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T ' . A Family Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc. ''" ; .,,,. .. .. M."."V ..' '.
VOLUME XIL WELUNQTON, OHIO, THURSDAY, MAY 15, 1879. i . , -i . NUMBER 34. -
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PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY,
T. W, HOUGHTON.
Offies, Vest Bias ef PahUs Ifim
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:
moeopy.ane year. 1 80
OMMur.ianniUa. . 7s
l7 oafrr. thn-r months w
J. H. DICKSON.
4 TTORXEY-ATLAW. " Wellington. O.
. . . vfrafT, in duii Building, 3d floor.
. W. F. HERRI CK.
-A TTORJTEY and Counsellor at r.
A Benedict's block. Xd floor. Wellington.
B. . JOHXSO.. L. MCLBAH.
A TTORVJCYS ami CnnntmUnrm . T
A Elvria. O. Office Ko. . llnwey Block
J. W. HOUGHTON,-.
"VOTARY PUBLIC. Office in nougb.
1 toa'a DDg Store, East Side Public
AT1IUR W. NICHOLS,
NOTARY PUBLIC Loan and Collection
Arfvnt Bumura entrusted to my care
will receive prompt attention. With John-
ton A McUi.. 1 Unsy's Block, Rlyria.
DR. J. RUST.
OMCEOPATHIST. Residence and of
fice. West 8ide, Public Sqaare.
DR. R- HATHAWAY,
TTOMCEOPATHIC Physician and 8or-
1A geon. OflSoe, at reaideaca, west side
ally Street. Walliagtoa, Ohio. .
FLOUR. EKED. ETC.
" - H. B. HAMLIN, :.
"fTeler in TUmr, Ttd. Grain. Seda. SlU
XJ . Etc - WarhoaM, Wast Side
Kailroaa Btreat, Wellington, Ohio
IT YOU WAST i flnt-daa Shave,' Hair
Cat. or Shampoo, call at Robinson's O.
K. Sharing Saloon, Liberty Stnet. A tall
aosoitmeat uf Hair Oils. Pomades and Hair
Restorative. . We also keep the beat brand
of Raaura, and warrant them. Ranrs honed
or gretMd to order. . T. ROBINSON.
W ELLINGTON PLANING MILL.
II Maaiaotejmnt and dealer in Sash,
Doors', Blinds, Brackets BatUnKS Lomber,
Shingiea, Lath, Cbeeaa, and Butter Boxes.
Scroli Sewing. Matching and " Planing done
to older. D. L. Wadaworth. Prop. Office,
ear railroad depot.
, Hi WADS WORTH k SON,
Dealers is Lamber. Lath, Shinflee, Doors,
Sash. Blinds, Mouldings, and Dressed
Lamber of all sorts. TaH near Hamlin's
Feed Store. Wellingt s Obia.
BALER IN Clocks, Watches, Jewelry,
Silverware, Gold fens, etc. - sVbnop
in Hoogbtoa'a Drag Stote.
R. S. HOIXENBACH,
MERCHANT TAILOR, in Union Block.
Room. ' 2f.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK. WeUi.gton.
. Ohio. Does a general Jauiking bust
aeaa. Bays sad eel la N. Y. Exchange, Gov.
' lament osmIs, etc. S. 8. Warner, Presi
dent, R. A Hosr, Cashier.
PHOTOGRAPHER. GalUry in Arnold's
BWk, WelKngUm, Ol.io.
RING YOUR PRINTING to the En
terprise OftW.- All hiiuls of iniatinx
done Heailyand promtlv. Office West Side
PnbKe Square, over Mengbton's Drug Store.
K. WEIXS, -
SADDLER AND HARNRESet MAKER.
The bei workmen employnt, and cnly
the best etock Hard. All work dune nuder
. my immediate, saperviaion. North aide Me
chanic stiwetl - - 11-lft-ly
BOOTS AND SHOES.
W, H. ASH FORD,
MANUFACTURER and Dealer in Boirta
and 8bots sad all kinds o( first class
eaetom work. AH work and materials frlly
warranted. Shop, south side Liberty Street,
one door east of Ottr backer's Harness Shop,
Wellington, Ohio. 11-9-ly
' B. N.GOODWIN,
THE INSURANCE AGENT, will be
lourxl at bis- office in Hasted Bros.'
Boot sad S!ioe Store, where ha will be
pleased to aea hts oli eaatomera needing
aavthtag ia hi Una.. Standard Companies
represented " aad late reaaousble. Losses
pmmwlty adjusted and paid at his agsicy.
B. O. FTJLLEK,
DEALER IN Freeh and -Salt MeaU, Bo
logna snd Pork Sausage. Highest
marks: prioo in ewh paid Ur Beeves, 8heep,
Hogs, Hides. As. . Market, sooth stds Lib
erty Street, oae door west of Otterbtcker s
ITM CUSHION A SON,
IYERY AND SALE 8TABLE. Choice
I tax souts farnished. sad eharsea rea-
ble. South aids Mechanis street, one
of American Honae. 11-15-ly
DEALER IN B LOSS BURG COAL, the
flnest srdcle known far BmeksmUh
ing. Horse aliooinx, ropairiDfb -. prompt.
t dons, mud mtisfaetioa guaraatred. South
ssds Msehenis street. U-lS-ly
NEW 8 SUMMARY.
Georgia has 1,200 cuovicla.
Ulysses Grant, jr , owns a portion
Historian Bancroft's health is not im
Hearing so much of his own music has
sent Wagner insane.
Leadville has a population of 20,000
souls, mostly paupers. -
Hodieska will set out on her return to
Europe in about two weeks.
The Chief of Police of Prevideo ce, R. I,
UapL w. A. Ayer, ateu last week.
Establishments for the refining of petro
leum are increasing fast in Japan.
John Bright, the English orator, smokes
less than f ormerly, and is a teetotaler.
Beer has supplemented wine on the
bles of some of the best Vienna hotels.
There is talk of the French Cabinet
agreeing to resume relations with Mexico.
Many English officers have been lost
within three months in the Bouth African
Robert Barrett, cotton-mill owner at Bol
ton and Manchester, has failed for 80-
Ex Secretary McCulloch is delivering a
course or lectures on nuance at tiarvara
A disratch from Athens save that Mace
donian insurgents have defeated the Turks
Underground telegraphy is attaining
considerable Importance in Ureal tsniain
Anthony Count, a Paterson (N- J-)
Frenchman, died of arrief while attending
the funeral or bis Utile son.
