Newspaper Page Text
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' ; - A Familv Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Polities, Agriculture, -Science, Art, .Poetry, Etc. . ' , ' ' ; -;:;,i'f
VOLUME XIII. WELLINGTON, P., THURSDAY NOVEMBER 6, 1879. ; : . ; . r "- j ! NUMBER 7. .'
PUBUSHED EVERY THURSDAY,
I- W. HOUGHTON.
Oflea, Watt Sid of Pttblie Scmara.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION:;
"ne copy, one year (1 r
One entry. as month. ............... ........ 73
Jhie ootjv, three months go
If not paid within the v-" . . SO)
J. B. DICKSON. Attoroey-at-Lew. Wellington, O.
OOlee la Bank Balldtns. ad Soar.
W. T. HKRRICK. Attornry and Cuaaestm at law.
BeaedW Block, ad Boor. Went en, O.-
. o. johxsox. : L McLean.
Johnson McL- an. Attorney and Coonseuors at
Law, Byrta. .0. omea Ho. , Manser Block.
J. W. HOTJGHTOW. Votary Penile. Offlce In
Hoaghtoa's Dras Store. West eld PabUe Sqi
ARTHUR W. S1CHOLS. Kotary Public. Loaa and
OntlacUoa Agra. Bntaeai entrusted to my care will
r-serre aroma attention. With Jobsana McLean.
No. 1 Mwo'i Block. K rria. O.
DR. J. HOST. Bmoxtpathlak - BeaMaaea and
omca. Weat alda taMc Eqaara.
. SR. R. HATHAWAT, Homemethle Phyrloaa aad
Sorteoa. HBob at nUna, Weat alda South Mala
Boaet, We'Uagtoa. O.
T. McCLARKS. M. D-. PhrsSclaa aad Sanreoa
Can fjum village aad eoentry will reeelve prompt at
teatJoe. Ofllaa la 3d atory of O. M. Stroup new
WtMIns. 8onta aide of Liberty Street. Welltaswja, O
L. P. HOLBROOK. Surgeon
Dentist. Omca la
Flour, Food. Eta.
B. B. RAMUS, Dealer la Floor. Feed, Oram.
Seed. Bait, Etc Warehouse. Weat alda Ballread
buret. Wellington. O.
rntSTHATIOSALBAVK. Welllactoa. O. Doea
general banking baalaaaa. Bar aad sella N. T.
Tir hangs. Government Bond. Eta. A. S. Warner,
rraaMeat: R. A. Borr, Ceaucr.
r. BAWTKLL. Photatrapocr. Gallery la Ar-
Block. Waniagtna, O.
y jar printing to tha Katerprlae Offlce. An
of printing doee neatly and promptly. Ofllea
ama PabUe Bqaara, over Hoaantoa'a Dras
WXXXA, Saddler end Harness Maker. The
empkrred, and only tba beat stock
work dona ander my superrlsloo, lorth
Boota tuad Shoe.
W. H, ASHFOBD, Manafantmer and dealer la
Boota aad Shorn and all kind of flrat dam custom
work. All work and material fatly warranted. Shop
aoath alda of Liberty Btn et. WeUinctoa. U.
R. V. OOODW1K, Tba Insaranca Aseat. winba
foaad at km omca la BaMed Brae.' Boot aad Shoe
Mora, where he will be pteaaed ta tea nla oil eaa.
amnen needing eartntna; tenia Una. Standard com
anlea repnaeated aad ratea rtaaoaeble. Lomea
taaiatly adjaatea and paid at hla acency.
If yon want a trat-claea ShaTa, Hair Cat, or Sbam
poo, oaU at BjObineaae O. K. BltaTlna; Saloon. Liberty
Street. A fall eauinai al of BalrOtla. Pomade aad
Hair BaatortilTH. We alao keep the beat brand of
Bator, aad wamat them. Roaor booed or croand
R. T. ROBIS8OS.
WKLUSQTOH PLAX1SO MTLL. Xaaafactarer
aad dealer la Bath. Door. B Linda, Brackets. Ban-
tlac. Lamber, Bblaalea, Lath. Cheese and Battel
Boaea. Scroll Sawwc Match Inf aad Plaalncdona ta
ardor. D L. Wads worth,' Proa. Office, near ran'
. H. WADSWORTa BOX Planlns HDL Seron
Bawlnsv Match! nn. Planlns. eta. done to order.
Dealera la Lamber, Lath, Shtnirtea. Doors, Saab,
Bltada. lloaldmaa aad Dreaard Lamber of all sorts.
Tarn aear Hamlin's reed Store. Wellington, O.
J. B. WIGHT. Dealer la Clocks. Watehre, Jewelry.
SUrenrara. Gold Peas, Xia, Shop la Hoogbtoa's
R. 8. HOLLKSBACH. Merchant Tailor, la Unloa
Block. Room a.
A. S. POWKRS Merchant Tailor. A ae aasort-
meatof Cloths ; Caaslmerea, which will be made
to order In the latest etyies aad at reasonable prions.
Ho. X Benedict' Block, a at airs.
B.G. rULLKR. Dealer ta Fresh and Salt Masai,
Itoea-na aad Pork Baa aaa, Hlahest market prtee
Bald forBeeres, Bhean, Bos, Hides, Rte. Mark,
stda Liberty Street,
MOBXBOUBK A MIBTXB, Dealer hi nU kind of
Cat Meats, fresh sad salt, of a better quality thaa
has swetofore been sold ta Wdllnatoa. We hare a
h all tha appUaaoaa for dolnc a
Oar prices are no hlahertbaa
WM. CDSHIOH' BOB, Urary and Bala Stable.
Choree taiaeala famished si
Sooth Ida ManhaaKi Street, o
POOTR WAJUTKS. Lrrery and Sale atahio.
