Newspaper Page Text
J ? i.i j A Familv Newspaper, Devoted, to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc.
WELLINGTON, O.V THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 1879.
PUBUSHED EVERY THURSDAY,
T. AV. HOUGHTON.
Office, Tat Bid of Public Sqnsxa.
TERMS OF 8UB3CBIPTION:
One copy, one year................. ,
One euy, six months.
Onepy. three months..................
i not paul witoin tbe :
J. H. DICK SOX, Attomey-at-Law, Wellington, O.
once la Bane Ralldlnx. ad floor.
W. F. RERRICK. Attorney sad Coansellorat Law,
Benedict's Bloc. XI Boor. Welling on, O.
F O. JOHNSON. L-McLKAlf.
Johasoa MeL ax. Attorneys and Counsellors at
Law, Syria, O. Ode So. a. Meesey Block.
J. w. HOUGHTON. Votary PcbUe. Office la
BooghtoB's Dreg Store. West sMs Public Sausra.
ARTHUR W. NICHOLS. Notary Public Loss sad
Collection Agrat. Bastocss eau mt to my ear. win
rmlTe prompt stteaMoa. With Johasoa McLean.
No. X Massee Block. K yrla, O.
TK- J. BUST. RJSMBODathuS.
eocs. West side rablle square.
- DR. B. BATH WAV. HoBMspstole Physlesa aad
Bargssa. QaV-c st railotaca, Westerns South Ham
Street. Ws'Uagtoa. O.
T. MeCLAREN. sf. D.. Phyalclaa sad Samoa
Calls from TllUgs sag eouatry wul iseelTe prompt at-
' tentfaa. Oatoe ta su story of O. If. Stroup i
WfiUlng. South aide of Liberty Street. Wellington, O
L. P. HQLBROOK. Borgeoa Dentist. Office tn
Br scd let Block.
Flow, Feed. to.
B. R4sfLCf. Dealer m riour. Feed. Oram.
Salt. Etc Wsrebousa, West aMs
Street, Welttagton. O.
riBST NATIOSAL BAKE. WelUagtca. O. Does
geasml bsaklag Inlna Buya aad selU K. T.
gsisnsaii. Govsrssasst Bonds, Eto. S. a. Wan
risstssnt; B. A. Hon, Cssaler.
W- F. AWTKLL. FhatoaTaahsr.
aswTs Block. Welttagton. O.
Gallery la Ar-
m year srtntlng to the KMerprlas Ofllce.
of srtattag dose aeatlyaad promptly. Offlos
bus FahUe Sessrs, ever Houghtoa's Drag
KW1XU Saddler sad HsneatMsker. The beat
employed, and ealy tbe beat stock used.
Boots aai Shoes.
ASHFoRD. Msaafscturer and dealer fa
d Sboes aad all kmds of gist class eastern
II work sad mstertsls roily warrant
South stds of Liberty Stmt, WclllBgeoa, O.
OOODWIH, The bsuraacs Ageat, wfnba
ca m Hasted Bros.'
; (awe. where be win he pleased ts ass his oM cas-
tasedtagaaythlBg m his Baa.
I and paid at his agency.
UyoasraatanACbMSgosTS, Hair Cat, or Shaaa.
poo, call at aVXKaeaB'i O. K. Bbsrtnc Sslooa. Liberty
AfanasaonmeBtof Hair OOa, Fesaadas
l Wa alas keep the beat bread of
. T. BOBISSOX.
WaXLtSGTOS FL AVISO MILL. Manafaelursi
sad dislsis m tub. Doors. BUada, Brackets. Bat.
irder. D. L. Waaawefth, Proa. Office, Bear rsU-
H. WAD6WORTH A SOB, phulng hUD. acroO
Lumber, Lath, Bhmgles. Doors. Sash,
Bltada, MoaMtaga sad Drassed Lember of an sorts.
Tsrd Bear Hajails's Feed Store, WsUmgtoa, U.
J. H. WIGHT. Daslrr ta Clocks, Watches, Jewelry.
Silverware. Goal Peas, Etc. Shop la Houghtoa's
Xorchjtat Tailors. -
B. B. HOLLKKBACH, afereaast TaOor, la Ualea
Okocs. Boom a.
A. B. POWKRS Merehaat TaOor. A Sua ssaort-
meatrt Ootlis ad fsisl meres, which will be mads
to order ta the latest styles sad at reasonable pria
Ho. X Bsaadlcrt Block, s stalls.
. Udmt Maj-ksta.
B. . rULLEB, Dealer m Fresh aad Salt
Boaagas aad Fork Sua aga. Highest market ansa
paid nwBssvss, Sasaa, Hogs. Hides, Ete.
asach aide Liberty Street.
MOREHOUSE MIKEB, Dealer ta an kiada of
Cat Meats, flask sad salt, of a better gasllty tbaa
i sold ta Wettmgtoa. We have a
wd an the appuaaces for doing a
Our prices sre ao higher thsa
Bids Liberty StrMt.
Wat. CDSHIOV BOST, Livery aad Sale Stable.
South aids Manhaslo Street, ens door east of AmsnV
WAB9EB, livery aad Sale StaUs.
i aad tara-outs at reaaoaabla rates.
OBos South sMa Liberty Street.
J. F. FJBT. Baker sad Orecer. Fresh Bread, Cska
ad ries rrery day. Alee a abotce sad eomplets as
at iinj raaillia
West stds Borth MaliTrfCreet.
A. F. DIK OCK afseefaoturen WBolasale sad Bs
ateat always kept m stock at
i Vortk side of Liberty Street.
B a, aigaai r. - u, i
ETElasTT STABB Maaafaetarlag Caemlsta.
aad Wholesale aad Betas dealers la Drugs, Madl
ctass sad a fail nas of Hotloae sad Druggist Bua-
JtertB side Uhetty awsss.
