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The Wellington enterprise. (Wellington, Ohio) 1867-188?, March 13, 1879, Image 1

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j JOB WORK,
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CWKLL'SW CSCDUSS, FOSTE&S,
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KnCCTKD TO OBDKB, ' '
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LATEST AND BEST STYLES,
. . awb AT .
j BEASOITABLE BATES. -
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY,
T
J- W. HOUGHTON.
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Ofltos, Wast lid of rnhlia Ifim
TEBXS OV BCB8CSIFTION:
One copy, one year. ft HO
lne copy, six inontas... ... ............ 75
Oneeopy, three dmoUh. ............. ....... go
If pot paid within the year.. .. , ............. JQ)
A Family Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc.
i j
VOL. XII.
WELLINGTON, OHIO, THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1879.
NO. 25.
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BTTSIKESS - CARDS.
ATTORNEYS.
- -.U.WAV9
F. HERRI CK,
ATTORNEY and Counsellor at Law.
Benedict' Mock, xd floor. Wellington.
PHYSICIANS.
? ...... DE. J. BUST,
HOttOEOPATHIST. Residence and of.
fice. West Side Public Square.
DR. RT HATHAWAY,
HOMOEOPATHIC Physician and 8nr
geon. Office, at residence, west side
Kelly Street, Wellington, Ohio.
FLOUR, EEED. ETC.
... v - .-. vr'H. B. HAMLIN, .
i Taeler in Flor, Teed, Grain, Seeds, Salt,
J Ete., Etc Warehouse, West Side
Bailro.il Street. Wellington, Ohio.
BARBER SHOP.
IF YOU WANT a first-das Share. Hair
Cot, or 8hampoo, call at Robinson's O.
K. Shaving Saloon. Liberty Str et. A hill
assortment of Hair Oils, Pomades and Hair
Bestorauves. We also keep the best brand
of Rasora, and warrant them. Ruisrs houed
or ground to order. E. T. ROBINSON.
PLANING MILL.
ELLINGTON PLANING ".KILL.
' TV Manufacturers and dealer in Sash,
Doors, Blinds, Brackets, Battings, Lumber.
Shingles, Lath, Cheese and Batter Boxes.
Scroll Sawing, Hatching and Planing done
to a der. D. L. Wadsworth. Prop. Office,
-ear railroad depot.
LUMBER YARD.
TT WADSWORTH SOX, Dausr la Unbtr.
ltt, ial. Doors, gut, Bliada. Moul
iti,MDiinitUiibfot all aorta. Tartan
HaMa' fsad store. azOl
JEWELER.
J. H. WIGHT,
DEALER IN Clock. Watches, Jewelry,
Silverware, Gold Pens, etc. J0"8hop
in Houghton's Drag Stole. ,
TAILORS.
... B. S. HOLLENBACH,
MERCHANT TAILOR, in Union Block,
Boom C 28-tf .
BANK.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK, WeUiugton
Ohio. Does a general banking busi
Bess. . Bars and. sells X.Y .Exchange, Gov.
ernment ends, etc 8. 8. Warner, Presi
dent, R. A. Horr, Caakier.
PHOTOGRAPHER.
W.F. SAWTET-L, "
IHOTOGRAPHER, "Ganerj in Arnold's
.Block, Wellington, Ohio. . :,
NOTARY PUBLIC.
' ' J. W. HOUGHTON,
K'OTARY PUBLIC. Office in Hough
- ton's ''Dug Stars, East Side Public
PRINTING.
BRING YOUR PRINTING to the En
terprise Office. All kinds of printing
daa neatly and promtly. Office West Side
Public 8aaare, over Hongbton's Drag Store.
i HARNESS, SADDLES, AC.
J. M OTTERBACKER, Manufacturer of
. Harness, Baddies and Collars, employes none
bat the best of workssen, ana uses none bat
the best Oak -Tanned Leather. A ' large
stock of harness constantly on hand. All
work warranted. Shop south aide Liberty
street.
'. ;: :J. WELLS ' - : v
SADDLER AND HARNRESd MAKER.
The be workmen employed, and cnly
the best atock naed. Alt work done under
wy ira mediate uperyision. - North side Me
chanic street. ... 1 1-15-1 y
BUILDER.
BO. nilW. . AJXTV.
FISHES A ALLYN, Batldera, 8aop ia
Wad worth's Planing Mill. Many years ex
perience enables them to compete for first
class work. Their motto is "Honest work,
good materials and fair price. Plans spec
ification and details specialty. .
BOOTS AND SHOES.
. W. H. ASHFORD,
MANUFACTURER and Dealer in BooU
, and Shoes and all kinds of first class
custom work. All work and material folly
warraaUd. Shots sooth ride Liberty Street,
one door east of Otter backer 'a Harness Shop,
Wellington, Ohio. . 11-9 It
JUSTICE OP THE PEACE.
. - K. N. GOODWIN,
JUSTICE OP THE PEACE AND GEN
ERAL INSURANCE AGENT. Col
Jeatioaa, Conveyancing, Fir and Lift Insnr
anon .will be done -promptly- at reasonable
rates. Office, in T. Kirk's Boot and 8hce
8tnre, north aide Liberty Btreet. 1 1-9-1 y
MEAT MARKET.
. . " E. G- FTTI.T.KT?
DEALER IN Preah and Salt Msab, Bo
logna and Pork Sausage. Highest
market prfce in eah paid br Beeres, 8been,
Hogs, Hides, kc Market, sonth side Lib.
erty Street, one door west of Otterbacker's
Harness Shop. . . 11-t-ly
LIVERY 8TABLE.
wm cushion; a son,
LIYERY AND SALE STABLE. Choice
turnout Tnrnished, and charges rea
sonable.' Sooth aide Mechanic street, one
oor east of AaMrieaa Hotue. 11-15-ly
COAL YARD.
- . - M. McKINNEY, -
DEALER IN BLOSSBURO COAL, the
finest article known for Blacksmith
ing. Horse shoeiDg, repairing, Ac, prompt
ty done, and satisfaction guaranteed. South
aide Mechanic street. 11-15-ly
" READ THIS!
' i I' , . -
, w MvlaClothlafr.Bsts. Pur orOeatleBMaa
ramiaMag auodseaa afford to da withoat
TDExiOTnun & iiimn
' " A Largt lUustrated 30-pag Piper, "
' otilesi faralaaa. vrtrr nieatsi all tk. am aa4 so
par ta. tease ladleatsd. --
Sand mr saatal espy to. - -
1 " BOOT & TINKER, '
PCA2T1 ST. B. x.
General News Summary.
Comm aaletninl.
Senate, March 4. Mr. Windom re
ported that the committee of conference on.
the LeglalatiTe, Ezecntlre and Judicial Ap-
Dronrtatlon hill had been unable to aareA.
The point on which the conference was un
able to agree was the prortso of the House
nung ine pay oi jurors in ine united ctate
Court, regarding the test oath and also no
much of the rerued statutes as provides for
ue appointment oi Duperruors oi .Ejection.
