Newspaper Page Text
, a I , ' -
A Family Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc.
WELLINGTON, OHIO, THURSDAY, JULY 31, 1879.
; NUMBER 45.
W II V II II II I! VJ I I
' y II II II II .11
-' i. a i y k .
ruousntu tVtKT THURSDAY,
! 'OafcaWaat Bid of PuUte l(U
fix . .
Gue euvr.aix months .... M
Ole copy, three month - .fjj
If not paid within the r"r, . 1 00
. . J. IL DICKSON,
A TTOKHJSY.AT-LAW, Wellington, O.
ymce, in Buik Building. 2d floor.f
fr. F. HERRI CK,
J. Benedict' block. 3d floor, WellingtoaJ
B. O. JOHNSOK. , . L. MeLMAM.
JOHNSON & McLEAN,
ATTORNEYS and Counsellors at Law
Elyria. O. Office Ko. t Maseey Bloft
J. W. HOUGHTON,
TVJOTAHY PUBLia Office"! Hough
-a-v t. ton s urug oiore, jsm Bid rublio
" ART HUB W. NICHOLS.
XTOTABY PUBLIC. Lams and HnlWUna
JL1 Aenfc Business entrusted to my cafe
wui m-ern prompt anenuon. viu Joan,
soe A McLsaeNo. 3 Hnf t Block, BlyrU.
DR. J. BUST, 5 ?
OMCEOPATHIST. Baldence aad of-
flee, Weat 8ide Public Sqaar.
i- DR. R. HATHAWAY,
HOMEOPATHIC Phyjdcuui and SnN
. Offioa, at letidenc. west aide
Kelly Street, Wellington. Ohio. .
flour, kssu, rra
' H. B. HAMLIN, "
Dealer la Floor, Fed, Grain, Beeda, Salt,
. tc Warefcooae, Wert Sid
Bilroad Street, Wellingtoa. Ohio.
. BARBER H0P.
IF YOU .WANT a firat-claaa Share, Hair
Cat, or Shampoo, call at Robinjato' O,
K.Shxrinit Salooa, Liberty Stnet AJuQ
aaaortmeat of Hair Oils. Pomade and Ralr
Restomttaa. . We alio keep the best' Waftd
of RasMa, and warrant them. Raore honed
or ground to order. X. T. ROBINSON.
X ELLINGTON PLANI KQ MllL
T f Mannractnrera and dsaler in Sufi,
Doors. Blinds. Brackets, Battinn. h
Shtafflea. ImU. Cheese and Batter
Scroll Sawing, Matehiag and Planinf do
to older. D. L Wadswortb. Prop. Oi&ce.
near rail road depot - -
. H. WADSWOBTH & SOK,
Dealer in Lamaer, Lath, ghinies, Doors.
Sash, Blinds, MoAdinge. and Drasead
Laraber ( all ants.- Yard near Hamlin'
Feed Store, Wellington, Ohio.
v J. H. WIGHT,
DEALER IN Clocks, "Watches, Jewelry,
8ilTerware, Gold Pans, etc. aVtthop
in Houghton's Drag Stote. . .
K. S. HOLLEBACII,
EKCHANT TAILOR, in Union Block,
Room S. 2841.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK. Wellington.
- Ohio. Doe a general banking busi
ness. Buys and sells N. Y. Exchange, Got.
eminent ends, etc 8. S. Warner, Presi
dent, R. A. Horr, Cashier.
PHOTOGRAPHER. Gallery in Arnold'
Bjock. Wellington, Ohio. -
BRING YOUR PRINTING to the En
terprise Office. All kind of printing
don neatly and promtly. Office Wert Sid
Pnblio Square, orer Honghtoa' Drug Store.
. . . WELLS,
SADDLER -AND HARNRES4 MAKER.
The be workmen employed, and enly
the best stock natd, AU work done nnder
my immediate uiperrision. North id Me
ehaaie street. 11-15-ly
BOOTS AND SHOES.
W. H. ASH FORD,
MANUFACTURER and Dealer m Boots
and Shoe and all kinds ot trst clail
custom work. All work and material folly
warranted. Shop, aonth ride Liberty Street,
one door east of Otterhacker'a HarneVi Shop,
Wellington, Ohio. 1i"rii?
- r INSURANCE AGENT.
B. N. GOODWIN,
THE INSURANCE AGftfT, will be
tonad at his ofie in Hosted Bros.'
Boot and 8ho Store, where he will be
pleased -0 see hi old customer needing
anything in hi Una. Standard Coaapaai
represented end Htea reaaoaabl. Lone
protnplty adjnsttd and psJd at his sgsncy.
. . G. FULLER,
DEALER IN Fresh aad Salt Meats, Bo
logna and Pork 8aoiaga. Highrs
marke: price in cub paid Ut Beeres, Sheep
Hogs, Hide, c Market, sooth aide Lil
erty Street, on door west of Ottarbacker',
Wit CUSHION & SON,
LIVERY AND SALE STABLE. Choio.
tmi Bouts fnrnished, and charges rea
onable- Booth aid Mechanic street, nt
door east of American House. - 11-15-1
EALER IN BLOSSBURG COAL, th.
1 finest article known for Blacksmith
ing. Horse shoeing, repairing, Ac., prompt
ty dona, aad satislsction guaraateed. Sontl
id Mechanic street.- s - 11-16-1)
- mibi irnpn n.. t
AT THE OLD FARM.
Tarn, 11, tram. Tb bllada ate elan, aad tss treat
door Mmm with crape.
OuialT thraoch tb. hoaa. last sro stole a ttm aad
awful ahapa, - " '
Dlmlj im b? oaly oo rliwlm. aoaadlaaa to the
mm dwcrlad tb. arrow are Ita
plaryad his braaaC.
WbT tbar aa, ho tins hto wif.I 8h was alttls br
With bar patiaat, waak wora haada folded, far the
day waa a'ar, .
Sod the twtllsht wind atlrrad aottly, lapsed the
lllaca ea tb. p. ...
While belated beao swaae alowb; huneird thraaeh
Kulb," ha eaM. aad toaahed her brew, eetl as a
lorar atlsat, -
Stooped aad klaeed her. alula thera. Bhe was atrack
with saddea f rleht.
"Ahlwhatlslt, Johar'abe cried. "Do roa thiak
Vm riS to dtr
"Mot" he aaawsrads-B, dear wife. If 'Urn mmf
Fall tea leeraar swre had paaaed elace he'd lvaa
Thoaahtral. I eeUaruka, canaslsej. She eaald aoi
brllere ehe heard
BishUr now. Their talk, roa eaa, was. bmm part.
