Newspaper Page Text
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TIIUKSDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1870.
the Bears mBwxtwst.
Tiic Commercial wants to discuss the bond
question. Very well. It can do so. Let
in state the facts in the case, and the bene
will arrange itself. The bond which the
Democrats want taxed represent the expenses j
incurred by the Government in putting down
the rebellion in defending itself against the
bloody assaults of the conspirators of the
slave States. They were Democrats, as well
as traitors. The men who loved their coun
try, and their Government of liberty, volun
teered by the hundreds of thousands to risk
their lives and give the force of their arms
in the salvation of the one and the preserva
tion of the principles of the other. Even in
the later stages of the war, the drafts were
usually filled up without drawing. Nobody
ojijKed the drafts but tbc.Dcmocrats, organ
ized then as a party, and pledged, in terms,
to opposition to the war waged to save the
Money was needed more than men.
To devise methods of raising it,
taxed the highest powers of the
lcst statesmanship of the time. No foreign
nation of Ktcnt influence was in synqrathy
with the Bcpublic. The most lowcrful
hoped for its overthrow, and tltc success of
the traitors. They conspired in various
ways to aid the latter and bring about that
result. England and France were in active
syinpithy with the Democratic party of this
country, and the traitors who were openly
anil Ixddly making war against the Kcpublic.
Money could not be had upon the credit of
the Government in foreign Capitals money
centres. France, by roval authority, closed
the Paris money market again.-! our Wis, j
when Prussians and Germans had already
absorbed hundreds of millions. English
cupitali-ts and commercial men, would, after
Y'5, sell their goods and take the Imnds in
pay at something near their mcaMire of the
worth of the rcliel securities. The money
question, in the most critical period
of the war was the great question, happily
solved through the prompt patriotism of the
leoplc who loved liberty and who had staked
their all ujion the maintenance of a system
of government wherein they wow known as
fn ficrfcct accord with a well settled State
li!icy, the bonds were offered to the people of
IhU country, under the pledge of exemption
from taxation, national and stale. What pa
triot who that loved and loves this free
government, docs not remember the grand,
glorious rcj-ponsc of the men and women, who
had sent their sons and husbands to the
front, to Jay Cook's clarion eclios of the
nation's necessities? Democrats forget, be
cause it is a happy faculty they have of not
going to lcd with the burden of their weight
iest misdeeds resting hjhui their conscience.
Here is the sum of the facts necessary in
thi-. di-cusion. The nation solemnly
pledged itself to the men and women of this
country who would furnish it money
in its sore hour of trial,
qion its 'promise to pay," 4hoac certificates
of iiMlebtcdnias.,onJhejpartof tlic.goycrn
mcut, and evidence of property in their pos
session should not lie taxed.
Now the faaiic Is plain. The Democratic
party duaaud that the government, whose
overthrow they at least consented to shall
repudiate its contracts with the pcoplc'who
Now wc can pursue the collateral branches
ofargument, if they may be called such, and
also a consideration of the sentimental part,
which by the way, is the chief hold of the
Democratic journalists and talkers.
Nations arc not supposed to find it neccs
iry to run into debt largely, except in great
emergencies like those created by war. So
the reason of the policy of exempting their
securities upon which they borrow money,
from taxation, becomes very plain. It
would, under any circumstances, be desirable
for a nation under stress, to have its own
people, so far as possible, become the
holders of its securities. To be
brief in the presentation of the
ca.se, for the United States to exempt its se
curities from taxation, only places the pa
triotic buyers of them at home, on the same
footing with the foreign purchasers.
Twelve hundred millions of our bonds arc
now held by capitalists in Europe, who can
not be taxed. They purchased those bonds
at less Jrfak, and at better profits than our
home holders. They invested mainly after
the fact that the Government wonld be main
tained, that it was built and building on
the everlasting rocks, had become an ac
knowledged one, when in fact it did not
help us put down the rebellion.
Just as mischievous and wicked is the out
cry againt the banking system. (The men
who have investded, under the restrictions of
the law, three hundred and forty millions
dollars of the United States securities for
Kinking puqioses, are men who have the
means to do so, and who will make tlieir
rate of interest in spite of laws. In a busi
ness vray the national banking system is the
beginning of a beneficent system.
In this case the proposition of the Demo
cratic party is just as infamous as in the
Now the banks are taxed, and can be com
pelled to make a fair showing of their busi
ness. Their circulation is madesccure by
the pledge of United States securities, in
which the patriotic part of the people, at all
events, trust "Without such a plan the same
monicd and speculating men who now in
vest their means in banks could and would
buy bonds and hypothecate them and reap
jut as large and larger harvests out of the
people in this way of interest.
It is absolutely absurd to talk about convert
ing the bonds already circulated, of this gov
ernment, into greenbacks to make a circula
ting medium which shall be non-interest
bearing. No party would take the responsi
bility of doing that in the possession of this
government that is just as rascally as the
other outgivings of the Democratic party.
Of course, wchave only sketched the out
line of the argument which settles the money
and bond views of the Democratic party.
Now a few words about the sentimental
part of the controversy, which, by the by, is
the main thin; in use lry our neighbors.
"Why should the Democratic party indulge
in such tearful portrayals of the sufferings of
the maimed Union soldiers, and the widows
and orphans of the killed Union soldiers at
this late day? The loyal people have done
their utmost to provide for Uiose who suflercd
in the war. .They did so during the progress
of the war. What did these Democrats do
then? Ilkciu of helping the Union sol
dier?, tLcir sympathies were with the rebels.
They rejoiced over rebel victories, were
gloomy and distraught over Union victo
ries. The sympathy of the oroan
ized Demcratic party m &c
loyal States, and their determined and Tene
ment opposition to all the 'measures of the
Government devised and provided for the
subjugation of the rebellion, .prolonged the
terrible conflict for months, and mayhaps
years. Added thousands to the widows and
orphans of the sacrificed Union men, and
hundreds of millions to the public debt, now
represented bj the "bonds" in question, and
which that party, not yet content with its
objection to the complete success of the na
tion in preserving itself, proposes to make
the occasion of its humiliation and disgrace.
