulate
i he:ii on the amission we have liecn so fol lu
nate :-? to make.
After the Germans have taken the Flench
i-t iit.il, we hope they will come over here
and lake our Paris. The government of
Nov York llty is Imperialist. Its leading
mill and rulers an- ("ells, of the same race
and religion a.s the vanquished power in Eu
rope. The government of New York City
is iiu.ciiipuh.us, dishonest, luxurious and
divpvlie It isl '.iris over again. No regard
is had for the rights of the people. Tam
iii my mil's, and Tammany has all of the
vices of France with none of its refinement,
it has thegrossiiess without the grace of iLs
drlhroiK-d French brother. The rights of
:he i-opIe :ne not cared for by the Tw ceils
and Sv.cency-s and Jim. Fisks who select the
oIIici-i-m ,, iew lorK anil divide among
1 hciiisel ves the stolen taxi-?. An honest elec
tion has not Ik-mi held in New York for
years, and it is doubtful whether there will
ever lc one until after a bloody but necessary
evolution. Voting is a mere farce, sonic of
the districts polling more votes, through
their organized Democratic "repealers," llian
their entire imputation, male and female.
)ur Paris is so eaten np with the love of
money, of gain, of luxury, of ease, of pam
jieriil vices, that it asks for no reform, cares
nothing for high taxes, for corrnitioii the
iiio-J. ojicn and shameless. '"Let us cat,
drink, and be merry" Is its whole thought
and rule of life. It thinks nothirg of the
future, and cares nothing for it. It is the
chief city of the (treat Republic, but lias no
conception of Republican principles and
treats the people merely as its tools and in
struments. The public money is given for
the support of sectarian schools, and the
ruling ring closely follows" the Napoleonic
example l a Jesuitical ctiucaiion. j.o write
its recent history i only to give the history
of Paris. To predict its future is only to
read the Parisian telegrams. From what
source the enemy will come that will lay
s-iege to New York it is im-xt-il.'e
for human knowledge to
tell. We only know that history repeats
itself, that the cne,my will come, and that our
Celtic capital will Je undermined and ovcr
llnovin. it lives in only a fancied security,
and as !iI rules, and truth and honor pre
vaii, mi sure ii it that thai mass cS cornip
tiou, iguor:in,eand crime will meet with a
tMifpierer. The Slate of New York hxs
tried to govern the city, but the experiment
hasKvn mainly a failure. The city is apa
thetic, bilious and bloated, like the captive
Kinpcror, and earn? not for a deliverer, l'cr
hnps the lesFon of France will make some
impntssion upon her copyist, Ixit Imiierial
isiu, ecn when namctl Democracy, refuses
ttIe taught by examples. 'The persons in
New Yoik who clamor for a Republic in
Ireland are found singularly incapable of
appreciating and sustaining Republican prin
ciples in our own country, with all of the
theories and forms in readiness for use.
A i evolution was necessary for France to
free the people, and revolution is just as
nevvsury as inevitable for New York city,
lie who lieliexvs othirwisc shuts his eyes to
every historic example. You may declare
jour prii-4. infallible, and you may say lhat
ignorance and vice are strong and enduring,
but the time will come when your brazen
image will be tumbled over, and your
pampered pimp stricken down by the strong
arm of an honest maiv
An" American army officer, wlio knows
Von Moltkc, says there is probably no mil
itary nnn in Europe who is so thoroughly
sctiuaiulcd with the history of the American
war, and who is so intelligently informed
regarding all the details of our plans, jppcra
Jions and campaigns.- 'lie not only knows
aliout our army organization and arms, in a
general way, but he has studied each jar
ticular point ami feature so minutely and
closely that his knowledge may be perhaps
Ih1 descrilicd as Germanic. He belongs to
that order of German students described by
Goethe aaall knowcrs."
Almost everybody is familiar' with the
old German legend, according to which old
Emperor Barbarossi is sleeping a .sleep of
enchantment in the Kufihausen mountain,
and will find no rest in the grave until the
unification of Germany is completed. Some
young Germans hare sow hoisted -the Ger
man flag on the old ruin crowning' the top of
chief of the new colony will secure, if he is
wise, only as much land as he can "tarry"
with crfect ease, while he is covering it
with the homes and farms of men.
Kansas struggled for years licforc she could
turn the tide of immigration in her favor.
From 1850 to 18(30, the bulk of northern and
foreign immigration was received by Illi
nois, Wisconsin, Minnesota and Missouri. A
deaf ear was turned on all, or nearly all, the
statements, made in regard to the suirior
advantages of Kaiisasjcauscd by its mild cli
mate and its deep and prolific soil. North
ern men who hated Slavery went by thous
ands to Missouri; Southern men did the
same, and the Iwo came into conflict there,
as the same element had done here
a few years lfnre. Looked at from
a national ioint of view, the Missouri im
miKration wa- beneficent, ami Northern men
must thank Frank lilair and Gratz Rrown
for that crusade, for thoc men, with the
German leaders, first made Missouri altrae-
ive to free State settlers.
During the reliellion the tide turned in
favor of Kansas. Thousands of soldiers
came here, and nearly all of them received a
favorable impression. Their letters home,
and the glory acquired by Kansas during
the war, made the State thoroughly popular
all over thcNorth. The rcjKirts of our crops
Ix-gan to get published in the old States, and
our fruit trees were setting old enough to
lcar ma tcli lew apples and dazzling peaches
ami iears. The agricultural journals heard
of as and told our plain story.
Had not Secession taken place, the first
Pacific railroad would have been built from
Memphis, or still farther south. The vote
for a central line was not obtained until the
Southern meridiem had left the Senate
and House, and the Republicans had
elected an overwhelming majority of Con
gressmen. And from this period the rapid
growth of Kansas must Iw dated. The
Pacific road, has for the time, at least, in
jured California. It was before isolated,
with a currency of its own, wages of its own
a secluded monarch. It is now simply one
of the United Suites, with most of its gold
gone, with no exclusive privileges, and with
few attractions for permanent settlers. Men
went to California to make sudden fortunes;
they come to Kansas to make homes and to
stay. Kansas has built two hundred miles
of railroad each year forsixycap!. She hits
one road going west through the whole State,
one along her whole eastern Ixirdcr, and
other roads which already reach every large
town. The land-grant and homestead policy
have made the State. There have been
heavy frauds, but the people are smart
enough to take care of the swindler?, and the
railroads have already made the farmers
rich. Now we arc seeking two railway out
lets to Texas, two to Nebraska, ami one, at
least, to New Mexico and Arizona.
With such a start it is not inwuible for the
State to have a " back-set." Too many
agencies and forces arc at work to bring set
tlers here for any adverse influence to have
The Iiest place for people to go to is the
place where people do go. If any other
State could ofter. advantages in soil, climate
and railway communication equal to ours
say Virginia or Georgia Kansas would still
l decidedly preferable to the new-comer,
if the general tide came in this direction.