A HDTCBEJt Of Swias OolooJat hay
lost purchased 75,000 acres in Ne-
SOCK OF AO EH.
oe of Age, deft for me,"
TtaughUeaaly the maiden sang, '
Fell the word unconsciously
From her girlish, guileless tongue,
Saag aa little children aing;
bang a aing tbe bird in Jane:
Fell tbe muds like light leaves down
On the carrent of the tune
Bckof Agee.dtft form.
Let me kid my if in Ike."
Felt her aoal no need to hide:
Sweet the Bong a. eoug could be.
And she had no thought beside.
All tbe words unbeediogly
Fell from lips untouched by care.
Dreaming not they each might be
un some otner up a prsyer-j-
Root f Aye, elf ft for me,"
Twaa a woman aong them now.
Bung them alow ana wearily
Wan band on ber aching brow.
Rose tbe song aa Btorm-toased bird
Beata with weary wings the air;
Every note with sorrow stirred.
Everv syllable a prayer
lt K Atswito'
" Sock of Age, clfft for mV
Laps grown aged sung tbe hymn.
Trustingly and tenderly:
Voice grown weak and eves grown dim
m AuJtf mvyttif n tAe.
Trembling though tbe voice and low,
Kan tbe sweet strain peacefully
Like a river in ita flow. .
Hung aa only they can aing
Who life's thorny paths nave pressed;
Bung aa only they can aing
Who behold the promised rut -
Bock of Age, deft for mm.
Let me kid sijiitf Ik."
" Soek of Age, oUftfor aw,"
8una above a ooffin fid;
Underneath all reetf ully.
All lif e'a Joy and sorrow hid.
Never mora, O, etorm-toaaed soul.
Never more from wind and tide.
Never more from billows' roll
Wilt tbou ever need to hide!
Could tbe sightless, sunken eyes.
Closed beneath the soft white hair;
Could the mute and stiffened lips
Move again in pleading prayer.
Still, aye still, the words would be: v
Aa OM.PBSBI Lore Story la prwae.
I wish too miffht have seen her on
that morning long ago. . 1 don't believe
Van Dyke himself ever pat on canvas a
more winsome court beauty in all his
life than Morning-Glory. The sturdy
Vermont hills were all about her, and
the river and the valley were not far
away. The day had hardly begun, but
the men were carrying in the brimming
pails of milk and the cows were saun
tering down tbe lane with that delight
ful air of reverie which a cow knows so
well how to assume. White Face and
Starry Eye and Ruby and a dozen oth
ers leisurely whisking their tails at the
early fly, stopping a moment to snatch
an inviting bunch of grass, crunching
tne appetizing morsel as tney went on.
The September morning was as fresh
ana fair as tbe young girl walking
down the beaten oath of the lane. The
sunlight only made the gold of her hair
more aazziing; bos "iniiea" or
banged." but in a single oou like a
Greek statue, it rested like a crown
above the brown eyes; the carriage was
free and graceful, the step elastic; the
whole movement would have indicated
perfect health if you had not seen the
lace, sixteen summers like the pres
ent had drifted past her in her mount-
am Home. jo, not like tbe present,
for Morning-Glory had suddenly come
into ner oirtnngnt sne was a woman.
A child last night, enjoying with
child's aest her country life; to-day with
a woman's nopes ana a woman's fears.
How subtle the ohange and how quick
it comes! Woe be to him who rudely
stirs the sleeping waters. She lifted the
bars to their slaoes as in a dream, the
One contour of her shapely figure well
expressed in the act, and leaned upon
them with bowed head a moment, and
then watched the fog lazily climbing
" A penny for your thoughts, Morn
ing-Glory," came from an adjoining
lot, and a young man cleared the wall
at a bouna as sne started at nis voice.
and Joined her in the walk home. A
summer morning idyl, you say, of no
interest to those who have got beyond
such nonsense. But soft, dear sir. I
saw a gray head furtively wipe away a
v in his hand, and only a love story
which touched his heart. The young
man wns spending nis vacation at ber
father's farm. He had Just graduated
an college, ana would enter tbe semi
nary in tbe I all. Meanwhile he held
his own with the other hired men in the
long day's work. He'll wilt," they
said. These coUege-l&rned chaps
can't stand much." But they were
glad to cry quarter as he, with a quiet
smile, struck out with what he styled
the Grecian curve, in the meadow, the
nrst day of mowing.
if tbe gods mowed like that they
it have been uncommon tough."
said one of the men as he stared at Ran
som Sayles' bowl away through the tall
grass. That settled the men; they re
spected muscle, and Sayles had not
dipped his oar in the river without
tougheniiur the arm that handled -it.
They soon learned to resnect the man.
ueaoon John Raymond had morning
" prayers" even in the busiest season,
and when, on the second morning after
ni arrival, sayies was invited to lead
the devotions. Sam, one of the hired
men, said " he prayed like Jehoso-
phat." Sam's Bible knowledge was
limited, and he doubtless got the names
a utue mixed, but be told the men when
they were grinding the scythe in the
shed, that he talked as if he was ac
quainted with the Almighty, and it was
powerruiiy wen done."
That was three months before. Ran
som Sayles had done his day's work.
Sometimes walking in the gloaming
with Carrie Raymond Miss Carrie he
had called her at first, with stately
courtesy, but now he had christened
ber " Morning-Glory" they had talked
of books, authors, art, morals a thou
sand things that hover in the air before
tne eyes of youth but never of love.
Morning-Glory wanted nothing of it.
She was satisfied with her present and
Ransom. Well, it was the old story.
He knew now what the grand passion
was that stirred the old Greeks. This
mountain flower, with the dew on its
crimson petals, that had never felt the
scorching sun, twining about the old
nomestead, bow be bad watched it,
wishing he might put out his band and
take it. But Sayles had iron in his
blood. He was penniless, with an ap-ed
mother looking to him for care. And
she was only a child this girl in years.