Preliminarily to adiscussion of our rail
road system of course we mean the yawn.
system we wish to record briefly our opin
ion of the effects upon the prosperity of Kan
sas, of the success of the Pennsylvania and
New York corporations who arc engaged,
under the auspices of Bob Stevens, in build
ing the system of roads commencing with
the Neosho Valley, now known 'as the Kan
sas, Missouri & Texas Railway. As wc are
not in the habit of indulging in circumlocu
tion, we will utter the words"fat once that
express our convictions. From a close and
careful study of the geography of the country
and of the plans of these grand operators, as
they have discoccrcd themselves, we think
Kansas will reap a harvest of sorrow if Mr.
Stevens is permitted, by the public press of
the State, to continue his railroad building,
and the rich gentleman in New York, Phil
adelphia, Boaton and other eastern money
centres continue to trust him with the invest
ment of their funds ad libitum. Wc will
simply state that the main northern line runs
to the mouth of the Rio Grand, starting, for
commercial purposes, from Cairo, -Illinois,
projected across old Mexico, through the States
of Tamanlapz, Nuevo Leon, San Luis, Zaca
tccas, Gaudalaxara, Ialiscoand thebayofSan
Bias, is estimated to be 1,000 miles shorter
than any other running or surveyed line
from the Pacific ocean to New York city.
The most northern line of thi thoroughare
will pass from Chctopa to Sedalia. The peo
ple of Kansas can begin to study their maps
and sec how much sense there lias been in
this magnificent advertisement of Bob Ste-
railroad enterprises. They will be
to ,ielcrn-nc for themselves if these
railroad builders succeed perfectly in their
present projects, how deeply interested
Kansas will be in them. The main middle
line will cut ofT all the southern and south
western trade from thoc already construc
ted lines, that the Kansas people have been
fondly dreaming would be the great thor
oughfares of the Continent, and which they
have been helping with every means in
TEXAN CATTLE TKABE.
The Chicago cattle market has experienced
a crcat decline. At nil events so sir as
Texas cattle arc concerned. There seems to
lie, for the time,- an over supply. The re
duction in price, according to Chicago ad
vices, is nearly $1.00 per hundred lbs.
There Is such a thing as overdoing the
Texas cattle trade. The stock is very in
ferior. It cm not compete with that raised
in the Northern States in tnc larger markets.
So the demand for it is limited greatly within
the actual needs of the great markets for
licef. We know no reason why the bound-Icr-s
grass plains of Texas should not, how
ever, produce just as good stock as any part
of the country. "Wc suppose the only reason
is that the stock raisers pay no attention to
the breeds. We have no doubt that cattle
with nice, symetrical, well-formedodics,
with contracted horns, and in all other re
spects filling the measure of the experienced
anil scientific grower, will grow and fatten
jut as well down there as in New York or
Kentucky. At all events, there must be
a period to the growing anywhere, in a civil
zed country of a breed of cattle which arc
half horns, and balance hard imtsclc and
TiiEOior. The official crop report for
August shows that com has lccn somewhat
injured in some localities by the drought and
other causes, but not sufficiently to threaten
a material reduction from former anticipa
tions. Cotton has been damaged by rust,
worms, &c, but there is no indication of a
decreased yield. The wheat crop Is generally
excellent, in many cases compensating for
the deficiency in quantity. Bye, cats, and
larley are generally liaivcstcd in good con
dition, though there is no dimunition in
quantity. Rye, barley and buckwheat arc
from five to twenty per cent, below the aver
age. Potatoes are injured materially by in
sects. The hay crop in most States is above
the average. The Sorghum at the West is
in fair condition. Sugar in Louisana and
Florida Is ten per cent above, and in other
States ten per cent, below the average.
California is the only State which repoits an
increase in the production of hops Tobacco
is two and twelve per cent, below the aver
age, except in Missouri, Illinois and Michi
gan. Apples promise from six to ninc
tcntbs of the average crop.
Ax Englishman would substitute metals for
coal cs fuel for ocean steamers, and has pat
ented his method, claiming that by it a larg
er amount of steam can be obtained from a
given quantity of fuel. The theory is as fol
lows: In combi'stion a large amount of the
coal is turned into gas, much heat becomes
latent and goes to volatilirc the solid.
When zinc, iron, or manganese is burned,
the resulting oxide is a dense solid, and but
little heat is wasted ?s vapor is produced.
The result of obtaining the cosmical heat
latent in the atmosphere is that one pound
of zinc will vaporize more than quadruple
the amount of water that a pound of coal will
turn into steam, and the oxide of the metal
may subsequently be readily reduced. It is
well known how small a proportion of coal
compared with iron is used in the furnaces
of founderics, where the partial combustion
of the iron itself increases the heat produced
bv the combustion of the coaL The inven
tion annarcntlv rests on strict bcienunc
A standing reward exists in France for any
person who shall produce sonic certain test
by which real and apparent death maybe
distinguished from each other. There arc
many "tcstt." known to Physicians, but the
difficulty always is to subject them to the
tjperimentum court. The latest proposed is
that of Dr. Labordc who, at a late meeting
of the Academy of Medicine in Paris, main
tained -that real could be distinguished from
apparent death by the effect produced by a
bright needle inserted in the flesh. When
the death is apparent only, the needle Is
oxyduxd; but when it is real the needle
remains bright, the theory being that this
oxydization in the dead body results from
the superior demand for oxygen made bytbe
tissues during tife, while in death they read
ily give it up to the needle.
Hos. J. W. Mar.siiat.t- First Assistant
Postmaster-General, in response to the ap
plication of one of our large publishing
houses, has decided that publishers can send
out copies of their paper or publications,
with posters, all in the same package, at the
regular rates of postage for miscellaneous
printed matter two cents for each tour
ounces or fraction thereof (prepaid). It
will be remembered that hitherto the depart
mens has held difierently, and such decision
was the occasion of a good deal of newspaper
and other comment last winter.
Tnc Republicans of Tennessee have nom
inated W. H. Ursner for Governor.
IiEAVENWOBTH, KANSAS, THURSDAY MOBNESTG, SEPTEMBER 29, 1870.
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The fortifications about the French capital,
of which wc give an accurate plan above,
arc of that peculiar denomination known to
military engineers as a "continuous enceinte,"
anda "surrounding girdle of exterior forts."
The inner line, as may be seen by the plan,
consists of a series of Inslions, presenting
nearly a hund.rd angular fronts. It entirely
surrounds the city, and is said to be the
longest continuous line of bastions in the
woild, being twenly-two miles in circuit. In
front of these bastions is a continued fosv,
or moat, eighteen feet deep and twenty wide,
which cm be filled with water from the
Seine, if rcqiiiied for the defence of the city.