Some parts of Nebraska and Tennessee arc
as good as Kansas, but those States are over
looked and shunned ly the great mass of
immigrants. The few who go find every
thing against them, and arc unable to stay.
The I-iws, the customs of the ieopIe, the
state of society, arc new, strange and awk
ward, and thc'ijcw-comcr is sneered at as a
caqet-Kigger, a poor white, a sneak, and,
ItcrhapSj a criminal who has come there to
escape descr veil punishment. Gowherccaqiet'
liaggcrs arc in the majority ; where they make
the laws, arc lhcofricers,establish the customs,
and are their own society. You tlieri feel
at home; you are not a stranger, and nevqr
think of being homesick.
Some of our Counties have six thousand
people now where there were none at all two
and halfycarsago. They arc new communi
ties, independent, vigorous, full of public
spirit and proud of their County and State.
Each helits the other. The ncw-coincr of
last year sells Ids corn and wheat to the
new-comer of this year, and the density of
the column which constantly pours into Kan
sas enriches the individual members. If a
man wants to be a carpet-bagger as two or
three hundred thousand American citizens
ucsire to become every year let htm go.
where the caret-laggcrs make a business of
it. He will be happier and richer for mak
ing tliat wise selection of a new State and a
Tun King of Prussia, exercising the right
usually conceded to the victor, has given
names to three of the battles near Metz.
That of Augut 1 1th, which was by the
French at first called the battle of Long
ville, and by the Germans that of Pangue, is
to If known as the Icittlc of Coiircelles; that
of the 10th, called variously that of Mars-le-Tour,
of onville, and of Gravelottc, is to
lie the battle of Vionvillc; and the last and
greatest, that of the 18th, the battle of
O.N'i: million four hundred thousand dol
lars is the amount donated by the late John
Simmons, of Roston, to'establish an institute
to be called the "Simmons Female College,"
for the purpose of giving females a thorough
practical education in medicine, music,
drnving, designing, telegraphing, and other
branches of art, science and industry calcu
lated to enable the scholars to acquire an in
dcchdciit livelihood. Though nothing is to
be done until the interest amounts to.
New Yokk census returns show the fol
lowing results: Canandaigua, 7,380, against
7,121 in 18G5; Lockport, 13,1-ltf, against
13,937 in 1S05; Y'onkers, 12,693, against
12,750 in 1805; Watertown, 9,339, against
8,194 in 1SG5; Oswego, 20,900, against
19,288 in 1SG5; Ruflalo, (rtly estimated)
114,217, against 91,210 in 1SC5; Elmira,
15,869, against 13,110 in 1SG5; Seneca Fall,
0,000, against 0,490 in 1805; Newburg,
Four years ago the French Government
sent a commission, consisting of M. M. Dem
ogeot and Montueci, to examine the differ
ent systems of educational teaching in Great
Rritain. The commission have reported
strongly in favor of the Scottish University
system over that of Oxford and Cambridge.
"In Scotland," says their reiwrtcr, "men do
not come to the Universities to win boat
races and mn into debt, but to work liard
and put themselves in a position to earn their
Says the New York Jfcrnlib "If any
mediation on Ihc part of foreign govern
ments can avail to save" from further Buffer
ing, let it Ic understood that the government
and ieoilc of the United States unite most
sincerely in Ihc olyects of that mediation.
King William could perform no more grace
ful, and lurliajis no more wi act than to
extend such oilers of peace as the French
Republic cm and ought to accept."
It will be twenty years this fall since the
first Woman's Rights Convention in this
country was held in WorasJer, Mass., and
the anniversary of the movement is to lie
celebrated in Apollo Hall, New York, Oct.
19th and 20th.
Tin: records of the Treasury Department
show that duriii" the ywr ending June 30,
1S70, the nuuilier of immigrants who ar
rived here was 3H7.097, of which 235,551
were malts, and 151,511! females; 73,000
came from Germany, 63,000 from Great
Britain, 31,000 from Ireland, and 11,000
The Septemler examinations of ap
pointees to West Point have resulted in a
similar slaughter to that which marked the
June examinations. Of the fifty-one young
men examined only twenty-five were admit
cd, most of them failing in the rudimentary
branches of education, like spelling and
houses. I mean a livelihood of all the rela
tions and capacities which for his own liene
fit and that of society he may lie called to fill,
le it the head of a family, neighbor or pub
lic benefactor. Young ieople should be in
duced to fit themselves for teaching as for a.
life-work; as something to be depend-1
upon. Tlien would they enter upon the
work with an alacrity and entliiisiism that of
themselves would go far towards achieving
success. I hen jierhaps would the poetic con
ception of teaching become more nearly an
' 'IMilitful task, to rrar the tender thought,
To teach the Juuug idea how to khuut;
To pour the (rch instruction o'er the nilml.
To breathe a rnlitie riirit. and to fix.
The gencrutu purpuee In the glowing hrrast. "
Service should be requited according to its
(luality, and not the sex of the person ren
dering it. This is a dictate of common jus
tice and common sense; yet in nothing more
than in its dealings with teachers, lias the
world been tardy in giving it practical recog
nition. But the proposition may be more
pertinently considered in connection with the
The public mind should be disabuwd of
the notion that any apology for a teacher an
swers for a school made up mainly or alto
gether of small children. This is a great
fallacy. There is -truth in the tolerably
" 'Ti.1 education, funuitlie common mind,
Jutas the twli Is bent the tree's inclined
That is, the ultimate and jiermanent in
clination which iue tree snait taice, oepemts
upon the manner in which the twig is bent,
not the rounded trunk or the stout branch.
This is well understood by the practical nur
seryman, who devotes the greatest care and
skill to his germs and saplings. Earliest
impressions arc ever the most lasting. The
mind is never the more a thing of mystery
to lie protected from bungling and vulgar
handling than in the iieriod of its earliest
unfolding. We ronccde that any cheap-going
tyro is cometent to tench the little ones
to chatter A. B. C; but o lay the founda
tions of a broad symmetrical character, sup
plying deficiencies in one part and correcting
ext ra vaganccs in another, Is a work that cannot
be begun too earlvbrnerfortned too carefully or
conscientiously. Tt demands an understand
ing of the fearful and complicated machine
inai is iiKeiy to nc mane or marreu not tor a
day, bnt for all time by the manipulation.
It is surely not the work of young meh who
look to teaching only as a means of joying
their Ixwrd and tohacco bills until a situation
is secured behind a counter or in an official
bureau; nor is it the more to be regarded
merely as a means of floating frivolous young
misses over the larsund shoals of flirtation
into the harbor of conjugal retirement.