He had his future yet to make, and she,
womanly as she was, might not bear
the strain of waiting; and then, too,
frank as she was, in all their talks he
never could penetrate beyond a certain
maidenly reserve. '. She would never
give herself to any man unasked; he
doubted what an answer would be, for
this country girl in her sweet simplicity
was worthy of the best love the world
And so he went back to his work and
made no sign. If the vision of a golden
haired girl, with beseeching brown
eyes, mixed itself up with Greek exe
gesis and Hebrew idioms, he doggedly
applied nimseu to tne worx in band
and tried to forget. But Morning-
Glory had had the chrism laid upon her
lips, which must become in women's
lives heavenly manna or apples of
Sodom. From no fault of Ransom
Sayles, remember, for he had observed
the strictest honor; he had not allowed
himself a word, or touch, or look that
might mean love, and she thanked him
in her heart for it in the years that fol
lowed; but she knew now he had her
bean unasked, and henceforth it should
be the precious secret of her life. Many
a woman has lived and died unwedded.
the perfume of her life the only evi
dence of a hidden sacrifice. Morning-
Glory rounded into womanhood, the
bloom grew brighter; culture added to
simplicity, self-possession to grace: her
cnaracter shaped itself into womanli
ness, as she thought what be would ad.
mire and honor; expecting nothing,
hoping nothing, but having one sum
mer among ber choicest memories.
Three years had passed. Sayles had
graduated; declining larger fields, he
had accepted the charge of a small
country church. The mother who had
cheered him on saw him a minister of
the Gospel, and then the Lord called
But Ransom was in debt for his eda
cation, and his sturdy independence
would not allow him any luxury of life
until that obligation was met. If he
grew weary at times, he only interested
himself more nearly in his people; but
sometimes a September morning on
hill-side farm would rise up in memory
before him, and a fair face with a
strange witchery in the brown eyes
would cause almost a sob to break from
Hut all saenhces bave an end. Ban-
som Sayles would not be hampered by a
debt. He had waited until the child
had blossomed into the woman. The
last payment on his debt had been
made, his vacation had come; he would
try his fate, for he was not over-confi
dent of his power of inspiring love in
the heart of anv woman.
The farm-house was in sight as dusk
came on at the close of the August
day. Sam was carrying in the last
pail of milk as Sayles came up. Ah,
Mr-Say lea, said Sam, "I am right
glad to see you." - How is Deacon
ayniond V asked Ransom; he had al
most said Morning-Glory," for it
seemed but a day since be went away.
"The Deacon is well," said Sam. hesi-
taUnglv looking . askance at Sayles;
but Carrie met with an accident. Old
Tom" --and Sam grumbled out some
thing" almost profane " ran away
Ransom Sayles turned and entered the
bouse; nothing was changed; the faml
ly were at tea, but Morning-Glory was
in a great arm-chair in the front room,
before you reach the kitchen at the end
of the long hall. - Ransom shuddered
as he stood on the threshold, he knew
not why. for he was not a superstitious
man, then opening, tha door; she was
facing the west, and evidently thought
it some one of the family. The setting
sun lighted up tne room and leu upon
her hair. - There flashed through his
mma ine ngure ox tne crown which
Revelations speaks "of, and then he
stood by her side; she turned her head
the eyes softened by some tender mem
ory, her face flushed in a moment, and
she put out her hand.
1 was thinking of you, Ransom.'
" What about meF" he asked, a
they had met the day before.
Why, don't you know you said
once," and she laughed softly, " that
you would be true to your conviction of
duty, even though it cost the sacrifice
ot a lifetime r"
She bad never called him Ransom
before, and they had not met for three
years. He had become much more of a
man, and she, as she half-reclined there.
into what a ripe, beautiful woman she
had developed! He had done well to
wait, and what a tender, trustful air
she had. . .
' But what about the accident?" he
. They grew a little sober, said the doc
tor would be in again en to-morrow.
and changed the subject,
' That evening was one to be rensem
bered long after. He told his love, and
she, with shy reserve, revealed her
heart; but there were strange pauses on
her part all the evening through, and
when be bid ber good-night, be thought,
a..au - V
as ne Kissed ner, there were tears on
The morning brought the family
physician while Ransom was out on the
hill refreshing his memory with familiar
scenes. When he returned the doctor
had rone. What did he aav?" "Shall
I tell you?" she replied to his question,
as she turned her face away. The
accident was severer than you know;
there is no hope; it is only a question of
i." 'Usui you aresotresb and bloom
" he gasped. " I was in perfect
neaitn wnen it occurred, it is internal.
but there is no help."
Perhaps this old-fashioned tale might
end here, as what we call poetic justice
is violated in tne sequel, but real life
takes little account of poetio justice in
Bansom Sayles bad studied belles let
ter and divinity in preparation for his
work of saving men; but as he waited
in those autumn days, knowing that
only the remembrance of the days were
aeaa would soon be bis, be learned
obedience by the things which he suf
fered. He saw the rich, rare life fade
away, an argosy of priceless wealth
sail into the mist; saw how rich it was
freighted for years of work, and that it
was nis very own, and then must needs
say farewell! There was no weak sen
timent about these two souls as they
stood at the parting of a final voyage
for one. I have done my work ill in
sketching this man, if you think he
gave up or only half lived after this.
So fast he grew in these few weeks that
when Morning-Glory was laid under
the daisies, he comforted the people
and read the simple service. The
stricken parents found in him a son of
consolation. And he went forth to rare
achievements in helpfulness to men,
inspired by his love for the Morn in s--
Glory which bloomed on high. Provi
The Buenos Ayres Standard recently
published a table showing the increase
in the number of sheep in that country
since 1852, together with the exports
ox wool ana b Kin aunng tbe same
period. In 1852-3, in the season from
. , i , . . . . .
the 1st of .November to October 31,
uiere were reponea sheep skins in
bales of 200 pounds, 1,398, and wool in
bales of 800 pounds. 20.514 pounds.
and sheep at 7 fleeces per 25 pounds.
