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' ' x - ' '. '- - ' "" A Family Xewspar, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art, Poetry, Etc.
VOLUME XIII. ; ... , ,y . WELLINGTON, O., THURSDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1879. NUMBER 13.
PUBUSHED EVERY THURSDAY,
I ? W. HOUGHTON.
Office, West Sid of Public Square,
TEBM3 OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One copy, one year.'.................. ..fl 9T
Om copy, six months... 75
One copy, three months.............. GO
Ii not paid within the year,'., 20J
J. H. DTCKBOS. AUorney-at-Lsw, Wellington, O.
Office In Bank Budding. :td floor.
W. F. HERRICK. Attorney and Counsellor at Lav.
Benedict's Block. 3d Boor, Welling- on, O.
X. O. JOHXSON. L. If OLE AX.
Johnson 4k McLean. Attorney and Counsellor at
Law, Syria, O. Office No. X Mussey Block,
J. W. HOUGHTOy. Notary Pcbltc Office la
Hougtitoal Drac Store. West aide Pablie Square.
- ARTHUR W. NICHOLS. .Notary PabUc Loaa and
CoUscttoa Agent. Business entrusted to my care will
recerrs prompt attention. With Johnson A McLean,
No. Mirss ill's Block, Xiyrla. O.
DR. J. BUST. HomoMpathlst.
eelce, West aide r"ubUe Sqaara.
Beat den ce and
DR. R. HATH AW AT, Homerpnthlo Fhywcaa and
Surgeon. Office at residence. West side Sontk Mala
Street. We'Uagtoa, O.
I. McCLARXN. M. D-. Phystcssa ai
Ceils from vlllag and country will receive prompt at
senium. Office In Sd story etO.lL Stronp new
sliding. South side of Liberty Street, 'Wellington, O
. U P. HOLBROOK.
Burgeon Dentist, office la
Flow, Food. Etc.
B. B. HAsTLIW, Dealer In Flour, reed. Grata.
Seeds, Salt. Etc. Warehouse. West side Railroad
Street, Wellington. O.
T1BST NATIONAL BANK, Wellington. O. Does
. " genera! nanring business. Bay and sell N. T.
Xicnange, Oorernrneat Bonds. ta. 8. ft. Warner,
PrasMeat; R. A. Borr, Osabier.
' W. W. BAWTKLL, Photographer. Gallery la Ar
. nniriBlock. Wellington, a
Brtttg your printing to the Enterprise Office. An
of printing done neatly and promptly. Office
sad Pablie Square, over Houghton's Drug
X. WaXLS, Saddler and Harness Maker. The best
mkaMM employed, and only the best stock used.
AH work dons ander my superTlaloa, Aorta side
1 mad SstoM.
ASKTORD, Manufacture! and dealer In
I Shoes and all kinds of Brat clam custom
1 work and materials tally warranto
oath side of Liberty Street, Wellington, O.
R. V. GOODWIN, The Insurance Agent, wfflke
foandat kla office la Hasted Bros. Boot end Boon
Store, where he win be pleased to see his ot I ess
Kan mi Mediae earthing n his Una. Standard com
anles ispt aw Bled and rates reasonable,
ronrptly adjsated sad paid at his agency.
If yoa want a first-class Share, Hair Cut, or Sham
' nan, call at Eobtneon's O. K. Bhsrlng Saloon. Liberty
Street. A fall assortment ot Hair Oils, Pomades and
Hair Restoratives. We also keep the beat brand ot
Bason, and warrant them. Bason honed or (round
as order. X. T. B0B1X80X.
WKLLlXOTOsT FLAKING MILL. Manufactures
and dealers in Saab. Doors, Blinds, Brackets. Bat-
ttnga. Lumber, Shingles, Lath. Cheese and Batter
Boaea. Scroll Sewtng. Matchlag and Planing done to
jrder. D. L. Weuswntth, Prop. Office, near rail'
H. WADSWOP.TH A SOX. Planing Mm. Scroll
Sawtns, Matching, Planing, etc. done to order.
Dealers n Lumber, Lath, Shingle, Doors, Bass,
Blinds, Moulding and Dressrd Lamber of a
Yard near Hamlin's Feed Store, Wellington. O.
J. B. WIOITT. Dealer in Crocks, Watches, Jewelry.
Mverwara, Gold pens. Etc. Shop in Hoogfaton's
B. 8. HOLLEXBACH. Merchant Tailor, la TJnloa
Block, Room e.
. A. S. POWER) Merchant Tailor. A flue assort-
ment of Clotlil aJ Cassl meres, which will bs mads
toorder la the latest styles sad at reasonable price.
Mo. X Benedict's Block, np stairs.
m a. TTT T FT neater ta Preah and Salt Meats.
nlissi sad Pork Saa age. Highest market pries
aid for Bee tea. Sheen, Hogs, miles, mm. auraas
south side Llb-rty Stieet.
w. D. ana an. a. M. arorKK.
MLNEB A SON. Dealers in all kinds of
Cat Meats, fresh sad salt, of a batter Quality than
Baa aeretofbr been sold In Wellington. We hare a
new patent cooler and all the appliances for doing a
rat class business. Our prices are no higher than
stbeaecbarg for Inferior meats. Market Kortb
side Liberty Street,
Uwary S tardea.
. WM. CUSHION SON,' Lirery and Sale B table.
Choice tornoota furnished and charges reasonable.
Soarthstsa. Mrirhaalr Street, one door east of Ameri
TOOTB WARNER, Llrery sad Sale Stable.
Wisb Um issamtsd un-oon as reasonable rales.
Office Booth aids Liberty Street.
J. P.EIDT. Baker sad Grocer. Fresh Bread. Cake
sad Fie erery day. Also a choice and complete as
sortment ot Groceries, Manufactures snd sella.
wholesale sad retail. Candles and Confectionery,
West side Korth Mala Street.
