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rv..pIy Here Before Oi derleg Elsewhere.
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY,
X. W. HOUGHTON.
OfJloe, West Bide of PaUte
A Family Newspaper. Devoted to Home Interests, Politics. Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
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One eovy, aix mntki 75
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WELLINGTON, OHIO, THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1879.
J. H. DICXSOV.
' ouuaing, za nocr.
, : W. F. IIERRICK.
A TTORSEV end Counsellor at Law.
- Qgneuict block, zd floor, Wellington
E. JOHN80X. L. MCLEAN
A TTOBNEY3 and Counsellors at Law.
.. tuiyna. u. umce Jio. 2 Uuasey Block.
ARTHUR W. NICHOLS.
"VTOTARY PUBLIC, Loan and Collection
--v Dunnes entrusted to my care
will receive Dromnt attention With Lha.
bob k McLean, No. 1 Mssv's Block, Elyria.
DR. J. BUST,
OMtEOPATHIST. Residence and of.
fice. West Side Public Square.
DR. K. eHATHAWAY,
TTOMCEOPATHIC Physician and Sor-
, aj. aeon, times, at ran lr nee, weat aide
aveuy atreet, Wellington, Ohio,
FLOUR, EE ED. ETC.
H. B. HAMLIN,
Dealef in Flour, Feed, Grain, Se-ds, Salt.
Etc. Etc Warehouse, West Side
Railroad 8treef. Wellington, Ohio.
IF YOU WANT a first-claw Share, Hair
Cot, or Shampoo, call at Robinaon'a O.
K. Shaving Saloon, Liberty Stnet. A loll
assortment of Hair Oila, Pomade and Hair
Restoratives, We also keep the best brand
of Razors, and warrant them. Rara houed
or gronnd to order. E. T. ROBINSON.
. TTi ELLINGTON PLANING MILL.
II Manufacturers and dealer in Sash,
Doori, Blinds, B nek eta, Battings, Lnmber,
Shingles, Lath, Cheese and Butter Boxes.
Scroll Sawing. Matching and Planing done
to older. D. L. Wadawortb, Prop. Office,
near railroad depot.
TT .WADS WORTH SOJC, Dealers la Lamber.
Lath. ttbiaglea. Door. Sua. BIumU. Mml
disss, and Bissau! I .amber of all aorta. Yai4 swar
Haamlia's fcrd at tr. J01
J. H. WIGHT,
DEALER IN Clocks. Watches, Jewelry,
Silverwate, Gold Pens, etc. aWShop
in Houghton's Drug Stoie.
, ' ' B. 8. HOLLEXBACH,
f ERCHANT TAILOR, in Union Block,
1X Booai 8. 2g.tf.
: " T7IR.ST NATIONAL BANK. WeUii-gton.
' Ohio. Does general tanking busi
ness. Boys and sells N. Y. Exchange, Got.
- " ernment on da, etc S. S. Warner, Presi
. , dent, R. A. Horr, Cashier. . -
PHOTOGRAPHER. Gallery in Arnold's
Block. Wellington, Ohio.
. J. W. HOUGHTON,
"VOTARY PUBLIC. Office in Hougb
t X ton's JD'Bg Store, East Side. Public
BRING YOUR PRINTING to the En
terprise Office. ' All kinds of printing
done neatly and promtly. Office Weat Side
Public Square, orer Houghton's Drug Store.
; j. . WELLS,
SADDLER AND HARNRESS MAKER.
The belt workmen employed, and enly
the beat stock nard. All work done under
my immediate supervision. North side Me
chanic street. 11-15-ly
geo. rnan. hiram aixt.
FISHER ALLYN, Builders, 8bop In
Wsdsworth's Flanlug atlU. Many years ex
perience enable them to compete, for fint
ciass work. Their motto Is Honest work,
good soateriala and fair prices." Plans spee
1 locations and details s specialty.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
W. H. ASHFORD,
MANUFACTURER and Dealer in Boota
and Shoes snd all kinda oi first class
custom work. All work and materials felly
warranted. Shop, south ride Liberty 8reet,
one door east of Otterbacker's Harness Shop,
Wellington, Ohio. 11-9 ly
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE.
R. N. GOODWIN,
JUSTICE OF THE PEACE AND GEN
ERAL IN8URANCE AGENT. Col-
lectiona. Conveyancing, Fire and Lij Insnr.
ane will be done promptly at reasonable
rates. Office, in T. Kirk'a Boot and Shoe
Btnre. north side Liberty 8tree. II -9-1 y
E. G. FULLER,
DEALER IS Fresh and Salt Meats, Bo
logna and Pork Sausage. Highest
. mwarkes price in etah paid fr Beeres, 8heep,
Hogv Hides, Ac. Market, south aide Lib
erty Street, one door west of Otterbacker's
; Harness Shop. tl-9-ly
LI VERY STABLE.
- WM CUSHION et SON,
LITERY AND 8 ALE STABLE. Choice
' turnouts furnished, and charges rea
sonable. South aide Mechanic street, one
door east of American House. , 11-15-1 y
DEALER IN BLOSSBURG COAL, the
finest article known for Blacksmith
ing. - Horse shoeing, repairing, tc, prompU
ty done, aud aatisTactioq guaranteed. South
aide Mechanic afreet. 11-15-lv
Va daabrla Cfethlas. Bate. Fun or Gentlemen s
urowiai fooas can aoora w ao nunu
THE CIQTIIIUI 6 llinER
, A Largv Illustrated 30-pag Paper, .
. which raralaiMa every atoatk an th naws and cus
pot tlx trade indicated.
Si.S lac sample aopy to t ,
' ROOT A TINKER, '
DUAVBrr. N. T.
Geneinl News Summary.
The Treasury Department will be
prepared to issue on the 1st of April, In sddl
tion to ten dollar certificates convertible Into
four per cent, bonds, like certificates on sim
ilar conditions to be registered on the books
of the Treasury In the name of the owner,
which name will also be entered on the face
of the certifies ten. The first class ire received
from the bearer, the other by order or trans-
xer, properly attestea.
The Secretary of the Treasury, on
the 12th, Issued a call lor the redemption of
(10,000,000 of 5-20 bonds.
Th Treasury Department has issued
a circular inviting all Collectors of Customs,
Surveyors of Customs, Receivers of Public
Monies. Postmasters of money order offices.
and all other public officers of whatsoever
character, to oecome agents lor tne sale oi
the tlOfour per cent, ref undingeertiflcates. su-
tborixed to be isr ued by the act of February
last, commission win oe auowea ana Dona
Db. John H. Y ood worth. Super-
vis rtig Surgeon-General of the Marine Hospi
tal Service, died on the 14th.
The Representatives of the National
Labor party made a public communication to
the Republican and Democratic members elect
of the House of Representatives of the Forty-
sixu congress, on tne I4tn. wnicn proposes
to co operate with them by electing aa Speak
er either S. 8. Cox, of New York, or James
rhelps, or Connecticut; W. u. Kellev or
Hendrick B. Wright, of Pennsylvania ; Ureen
burv Fort, of Illinois: William H Frlton. of
Georgia: John M. Bright or H. C Young, of
Sample copies of publications of the
second class, which after May 1st will be en
titled to transmission through the mails at
two eecta per pound, are defined by the Post-
office Department to be copies sent to persons
not to subscribers for the purnoee of Incucing
them either to subscribe for or advertise in
the publication, or to agents orto persons de
siring to become agents, or whom the pub
lisher may wish to Induce to act aa agents, to
be used by them In procuring subscribers and
The President has appointed James
Pollock, Naval Officer at Philadelphia.
