Newspaper Page Text
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A Farailv Newspaper, Devoted to Home Interests, Politics, Agriculture, Science, Art; Poetry, Etc.
ZL 1 "W JD. i 6 WELLINGTON, O., THURSDAY, JANUARY 1, 1880.
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1 1 AN 5"
PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY,
-" "T "TI -; - .... .,
--- i J ST "
' J "W. HOUGHTON.
OfHcv West Has oT ralIiata.ar.
1 TERMS OF.SUBSCBIPTION
Jw!?!!5Iu,"0,, ' 75
U not pail within the j
? j.- GO
J. H. DICKSON. Attorner-at-Law, Wellington, O.
Ofllee ! Bank BuUdlac Ad floor
W. r. BBUKIUE. Attorney MdCimiilln rtUw,
,.BenBaaBrBBloaB asSoca, Dtamra
B. e. jobxsox.
Johanna McLraiy Attornera sad fran-miim at
Hr, BrrHa. O. "bc So. X Meaner Block.
J. W. HOWiHTOJ, Borary Pebll.. Oflce ia
Boaghtoa'a Drat; Store, West aide PabBe Square.
ARTHUR WjtlCHOU, Votary PabMe, loan and
OnUacUoa Agra. Bail at aa eatraeMd to air ear. wtll
rerr. prompt attention. With Jahasoa a XcLena.
Xo. X Ximi'i Block, K yrla. Q.
BR. J. RUST. BoeMopathlst.'
eatee. West aMa J-nbllc Eoaara.
F j V nqrreoa. 0rc at nratdaace. Wax
uaitst. wariaigtoa, o.
T. McCXABKX. M. D.. Phyalrlaa aai Samoa
Calls from Tlllaga aad eouatry wturacetea prompt et
teatloa. OBee la at story of , at. Stroa.-a aew
baOdlag. Sooth aMa of Liberty street, Wellington. O
L. P. BOLBROOK. Barteoa Deatiat. O&ce Bl
Benedict Block. ---
TUmm, Feed. Eta.
H. B. H AsTLIN. Beater ta Hoar. Peed. Orara.
Sera, salt, tlte, lTaraansaa, .West aide Bsllrsid
Street, WeUlaajioa, Jk v . -
PIR8T HATTOXAL BAIL-WelllartM. O. Does
sesjeral aanklns bastaeet. Bars and sells H. T.
sTrcaaaaa. Ooreraeaeal Bonds. Eie, S. Warner,
, ftsjlli I ,-Jt, A. Borr. QeaaJe. . '-. -
W. T. SAWTaXL. Photographer. Gallery la Ar-
; weiuagton, i, ,
yoar attatiBt: to ta. Xarerprlaa oaea. ' AH
aeanyaad aromptr. ones
nr cuasBioa s ij
L T. JE.WXLU, Saddler stslBjuaesalUker. The best
sansa. ampler ed, aad aaily its bast stack aard.
work dosis BBder say saperrlaloa. ortb sMo
' varkv AS verb sad autarlals rally smmated. Bao
; aaskslaesCUseitr 8hxrl, Welllnstaa, O.
? -Mi -tXMaVWDL' Tbe
r ttyoaoajaaalisl aUsi Snare. Bah-Cat, or
l'ia K. SharlBt Setoon, Uberty
ted BatrfJUs, Piiaiiln lal
Balr Beatoratrres. We also keen the best brand of
B. T. BOBIBSOX.
tWbXUVGTOV PLAITINa UILU- Mnaafastant
. aad dealeta la Saab. Doors. BUada. Brncketa. Bnt
, Lember. Salaclea. Lata. Cheese nad Batter
. ardor.-. D. L. Wndavonh, Proa. CMBoa, near rail
; mad Depot,
BL WADS WORTH A BOX. Ptaalnc MO. Scroll
I Pislsia la Lsanaer, Lata, SMaaiea, Doors.
Bllads, at oaldlaas aad Brassed Lamber at all aorta.
' Yard Beer Banana's Peed Store. Wemactoa. O.
IE WIGHT. Dealer la Clocks. Watches. Jewelry.
ttTenrere. Sold Pens, Xte. Shop la Boashtoal
- B. B. BOIXXXBACB. nfereaaat Tailor, ta Ualos
Block. Boora S. )
' A. B. POWBB3 Merchant Tailor. A San aaaort
aaeatot Cloths ad Caaalmeres. which will bs Bade
to order hi ihelstt at styles aad at reasonable prieea.
Mo. X. Beaedfetrs Bloc It ai atara.
Iniaraaei Ateat. wfflba
Ifsaaalst bst aeaos la Haated Bras. Boot sad Skaa
aera. . vasra am via be ataasad s see Ma old ea
ntaaiiisaiiiBeaainiblai bialsBaa. Btsaaard eeea
i fjasas niisanlii and late natnatlili, ' Iassa
L SsnaaBT aajastsd aad aald at ak) asaacy.
. . t . . i .i
V ftTLUB. Dealer la Treah and Salt
Pork Saa-asa, Blshest market prlaa
paid lor Bearee. Soma, Hoaa, Bides, Etc Market,
... ktJXEB A SON. Dealeta ia ail kinda of
Cat Meats, fresh sad salt, ot a batter quality than
ana heretorbre been sold ta WeOiactosv. We hare a
Msaread all the appllnaees for dotiaja
linae . Oar prices are ao hlcher tbaa
for talerlor saeaia. Market Berth
WM. CTJSHIOIT SOX. Urery aad Sale Stable.
