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The Wellington enterprise. (Wellington, Ohio) 1867-188?, January 16, 1879, Image 1

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JOB WORK,
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Curds, Bill-Heads, Circulars, Posters. ....
ZTCL, XTCLa It'llL
EXECUTED TO ORDER,
Neatest and Promptest ManneB
BB1IOH1BLB BATES.
App Hr Befor Ordcrtaff Elaswl)cb .
PUBLISHED EVtW THURSDAY,
J"W.' HOUGHTON.
Oatoe, .ww U&e of rahlii square.
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A Family Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc.
- 3 -
ii VOL. XII.
WELLINGTON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JANUAEY 16, 1879.
NO. 17.
1
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BUSINESS CARDS.
ATTORNEYS.
J. H. DICKSON.
- wuiiung, 2a noor.
A 25; W Be-fdScf.Block.
-- """"i " oumgion. unto. 7-3
PHYSICIANS.
u :) DR. J. RUST.
H
OIKEOPATHIST. Residence ud f-
Pce, West Side Public Square.
DR. R. HATHA WA Y,
TXOMCEOPATHIC Physician and Sur-
(son. umee, at residence, west aid.
juujyotrrer, Wellington, Ohio.
HOTEL.
WELLINGTON HOUSE, North aide
x-uouc equara, Wellington, Ohio. Regular
meala IS enk A ham i T.t..-
- u. vu.a,MVU.
a. u. Munn, rropneior.
BARBER SHOP.
IF YOU WANT a first-class Share. Hair
Cot, or Shampoo, call at Robinson 'a u.
K.Shaving Saloon, Liberty Street. A lull
ssiiilinent of Hair Oil, Pomades and Hair
BaatoratiTas. We alao keep the beat brand
of Bason, and warrant theni. Razors houed
r ground to order. E. T. BOBINSON.
PLANING MILL.
TTO ELLINGTON PLANING MILL.
TV Manufacturers and dealer in Sash,
Doors, Blinds, Brackets, Battings, Lumber,
Shingli-s, Lath, Cheese and Batter Boxes.
Scroll Sawing, Matching and Planing done
ao.atdor. , IX L. Wadsworta, Prop. Office,
near railroad depot.
LUMBER YABD.
TT WAD9WORTH SO!f, Dealers la lumber,
Lath Sainalea, Door. Buh. Bliads. Mool.
din, amd Ptl1 Lumbar of all aorta. Yard swar
JEWELER.
J. H. WIGHT,
DEALER IN Clocks. Watches, Jewelry,
Silverware. Gold Pens, etc. WShop
in Houghton's Drag Stoie.
TAILORS.
B. S. HOLLENBACH,
MERCHANT TAILOR, in Union Block,
Boom . 28-tf.
BANK.
FBST NATIONAL BANK, WeHitgton,
Ohio. Does a general banking busi
eas. . Bays and sells N. Y. Exchange, Gov
ernment onda, etc 8. 8. Warner, Presi
dent, R. A. Horr, Cashier.
PHOTOGBAPHEB.
" " yr. r. sad? tet-l,
EHOTOGBAPHEB. - Gallery in Arnold's
Block. Wellington, Ohio..
NOTABT PUBUC.
. Jv W. HOUGHTON,
N OTABT PUBLIC. Office in Hoogb.
ton's 3ng Store, East Side Public
q
PRINTING.
BRING YOUR PRINTING to the En
terprise Office. All kinds of printins
dona neatly and promtly. Office West Side
Pnblie Square, orer Houghton's Drug 8tora.
. HARNESS, SADDLES, AC.
J. M. OTTERBACKER, Manufacturer of
Harness, Saddles and Collars, employes none
bat the best of workmen, and uses none but
the best Oak Tanned Leather. A large
stock of harness eoaatanUy on hand. All
work warranted. Shop south side Liberty
street.
E. WELLS, -
s
ADDLER AND HARNRESS MAKER.
The bet workmen emnloTed. and cnlv
the best stock used. All work done nnder
my immediate wperriaiou. North side Me
chanie street. 11-1 5-1 y
BUILDER.
eso. niEii. . - bibam aunt,
FISHER ft ALLTN, Builders, Shop In
Wadsworth's Planing MUL Many years ex
perience enables them to compete for first
class work. Their motto is "Honest work,
good materials and fair prices. M Plana spec
gcatlons and details a specialty.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
W. H. ASHFOBD,
MANUFACTURER and Dealer in Boots
and Shoes and all kinda ol first class
eastern work. All work and material a felly
warranted. Shop, sooth rids Liberty Street,
one door east of Ottrrbacker's Harness Shop,
Wellington. Ohio. 11-9 ly
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
K. N. GOODWIN, - r
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE AND GEN
- EBAL INSURANCE AGENT. Col
lections, Conrejaneing, Fire and Lif Insur
ance will he done Bromptly at reasonable
rates. Office, in T. Kirks Boot and Shoe
Store, north aide Liberty Street. 11-9-iy
MEAT MARKET.
E. O. FULLER,
DEALER IN Fresh and Salt MeaU, Bo
logna and. Pork Sanaa. Highest
nav wwiam in Mah vtaiil 11 - - 01
I . asw.w, UIW
Hogs, Hides, Ac, Market, south side Lib-
mj ouh one uoor west of iKteroeckera
Harness Shop. ll--ly
LIVERY 8TABLE.
WM CUSHION A SON,
T IYERY AND SALE 8TABLE. Choice
1 - tsunonts famished, and charges rea
sonable. Sooth side Mechanic street, one
door east of American House, ll-15-Iy
COAL YABD.
If. McKINNEY,
-TaEALEB IN BLOSSBURG COAL, the
AJ . finest article knows for Blaeksnuth-
ing. Horsa sboeiag, repairing, Ac, prompt
ty done, and satisfaction guaranteed. Sooth
side Mechanic street. 11-1 5-1 j
READ THIS!
"oetadarteClothlaa'.Hats. Fan or Geatlasiea s
Taratsalaa; foot, nan afford to do without
TnE C10TUIER & iimEn
i Alr&ltturtnfod30-ptg9 Paper,
raT TT??,t aU th. news sod go,
f ef taabadeiatUcataa.
- oaa sw saaipt. sopy as
v BOOT ft TIKKEB, '
NSIMItl . T.
General News Summary.
CwstKreealesial.
Senate, Jan. 7. A large number of
petitions were presented, many from women
asking that effect be grren the sntl-polygamy
law of 1863. Bills, were introduced and re
f erred ,-Jic litai A y a snbstdlary eller
ran ssasj ,m ,s "fti Le notea. to aothortna
the tsTstu of outstanding legal tenders.
Mr. Edmunds submitted a resolution declar
ing that In the Jwdgment of the Senate the
Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteen tn Amend
ments to the Constitution of the United
States hare been legally ratified and are as
valid as other parts of the Constitution; that
it is the doty of Congress to enforce such
smendmenta, and appropriate money to that
end. Laid on the table at the request of Mr.