J. P. PPT. Baker aad Grocer. Presh Bread. Cake
ad Pies erery day. Also a choice sad complete
aortroeat of Giaorrlea. Maaafamaia aad
wbolceale aad retail. CnadJe aad Confectionery,
CiRaura aad Tal
A. P. DrMOCK Manafaetnrar. . Wholtaala aad Ra
ilway kept ta stock at lowest
fealesrooia Bonh sMa ot Liberty Street.
SL a. KTBarrr. a a m
KVKISKTT STARR Men a faciei Ian; Chemists,
ami wrmiwi ana rtetau aaaiar la ontca, Meal
cure sad a ran naa or nouoaasad IWasglst
drlca. Xorth side Ubertj Btreec
Vc a vmi M tiRPHT ia lrXTtnrinc on tAtn.
parsnoe this seaaon ander the aitpics
' m . 0)CTk .Utl
01 r Darcau i w yvt ui,ui.
Bow patent alr m
rat class sa-tnpss
etaorscherra sor I
nMe IJbarty Street.
LYRA ISC AS TA TA.
Within a castle haunted,
Aa oaatlea were of old.
There buns a harp enchanted.
And on ita rim of gold
Thia legend waa enacrolled:
M Whatever bard would win me
Moat atrike and wake within me.
By one supreme endeavor,
A chord that eoanda forever.
Three bard of lyre and viol.
By mandate of the King,
Were bidden to a trial
To find toe magio string
(If there were each a thing).
Then, after mnch eeeaying
Of tuning, came the plaingt
And lords and ladies apienaid
Watched aa those bards contended.
The first a minstrel boary.
Who many a rhyme had spun
Bang loud of war and glory
Of battles fought and won;
But when his aong waa done.
Although the bard waa landed.
And clapped hand applauded.
Yet, spite of the laudation.
The harp oeaaed its vibration.
The second changed the measure.
And turned from fire and sword
To sing a song of pleasure
The wine-enp and the board
Till, at the wit, all roared.
And the hgn ball 11 sounded
With merriment unbounded!
The harp loud aa the laughter
Grew hushed aa that, soon after.
The third, in lover's fashion, .
And with his soul 00 fire.
Then sang of love pore pea ion
The heart and its desire!
And, aa be amota toe wire.
The Listeners, gathering round him,
- Caught an a wreath and crowned
- The crown bath faded never 1
The harp reaoanda forever
THE DUBBLE BROTHERS.
Stauul Types la ar Border ClrlUzaUon.
Wat down East 'in tha State of
Maine," one oold, frosty day late in the
fall, when the dead leaves were drop
ping and the wind sighing through the
pine trees, someooay stumoiea over a
basket among: xne a eaa weeas in a
sandy lane. A cry came from the bas
ket; a DaDys cry, not a lusty yen, as 11
the orunnator were ready to clirao oat
and begin his fight with the world, but
weak, discontented cry, suggesting
that its owner was anything bat satis
fied with existence. Perhaps, lodging
from what we know of his farther his
tory, and especially that of his nnmer
ens family, it was a request to be
moved." He could not have been
blamed if it had been, for he was bent
nearly double, and . the person who
Sicked him out christened him Dub
le" from that day. Whatever his fur
ther adventures may have been does
not concern us; we nave to deal with
his descendants four sons. I think
they never got over the idea that their
father began life in a basket, wholly
unencumbered by real estate. They
never could live long in one place, and
if, by any chance, one of them became
possessed of a few acres, he almost im
mediately sold or - traded" it for
something anything, so he could leave
it and move. They drifted into the Big
Woods, in a very friendly fashion, one
would imagine, to come so far alto
gether; but they were never at peace
when once tney naa located," inougn
it must be acknowledged the wives
were often the cause of the wars.
They gloried in the names of John
Ken." "Tom" and "Liie," and no
one ever thought-of calling them by
any more dignified titles. All had the
same easy way of getting along in the
world, the same desire to move and the
same habit of building great air-castles
of the thinnest of thin air. Before the
Homestead law took effect, each man
pre-empted, cat out a few trees, built a
a small log-house or shanty, and then
swapped ' witn some one. wnen
they had no neighbors, they traded
among themselves, but when people
began to come among them they sold
out their rights. By the time they were
well traded around that time they could
take homesteads, and they proceeded
to do so. But not one of them could
stav on his land Ions enough to hold it.
Five veara. what a Ion? time to live in
one placet So they sold out the rights
to the Homesteads.
One of them did m&nsjrn to stav on
his till it only lacked two months of the
five years, tie bad been in the army
the most of the time, where he had had
plenty of moving, and the family had
lor once lived more than two years
without "packing." But he had got
home from the army, and had been
there -on that farm a year, a whole
year, and life had become a burden.
With a heavy heart he thought upon it
and planned lor a move, xieip came
in the form of a shrewd old JJutchman,
who wanted the land. He wanted
that farm, but he was in no great haste;
two months made little difference to
him. Bat it did to Dubble; he could
not wait two months before he had that
place entirely off his hands. So he
borrowed 9200 of the Dutchman, and.
making off to the Land-Office, paid for
the land which in two short months
would have been his own. and paid
with money which, at the end of that
time, would have been added to the
price of the land which he received.
and have gone into his pocket instead
01 be in fir sent to w as nine-ton.
The law allowing a man to pre-empt
or take a homestead but once, they then
tried railroad land. Failing to make
the payments, they gradually lost the
land, one after another, or sold out
their improvements" for a little and
drifted off again; one into a little, turn
bled-down house on a rented farm, an
other into a sod house on the vast
plains of the western part of the State,
and so on. This peculiarity left the
Dubble Settlement," as it was called.
dotted in every now and then with
small log house, a shanty with a bark
roof and puncheon floor, or perhaps
only a little hole cut in the woods, dig
nified bv beinu called a clearing, and
which soon filled with sumachs and all
kinds of underbrush. One would hard
ly expect men who transacted business
in any manner I have described to be
come rich, but they were sure they
should on some day, always just a little
in the future, become immensely
wealthy, as they counted wealth, and
many and peculiar were their plans to
reacn tne desired end.