The arrangement so commonly made at
annual district meetings for a male teacher
at fair wages for the winter term, and a female
teacher, at reduced wages, fur Ihc summer
term, is in practical disregard of the propo
sitions last stated. In the winter the school
is expected to be Larger and tlie pupils more
advanced; therefore a school-master must be
encased. In the summer the school is likely
to be smaller, and the pupils in the prima
ries; uiereiorea isuuooi-misircsH w)u gumce,
with qualifications so meagre, and experience
so limited, that one eager for the "job" can
le obtained in half the households of the
nrighliorhood at the lowest terms the jieniiy
wlsc worthies of the schH)I board may oiler,
Would it not Ik well for those females who
claim for themselves a caacity to render as
valuable service in the school-room as males,
to profit by the suggestion that very naturally
arises in tills connection, namely: that they
can most effectually nssert their rights in this
respect, and most effectively aid in increas
ing the general average of teachers' wages
by refusing to engage for less wages than is
paid under like circumstances to males.
The scale of wages in teaching, as in all
other pursuits, is determined materially by
the relative supply and demand. The
Normal standard of qualification, were it
exacted by the common classes represented
in our school Ixiards, would greatly diminish
the crowds of applicants for teachers' certifi
cates. But as 1 have already indicated, the
public appreciation falls quite short of such
standard; so that the only protection really
worthy, well qualified teachers have, from
the competition of the crowds of charlatans
who would press into the scliool-rooms tor a
mere pittance, 13 the,teaclicrs' certificate; and
the value of the certificate, for that minnse
depends altogether iqiou the disposition of
J . PEACE.
WUntUSSIA WILL NOT EECOUNIZE THE
WfesHistrroN, Sept. 19 A despatch from
Muwtcr Motley, dated London, Saturday
ercMMg, has Iwen received at the State de
partment. Mr. Motley says: "It is stated
ttuuVPrusMia refuses to treat, except with tlie
Regency and intends to reinstate Napoleon
as Emperor of France. Thisis false. Prus
sia,?.he says, "objects to recognize the pres
ent government, not because of the proclama
tion e-f a Republic, but on the ground that it
is u ntliorijcd, unstable, and incapble of
giviag lasting guarantees." The despatch
add "That a favorable reply wa3 hoped for,
bnt hi notyet received, to the proposition for
rut jiii i tic uviwciii rayre aim iismarcK.
PAIRS QUIET WHEN PRUSSIA WILL TBEAT
Paris, Sept. 19 Evening The city nuict
even, to dullness. The Boulevards is crowded
with Hold iers. No symptoms of disturlxince
are observed. Prussia explains that she will
be felly prepared to treat for peace only
whea France presents a Government suflr
cieatly able to enforce a treaty.
COURT IIISXARCK ANI THE UNITED STATES.
Lokw., Sept. 19 The rail MM UaxtUc,
to-day, in its correspondence from Khiems,
12th, says: Count Bismarck is anxious alxmt
the policy to be pursued by the United States
Government. Now that France has been
declared a Kepublic, it is said Prussia craven
American sympathy, but cannot treat with
the French itcpublic.
A 8IIADOW OVER THE BRIGHT PROSPECTS OP
LoSDON, Sept. 17 The Tt ibunc' corres
ixindrcit. writiti" from Kliicins 1 t!i 'kitj-
had another conversation witliBisiuarcktiiis
morning, lie said, Joiiijvely, that the Prus
sian Uovcnimcnt will not treat with any
Government not recognized as dejaur, and
that the only Government of that character
in France, known to Prussia, is the Govern
ment ol rapolcon, or the Kegcncv acting in
his absence. "We do not know," he added,
"whether the whole of France will recognize
thc.Kepuhlic. How can we treat on so ser
ious a matter with a Provisional Govern
ment which may be disavowed to-morrow?"
THE LATE UU'LOMATIC. MOVEMENTS.
London, Scjit. 20 The Comtitutiond
gives, the following history of the late diplo
matic movements: England took the initia
tive, charging the Prussian Minister at Lon
don with certain propositions. The Minis
ter fxansmitteil these to the headquarters of
of ifiuig AVilliam. Some days passed with
out an answer. Lord Lvons, the English
Minister to France, then interposed, during
which tunc the answer of King William
reached Ixmdon. Ilis answer was to the
effect, that, whereas the great powers did suc
ceed in preventing France from declaring
war against l'rusia, the latter now demands
her right to treat directly with France for
peace, but as France has no regular govern
ment, Prussia can Iiavc no certainty that the
conditions of any treaty ran be fulfilled. To
settle this point, Jules Favre himself has
gone to King William's headquarters.
THE INTERVIEW BETWEEN JULES FAVRE
examiners; winch, in turn, leieiiUs larccly
iqion the sentiment of the masses at their
Iiaclcs. Nevertheless examination and cer
tificates arc of some utility in this resiiect.,
IaA us be thankful for the little good the
mwers that be have thus provided.
I am pleased to note that the Kluailloiud
Juiunud has lately been giving this subject1
some attention. Let the watchword of our
Institutes and Normal Schools be: "Better
ay and more constant employment," as a
means of securing belter schools and belter
teachers. . .
IS 1MKIM IMPREUX ABLE T
Beturns received by Commissioner Wil
son, of the General Land Office, from Santa
Fe, New Mexico; Bayfield, Wisconsin;
Junction City, Kansas, and Litchfield,
Minnesota, show a disposal of GI,0C8 acres of
the public lands during the iast month.
The greater portion of the land was taken up
under the homestead act of July 20, 1SC2.
In providing for exempting from stamp
duty certain papers nameil in section four of
the act of July 14, 1S70, it is found that the
law does not include those papers specified
in the old act. Acting Commissioner Doug
lass has ruled that the exemption of prom
issory notes for a less sum titan one hun
dred dollars applies equally to memoranda
receipts, and other written or printed evi
dences of an amount of money to be paid on
demand or time designated.
Mr. Fkoude, the historian, continues to
threaten the governing classes of his country
that if they do not at once set about pro
moting emigration on a large scale, spending
some ten millions sterling annually upon it,
the working men will combine and, with a
parliament of their own, set about redividing
the land, securing a restoration a share in
the general inheritance. Mr. Froudc is
severe enough to say that each House of
Commons is richer than the preceding one,
and therefore members are content with
present inequalities, and the noble lords, as
a body, have come to acknowledge the value
of the manufactures which have so increased
the value of their land.
Mayor IIalderman of thk city received
a letter asking him to accept the nomination
for Governor from the Workingaaens Con
vention. He respectfully declined. Our
Mayor will vote for Harvey for Governor, j
Dr. Wright, a gentleman who once be
lieved in the wonderful tricks of the Daven
port Brothers, is now going alout the coun
try showing how they do it. lie forges rings
upon himself, releases his limbs from nil
sorts of 'knots, ami produces music in the air
in open day or by gas-light, to the admira
tion of the sceptics.
The net gain from the sale of revenue
stamps for the mouth of July, 1S70, over the
sales for the same month of 1809 was S71,
0G7 10. The gain on spirits and fermented
liquors for the same period was $1,287,285.
KAXNAH EDUCATIONAL JOVRSAL,
We have received the July ami August
number of this sterling periodical, and note
that the leading article is by J. A. Black
man, of Fairniount, in this county. As Mr.