Ciffars aad Tobatooo.
A. P. DIMOCK Manufacturer, Wholesale and Re
tail Sealer ta Cigars, Tocaceos, etc A fine asi
meatalwsya kept In stock at lowest cash prices.
slimnuss Mortb side of Liberty Street,
a s aiaaair. a. a. stabs.
XVElaETT STARR Manufaetnr ng Chemist.
and Wholesale and Retail dealers la Drug. Med!
ctaes and a ran line of Notions and Druggists Saa-
drlaa. aorta side Liberty Street.
Light liters tare A bank book with
no balance. N. T. Telegram.
'Midst the men and thing which will
Haunt an old man' memory still.
Drollest, qnainteat of them all.
With a boy's laneh I recall
Good old Abram Morrison.
e e a a e
Irish of the Irishes.
Pope nor priest nor church were his;
Hober with his Quaker folks.
Merry srith his quiet jokes
On week days waa Morrison. .
a e e e e e
Back and forth to daily meals,
Kode his cherished pis on wheels.
And to all who came to see:
" Aisier for the pie an' toe,
Bore it is, said Morrison.
Wen we loeed the teles he told
Of a country stranee and old,
W here the fairies danced till dawn;
And the goblin Leniwann
Looked, we thought, like Morrison.
All his words hare perished. Shame
On the kaddle-bags of Fame,
That they brine not to onr time '
One poor couplet of the rhyme
Made by Abram Morrison!
When, on calm and fair First Dara.
Battled down our one-home chaise
Tbroufrh the blossomed apple-bousha
To the Quaker meeting-house.
There waa Abram Morrison.
' TJndeTnrath hi net broad rjrim
Peered the queer old face of him ;
Ami with truth Jarmtineaa
Sarong the coat-taile of the drees
Worn by Abram Morrison.
. Still, in memory, on his feet, .
Leaning o'er the old," hich seat, '
Mingling with a solemn drone,
Celtic accent all hi own. '
Rises Abram Morrison.
On his well-worn theme intent.
Simple, child-like, innocent.
He Ten forsire the half-checked smile
Of our careless boyhood, while
Listening to Friend Morrison!
After half a century's lafsa.
We are wiser now, perhaps, '
Bat we misa our streets amid
Something which the past has hid.
Lost with Abram Morrison.
. Gone fortrrer with the queer
Characters of that old year!
Now the many are aa one;
Broken is the mold that run
Men like Abram Morrison.
John O. Wkittier, in St. XiclkoUufor Dtctmber.
THE CURATE'S SWEETHEART.
A young woman with a pleasing
face, who rarely -smiles, and seems to
shnn observation, and an old lady, who
comes out very little ' and ' always
That was the description given to the
Rev. Charles Grosvenor of the new oc
cupants of the little cottage which lay
so close to his vicarage that he could
see the smoke from the chimney over
the tops of the trees that skirted his
The Rev. Charles Grosvenor had been
away from the scene of his labors at
Chomleigh for a month. . Chumleigh
was countrified enough and healthy
enough, but he had been ordered sea
air, ana naa. taxen me inp, leaving nis
by no means extensive flock to the care
of a temporary shepherd.
The Rev. Charles Grosvenor was a
young man, and Chumleigh was his
first living. He wa,quite new enough
to his work to taktT interest in it, and
he was on intimate terms with all his
Directly he heard of the new arrivals
in the village, he of course determined
to call upon them, but he thought he
would just inquire what sort of people
they were. ' .
The result was tae asove description
a description vague enough in all
conscience, and yet sufficient at once to
invest the heroines of it with a slight
halo of romance.
The Rev. Charles Grosvenor had not
so long left college life to bury himself
imone the pumpkins but that he could
duly appreciate the piquancy which a
little mystery lends to onr ordinary
Knowing that the young lady shunned
observation, his curiosity was at once
aroused, and be loosed forward to bis
first meeting with, her with more than
ordinary eagerness. As to the old lady
well, "he was a young bachelor, re
member; and however deeply old ladies
may veil themselves, or however mys
terious they may be, they cannot ex
pect to command much attention when
1 a . 1
uiere is a younger laujr lL1 tuts case.
The curate called at Ajaournam cot
tage the day after his return from the
seaside. He found the Smiths very
quiet and unassuming people. Mrs.
Smith said very little and sighed a good
deal, and Miss Smith, though a fluent
and agreeable speaker, as be could
judge from the little she said, spoke
only in answer to his questions, and
kept her eyes fixed on the ground the
whole time in at ne was talking to ner.
Something queer about these peo
ple," said the Rev. Charles Grosvenor
to himself. " I wonder what it is. I
must draw them out."
His notion of drawing them out was
to en cao-e their services in his parish
work. The old lady sighed and con
sented. The young one colored, cast
down her eyes, and said that she was
not fit for such work. Not religious
enough, she meant.
Abe Hey. cnaries urosvenor was
much distressed to hear that Miss Smith
was not religious. Here, at last, was a
task congenial to his soul, lie was
quite willing to convert farm laborers
and to reform market gardeners, but
when a demure looking young lady.
witn an agreeable manner, onerea ner-
self, he could not refrain from looking
forward to the prospect of higher and
He talked seriously to Miss Smith,
and Miss Smith listened seriously so
seriously that the curate was taken by
surprise. He was almost alarmed at
the terrible earnestness with which the
girl spoke of religious questions, asked
For spiritual consolation and argued
with him on the dread subject of the
sinner's fate hereafter. The earnest
ness and the vehemence of his parish
ioner, however, only increased his
interest in her. - .