Bix thousand Chinamen are empkyed
in-the construction of the Southern Pa
cific Railroad of California.
The London Times, in a recent editorial
on the negro exodus, classed Kansas among
the mates or ine great nonnwesu
India nav annually to England 15,000,-
0U0 sovereigns for interest on debt, pen.
810DS, salaries and other charges.
Onwn Vintiiria has dread lest aomebodv
should take it into his head to put an end
to a happy reign by shooting her.
When they would have you drink in the
mining camps of Colorado they ask you to
"come ana nooa your lower levels.
Emigrants continue to arrive in large
numbers at Castle Grrden. Last week's
record was larger than for five years.
A workman on the Brooklyn bridire has
created a nice sensation by making affida
vit that the wire ropes are defective.
The Bank of California has sold the
Government 100.000 ounces of silver for
delivery at San Francisco at $1-10J
Late adviees from the Cape of Good
Hope state that the natives havemassa.
creed - all the whites at Coanza River in
The two chief attractions at Long
Branch this summer will be tne great tu
bular iron pier extending far into the sea.
and Gen. Grant. -
The paint mine at Reno. . Nev- com.
prises a ledge forty-two feet wide and or
an Known aeptn. 1 ne material is saia to
mix well with oLL
There will soon be a visitor at Windsor
Castle the Empress of Germany, who
comes over the Channel to pay her respects
to (Jueen Victoria,
A parlor entertainment at Washington
Saturday evening, for the benefit of the
Chisholm Monument Association, was a
A general ConoreM of European revolu
tionists is to be held in London early in
June. The eyes of the Governments are
upon the conspirators. .
A Dauoer in Gill. Mass.. sot S3 from the
poormaster to obtain the necessities of
life," as he declared, and used the money
in taking to himself a wife.
A wonderful bibliofe. tpical collection of
Mr. xlurtn, a great .London mercnani, is to
be brought to the hammer. It is estima
ted to have cost over $600,000.
The farmers of California complain that
that all agricultural enterprises in that
state are unprofitable, because labor is
higher now than fifty years ago.
The proprietors of the mills near Utica
have ordered base ball stopped, and an
nounce that the company will discharge
any employe caught twice at the game.
A beautiful steel bridge, said to be the
only one in the country, has been built
over the Missouri river at Glasgow, Mas
on the tine of the Chicago and Alton rail,
Professor Augustus Apelles, who died
at Newport suddenly last week, was for
twenty-seven years leader of the military
band at Weet Point.
The Prince of ' Wales introduced
a petition in the House of Commons for
an act legalising marriage with a deceas
ed wife's sister, and intimated that be
favored such a law.
Miss Mary E. Rayner, of Memphis,
Tenn , who kept a boarding house, was
driven to despair and suicide because a
neighboring boarding-house .keeper en
ticed all her patrons away. .
believed tow a sequoia near Stockton,
Cal which is 833 feet, and two eucalypti
in Victoria. Australia, estimated to be
486 and 150 feet high, respectively.
A number of griszly bears on the Liebre
rancho, Los Angeles county, Caln are mak
ing things very lively for the cattle on the
ranch. Their tracks cover the mountains.
The animals descend to the valley nightly
The Egyptian pea is a marvelous in
stance ol resurrection, or rather resuction.
Preserved three or four thousand years,
enfolded in the clothes of a mummy.plant
ed in the soil of another con.
tinent, they bloom and produce their
The success of Mr. Keely's motor will
make Mr. De La Matyr's financial scheme
more feasible. The resources of steam
power are not great enough to print the
volumes of greenbacks which it provides
A prominent native of Japan, at Yoko
hama, Matiramoto Bunkichi by name, has
been condemned to ten years' penal servi
tude for the offense of lending a room to
Chinamen for the purpose of smoking
Bub-Lieutenant Coyte, of the British
Navy, arrested on suspicion of being the
author of the story about a pirate off
Fastnet Light, on the 16th of January, has
been convicted of the offense and dismiss
sd from the service.
The Artie expedition for the relief of
Professor Nordenskjold, the Swedish navi
gator, fitted out under the direction of
Capt. Sengestacke, commander of the last
German polar expedition, will sail this
month from trweden.
Toe locomotives of the Northern Rail
way of France .now carry small clocks in
front of the smoke stacks to enable the
engineers and station masters to know the
exact arrival of a train. These clocks are
all regulated by Pans time.
Hrs. En os T. Thorpe, ef New York,
inuutfl alx coffee spoons which formerly
belonged to Charles Dickens to a fair for
a CharttaDie oojeci. oma - on wunou
them off, now she offers "$50 reward and
no questions asxeo ; ior ueir recovery.
Washington, Mayo. Consideration was
resumed of the house bill prohibiting mil
itary interference at elections.
Mr. Momn advocated its. passage,
nine that the framers ot the constitution.
with a view to the preservation of liberty,
drew a broad distinction between the reg
ular army and the military, and that the
latter should be employed to enforce the
Senator Mortran spoke for three hours
and a half
Mr. Eaton said he would be glad to
have the vote tomorrow on the bill.
Mr. Edmunds obtained the floor, and
said he would address the senate to
Mr. Hoar at his own request, was ex-
cased from the service of the committee.
to investigate election frauds, and Mr
Piatt was appointed in his place. After
the executive session, the senate ad-
wasnineton. May v. ine nouse dui
providing for the payment of money here
tofore appropriated to James is. iiwes and
his associates for the construction of the
jetties and other work at the south pass of
the Mississippi, was passed wiin amend
Consideration of the bill prohibiting
military interference at elections was then
Mr. Edmunds analyzed the bill and said
the preamble was contradictory of its
body; the preamble declared that "the
presence of troops at the polls is contrary
to the spirit of our institutions and tradi
tions of our people, and tends to destroy
the freedom of elections, while the body
of the bill declared that troops might be
present at the pollseven on election
days in a manner and under such cir
cumstances as the constitution provides.
If the preamble be true, the body is false."
Mr. Edmunds said in reply to
senators "vho had preceded him.
that the government does not enter
state, it is in every fibre of muscle of
every man, he wished it was in the hearts
ot all men of the republic (Applause.)