On Tom's farm was an immense
marsh, perfectly impassable to man or
beast. Seeds and tall grasses bordered
It for several rods, and in the center
was a black pond full of frogs and cov
ered with bussing mosquitoes. Under
neath it all was a depth of black mud
which was apparently bottomless. An
adventurous young man in pursait of a
deer had attempted to take a shorter
route after bis game Dy crossing this
marsh. It was in the fall, and some
what frozen, and he thought by taking
his way across the dry est portion and
leaping from one bunch to another of
the dry grass, he could cross. But sud
denly, happening to step where it was
little frozen, down , he went, and the
soft, black mud closed over his head,
and bad it not been that his foot touched
a sunken tree trunk, deeply buried ia
the mud, which enabled him to spring
out and seek the shore, it would have
been his grave, and the mystery of his
disappearance would never have been
But such small matters as that were
of no moment to its owner; he propos
ed to drain it. Could it be done? Of
course it could and he knew exactly
how. It was very simple, just cut
through to the lake near it, and let the
water run "inter" the lake. " But the
lake is the highest," some one sug
gested, and will run into your marsh
what then P" "O. I'll resk that," he
answered, but his "resk" did not lower
the lake an inch. Such glowing ac
counts as he gave of the wheat-field
which he was to have the following
year! A hundred acres for he should
not stop with one marsh, he would
drain that beyond him on land owned
by a "speklator." One could fairly see
the wheat-heads nodding in the breeze,
and hear the click of the new reaper
he was to buy, when listening to his
enthusiastic accounts. Other men on
their little stumpy patches, used cra
dles, but he wouldhave a reaper and a
span of good horses to draw it. Enough
to say that he never even threw the
first shovelful of dirt out of his drain.
but got enamored of a life on the
prairie and left. He never said, like
Col. Sellers, " There's millions in it! "
but talked equally grand and absurd
and drifted around for a time in his
covered wagon, then into a sod house,
and finally back to the same settlement.
to borrow a bit of pork or a half a cap
of tea, of some more prosperous neigh-
Liie" tried patent risrhts. He had
one mare, his whole dependence to car
ry on his small farm, but he traded her
with considerable boot," for a patent
churn;- when his own county and the
one adjoining were so sparsely settled
that he could not have sold enough
churns to recover the price of his horse
if every one had churned the cow in
stead of the cream. He had now no
horse, to be sure, but his wife had a
patent churn and he had a " right,"
and besides there had been one more
chance to trade, so that all things con
sidered it was quite an advantage, any
one can see.
All these slow, easy-going brothers
had, as might be expected, the most
fiery of wives; the slowest, easiest of
all having married a short, tow-hailed
little woman, who always went in a sort
of whirlwind, boxing and cuffing her
boys about as she snatched here and
there at various articles in her house,
doing up her work." " I tell 'em"
she used to say. ' I tell 'em a gal's a
fool tew git manned and go racin' au
over the country. - 1 tell 'em, its
enough to wear out a saint;" and
who 11 dispute her? --
But the most sanguine, uneasy cloud-
Ealace-builder of all, was " Ren." He
ad a neighbor who, when invited to
enter a house sometimes, if in a hurry.
answered, " Bio, thankee; 1 can't stop
to stay;'' or, if not, remarked casually,
he would ' jest drap een." That was
the way with this man Dabble. He could
not " stop to stay," he would " jest
drap een" somewhere and then he was
up and away.
One who had known him for several
years counted up the houses he had
T , . . . . 1 .
Known mm to ounu up to mat ume,
and by actual count there were seven
teen. His great project was a canal
which was to connect a lake, or series
f lakes, some nine miles long, with
the Mississippi, which was twelve or
fourteen miles distant. On the lake
was to be a large steamer and numer
ous smaller boats, and the commerce
was to be something magnificent. Who
was to do all this, and wbat the trade
was to consist of, he never took the
trouble to mention. The same lake
has since been fitted up for a summer
resort, and every summor people from
Minneapolis, St. Paul, and even as far
South as . New Orleans, visit there; but
then, when wolves and bears roamed
about its banks and the Indian's tepee
poles and stones on which their kettles
had been placed were the only signs of
human beings near it, it sounded slight
ly visionary. He grew very enthusias
tic, one year, over a piaa 01 ais oy
which all suffering of the poor in cities
might be stopped. It was to have peo
ple take wagons and, begging clothing 01
the rich, mi tnem and go snout and dis
tribute them amon? the poor: and when
some one informed him that something
of the sort was done, though not in ex
actly that manner, be was quite sur-
Erised for a moment, but soon resumed
is talk. He managed at one time to
become the owner of a large amount of
cord-wood which he was sure would
make his fortune, but so anxious was
he to sell that he peddled it oat in the
town in which he was then living, for
old clothes, or whatever be could get.
and the little for which he received
money was sold for much less than he
had paid for it. His family was very
poorly supplied with food, one winter,
but he had the good luck to kill a bear
and then he was happy. There were
hundreds of young hickory trees near
him which he proceeded to cut and sell
for hoop-poles, thus purchasing flour
provided the means with which to
" fare sumptuously every day" all win
ter. Joe and 1 came across bim one
day with a pail of raspberries in each
hand, started to walk to town. Joe
stopped and asked him to ride and he
climbed - in at the back of the light
You have some nice berries there,
Mr. Dubble," said Joe.
Yes, but didn't pick 'em. It does
well enough for wimen and young
ones, but 'taint no work lor a man.