The Democratic Senators held a
caucus on the loth, the object being to con
sider the formation of the standing commit
tees. After discussion, the following basis
wss agreed upon for reorganisation of com
mittees: First, seniority: second, the choice
of committee by one having two or more
chairmanships; third, the arrangement of
chairmanships for vacancies. According to
this programme, Eaton, the senior Demo
cratic member of the Committee on Foreign
neiauona, win oe its cuairman; finance,
Bavard: Militarv Affairs. Randolnh: Ju
diciary, Thurman; Public Lands, McDon
ald; Indian Anatrs, Coke; renslons, withers ;
Claims, Cockrell; District of Columbia, Har
ris; Patents, Kernan: Territories, Usrlsnd;
Mines and Mining. Hereford: on Revision ot
Laws, Wallace. Sanlsbury has the choice of
Chairman of three committees, namelv, Priv
ileges and elections, rost-onlces and rost-
m-U . D k. W t? 1 1 .41 1 - 1. .
uip, auu M UUIIU VUIIU1UJJ, IIU UlUUIIWi
Dsvla, or West Virginia, haa the choice of
Chairman of the Appropriations and Agricul
ture: Johnston of Manufactures and Revolu
tionary Pensions ; Gordon ot Commerce and
Education and Labor: Wbyte of Civil Service
and Retrenchment, Naval Affairs and Print
ing; Ransom of Railroads and Library.
The Government has closed a con
tract with J. B. Price for fast mall service on
the Mississippi River between St. Louis and
New Orleans. Seven new steamers sre to be
bnilt for this purpose. There are between
200 and 900 postofflces on the route, and the
round tripof 2,500 miles is to be made in the
maximum time oi 313 hours.
Resolutions were introduced at the
annual meeting of the Directors or the Penn
sylvania Railway Company, held at Philadel
phia on the 11th, looking to the reduction or
salaries, operating their own express, and
sleeping, parlor and palace cars and prohibit
ing the issue or paasea. The resolutiona were
referred to the new Board of Directors.
Rocklajcd, Me, has balloted twice,
recently, for Mayor, without making a choice.
At the last election, on the lltb, the Repub
lican candidate received 630 votes, the Green
back, 516, and the Democrat 324.
The Iron Merchants Association of
Philadelphia, on the 11th, advanced the prices
of all description of merchant Iron five per
O'Lbart was compelled to withdraw
from the international walking contest, at
New York, on the 13th, on account or slck-
is. He was sick when he went on the track
and bis friends seeing he could not win, and
It would be dsngerous for him to walk any
longer, forced him to give np the contest. -
The ice irortre four miles west of
Lock Haven, Pa-, gave way on the night of
the 11th, and carried everything before It un
til It reached Queen Run Railroad bridge,
which withstood the shock. The Ice at Kr
randsvllle waa piled thirty feet high. The
Philadelphia A trie Railroad track was cov
ered ten feet deep and telegragh poles were
Gsw. Thomas T. Eckibt, on the
lath, tendered hla resignation of President of
the Atlantic A Pacific Telegraph Company.
A serious accident occurred at Gil-
more's Garden in New York City on the 12th,
where nearly 10,000 persona had assembled to
witness the International walking contest. A
section of temporary boxes about forty-five
leet long and twenty deep fell In, being over
crowded, and about a dosen persona were In
lured, one man fatally. When the crash waa
heard In other parts of the building a panic
ensued, and for a time It looked as if hun
dreds of lives would be lost, but through the
exertions of the police and others who knew
the extent ot the accident the excitement was
allayed without any further injury.
A C. Woodward, secretary and
treasurer of the 8tanstead and Sherbrooke
Mutual Fire Insurance Company or Derbv
Line, Vt, Is reported behind In accounts
about f 135,000. He has been suspended from
Mrs. Johx Taylor and two sons.
aged tea and five, were drowned in the Ni an
tic Ice Company's pond at Niantlc, Conn., on
the 12th. The children went for a pail of
water and fell In. Mrs. Taylor hearing their
ertea ran to their assistance and also drowned.
The Manhattan Savings Bank, of
New York City, -robbed some time aao of near
ly $3,000,000 of Ha securities, haa had them
duplicated and re-deposited, and the bank re
sumed business on the 12th.
The General Sherman reported dan
gerously 111 at Newport, R. L, on the 9tb, Is
aa old resident of that place, and not General
Sherman of the United States Army, aa many
were led to believe from the telegram.
Governor Peescott, of New Hamp
shire, has appointed Charles H. Bell Senator
for the extra session, to fill the vacancy occa
sioned by the expiration or the term of Sena
Br an explosion at the powder mills
near St. Clair, Pa., on the 13th, James Hlne
was lulled and Samuel Messersmith seriously
The ceremonies over the remains of
the late Bavard Taylor took place at New York
on the afternoon ot the 13th, In the presence
of a large number or spectators.
A tkkrible explosion occurred, on
the 13th, at the Mahoning Powder Works or
M. Gallaher A Co., near Danville, Pa.,
completely destroying the building and In
stantly killing Willis Lloyd, one of the pro
prietors, John J. Svsns and John C. Mower,
their mangled remains being scattered In
every direction. The cause of the explosion
Three murderers were hanged in
three New England States on the 14th. John
Q. Pinkham at Concord, N. H., for the murder
of Mr. Marion Berry near Durham, Jan. W,
1877, William n. wrnn m juoweu, jaass.. lor
the murder of hla wife and Infant child Dec.
8, 1877, and Henry Graveltn, at Windsor, Vs.,
for the murder of Herbert G. White, in Octo
ber, 187ft. Grsvelin asserted his Innocence In
strong terms and said be felt aa though be
had been robbed and murdered and lieu into
The large car-wheel foundry and
machine shops of the -Taylor Iron Compsny
at High Bridge, N. J., were burned on the
Dispatches announcing the probable
loss of thirteen fishing vessels belonging to
Gloucester, Mass , are considered by the own
ers or the vessels to be premature, as on the
lltb and 13th two vessels which were said to
be lost bad arrived and there were strong res
sons for anticipating further arrivals.
William Seelye met his death in a
most horrible msnner at Red Rock, McKean
County, Pa., on the 15th. He was under the
Influence ot liquor, and was carrying across
his shoulder a bag, which subsequent de
velopments went to sbow contained forty
pounds of nltro glycerine. In passing along
the road he slipped and fell and the glycerine
exploded, literally tearing him Into shreds.
The largest piece of hla body found was one
of his toes.
The International walking race closed
at Gtlmore's Garden on the night of the 15th,
Rowe'l being the victor. The score stood:
Rowell. 500 miles; F.nnis, 475; Hsrrlman,
4.V). The men were off the track during the
whole six days aa follows: Rowell, ash. 4im.
50s. ; Ennls, Sfth. Sim. Sis. ; Harriman, 3h.
lm. 21s. The total receipts during the con
test were i 1,000.
Phillip Hess and Peter Frederick
were killed In the Empire Colliery atPittston,
Pa., on the 15th, by the fall of a rock roof.
Bayard Taylor was buried at Ken
net Square, Pa., on the 15th.