A long discussion followed this report and
the bill finally went oyer. House bill to prevent
the introduction of infectious or contagious
diseases and to establish a National Board or
Health waa passed. A recesa followed and
upon reassembling a note waa received from
the Vice-President saying he would not pre
side again during the present session and that
a President ore fampor intent be elected. Mr.
Anthony submitted a resolution declaring
Thomas W. Ferry elected President pre teaa
porw. Mr. Bayard moved to substitute the
name oi Allan U. a nurman. .Rejected yeas.
OA. OU , L" l5 1
u j f a. wwb, ii.kii ci j i i cm
dent pro toapora, said the time fixed for the
final adjournment of Congress haying arrived
the Chair declared the Forty-fifth Congress
adjourned - without day. The closing
boars of the session were cbsracterlxed
with more than usual confusion and dis
order. The Senate chamber was densely
crowded, both on the floor and In the
Silleriea, and some times eight or
n Senators addressing the chair at the same
time it waa with 'difficulty anything could be
understood. -
House. The Seward Impeachment
resolutions were again brought before the
House and the question being taken on the
resolutions there were yeas, 109; nays, 17; no
quorum, the Republicans generally having de
clined to vote. Mr. Hewitt (N. Y.) reported
that the conference committee on the Army
Appropriation bill bsd not been able to agree
The Senate bill for the appointment of James
Shields ss a Brigadier-General on the retired
list waa taken from the Breaker's table
and passed, yeas, 113; nays, 66. the 8peaker
voting in the affirmative to make the neces
sary two-thirds matotity. Mr. Spark moved
to suspend the rule, and concur ia the Senate
amendment to the Arrears of t!e Pension
blU. The motion, which was sustained by an
overwhelming rirm voct vote, brought to their
feet, Mills, McKenxie, and a few other mem
bers of the Democratic aide, who loudly pro
tested against the measure ss one that would
rob the people For a few minutes there was
s horrible uproar. The yeaa and nays were
ordered, and a motion to suspend the rule
and pais the bill waa agreed to yeas, 253;
nays, L The Speaker then delivered his
farewell address and the House was adjourned
without date.
Wsvalilaiartaau
All. the annual appropriation bills,
except the Legislative, Executive and Judicial
bill and the Army bill, were signed by the
President and have become laws, together
with the bill making the requisite appropria
tion to pay increase of pensions.
. F. P. Dkwxks, Chairman of the Na
tional Committee of the National party, has
Issued an address to the people of the United
States. He says separation from the old par
ties ia necessary, and asserts that this action
-on the part of tn Congressmen-elect has in-
sptrea ue country witn renewed courage ana
: Sxcbbtabt Shxbxax, on the 4th, is
sued the following circular concerning the is
sue of four per cent, bonds: "Notice is given
that when outstanding live-twenty six per
cent, bonds of the United States are covered
by aubecriptions to four per rent, consols the
latter will be withdrawn from sale upon the
terms proposed by the Department circular of
Jan. 1, 1879, and upon the term stated iu the
contract with Rothschild and others of the date
of Jan. 8L 1879. The amount of five-twenty six
per cent, bonds outstanding and embraced in
the call to this date U 8g,07V,S0O. When this
snm is covered by subscriptions under the ex
isting circular and contracts all farther sales
of four per cent, consols to provide for re
funding 10-40 five percent, bonds will be made
upon terms which will probably be less favor
able to purchasers, and la accordance with the
new proposal and contracts. This notice is
given so that all parties wishing to subscribe
lor consols upon the terms stated in the circu
lar and contract may have an opportunity to
do so until the 6-80 bonds sre called.''
Thx Teller Sab-Committee will be in
session on the 19th, when matters presented
by Senator Thurman will be Investigated.
Thx report of the Reno Court of In
quiry after giving a history of the events im
mediately preceding the battle of Little Big
Horn and the part taken by Major Reno's
command In the fight, savs the conduct of the
officers throughout waa 'excellent, and while
the subordinates in some Instance did more
tor the safety of the command by brilliant
display of courage than did Major Reno,
there waa nothing in his conduct which re
quires animadversion from this court. The
proceeding and findings have been approved
by the President.
Thx principal measures which be
came laws during the last session of Congress In
addition to ten regular annual appropriation
bill, are: Reducing the tax on tobacco and
otherwise amending the Internal Revenue
laws; the Census ml; to aid the refunding of
the National debt by authorising the issue of
small treasury certificates; to prevent the in
troduction of infectious or contagious dis
eases; providing for the payment of arrears
of pensions for service daring the war of the
Rebellion.
Thx Cabinet, on the 7th, decided to
sppoint the following members of the Na
tional Board of Health: Burgeon-General
Woodworth, Marine Hospital Service, to rep
resent the Treasury Department; National
Director Francis M. Gunwell, Navy ; Solicitor
General Phillips, Department of Justice, and
Assistant-Surgeon John 8. Billings, War De
partment. A circular has been is tied by the
Surgeon-General of the United States Marine
Hospital Service, addressed to the officers of the
Customs Revenue, medical officers of the Ma
rine Hospital Service, and others whom it might
concern, in regard to the Importation of arti
cles likely to bring the plague. The circular
states that " until further orders no vessel
from say port of the black Sea or the Sea of
Asof. conveying any rags, furs, skins, hair,
feathers, boxed or baled clothing or bedding,
or any similar article, liable to convey in
fection; nor any vessel from any port
of the Mediterranean or Red Seas, hay
ing on board such articles coming from
Southern Russia, shall enter any port of the
United States until such articles ahad have
been removed from the vessel to open light
ers or to some isolated locality, and the ves
sel disinfected and thoroughly ventilated;
and the suspected article, shall be disinfected,
either by chemical agents and exposure to
free circulation of air, or by burning, as shall
be determined in each case by the Surgeon
General of tbe Marine Hospital Service. The
certificate of the State or municipal quaran
tine officer of health may be accepted as satis
factory evidence of compliance with these
regulations on the part of the veaseL"
. Th certificates of deposit, author
ised by an act of the last Congress, of the
denomination of ten dollars, bearing Interest
at the rate of four per cent, per annum, and
convertible at any time, with accrued inter
est. Into four per cent, bonds, will be ready
for delivery April 1st. .
Ex-Sxxatob Pattxksob, of South
Carolina, has received a letter from the Attorney-General
of hi Btate, announcing the
canceling of the tndietmenta against him In
that State. It Is understood that Patterson
will go to Arizona to take an Important trust
under the Southern Pacific Railroad Company.
The Ems.
Key. Sidkxt M. Stkat, pastor of
the Presbyterian Church at East Lake George,
N. Yn while exhibiting a revolver to his wife
on the night of the fid. dischsrged the weapon
wounding her." Thinking he bad thus acci
dentally killed his wife, he placed the revol
ver to his own head and fired. The wounds
sre not thought fatal.
At the polls at Kingston, N. Y., on
the" 4th, ring men assaulted several ax-pay
ers, and strong efforts were made to keep all
who wished to vote that ticket from the Dolls.
The Sheriff, finding that the deputies could
not keep order, called on the military and a
company was ordered under arm. The poll
was broken np and the Board gave way.