' Choice taTBonts fanlshed aad charces rraannabls,
aonth side Mechaale Satiet, one door east of ASMrr-
side Liberty Street.
J. P. BTDT. Baker aad Grocer. Presh Breed. Cake
sadPlaserarydar. Also a choice aad esmplete as.
retail. Cnadies aad Coafectloaery.
Clean sBat TaVaeea.
A. P. DIMOCK Mansfaotnrer. Wholesale and Be-
tall dealer la Clears, Tobaeoos, etc. A Sae aaacrt-
aiiat always kaet la atock at loweit cash prloea.
StlietnnsiMnstb aids at Liberty Street.
px a. afsaair. . . b. a. vta
. 9VSBCTT SJTABB sfaaafaetartBC Chemtata.
said IT! llm'r aad BetaO aealera la Drasa, Meal'
i aad a ran oaa cc eueaa aad VraaxlMa aaa-
The Anglican Church crU En
- av aw yoo-ra. umx-t ntm,
BOOTS 1TABBKB. Urery sad Bale Stable.
TH at shut lit " fra-eato at reeasaahia rates.
gland 8,0W,WV yaar.
TBI NEW TEAR A RETROSPECT.
AnOT M La Vn i on IK. Ilnl n T.if.f
How many hare flitted paat ainoe that first day
joen an anoousuiuas or arte aruasa ta come.
Our tender feet set oat on thia lone Joarney!
Bow bruht aha hoee of that aweet mora of
Tooth, i i
Wheal etoads MM bat -with' April showers, too
Ta auEht bnt brifhten and refreah tha eeene!
And then, as on ay one oar dream, eraniabed.
Melted into air. and left on all dinoooraced.
Bow cold aeamed life, aad .bard, aad almost
Till well nich oar faith in hnmaa" oodaeaa fled.
umwaj n. inwrnra more ua more on aeii r
Heaaeo iteelf ae.med aoeneOinaea aa of braaa.
Opening many a grare, and plucking from our
- nearxn- - r r .
Oar eery earthW Drnn. Aon we etnnd
Defiant and alone. Bat Time, with kindly band
Hurry ma na on oar way,- left no spac to brood
v er ail onr woes; aaa ny enn-py we new
A lisht break throoch the cloud, and, looking
A bright ray pierced tbe gloom! Aa Angel
Clnd in bright raiment, near a broken tomb.
And rtointin. nnward: onr lifted evea beheld
Onr icrred one happy in her native aky. 1 e-
mhy call her back? A few mure- miavatonca
A few more Tears of booa. and faith, and work:
And we shall meet her at the Joarney 'a end.
And ail ax am timthar- Rlnund thowkt?
HaiL new-born Year, fraught with oar Tatber'a
Strong be oar heart to walk Bis shining way!
ijaaap not era- faith f We know that God ia good.
wiaaom ta onemng, anaiiis pauia a
MBS. TTOSDIR'S DREAM OX SEW
"I-wish there wasn't a manor a
child orr the face of the earth there.
now!" Johnnr trot a sharp box on the
ear and Minnie was set down on a chair
with a jounce that almost shook the
little house to its foundations; Uieu-aVarv-
ing silenced tbe children Airs Wonder
proceeded to fret supper for the "man."'
They were the torment of her life
inese children and tnat " man. i 1 be
first thing1 in the rnomi&g andthe last
at aight she as hnrrylsg knd working
and eoatrivinx jasl for tUamNo peace
or comfort or rest did She know nor
they either, as for that matter. It was
Mew Year's Eve, and, as is natural with
us all, she bad been reviewing her life
for the past twelve months just as aha
bad done eacb dew X ear's bve ior tne
last five years, and, just as a great
many of us have been after such a ret
rospect, she was a eood deal discour
aged; discouragement seldom has the
effect to make make us good-humored.
and we always attempt to believe mat
the blame lies, with somebody besides
ourselves, and we often feel that if we
could lift the whole world up and set
it down with a jounce, that it would do
na aa amazing amount of good. ' Jnst
as Mrs. Wonder felt when she gave ut
terances to the pointed remark at the
beginning of the, chapter, and her feel
ings were depicted on her countenance
as Mr. Wonder "opened the door and
with an inquiring look stepped into the
room, as she placed tba,last smoking
dish upon the tea-table, .
" l bere, 1 wtsn you cr- eas your sup
per and get to bed out of the way "
was the srentle invitation for the chil
dren to partake of - the evening meal,
and they followed . instructions as hur
riedly and silently as they could. Mr.