Blackman is a practical teacher, and favora
bly named as ltcpublican candidate for the
office of Superintendent of Public Instruc
tion of this County, his view upon educa
tional matters will be regarded with interest
by many of our county readers. We pre
sent the following extracts upon the subject
of teacher's compensation:
Within reasonable limitations the more
liberal the compensation the better the ser
vice secured. This is a rule that holds good
unexceptively. We have its proof in the
working of "our school system. In cities,
villages, and some rnral districts which offer
fair, not to say liberal wages, no difficulty is
experienced in procuring the best of teachers.
There is a gravitation of the lights of the
.!. j:r iif. xr
proicwion in uiai uiiwuuh. inrre xvanra
to offer double the pay and employment to
teachers say ten months employment, in
stead of five, and seventy dollars a month
instead of thirty-three, there would soon be
more than a corresponding gain in the quality
of her teachers, while the improvement of
her schools would be simply incalculable.
Then young men and women of character
and culture would esteem it worth their
while to teach, not only with a view to doing
good toothers, but in a worldly point of
view of doing good to themselves; whereas,
now, they are constrained to seek for their
brains abetter market, which, as I have
heretofore observed, they can find in almost
anv other line, leaving the most important
and responsible of all pursuits to a class of
uaDOtcrs wno are conicm to acai wim ine
public on terms which imply that teaching
is the work of nobodies to be paid for ac
cordingly. Public school teaching should be made a
permanent self-supporunR profession. Like
other occupations it should hold out the in
ducement of a livelihood and the possibility
of something more. I use the term liveli
hood not in the severely individualized sense
n-lizedbr the bachelor or snuMter livine
r penuriousiy in solitary single-handedness, or
', I m the dreary loneliness of other people's I
Wbntfbp First Xapolcoti Thought.
The Correspondence of Napoleon I., vol.
SI, page 118, contains the following from
If hostilitieHj'asit was to be feared, com
menced before tlie autumn, the armies of
Kuroiie in coalition would be much more nu
merous than the French armies, and it would
then be licforc Paris or Lyons that the fate
of the empire must be decided. These two
great cities had both liecn at one time for
feited, like other capitals of Europe, and
like them were so no longer. If, however,
in 1805 Vienna had liecn forfeited the battle
of Ulen could not have decided the war: the
army con commanded by General Kutcr-
soff might have awaited the other corps of
the Prussian ary from Olmtitz. In lc09,
Prince Charles, beaten at Eckmiihl and ob
liged to retreat by the'way of the left bank of
tlie Danube, wouM have had time to reach
Vienna and to unite with the armies of Gen
eral Hilier and the Archduke John. Had
Berlin been forfeited in 1800, the army
beaten at Jena might have been rallied,
and tlie Prussian army would have
made a junction. In 1S0S, if Madrid
had liecn a fortress, the French army, af
ter there victories of Esjenosa, of Tudcla, of
Bargos, of Soara Sierra, would not have
marched upon the capital, and, laying aside
Salamanca and Valladolid, the English, un
der Moore, and the Spanish under Komano
might have arrived under the fortifications
of Madrid. Paris has been saved by her
walls eight or ten times. In 885 she would
have been a prey to the Normans when those
tarbarians invested her in vain for ten years.
In 1358 she was besieged by tlie Dauphin,
and when tlie citizens threw open their gates
to him it was of their own free will. In 1359,
Edwanl, King of England, was encamped
at Montmje, and carried fire and sword up
to tlie foot of the walls, but could do noth
ing against the citv and fell back. In 1421
Henry V. repulsed the assaults of Charles
VII. In 1464 the Count of Cliarolixs as
sailed the capital but failed in all his at
tacks, i n 1472 Pans would have been ta
ken by the Duke Bayundy, who was subject
to be content with ravaging the suburlH. In
1536 diaries V., master of Chamiagnc, had
his headquarters at Meaux his scouting par
ties came up to tlie, very wall, but. the capi
tal was auie io reus nun. in joea-su Jlcn
ry III. and Hcnry IV. surged in vain
against the fortifications of Paris until peace
ojicned the gates. Jn 1G3C, during the
Fronde, the walls saved the city repeatedly.
Lastly, Jiad' l'aris bom a strong place in
l&lrla, capable of only a week's resistance,
what influences might not the delay Iiavc had
upon events. ',
Judge D. P. Lowe,' who has recently been
nominated by the Republicans in Kansas for
Congress, was formerly a citizen of this place.
He was at one time the law partner of Caleb
B. Smith, Esq., and aflerwarcs of Warner
M.Ratcman,'Esn., our present U. S. Dis
trict Attorney. Subsequently he was elected
Judge of our Police "Court and served one
term. In I860, if our memory is not at fault,
be moved to 'Kansas, and was soon after
elected to the Senate of the State. He also
served at least one term as Judge of tlie
Circuit Court. His name was widely can
vassed asa candidate for Governor of Kansas,
bat he failed to receive the nomination. Of
his election to Congress there Is no doubt, and
the people of his district could hardlv find a
better' .Representative. Cincinnati Gwxitte.
McMahon has not Wen less remarkable
for his personal banhommU than for his bril
liont bravery. After Magenta, when he
made his triumphal entrance into Milan, a
charming' little mi-s of six years, tendered
himaixiuqnet. He leaned down to take it
and bent his nodding plume over the baby
to kiss her. "I should like to 'ride with
you," said the little girL "So von shall
then, my pet," and so"saying, he sat her
before him on his war horse, aad the- noble
animal, proud of hisdortlehurdeii, stepped
-s-yfcrouglthe city along the road to
AND KINC WILLIAM
is expected to take place at the King's head
quarters at Itheims, on Wednesday.
Telegrams from Paris indicate that
PEACE WILT. BE MADE THIS WEEK,
tlie French paying the expenses of the war
and dismantling the fortifications on the
PRUSSIA WILL TREAT WITH RESPONSIULE
London, Sept. 20. The Ttuu Berlin
correspondent confirms Prussian readiness to
treat with any French Government which is
capable of making and gtiaranteeing a icace.
bismarck'si doctrine or peace.
New York, Sept. 20. The following
telegram comes from Berlin, dated the 20th:
A letter from Bismarck, dated Sc4. 11th,
says: ''The best phase of this wonderful
war will lie the investment, and in time, he
hoped, the occupation of Paris; and, all
hope of a Miecssful resistance being then
over, jieaee 11111-1 follow. The Government
of France, or those in jHiwcr, whoever they
may lie, cannot desire further sl-mghter, when
all thai can be required of them will be to
give a certain alisolutc guarantee that the
iieace of Europe Mill not again be distiir!
by the ambitious operations and desire of
their eople, and that the miseries which
they themselves have brought iqion the two
nations may never again Iw repeated. I see
IJun paraded in thecolumnsof sever journals
as having stated wliat these guarantees must
be and must not be. Of course these statc
mentsare'nearly romance'. When approached
by gentlemen of the press, I generally give
them civil answers. Their imagination des
the rest. Yon knowwh.it guarantco are nec
essary to secure a lasting peace. It is rather
a military than a lioliticnl question. No
overture of iieace can lie well received until
the army is before Parisr. But the safety of
Germany, and the icaee of the world
secured, Germany, will not oppose the ter
mination ol the war, from which she will
never retire till the legitimite aspirations of
her children are secured, anil Germany saUf
from future cruel and unnecessary slaughter.