DtjBnra the adjournment of court at
MansonyfUe, Yt., on the 4th, a crowd col
lected on the Post-office verandah, when the
roof rave way under the weisrht of snow,
burying several persona. Leonard Walker
waa killed, customs officer Green fatally in
jured, and a number of persons seriously ln-
jurea.
Horatio Bcrchard, of Illinois, Di
rector of the Mint, took the oath of office on
the 5th and entered noon his duties.
At Fall River, Mass., on the 5th,
Charles P. SUckney, the defaulting treasurer
of the Manufacturers' Gas Company, was
sentenced to five years imprisonment In the
penitentiary.
At the annual meeting; of the stock
holders of the Union Pacific Railroad, held at
Boston on the 5th, the following directors
were elected for the ensuing; year: Sidney
uuion, new iotk; r . uoraon vexter.
Boston: Elisha Atkins. Boston: Russell
Sage, New York; Solon Humphreys, New
lor; Jay Mould, Mew Kork: John Sharp.
Salt Lake City; 8. H. H. Clark, Oma
ha; David Downs, New York; James R.
Keene, New York; William L. Scott, Erie,
Pa.; E. H. Baker, Boston; Fred. L. Ames,
Boston; Addison Com mack. New York; W.
A. H. Loveland, Golden, Col. The largest
stockholder is Jay Gould, who voted In bis
own right upon 123,700 shsres, and on 30,000
shares by proxy. Sidney Dillon holds 87,700
shares. Russell Saee. 21.65U. Oliver Amu. 87.-
000. The Board of Director later elected
Sidney Dillon, President: Elisha Atkins,
Vice-President; Henry McFarland. Secre
tary and Treasurer; O. W. Mink, Assistant
Secretary and Treasurer. The eross earnings
for the year endlna- Dec 1. lSTHTwere S13.12L-
273: operating expenses. Including taxes,
S5,37,556, leaving a balance of $7,744,666.
There was a decrease in passenger earnings
of 481,803 in through business, but ia local
travel there was an encounurln? increase.
The freight earnings increased $505,141,
largely derived from local business. The
company sold 318,903 acres of land, an in
crease of 139,887 seres over 1877, at an aver
age price of S4.88W per acre. Steel rails are
to be substituted for iron as fast aa tracks
need renewal.
Thx reported compromise of the Van-
derbllt will suits, telegraphed from New York
on the 4th, ia contradicted by the contestant's
counsel, Scott Lord, who says his action in
terminating the ease without argumMit was
dictated by reason which had nothing to do
with the ease The Surrogate stated that the
esse bad been closed and he would give his
ucciaion in uue tunc
Formal charges have been presented
to the Senate by Governor Robinson, of New
York, against Smyth, the Bute Superintend
ent of Insurance, and his removal is recom
mended. Thbxx men were killed and several
severely burned by the explosion of sulphuric
acid In the Lower Rush Creek Colliery, near
Pottsville, P on the 5th.
Thx Central Iron Works of Brook
lyn, N. Y., were burned on the 5th.
A gigantic fraud has been exposed
in Boston. The Mystic Valley Railroad
Company, organUed some time since to build
a narrow gauare road from Boston to connect
the town lying along Mystic Valley to the
north of the city, have completed but eleven
mllea of the road, and this ha been charged
at $28,000 per mile on the books of the corpo
ration, though it was known that the expendi
tures for every purpose had not exceeded foO.-
000.
Thx widow and daughter of Bayard
Taylor arrived at New York on the 6th.
Thx Dime Savings Bank of York,
Pa., has suspended, it is supposed that it
will pay seventy-five or eighty cents on the
dollar.
Thx Catholio clergy of Newport, R.
L, are In favor of taking up a collection to
help Archbishop Parcel, of Cincinnati, out
of his financial troubles.
Eliho Burbitt died at his residence.
New Britain, Conn., ou the night of the 7th.
A Gloccxstzb. Mass., dispatch of
the 9th, states that no tidings have been re
ceived of fourteen fishing vessels which left
that place some time ago for George's banks,
and a feeling is generally prevalent that the
entire number went down with all the crews
in the severe gale last month.
Thx ship Turkish Empire went
ashore at BlaT Duck Island, Grand Manau, off
the coast of Maine, on the night of the 7th.
She is a total loss. The Captain and six men
were drowned.
In a fire at Georgetown, D. C, on
the night of the 8th, three children of David
Martin (colored) were burned to death.
At New Tork City, on the night of
the 9th, John P. Richard discovered two
burglars In his house Arming himself with
a revolver he attacked them, killing one and
capturing the other. The dead burglar was
recognized as Timothy Casey, a hardened
oung criminal, ihe captured burglar is
Lnown to the police as an old offender.
O'Leart, present champion, RowelL
English representative, Hani man, of Boston,
and Ennls, of Chicago, began a six days'
walking contest in Gillmore's Garden at New
York on the Sth.
General Sherman and wife were in
Newport, R. t, on the 9th, seriously ill, the
former with pneumonia and the latter with
consumption.
Over 1,000 guests responded to invi
tations issued by Cyrus W. Field, to meet at
hlsbouse In New York on the evening of the
10th, to celebrate the silver wedding of the
inception of the enterprise by which Eurone
and America were linked by the Atlantic
cable Mr. Field during the course of his re
marks said : ' To-dsv there are over seventy
thousand miles of cable crosaipg seas and
oceans, and, as if It were not enough to have
meassgea sent with the speed of lia-htnlnsr.
they must be sent in opposite directions at
the same moment. I have just received a tele
gram from Valentia, Ireland, which reads:
'This anniversary witnesses duplex working
across the Atlantic as an accomplished fact
by which the capacity of all our ocean cables
are doubled. One thing only remains which
I still hope to be spared to sec and in which
to take a part, the laying of a cable from San
Francisco to the Sandwich Islands, for which
I have received this very day concessions from
King Kalakaua by his minister, who is here
to-nlgbt, snd from thence to Japan, by which
the island groups of the Pacific may be
brought into communication with the conti
nents on either side of Asls and America, thus
completing the circuit of the globe"
Thx Brooklyn Presbytery on the 10th
decided to try Dr. Talmage on the following
charges presented by the committee at the
previous session: Deceit and falsehood in the
statements regarding bis withdraws from the
editorship of the Ckrittim mt Work; in stat
ing that sittings in the Tabernacle were free;
In accusing J. w. Hathaway of dishonest prac
tices snd then denying it; of falsehood In col
lecting subscriptions for the payment of the
church debt; of deceit in the difficulty con
cerning the organist of the Tabernacle, and
of atating that he waa to be arraigned for het
erodoxy when he knew that such waa not the
Thx floor in Mechanics' Hall, at
North Brunswick, Me, gave way on the 10th,
during a town meeting, precipitating nearly
fifty persons to the floor below. No one was
killed, but many seriously and probably fatal
ly Injured.
Ik the city elections at Biddeford and
Bangor, Me, on the 10th, the former waa car
ried by the Qreenbackers and the latter by the
Republicans.
Went sue Swsttl.
The Lafayette Bank and the Na
tional Bank of Commerce of Cincinnati have
been consolidated.
Two steamers belonging to the
Keokuk Northern Line, lying in winter quar
ters at Alton Slough, just above the mouth of
the Missouri River, were totally destroyed by
fire on the 4th.