Wonder, who had. kmc ago become
used to thesav little diversions, got him-
elfarff atowartoWB anTBooa b practica
ble, and tbe ' unhappy, .discouraged.
over-worked, impatient and fretful wife
and mother was left alone .lor the bal
ance of the evening.
xt was two bours Dei ore sne was aoie
to feel that her work was done for the
night, and that she might sit down in a
chair to rest; for though, men declare
and maintain that women as housewives
don't have " any thing, much" to do,
they are mistaken, nevertheless, and
women will dispute this point with them
till the crack of doom, and probably at
that important period neither will have
arrived any nearer the same conclusion
than they are now. Mr, Wonder, as he
meandered down town at that identical
hour." was. wondenrur .what Hannah
could find to do. that made her so cross
aad tirad all- the time. Why couldn't
her work be done at six o'clock, as was
hisP'- And why couldn't she sit down
and read evenings, as he did? And
Mrs. Wonder might have told him. as
she had told him a hundred times be
fore, that there were buttons off. John
ny's coat that must be sewed on when,
he wasn't wearing it, and a rent in Mit
tie's apron that, must be sewed up be
fore the child wanted it in the morning,
and stockings to darn and gloves to
mead and a thousand little things just
right for " women to do of evenings,"
as urandma r arsons used to say. Air.
Wonder, however, was a very good sort
of a man, and tried to make the best of
things, and nobody will maintain that
he waa to blame if nature hadn't given
him the sense and reason- to fully un
derstand the circumstances of the case.
and so as he sat in the club room.
where he had been indirectly sent by
Mrs. Wonder, the latter sat by the fire
at home aloae, and soon fell into a
heavy slumber, and as ,she slept the
In her dream Mrs. Wonder seemed
to have been transported to a strange
country, and her arrival and appear
ance was a matter of as much curiosity
to the people she met as were ther to
her. The most she could make of them
was that they were human beings, but
the manner in whieh they were clad left
it an open question as to whicn sex
they belonged: her first inrmseien was
that they had arisen in fcat that day
an (ir each thrown an -iBrwrted coffee
sack over the head after first cutting a
hole for the eyes and month.' , : . '
y She ".eemedx'fer have speatya. week
amoair tms - myaterioas community.
wbiuer sae piaaseq ana neipiasr
rsBH to waatevor- ane eouid and to
She at last discovered that her
companions understood 7 ner position
far better than she understood it ' her
self, and 1 that they laughed among
themselves as they watehed her inquir
ing countenance,' aad vouchsafed-bo
comma ntaries upon the situation until
she, unable to endure tbe suspense and
strangeness of the surroundings, at last
DroKe i or in wim eater questionings.
after she had diswvered, to her horror.
tbe true state of tne society into which
she had been mysteriously thrown.
. Where are your husbands?" ehe-l
inquired one day, finding herself sur
rounded by a dozen of the strange com
munity, which, she had become satis
fied, consisted of women only.
They immediately broke forth into
the most unmistakable expressions of
scorn and ridicule; and at last, amid
the uproar, she managed to catch one
We drove em off twenty years ago;
them that wouldn't go with sooldin' got
hot water, an' broomsticks, an' mop
handles, an' rollin'-pins, an' fiat-irons
an' things, an'," she added, shaking a
delicate fist vigorously, " we'd iike to
see tbe man that'd dare to step foot on
this soil ag'in.. The truth of the mat
ter was," she continued, as her com
panion quieted down ao that the audi
ent for whose benefit the information
was given might not fail of hearing,
" the truth of the matter was we got
tired of 'em. There was their clothes
to see to, an' their stockin's to darn, an'
their boots to black, an' buttons to sew
on, an their collars to fix of a Sunday
mornis,', an their meala. to cook three
rJaBS a aiyatane dnt" no time for
J jpotaWa-bw jUBri' w
f together ana aeciarea war on the whole
tribe, an' a sorrier lookin' set you nev
er saw than they was as they took their
carpet-sacks and went over tne mus
and far away. " And the speaker
pausedt execute av gyration of delight
as she recalled the scene.
"aBajs r chinJaw what did yon do
with the poor little childrenP" inquired
Mrs. Wonder, her eyes unconsciously
filling with tears at thought of the little
ones crying after their fathers, as they
must have done when they saw them
going away likely to never return. -
" O. we bundled the boys off with
their fathers, an' the girls we kept with
us. Some of them have run away,
though, an when they do that we nev
er let 'em" come back though ifs a
fact," uttered the speaker, in a reflect
ive tone, " none of 'em ever attempted
"Well, now," said Mrs. Wonder,
" can you tell me how I came here, and,
moreover, how can I get away; for I
have a husband and two dear little
children at home, and I can never be
happy away from them. I want to go
"Why," exclaimed a half dozen
voices, "we were looking in at your
kitchen window the night we decided
to bring you away and you said you
wished there wasn't a man or a child
on the face of the earth;' an' we thought
this would be just the place for you, so
we wafted till you had got your husband
off down town and the children ia bed.
and when you went to sleep iniyonr
chair we took you up and came away.
You'll have to stay here now, for if we
should let you out you'd tell 01 us and
then them men might hunt around and
break into our territory and in time get
us back and make us wait on 'em just
as they used to. Come now." they, be
gan to- assume a persuasive tone, " you
better make up your mind to stay here.
We live the easiest life imaginable.