Batter, assa. the aew Aider say. stasia har; they
Kindly, hoaaol.ChrleUaa folk, bott the daacsa aad
Orntw. soaaahow. the, had lost all the rasuaea oat
Aad the lore which they besaa with, ttkea tower
e'ersrowa with aaeda
Strasaied oa. half choked, half barled, fa the strife
tmt worldly are da. '
Well, the aisht eaaM aa apace. All the aaaal chorea
Aad they weat f bed aeaoml: rhaac always with
aUdaicht lol a eail ;
Woke the il Oae was taken, oaa '
Lacy told m of the klaa. Oa har waytoBMetthe
She had atopped toeeeAaat Bath, aha aad Neish-
ber Browa'a Ueaifa.
era aet aarprtaed thia Bteralne; wbaa tbey
Thai he siaat haa a waralas was what oar Lacy
Bat 1 thlak the real lore, the tree lava, that aarer
Oaes two kml haarta hara kaowa It, wakened
aeath thaaa enalu ekles
Aad twUl be s eaaifa
That before h. weat be spoke to the "dear wife"
ikUraaret K. Sinsstar la Tenth's CowpanJoa. j
THE BACHELOR'S SURPRISE.
A chill December ereninK. with the rain
and snow forming a disagreeable sort of
conglomeration on tne sidewalks, uie gas
lamps at the corner nickering sullenly
thiough the mist, and the wind taking one
viciously as one came arounu uie corner.
Sot a nu-asant pvpninir to assume Dosses-
sion ot a new home, but necessity knows
no law, and Mr. Barkdale put up his night
key into the red-brick house in the mid
dle of the block, sincerely hoping that his
new landlady would hare common sense
to light a fire in the grate.
Is it you. Birr' .Mrs. iilnman quotli,
beamingly, "there is a good fire, and its
. "All right, ehr said the bachelor, feel
ing the blue tip of his frosted nose to see
nether it nad escaped being frozen on
entirely. "Well, I am glad to hear that,
Have the trunks ceueT" .
"On, yes, sir, and the other things."
"What other thinesf demanded Mr.
ui .airs. Hinman pursed her lip up.
"I wnsnt to tell, sir, please.
"Kather an eccentric old laxly." inougut
Mr. Barkdale, pushing past her to the1
third story front room, which he had
solemnly engaged the dar before.
- it baa been rawer a a art ana uingy
little den by the light of the moon; but
now. softened by the coral shine of a well-
oiled grate, it wore quite anotner sua a
"Velvet paper on the walls, gilt panel
ing, red carpet, and Sleepy Hollow chair,"
thoueht Mr. Barkdale, glancing around.
Not so uncomfortable, after all. When I
get niv things unpacked, it will seem quite
lie act down his valise in the corner,
deliberately opened it, took out a pair of
i . . j , : .1 r . .1
Clippers, ana invtsieu nut urcu icct uicro
in. Next he laid off his overcoat.
"Now fcx a cigar," thought he.
But the brown-layered weed ras yet in
his hand, when there was a bustle, and a
a utter, ana a wnisper, ana merry noise on
the landing outside, and the door flew
open, as ir by magic, to aumit a aozen
blooming, laughing girls.
Mr. Barkdale dropped bis cigar, and re
tired a step or two.
"Don t be alarmeo," saia uie uuiesi ana
prettiest of the bevy; "it's only a .sur
"A very agreeable one, I'm ure,nvsahl
our friend, recovering in some, degree bis
presence ot mind. - -
"There's no mistake, I hope," said a
vellow-treased blonJe. "Your name is not
Greenfield ?: . ! : : : .
-No mistake at all, I assure 'yen," said
Mr. Barkdale, "Of course it is not Green
field. Sit down, ladies."
And he pushed forward the Sleepy Hol
low chair, a camp stool and two rheuma
tic reception chairs, which were all the
accommodations presented by his apart
But. instead of accepting bis courtesy,
the girls all fluttered out again, .giggling,
and in a second, before he could realize
the strange condition of a fairs, they were
hack a?ain. bearinz benches aid a table
cloth, dishes, boqueta, a pyramid of mac
caronics, pild up plates of sandwiches, of
frosted cake, anu a mysterious Bomeiuiug
like unto an icecream freezer. '
The TOldcn-tresscd girt clapped ner
"Yon needen't think we are doing aji
this lor you, sir," she said. ..
"Oh," said Mr. Barkdale, bashfully; "I
I hadn't an such impression." .- i:
"It's all a surpise designed lor Jvate s
cousin." ".".. " .
"Is it!" said Mr. Barkdale, more in tne
dark than ever.- :
And imw do vou sUDDose we found it
all out? demanded the tall girl with the
black eyes and scarlet feather in her hat.
"l Haven't Uie least iuea. -
"W found your letter to Kate, and we
girls read it. and we resolved to take yu
and her .both by surprise. She is to b
nere in nait an nour. uaron w
Barbara Morris, in the blue mcrlne dress,"
with a turn of her long lashes toward the
golden-haired girl, "pretends that she has
moved here; and Kate Is to come and
spend the evening, with Barbara. ' Wont
it be a Joker.
"Stupendous! said our hero, gradually
beginning to comprehend Uie fact that he
was mistaken for some one else.
"What will Kate say when she sees yon
here?" ejaculated another maid,- merrily.
Ah ! what, indeed V said Mr. Barkdale,
wondering la what words he could best
"Of course we shall all look the other
way while you are kissing and hugging
her," said Miss Barbara, demurely.
"Very considerate of you, 1 am sure,"
observed Mr. Barkdale-
"She's the sweetest girl In liew York,"
exclaimed the tall damsel, enlhusiaticall v.
"I am one of her' dearest friends. - We
work our sewing-machines aide by side at
Madame Gridard's. Hasn't she ever writ
ten about Alice Moore?"
"I I don't just this momeut recall that
"Oh. welL It doesnt matter." said Alice.
"Just you sit down, and be a good boy,
while we fix the tables. Aren't those lose
beautiful ? My goodness gracious, how as
tonished Hate will i:-
' Mx. Barkdale. sinking ino the Sleepy Hoi
low chair, and passing his handkerchief
vaguely across his forehead. "Well it's a
mere matter of fate ; I can't see hiw I am
to explain myself; and yet perhaps, I
ought to explain. Lauies "
"Hush-sh-sh sh," cried, the six pretty
eirls. all in a hissing chorus, Kate's coin
intr: Bessie hss brought her. Hush-sh sh
Don't sav a word. Mr. Greenfield. The
golden haired girl's hand was clapped
promptly over his mouth. Alice Moore
grasped his arm spasmodically, and the
other four danced a sort of bewitching lit
tle feminine war dance about him, while a
seventh girl entered a pretty. Madonna-
faced little creature like a dove.
"Come and kiss me, Kate," cried all the
others. "Now don't be ridiculous, for we
shan't take anv notice. Here he is !"
"Kiss who?" cried Kate, standing still
and staring all around her. "Girls, vhat
on earth do vou mean T'
"You provoking thing!" said Barbara,
stamping her little foot, "Do you suppose
we are all fools? Why. of course, we know
all about him ! It's Mr. Greenfield your
cousin, Kate the young M. u."
Kate looked around in bewilderment,
"Nothing ol the sort!" said Miss Kate,
Our hero stood up, feeling himself grow
ing uncomfortably warm and red.