By the will of the late Deacon Asa
Otis, of Norwich, Conn., the American Board
of Commissioners of Foreign Missions is made
residuary legatee. Bequeeta amounting to
.iu,uuu are as ioiiows: Amnerst college,
35,1100; Yale College Theological Seminary,
S35.000: Bulkelev High School, New London,
10,000; Bacon Academy, Colchester, Conn.,
C 10,000; first Ecclesiastical Socletv, ew Loo-
don, $10,000; American Board of C ommission
ers for Foreign Missions, $10,000; American
Home Missionary Society, S-UUO; American
Bible Society, $5,000; American Tract Socie
ty, $5,000. The balance of hla property,
amounting to over $500,000, will go to foreign
Weat and Soattla.
The reported massacre of thirty-
eight Indiana by settlers near the Umatilla
reservation In Washington Territory, a month
ago. Is contradicted. It was a hoax played on
the up country papers.
Cardinal McClosky has assured
Archbishop Pnrcell that all of the Catholic
congregationa in the country will assist him
to get out ot his financial troubles.
John R. Aronh alt. of Marion, Ohio,
was found dead In his bed on the morning of
the lltb, with a small buliet-hole In his head
and the bed clothes on fire. It is supposed to
be a case of murder and robbery, and arson to
Fifty square miles of forest were
destroyed by fire near Yankton, D. T., on the
9th. A number or farm bouses and cattle
were burned, but no human lives "were lost.
The loss of property Is estimated at $35,000.
Shelt Alsop, of Douglass County,
Mo., resisted the Sheriff and pott who went
to arrest him on the 8th. In the melee the
Sheriff was killed by Alsup, and Alsup and a
little daughter were killed iv the mum. Two
other persons were wounded. . The child was
in tne nouse witn her tamer ana ner aeatn was
A violent wind storm passed over
the southern part of Macoupin County, 111.,
on the lltb, destroying houses, barns and
other property. Edward McDonald and his
little grandchild were killed, and several other
members of the fsmily severely wounded. One
or two other deaths were reported, but the
facta were not obtainable.
Officer Joseph Rosenfeld of the
Rock Island, 111., police force, while patrollng
hia beat on the night of the 12th, was set upon
by tour desperadoes and murdered outright.
Three of the men were arrested.
At a large Republican mass meeting
at San Francisco on the night of the 12th, the
aentlment was endorsed that, while crediting
the President with honesty of purpose in veto
ing the Chinese bill, bis sctlon aid not repre
sent the views of the Republican party in
California, and the party declined the respon
Twelve frame business houses in
the village of Onslow, Jones County, Iowa,
were destroyed by fire on the 13th. The loss
is quite heavy and Insurance smalL
A prairie fire near Abeline, Kan.,
on the night or the 13th, came nearly destroy
ing the town. The high wind which pre
vailed drove the flames directly Into the town,
destroying a large amount of fencing and a
couple ol houses In the suburbs. The total
loss of pronerty In the Immediate vicinity of
the town will be more than $100,000.
During the year ending March 1,
1879, the pork-packers of Chicago slaugh
tered 4,911,913 hogs.
Hangings on the Pacific coast on the
14th: Victor Muns, at Pueblo, California, for
the murder ot Louis Rosconer, in October,
1877: Ah Ben, a Chinaman, at Marysvllle, Cal.,
for tne murder of John McDanielslast Novem
ber; Eugene L. Ave it, at Portland, Oregon,
forthe murder of Louis Joseph last August.
A Victoria, B. C, dispatch on the
16th, saya the steamer California arrived there
that morning from Alaska. She brought newa
that the Indiana were preparing for war. H.
B. M. ship Oeprey and the United States
cutter Walcott had reached Alaska. On
board the Walcott are the Osprey's marines
andthe Osprey's Gatt ling gun. The aituation
ia reported very alarming. The Osprey will
remain until relieved by an American man-of-war.
A large number of negroes, nearly
all without money, have recently arrived at
St. Louis from Mississippi and Louisiana
under the Impression that they would be fur
nished free transportation from that city to
Kansas, where on arrival they were to receive
lands from the Government, money, mules,
plows, etc. As no such provision as above
stated hss been msde for them they have evi
dently been deceived for some malicious pur
pose. The bark Sleipner arrived at the
Passes, near New Orleans, on the 14th, from
Klo, In charge ot the mate, who reported that
during the vovage the Captain, second officer
and boy died of yellow ftver. The vessel wss
put In quarantine.
A famine prevails in Cashmere In
dia. The people are said to be dying off by
A motion in favor of an Euro peon
Congress to arrange general disarmament was
defeated In the German Reichstag on the
11th. The Socialists voted li the affirmative.
The report that the Pope has as
sumed a more uncompromising attitude is de
nied by the Rome Vuct DM Veritit.
A telegram from Pesth, Hungary,
on the 12th, stated that Szegedin waa nearly
destroyed by the flood. Two thirds ot the
town was submerged. Including the citadel
and the post and telegraph offices. Whole
rows of houses bad fallen. The orphanage and
synagogue were destroy el, and all the in
mates of the former were buried In the ruins.
Sixty thousand persons were left without a
roof to cover them. It la feared that the loss
of life has been very great.
Russian advices report Colonel
Knoop, of the Gendarmerie, has been strangled
A caoRESPONDENT of a London pa
per writing from Szegedln, on the 13tb, states
that the Government authorities report thst
800 persons have been drowned.
- A Berlin correspondent states that
Bismarck haa proposed to give Alsace and
Lorraine a special Cabinet and make the vote
of the Provincial Assembly decisive Instead of
The French Chamber of Deputies,
on the 13th, refused to adopt the report or the
Electoral Commission in favorof the Impeach
ment of the De Broglie and Roehebouet cabinets.
The Duke of Connaught, son of
Queen Victoria,and Princess Louise Margaret,
daughter of Prince and Princess Frederick
Charles, of Prussia, were married at Windsor
on the I3tn.
The grand prize of the French
Academy for poetry has been adjudged the
communist refugee, Penard, now a professor
In the Canadian House of Commons,
on the 14th, the Finance Minister stated that
the Government had undertaken to readjust.
reorganize and construct an entirely new tar
iff, having not only for Its object realization
ot $2,000,000 more revenues, but also with the
view to meeting whst has been and is now
the declared policy of the majority of the
House, protection to the Industries of the
Three-quarters of Szegdin has been
destroyed by the flood.
Advices from Bucharest are that all
the Russian troops in Ron mania have been
A Bombay dispatch states that the
cotton crop of Berar and the central prov
inces is estimated at one-hair less for the
present year than for 1878.
The British steamer Severn, from
London for Quebec, ran down, off Dungeness,
on the 14th, the pilot cutter having twelve
pilota and a crew ot eight on board. Ten
pilots ana nve oi tne crew were arownea.
A Madrid dispatch, on the 16th,
stated thst decrees had been published dis
solving the Cortes, fixing the election for
Deputies on the 90th of April, and for Sen
ators the 3d of Mav simultaneously in Spain,
Porto Kico and Cuba.
A Szegedin dispatch on the 16th
stated that the lowest estimate then current
fixed the number drowned at 2.000. Many
persons believe thst 4,000 perished, ss the gale
prevented a majority of the Inhabitants from
hearing the flrbt alarm. On the night of the
pith many people were still on the ruins of
houses and in trees.
