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"V ' "'"'""''A Familv Newspaper, Devoted, to Home -Interests, Politics," Agriculture, Science, . Art, .Poetry-, Etc. ' ....:! . ; ,
VOLUME XIII. v ; WELLINGTON, 0., THURSDAY, DECEMBER ,4, 1879. " ! -NUMBERWi. "
PUBUSHED EVERY THURSDAY,
J v iio XJ G II TO V .
Office, yrtt Sid of Public Bqur.
.. ; . TEBMS.OBUBSCRIPTIOHO;' J
j WW, one year-........... .
J" copy, hi month
- One copy, three month.
If not paid within the year..
J. B. DICKSON. Attomey-at-Law. WelUngtoa. O.
OtBee la Bunk BnlMlnjc. 3d floor.
W. F. RKRRICK. Attorney aatfCoiiasellor at Law,
Beamllcre Block. ad tar, Wsllmgr an. o.
Johnson McKean, Attorney and Counsellors at
Law, Elyrta, T. Offlce No. a. Money Block.
J. W. noUGHTOX, Vot.Tr Public. Offlce la
Houghton's Drug Store, Wot side Public Sqi
ARTHUR W. NICHOLS. Notary l-nblle, Losa and
Collactloa Agent. Bartnc epli .in 1 to my ear, win
receive prompt attention "th Jutinma M- tra.
Ha. s Maasej's Block. Elyrla, O. ' . .
- DR. J. RTJBT, Honyronslnlst,
ceSee. ITeM side IMblle Booam.
XXL R. BATH AW AT. Bnaan untitle Phnieu and
aoimiav- Olios at raldeacs, Wcatald. Booth Main
Street, WtfOBCtoo, O. ' 1
T. MeCLARRN. M. FkmlcUa ud Snrsoo
Cmn from Tlltace nd eoontry will receive prompt at
tention. OtBee la M atorjr of O. C Btroap. new
kalldlnc Sowlh atae of IJ2ertT Street, Weltlnctoa. O
L P. TTOLBROOC Baraooa Daatlat... Offlc. la
Flaw, Food. Etc.
H. B. RAMUS, Denier tn FkHrr. reed, Oram.
Seeds, Salt. Etc Warehouae, Went aids Railroad
Btrect. Welllnstoa. O. .
FIRST NATIOSAL BANK. Wellington, O. Doe.
a eaeral hanHn. bnalneaa. Baja and aclla N. Y.
Oorerament Boadn, Etc 8. a. Warner,
; R. A. Borr. Caakier.
W. T. BAWTBLL. PhotOBrapher. Gallery la Ar-
: yoa prmtmc to the Enterprise Office. AB
I of atiatmc aoa. aeailraad promptlr. Onto.
'want ato. Pasllc EejOare, orer Uoacbtoa. Dras
B. WILLS. Saddler and Raraem Maker. The beat
aiilatia emplojed. aad ealy the beat Mock and.
AB work done andcr my mpervlatoa. Aorth ante
Macaaale Street. .....-
i aad ghaaa.
W. H, ASBFORDt Maaarmetarer and dealer ta
Boota aad Shoe, aad-all kinds of Brat claaseaatom
work. ? AH work and nmtorlali fallj warrantcdv Boof
Soatk Ude of lAerty Btrtct, Wellhicteo, O.
, Iinnao Aeat. , , ..
. " B. B. 960DWTK, Tke laanruee Arent. wm ha
Jammi at hla ealce In Heated Broa.' Boot aad Shoa
Beara, where be wm bo pleated to tee Ma oil cna-
i noedlriB anythln. mhlaUse. Btaadard eoaa
V yoawaataaratlaat Soara.'BalrCat, or BaaaV
poo, eaB at Botnnoaa O. K, BhaTiac Balooa, Ubarty
atrest, taflaanataMnaof BatrOUa. Pnajtaaataad
HairBiiatotatlTea. W ala keep the boat anitd of
Bason, aad warrant tbaav ' lUaora boned or (roaad
; . R. T. BOBLS80B.
WEUXitOTOH PLAkTnrO MILL. Mnaafaetarer
and iealat. ha Bath. Doom, BHadn, Brack eta. Bat
Uaca. Laaibar.- Bhlaalea, Lath. Cheens aad Butter
Bozea. BeroU earwma. MaKhlas aad Plaabwdoaa.
arder. D. JU Wadaworta, Proa. Office, near ra&-
H. WADSWOETH A BOX. Planln. MDU Scroll
Bawtac Mntehtaa, Flanlna. eta. done ta order.
Dealer ta Lamber. Lath. Sams-toe, Doors, Seah.
BltBde,. Atoaldma. aad Dmaed Lamber of all aorta,
lard aear HamUa a Feed Store. W.lllngtaa, U. . ,-
- J. H. WIGHT. Daaler ha Ooeka. Waaehea, .Jewelry.
BIlTerware, Sold Peaa, Etc Shop la Hoevbton'a
R. 8. BOIXKKBACH. Merchant Tailor, la Taloa
IHoefc Boom a.
A. 8. POWKBJ Merchant Tailor. A to. aaaort
meatof Cleth. .M Camlmerae, which will be mad
to order In !te lacrst Kjrle, and at reasonable prleea.
No. X Benedict"! Block, ap stairs.
B. ft. FCIXER. Dealer la Freeh aad Salt Mfata.
Baowan aad Pork Saa are. Highest market prlea
Bald forBavrea, Sheep, Boca, Bidea, tc Markat,
oath stde Liberty Street.
MOREHOUSE MIHXR. Dealer tn an kinds of
"Cat Meats, rreehaadaoM, of a better qaallty tbaa
bee baatufui. baaa aaht la Welllaatea. Wa bar. a
aew patnat cooler and all the appliance, for nobis a
AM clam basl.rm Our prlee. are no higher than
album Imp,, see taXarlor aieata, Markat Barth
aid. Liberty Street,, . . . ,
WM. CU8H10B A SOB", Ltrery and Sam Stable.
Chotc taraoau fsoalabed and enarges reasoaabia.
Boath aMa Mechanic Street, one door east or Amcri
eawBaaaa,: FOOTS WARBTB, IJTery and Sale Stable.