Edmonds to be called up hereafter. Several bills
reported back from the Judiciary Committee
were Indefinitely postponed. Consideration
of the bill to revue, consolidate and amend
the patent laws, was resumed ; an amend
ment offered by Mr. Davis, of Illinois, giving
any Circuit Court power to recognize the de
cision of another Circuit Court in case of In
fringement of patent, and grant Injunctions,
to continue pending an appeal to the Supreme
Court of the United States, waa agreed to.
Mr. Morrill in trod need a- bill appropriating
$250,000 for the erection of a are-proof build
ing for a National Museum, to adjoin the
Smithsonian Institute. Pending discussion
the Senate adjourned. .
House. Mr. Acklin called attention
to the scandal in Louisiana, with which his
name is associated, and presented a resolu
tion authorizing inquiry. Defeated on the
ground that the resolution did not embrace a
question of privilege. Mr. Harrison offered
a resolution reciting tbst Henry W. Blodgett,
umiea oiaies uistnci juage ior me aortnern
District of Illinois, hsd been chsnred with
gross misconduct and corruption in office, and
providing for a select committee of five mem
bers to examine such charges. An amend
ment waa offered and adopted that the reso
lution be referred to the Judiciary Committee.
Bills were introduced snd referred: To include
newspaper and periodicals and proof sheets
in the mail matter of the third class; for
the admission of Dakota as a State; extend
ing the time to Dre-emDtors on Dublic lsnds
who have suffered by prairie fires. A bill re
lating to the (classification of mail matter
and the amount of postage thereon, was or
dered printed and recommitted. A resolu
tion was adopted calling on the Secretary of
War for the report of CoL Brown on the pris
ons of the United State. The deaths of B.
B. Dous-Ias. of Vinrinia. and A. T. Willlama.
of Michigan, were then announced, and the
House, in respect to their memory, adjourned.
Senate, Jan. 8. Mr. Edmonds said
there were were no joint roles between the two
booses of Cbngress,and he therefore submitted
a concurrent resolution declaring that on the
last three days of this session, no bill passed
by either bouse (hall be sent to the other for
Its eoncorrenee, and on the last day of the
session no bill shall be sent to the President
for his approval. Referred. The bill to di
vide the VI estern District of Missouri into two
divisions wss reported from the Committee
on Judiciary and placed on the calendar. Mr.
G rover, of Oregon, made a personal explana
tion regarding the recent publication that
funds of his State amounting to
about $97,000 had been expended and
not accounted for during his administra
tion as Governor. He denies the cbanres a.
rtotuat, and read from the laws and records to
snow that all monev bad been Drooerlv ex-
S ended. Consideration was resumed of the
ill to amend the patent laws, when a message
wss received from the House announcing the
death of Representative Hartridge, of Geor
gia, and the Senate adjourned.
House. Official notice of the death of
Representative Hartridge, of Georgia, was
made, and the House adjourned.
Senate, Jan. 9. A large number of
petitions were presented, many regardina the
bill granting arrears of pensions. ' The bill
win be called op as soon ss the bill to amend
the patent laws is disposed of. Mr. Beck
called up his resolution of the 7th, referring
to the Committee of Flnsnce the answer of
the Secretary of the Treasury to the resolu
tion of December 3, relative to the amount of
silver coin received In payment of customs
dues, snd Its disposition. Mr. Beck spoke
st length, criticising the Secretary's
answer of Dec 8, and said that specie resump
tion hsd been reached by the ruin of hundreds
of thousands of the best men of the country.
He denounced the acts of the Secretary and
spoke of him ss the autocrat of the Treasury
department. At the dose or Mr. ' Beck's
speech the resolution wss adopted. Mr. Win
dom reported back, with amendments, the
Indian Appropriation bill and gave notice
that be would call it ap on the following day.
A short executive session wss then held, after
which the Senate in a body attended the fu
neral ox ine late .Representative iiartriage ol
Georgia.
House. A resolution was adopted
that the funeral of the late Representative
Hartridge, of Georgia, be held In the hall at
three o'clock and that the Senators be Invited.
A recess wss taken until three o'clock, when
the funeral services were held, after which
we nouse aajoornea.
Senate, Jan. 10. Bills introduced
and referred: To provide for additional boun
ty to soldiers of the war of the rebellion ; per
mitting Dakota to become a State. A peti
tion of Dr. Mary Walker for a pension was
referred ; also a petition from wholesale gro
cers of Chicago protesting sealnst the recom
mendation of the Secretary of the Treasury
that high and low grade sugar be admitted at
one rate of duty. The bill amending the pat
ent laws was laid aside, and the Indian Ap
propriation bill taken up. The amendments
made tn the committee were concurred In,
and the bill read the third time and passed.
House. Bills were introduced: To
declare forfeited lands granted Missouri to
aid in the construction of the Iron Mountain
Railroad; for the relief of M Tra Clark Uainea.
The Committee on War Claims reported back
the Senate bill authorizing the Secretary ef
the Treasury to examine the evidence in regard
to the payments made by the State of Mis
souri since 1866 to militia of that State for
military service performed by it in the sup-
Eression of the rebellion. Passed. The bill
reimburse William and Marv College of
Virginia, for losses sustained during tbe war
waa then taken up, and after a lengthy dis
cussion the bill was defeated yeas, 87; nays,
127.
f Jan. 11. The Senate not in session,
j House. After the reading of the jour
nal, the death of Representative Schleicher
was announced, a committee of seven was ap
pointed to accompany tbe remains to San
Antonio, and the the House then adjourned
as a farther mark of respect.
Senate, Jan. 13. A committee of
three waa appointed to arrange for tbe funer
al of Representative Schleicher and accompa-
av tbe remaina to Texas. A bill was Intro-
aucea to restore to ine paoue aomain toe
military reservation known as Fort ttipiey
Reservation, in Minnesota. Referred. Mr.
Ingalls, from the Pension Committee, re
ported without amendment the House bill re
lating to soldiers while In tbe civil service.
Wlaced on the calendar. The bill passed with
out discussion appropriating 25U,uu ior a
fire proof building for the National Museum.
Tbe Senate then attended the funeral of Mr.
Schleicher, and upon returning to the cham-
uer aajouniea.
House. A report of the Committee
en Foreign Affairs was unanimously adopted,
recommending the payment of the remainder
of the salary of tbe late Representative
Schleicher, as a member at the Frrtr-fi fth
Congress, to his bereaved family, and request
ing the next Congress to make a similar ap
propriation of hia salary as a member of tbe
Forty-sixth Congress. A recess was then
taken until three o'clock, when the funeral
services were held, after which the House
aajoornea.
WassWngtam.