Each one has nobody to please but her
self. We don't have to make or wear
fine dresses, you see, 'cause there's no
body we care for. It's a great saving
of time and bother. "
" I don't care any thing about all
that,"-, replied Mra. . Wonder. "I'd
rather be a slave and' work on my
hands and knees for those that I love
than : to live here: or any where else
away from them."
kjust then it appeared that she saw
r. Wonder a great ways off leading
.L!1J , I 1 fi
me cnuuren, aaa mey appeareu an u
searching for- something or some one
that was lost. She gave a loud shriek
of joy and was springing away from the
hands that would have detained her
when she awakened and found the arms
of a real live man. about her as he lifted
her back to the chair from which she
had fallen. ,
Why; ' Han nah, what was you
dreaming; aboutP" said Mr- Wonder, as
he looked kindly' iato hot flushed face
and held her feverish hands a moment
in his. , 1 - - -"T
"O, nothing ' she answered evasive
ly, but to his unbounded surprise she
bent over ana kissed him as sne started
away to pick up Johnny, who at that
auspicious moment baa iauen out 01
bed and was crying lustily with the
pain from a bumped nose.
Mrs.. Wonder didn't spank Johnny,
as she usually did when he was so care
less as to fall out of bed in his sleep, but
brought him out in her arms and sat in
the big chair and rocked him until his
head aad heart were healed, then gently
laid him back in bed beside his sister.
Little Mattie had cried herself to sleep,
and the mother, with deep contrition,
gently bathed off the tear stains with
water, and some tears,' bob tbe child s.
were left on the little cheeks instead,
and many kisses on the soft red lips. ' 1
'Then Mrs.- Wonder went oat and sat
down beside her husband and told him
her dream, and though there were few
comments on either side when it was
done, yet it paved the way for the hap
piest New Year's day that family had
ever seen. . Mr. Wonder slid out of the
house ' after his wife was abed and
asleep, and for half an hour after his
return was undoing parcels with the
slightest noise possible, and tip-toeing
around in ms stocking leet in tne most
ridiculous manner you could imagine,
but looting as pleased, and silly, and
happy as a boy who had been com
mended for the act which he had till
then expected would bring him a whip
ping. And we haven't any business to
tell ' what .they did and said the next
morning, or why Mr. Wonder wasn't
seen at his office , until noon, or how
many told him he waa looking unusual
ly well, or why. he was in a hurry to
get home at night, and what the reason
was' he did ..not go. down town again
after supper. ' This' prying into family
matters isn't, at all becoming, and if
any one wants to know what was done
with the skeleton that was dragged out
of the closet of the Wonder family that
Mew Year's Eve they'lLhave to inquire
of somebody else, that s all. Mr. C.
MJfairchUd, t Burlington Hawk-Eyt.
A Practical Rassian rhllaathroplst.
4 J.;.. .. 1 .....
Two notices, framed, glazed and
sos padded upon . the Walls of dram
shop on the new canal at St. Peters
burg, close to Mmei B&ssetzki's " Ref
uge for the Homeless," run as follows:
Ji exhort the gentlemen who honor my
establishment with their patronage to
focjego robbery; and theft while within
its precincts, not to thrash one another,
and, on the whole, not td make un
pleasant noises. Those who act in con
travention to this warning will receive
punishment in my dram-shop, of a sort
that they will experience no difficulty in
leenng. ine second notice anorus a
quaiat contrast to the first, which en
wraps a hideous threat in exquisitely
courteous . phrase, while the native
benevolence of the eccentric dram-sell
er shines, out genially, in the following
kfudlyadverdsement: "As soon as the
cold and rainy weather shall set in, five
copecks will be here advanced to each
needy and weary man, that he may pay
for a bed whereon to rest his body.'' It
anneara that the anthor of thrern rn.
markable notices 'faithfully adheres to
tbe text. 01 both. ,11 hia customers mis
e6nJo!. themselva he lays into them
with a cudgel, but any poor wretch pre
senting himself after eight in the even
ing for assistance receives the promised
five copecks, after he has exhibited his
legitimation papers and listened to
short exhortation read aloud to him
from a religious book. London Tele
Bai.bbigoan sits down to his dinner.
chuckling mysteriously. Tell me.
says Mrs. Balbriggan. Rich thing
in our neighborhood," he says; " there
was a baby left at onr neighbor's house
last night." Airs, lialbnggan, eager
ly, "Yes, and who was the woman?"
Brute of a husband innocently, OI
his wife." Short dinner in disgusted
sflence and no dessert. JlavK-Eye,
BEI4&U0CS A5D EDUCATIONAL.
;. The 'Free-Will Baptists will cele
brate in 1880 the centenary of the exist
ence of that denomination. Their first
church was organized at New Durham,
N. : ... " .
The first translation of the Bible
Into English was made by John Wick
liffe, about 1384. It was never printed,
but manuscript copies ef K exist. The
first English printed Bible was that 0
William Tyndali, of which tbe New
Testament was published in 1526.
- An Indian named Archie B. Law
yer, a licentiate of the Presbytery of
Oregon, recently made a visit from his
home in Idaho to Chief Joseph's band
of captive Nea Perces, and reports as
the result of his preaching, that over
100 persons have become Christians
and are anxious to connect themselves
with the Presbyterian Church.
Professor Harner, the famous Eu
ropean oculist, has lately published an
opinion that the use of slate and slate
pencil is peculiarly injurious to the eye
sight of the young, and that the hygiene
of the eye demands the .removal of
these implements from the schools,
and the universal substitution of pen
The Sandwich Islands alphabet
has 12 letters; the Burmese, 19; the
Italian, 20; the Bengalese, 21; Hebrew,
Syriac, Chaldee. each 22; French, 23;
Greek, 24; Latin, 25; German, Dutch
and English, each 26; Spanish and
Sclavonic, 27 each; Arabic, 28; Persian
and Coptic, 32; Georgian, 85; Arme
nian. 38; Russian, 41: Muscovite, 43;
Sanscrit and Japanese, 50; Ethiopic and
Tartarian, 202 each.
