Newspaper Page Text
& jje " Mtlliiigton Enterprise.
I J. W. HOUGHTON, Publisher.
5 Mr heart record thee friend, yet through no
Spoken in side4y-aide eompaiuooahip,
Keproof or commendation from thy lip
Merer my heart with pleasant trouble stirred
emne it wm thy apecwl sift to me:
-A tomer Messing hare I won from thee. .
r'r I beard thee apeak oat of divinorair
f ban eeUnhaeaa ean breathe in. and I rose
' AM aaw the amtea of bmrenly troth nneloaB.
Glad with the multitude the feast to share.
" 9Tr or oato within. No narrow claim
Could wish of mine in that pore vision frame.
- Thoo didst befriend me. hnmbled at the sight
Of that crest love which penetrates the need
. . . Of every feeblest creature; which, indeed.
. Lifts back into the brotherhood of light
: JSenighted and neglected sonla to traee '
Their Godlike liiieageia Carmt's dear face.
Ia that eommnnion of unselfishness ".
4 ' Which ia content its own delight to lose,
. , 80 through some weaker being to transfuse
"' .rtJlnr-tha high blessedness
, Wherein faith's answer is at last complete.
. My soul arose, and went thy soul to meet.
1 H?w Ml then seemed earth's small Jealousies;
! ' JJ.ow Ptifnl the fret of - mine" and " thine r
The delicate draught of ad alstion'a wine, 1
. The subtle poison of sweet natteries.
Take nor bestow thou, friend, if thou wouldst
How hearts in blessing heart may overflow.
The world baa not learned friendship's meaning
Little indeed is all thou bast to give.
If it ia but thine own; but bid me live
largeness of life beyond thee, and my debt
Eternally uncanceled will remain.
And we, though strangers, have not met in vain.
. Show me that aspiration need not die,
. Nor faith patent iU eyes to live by sight;
Lead me into the freedom of the light.
And I eould let thee pass on cheerfully
To souls whose need was greater, though thy
' Had been the sunshine of my dwelling-place.
A friend H is another name for God,
Whose love inspires all love, is ail in all.
Profane it not, lest lowest shame befall!
Worship no idol, whether star or clod!
Nor think that any friend is truly thine.
Save as life's closest link with love divine.
stranger, thou whose soul I beard
soy soul across earth's vexing din.
, Bueefc to my
W ith thM I tn tK. HnliMi emtmrmA in
' Through thee I understood the Hester's word.
Which the whole heavenly with the
In deathless union "I bare called you
Lmcf X arenas, la Amdaw JJleneoom for March.
OXLY A FABXEB.
Quits aa interested and anxious
croup had gathered ia Mrs. Wilson's
dressing-room one morning in Jane.
It consisted of Mrs. Wilson and her
three unmarried daughters, and the
subject under such animated and anx
ious discussion was how and where
they should open their usual summer
campaign. It had always been an in
teresting subject, and to the material
element, attended with considerable
anxiety, but never such a matter of
perplexity, almost amounting to de
. spair, as now.
The contents of the various ward
robes had been laid out and examined;
silks and muslins, cambrics and lawns,
sufficient, it would seem, for a dozen,
and yet the two elder Misses Wilson
declared, with tears in their eyes, that
they had nothing, absolutely nothing
' It is noteworthy with what snrpris
- ing unanimity the two sisters agreed
upon this point, who so seldom agreed
on any other.
Mrs. Wilson looked with dismay up
on the finery spread out before her, aft
er listening to the above assertion.
rm sure, my dears," she ventured
to say, " some of them are hardly worn,
and a little alteration "
Now. mamma," interrupted Belle,
why will you talk so ridiculously,
when you know that there is not a
thing here but what is wretchedly out
of style P And as to altering anything,
it always gives me pain to sew, and I'm
not going to Saratoga ail fagged out.
Of course, this settled that. It is a
little curious what a small amount of
work will "fag" a girl all out" who
can dance until tbe creak of day with
out the slightest inconvenience. -
" There s one thing certain," said
Lucy, the second daughter, " we have
got to have at least one new dress."
" I don't know where it's coming
from then," responded Mrs. Wilson,
sinking down wearily into a chair. It
was as much as I could do to get your pa
to consent to vour going at alL It was
two o'clock last night before be gave
in. and then, I verily believe, it was
from pure weariness and inability to
keep awake any longer."
Mrs. Wilson said this with the air of
a woman determined to perform her
duty at all hazards, and anxious to ob
tain credit for the same. But it seemed
to have quite the contrary effect upon
Josie, the youngest daughter, who had
' not before spoken, but who now burst
i. "i declare, if it Isn't a sin and a
shame to worry pa so!"
Mrs. Wilson cast a reproachful look
upon the speaker. . .
"I will say, Josie, that you are the
most ungrateful child I ever saw! I'd
like to know how mnch money I'd get
out of your pa if 1 didn't worry it out.
But that's all the thanks I get for lying
awake nights, scheming and planning
how to give you a chance to get settled
in life ;
" r d thank yon for not doing so. F m
not going toJSaratoga or Long Branch.
' In the brat place I know that pa can't
afford it. And then I promised Mary
Crofton that I would visit her this sum
mer." r Though Mrs. Wilson affected to be
displeased at this announcement; she
was secretly relieved. Bell and Lucy
- were very well suited with this arrange
ment, too. Josie was very handy at
furnishing np and making over, and if
ha was determined to bury herself in
a country farmhouse, "she would not
. need to do so much of that for herself,
and could, therefore, devote more time
to them. And so busy did they keep
her during the two weeks that lot
lowed, that Josie was glad enough to
see the big trunks all packed and wait
ing in the hall.
To save expenses, Mrs. Wilson had
arranged to dismiss the servants and
shut up the house, with the exception
of one room for her husband, who was
to take his meals at his sister's.
Of course she won't charge him
anything, and that will be one item
. saved," remarked Mrs. Wilson, as she
regarded complacently the effect of
Bel le's new dress, which her manage
ment had secured.
"As though pa would board there
for nothing," was Josie' s indignant re
Joiner, when Uncle William nad such
a hard time to get along."
" Well, if your pa chooses to pay
when he needn't, and it ain't expected
of him, it's his own loss. For my part
I don't see what's the use of having re
lations ifyoa don't make use of them."