First-onus team, aad tara-oata at
OSes Boath atda Liberty States.
t 1- P KUrT, Bakar aad 6raeer, Fresh Bread, Caka
aad Pies arnry day. AJao a choice and complet. aa
aonwieat of Qrossrln. - Maiaifnrtaree aad aelta,
wbulrml. aad retail. Candles aad Confectionery.
West stde North Mala Street.
Clgavra sal Toaaoco.
L P. SIMOCK ateaafaetarar.
Waoleaaia aad Be-
1 asaler la Cigars. Tocaecoa, ate.
attalway. Beat ha stork av low sit
1 1 snim Borth aide of LBmrty Street.
; XTKDCTT ST ABB MannfactnrlBC Cbemlsta,
aad Whslrsals nod BataJl aealemla Iraga, Msai
aaaa. aad a tan Baa of Mtwlias.aad Draoleta Saa-
TBSSS DATS. I
Wat shall 1 baste to lay upon thy bier.
O Veatiwrlavl th rl.w fn, AmA i '
With what atranga garlands shall I crown thy.
Tboa ulent Ons9 Vnr nstsi mnA mm avt ims
That tboo thjaclf didst bring me; heart'e-eaae.
AbsI dark in nnmlj. imhImimi that mImm)
Bare odura roojod; wormwood and herb that
Hy aoul with biUexneas they all are hero.
When to the hanomet I ni enllerl hr then.
Tbnu Baveat me lags and royal robes to wear
noney ana aloee mingled in trie cup
Of eoatlv wine that thon didA none fiar me; ''
Thy throne, thy footstool, thou didst bid me
aharn. - -
On eraata aad hearenly manna bode me anp.
Tboa art so rlreavmer. f Umms atfvr, Trwlvf
The dead past bad its dreams; the read i. thine.
u annoreo knight in panoply dirine.
It ia not thine to kiitr hv the nr. . :
Tbongh all the meada with
sninnieT flowers be
Though bird, aing for thee, and though fair
tan hubs, -And
esei wwl snnis for thee fife's smI win.
Nor friend nor foe hath atrenirth to bid thee atav.
Gloaming beneath thy browa with emoaldering
Thine eye. look out noon the eternal hills
Aa forth thnn rirfeat srith ihv iiiiar i n pmC-
From thy far height, a voice cneas Oome up
And in swift anawer all tbv bains? thrills.
When, lo! night falls, thy aua ia in the west.
But thou. To-morrow! Never yet was born
in earth s anil atmosphere a thmg so fair
Never vet tniwinl with fnorjttmia liirht aa air.
Bo glad a vision o'er the hi lie of mom,
Sreafa aa the radiant dawning, all unworn
Uy lightest touch of sorrow or of care
Tboa float the alorv of the Tnornins aham.
Bv aaovrv wiasra of hone and faith nnbnrne.
O fair To-imsrrow 1 what our soots have miaaed
t Art tnou not keeping f or us somewhere still?
Tbe hods raf nromise that have never hlnwn
n. i ,,. i iM ,v... i. l . i .
A no eong was., tugn, sweet .train eiudea our
The one" white pearl that life hath never
axi own !
wWla O. S. Dorr, ia UppincoWt UagoAntJor
UP THE BITEg WITH A LUlf 1TIC.
i v - .; Aa Enarlbik Stary. .
sBkBAV sVaAVU,AVUl VflUSUIa
rone tip the rirer, csmping i
done our second day's wo
Alf Dixon, .Tom Giffard and I had
ont; we had
work. It was
early morninr on the third day, glo
rious weatner. i was in tne Doat, tret-
ting-the steering lines in order; Giffard
and Dixon were on the bank, talking to
ur. laawie. as x understood it tne
doctor was at the head of a private asy
lum for lunatics. He bad been taking
a consurauonai wnen ne nappenea to
fall in with as Just as we were sitting
down to our open-air breakfast; the
chance meeting led to Giffard inviting
him to share our gypsy meal. De did.
He was a pleasant fellow, not too old
and not too young. I liked him exceed
ingly. We talked of things in general,
and of lunatics in particular. Some
thing led to his mentioning I think it
was speaking of the cunning . of a cer
tain class of lunatics, and the difficulty
of keeping them within four walls the
fact that one of his inmates had es
caped a day or two previously, and had
not yet been retaken. This was ' tbe
more singular, as it was certain he had
not gone far away, and search had been
made for him in every direction v
As Giffard and Dixon were-saying
good-bye, preparatory to getting into
the boat, the doctor laughingly said:
" Should you happen to come across
him, I shall consider . yon bound to
bring him back safe and sound. Ho's
a man of forty-four or five, tall and
bony, iron-gray hair, and has a habit
of ' showing his teeth, and winking his
left eye. Don't look out for a raving
lunatic; for on most points he's as right
as yon and L. , He s wrong on twg
things, i Whatever yon do, don't let
him lose his temper; for whenever he
does, though ever so slightly, he In
variably goes in for murder he's all
but done for two keepers already. And
don't talk to him of Eneland and En
glishman; for" if he should getv-upoAwkis
native land, he will favor you with
some observations which will make you
open your eyes.'?
We lantrhed. Alf and Tom shook
hands with him and got into the boat.
We promised him if we should happen
to meet him we would certainly see him
returned to custody. Alf stood up and
shoved us from the shore; we sang out a
last good-bye, and left the doctor stand
ing on the shore.
It was a beautiful morning. The
river was delicious, clear as crystal; we
coma see tne Douom, ana every stone
and pebble on it; just a gentle "breeze,
fanning the surface of the waters into
a ripple. - We lit our pipes and took it
easily. I am a good bit of a traveler,
know many lovely nooks and crannies
in foreign lands; 1 have lived abroad as
much as at home; but I will match the
higher reaches of our own Father
Thames for beauty and for charm
against any scenery in Europe. And
on an early summer morning, after a
spell of glorious weather, it is in all its
prime, the water so cool, so clear; the
banks so green, so charming; the state
ly trees on either side; the mansions
seen over the meadows, or peeping
out among the trees. You may choose
your Rhiney Garda, or your Maggiore,
or your goiaen Kay of Maples, but
leave Cookham and old Father Thames
Presumably, we had come for river
beauties and camping out, presumably,
but as a matter of fact there was a
young lady lived not so far ahead, a
mutual friend. Lilian Travers. Sepa
rately and jointly we had a high opinion
of Miss Travers, not only of her beauty,
but of other things as well; and having
come so far, we hoped we should not
have to return until at least we had a
peep at her. Unf ortun ately, though we
knew Miss Travers, we had no acquaint
ance with Mr. thero was no Mrs. We
had met the young lady- at several
dances and such like; but on each occa
sion she was accompanied by old Mrs.