Complaints are made by the Jews
that there exists at Jerusalem no school
at which instructions in modern depart
ments of knowledge can be had. Char
ities there are, it is said, in abundance.
bnt of teaching in practical things there
is none. Meanwhile eoclesiasticism
prevails in the synagogues, and hospi
tals and alms-houses are provided lor,
but the active man who has to do with
the busy world is left in his ignorance.
A few days before Thanksgiving
Mr. Moody suggested in Chicago that
the gifts to be made for the poor on
that holiday in his district be first
taken to the Chicago Avenue Church.
As the result, six wagon-loads were
carried in and placed before the pulpit.
Among the articles were flour, oread.
crackers, cakes, pies, apples, lemons,
dried beer, hams, mutton, chickens,
turkeys, ducks, brushes, soap, oranges,
grapes, pears and canned fruits and
meats... - '
The Presbyterians have very en
couraging reports from their mission
work in Mexico. More than 600 con
verts recently sat down together at the
communion table in the city of Zitacna
ro, situated southwest of the capital;
and two native preachers say they have
a list of nearly 3,000 converts in the
State of Michoacan. The people of
Zitacuaro have sent for a teacher whom
they will support, and a little congre-
fation at Tuzpan, though very poor,
as raised (100 for a cabinet organ.
The Methodist Tear-Book for 1880
S'ves the following statistics of the
ethodist Episcopal Church: Annual
Conferences, 960; itinerant preachers.
11,403; local preachers, 12,402; mem
bers and probationers, 1.690.837;
churches, 16,721; parsonages. 5,599;
value of church edifices, $66,639,990;
Sunday-schools, 19,925; scholars in Sunday-school,
1,543,386; Presiding Elders,
444; nearly 1,400 pastoral charges are
supplied'' and 1,318 localjpreachers are
stationed as pastors.
Besides being the most prolific of
food fishes, he is large, easily taken and
quickly prepared for market, while his
different parts are utilized as geaerally
as those of his land rival, the hog. Pro
fessor Beard says that besides the mus
cular parte, the sounds and roes are
used as food, the oil is valuable for
medical and mechanical purposes, the
offal is converted into a valuable
manure, the bones make good fuel,
while the skins serve many nations for
leather and clothing. This fish, like
the more prominent of his relatives, is
at home only in cold water, the latitude
of Cape May being his extreme south
ern boundary, while he lives as close to
the pole as he can without risk of being
frozen in. He probably exists farther
south than the line indicated above.
but if so, it is in cool depths too retired
to admit of successful interviewing. At
certain points oft the Massachusetts
coast be finds a sufficiently low tem
perature in shallow water, and at these
places he is frequently seen and caught
of fishermen, but his favorite American
haunts are the semi-inclosed waters of
the coast ef Canada and adjacent
islands. Fond, however, as he is of
very cold water, there are temperatures
which he will under no circumstances
endure, even though they be but two or
three degrees removed rrom tbe normal-
: Among these is the water that
comes from melting salt ice, and slow
ly sinks to the level to which its specific
gravity entitles it. In such water the
cod will not remain; he will not go
through it, even though his dinner be
on the opposite side, the distance very
short and the cod very hungry. He
E refers to circumnavigate such an in
ospitable region if he has business on
the other side, aa fishermen - have
learned to their own exceeding profit.
There are different varieties of the
cod, and the entire lack of evidence of
mixed blood, and the rarity with which
more than one variety is found in any
given locality, prove either that the
cod is a non-migratory fish, or that be
regards the preservation of cast as a
paramount duty. Like aristocrats
everywhere, he is an omnivorous feed
er. The " dredge" is considered by
naturalists to be the best implement
with which to obtain information upon
deep-sea life; but Professor Baird says
that the stomach of the cod is the best
of all dredges, for it generally contains
morsels of every sort of marine resident
within reach. With a high-born con
tempt of the requirements of trade, the
cod feeds largely upon herring and
mackerel, but he is partial to crabs, lob
sters, and most other shell-fish. As his
digestion is not equal to the task of as
similating these last-named items of
the ocean menu, he stows them away in
the side of his stomach, and when the
quantity becomes burdensome, he dis
poses of them according to the method
to which Jonah owed his escape from
submarine lodgings. While not mi
gratory by inclination, any failure or
deterioration 01 his habitual larder will
cause him to remove to the nearest re
sort of good livers. Years ago cod-fish
were quite plentiful off Newburyport,
Massachusetts, but disappeared as the
Merrimac River was depleted of fish;
since tne restocking of the river, how
ever, with shad and alewives, the cod
has reappeared at his old dining-plaoe,
gladdening the hearts ot the fishermen,
and gracing the Sunday breakfast table
of the descendants of the Puritans.
