Newspaper Page Text
ij-irtna. vi n vtt-it- in 1 r ' i I 'ft- j--Ji.i."cs i
A Familv Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, . Art, .Poetry, Etc.
WELLINGTON, O., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 1879.
".:u-w;- WTM.'Vfi-H s- arc
blsbV I VI . I -a
nBSTXATIOKAI. BAKK. WaUlnstoa. O. Doe.
eass-sl tutlM tariML Ban sua sells N. Y.
j B. A. Hon, Cashier.
T. UtRLL, Fbotocrapber. G tilery la Ar-
mocx. Welltaa-toa. O.
jnr priattnc to Dm Btterprlss OSIca. An
of printing doe. acaUr and proanptr. Ones
atts labue Sqasia. over Boaaatoa's Drag
and Haraeai Maker. Tta
and only the best nock
ay nparrlaloB, Aorta
W. B. ASJUUBD, atasmfauaiei and dealer ta
Shoes aad all kinds of am class castom
ataaofUbenj lam, WaUlncton.0.
B. v. goodwix. Tne
Accnt win be
rosad Ms ssacers Hasted
Bros. Boo and Sboa
Una, sura ha win bs
to sea his oH
want sSrat class ghara. Hair Cat, or Shara
L at Boafaaoa's O. B. SoaTtag Saloon, liberty
A fan alia la of Hair OUa. Fomadea aad
Wo also keep tne boat brand of
B T. BOBlSBOX.
WBUJBUTOB FLAKDra MUX. Maaarbetarar
a. Doom, BUnds, Brackets. Bat
s', Sntaglaa, Lath. Chem and Batter
Scroll Sawing, Matching and naalagdoaato
IX I Wadsworth, Prop. Office, near raU-
B. IT ADS WORTH SOX. Flanlng MID. Scroll
Daslsrs la lobar. Lath, Sferactea. Doors, Sash.
Blurts, MonMmgi and Priest Lambar of all aorta.
gar Bear Basalnra Teed Store, Wellington. O.
X H. "WIGHT, Dealer ta Cloeka, Watehea, Jewelry.
B. S. HOLLXHBACB. Bercaaat Tailor, la Catoa
Block. Boom a. .
A. S. FOWXBB Merchaat Tailor. A One assort
naaat of Qoths and Caaelsiarrs. which win be nude
a oreer hi the ftsssst scries ud at reasoaaMe price.
sTa. a, Baaaillun Btocfc. a stairs.
J. XL SICKBOK.
iSteata Bank Ban
Alaainey al Law, Wentagtoa, O.
W. . HKRKICZ.
B. . JOK2TSOX. L. McLBAN.
Joaasoa McLean, Attorneys and Counsellor at
Law, Xtrrla, O. Ontoa Bo. a, Mssaey Block.
1 J. W. HOTTQHTOJT. Votary robrle, OcSca la
Boaghloa'S Drag Stare, Want atda PabUe Baur.
ABTRUB W. XICHOLS, H otarr rabUe, Loan aad
i sail uat ml to my care win
sat art sail a With
Bo. Mnmai'i Block. Bryrta. O.
SB. 3. BUST. Hiananpatblnt
DB. B. HATHAWAT,
Otsos at rsrldrara,
West side Boath Mala
T. MoCLABBB. M. D-. PbyeteUa and Sargeoa
Cans tress Ttnsge aad eoantry will leeerre prornpt ai
aaarlon. OSVos ss ad story of O. M. 8troaps aew
boflalisfc floats isde of UbortyBU us. Wellington. O
L. P. HOLBBOOB. Sargeoa Dentist. Oftos la
H. B. HAMLIbT. Dealer ta Flow. Feed, Oram,
Slits, Salt, Bte. Wareboasa, West atda Banned
Buses. Welrmstoa, O.
FtTLLBB. Dealer m Freak aad BaB Misss,
Blghoat merket arles
, Hogs, Bus), Bsc. Marks.
I mails Street.
m an ktnda of
better aaltty (baa
We hare a
mean, Marks Xorth
WM. CTJBHIOB BOB. Lrrsry and
Freak Bread, Cake
ZTBBBTT STARB MsaafscUrlag
1 Wsnlamlt asm BstaU Saslrriln Drags, Medr
asat and a fan Itne ef XoUosAand.DrscclMs Ban
anas. Bank ema Liberty Street.
WOkXBaabv digging away the em
bankment along tbs Schuylkill in Fotttv
towBfband a skeleton and a brass ews
barp, the latter in b fair state of pres
erration. . This indicates a higher
state of dTilixation rears azo than we
bow enioy. Of coarse, the owner of
that brass lewsharp sat on the front
wp anui nearly mianigni piayin
"Whoa Emma." Rahv Mine." an
" Hn afore" airs, until the outraged
neighbors came down on the player
like a wolf on the fold, and buried the
player and jew sharp in one grave. And
the coroner's rerdictwas justifiable
homicide." If civilization had not retro
graded it would be a very common oc
currence years hence for workmen to
exnnme a nam an skeleton and an ao
eordean. or a flute and a hMd-orean.
or some other diabolical Instrument of
X. VtlUt Badaler
am mat emptored.
Aa wet sons ender
siswaia annHsi aa-ililei liimttiw Standard ooaf
naatta laptaaaMad aad ratal rnaansstila. Loans
psWsasjtly adjaaaid and paid at kli agency.
aVssara, aad mal
MOBKHOTJSX MIBBB. Dealer
Cat Misra, fresh and salt, of
asm hsnstesm bean sold as WsOtnctoa.
aew pnhsnt easesr aad nn the appliances
aratemas bsaaasss. Onr srleea are no
ibsmbim tar inferior
esse llsilj Slissa.
oath side Mecnsals Street, m toro7Amrl-
FOOTB m WABBBB, Lrrsry aad Sale Stabss.
Fbm-sssasssssaaad tam oala a rsaaoaable r
aadFmeeimj day. Also a caolos sad siisipliu aa
Bsrsment sf fjisi'isilss. Maaafaetarae and nils.
SiUmli anal nun. Csadws and fosfrtrtloasi j.
Wast stde Bortfe Mam Scree.