Hanner and the young ones picks 'em
and I sells 'em. Young ones is like
bees. Take the honey from bees and
they go right to work agin and it's jest
so with young ones and berries."
have often heard it said that if you
gave a Yankee a riding bridle he would
trade till he had a horse and equip
ments complete. I was always inclined
to doubt it a little and class it among
the stories told concerning wooden nut
megs and the like, but I have begun to
believe it since I heard of how this very
man got him a good spring-wagon from
a cow-bell without a "clapper." He
was walking through the woods and
stumbled over the bell in the dead
leaves, lost from the cow which had
been feeding there. He took it home
and shortly after traded it off for a
small, old fashioned pistol. He threw
in a little something as "boot" and
soon traded his pistol for a gun with
out a lock, again giving some trifle as
boot. The gun he repaired and swap
ped that for an old wagon. This he
repaired somewhat and traded with an
old Frenchman for a new spring wagon.
throwing in some old. half-worn affairs
to which the Frenchman had taken a
fancy. Such genius as that ought to
be rewarded, but I am sorry to add, his
trades were oftener reversed; he gener
ally began with the wagon and ended
with the cow-bell. Springfield (Moss.)
The HlppopoUmas at Home.
Kingwere, the canoe peddler (says
Mr. Stanley), espying us from his brake
covert on the opposite side, civilly re
sponded to our hallooes, and brought
his huge hollowed tree skillfully over
the whirling eddies of the river to
where we stood waiting for him. While
one party loaded the canoe with other
floods, others got ready a long rope to
as ten around the animals' necks, where
with to haul them through the river to
the other bank.
After seeing the work properly com
menced, I sat down on a condemned
canoe to amuse myself with the hippo
potami by peppering their thick skulls
with my No. 13 smoothbore. The
Winchester rifle (calibre 44) did no
more than slightly tap them, causing
about as much injury as a boy's sling;
it was perfect in its accuracy of fire.
for ten times in succession I struck the
tops of their heads between the ears.
One old fellow, with tne look 01 a
sage, was tapped close to the right ear
with one of these bullets, instead 01
submerging himself, as others had
done, he coolly turned round his head
as if to ask: "Why this waste of valua
ble cartridges on us?" The response
to the mute inquiry of his sageship was
an ounce-and-a-quarter bullet from the
smoothbore, which made him bellow
with pain, and in a few moments he
rose up again tumbling in his death
agonies. As his groans were so pite
ous. I refrained from a useless sacrifice
of life, and left the amphibious horde
A little knowledge concerning tnese
uncouth inmates of the African waters
was gained even during the few min
utes we were delayed at the ferry.
When undisturbed by foreign sounds,
they congregate in shallow water on
the sandbars, with the fore half of their
bodies exposed to the warm sunshine,
and are in appearance, when thus som
nolently reposing, very like a herd of
enormous swine. W hen startled by tne
noise of an intruder, they plunge hasti
ly into the depths, lashing the waters
into a yellowish foam, and scatter
themselves below the surface, when
presently the heads of a few reappear,
snorting the water from their nostrils,
to take a fresh breath .and a cautious
scrutiny around them; when thus, we
see but their ears, forehead, eves and
nostrils, and, as they hastily submerge
again, it requires a steady wrist and a
quick hand to shoot them.
1 have beard several comparisons
made of their appearance while floating
in this manner; some Arabs told me
before I had seen them that they looked
like dead trees carried down the river;
others, who in some country had seen
hogs, thought they resembled them;
but to my mind they look more like
horses when swimming their curved
necks and pointed ears, their wide eyes
and expanded nostrils, favor greatly
The circular of the Mercantile Agen
cy of R. G. Dun & Co., just issued, gives
the number of failures in the United
States lor the third quarter of 1879 as
1,262. with liabilities amounting to
$15,275,550. Compared with the third
quarter of the previous year, a great
reduction is exhibited, the number of
failures being 1,591, and the amount of
liabilities $51,102,813 less. For the first
nine months of 1879 the failures num
bered 5.320, with liabilities of $81,054,
940. During the corresponding period
in 1878 the failures numbered 8,678 and
the liabilities $197,211,129, showing
that thus far during the current year
there has been a large reduction in the
number of failures and a much larger
proportionate reduction in the amount
of liabilities involved. Both in number
and amount involved the failures for
the third quarter of 1879 have been the
lightest the country has experienced in
any year since the panic. The average
liability per failure was about $12,000;
a year ago the average was nearly twice
as large. The fact that business houses
are in exceptionally strong condition at
the present time tells its own story of
the business revival.
The marked contrast with the favor
able exhibit made by the United States
is that which Canada makes, according
to the ngures 01 the agency. 1 he num
ber of failures in the Dominion during
the third quarter of 1879 exceeded by
more than one-third the failures lor the
corresponding quarter of 1878; while
the amount involved was one-half
larger. In fact, the amount involved
by the failures in Canada for the quar
ter ending June 30, 1879, was almost
half as much as the total liabilities in
the United States during the same
period. The population of the United
States is easily ten times that of Can
ada, while in point 01 wealth the dis
proportion is still greater. Even on the
basis of population the failures in Can
ada were five times as disastrous to the
commercial community as those in the
United States. Velroxl free Ires.
Curiosities In the Mails.
Novelties are sent every day through
the mails. Among the latest and
strangest articles received for delivery
at the New York Postofiice are two live
baby alligators. They came to hand on
Monday morning, much to the surprise
of ' the officials, who opened the pack
ages. " No. 14," Superintendent Pur
dy's room, is the " Old Curiosity Shop'1
of the Postal Department. It is the re
ceptacle for all the queer things and ir
regular stuff constantly being received
from all parts of the world by persons
ignorant of the postal laws, and by
many in defiance of the known regula
tion as to third-class matter.
" We get some queer things by mail, I
can tell vou," said Assistant Superin
tendent Jones; then fixing his eye on
the reporter, he continued: "Now what
would you think if I told you we some
times get toads through the mails. You
laugh; why, we get lots of 'em, and
cartridges, detonating powder, torpe
does, fireworks, sky-rockets, and even
"You've got them bad, haven't you?"
observed the reporter.