ToUR-5, September 20. It is reiiortcd as
a rvftilt of the interview between Jules
Favre and King William that
HOPE OF SPEEDY TEACE
Is not abandoned. Prussia is not disposed to
consent to an armistice." 'If there is to be
peace at all it mast be settled immediately.
Tours, September 20. Thiers left here
this morning after an interview with Crim-
real issues 0 the contest - The Slants Zcilumj
insists that the authorities at Washington
should at once recall Washbunie. if thev
have the smallest regard for the dignity of
this nation or for the good will of the Ger
THE FRENCH PAPERS
insist that the war has not fairly begun ; that
the Prusrians have not taken a single forti
fied place; that the only organized body of
troops yet surrcnueresl has been a part o.
McMahon s army, and tint the enemy occu
pies but a very small, even an insignificant,
portion of the country.
PRIVATE CORRESPONDENCE STATES
that all Prussia Is in mourning. Almost
every family lias lost some member, the hos
pitals throughout Germany, arc crowded
with the wounded, and a London special es
timates that 300,000 Germans, have been
placed kondu combat since the beginning of
AOAINST THE RETURN OF NAPOLEON.
Victor Hum's address to the French, to
day, is exciting all classes, to oppose the
return of Napoleon. The Ivin" has refused
to reeotrnize the Emperor or Bazaine.
A large force began marching out of Paris,
Wednesday, and now occupies Vinanncs.
THE NEW GOVERNMENT POWERLESS IN
MANY LARGE TOWNS.
Letters received at the British Embassy,
from the interior, shpw the utter powcrless
ness of the Government in many large towns.
The Beds are supreme.
is exceedingly anxious about the maintenance
in jMiwer of the present Government. He
is in great fear lest the Beds should rise.
ENGLISH RECOGNITION OF THE REPUBLIC.
New York, Sept. 20. Official despatches
from Minister Motley to Secretary Fish say
that the English Government Is willing to
recognize the French Bepublic when it can
lie satisfactorily shown that it is not merely
revolutionary in its character, and to disap
pear with the withdrawal of the Prussians
AN ARMISTICE DOUBTED.
London specials doubt the rejort of an
armistice, and deny the statements that all
tlie railways north of Paris had been cut.
IF PAKI FALLS '!
Many French Republican arc determined,
if the Capital falls, to call on all the friends
of liberal government throughout the world
to unite with them in opposing monarchy
AN EF0RT TO TROVE NAPOLEON HONEST.
Tours, Sept. 20 The Prefect of Police,
who is visiting the Emjicror, writes to tlie
newspajiers. lie says it Is untrue that, to
conceal the court's extravagance, he reim
bursed the civil lists from the war appropria
tions, a thing impossible in French finance;
It is untrue that he has ten millions safely
invested at Amsterdam. It is untrue that
he borrowed 2,0 0 thakrs at Sedan. He
svlils that his masters misfortunes should
protect him from such outrages.
HORKIIILE RAILROAD ACCIDENT.
Tours, Sept. 20 A dreadful ICailroad
accident occurred near here this morning.
Two trains collided: eleven persons were
killtd including Duval, one of the editors of
the Journal tics Dtbals. .twenty-five were
As it is possible forthe Prussians to send a
force here, orders arc issued to remove fur
ther couth the enormous quantity of stores
ami army munitions collected
THE EMPEROR REVOKES THE REGENCY.
Letters from Casscl suite that ex Emperor
Naixileon formally revoked the decree by
which the Empress assumed the Bcgcncy in
tions to receive an assault, arc being made.
These prciwrations provide, as far as possi
ble, for the security of property, the venera
ble monument,' and the lives of non-cor.i-iiatants.
THE POPE WILL LEAVE ROME.
London, Sept. 20. A Florence dcsiutch
ys that the Pope will' quit Rome, and
leave his cause in the hands of the Catholic
nations to demand the restoration of. his tem
Nice, Sept.19. Notwithstanding contrary
rejiorts spread abroad by the Prussians in
their despatches to newspapers, Nice and
Men ton are perfectly .tranquil in all of the
(Iciartnicnts of the AIs.
MARITIME STRANGERS ,
are commencing to arrive at the various
watering places m the department, and tfic
season bids fair to be pleasant and quiet as
THE STDGE OF ROME COMMENCED.
Florence, Sept. 20. The siege of Rome
has commenced. Five divisions under Gen.
Condoza invest the city. Resistance is a
matter of form, and the surrender is expec
iue whole liodv of the hiidier officers of
the liusstan marine artillery have been or
dered to CronsLidt, and the engineers, who
had taken service with the Odessa Steam
Navigation Company, have been recalled to
the Kiltie. A camp of 200,000 men lias
lecn ordered to !e formed on the frontier of
rolatitl toward Prussia.
DOES NOT OBJECT.
LoNDON.Sept. 20 No faith Is placed in the
statement that Russia olijects to the annexa
tion of Alacc and Lorraine to Germany.
London, Sept, IS. A Republican Legion
to aid France, Ls now in cours; of organiza
tion in Madrid. Several leading Republi
ems are assisting in the movement.
RAISING OF THE FRENCH BLOCKADE.
Madrid, Sent. It) TIiu raisinc of the
French blockade in the North and kiltie s-ca.
is officially announced by the Spanish Government.
WILL REMAIN IN PARIS.
Tours, Sept. 19. The American and
Swiss Ministers have informed Jules Favre
that tliey will remain in Paris notwithstand
ing the removal of the capital here.
niSMARCK RUSY WITH DIPLOMATIC MAT
TERS. IONDON, Sept 19. A Berlin correshin
dent oflhc2W&Mic writes on the 15th: "Bis
marck is busy at Rheiins settling various
diplomatic, matters relative to non-intervention
by Germany in Italy. It is ngrecd that
the Italians may iccupy Rome, Savoy, and
Nice, if the (icople wish to renounce their
ornier allegiance. Other European cabi
nets have been notified accordingly. Recog
nition by Germany was also considered.
Details have liecn pstpoiicd for the present,
ut it is understood tint a common constitu
tion will Im given all States north ami south
of the Main alike, vtith ample guarantees
of a healthy jxilitical and economical devel
opments. Bavaria and Knit n have distinctly de
clared for territorial enlargement, while
agreeing that Alsace and Lorraine must re
turn fli f rniftiiv 'fln. ri.ntli. iuui7iitMl
Civil Ctuinlssioni'rs for Alsace, Von Muhrt'1 to l,H" r P"1 w5"' U w.h hnikil
ieux. It is! assured England favorably re
ceived Thiers' explanation, and is prcjiared
to act jointly with Russia 'and Austria, if
they also accept the proposition of Inters.