Mrs. Wilson certainly believed in
making her relatives useful,carryingout
'the belief to its fullest extent, whenever
it was practicable, as some of them
- knew to their eost. - Even her love for
daughters partook of the selfishness
. of her intensely selfish nature, her chief
anxiety being to get them off her
1 hands," in a manner that would be ad
vantageous and reflect as much credit
to herself aa possible-
Bat they were gone at last; and Josie
was at liberty to make her own simnle
preparations, which did not take her
long to complete. The father and
daughter naa a nice quiet day together.
Josie was coins on the morrow, and as.
sitting opposite, him. pouring out his
tea, she saw the hard lines soften in bis
careworn face, and how happy he was
In her society, her heart smote her for
leaving him. ;
Fve half a mind not to go. pa; it
seems too bad to leave you hare all by
But Mr. Wilson would not hear to
I insist on your going; you have
been working; hard, and need a change.
My life would be much the same any
way." You may expect me in three weeks,
pa," smiled' Josie from the car window
the next morning. "You will want
your little housekeeper by that time, I
And Mr. Wilson went back to the
corroding anxieties which had made
him an old man before his time, thank
ing God for this bit of . sunshine, and
which left its glow in his heart long
after it had vanished.
There were only a few passengers for
Baybridge, a small country town in the
interior of the State, though there were
the usual loungers upon the platform
of the station, as Josie stepped out.
But they soon scattered, leaving her to
stare blankly around for the conveyance
that she supposed would be waiting for
. She walked clear around the station,
looking in every direction, not a vehicle
was in sight, except a rough box wagon
with a board across it, drawn by a pair
of spirited black horses, who stamped
their feet and tossed their heads as if
impatient to be off. A man stood be
side the restive creatures, who yet
seemed to be under perfect control.
' There, Jenny! Be easy, Kate!" he
said, patting the satin-smooth skin and
speaking very much as a mother would
to a child.
The baggage-master was standing
near a pile of funks and parcels.
"Is this your trunk. Miss?" he said,
as Josie approached him.
. "Yea.. I was expecting friends to
meet me, but they are not here. There
must be some mistake."
I know most of the people around
here. What might heir names be?"
Why, bless me. ou've got off at the
wrong station. They live at North Bay
bridge, fire miles beyond."
. When does the next train leave?"
Josie looked the dismay that she cer
tainly felt at this announcement.
"It's too bad. I declare." said the
good-natured official, pitying Josie' s
evident distress. Then, as his eye fell
upon the owner of the team, who was
looking -toward them, he added: "If
this ain't a streak of luck! Here's John
Manning, their neighbor. He can take
yon along just as well as not. John,
here's a young woman that's got off at
the wrong station. She wants to go to
Crofton' s. I tell her she can ride with
The young man removed his straw
bat, revealing a forehead broad and
full, and whose whiteness contrasted
strongly with the healthful brown of
the cheeks below.
I shall be very happy, if the young
lady has no objection to riding with a
farmer, and in a farmer's wagon."
The admiration so clearly visible in
the honest blue eyes that met her own,
made Josie' s cheeks redden.
" If it will not be too much trouble."
As the young man listened to those
low, softly spoken words, be felt that
nothing the speaker could ask would
be any trouble at alL Springing to
work, ne soon improvised quite a com
fortable seat for Josie. by passing a
rope from one stake to another, just
back of the board in front, throwing a
thick, soft blanket over the whole.
Glad to be released. Jenny and Kate
bore them swiftly along the winding
country road, dotted here and there by
farmhouses, nestled down among the
trees and shrubbery. As soon as Josie
got a little used to it, she enjoyed her'
elevated and novel position, which
gave her a fine view of the beautiful
country through which they were pass-
Her companion smiled at her en
thusiastic exclamations and comments,
seeming to take pleasure in the pleas
ure so frankly and innocently ex
pressed. "Do you think you would like to
live in the country r he said, stealing
an admiring glance at her glad young
"Above all things." responded Josie.
"That is," she added, after a mo
ment's pause. if papa could be here,
too. ' I wish he could be," just' for a
little while, he would enjoy it so. Papa
was brought np on a farm, and it
would seem like old times to him. I
heard him say once that he wished he
had never left it." -.;-
. I had a strong desire, when' a boy,
to go to the city, where I could have a
chance to get rich, and not have to
work so hard. But I am an only son
an only child sinoe last winter." Here
the speaker's eyes saddened. I prom
ised father, just "before he died, that I
would not leave the farm, and I don't
know that I care to do so now."
" 1 wouldn't if I were in your place,"
said Josie, with a wise shake of her
pretty head. ' It's dreadful hard times
in the city. Everybody is groaning
about them, which makes it dismal
enough. And as to working hard, Fd
like to know who works harder than pa
does. It's ever so much nicer here.'
The honest young fellow, whose heart
was in his eyes, inwardly hoped that
he would always think so. .
There is where I live," he said,
aloud, pointing to a house with a piazza
running around two sides, and which
looked very pleasant amid the green
verdure that surrounded it.
Young Manning drew the reins at the
gate, inside of which a pleasant-faced,
silver-haired woman was standing.
Here's the mail, mother," he said,
tossing down to her some papers and
pamphlets. "Been lonely any? I'm
going to take this young lady to Mr.
Crofton's. My mother. Miss Wilson."
The young man took leave of Josie
with a feeling at his heart such as he
had never experienced before.
" How pretty she is!" he thought;
' and as good as she is pretty, 1 am
' What an honest and pleasant face!
I wonder if I shall ever see him again!"
This is what she thought.
Josie did see him again, and quite
often. The Manning's and Croften's
were not only neighbors, but very inti
mate. Mary Urof ton bad been strange
ly attached to Mr. Manning's only
daughter, who died the preceding win
ter. She spent a good deal of time at
her house, and Josie frequently went
with her. Mary was never weary of
praising jonn; be was sucb a got
son, and so intelligent, steady and in
John, too, got over his shyness with
the city 'girl, who took so kindly to
country ways mat tt seemed as ti sue
had always lived there. He used to
walk home with her, Mary considerate
ly lingering by the gate to talk with his
motber, bom weu-pieased at tne turn
affairs were taking. Then there were
rides and .walks, picnics and social
gatherings, at all of which John and
Josie had a fashion of getting off by
themselves a fashion that every one
seemed to honor and understand. And
so the happy days went' on, each day
binding those loving young hearts more
When Josie returned to the city,
which was two weeks later than she in
tended, she had a pleasant story to
whisper in her father ear.