A number of delegates from Green
back clubs In various parts of the country,
called together by "Brick" Pomeroy to per
fect discipline elect campaign committees
and decide on questions of nolle v. met at Chi
cago on the 4th.
A itrx at Silver City, Nov., on the
4th destroyed eighteen building.
David O. Gibson and William P.
Glbsolf pleaded guilty in the United States
Court at Louisville, Ky., on the 4th, on sev
eral indictments for violating pension laws
and defrauding; the Government. The first
named was sentenced to five years In Jollet
penitentiary; the last $1,000 fine and impris
onment until paid.
Thx National Butter, Cheese and
Egg Association held its sixth annual meet
ing at Chicago on the 5th. Two hundred dele
gates were present, representing thirteen
States and one Territory. Hon. H. D. Shu-
man, of Iowa, was made Chairman.
Thx Nashville (Tenn.) American had
a special from Coffee County, that State,
on the 6th, giving the particulars of the
murder of an old colored man named Woo ten.
by a party of masked men on the night of the
1st. The party rode up to Woo ten's cabin
aooui ten O'cioca ana aemanaea admittance,
which belna refused they set fire to the cabin
in two or three place. Finding that he and
his family, wife and four children, would be
burned 4f they remained, the old man rushed
out and was seized by the maskers, carried a
hundred yards or so, and then shot to death.
Archbishop Purceix, of Cincinnati,
on the 5th, caused to be placed oc record a
deed conveying to his brother, Father Edward
Puree!, the Archbishop's residence, the old
St. John's Hospital property. Mount St.
Mary Seminary, the Cathedral School, to
gether with some other property. Father
Purcell followed this action by formally as
signing all for the benefit of his creditors.
At Dutch Gap, James River, Va., on
the 5th, M. C Hsggerty, Government con
tractor for widening and otherwise Improving
Dutch Gap, a man named Hull, and a negro
were killed by the premature explosion of ni-tro-glyceiinc
Thx total number of hogs packed at
Cincinnati for the season just closed waa 633,
584. 8.718 less than during the season of 1877-8.
Average cost per one hundred pounds gross,
$3.83 89 100; last season, $4.19 83100.
John H. Penderqrass has been con
victed of Ubel before Judge Mackey, at Kings
Tree, 8. C, and sentenced to two year' bard
labor in the penitentiary or pay $500 fine and
costs of suit. The libel consisted in the pub
lication in a Washington paper, of a letter
charging the manarera of election at Kings
Tree with stuffing the ballot box, sndchsrgine
certain citlsens with voting mora than once
Pendergrass was one of the principal wit
nesses oefore the Teller Committee- at its
recent session at Charleston.
Thx boiler of George Kepler's saw
mill, near Sullivan, TJL, exploded on the 5th,
demolishing the mill and machinery. Jonah
bausher, the head sawyer, waa blown to
atoms and fragments of bis body scattered in
all directions. Abram Reedy and Albert
White were severely, perhaps fatally, injured.
The cause of the explosion is unknown.
Thx reservoir at Los Angeles, Cal.,
with 100,000,000 gallons of water, broke on
the 6th. It ia so far from the city, however,
that the damage was confined to flooding
streets and cellars.
Ret. Martin Kindiq, Vicar-General
of Milwaukee, died on the 6th.
Thx Republican State Convention of
Michigan called to nominate a candidate for
Associate Judge of the Supreme Court and
two candidates for Regents of the 8tate Uni
versity assembled at Lansina on the 6th.
Judge Jamea V. Campbell was renominated
for Associate Judge and E. O. Grosvenor and
James Shearer were nominated for Kegenta of
the State University. A resolution was adopt
ed opposing any radical change in our present
nnanciai system ana congratulating uie coun
try on the successful resumption of specie
payment and on the signs of returning pros
perity. Thx boiler and engine rooms, slaugh
tering house, fertilizer, sac king-room and
smoke-house of the uork-packing establish
ment or T. M. Sinclair A Co., Cedar Rapids,
Ia., were destroyed by fire on the 7th. Loss,
$75,000; insurance light.
A flurry in the Chicago wheat mar
ket, on the 7th, was occasioned by the sudden
appearance of Archie Fisher, as a seller of
wheat, presumably on account of James Keene,
who recently bought a larre quantity of wheat
in that market. Fisher sold 3,000,000 bushels.
The total ssles were nearly 4,000,000 bushels.
It transpired later that the telegram ordering
Fisher to sell was a forgery. Keene knew
nothing of it and repudiates the whole
transaction. Keene says suspicions are
strong agstnst persons short of provisions,
who hoped by this means to depress the mar
ket and cover shorts. He will offer a large
reward for the discovery of the forger and
bis associates.
Thx jury in the Natchitoches (La.)
election case rendered a verdict of acquittal
on the 7th Inst.
Thx Republicans of the Senatorial
district composed of the parishes of St. James
and Ascension, La., overwhelmingly Repub
lican, have nominated Felix P. Poche, Con
servative, to the convention, over Morris
Marks, Custom House candidate.
A fir broke out in the wagon shop
of Mr. Henrietta Bausch, East St. Louis, be
tween one and two o'clock on the morning of
the 9th. In the second story of the shop,
where the fire started, and which was occu
pied as a residence by Mrs. Bausch, there
were sleeping her three children by a
former marriage Henry Scboepperkoetter,
a blacksmith, and Mrs. Catharine Borst,
who was spending the night with Mrs.
Bausch, all of whom, except Mrs.
Bausch, were burned to death, they
being unable to escape by reason of a door
leading to their departments being fastened
on the outside Mrs. Bausch jumped from a
window, and was so severely injured thst she
will probably die At the inquest the testi
mony elicited pointed so strongly to incen
diarism that John Borst, husband of Cathar
ina Borst, Andrew Marshall and Thomas Ham
mond were arrested and locked up.
Thx Prohibitionists ot Indiana will
nominate a fall State ticket May 21st.
Rxt. H. W. Reed, a Baptist minister
ot San Franclico, Cal., ha been stricken from
the roll of ministers for misrepresentation of
facta before the Baptist Ministers' Conference
In New York respecting the sentiments of the
Baptist Christian people generally on the
Pacific coast touching the Chinese question.
Thx President of the Memphis Board
of Health emphatically denlea the report be
ing published by some Northern paper to
the effect that yellow fever ia still in Memphis
and ha been during the past winter. He
states that the last case of yellow fever there
occured Dee. 10, and no ease of any disease
uae it nas occurred since
B?reasrsi latelalsjeaiee.
A St. Petersburg dispatch states
that it Is certain there la unusual activity
among the revolutionary classes in Rossis.
They display almost incredible boldness.
A Pxsth dispatch, on the 4th, says
the River Thelss had overflowed Its banks and
Inundated Immense tracts of land. Many
towns were greatly endangered. Troops with
pontoons had been sent to save life
Nineteen persons were killed by an
explosion in the Deep Drop pit in England,
on the 5th.
Thx Amnesty bill has been promul
gated by the French Government.
Thx eminent Italian lexicographer,
Slgnor Fanfanl, Is dead.