Now. when Miss Smith called herself
a miserable sinner, the Kev. Charles
Grosvenor thoroughly believed that she
was one. He accepted her confession
in the same sense that he would have
accepted it from the patron of his living,'
or bis mother, or any 01 nis lady pansn-
1 , 1 r n ; li. - r
unera. 11 o are aui niiserauia Biuuern,
and being enjoined to say so, a clergy'
man cannot, for the sake of being com-
nlimentarv. reftiaA tr hAliAva a vnnnc
lady when she affirms that she is no
exception to the rule.
But as to attaching any really serious
import to tne confession of Miss Smith,
tnat never occurred to mm foi a mo
ment. He soothed her, offered her
such consolation as he could, thought
she was a most pious and interesting
girl, and leu maoiy in love witn ner.
From the moment he made the dis
covery his conduct to her altered. He
tempted her to talk less about herself
and to be cheerful. He didn't want
the girl he was in love with to be too
persistently a miserable sinner. She
was so charming and so nice that he
felt she might very well keep that in
the background a little.
A white tie and a clerical coat do not
alter a man's nature; and when a man
falls madly in love with a woman, he
likes to imagine her as near perfection
Miss Smith's manner changed also.
She discovered the parson's secret be
fore it was many dayi old. - She was
still pleased to see him, but she avoided
all reference to ier sins.
Once he questioned her about her
past life. For a moment she went
deadly pale, then the color rushed to
her cheeks, and she stammered out a
remark which tumedfthe conversation.
niiss fcmitn. saw tnat the Kev. Charles
Grosvenor was at her mercy. It was
only a question of time when he would
make the avowal. Should she encour
age him, or discourage his secret, and
stop it while there was yet time?
In her dimcuity she laid the case be
fore her mother, and asked her advice.
The old lady was frightened out ef
her wits. She dare not think about
such 'a thing, j she said. . Of course it
would be the making of her if she could
marry a clenr. uian; but how could it
be done? He would have to know the
history of her life first, and then:
"And then he would at have me,"
answered the girl, passionately.
" Of course not, my dear, said Mrs.
Smith, at least I should think not."
Shall! tell biro? Shall 1 confess
all the next time he comes?"
Again Mrs. Smith was frightened.
She does not like to think what the re
sult of that confession will be. They've
managed at last to find a spot where
they can live quietly and unknown,
why must All the miserable story be
brought up again? . , . .
Aiuts smith laiung to set any practi
cal advice from her mother, thinks the
matter over quietly by herself, and by
the time she sees her admirer again
she settled on her course of action.
She meets him in the field that leads
to the church.
It is a briarht summer morning, and
they pause by a stile to look at the
yellow and red of the far stretching
The Rev. Charles Grosvenor ' com
mences by talking about nature, and
gradually comes down talking about
himself his aims and prospects in life.
Little by little the conversation slides
into the groove he wished, and in five
minutes his hand and fortune have been
laid at the feet of the lady listener.
He hadn t meant to be so abrupt, he
had meant to keep his secret a little
longer, but it had slipped out accident
ally among the poetry and domestic
details, and he was very glad it was
Miss Smith was of course very much
surprised. The curate had caught her
hand as his accents grew more impas
sioned. She allowed him to retain it
till he had finished, then drew it gently
Mr. Grosvenor," she said, quietly.
" I will answer you fairly and frankly.
Before you made me such an offer you
should have ascertained to whom you
bat do you meanr"
You do not know who or what I
" I know that you are an angel."
Miss Smith's lip curled slightly, but
her voice trembled as she answered:
As you have gone so ttr it is only
right you should know something about
me. 'My name is not Smith. That is
a false name."
A false name!" the parson gasped.
" Dear me! why do you want a false
Listen, and I will tell you. Did you
ever hear of a terrible crime for which
two men and two women were con
demned to death? It was called a 'mys
tery' at first. But when the facts came
to light it was called a ' murder.' One
man starved his wife to death, and the
other people helped him. He wanted
to marry a younger woman, and this
younger woman was one of the ac
cused." " I remember .the case," stammered
the curate. "It was very awful; but
I don't see what you've got to do with
it"' - -
The perspiration stood on his brow.
and he began to mop it with his pocket-
handkerchief. He half expected to hear
that Miss Smith was a. relative of one
of the criminals.
You remember," continued the
trirl. speaking rapidly now and without
emotion, "that all four were condemned
to death, but the young girl was at the
last moment granted a free pardon and
allowed to rQturn to tne world and ner
Yes." firasned the clergyman, " I
remember; out what has all this busi
ness .to do with yonr"
Xhis,' answered tne laay wnom ne
had just made an offer of marriage; " I
was the girl that allowed the murdered
woman's husband to lefve me I was
the girl for whose sake the murder was
committed I was the girl who was
condemned to be hanged by the neck
and then granted a free pardon! I
She stopped. The Rev. Charles Gros
venor had reeled back against the stile
and closed his eyes. .
" Excuse me," he muttered; " a lit
tle faintness that's alL"
Ha pulled himself together, stam
mered a little, coughed, and for a min
ute seemed at a loss what to sav.
She broke the silence first.
" I have told you now the secret of
my life. I am here with my mother,
and here wish to remain unknown.
forgotten by the world. We are bound
to live under an assumed name. We
should be hooted and stoned if it were
known who we really are. Will you
keep my secret r
Certainly stammered the curate;
"andl trust '
That I shall keep yours. . Rest as
sured of that, Mr. Grosvenor. I will
forget that anything has happened this
morning beyond tne ordinary inter
change of courtesies between clergy
man and parishioner."
She smiled and bowed, and passed
on: - - '
He walked back slowly to the church
muttering to himself, What an es
cape who d have thought ltf
. j , e - ., a,,a -e
The Rev. Charles Grosvenor is still
the curate ' of ' Chumleigh, and Miss
Smith and her mother still live at La
burnum cottage. Theparishioners,how
ever.notice that the visits of the clergy
man. to the cottage are, few. and far be
tween, and that when he calls he is
generally accompanied by one or other
of his lady visitors.