Thb eleventh annual convention of
the Women Suffrage Association assembled at
Washington on tbe 9th. A committee of
three was appointed to wait on the President
and inform him that there were twenty mill
Ion women in the United States, he having
Ignored that fart In bis recent message, and
tnas Be wouia oe wise to maze some mention
of them la future messages.
A delegation of Indians from the
Cherokee Nation called on the President on
the 9th. .They stated that their people were tn
a prosperous condition and were opposed to
tie transfer of the Indiana to the War De
partment.-
The Potter Committee, at its meet
ing on the 10th, adopted a resolution to Inves
tigate the cipher dispatches.
- Representative Schleicher, of
Texas, died on the night of the 10th.
The case of Biggins vs. Grant, charg
ng false Imprisonment, was decided in favor
of the defendant on the 10th.
session at Washington, with Gen. Nelson A.
Miles as chairman, are making some radical
changes In the equipments of the service.
They will recommend tbe abolition of the
saber for cavalry, and advise in Its stead a
larger revolver man is now in nse, wnicn win
shoot a charsre of heavy buckshot. They will
recommend tbst the Rice knife-bayonet, a
broad instrument to be nsed in digging rifle-
pits, take the place ol the present Dayonet.
The friends of ex-Senator John B.
Henderson, of Missouri, are urging the Pres
ident to appoint him to tbe vacant Berlin
mission.
There were 30,000,000 bushels more
of corn produced in the United States in 1873
than In 1877. The oat crop was the largest
ever raised. There wss no material change
in the barlev and rve crops, while tbe potato
crop fell short of that of the previous year
oy 4o,uuu,uuu Dusneis.
Chief Joseph, the noted Nes Perces
chief,1 arrived at Washlngtan on the 13th. He
is endeavoring to secure better treatment
from the Government, and has gone there for
the purpose ol bringing nts case, personally,
before the proper authorities.
Senator Thurbian, on the 13th, sent
the Teller Committee a number of certified
copies of affidavits from citizens of Florida,
showing misconduct and violation of law by
Federal officials at the recent elections In that
State, also proving that intimidation was prac
ticed there to prevent colored citizens from
voting the Democratic ticket. The Senator
Mates that he has some evidence from parties
In the North and West, charging Intimidation
and bribery, which he proposes laving before
the committee ss soon as the wishes of the
parties can be ascertained.
TfceEaat,
A serious accident occurred at a fire
in New York City on the 7th. A number of
Bremen were upon the second floor of the
burning building endeavoring to subdue the
flames, when one of the walls of the building
fell with a crash, buryicg the men beneath.
John Irving wss killed ; Chief Rowe, foremen
Reeves and Van born -and firemen McCune,
Ryan Jones snd Uogan were badly hurt ; Chief
Rowe and Reevea perhaps fatally. Several
others were slightly injured.
The new Capitol at Albany, New
York, was occupied by the Legislature for the
first time on the 7th.
The Tammany society was enjoined
from initiating 147 new members elected Dec
31, on the grounds thst notice of the meeting
had been printed onlv In an obscure paper of
no circulation, and which members of the so
ciety entitled to participate in the election,
had no opportunity to see.
The annual election for officers of
the American Social Science Association wss
held at Boston on the 8th. David A. Wells
declined a re-election. Daniel C Oilman, of
Baltimore, was then elected President, and
Hamilton A. Hill, Treasurer, in place of Actios-
Treasurer Sanborn, who also declined a
re-election.
J. Donald Cameron was nominated
for United States Senator by the Republicans
of the Pennsylvania Assembly on the 8tb.
In the Charter Oak conspiracy suit, at
Hartford, Conn-, on the 8th, the jury returned
a verdict of acquittal -
The Republican members of the New
York Legislature, on the 8tb, nominated
Thomas G. Alvord for Speaker.
A terrible explosion occurred in
the Pennsylvania Coal Company's shaft at
Pitts ton, Pa., on the 9th. Several men were
reported killed and wounded.
Governor Robinson, of New York,
In his messsge to ths Legislature on the 9th,
paid considerable attention to tho new Capi
tol, which he says was to cost no more than
$4,000,000, but which has already cost over $9,
000,000, snd is yet far f romjcom pletion, and to
finish it on the present plan would cost $3,
000,000 or $10,000,000 more The total funded
debt of the State Sept. 30, 1878, was $9,154,
054. The general fund, bounty and floating
debt hare all been extinguished.
Captain Bogardus concluded his at
tempt to break 0,000 glass balls out of 6,200,
at Gilmore's Garden, New York,- on the 9th.
He missed bat thirteen times in 6,000 shots.
Tub Connecticut Legislature met in
joint convention on the 9th and elected the
Republican State ticket. The election was
thrown Into the Legislature because no ticket
received a majority at tbe election in No
vember. ,
Benjamin Hunter was hanged at
Camden, N. J., on the 10th.
The Erie Railway Company renort
$5,193,681 gross earnings for 1878; net earn
ings, $1,930,480. The floating debt has been
reduced from $4,000,000 in 1877 to $600,000.
A memorial meeting in honor of
Bayard Taylor was held in Fremont Temple,
Boston, on the 10th. One of the features of
the meeting was the reading of an original
poem written by the poet Longfellow for the
event, by Oliver Wendell Holmes.
A report of the condition of the
American iron trade for the past year has lust
been completed. It states that he produc
tion of pig iron in the United 8tates In 1877
was 2,814,585 tons, and in 1878 was 3,383,000
tons. Pennsylvania shows sn increase of over
100.000, while Ohio shows a decrease of over
30,000 tons. Pennsylvania made more than
fifty per cent, of the total production of pig
Iron in the UUted States. At the close of the
year there were 700 furnaces, of which 260
were in blast and 440 ont of blast.
The Harvard boating crew, owing: to
the disbandment of the old crew, cannot en
ter the International race with Oxford or Cam
bridge, should either come to this country.
The tenement house of John Oden-
dorfer, tn the Jamaica Plain district, near Bos
ton, burned on tbe night of the 11th. Mrs.
Odendorf er and a son ten years of sge perished
In the flames.
Commodore John Guest, command
ant of the Portsmouth, N. H., Navy Yard.
died on the 12th.
Mrs. Anderson, who undertook the
feat of walking 2,700 quarter miles In as many
quarter hours at New York, recently, com-
pieieo ner task on tbe 13th.
Wests Md Seth.
Gov. Nicholls, of Louisiana, in his
messsge to the Legislature on the 7th, de
nounced the leaders who brought about tbe
troubles In Tensas and Natchitoches parishes
during the campaign but fall. He thinks the
persons who visited the house of Fairfax, the
colored Republican, were responsible for the
whole difficulty. The Governor gives a long
account of the troubles in those parishes, and
states that so f sr as be waa able to learn eleven
negroes were aiuea.
The Cincinnati Price Current, on the
9th, contained the January preliminary report
of pork packing in the west, which shows the
total packing np to date at tbe six large cities,
Cincinnati. Chicago. St. Louis. Milwaukee.