A. r. DrMOCBMeaafsKaiai. Wbolesale aad Bs
ssB desisr k Clgara, Tolls uses, etc A Sas mial
nssatatwars ksp at stock at lowest cash prices.
- "BILI,," TBI EXQIXEER.
mil V. IP a-- -I -
And the iron horse mores hie steel-rim m d boof.
And anorta from hia chest his breath of steam.
With a qoick'ning poise and warning scream;
Motcs oat with his freight of ha men Urea
A ainaoos chain oi humming hives.
Anon the ham is a rattling din. , r
As the bright steel arms try out and in.
Till naoght ia beard aare a deaf ning jar.
As the train speeds on like a shooting star.
With a lengthening trail like a emoky pall
Whose writhing folds envelope all.
" Htoke npf abonta Bill, the engineeT:
With a monstrous bolse. to pall np hill.
T'other side, beery train." AU right. BiU!"
And the coal went in and the throttle oat.
- Watch yo' aide the carver from Bill with a
Adown the grade with an open throttle.
They swiftly glide sa a dying-shuttle
Weavine in sliiass of sTeea and arar. .
The warp and woof of Dueh and clay :
w rule steam ana smoke ana ausi Demna
Form mottled cloads in the tortured wind.
Through the cut, and into the vale
Across the trestle that spans the swale.
There the willows swirl, and the rank weeds
And toe heron starts, with a shriek away
rJlnwn from ni course a snnii retrain, .7"
Mid the whirling gusts of the dying train.
Beyond the curve, this side the hill.
There runs the creek by the old saw aaill - -
A covered bridge and a water tank;
With the watchman's shanty on this bank.
A quiet nook, for the mill ia done
With eripplea Jrmmie it erased to run.
Tie Jnst "round the cuxre. in the shady wood
That fringes the creek, bin low hut stood; , r-
v here Jemmie, the watch, spent his uselul me.
With a lovely child and a loving wife.
Naturht now came their peace to mar
Worse than a swift train s rumbling jar.
To fame unknown, but to roadmen dear;
For Jemmie had watched from year to year
And more than onoa did his vigil save - -
A train and ita live, from a waterr arave.'
Since, broken in pane and form at the mill
Be worked on crutches a good watch still.
Hark! " Tis the train !" The mother's ear
lstu an the sonnd: then a mortal fear
Freeses her veins she seen not her child !
O, darling! O. Maggie!" in accents wild.
She starts from the hut nowssliao the why,
" Amp Jtaogis ia avAxa Uu tram go cy." 1
Bhe strains her eyes towards the creek. . .
V nere np the track, with ashen cheek,
Bobbled the watch one pointing crutch
Where Maasfie lav in the engine's clutch
The wilting Dowers across her breast,
She,d weaned to sleep in their eager quest,
Save her. Mary! For God's sake run!"
Game Jemmie's voice like a signal gun;
ids mumer sprang uxeaaianiea aeer.
But the rushing train was now too near
Bhe aaw. aha awooned with a oiercins! shriek . -
Tbat echoed afar o'er the winding ezeek; -. ..
Aye, pierced the boom Vound the curve so near.
And smote on the ear of the engineer;
Great God! Down brakes! Uoick! Beverser
And Bill wsa ont on the iron hurae
Treading hia thills o'er the roaring fire
Vtith hia nervea strung tense as electric wires.
Araa! the eneine'a aneed's ton arret:
The babv dreams in the path of fate!
Yet Bill knows the force and just the brace
To lift a pound in each a ease:
With a rushing train and the child asleep,
Tis a giant a power his place must keep.
Still, reaching forth, with an iron grasp.
He does with hia might thia God-like task;
Bearing the startled child on hintr
So hatD to bear ita fnahtened err
Then, crushing it to his manly breast.
USO 1KB UKCU VIU1 St Hlia SCBS.
"More brakes ! calls Bill, for the mother's seen,
ana toe erutcnea ana xorm oi jemmie oevween
Hia wife and the train that's crash 'd the life
From his child, be thinks "l'U die with my
But the train now alackens and stops aparw
Hard by a pallid, upturned face.
Saved !" cries Bill, from the engine's front;
bawd!" echoes Jemmie, his crutches shunt:
btadr ebon, the aassengors. "oared fnoan
Saved!" u aeries Msrv. with a ronemooa breath.
Then helped to her feet God bless yi,u, sir!"
And Bill s grimy hand wipes back a tear.
All "board!" 8rjhee-ee-cbee arhee-ee-choof!"
And the iron bone moves his steel nmm'd hoof;
And the train resumes ita Journey far.
Heroes have been and heroes are
Of battle and btate. of travel and skill.
Of fetters and art but give us " BUI.1"
At the end of the road they gave him a puna;
I don't want that!" and he mutter'd a curse;
Bat Anally took it and stowed it away.
And threw it to Mag" aa he peaa'd next day.
It whirled through the air and struck by the
Where the three stood to greet him, a Joyful
if. T. OrapMe.
TJSDEB A3JET1L STAR.
Confound it alir exclaimed Dick,
throwing his paper angrily aside. I
declare the whole thing is really too
bad: I was born under an evil star.
Charley, and there never was the slight
est use for a fellow to try and get the
best of his ill luck!"
This last sally caused me to look up
into the face of my companion with a
glance of surprise.
".Nonsense', l replied, laughing at
his cross visage. "What new mis
fortune has overwhelmed you now?"
we were seated Kicnard J landers
and myself upon the piazza of the neat
little summer hotel at Lakeview, on the
Erie Road, and comfortably enjoying a
quiet after-dinner smoke in the cool
breeze oi evening, wnicn waited to our
senses the fragrant perfume of a thou
sand wild flowers, blooming about us
on every side. We were in the middle
of June, and the weather sultry and
warm. There bad been a little shower
in the afternoon, just enough to keep us
in-doors, and give Dick a chance to
grumble a little.
i never knew wny it was that we
seemed to get on so nicely together; for
we certainly were we very best and
staunchest of friends. 1 had always
borne a great liking for Dick; half, 1
suppose, on account of his genial man-
s s ta s a. s
ner, and nau ior ine odd way mere was
about him in everything he "did or said.