And old Dame Turvey, who knows
everything about everybody, and is
great authority on village matters, as
sures everyone that she can't make it
out at all, for at one time she was quite
sure the parson was sweet in that
quarter, and she quite expected that
Miss hmith would have presided at the
parsonage tea table.
something must have happenpd
very unexpected to break it all oil.
concludes the worthy dame, "for it
was all altered like in a minute."
Aame lurvey is right for once,
What happened was very unexpected,
and it made such an impression on the
Rev. Claries Grosvenor that he will
remember it to the end of his life.
TanderbUt's ttreat RWal.
Mr. Gould's millions now crowd close
to those of Vanderbilt. He is a man of
finer texture than the old Commodore's
son. He doesn't run to fine houses,
costly stables, and blooded steeds. At
night when he dismisses his operators
from the telegraph offices in his own
house in Fifth avenue, and enters up
in a little book the telegraphic receipts
of the various railroads which he owns,
he does not go to a club to carouse, to
a banquet to steam up with champagne,
or to a theater; he retires to the recess
es of a peaceful library, and with his
young sons about him, reads the Latin
classics, the world forgetting, but not
only by the world forgot by a large
majority. The next morning early he
has the telegraph doing lightning serv-
vice and he is sending an eiictric shock
through Wall street as soon as the bulls
and bears come into that field for pas
ture. Mr. Gould is a liberal man, al
though when he makes a bequest he
docs not have the information written
in manifold and sent to all the news
papers. The first news New York had
of his gift to the Memphis sufferers of
$5,000 came from Memphis, as did the
news of the second gut of lo,(XK).
Mr. Gould, being a small man of lit
tle physical prowess, is naturally not
disposed to put himself recklessly in
the way of the horns of the bulls and
the claws of the bears. There are some
men in Wall street, as Mr. Gould has
reason to know, who wish to resent
their losses with their fists, and are dis
posed to follow Major Selover's exam
ple and to pitch him bodily down into
a convenient area. Accordinglv Mr.
Gould keeps his office guarded by a
stout Irishman, who prevents the in
trusion of visitors, and he has usually
a private way to get out into the street.
He has, too, it is said, a big Italian
bookkeeper who accompanies him on
many of his business trips about town,
and stands ready to protect his million
aire employer. N. . Cor. St. Louis
" Men's Fashions.
To plunge headlong into the delicate
mysteries of the toilet: Colored under
clothing and lisle thread stockings of
every hue, worked with silk embroidery
in various devices, are dictated by the
present fashion. Collars are of every
shape and size, but most of them are
standing collars open at the throat.
Quite a number of men wear the mili
tary collar, that meets, in fact almost
laps over, in front. There is a wide
range for individual taste in cravats as
far as colors are concerned, though the
universal shape is the flat scarf that
covers the whole shirt front. Upon the
varied background of these variously
beautilul contrivances can be displayed
all sorts of pins, according as good
taste dictates that is from none at all.
or scarcely any, to horseshoes studded
with the diamonds, whips, spurs, frogs
on ladders, plain gold or silver balls
and horses made of three horseshoe
nails. The fashion of men's outer gar
ments has undergone a decided change
for the better so the delighted young
men Bay. No longer does one see the
huge check and tremendous plaid.
Plain dress and subdued colors rule.
As women vie with and dress at each
other, so they say do men, but the
women have the advantage of being
able in many cases to alter their own
clothes, and by adding a piece of vel
vet here and a bit of fur there produce
new lamps for old. Men, it is said,
cannot do this. As his clothes are
made so must he wear them or not at
all, and whatever may be the truth as
to buttons, men, it is believed, do not
venture to take in tucks in the slack of
their trousers, or alter the cut of their
coat lapels. There are said to be bril
liant exceptions to this rule, it is re
ported that a certain man recently
made a bet that he would not only make
himself a suit of clothes, but would
wear it at his club, and that it wonld not
attract attention by any peculiarity of
cut or mistake in sewing, or lead to
researches in his family history. This
bet was taken, and the suit was made
and passed the ordeal. Upon close ex
amination afterward, however, it was
discovered that the pockets had been
The run on some of the tailors no
town this year is almost unprecedented.
One man is happy over orders received
this fall for sixty odd dress suits, not to
speak of the innumerable sack and cut
away suits lor morning wear and the
dignified frock coat for taking the
afternoon airing. Men seem to be
laying in a stock of clothes of all kinds,
as if they thought that the present
prosperous times would not last for
ever. Nearly all the orders received
by tailors have been for sack suits of
one color or material, or a dark mixed
cloth, or of some quiet pattern. In
afternoon suits, such a j frock coats and
three buttoned cutaways, the trousers
are of diuerenl material and color from
the coat. At afternoon weddings.
gris" pearl gloves are worn by the
groom and ushers, and by whosoever
takes a prominent place in the cere
mony, but ordinarly the yellow or red
dogskin glove is worn in the street.
The dress that men have for a long
time been wearing in the evening
namely, a black "clawhammer,"
" swallowtail" or" spiketau, and the
rest of the suit of the sombre hue, with
the inevitable white lawn cravat or
black satin lie (the latter not considered
quite such full dress) is still in fashion.
A few years ago there was some taix
of a " strike" against this dress, and
it was proposed to. retain the same
Eattern for the coat, but substitute for
roadcloth velvet or dark blue cloth.
and in place of trousers kneebreeches
and silk stockings. These lacked a
hero to face a ballroom full of ladies in
this guise, and so the plan went a-gly.
Canes are more in demand this year
than ever, and a bamboo stick with
either a silver cross handle with a
match box on it or an agate or tortoise
shell is popular. N. T. World.