"Ladies," he said, "there's some mistake
here. I said at the outset that my name
was not urcennejd." . - 4 -
j "There !" cried the giru at onoe.,
"There !" echoed Ka'e. defiantly.
"Didn't we tell your cried Uie girls.
"Didnt I tell you f retorted Kate. "Be
kind enough to let us know what your
name is, sir."
"Cephas Barkdale!" said the wrelobed
victim of amlgrmdeTstandlng. v j
"But,'k i4 iss .Moot''yoa.8aid
"Of course I did!" said the puzzled
bachelor. "It isn't Greenfield, and it never
will be unless I have it changed by act of
sO-hrhf cried the girl. "Dear, dear,
to be ante! f Aad we thought you were
Kate's Vm-esv-and his nan is N-o-doublelt
"Do hold vour tongues, you ridiculous
things." said Kate, half vexed, half laugh
ing, "wnai must air. uersuaie tuius. oi
"I think vou arc very nice," said Mr.
Miss Barbara, in the meantime, had
taken a slip of paper out of herpockeL
She uttered a hysterical shriek.
"It's all mr fault!" she exclaimed. "It
was No. 8 instead of No. 30 and the tail
of the horrid figures turned the wrong end
up that's all. And the 'cake, anu the
flowers and everything."
"Stop, ladies, if you please," said Mr.
Barkdale, courteously. "Because the sur
prise has come to the wrong place is no
reason why the right person should not
enjoy it Allow me to give up this noni
t your use this evening. I will just step
across the street and send Mr. Nott Green
field over:- ;..
"But you must return with him," said
And Mr. . Barkdala was not allowed to
depart unfl he had promised, 'at
Mr. Nbtf Greenfield a goou-toftking
medical student who had the "sky
parlor" directly opposite1 came promptly
on mention ot the name of Kate Keliford,
and did the polite thing In Introducing
jUr. r" " i --ni-im.ui sif '"r me
sandwiches and rnjrrrril thn ritf-iniit,
Ja if L, ftarimra n nin a
cream, and coaxed Miss Barbara to pin a
little pink roseDuu in tne uuttoniioie oi i
his coat, and enjoyed himself prodig
"I'd like to be surprised like this every
night in the year!" said he.
you' greedy creature!' said Miss
Barbara. r. ,
"But there was one-time I-aeTionsly
meditated throwing . myself out of the
window' Andd -he, '.'when you told me I
was to kiss Kate."
Dear, dear!" said Barbara, ironically;
"thai would have been dreadful, wouldn't
itr t;:i iiwH hit' ; -:'r r,
"But the awkwardness of the thing."
"I dare say vou never kissed a pretty
girl," pouted the blonde.
l never aiu, sain uie wcueior, grow
ing bold ; "but I will now if you say so."
"Butl don't say so," said Barbai a. col
oring and laughing. '."Behave yourself,
Mr. Barkdale went home with the fair
Barbara, and they grew to be very great
friends, and -Where's the use trying to
conceal , how it ail ended f They were
married at the year's end, with all the
six surprisers for Bridesmaids, Kate Kel
iiord melded. Mr. Nott Greenfield pro
poses to follow the example as soon aa he
gets his diploma.
- -Aaiit Vmlmxtmm-.T.
Fainting is so common with some per.
sons, particularly women, and the cause
oi if -so iiuie t unuerawoo. jvj. . non-yev
fessional people that some knowledge on
the subject often proves valuable. Faint-
ness consists in a temporary launre oi
the activity of the heart, the blood not
being properly cii culated in consequence.
Although it doe not m thlMd. the
suffeier loses all'-clearness-of-viBioo, and,
it not prevented, anay ( fall, the fall not
infrequentlv restoring the ' normal con
dition. There is no convulsion, and
though .he more : probably r she can
hardly be called conscious, he is not so
profoundly unconsciwus as to be incapable
of arousal, as happens in epilepsy. There
are all degrees of faintftess, from merely
feeling faint.and looking somewhat, pale
ok positive ajrjd complete swooning.-; In
some cases one faint is no" sooner cured
than another and another succeed, hour
after hour, even day alter day. It is
scarcely necessary to say that such cases
are serious and need prompt treatment
The causes are various. Some persons
are so easily affected that tbey swoon if
they cut their finger or see any one bleed.
Their defect is over-sensitive nerves and
wank muscular fiber. The heart is es
sentially a muscle, which is feeble in
some, strong in others feeble generally
in women and strong in men. nuaievcr
weakens the heart and muscles com
monly produces famines, close, foul air
being an active cause. Whatever greatly
affecu the nerves, such as bad news or
the sight of Uie disagreeable or horrible,
may induce a swoon; and loss of blood is
another and a serious incitement, Sound
health, naturally accompanied by firm
nerves and muscles, is the best preventive
of faintness. The majority of vigorous
men go through all kinds of severe and
painful experiences wiinoui miming,
while delicate men and many women
swoon at trifles. American women, who
used to faint continually in crowds, at
bad news, at scenes of disaster now
faint comparatively seldom ; and Uie fact
is ascribed to their relinquishment, for
the most part, of Uie habit of lacing, to
their increased exercise in the open air,
and their better physical conditions.
Not one American woman faints to-day
where, thirty years sgo, twenty-five women
feinted, ana the diminution of the dis
order, always Uie result ot direct causes,
is an unmistakable evidence, which other
thinrs corroborate, of Uie marked ameli
oration of the nealtn oi uie niguiy-or-
iranized. extremely sensitive, dus nexmie
and enduring, women of our complex
race. From te New lor it limes,
rnnac AsalMt TetMcee, .
There is a religions movement against
tobacco in the Oneida community, where
uie weed has been freely used. The re
formers do not tke anv Dlcdge, nor ab
stain whenever they desire to smoke or
rhow. hut rtrav for God to remove Uie
annetite for tobacco, and many declare
f "She can't be more so than I am," said
that they have thus been entirely cured.
The Heir of a Baitiaaore L-ady Silt
Avery singular disputed inheritance
case that has been before the English
Courts for twenty years was recently de
rided. - Mrs. Brown usually called Mrs.
Mangini Brown, died in L indon intestate
in 1871 at the age ot 9a. and left personal
property to Uie amount of 300,000. She
had survived all her children snd all her
known relations, and her property was ac
cordingly taken possession of by the
Crown. But an unclaimed inheritance
often brings to light unexpected heirs,
and it was not long before several parties
appeared to prove their kinship to Air.
Brown and theirclaim to tne rich succes
sion. After a laborious investigation, the
inheritance was adjudged in 1S76 to five
members of a Genoese family named Frec
cia. who were held to have proved their
kinship to the father of Mrs. Brown, and
to have made good their claim to Uie sue
cession In default of any nearer relatives.
An adverse claim was set up by another
Genoese family named Crovetto, who
claimed that Mrs. Brown was illegitimate.