' If you love him and he ia worthy
01 you," ne said, in reply to tne query
with which it ended.
Josie s quick tsar detected the sadness
mat underran these words.
" You know you promised to live
with me when I was married, papa,"
she answered, laying her chek close to
his. And on a farm, too! Won't it
tie delightful r
Belle and Luoy returned home with
that conscious sir of triumph and im
portance peculiar to " engaged young
ladies." Having attained the end and
aim 01 tneir existence, there was noth
ing further for them to hope or expect.
From hencefoi th they were to repose
upon their laurels, floating down the
stream of life with no thought or care
for anything but the present enjoyment.
Belle's captive was a Wall street bro
ker, owing a fabulous amount on pa
per. ' Lucy's was a son of a millionaire,
whose sole ambition seemed to be to
spend as quickly as possible the money
that his father had labored so hard to
acquire. They made no attempt to dis
guise their surprise and disdain when
thev heard of Josie' a modest conquest.
Only a farmer!" sniffed Mrs. Wil
son. Never did 1 dream that any of
my daughters would stoop to that! But I
suppose if you have your father's ap
proval you don't care for mine."
" Of course, von can't expect us to
visit you," said Belle, loftily. "The
connections of Charles Augustus are all
of the highest character, and it couldn't
be thought of."
" Certainly not," echoed Lucy. " A
wife has to take the position of her hus
band, which is something you had bet
ter think of."
Josie had thought of it, and very
happy thoughts they were, too.
The ' financial disaster of the three
years that followed made quite a change
in the surroundings of all the above,
with the exception of Josie and her
husband. Out of the wreck of Mr.
Wilson's business nothing was left but
the bonor and integrity, which shone
all the more brightly from the temporary
gloom that surrounded him. His wife
p..... ... . .
too their altered fortunes very, hard,
fairlv fretting and worrying herself in
to the grave, where she was laid a fow
months after. Penniless and unfitted
for anything higher, the husbands of
Belle and Lucy were glad to accept po
sitions, one aa a conductor on a city
car. the other a third-rate clerkship.
Josie does not see much of her sisters.
but many a barrel of apples and crock
of butter find their way to them from
the manning farm. Almost every
pleasant afternoon a gray-haired, pi acicl-
iooking old man can be seen on the
piazza of the farmhouse frequently
with a grandchild on either knee. It is
Mr. Wilson, who often thanks God that
one of his daughters married only
farmer." San Frandtco Call.
Cassias M. Clay Raises His Voice in
Behalf of the Birds.
I was pained to see in your journal
lately an account of the slaughtering
of the crows without protest
Nature seems to have provided for
the greatest sum of animal life. First
vegetables, then insects, and then high
er animals, man standing at the apex.
As a general rule, a just equilibrium
is kept up by natural laws, supply of
food, disease, change ot temperature,
destructive enemies, and man's aid.
Inferior animal life is the most prolific
little intelligence being compensated
by vast numbers. Nature strives hard
to Deroetuate soecies. vet some are lost.
All insectivorous birds are the allies of
man; without birds the human race
would have a hard struggle for exist
ence, and would perhaps be extermi
nated. Nature, or Providence, if you
please, woos us to their protection by
their beauty of form and colors and
melodious voices, and seems to move
us to friendship by due sentiments be
fore our reason comes to our direction.
Over all the world the great breeders
of famine the locusts and grasshop
pers are ruinous only where birds can
The swarms of locusts, which the
Bible tells infested Egypt, exist yet.
asHi will amies email sreus obskll bo plants
ed or caused to grow in all places where
grass grows; then the birds will have
come and destroyed the locusts. So
the same law prevails in interior Africa
and in the United States. All along
the riatte Kiver lor nunareas of miles,
wherever I saw a few trees and shrubs
there were Jiawks hovering over to
pounce down upon and destroy the
birds. The prairie chickens are de
stroyed by man, and between those two
allies the birds are lost and the locusts
spread .ruin; every green thing is eat
en, and men ny lor lue to other lands
The phylloxera in France, a small in
sect, has inflicted, by the ruin of the
vine, more loss than the German war!
In early years our State was full of
wood-peckers and kindred birds. They
ate some apples and other fruit; our
fathers destroyed them. 1 hen our veg
etables were fine and perfect; after the
birds have been killed we are overrun
with insects; perfect fruit and vegeta
bles are now almost unknown.
1 believe that the quails or partridges,
though grauinivorous, also destroy
many insects. - Whilst all ot our other
birds feed mostly upon insects, every
bird has his special habitat. The swal
lows, several species in Kentucky, feed
on the wing; the owls upon the tips of
trees sou tw pinvuing; uu luseois,
often unseen by the natural eve. The
wren and sparrow are very active feed
ers near and upon the ground. V hen
the peas are sown I have observed the
sparrows following the lines and pick
ing up the pea bugs as they emerge
from the ground. There are many
birds which peck the rose-bush and
grape-vines. All the wood-pecker and
sap-sucker tribe eat bugs and not sap.
For. many years I have kept a box
nailed to a tree near my library win
dow; feed about a quart of crumbs and
hominy a day. Last winter I counted
fourteen varieties eating them, among
others, the beautiful red-birds, which,
though naturally shy, have become al
most aa tame as the sparrows. I had
rather a sportsman would shoot down
and carry off a pig than one of these
And now with this preface I come to
the crows. For long years Fve ceased
my early war upon the crows. They
are eminently insectivorous. The crow,
when the weather is very cold, will eat
the eyes of weak, prostrate lambs, other
Hieflti otrtrei and Tnnnir? t nk A jwtrn fmm
the ground when it is first sprouted.
and follow and eat the soft, half-digest
ed corn from fed cattle in tbe fields.
But for all this they should never be
killed. In manv lands, the buzzard, as
a scavepger, is protected by law. The
crow is also a most active- scavenger,
but, as I said, is mostly insectivorous.
I dissected young crows in the nest,
and npver found a seed or grain of corn.