Mackenzie. Apparently Mr. Travers
was not a party mt. But Lilian had
promised to introduce us to him when
ever she got a chance, and we were
not unhopeful she would get that chance
now. So you see that little excursion
riverward had more in it than met the
We went lazily on, just dipping the
oars in and out, smoking, watching the
Smoke curling through the clear air.
All thoughts of the doctor and of his
parting words had gone ' from " our
minds; we talked little, and that little
was of Lilian and the chances of our
meeting. We had gone two or three
hundred yards; we were close to tbe
shore; Alf could almost reach it bv
stretching out his oar. We - were
dreaming and lazing, when suddenly
some one stepped out from among the
trees. He was close to us not a dozen
feet away. . .
He was a tall man, rather over than
under six feet. 'He was dressed in 'a
dark brown suit of Oxford mixture; he
had a stick in his hand, wore a billy
cock hat, and his .coat was buttaned
right up to the throat. He had light
whiskers, a heavy drooping mustache,
and hair unusually long, iron-gray in
color. He might be a soldier retired
from his profession, . or an artist out
painting; he certainly looked a gentle
We were passing on when he raised
his stick, and shouted out StopI"
It was a regular shout, as though we
were about half a mile from him. We
stopped, although it was an unusual
metnoa or catting attention.
"Gentlemen,'r he said, still at the'
top of of his voice. " I should be obliged
if you could give me a seat. I have
a long way to go, and I am tired."
We looked at him and at each other.
It was a free-and-easy style of asking a
lavor, but he seemed a gentleman, and
ana eiaeny one, too.
I am afraid, sir," said Alf, that
we have hardly room.' She is - only
ouut lor tnree."
. O, that, doesn't matter," he said;
"you can put me anywhere, or I'll take
an oar tor one of you.
I was on the point of advising a point-
blank refusal, not appreciating his off
hand manner, but; AU thought dif
ferently. ... . . . .
"All right,' said he; l'we don't
mind, if you don't. Steer her m Jack."
I steered her in. -. No soon were- we
near the shore, than quite unexpectedly
he stepped almost on my toes, roqklng
ine Doat irom siae to siae.
" tlang it! " I said; -"take care or
you'll have as over." .
" wnat U 1 dor " he returned. "It'll
only be a swim; and who minds a swim
in weather like this?"
We stared at him; the coolness, not
to 8 ay impertinence, of the remark, was
amazing. Begging a seat in onr boat.
knowing it was full, and then tellinir us
he didn t care it he spilt us into the
river! He seated himself by me, set
ting the boat see-sawing again, crush
ing me into a corner; ana without ask
ing with your leave, or by your leave,
took the steering lines from my hands
and slipped them over his shoulders.
Excuse me," I said, making a snatch
at them; but if you'll allow me."
-' " Not at all." he said. " I always like
something to do, and I expect you've
had enough of it." i .
His coolness was amusing; be was
impenetrable. 1 know I for one re
gretted we were such mules as to have
had anything to do with him. We waited
in silence a moment or two.
Come." he said, ' when are you
going to start?"
" remaps," sata au, a bit nettled,
as you're in our boat a self-invited
guest, you'll let us choose our own
The stranger said nothing: he sat
stolid and silent. Tom and Alf set oft
rowing; the stranger steered right
across the stream.
" Where are you going?" said Alf.
Keep us in."
I am going into the shade ; the sun's
He had the lines; we could hardly
insist on his keeping one side if he pre
ferred the other; he took us right to the
opposite bank, under the shadow of the
willow trees. For some minutes neither
of us spoke. With him cramming me
on my seat and jamming his elbows into
my side, mv position was not pleasant.
At last I let him know it.
"I don't know if you are aware you
are occupying all my seat."
He turned on me short and sharp.
All at once I noticed his left eye going
np and down like a blinking owl, his
mouth was wide open, disclosing as
ugly a set of teeth as I should care to
see. Like a flash Dr. : Rawle's words
crossed my. mind; tall, strong, about
lorty-nve, iron-gray nair; a habit ol
snowing his. teeth and winking his left
eye. Gracious powers! was it possible
we had a lunatic with us unawares? I
know the possibility, nay, the probabil
ity of such a thing made me feel more
than queer. If there is anything in tbe
world I instinctively fear it is mad per
sons. I know little of them, have never
been in their company. Possibly my
gnorance explains my dread; but the
dea of sitting in the same boat and on
the same seat with a man who " .
Dr. Rawle's warning, "Don't let him
lose his temper, or murder will ensue,"
made me bound from my seat like Jack-in-the-box.
' The boat tipped right out
of the water, but I didn't care. The
man was glaring at me with cruel eyes;
my . muscles were strung, . my fists
clenched; every moment I expected him
at my throat.
What the dickens are von ub tef"
said Alf. "What's the matter with
" Excitable temperament, hot-blooded
youth T said the stranger.
1 could nave said something had I
chosen, but 1 preferred discretion; I
didn't like his eyes. i
"No-o-thing' lsaid. "I think Til
sit in the bow. ' I didn't wait to learn
if any one had an objection, but swing
ing round I scrambled past Alf. and
tripped full length on to Tom's knee.
The boat went up and down like a
swing; it was a miracle he wasn't over.
" is the fellow mad?" roared Alf.
At the word mad" the stranger
rose np straight as a post. Mad!" he
said; "do you know, sir " He checked
himself and sat down. . "Pooh! he's
only a boy."
1 WW , . ,
in passing xom, a wnisperea in nis
ear. " The lunatic I said.
" What!" said Tom, right out loud.
Hold your row, you confounded
donkey! It's the man from Dr.
He was going to say something
naughty I know he was; but he
stopped short, and stared at him with
all his eyes. Either Alf overheard me.
or else the same idea occurred to him
at the same moment, for he stopped
dead in the middle of a stroke, and in
spected the man on the steering seat.