Around the whole ciicuit runs a magnificent
uiiliutiy load, to facilitate the concentration
of ailillciy or iuf.uiliy with the least po.pible
loss of time at any given point; and from the
Tours, Sept. 20. Gen. Trochu made a
reconnolmncc of the defences of Fort St.
Dennis, which he found to lie in a icmark
ably strong condition.
is gradually drawing nearer to the walls of
Paris. At Fort Roumoncllc the enemy
within COO mclrcs o.f the works, r,nd they
have thrown up earthworks near Lacour-n.-uic.
A MEW PKCSSI.Vsj ARSIV.
Ninv York, Sept. 25 A cot respondent
telegraphing from Berlin says:
A reserve army is forming here designated
as the Thirteenth corps with mareliins orders
for the cat of war. ,
IXTEnESTlXG KHOM STEASr.Ur.O. ,
A special correspondent telegraphs from
Cirlsnihc the 25th, that Cot. Von Beircn, of
the Swiss delegates to Strasburg, has pub
lished the results of his visit to tins interior
of the city. Gen. Ulricli is indifferent to
outside events. The garrison is entirely, ig
norant of the inilitary'occurrenccs, and" re
fuse to believe German reports. They arc
confident tliat a French army is marching to
relieve them and raise the sieged there will
ltc great excitement when the truth iV made
known. Troops in the citadel, after respect
ing for some days the hospital station on the
Island opposite Kehl, on which an interna
tional flag is flying, shelled it two successive
nights and wounded two surgeons. Siege
guns arc now arriving at rfalzburg, which
has hitherto been bombarded by six field
piece only. A large German force is al
icady passing through Alsace toward Lyons.
EAZAINE MAKES AX UNSUCCESSFUL SAT.1.Y.
London, Sept 2G The 2Tbi publishes
a special telegram from Siaroruck, dated the
'2 bli, giving the following intelligence.
Ycstcitlay, at'Mctz, Bazainc made a feint on
the side of Merc- dc Ilaut, and attempted to
escape to Thionville. There was heavy can
nonading lor some nours. Aiicr a snarp
fight at Maulcn, nine miles from Mctz, the
Fivnrh were driven in acain. Their losses
were sciions. Bazaine sent back tlic Prus
sian prisoners he had taken in the engage
ment. FIGHTINO NEAR PARIS.
Tours, Sept. 25. An important action
betweca the brench and Prussians is said to
have occurred on the 23d inst, between
Pertain and Sisle, the result and particulars
Tours, Sept. 26. Noon. Still later dates
received from Paris slate that beyond some
skirmishing on the outposts, there was noth
In Versailles, a message says the Prussians
"have undertaken nothing important.
on .the Seine arc ready for action. Entrench
ments anu uarncaues are going up every
where around the city.
ITEMS FROM TARIS.
Tours. Sept. 26. Omnibusses are uo
longer used in Paris, all horses in the city
have been seized and arc used Jo transport
troops at any moment.
The Government here is in receipt of pa
triotic addresses from all parts of France, an
nouncing adherence to tne proclamation of
A division of cavalry has reached here
from the south of France. A large force of
Guards Mobile has pas?ed through the city
going to Orleans.
The rumors of an intestine fight at Paris
were absolutely untrue.
The proclamation of martial law in Al
geria has been suspended.
The Prussians nave apparently concluded
to abandon the St. Dennis side of Paris, and
their movements now look as though they
intended to attack at Scrouix.
Later information report the Prussians
near Baragdt and at St. Cloud.
DEMORALIZATION OF THE FJtESCTI ARMY.
Brussels. Sept. 26. Xate advices from
Paris announce that the disasterjat Clarcmont
and 'Mendor. by the rout and flight of De
Ungnes and Cstssadas commands, have
aroused the utmost indgnatlon-against the
cowards. Gen Trochn ha3 issued an order
to the troops in Paris, in which be severely
censures and condems the soldiers who be
haved so badly at Claremont He says the
misfortunes of she war are greatly attributa
ble to the lock of discipline and to demoral
ization. THE BATTLE COT THE 19TH.
Tours. Sent. 26. Letters received from
Paris by balloon give the following French
account of the battle on the 19th: General
Ducrat, with a strong force, occupied the
heights from Village Yille Joif to Mendor
PARIS AND ITS FORTIFICATIONS.
cnecints to the several csteiior forts, as also
between the fort, are likewise these same
excellent loads. Outside the eneci.ite, de
tached from it, and situated at the distance
of from a mile and a quailer to two miles
from the enceinte, and the same distance from
each other, are the forts forming the outer
girdle. The chcaiest of these forts cost
?700,000, exclusive of the purchase money
for the site. EorlNont Valcricn cost about
$1,000,000, and Foil Dc Charenton $S00,
000. Until the; present war broke out there
wu- not a gun mounted upon the ramparts,
nor w:is the enteinie complete. Under the
vigorous adminisl ration of General Trochu
the aimaiiieut ha3 been fully completed, and
tne entire inner woik put in a state of prep
aration to repulse the enemy. According
to the latest reports nearly two thousand
Ssl4h "3kul A ah fciwfcmL .AjMfc ak.1 Vl
many cannon. Notwithstanding this, the
French attacked them vigorously, and they
were driven luck. The Prussians, however,
reformed in the wood in good order and took
strong position on the heights of Chalilon.
Here tlic German fire became tremendous.
Gen. Ducrot was compelled to seek shelter
in Foit Vauve. His artillery was well
hcrvi.il, and the mobiles cool and resolute,
(icitl Ducrot finally withdrew into lV.ils.
The Prussians suRcivd severely and made no
further demonstration after the French re
treated under the guns of the' fort.
Lonhon, Sept. 26. Despatches fioui
Orleans stale that cavalry cncnuiiU'rs are rc
)Mirtcd at Razachcs and Atoney. Prince
Albert, with a large force, was n'Mrtcd at
the former place. The Prussians are. has
tening the reconstruction of the fortrfc-st at
Laon. The .French prisoners arc well fed
and generously treated.
OREAT RATTLE ON SUNDAY.
Beauvars, Sept. 21, via Tours, Sept.