The bill reflected on the doctrines of those
who supported it, namely that this govern
ment nearly a century old, hoary with re
nown, after so long vindicating this right
to exert should be treated as an existing
neighbor and sometimes as a friend or toe.
1 denounce sucn a doctrine, the army is
in the end the power of law. M;n have
denounced the affirmative power of the con
stitution to regulate the election of members
or the house ot representatives, and by
sophistry they fritter away the traditions
of the constitution and deny the teachings
of its framers, and say there is no liberty
unless It be obtained by the supremacy of
state ngnia. was mere not a scneme on
foot to prevent appeals from a state to
federal courts, thus taking away the rights
of citizens? Where are you going to
stop T I have seen within the last two or
three days, in this chamber, another step
to deprive a portion of the people of their
T i . : r : .
riKuw, a jiavo who a majority w mis
body enter upon the consider
ation of a measure to violate
the traditions of the senate, the spirit of
constitution and the safety cl the repub.
lie. and designed to overthrow the de
cision that irranted the senator from
Louisiana, Kellorc, his seat, in order that
a difl'erent man may take his place. Do
you, in a mandatory manner, in your hour
or tnumpn, intend to swap away every-
tning wnicn tne wisuom oi our tatners
achieved and the valor their sons pre
served T The bill before us was the first
step in that direction. There is some
where in the constitution, unless
we go into anarchy, a power
which in spite of threats will stand as a
bulwark against the efforts to break down
the constitution and laws, and when you
recover from your emotions, you will have
that peace of which the act of 1865 speaks.
But you will nave peace at the polls only
when you recognize by deed, as well as by
word, the political equality of all citizens,
and the free right of lawfully voting
under the law and by the law. It will not
be at the price of a reign of terror and the
grave, but the peace of liberty and Justice,
asserted in giving form for the expression
of the public will, when bvegones will be
byegones, give peace, and harmony every
where will prevail. (Applause.)
Mr. Blaine said "Mr. President 1 want to
make a single remark on the bill itself- If
there is to be a vote on it, I desire simply
to put a punctuation point in the progress
of things as they are now going on and
that punctuation point is to mark the high
tide which the ancient doctrine of state
rights is reaching in this chamber and in
this congress. This question has engaged
the attention of the American people
for just about 50 years. It has had its
ups and downs, its victories and its de
feats. It was strengthened for a time by
Jackson; it was dallied with by Van
Buren, it rose to full strength under Polk,
Pierce and Buchanan; its waves rolled
its forces for a deadly struggle under
Breckenridge and if I mistake not, a ma
jority of senators who sit on that side of
the chamber supported Breckenridge when
he embodied that deadly hcresay in what?
ever there was in the issue between Cat
noun and Jackson. That side of the senate
chamber represents Calhoun. Whatever
there was in the contest dividing the dem
ocratic party between Breckenridge. and
Douglass, that side of the chamber repre
senting all the evil there, was in favor of
the policy of Breckenridge. And I desire
hero to affirm and point out that there
never was before the rebellion, and there
never was at any time in the history of
this country, any such assertion of state
rights, any such assertions of the mystery
of state government over the federal gov
ernment in its own domain, as here assert
ed as made by these linealsof Calhoun and
fJreciunridge. i. snail not debate tne Dili ;
it were useless. It has been exhausted
and debated. The whole measure is a
removal of federal government from its
proper domain and the installment of
states into a degree ol power that were not
dreamed of by Calhoun, and were not
asserted by Ureckennuge,
We thought there had been something
gained an this question in a costly war,
and in the amendments to the constitution.
But the tide as it now sweeps - is on
the ebb, and the Union, the power
of the federal government was
never so - weak as these laws
and their proceedings will make it.
Pass the bill while warning off the Nat
ional government from all interference or
control over its own elections. You voted
down on the other bill a proposition that
armed men should not come to the polls.
Yoa voted down on the other bill a propo
sition that armed men should not come to
the polls with the expressed intent of
interfering with the rights of voters and
you did it under the paltry quibble, that
ft was not within the constitutional power
of the United States Government to
warn the bloody handed ruffians
from the polls where representatives in
federal congress were being chosen. Pass
thla bill. Pass it as a trump of reaction
against the spirit of the Union I Pass it
in defiance of all lessons and all teachings
that have come from a bloody abortive
rebellion ! Pass it and mark it as a high
tide of that reaction which, were it to rise
higher, could lead only to another and
formidable rebellion against the legiti
mate authority of the Union."
Mr. Chandler said history is repeating
itself to-day. There is a pro
verbial saying that "Bourbons
never learn anything and never forget
anything." The proverb Is very applica
ble to the. Bourbons of the country. InJ
1857, he said, the Bourbons had control 1
of this government "You bad a majority
m now nouses, a majority in the supreme
courts, and the whole of this government
was under your control. You brought up
the repeal of the Missouri compromise
and forced your northern men then, as you
are doing now, to vote for that repeal and
vou did it by the same means tnen
Sir! you crowded your men till
you crowded them off the
bridge in 1857. When I took my seat in
this body with Jeff Davis laughter, there
were here 44 democrats, SO republicans
and 2 independents. Of those democrats
28 were from southern states, 16 from
northern states and S independent. Then,
as now, the independents in this body,
upon every question connected with
slavery, voted with the south. You in
caucus, then decreed that Stephen A.
Douglas because he asserted that that he
did not care whether slavery was
voted up or down should be de
graded from the chairmanship of
the committee on territories and there
were but three northern men out of six
teen, who dared to resist caucus dictation.
You did degrade him and put him off that
committee. Then you crowded your men
off the bridge and tney sank to a man in
to the waters of oblivion, to rise no more
forever. Of these sixteen members not
a solitary one from the north, ever came
up to tne surface oi tne waters of oblivion
You crowded them off the bridge. You
compelled them to vote tor measures
which the north could not and would not
submit to. Sir! to-day you are doing the
self same tning. lo-uay we nave in
this body 41 democrats, 90 republicans
and one independent, lo-uay, as twenty-
two years ago, on all questions connected
with state rights the independent party.
as a unit, votes with the democratic party.