Tom and Alf wenton staring at him for
a minute or more. I . kept my head
turned the other. way to avoid his eyes.
All at once I felt the boat give a great
throb. I turned; there was the strang
er leaning half out of his seat, looking
at Alf in a way I shouldn't have cared
to have had him look at me. -
' What's the meaning of this inso
lence?" he said. -
The question was not unwarranted;
it could not have been pleasant to have
been stared at as Alf and Tom were
staring at him. ' ' .....:
1 beg your pardon' said Alf, cool
as a encumber, " To what insolence do
torn actually chucKicd; l couldn't
have chuckled for a' great deal; it
seemed toK me not only impudent, but
risiy; l. couidn t, forget Dr. Kawle s
words about his homicidal tendencies.
He turned red as a lobster; I never saw
such an expression come over a man's
face before perfectly demoniacal. To
my surprise he sat down and spoke as
calmly and deliberately as possible.
"Thank you," he said, "I shall
There was a sound about his " I shall
not forget this" I did not relish. Alf
said nothing. Tom and he set off row
ing as coolly as though nothing bad
happened. I extemporized a seat in
the bow and tried to make things as
comfortable as possible.
x noticed, although All and Tom.
were so cool, they hardly took their
eyes off him for more than a second at
a time. His behavior before their fur
tive glances was peculiar; he saw ho
was being watched; he couldn't sit still;
he lookea first at one bank, then at the
other; his eyes traveled everywhere,
resting nowhere; his hands fidgeted and
trembled; he seemed all of a quiver. I
expected him to break into a paroxysm
every second. .If I hadn't Called out he
would have run us right into the shore;
when I called, he clutched the other
string violently.erking the boat almost
round. I heartily wished him at Jer
icho before he had come near us.
No one spoke. ; We went slowly
along, watching each other. ' At last he
" I 1 will get 'out," he said in an
odd, nervous way.- - -
With pleasure," said Alf,' " In a
few minutes." :
: Why not now f ; Why not now sir ?'.'
he said, seeming to-shake Irom head to
" Where are yon going to get? Into
the river?". -
I admired Airs coolness: I envied
him. I only hoped he wouldn't let it
carry him too far. -
The man glowered at him; for a mo
ment he looked him full in the face. 1
never saw a look in a man's eyes like
that in his. Alf returned him look for
look, Slightly, almost imperceptibly,
he quickened his stroke. A little lower
down was a little hamlet with a well
known inn and a capital landing stage.
Wben we came alongside the stranger
"This will do; I'll get out here."
He turned the boat inshore. No
sooner were we near enough than he
rose in his seat and sprang onto the
beach. There were several people
about, watermen and others. Alf was
after him in an instant; he rose almost
simultaneously and leaped on shore; he
touched him on the shoulder.
'Now come," he said, "don't be
foolish; we know all about it."
The other turned on him like a
flash of lightning. "What do you
But Tom was too quick for him; he
was on the other side and took his arm.
" Come," he said, "don't let's have a
The stranger raised himself to his
full height and shook off Tom with ease.
He then hit out right and left in splen
did style. Tom and Alf went down like
ninepins. But my blood was up. I am
pretty strong. He was old enough to
be my father; but I found my match,
and more. I was like a baby in his
arms; he lifted me clean oft my feet
and threw me into the river. It was a
splendid exhibition of strength.
Tom andAlf, finding their feet, made
for bim together, ana scrambling out
as best x could, x followed suit, loo
never saw suoh a set-out. We clung
to him like leeches. The language he
used was awful; his strength was mag
nificent; and though we were three to
one, he was a match for all of us. Of
course the bystanders seeing a row,
came up; they interfered and pulled us
"Here's a urettv 2t." said one.
"What is all this?'1
"Stop him! lav hold of him!" said
Alf. " He's a lunatic"
A what?" said the man.
" He's a lunatic escaped from Dr.
Rawle's asylum." -- a "
Instead of lending a hand, the man
went off into a roar of laughter, and the
others joined. The stranger looked
literally iranuc witn rage A gentle
man stepped out from the crowd.
"There is some mistake," he said.
"This gentleman is Mr. Travers. of
You could have knocked us all three
down with a feather, I do believe
Could it be possible? Could we have
been such consummate idiots as to have
mistaken a sane man for a lunatic? and
that man was Lilian Travers' father! I
could have shrunk into my boots, 1
could have run away and hid myself in
bed. lo thins that X should have
dogged and watched, and insulted, and
assaulted the man of all others in whose
good books we wished to stand Lilian
Travers' father! Never did three men
look such fools as we did then. We
were so confoundedly in earnest about
it, that was the worst of all. I don't
care what you say; you may think it a
nrst-rate joke, but he must nave been
an eccentric sort of elderly gentleman.
If he had behaved sensibly, if, he had
made one sensible remark, he would
have blown our delusion to the winds.
We tendered our apologies as best
we could to the man we had so in
sulted; but he treated us and them with
the loftiest scorn; and we got one after
. 1 : . ,i 1 . V i .
auiuiiiur in IO iuh ooaii bqiiu tue gioes
and jeers of an unsympathetic crowd.
And as we moved from the wretched
place as fast as our oars would take us,
we each in our secret heart declared
that we would never forget our ad
venture up the river with a lunatic
And we haven't. From that day to
this I have never seen Lilian Travers,
nor do I wish to.
Hearing With the Teetb.
A gentleman in Cincinnati has in
vented an instrument for enabling the
deaf to hear. It is called the audi-
phone, aud has been received with
great favor wherever it has been
introduced. It appears destined to en
tirely supercede the ear-trumpet, and
it enables many to hear who could not
distinguish sounds by the use of this
clumsy and old-fashioned instrument.