Indianapolis and Louisville, to be 8,545,000, or
I,Uoo,uuu more man at tne same date last year.
The total at all interior points is approxima
ted at 1,400,000, or 875,000 more than In the
same time last year, making a total increase
of 1,460,000 at all points. The returns Indi
cate a large falling off during the remainder
of the season. The total thia winter will
probably reach 7,065,000, an Increase of 560,000
ueau over last winter.
Tennessee's bonded indebtedness is
$20,221,300, on which Interest to the amount
of $4,053,717 remains unpaid.
About 300 persons attended the ban
quet given by the Yoong Men's Democratic
Club, of Columbus, Ohio, on the 8th, the an
niversary of the battle of New Orleans. A
letter waa read from Senator Thnrman ex
pressing resrret that illness prevented his at
tendance. ' Speeches were made by Gov.
Bishop, Hon. George Pendleton, and Generals
Ewlng and Ward. ...
At Jonesborb, Craighead County,
Ark., a few days ago, a man named Henry
Dierk, while attempting to make a balloon sa
eenatoa fell from a trapeae upon which be was
performing at the 'time, and waa instantly
The scarlet fever is prevailing to an
alarming extent at Mitchell, Ind., and all of
the public schools there have been closed.
On the 27th of December a mail car
rier named Casey left Son River, M. T-, In a
mail cart for Fort Benton. Not reaching the
next station, and as a snow storm wss pre
vailing at the time, It was supposed thst he
hsd been lost. Sesrch waa made, and on tbe
5th Inst. Casey was found seated in his cart,
which tbe horse vu drawing slowly along,
about twenty miles north of Spring's Station.
During all that time he bad wandered on tbe
prairie In nearly a circle, camping out nights,
and without a particle of food. His feet were
badly froien, but it Is believed be will not lose
his limbs.
Six or eight persons were more or
less Injured in a railroad accident on the Ohio
A Mississippi Railroad, near Springfield, IiL,
on the 9th.
The Republican members of the
Colorado Legislature have nominated Pro
fessor N. H. Hill for the United States Senate.
The Legislature will elect on the 14th.
The Ohio State Central Committee of
the National Greenback party held a meeting
at Columbus on the 9th, and adopted a resolu
tion expressing their unalterable opposition
to a coalition of the Greenback party with
either of the old parties.
William Durtea, of Toledo, Ohio,
formerly a Deputy-Sheriff, bat later a brake
man on tbe Lake Shore Road, shot his wife
and then killed himself, on the 10th. The
woman lies in a precarious condition. Domes
tic trouble is the cause assigned. ,
P. Wilson Son's extensive carriage
trimmings and saddlery establishment, of Cin
cinnati, was entirely destroyed by fire on the
10th. An unoccupied building adjoining was
also burned. Loss on the former, $140,000;
on the latter, $40,000.
The Nevada Senate, on the 10th,
adopted a jelnt resolution asking the Con
gressional delegation of the State to procure
tbe passage of a bill to check or prevent fur
ther importation of Chinese.
A conflict of jurisdiction has taken
place In Tennessee, where Bute Judge McCon
nel persists In trying cases against the reve
nue officers In Macon County for alleged
Illegal arrests. Judge Baxter has ordered him
to sppear before the United States Court,
Feb. 8. and show cause whv he should nro-
ceed to try these cases when they have been
transierrea to tne united states circuit
Court.
Sitttno Bull is now camped on
Little River, near the United 8tates bound
ary. He wishes to return to the States and
has sent runners to several agencies In the
Territories with the information that hts
people are willing to surrender their horses
snd arms and submit to the sgency rules if
the Government will guarantee them protec
tion.
A. O. P. H. Sebron, Past Grand
Master of the L O. O. F. of Tennessee, .and
D. C. Howell have been detected in a conspir
acy to defraud the society of insurance money.
They had already secured $4,000, snd were
scheming: to defraud tbe Benevolent Society
of Chicago and tbe United Brotherhood of
rennayivanas ont ox s'jUUU.
A dispatch from Pendleton, Wash
ington Territory, dated the 10th, states that
the two Indian Chiefs, White Owl and Quit
Titumph, convicted for killing whites, were
executed at 8 o'clock on that day. A strong
guard ef regulars and militia was on duty to
prevent possible rescue, but nothing of the
kind wss attempted.
The ibe in the Ohio River broke np
on the 13th, and considerable damage was
done to boats and barges at various points ; a
number of the latter being crashed and sunk
uj we uoauug ice.
Washington Reivsntder was in
stantly killed, William King fatally Injured,
and John Betzs hsd his feet crashed in a rail
road accident on the Marietta A Cincinnati
Railroad, near Mineral City. Ohio, on the
night of the 11th.
The Military Court of Inquiry into
the responsibility of Major Reno for the Cus
ter massacre convened at Chicago on the 13th.
An earthquake shock was felt at
Jacksonville, Fla., on the night of tbe 12th.
The shock continued about thirty seconds.
No damage was done. The shock was felt In
the interior of the State and for some distance
down the Gulf coast.
Foreign lwtelllfeaiee.
The plague at Astrakhan is assuming
serious proportions. Fugitives have carried
the contagion to three adlacent villages.
There hsve been 400 deaths from the disease
np to Jan. 4. .
It is rumored that Yakoob Khan is
preparing to follow his father, Sheri All, In
his flight to the Russian frontier, as his power
has been broken in CabuL
The Pope has issued an encyclical let
ter calling upon Bishops to combat Socialism,
Communism and Internationalism by preach
ing the principles of the church.
The plague is spreading in south
western Russia. '
Bismarck has proposed a bill to the
Federal Council giving the Reichstag power
to punish its own members for improper ut
terances, the extreme penalties being deprl-
aiiuu vi cugiuuiij ior a seat in toe House
and handing the offender over to a civil court.
There Is much excitement in Berlin concern
ing the measure.
The Spanish brig Encarnocion, from
Femsndlna, Fla., landed at London on the
9th with two of the crew of the steamer Bay-
am, wnicn foundered at sea December 10. All
the remainder of tbe crew were drowned.
The Bayard was a British steamer of 964 tons,
commanded by Captain Everett. She sailed
from New Orleans December 4 for Rouen.
Bismarck and Emperor William are
favorably considering the project of inviting
European sovereigns to Berlin to a concert of
action against tbe Socialists.
Michael Farrell was hanged at
Quebec on the 10th for the murder of Francis
Conway In 1875. As the t-ap fell, Farrell, by
some means unloosened his hands caught the
rope, uttered a piercing scream, and remained
hanging by his hands until the hangman by
vigorous shaking of the rope loosened his
bold, when he fell only a foot and was stran
gled to death.