He was tall and good looking; his face
was pretty and delicate as any woman's;
his eyes were deep blue, and his hair
almost golden. Beside physical favors,
nature had indulged him in every re
spect; he had just stumbled into a
small fortune that yielded him a couple
of thousand a year, and certainly ought
to make him a favorite with everybody.
But, despite his handsome figure and
face, despite his graceful manner, de
spite the usual brightness of his con
versation, it must be acknowledged that
Richard Flanders had but few friends.
He had one great fault; he was an ha
Nevertheless, he was a nice fellow,
and I liked him all the more, perhaps,
because be had never taken it into his
odd head to complain of me, and every
thing had always gone on with aston
ishing smoothness between us.
It's a downright shame!" he cried
again, jumping to his feet and crossing
over to my end of the piazza. "I really
cannot see why I should always be the
most ill-fated individual under Leaven.
It has been the same ever since I was a
child; I have never had my own way in
"You are certainly the m out-to-be-pitied
man in the world," I replied, in
a tone of mock gravity.
"What with your personal appear
ance, and a neat ntue income, no cares,
no troubles, no sorrows it makes me
shiver to contemplate your agonizing
It is all very well for you to laugh,
Charley," he snapped, ungraciously.
and stopping direct in front of me. " I
should like to see you in my place."
" So would I, with all my heart. I'll
change shoes with you at once."
" It has always been my fate to meet
nothing but disappointment and mis
fortunes. -And to say that it all comes
through the great red-haired Louis
"What!" I cried. "You must not
say anything against Louis Harold be
fore me. He is the very best fellow in
" He has the reddest hair, if that is
any recommendation. But he has not
heard or seen the last of me yet."
1 trust not, for all our sakes, Dick,"
I added, good-naturedly. " Come, tell
us the whole affair from beginning to
end. Louis is too much of a gentleman
to treat you shabbily, I am sure. I will
bet you a box of cigars that you have
only been again at your old habit of
Richard crossed over again to the
place where he had thrown tje paper,
and came back with the Journal in his
" Look at that!" he growled, as he
tossed it into my lap.
It was the Patterson Daily Journal
that I held; half way down the first
column an interesting paragraph caught
" We are pleased to hear of the safe
return of Mr. Louis Harold our rising
voung lawyer with his lovely bride at
the White Mountains."
" Welir I said, without looking up,
" there is nothing very extraordinary
in that. You know that he was mar
ried, did you not? I met Louis in the
cars, the other day and he invited me
very cordially to call upon him." , . -...
"He did? Very' kind, I' am sure.
He could not do less than invite us to
call after the trick he has served mo."
"Trick! I will vow it is no such
thing; Louis has never been guilty of a
mean action in all his life." -
Indeed? . He must feel quite flat
tered to have one so eager in his de
fense. I call him a sneak, and I'll
prove it, too. Why, confound him I
wanted to marry her myself."
" What?" I fairly screamed, bursting
into a loud laugh. " You wanted to
marry Judge Reynolds1 daughter?
That mnst be a rich story you have to
tell me, and I am all ears to hear in
what way you succeeded in attracting
the young lady's attention."
I lighted a fresh - eigar and handed
one to Dick; for I knew that he could
talk and smoke, and grumble, too, all
at the same time.
"The way of it all was this," he be
gan, drawing up his chair and pull
ing slowly at his weed. Before my
uncle died and left me a few dollars I
enjoy at present, I was a hard-working
man O, you need not smile; I was
not born independent; I earned my liv
ing, onoe upon a time, and I worked
for it, too. Well, 1 was conductor on
the Erie, and made two trips daily from
Jersey City to Middleton. It was a
hard life, I can tell you, but I did not
mind it much, as I must do that, or
perish in the poor house.
" I had been on the road for about
two years, and was just beginning to
like my occupation, when occurred the
melancholy event I am going to relate,
and which has thrown a shadow over
my life ever since. A man never has
but one opportunity to make his mark
in this world, and woe to the fool that
lets this golden chance slip by un
heeded. "It waa a -tWM1y May afternoon. I
was going through the cars collecting
fares, and about the middle of the train
I saw Louis Harold seated by the side
of a very beautiful young lady. My
heart gave a great thump as I stopped
to speak with him. keeping my eyes all
the while fixed upon the lovely girl in
the next seat. Before 1 had looked at
her three seconds J felt that I was head
and ear in love, and I trembled like a
leaf when I politely asked for her ticket.
Judge of my astonishment when the
beautiful young lady coolly informed
me that she had lost" her pocket book!
My delighted visions faded like a flash
of lightning, and I was even with her
in a moment, I had read in the papers
about these pretty impostors, and 1
was too eld a tirdto let a pair of blue
eyes cheat me out of the just fare.
" Sorry, miss,' I replied, putting on
my sternest look. But you must pay
" But, sir, she pleaded, with some
confusion, 4 some one has -robbed me,
and I have not a cent in my possession.
1 am only going as far as Ridge wood.
My father. Judge "
i " Yes; yes; J know. Your respected
father. Judge Somebody, will make it
aU right with the oompany to-morrow.
Excuse me, but I must have your fare.
Our rules are imperative. I must get
my pay, , or. .else you must leave the
" I felt the immense importance of
my position. The interests of the Erie
Railway Company were in my hands,
and I resolved to save their credit at
any cost, , " r " " '. ;
" Get off the car! she ejaculated.
Why, ; I cannot walk to Ridgewood,
and papa's waiting for me at the depotr
" 'Sorry, miss,' I replied; 'but I have
' Here was my glorious chance, and
accursed be the hour! I missed it, Louis
Harold chimed in jnst then, and said,
with a half smile:
'Excuse me, - but perhaps 1 can be '
of some assistance. '
. " He drew out hia pocket book, and
handed me a dollar.
"Take the young lady's fare out of
that, Dick; I will go bail for this one's
. "0, thank you, ever so kindly!"
echoed the damsel, sweetly, I am so
grateful! You must get off at Ridge
wood, and my father will pay yon back.
You are very kind, sir, indeedyou are!
I took fifty cents for her fare, and
handed back the change to Louis. He
winked at me then, as if to say, I've
got the best of you this time, my man,
and l felt that he had. Kvery time 1
had a chance to be near the car after
ward I looked in. They were chatting
earnestly and laughing as merrily as if
they had been friends all their lives. I
avoided passing near them, for some
how I felt that it was all over with me.