4.597.136. In 1877-8 the skins in bales
of 200 pounds exported were 65,922,
wool in bales of 800 pounds. 216.512.
ana sneep at 7 neeces per 25 pounds.
-K,o,ooo. .ine year loas-y was one
d a ana ictc rwyt
ox great drouth, and in 1876-7 one of
great floods. In 1867-8 the price of
wooi leu to xa per pound, and boiling
uuv iu uovamo general.
The new-style spellers are dubbed
1 tne great American condensers."
The CiarMIseries of tbe Russian Into
We have received from a source of
which the authenticity is beyond ques
tion the following curiously interesting
lniormation respecting tne present per
sonal condition of His Majesty the Czar
of Russia. Our information is not second-hand.
It comes directly from one
thoroughly informed in his own person
of the facts which he has communicated
to us. .The Czar, for some time past.
has been a prey not only to constant
apprehension for his life, but to feelings
of remorse for what he has done, and
of fear for the punishment which awaits
him after death. He has endeavored
in vain, by the study of modern philos
phy, to free himself from belief in the
immortality of soul and in the punish
ment which awaits tbe wicked in the
world to come. His mind has refused
to accept the negative conclusions of the
modern skeptics whose works he had
read or with whom he has personally
conversed, and he is to-day, even more
than he was in his earlier years, a thor
ough believer in the orthodox doctrines
of Christianity held in common by the
Greek and Roman Church. He believes
that he has led a bad life, an extremely
bad life; and he despairs of finding
means of atonement of his evil deeds.
even had he the moral strength to ac
cept these means, which he does not
possess. The thought of abdication
often possesses him, and at times he
seems to have made up his mind to cut
the fatal knots which surround him, and
to make his escape to England or to
France, leaving Russia to such fate as
might befall it after his departure; but
the irresolute elements in his character
always counteract this impulse, and he
remains drifting on from bad to worse.
within a recent period be has sought
renei irom his anxieties and fears by
excessive indulgence in strong wines
and in spirits, mot unlrequently has
His Majesty been so intoxicated at an
early hour of the day that he was in
capable of transacting any business,
and could only be taken care of and in
duced to slumber. Upon awakening
irom one oi these unnatural sleeps the
Czar presents a pitiable appearance;
his cheeks are sunken and haggard,
his eyes are bloodshot; his expression
is that of one who anticipates a terrible
calamity which may fall upon him at
The precautions taken for his safetv.
not onfy when he goes outside the walls
of one of his palaces, but even while in
the supposed sanctity ot bis one apart
ments, are curiously minute and coun
ter checking. There appears to be no
absolute trust reposed in any one.
Everyone about His Majesty's person is
watched by some one else, and even his
most confidential attendants feel that
they are under the most vigilant, un
ceasing and suspicious espionage.
W hen the Czar chooses to drive through
the streets of his Capital, when he
makes a railway journey, and even
when, as now, he is supposed to be en
joying himself at Livadia, be knows
that he is surrounded bv acorna of rwr.
sons specially detailed to watch over
T v r i
his safety: and yet he fears that in anv
one ot these he may find an assassin
thirsting tor bis blood.
When the Czar visited London im
mediately after the marriage of his
daughter to the Duke of Edinburg. it
was remarked bv those who came close
ly in contact with him that a more sor
rowful and anxious person had rarely
been seen. In the midst of all the
festivities which were arranged for his
delight and honor, he sat like a ghost
at tne Danquet, or appeared as a crim
inal who was awaiting the moment
when the executioner would appear to
ieao mm to tne scanoid. very subse
quent month nas deepened the anxie
ties, griefs and remorse which produce
upon His Majesty's countenance these
signs of a restless and fearful soul.
There are some reasons for believing
mat nis mind nas given away under
the terrible pressure which it has been
compelled to undergo and that at times
be is scarcely responsible for his ac
He takes the most extraordinary
likes and dislikes for persons and for
animals. His favorite for the time be
ing, be it man, woman, dog, or bird.
is petted to an extent that is at once
ludicrous and melancholy to observe.
When he was last in Paris he heard a
young pianist whose execution delight-
eu aim. ne at once iook measures to
have this voung man return with him
to his Capital, and there, for a long
time nothing charmed the Czar so much
as to listen to the playing of this youth
to converse with him, to caress him,
and to load him with every imaginable
mars oi xavor and distinction.
Again, he concentrated his affections
upon a spaniel dog, for which he con
ceived a violent and uncontrollable pas
sion. The Czar and his pet dog were
for awhile inseparable, and His Majes
ty, at the most inconvenient moments,
would demand that the animal should
be brought to him. It was at this time
that a dispatch was received announc
ing that a son of the Czar was on his
death-bed, and that if the father wished
to see him, the greatest haste was neo-
essary. A special train for the Em-
pivi wo9 luiuicuioiciv uiutsieu, every I
thing was arranged; but as His Majes
ty was about to enter the cars, he dis
covered that the dog was absent. The
animal had taken an exceptional freak;
he had escaped from the grounds of the
palace, and had gone off to amuse him
self elsewhere. The Czar, notwith
standing that he knew his favorite son
was at the point of death, and that
every moment of delay might prevent
him seeing him before he expired, re
fused to stir from the palace until the
dog was found. The palace was in an
uproar; servants, soldiers, civil officers
and volunteers were sent in hot haste
for the missing beast; but four hours
elapsed ere he was found, captured and
returned to the embrace of his Imperial
The relations between the Czar and
his wife have long been ef an extreme
melancholy character. They live as
far apart as possible. When they meet
it is only as foes between whom exists
an armed neutrality. N. T. Graphic
Facts About the Utes.
They are the best dressed and the
best looking of all the Indians. Thev
will not work; they will fight to avoid
work. They want a good deal from
the Government and not much talk.