Today you have, as I said. 43 members in
this body, 41 leaving out the independ
ent part)'. You have twelve members
from the north and they are arranged
thus: from California one; from Indiana,
now as then, two; from New Jersey two.
now as then; from Ohio you have two.
you bad but one then; from
Oregon, you have two now; yon had two
then from Pennsylvania, you have one
now; you had one then from ' Rhode
Island, you have none now, but you have
one from Connecticut and one from iSew
York. As I stated, history is to-day re
peating itself, and you are today repeat
ing what you did in 1857. You are crowd
ing your men off the bridge: and the men
of to-day, as men of 1857, will sink into
the waturs of oblivion to rise no more for
Look at the change that has taken place
since that time. Sir! the people nre more
thoroughly aroused today against this doc
trine, this heresay of sUte rights, than
they were from 1857 to 1861. You pro
posed to pension Jefferson Davis and ev
ery single one or your northern allies voted
to pension him. You eulogize him as a
patriot to be compared side . by aide with
Washington and all the patriots of the
revolution and every one of your north-
era allies voted aye. After the close ot
the revolution you claimed that you were
poor anu suffering ani we found you
poor and euflerir ' We found
vou ragged and poor and we clothed you.
We put upon vou the robe of American
citizenship which you had forfeited and
we killed the fatted calf for you, and invit-
ea you to tne least, supposing you, alter
oeing cioinea, were in your nirai mind.
and wnen we invited you to feast vou said
we have always owned that calt and you
have no interest in it (Laughter.) Mow
you inform us that' you are going to re
peal ail repuDltcan measures. What
is the job you - have undertaken
You are going to rend all
that-, the - republican party has
done. When do you begin ? Do you be
gin at the .Appomattox as before 1 It is
very important to know where you com
mence, and then to know-where you pro
rjoee to stoD. You have undertaken a verv
vast job for a party of your size, and with
people wbo are to set as judges upon your
actions; for you have undertaken to un
seat a man in this body, but you will deny
mat you nave unaertaxen tne ion. ion
have simply undertaken to investigate
senator of this floor that has been
decided by the highest tribunal that could
act on this question. Sir! there are 13
senators on that side of this house that
every man on this side believes have poor
er titles to their seats than the honorable
senator from ' Louisiana has to his. By
fraud and violence you occupy your seats.
now snow us tne road now to vacate seats
in this body if you dare.
Eaton I call the senator to order.
Chandler Very well, sir; I will take
your point of order.
jaton My point is mat me senator from
Michigan is entirely out of order when
he says that twelve senators on this floor
hold their seats by fraud and violence."
Mr. Chandler I did not say so. I said
they hold their seats by a poorer title.
31r. tuon lou said fraud and vio
Mr. Chandler I said we believe it, and
so I do believe, and 1 have a right to be
Mr. Garland ahkcu that the exact words
be token down.
The official reporter lead the words as
taken down by him and as given above.
Mr. iJccK called upon Mr. Chandler to
name me men woo neid meir seats by
fraud and violence.
Mr. Hill hoped the question would be
Mr. Eaton arose and ancrilv said
the remarks of the Senator from Michigan
weie insultingly out of order and called
for ruling by the chair. The President
pro tern overruled the point of order.
There bei :e considerable confusion in
the chamber, Mr. Davis, of West Virginia,
asked for order both in - the Senate
and in the gallery.
Order being restored, Mr. Chandler re
sumed as follows: I think every Senator
in this side of the chamber, believes that
there are twelve Senators on that side, who
hold their titles and seats upon a slimmer,
poorer basis. than my honored friend from
Lousiana. ' That is what it - intend
ed to state. That is our belief.
It is my belief that their
seats were obtained and are held
by fraud and violence. That is what I say
now. But, Mr. President, I did not rise to
discuss that question ; I simply rose to say
to the other side that you have your say
in the court, make the most of it Your
time is short The people of the north
have taken this question in hand, and
from the Atlantic to the Pacific, from one
end of this land to the other, the people
are aroused and alarmed at the statements
that have been made and actions that have
been taken in this senate chamber and
in the other house within the last
sixty days. Let me say to you, gentlemen
on the other side of the chamber, "Mene,
menc, tekel upharsin'" is written all over
your brows. Applause in the galleries
wnicn was promptly Cheesed by me chair. J
inis oiii to proniDit military interfer
ence at elections wu then passed in the
precise form in wnicn it came . Rom me
house, yeas, 88 ; nays, 23.
on motion or Mr. neck me senate took
up the house bill making appropriations
for the legislative, executive and judicial
departments of the government, and then
adjourned until to-morrow.
Washington, May 10. Mr. Eaton intro
duced, by request bill relating to the
tclegrapu, communication between me
United States and foreign countries.
Consideration was then resumed of the
bill to make appropriations for the legis
lative, executive and judicial expenses of
the government Tor the nscal year ending
June 80th, 1880, and for other purposes.
3Ir. Beck, of me committee on appro
priations, said me bul was substantially
the same as agreed to by the committee
on conference at the former session of con
gress with a few exceptions.
Mr. Edmunds Inquired whether what is
called political legislation is the same as
ftroposed last year, or did it differ by en
argement or dimension.
Mr. Beck replied that he was not pre
pared to answer as he had not compared
Mr. Beck moved that the reading of the
bill be dispensed with to afford Mr. Hill
an opportunity to address the senate, as he
intends leaving the city and may not re
turn Dciore me end or me present session.
Mr. Hill then spoke with reference to that
part oi me bin proposing new legislation
with regard to jurors, supervisors of elec
tion, etc -
The bill to prohibit military interfer
ence at elections was signed ny me presi
dent pro tern. It will now be taken to the
president, with amendments restoring the
compensation of senate officers, clerks aad
other employes, which the house had re
duced. - , .
The bill to enforce me eight-hour law
was uut en up as me business oi me morn
Mr. Kelly argued that so long as that
law was unrepealed every workingman in
the employ of the government forced to
work ten hours for a day's wages was de
frauded oi nia legal ngnts, but me condi
tion of things since the passage of that
law had changed greatly. - Now capital
could not find safe and profitable employ
ment in productive industries and labor
was starving. The condition of me world
in that respect was pitiable. If the theory
that this was due to overproduction were
true, which he denied, then in the name
of God let overproduction be stopped.
If eight hours labor produced too much.
then let the time be reduced to
six. Either that should be adopted or the
increase of population stopped. He was
opposed to that - If two hours' toil was
enough to sustain the working man and
his family, the working time should be
reduced to two hours ; but if eight or ten
hours' labor had the effect of reducing the
laboring classes to noverrv. want and
death, men in God's name let the hours of
labor be reduced. .. j .