The principle on which it acts has been
known for at least two hundred years.
and it is somewhat remarkable that it
was not applied to practice before this
time. Beethoven, the musician, was
deaf, but he was enabled to hear his
own musio by the aid of a wire passing
from a piano or organ to a piece of
metal or other material that he held be
tween his teeth. The new instrument
for enabling the deaf to hear is thus de
scribed: The audiphone, like other important
inventions, is comparatively simple in
its details, though yielding such re
markable results. In size and shape
the instrument very much resembles an
old-fashionsj silver watch, and weighs
but little over an ounce and a half. It
consists, in brief, of a chambered box,
in which is secured an exceedingly deli
cate, easily vibrating diaphragm. The
size and shape of the chambers, the ma
terial and construction of the diaphragm,
etc, have been determined by ex
periment, as, indeed, has every detail
pertaining to the instrument. In the
diaphcagm and chambers consist the
essential parts of the audiphone, all
other points being of minor importance.
Sounds caused oy the human voice,
musical instruments, etc, etc, impings
on the delicate diaphragm of the audi
phone and throw it into vibration, ex
actly as the same sounds would cause
the drum of the healthy ear to vibrate.
These vibrations of the diaphragm are
increased in intensity by the peculiar
construction of the chambers of the in
strursent, and are then conveyed to the
mouth-piece in contact with "the teeth.
From the upper teeth the vibrations are
conveyed through tho body framework
of the head to the auditory nerves in
closed in the inner ear, thus producing
the sensation of hearing. Just as the
phonograph or telephone records or
transmits every sound with the utmost
accuracy, so ... the audiphone receives
and traasmits every modulation of the
speaker's voice, until it is heard as
clearly as by the ordinary healthy ear.
In using the audiphone the deaf person
simply holds i the instrument in the
hand, and it is of no importance wheth
er it is held close to the mouth or with
the hand resting on the knee, or in any
other convenient position, as the con
ductor connecting the mouth-piece may
be so lengthened or shortened as to al
low the instrument to be held wherever
it is most comfortable for the person
using it. Thus it will be seen that, in
addition to its small size, which makes
it convenient to carry in an ordinary
watch pocket, the ease and comfort
with which the audiphone is used ren-r
der it entirelyunobjectionable to many
persons who would be too sensitive to
carry an ordinary trumpet.
, " O! but I say, this is a beastly grind,
This is a brief but correct summary
of the impression made upon the mind
of my friend, a clergyman of the church
of England, whom I had brought to
West Point for the purpose of showing
him how we Americans train a corps of
. To bim the idea of men ' being con
fined so closely to routine work as to
allow but a bare half hour of each day
for recreation was a bare monstrosity.
' But do you mean to say that those
cadets nave no sportr'
" No; no organized sport, correspond
ing to boating, foot-ball, or base-ball at
colleges.' - -'-.'
VVelL" said the Englishman, grave
ly, "our English cadets would think.
themselves hardly used if they were de
barred their regular sport every' day,
and I think that here in the army you
wouia una more pleasure in your life,
enjoy the army better, if a liberal dose
of recreation were trown into your ca
: It is the gravest charge of an En
glishman against us that we confine our
lives too much to sedentary occupa
tions At the English universities an
Englishman expects four hours a day
for active recreation; at the big English
public schools every boy must go in for
some of the many sports or be voted a
" muff." English gentlemen will ride
their horses ten miles into London every
morning for exercise, and out again at
night, The close of business is the sig
nal for innumerable clerks to rush to the
cricket-field in the suburbs for a game
Parliament adjourns for the Derby, and
my English clerical friend told me that
one of the most wholesome sights in the
world to him was to see . the. dean of
Jesus College at the boat-race running;
along the tow-path, as for his life, and
shouting: " Go it, Jesus!" to the best
of his ability. The explanation lay in
the fact that thirty years before he was
the stroke of the Jesus boat,
. At an American college yon will find
perhaps one man in ten who takes sys
tematic exercise, and I fear I am saying-
too much when I Bay that. . At
Yale, where boating enthusiasm can
certainly be said to exist, besides half a
doaen six-oared crews who train for
races, there are scarcely fifteen stu
dents, probably, who iow regularly out
of ten hundred and thirty men between
the ages of sixteen and twenty-five
years. Take base ball, foot ball, horse
back riding, or walking, and there is a
still greater falling off. The reason .is
that, where in England the heads of
the faculty understand the value of a
strong physical frame to a man start
ing in l.fe, and foster manly sports as
a natural recreation, with us the fact
that a man tries to exercise is looked
upon as something out of the ordinary
run, and consequently reprehensible
If a man with us gets low in his stand
ing, tbe cause is immediately sought in
athletic pursuits. He is warned to give
up" boating, base ball, or whatever
other recreation he may seek for his
health. - To see a tutor rowing a shell
would excite wonder at an American
college, and recently when a priest of
the English church took off his.!' cloth,"
rolled up bis sleeves, and beat the West
Point officers at lawn tennis, on their
own ground and with their own rack
ets, you may imagine their amazement
and delight. The thought of it is in
strong contrast to the American par
son, whose most worldly occupation is
driving a buggy six miles to the hour!
But to return to West Point: Para
doxical as it sounds, it is absolutely
necessary that the cadets should have
exercise that forbids them having any
recreation time They rise at six
o'clock, breakfast, look over their les
sons, and are occupied from eight to
one o'clock with drill or recitation.
They dine and recite until four o'clock;
they then get ready for the afternoon
drill from 4:30 to 5:80 o'clock, and then
they have just time to get ready for
parade, which takes place about' six p.
ni. now. Immediately after parade
they are drummed off to supper,- and
only after supper do they have an exact
half hour absolutely . to themselves.
Then the drum beats again, and they
retire to their rooms and study until
taps at 9:30 o'clock, when they turn
out the gas and take their only real rec
reation of the day. They cannot
smoke out of their rooms. In strolling
about the grounds you never moet those
cosy groups under the trees that lend
such a charm to under-graduate life at
Harvard and Yale. No strolls with
friends, no entertaining chats arm in
arm that do so much to cement friend
ships, no evenings over a pipe or bawl
with a round of song. None of these
instead we have precise action, a turn
on the heel that suggests a machine at
the waist, an erect carriage and a mil
itary bearing carried even info the reo-itation-room.
A West Point recitation, by the way,
is something unique When a visitor
makes his appearance every cadet rises
and " fronts," and you feel as you did
when you entered your 'first freshman
society, where the walls were lined
with your tender initiators. This se
vere military carriage is relaxed at a
sign from the instructor, and the reci
tation goes on.