Gladstone was not invited to the
Duke ot Connaught's wedding. This omis
sion has excited much comment In political
circles, as Lords Granville and Hartington re
The British Government has invited
tenders for a telegraph to South Africa and
Mauritius either via Aden or India.
The Cheyenncs Findings of General
Crook's Conrt of Inquiry.
The board of officers of the army, convened
by order of General Crook, with Instructions
" to examine Into and report the facts attend
ing the arrest, confinement, disarmsment, es
cape, and recapture of a number of Cheyenne
Indians," has made its report, which, after
giving a detailed history of the affair, con
cludes ss follows :
It is difficult to arrive at a correct estimate of
all moiivea which Influenced thsCheyennea in
their desperate course, without going beyond
the strict limits of this Investigation oreonsid
eiiua tacto uui owiuM.a v it. n vinue ,i
those Indians, numbering over 1,000 souls,
wss destroyed by General McKenzie In the
big Horn range in the fall of 1876. Left at an
inclement season without a tepee, they ap
plied to their allies, the Sioux, for shelter,
and were refused, or were at least received
very coolly. Having no other course, they
surrendered at Camp Robinson, and were per
snailed to goto the Indian Territory, largely
influenced thereto bv Chief Standing' Elk, sup
posed to be a Southern Cheyenne. It is not
known to the board what assurances were
given to them by the f orernment, or what
promises, if any, were broken. They were
Frobably received very coldly by the Southern
ndians, and they are "very unanimous in their
complaints of their treatment by the Southern
Indians. It is ejsv to Imagine that tbey were
quite Justified in their flight at least in their
After their surrender and incarceration at
Fort Kobliifon In October last, it la under
stood that certain State authorities Intended
to make a demand upon the General Govern
ment for the surrender to tbeir tribunals of
the perpetrators of certain outrages charged
upou these Indians. Tbst demand would be
eminently proper and right, but it could only
refer to the guiltv individuals upon due iden
tification. The punishment for these acta of
an entire band, tribe or nation, as a body, was
the province of the Government, aud not
properly to be delegated to any Inferior au
thority. It is quite probable thst Identification
of the guilty might have been impossible, but
might it not as well have been attempted at
Fort Robinson as elsewhere i Could not the
State officers have gone to that place for the
Surpose I Apsrt from these outrages, did the
ignity of the Government require the forci
ble removal of these people back to the Indian
Territory I At any rate, prior to a full in
vestigation into the merlta of tbeir com
plaints, it is neither the province nor the In
tention of the Board to criticise its superiors.
But It is convinced that the return of these
Indians to the South could only have been ac
complished by bloodshed; and it desires to
point out the only course which It seems to
think could hsve avoided that issue.
In view of the orders received, the only ques
tion left with the military authorities at Fort
Robinson was, what steps to be takenby them
would Involve the least shedding of blood I
The recourse to measures ot starvation bears
too strong an analogy to the ancient but now
exploded practice of torture applied to the
prisoner to compel confession, not to startle
the supporters of modern leniency. But whst
military course could hsve been devised I It
was evident to the Indians that they bad no
alternative but to consent to return ; that a
violent outbreak ot some sort must occur,
should have been apparent to every one
who considered the temper ot the In
dians. Had It been practicable to secure
barricades to prevent their actual exit
from prison, it is altogether proba
ble that they would have immolated them
selves rather than surrender. That tbey
would attempt to escape on the night of Jan.
9 seems to have been clearly Indicated that
day, and was even predicted. In view of these
circumstances. It would seem thst sufficient
recsutlons ere not taken. It was msnif est
y an error of judgment to relinquish the
guard, or at least the watch over the Indians
when discovered in their intrenchments ; but It
la so Jiiich easier to point out after the eveut
what might nr should have been done before
it, that the Board finds it difficult to condemn
an officer who was otherwise zealous in the
disctsrge of his duty, who seems to have act
ed upon the best of his judgment, and who
afterward crowned his works by deeds of gal
lantry. it must be borne In mind that he supposed
the pi boners to be without firearms, and that
such was not the fact Is a state of things which
the Board finds itself unsble to clear up. The
responsibility for the continued possession of
firearms by the prisoners seems, of course, to
rest upon the officer who wss in command when
tbey were captured. To disarm them was the
first and most natural Idea. Yet the Board is
satisfied tbst its accomplishment waa lm
practicable at Chadron Creek. After their
Imprisonment at Fort Robinson, while
they were apparently contented and sat
isfied, and before the determination of the
Government was announced to them. It Is
possible thst disarmament might bave been
effectually and thoroughly done. The officer
who undertook It certainly supposed that he
waa being successful In his attempt. The
Board Is of opinion thst the arms snd ammu
nition used by the Cheyennes in their out
break (except tbose captured by them from
the troops) were previously In tnelr posses
sion, and bad been Introduced Into and con
cealed by them In the prison. It is possible
that a very few might have been conveyed to
them by visitors, but certainly not all nor
nearly all. With regard to bis arms the In
, dian is so adroit and cunning that it ia not
surprising thst he should have eluded the
vigilance of bis Jailers. The arms were most
probably taken apart and concealed upon the
persons of thesquawa until a favorable oppor
tunity of hiding tbem under the floor ot the
room presented itself.
Colonel Carlton, in hi evidence, has given
his reason why he deemed It impracticable or
unwise to convey the men separately from the
women and children. It has occurred to the
Board that the latter class might bsve been
simply placed in camp near by, without creat
ing their distrust and without precipitating
au . attempt to escape. This suggestion is
founded upon similar cases that have occurred
in Arizona and Texas, and at first view com
mends itself to the judgment. But this
marked difference seems to exist: that In
tbose esses the Indisns seem to have been
thoroughly whipped, while here this was not
only not so, but the ultimate escape of the
bucks would bare been greatly facilitated by
the absence of the Incumbrances of flight:
and It is doubtful If this separation could
have been made without exciting the suspi
cions of the Indians and quickening the final
While the Board has felt Its duty to be to
call the attention to what it deems errors of
judgment committed by Captain Wcsselln, it
cannot overlook the fact that that officer was
so fortunate as to succeed to the policy In
augurated by his predecessor and superior In
command, Msjor Carlton, and almost neces
sarily committed in advance to the pursuance
of his system. Captain Wesat-lls found these
Indians fmprisoned in a certain fashion,
and seems, if anything, to have added
precautions to tbcif security. It wss nat
ural and reasonable that he should sup
pose that they had been really dis
armed. . The Board has pointed out cer
tain errors It believes to bave been com
mitted, but beyond that attaches no blame
to any one inihe military service; snd in view
of sll the circumstances of this unfortunate
business, of thq manifest fact that collision
with these Indians snd consequent loss of life
waa unavoidable, of the evident desire of
every one concerned to carry out the orders
of the Government in the niost effective man
ner, and ot the probability that no one else of
nsual experience or judgment could havedone
any better, respectfully recommends that no
further action be taken.
The foregoing document, which Is signed
by the three officers of the Boaru, is endorsed
by General Crook as follows : I have noth
ing to add to the findings ot the within Board,
which sre very complete, and which are ap
proved." No action has been taken upon the report
by the authorities at Washington.
THE OHIO LEGISLATURE.