The bill was apposed by Mr. McMillan
as not being in the interest of the toiling
millions, but adverse to that interest - He
moved an amendment that it shall not ap
ply to the past
Goode. who reported the bill, spoke
in its advocacy, taking the ground that
congress would seta bad example if it
permitted the officers of the government
to disregard plain law.
It was also further advocated by Mr.
Cox, who said no one asked or desired to
ask in the face of the voters of the country
for a repeal of the eight hour law.
After some further debate the bill was
laid upon Hie table, 108 to 52.
A vote was then taken by the yeas and
nays on the motion to lay on the table a
motion to reconsider the vote by which
the bill was laid on the table and resulted.
137 ayes, 87 nays, thus effectually killing
the bill. -
. The silver bill was taken up.
' Mr. Kimmcl offered an amendment fix
ing the weight of a silver dollar at 460 in
stead or 4ia4 grains. Mr. jnshcr argued
in favor of the single standard.
Mr. Fisher argued that the legal value
of gold and silver coin had alwavs been
and must bo held subordinate to bullion
values, and that it was impossible to main
tain two coins diflcriug in intrinsic
He the i asked him how the market value
Mr. Fisher replied that it was regulated
by the law of supply and demand. He
men quoted from the remarks of Kelley,
of Pennsylvania, in 1872, in the same line
or argument d asked Kelley how gold
coins must be kept in the country when
me difference between gold and silver was
nxea ny law at ia to l.
Mr. Kelley retorted by asking Mr. Fish
er how a single standard could be made
of that metal which fluctuated so much as
gold did. He added, ho would retain
bom gold and silver coin in the country
by putting them not 15 to 1 which expels
f oiu, noi in to I wnicn expels stiver, but
5 to 1, which enabled ' France and the
Latin union to use both metals coincident-
ly and indiscriminately, and would enable
the United States to avail themselves of
Mr. Fisher Then I understand the
gentleman not to bold to the views which
he expressed in 1872. Am I correct?
Mr. Kelley-I humbly confess that I have
learned something since 1872.
Mr. Fisher said that he was reminded
of the young man in the scriptures who
was born blind, but had his sight given
him, and who seeing, said,,I know mot
whereas I was once blind 1 - now see."
Mr Fisher suggested that Mr. Kelley had
better eyes and said once "I did see these
things I airly, but now I am stone blind."
Mr. Kelley desired ' to reply but Mr.
Fisher declined to yield further, and pro
ceeded with his speech. He character
ized the bill as a fraud and a cheat which
would rob the people of America. It
was also in some respects a free trade
measure and he would commend that fact
to the attention of his colleague Mr.
Mr. Kelley nopod mat me gentleman
would demonstrate his proposition.
Mr. Fisher continuing, stated that in
every community there were a good many
men, most of them bankrupts, who had
never been able to manage their own lie
tie affairs but had wives who were able
to take in washing or plain sewing, while
thev had leisure time to discuss finan
cial affairs of the great nation, thought
they knew "all about the great
financial question. The gentleman from
Indiana (De La Matyr) has introduced a
bill here appropriating a thousand mil
lions for great internal improvements.
Mr. Do La Matyr The association of
the remark about the man with the hard
working wife with the gentleman from
inaiana is snnpiy coniempuoie.
Mr. Mills said he intended to vote for
the bill but would like to see it amended
in some particulars,- as it was not a just
response to the demand of the people for
a full restoration of silver to coinage, and
its full investure with all functions of
Mr. Chittenden opposed the bill as a
most violent and inefficient assault on
the integrity and welfare of Americans
ever made in congress; he proposed
to turn on the light and expose the covert
Iniquity and rascality or me measure, tie
proceeded to criticise and ridicule De La
Matvr. as the beloved apostle and high
priest of the greenbackers, and as having
prayed recently from the clerk's desk that
the good Lord would take them all to
heaven, and then straightway made frantic
efforts from his own seat to make it warm
for the infamous and hell born bondhold
era. Laughter. He was glad to see that
unique quasi divine in his seat, for he be
longed to a class who rarely heard preach
ing, anu wno sunereo severely tor me
want of it Lauchter.l
He then proceeded to turn the light on
Mr. Warner and said that if that gentle
man's speech was right then temperance,
industry, frugal living, business tact and
accumulation of property were heresies
and devises of thieves and robbers. All
that there was in the argument of the gen
tleman was that prodigal and improvi
dent men should by some procuration of cur
rencv legislate to restore tneir nroncn tor.
tunes, he admitted that he (Chittenden)
spoke as a capitalist, yet he was a robber,
according to Mr. Warner's doctrine.
(Loud laughter.) Every industrious
and temperate man in this country
made money, but it required common
sense and tack to save something and be a
capitalist (Laughter). The doctrine of the
gentleman (Warner) was the damnedest
nonsense, (bhouts of laughter) He de
clared himself notlopposed to bimetallitm.
but for it whenever practicable, but when.
me great commercial nations adhered to
the gold standard, common sense and pub
lic policy forced the United States to
stand with them or else adopt silver
as its only standard. The present
coinage : law, unless modified,
would certainly force on this country an
exclusive silver standard. He regarded
the dishonored and justly imprisoned sit
ver dollar of 41214' grains as a most dis
graceful form of political money, it was
as corrupt and as corrupting in principle
as if. it only contained 12 grains. He
asserted mat me free coinage bill wnicn
passed the bouse on the 4th of November
IS77, was intended by its authors to drive
all gold out of the country, but- that the
free coinage bill failed and resulted to
great advantage to the people. Why
should resumption be broken down by re
morseless men? :- . The monstrous
proposition was claimed by its
authors and proprietors as being to the
interest of the people, but he affirmed and
could demonstrate mat it was in me inter
est of the bullionists and capitalists ex
Mr. Warner agreed that in cir
culating paper money if carefully limited
in amount, could retain its full face value,
and he quoted financial writers to sustain
that position. The valuation of all prop
erty . in the country had been changed
from paper to gold and silver,, but under
the existing law mat valuation was now
being changed from both metals to gold
alone. The pending measure was intend
ed to prevent that. Without action on the
bill the house, adjourned.
A bill reported from the judiciary com.
mittee to remove me political disabilities
of J. C Pemberton, of Philadelphia, gave
rise to an amusing colloouv between Mr.
Conger and Mr. Cox, which Mr. Knott cut
short by moving me previous question,
and me bill passed.