"When 1 opened the door and called
out Ridgewood!' Louis rose and helped
the young lady out 1 saw her run up
to a fat old gentleman standing on the
platform, and held up her cheek for him
to kiss. Then she called Louis up and
told her story.
"'This gentleman, papa, I heard
her say, ' waa polite enough to pay my
fare when the rude conductor threat
ened to put me off the car."
I am personally and deeply grate
ful, sir, the old gentleman said, offer
ing Louis a dollar. I he impertinence
of some of these conductors is truly
marvelous. I shall use all my influence
with the company to obtain his dis-
" I ground my teeth when I heard
this, and listened again; the young
laav was speaking.
" O, please, not, papa! she broke
in. 'tie is a mend oi Air. Harold s.
" The last thing I saw. as the train
moved on, was, that Louis had declined
to take the old gentleman's money, and
was walking down the platform be
tween him and his lovely daughter.
Three days later I met Louis in the
street, and he rushed up and grasped
me warmly by the band.
" 'That was a splendid chance you
threw away upon me, old fellow,' he
said. I am ever so much obliged to
you. Miss Reynolds is a splendid
young Jad and X was dying lor an in
troduction. Upon my soul, you could
not have managed anything better if
we had rehearsed it for a whole week
(Joniound html l could nave puued
out a handful of his ugly hair. The
next time we met, he was raving about
his dear Cornelia. They were engaged.
He was a struggling lawyer, just start
ing without talent or clients, and Judge
Reynolds is an influential man. What
is the consequence? Louis Harold has
to-day the finest set of customers in the
city, and every one says that he is get
ting along splendidly. If I am to be
lieve in reports, his wife thinks the
wcrld of him, though for my part, I
really cannot see what she finds to ad
mire in such a carroty-haired fellow as
That will do," I cried, cutting him
short with a hearty laugh. " I shall
not let you utter a single word of com
plaint against that man's hair. It is
not the external adornment of his
frontis-piece that we must examine; it
is the fertility of the brain that works
behind it. But, speaking seriously,
that was really a beautiful opportunity
which you offered him."
Dick was disposed to take my lest in
earnest, and as it pleased him to have
it so, I gave him his own way about
it lie fell back to puffing away at his
cigar, and mumbling to himself about
me woes sou uecepuons oi tuis wonu,
until a late honr in the night, when I
rose and moved that we adjourn to bed.
olx months later, Dick had a wife of
his own, who laughed quite as heartily
as myself when she heard his melan
choly story; and she assures him that
one being has been made happy through
his misfortunes herself.
The little woman has made wonder
ful changes in the character of Richard
r landers, lie is so altered to day that
his own twin brother would scarcely
The most striking feature of it all is
that he has done forever away with his
old habit of grumbling. He has the
most delicious temper in the world, and
bis little wue looks with great and just
pride at the successful result of her pa
tient endeavors. There is a perpetual
smile upon her lips from morning until
night, and Richard Flanders declares
himself as happy as the grandest king.
It was a long time before he could be
brought to call upon Mr. and Mrs.
Harold; but his wife's coaxing prevailed
at last, and the two families are now
firmly attached to each other.
The tree is known by its fruit. What
the Solid South has shown itself in re
spect to all local obligations, the partial
record tells which we print to-day. it
is not a short story, for, unhappily, the
deeds of dishonor have not been few.
It is not a pleasant story, for no Amer
ican citizen osn road it without shame.
But it is better to know how the South
treats financial obligations, before put
ting it in the power of the politicians
and people of that section to ruin and
dishonor the Nation. For generations
they have professed a lofty and chival
ric pride in their States; fidelity to their
States they have held quite enough to
justify treason to the Republic. But
loose same Mates, by their own hands,
are befouled and besmirched with dis
honor. Not by Northern men, not by
neighbors, or friends or aliens, has the
honor of Southern communities been
dragged in the mud, but by the very
men who professed a willingness to die
for their welfare. If they nave more
veneration and love for their States, as
these men boast that they have, than
for the Federal Union, can it be expect
ed that the credit and honor of the Na
tion would be safe in the hands of those
who repudiate State and local debts so
freely? If these men have an honorable
or manly sentiment of any kind, surely
it clings around the State flags for which
they risked their lives in rebellion. And
yet, since peace came, these same
knights of Southernhonor have dragged
those flags through the slime of repu
diation. That they love their States,
their speeches assert. That they defile
and poiute their Mates, their acts lor
ten years have proved.
The record is long, but it is worth
reading and preserving. It proves that
the solid South, though it has been
getting rich by successful industry since
the war, . has repudiated State and
Municipal debts amounting to more
than $300,000,000. It proves that the
excuses given are false; that debts of
unquestioned validity and honesty of
origin have been -.repudiated quite as
wantonly as debts of corrupt origin or
doubtful validity. It proves that the
South has not only repudiated debts
contracted under Republican Govern
ments, but debts which existed long be
fore there was a Republican party at
the South, and which were contracted
by Democratic Governments. Debts
old and new, debts honest and dishon
est, debts large and small, debts bur
densome and insignificant, have alike
fallen before the spirit of repudiation,
as grain and weeds alike go down be
fore the scythe of the mower. Nor can
it be claimed that the burdens of the re-
Eudiating communities were really
eavy. Many Northern communities
carry honorably and without difficulty
much larger debts, in proportion to the
assessed valuation of property, and it
must also be remembered that as a rule
the property at the South has been dis
honestly undervalued in assessment, lor
the purpose of robbing public creditors.