Forty-four and four-tenths per cent,
of the white people who took the yellow
fever during the late epidemic in Mem
phis are said to have died; of the black
people 16 6-10 per cent, died. There
were altogether 1,537 cases of fever and
487 deaths, a total death percentage of
Guinea fowls will keep all bugs
and insects of every description off gar
den vines. They will not scratch like
other fowls or harm the most delicate
plant. Their eggs are valuable, and
l bey lay oftener than the common hen.
"What are the best stories?'
"That depends. When vou are tell'
ing them, the long ones are; when you
M liatanini, . ( li u artrM.t' n nc. M r a
RELIGIOUS ASP EDUCATIONAL.
Virginia has now 2,491 schools, in.
structing 108,074 pupils.
There are now at Yale 1,003 stu
dents, 581 of whom are in the Academ
ical Department, and 175 in the Shef
field Scientific School.
saafn Georgia there is a minister of'
the primitive Baptist denomination who
has five churches under his care, mak
ing it necessary for him to preach all
day long on Sundays. During six days
of the week he goes into the forest and
chops wood to earn a living. And he
is seventy-one years of age at that,
Calculations have been made to
show the number of years it would re
quire at present rates .to convert the
entire population of India, and a most
formidable showing was the result.
But in spite of these figures, however
discouraging, great progress has been
made since missionary work in that
country began. In 1830 the native
Christians in India, Burmah and North
and South Ceylon .numbered 27,000.
Last October there were 460,000.
Sir Garnet Wolseley's letter to
Bishop Schroeder in regard to exclud
ing missionaries from Zululand does
not at all dispel the fears of the mis
sionaries. The letter makes it quite
plain that the various chiefs have the
power to exclude the missionaries alto
gether from their respective districts if
they choose. Formerly it was only nec
essary to get permission from the King
to settle in any part of Zululand. Now
there are thirteen independent chiefs
having jurisdiction. Sir Garnet does
not speak in very complimentary terms
of the missionaries.
Whatever may have been the case
in past times, it is evident now that
Brooklyn has no legitimate right to the
distinctive name of "The City of
Churches." Figures derived from the
census of 1870 show that she is far be
hind other cities of this country in pro
portion of churches to population. Of
prominent cities there are at least ten
that go ahead of her. She has only
one church for every 1,721 of popula
tion, while Washington, which de
serves the name which Brooklyn wears,
has one for every 932. Cleveland has
one for every 1,044; New Orleans one
for every 1,345; Cincinnati one for
every 1,350; Baltimore one for every
1,412, and Boston one for every 1,666.
St. Louis is nearly as well off for
churches as Brooklvn, having one for
every 1,852 of population. As for this
city, she is nearly as far behind Brook
lyn as Brooklyn is behind Washington.
The proportion stands one to 2,613. In
New York State, a better showing is
made than by Washington herself.
The figures are one to 805. N. T.
Bishop Wiley, of Cincinnati, has
just returned from an inspection of the
mission work of the Methodist Episco
pal Church In Europe He first went
to Germany, where he met the German
and Swiss Conference, composed of
seventy-five members, who occupy 250
preaching places in Switzerland and
Germany, and who are doing a pros
perous work. ' He next went to Copen
hagen, where he met the Danish mis
sion, composed of thirteen members.
This mission labors under considerable
difficulty, in consequence of the antag
onism of the State Church, which Is
Lutheran. In spite of this, however,
its progress is satisfactory. At Stock
holm Bishop Wiley met the Swedish
Conference, consisting of sixty mem
bers, with 200 preaching-places. The
mission has had remarkable success,
and is aided rather than opposed by
the Government, The Norwegian
Conference, consisting of forty mem
bers, he met at Stavanger, on the
western coast of Norway. He reports
that the work of the mission is quite
A Monster Tf hale.
"When we started from Pier No. 1
this morning," said Capt Al Foster
last night, after ho had returned from
his Thanksgiving cod-fish expedition,
" we had on board 128 passengers. The
William Fletcher is not a large boat,
but she could carry this number very
comfortably. Some of them wanted to
run to the south' ard; but the weather
was so fine and the water so smooth
that I made up my mind to go to east
'ard, thinking we should get better
fishing there. We hove off to Hog Inlet,
and fished for an hour; but though
nearly every one had a line over tne
side, nobody even got a bite. This was
rather discouraging. For three years
no such thing had occurred with me
before, and 1 didn't know what to make
of it. At last I hauled up the anchor
and run further to the south. 1 was at
the wheel myself, and we were between
the shores of Sandy Hook and Rocka
way; and about eight miles southeast
of the Highlands, when I saw a jet of
water rise into the air about half a
mile ahead. It was followed by anoth
er and another of the same kind. I
knew at once that it was caused by a
whale, but as the spout was not more
than twelve feet high, 1 thought it a
very small one, as a full-grown whale
usually throws up the water about forty
feet. However, large or small, I knew
it would be a curiosity to my passen
gers. JNooody on board had noticed it
but myself; so, after I had pointed it
out to my brother, I told him to send
the boys forward to have a look at it.
It was almost dead ahead, and with
very little alternation of the steamer's
course I bore directly down upon it.
1 he whale continued to spout at in
tervals, and though he did not send the
water higher than at first, I began to
think, as I got closer, that he was not
Quite so small as I had supposed. He
frequently threw his body half way out
of the water, and I could see that be
was Mack. When we were within a
quarter of a mile of him I judged that
be was about buy feet, but the nearer l
approached the larger I supposed him
to be. At last X slackened speed and
ran very slow toward him. He made
no effort to get out of our way, and
seemed to be indifferent as to whether
he came in collision with us or not
The passengers were greatly excited,
and wanted to see bim still closer; so
to satisfy them I ran on until there was
not more than fifteen feet between our
bow and the whale. Suddenly he
whirled around and swam across our
bows. Up to that point I had been
keeping a little to one side of bim, so as
to pass without touching him, but now
I saw there was great danger of a col
lision, and as the creature rose high in
the water I was able for the first time
to see nearly his entire length. At the
very lowest estimate he must have
measured eighty feet, and some of the
passengers, good judges of such mat
ters, were satisfied that it was not less
than 150 feet long. It was clear that it
would never do for na to strike such a
monster as that, so I threw the wheel
hard-a starboard, and just shaved by
his tail. I tell you there were not
many inches to spare.