Mrs. Brown was the duugbter ol one An
thony Mangin, who, born of Genoese par
ents and originally called Antonio Man-
gioi, settled in England some time Deiore
the year 1771. Thus her parentage was
clear on her father's side, for she was ac
knowledged a his daughter, educated at
his expense, and married with bis con
tent about 1793 to an American named
Aquilla Brown, with whom she lived for
ten years in Baltimore. Her father died
in lsus. anu .airs, urown. wuo was in r,u
rone, though not in England, at the time
his death, lost no time in taking out lev
ters of administration and claiming to in
herit his property. The Crovetto claim
was set aside, and Mrs. Brown was estab
lished as Uie legal heiress of her father,
and extinguished the Crovetto claims,
which enabled her to recover, after many
rears or - litigation in anouier
suit, a large sum of money, amounting
to over 160,000, from one JJe Tastet, her
father's former partner. The Crovetto
claim was baaed on Uie assumption, never
disputed by Airs. Brown herselt, nor placed
in issue before the courts which decided
on her case, that her father, Anthony Man
gin, was a native of the village ot St-Ilario,
near uenoa. anu was baptisea lucre as An
thony Mangini, Uie son of John Baptist?
Antonio, in 1736. But just as in 1803
Mangln's inheritance produced tne claims
orurovetto ramuy, so in ion uie innen
tance of Mrs. Brown, herself, now swollen
to 200.000. produced Uie claims of anoth
er family, related to Antonio Mangini, born
in Uie last century near uenoa, out at an
other time and at another place. It Is be
yond all dispute that a child named An
tonio Mangini was born at Quarto, near
Genoa, and liaptised there as Antonio, the
son of John BapUstc, ia 1744. Here, then,
were two men, both born near Genoa with
in ten years of each other, both baptized
Antonio, and both sons of a father named
John Baptisle. On a review of the' whole
evidence, the Vice-Chancel lor came to Uie
conclusion that Anthony Mangin was the
Antonio Alanglnt born at BUllario in isso;
thivt his namesake of Quarto died in Uie
middle ef the last century, and that, there
fore, the FrecrJa family, as his surviving
next ot kin, must still be held to be the
rightful heirs of Mrs. Brown's property.
The whole story is a very curious one,
and a fresh Illustration of the superiority
of fact to fiction s that half a dozen Italian
families should be disputing In England
in 1879 about Uie birth and parentage of
a man born in Italy before the middle of
the last century: that the man himself
tyv rnpnf.nnHl hia airriw ed for some time. The Major stjll
to his nearest friends and should have uit-dTTrOm uie results oi Af rican lev
without establishing the legitimacy of his
child or making any disposition of his
property ; utat uie ouuu suuum iap pini
eight years in proving his legitimacy,
and twenty years in recovering her inhor.
itance ; that she should then have lived to
the age of 93, and in her turn left her
dearly bought property to be fought over
by rival kinsmen, all incomes tantly rela
ted either to her father or to a namesake
born in the same neighborhood this i
a series of facts which beggars fiction in
its antecedent improbability. .
' Kansas) Cw Boy.
I believe it to be a general rule that the
best of any country is not seen from the
railroad car windows; certainly the pret
tiest is not." Rail road -lines are generally
located with reference to easiness of grades
and cheapnesa of lands, and they general
ly avoid publio roads, do they look into
back-yards or out-fields, and do not show
the neat housefronts and the pretty gar
dens and pleasant groves near which
eotintry-houses are selected. Nor, indeed,
do they fairly reveal the agricultural de-
vciopements oi tne country, wnicn more
generally lio along the public wagon
roads. 1 have had occasion several times
to make extended trips by team through
many counties of Southern Kansas, and
I received a far belter and fairer impres
sion of the conntry from these trips than
I could by any possible excursion by ran.
' ' I mode one trip, of about six weeks'
duration, behind a pair of Texas ponies,
in a light road-wagon through five or six
counties south of uie railroad my course
extending to the borders of the Indian
Territory; and I know whereof I speak
when I call it a garden district. I had
for my driver a young man wh had been
what they call out West a "cow-boy,"
that is a herder of the immense herds of
cattle which pasture on the great
plains; and I was greatly enter
tained by his accounts of the peculi
arities of that aceupalion, and learned
many things new to me. He told me.
among other tilings, that the cow-boys,
while tending (mounted on their wiry
mustang-ponies) their lexas came, which
are almost as wild as buffaloes, and as
dangerous to a man on foot, are accustom
ed to sing a great deal, to while away the
lonely hours. . At mgnt tney n ouie weir
pomes, and,, wrapped in a blanket, lie
down to sleep on the prairie, a litUe way
from the cattle. Sometimes in the night a
thunder-clap or some strange sound will
start up the cattle with wild affright, and
they will snort and paw Uie earth, and . in
a moment a wuo rush anu stampeae wouiu
eminence; but Uie cow-boys would
spring up, and while they loose and mount
their ponies they commence singing their
old songs. The catUe, hearing the well-
known ana accustomed voices, wui soon
quiet down, thinking all is right, and re
sume their rest again. So much for the
power of music to "soothe Uie savage
In "cattle parlance" a herd of cattle is
called a "bunch ;" the riders' whip, made
of leather throngs, is called a "quirt," and
Uie spring gathering of the catUe from all
directions to the corrals, to sort them out
to their several owners, and brand the
calves, is called a "sound-up," and is a gay
and restive time generally.
There is a range of hills running
ttimiiorli tVR wMitrn rmrt nf (Greenwood
county, ana twrough Howard and Chau
tauqua counties, caiica the "flint inn,"
which are in general valueless, except for
pasturage, but east and west of them the
valleys are extremely rich and productive.
Assert eaa Coaapetlllow with KnariaaA.
In the third number of this year's re
ports of her Majesty's secretaries of Em
bassy and Legation there is a most in
teresting report of Mr. Drummond upon
the trade industry of the United States.
"Everything that can possibly be thought
of is," he says, "being carried out to ob
tain foreign market tor United States
products and manufactures," but thus far
it is chiefly in provisions and breads tuffs
that an expansion of foreign trade has tak
en place. In 1878, as compared .wiUi 1877,
the increase in steel manufacture was only
55,916 pounds, and In cotton manufactures
it amounted to no more than 255,788
pounds. In heavy machinery, his opin.
ion is that the State cannot compete with
us, but in the smaller articles they run us
a close race, for this reason -. "The Amer
icans endeavor to combine strength with
lightness, while we look only to strength;
notice Uie locomotives and cars, American
implements and tools, which have beauti
ful finish and lightness, and are more con
venient than ours. Take American and
English scythes for instance. I find that
the .American only weighs a little over
two pounds, and having a good curve and
polish under the surface, are handier,' and
cut easier and closer than the English,
which weigh nearly five pounds, and are
broad, and straight and rough, just as the
hammer leaves them." This is a matter
to which Mr. Drummond rightly thinks
uui luauuiKiuicia auuuiu !$? lutuicui-
ate attention, and Uie other point he urges
upon them is Uie necessity for looking
to the purity of our goods, as Uie Ameri
cans are mating a great feature of this in
their attempts to secure a footing In for
eign markets. If these things are looked
to, Mr. Drummond is confident of our abil
ity to hold our own. "We have the ad
vantage in-England in our existing exten
sive mills and machinery, in the cheap
ness ot living tor our workmen, . who can
accept a smaller wage than there, and par
ticularly are we fortunate in Uie immense
number of our skilled hands for manual
labor, but perhaps unfortunate in having
too many unskilled. If our manufactur
ers can reduce the cost and expenses of
production, iook to superiority in the
quality of their goods and wares, be satis
fied with small returns, show a desire to
make the welfare and happiness of the
workmen their own, and they mutually
wora wun energy, l ieei sure we shall
see happy times again in our manufactur
The Fortmarwese Kxplerer .