25. A great Initio raged yesterday north of
Paris lietwccn 'PonFn and Isle Ad.inis. It is
icpor!ed that the peasants arc
cutting orr CONVOYS
of supplies' in the rear of the Prussians.
cmnnri'nEiGNs in paris.
Cir.vTREs, Sept. 21 Ail vices from Pari-,
vestenlay, by courier, states that order has
Iiccn restored, and that the population arc
energetic and resolved on defence
INDIGNATION AT XATOLKOS's' SUURESHEIL
MarsAillith, Soph 21 The-' populace
have committed great havee with the estate
of Gen Rcil, Aid-de-Camp'of the Emperor,
who took an active part in the capitulation of
For.cn of ttie Prussians.
Berlin, Sept. 21. There arc six hundred
and fifty thousand German troops now on
French territory consisting of twenty-one
army corps. Very few Lindhwchra arc of
the "number. Three fresh army corps are
under arms, but have not yet left Germany.
PARIS FORTIFICATIONS IMPROVED.
Brussels, Sept. 25 Improvements have
been made iu the fortifications of Paris under
direction of American Gen. Ripley.
CELLERS IN DESIAND.
New York. Sept. 25. A special to the
World from Paris says: 'It is rciioried that
ccllcrs arc renting in Paris at 2,000 francs, as
a place of refuge, in case of bombardment.
The vast eel lew of the Cafe Anglaise, Hotel
dc Louvre and Grand Hotel, arc being fitted
up into regular subterranean caravansics.
The efficiency of the bombardment of
Strasburg aud the weakness of the garrison
have both been much exaggerated. There
are no sigus of surrender.
GEN. ATBERT CASHIERED.
London, SepU 25. Gen. Anbert, who
commanded a section of the fortifications of
Paris,' wus arrested on Sunday, the 18th, Ly
bis own officers, for having said he could
only acknowledge a government ratified by
universal suffrage He was taken to the
Ministry of the Interior, ' where his arrest
was approved, and Gen. Trochu hxs de
prived him of his command.
A GREAT VICTORY FOR TTJE,ITlEXC!I BEFORE
London, Sept 26. A special from Tours
gives an account of a battle fought near Trcl
lin, on the line of the Orleans Railway.
Nine thousand Prussian cavalry attacked a
smaller forceof French. Tliejatter retreat
ed into a wood, where masked batteries bad
been placed, drawing the Prussians after
them. They then opened a terrific tire from
artillery and eighteen mitrailleuse, which
created great havoc in the Prussian ranks.
iahd' forced them to retreat with severe loss.
The retreat was subsequently converted into
arroot, the Germans fledngin all directions,
and throwing away their arms. The French
captured all their artillery, a battery of steel
cannon, etzbt rceimental standard, and a
column of between 6.000 and 7,000 men.
who surrendered in a bodv, and -were des
patched the next dsr to Chartrcs. Anion:
the prisoners are two Colonels of the Prus
sian line and a number of xon omccrs.
The news of this victorv created great rc-
joiefnirat Tonra and Rouen. The French
troops engaged belonged to the army of the
GEN. UtniCH ON THE CONDITION OF 5TRAS-
A IWttsic correrpondent tclcsraphs from
Carlsruhc, on the 26di: Jkfore the Swiss
delegation leltktrasLnrg, Gen. L Inch, tout
thein it was. impossible for the present state
of things to last much longer; that he had
gone through several csmpaigns, and served
in the Crimea, bat never witnessed, nor un
derwent so terrible a siege. The municipali
ty has resolved, with tie government per
mission, to send a decntatibn to Park, to re-
I present the condition of affairs, and request
J instructions. Prefect Valentine, ami the
mayor were permitted to enter the city.
hrwmwr r in w WWMlWMfcfcftlW
guns have been placed in position on the
bisiioas. About one hundred gates pierce
the ramparts, the fosse being crossed j by
drawbridge;, which can be removed at a
moment's notuo, or, if necessary, destroyed
by the cannon on the wall-.
The object of this method of fortificUhin
that of an enceinte and detached foits beyond
is to have not only two lines of defence,
but two such lines as would furnish a pow
erful fortress all around the ci-, and at the
same time debar an enemy from getting
near enough to that follies to shell the city.
The forts prevent the erection of a siege line
against the city, and in case an a&uult was
made between the foil.; to take the city by
sloriu, the enceinte, with its ninety-four Ic.s
tions, Is there to protect it. -An aimy f.r
roumling Tarts within caunuu rjng-; of tLe
ikESTiLL fighting FORTuE ibiratoitf
3ph,to a Prm-ian ofiiccr, who Went to
Kllia, TO.'!. U Jl is llllllllllj IV-
dctz to stop picket siiootin-r,- Marytemt
rine frankly dctlarcd that he wai starving his
army aud defending the fortir-s for theKm-
pcror, ami lie knew nothing ni tnc ncpuuuc
THE FRENCH GOVERNMENT DENIES THE RE
PORTED WILLINGNESS OF RAZAINE TO
Tours. Sent. 26 The "ovcnum.nl here"!
denies, categorically, ihc statement of a Ber
lin correspondent of the l-omlon limes tli.il
l!.i.;ine had made pnosu!s for surrender.
FOR NATIONAL DKrENCl
A great majority of the Prefects o depart
ments have organized a general uprising for
London, Kept 2!i A correspondent of the
New York 'J'libmie tclein-uphvd from Ikr'in
on the 26th that Count l'.ilikao has ,arrivcd
McMahon has taken quailcrs at Weis
Fuvre did not sec the King.
Bismarck's exlraoidinary carelessness for
his ici7on.il safety has occasioned freij'.leiit
alarm, lie promenades the enemy's towns
alonesSt ail hour, refusing cswrt and all
Brussels, Sejtt. 2(" The iminpdiaie pub
iicatiounf a manifesto from Napoleon, in
reply fojliCj List, proclamation of tlip goxcni
meii't at Tours, Is promised. M. Cuite, Pri
vate Scfietan of the Emivror, is said to' be
the writei .
Isdon, Sept. 27 All strangcrfcarejar
rts.il at Orleans and Tours. ' Geil. Trochu
announces a stern penalty against cowanlice,
pillage, tcrtion ami otuer tirsoiaicry con
duct. . , ,
THE TOURS GOVERNMENT IN TlANGEtU "
Tours, Sept. 27 Tlic removal of (lov-
cnimenl irom lours 10 a jxiini iiinner su;iiii
is i.iiiiiincr.t. -At the ineetiiig of Council,
to-lay, most energetic meares were re
solved upon for
NATIONAL DEFENCE. .