" I have seen a good many whales in
my time," added the Captain, " but
never one so large as that before. Nor
have I ever seen one, until this morn
ing, nearer than half a mile from
where 1 was. The water, just where
we saw this fellow, was deep, but had
he run in toward the shore on either
side he would soon have been agrouniL.
I may say that after this experience we
found other fishing grounds and very
successful, catching a great many cod,
and more blackfish than I have seen
taken on any excursion 1 have made
this season. My brother caught one
weighing eight pounds."
Several of the passengers who were
in the William iletcher corroborate
Captain Foster's story of the whale.
N. T. bun.
An exchange says: Why should
trade not have a Johnson or a Webster
to classify and correct the mass of in
consistencies that go to make up its
nomenclature? We not only tax our
brains to invent "fantastic" names to
every new fabric varied perhaps only
by a thread or a shade irom what our
grandparents wore a century ago, but
there are in use positive misnomers for
many staple articles of merchandise.
The following imperfect list, culled
from sources ready at hand, will give
a faint idea of them:
Acid (sour) applied in chemistry to a
class of bodies to which sourness is
only accidental, and by no means a
universal characteristic. Thus rock,
crystal, quartz, flint, etc., are chemi
cal acids, through no particle of acidity
belongs to them.
Black lead does not contain a single
particle of lead, being composed of
carbon and iron. . . .
Brazilian grass does not come from
Brazil, or even grow there; nor is it
grass at alL It consists of strips of
palm leaf (cnamcerops argenua) and is
imported chiefly from Cuba.
Burgundy pitch is not pitch, nor is it
manufactured in or exported from
Burgundy. The best is a resinous sub
stance prepared from common frank
incense and brought from Hamburg;
but by far the greater quantity is a
mixture of resin and palm oil.
China, as a name for porcelain,
gives rise to the contradictory expres
sions, British china, uutch china,
Chelsea china, etc., like wooden mile
stones, iron milestones, brass shoe
horns, iron pens, steel pens.
Cuttle bone is not bone at au, but a
structure of pure chalk, once embodied
loosely in the substance of certain ex
tinct species of cuttlefish. It is in
closed in a membraneous sac, within
the body of the fish, and drops out
when the sac is opened, but it has no
connection whatever with the sac or the
Galvanized iron is not galvanized. It
is simply iron coated with zinc; and
this is done by dipping it in a zinc bath
containing muriatic acid.
Uerman silver is not saver at an, nor
was the metallic alloy called by that
name invented by a German, but has
been in use in China time out of mind.
Honey soap contains no honey, nor is
honey any way employed in its manu
facture. It is a mixture of palm-oil
soap and olive-oil soap, each one part,
with three parts of curd soap or yellow
Japan lacquer contains no lac at all.
but is made from a kind of nut tree
Kid gloves are not made from kid
skin, but of lamb or sheep skins. At pres
ent many of them are made of rat skins.
Meerschaum is not petnned " sea-
foam." as its name implies, but is a
composition of silica! magnesia and
Mosaic gold has no connection with
Moses or the metal gold. It is an alloy
of copper and zinc, used in the ancient
museum or tessalated work.
Mother of pearl is the inner layer of
several sorts of shells. It is not the
mother of pearl, as its name indicates,
but in some cases the matrix oi peari.
Pen means a feather (Latin ptnna, a
wing). A steel pen is not a very choice
Salad oil is not oil for salad, but oil
for cleaning sallades, . ., helmets.
whalebone is not bone at all, nor
does it possess any of the properties of
bone. It is a substance attached to
the upper jaw of the whale, and serves
to strain the water wmcn tne creature
takes up in large mouthfuls.
Standing Armies of Enrope.
Thzrk can be little question that the
present prostrate condition of conti
nental trade is in great measure due to
the enormous burdens laid on the people
by the military policy of their rulers.
How heavy these burdens are some de
tails taken from a report lately issued
by the Hungarian ministry will show.
According to this report i tne object oi
which is to exhibit the relative weak
ness of the Austro-Hungarian forces
and advocate an addition to them), the
military strength of Russia consists of
3,046,800 men, of whom 600,000 belong
to the reserve and 2,446,800 to the
standing army. The regular army of
trance comprises i,tea,wu soldiers oi
all arms, the territorial army 1.208,000;
total, 2,289,000, to be increased in 1892
by the addition of 800,000 reserve men
to 2.723.000. The German power of all
classes is represented by 2,004,300
men. of whom 1,076,200 belong to the
standing armv. 307.200 to the landwehr,
and 620.900 to the reserve. Italy has
an armv of 698.000. and a militia of
310,000. In 1892, when the reserve
will number l,016,200,her total strength
will reach 2,024,200. Austro-Uungary
possesses a standing armv of 800,000, a
landwehr of 299,318, tnd a reserve of
95,000 men; total, 1,194,318. The grand
total of all these forces amounts to lb.
471,918, the standing armies alone
numbering 7,925,000. But it must not
be understood that all the latter are
now under arms; at least half of them
are on furlough. They form the first
line, and all would, of course, be at
once called out in the event of a general
war. It is nevertheless true that the
great military powers have at their
disposal 16.000.00 men who have
learned, or are now learning, the sol
dier's art, and are bound to re-enter the
ranks when required. The mind re
fuses to grasp the full significance of
these portentious figures; but it may
safely be affirmed that, so long as these
bloated armaments are suffered to
exist, Europe can count neither on last
ing commercial prosperity nor on a
long continuance of peace. Geneva
Cor. of Manchester Examiner.