1 mean lust what I say," replied
Mr. Jones, with a grim smile Let
me tell you. It was about eight years
atro. we received bv mail five varieties
of live snakes. Well, we wrote to Wash
ington for instructions as to their dispo
sition, and "
"Why didn't you kill them right
awayr asked tne reporter.
" well, you see. they reach us in
transit, and we have no power to de
stroy any mail matter under such cir
cumstances. These snakes really ought
to bave been killed at the post-office
where they were mailed.
eu, wbat instructions did you
" We were ordered to send them on
to Washington, and they were finally
deposited at the Smithsonian institute.
Some of them died, but one specimen
is s 1111 aiive."
" Were they venomous snakes?" '
"Yes, sir; we learned afterward
from Washington of their villainous
character. . Why, one was a good
sized, -well-developed rattle-snake.
They came through the mails in tin
cans. Mow. this alligator is a harmless
kind of mail matter, compared with
vicious copperheads." -
The alligators iust received are really
beautiful specimens. '1 hev are about
twelve inches long, and handsomely
marked with yellow rings from head to
tail. The strange creatures were
mailed in small flat boxes, with perfor
ations for air. The directions were in
different handwritings. One was to be
sent to Mrs. Eldert, Flatbush avenue.
Brooklyn, and the other to a student at
Vassar College. Pouehkeepsie. N. Y.
The post-office authorities permitted a
cierk who lives, near riatbush avenue
to deliver bv hand the alligator ad
dressed to Mrs. Eldert; the other is
peacefully enjoying himself in the com
fortable quarters assigned him in the
post-office. It is a queston whether his
alligatorship will ever reach the fair
hands of the Vassar student.
" What shall we do with it? O. make
a pet of it," said Mr. Jones.
The reporter laughed at the idea. .
" Now let me tell you, sir," continued
the officer, " we once had a cat sent
through the mails. That's a fact. We
took it out of the bag, fed it, and
brought it up in the office, and that cat
was the mother of a noble race of post-
In the department supervised bv
Messrs. Purdy and Jones, the stupid
mistakes of thoughtless citizens who
patronize the post-office are rectified.
and the work cans for peculiar skill
and a large amount of patience. Some
times the receipt of these strange creat
ures through the mails leads to very
humorous correspondence between New
York and Washington. It is not gen
erally known where the irregular stuff
comes from, as the stamps on this class
of mail matter are what is called
" killed" at the receiving offices.
" How is it such queer things are sent
out?" queried the reporter.
Mmpiy through the stupidity or
carelessness of country postmasters.
We have to keep a sharp eye on all sus
picious parcels, and in opening them
we take the greatest care, it is no
trivial business to be able to dispose of
the heterogeneous mass of stuff which
silly people slip into the mails. You
see they take their chances, without a
thought of the nuisance and trouble
they cause to the employes."
Does Airs. Jcldert know who sent
her the alligator?"
" 1 think not," said Air. Jones. "&ne
has an idea that a friend traveling in
North Carolina forwarded it as a me
mento of the trip. N. Y. Star.
Our Volunteers at the Outset of the War.
Beyond a very little drill, our officers
at the outset knew nothing of their du
ties. I have seen a Colonel, a man of
much militia experience, deploy column
under fire in such fashion as to bring
his rear rank in front, and the right of
every company where the left should
be, with the nesessary result 01 throw
ing his regiment into utter confusion.
have known Captain sent out on
vidette when he did not know what a
vidette . was, and formed his men as
skirmishers. . Commandants of grand
guards were ignorant of the necessity
of vigilence, and thought it a shame
not- to let their tired Do,8" sleep on
post. No one can estimate the number
of brave men who perished uselessly
in small operations because their im
mediate officers did not knew how to
manage them. In large operations it
was still worse. Of men fit for inde
pendent commands, or even fit to han
dle a division under clear instructions,
the State troops had none to oner as
they always will have none. If we had
not been opposed to troops about as ill
directed as ourselves, and if we had
not had the science of West Point and the
regular service to organize and disci
pline and guide us, our early expe
riences would have been far more dis
astrous than they were.
The chief strength of the volunteer
forces lay in the very superior charac
ter of the rank and file. They were
brave, intelligent, self-respecting citi
zens, determined to master their own du
ties, and determined to win. Mere drill
they learned rapidly, and to admira
ble perfection. They soon discovered,
too, the necessity of discipline, and act
ually aided their officers in establishing
it. Of their patience under tne cruelty
of forced marches, and of their courage
on the field of battle, I cannot write
even now without a throb of emotion.
The fragment of my old company, in
its last bloody fight with a gallant
enemy, made charge after charge un
der a corporal. "You don't go into
snch a hole because you like it," ex
plained a trooper, describing a dash
through a cannon-swept valley; "you
go in because you are ashamed to go
back on tne Doys. "it's a burning
shame that the Captain should be sent
up without his own company!" ex
claimed a private soldier, when his
officer .was ordered forward to rally a
forlorn hope which had already lost
three commandants. " We may as well
do it to-day as to-morrow." said the
men to one another, as they advanced
under Sheridan to recover the field of
Cedar Creek. Such was the spirit of
the masses of that memorable army.
and. also, as T annnme. of the very
similar army which confronted it. Self
respect, a noble feeling of comradeship,
earnest purpose, and common sense
supplied in great measure the lack of
complete discipline and of trained regi
mental officers. November AUanuc
The Latest Scientific Wonder.
The latest scientific wonder that has
dropped into trade and elbowed its way
into the advertising columns of the press
is the glass castor. It is a crystal
globe that insulates your bed. It is the
same old show under the same old tent.