The exhibition would not be of Na
tional importance, if the instances of
repudiation were relatively few. The
trouble is that they are very numerous,
so that the whole population of the
solid South, whether in one State or
another, in city or country, seems to be
infected with this moral plague of dis
honesty. At the North, we find here
and there a disgraced city, or a State
with a stained: flag and dishonored
name. But such cases here are partic
ularly noted because they are excep
tional. At the South, there would be
particular cause for surprise and rejoic
ing if any political community should
even try to pay a debt which it had
power to repudiate. The spirit is al
most co-extensive with the recent re
bellion, and it might be said with
truth that, whenever the broken
fetters of an emancipated slave
had fallen, there repudiation had sprung
indigenous from the soil. The plea is
indeed raised that vindictive feeling is
at the bottom of the refusal to pay
debts, in many cases. In Tennessee,
for example, men say that "the North"
destroyed their property in slaves, and
may now stand its share of the loss in
the destruction of bonds chiefly held at
the North. But this, too, is only a pre
text. It is estimated that bonds amount
ing to' $70,000,000, which have been
held by Southern leaders, have been
repudiated. Nor is there any honesty
in the plea that property owners can
not make money any longer because
they, own no slaves, because it has been
abundantly demonstrated that the free
colored man produces more by his la
bor, and yields a larger return to his
employer, than the slave ever did. The
trouble lies further back. Wherever
slavery existed, there the moral sense
was so blunted and benumbed, by the
wholesale robbery of the earnings of
labor, that the white population as a
whole is to this day incapable of that
sense of honor which prevails else
where. It is not to be said, with regret it
must be admitted, that all repudiators
are Southerners. But the statement is
not far from the truth, that all South
erners aro repudiators. They have no
comprehension of the simplest princi
ples oi financial integrity, this slave
holding and slave driving people. They
show it as well in their relations with
the Federal Government as in their lo
cal affairs. Some consideration has been
felt for them, in respect to the United
States debt, because that debt was in
curred in putting down their rebellion.
But it may well be doubted whether men
who repudiate almost every legal debt
ever could have been faithful to a Na
tional obligation oi any sort They love
their States and do not love the Nation.
Their love for their States does not re
strain their polluting hands when there
is a chance to make money by robbing
the creditors of those States. Their
want of love for the Union only lends
zest and boldness to a repudiating spirit
which would exist in any case.
For the Northern people there is one
question: Can we afford to trust the
honor and prosperity of the -Union to
to this generation of repudiators known
as the solid South. N. Y. Tribune.
Anions: some persons who are not
very ardent politicians there is preva
lent an impression that the policy of the
Kepuoiican party is to maintain in the
South an open sore, to prevent recon
ciliation and a lasting peace, so that
the rartv mav be able to make for itself
capital out of the outrage business. It
is quie possible that a purpose of this
kind may be entertained by a few Re
publican politicians of inferior import
ance, but only gross ignorance or Dem
ocratic malignity could accuse either
the foremost men in the party or the
great mass of its members of such a de
sign. Every intelligent man in the
country is well aware that the thorough
pacification of the South and the resto
ration of the entire region to a condi
tion of civilization and prosperity are
matters in which the North has thtrvery
highest interest. There is nothing
needed now to give a final stimulus to
Northern industry and to develop our
domestic commerce to the most profita
ble extent but the restoration of the
Southern market If the South were
filled with an industrious population, if
the earth under advanced methods of
agriculture should yield the full meas
ure of her increase, and if the region
had abundant wealth instead of deep
poverty, the North would feel the ef
fects of such prosperity in every mill
and shop and factory within her boun
daries. Simply from a commercial
point of view, every man in this part of
the country has a powerful motive for
wishing that the troubles in and with
the South were forever ended, and that
we might live with the Southern people
in good fellowship, contributing to their
welfare while they contributed to that
of the entire country.
The political reasons why the North
era people should desire peace and
amity are equally strong, and they have
special weight with the Republican
party. It is the Democratic party, not
ine Republican that profits by the con
tinued prevalence of bitter sectional
feeling. The one great peril to which
the Republican party is exposed to-day
comes from Southern hatred of the
North. The Solid South is to it a per
petual menace, and the most fortunate
thing that could happen for it would be
the destruction of that solidity. If it
had been possible to conduct the coming
Presidential campaign purely and sole
ly upon a nnanciai issue, or upon some
other issue which should have left
questions of race and section and the
old heart-burnings of the war com
pletely out of consideration, the lead
ers oi ine rtepuoncan party, and its
rank and file would have welcomed
with joy the opportunity. They could
have carried their campaign into the
South, they could have divided the
people of the region and they could
have lought upon even terms the great
antagonist who now comes into the fray
with eleven States assured to ite, and
guaranteeing that it shall have their
support by means of intimidation, vio
lence and robbery of the .constitutional
rights of the negro. That an ignorant
southerner or an embittered and unre
pentant rebel should believe that North
ern Republicans hate him as he hates
them, and are eager to traffic upon that
hate, is not unnatural; bnt there can be
no excuse for a Northern man who has
the truth plainly exposed before him
and is well aware not only that no such
sentiment exists here, but that our high
est and best interests impel us in a
wholly different direction.
It would seem, indeed, as if there
had been supplied enough proof of this
fact to have convinced any reasonable
man, no matter what the violence of
his prejudices. History contains no
exhibition of magnanimity so remark
able as those which have been made by
the Republican party since the war. It
had the South at its leet when the great
conflict ended, and if it had chosen it
could have overthrown the State srov-
ernments utterly, it could justly have
punished the infamous authors of
the rebellion with death, and it
could have excluded the rebel
lious communities for years from
patticipating in the government
of the country. Instead, it restored the
State governments, it pardoned every
rebel, from the highest to the lowest,
and it was so generous in removing
every obstacle to the return of Southern
Representatives to Congress that to-day
the world looks upon the remarkable
spectacle of a Congress tilled with and
controlled by the very men who only
fourteen years ago were in the field
fighting for the destruction of the Gov
ernment Moreover, the very first thing
that was done by President Hayes when
he assumed office as the representative
of the Republican party was to address
himself with energy, and with what
some persons regarded as a little too
much enthusiasm, to the work of paci
fying, pleasing and conciliating the
Southern people. But his efforts, as
well as the ireneral Dolicv of his oartv.
have had no effect in bringing about thai
much-talued-of era oi good leeiing, xor
the simple reason that the Southern
people, -uniformly m and persistently,
have refused to be pacified, pleased or
conciliated. They are solely responsible
for whatever ill-feeling exists between
the two regions.