Mr. Boyd, from me committee on ac
counts, reported a bill directing the pay
ment of committee clerks and prays to be
computed from the first day of the
sion, - The bill gave rise to a long discus
sion, objection being made to it on the
ground that $30 extra pay was voted to
those employes at the close of the last
Congress, and many of them would be 're
ceiving double pay for a portion of the
time. . It was denounced by Mr, sparks as
an outrage on me treasury, and a public
i ne morning nour Having expired me
bill went over.
Mr. Cook, chairman of the Committee
on Public Buildings and Grounds, report
ed resolutions testifying to the high
qualities of the late Representative Clark
of Iowa, who had been a member of that
committee, and directing the committee
on appropriations to appropriate for the
family of the deceased his salary to the
close or the forty-sixth con greae. Adopted,
The house then went into a committee
of the whole, Mr. Springer in the chair,
on the private calendar. After the passage
oi one uui. a mouou to aujourn over uoui
Monday was rejected.
The hous then went into committee of
Uit whole, Mr. Town send in the chair.
and took up the senate bill authorizing
me employment or three assistants on me
library of congress. After a sharp debate
me committee rose and me bill was r
ed. The senate amendment to add the
jetties bill was concurred in.
The house men resumed consideration
of the Warner silver bill, and it was ad-
dressed by Mr. Warner in advocacy of the
-: I 5 . , .1 wi ..-..!.. 1
uui, anu in i&vur ui uits uuuuic buuiuuu.
Mr. Heilman opposed the bill. The
best thing congress "could do was to do
nothing and ro home. The world was
governed too much, and papering of me
country with billi and resolutions might
as well stop for a while. ,
Mr Warner, in the course of the day's
debate, stated mat he would demand me
previous question tested next - -
: Mr. Kelley having obtained the floor the
. Washington, May 10. A bill was re
ported from the committee on the revision
of laws, and passed, amending the law re
lating to writs of prohibition and manda.
mas. Also a bill relating to widows ot
the pensioners of the war of 1812 so as to
give pensions to women wno are a secona
Opposition was made to the latter bill
as an entire change of the pension laws,
and on motion of Mr. Garfield it was re
ferred to the pension committee. 1
The bill prohibiting the presence oi mil
itary at places of election was presented
as enrolled, was signed by the speaker,
and was sent for the signature of the
speaker pro fern, of the senate.
At the expiration of the morning hour
consideration was resumed of the Warner
silver bill, nnd Mr. Kelly made a speech.
Mr. KellT. in me course ot bis speecn.
declared himself free to admit that when,
in-1872, he absurdly asserted fiat the
unit of the United States monetary system,
the legal tender silver dollar which was
at that time worth three cents more than
a gold dollar was a subsidiary coin. He
knew no more cn the subject ot finance
than was known or. it- to-day by the
gentleman from Massachusetts, Clan! in.
or that his colleague. Fisher. ' He" saw in
the present decade symptoms which had
marked the fall of the Roman Empire,
among concurring causes of which were
successive expansion and contraction of
currency and me decline ot silver anu
S1U mines oi xiaiy, opain anu umcc
e predicted that the remonctization of
silver in the United States and Europe
would restore peace, order and prosperity
throughout the world.
Mansfield. O.. May 8. Secretary Sher
man arrived, here this morning, and took
rooms at too Saint James hotel. He was
visited largely in the forenoon by citizens
of all parties. Ia the afternoon he visited
u is - uiuvreub propcrucv iy uv vitjr cuiu
vicinity, on a tour of inspection. In the
evening be was serenaded at his hotel,
when he appeared and made the follow
ing speech, a largo crowd being in at
tendance: "I am very happy to be again
in your midst' to see your faces and
to greet you as friends. The
shaking of . your hands - is more
grateful to me than the music of bands or
any parade. 1 never felt oetore nxe maz
ing an apology for coming before you un
til now. The papers said I came west
seeking the nomination . for governor. I
came purely on private business to repair
the ruined fences and look after improved
rtroperty I did not expect to make a po
itical speech or refer in any way to polit
ical questions, however, as you nave sere
naded me to-night I seize the opportunity
of speaking freely on ' two of the
great ' questions now discussed
throughout the - entire land.- - There
one question ot vital importance to all the
people, republicans, dem ocrata and na
tionals. You know, fellow citizens, that
two years ago when I hod the pleasure of
speaking to you on the public square, the
burden ot my speecn was aooui resump
tion of specie payment, stating if we could
go back to gold there would be the begin
nine of prosperity. Then loss followed loss,
and failure followed failure, and gloom
prevailed. I declared then that if we
would go back to the ways of our fathers
and start afresh on a gold basis, supported
by greenbacks and national bank notes,
prosperity would again return. It becomes
my duty as an executive officer to carry
out this policy. One year ago I had in
front of this hotel-r-ou this same store
box, or one very much like it
to present to you the desirability of the
result of resumption on the first day of
January, 1B7. mis iuiKrtant measure
was accomplished. Every dollar you had
in vour pockets became worth a dollar in
r)ld. Since that has been accomplished,
come here to ask you the question, are
you not satisfied with the result? Do you
not think resumption has been beneficial
to you all ? Today a man may travel
where be pleases; the greenback dollar is
What has been the result of the policy of
resumptions? Many thought as me day or
resumption approached, mot despondency
and bankruptcy would follow, it has been
an advantage and prosperity throughout
our entire land. I am told your shops in
Mansfield are again in operation, and it is
so everywhere. The result is, labor is
plentiful and capital finds secure and safe
investment. Why, in JMew fork lust me
other day I heard of all manner of schemes
being originated by capitalists for the
investment of capital that had been idle
since the panic The public credit is now
better than in the history of the country.