The successful termination of the Afri
can journey of Major Serpa Pinto has al
ready, uianks to tne teiegrapn, gamed him
a European fame. He has been received
with enthusiasm by all parties, and would
seem to nave revived traditions oi old tw
tugnese glories, and to have put some new
blood into their history. The journals
are reminding us of the legendary glories
of Vasco da Gama, Bartholomew Diaz, and
other worthies ; of Uie expedition describ
ed by the Jesuit, Balthazar Telles, in his
book, "Ethiopia Alta," when, the Portu
guese maintain, Uie sources of Uie Nile
were discovered: and of the stories of
strange men and unknown tribes of Prcster
John or me indies, around whom such a
glamor of romance has been thrown.
Africa has always boon familiar ground to
the Portuguese. England gained her first
foothold in Northern Africa when Tangier
and Ceuta canto as the dowry Of Katherine
of Braganza, and to this day Uie Portu
guese monarch wears no crown, since) Uie
ill-starred Dom Sebastian lost both life and
crown, in Africa, at Uie disastrous battle of
JJlaj. serpa 1'into is Physically well
adapted fur arduous and toilsome jour
neys. He is stron? and muscular, although
of light limb and frame, and, it is said, is
of a genial and happy disposition, not
easily overcome by difficulties, a good
thing on a long African journey, for, as
Autoiycus sings: "A merry heart goes all
the way, you sad tiro in a mile a'." It
is related by Gonsalves, the most in tell i-
fent of the seven blacks whom Serpa Pinto
as brought to Lisbon, and Uie one who
acted as interpreter, that the last blanket
at the close ot the journey had to be barter.
ed for Uie only food they could get, which
was canary seed ; and on this they subsist-
fatigue, and on this account he asked for
some days' delay before giving his lecture.
liis reception on board tne urcnoque was
very brilliant- I be president and Sec
retaries of the Geographical Society
Bocage, Luciana Cordela, and Rod
rigo Pcquito went on board; also the
Minister ot Marine, the Jtiaquis de Sabu-
goea; iiarros (jomes, Alimsterot Finance;
r rnhais Cbamico, President of the Com
mercial association ; and many officers of
the navy, and other friends and Wkll-wish-
ers. The wie and daughter ot the explor
er remained in the Hotel Central in obe
dience to his wishes. The captain of the
steamer sent ' around champagne, . and
healths were drank, festivity and con
gratulation being the order of the day.
The Geographical society was illuminated
and hung with flags on tho night of the
explorer's arrival, lit. has been and is re
ceiving innumerable visits at his rooms in
the Hotel Central. The fortuguese colony
in Pernambuco have presented him with
valuable gold modal. Uie rim set with
pearls and brilliants, and bearing a suita
ble inscription. It is said that while the
journey of Cameron cost 6,000, ' and that
or Stanley about iTJ.ooo, berpa rinto has
spent ivss than i,uuu, out tola. At ins
audience with the Kiug he remained some
for hours in confidential conversation, re
lating his experiences.' He was afterward
sent for by the queen, who, since her. ill
ness, rarely quits her apartments. To the
King he offered several skins ofwild
beasts ; and ho asked her Majesty's accep
tance of a splendid collection of ostrich
feathers, which he had taken in the Des
ert of Calbari, and which in Uie Transvaal
were reputed to be superior to those pre
sented some year ago to the Queen of
Holland by Uie Dutch merchants of that
Success alwsvs brings envy and detrae
tion, and Major Serpa Pinto can not hope
to escape scot free after what befell Col
umbus and his great countrymen, Vasco
De (Jama. Already one nears people say
he is too volatile, and given to make the
most of things; that African travels always
drews Uie long bow: and then follow ref
erences to M. De Chaillu and his gorillas.
The detractors says that Major Serpa Pin
to telegraphed from Pretoria a programme
of deeds, discoveries, and documents he ,
can not substantiate, and some go so far
as to call him a charlatan. This is very
unfair. V hy not patiently wait Major
Serpa Pinto's narrative and exhibiUon of
plains and calculations, which will no
doubt, put his detractors to utter rout?
London .News. :
The Breakfast era oaer.
Among the most wonderful exBlbitions
of human energy and ingenuity Uie break
fast ot a Londoner may well claim an im
portant place. The tea bo drinks comes
trom the tar on land oi uatuay, or it may
be from India, or Assam: his coffee is the
product of the stiange eastern port which,
with its glittering white houses and strag
gling plains, is known as Mocha, on Uie
shores of Uie Red Sea; foi hi sardines
ships from the Mediterranean have been
chartered; his bacon has probably been
reared in Canada or the western states ol
the great transatlantic republic; sugar
such as he delights in has not long before
weaved in Uie tardv breezes of Uie Indies;
his preserves are made perchance, from the
mapgo of Bombay or the pine or Ceylon,
the banana of Jamaica or the fig of
Smyrna ; the currants that fill Uie cake he
eat have been gathered on Uie shores of
lireece ; the beer wuicn aaorns uie taoie
has in all probability, grazed in Holland
or in the further pastures on Uie banks of
Lake Ontario. To make up Uie trifling
eusemble which he carelessly and thought
lessly enjoys as a very minor meal almost
every race, certainly each of the four con
tinents, has been laid under tribute. Ships,
trains and caravens have been set in mo
tion, the soil-tillers of the remotest earth
corner have been invited to industry,
numberless companies have been formed,
countless people have been employed, and
all in order that he may nave set oeioro
him, as Uie days revolve, a pleasant and
satisfactory morning repast, London
Telegraph. ' '
"Darling husband," she said, "am I not
our treasure?" . "Certainly," he repl.ed,
and I should like to Jay you up in
THE "0L0W OF THE LAW." .
; ; ... ,
As Able Attack aw the Jiwrv Sv.tem
. J. H. Hopkins writes in The Albany
Law Journal : Why should not the major
ity control in law "as in politicts in juries
as in appellate courts? Too often some
fool or knave will find a place on the jury,
wno, through the Intellectual opacity or
from pecuniary considerations, will be
"faiUitul until death"- and prevent a ver
dict. Trial by jury has become sueh a
lottery that it has given rise to this max
im : "If you have a strong case, try it be
fore a judge or referee ; if you nave a
weak case, try it before a jury." Might
not incompetency be" avoided and justice
more surely obtained by committing to the
juuges i-ie uetrisiuus in (juesiiuns wi laci as
well as Questions or law ?