Electricity you know. It insulates your
bed, and keeps all your electricity from
running off while you Bleep. You un
derstand how the old thing works, of
course. Cures rheumatism, insomnia,
salt rheum, corns, old bunions, sprains,
consumption, general debility, dyspep
sia, colds, neuralgic pains, cholera,
malarial fevers, ague, sore throat, in
growing nail, distemper, cracked hoof,
bronchitis, asthma, saddle galls,
scratches, heaves and hydrophobia.
You remember, do you not, when a
slab of blue glass, eight inches long
and four inches wide placed in tne
front window of a house, cured every
body of everything within a circuit of
four squares? Well, this is the same
old thing; another copartnership of
science (?) and trade under a new
name. It is an erratum; " for blue
glass, read glass insulator." Try it?
Why of course, try it. If some men
should sav that a horse shoe carried in
each hand would cure dyspepsia, every
man in America would go around look
ing like a boy trying to raise his circus
money, until the next craze came along
O yes, you'll try it. And about this
time next year you'll lie about it, and
say you never had one of the things in
your 'house. We know you. Hawh
Taking; the Census.
Gen. Francis A. Walker, Superin
tendent of Census, with a view to se
curing greater accuracy and uniformity
in the agricultural statistics to be com
piled for the tenth census, has just is
sued a circular setting forth the aims
and wishes of the bureau with regard
to the method of arranging such statis
tics. The agricultural schedule an
nexed to the act of 1850, which is also
made a part of the act of March S,
1879, providing for the tenth census,
requires a report of the chief ' produc
tions of agriculture " during the year
ending Jane 1." ' There is, however, no
distinct agricultural year which ends on
the 1st of June, and there is reason to
believe that the statistics of agriculture
from 1850 to 1870 in regard to many of
the principal products embraced por
tions 01 two dinerent crops, inasmuch
as the enumeration was protracted
three, four or even' five months, by
the act approved March S, 1879, it is
provided that the tenth census shall be
taken and completed during the month
of Jane, 1880. This provision greatly
reduces the liability to error which has
As the enumeration begins on the 1st
of June and closes on or before the
30th, all the crops which are gathered
once a year will fall pretty clearly on
one side or the other of the dividing
line. Thus, the cotton crop reported
in the census will be that of 1879, gath
ered in the fall of that year, while the
wool clip or " wool crop" will be that
of the spring of 1880, except in por
tions of California and Texas, where
both a fall and a spring clip are se
cured. For certain agricultural prod
ucts, however, there is no harvest in
the usual sense of that term, but the
Sroduct is gathered week by week or
ay by day as it matures. Milk, but-.
ter, cheese and meat oeiong to this
To remove any doubts that may arise
concerning the crops to be returned in
the census, the following list presents
the several crops specifically mentioned
in the agricultural schedule, arranged
as they fall into the calendar year 1879.
or that of 1880, or are to be returned
for the twelve months beginning June
1, 1879. and closing May 31, 1880. Of
the crop of the calendar year of 1879:
Wheat, corn, rye, oats, barley, buck
wheat, rice, tobacco, cotton, potatoes,
peas and beans; orchards, vineyards,
small fruits, hay, clover seed, grass
seed, hops, hemp, flax, flax seed, sugar
cane and sorghum, acres and quantity;
bees, number of hives, pounds of honey
and wax. Of the crops of the calendar
year 1880: Wool, number of fleeces and
pounds; maple sugar, pounds; maple
molasses, gallons. Of the yield of the
twelve months ending May 31: Butter,
cheese and milk sold, quantity; ani
mals slaughtered, value; market gar
dens, acres and value; forest products
and home manufactures, value.
The Law and Epidemics.
In most of our cities the law requires
that every case of small-pox shall be at
once reported to the Board of Health.
Failure to report a case by the attend
ing physician or the patient's family
incurs a penalty. Similar laws have
likewise been adopted in respect to
other infectious diseases, the worst of.
which are diphtheria and scarlet fever.
The special object of these laws is to
secure the isolation of the disease.
The diseases of childhood are largely
propagated in the school-room, and
hence the law not only cuts off the pa
tient from the school, but allows his re
turn only after a fixed time from his
But, while it has been possible to
control small-pox, so that it has ceased
to be an object of dread, it has not been
possible to secure fully the isolation of
patients suffering from scarlet fever
and diphtheria. All last winter and
spring there were nearly two hundred
cases of scarlet fever a week in New
One difficulty in securing this isola
tion is that there is not in the minds of
the people generally a full conviction
that these diseases are as infectious as
small-pox. When sick with the small
pox, no one but the nurse and the doc
tor can visit the patient, and in case of
death he is buried in private; with scar
let fever and diphtheria, the members of
the family freely enter the room, and
other children -are allowed to call at the
house; and in case of death, the usual
funeral ceremonies are observed.
Parents and teachers should fully co
operate with the law in securing isola
tion of these diseases, and should do
whatever is necessary to this end be
yond what the law is at present pre
pared to do.
"Put on Petticoats!"
Tha . Indian custom is to butcher
prisoners taken in battle. Such, how
ever, was not the practice of Tecum
seh, the great chief who, as an ally of
the British, fought against us in the
war of 1812. lie hated tne Americans,
but he fought as a warrior, and not as
In 1813, CoL Dudley, while attempt
ing to relieve Fort Meigs where Gen.
Harrison was besieged by British and
Indians, was defeated with great slaugh
ter. As usual, the Indians began kill
iner the American prisoners. General
Proctor, the British commander, looked
coolly on and made no effort to res
Suddenly a voice sounded like a clap
of thunder, and Tecumsen, mounted on
a foaming horse, dashed among the
butchers. Two Indians were in the act
of killing a prisoner. Springing from
his horse. Tecumseh seized one Indian
bv the throat and the other bv the
breast and threw them to the ground.
Drawing tomahawk and seal ping
knife, he oared any Indian to touch an
other prisoner. A chief disobeyed, and
Tecumseh brained him with his toma
hawk. The Indians sullenly desisted.