London specials say that the prosiects are
A SUMMARY OF THE CIRCULAR.
St. Louis, Sept. 19 The following is a
fuller summary of the circular of Jules
Favre to the representatives of France in
other countries: He explains why the elec
tions for members of the Continental Assem
bly have been called at an earlier date than
was first proposed. Objection has been made
that the present Provisional government
at Paris was not regular. A fact that we arc
forced to admit. The urgency of the case is
also presented in strong language. It was the
first duty of the Government to defend the
soil and preserve its honor, and then return
its delegated power to the people without
violence. Nothing is to be expected from
Prussia. Her supreme will, and the exul
tations at her success, are irreconcileable with
calm impartiality and statesmanship. Two
hundred tliousand victims have already been
sacrificed to her ambition in the impious war,
and it is certain she will dictate to France
conditions thai this momentary and incom
petent Government should not accept.
Hence we convoke the assembly, freely
chosen, to decide. What we now ask is only
to give the country our hearts and onr blood.
Then let France decide; not our transient
authority, but immortal France, raising itself
to confront Prussia. France released, free
and generous, ls ready to immolate itself for
right and liberty. Disavowing all these ex
alted political ideas of the old Government,
France lias no higher ambition than to re
main mbtress of herself, in order to develop
her resources moral and material resources
and lalxir fraternally with her neighbors
in civilization. It is for this that France,
recovering her free action, asks a cessation of
war. But she will prefer a thousand fold
disaster to dishonor. The very ones who
awoke the storm, now falsely say the country
is willing to yield. This may mislead abroad,
but not here. France wishes for prosperity,
commerce, and civilization, but she prefers
disaster to dishonor. It is the duty of France
to repair, as far as possible, the evils of the
Government. The elections last year were
illusive. France never voted for war with
Pru-wia. No honest man in Europe thinks
so. To the iiowcr now sceKing to crasn us,
wo must oppose desperate resistance, until
the Nation is able to speak through a con
stinent assembly, fairly chosen. "Make
that power understand this," adds Favre,
"and mankind mo not only admire, but
pity the spectacle of Paris without looking
to the right, or the left, or backwards, but
with its eves fixed on the ereat aad simple
duty of defending its firesides and freedom."
COMPLAINTS OF THK GERMAN PRESS IX JTSW
-IT. Vtrv fin IO fTTiA fs.Mi-
press here loudly complain of the toBeef
American sympauiy wun me r renca nepus
lic, and declare we do not understand, the
ami .Miller, have telegraphed io the Hoards
of Trade a' Elhcrfcldt and Bremen for their
views of the influence upon German indus
trial interests of the admission of Alsace and
department of the Mozelle into the German
Tliu' RED REPUBLICAN OPERATING AT
Paris. Sept. 19 The Reds continue to pla
card the walls with handbills, denouncing. the
new government. Trouble h apprehended.
The citizens declare that they prefer .Prus
sian rule to Communism. The railway to
Havre hxs been cut at Conflans.
NAFOLi:ON SAYS THAT NOTHING CAN KEEP
, Till? PRUSSIANS OUT OF PARIS.
Berlin, Sept. 19 The following news is
oflend: While Napoleon was at Naiutir, he
eulogised the discipline ami courage of the
Prussian soldiers, and said that nothing
could keep, them out of Paris.
TO COMMENCE RUNNING AGAIN.
Bremen, Sept. 19 The North German,
Lloyd's line of steamers commences running
regularly again, between Bremen and the
United States, on the first of October.
A DEMOCRATIC SOCIAL REPUBLIC.
London, Sept. 17 The walls in Frank
fort were found covered, on Wednesday
morning, with huge placards calling on the
people to prepare for a proclamation of the
Democratic Social Republic. The placards
were printed in French and German and
headed "By order of the Universal Commit
tee of the Eurocan Republic." Groiqis
gathered about them and the police tore them
down, but no demonsrration was made.
THE EMPEROR OF RUSSIA CONGRATULATES
A special desiatch to the New York Tile
gram, dated Berlin, Sept. 20, says: Queen
Augusta, yesterday, received a letter written
by the Emperor of Russia, warmly congratu
lating Her Majesty ujKn the great victories
of the armies of Germany. The Emjicror
extolled the ability and wondrous soldicrly
qualitie-i displayed by the Crown Prince ami
other members of the royal family.
CARE OF THE WOUNDED.
The Crown Prince, with the Queen, devote?
all his time to measures for the care of the
wounded. Apartments arc assigned in the
palace to the women employed in the prc
itaration of bandages, making lint, and other
articles lor use in the hospitals.
There is no foundation whatever, for the
statement or fcnj;li-ri newspaper correstion
dents that the King of Prussia intends to
'treat for terms of peace only with Naioleon.
It is, however, tfic determined tiolicy that
the German truoi-s will hold tiossession of
the points already gained, till such time as
terms of peace, if suited u(on, shall be rati
fied by the Chambers regularly elected.
ABOUT GERMAN RECOGNITION.
Rerun, Sept. 20 The North Gorman
Gazette says Bismarck consents to sec Favre,
promising.however, that Germany is not dis
posed to intermeddle in the interna! affairs
of France. The German States are ready
to recognize the Republic when they arc sure
the French people prefer that form of gov
ernment; but, to protect military operation",
it is necessary to recognize in the territory
actually occupied by the authorities left by
the empire. Moreover, it is still unknown
whether Bazaine recognizes the Republic and
the government at Paris. Indeed, it is re
ported he expressly disavows both.
a stay OF.noarnjTiEs denied iue ital-
IA1B DETERMINED TO TAKE ROME.
Florence, Sept 20. The project for a
stay of hostilities, recently made by the Prus
sian representative, Von Armin, has failed.
The Italians are about to force the Roman
gates. A feeble resistance is anticipated.
Florence, Sept. 20. The official journal
pwMishcs the following details of the Roman
question: Amim, the North German Am
bassador to the Pontificjal States has written
a letter to Lieut Gen. Cadorna, command
ing the Italian troops, informing him of the
complete failure of his attempt to prevent
resistance to the Italian occupation of Rome.
.The Foreign Legion defy Uifcpeople'g wishes
in that regard. The Italians must now take
by force what m impossible to diplomacy.
The Italians are in force on all sides of the
city, except the east In the dry, prepara-
A DIPLOMATIC SCARE.
London, Sept. 17. There is great excite
ment in diplomatic circles over a report of
an alliance between Austria, Italy ami Prus
sia haying liecn completed, the object of
which is, a division of the Turkish Empire,
the annexation of Prussian Poland by Russia,
the annexation of Prussian Silesia by Austria,
and the surrender of the Italian Tyiol to
Italy. It is believed that Europe" is on
the eve of complications more formidable
than was lea red a few weeks ago.