The library of the Birmingham and
Midland Institute, at Birmingham, England,
was burned on the 11th. The library con
tained 80,000 volumes, and the most complete
Shakespearean collection In the world, num
bering 8,000 rolumea. But few books were
savedl
Bismarck's new bill on the subject
of parliamentary discipline is pretty generally
condemned by the Liberal and Moderate press
of Berlin. Tbe Xotionot Ztitung declares thst
It would have been more honest and better to
propose the complete abolition of Parliament
and the substitution of a dictator; a free Leg
islature and sueh laws are irreconcilable.
General Greslet, a Liberal, has
been appointed to the Ministry of War In
France, sirs General Borel resigned.
The campaign in Afghanistan is
probably closed for the winter. Most of the
British troops hsve gone into winter quart era.
Prince Labanoff, the Russian Min
ister at Constantinople, baa accepted all the
articles of tbe definitive treaty of peace as
agreed to by the Porte, but clause two, rela
tive 10 nussia s supervision over tne execu
tion of the treaty of Berlin.
THE TELLER COMMITTEE.
New Onuaits, Jan. 7.
Thb Teller Committee met at 10 a. m. in
Surveyor Wells' private office of the custom
house, all the members present. Senator
Bailey thought that, as near as possible, some
definite plan of proceedings should be adopt
ed, so that charges could De met by evidence
OB the other side. The chairman declared
that he wonts alloweB necessary time for the
production of such evidence, but no detailed
plan would be published.
J. Ernest Breda, of Natchitoches parish, was
the first witness called. He testified that he
served during the war in the Second Louisiana
Regiment; hsd always resided in the parish;
has been a Republican since 1871; was driven
away from his borne Sept. 23. Gave particulars
of award meeting which he addressed on
Sept. 21, and how he was afterward compelled
to leave home; had not been back since
Stated that there was no lawlessness among
tbe negroes; declared thst they dare not
strike back and were murdered like sheep.
Gave much more evidence to the same effect.
Dr. A. P. Breda was sworn. He corroborated
tbe testimony of the previous witness. V.- A.
Barron testified that he resided in Natchito
ches; wss a native of Mississippi; served
throughout the war In the Confederate army;
wss Sheriff of Natchitoches up to 1876; was
compelled to leave on account of the part he
took in the ward meeting mentioned by
Breda. John G. Lewis (colored) testified thst
after the adjournment of the meeting, Sept.
21, his house wss broken into by a party of
men armed with rifles and revolvers, but
he managed to escape and made his way to
New Orleans. Ruford Blount (colored) stated
that on the afternoon of Sept. 21, his house
was surrounded by a body of 250 men ; he was
arrested, placed in jail and kept there until
midnight, when he waa allowed to leave town
on condition that he would advise the negroes
to leave politics alone and would never return
to the parish ; was a man of property and
thought he was driven away on account of
his Influence with tbe colored people.
J. D. McOill, Lucien Blount and
J. M. McGIll, residents of Tensas parish, tes
tified thst before the election there were two
tickets in the field, a regular Democratic and
an Independent Demoeratic Tbe negroes
agreed to support the latter. Witnesses be
lieved thst the negroes were intimidated to
such an extent as to prevent the election of
tbe Independent ticket. They also believed
that there were frauds committed by stuffing
the ballot-box. Witnesses were candidates
on the Independent ticket.
New OaxxAKS, Jan. 8.
J. N. McGIll, of Tensas Parish, wss recalled
and testified concerning armed bands from
other parishes, and from Mississippi. Said
he heard a great many things, but the reports
were greatly exaggerated : in fact, inquiries
into many stories proved them entirely false ;
armed bands did some things which he could
not approve; heard the leader of the militia,
Captain Cain, say : " The white man shall rule.
There is hostility between the negro and
white man; I won't try to disguise this fact;
show me a negro who votes the Democratic
ticket and 1 will show you a hypocrite or a
fool." Firming Branch (colored) of the same
parish, said be was at Fairfax's bouse when
Captain Peck's party came; was In the room
with Fairfax when Peck rushed in and fired
twice at Fairfax, who ran out of the back
door; another negro standing near was shot
down; Peck knelt upon him and fired Ave
shots Into him; a man named Goldman shot
witness through the right arm; Peck was
shot and killed by some one In his own party ;
Fab-fax did not fire a shot; this was the tiret
trouble that occurred In the parish last year.
Daniel Kennedy, who was one of the parties
wounded at Fairfax's house, testified, snd his
story corresponded with that of Branch's.
He was shot while looking out of the window
trying to recognize the assailants; witness
got out of the house and ran home through
the cornfield, and, after having his wound
dressed, took to the woods; on the Tuesday
following the attack on Fairfax, the killing
of negroes began ; some eighty negroes were
killed altogether: ran away and went to New
Orleans, and hss been there ever since. Viola
Wallace's (colored)evtdence was corroborative
of the previous witnesses, and testified that
she came away because she heard that the
white people said that all the colored people
at Fairfax's that night would have to leave.
New Obxeaks, Jan. 9.
Wm. D. Rollins, of Tensas Parish, testified
that be is a Democrat, and was a candidate on
tbe Independent ticket last election ; saw no
outrages committed; saw a body of fifteen
armed men at the polls on election day, nnder
the Deputy Sheriff; thought intimidation
frightened tbe negroes so much they staved
away from tbe polls, and that if the negroes
had voted they would have hsd a majority of
1,000; demanded a count of the votes at Poll So.
1, but it was refused, and a band of armed
men took the box to St. Joseph. J. R. Losey,
of the same parish, testified that he was one
of tbe pome of Sheriff Register, aummoned to
disperse the negroes whom it wss rumored
were massing at Boss' Place for the purpose
of attacking Waterproof ; Register had about
forty armed men; on the way heard that tbe
negroes had massed, and that firing bad
commenced between them and their
advanced guard of two men; an
order was given to advance an d fire; the fir
ing was done in the direction of where the
negroes were supposed to be massed; the ne
groes were in their quarters, and when one
volley was fired they dispersed; two or three
negroes were wounded. Frank Watson testi
fied that he lived eight miles from Water
proof, and waa told by a Democratic friend
that the place was getting too hot
for him, and that he bad better clear out;
ran away, leaving his partly-gathered crop to
take care of itself; that day fifty or sixty men
from Ouachita were In Waterproof ; saw them
put a rope around a negro's neck to mske him
answer questions: hid nine days In the woods
and then went to Plaquemines: didn't Intend
to go back because he thought It would not
be safe fer him to do so. Other colored wit
nesses testified thst on the day of the election
there was a riot in Caledonia, Caddo Parish ;
the riot commenced after the voting wss over,
and three negroes were killed.
New Obxeaks, Jan. 10.