"What will become of my Indians ?
he exclaimed. Then turning to Proc
tor, who stood near, he sternly de
manded why he had not put a stop to
' Your Indians cannot be command
ed." replied the General.
" Go away! You are unfit to com
mand. Put one petticoats!" was the
ounces of the scraped roots, one ounce
of minced onions, one oracnm 01 cay
enne, one quart 01 vinegar.
Tbb boy with the gold watch wants
to know what time it is twice as often
as does the boy with the silver chro
nometer. N. X. 8tar.
The Democracy and Fair Elections.
It is the misfortnhe of the Democratic
party that all its history, traditions and
tendencies, and more especially the
revolutionary attitude assumed by its
representatives in the late session of
Congress, are so directly at variance
with the recognized principles upon
which our system of government is
based, that the simple statement of any
elementary political truth is an arraign
ment of that party for some leading
feature of its policy. It follows that
Republican Conventions have only to
formulate some of these established and
unquestioned principles and they have
constructed a distinctively Republican
declaration of faith and a fighting plat
form for an aggressive canvass in any
State contest. A Simple statement that
the National honor shall be held sacred
is -an indorsement of the conduct of the
National finances by Republican ad
ministrations and a denunciation of
Democratic hostility to resumption and
its open or covert endeavors to repudi
ate the solemn obligations of the Gov
ernment. The proclamation made by
every Republican Convention, of the
year that this is a Nation and not a
league is more than a mere reaffirma
tion of the central truth established
once and forever by the war. It is the
controlling idea in the entire body of
legislation adopted in the direction of
all the administrative energy expended
during the years of Republican su
premacy, and it is an indictment of the
Democratic party for plunging the
country into civil war, for aggravating
the trials and burdens of the contest
and for its treasonable efforts since to
surrender every advantage that was so
painfully and gloriously won, '
' A free and honest expression of pop
ular opinion at the polls is so manifest
a- necessity in our system, and every
attempt to abridge this feeling, or fal
sify its expression, is so utterly subver
sive of the basement principle of rep
resentative government, that it is hard
ly possible to understand how a great
political party in a free country could
be other than sensitive on this vital
point. ' And yet when the Republicans
of Minnesota, followed a day later by
the Republicans of New York, com
mended Mr. Hayes for his firmness in
upholding the safeguards of the ballot
box; they pronounced a condemnation
on the party which lately struggled for
months to withdraw all efficient pro
tection from the polls and make voting
cruel and delusive farce. Disguise
their purpose as they may the evident
object of the attack upon the election
laws was to insure Democratic success
by fraud. Under the universal rule of
this party in the South there is no pre
tence of a fair election. The ballot is
a mockery.' The voice of the people is
stifled.. Party despotism is absolute.
Elections are simply enforcements at
the muzzle of the shotgun of the de
crees of an armed minority. - There is
a solid Democratic representation from
the South in both houses of Congress,
not because - each member honestly rep
resents ' a Democratic constituency.
but because Republicans do not and
dare not register their will at the polls.
It is not the utterance of a useless tru
ism then when Republican Conventions
assert the necessity of a free election.
It is distinctive Republican doctrine. It
is more, it is a question of immediate
and capital importance, and it involves
directly the issue of the coming
National canvass. Of course, the
Representatives from the South who
have bulldozed their way into Congress
have small scruples as to the means so
long as the President is captured. As
usual they find subservient allies in
their oartv at the North. and thus it hap
pens that the Democracy are unitedto re
peal the only laws which stand between
them and any majority, fortunately
this fine scheme is liable to ruu against
something quite as. solid as the South.
. , 1 , 1 - . . 1 ,1
A. party wuica repuuiates au tue pri
mary truths of political science, which
assails every fundamental principle in
our system of Uovernment, which
makes light of National honesty and
honor, and whose central purpose now
is to gain possession of the Capital by
using violence in the South and by fals
ifying the verdict of the people in the
North, is in a fair way to discover that
there is such a thing as a popular con
science as well as popular intelligence.
Tne vote this t au will prooaoiy indi
cate that a great many people are giv
ing serious reflection to these essential
matters. N. T. Tribune. '
A Real Peril.
Democratic journals are never tired
of howling about the Republicans being
in power by a minority vote. And yet
the Republican States which, -by the
census of 1870, contained a population
of 19,289.822, polled last year 3,832584
votes, while the Democratic states witn
a population in 1870 of 18,314,435,
polled a vote last year of 2,839,135
votes, cut with nearly a million less
votes the Democratic States secured
sixteen more Congressmen than were
secured by the Republican States.
Here is a strange question of American
politics. How is this gross inequality
to be accounted for? On the average
of the total vote, assuming, in equity.
that it requires the same number of
votes to elect a Democratic as a Repub
lican Congressman, the Republican
party would have secured 169 members
of the present Congress, and the Dem
ocratic party 125 members. This is a
startling proposition, but it results
from the comparative votes of the two
parties. The excess of Democratic
Congressmen on -the deficient vote of
the Democratic party as compared with
that of the Republican party represents
Democratic methods terrorism, intim
idation, the shotgun policy, bulldozing
and fraud. No matter how humiliating
and shameful the reflection may be, it
is best that the American people
should realize that Democratic con
trol of Congress was secured by crush
ing freedom of political discussion and
action, by coercing citizens, by the
spilling of blood, and by deliberate
frauds upon the ballot-boxes. These
remarkable frauds and - acts of bulldoz
ing are confined mainly to the solid
Democratic South. The Democrats
have twenty-eight members in the Sen
ate from the South and only twelve
from the North. In the House the
Democrats have one hundred members
from the South and only fifty-five from
the North. The committees of both
Houses are made up with a majority of
Democrats. The Southern members
have an overwhelming majority in the
Democratic caucus. The caucus de
cides the policy of the party and through
it the South dominates the country. It
is this aspect of affairs which alarms the
country and is arousing public senti
ment to the perils of the situation. It
is not only a virtual surrender to the
Southern Confederacy with all ' that
term implies, but it is submission to
the doctrine of minority rule. The
moment the American people let go
their hold upon the cardinal principle
that majorities shall rale, that moment .
they bid good-bye to the perpetuity of
the Republic. The issue involved in
(he campaign of 1879-80 is therefore
one of more vital importance than
would strike the superucial observer.