Strange te say since the 1st of January
there has been sold $750,000,000 of four
per cent bonds. These were sold at
par in gold, and. the last million and
a half sold at a premium of one
half per cent. We have -saved to the peo-
Sle of this country in interest $11,000,000.
ince the present administration has been
in power.it has saved to the conn try fourteen
millions of dollars. This has been effect
ing alike the rich and the poor. The credit
or me nation has also steadily advanced
and there is no nation in the world that
can borrow money at as favorable terms as
the United States of America. To-day the
per cents oi me fTencn Jbmpire are
worm but V4 cents less man par; out
bonds are quoted higher than any other
nation's, than perhaps that of Great Brit-
tain. This is so, because this country has
kept its faith with the woi Id. Now the rich
are not the only bond holders. The man
of moderate means can purchase bonds of
any denomination that he may choose at
any money order postomce in the country.
rsom me bonds and me certificates are
eagerly sought for they are held by every
class in the land. The great question
that is now agitating the public mind, is
me attemnt of vour renreaentati vm - in
congress to repeal what are known as me
election laws. These members of con
gress are . seeking to repeal the only
laws mat in many cities and some
tates give the people a fair and full voice
Have vou ever thought that vour onlv
voice in me national government lies in
the election of members to congress once
in two vears ? Every two vears vou are
called to elect a member of congress, and
mat one man wno represents you is your
agent so far as the national government is
concerned. Your only voice m the gov
ernment is when you vote for a member
oi congress, in a great number ot me
larger cities elections are 'carried by fraud
and unfairness. - In the great city of New
i or mere are wards mat have been
carried by fraud and repeaters for the last
forty years. In some of the southern
states intimidation and fraud is conducted
openly at the polls. There are now mem-
oers in congress wno noia tneir seais oy
fraud and intimidation in the state of
South Carolina. Thousands of tissue bal
lots were cast last fall ; little pieces of
paper, forty of which would not make as
great bulk as one of the tickets voted by
you here in Richland county. There was
voted at once,- and by one voter,- in
South Carolina, more votes last fall
than there ' were men. women ' and
children and ' cats and - dogs in
the city of New York. At one - election
more than 85,000 repeater votes were cast
this was proven by the investigation of a
committee of congress who made an elab
orate report on the same. In large cities
mere is always great dnngcr ol such
things being done. You are tree from
this species of frauds.- - Here you- do not
know what fraud is. Out-of the moat
cred duties of congress is tii.- pr-.trvation
of the purity of elections. There is but
one safeguard against fraud and repeating
provided by congress and now an effort is
being made to repeal it To me this Ques
tion is particularly important the law pro
vides ior us, me people, a certain
safeguard. It is sometimes said mat this
law is not as efficient as it might be.
congress can easily change it and make it
better; but instead ot making it a better
law. they seek to repeal it and how do
they intend to do it? By passing a bill,
as laws are ordinarily made. They pre
sent a bill which provides for the pay of
the arm v and nmiOTeasmen. If it would
stop me pay of the congressmen I would
not object Applause. There would be
no objections to the passage of this bill,
but the bill calls for the : repeat o
the election laws, and thus they present
it to the president fer his signature. Some
times it is just and right to add such
measures to appropriation - bills . I have
seen it done many times. When this is
done for the purpose of aiding and sus
taining the independent departments of
the government, 1 agree to it Congress said
to the president : "You consent to the re
peal of the election laws, or we will make
you no appropriations." The president
has sent back one of their bills with his
objections, and he has the right to do so.
Now my countrymen, I do not believe
there is going to be any serious trouble in
regard to me appropriation bill. ine
good sense . of both parties will see
mat the position ' of congress . is
wrong, and the next ' election you will
make congress see its error by your vote.
I have referred now to ail the points of
which I wish to speak. I think both
democrats and republicans will agree with
me that this government of our, this
national government is supreme in all its
pie by the people" is above the states,
even above the greit state of Ohio; it has
power to declare war, makepeace, make
duties on imports and provides national
courts, so that a - citizen of one state
can sue a citizen of another, and all the
powers of me nation are supreme and
above those of the states.' An idea pre
vailed in me south mat the states had a
right to' secure from the nation. We went
to war on this qnestion ; we spent millions
of treasure, and sacrificed thousands of
lives, but come out ol me conflict victori
ous, xou nave a judiciary to aeciae aii
questions that may arise between the
states, it ib important mat aii tnese
powers should be kept distinct The
election of members of congress.
the most vital one of the power,
should be kept inviolate among the states.
By a general election law the members
of the senate, are selected by the legisla
tare of each state as it may see fit,
the states have great power which con-
gress cannot interfere with. While ; sena
tors and presidential electors are elected
bv the legislatures, members of congress are
elected by the people. The future elections
question will be me passage ot a fair gen.
eral election law by congress which will
provide for the appointment ot supervi
sors or marshals selected from each party
by the judiciary, who will see that a free,
lair election is held, and that each elector
casts but one vote.
' The secretary discussed this question
for a few minutes further, when he dosed
and withdrew amia applause.
Burlington. May 8 Two young men,
August Miller and John Miller, friends
but not relatives, attempted suicide -this
morning. The former was successful.
having used a pistol, and me latter useu a
knife with probable fatal effect They
lived in different parts of the city, and it
it not known whether they had a mutual
Portsmouth, N. II-, May 6. The largest
fire which has occurred here tor tourteen
years took place to-day. ' The loss is seri
ous, but is distributed among many per
sons. .The insurance is considerable.
The Franklin house and neighborhood
was the scene of the fire. '
Cincinnati. May 8. A planing mill.
church and several adjoining buildings,
at Lowell, O., burned last night Loss,
1 10.000: uninsured. "
New York, May 8. A fire at Nos. 55,
57 and 59 Bank street, occupied as a pock
ing box factory aad by a horse shoe com
pany, caused a loss of $50,000.
The house committee on foreign affairs - r
appointed a sub committee consisting of
Messrs. Wilson, King and Robeson to con- ' '
aider the practicability of entering Into ': '
additional treaty relations with Mexico, t
Official news from the Indian territory. . -,
states that the raids have come, nearly to an' ' , -end.
" .- - ' .a v . .'-f
The president regards' with great solid--; -tsde,
the situation of affairs in the Indian '
Territory.. High army officers, itowower, , ,
agree with General .Sheridan in anticipa-."
ting no difficulty in executing the orders
of the war department - 1
The military force for service hasbeen - -;
increased. ,.. -.. ---4 . -r- .- .