This w ould necessitate an increase in
the number ot judges, but to this there
could be no little objection. The amount
of money actually expended every year for
jurors and the amount lost ny inose who
are forced To neglect their business in
order to act as jurors, if it were computed,
would be found sufficient to pay seven
iudges at every court. It will cost more
lo buy a judge than a juror? The judge
is aepenueni upon uie people j ne is uieir
servant, and the dignity ot that service.
the honor of the office, the responsibility
ot the position, and the tear oi aetectlon
ana disgrace, all tend to render him in-
vulnerable to bribery and to place him
above suspicion- It, however, as is some
times Uie case, a man of low character is
raised to the bench and is induced to sell
himslf,he at least sells himself dearly. On
the other hand, a juror can often be bought
for a few dollars, and the purchase of a
juror defeats Justice as completely as the
purchase ot a judge. .
The jury systeni.as it now exists, is bene
ficial to only two classes professional
jurors and jury lawyers. Men of the first
class owe to it then subsistence ; and when
placed upon the jury maintain the cause
ot thoses who employ them with a tenacity
which ensures victory. Men or the nrst
class exist by reason of the system,
They . pilot a weak case into the
harbor of success on waves of talk. They
are guiltless of sound reasoning; but they
understand how to play upon Uie jury
ana draw lortn whatsoever music they
please. Their existence proves the defects
of the jury system. Before the higher
courts they are powerless, for Uie higher
courts are swayea by logic rather than
languuge, while the jury regards logio
with tho sauio feelings which the devil
is supposed to entertain concerning holy
The jury is Uie clown of Uie law. It is
constantly inventing new and ingenious
tricks tor the evasion of duty. It is the
patron of the joke called "temporary in
sanity," and Uie author of numberless
other jests of a like character. It is a
never-failing source of amusement to all
except its victims. ' There is nothing un.
certain about it but its uncertainty. : It
has been sneered at and satirized and
lampooned and camcaturcd. Judges
have snubbed it, and. .legal wits, like
Curran, have riddled it with sarcasm in
open court, l el a mistaken conservatism
suffers it to continue its blundering way
Yet such is the reverence for antiquity
that any change or improvement in Uie
jury system is, to say the least, improbable
tor many years to come, it lias gamed
too great a reputation as "the palladium
of liberty to be hastily abandoned. But
the reverence -due: to- long established
lngtit111,lnnn. ought not to degenerate into
bund worship. However- vuuerauie s
system may be, those defects which mar
it should be eradicated, and if It is wholly
bad rt should be abolished. Judge u
fairly then. Crown it for what it has
been ; crucify it for what it bos been.
Iaye lai mm Insane Asylum.
On account of a nervous malady with
which he was afflicted, Mr. Edward
Havemeyer, who is a son of a New York
millionaire, now deceased, and a nephew
of ex-Mayor Havemeyer, was an inmate
lor some time during the past winter or
the New York State Honia?opalhic asylum
lor the insane at tins place. ' While there
he formed the acouaintance of one of the
attendants, Miss Carrie Weaver, a y jung
lady of a slight, delicate form and pretty
face, who first attracted his fancy and
then won his affections. Tho advances of
Mr. Havcmyer were modestly received by
Miss Weaver, and were evidently not dis
tasteful to her, as in due time they re
sulted in an offer of marriage on his part,
which was duly accepted. Upon the
young gentloman's notice to his mother
of his proposed marriage, she, with a dis
play of sense ana regard lor the happiness
of Uie young couple seldom witnessed in
her station oi lite, interposed no objec
tions, after having satisfied herself by dil
ligent enquiries that the proposed bride
was of respectable parentage and irre
proachable character. - The Consent Was
then given, and the young gentleman bav
in ir recovered from his malady, the wed
ding ceremony was pcrforuieujn this vil
lage, and tne- two - were maue man
and wife. The gentleman took hi bride
to the city where she was cordially re
ceived by his relations and treated with
every consideration due a daughter. A
furnished house in .the city was offered
the newly married couple, where they re
sided for a time, but as they preferred the
more quiet me and rresner air or the coun-
ry, gave it up ana inovea to Miaciieion,
. here they are now living, occupying a
house on Mulberry street. The happy
meeting at the asylum has resulted in a
gentleman obtaining lor himself a good
wife and a poor girl being lined ironi a
position of poverty and servitude to a
house of her own, luxury and affluence.
I Kingston (N. Y.) Freeman. - -
Hllmeis la tha Grauutry ef Ew;la.nd
Mr. Gearge M. nigginson, who says he
has lived thirty-six years in Chicago, and
has engaged in a great variety of business,
sends a letter to the Times on the prosperi
ty of Illinois and its chief city, Cliica o.
The area of Illinois is equal to that of
England, and is almost all prairie, DO per
cent, of which is capable of profitable cul
tivation, though Uiere arc still 1,000,000
square miles untouched by the plow. The
crop of Indian corn in the State in 1877
was three tunes tne jngnsii wueat- crop,
while the wheat was one-third of the lat
ter amount Chicago, which depends to a
g.-eat extent upon the productiveness of
the State, has only 4,000 inhabitants in
1840, and now has 600,000, doubling every
five years. Mr. Higginson believes that.
owing to the geographical position of
Chicago in respect to Uie lakes, this pro
gress will go on at the same rate, ana that
Chicago-will become in 1890 a city of
2,000,000, it being possible by a little im
provement in canals to enable wheat ships
to sail straight from Chicago to Liverpool
and return laden with manufactured arti
cles. Mr. Higginson calls ' attention to
Uie often forgotten fact that America has,
popuirtlon lor population, more tuuor man
any country, the males, owing to immi
gration, outnumbering the lemaies by
600,000, whereas in England the difference
is just the other way. The whole account
in an ominous one for the British fanner,
the object of Illinois in creation being to
feed Great Britaia cheaply. London
Spectator. . - :
Boiled Sleeker ter l.auaer. .
A member of the Philadelphia company
which is now engaged in railroad build,
ing on the Amazon river has returned. and
relates some incidents of life lath at region.