It has a terrible significence with refer-:
ence to the future of free Government,
and while we have an abiding faith in
the American Republic we believe its
permanance can be secured only by the
fidelity and vigilance of the friends of "
civil and religious liberty. Burlington
Hawk-Eye. . - .
"Mistakes That Are Crimes. "
Since the crushing defeat which the
Democracy of Ohio suffered, there
comes from various parts of the coon
try, and particularly from the South, a
wail of anger and disgust. " We might
have expected this," writes one Demo
crat to another in Washington, " after
the commission of a series of mistakes
which are crimes." Another incau-,
tiously remarks that "our Hotspurs
Should have been restrained for the
To what "mistakes" do these Demo
crats refer? What is there in their na
ture which makes them crimes? When
did they learn that these mistakes were
crimes P These and many similar ques
tions suggest themselves when a Demo
crat refers to party mistakes as crimes. .
Was it the soft money lunacy that was
one of these mistakes? If so, why had
not this Democrat protested when it
was dangerous, and not after it had
ceased to exist because of Democratic
defeat? Or were they the " mistakes"
of the extra session of the Democratic
Congress the starve-the-Government
policy, the re-assertion of the right of
secession, the denial that this country
is a Nation, the nullification of laws it
had no nower to repeal, the turning out
of crippled Union soldiers from offices
in control of the Democracy and tilling
them with able-bodied ex-Confederates?
The Democratic purpose to take the
Government by the throat unless the
President should surrender his consti
tutional prerogatives was announced by
Senator Tburman before the last tjon-
gress passed out of existence. If this
purpose was in its nature a mistake
that was a crime, why did not the Dem
ocrats at home bold meetings to pro
test against it? Why did not Demo
cratic journals denounce such a mis
take if it was a crime? So of all the
so-called mistakes. Thev were the re
sult of caucus consultation, where it is
supposed that the wisdom and the pa
triotism of the party could control the.
counsels and shape the party action,
and as such were approved by the en
tire party outside. '
We fear that the discovery that these
mistakes are crimes comes too late.
Had the Democrats carried any State in
the North thus far, no Democrat would
have discovered that the plans and
plots of the Democrats in Congress
were mistakes or crimes, xney De
come mistakes because they have
proved damaging to Democratic proj
ects. They are crimes to those who
now lament them in the sense that they
have resulted disastrously to the Demo
cratic party in the North. They are,
moreover, crimes in which every Dem
ocratic convention in the North shares
the responsibility, since every one,
even to General Butler's Democratic
convention, which reaffirmed in its
platform the time-honored principles
of the Democratic party, and in the
speech of its presiding officer the ac
tion of the Democratic Congress en
dorsed them. These " mistakes" have
become the principles of the Democrat
ic party. If they are "crimes," as in
dignant Democrats declare them to be,
then the Democratic policy is a combi
nation of 6 rimes. BotUox Journal.
Who Pays the Taxes.
The Democratic newspapers will nev
er cease howling about two things
namely: that the Presidential election
in 1876 was a fraud, and that Samuel
J. Tilden had a tremendous majority
on the popular vote. This popular-vote
branch of their grievance still sticks in
their throats, and they have harped so
Ion g upon it th at the average Democratic
voter has become convinced that his
party is decidedly numerous every
where, and owns most of the property,
and pays a large proportion of the tax
es. State and National. This is a de
lusion that can easily be dispelled by
reference to the facts and figures. The
Tribune1 1 Washington correspondent
recently published some statistics go
ing to show the relative condition of
the two political parties that should not
be lost sight of in this discussion. The
popular vote in 1878 for the present
members of the House of Representa
tives showed a majority in favor of the
Republicans of 995,000. In the States
that gave Republican majorities last
fall, the majority of Electoral votes
was thirteen. The majority of the pop
ulation, according to the last census, is
1,500,000, in round numbers, in favor
of the Republican States. - In the mat
ter of wealth, the Republican States
exceed the Democratic States by $12,
713,415,141. The Republican States
contributed in taxes in 1878 more than
$115,000,000 more than the Democratic
States. According to the last census,
those in the Democratic States who
could not read or write exceeded the
same class in the Republican States hy
over 8,000,000. These figures are au
thentic and can be relied upon. The
moral support that they furnish be
longs to the Republican party, and a
knowledge of the facts dispels the de
lusion that afflicts certain ignorant
Bourbons -that their party contains a
majority of the voting population and
an excess of the country's wealth
and intelligence. Chicago Tribune.
A Prussian of an inquiring mind has
been trying to average the weight of
people. The average shows that a cit
izen of the world on the first day of his
appearance in public weighs about six
pounds and a half a boy-baby a little
a o-iri.hn.hv a. little less. Some
very modest babies scarcely turn the
scale with two pounds and a half, while
other pretentious youngsters boast of
ten and eleven pounds. He grouped
his thousands of people according to
ages, and found that the young men of
twenty averaged one hundred and forty
three pounds each, while the young
women of twenty average one hundred
and twenty pounds. His men reached
their heaviest bulk at about thirty-five,
when their average weight is one hun
dred and fifty-two pounds; but the wo
men slowly grew on until fifty, when
their average weight was one hundred
and twenty-nine pounds. Men and wo
men together, the weight at full growth
averaged almost exactly one hundred
and forty pounds. '
A good business stand is a standing
advertisement. Cincinnati Gazette.