Dr. Newman will be created a Car
dinal at the next consistory.
A Vienna dispatch says the Russian
Government has discovered a plot for forcibly
liberating the Imprisoned Nihilists, and that
It has prcofs of the revolutionary designs of
the prisoners.
A telegram from Tashkend states
thst after the death of Shore All a bloody con
flict broke out among the followers of the
various pretenders to the Afghan throne and
the partisans of Takoob Khan were victorloua.
Thx Germania announces ' that Bis
marck recently sent a reply to the representa
tions of the Vatican. Its tone is conciliatory.
although it by no means justified the expecta
tions oi a speeoy or isvoraoie issue :
A special train of English goods
fmm Halifax collided with the Quebec ex
pa st AtboL Nova Scotia, on the 6th. . An
engineer was killed, a eoudSMui fatally in
jured, ana several otners naaiy nan.
Passanante, the would-be assassin
of the King of Italy, has been found guilty
and condemned to death.
In the English House of Commons
on the 7th, a motion in favor of female suf
frage wss rejected by a vote of 217 to 103.
Bismarck's Parliamentary discipline
bill has been rejected In the Reichstag. A
Berlin dispatch says the rejection of the bill
was an ignominious defeat for the Govern
ment, inuy ine extreme ana some moderate
conservatives voted lor it.
A famine is raging in the most
fertile portion of Bolivia, the district of
Cochalamba. In different localities of the de
partment from eight to ten persons die daily
oi starvation.
A Madrid dispatch, on the 7th,
stated that Gen. Martines Campos had sub
mitted the following names for a new Cabinet
to the King for approval: Gen. .Martines
Campos, Ministers of War and President of
the Council; Molans, Foreign Affairs; 811
vela. Interior; Ayala, Colonies; Admiral
Pavia, Marine; De Soreno, Minister fo
Works; Marquis de Orovlo, Finance; Auro
lies, Justice The Cabinet received the ap
proval ot ue lung.
A Tirnova dispatch states that the
population of Djuma and Macedonia ia emi
grating sat before the advance of Turk
ish troops. Telegrams from the vicinity of
Adrianoole, give the names of people cut in
pieces by Turks in districts evacuated by Rus
sians. . .
A dispatch from Berlin states that
the powers have notified the Bulgarian Depu
ties that their dllatoiiness has provoked seri
ous displeasure. The powers refuse to con
sent to a provisional regency and desire thst
a Prince be elected.
A Cape Town, South Africa, dis
patch, of Feb. 18, states that CoL Pearson was
attacked at Ekowe by a large force of Zulus.
The latter were defeated with enormous loss,
and pursued to Entamedl, one of the Zulu
military kraals. The attitude of the native
tribes In Transvaal is disquieting, and it is
feared the chief a have formed a league against
the British.
General Malikoff reports that the
plague is now mastered. Of a population of
118,000 In the affected district ot Aatrachan,
500 died between October and February.
Thx Russian Field Marshal, Prince
Bariatlnskv, is dead.
Thx British fleet will leave the Sea
of Marmora and the Dardanelles immedistely
but will anchor in Beslks Bay, until farther
orders.
Major Cavagnari has sent a mes
senger to Cabul with proposals to treat with
YakoobKhan. -
General Grant and party arrived
at Calcutta on the 10th.
Thx village of Dorozema, Hungary,
containing 400 houses, hss been totally de
stroyed by the overflow ot the Theisz River.
The Inhabitants took refuge on a hiu.
At a Parliamentary soiree on the
8th, Bismarck said that partial disarmament
was impossible Germany, at least, could not
begin. Unfortunately she had to show s
front In four different directions, and could
trust none oi her neighbors.
Butler's Report Upon the Potter In
vestigation. .
WASHnraroir. March 4.
General Butler says in hia report upon tba Pot
ter in veatimtion: I have choaen to examine
only the political and party action of both par
tie, their leaden, and their manipulators of the
election in the State of Louisiana, where it
would seem every form of wrong, misconduct
and outrage possible to be done in an election i
alleged to have been committed on one aide or
the other." The General conclude, "that
in 1876 there was no full and free eleo
tion by the whole body of Elector of
the State of Louisiana, and that tbe Electoral
vote of that Stale ought not, therefore, to have
been counted in favor of either candidate for the
Presidency; that if any legal election waa held
in Louisiana then the majority of the vote ac
tually cast in the State were for theTilden Elect
or and for Governor Nicbolla; that in ease the
vote of the State is counted at all, the vote of
the " bull-doacd pariahea," aa they were called,
were within the fair and just exercise of the
Juriadiction of the Returning Board to be re
eded in the proper exereiae of their judg
ment, with the exception of some few polling
precinct not material to the result: that in
the part, of the State other than said " bull
dosed pariahea," where a toll campaign waa made
by both political parties the majority of the vote
were eat for Packard for Governor, and a por
tion of the Tilden Elector, leaving two or more
Have Electors elected; that such a count
and return would have given full ex
pression to the will of the people in
uch part, of the State aa were not
affected by the coercion and violenea in favor
of Packard, and againat two or more of the
Hayea Electors, which woo Id have given the
Presidency to Tilden, aa would have been the
caw if the whole vote of the State bad been re
jected by both House. The declaration by both
Hooaea of Congress that under the circum
stances the Btate of Louisiana should not be
counted for either candidate would have been
the best possible result to the oountry, because
it would have taught a lesson to oyer-sealous
ti.rti.an. that election, eannot be carried
either by force and intimidation at the polls,
or by fraud in returna, so a to avail the snoops,
ful candidate and if so carried by- either, tba
Votes would be teisoted by tb. final eonntin
tribunal. On the contrary, under the rutins of
the Electoral Commission, if they are accepted as
governing the law. every encouragement i. given
to reckless, strenuous partisan, to carry their
State either by force or by fraud. . That the
V.lMiairml CammiiunBAi eonatitnted. has affnrd-
ed no praatioal solution of tba Constitutional
diflionltie. attending the count of the Electoral
votes in toe oisputea Btatea, ana tnat an exi
gency again arising like that of 1876 will surely
lead to revolution. That the appointment on
th Cl-ntnrml Commission wa. wholly hovond and
ou tattle of the Constitution .and. it. determination
ought to have no legal fore or effect. 1 hat the
appointing of Judge of the Supreme Court upon
uch political formation had done great harm to
the cause of justice by impairing the reverence
that the people have always Justly had for the
integrity of the decision of that court,
of caaaea between party and party, and in under
mining the popular estimate of the .tern impar
tiality ot the court in all question it will do
equal and exact justice under the law to every
eitisen, and in view of its ill success the experi
ment ought never to be tried again. The remit
ha shown that it ia against public policy and
tends to bring element, of eotraptioa into po
litical method of action, to send semi-official
partisan, of large political iafluenoe on one
side or the other, or both, into a State for the
purpose of controlling or advising either in re
gard to bow it. Elector, ahall vote or to advise
aa to the manner in which tb vote, of the United
Statea shall be returned and counted. That the
counting in of Hays waa obtained by a series
of gross and uajnstifiable iiregulantiee and
frauds, which cannot be too strongly condemned
and reprobated. That if any title to the Gover
norship of Louisiana resulted from the iate elec
tion in that State to any one it waa to Governor
Packard, who waa legally elected, duly quali
fied and inaugurated, and had a right to the
annnnrt of the General Government ssainst the
domestio violence and insurrection, ty which
the Htate and himself were equally deprived ot
their Just political righte That there neither i
nor eraoiit to be anv indefeaaible title to any
executive othee which eannot be reached, re
examined, and decided by toe proper proceed
ings authorised by Congress to be taken and
heard ultimately before the Supreme Judicial
Court,
The Board of Education of Spring
field, JUL, have adopted a spelling re
form resolution as follows: "Resolved,
That the irregular spelling of the
English language is a serious hindrance
in learning to read and write, and is
one cause of the alarming illiteracy in
our country; that it occupies much
time in our schools which is needed for
other branches of study; and that it is
desirable to request our Legislatures,
State and National, to appoint com
missioners to investigate this matter
and report what measures, if any, can
be taken to simplify our spelling."