Requisitions arc to lie made at once for all
firearms in the hands of the cop!c and in
habitants everywhere, and to lodge and feed
troos. All men under twenty-hvc arc to be
called into active service. There is great
scarcity of arms.
GARIBALDIANS TO THE RESCUE.
New York, Sept. 27 A special to the
Evening Telegram, dated Marseilles the 26th,
savs UanbalUians lo me numoeroi o.ooo
liave risen in favor of a Republic, and liave
marched, amidst the greatest enthusiasm of
Marseilles ciuzcn", iu inc scai ui uunnr
ment at Tours.
FAVRE'SRErORT.CIF HIS MISSION.
Tours, Sept. 27. Jujlcs.Favre, to-lay,
made a siieoal report to tne, Government
here, of his mission to the Prussian head
quarters iu lielialt of peace lie- Kiys a
great many uiucrenisoiuuonsot tucuuucuiiy
had been proposed and rejected, and hejde
termiiu! at last to. make a direct move.
Therefore, on the 10th of September he de
manded oi v,ouni liismarcK a caiegoncai
reply as to whether he would enter mwn'nc
irotiations for neacel Bismarck's first 'an
swer was unfavorable, though he subsequent
ly asked what guarantcCg,r ranee could otter.
A Foreign Minister, who was acting, as an
intermediary, advised Favrc to sec Bismarck
and make his demands in jierson. Accord
ingly, Favrc saw Bismarck, expressed to
him 'his love of France and liberty, ami bis
determination to accept no conditions which
would render neacc onlv a jnenacinK truce.
Bismarck replied that if the thought "of
peace was possible, he would sign immediate
ly, but ihc acting government was too pre
carious, and likely to be overthrown. France
would not be any more apt U forget Sedan
than she has been to fbrgd' Waterloo and
Sadowa. They could soon attack Germany
again. Being pressed for conditions, Favre
wis very expbeit, but Bismarck asserted
the security of his country, and. demanded
the retention of a part of the territory Gcr
manr now occupied, and mentioned in that
connection the Departments of the Upper
Rhine, Lower litiinc and Alosciie, wiui JJctz,
Chateau Salmes and Soisscns. To the ob
jection of Favre, that the people of France
wonlt' net agree to tliat, and tint he could
not al without their sanction, Bismarck re
Dlicd that he felt confident of that before, but
as another war was certain, he wished to
make it with all the adranlijrC3 possible.
Favre then intimated that Europe might
find the pretensions of Previa an exorbitant
demand. He was certain France would
never accept them. She might perish as a
nation, but she would not be dishonored.
The. country alone could decide upon the
question of taritorial cession, and Favre
conld not doubt what that decision would
be " Bismarck would not listen to any pro
position for an armistice.
Tlic second interview ocenrrcdat Fenier,
on the 19th. On this occasion Bismarck
girdle of forts would not occupy less than
ten leagues. Thirteen years ago the b: -t
engineers pronounced the fortifications of
Paris'uuprcgnablc, and bince 1857 millions
upon millions liavc been lavished in bring
ing these works to the highest possible point
The black line within the circuit of bas
tions, shown in our plan, indicates' the posi
tion of the old walls of Pari', which hive
long since ,iven place to magnificent boule
vards. The spice between the old bounda
ries of the city and the new walls is now
closely built up; but the most important
public edifices arc within the limits of old
Paris, where they would be comparatively
safe from the effects cf a distant Iwiubard-:nent.
Kcnicd to accept the idea of an armistice.
ldlicwwiui nmuio;o. ...... wtj -...-i-
marek handed Favre his conditions, adding
- filit (WGtduans. must .have Hie forts coiii-
manding Tans, more especially port Mont
Valericn. on the western border. Favrc re
plied: "It would Ixs more simple to demand
Paris at once." Bismarck said: "If these
terms were not salisfactorv, French inn-t
seek other arrangements." Favre proioscd
a meeting of the Constituent Assembly at
Tours. Bismarck made conditions that the
garrison of Strasburg should surrender as
prisoners of war. UMin Favre's indig
nantly refusing, Bismarck consulted the
Kin?! who insisted upon the surrender of
Weaned with Ins useless cllorl, cav re. re
tired, expressing the conviction that France
would tight to the last.
Favrc concludes from the manner in
which all ctliirts for iksicc have Iwcu met by
the Germans that they arc determined niii
conquest. He says the intciVccw.s were not
allogilher Useless, as they have proved that
notwithstanding rnissia declared she warred
only against Napoleon and bis army, she is
lighting the nation, and which mast arise ot
ijklvC, eitlier to Uimiow Ilio universal gov-
.' . .. t a .1 I.. .1 1
cnimenl or iisi 1111; ciit:iiijr u, iiiu iu-n.
THETROGRAMMEOF OF SI. THEIRS AT ST.
1 III 1PETRR8EURG. '
INW;N, Sept. 27 rJ,pJ m. Tlic follow
ing js "iven as the probable programme of
M. Thiers, jit St. Petersburg: Constantino
jile and thuVrdad to Indinr, to be gnaranteiil
to Ku-sia, Belgium, and Egypt to be guar
anteed to France. Alsace ami art of Lir
raine, and a road to Vienna, to b:gtiaran
teed to Prussia, that it is England. Turkey,
Austria, and Belgium that is to be the inno
cent victims of the peace.
A GLOOMY PROSPECT.
London, Sept. 26 A special despatch
from Tours, says the government there has
really little authority. TIic eoplc every
where demand the termination of the war,
and no general resjion-e is given to the ap-H-.tl;.-iHl
proclamations of the government
The towns everywhere admit the Prussians,
and slight rcsject is paid to orders from
Tours, except when it suits local interests.
THE CAPTURED FRENCH liErARTMENrS.
A New York T ibvmc special correspond
ent writes tliat it is proposed to establish an
ad interim government in the French depart
ments now occupied, but to be permanently
held by the Germans. The Duke of Meck
lenberg will probably lie President of the
NAPOLEON REVOKES ms LAST DECREE.