: The teaching is undoubtedly the most
thorough in the country, if not in the
world. The reason will probably be
found in the fact that not only are the
cadets bald to strict accountability for
tbe work they go over, but in addition
to that the assistant instructors are also
strictly responsible to the professors in
charge of thoir department. Thus a
Professor of Mathematics will have one
hour's instruction with bis class during
the forenoon, and the remainder of the
time he devotes to inspecting the work
of his assistant professors who are in
structing 'other sections in the same
subject. As there are Mily nine men in
a section, it will be readily seen that no
one can escape a keen cross-examina
tion during the hour.
The fact that a Professor is known to
make the rounds of the section rooms
is a guarantee to the cadet that no in
justice will be done him by a young
instructor who for any reason may be
tray partiality. The Professor is sure
to seek an explanation for any great
difference between his mark' and that
on a tutor's book when the same man
is under consideration. ' It is the curse
of the marking system at our American
colleges that a man is at the mercy of
a young tutor who by his mark-book
sits in judgment, from which there is
no appeal. Every College man knows
how much injustice is done by a few
callow instructors who have perhaps
forty men to hear at a time, who hear
each man perhaps every other day,
and must determine his stand by the
two or three minutes he is on his feet.
There are so many opportunities for
the dishonest student to impose on the
tutor, and the tutor is so quick to sus
pect laziness tbe man who is too dis-
nonest to "pony" or nana m sick
excuses," and, moreover, the divisions
are so large and the examinations so
infrequent, that the marking system,
in my judgment, is fruitful of evil.
No educational institution in this
country has probably so large a teach
ing force in proportion to the students.
as West Point, At Yale and Harvard
the proportion is about one to ten; at
the military academy it is one to hvc
At Yale a professor has sometimes sixty
men in a recitation-room; here he has
nine. - Here the student must learn;
there he may. : Here he must learn so
much : and no more; there : he must
learn a little less than so . much, but
may learn a great deal more. -
At West Point the marking system is
necessary, is wisely managed, and
cannot be abused; but in a college the
case is different, for there are three
tunes as many men before the tutor as
before the West Point instructor. .-
The marking system again has a
very strong tendency to suppress that
free communication between the teacher
and the taught which is indispensable
to the best education. No 'ordinary
man will imperil his standing by ex-
osing his ignorance before nis tutor,
lany instructors feel this, and invite
their soholars to question freely, but
the boys are shy. -.They fear to sow the
wind, a good story is told here of one
of the best and most popular professors.
The cadet who told it is no longer in
the corps. ' He is" therefore safe The
professor had frequently urged - the
cadets te make known their wants to
him. " Only by this means, gentle
men, will you acquire that compre
hensive grasp of vour subiect which it
is my endeavor to afford you."
At last a hand went np, and the de
lighted professor asked.
what is it, air. smitnr
" May I ask a question. Professor?"
was the reply. , - , ,
" Certainly but one minute, . Air.
Smith. Let me now direct your atten
tion, gentlemen, to the praiseworthy
conduct of Mr. Smith. You are now
to witness an illustration" of what is ex
cellent in the Socratic teaching. I hope
you will not fail in future to follow the
good example set by Mr. Smith. Now,
Mr. Smith, what is your question?"
" May I shut the door, XTofessorr"
Pliny was of the opinion that the
only safe literary work under Domitian
was to . write a neutral grammar or
compile a dictionary- It is tbe opinion
of those who are under the marking
system that the only safe questions to
ask are those relative to the tempera
ture and' tbe gas-metre West Point
Oriental Sand and Had Baths. -
In many low plains in the neighbor
hood of the sea, in Greece, immense
quantities of sand are constantly being
deposited from the inrolling waves,
particularly at the promontory Sunium,
near Missolonghi, near Corinth, and on
some of the islands, as Noxos and My
kone Professor Landerer, writing
from Athens to New Bemedies, says that
these places are visited by persons af
fected with chronic rheumatism, an
chylosis, and chronic synovitis of the
knee joint, for the purpose of taking a
sand bath. The patients (who are gen
erally of the poorer classes) bury them
selves in the sand or cause others to
cover them with it, so that only the
head, which is covered with a night
cap or straw hat, remains free.- It is a
ludicrous sight to see twenty or thirty
such odd looking heads sticking out of
the sand. In consequence of the weight
and the saline character of the sand,
the skin of the patients becomes so red
that when they emerge from their san
dy bed (which they occupy as long as
possible) they look like boiled lobsters.
Wooden huts, or tents improvised with
oleander and plantain branches, are
used as bathing houses, and a piece of
bread, some grapes, and a glass of
wine generally constitute the meat of
a patient. Direct inquiry of the pa
tients has elicited the fact that the ef
fects of this sand treatment are deci
dedly beneficial- ,' ''"-'': -'f
, Another variety of bath is likewise
not uncommon, the so-called mud
bath." In the canals and ditches into
which the sea water is allowed to flow,
in order to obtain common salt by spon
taneous tevapo rattan, a mother .water
containing chiefly magnesium bromide
remains behind, after the crystallized
salt has been removed. -At the same
time, an aluminous mud collects at the
bottom. -.This mother water, together
with the- mod, is used by patients af
fected with chronic splenitis caused by
the frequent malarial fevers prevailing
among the workmen in these localities,
and with Intestinal infarctions. , The
method consists in smearing the whole
body with the saline mud, and in ex
posing themselves afterwards to the
rays of the ' sun until the coating has
become dry, when it is washed off with
the saline mother ' water. ' Sometimes
both the sand and r the mud bath are
used locally on a special portion of the
body only, as, for instance, the legs or
feet; Scientific American.
I t ' ' i' im ,?.'. '"1
: Whew a man's house is building he
never thinks the carpenter puts in one
third enough nails, and frequently and
with biting sarcasm ' asks him : if he
doesn't think the bouse would stand if
he just simply leaned it up against it
self, and saved all his nails? Then a
few years afterward, when he tears
down the summer kitchen to build a
new one, he growls and scolds, and
sarcastically wonders why that fellow
didn't make the house entirely of nails,
and just put in enough lumber to hold
the nails together. Jlawh-Eytu '
A bather gayly-dressed young lady
asked her Sunday school class what
was "meant by the pomp and vanity of
the world." The answer was honest,
but unexpected, "Them flowers on
CHILD'S TBAXKsamSO HTMX.