And that suggests why a stave was
driven into poor Meeker's inouth. It
is a significant thing. In all their
mutilations the mouth is generally not
touched. When it is. it means too much
talk in other words, too many promises
and no fulfillments. I believe, says
Captain Merrell, that Meeker fulfilled
every promise the Government gave
bim means to fulhll, but he had proba
bly made promises that he couldn't
carry out. Captain Jack is a great fat,
lazy, cowardly gluttonous Indian.
Governor Evans' family were much
annoyed by him last year. He made
himself perfectly at home there, going
into Mrs. Evans' room and using her
comb and brush. Finally the Govern
ment hit upon a plan to get rid of him
by asking him to work. Mr. Meeker
was as complete a representative of the
Christian religion as I ever met. He
blamed me continually for what he
termed my harshness, and asserted that
prayers, and Christian influence, and
kindness would eventually bring the
Indians to a civilized life. He met them
with an olive branch in one hand and a
Bible in the other, and prayers on his
lips. He carried out his policv and von
see the result. I told him if he did so
he would be a dead man. He was the
embodiment of the Quaker policy. He
accepted the position of agent not for
its emoluments, but from a sense of
duty. He was a noble man, and I never
met a purer or more upright and de
voted friend of the Indian than he. He
would get on his knees and prav, trust-iagin-
God for his safetv. He often
exceeded his instructions in his kind
ness of heart. I often told him to be
careful in one thing in making prom
ises to oe sure and promise less than be
was able to give in the fulfillment to
give a little more than he had promised,
and to do it in as few words as possible
The Indians don't like talk. Captain
juerrcu, in unicago Tribune.
Dying In the Alkali Desert.
The dangers incident to travel across
the trackless alkali plains of the West,
unless the traveler is familiar with the
route and well prepared for a journey,
are weu unuersiooa, yet people are
found who undertake the hazardous
experiment, and many leave their bones
to whiten on the sands of the desert as
a consequence of their rashness. As
Deo Malcom, who arrived in town
Thursday from Tulare County, was
crossing the San Joaquin Plains he
found a man lying in the sand nearly
dead from thirst. He was unable to
stand or articulate. His tongue was so
swollen as to protrude from his mouth
several inches; his eyes were wild and
glassy and bis mind wandering. Deo
moistened the man s lips and poured
water on his face, but failed to restore
him to consciousness. He then placed
him in his wagon, administering the
water from time to time until he reached
an alkali pool some eighteen miles dis
tant, ine water being unfit to drink.
Deo took out his man and gave him a
thorough soaking, which seemed to re
vive him a little. He then proceeded
witn mm about eight miles to Shaws,
on ine ranocne, where there is an
abundance of fresh water. Here, after
a time of careful nursing, the man re
covered sumcientiy to be able to talk
and walk, though still very weak and
debilitated. He informed Mr. Malcom
that he had spent a few days in Hollister,
and bad started for Waite's Ferrv to
look for a job of sheep shearing. He
had a small canteen of water, which he
consumed the first half day out, and up
to tbe time when found had not tasted
water for forty-eight hours. It was the
merest accident that the man was dis
covered, as Malcom was traveling an
almost unused track. The spot where
he lay was not far from where the re
mains of the poor old man Jost was
found a few years ago another victim
of thirst and exposure. Hollister I Cat.)
A Human Hog.
Down in Tennessee they have a curi
osity that bids fair to eclipse the five
legged calf. It is a negro who has
lived in a mud hole twenty-three years.
tie is now going the rounds of tbe
agricultural fairs in the South, exhib
ited along with the mammoth pump-
Kins and prize pigs, lie is under a
canvass cover, and a hand organ plays
the music of the spheres, while the curi
ous visitor peep 8 behind the curtain at
ten cents a sight.
Edmund French is this ' greatest liv
ing curiosity's ' name, and be is a
monument to the healing virtues of
pure and unadulterated mud. In the
palmy days " before the wah" Edmund
French was a slave. He ran away from
his master. Being chased by blood
hounds, he took refuge in the Missis
sippi jungles. Two or three years
afierwaid he was found by some hunt-
. l . . - i - . . r
ers, Duneu up to nis necit in una. ne
wallows in it, glories in it, and waxes
fat in it like a genuine Cincinnati mud
lark. All euorts to induce him to for
sake this strange abode are unavailing.
He only leaves it long enough to obtain
something to eat. Other negroes in the
neighborhood humor bim to the top of
his bent and carry him food, and white
visitors, attracted to bim by curiosity,
generally leave a little money with him.
This is the latest way to earn a living
without worting ior it.
When his mud dries oft the fellow
carries water and pours on, and stirs it
up to tbe proper stage of the batter
again, ne then sinks into his luxuri
ous bed, and buries himself, leaving
his arms out. Counting the free sou
which sticks to him he weighs some
200 pounds. During all the extreme
cold of last winter he remained in his
mud bed, with the water frozen on top
ail aoou. mm.
The account he gives of himself is
curious enough. He says when he took
to the swamps to escape the blood
hounds he was compelled to remain
there over winter. He suffered so from
the cold that his extremities were
frosted, and his toes were entirely
frozen off. After thawing out he seemed
consumed by a burning heat, to relieve
which he thrust his legs into cold, wet
earth. From that he took to plastering
himself over with mud, and then to
sinking himself wholly in mudholes,
where he has lived ever since. The
hunters who found him dragged him
out of his adored resting place, but as
soon as he could escape them he re
turned to his wallow.