' ' The cod resorts to the shore for feed
ing purposes; but who that is not a cook
or a scullion cares always to be in the
vicinity of the dtning-room? Naturally
he is an off-shore, deep-water fish, for
at a distance from the land he is always
sure of finding those strata of cold
water in which he delights. There
are times when ' he will not leave
these, even for food; but the sea
sons in which fresh-water fish
revisit the scenes of their childhood are
also the seasons when the water is cool
inshore. While hot weather remains,
with sea-water warm enough to lure
human beings into the surf, the cod
abhors the beach, and takes what food
is nearest at hand, preferring, like sum
mer lodgers elsewhere, to endure the
plainest fare for the sake of cool quar
ters. When, however, the temperature
of the water allows him to follow the
shad and other fish to the shore, he
never travels alone; if he is not accom
panied by a family, he takes so' much
company with him that those who ex
tend hospitable seines to receive him
take sometimes as many as thirty thou
sand fish at a single bauL
The cod is wonderfully prolific de
positing from three to seven millions of
eggs at a time. It not only prefers to
spawn in the winter months, but in the
coldest water it can find, and yet avoid
an icy coverlet; a temperature of thirty-two
degs. is the favorite, while noth
ing above forty degs. is tolerated. The
largest spawning grounds of the cod
are in the vicinity of the Loffoden
lalajsda, though the American members
of the family put up with such accom
modations as they can find near home.
The domestic arrangements of this fish
are so informal that the eggs have no
special abiding-place, nor any protec
tion whatever. Of the millions of eggs
that are deposited by a single female, not
more than a hundred thousand, proba
bly not more than ten thousand, result
in full-grown fish. Like the small boy
who, if he could not whip a larger boy,
could at least make faces at his sister,
the smaller fish upon which the cod
preys find delicious revenge in eating
the eggs of the latter, while the mass
of "low-down" inhabitants of the
ocean are true to the instinct of low
downers everywhere to prey upon
aristocracy, particularly upon the
younger scions thereof. It is proba
ble, too, that many of the eggs which
escape tbe keen eyes 01 searchers after
delicacies do not become fertilized.
John Gabbertonin Earptr's Magazine
for January. ,
The Bonanza Farms ef the West.
. The two great facts shown by obser
vations of the Bonanza Farms of the
West are. that those who have gone
into wheat growing on a large scale,
making use of the most improved ma
chinery and cheap labor,' are making
colossal fortunes at ' seventy cents per
bushel for wheat, limited only by the
number of acres cultivated and the skill
with which the work is done, and that
wheat may be grown at large profits for
less than forty cents per bushel; but
that, on the other hand, the small
farmers, depending mainly on their
own labor, with limited capital and
less machinery, are not making a
comfortable subsistence, but are run
ning behindhand, and must go under,
and that a further reduction in the
market price for food products must
hasten their end.
The development of the large farm
interests has the direct and immediate
effect of impoverishing the sections in
which the farms exist, and skinning the
lands without any compensating bene
fits. Not one dollar of the gross
amount or net profit received from the
products of the soil is returned and
placed upon the land from which it
is taken, except in the construction
of the fewest buildings necessary
to shelter and protect tha laborers
in the working season, and for the care
of all the work stock and the tools. On
the whole 5,300 cultivated acres of the
Grandin farm there was not one family
finding a permanent home by , virtue
of title in the soil, where there should
have been at least one to every fifty
acres of plow land, or 106 families.
This would give 106 houses in place of
the five there at present, and 106 barns
in place of three, with ether buildings
in like proportion; and a population of
at least 500, where there is not now one
fixed inhabitant, with all the accesso
ries of household comforts and home
improvements that do not now exist in
the smallest degree. i
The large development of the tenant
system of farming is an evil of the
greatest magnitude. The effects of the
system have been too apparent in Eu
rope to require any discussion in these
pages. But with us it has features
worse than any ever known in Europe.
The tenants in England hold leases and
occupations that practically run for
life, and often are kept in families for
generations, which give encouragement
for great improvements, and the farms
are practically homesteads. But with
us the leases are uniformly for short
terms, with no encouragement for im
provements, and the farms are never
homes. In England the rent has rare
ly reached, and never exceeded one
quarter the gross product; bnt in the
United States it is commonly one-half.
Under the English tenant system the
land is thoroughly cultivated and im
proved; with us it is impoverished.
There is not one redeeming feature in
the whole system in America, and it is
in every way worse than in Europe.
January Atlantic :
The Sew Secretary or War. ;
Alexander Ramsey, the new Secreta
ry of War is a native of Pennsylvania,
and is sixty-four years old. He held
the office of Register of his county when
only thirteen years old. In 1840 he
was Secretary of the Electoral College
of Pennsylvania; and the next . year
Clerk of the Pennsylvania House of
Representatives. In 1843. he 1 waa
elected a Representative 'in -Congress,
and was re elected to a second term.
He was appointed by President Tavlor,
in 1849, to be Territorial Governor of
Minnesota, holding that office until
1853, and assisting in negotiating sev
eral treaties with Indian tribes for the
extinction of the Indian titles. In 1855
he was elected Mayor of St. Paul, and
three years later was made Governor
of Minnesota, continuing in the latter
office until 1862. He was elected United
States Senator in 1863, and served two
terms, retiring in 1875. He was a mem
ber of tbe National Committee ap
pointed to accompany the body of Pres
ident Ltineom to Illinois.