Porous plasters were marked down
to fifteen cents by a Danbury druggist,
yesterday. This is much cheaper than
an undershirt, to say nothing about the
saving in washing.. . Besides, you al
ways know where it is. Danbury News.
Faxsb hips are openly sold in San
Francisco dry goods stores.
THE FUSNT MANDARIN.
There wss a funny mandarin
Who had a funny way.
Of sliding down the balustrade
A dosen times a day.
With arms in air and streamoaajiair.
At risk of bone and brain.
Around and round the winding stair
He slid the rail amain.
The surest " aim may miss the game.
The safest ship go down.
And one mistake will bring to blame
The wisest man in town.
And thus it ran, that daring man.
Who never thought to fail.
At last, in spite of every plan.
Went gliding oS the rail.
The servant then, unlucky men.
Began to laugh and grin.
Which, like a hon in its den.
Aroused that mandarin.
Ho. ho ! said he, you laugh at me ?
Now. slaves, yon each shall slide!"
And when they all had met a fail.
He laughed until be cried.
-Palmer Vox, in at. X'uKolat for December.
ABOUT THE STARS.
Harry Newman is a bright little boy
about twelve years old, who lives with
his father and mother in a fine old New
England town, where the trees are so
tall and grand their foliage forms beau
tiful arches over every street, Harry's
father teaches astronomy in a large
college near by, and there is nothing
Harry likes better than to listen to
stories about the stars from his papa.
The way he came to like them so much
One pleasant afternoon last August,
Mr. Newman and Harry net out for a
walk into the country. When they had
walked on for a long while, Mr. JNew
man said: "It is time for us to turn
back Harry; the sun will go down now
before we reach home."
As they turned their faces homeward
Harry said: " Papa, does the sun real
ly go down, or didn't you tell me once
that the earth moves and the sun stands
" You are right, my boy," said Mr.
Newman; " the sun stands still, and the
earth and the other planets move around
it, A long time ago people thought the
earth was a great flat plain and that
the sun and all the stars moved around
it once in twenty-four hours."
O, papa!" cried Harry, " how could
they think the earth was flat when they
could see how the lower part of a ship
goes out of sight before the top does,
as vou showed me last week at Old
It does seem strange," said Mr.
Newman, "but it was true, and the
man who first declared that he believed
it round was laughed at by everybody
for holding such an absurd idea. The
earth turns round on her axis, and this
makes day and night, you know. Then
it goes around the sun once a year, and,
by changing its position at different
times, gives what we call our seasons.
But before we talk more about the
earth, 1 will tell you something about
V. o.i i rr-.il novit .A hoar 5 1 1 '
Ul OWU, A. JU1. . CUV W UM .
"I do," said Harry, "very much."
" Well," continued his father, " you
will hardly believe me when 1 tell you
that the sun is so far off that if you
could take passage in a car going from
here there at the rate of thirty mues an
hour, and should start next New Year's
day, 1880, you would not reach the sun
till the middle of the year 2218430
years from the time you start in other
words, tne sun is about Jrz.wu.wu oi
"Whew!" said Harry, "I should
have to be as old as Methuselah."
" And the sun is so large," continued
Mr. Newman, " that in this same car
you would be ten years in going around
it, while you would travel around the
earth at that rate in about a month. It
takes 1,200,000 earths to make one sun,
or, if you call a good-sized orange the
sun, the earth would be no larger in
proportion than the point of a pin."
w bat is tne sun maue oir asxea
" The best astronomers," answered
Mr. Newman, "say that the whole in
side is a kind of hot gas, and that the
surface is a great ocean of nre which is
all the time boiling and seething and
sending up huge jets of flame thou
sands of miles high the most glorious
fireworks one could dream of. If a
portion of this mass should be blown
over the United States at the rate at
which it moves on the sun,' it would
only be thirty seconds in rushing from
the'Gulf of St. Lawrence to the Gulf of
Mexico, leaving the whole country not
only a mass of ruin, but of glowing
vapor, while the ashes of New York,
Boston and Chicago would oniy do one
small cloud. You will get a little
idea of how hot it is up on the sun when
I tell you that if the earth were made
of ice, and the whole heat of the sun
put upon it, it would take but two
minutes to melt it; two minutes lenger
to boil the water which it would then
consist of, and thirteen minutes more
to convert it all into steam."
" O!" said Harry, " I never would
have believed that yellow ball over
there in the sky could be so big, or so
far off, or so hot as you say; but I don't
see bow you bnd out ail these things."
"By-ana-by, continued nis iacner,
" when you grow older, you will under
stand some of the wonderful ways in
which astronomers make these discov
" I wish I were old enough now,
said Harry. " But, papa, if the sun is
so large, bow big is the moon? That
looks about the same size." "
" Why, my dear boy, it would take
sixty millions of our moons to make
the sun! It looks so much larger be
cause it is so much nearer us. It is
about 240.000 miles from us, and re
volves around us once in a month, as
wo do around the sun once a year. A
curious thing about the moon is that no
one ever has seen the other side of it.
and many astronomers have conject
ured that the other side is like the
earth and that people live there; but it
is clearly known now that there is
neither - air nor water there; so, of
course, no one could live on the moon.
1 will show you a little how the surface
of the moon looks as seen through a
As Mr. Newman spoke, he picked up
a handful of pebbles from the ground
and threw them into a soft bed of mud
which they had just reached. ' These
pebbles sunk in the mud," said he,
" look very much like the flat craters
in the middle of the mountains of the
moon, these little mounds of mud
around them represent the ..curious
shapes of the mountains themselves.
One of these days 1 will show them to
you through my telescope, and some of
the planets too.
"How many did you say there were,
papa?" asked Harry.