He says whe: not engaged, at railroad la
bor, the principal business oi the popuia,
tion is hunting up tne delicacies or the
season in tho wav of food. The comnanv
furnishes the solids, such as flour and salt
beef, but fruit being a luxury which de
mands higher prices than Is charger ' In
I Philadelphia the epicures have been com
pe led to venture on the live stock that the
-rest ' provides. Tiring of bread and
. ,y , . . j . . . i i i
, v u h ateaujr met, one m tne lauorers,
urged -on by stomach strongly - ap
pealing ior a cnange, made a bora break
one day for the regular bill of fare and
announced that he was going to have
boiled monkeys as the choice dish of
his menu just once anyhow. Au accurate
shot brought a plump young "monk"
lumonng to the ground, and sent a score
or more chattering and squealing into the
depth of the forest, . Quickly skinned and
cleaned, the dispute arose as to how long
iiie game snouia oe cooaea, wnicn ques
tion was finally settled by an agreement
to put the monkey into uie pot and let him
boil away until it was decided by test that
he was done. The first test was made af
ter an hour's steady boiling. The cook
picked the animal out with a long, two-
pmngeu iora, ana alter more than one
attempt sliced off a piece from the upper
jirt, oi tue leg. mopping it into pieces.
he handed one to the nearest diner. Plac
ing it between his teeth, he chewed and
chewed and chewed in vain, and thnn
brought it forth from his mouth, and hold
ing it for a moment in his hand, cast it
on uie ground with uie single remark:
-Gum boots." The monkey returned to
the boiler at once, where ho remained for
another sixty minutes, and the second
tasting brought him out tender and in lev
that is, tender and luicv for a monkev
. 1 1 - .. .,
iuu ujr uiui ot active mastication and
a lively imagination he passed as a deli.
cate side dish. Several more attempts and
a uiiie more practice and experience in
monkey cuisine developed the fact that,
with the meat chopped fine and stewed
with a flour thickening, a palatable Braz-
uiaa-insn stew couia be manufactured
out ofnhe ingredients at hand. Flushed
with this first success in the exnenmental
culinary line, parrots were next tried, and
uiicr reesaicu auemnis at roastinir. boil
ing and stewing, were found to be edible.
although somewhat strong in flavor. With
monkey, parrot, Uie company provender
and plenty of large fish, which are caught
by spearing or shooting barbed arrows
with cords attached, the settlers are en
able to exist in comparaUve comfort,
working and eating being about the only
amusement uiey nave.
A Hundred Tsar Hones.
Man for the future can but reason trom
the past, . In a hundred years he hss seen
or heard of many changeson Uie wondrous
giobc he call bis home. (Jreat souls have
come and gone; great souls will come
again. Intellect has quickened the means
of his locomotion, lessened the Adamite
course of toil; intellect will do so still.
So ha reasons, and so his logic rests upon
the past. One hundred years ago the
world traveled in lumbering coaches and
sailed to sea . in slow-going- ships.
To-day the iron : horse- goes tearing
through the land, and steamers bridge
the widest oceans. One hundred years ago
the traveler between New York and the Il
linois wide world would have made up his
mind to a three week's trip In lumbering
wagons, sleepy ferries and uncomfortable
stages. In this year of grace, 1879, two
days and ono night passed in ease and
comfort, sec him at his journey's end.
When his majesty's troops sailed from the
shores of England to give these colonies a
lesson, Uicy were fortunate if three weeks'
tossing on the broad Atlantic brought
them within sight of Newfoundland. To
day an eight-day passage is a matter of
course. Who knows what is to be ? Al
ready whispers- fill Uie air with
wondrous motors.. The busy braina
of men work. "Across7 the ocean in filly
hours!" So reads the latest Uie a life
boat raised by gas and sailed by steam
'A hundred years hence! Who' that is
born today will live to see it? And what
if he does? Shall he see a daily balloon
to London, and an afu moon trip to Flori
da? Will the docks, now echoing to the
hiss of steam, be filled by strange, unearth
ly shapes, with wings and fans, 'and gaudy
bags of gas? Will "freight trains drawn
by noiseless power, pass swiftly beneath
the sea, and parcels dart like lightning
arounxl the world? stranger things than
these have happened within a hundred
years, and some may live to sec still great
er wontiers. -
e m : ;.-.)
The Philosophy r WriakUes- . -,:
Time and physical suffering causo the
creases about Uie eyes more than anything
else. Therefore, with proper attention to
your health, you have it in your power
to avoid many ot these, nervous. suncr-
mg otien gives a hard kxk to. the month.
and sometanes pulls it out of shape We,
all of us that arc worth anything, must go
through more or less ot it, .But
the spirit in' which ' we - hear it
will be : sure to leave- its impress
about the . most mobile of all the. , fea
tures of the face. . Pain of all kinds, an
guish, agony, care, wrinkle the forehead
from temple to temple.- ' Thought and pas
sion increase it perpendicularly . between.
the orows. All these outward maniiesta-
Uoas of the internal conflict that goes on in
every one of us from day to ' day,
are to some: extent,- witnm uie
control of our will, , but they ; do
not yield one iota to .all Uie cosmeucs in
Uie world. You have a certain feeling, and
your face takes on certain lines, and in
proportion wun the recurrence ot that
teclmg those lines deepen. But you
may, by the exercise ot your will power,
keep that feeling in check to a certain ex
tent also control' the lines of your face.
This is all, the prevenUve or . .cosmetic
that uiere is for . wrinkles. So save, the
monev vou bare nut aside for anv 'o'her
so-called cure for them," arid use -it'
for : a better.' purpose. ' There-1 can be
no real and lasting .beauty without
truth. Try to be true to a noble .ideal all
through. -'That is the foundation, the'eor
nerstone of truo beauty.' ' An 1 attractive
face is not a made-up ono, it ia the face on.
good torins with his or her - pwn soul
Yes, that is the grand secret of all effica
cious cosmetics for the face. ' Be on good
terms with your own soul ; and secondly,
treat your body with all, .the respect and
reverence that are due to tue leninie oi tne
souL Howard Olyndon, in Domestic
Monthly. - '-
' - .' : The Old Songs.
"Take back Uie heart," as the man
said who drew one when he wanted a dia-'
mond. ... - -' .
Jum, gum away to the pearly foun
tain," was sung by the man who dropped
his store teeth into the creek: - "' ' -
A loan in Uie world," was given with
great effect by the man who had to raise
$300 by Saturday noon. ,
"All's well," was composed and sung
by Uie: man who sat down on aa oak
stump, using- a navy-blue wasp for a
Bee ware" was the national song of Uie
honey merchauts. 1
ixwn by tue sea-beat shore" was the
sad refrain of a man whose summer hotel
was eaten out by tramps.
"uream, oaov. a ream " was sung and
said venr energetically by Uie man who
patrol ed the floor while the colic patroled
"Uood-bye. sweet tart," was chanted
by the dyspeptic man who couldn't eat
"somebody is waiting for me." was
wailed out by the man who' had been to
the lodge, lost his night key,- and could
see the shadow of hi wife' mother's
night-capped head : on the curtain -of the
silting room. , . , ......
"Larboard watch" is the favorite lay of
the recent idiot who wears two watches.-
Burlington Hawkeye. ,-. ...t -.'i
- Up to the end of this season John T.
Raymond has paid Mark Twain f 150,000
for royalties on the "Gilded Age." This m
said to be the largest sum ever paid out of
one play by any dramatic author, living or
The great profit always comes from early
feeding, and it is. retained by full feeding .
afterwards.'' ;,' " ' - '
- For bruises or sores, boil smart weed in .
chamber lie, add.A Jjj.ue.soap and wash
twice a day. . -
narus, uoiasmitfi - Maia nor
ryperul were bred at any of the fast horse
A solution of carbolic acid in 800 parts -of
water has been found effective for scab.