The Congregational Year Book"
for 1879 reports a gain of 10,069 mem
bers, the whole membership being 375,-
000. -. For home and foreign religious
work the churches contributed 3,zbo,
686.
LEGISLATIVE.
Semite, Jfarrh 4. Mr. Dungan introduced a
bill to prevent unjust discrimination between
shippers on railroads and to punish violations
thereof. Mr. Johnston's bill, providing that
due notice shall be given to a lunatic, imbe
cile or Idiot, or Its friends when a guardian is
to oe appointea xor ins same, was passed.
Bout. A number of remonstrances were
presented against Mr. Dodd's Insurance bilL
Bills passed : Allowing Township Trustees to
borrow money In anticipation of tax for the
erection of vaults; compelling savings banks
to net aii tneir unuiviueu surplus ior taxation.
The Committee on Temperance reported back
sir. uuinovs Locsl Untlon Dili without a rec.
ommendstlon. Mr. Qutnby made a long speech
in favor of the bill, and the question of its en
grossment came up. The v. te resulted yeas,
52; nays, 26. Bills Introduced: Providing
for the punishment of county officers who
shall charge more fees or salary than is now
anowea by law, Dy a penalty of S3UU nne and
liability to forfeit his office; authorising
County Commissioners to employ certain per
sons to nunt up property tor taxation.
Senate, Jfarek 5. Bills passed: Authorizing
village councils, upon two-thirds vote, to
mske special Improvements ; to provide for
the sale of the property of certain corpora
tions on execution. Bills introduced: To es
tablish a quarantine ground In cities bsving s
Board of Health, and to allow the Board of
Health to establish a quarantine oh any ves
sels or railroads in times of epidemics or
threatened epidemics: to revise and consol
idate the general statutes of Ohio; amending
toe coae oi procedure ior rrooate uouroe
ffoute. The usual number of petitions and
remonstrances were presented. 1 he entire
afternoon was consumed in the debate over
certain amendments to Mr. Howland's Insur
ance bllL The two-thirds clause wss lost by
an overwhelming opposing vote The. amend
ment providing that In esse of partial loss the
f nil amount of partial loss shall be paid, etc,
wa adopted. The bill then passed by a vote
of 72 to 19.
Senate, March ft. A message was received
from the Governor, nominating William J.
Elliot, of Cincinnati, to be Supervisor of Pub
lic Printing for two years. Referred to the
Committee on Public Printing. Mr. Owens,
on leave, offered the following resolution:
' Warrants, It is currently reported that during
the session of the Senste on March 6th Allen
O' Myers, the chief clerk of the Senate, on the
floor of the Senate did as such clerk so conduct
himself as to purposely impede the business of
the Senate and in a manner to purposely show
hia contempt for the authority of the Senate,
and did use language of and concerning Sena
tors, and of and concerning the presiding officer
of the Senate, that was ungentlemanly. unbe
coming and grossly disorderly and disrespectful
toward the Senate and ita presiding officer;
therefore
Boitd. That a committee of five Senators be
appointed to investigate a to the truth or falsity
of such report, and that said committee report
the result of their investigation at a early a
day as practicable for the action of the Senate
thereon.
The resolution wss adopted, and Messrs.
8 teed man, Fisher, Marsh, Howland and Wil
son were appointed a committee to Investigate
the charges.- Bills passed: Making appro
priations for deficiencies out of the" General
Revenue and Asylum Funds; Senate bill re
pealing that portion of the code of civil pro
cedure requiring District Courts to make out
flndinir of facts in cases tried in said courts.
The Senate concurred in the House amend
ments to Howland's Insurance bilL The Com
mittee on Corporations other than MunlcloaL
reported back without recommendation House
joint resolution No. 80, to examine Into
charges against railroad discrimination in
freight rates. The resolution wss lost by s
vote oi 13 yeas to to nays.
Hove. Bills Introduced: Making the law
requiring pawnbrokers snd junk dealers to
keep a list of the articles bought by
them apply to dealer In old clothes
and other articles; relating to or
phan asvlums In certain counties: pro
viding for the election of new trustees for
the Cincinnati Southern Railroad Company
br the Cincinnati Cltv Council in case it was
thought best; to protect the manufacturer of
bottles of mineral water, ale, etc ; to abolish
the system ot contracting out the labor of the
inmates of the penal ana correctional institu
tions of the State; providing for the repeal of
toe taw authorizing ine Cincinnati tjnamoer
of Commerce to lease the Cincinnati Southern
Railroad; to increase the trustees of the Cin
cinnati Southern Railroad to eighteen.
Senate, March 7. The Senate advised and
consented to the sppointment of William J.
Elliot to be Supervisor ot Public Printing.
Bills passed: Providing thst persons owning
a buildlDg lying in the line of a proposed
street or alley may have the option of remov
ing the building or accepting damages there
for; requiring the Attorney-General to ex
amine all articles of incorporation; to regu
late the receiving, transportation and delivery
of grain by railroad corporations, and defining
the duties of such corporations with respect
thereto. A bill wss introduced to pre
vent the collection of money on promissory
notes which have been obtained by f rand, even
If such notes are held by persons who claim to
be innocent purchasers. Mr. Crosson's House
bill providing for the meetings of the com
missioners to examine the claims growing out
of the Morgan raid was read the third time
placed on ita passage and lost by a vote of 11
to 8. The vote waa reconsidered and the bill
laid on the table
House. Petitions for temperance legislation,
representing 5,647 signers, were received
and referred to the Committee on
Temperance. The Committee on Judic
iary reported back House Joint resolu
tions Nos. 68, 73 and 84, with a substitute for
all three These resolutions proposed to
amend the Constitution to allow township of
ficers to hold their offices for three years. The
substitute wss laid on the table and ordered
printed. Bill introduced: Amending the
code ot civil procedure of the Probate Court
to allow the transfer of all papers In criminal
cases to the Common Pleas Court by the Pros
ecuting Attorney; making appropriations for
rebuilding the Soldiers' ana Bailors' urpnans'
Home at Xenia, destroyed by Are
Senate, March 8. No business of Importance
was transacted.