Senate, March 12. Bills passed : Establish
ing quarantines In all towns and cities; to
abolish public executions. The bill exclude
newspaper reporters entirely from the execu
tions. Bills introduced : Authorizing Insur
ance companies to insure plate glass and steam
boilers ; authorizing Putnam, Wood and Henry
Counties to levy a tax to pay certain fees.
Xuiue. Quinby's Local Option bill came up
for passage and waa lost yeas. 89: cava.
44, as follows: - Yeas Alexander, Baker,
Bovce, Carpenter, Conkright, Dawson, Dow,
Edwards, Elliot, Eylar, Fenton, Forsythe,
Foster, Greene, Harmon, Henick, Hitchcock,
Kellogg, Kerr, Leggett, Levering, Luccock,
Mack, Morrey, Oelevee, Perkins, Qulnby,
Reed (Trumbull), Sage, Scott, Smead, Stubbs,
Sullivan (Miami), Thorp, Townsend, Tyler
(Licking), Wales, Wasson, Williamson.
Nays Achauer, Brown (Hamilton), Brown
(Putnam). Bull. Carter. Cloueh. Covert. Cros-
ley, Dodd-s Ellis, Groschner, Hardy (Coshoc
ton), Hardy (Defiance), Hart, Hayman, Hume,
Jessup, Johnson. Klimper, Loder, Lovelace,
Maury, McCoy (Lawrence), Mecoy (Wayne),
Poe. Rimer. Seifert. St-xtro. Sheets. Sullivan
(Hamilton), Swain, Trovineer, Turner. Tyler
(Wvandot). Van Cleaf. Washburn, White.
Williams, Wolf, Worlev, Wright, Speaker.
A motion to reconsider the vote bv which the
bill was lost was rejected. . Mr. Booth, from
the Committee on Judiciary, reported back
Johnston's Senate bill repealing sections 7, 8
and tf of the code relating to error mandam
and quo tmrrtmltt. The bill was then read the
third time and passed.
SenmU. Marrh 13. Bills Introduced : To au
thorize actions to be brought against mutual
life and benefit associations in the eountv
where the cause of action accrued ; to punish
burglary on the conviction for the third of-
iense by imprisonment lor Hie.
ilotue. The bill to authorize the city of
Cleveland to submit to popular vote again the
question of making the viaduct a to 1 bridge
I. a IhM MtatA A rchflpnlotrtml tfwit.v to h.
como incorporated; making appropriations
lor common schools, ana ior tne
payments of interest on the public debt, and
the general appropriat ion bill ; to revise the
laws relating to militia; to so amend the act
of 1878 prohibiting employes from selling
goptia at higher man casn prices on oruers
given for work done, ss to provide that the
bill shall not be construed to Interfere with
the fulfilling of special contracts between em-
Sloyer and employed. Messrs. Sawyer, Marsh,
leuser and Norton obtained leave and re
corded their votes against the Local Option
bill which was defeated on the 12th.
THE XLVI. CONGRESS.
The new fTortv-sixth) Congress to
composed, in Senate and House, as
1888. 1. T. Morgan, D
lttSo- G. 8. Houston, D.
1883. A. 11. Gariaad, D.
1885. Jaa. D. Walker, D.
1883. H. M. Teller, B.
1886-N. P. HIIU B. ,
1881. T V. Bavard, D.
1883. 11 Saulsbory.D.
1883. Benj. 11. Hill, D.
1885. J. B. Gordon, D.
1881. J. E. McDonald, D.
1883. P. B. Plumb, R.
1885. J no. J. Ingalla, B.
1883. W. P. Kellogg, B.
1&85. B. F. Jonas, 1.
1881. Newton Booth, R.
18B6. 1- raney, u.
1881. Wn.W. Kaura, D.
1885. U. u. riatt, a.
1881. C. W. Jones. D.
16SO. Wllklns nvau,!).
1883. David Davis. L
1883. B.J. Kirk-wood, B
1885. Wm. Allison, H.
1883. J as. B. Beck. D.
1865. J. 8. Williams, D,
1881. H. Hamlin, R. 1881. Wm. P. Whvte,D.
latCTNas. U. Blaine, B.1I88&. J. B. Grooms, D.
1881. Z. Chandler, R.
1883. T. W. Ferry, B.
1881. H. K. Bruce, R.
1883. L. Q. C. Lamar, D.
1881. A. 8. Paddock. R.
1481. L. Dawes, R.
1883. co. F. Hoar, B.
G. Veat, D. 1883. A. Sanndera, R.
ADA. I NEW HAMPSHIRE.
1883. Win. Sharon, B 1883. . U. Kollina, B.
1885. Jno. f. J ones, it isso. O acancy.)
1881. F. Karnan, D.
1885. B. ConklLng, B.
1881. A. (i. Thurman, D.
1881. W. A. Wallace, D.
1885. J. D. Cameron, B.
1883. M. C. Butler. D.
1881. 8. B. Maxey.D.
1883. Richard Coke, D.
1881. R. E. Withers, D.
1881. A. Cameron, B.
1883. M. W. Ransom, D.
1885. Eeb B. Vauce, 1.
1883. L. U rover, D.
188& Jaa. 11. Slater, D.
1881. A. B.BumaidcR.
1883. H. B. Anthony, K-
1881. Jaa. . Bailey, D.
1883. 1. u. uarria, u.
1881. G. F. Edmnnds,BJ
ltfoo. a. aomii, n.
1881. F. Hereford, D.
1883. H. G. Davis. D.
Democrats ................ ..................... .42
Independent .................................... 1
1. Thomas Hern don, D.
2. Hilary A. Herbert, D.
. W. J. Samroru, D.
4. Charlea At. Shelley, D.
5. Thomas Will lams, D.
H. Berwcll B. Lewis, D.
i. w 11 nam a. f orner, L.
8. William M. Lowe, N.
1. Polndexter Dnnn, l. 18. Jordan E. Cravena, D.
2. Wm. F. Siemens. D. 14. Thomas M.Guntar,D.
Elects four Congressmen In 1879.
1. James B. Bel ford, B.
CON N ECTIUVT.
1. Joseph R- llawley, R.i3. John T. Watt, H.
2. James Phelpa, D. 4- Frederick Miles, B.
1. Edward L, Martin, D.
1. B.H.M. Davidson, D.2- Noble A. Hull, IX
1. John C. Nlcholls. D.
lit. James H. Blount, D.
2. William . Smith, D,
8. Philip Cook, D.
4. Henry Persons, D.
5. N. J. Hammond, D.
7. W illiam 11. relton,!).
8. Alex. H. Stephens, D.
U. Emory Sneer, D.
1. William Aldrleh. K.
11. J. W. Singleton, D.
2. Gcoryu R. Davis, K.
3. Hiram Barber. Jr-R.
4. Johu C. Sherwin. R.
5. K. M. A, Hawk, B.
K. T. J. Henderson, 1L
T Phlllnf II D
12. wm. ai. Bonnger, L.
13. A. S. Stevenson, D.
14. Joseph G. Cannon.B.
15. A. P. Forsythe, N.
111. W. A.J. Swirka.D.
17. Wm. B. Morrison. D.
M. Grecnbury L. Fort. R.J18. John K. Thomas, R.
t. 1 nomas a. boyo, n. 11V. a. vv. aowuummmlaa
10. Benj. F. Marsh, It
1. William Hellman, K.
2. Thoniaa K. Cobb, D.
8. Goo. A. Bieknell. D.
4- Jeptba D. New, D.
ft. Tbos. M. Browne, B.