When out of his puddle he declares he
is full of pain, and feels as if he was
burning up. His skin is very hot to
the touch. This kind of mud-bath is
worth while. Hew his exhibitors show
him off, whether by plunging him into
a portahln tank fillfiil with dirt, or bv
digging a hole in the ground and fill
ing it with mud kneaded to the proper
consistency, is not stated. At any rate,
as a sanitary retreat, a mudhole is by
no means to be sneered at. If colored
light will cure, wherefore not also a
good article of healthy, colored mud?
in cases of nervous irritability, arising
from too much intellect, we are sure it
would be sublime. Cincinnati Com
mercial. Southern poets are writing poetry
about the yellow fever plague. Now
that yellow fever has got into poetry,
editors cannot be too careful, and this
office will maintain a quarantine against
poetry until the weather gets colder.
The cases are only sporadic thus far,
but wo can't tell how soon such poetry
may beoome epidemic Horristoum
Extracts From Senator Chandler's Last
' . ' Speech.
Ms. Chairman and Fellow-Citi
zens: It is becoming the custom of late
to restrict the lines of citizenship. In
the Senate of the United States and in
the halls of Congress vou will hear
citizenship described as confined to
States, and it is denied that there is
such a thing as National citizenship. I
to-night address you, my fellow citizens
of Chicago, in a broad sense as fellow
citizens of the United States of Ameri
ca. A great crime has been committed.
my fellow citizens a crime against this
Nation; a crime against republican in
stitutions throughout the world; a crime
against civil liberty, and the criminal
is yet unpunished that is to say, he is
not punished according to his deserts,
And I shall to-night devote myself
chieHy to the history of a crime, and
shall endeavor to hold up the criminal
to your execration. ;
But, my fellow citizens, we bave a
matter under consideration to-night of
vastly more . importance, than all the
financial questions that can be pre
sented to us, and that is: Are we or are
we not a Nation? We have supposed
for generations that we were a .Nation.
Our fathers met in convention to frame
a Constitution, and .they found some
difficulty in agreeing upon the details
of that Constitution, and for a time it
was a matter of extreme doubt whether
any agreement could be reached. Acri
monious debates took place in that con
vention, but finally a spirit of com
promise prevailed, and the Constitution
was adopted by the convention and
submitted to the people of these
United States. Not to .the States,
but to the people of the United
States, and the people of the United
States adopted the constitution that
was framed by tbe fathers, and for
many long years the whole people of
the United btates believed that we had
a Government. The whisky rebellion
broke out in Pennsylvania, and was put
down by the strong arm of the irovern
ment, and we still believed that we had
a Government. We continued in that
belief until the days of General Jack
son, when South Carolina raised the
flag against the Government. Armed
men trod the soil of south Carolina and
threatened that unless the tariff was
modified to suit their view they would
overthrow the Government. This was
under the leadership of John C. Cal
houn, carrying out his doctrine. Old
General Jackson took his pipe out of his
mouth when be was told that Calhoun
was in t,1u,1 aiTttinsfc fliA f"l rtwm
ment, and said: Let South Carolina
commit the first act of treason against
this Government, and by tbe internal, 1
will hang John C. Calhoun," and every
man. woman, and child in America, in
cluding Calhoun, knew that he would
do it, and the first act of treason was
not committed against the Government;
for even tbe state of South Carolina,
under the leadership of John C. Cal
houn, had bowed to the power of this
Government. We remained underthat
impression until I first took my seat in
the senate on tbe 4th day of March,
1857. Then again treason raised its
head upon the floors of Congress.
Treason was threatened on the floors of
the Senate and on the floors of the
House, and John Went worth was there
to hear it. They said then : " Do this
or we will destroy your Government;
fail to do that and we will destroy your
Government," One of them, in talk
ing to brave old Ben Wade one day, re
peated this threat, and the old man
straightened himself up and said:
Don't delay on my account." care
ful preparations were made to carry
out these threats. Jefferson Davis
stepped out of the Cabinet of Frank
lin Pierce, as Secretary of War, into
the Senate of the United States,
and became chairman of the Com
mittee on Military Affairs. Your arms
were shipped to the Southern States,
where they could be used to overthrow
your Government. Your ammunition
followed your arms. There was an innocent-looking
clause in the general
appropriation bill which read that the
Secretary of War may sell such arms as
he deems it for the interest of the Gov
ernment to dispose of, and under that
apparently innocent clause your arse
nals, all over the United States, were
opened and your arms were sold for a
song and shipped in the very boxes be
longing to your Government to the
South to be used to overthrow your
Government, Your navy was scattered
wherever the winds blew and sufficient
water was found to float your ships
where they could not be used to defend
your Government. Your credit, which
stood in 1857 at vn cents on tne oouar
for your six per cent, bonds, was so ut
terly prostrated, debased and degraded
that in February, 1861 four years after
your bonds, principal and interest
payable in gold coin, were selling for
eighty-eight cents on the dollar, and no
buyers for tne wnoie amount, careiui
preparations were made for the over
throw of your Government, and when
Abraham Lincoln took the oath of office
as President of the United States vou
had no army, no navy, no money, no
credit, no ammunition, no nothing to
protect the National life. And yet,
with all those discouragements staring
them in the face; the Republican party
undertook to save your Government.
We raised your credit, we created
navies, raised armies, fought battles,
carried on the war to a successful issue,
and, finally, when the rebels surrender
ed at Appomattox, they surrendered to
a Government. They admitted that
they had submitted their heresy to the
arbitrament of arms, had been defeated,
and they surrendered to the Govern
ment of the United States of America.