In the lovely spring-time, . - ,
Came the seed sowing; '
Fruit and grain were growing k ;. ...
Vrnit and frrain in nidi tv '
Knouch for all the firing; i .-!!!
Now in cold November
Cornea the glad Thanksgiving. ' ' ' "
How shall wo thank Thee -;
For Thy constant blessing?
Low on our bended knees.
Sins and faults conferring? ' - i
Or in the sacred church, ,
Where the bells a-ringing
Calls us to greet the day ,; , r
With our joyful singing? -
Prayer and song we bring Thee; ' '"
. Bat a heart of pity.
For the hungry, homeless ones ,
Who wander throngh the city '
Who wander throngh the fields, , v t
An-i mourn that they are living.
In Thy eight, O Lord.- --.irj
Is the best Thanksgiving..
. Mrt.M.F.BulU.in WidAumtt.
. ' . JOB'S TPBKEY. t ;
A TnanhuMTlvlna; Stary. .
Job Peters was a queer, forlorn-look
ing specimen of humanity,- and so
thought little Kit, as, with several other
boys, he stood on the corner of a street
and watched Job pass, xie used a
crutch, though both legs seemed to be
in good condition; wore a pair of green
goggles, but was always known to take
them off when he wanted to see any
thing; and carried his right arm in a
sling, notwithstanding the muscular
looking member was proved to be a
regular hit," as several in the commu
nity knew to their sorrow, when they
attempted to wrestle with him. .
" Look, 'fellers.' look! what a guy!"
shouted one of the boys, as Job came
near them. " Come, let's have some
fun." - '
" Hallo. Peters!" shouted one "How
did vou break vour arm?"
"Where did yoa get your wooden
leg? cried another. .u-.'
"What did yon pay for your specs?'
piped in little Kit. -
Poor Job was used to ridicule so he
answered never a-word, as was his
wont, but clattered on with his crutch.
The boys couldn't bear the thought
of losing such a good subject; and so.
by means of a few winks and motions
and signs, sucn as ooys understand,
the one who had spoken first managed
to get Kit and one of the others started
in a procession ol three, following hard
after Job. -m - :::
The leader picked up a" stick, and
pretended he was lame; another held
both fists up to his eyes, as if they were
goggles; while Kit took a pocket-handkerchief,
and extemporizing a sling,
suspended his arm in it as if It . were
perfectly helpless.: -: ... -
Thus the three walked on. following
poor Job; but as he did not turn, nor
take any notice of them, apparently,
they soon tired of such fun, and sepa
rated. -J : . 1 ' - '
When Kit reached home he told his
mother all about Job, and what fun
they had mimicking him. " For,
mother," said he, - " the boys say that
old Job is only pretending to be lame
and blind, and makes believe that his
arm is broken." . n
"My-son," replied his mother, "I
am very sorry indeed that you ridiculed
poor Job. I am sure that you would
not have done so, had you only known
more about bim. - He is a poor, lonely
fellow; poor because he is lonely. ; His
daughter and only child, whom he
loved very much, , was killed, - a few
years ago, by some terrible accident;
and, after that, - Job- seemed to have
partly lost his mind, and began to im
agine that he had met with several ac
cidents himself. - On that . account he
uses a crutch, and wears goggles, and
carries his arm in a sling. .' . ' "
" Do you see, xut, bow wrong it was
to ridicule him?" v. - -
" Yes. ma'am," replied Kit, very en
ergetically; "and I will never do so
again, not as long as I live." .
That night, when xut rettrea to nis
own little room, be lay awake some
time, thinking of Job, and wondering
what he could do to show hint how
sorry he was that he had laughed at
him. ' - v;
"O!" he shouted to himself, "I
have it. I know just what I'U do;"
and he sprang out of bed,, and seized
his little iron bank that stood on the
bureau, and shook it as hard, as he
could. That little act seemed to satisfy
him; for he went back to bed, and was
soon fast asleep.:-.' - -, -i- m '.s
Wben be. awoke in tne morning, ine
first thing he did was to rush at" his
bank again, and shake it as hard as be
fore Then he popped into his clothes
as quick as a flash, and, witnout wait
ing more he ran down the stairs for the
tool-box. He worked away at his bank
With a sorew-driver, and soon succeed-
ed in getting at his precious savings. -:
Let's see," he began:, "ten ana ten,
and twenty-five and five that's fifty;
and fifty that Uncle Joe gave me, that's
one dollar. Then there's the ten cents
that I got for going without butter , for
two weeks, and fifteen for having two
teeth out, and fifty more in pennies:
that makes one-seventy-five I guess
that'll do it; and won't Job be glad? "
As soon as breakfast was over XVit
rushed out of the house to the store t
the other end of the village where there
were two large fat turkeys hanging up
in front of the door, all ready for some
: "Well, Mr. Slooum," said Kit,, with
his hands in his pockets, and his- head
thrown back, as if he felt very impor
tant; " how's turkeys to-day?' i
" Pretty well, thank you, at present,
my dear," answered Mr. S locum; " but
I guess some of 'em'll be going down
with consumption in a coupie oi aays;"
and Mr. Slocum laughed all over as if
his remarks were very original and very
funny. -i ' f--
, It didn't take much to make Kit
laugh, generally, but just at present his
whole mina was on a turkey iorjoD
Peters; and so, when Mr. Slocum had
sobered down again, he inquired the
"price of his turkeys.
" That big feller mere, was tne re
ply, " is wuth two dollars; but the other
one weighs three or four pounds less,
and I guess you can have it for a dollar
and a halt" ... .. ; .
" Heigho!" chuckled Kit to himself;
twenty-bve cents left for a nest-egg."
" I'll take it, Mr Slocum." he said
eagerly; and, paying his money down,
he shouldered his turkey, and, .after
inquiring his way to Job's house,' he
trotted along with his prize, Mr. Slocum
shouting after him, that " that weren't
no kind of a turkey for a Job's
turkey;' " which brilliant remark was
all lost on Kit, who didn't know that
Job ever had any turkeys. '''
When he reached Job's house, he
knocked at the door; and Job roared
out, " Come in." '
So in Kit marched, and deposited the
turkey on the table
" What's that?" asked Job. ' :
A turkey for you, Mr. Job," Kit
replied, " 'cause I laughed at yoa the
ether day, and did not know you were
so lonely; and I want yon to have a nice
dinner Thanksgiving Day.'