I found bugs, beetles, and, above all.
caterpillars. This morning, all over
my bluegrass pasture, the mercury
standing at twenty-eight degrees rahr-
enheit, and a thin crust of frozen earth
and' a fine snow existing, there were
thousands of crows feeding. They
were eating grass ana tbe eggs ot
In France, the Government pays a
Ence for tbe gathering of these eggs,
ere the crows do the work much more
effectively for nothing. I have in my
life seen whole meadows stripped of
blade and seed by grasshoppers. Who
can say that the crows do not keep us
from famine? The announcement by
your paper of the destruction of the
crows struck me with tbe same sensi
bility as if one had boasted that he had
dried up all the wells and all the springs
of the county! Should 1 arouse the
States to pass efficient laws for tbe pro
tection of crows and other birds, 1 will
have done more for my country than
all the politicians and warriors so' Justly
made Illustrious. Vassiut M. Liny, tit
Rtehmona ( Ky. JUffUttr.
Some Startling Sesnlta of the Late
War is always a terrible calamity.
but the world has as yet gained only a
very partial idea of the results of the
late war in Turkey. It was unlike any
European war of the present century.
Although it was complicated Dy foreign
invasion it was essentially a civil war.
It was also a religious war. It was at
times a war of extermination. We know
something in America of civil war al
though, strictly speaking, our last war
was of that character only in certain
localities, as in Eastern Tennesee and
Missouri; but happily we know nothing
as yet of a religious civil war where
eadh town and village is divided against
itself, and where neighbors, separated
for centuries by religious differences,
regard each other as infidels worthy of
The war commenced in Herzegovina
in July, 1875. It came to an end nom
inally in March, 1878, but in fact is still
in progress in certain localities. Rus
sia took part in it after April, 1877, for
eleven months. There were few im
portant battles, but the war has proved
to be the most fatal of late years to the
armies engaged. The number of sol
diers who have perished cannot be less
than a million. The Russians acknowl
edge a loss of over 300,000 in Europe
and Asia. The Roumanians, Servians
and Montenegrins lost at least 50,000.
The Austrians not less than 30.000.
There are, of course, no statistics in re
gard to the Turkish losses, but careful
investigation as to the number drafted
and the present force of the army makes
it certain that the number exceeds 600,
000. The present condition of the
Turkish army is such that if there is no
improvement there will soon be very
little left of it. There is a large force
about twenty miles from Constantinople
engaged in building fortifications. They
are living in tents, with so little cloth
ing that many are unable to leave their
tents at all, with so li tie food that there
have been days when their whole ra
tion consisted of half a biscuit. If such
is the condition of troops under the
command of Baker Pasha, an English
man, within twenty miles of Constanti
nople what must be their fate in other
places under Turkish omcersr
It is sad to think of the sacrifice of a
million brave men, but this is by no
means the most startling result of this
war. It has been accompanied by
massacres and by movements of popu
lation which remind us of le Quincey's
famous story of the Flight of a Tartar
Tribe," and which I think have no
parallel in modern times.
This movement commenced in Bos
nia and Herzegovina in 1875, when the
greater part of the Christian popula
tion flea to Austrian territory. Some
went to Servia and Montenegro. The
war from the outset was one of plunder,
outrage and massacre, but the Mussul
man population, comprising most of
the land-holders and supported by the
Turkish army, had every advantage
over the Christian peasantry. Bands
of rebels could maintain themselves in
the mountains, but could do nothing to
defend their homes and families. The
great mass of the people had no choice
but flight or massacre. They fled, and
it is only since the Austrian occupation
that they have been able to return.
During their exile at least half have
died of cold, hunger and fever, al
though the Austrian Government has
expended large sums of money in aid
ing them. We may estimate the loss
of life at 200.000 souls in these two
Provinces. Add to this the fear.
anguish, torture and distress of every
kind which have been suffered by the
whole population and we have a picture
of misery to move the hardest heart.
In the spring of 1876 the Turkish
Government foresaw a Servian war and
ordered the Bulgarian massacres, to
terrorize the Province and insure their
tine of communication. About 12,000
were massacred and a large number of
town destroyed. This was followed
by the flight of a large part of the
Christian population of the district to
the mountains and large cities, but un
fortunately most of them were after
ward induced to return. The war with
Servia and Montenegro depopulated the
frontier districts, but only tor a time.
When the Russians crossed the Danube
the tables were turned and the Moslem
population of. the Dobrudscha and of
Northern Bulgaria fled with precipi
tancy, men, women and children, to
take refuge in the Turkish fortified
towns. At Rustchuck, Shumla and
Varna, for months, they crowded 'every
house and even lived in the streets.
The typhus raged among them, and
great numbers died of want. Some
came to Constantinople. Many, es
pecially the Circassians, were trans
ported to Asia Minor. The remnant
nave just now returned to their homes.
At the same time Suleiman Pasha,
nnder orders from Constantinople, un
dertook to exterminate the Christian
population of Eastern Roumelia. Great
numbers were massacred, but most of
the population fled over the Balkans,
suffering untold misery and anguish;
but their flight was in summer, and
their suffering less than that of the
great Mohammedan exodus which took
place when the Russians crossed the
Balkans. It was mid-winter, and a
season of unusual severity, but as the
Russians approached a wild panic
seized upon the whole Moslem popula
tion. They seem to have felt that a
terrible retribution was about to fall
upon them for all the wrong which they
had done to the Christians, and. with
out waiting to see a Russian soldier or
hear a Russian gun, they fled.
I think not less than a million
of souls thus left their homes,
some going toward Macedonia, but
the majority seeking to reach Constan
tinople. They carried with them what
they could and plundered as they went;
but their sufferings were terrible be
yond description. Multitudes froze and
staived to death by the road side. Epi
demics broke out among them and
swept away hundreds. In some cases
the Russians overtook them. Then
they threw their children away or
drowned them in the rivers, left every
thing, and fled. In one case the ad
vancing Russians collected and cared
for several hundred small Turkish chil
dren picked up in a single day. They
crowded the trains for Constantinople
and died by the score in the cars. Thev
died at Constantinople of epidemics,
cold and starvation. Of all this vast
multitude very few have returned to
their homes or ever will return. Proba
bly half of them are already dead; a
large number are now dying of starva
tion in the Rhodope Mountains; others
have been sent to Syria and Asia
Minor. Perhaps 50.000 remain in Con
stantinople ana vicinity. By the treaty
of Berlin no Circassian is allowed to
live in Bulgaria or Roumelia. The
Bulgarians have returned, and it has
become a thoroughly Christian province.
The recent massacres in Macedonia and
the retiring of the Russians from Thrace
have also caused a large Christian emi
gration from the Provinces into East
ern Roumelia. I think we may set
down the loss of life in these various
massacres and migrations in European
Turkey at not less than 750,000, not in
cluding Bosnia and Herzegovina.