Benjamin Williams and William Harper, of
Caddo Parish, testified corroborating tbe tes
timony of other witnesses as to violence and
intimidation in the parish, and placing tbe
polls at out of the way places without due
notice; knew but two colored Democrats In
the perish. A. H. Leonard, District Attor
ney testified that he was confined to
Caddo Parish by quarantine during
the last campaign, prior to tbe election, was
told by prominent Democrats that they meant
to carry the election : asked them how they
would do it in view of the fact that tbe negro
voters were greatly in the majority; the reply
was that the negroes would vote the Demo
cratic ticket; later a fixed determination on
the part of the Democrats' to carry the elec
tion became evident ; this determination finally
was Intensified Into sets of intimidation ; the
Republican convention put a ticket iuto the
field which was really unobjectionable,
even to Democrats; It was conceded,
however, that this ticket would only
receive the negro vote. Mr. Leonard
attempted to speak at a meeting at Spring
Ridge, where a joint discussion was agreed
npon, but the Republican speakers were in
terrupted and insulted and finally withdrew
altogether. Witness then detailed various
acts of violence, threats and frauds, and the
organization of cavalry companies throughout
the parish for the svowed purpose of carrying
elections. H. C. Rogers, L. Templeman, G.
A. Simpson and J. H. Shepherd, of Caddo,
were called by the Democratic members of the
committee, and In substance denied the
statements of the previous witnesses as to In
timidation by tbe Democrats. They asserted
that where there was any trouble the negroes
were the aggressors.
New Oblbans, Jan. II.
Judge L. V. Reeves, of Tensas Parish, Chair
man of the Democratic Committee, testified
regarding the fusion organization in that
parish, which included such Republicans as
Judge Cordell and Sheriff Register; after this
bis party declined to appoint a committee to
confer with Fairfax ; the differences that sub
sequently arose, be was convinced, did not
arise from political causes. Captain Peck
visited Fairfax's bouse . for no political pur
poses. The rumor spread that the color line
was to be drawn. The people felt alarued,
and Peck went to Fairfax to expostulate and
induce htm to withdraw from his purpose of
organizing the blacks sgalnstthe whites. This
was the starting point of the troubles, and the
question became no longer political, but a con
test between whites and blacks. Everything wss
peaceable and quiet on election day. George
Norwood, of Caddo, the next wit.ness exam
ined, appeared with his head bandaged and
spoke with difficulty, having been shot In the
face st the Caledonia affair: said the first shot
was tired by the negroes; did not fire a ehot
that day; is a Republican and always worked
for the negroes, and thought it hard they
should be the first to shoot him; it wss re
ported that the neeroes had arms stacked In a
house, and he started there with the deputy
Sheriff to take possession of the arms, fear
ing threatened disturbance by negroes, snd as
they approached the house tbey were fired up
on, w ilium A. Levy, ol caduo, a lawyer ana
editor of the Standard, testified that he con
sidered District-Attorney Leonard responsible
for the troubles in the late election. Stated
that tbe election was fair and peaceful and the
negroes voted without molestation.
New Obxeahs. Jan. 13.
G. R. M. Newman (colored). Clerk of the
District Court of St. Mary's Parish, testified
concerning tbe- destruction of ballot boxes
and tbe efforts made by tbe DeaaecrasB to get
possession of duplicate returns in his posses
sion. The attack wss made on his house at
night, substantially conflrmingthe newspaper
reports published at the time of the occur
rence. W. B. McNeaL of Caddo Parish, Dup
uty Sheriff, testified concerning the Caledo
nia affair, rubs tan ti ally corroborating Nor
wood's evidence ; published a statement that
twenty negroes in all were killed, but could
not say when or where each negro was killed;
served in tbe Federal army during the war.
David Wise, of Tensas Parish, testified that
the election was peaceable and quiet; lived
within a quarter of a mile of Fairfax, but
knew nothing until the affair waa over; did
not see the men ; never heard the reason of
the visit; saw an armed body of negroes,
numbering about 200, marching through
Waterproof ; next day another armed body
came into town and made a great deal of fuss,
and cried that they were going to burn the
town; Fairfax was the leader of the negroes;
it was understood that he was keeping up the
color line, making speeches to preserve a bold
front ; witness sold ammunition at his store to
any one who wanted it ; the negroes did not
buy an unusual quantity at this time. H. Moss,
of the same parish, said that he gave the ne
groes assurance that the Waterproof people
bad nothing to do with tbe Fairfax affair;
that the interest of the negroes and white
people were common, and that he would pro
tect them In their rights, providing they acted
as they should ; saw negroes pass by hundreds
through town; there msy have been thou
sands of them ; they were all armed; the ne
groes dispersed when the Sheriff of St. Joseph
arrived; don't think there were more than
twenty white men in Waterproof; the negrots
threatened to kill the children and outrage
the women; think tbey would have burned
tbe town if the Sheriff's posat had not arrived.
Game in tbe West suid la tar East.
Trappers and hunters are gathering
in a marvelous quantity of parna in
the country west of the Mississippi
River just now, and wholesale dealers
in centers like Chicago and St. Louis
are kept busy receiving and forwarding
it. At wholesale prices, the game ar
riving at each of those points is esti
mated to be worth' something like $50,
000 a week. This large snnrof money
represents vast heaps of flesh, feathers
and fur at the low prices for which
these products of the Far West are now
selling. Quails out there go by whole
sale at fifty-five cents a dozen, while
rabbits retail in immense quantities at
the astonishing price of five cents
apiece, squirrels at seven and a half
cents, brant and wild geese at fifty
cents apiece, ducks at forty and fifty
cents a pair, and other game at similar
figures. Venison, which is retailed at
fancy prices, is sold, with the hide on,
to butchers and packers at five cents a
pound. The venison which comes
from Minnesota is considered the best,
but much also comes from Indian Ter
ritory, where the Cherokee Nation have
an enclosed game preserve of fifty
square ,miles In which deer and jack
rabbits abound. Out on the plains rab
bits are hardly looked upon as game
worth the notice of professional Nim
rods who have lived long enough to
call themselves grown men; when snow
is on the ground they are slaughtered
in droves and sold at the railroad sta
tion by the cord.
As Eastern markets are well supplied
with game. Western shippers, seeking
some other outlet for their surplus, have
been experimenting upon London.
Quails principally are sent, partly be
cause of the unprecedented numbers of
these birds which have come to an un
timely end this winter, and partly be
cause the expected profits on them are
larger than any other kind of game.
When the quails reach St. Louis and Chi
cago they are frozen; they are then
Eacked in barrels, tightly wedged in by
ydraulic pressure, and placed on fast
freight trains to New York, where they
are transferred to the decks of fast
ocean steamers for Liverpool. The
steamship companies agree that the
barrels shall remain on deck during the
voyage, and if the weather keeps cold
the quails arrive in London as fresh as
when they started. Quails cost the
Western shipper fifty-five cents a
dozen, the freight to London is
about twenty cents a dozen, and
the price in London from one dol
lar and fifty cents to two dollars a
dozen. The Western shipper therefore
hopes to realize a handsome profit on
the quails exported to London.