AN IMMENSE REPUBLICAN MEETING IN
St. Louis, Sept. 20 The liepvWeun has
the following special from London, dated
lost night: An immense mass meeting was
held this afternoon and evening, in Trafal
gar square, to express the svmialliv of the
English people with the French Republic,
which w;w unquestionably, in point of nuiu-
liers, at least, the mo-l imposing deiponstra
tion ever witnessed in the metrojiolis. The
procesMons, each 50,000 strong, met at Wil
son's column, where two stands had lni'ii
crectcu tor iue siieaKcrsoi me evening. Alio
whole city was alive with torchlight proces
sions on thOir way to the square, and, by
dark, it was fillet! with an immense crowd
which was estimated at 250,0110. Siieeches
were made from the stands, the balcunv of
the Northumberland Hotel, the stejs of St.
Martin's Church, and temporary plat
forms. The s icakers were bitter in their
attacks on the Ministers, indignant in their
denunciation.-; against Germany, and fierce
in their demand for recognition of the
French Republic. The people were wild in
thcircnthtrsiam. Oneof thesie:i!:ers hinted
atithe probability of u ICe public in England.
at no far ilisUut day, and the sentiment was
received with (.liter on ilicx. lhewordj
Kissed on from stand to stand and were
caught up hy speaker after speaker, until the
cheering and wild tiilhuia.un liad rprcm! to
the fir outskirts of the crowd. Thu mxiic
was simply indescribable. It is nut lvlievctl
that the present .Ministryscan face the pop
ular storm which has been aroused, and, that
if it attempt:: to defy it, there will succeed a
revolution as thorough and ;us hluudy as that
of HvS. The 'rainier.: borne by the societies
were int:ribed with mottoes proclaiming the
great doctrines of lilierty, equality, raid fra
ternity. One in particular was carried by a
socit 1 from IIockney,on which was inscrilieil
"Tlit: United Suites) of Europe greet the
united Mates 01 America with i-.-asv on
A BRISIC ENGAGEMENT IIEFORE PAKW.
New York, Sep. 10 A sticcfal despatch
the Evening Tclcjram, dated l'aris. Sent..
KUh, says: "A fight took place yesterday,
ten miles from Paris, between the'advaneed
guard of the Prussian armv and a rccon
noitering party of the French forces. The
latter were driven lack and the PrtK-ian-c-tablished
themselves on the heights, which
the French had liecn holdings The Prussian.-,
numbered 30,000. Tlie tight is said to have
Iven a very bloody one. and the French
though beaten, inflicted heavy losses on the
Prussians. The contest raged for upward
of two hours,"
RAZAINEd ESCAPE CONTRADICTED.
London, Sept. 10. Dispatches received
to-day destroy all prospects .of BazaiueV
escape. A handful of men only escaped.
A GRAND REVIEW
Paris, Sept. IS A special to the Sua,
yesterday, says: There wxs a grand review
of the Garde Mobile and National Gitanf.
More than 300,000 men were under arms'.
mere was great enthusiasm amongst the
troop, with the exception of sonic of the
regiments of Provincial Guard and Mobile
who refused to cry " ITre la JiepMiiflv," by
tinier of their officers. Three thousand
Prussian uniforms were discovered this
morning in three houses. The people 01
Paris are generally dissatisfied with the irnv-
ermnent, which has failed to adopt revolu
tionary measures. A manifesto voted I y
twenty arrondi'-sments of Paris was present. d,
to-day, to the Provrsiomi Government and
will le posted on the walls to-morrow.
THE HORRORS OP WAR.
London, Sept. 10. The village of Ra
zeilles, near Sedan, was destroyed by tin.
Pru-sians l-eeause. some wounded fugitives
from the German army were maft-aend in
A .SOCIALIST MEETING.
-An announcement was made thatnocial
ii meeting wonld he held, at which Viet ir
lltto, Lcdrti EoIIin, Louis BInncand PLitl,
would be preient to uroto-l against the mod
eration of the Government. T I imagine the
meeting was suppressed .- did not take
place. The Reds are struggling' hard for the
Writing from Iiofore Stra-burg, the jf wics
correspondent says; The preparations for
the as-iault cannot be completed in less than
A corresjiondont writing' from Rheiiuson
the ISth says: There are upwards of thirty
CstahILhi!iciit here, manufacturing woollen
clothes, and employing 10,000 work people.
All are now idle, and on the point of starva
tion. The full amount of misery cannot 1-.
realized, yet the only remedy seems exagger
ations. The American Consul informs, 1 ie
that hundreds of applications have been made
for information 011 the siilyett of emigration.
Tour.-, Sept. It). There has liecn con
tinuous lighting around Pari'.
The Tribunz's corresjiondent at Part
writes that many of the forts are without
casemates, and the garrison can lie easily
shelled out. When the fortssurrender uoth
ing can prevent the Iiomliardmcntnf thecity.
STRVsT.UKU IS NEARLY UNTENABLE.
Paris, Sept. IS Slra-hurg is nearly un
tenable, and the inhabitants arc dciartii)g.
The Prussians have been teen in front of
Colmcaraud MuHiou-v, marching toward
The 3'riirtjne'a correspondent before Stra.;-burgt-ays:
The tirecontlmuK without inter
mission and the walLs are reduced to shape
less masscv. The citadel is subjected to an
incessant lire from the sides. ItsTprincipa!
gate has l-een destroyed. There i? a break
in the walls on the Kehl side, and Many
buildings adjacent to the citadel have Uen
destroyed. New batteries! opt 11 daily, and
four huuih-ed gut-sarc in position. The gar
ris4is lire is weak; sometimes it eea-s-s for
hours. NoetlorUtu rtuir the djmagi- to
works have Utn made. leicratc tltot!
; made to couey umuiuuiiioit into
with raplur-.tnaud reiealttl titters.
A STRfiNM REVOLUTIONARY FEEI.INJ.
IindoN, Sept'. 20 The feeling in Iliden
is extremely revolutionary, and numerous
arnt-ts have luttt made and the jiersons ar
rested sent to the TorUusS of Ratudt.
A POPULAR DEMONSTRATION.
Paris, Sept. 17. A formidable demon
stration was field in Vienna, yesterday, lic
forc the hall of the Imperial Parliament.
The German Iwnncr of 1S-I.S was carried in
the procession and cries rai-til for a repub
liet The crowd was diqierscd by the iolicc
and a few arrests were made, Imt no lives
lost. The excitement of the people in
Prague, Rninn and other cities of the
Empire is on the increase.--""
I)rnl h or Amsllit Rrnoks. of lnlnr-r
Chicago, Sept. 20 Austin Brooks, for
many years editor of Hid (juincy, III., Jfrr
adand .1 leading Democratic j-olitician, died
this afternoon, of cancer in the stomach.