" Where did ye get it r' was the aext
question, as Mr. Job gave the little fel
low a piercing look from under his
great shaggy eyebrows, though he had
left off his goggles. ;I"
- " I bought it," answered KUV . with
the money I got eut of my own savings
bank. .Don't you like turkeys, Mr.
" Yes," ; said Mr." Job; - much
obleeged. Good-bye, little feller. Call
' As Kit went home he did not -feel
quite so happy about the turkey as
when he was on his way to Mr. Peters'
house with it over his shoulder." He
wondered if Mr. Peters was angry be
cause he had given it to him; for he re
ceived it in rather a gruff way.. Finally
he decided to consult his, mother, who
was always ready to help him out of
all his difficulties. - - - ' - " V
His mother was very much" touched
with the little fellow's generosity; but
she . said to him, that, . although she
knew Mr. Peters could not be really
angry, yet, if he had only asked her in
the first place, she could have told him
that Job was sot in a poverty-stricken
condition by . any means; on the con
trary, he was' very well off. She praised"
him for his act of self-denial, and
promised to make it all right when she
saw Job; so Kit felt relieved. . ' r
When Thanksgiving morning arrived.
Job Peters made his appearance at Kit's
home, looking as dilapidated as ' ever.
He carried in his hand a queer-looking
bundle, which he refused to hand to any
one but Kit, - . ... -
As soon as Kit caught a glimpse of it,
he ran to his mother, crying out in the
most woe-begone tone, " O mother he.
has brought tne turkey back."
His mother could not leave what she'
was attending to, just then; so she told
Kit he would nave to go and take it, any ,
way, as Job seemed so persistent,
: Kit received the bundle very reluct
antly; and Job hobbled away without a
word. .. . .
- Kit opened the package in a dreadful
state of disappointment; but what was
his surprise when, on removing half a
dozen different wrappings, he discov-1
ered inside the most beautiful pair of
skates he bad ever beheld! -.
But this was not all; for, tied to the
skates in a very careful way. was an
other bundle exceedingly small, with'
just as many papers around it; and out-'
side of the last one was written: " or
the Savings Bank." Inside was a five
dollar gold piece
Jut almost acted like a lunatic the re
mainder of the day, and hardly knew
whether to run down to Job's and thank
him, or to sit down and write him a
letter, which latter looked like a very
formidable undertaking. - .. T
Lie anally made up his mind to go in
person;, but as soon as he began to ;
speak of the skates and the gold piece,
and to express his gratitude to job, he
was very much surprised to see Job put '
on his goggles, arrange his arm in the .
sling, take nis crutch and hobble out of
the house. without a word. The Well-.
Spring.' ' '
An Old Bachelor's Clecks.
Not far from the village of Gouglers-' '
vflle, near the extreme end of Breck "
nock - township, up to within a few-'-
weeks ago. lived an old and eccentric ;
bachelor by the name of Elias Fitter- ,
ing. Yesterday 'Squire Gougler took
the affidavits of the appraisers of the '
deceased's personal property; the ap
praisement having been made under
tbe supervision ot the attorney for the a
parties, I. C. Becker, of this city. Fil
tering was past seventy years of age,""
and lived on his forty-acre farm alone '
and unattended.' Several weeks ago he
died, when his four-room log building, ,
with all its' curiosities, was locked up 1
until yesterday, when the appraisement 1
was made - '-a
The great hobby of the old man was -
clocks. In his little home he had no
less than fourteen clocks of as many
styles, sizes and shapes. Nearly all of
them were of old styles, and contained
musical boxes and automaton . figures.
In one room he was obliged to lower a
portion of the floor and raise a portion '
of the ceiling in order to place in a tall 1
clock of a peculiar description. He ;
and large clocks that played tunes and '
worked a number of wooden figures.
One figure was that of a pretty woman. r
which he regarded -as his wife- - " His
sisters, and his cousins, and his aunts'.'
were pictured in the remaining figures. "
In the society .of these speechless au- -tomatons
the old man spent many hap
py hours in contentment, xn bis " par
;or" was a large organ for which, about 4
1832, he paid $400. This huge instru-
ment is all enclosed, and the key-board ,
is only reached after several coverings
are removed. It was built in Reading, '
but is now somewhat ont of time : The r
organ was . appraised at $40. In his
cellar the old man bad a splendid cider,
press built at great cost. There he
Sressed his cider and cooked apple
utter. Pots of apple butter and jars 1
of preserves -were found in the house"!
supposed to be at least thirty years of -age
. In one corner of his room was a .
cane with the head to represent Adam .
and Eve, with a trailing serpent near
He had several costly- musical boxes '
and - an acoordeon and flute: Upon ?
these two instruments he was quite an r
expert performer. All his tastes and
desires ran to clocks and musical in-.,
struments. In the purchase of these he
was liberal, while he was entirely in-
different in the matter of furnishing hia '
house ' His domestio - comforts.' from a -modem
standpoint, were ; extremely ,
limited, but be was always apparently r
happy.. He had a large, lot of - the '
strangest looking tools; two new car- '
riages were found packed under a '
quantity of hay, and a large number of
quaint and curious articles were found a
in his house He had fine harness and
plenty of . 'hay, and the appraisement1
amounted to quite a large sum. The '
deceased had no children, and his estate .
is to be divided among his collateral -heirs,
about . three in number. It is ,
thought that no other house in the ',
county contains ' so many clocks and . .
other quaint and curious articles to be -'
compared with this Reading Eugle.
- mm t
If there is one thing more than an
other that will make a young man in a .
big button hole bouquet, light gloves, J
dainty clothes, and hair parted in the
middle come down to hard pan and as -near
common sense as he can get with- 1
out previous preparation or anapta- :
bility, it is to 'have a woman tell him ;
he ought to have been born a girL
Steubenville Herald. '
Thebb was a time when it was well
enough to give certain waters the name
of " Congress," but the more it is ad
vertised now the more a customer will
expect to find something different ia the
bottle. JTrt Frtu,