We could have had peace if we had
consented to pay for is, -the price which
they demanded, which was that we
should surrender the best fruits of that
victory to gain which we shed rivers of
valiant blood and expended-nearly
three thousand millions of money. The
Republican antagonism of the South is
nothing more than a refusal to pay such
a price. We have given the South
much, but we cannot give her every
thing. While ths people forbid free
speech and a free ballot, while they ex
clude the entire negro population from
exercise of its rights, while they use
shot-guns to send to Congress to make
laws for us rebels who represent a mi
nority of the voters, while they hold the
entire political field by violence for a
single parry, there will never be a ces
sation of agitation in this region. The
bloody shirt will be waved persistently
because it is red with the blood of inno
cent American citizens; the outrage
business will be thrust into every can
vass because the South is kept solid for
the Democratic party by means of out
rage. . The Republicans of the North
cannot be warmed with indignation
over an imaginary condition of things.
They are not fools to be deluded by lies
or to be incensed by a cheat They
know that these things are true and
real. They do not hate the Southern
people, but they do hate their methods
and crimes Philadelphia Bulletin.
The State-Sovereignty Enemies of the
. After . hundred years of scarcely in
terrupted growth and prosperity it is
very strange that even one citizen of
the Republic should seek its destruction ;
and it is incomprehensible that a great
political party should base its sole claim
to support on the theory that the United
States of America do not constitute a
Nation with the right of self-preservation
through the exercise of every
power known to any governmental or
ganism! It is astonishing that both of
the great political parties of the coun
try are compelled to relegate to the fu
ture all questions of administration
questions of taxation and revenue, and
questions of finance in order to give
place to the one supreme question: Are
we a Nation, or a mere aggregation of
States held together by a simple con
tract in the nature of a treaty, which
any one of the contracting parties
States may abrogate at pleasure? Un
der the impression that-the War of the
Rebellion settled this question in favor
of the integrity and unity of the Nation,
thousands of Republicans quit the Re
publican party during the period of
1872-1876, on the ground of its contin
ued adherence to the theory tnat ine
Southern wing of the Democratic party
was still inimical to the Nation. Con
servative citizens who did not carefully
note the political signs of the times
failed to comprehend what appeared to
We sua arbeovd proposition. - .This defec
tion from the Republican party resulted
in the ascendency of the Democratic
party in Congress. The Democratic
control of the Lower House of Con
gress in 1876 verified the theory of
Radical Republicans, who had all
along maintained that - the ruling
element in the : Democratic party
counsels the Southern wing had
by no means abandoned its hostile
attitude toward the Nation as opposed
to the dogma of the absolute sovereign
ty of the States. The fact becoming
apparent, there was a change in public
sentiment. , many uisanected tiepuoiio
ans resumed their old nartv affiliations.
and in 1878 greatly reduced the Demo-
cra.nu majority iu wo popular ursuuii
of Congress. But the repentance came
too late to save the Senate. The bull
dozing and frauds which made all the
Southern State Governments solidly
Democratic gave those States almost a
solid representation in the Senate, and
the Republican defection in 1874-'76 re-
SU1M3U 111 BUUU 1OIUWISUU falue CH UIO
North that its control of the Senate was
assured. The Congressional session of
1878 and the special session of this year
rendered still more evident the fact of
Democratic hostility to the Nation. It
was boldly denied that there could be
such an event as a national election.
and a most determined attempt was
made to erase from the statute books
every enactment which implied such an
event Coupled with this attempt was
the declaration of the purpose of the
Democratic party to repeal by whole
sale all the legislation intended to pre
serve the fruits of the late war. This
contempt for the Nation and National
laws so prominently and defiantly ex
pressed in Congress produced an imme
diate effect at the South. The Southern
journalists began to denounce the Con
stitution, the ' flag, and the reconstruc
tion laws, and these denunciations in
creased in violence from day to day un
til the Okolona outlet came out boldly.
threatening ' a new revolution! ' A
significant - circumstance in this
connection is - the . fact that the
circulation of -the States has rap
idly increased, . aim other papers,
observing that their contemporary has
caught the popular breeze, follow with
more or less fervor in its wake. Thus
we have indubitable evidence that the
States, which pronounces unqualifiedly
against the Union and in favor of the
dogma of absolute State independence,
most accurately reflects Southern pub
lic sentiment. To the same effect are
the inculcations of the Yazoo assassina
tion. That horrible event shows con
clusively that with a Democratic Con
gress the Democrats of Mississippi have
no fear of being brought to book, by
National authority, for political crimes;
however heinous; and that they propose
to nullify, absolutely, the negro-suffrage
amendment to the Constitution. This,
then, is the situation: the house is on
fire,and the incendiaries are Demo
crats. It-is not to be presumed that
they would, if they could, exlipguish-p
the flames tney have kindled. It fol
lows that to give the Democratic party
control of the Government would be Co
doom it to destruction. No situation
could be more grave. - It is its gravity
which has reunited all the factions of
the Republican party. As the attempt
to shoot the Union to death divided the
people into two distinct, solid, opposing
masses the party of patriots and the
party of traitors, in the words of the
lamented Douglas so the threat of the
Democratic party to disintegrate the
Union by law and administration drives
from its affiliation the conservative
class, and forces them ipto the Repub
lican ranks. The issue under such
circumstances cannot be doubtful.
The proposition to even menace the
Union with dismemberment is not mere
ly a threat against the integrity of a
great Nation; it is a menace equally to
tho happiness and prosperity of every
citizen of the country. Chicago Tribune.
New York Repablicaa Platform.
The Republicans of New York, pledzlDg
ourselves anew to National supremacy, equal
rights, free elections ana honest money, de
clare these principles:
First The Republic of the United States Is
a Nation and not a league. The Nation Is sn.-
J rears within Its Own constitutional sphere
t is girded wtth power to guard Its own life,
to protect its own citizens, to regulate its own
elections, and to execute ita own laws. The
opposite doctrine of State sovereignty is the
baneful mother of nullification, secession and
aharchy. Republicanism stands for National
supremacy in National affairs and Btate rights
iu otate concerns. - Trie Democracy stands for
State sovereignty with Its own twin heresy,
that the Union is a mere confederacy of Btates.
Second To refuse the necessary supplies
for the Uovernment with the design of com
pelling the unwilling consent of a co-ordinate
and Independent branch to odious measures
IS revolution. TO refuse appropriations ior
the execution of existing and binding laws Is
nullincation. We arraign the Democratic
Representatives in Conarress as entity botfc oi
revolutionary attenipU and nullifying schemes,
and we reprobate their action aa calculated to
subvert the Constitution and to strike at the
existence of the Government itself. ... .