Washington, May' 9. Subscriptions to " '
the four per cent refunding certificates
since yesterday reach $836.580. . Owing to - -
the demand being greater than the supply -, y
the treasury department is comj elleu to
regulate the issue of refunding certificates
to depositories- - The sales in this city
were getting out of. all proportion to the .
amount ot certificates which depositories ".
elsewhere could receive, and to-day no ' ' '
person was allowed to buy more than $100
in certificates. - . , , , '
The committee has agreed upon a bill
extending to the end-pf the present session ;
the salary of . the late Representative '
Clark. :t. t. ... ,
The senate committee on epidemic dis
eases today agreed upon amendments in v
the nature of a substitute for the bill re- -
cently committed to them concerning the .
national board of health and the proposed .
establishment of national quarantine regu-' " '
lations. . The. amendments confine the re
quirements cf the bill, to vessels coming ..
from foreign ports where any contagious S
muuue uieeaae exists, instead oi reier
ring, as in the original bill, to vessels com- .
ing from any foreign port, and provide
that the quarantine regulations framed by
the national board of health shall, as far " - -as
possible, be merely supplemental to the
regulations prescribed by state and mimic-. , .
ipal authorities, ' and be confided to
them for enforcement' if they will so
undertake; but in Case of. refusal or
failure to -do so, the president may de
tail an officer for that purpose. 'The :
section of the bill explicitly providing ":
authority for the board of health to estab-
lish quarantine stations on railroad or
river lines of inter-state commerce, and to
detain goods and passengers for -diBav -'- ' '
fection, is stricken out : The sections v
authorizing the same .body to investigate -the
general subject of cattle disease and to '
cause inspections to be made of all ani- -mals-
arriving at or- exported from the v.j
different shipping ports in the United
States are also omitted from" the amend- '
ment : The measure and amount of the
appropriation asked by the original bill . .
ior me expenaitures ; oy me national .
board of health to carry out its provisions
is reduced from $650,000 to $500,000, ' : . J -.
Washington, May 9. There was a sharp ,
discussion in the senate today over Mc '.
Donald's bill to commission' vounir Bra, '-'
den, of Indianapolis, -as an ensign in the '
navy.- . Half a dozen senators warmly op
posed the measure, taking the ground that
it was unjust to our 'midshipmen at the
naval academy, : and especially' to nine
young-men who were passed midshipmen
anu were only waiting . ior vacancies to .
occur to . receive commissions as en
signs. If the bill passed, Brad en would . '
rank them-all. r It has j also trans
pired that ' Braden's naval . . educa-
tion in England would have entitled him '
to a place only as a 'warrant officer,- -and ''"-'
not to -rank1 as, a .-commissioned officer.- "
Opposition to the .measure in naval circles ',
is so active that it is doubtful whether the
bill can pass, although Mr. McDonald and
Mr. Vodrhees, who usually hunt in couples. - '
have-been indefatigable in their personal ,.s -efforts
in Mr. Braden's behalf. . It is not .
thought that there would be any opposi
tion to providing for Mr. Braden's appoint-"-"
ment as an ensign after passing the regu
lar exajnination at the naval academy wim .
the present .graduating class which is now '
at sea. - - : ! !
Senator Williams to-day introduced a ': -
joint resolution to make appropriations of
March iSlst 1877, for the payment or anti
bellom southern mail claims practically 7
available.- '" ' i---- r. .- - ,-
Washington. May .la--Subscriptions to
the four per cent : refunding . certificates
since yesterday's report $786,000. Total
to date, $11485,090.' ; ;. - 1
The house- committee on .banking and i ' '
currency appointed : JBackner, JSwing and
race a suo-comminee to examine an own
referring -to the' substitution of United '
States notes for those of national banks, '
and report ' .t ;. . ' -. -;
The president to-day received : me bill . -
to prohibit. 'military interference - at elec-. . -tions.',
There is good reason for- stating
that he will jeturn the bill with another
veto message. - -- -.
Washington. May 11. The Alabama -
delegation in congress, accompanied by- '.
senator Houston, waited on me attorney-
general, yesterday, and requested him-to '
grant continuance of the pending cases
for me violation of ' election laws In that
state because the farmers interested com.- .
plain wteir crops worna ve greauyaam-
aged if they, are forced to attend courts as ..
defendents . and , witnesses in . the trials. . . .,
The attorney-general declined to grant the
. T . ,a -v 1 . u , ,
continuance - in an - mc cases uu. wu no
niJ t, ; .iir,r. uin,
only . such cases as would be attended to at
this time and to notify parties in other
cases not to attend court -; '
ii. t .... -.- :'
Horse thieves are at work
near . Troy.
Several valuable horses have
been stolen '
lately. - i '' ' ' vu - ' ' ' '- ; -i 5 "
The 'supreme court has granted 'a super'-' '' '
sedeaa staying the execution of John''
Bland until the 30th of this month; ,T
John Reeves, assistant car repairer .of
the C T. V. & W. railroad at Massilon. .
was run over by a freight train and instant- '
ly killed.-' : -'- - sc--
Some washing machine ; scamps swin-
died Wm. Miller, of North Amherst, out of ,
$150, obtaining his signature on a note by N , ,
misrepresentations. Miller caused their " -arrest,
and their case has gone to court
Dr. A. VGatei of ProctoTsyille,'accused ' '
of : administering poison to his wife and
thereby causing. her death, was . arrested
upon the report of Dr. Beggs, a chemist' ."
who ' analysed part of the stomach and
found traces of strychnine rv ' ; -
An examination . of the acdL. Vmvs
Toledo National bank shaWar .
$5,000 short, arising fronvyMf w
some time ago by me liamV . a m -however,
at the time was supposed to'fiaw".
got but a few dollars in silver change. .
Rnbv Grist aged 9 years, escaped from .
cruel relatives living at Leadville, Colora
do, last week. She was brought from that ; -
point to Caldwell by kind conductors, sne -
will be looked after by friends. Her stories
of adventuf es are startling in the extreme. - v
Special Agent Henry, of the postomce ' "
department lodged in jail at Toledo, three
men. .Lawrence Miuer, unariesroweuana -
Thomas E. Stone, arrested at Chicago .
Junction, charged with breaking into the"
postomce at . mat piace aome nine since. -They
will be tried before, the United States
district court, which sits in two weeks.
The case of Morton vs. Thatcher has .
been absorbing the attention of the com
mon pleas court, at Mt Gilead, for the last
tew days, ana will likely continue so vo uo ..
for the remainder of the, week. It is one .
ol the most important on the docket be
ing a civil action for damages on account
of alleged malpractice charged to Dr. r
Thatcher in . the setting of Mr. Morton's :
leg, ho having, it is claimed, been crippled
for lite. -:: ' " " ' '
Dr. Betti, a celebrated physician of ... .
Rome, publicly announces that be has dis covered
trichina in some American Jhams.