At the time a similar movement of
population has been going on in Asia
Minor. When the War broke out half
the savage Kurds were armed and let
loose upon the peaceful Armenian pop
ulation of Eastern Asia Minor. . They
are still ravaging the country from
time to time. Large numbers of Ar
menians have been massacred, many
have been carried off as slaves, and it
is said that about half of the Armenian
population from Provinces of Ersroom
and Van have emigrated to Russia.
The suffering from fever, famine, and
omer causes has been very great, but 1
have no means of estimating the loss of
Other small disDlacements of dodu-
lation have taken place. In Sukum
Kaieh and vicinity the people were in
cited to insurrection by the Turks and
on their defeat were transported to
Asia Minor. The loss of life in this
emigration is said to have exceeded
25,000. There has also been some em
igration from Lazistan since its annex
ation to Russia.
On the whole, the loss of life in these
massacres and displacements of popula
tion must be more than one million
souls, and those who have escaped death
have undergone hardships terrible be
yond all imagination. Two millions
of human lives and all this incalculable
human misery is the price which has
been paid for whatever has been gained
: . I. : ry j j - i. si sit.
People You Meet on the Cars.
I tfznk the Adjuster is the most ob
servant man I ever met on a train. He
sees everything, and notes the peculiar
ities of the people he meets before he
has seen them. We sat in a car to
gether up in Wisconsin one day, and
" Don't you always notice, in every
car in which you ride, the fool that al
ways sits directly before you, and al
ways opens the window every time the
engine whistles, and sticks his head
and shoulders out to see what they are
doing at the station, and never closes
the window till the station is out of
Yes, I had; and he never saw any
body he knew at any station?"
Never," said the Adjuster, and
he never sees anything anybody is do
ing at the station, and can't tell the
name of the station while he is in it?"
" And always scrapes the back of his
head against the sharp edge of the win
dow sash when be puns it in," i saia,
" and then dismally rubs his head while
he turns around and looks suspiciously
at you, as though he believes you did
it, and did it on purpose?"
And the man who is waiting at the
station to see the train come in?" con
tinued the Adjuster, " the man with
butternut overalls tucked into his boots.
tawny beard, arms crammed into his
pocket up to the elbows, mouth wide
open you never miss him; when you
go down, be is standing there at sun
set; when you come back at sunrise, he
is waiting for you; never sees anybody
he knows- get on; never expects to;
would be astonished to death if he
should happen to see an acquaintance
come or go; isn't paid for it, but it's his
business. Has nothing else in the
world to do. Is always there. If the
train comes in fifteen minutes ahead of
time, he has made allowance for it and
has been there twenty minutes; if the
train is four hours late be waits for it.
You see him at nearly every station."
Never sneaks to anybody." I said.
' Never," said the Adjuster, " and if
anybody speaks to him he says Dun
no.' If the baggageman runs over him
with a truck, ne says "Huh!" and
shrinks up a little closer against the
station, but he never gets out of the
And do you remember the man
who sits behind you and whistles?"
And when he gets tired of whist
ling in your ear, sings bass?" suggested
' And never whistles or sings any
thing tbat you Know r"
Or what he knows?"
" And the masher,' whose breath is
nearly as bad as his morals, who wants
to tell you all about the daughter of a
wealthy merchant who was just aeau
gone' on him the last time he went over
thia rtrad?" .
And the man behind you who bites
off half an apple at one bite and then
puts his chin on your shoulder and tries
to talk to you about the weather and
And the man who comes into the
car at the front door, walks clear back
and out on the rear platform, looking at
each one of a dozen empty seats, hunt
ing for a good one, and then turns back
to find every last seat taken by the peo
ple who came in after him?"
" And have you never seen the girl
get on at some country station," said
the Adjuster, "fixed up mighty nice
for that town, the belle of the -village
dressed in more colors than you can
crowd into a chromo, half the town
down at tbe station to see her off; she
walks across Uie platform just a little
too rich to look at, comes into the car
With her head up and plumes flying,
expecting to set every woman in that
car wild with envy as she walks down
the isle; she opens the door and sees a
car full of Chicago girls, dressed in the
rich, quiet elegance of city girls in
their traveling costumes, and see how
she drops like a shot into the first seat,
the one nearest the stove, and looks
straight out of tbe window and never
looks anywhere else, and never shakes
her plumes again while she stays in the
' And the man who wants to talk," 1
said, the man who would probably
die if he couldn't talk five minutes to
every one he rides with; who glares
hungrily around the car until his glance
rests on the man whom he thinks is
too feeble to resist him. and then
pounces down on him and opens the
intellectual feast by asking him how
the weather is, down his way; the man
who is always most determined to talk
when you are the sleepiest, or when
you want to read, or to think, or just
sit and look out of the car window and
enjoy your own idle, pleasant, vagrant
" And the man," said Rogers, " who
gets on the train and stores at every
man in the car before he sits down.and
stands and holds the door open while
he stares. Who always carries an old
fashioned oil cloth carpet - bag with
him, as wide and deep as a fire screen,
and before be sits down, he takes the
carpet bag by the bottom, rolls it up
into a close roll, and puts it in tbe
rack. It is always dead empty. When
he leaves home he never puts a rag or
a thread or a button in it. When he
comes back it ia emptier than it was
when he went away. It never had any
thing in it that he knows of since it
was owned in bis family, but he will
never travel without it."
And the other man." I said, " who
carries nothing in bis carpet bag but
lunch, and eats all the way from Chi
cago to Cairo?"
"And the man," he said, "who
rides on a pass, and stands on familiar
terms with the company, and calls the
And the man," I said, "who is
riding on a pass for the first time and
stands up and holds his hat in his hand
when he sees the conductor approach
ing, and says sir to him as he answers
the official's questions, and is generally
more respectful to him than he is ever
going to be again?"
"And the man," he said, "who
walks through the entire length of an
empty coach looking for a seat, and
then goes back and sits down in the
first one nearest the door?"
And the man," I said, "who al
ways gets left?"
"And the man," he said, "who
loses his ticket?"
And thus, with pleasant comments on
oor fellow passengers, did we beguile
tbe weary hours. Uawk-Eye.
A Bussnra to humanity is what Dr Ball' I
Cough Syrup can well be termed, for it has
don more good . already than .an; other
Sorb Throat. Dissolve one dram
chlorate potash in half a pint of water.
and gargle tbe throat there witn; a iew
applications will allay inflammation.