H. Wm. R. Mcvcrs, D.
7. G. DeLaMatyr, N.
I. Mosra A.McColtLR?
2. Hiram Price, K.
3. Thos. UpdeKTOiT, R.
4. N. C. DoerUg. B.
C Bosh Clark, 5.
8.A.J. Hosteller, D.
p,. Godlove 8. Orth, R.
10. Wm. H. Calkins, R.
11. Calvin Cuwsill, R.
12- W. G. Colcrick, D.
13. John H. Baker, B.
rt. J. B. Weaver, N.
7- E- H. Gillette, N.
K. W. F. 8aD. K.
W. C. C. Carpenter, R.
1. John A. Anderson, B. 8. Thomas Ryan, B.
2. D. C. Haskell, K. I
1. Oscar Tnrner. D.
. John G. Carlisle, D.
7. J. C. S. Blackbnrn.D.
9. Thomas Turner. D.
2. J. A. McKenzie, D.
8. John W. Caldwell. D.
4. J. Proctor Knott, D.
5. Albert 8- WUlia, D.
10. Elijah C. Phiater.D.
1. Randall L. Gibson. D.I4. J. B. Elara. D.
2. E. John Kills, D. 5. J". Flovd King. D.
8. Joseph 1L Acklen, D.o. E. W. Robertson, D.
1. Thomas B. Reed, R. 14. George W. Lsdd, N.
2. William P. Krye, R. 5. Thos. H. March, N.
8. 8. D. Lindsey, B.
1. Dsniel M. Henry, D. 14- Robert M. McLane, D,
2. J. F. O. Talbot. D. 1 5. 11 J. Henkle, D.
a William Kimmel, D. U. Milton G. Urner, B.
1. William W. Crapo, R.
7. W. A. Hnssell. R.
z. Bent. w. uarria, n.
8. W. A. Field. R.
4. Leopold Morse, D.
5. 8. Z. Bowman, R.
d. George B. Loring, R.
8. William t.'laflln, H.
9. Wm. W. Rice, R.
10- Amasa N ore rose, R.
11. Geo. D. Robinson, B.
1. John 8. Newberry, B.
Mark 8. Brewer, R.
Omar D. Conser. R.
2. Jidwin Willlts, H.
8. J. H. McGowan, B.
4. J. C. Barrows, R.
6. John W. Stone, R.
8. Roaell G. Horr, B.
9. Jay A. Hubbell, B.
iM. H. Dnnnell, R. 13. W. D. Washburn, Bv
Henry Poehler, D.
1. H. L. Mnldrow, D. 14. Otho R. Singleton, D.
2. Van H. Manning, D. lo. Chaa. E. Hooker, D.
8. H. D. Money, D. Itt. J. R. Chalmers, D.
1. Msrtln L. Clsrdy, D.
2. Erastns Wells, D.
8. K. Giahsm Frost, D.
4. Lowndes H. Davis, D.
6. Richard P. Bland, D.
8. John R Waddill, D.
7. Alfred X. Lay, D.
8. Samuel L. Sawyer, D.
11. ;icnoias rora, .
10. G. F. Roth well, D.
11. J. B. Clark. Jr., D.
12. W. H. Hatch, 3.
13. A. li. Buckner, D.
1. Edward K. Valentine, B.
1. Bonin M. Daggett, R.
1. Joshaa G. Hall, R. 13. Rvarts W. Fair, B. ,
2. James F. Brigge, R.
1. Geo. M. Robeson, R. 15. Chaa. H. Voorbta, B.
2. Bezekiah B.S'.iith, D. It. John L. Blake, R.
8. Miles Ross, D. 7. Lewis A. Brieham, B,
4, Alvah D. Clark. D I
1. Jaa. W. Covert. D.
18. J. H. Hammond, R.
10. Amaxiah B.James.R.
. Daniel O'Kellv. D.
8. 8. B. Chittenden, R.
20. John H. Starin. R.
4. Arch. M. Bliss, i.
6. Nicholas Mailer, D.
8. 8. 8. Cox. D.
21. David Wllber. H.
22- Warner Miller, R.
int. cyrua l. rrescoit, lu
24. Joseph Mason, K.
25. Frank Hiscock, R,
2tf. John H. Camn. R.
7. Edwin Einstein, R.
8- Anson G. McCook.B.
9. Fernando W ood, D.
10. James O'Brien, D.
11. Levi P. Morton, K.
27. El'ee G. Lapbam, H.
28. Jere. W. Dwisht, B.
2U. D. P. Richardson, R.
30. John VanVoorhis,R.
31. Richard Crowley, B.
13. John H. Ketcham.RJ
14. John H. Fcrdon, R.
5. Wm. Lonnabery, D.
18. John M. Bailer. R.
;J2. nay v. Fierce, K.
33 H JLVanAemaml,
17. Walter A. Wood, R-l
1. John J. Martin. R.
5. Alfred H. Scales, D.
. Walter L. Steele, D.
7. Root. F. Armfield, D.
18. Robt. B. B. Vance, D.
2. W. H. Kllchin, D.
8. Daniel L. Bossell. N.
4- Joseph J. Dsvia, D.
2. Thos. L. Young, R.
R. J. A. McMahon. D.
11. H. L. Dlekey, D.
12. Henry 8. Iveal, B.
13. A. J. Warner, D.
14- Gibson Atherton. D.
15. Geo. W. Geddes, D.
lit. W. McKlnclevJr.Jt.
4. J. Warren Keller, R.
b. nenl. Lieievre, u.
. W. 6. Hill. D.
7. Frank Hurd, D.
8. E. B. Flu ley, D.
i). Geo. L. Converse, D.
10. Thomas Ewing, D.
17. Jsmes Monroe, R,
18. J. T. UpdegraiT, R.
111. James A. Garfleld.R.
120. Amos Townsend, R.
1. John Woiteaker, D.
a. H. H. Bingham, R.
. Charlea O'Neill. R.
15. Edward Overton, R.
lrt. John I. Mitchell, B.
8. Samuel J. Randall J
4. Wm. D. Kelley, R.
6. A. C. Harmer, B.
8. Wm. Ward. R.
7. Wm. Godshalk, R.
8. Heiater Clymer, D.
9. A. Herr Smith. B.
10. R. K. Bach man . D.
11. Robert Klotx, D.
12. H. B. Wrieht. D.
IV. a. li. uonroui. u.
18. H. G. Fisher, D.
10. F.E. BoltzhooverJD.
20. Beth H. Yocnm,N.
21. Morgan R. Wise. D.
22. Russell Errett, B.
23. Thos. M. Bsvne, R.
24. W. 8. BhaUenbec
2d. 8. B. Dick. R.
13. John W. Ryon. D.
127, J. H, Oamor, B.
1. Kelson W. Aldrich3-I2. L. W. Ballon, R.
1. J. 8 Richardson, D. 14- John H. Evlna, D.
2. M. P. O Conner, D. 1 6- G. D. Tillman, D.
8. Wjratt Aiken. D. I
1. Robert L. Taylor, D. I 8. John F. House, D.
2. L. C. Honck, R. I 7. W. C. Whitthorna.D.
8. Geo. C. Dibrell, D. I 8. J. D. C. Atkins, D.
4. Benton McMillan, D.I 9. C. B. Simonton, D.
6. John M. Bright, D. 110. 1L Casey Young, D.
1. John H. Reagan, D. 14. Roger O. Mills, D.
2- D. B. Culberson. D. 5. George W. Jones, N.