Houm. Bills introduced: Providing for the
removal of the county-seat of Belmont County
from the village of Bellaire in said county:
providing for the restoring of destroyed
and spoliated county records : extending the
provisions of the penal code as to bribery to
primary elections, aa wen aa io primary cou-
ventlona, a now. Several bills ot a local
nature were passed and the House adjourned.
Senate. March 10. Bills Introduced: To
amend the code of procedure before Justices
of the Peace so that no proceedings In attach
ments shall be had to garnishee the salary or
wages of an employe of s railroad company by
reason of his non-residence except before a
Justice in and on account of his being a non
resident of the county In. which his liability
was Incurred; to compel County Auditors to
mske corrections in the new plats ot counties
Instead of allowing Assessors to do it.
HatMMt. Bills Introduced: Providing that
the State shall be saved the expense of send
ing Sheriffs to the State Capital with election
returns, by providing that county clerks shall
certify the same to the Secretary of State; to
compel the penitentiary authorities to send
home all criminals dischsrged from the peni
tentiary instead oi allowing tnem to remain
In Columbus; to encourage and regulate the
stady of anatomy and to repeal a certain law
relating to crimes and offensee The bill
rive, for the nnrnose of dissection the bodies
of all persons dying in charitable and penal
institutions.
The New Census Law.
An examination of the new Census
law shows that some of its provisions
have been incorrectly or indistinctly
reported. The law provides for the
appointment by the President of one or
more Supervisors of Census in each
State and Territory, the whole number
not to exceed 150. Each Supervisor is
charged, among other duties, with that
of proposing to the Superintendent of
the Census at Washington the appor
tionment of his district into subdivi
sions most convenient for the purpose
of enumeration, and to designate to the
Superintendent of Census suitable per
sons, and, with the consent of said Su
perintendent, to employ sucbrpersons as
enumerators within his district, one for
each subdivision, and resident therein,
who shall be selected solely with refer
ence to their fitness, and without refer
ence to their political or party affilia
tions, according to the apportionment
approved by the Superintendent of
Census. The enumerators are respon
sible to the Supervisor, and each Su
pervisor to the Superintendent of Cen
sus. Each Supervisor is to receive
500 in full for all services rendered
and expenses incurred, except that an
allowance for clerk-hire may be ma
at the discretion of the Superintendent.
Of course the Government furnishes all
blanks, instructions, etc The law pre
scribes the duties of the enumerators
and the information they are to obtain
very fully. The subdivision assiemed to
any enumerator shall not exceed 4,000
inhabitants, according to the census of
1870, nor shall any such subdivision
contain less than 8,000 inhabitants in
any case where the last preceding cen
sus shows the number of inhabitants
thereof. The boundaries of all sub'
divisions shall be clearly described by
civil divisions, rivers, roads, public
surveys, or other easily distinguished
lines. Enumerators east of the Rocky
Mountains are to receive not more than
four dollars per working day, and those
west of the Mountains six dollars per
day for actual field-work. In lieu of
this per diem, the Superintendent of
the Census,- in subdivisions where he
shall deem such allowance sufficient-
may allow enumerators not exceeding
two cents for each living inhabitant,
two cents for each death reported, ten
cents for each farm and fifteen cents for
each establishment of productive in
dustry enumerated and returned, in full
compensation for all services. Enu
merators are required to take an oath
for the faithful performance of their
duties, and a penalty is affixed for vio
lating the same, as also lor the refusal
of any person to give the information
required by law. This information is
to be furnished by the heads of families.
or in the absence of a head of family
by any member over twenty years of
age, and in the case of corporations
and companies by any authorized officer.
The inquiries embrace those used in the
last census, with many important addi
tions, and the census, when complete,
will present much the most complete
exhibit of the population, wealth, busi
ness and social condition of the country
that has ever been made. Theact ap
propriates $3,000,000 as the maximum
cost of the census, exclusive of printing
and engraving. Indianapolis Journal.
A Description of the lee-Boats of the
Hudson.
With the nominal and perhaps be
fore long actual advent of spring the
Hudson River steamboats are being re
fitted and prepared for business, while
the ice-boats are preparing to with
draw. Many are the accounts given in
the daily papers of the ice-boat races
every winter, and yet many people
have no idea what an ice-boat looks
like or what rate of speed it can attain.
or how it is sailed. ' Well, it doesn't
make mnch difference," said an a prion
thinker on the subject of ice-boats the
other day, " If you do break through
the ice. ' Of course you can stay quietly
in the boat till some one helps you out."
Imagine sitting quietly on a triangular
piauorm wnicn, wniie gumi; inn row
of sixty miles an hour, has been sud
denly broneht to a standstill! -
Poughkeepsie on the Hudson is the
hendauartera of ice-boatinsr. and of a
winter's day can be seen hundreds of
the queer-looking craft either skim
ming over the glassy surface of the
nver or lying witn sails careiuiiy iunea
within a stone s in row oi ue uoexs.
The interest people take in the boats is
evident on the trains on the New York
Central and Hudson River Railroad.
If a boat is sailing about in sight, an
utter stranger will call his neighbor's
attention t it, and in a moment every
one has left the opposite side of the car
and is gazing in wonder through the
windows on the river side. Elderly
gentlemen put down their papers and
say: Humph! dangerous amusement,
very;" ladies lean forward with ex
clamations of admiration at the ease
with which the boats are apparently
managed and at the graceful turns and
circles they make. Then some one
says aloud: "I wonder what time
thev can make under most favorable
circumstances?" This is quite enough.
if there is an ice-boatman on board, to
loosen his tongue, and he will give
everv particular concerning the boats.
from the time they are built to the time
they are wrecked. He generally be
gins in this way: '
Mv dear sir. they are as unlike any
other kind of a boat as possible. The
only thing in common is the sails; and
for sailing in one, I'd rather do that for
half an hour than than than do any
thing else for six months."
For all ievboatmen are enthusiasts.
And an ice-boat is unlike any other
boat. It is simply a triangle of hickory
or spruce plank, say thirteen feet long
and two and a half inches thick. The
base is the bow, and under each angle
is a runner or skate of wood, shod with
steel and comine down to a sharp edge
like a knife. The skate is fastened be
tween two small chocks of wood, in or
der that it mav plav a little up and
down and glide over rough ice with
greater ease. This is called the runner
plank. Another, somewhat shorter, is
above the runner-plank, and through
this runs the mast, which is stepped in
the lower. From the runner-plank a
light though strong beam known as the
"stringer" extends aft and corresponds
to the keel in a sail-boat. Two other
beams of about the same size as the
strin&rer" and bent at one end so that
when joined they form the prettily
rounded stern also run aft from the
runner-plank, the end resting on the
plank and supporting the upper or
mast pianx, mus masung toe aiuon
or taffrail of the boat. At the ex
treme stern or apex of the triangle is
the rudder, which is a skate like the
two others but smaller, being only
about eighteen inches or two feet long.
This skate is attached to the rudder
post. About half the space inclosed by
. , , , 1 A 1 1
ine sme ueams or . raus is uwacu uim
at the stern, affording room for the
helmsman and two outers to lie down
(for that is the only position practica
ble aft of the mast, or in what is called
the cabin). Rubber ' washers," the
size of a man's fist, are very often
placed under the ends of the side beams,
where they rest on the runner-plank,
and also on the rudder-post under the
cabin, the object being to make the boat
ride smoothly over rougn ice.