They made no claims against the Gov
ernment because they had no claim
against the Government, but they asked,
and asked as a boon from the Govern
ment of the United States, that their
miserable lives might be spared to
We gave them their lives, told them
to take their horses, go home, keep
their parole of honor, obey the laws and
raise crops. They had forfeited all their
property. Every dollar was pledged
bv their own sign manual. v e gave
them back their property. We found
them naked and we clothed them. We
found them without the right of citizen
ship, having forfeited these rights, and
we restored to tnem tne ngnts or citi
zenship. We took them to our bosoms
as brethren, believing mat tney naa re
pented of their sins. We killed for
them -the fatted calf an1 invited them
to the feast, and they gravely informed
that they bad always owned that
animal, and were not thankful for the
invitation. They were bound by the
laws of war and of nations to pav ev
ery dollar of the debt contracted for
their subjugation, ami we iorgave
them that debt, and to-day you are
being taxed heavily to pay the interest
on the debt that they ought to have
as was ex-
tended by this
i Nation to those rebels
have never been witnessed on earth
since God made the earth, and in my
humble judgment will never be wit
The greatest mistake and the gravest
error that we committed was in not
hanging enough of those . rebels to
make treason forever odious. Some
body committed a crime. Either those
men who rose in rebellion committed
the greatest crime known to human
law, or our own brave soldiers who
went out to fight to save this Govern
ment, were murderers.
And now, after twenty years after
an absence of four years from the Sen
ate I go back and take my fseat, and
whatdolfind? The sell-same preten
sions are rung in my ears from day to
day. The men have changed the
measures not at alL I find those
paroled rebels who have never been
relieved from their parole of honor to
obey the laws saying: Do this; obey
our win, or we will starve your Viovern-
ment to death." .how, if 1 am to die.
I would rather be shot dead with mus
ketry than be starved to death.
My fellow citizens you may take the
biggest ship that, sails the ocean, put
on board oi ber the nags of all the
States that were . lately in rebellion
against this Government; raise to her
peak the stars and bars of the rebellion
start her with all ber bunting to the
breeze, sail her around the world and
you would not get a salute Of one pop
gun from any fort on earth.
l ake the smallest ship that sails the
ocean, mark her " V. a. A." United
States of America raise to her peak
the stars and stripes, and sail her around
the world, and there is not a fort or
ship of war of any Nation on Godls
foot-stool that would not receive her
with a National salute. And yet the
Republican party has done all this,
We took your Government when it was
despised among the Nations, and we
have raised it to this high point of
honor and yet you tell us we ought to
When the Rebel Congress adjourned
last June, after a fruitless effort to
wipe out the legislation caused by the
war" and force tbe iresident to sign
bills which he believed repugnant to
the best interests of the Nation under
threats of destroying the Government
if he refused, those disappointed and
humiliated Confederate Brigadiers
made a virtue of necessity ana boast-
ingiy said they would swallow for a
time their demands and menaces and
appeal to the people of the United
States for their vindication. The ap
peal has been made, and the answer
given. Never since the repeal of the
Missouri Compromise bave the loyal
people of the North so quickly shown
their disapproval and disgust at the ac
tion of Congress as in the present in
stance. Maine, California, Colorado,
Ohio, Iowa, Massachusetts, New York,
New Jersey, Connecticut, Illinois, Wis
consin, Pennsylvania, Minnesota and
Michigan have spoken, and spoken so
loudly and clearly that nobody can mis
take their meaning. The people of the
North bave voted to sustain the Presi
dent in the brave and patriotic course
he assumed in his dealings with Con
gress, ihey bave said be was right,
and that all his acts in vetoing vi
cious and partisan legislation meet
their cordial and hearty approval.
These great States have declared
in favor of Republican rule, and
against Democratic supremacy. They
do not approve of a Solid South,
nor the shotgun policy by which it is
secured. They are opposed to tbe m
Klux andSonstif Liberty organizations.
Thev are opposed to destroying the
freedom of elections and the rights of
the citizens. They approve the whole
some laws for tbe appointment of Su
pervisors and the maintenance of peace
at the polls by the whole military force
of the Government. They believe that
the Constitution and the laws passed in
pursuance thereof should be the su
preme authority in the land. They be
lieve that the United States compose
one great and powerful Nation, and
that the doctrine of State Sovereignty
was settled finally at the cost of a
bloody war. They believe that patriots
and loyal men should rule, and not
rebels and traitors; that certain princi
ples were settled by the war, and that
all attempts on the part of those for
merly in rebellion to secure in peace
what they failed' to gain by force of
arms are not to be tolerated or counte
nanced. And in the plainest language
they say that the Democratic party is
the foe of the country, ought not to be
trusted with its control, and the sooner
it is buried out of sight the better for
the advancement of every moral, busi
ness, and loyal interest in the land.
The rebel Congress came into exist
ence flushed with victory and intoxi
cated with power. The attempt to si
lence the entire Republican vote of the
South had proved a success. Liberty
of action, freedom at the polls, the
plainest right of an American citizen
had all been trampled under foot. The
ballot-box 8 acred in the eyes of every
lover of his country, was made a mere
machine to register the wishes and am
bitions of men lately in open rebellion.
Opposition to the dictates of the mi
nority was met with violence, cruelty,
tortures, and murder. There was no
secrecy about all their business. Those
who refused to submit, and claimed the
freedom guaranteed by the laws, were I
handled without mercy and brought to
reason by the shotgun and the lash. A
lew examples nae lumw vi uuge tnis- i
. i i"i -i r i I
holm and bis defenseless f amily, Dixon,
and others were all-sufficient, and the I
unarmed and unprotected Republicans I
quietly gave up the contest and sub
mitted to a power that knew neither
decency nor humanity. Once iu
power in Congress the rebels openly
declared their intentions, and boldly
and defiantly attempted to force their
will upon the Nation. They began
to bluster, and with brazen audacity
and arrogant shamelessness insist that
all the wholesome laws passed during
the war for the protection of liberty
and the rights of the people should be
repealed, and with braggart threats in
sisted if the President did not yield to
their clamor they would starve the
Government into submission or permit
it to die for want of the means upon
which only it could exist Such was
the programme openly carried out by
the traitors and rebels who by fraud
and wickedness had raised themselves
But their triumph nas oeen a brief
one, and their future uas in it neither
hope ner consolation. For a little time
they may continue to haunt the halls
of the Capitol, and play a few brief
hours upon the stage, but they are
comparatively harmless, and the peo
ple will see that the Government they
saved in war shall be carried on quietly
in peace. Nobody will now care for
the threats of the braggarts or the
boasters. . At the helm of this Nation
is a brave and fearless statesman, and
standing by him, holding up his hands,,
and bidding him God-speed in the dis
charge of his - dnties, are a loyal ma.
jority of the people of the Union. The
appeal of Congress has been answered,,
and nobody mistakes the verdict; '
Cleveland Herald. --'-.