"That's what beats me," as the
boy said when he saw his father take
the skate strap down from its accus
tomed nail. Uawk-Kyo. -
The God of lawyer More-fee-us.
N F, People
THE CLOSING TEAR.
Fsater than petals fall on windy days
From rained rones,
Hope after hope faUn flattering, and decays,
, iue the year closes.
For little hopes, that opea but to die.
Ana utue pleasures.
Divide the long, sad year, that tabor by
Into short measures.
Tea, let them bo! oar day-liyed hopes are not
The life we eheriah;
Lore lire., till dinappointments are forgot.
And sorrows penah. .
On withered bows, where still the old leaf clings
Mew leaves come never;
And ia the heart, where hope bangs faded.
No new endeavor.
MRS. SEW YEAR'S PARTY.
" Mrs. New Year and I were going to
have a party.' At first we meant it to
be a general reunion of the Time fami
ly, but the Months had all grown up
and had gone away from home. They
seemed to belong to the whole world
Suite as much as to us; and then they
o put on such elder-brotherly and elder-sisterly
airs that we were afraid the
children would not have a good time.
We were especially anxious that they
should enjoy themselves, and so our
grand reunion , resolved itself into a
children's party. We did not think of
inviting the Weeks, but we knew that
Carnival Week was the only one of
them all that would be satisfied with
the simple amusements that delighted
the children and so we decided to ask
only the little Days.
"The dear little things," said Mrs.
New Year, " What a good time they
will have! You can hardly guess how
queer it seemed to me at first when my
sister, Mrs. Old Year, went West and
left me such a houseful of children. I
felt quite overwhelming, bnt it is
very strange but they nad not been
with me long before I began to wonder
whether 1 had ever really lived before
they came; though sometimes it makes
me feel very old and responsible, al
most as if 1 must have lived a long
while ago and gone West, and then
come back again, for everything seems
so strangely familiar, even when I
know I have never seen it before. I sup
pose all people have such - feelings
Yes. but I think you have better
reason for them than almost anyone
else," said L. . . I
" It does no harm," said Mrs. New
Year, "and it pleases the children
when I tell them stories about what I
remember or imagine that I remem
We had to think very hard to find' a
Clace where the Days had never been;
ut at last we remembered Hirgendsvo,
which they had all been told that they
might visit sometime. It is the most
wonderful place in the world. It is an
island, but tbe water around it is not
the kind in which childrenare drowned,
but that which is good for sailing boats.
Tbe trees are loaded with the nicest
fruit, all the kinds that we like best
and a great many others that never
grow anywhere else. There are ponies
to ride, and wherever they stop a flight
of steps spring up out of the ground,
so it is easy to climb Boon their backs.
Some of these children liked to go fish
ing, and for them there were long, light
fishing rods covered with beautiful
pictures tnat they couia 100 x at wnen
the fish were unwillinflr to be caught.
This did not often happen, for their
lines had no hooks bnt only little silver
openwork baskets full of sea mosses
and coral, and when the fish saw them
they would scramble in as fast as they
could and be drawn np to the surface
of the water, not quite out, for they do
not like the air, and there they would
lie in tbe bright-colored mosses and tell
the children stories about the wonder
ful things away down in the Under
world.. ' Xbere were swings tnat swung
themselves, and if yon shut your eyes
it would seem as if tbe sweetest music
were floating about in the tree tops all
around. : If you would rather keep' your
eyes open,, then yen 'would see such
lovely little fairies standing on tne
branches, and they would toss to yon
great handfuls of the nicest candy yon
ever ate. mere was everything tnat
anyone could think of to make children
have a good time, for it was the pleas
antest place in all the world for a chil
dren' s.p arty. .,.-..
Airs. lew 1 ear ana 1 went mere
early, and in a little while the children
began to come. ,- It was almost like a
masquerade, for the children had been
told that they might dress as they liked.
and some ot them uaed to wear very
funny things, r
. Mrs. New Year had one little girl of
her own, whom the others called New
Year's Day. She came with her mother
verr earlv. for she was such a sleepy
little puss that Mrs. New Year did not
like to nave ner up late, i ne aear lit
tle thing had come in a dainty dress of
pure white, but when she saw that the
others were wearing all sorts of strange
and unusual things she managed to fast
en on some kind of a trail loaded with
heavy ornaments which few older peo
ple know how to manage very well.
They were sadly in hec way, for she
was not strong enough to carry them
alone, and she was too proud to ask
any one to help her, aad so they
dragged around ner feet, and more
than once she tripped and felL At last
I saw her lying under a tree fast asleep.
As I came up she awoke and began to
ory to find herself in a strange place,
but before I could get to her, Christ
mas, one fd the oldest ef the children,
was at hand, as she almost always is
when little New Year's Day needs her
help, and in two minutes the poor little
woman was kissed and comforted so
that she ran away happier than ever. '
Valentine was one of the merriest of
the children. What capers he did cut!
He tossed candy hearts and funny pict
ures around among them all and then
he would sing comical verses and make
them laugh. . But 1 was very glad to
see that he was never rude in all his
fun. I could not say as much for April
First, for he was continually doing or
saying something that would hurt
somebody's feelings, and, what was
worse, he did not always seem to care
even when be knew how bad they felt.