Apple Tarts. Line the tartlet
molds with puff paste rolled out thin;
fill them with well reduced apple mar
malade; roll out some of the paste and
cut it in strips to the size of a straw,
and with it form a trelliswork over
each tartlet; glaze with beaten up egj
and bake till tbe paste nas tasen ag
A correspondent writing from
Washington in an exchange gives the
following method for destroying moies:
Make a stiff dough of corn meal, mix
ing with it a small quantity of arsenic
Drop little lumps of this' mixture about
the size of a marble in the runways
when the moles begin to come out of
their winter quarters. It is advised to
make holes for the reception of this
dough, which should be covered with
dirt to exclude the light.
A Cheap I ebttuzer. Sow mam
moth clover with wheat or oats, about
one bushel to five acres. As the mam
moth clover is not good for hay, cut it
in June and leave it lay, it won't hurt
the ground or injure the clover. If you
have a good stand it will do to turn un
der the second growth late in Fall, or
the Fall crop cut for seed (if you don't
like the idea of losing a crop) and not
turn under the clover until the second
year. The best way is to sow a few
acres down every year, so as you can
have a piece of ground to break up
each Fall. The mammoth clover does
the best, that is, for a fertilizer, but
some prefer the common rod, so as
they can cut the first crop for hay. It
does not grow so rank as the mammoth.
Yorkshire Pudding. Make a thin
batter, as for frying, with a pint of
milk and some flour; season with salt,
pepper and a little nutmeg grated fine.
The batter should be perfectly smooth.
Beat up the yelks of four eggs and the
whites of two, and strain them into the
batter. Beat it well with a fork for
some minutes, then pour the mixture,
to the thickness of an inch, into a tin
buttered freely, and nut it into the
oven. When the pudding is Bet lay it
in the tin slanting, in front of the fire,
under the beef which is roasting, and
when the top is well browned take the
pudding out of the tin and expose the
underside of it to tbe action of tbe bre.
When done cut it up in diamond shaped
pieces and garnish tbe joint witb them.
The Country Gentleman says: Soup
is such a decided addition to the dinner
table that it is surprising that it is not a
more common dish in the farming ais
trictS; but I know of many families who
never have it on their tables, and yet
live very wen. JUut a soup is too much
trouble to prepare, and so the dogs and
cats share many a bone slice of meat
that would go very far to the making
oi a relishing dinner, .tomatoes are
also the greatest addition to all soups
but chicken broth, and they may im
prove that, but I never tried them. Slice
ten large tomatoes thinly into the stock
and boil for an hour; strain through a
sieve to take out the seeds, or canned
tomatoes may be used. : Melt two table
spoonfuls butter in the bottom of the
soup kettle, stir into it two tablespoons
of wheat flour or cornstarch, and let it
cook until thick, stirring all the time.
Add the soup slowly, so as to mix the
flour smoothly into it. Boil the soup
ten minutes to cook the flour, add some
onions, turnips, cabbages, carrots, cel
ery and tomatoes, in small quantities,
are decided additions to all kinds of
Proper Tune to Cat Timber.
Some years since this subject was
discussed at length in the agricultural
press by those who had investigated
and observed the various phases of the
matters Some of these observations
tended to prove that it made no differ
ence when timber was cut, provided
it was properly an4 thoroughly sea
soned. Others showed that the fall of
the year was the proper time, and still
other equally reliable observations were
in favor of spring cutting. Indeed
every month had its representative in
this discussion. It was generally con
ceded that those in favor of early spring
or late winter cutting bad rather tbe
best of the argument. It may be, and
no doubt is true, that, as far as dura
bility is concerned, timber is better cut
at this season, for then the new growth
which has been forming during the
Erevious summer will nave become
ardened, and as capable as possible of
resisting the process of decay. But if
strength is the main point to be sought
for, then we must view the subject from
a different stand-point. Every one who
has been in the woods on a clear, cold
morning just as the sun was beginning
to shed its light and heat upon the
earth, must have observed frequently a
clear, loud "click," not unlike the
sound of an axe, from which circum
stance, no doubt, the early settlers
five it the name of " Indian chopping."
have sometimes heard these Bounds
so loud and so frequent that, at a short
distance, they might readily be mis
taken for a number of men vigorously
chopping. The cause of these sounds,
as is well known, is the expansion of
the fibres of the trees, after having been
contracted by the cold of the previous
night. The force of expansion, un
equally exerted, is sufficient in many
cases to burst the fibres asunder, caus
ing them to separate with the clicking
sound above referred to. The tree then
cannot be sound, though it is only on
the closest examination that the rupture
can be discovered, and even then in
many cases it is impossible to discern
its source; it may be on the inside of
the log and not visible from the sur
face. Nevertheless, it exists, and some
time it will be sure to be discovered in
a manner least expected and least de
sired. If cut late in the fall or early in
the winter this danger is avoided, as
the ruptures of the preceding winter
will then have been healed by the
growth of the summer. From. these
arguments it will appear that timber
for fences, posts, boards and such pur
poses, which are to be subjected to the
wear of the elements, should be cut in
early spring, before the tree has com
menced its summer growth. And that
timber designed for strength, as in the
frames of buildings and for other pur
poses, not liable to decay, should be cut
in autumn, in order to give the great
est amount of advantage from its
strength and durability. American
A Sad Sketch From Arkansas.
Yesterday, in a little frame house
on Sixth street, near Center, there was
a scene of miserable, grief-stricken
desolation that is rarely witnessed in
this city. On a bed sat a woman whose
face bore marks of sickness, grief and
despair. Beside her lay hef husband,
dead, with a face so worn and trenched
by sickness that an intimate friend
might not have recognized it. On a ta
ble at the foot of the bed rested a little
black coffin, containing the remains of
a baby. In the corner of the room was
a pine coffin, on which played a little
child of the man whose remains were
claimed by the death-bo. Laughing
in glee and rapping on the coffin with
its little fists, humming incoherently,
the little thing played. A Gazette re
porter learned the following from the
woman. She spoke with great difficul
ty, and would frequently stop till a par
oxysm of grief passed. The dead
man's name is William Foster, and he
had for some time previous to his death
been employed at Thompson's wagon
yard. Light days ago he was attacked
by pneumonia, and gradually sank till
the grave ODened to receive him. The
little child in the black coffin was only
twelve days old; the little child playing
on the coffin scarcely two years old.