In Line for 1880. -.
It is victory throughout :' Cornell is
Governor-elect of New York. " The
doubtful States are made securely Re
publican, Butler is routed, Pennsyl
vania comes up like a second Iowa.
A Solid North sends greeting- to a"
Solid South. Yesterday answers the
last session of Congress, and all the in
solent disloyalty which, after growing
for years, found expression there. Tbe
grand and resistless uprising which fol
lowed the shot in Charleston harbor in
1861, finds an echo in the re turns jOf to-
day. , Once more the North is united..
The work which men. did with their'
bullets they have determined not to'
spoil with their ballots. Here, on the'
very threshold ot a . victory wmcn
means, if they are wise, twenty years.
more of power, they serve notice upon,
the South that there is no vindictive-1
ness in their triumph. ' ':, i
Yes, men of the South, we have done.
enou,gh for conciliation. We offored;
you Horace Greeley, and insisted upon
amnesty for all. ine same .Northern
element which then failed has since
found means to offer you better terms;
than you ever expected. President
Hayes held out the hand of reconcilia
tion. Troops were withdrawn; advice
of Southern men was heard in appoint-,
men to-; everything was done that could;
be done to leave the South without ex-.
cuse for hostility. What has been the'
answer! The South has answered by
ita Ku-Klux clans, its rifle clubs, and its
systematic assassination of Republic-.
ans. It has answered by the complete .
suppression of the colored vote. It has .
answered by the late Confederate Con-'
grass, and the swarm of war claims, and
the countless Southern jobs which crowd
the record, and the nearly solid vote of .
Southern representatives for every
form of repudiation. It has answered
by the open alliance of men who re-'
belled with those Northern men who
sympathized with rebellion; by the con
spiracy of those who carry Southern
States by force with those who try to
carry Northern States by fraud. A
baser, meaner ana more dangerous.
conspiracy against free government
than the old South ever concocted has
been very near success.
Men of the South, you have your an
swer, xou bad almost clutched the na
tional Government. Had you been a
little less eager, had the pirate's crew
remained hidden under hatches only a
little longer, possibly resistance would .
bave been too late. inanKs to tne
Confederate Congress, the recent ses
sion showed . the Southern purpose.
The coalition of Southern rebels and
Northern sympathizers rashly threat
ened to strangle the Union unless per- ,
mitted to rule it The work of a long
session was condensed by Senator Hill
in his recent declaration that no South- -era
man of self-respect would ever ad
mit that rebellion was a crime. These
acts and words came like a fire-bell in the
night to awaken the North. The real in
tent of the South was seen, and at once
the North answers The history of
the country for twenty years has been
settled in one summer. Let the South
do what it may. from this time forth;
it has planted convictions already
which a quarter of a century will not
uproot This day the Solid South is
further from the rule of the country by
more than twenty years than it was
when President Hayes took the oath of
The future belongs to the Republican
party. Only by some new act of folly
or faithlessness can it forfeit that pub
lio confidence which the elections re
veal. Unless it wantonly throws away
that confidence its future for many
years is the future of the United States.
It has no reason now to look for Demo
cratic blunders. Neither has it cause 1
to fear any Democratic washing and
self-purification, for Democrats can
never become dangerous again, unless
by Republican folly. Best of all, the
Republicans have no occasion now to
nominate any other than their ablest
and worthiest man, for it is certain that
with such a candidate they can tri
umph. They do not need to get under
the shelter of any name, nor to hesitate
in the avowal of their convictions, nor
to shrink from giving its full reward to
splendid service. The confidence of the
united and loyal North will sustain the
Republican party as long as it is true
to its principles and xinvictions. After
the magnificent victories which are to
day recorded, it will be the fault ot Re
publicans themselves if they do not hold
the public confidence securely until the
rebel Democracy has ceased to exist
Jf. X. Tribune.
A. Tramp's Presence of Mind.
A case has just come to light wherein
a tramp has made himself a hero. The
weary traveler tells his story as follows:
He had been tramping seven days on
his weary wav to Louisville, Ky., fol
lowing the track of the Ohio & Missis
sippi Railway, and was at an eary hour
" on the road." He had passed Clare
mont, about twenty miles east of this
city, and had walked about three miles,
when he came to a trestle, and in the
dull light of morning discovered a horse
fastened in it, evidently having tried to
nrnaa end faiian throuo-h. leaving the
. . . . "
large portion of his body above the
trestle. He walked out and endeav-
nraA tn fritrhten him so he would make
an effort and extricate himself. Failing
in this be aeciaeu to repair to tne sta
tion and alarm the way authorities.
He had hardly started when he heard
the rumble of an approaching train,
which proved to be the No. 4 east
bound express, which at full speed was
rushing into this awful danger. With
not a moment to loose he endeavored
to discover some means of signaling
the engineer. It was too dark to see
until the flash of the headlight came
unon him. At his wits' end. he thought
of a piece of old newspaper in his
pocket Taking this and applying a
match he held it np in the faint hope
that the eve of the engineer would be
attracted, but it burned out so abruptly
that hi, hnart tank within him. Faint
M t Was, however, the vigilant eye of
the engine driver caught it, and, re-
versing his engine, stopped his train in
time. A brief time was taken to set
the now thoroughly frightened animal
free when the hero of the hour was put
upon the train and whisked over what
otherwise would have been a weary,
footsore tramp to Louisville.
The bread of this country has more
to do with its success than the laws.
Let women remember it Free Press,