New York, Sept. 27 A sccial to .the
Evening Telegram, dated Berlin the 27th, say3
the rejiort is current jp that city, in well in
formed circles, that the Emperor has re
voked the decree which be issued on the sur
render of Sedan for a revocation of the de
cree creating the Regency as Emperor. He
has, therefore, sent an envoy to Mctz to con
sult Bazainc in regard to terms of icaec.
This confirms the statement made by Ba
zainc that he should only treat with the Em
peror in reference to peace negotiations. The
news of this attitude of Napoleon lias Iiccn
suppres-ed in Berlin, as far as pc&iLIc.
There Is the greatest anxiety in political cir
cles, inasmuch as there is a strong and intiu-
cntul party here who are opposed to tin.
continuance of the war.
ISG WILLLVS1S TERMS.
London. Setit. 27 A Tribune correspond
ent telegraphs to-day: "The conditions
made by King William, preliminary to all
icacc discufsion, is I lie entry of Paris. So
tays an official at headquarters', who led
there after JTavrc's visit."
HERR JACOBY'S ARREST.
Dantzw, Sept. 27. Herr Jacoby, the
Democratic leader, with five inhabitants of
Pitisian Schleswig, including Deputy
Krcgcr, a DanishCaptain, three Hanove
rian advocates, pastor, schoolmaster, &c., are
confined within the fortress of Loctzen for
.NUMEROUS PRISONERS OF STATE
and members of the Liberal prcs are im
prisoned 'within the citadel of Konigsberg.
There bare been asaaeroas arrests of Dem
ocratic leaders and editors for expression of
their liberal sentiments, which has exerted
the greatest indignation throughout the cottn-
IGNORING THE PARIS GOVERNMENT.
Berltn, Sept. 27 The foreign office has
advl-c-.l German representatives abroad as
well a.- diplomatic xrps in Berlin, tliat no
government exists at Paris. The govern
ment de facto fa still located at Tours; hence
Paris fa left to pare military treatment.
JACOEY'S ARREST GIVES OFFENCE TO SOUTH
London, Sept. 27 The arrest of Herr
Jacoby, the noted Liberal, has given pro
found offence throughout North Germany.
PUBLIC MEETTNGS fetPPKLSSLD.
London, Sept. 26 Public meetings were
wholly prohibited at Konigsburg, by the mil
itary Governor, who insists that the Saxon
authorities have forbidden all gatherings of
the Democratic Socialists in Saxonv.
BAX.UNX REPUDIATES THE REPUBLIC.
London, Sept.' 27 Bazaine repudiates the
Republic and demands the orders of tlie
Emperor or Empress to surrender.
A. LONG SIBGE ANTICIPATED.
Ferriers, Sept. 27 King William ap-.
parenwy ltenua retaining nis ncauquaners
here. -He has made every preparation for a
long stay- lie lias erected telegraph lines
and established other military facilities.
.i ORLEANS EVACUATED.
Tot'Bfl, Sept. 27 Orleans has just been
evacuated in good order.
Tj x loan.
The Mayor of Marseilles announces a loan
of ten millions the government.
, A GIFT.
A great merchant cives the mimiciiialitv
two millions to buv arms.
A PRUSSIAN DEFEAT.
The Prefect of the Department of Nard.
under date of Lillupet, Sept. 25th, writes to
the Minister of the Interior here as follows:
The following news lias been received here,
by a carrier pigeon from Paris, dated 22d:
The division ot Gen. Maulay, yesterday, at
tacked the heights.' at, Villeueuf, south of
Paris, which were occupied by the Prussians.
The battic Ixgan at 3 o'clock in the morning.
After sustaining n sharp Prussian fire for
'some hours, out1 troops caturcd the redoubts
of Maultiug, Saugeville, J any and llautis
Rruycru?. They occupy them now. The
Gardo Mobile bvliavetl welL The tncmy's
loss is great.
.THEd'lU'U'sIANS DRIVEN FROM TWO VIL
JGES. On tlic tame ihy a considerable force of
French made a ntviuioIsKiiKe and drove
Uie coemyjfrom the village of Drauey. Again
on the same day Gen. Bell iruer, couimamler
at St. Denis, attacked the illage of Burrc
titte at about a mile north ul St. Denis,
which the Prussians had oceup:el in co:iid-
eraiiie lorec. A lie enemy was drivni out oi
the village and tiie Flinch troojs n turned
to St. Denis unmolested.
THE POINT OF AT1WCK ON PARIS.
London, b't-pt. 21 The German cngl
ncers have selected the southern zonu of
l'arls. eoniiisctl of live, niion which to con
centrate their attack. The works iijum the
south they esteem comikirativelv weak and
vulnerable. Alter reducing these works by
a heavy incessant fire they believe that the
breaking of the wall of the city will be an
DETAILS OF THE SIEGE AND SURRENDER OF
London, Sept. 27 A Tribune correspon
dent telegraphs to-day, ria Arlon, from the
headquarters of Prince Frederick Charles: 1
liave just returned from Toul. The invest
ment began August Mtli.r.On the 15th an
assault was made on the workrt at a oiut
not defended by camion. It was repulsed
with the lo?s ot several hundred to the Ger
mans. Thereafter an irregular succession of
bombardments followed, not sulliciently seri
ous to cflect anything. The artillery em
ployed wan field pieces and eiich siege guns
as had been captured at Marsal. A Bava
rian, railroad director who run the
line between Wcissenbtirg, Nancy
and Paris offered to build a branch around
Toul in a fortnight, but Moltke said "No,
we will have Toul Wfore that.' A strag
gling attack availed nothing, the fortress
having a double escarpment -with full bas
tions, no glacls,.a double ditch thirty feet
wide all around, fully caseinattd ami defend
ed by seventy-live gun, of which twenty-six
were rilled pieces. Within the last fortnight
heavy bicgo gmn arriving from Germany
were put in xsition. Last Tuesday at day
break a concentrated bombardment of the
works was liegttn Jy twenty-four jioundcr
luttcriVs. Thefiring coutin.ied all day Fri
day with r.n active but ery iuellectivc
reply from. the purism. In the evening the
town 'being on lire in live places, the pres
sure of the inhabitants upon the commander
induced Iiim to hoist a white (lag and oiler
to capitulate. The oiler w.ls immediately
accepted by Col. Moiiteifiel, commander of
the siege eoqis, and they entered the town
the .same evening at 7 o'clock. The condi
tions were precisely those of Sitlan. A
council of the municipalities held on Friday,
decided not to otter a surrender, but
the urgency of indi "duals fear
ing Useless destruction complely oer
overwbcliucd the !cl!igcrcnt iktermination
of military and civil authorities. The gar
rison was ridiculously wreak. Sixty Cuiras
siers, 100 line, forty Gen d'Arinc, and 10,
000 raw Mobiles, among them not one regu
lar artillery soldier. Their commander was
Major Huck, an old cavalry man. The Ger
man olliccrs are wralhy that such a force
should have blockaded the Paris railway, so
cs.-ciiti.il for tran-orting, for six weeks.