8. Olin WeUborn, D. Id. (Vacancy.)
1. Charles H. Joyce, B.18. Bradley Barlow, R.
2- James M. Tyler, It I
1. R. L. T. Beale, D. 18. J. R. Tcrker, D.
2. John Goods, Jr D. 17. John T. Harris, D.
8- Jos. E. Johnston, D. 1 8. Epus H union, D.
4. Joseph Jorgensen, R.I9. J. B. Richmond, D.
6- George C. Cabell, D.
WEST TIRO INI A.
1. Benjamin Wilson, D.I3. John B. Kenna, D.
2- Benj. F. Martin, D.
1. Chaa. G. Williams, R.I5. E. 8. Bragg, D.
2. Laden B. Caswell, R.m. Gabriel Bonck, D.
8. Geo. C. Hazleton, it. 1 7. H. L. Humphrey, R.
4. P. V. Denater, D. 8. Thad. a Pound, B.
Democrats. ........ ........................ ....148
There are six vacancies in the House four from
California; one In Trias, caased by the death of
Schleicher : and one In New York, caased also by
a deallL WatAinalo. foti.
Newspapers in Bussia.
Thk Sun has lately published some
letters givin accounts of the griev
ances of the Russian students, by which
it would appear that one of their hopes
of gainintr greater freedom and obtain
ing some amelioration of their condition
is by bringing pressure to bear on the
Government of the Czar by public opin
ion expressed through tne foreign
Readers of the Sun will imagine that
copies of the paper sent to Russia will
be eagerly read by the friends of the
students, and perhaps, by extracts be
ing copied in Russian papers, aid a
little in the great cause of freedom.
Such however, cannot be the' case.
All newspapers entering Russia, are
in common with the local press, liable
to be suppressed by the Government
censor. An article treating on Russia
or anything affecting that country,
written in a spirit antagonistic to that
Government, or thought too liberal in
its views, has no chance of being read
by the people. Remorselessly the sen
sor, with paint brush and printers' itt.
destroy the whole text. Newspapers
containing reports of the debates in
the various assemblies in Europe and
America, when sent to Russia, are read
over. If anything obectionable is found,
or speekers express advanced liberal
views, the report of their speech is
painted out, the date of the paper re
corded, and its circulation forbidden.
Itis a common thing to get your for
eign papers thus disfigured when resid
ing in free and holy Russia. The com
mencement of an interesting debate
reported in the papers is there, but as
you proceed you find par jraphs and
sometimes whole speeches wiped out
with black ink. This style of treating
the foreign press is sufficient guarantee
that the local press cannot and dare
not copy objectionable articles into
their papers. If theRussian Govern
ment were to do as the French authori
ties not long since did, seize a paper in
which something they disliked was
printed, people would soon find out
that the papers did not arrive at
their destination; but in Russia there isaj
a refinement in the cruelty of sending
you on your paper, but with, perhaps,
the most piquant reading rendered use
less. Punch, Fuck, and other papers
sent are duly delivered; but, with the
chief cartoons painted out, the hand
ing in of the paper is a sad mockery.
A well-known French paper was
treated in this manner some time since
and adopted the plan of sending their
Russian readers the paper as nsual, bnt
also enclosing in a separate envelope,
cut out from a paper, the article likely
to be objected to in Russia. When the
papers arrived, duly bedaubed, the
readers could on opening the separate
letter, find the objectionable matter
and read it Cor. N F. Sun.
The First American Flag.
Aside from the honor and glory
wnicn cluster about the American nag,
associated as it is with unsurpassed her
oism and noble deeds, it has another
virtue. By unanimous voice of the
world, it has been declared unexcelled
in its beauty. The banner of beauty
and glory," The star-spangled ban
ner," "The broad stripes and bright
stars," ine rea, white ana blue.
have been the themes of the poet, as
well as the inspiration of the noble men
who have carried them in the conflict
against oppression and for the rights of
man. We have no fears that there is
any dangerof Americans becomingvain
or over-enthusiastic in their love and
veneration for the flag. If it were pos
sible we would excite in the minds of
the young American a ten-fold greater
love for this " banner of beauty." We
would infuse such a spirit of devotion
to it as would bail its unfolding upon
all National holidays with shouts of
welcome, or inspire the populace to
stand uncovered when tattered and torn
it returns from the conflict. It is just
what young America needs to-day, more
love of country, a deeper devotion ' for
the flag." We have got to be such a
nation of growlers and cynics that we
are often in danget of forgetting that
this emblem of our country floats over
what, in spite of its imperfections, is
yet the best and happiest land that the
world affords. Not that it has no foul
spots, but that it offers the opportunity
for, ana has under the protection of its
banner, more happy homes and less sor
rowing ones than any Nation of the
earth. " ihe History of the first
Flag," though often Hd more or less
minutely, still possesses an interest,
and especially to younger readers.
Col. J. F. Reigart, ot Harrisburg, Pa.,
has just written a concise little ac
count of it, and from his sketch
we gain many interesting facts.
There is a certain romance connected
with the emblem, from the fact
that it was designed and first made
by a patriotic woman. Miss Elizabeth
Griscom was born in Philadelphia in
1742 In 1762 she married John Koss,
a merchant of that city, she was
known in Philadelphia as being the most
ingenious and hnest embroiderer in the
city. She delighted in her art, and the
most costly satins and velvets were im
ported to her orders, npon which she
displayed her marvelous skill. She
called to her aid her sisters, daughters.
and nieces, so that at least a dozen
were thus constantly engaged in this
class of work, and many relics afe yet
preserved as souvenirs by the decend-
ants of the oia families. Among those
npon her list of visitors were George
Washington, General Hand, Thomas
Mifflin and Governor Morris. She
adorned the halls of the Continental
Congress, and the Governors' recep
tion room. She designed and made
the Ft"ft"r"'-S f"- Cfflf Thomas
Cope's packet ships, of red, white and
blue. At the request of Dr. Franklin,
Robert Morris and Col. George Koss,
she designed and made the first flag of
the united states, consisting of thirteen
red and white : stripes, a blue field
as a square on the left and upper
corner. Upon the blue field was
a spread eagle, with thirteen stars, in a
circle 01 ravs of glory surrounding its
head. This design, and another of a
shield of red, white and blue on the
breast of an eagle, holding in its talons
an olive branch and thirteen arrows,
and in its beak a scroll, with the motto,
" E Pluribus Unum," was approved by
the committee, and adopted by Con
gress, before the words, ' United States
of America" were legally used.
The country was at that time called
Columbia, and the Congress was called
"The Continental Congress of the
North American Colonies;" neverthe
less Betsy Ross worked npon her flag,
in words of prophetic vision, The
United State of America." In 1775
Dr. Franklin, John Adams and Thomas
Jefferson were appointed a secret com
mittee of Congress to prepare a flag
and a seal. Upon the fourth day of
July, 1776, the Declaration of Inde
pendence was signed and read. The
Rev. Dr. Duche, Chaplain of Congress,
offered prayer, and Betsy Koss' " Star
Spangled Banner' passed from her
keeping to the hands of the truest and
bravest men of the Nation, to be for
ever, it is hoped, an emblem of liberty
and union. The red stripes were em
blematical of fervency and zeal; the
white of integrity and purity; the blue
field, with stars of unity, power and
glory. The number, thirteen, was to
symbolize the thirteen original colonial
States. In 1818 Congress passed an
act adding a star npon the admission of
each new State.