" Seven besides the earth," replied
his father. ' The one nearest the sun
is called Mercury. It is about one
third the size of the earth and is forty
millions of miles from the sun. Next
comes Venus, that beautiful bright
star you have so often seen near sun
set time. The Greeks along time ago,
called it 'Hesperus,' or the evening
star, and also Phosphorus,' or the
morning star; for part of the year it is
seen in the morning. It is about as
large as the earth and sixty-seven mill
ions of miles from the sun."
"When does the earth come in.
papa?" said Harry.
" Wext to Venus, my boy," replied
his father, " and then comes Mars,
which is only half the size of the earth,
and yet is one hundred and forty-one
millions of miles irom the sun, and
takes two of our years to go around it;
so if you were born on Mars you would
only be six years old, instead of twelve
of ours. You can tell Mars from the
other stars by its shining with such a
red light. About two years ago an
astronomer in Washington, Prof. Hall,
was looking at Mars with his telescope,
and he found it had a little bit of a
moon, only about fifteen or twenty miles
in diameter, and pretty soon he discov
ered another a little larger, so that
Mars has the two smallest moons ever
" Have the other planets any moons,
papa?" said Harry.
" xes; Jupiter, the next planet, has
four. Two of them were discovered by
Galileo, who lived a long time ago. No
one would believe ne naa seen any
moons, and one old astronomer wouldn' t
took into a telescope for fear he should
see them and be convinced. He died not
long after, and Galileo, who was as
sharp with bis tongue as with bis eyes,
said: I hope he saw them on his way
to heaven.' Jupiter is much greater
than all the rest of the planets put to- .
gether, and is thirteen hundred times
as large as our earth. It would take a
rod 85,000 miles long to run through it
from opposite sides. I can show you
with the telescope great belts across it
which are supposed to be made of
" What comes 'after Jupiter?" said
" saturn," said his father, " which,
though only one-third as big as Jupiter,
is three times as large as the other six
planets put together. It has eight
moons and two rings around it So, if
you could make a flying trip to Saturn
some fine night, you would have a mag
nificent sight, when you arrived, of the
sky lit up by these eight moons some
full, some new and the two glorious
golden rings reaching from one side to
the other, and all the rest of the stars
"O! Td like to go there!" said Har
ry. " Can't Mr. Edison make a flying
machine, papa, he can do every
thing?" " Even if he could," said Mr. New
man, " yon would have to be several
hundred years old, before yon could
reach Saturn, and, besides, you could
not live outside our atmosphere. Be
yond Saturn comes first Uranus, with
four moons, and then, away beyond
that, Neptune, which was discovered
by two men about the same time an
Englishman and a Frenchman.
"But we are new nearly home, so I
shall only have time to tell yon about a
telescope that was so big a whole fam
ily sat inside it. It was built by Sir
William Herschel, and after a good
many years, when it was no longer
used, he dismounted it, and, with a
very funny family celebration, closed
up the tube. On New Year's eve the
whole family father and mother and
all the little children climbed into the
tube and sang this song, which I learn
ed by heart several years ago:
TUB OLD TELXSCOPB.
In the old telescope's tube we sit,
And the shades of the past around us flit;
His requiem slug; we with shout and din,
While the Old Year goes out and the New
Chorut Merrily, merrily let us all sing,
And make the old telescope rattle
Full fifty years did he laugh at the storm.
And the blast could not shake his majestic
Now prone he lies where he once stood high
And searched the deep heaven with bis broad,
There are wonders no living sight has seen.
Which within this hollow have pictured been;
Which mortar record can never recall,
And are known to Him only who makes them
Here watched our father the wintry night,
And his gaze has been fed with preadamite
His labors were lightened by sisterly love,
And united they strained their vision above.
He has stretched him quietly down at length
To bask in the sunlight bis giant strength;
And Time shall here a tough morsel find
For his steel-devouring teeth to grind.
He will grind it at last, as grind It he must,
And Its brass and its iron shall be day and
Bnt scathless ages shall roll away,
And nurture its frame and its form's decay.
Chorut Merrily, merrily let ns all sing,
' And make the old telescope rattle
As Mr. ' Newman finished, and they
entered their gate, Harry ran to his
mother, who was waiting for them on
the piazza, and exclaimed, " O, mam
ma! I have had such a nice time, and
when I grow up I mean to be an as
tronomer and have a telescope myself."
Since then his papa and he have had
many good talks about the stars, and
Harry never wearies of hearing about
them. N. T. Observer.
' The method of dispensing justice and
carrying the law into execution in Ca
bul seems to be somewhat primitive,
judging from the following incident,
which is supplied by a correspondent
of the Lahore paper: In a quarrel be
tween two artillerymen, and by a sort
of accident of a kind that sometimes
happens on purpose, the bayonet of
one man became implanted in the stom
ach of the other, indicting a wound that
resulted fatally. The friends and rela
tives of the deceased declared that they
would only be satisfied by the life of
the delinquent being left in their hands.
and according to the usual custom in
such cases the prisoner was made over
to them to do what they liked with him.
It was immediately agreed that hang
ing was the most appropriate, and all
the necessary preparations for the cer
emony were completed, when one of
the relatives, more bloodthirsty than
the rest, - demanded the privilege of
cutting the unfortunate man's throat.
At this interesting period of the tragedy
the Colonel of the prisoner's battery ar
rived on the scene with a bag of Rs.
1,000, which obtained an instant re
prieve for the moribund artilleryman.
Benjamin Franklin wanted the
turkey selected for the emblematical
bird of America instead of the eagle
and this it will be remembered, was a
long, long time before a trade dollar
was thought of. Rochester Herald.
Never wash raisins that are to be
used in sweet dishes. It will make the
pudding heavy. To clean them, wipe
with a dry towel.
All the lay preachers in the world
will not make eggs cheap in cold