Third The safety of the Republic demands
free and Dure elections. A Democratic Con
gress has attempted by dictation by Congress,
by ui rests oi starving tne uovernment, anu
by months of disturbing agitation, to break
down the National election laws. We de
nounce this effort 'as a conspiracy to over
throw the safeguards of free suffrage, and to
opon.the ballot-box to the unchecked domina
tion of the rifle clubs of the South and repeat
ers of New York. We declare our uncom-
firomislng opposition to any repeal of these
list protective laws, and Republican Senators
and Representatives In Congress, for their re
sistance to this attempt, and President Hayes
ior nis veto messages, QCfifirve ana receive our
hearty approval. " T "
ruiuur- m ncpuuucau n,j uciura juj- TMWWjenelCtlOBJI III JBDSC tllgj.
tifies nor tolerates military interference LLTSlsKm th hlaa- mm Jina a, rn&ioritv
elections. It aeeka onlv to nmtt the ballotT&-,AU1B' tQ blBCB IsVee J1S4 majority
r ourtu ine ttepuDiican partyneitner jns-
eiecfciuua. lip seeas oujy to protect tue uaiiuir-. - , - - .
box from the interference of force and fraud."fn ffian? TfiWSS, oemnfTfes-ndStateS of
lt repels the false charges and denounces the
false pretences of the conspirators who, while
professing iree elections everywnere, sustain
mob law In the South; while inveigling troops
at polls to protect citizens, refuse to prohibit
armed clubs from surrounding the baUot-box
to Intimidate them, and while affecting that
the soldiers' bayonet win overawe free elec
tors, remain silent when the assassin's bullet
seals the fate of political independence. --
Fifth We call noon the people to remember
that the Democratic party forced the extra
session of Congress without warrant or ex
cuse; that It prosecuted its partisan purposes
by revolutionary methods; that it persistently
obstructed resumption and still constantly
presses disturbing measures; that It re-opens
the sectional questions closed by the National
triumph, and threatens to repeal wsr legisla
tion; that Its Southern elements answers con
ciliation only with violence; that its nose o:
success rests on a Solid South, and tl
triumph would make the Solid Sooth the?
ruling force of the Nation. We recognize that
great body of people who defended the Union,
of whatever party name, are equally patriotic
and equally interested in good government,
and we earnestly Invoke them to unite In re
sisting the dangerous designs of party organ
ization under the sway of those wbo were
lately in rebellion, and seek to regain In the
halls of legislation what they lost on the field
Sixth The successful resumption of specie
payments, despite Democratic prediction and
hostility, Is the crowning element of the Re-
fiubllcan financial policy. Followed by re tuni
ng National prosperity, improved credit, re
funded debt and reduced interest. It adds an
other to the triumphs which prove that the
Republican party is equal to the highest de
mands. Onr whole currency should be kept
at par with the monetary standard of the com
mercial world, ana any attempt to aeosae tne
standard, to depreciate paper, or to deterioate
coin, should be firm) v resisted. -
' Seventh The claims of the living and mem
ories of taw dead defender of the Matron con
jure us to protest against the partisan and
unpatriotic greed which expels old Union sol
diers from their well-deserved rewards, and
advances Confederate soldiers to their places.
Eighth As the pledge and proof of Its econ
omy to State administration, the Republican
party, in spite of prolonged Democratic re
sistance, proposed and-passed a Constitution
al amendment which will restrict the expenses
of canals to their receipts, and reform the
whole system of canal and prison manage
ment, and by extinguishing the public indebt
edness and relieving the people from any fur
ther tax, therefore, it effected great saving
in State taxation. These fruits of Republican
measures the Democrats have recently at
tempted to appropriate as their own. Appeal
ing to the records In support of our declara
tion, we pronounce their claim unfounded
and hold up their authors as public imposters.
Ninth The inequalities of taxation which
press most upon those least able to bear them
should be remedied. To this end the Repub
lican Legislature created a commission to re
vise the assessment and tax laws and to reach
a class of property which now largely escapes,
and we remind the people that this salutary
reform was unwarrantably defeated by the
present Democratic Executive.
Tenth Honeyed and transportation corpor
ations are not alone the works of private en
terprise, but are created for public use and
with due regard to vested rights, ft is a clear
province and the plain duty of the State to so
supervise and regulate such corporations as to
secure just and Impartial treatment of all in
terested, to foster the industrial and agricult
ural welfare of the people, and with liberal
policy favor public water-ways to maintain
the commercial supremacy of the State. We
look to the inquiry now in progress Under the
direction of the Legislature to develop facts
which will guide to all needed action.
The Boss Bray by the Okolona " States"
The race question was recently sprung
in Yazoo County, Mississippi.
A while man named Henry M. Dixon,
wanted the office of Sheriff.
He sought it in the Democratic Con
vention and was defeated. "
Thereupon he announced himself as
an independent candidate.
There, was no Radical in the field,
and therefore -he received the unani
mous backing of the blacks.
Anything to defeat the Democracy r
is the shibboleth of Squash, Pomp and
The people of Yazoo had been sub
jected to the rule of the African race.
They knew just what it meant, and
when they broke their yoke and fetters
in 1875, they swore by the Almighty
that the negro should never hold the
upper hand in that county again.
When Dixon began to mass his dusky
hordes, the wealth, the culture, the
worth, the bone and sinew of the coun
ty rose in the royal strength and ma
jesty of their Caucasian blood, and
commanded him to withdraw from the
He withdrew, and Yazoo County was
saved from a long, bloody, infernal
epoch of savagery and crime.
And-good men here and everywhere
on earth will thank the God of justice
and of mercy that it was so.
But the stalwarts of Yankeedom
Stalwarts of Yankeedom, gave the
gory shirt a fiercer shake, and with
eyes aglare and hearts aflame with
hate, they began to defame us with re
cruited fury to damn us with redoub
Right here and now, before we enter
upon the argument, we wish these stal
warts to distinctly understand that
their brimstone threats and blustering
oaths have no terrors for us.
We defy them to do their worst and
their wickedest, but would caution them
to have a care how they interfere with
this Yazoo coup d'etat.