Such is a very brief synopsis of the
history of our flag. " Our girls," as
well as our boys?' may well admire
the part this noble Quaker lady took in
the grand work. She was a modest,
plain Friend, who talked "thee" or
" thou," and often was found bearing
her public testimony among the peace
ful worshipers of the society. She was.
also a marked woman in her devotion
to the sick and wounded and suffering.
She was every day a visitor of the hos
pitals of the Revolution, and the cele
brated Dr. Rush styled her " the magi
cal Quakeress." Knowing this history,
one can even more fervently pray that
heaven will bless the stars and stripes,
and fervently hope that the " flag of
beauty" may ever be carried aloft by
true men, whose arms have power to
crush wrong and defend the weak and
helpless, and that it maybe reverenced
by the children as fervently as by the
fathers and mothers, while it continues
to symbolize the National flag of a free
and happy people. Inter-Ocean.
Rick Panada. Boil half a pound of
rice (which costs live cents), quarter of
a pound of suet (at .two cents), with
one tablespoonful of salt and one of
sugar (cost one cent), fast in boiling
water for fifteen minutes; meantime
mix half a pound of flour (cost two
cents) gradually with one quart of
water and one gill of molasses (cost
two cents), stir this into the boiling
rice and boil it for about five minutes;
this makes a nice supper of over five
pounds of good, nutritious food for
twelve cents. .
During a difficulty near Magnolia,
Kyi, recently, Oscar Pittman waa shot
in the abdomen by John Laurender,
and fatally injured. The disturbance
was caused, it is said, by an insulting
valentine that had been sent to a young
lady by one of the parties, and, this
being their first meeting since, the in
sult was resented, and a tight ensued,
with the ending as above. . Laurender
had not been arrested at latest account.
Will the Pacific slope?
A big miss-take: Marrying a fat girl.
Did the man who Rhode Island ride
There are only 260 fast days in the
" That settles it," as the egg shell
said to the coffee.
How to draw a tooth without pain
Draw it on paper with a pencil.
King Cetewayo's song: I Kaffir no
body, no, not I, and nobody Kaffirs
The owner of a Chicago peanut
stand has formally gone "into bank
ruptcy. Spring fever and white vests will
soon be ripe. Philadelphia Chronicle
Herald. Bk perfect and you will never die.
No perfect man was ever known to.
Boston Post. '
Virtue is its own reward." The
pay is regular, if not high. Boston
Thk best are the cheapest. , This is
more especially so in the matter of
wives. Philadelphia Chronicle.
"S. R." Yes, the best bunting
comes from the hair raised on the goat's
forehead. Turner's Falls Reporter.
Simple pity ain't much better to a
person than an insult; but to pity him
with a $5 bill ia bizziness. J. Billings,
If the Chinese must go, asks the St.
Louis Post, can they take the small
boy who plies the bean-shooter with
The San Francisco Bulletin says that
the total arrivals of Chinese at that port
in 1878 were 6,675 and the departures
Tub - French are acquiring a more
stable government every year. Paris
alone consumed 11,219 horses for food
Positive, the lovers' pat; compara
tive, the marital spat; superlative, the
husband's " bat" followed up by a
bill for divorce. '
What is the difference between a
seasonable poem and a child ? One is
on Spring and the other is offspring.
N. T. Commercial.
It has just been ascertained that the
Missouri River is navigable to within
twelve miles of Helena, Montana, fifty
miles above Fort Benton. .
Thk name of the President of the
new Egyptian Council is Tewfik, but it
would tie worse than the toothache to
get a pun on it. Graphic .
It is a fact that when people come to
what is commonly called high words
they generally use low language. Phil
The proprietor of a bone factory an
nounces that persons leaving their
bones with him can have them ground
at short notice. If. O. Picayune.
The wisest man we ever knew was a
Jew who remarked: ' " I tell yon vat it
ish, young man, I buys my egsberience
vresh efry day." Baltimore Every
A tk. TJUIl-yl-
phia Directory are-Zuscbmtt, Yrigoyen,
Zakrzewski, Yunkguichel, Schwitzgoo
zle, QuickendugfeL . Pequignot, and
In Berlin the silk trade has nearly
died out by reason of French competi
tion, while at Lyons it is exceedingly
depressed by reason of the greatly re
duced demand from this country.
An Illinois lawyer who charged a
widow twenty-live dollars for making
out a bill of sale reduced his bill to
three dollars after the widow's brother
had taken off his coat. Detroit Fret
What's this? The "Hat Finishers
Association!" The small boy must be
long to that to a man. If anything
in nature can finish a hat in shorter or
der than the small boy, . we haven't
heard of it, that's all. Boston Tran
script. Bumble Beb is the lively name of a
new Post-office in Arizona. No buzzing
is allowed during the distribution of
the mails, and the inhabitants are
earnestly enjoined to beehive them
The first time a fellow kisses the girl
of his choice the sensation is not unlike
the chill that courses through the veins
of the wight whose head has just been
seized by the iron clamps of the
photographer. Boston Transcript.
The Russians are peculiar. When
coffins are covered with cloth, the color
indicates the character of the deceased.
If the body is a young person, crimaon
is used; if a widow, brown; if a fathtr,
yellow; but black is never used.
The coal industry of Pennsylvania
has reached enormous proportions, the
annual product being valued at $50,
000,000. The first coal mined, amount
ing to a few hundred tons, was sold in
Philadelphia in 1813 for $ 21 a ton.
Mr. Ragsd ale. Treasurer of Jeffer
son County, Ind., broke his engagement
with a poor girl to marry a rich widow,
and a jury compelled him to pay $900
damages. Well," he said, as he
handed over the money, " I am still
about $20,000 ahead by the change."
Ever since it got out that Rome was
saved by the cackling of geese, legisla
tors of every grade nave settled down
to the conviction that only by their eter
nal cackling can the people's rights be
subserved. Verily, the goose has much
to answer for.
Instead of bothering about the next
Presidency and worrying over the Chi
nese question, a Chester County man
went out and captured eleven skunks
in one hole, which is doing extremely
well, considering the times. Norris
toton Herald. .
The President receives some curious
letters and telegrams. The following
dispatch was received at the White
House on the 27th of February: " May
the King of Kings incline the President
of the United States to do a generous
act, and to give the post-office to,
a Christian gentleman. Yon will have
God's blessing, and that of a thankful
A rather fussy diplomatist left his
card for Admiral Goidsborough, U. S.
N., inscribed E. P. in' the corner, and
on meeting the Admiral he said: " I
hope you got my card." "O, yes; but
what the deuce is the meaning of the E.
P. on if" "O, en personnel." Soon aft
er the diplomatist received the Admi
ral's card, inscribed S. B. N., and in
turn asked for an interpretation. " Sent
by nigger," explained the Admiral.
Says the Denver Tribune: "They
tell me Leadville is pretty high up," re
marked a Denverite to a visitor rrom
th rartwHiMtA field. " Hieh up," ejac
ulated the other, "well I should say.
The air is so thin that you've got to
fan it into a corner to get a square
breath. Why, I live sorter in a valley,
but many a time when L went horn at
night I had to push a cloud from the
front door to get in."
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