The line is complete now. Everything
had Ijccii prepared beyond Toul for
weeks. Only a twelve feet bridge near Toul
had to be replaced. This was (lone on the
25thij!iid yesterday the first locomotive went
through. Many houses arc destroyed. The
condition of things is worse than at Sedan,
but not so bad as at Razaillcs. The Gothic
Chapel of Kt. Gergoult, of the date of Sll,
is almost ruined. The very iuqxa-ing Ilyzan
tine Cathedral, built as early as 2UI, has only
a window arch demolished, and its outside
iuttered ly a score of shell.
There are a icvr wounded and no sick in
Toul. Only two lotteries of the l'Jth Infan
try remain a,s garrl-ou. Prisoners of the
Garde Mobile of the dace wire rclea-tcd "on
parole, not to serve again during the war.
y NEGOTIATIONS FOR Jlim
I travelled and conversed from Cony to
Frai'ard on the 25th, with Favre's brother,
who had arrived three day prcviotidy from
Paris Wo Roval Headquarters, widi royal
permission to ft.ter Metz. He .-as charged
ty th ParfTGoverninnt with full jiowersto
i reat for McLs, irovidoil Bazaine would re
cognize the Paris authorities and their oI
icy. Sunday a. m., he rctunieil from Metz.
He then had a final interview with Prince
Frederick Charles. In his two days
stay in Metz he had tailed in
his object, Bazainc befng averse to all
treaties as ytt, and being slightly in-ubordt-natc
toward the new government since ihc
appearance of its cace proclivities. There
is no intention at present to carry Mitz by
force but sininlv intended to await dcvcloD-
.ments at Paris, which are expected to cul
minate in something decisive within three
weeks No offensive movements arc con
templated during tills three weeks, only the
investment will be maintained.
New York, Sept. 26 A Berlin corres
pondent telegraphed last evening that the
negotiations of Minister Delbruck.at Munich,
are resulting favorably. Tfie basis of the
entrance of South Germany into the North
German Confederation nndcr the existing
constitution was modified to admit the Ba
ALLIANCE BETWEEN AUSTRIA AND PRUSsIA.
Berlin, Sept. 23. A secial to the Her
ald savs: The approaching alliance ltwecn
Prussia and Austria, but which fa oppoed
by the Hungarians, as jtirt of the Austrian
Empire, is now shaken oft".
jictitions to Prussia for relief from the oner
ous conditions of the treaty of Prague
CALLS TOR A LEVY EN MAhoE
arc hourly expected in France.
The official numKer of Germans ex-c!led
from France is 102,000.
BISMARCK EXPLAINS THE SITUATION.
London, Sept 26 A correspondent of the
Tribune writes from Meaux, on the 18th, the
headquarters of King William: I had a con
versation with Count Von Bismarck, during
which I asked him if the report was true,
that there was an English representative
here. Hcans-fercd: "The English liave
asked me if.wc will treat with Jules Favre,
and I r plied, we would if his government
could guarantee us possession of Mitz and
Strasbprg. This he could not Ho. In this
war we are influenced,'' said Bismarck, "br
no motive of aggrandizement wliatevcr. "U e
have n" purpose in view but our own seenr-
lty. C ,nsequcntiy we must provide for the
next wrr which is sure to come. France is
now without aides but may soon succeed in
obtaining them, and fa sure tocommence an -
other war under better auspices. That fa
why we uVmand tliese fortressc?. But the
present goernment in Paris dare not agree
to the cession of Frcndi territory, nor prob -
fihlv will tlMnpxtimvemment-n!irnnmosus
fixed and if necessary wc arc ready to stay
all winter at Paris." I said the general im
pression was that France is too much weak
ened to begm another war for many years.
"That fa not the case," answered Bismarck;
"France fa a very wealthy country and yill
1 v V . "j?
reraain so afttr the war. Within five years
she will have so far recovered as to be able
to recommence hostilities. -For that reason
we must have those fortresses, but as the
Government at Paris Is not disposed to de
liver them up, and probably has no com
mand over them, peace is not very near, and
wc mast wait till we can reduce them. We
hear that the garrisons are already eating
horses." Then the question of peace, I said,
reduced itself to the possession of Mctz and
Strasbnrg. He answered, "Yea, tliat fa it
'. THE FRENCH FLEET
in the Baltic has been cbanred with the dutv
of cutting the cable ronnectinir North Ger-
Tours, SepL26 The city fa crowded with
refugees from all parts of France. Hotels
and pri vale houstSAro filled to overflowing,
and at night many people are compelled to
sleep in the streets.
failure of thiers's stission.
London, Sept. 25 Authorized advices
from Vienna, announces the failure of
Thicr's mission. In lifa interview with
Count Beust, Thjcrs declared his object was
to awaken an interest in the neutral powers
in the present condition .of France, with a
view of" obtaining favorable terms of peace by
pressurc on Germany. Betist replied that
Austria, with the best wishes fbr France,
was not now, nor hail she been from the be
ginningofthc war, in a condition to take
any stes. Thiers returned disheartened.
THE PARIS GOVERNMENT CLAIMS TO BE
WELL PREPARED FOR DEFENCE.
Tours, Sept. 25. Ministers Gamhuta and
Ferri have addressed the following, from
Paris, to M. Crcmicnx, Minister of Justice:
"Pari fa' prepared to link; a heroic resist
ance. All cirties have united to sustain with
energy the Government of defence. Should
you hear, through .Prussian despatches, tint
troubles have broken out in Paris, deny it.
We have enormous forces of National "and
Mobile Guards and trotqis of the line, with
munitions and provisions enough to hold oi ".
all winter. Jjtt France make a heroic et'or.