A strong decoction of tobacco is a good
wash also. . . r. -
For throat distemper, grate fine a small
green wild turnip, or, if dry, give a heap
ing spoonful, mixed with bran or antn-
Never fails. . Good for cough also.
The manure of cows and Digs resist de-
composition for a longer time than that of
the sheep and horse both the latter ino
dryer than the former, and decomposing
more readily in the soil. . . .
A Michigan lady savs that to kill inseeta
she uses one teaspoonful of kerosene to a
gallon of water and sprinkles it on the '
plants with a hand-broom. It destroys :
green flies and other pests. ; '
A good wax for grafting nnmosea arid - -
for covering wounds in trees : -Fivenarta
by weight, of rosin, two parts beeswax, "
two parts of beef or mutton tallow or .
enough to make the wax soft and easily
applied. , , , , .
Common purslane chonned nn ' and
mixed wfth scalded corn-uieal is excellent ;
green feed . tor fowls that are confined.
Corn and oats ground and fed to. poultry
is very fattening. - After chicks are a
month old cracaed com and wheat screen-'
ings is better for them than dough. -
A successful dairyman feeds his cowa
night and morning the year round, and in
each feed puts a teaspoonful of salt. n
considers this method of salting cows pere-
cntuic at uie usual one or giving animals :
salt once or twice a week,, and thinks his
method adds largely to Uie amount of
milk given... ... ...... . ; ,. .
The English dairy farmers get immense'
returns from their grass lands by free dm
of bone manure. One Cheshire: farmer
says that by this he can feed forty cowa
from land that formerly gave him product .
sufficient to feed only'.twenty. The En
glisn farmers believe in '"boning" the
grass land especially. '
Early lambs may be pushed forward by
giving them a little cow's milk. They
will soon learn to drink this from a Dan.
The milk should be given warm from a "
fresh cow, a quarter of a pint to a meal.
Jjo not overfeed any young animal: that
retards instead of assisting growth.
The Science of Health says: "If farmers.
would avoid suddenly cooling the body
after great exertion, if they would be care
ful not to go with' wet clothing and wet "
feet, and if they would not overeat when
in that exhausted condition, and bathe .--
daily, using much friction, they would-.
have little or no rheumatism., i., j,; ., .. ..,.
Charcoal. Pulverized, and mixed with --
water, is now highly recommended as an
agent for relieving -cattle,, suffering from
any derangement of the stomach, such as .
bloat or hoven, etc.' This should be re-.
membered. There is no doubt of its effi
cacy, if abundance of concurrent testimony
can be relied upon.' ,ri
The thriftiest calves should, he -closclif
watched When turned to pasture, lest they
be attacked with "quarter." This is the
effect of too rank and watery food, which
impairs digestion. ' An -ounce of Epsom "
salts may be given with advantage to each -calf
when turned, out, as a precaution
against this frequent danger, t , -, ,
A farmer in Holden informed us that,
being much annoyed with crows pulling
up his corn, he placed a large umbrella ia
his field .in order to frighten them away.
Imagine his surprise one wet day in find- i -ing
a flock seeking shelter under it from
the rain. The umbrella is now used for . ..
another purpose.! Bangor (Me.) Whig. '
- - Two weeks ago. thirty good-sized shoals
were quartered upon three acres of ground
which is about .equally seeded, to alfala ;
and clover. ' At this writing Uie. grass-has
gained upon Uie pigs and Uie pigs have
gained amazingly. This iB our way of
solving the problem of how to raise cheap "
pork. Kansas.. Agricultural. College '
Paper.: . ,-o.-.--.; : - n- ,.-.::.-.:.
Collect some soot from a chimney or -.'
stove where wood is used for fuel, put into : .
an old pitcher and put hot water upon it.
When cool use it to water your plants'..'
every few days.' ' The effect upon plants is 1
wonderful in producing a rapid growth of ' -thrifty
shoots, with large, thick leaves and '
a great number of richly-tinted roses, i-
"'Pliny "Nichols ' say's: There .'is ."litUe
trouble in making a thoroughbred short
horn weigh 1,000 pounds at twelve months.
i nave one on nana . now mat puns l.ooo
rounds at eleven months, and three others
weighed to-day, consisting of two males .-
ana one lemaie, tneir aggregate age is
seven months and their aggregate weight
is l.COO. and these are no better than
quite a number 1 sold lately. - '"' ( - ' "
The 'practice of. washing sheep before ,
shearing, says an eastern sheep-raiser, is
very disagreeable - and is" unnecessary.. " "
JNoihing is gatnea-in tne- price ot the
wool ; in fact, the unusual deduction made '
by wool buyers for unwashed wool leaves '
an advantage wan Wegener.- liieprac- ; -lice
iadanzerous to the health of both men
and sheep, and. may as well be abolished, v
- .Guinea fowls are the most active de- '
st rovers of the Colorado beetle,- a writer 1 ;
claiming .that, one. guinea hen-will pro-
tect an acre ot potatoes.:. Wbeuieror not.: -they
possess such a surprising capacity of -gizzard,
tkey certainly preyon the beetle ...
as well as many other insect 'pests. . They
lay more eggs Uian other poul'ry, and
their egra are nnequaiea ior cake ; and '
oUier culinary purposes; -': ; :!
Cows that have access to water at all
times will drink often, but little at a time
and return vt their feeding. Cows de- -prived
of sufficient supply. of water fkil
n milk and flesh; and when they are ai
lowed to fail, not only . in milk, but in : -
condition also, it is impossible- to bring
lueni uul'k w uieir prooer vieiu oi unlit
and condition of' flesh, tit least without
extra expense and trouble. -- ;-
A Vermont farmer recommends the use
of sawdust' as a bedding, for., cattle, to
keep them clean, and absorb the liquid
manure." An experience of twenty years
in using on a large farm shows that it docs -not
injure the soil, being freely applied in
thia way. Some soils, no doubt would be -improved
. by the addition of : sawdust;
others might be injured somewhat for a
time until uie sawdust decays. T
A fanner says: "Four years aim mr
farm , was. fearfully infested with rats. -They
were so numerous that I had great
rears ot my whole crop being deatmraii
by them after it was housed ; hut having
two acres oi wua peppermint that grew in
a field of wheat cut and bound with the
wheat, rt drove the rats from my premises.
I have not bee troubled with them since,
while my neighbors have any quantity of
. There is a large number of acres of wild -pasturage
in the Stat of Marvland ani ..
yet thatState has only about 151 JW0 sheep
The reason given why more sheep are not
Bcpt.is, mat per cent ot the sheep are
annually killed by dogs. The entire South
has less than 7,000,000 sheep, and of these
500,000 are said to be destroyed by dogs.
Yet the South has summer pasturage and
winter keep lor from 70,000,000 to 100,000,.
000 if rightly managed, . 1