In spite of the low price at which the
birds are selling, however, some of our
Western fellow citizens are grumbling
at their quail on toast. - A sportsman on
the Missouri River declares that the
great quantity of game brought into
market since the severe cold and heavy
snows set in Is pretty conclusive proof
of foul play practiced, not upon the
game, but upon the consumers thereof.
Instead of falling an easy prey to the
trapper and sportsmen when the ground
is covered with hard snow, as at pres
ent, the quails are never more shy and
unapproachable than at such seasons,
sinoe there is then no covering under
which they can hide. This winter they
are said to be wilder than they were
ever known 'to be before. This sports
man is therefore positive that of the
quails now on the market a very small
percentage have died of gunshot
wounds. Most of them are, he affirms,
found dead in coveys on the snow,
either frozen, starved, or poisoned by
the berries and other unwonted varie
ties of food to which they are com
pelled to resort. The belief in such
poisoning, he thinks, is strongly sup
ported by the dark color of the flesh
and other indications of disease pre
sented by many of the birds sold. Wild
turkeys are also frequently found stand
ing stark dead in the snow, and there
seems to be little doubt that in a severe
season like this, the prowess of hunts
men on the plains is largely supple
mented by the weather in bringing
down the game. JV. T. Sun.
Superiority of American Natls.
An English workman thus testifies in
the English Mechanic of Nov. 29, 1878,
to the goodness of American wares:
" But I speak of things which I know
thoroughly well when I say that in
very many things our manufactures
are not fit to be shown in the same
street with American ones; and thishot
merely in nick-nacks or little ingenui
ties, as to which it is tolerably evident
we have no pretention to enter with any
comparison. I only invite any one who
doubts my statements to compare sucn
a rough common matter as ' cut nails.'
Our rubbish, with half of them split up,
which tend to turn round in the wood
and split it, and with conical heads,
look very poor against the straight,
clean nails, with well-formed heads.
which the Americans used to send out
to Australia, and which, when I had
once seen them, prevented me from
ever buying an English nail again as
long as 1 could get the- American
ones."
A man is not always upright who
has been brought np right.
MI8CEEEAJIEOU8 ITEMS.
' Satisfied at last A contented shoe
maker. The snow on Mt. Washington is ten
feet deep.
: Is the fellow who tends an oyster sa
loon an oyster supe
AsMXiTKD BtMTUwidxmWiat ill all with
the toothache what it is. .
No gentleman of refinement now
says "Cheese it!" but Please swim
outP'
" 1 buffer Kate," remarked a small
husband, as he was warmly embraced
by about 250 pounds. .
Linen dusters dyed black do not de
ceive men who knew what good over
coats are. They are too thin.
Albert Smith once wrote his initials
in a hotel register. A wag wrote just
underneath, Two-thirds of the truth."
A Hartford beau has just made the
startling discovery that a girl's ribs run
up and down. Of course it's so. Dan
bury News.
It is a little surprising, where there
are so many different minds to please.
that all the meeting house steeples point
in the same direction.
The telegraph- operator at Holly,
Mich., stepped out to get a bucket of
coal the other night, and while he was
gone some one stepped in and stole his
stove.
The five stages of brandy and water:
First Brandy and water. Second
Branny and warwer. Third Bran
warr. nourtn Brraorr. r inn uoi
lapse! Punch.
Isn't my photograph excellent?"
said a young wife to, her husband.
"Well, my dear," replied he. there's
a little too much repose about the mouth
for i( to be natnraL"
The Brooklyn Union asks: If a man
put his conundrum in this shape Will
you give me $5?' do you always give
it up?" No; we tell him we haven't
got the answer about us.
The public will be pleased to learn
from the Philadelphia Jiecord that out
of sixteen establishments which were
started for the manufacture of oleomar
garine, thirteen have gone to the walL
"How old" are you, sissy?" said a
Boston Highlands car conductor re
cently to a little girl who was trying to
ride for half fare. " Nine at home, sir,
but on the cars only six," was the ready
reply.
The following explanation of a legal
term is offered by a Teutonic member
of the Canton police force: " Yen I git
me out a habeas scorpions, I can chust
so veil, catch a man where he ain't as
where he is."
A gentleman wishing to send fifty
cents to a Iowa City party bored a hole
through a silver half dollar, through
which he passed a string and tied it to
a tag containing the address and stamp.
It arrived safely. .
A physician's daughter, called upon
for a toast, gave: "The health of papa
and mamma and all the world." But
she suddenly corrected the sentiment,
"Not all the world, for then papa
would have no patients." .
The Supreme Court, of Iowa having
decided that the owner of a dog is lia
ble for the barking of his dog, if there
by damage is done, has also established
the rule of property in a dog by giving
a man $75 whose dog was maliciously
killed by a neighbor, the animal being
proven a valuable one.
The English language is wonderful
for its aptness of expression. When a
number of men and women get together
and look at each other from the sides
of a room that's called a sociable.
When a hungry crowd calls upon a poor
minister and eats him out of nouse and
home that's called a donation party.
Turner's Falls Reporter.
Darn a fool" says Harkins, who
was vexed, to his wife. So mote it
be," said Mrs. H., who was flourishing
a darning-needle, "whereabouts are
you worn out?" Harkins said some
people were too smart to live long, and
he was too awfully angry when his wife
congratulated him on his prospects for
a long life. O, the tongues of these
women.
Within the present eentury) a beg
gar in Moorfields used daily to have a
penny given him by a merchant on his
way to the Exchange. The penny was
withheld, and the appearance of the
merchant manifested his embarrass
ment and distress. The beggar at
length spoke to him. offered him a loan
of 500, and another of the ame sum
if it were required. It re-established
his affairs.
Francis. J. Oliver, of Someiville,
Mass.. kept a candy store, and about
the sweetest thing in it was Grace
Matthews, the clerk. Although Mr.
Oliver was seventy-seven years old,
and she only twenty, he thought she
meant it when she promised to marry
him. He gave her $50 to buy a wed
ding dress, and she went ont as though
to make the purchase, but never re
turned. It is a little singular, but the average
citizen, who will fly around, get red in
the face, and work like a steam-engine
for a half hour at a runaway accident,
will spend five minutes debating wheth
er it is best to have a " scene " or com
ply when his wife asks him to get a hod
of coal for the kitchen stove. A public
spirit is a beautiful thing, but somehow
it' 8 not at home in domestic affairs.
Norwich Bulletin.
The New York Express says: "If the
devil should retire from business he
would leave lots of people with nothing
to do." It certainly is sad to be living
in constant fear of losing a situation;
but by the timo the devil retires there
will be found any number of men capa
ble of carrying on his business at the
old stand. Men who are now silent
partners in the concern will then branch
out. New Orleans Picayune. .