In a lL-t of proloble candidates) for the
United States Senate from this State,
to lie elected by the coming Legislature,
Gen. Logan, Gov. Palmer and ex-Govemor
Oglo-by have occupied prominent positions.
It is now understood that Gov. Palmer with
draws from the contest. The name of ex
Governor Koerner lias liecn added to the list.
Jackson County. "We are indebted to
the Holton Ahrgfor the following items:
Mr. Milam, residing near Holton, sow
ed four bushels of wheat Ia-t fall, and har
vested and threshed as tha product of that
yield, a few daysagoj one-ha-drcd and twenty-three
Two men, Hays and Son, were severely
injured last week, at the brick yard, by a
liank of earth caving in on thcml The elder
Hays was badly injured in the head. The
young man liad one of his hips dislocated
antl a liand broken.
ThcfirmofCE. Bachelor & Co., of
Topeka, were in townjast week, pro-jiecting
with a view of building iri Holton a new antl
large flour and grist mill. They expressed
themselves sati-fied with the place and sur
rounding country. This is an institution
much needed here. The owners would do
well, and we hojie they will speedly com
Butler County. Eldorado, Butler coun
ty, is one of the most thriving towns in
the State. -VJargc uring mill is about to
I erected which will run four burr;. This will
add to the local interests of the town, as
there never was a better corn crop in the vi
cinity than the present. Tlie valley will aver
age fifty bushel jier acre, and wheat crojus
yield well and the grain Ls fine and plump.
These advantages will make meal and flour
cheap in that country.
Neosho Cocstt. The "Settler's Pro
tective Association" has nominated the fol
lowing ticket in Neosho County:
Rcprocntativc, Major Irwin; Clerk, J. IS.
Brunt; Judge, J. L. Fletcher; Supt. Pub.
Inst., Mr. Haydcn. No nomination made
Some of hr lM,-'"r ntui.sitsam reliable
Republican counties will Iiavc to look out
for their Laurels, or the whilom Democratic
county of Leavenworth "Will Ixat them off
this year. Our advices are to the efli-ct that
the ticket meets with the "heartiest endorse
ment of all factions of the -Republican.--.,
while the sensible Democrats, the substan
tial business mcaxlujing discovcxd the futil
ity of fighting against destiny, are announc
ing their purpose to support tlie men who
arc certain to he elected. "Ve should not be"
surprised at a Republican majority of 1,000
in Leavenworth County. Tufd.it Vuniman-
CMH.o-a Hae BeBUeatltm.
Baltimore, Sept. 19 The defalcation in
the Custom House is only 214,000.
is licihg prut-cd with the greatest igoi.
the metz lines
of iuvcttmuit are imprcgnihit.
A FRENCH PLOT AT SEDAN.
It is rcjMjrtcd to-night that a plot b ls l-'u-discovered
among the French opuIati.ni ai
Sedan to seise thu French guns and mitrtit
Ieurs captured September 1st. The town :,
declared in a slate of Seige. Two thou and
stand of arms have been di-covcred.
THE PRUsrilAN PLAN Of OPERATIONS.
IyiNDoN, Sept. I. A New York Tnlnnu.
correspondent writes that, tlie plan .
operations against Paris is that the French
being unable to oppose? the (l-rmanf with
any considerable army in the field, tl.
Seine will I; crossed by Micceadivo division,
to attack the weakest part of the forlifiea
tions tlitce on the rotith front. Elevation
exist on that side, from which an cllivtiv.
lire can oi-uicd on the French forts.
Commuuicatioiu on the north aru already
cut ofr, and tho-e on the other side will soon
Ie. There will lie r.o delay down to tin
moment when eaieor an armistice is nr
tually signed, which is not anticipated lefoie
the city falls.
THE KINCt's IIEAnqUAETER-JAT VERSAILLE. -
London, Sept. 20 A Ixsly of Prussian,
occupy Versailles. Tlie headquarters of
King William will be fixed in the pal tee at
Versailles during the otcrat:ons Iiefort
Tour.-, Sept. 20 Advices from Pari, to
Sunday evening, have the following: The;
government has decided on the immediate
construction of a complete system of lim
eades in Pari-. Henri Rochefort lias I-11:
charged with the superintendence of th-
SKIRMISHING THE PRUSSIAN MOVEMENT
London, Sept. 20 2:::o p. m. There h.-s
lieen skinnidung near I-sy and Chatillort,
on the otittjkirts of l'aris.
The PrufaiaiiH now occupy Clarmand, Men
tion, Villeneuve and Fontenay. 'The Crown
Prince isnearTontanevlcanl ""The Prussian
crossed the Seine at Chol-sf Lerun, a few
miles above the confluence of the Marne.
THE PEOPLE OF STRASEURG DETERMINE DT
VOTE TO FIGHT TO THE LAST.
Advices liave been received from Strs.i
brug tij) to Monday. The cannon of the gar
rison was nearly quiet. Gen. Ulrich, the
commander, has been badlv wounded. Jli
oflicial headquarters ftave Iietii re
moved to the cellar of the Prefecture of Po
lice. A vote taken by the people of tht
city on the subject of surrendering was de
cided by a large majority to continue the de
fence to the lart.
arc rapidly forming at Paris, inside the fortification-'.
is Etill in a Btatc of defence. Many troop .
are po-ltd there.
CoU. Seymour and Carlcton, of the British
army, who are with the armies now operat
ing against France, attest to the horrible buf
fering at the scat of war. Soldicn and tieas-
antry arc jierl-hing from starvation; women
are violated, the dead arc outraged, and the
ENGAGEMENT AT fcOISSONd.
TOUR-", Sept. 20. Advices from Orlean?
attribute great importance; to the engage
ment at Soissons yesterday. Tlie Prussians
suflered much from French artillery bidden
in the woods. The battle la-sted nearly all
day. The Prussian.-; were at length forced
THE PRUSSIANS DETE.VTEI).
It is reported tliat the Prussians were
Iiadly defeated yesterday in an attempt to
storm Fort Montvalercin on the west side of
THE PRU-SIAN RESERVES TOUL TO DE
Berlin, Sept. 19. All of the reserves
have reached their regiments.
The cor-H gone to storm Toul U uniW
the Duke of Mecklenburg.
ULRICH, AT STKASBCRO,
being a BonapartiEt lias greatly relaxed his
real since the Republic ha-s l-een proclaimed.
3IETZ STILL HOLIW OUT.
There arc no signs of the capitulation of
OPPOSITION TO RESTORING THE EONAPAI.Tr
There is ctrong opposition among the
German Generals to restoring the Bonaparte
dynasty. The tone at headquarters is indi
cated by a letter from Gen. Forsyth, re
ceived yesterday, saying it is hard to tell
what crowd Prussia can treat with after
reaching l'aris. Not with the Republic, for
that is a private Parisian arrangement.
GENERALS T0R3YTII AND SHERIDAN
continue to receive a&iduous attention from
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