JoUKNVLS DENOUNCE THE GOVERNMENT
London, Sept. 25. Several I"iirls journal ,
of the 2!st, cucrgitically attack the Goveri.
ment. The Conner P,rmenitc denc-iiui
Favre as Bismarck's accomplice, and acen. .-
Picard of having worked for the Prussia!,
iu his Kijer.
RI-MAIX'K AND FAVRE TUB . ONDITIONS.
I'KKi.rN, Stinibiy night, Sept. 25 Tlit
conference between Bismarck and Jules Fa-,
vre, Montlay and Tuesday was devoted
wholly to an attenit to arrange a truce pend
ing the meeting of the Cou-tituent Assembly.
Bismarek exacted the surrender of Stras
burg, Toul, and Verdun, in order that the
Commissioners of the German forces might
lie secured from damage during the trure.
The French Minister declined these reason
able conditions. No demand was made for
the surrender of Mt. Valeican, near Paris.
THIERS GOES TO ST. PETERSBURG.
London, Sept 25 M. Thiers, after a pro
tracted interview with Baron Beiist, left Vi
enna for St. Petersburg' Saturday.
CAUoE OF THE FAILURE OF NEGOTIATION:!.
The failure of negotiations between Bu
marek and Favre, was due iinmeillitely to
the extreme weakness of the French Govern
ment, which cannot follow its own judgmer.t.
Favre admitted at the outset, that he aud his
colleagues could give no guarantees of jier
maneut peace, but desired an armi.-tice until
a Government Assembly could be chosen and
meet. He admitted that Germany could not
be asked to relinquish, tcnqiorarily, any ad
vantage resulting from her present military
Hisition, and it was agreed that the negoti
ations should proceed on a basis that would
give Germany at the end of an armistice, if
the Constitutionalists Assembly rejected the
terms, the same relative superiority she now
has. Prussia demanded thesurrenderof Stras
burg, Toul and Verdun, all three of these
because they obstruct German conimutilca
tious, and would accelerate the movement of
heavy guns, ammunition and supplies. The
manifested moderation of these terms im
pressed Favre, who personally, it fa believed,
would have gladly accepted them, but he had
no final authority from his colleagues, aud
returned to Paris to consult.
rAVRB RETURNED TO PARIS.
Tlic New York Worliri "London corrcs
ondent says Jules Favre returned to Pari,
vestenlay morning, liaving previously by
h rmlssion of the Prussians, notified the gov
ei iiuient at Tours of the failure of the r.lUmpL
to elliit the termination of the war.
THE SOUTH OF FRANCE
is a vast camp. The jiopulation are arming
from the Alps to the Pyrenees.
MORE ARMS FOR FRANCE.
Four steamers have been sent from Mar
seilles to Kirts in Northern Europe for arms
and ammunition, the expense to be paid by
the merchants of Marseilles.
'NO FIGHTING IN PARIS.
There fa no truth in the story that the
army of l'arls has revolted, and the stories of
tiring in the city are believed to have origi
nated in the small arms practice of the new
troops Trochu fa drilling.
WHAT THE GERMANS SAY OF THE NIJOTIA
TIONS. The Germans assert that Bismarck wan
not averse to making arrangements with
Favre, but the King, to all remonstrances, re
plied that he bad a debt to ay to the iiicmo
D of his larcnts and that France should make
icace as she once forced the Prussians to make
peace in her capital and in the palace of htr
sovcrgeins. He says be fa bound in honor
to the Emperor not to recognize his over
throw through, an advantage taken by hfa
enemies at the victories of Germans.
THIERS aENT AWAY OUT OF TOLICY.
New York, Sept. 20 A corrcspondinL
writing from Tours Sept. 21st, says the ultra
Republicans state that the secret of Thiers',
mission fa that while the goeriuiiuit is Hal
tering his vanity they are cleverly ciiitrivinj
to prevent him from doing any harm ct
London, Sept. 26 Among the fbiv!'
and largest of the subscriptions to the i..3id
for the relief of the widows and fiuii'ii
the crew which perished in the Captair,
the contributions of the officers and hi,
company of the United Slates Frigat'-1 ri V
lin, now lying at Portsmouth.
New Yfinu, 21 A special to the !. "
savsr Advices from Cont-antinople usv , i
Lrehellion has broken out at Tripoli, in Th -i-
ly UJievcd to Ie incouragcd by the uu -jar.
Government. It fa feared that all AlUni
will soon be in arm.
Xartl-T jlpnraraurc of
The Farrmjcat Oht-uK--OlM-ri.:to
rjr at tteairai t-nrv.
New York, Sept. 26 France J. Kepling
who was arrested at Schuylkill House, Pa.,
on Friday, on suspicion of complicity in the
Nathin murder, was arraigned lefre Justice
Hogan this afternoon, and committed for
further examination to-morrow. The pris
oner protests his innocence and treati tlic
whole afEtir as a joke, but the police authori
ties say they intend to detain him till he
proves his wlicrealxrats on the night of ihc
inurder, and make him an example to others
seeking notoriety in a similiar manner.
Kepling appears to have manifested insanity
for some time past and to live an aiai!eM,
The French steamer Villc de Paris, which
.sails Saturday, will take but a. small qitnntity
of arms as the supply of Bemington rilles fa
the only arms ordered by France fa vert
Budolph, the missing billiard player ar
rived yeiterday on the Abyssinia, and states
that he enlisted in the French army, was
captured and paroled at Sedan, and subse
quently reached England by way of iklgiuin.
Hfa match with Joseph Dion, for the cham
pionship, appointed for to-morrow, will
probably be postponed for a few jlaya, to
allow him to recover from the fatigue and
hardships of the last few weeks.
Farragut' obsequies occcurs at 1 1 o'clock
Friday morning. A committee coral tr .
General "HenilzJeman, McDowell, S -
5-harpe, AlcIvciYcr, toi. .Mar-Lru, . p.
K'akely'and Cre'ghton will go to Pert - mi.
' to tike charge of the remains,
' The City Comptroller to-day wa a
izcJ to issue $150,000 of city Ur.iLs Lr tN.
erection of an observatory in Central Park,
The steamer Hermann fa still anchored of!
' Statcii TsLind, waiting an opportunity
t.tiitosca. A French srunboat this morn-
. ing came u by, sailed around the Hermann
the crew cheering for France, and returned
to her position cutside the harbor. It fa re
ported the Hermann fa to receive an arma
ment, and to sail Wednesday with her con
sort, the Westphalia.