A Chicago girl did not wish to mar
ry her lover, but said yes to his propo
sal for the fun of being engaged. The
young man was very much in earnest,
and when she at length informed him
that she had only been joking he threat
ened to kill her if she did not keep her
promise. Thus bulldozed, she submit
ted to matrimony. That was a year
ago. Lately she appealed to the courts,
and the Superior Court has decided that
the marriage, having been accomplish
ed by a threat of violence, is void.
The couple to be married stood on a
log, so as to get out of the mud, and a
farm hand held an umbrella over them,
for rain was falling heavily. The clergy
man sat on a fence, and read the cere
mony by the light of a lantern, for the
night was dark. - The friends huddled
around, snivering and oamp. ine in
tention had been to have the marriage
service performed in the bride's resi-
. J . S.l- . w '
aenco, wdivu is jubi wiuim tae low a
boundary, but the license had been ob
tained in Missouri, and the party cross
ed the line to escape risk of illegality.
William Wacherlb says that he is
alive, and his wife Bays that be is dead.
There is a paid-up insurance policy of
$7,000 on his life, which fact is sup
posed to influence Mrs.' Wacherle's
course. Wacherle used to live in Car
ver, Minn., where be was a foreman in
a machine shop. His wife induced him.
to get into life insurance, and he soon '
'got the Idea that sher was in a hurry for '
him to die; so he left Carver, and wan
dered about the country for many years.
Recently he returned to his old home,
and learned that his wife had accumu
lated alleged evidence of his death. She
refuses to admit his identity, and de
mands the $7,000.
Thb griddlecakesome days have come, -
When proud Melinda passes
Her little platelet back for more,
And sops 'em with molasses.
: Melinda, proud Melinda Jane,
Desist for mercy's sake I ,
Else, piling In those griddle cakes,
You'll get the stomach cake.
And then, Melinda, loaded down
With griddle-cakes, you'd see
That viands doughnot ease tbe soul -How
waffle that would be.
o'f. Louit Tima-JowrnaL
The Oregorian Calendar.
It is generally understood, accord
ing to certain profound calculations
and inferences, more or less reliable,
that the world enters to-day upon the
5879th year since the creation; or, pos- "
sibly, according to the Julian period,
the 6592d year; but, of ' course, the
certainty that this is something about '
which, we may say, we know nothing,
makes one number answer our purpose
Suite as well as the other. . But one
ling, it is believed, we do know, ap
proximately, if not with absolute cer
tainty, and this is recognized and
adopted by the civilized world, namely,
that we begin to-day the 1879th year of
the Christian era. Anno Domini, or year
of our Lord. 1879. . The new year will
stand in history as
Anno mnndi. year of the world-... 68 J
Anno Domini, year of the Lord 1879 -
Jewish year 6639
Julias period 692 i
Hegira. or flight of Mahomet 12&
A. D.C, foundation of Rome - .... 2R32
Independence of the United States 1' 3-4
Reign of Queen Victoria. 42-9
The Jewish year is based upon the
calculation that the world was created
3,760 years before Christ was born, and
that number of years, added to the sum
since the birth of Christ, gives 5639 as
the Jewish year of the world. The Jew
ish year consisted of twelve or thirteen
months of twenty-nine or thirty days "
each, by which we may infer that it
consisted of one or the other at differ
ent periods.
The Roman calendar divided the year
into ten months, comprising 304 days,
about 738 years before Christ This
year was fifty-one days less than the -lunar
year, and sixty-one days less than
the solar year, and, of course, did not
correspond in any degree with the sea
sons as now. At a somewhat later
period Numa Pompilius, in 713 B. C,
added -two months to the year of
Romulus, namely, January and Feb
ruary, and this, it would seem, contin
ued until the time of Julius Ctesar, 45
B. C, or more than 600 years, when
that Emperor, acting upon the evidence
and advice of the astronomers, no
doubt, adopted the solar year of 365
days 6 hours as the basis of what is
known as the Julian calendar, and
made provision for the excess of the
solar year over the number of days, by
introducing bissextile, or leap year,
when the year was of 366 days, the
name being derived from two sixes.
But the true solar year, it was known,
was composed of 365 days 5 hours and
49 minutes. This slight difference, it
was found in the sixteenth century
1582 had amounted to ten days, and,
to obviate this error.Pope Gregory XHL
ordained that that year (1582) should
consist only of 356 days, by which order
the 5th of October .became the 15th of
October; and, in order to prevent any
further irregularities," it was deter
mined that the year which was the first
in each century, should not be bissex
tile, or leap year, excepting every fourth
century; thus the first years of the
eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, or
the years 1700 and 1800, were not leap
year, and the year 1900 will not be, but
the year 2000' will be leap year. So
that it may be reasonably believed this
matter is fully determined, as it has re
mained undisturbed since the time of
Pope Gregory, nearly 300 years.
The question of dividing the solar
year into months of a different number .
of days has, no doubt, often been con
sidered, and the question asked, how -the
division, as now existing, was de
termined upon; but it will be seen at
once that, with 365 or 366 days, they
could not be made of equal length.
Julius Caesar, at the time the calendar
was reformed and first arranged upon
a proper basis, gave to the month of
January thirty-one days; the next month
thirty days, and so on. alternating
through the whole number, when the
deficit found in December was supplied
by taking two days from the second
month, and giving to this month the
extra day in leap years. This arrange
ment gave to January, March, May,
July, September and November thirty
one days each, and to April, June, Au
gust, October and December thirty days
each, and to February twenty-eight.
This continued until Augustus Csar,
for whom the month of August had
been named, frivolously determined
that his month should not be less than
the month of Julius Caesar (July), and.
therefore, added one day to the month .
of August, which was probably taken
from the month which followed, Sep
tember; and this action had the effect to
derange the system of his predecessor
by increasing the number of months
with thirty-one days to seven, and mak
ing the arrangement as it now stands,
being altogether arbitrary. The only
case in which any one month has the .
same number of days as its previous
month is the month of August, caused
by the order of Augustus.-
This is a concise history of the calen
dar, now adopted by most Christian na
tions. under which the new year com
mences to-day. It recognizes the order
of the universe by the adoption of the
solar system, approximating as nearly
as possible to the lunar system, and,
also tho coming of Christ upon the
earth as the Savior of mankind; and it' '
seems as if no further changes will -ever
become necessary. The reform
established by Pope Gregory was
adopted by France, Italy, Spain, Den
mark, Holland, Flanders and Portugal
in 1582; Germany two years later;
Switzerland and Hungary in 1583 and
1871; and by England in 1751-'2, by
leaving out eleven days, making the 3d
of September the 14th of that month.
In Russia, Greece, and throughout the
East, the old style is still retained, with
a difference now of twelve days. Bos
ton Herald Jan. 1.
The Atlantic cable is being "du
plexed," a process which will increase
its working capacity 70 per cent. '
There's one thing about Africa it '
knows how to keep dark. Fr Press.
1

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