Several women gathered around and
tried to comfort the widow, but her
moans went no and her .desolation:
stared actually glared from her eyes.
my poor nusband." she moaned.
" He has killed himself trying to sup
port me. What am I to do? Not a friend
in the world!" And she looked at the
remains of her former protector as
though she would exchange places with
him. jjiuie mock iatk. vazeiic.
Poyerty sad Buffering;.
Tws draimd down with debt, poverty
and Buffering for years, caused by a alck f aml
i mnA l.m. hills for doctorinir. which aid
them no good. I was completely discouraged,
until one year ago, by the advice of my pas
tor, I p roc area nop iiuers suu coiumcut
their use, and In one month we were all well,
nH nnnai nl n have seen a alck day since, and
I want to say to all poor men, you can keep
your families well a year with Bop Bitten for
less than one doctor's visit will cost I know
it. A woBraeau."
SamefcodTs Child. '
v a Jlwlaj 4 erf . favfftl 4 rtal
flash of hope on his young two ana sjq inae
Bcnomuic jwiumn w
ored place., In the world besida tbe compao-
1 JT kla wtnh Amrl SaAmalvvr1w'lal DaOthtr
1UUS VI Um JVUUli n ww.- j
Is tbfnklnff of the time when that dear lace
m. a . J a 1 . i n knnA aeln
will oe muuen wucnj uu j v rT.rT
brighten It when her heart and home will be
l-a. W.ma kav ir allTw IDF
consumption. Reader, tt tbe child be jour
Deigooor's, tatte ui cuuuuiuuk
ii i. asM it im iiM laiM. Tell her
a, 1 1 Call CUUDUIUUUU enwawv "
living to-day, aged, robust men, whom the
v j. i.nr.r.1a trial men are
pnvsiciana pronounce mcurawo
of twenty-five, becauoe on lung had jbeas
Golden Medical Discovery la a moat efficient
airerauve ior aeparauujr h rjwiuivu, .
4 v.. maa lnnm arwi lmDartinil
trano-th trt the svstem. It has CUTed BUD
areua ui cuiiouiuywTc. .-
Do Not Go West
Until you have applied either by letter, postal
.nl np in ner-on. trt A. J. Smith. General
Ticket Agent, laeveiana, wnumuu,, vukiu
nsti A Indianapolis Railway, Cleveland, Ohio,
for lowest rates of fare to all points in Mis
souri, Texas, Arkansas, Kansas, neoraBaa,
rVtlnrarin nrt California.
. Room No. 11, 3d floor Railroad Block, corner
Water and St. Clair street.
Chbw Jackson's Best Sweet Navy Tobacco.
NEW XOBK. March IT.
FTOUR Extra Ohio S3 75
WHEAT No. a Rmi Winter - 1 15
No. 1 White ,. lUHl
OORN No. S
OATS Mixed Western
LARD Prime Steam..
BUTTE R Western
FLOUR IX White
XX Bed. No. 1 ......
WHEAT No. 1 Red.
OATH No. 1
CHEESE Choice Factory....
LUMBER First Clear
Inonngl matcoed ) uu
shingles-No. 1 id
BEEVES Best ' 6 00
Medium . S 86
HOGS Common to fair...... ....
SHEEP Fair to good.
FLOUR Family S4 an
WHEAT Bed 1 00
CORN.... . 86
BYE . 63
BUTTER Choice... ' IB
HOQ8 Common to Light-... S 60
Batchers' Stock. 10
WHEAT No. I Bed Winter. 4
Western Amber. .
OORN High Mixed
OATS No. a- ..
BEEVES Boat .. I 00
Medium 4 40
BOGS Yorkers. I 70
'Philarielphiaa 4 SS
ffiFJEP Best. ....
MevtlttVt) . , .
Ar the mildest ever known, they
cure HEADACHE, BILIOUSNESS,
LIVER COMPLAINT and INDIGES
TION. Nogrlplngor nausea. The
Tone up th system and restore
Pioolth t a thnta eu4Y!arlnar from
general debility and nervousness.
Sold by all Druggists, 28b. per box.
A Ill aa AAA . 9.
due wmt from Chicago, st bom e to W per sere, la
farm iocs, and on easy terms. Low freights and reads
markets. Mnifa n Taai. Land
exploring tickets from Chicago, free to bayenv gar
Maps. Pamphlets sod tall Information apply to
OWA RAIUIOAD LANdTubPAITT.
Oasar JUaida, lows, or 92 Bandolnh atieet. Oblcaga.
tv In the State ta
sell the beat Wssnlng Machine In the msrket. Sample
Washer sent on 111 ds.-s trial. Fries, seven dollars. Pur
areolars address J 0. SUYDAM, Dsytoa.Ohlo.
vneueappotntet In not
obtaining aenIM ma
iMsweerve eteeeai ins
secret, flfiifmw i
lor stamp. im
Olsnt Bystem Medical
ve uevataoo, usna
AGENTS. READ THIS.
W will vmj Aftnt. a SaUatry of $100 per no-nth m4
Wetpemam, or allow a lara cmm.Mion. to aeli our nam
and wrattorful InTetitrOf-s. M meam what we tajt. 9mm
pi few mAitorm SHjUii4N fcOOu Mat0wil. MlOtV
The Utile Dejteetlwe.
loaeaie tar a tjft-oa as isn
Vow Psadly, Oaneo os
Even seaie pujieck
Ojontry storekeepeni should call or write THE WELLS
1 XA COMPANY. S01lrullsa-st.K.Y. P. O. Box X&60.
Send stamp far dre
100 Stamps, lOe. 135 varieties,
see. Cataloraea. 1S run) said.
areolar, o. SCUMUT, atobofcen, M A
A mouth Agents Wanted 38 best
seUlmr artkaea latheworbl: one omnia
jree. ooarese ay Brensoa. ubooh. i
GIVEN AWAY! fSu
for lOc la stamps. Box ot
plant mod tx W. ttUT. Boston.