It is no concern of theirs.
. Nor will they be permitted to make it
their concern. ...
' We say to them and to all who sym
pathise with them: '
HANDS OFF! . -. .-
- Mississippi is a Nation, and no for
eign State shall lay a finger on her roy-
al robes without suffering the conse
..... B-S . . . -1
No outside intermeddling win oe tol
erated not for ten minutes. -
Mind that! .
Turning now to the people of Yazoo-
Countywt of Mississippi, of the whole
broad South, we ask:
Where in the name of high Heaven is .
the thing to end? - -. .
. Must we forever submit to negro su-
Eremacy on the one hand, or wink at
ull-dozing and ballot-box stuffing on
the otherr - '
Is there no alternative by which we
can solve this political problem, with-,
out subjecting ourselves to the domina
tion of Yankee desperadoes and cotton
patch hinds on the one side, and with
out undermining the .cornerstones of
law, order and morality on the other? .
We hold that there is- .
Let us see: '
la the first place it is settled for all
time and forever that Missrssippians
will rule Mississippi; that our people
possess the old cavalier pride of blood .
and - race, and will revolt with : hot,
grand hauteur against the subjection -
Oi vii tue and intelligence to ignorance
and vice; that they will die tne death .
before they will surrender
; ' The keys of power
i- . . And the seals of place."
Into the keeping, of alien scoundrels
and African serfs. . , . .
This much, if nothing mqreV is set
tled, and all the armies of all the earth
csntwt xyj ange it. for it beara4he stamp -
wxrB-beneKctioB3JI tire Most Higp.
! True, as a ruletiie fifst, the last and
the whole of them areJCadical at heart, '
and will vote the Radical ticket when
ever they have halfa chance. - .
We all know this and admit it.
But these facts make no difference
NO DITFBBBBCB WHATEVER.
They will never be permitted to grasp
thereins of the Government in any de
partmentState, County or Municipal.
Okolona (Miss.) Southern States.
- Aa African Paradise.
The Secretary of the Navy has re
ceived from Commodore Shufeldt, on
service connected with an ex- i
plolBUUiWiisSUut African continent in
the vicinity 4 Liberia, an interesting '
report of a reoonnoissance of the
Lugunv and Mahfah Rivers and Fisher-
man's "Lake, by Lieut. F. J. Drake.
The intercontinental trade of Africa is
receiving much attention in Europe, "
and particularly in England and Ger- .
many. It will be remembered that
about a year ago an expedition under
Commodore Shufeldt, of the United J
States Navy, was fitted out The Ticon
deroga, which was assigned as flag- .
ship, was fitted out with special refer
ence to the service in view. The in
structions under which the expedition
was to be conducted embraced a sur
vey of the coast of Liberia, the explor- "
ation of the great rivers of the country -'
(seven in number) upon which the
tramo of tkett region is conducted, -an -
examination of the trade, productions, ,
climate, soil, tribes and political rela-
tions of the country, and a reconnois- '
-sauce of the interior routes leading to
Soudan and the valley of the Niger. -While
the report of Lieutenant Drake
is lengthy, and contains much of a
technical character suitable for the
pamphlets of the hydregraphic office
and to afford data for manners1 charts,
it possesses sufficient information of .
economic value to show that the region
is one of great fertility and luxuriance
in all the products of the semi-tropical
zone. He says that Fisherman's Lake -is
a beautiful expanse of water of one
hundred square miles, into which pour
the currents and the trade of the Lug
uny and the Mahfah. Upon the shores
of. the lake a number of Liberian and
German traders have established them- :
selves. . There are also several villages
on. its shores, the largest of which is .
Bendee, ten miles from Cape Mount,
Liberia, and the point of transfer to the .
Vye section, between Cape Mount and .
Bassuro. That village stood at the
foot of a high range and overlooked a
charming sweep of land, and water.
Lieutenant Drake's party landed and
were entertained by the two chiefs, the "
larger of whqm, a burly Ethiopian in
full dress and armed cap-a-pie, as he
greeted the party, announcing himself
as Prince Manasson. The village was
a regular stockade, as a protection
against the ferocious animals which
abounded in the adjacent jungles and
the warlike demonstrations which were
constantly kept up between rival tribes.
In the early evening the Prince enter
tained the party with a dance of the
country, in which native instruments .
of music and women assuming the most
violent contortions were the chief feat
- Lieutenant Drake says that the En
glish post at Salyman had almost a
monopoly of the trade on account of
the duties being less than were exacted
at the Liberian posts. On the Mahfah
he met the Congo trader from the in
terior, coming down to Cape Mount
with his slaves, and his canoes laden
with palm oil, kermel and palm wood.
The scenery on the river was very fine, -
and on either side were vast rice-fields.
The soil was a rich loam, or a blatM
sandy muck, and the thermometer
stood 91 degrees in the shade. Efforts
were being made to raise coffee on the
hills, and with every prospect of suc
cess. The Mahfah drained all that
portion of Liberia back of Cape Mount
The abundant pastures at its source
furnished the feeding haunts of the wild
elephant and supplied large quantities '
of ivory to the world.
The Fortnnes ef the Presidents.
Washington left an estate worth
ROO ftOO. John Adams died moderatelv
well off. Jefferson died so poor that if
Congress had not given him $20,000 for
his lihrarv he would have been bank
rupt Madison was eoonomical and died
rich. Monroe died so poor that he was
buried at the expense of his relatives in
this city. John Quincy Adams left
about 950,000, the result of prudence.
His son.Charles Francis Adams, gained
a large fortune by marriage. Jackson
died tolerably well off. Yan Buren
died worth some $300,000. It is said
that during his entire administration he
never drew any portion of his salary,
but on leaving took the whole $100,000
in a lump. Polk left about $150,000.
Tyler married a lady of wealth and ac
complishments, and died rich. Taylor
left about $150,000. Fillmore was al
ways an eoonomical man, and added to
his wealth by his last marriage. Pierce
saved about $50,000. Buchanan left
about $200,000; Lincoln about $75,000;
Johnson about $50,000. Baltimore Ga
zette. .. . j -
No kbwbpapbb man ever died of
swallowing a twenty-dollar gold piece.
(Mumbus Sunday Capital.