The boat being built, the enthusias
tic boatman goes on to explain to (by
this time) a little knot of listeners in
the palace car how it is sailed. In this
respect ice-boats do not differ materi
ally from other craft except in one re
spect they are never sailed "free,"
that is, before the wind, for this rea
son: They will go much faster " on
the wind," because, going free,"
they will only run as fast as the wind
blows; so that if the wind is blowing at
the rate of fifteen miles an hour that is
the speed they will attain, but with the
same wind on the " quarter" they will
do forty or fifty miles in the same time
with ease. This is a most simple thing
to understand, yet few but practical
sailors comprehend it. Sailing on the
wind the same pressure is on the sail
all the time and the boat keeps gather
ing headway, while in the other case
after reaching a certain point there is
no pressure on the sail at all. - In one '
other thing an ice-boat is unlike its' sis- '
ter of the water it makes no " lee- .
way,'' the sharp runners having such a
hold on the ice that it will sail almost
into the "eye of the wind." Care
must always be taken " going about"
,t - ; ..1 ,1...., i
boom has not very much.play, what it
has it takes advantage of and swings
over to " looard" like a thunderbolt
and tears the, mast out. At Pough- '
keepsie the boats are seen in perfection
made of different colored woods, with
silver-plated ' shrouds . and gorgeously '
gilded and painted names; and it is in
the races of the Poughkeepsie and New .,
Hamburg clubs that they show their '
speed. A boat owned by a gentleman
of New Hamburg made in a race a few :
years ago nine miles, the distance be-;
tween the above-named tows, in seven
minutes and a fraction. Another owned
further up the river made, under most
favorable circumstances, wind and ice
being perfect and with a flying start, '
one mile in thirty-one seconds. : This :
boat has since been beaten in a race by
a New Hamburg boat. One more an
ecdote of the sailing powers of the ice
boat. ' A gentleman standing on the
platform of the depot at Fishkill said
' good-by" to a friend in a train as it ,
was leaving the station, ran down to .
his boat, jumped on board, set sail, and ;
stood waiting to receive his friend on
the arrival of the train at New Ham- .
burg, ten miles above.
As to danger, the best proof of how
little there is, is the few accidents that
have happened. ' Be sure the ice is safe,
keep a good lookout for places where
people have been cutting ice, don'tlose
your head if you see other ice-boats
flying about inyour.neighborhood, and .
the danger is trifling compared to that .
incurred in sailing a boat in the water.
N. T. World.
Look Oat for Swindlers. .
-The America Agriculturist, in its
notes on swindlers, gives the following
timely warnLcr to farmers:
There is a ct of swindlers whose op
erations are especially directed toward
farmers. It is no reflection upon the
intelligence of farmers that this is so.
These rascal know that all kinds of
fish are not to be caught with one bait; -
hence they operate upon clergymen,
doctors, merchants and farmers, each
in a different manner. It is safe to pre
dict that there is a new set of traps '
ready this spring to catch farmers. Of
late years the " agency" dodge has been
played successfully, and it has already
been started thus early in' the season.
These swindlers are all after one pattern.
A glib-tongued chap. No. 1. wishes to es
tablish an " agency" for some crinkum. '
It may be a stump-puller, a machine
for grinding the knives of mowing ma
chines, it may be a churn-power or a -spring-bed.
Whatever it is, chap No. ;
1, somehow, or in some way. contrives '
to get the signature of the farmers.
Here is where the trouble begins. We ;
have cautioned and reiterated the cau
tion: Farmers, be careful what you
sign," Dut this aoea not seem to oe
enough; no matter how much care is
exercised, the smooth-tongued chap,
No. 1, is usually too much for the farm
er. So we say to farmers don' tact as
agents to anything, but if you will not
heed this, and the temptation as to
profit is too great to resist, and you will
disregard war-nines, we bee of vou.
farmers, don't sign anything.
Tou may be asked to agree to become
an agent, vou may be asked to give
your address, so that the sample ma
chine to be sent tree, win come an
right; vou may be asked for merely your
post-office address. Take our advice
which is the same as Punch's advice
to young people about to be married:
Don't! don't!! Don't, do not pray,
refrain from signing your name to any
thing whatever. Observe this and you
are safe, sign your name on any pre
tense to anything whatever, and you
open the way for the visit of chap No.
2. He is not smooth-tongued nor per
suasive. He has come to collect his
bill. Tou have ordered so and so. The
goods are at the depot, here is the bill.
and he wants tne money, as ne must
take the next train. Don't say that you
never ordered the goods, for there is
your signature! You can't deny it, but
you signed it as an agreement to act as
agent, or signed u as your aaaress
No. 2 knows nothing about this cares
nothing about it, but wants his money.
Here we say again, don't. Don't be
bullied into paying it, but let him do
his worst. Show him the door and let
him appeal to the courts if he dares.
The game has already begun, and hup-.
areas oi iarmers, to stoiu iruuuio iu
throw away thousands of dollars the
coming season. Hon t be bullied into
paying a dollar on any such claim. At
the most, it can only go to a .jury of
your neighbors to decide, but not one
case in a hundred will ever come to
that.
Proclamation Convening Congress. .
The following is the proclamation of .
the President convening Congress in
an extra session on the 18th inst.:
By the President of the United States of Ameri
ca, a proclamation:
WHsnBAS. Final adjournment of the Forty-
fifth Congress without making the usual and
necessary appropriations for the legislative
executive and Judicial expenses of the Gov
ernment for the fiscal year ending June 90,
1880, and without making the usual and neces
sary appropriations for the support of the
army for the same fiscal year, presents the ex
traordinary occasion requiring the President
to exercise tne power vested in sua oy tuo
Constitution to convene the Houses of Con
gress In anticipation of the day fixed by law
for their next meeting ; now
Thbbbfors, I, Rutherford B. Hayes, Presi
dent of the United States, do by virtue of the
power to this end In me vested by the Consti
tution convene both Houses of Congress to
assemble at their respective chambers, at
twelve o'clock noon, Tuesday, the 18th day of
March instant, then and there to consider and
determine such measures as, in their wisdom,
their duty, and the welfare of the people may
seem to demand. In witness whereof I have
hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of
the United States to be affixed.
Signed 1 B- B. Hatis.
By the President,
at. jn. a, VABTB, occretary ot owe,
SKAI.
The reverend gentleman was visit
ing at the house of one of his lady par
ishioners, when the little girl said:
Mr. , can you see two ways at -
once, and is you got honey or sugar in
one side of your facer " Why, what
do you meanP" asked he. Why, ma
says you've always got the eye in the
sweet side of your face on her in
church?" Later in the day the abom
ination of desolation seemed to have
settled in that child's heart. Ioners
Gazette.
If the young, ladies attending
church would give more attention to ,
the number of the hymn the pastor
gives out. and not so much attention to
tne numt Br of hims that are in the
church, tiey would not be so apt to
sing one hymn while the congregation
are singing another. Tonkert uastttt.

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