In f Oil per day at home. Samples worth
srmoa aoa, PortlaixLMe.
rtflT Tl Any worker can make tils Say at
UUllV ootflt free. Address TBCXk 00, AnapataMav
ffpO A WEEK in your own town. Terms and
TTTTHmnirrff aTMirwn najwrianTa rrgrri-rwi Ma i -"- io -
Votixwa, K. T, TVe, th, im. ecniiement-t wsvejkeaa sxdngyoar .Orange Oawaty Batter .fjrj"
tor some Urn, sad and It til to. claim for It. aad we Uflak so snack lOflt that w. reeemmendjtto eel
MlKhbore, I and It eonsMaraMy shorten, th. time In shsrarng and cms the better a Sne wary eaee
anJgoWeo color. It also Increase, toe quantity of hotter protlaccd from "y VTrer.
-tstahlUha Over Twamty-fivt Tears.
WOVSZSS WILL WBYZR CZASX!
33 TT acaVXX-, ' '
Ia la th wear Helgfct a Its Proewerlty
tkt.Pnu Speak biilj ii its faiic!
-1 - aounu
3,000 CUSTOMS DAttT!
All Vans or tt UsUteO. Stnsea An taratt-
Sea by the rrnlrl or HoaOsosM
etna wits tsur s-rotn.
One Million $2, $3 ami $5 Books
TO as SOLD roa
One Dollar Each Volume!
Valuable Gift with Each Book Bought !
TAeso Books ARK AM. -TIbSW omfl go
no zrov saiiATi
SEKO FOR THE KEV CATALOGUE!
Choose year Bwjts. remit the mtcmj and receive
A Piano, Gold Watch, Diamond Sins;
100,000 Valuable and Costly GIFTS,
Together with the Book yea order
SPO WASHnCTOM IT.. BOWI.
KoZHnvfotnummtt NoUMervt VoBrnttmPrmumf
BrfereDcn as to the reliability and raspomtbllttTof
A. W. LOVKKINU an gtven to toe KMfMtM the
Csllr sod Weeklr Neiwanera published tn Boston, tne
Postal autborltlM snn l.Ss liixllnr Banfcnrs.
We 6atTets make tt known, fareaa wMe, tne enr
Pat. White sMalUe Ear Labels sod Berlamts are assd
br noted Stock-Growers, sod thesr tnUoMntsls prove
Ua to be a crest mtpiavement an evarj ether knew
mrtood of aMrtOng and i sjlslnkig OattM, lawn and
Wesendimtabels. itaamea with soar name ana
anmbeia to order, wttb Beslanr sheet and a spring
Punch which enasa oval bole, and bandies that will
lock the Label la the hole m the cor, to snj ens pronus-
am o pay s vronpuy en ivonpc too
reertpt 'of the package by
Miysjaa at the agency;
mm. psu ior una sou
mltii libml hiiImUm Ad
O. BaKA. West Lebanon. K. H.
DBSIMSa TO MMACM
mBEiDEBS of THIS STATS
' cAjr so so lv tsi . -
. . . V
Cheapest and Best Banner
B. U. BUM, B94 Walaa ttnst, St,
BrWH-B. Hummeiwt, Btiium and enlarges.
Oiee. LaUmsr. Chief KoelDesr LIO .W. B. & I
sagea MUostrsaoas; pocket edition en thin paper
li si ii 1 r tt mssiin m
sa receipt of pries, by
Mm .nhimI ffosw leg-are of VegrevoMo "
rimtvmr KmmM fur Nil, rich In ensravlnaa. a
original pbotocrapba, will be snot FKEK. to all who an.
ply. Costomera of last season need hot write for K. I of
forensof tbe lsnn collections of vegetable seed ever
sent oat by sny seed bouse in America, s large portion
f which were grown en my ax see farms, ftvutd
eWwftoM for euturatim ow tack package. All seed
tcarranlntlcl S-x frfhamd tnm to naime ; so far. that,
should It prove otherwise, will reUl the order gratie.
IheorlKtDBl Introducer of tbe Hubbard Squash, Phln
neys Melon, Marbtebead Cabbagee. Mexican Cora,
and scores of ether vegetables. 1 Invite tbe patronage
of aa WHO art amxkx to Mare their oeed. direalf front
the grower. Jreeh, tne,em of Me ewv beet strata.
KW TMJETABLES A8PXGIALTT. .
JAMES J. U. ORBQOBx". Marblebend. Manv
8or stomach, bad breath, lodlrertlon
and headache easily eared bj Hop Utters.
M Btadj Hop Bitter books, use the med
Idne, be wise, healthy and htppj."
"When life to a drug;, and 70a have lost
all hope, trj Hop Bitters." , t ' .
Kidney and urinary trouble to univer
sal, and the only safe and sore remedy la
Hop Bitters rely on It." ,
"Hop Bitters does not exhaust and de
stroy, bat restores and makes new."
"Arte, Biltoaaoeaa, drowsiness. Jaun
dice, Hop Bitters removes easily."
M Bolls, Pimples, Freckles, Rough Skin,
eruptions, Impure blood, Hop Bitten
cure." , ...
. "Inactive Kidneys and Urinary Organs
cause the worst of diseases, and Bop Bit.
ten cures them all."
store health, sunshine and Joy tn Hop
Bitters thaa to all other remedies."
Hep Cough Cure and Pain Ro
ller Is the Best.
0 Bitters arg Co.. staawsr. K. T. -
cra.ftMK. for Am covj Kansas Pads. He
1 auuaeee 'mm uar uu. a
OKCB.B. war A
I will and aa
AariCLxs. k exBTma.
VM-ru. OA I.B ASK HASE,
entnx, wnn pamphlets (o senrtae, by
h add something to their Ineuma.
1 nnt m s soon opponann? for agram
a write 10
Vrtte for particulate
to W. H, OOMBTOUK. atorrtotowa. SX Lawrence OaJLE.
JUST THINK OF IT !
We will send yon TWF.LTI BKAXJTxPTL.
Oil. VKtaoaiOS, slie Bx7i sU different, post
paid, on receipt of awe, toev&er with aa Illustrated
Catalogue with Chromo ofTbe Lord Is Risen Indeed."
sent to any iddreet oa receipt of two Sr. stamp. Ad
dress AMKHICAH AST PUBLISH I U VOL, 4
Waduaiwa Sl SsMu, Ksm. xtoa SST.
WTMMM WtTMMTMWO fw AAVKaCTIaaTATS,
atoess oae WOSI esse also AaTs.i xsesaiaiiS
tee tMim atanw. Astsei Hears MJro xoSii iss
safcew sad ssosrs CJsois Alome Wsssasw
so nia atAixitoAik ciAssi'i'mv
J - . nr Awaar. Mow yawau
ice s r