- June Seventeenth waa there in a
plain - gray suit. He stood up very
straight and wore eyeglasses. . April
First shouted just behind him, See
that old monument!" June Seven
teenth drew himself up and, turning,
said. " That remark shows that yon
are utterly wanting in culture.",. He
said nothing more, but he was very
angry, and I do not know what would
have happened if Valentine had not
chanced to see what the matter was.
and made so many jokes and sung so
many funny songs about them that they
merely . looked angrily at each other
and separated. June Bevenieema
walked awav with his head higher than
ever, while April First went into a dark
comer, muttering, " He does look like
an old graystone .monument anyhown
And so June Seventeenth was indignant
and April First was sulky.
But little Mayday, who had watched
the quarrel but had been -far too
timid to interfere, at last clasped
her hands tightly together and
ran over ta tell her friend
Tuesday, who has a great talent for
making things smooth, - from the
wrinkles in people's dresses to those in
their tempers. Then the two little
girls went to the boys, and although I
could not hear what they were saying
1 saw in a few minutes that June
Seventeenth held out his hand to April
First, and as 1 came nearer I heard
him say, " I had no business to be so
high and mighty, as if I was better
than everybody else;" and April first
said bluntly, 1 made a fool of myself
that time. You are a great deal better
than I, if you are a littie stuck up some
times." When I saw them again they were
fishing together and seemed to be very
good friends. As usual April First
would not be content without playing
some ef his tricks, and he was calling
to the fishes, " Come up! come up!
here is a fine gold basket for you.''
The fishes came, but they were se angry
at April First for saying that his basket
was gold when it was not that they
would not tell him any stories about
the underworld, but only made up ugly
faces at him. Then June Seventeenth
instead of walking away in disgust, let
April First hear the stories that his fish
were telling, and it was not long before
I heard April first say that he was sorry
that he nad -plagued the fishes,' and
that he did not mean to be so bad as to
say what was not true; he did not
think but that they would know he was
not in earnest.
I noticed that Christmas, who was a
great favorite with them all. seemed to
enjoy being with February Twenty-
ninth, and spent nearly all her time
with her. I wondered why, for none
of the others seemed fond of her. She
was not at all pretty, and even looked
rather cross; she wore a very homely
dress, and acted awkardly and queerly.
as if she fell herself out of place. When
I had a good opportunity . I asked
Christmas if she were very fond of
Febru ary Twenty-ninth. 1
' Why. no," said she, her face flush
ing, but she doesn't seem to know the
rest very well. She lives with grandpa
Century, and somehow she doesn't get
out very often. She has to tie up the
bundles of time to send to people, and
they are always complaining that they
haven't time enough, so she is kept
Iiretty busy. I do so hope she will en
oy herself to-day."
1 kissed the dear child, and she looked
up with the most loving- smile I ever
When I saw her next she was helping
Monday, who was feeling very cross.
It was ner own fault, poor child. She
said she was always so busy at home
that she had never time to put on her
nice dresses; and so she had piled them
on, one above another. She could
hardly move, and of course they
dragged and were stepped on and torn.
Christmas and Mayday at last per
suaded her to take off her finery, and
when she appeared in her usual dress
of pale blue, with white, foam-like
trimmings, and had smoothed the
wrinkles out of her face, she looked
Evidently March Fourth thought so,
for they walked away together, and he
looked as happy as if he nad just been
Christmas and Sunday were sitting
together under a tree. They are twins,
and have always been very fond of each
other. As I stepped up behind them I
heard Sunday say:
Dear Christmas, what should I do
And I could not live without you,
Sunday; I dreamed once that they took
me to France without you, and I was so
unhappy that they had to let you come,
Then was one funny little round
faced fellow called Saturday. He had
always lived in New England, and had
cried when he heard of this party, be
cause he wanted to go so much, and yet
he could not make up his mind to come
when he learned there would be no
baked beans on the table. - He felt so
bad that Mrs. New Year told him he
might bring some with him if he would
not insist upon other people's eating
them. He was so happy and good-natured
that I am sure she did not regret
I was sorry for the Schooldays. They
did not seem to enjoy themselves very
well, and almost all the children tried
to avoid them as much as possible.
For a long time I did not see why, for
they looked very pleasant to me. They
had sweet faces, and their dresses were
covered with the most beautiful pict
ures. But when I stooped to help one
of the children in some little difficulty,
I found that, seen from their level,
these pictures were nothing but ugly
angles and straight or zigzag marks.
It was only when I stood up straight
and looked at them from above that
they seemed so beautiful. -.
I noticed one little boy in a queer suit
of gray and blue clothes. That is
Decoration Day," said Mrs. New Year.
" There was a sad mistake made in his
training. He was allowed to read his
tory when he was far too young to un
derstand it, and it seems to have af
fected his mind. . It is a very mild form
of mania, however; he insists upon al
ways carrying a basket of flowers with
him, so he can scatter them wherever
he goes. He wears that odd dress be
cause the physician recommended it;
and I really think it has done him good.
I hope in a little while he will be en
Perhaps the queerest pair of friends
that 1 saw was February Twenty-Second,
a grave, dignified youth who wore
his hair in a comical little queue, and
July Fourth, the most rollicking young
ster in the world. It seemed impossi
ble for him to keep quiet for one min
ute. His pockets were full of tin horns,
popguns, pinwheels, torpedoes, and
firecrackers; but still the children did
not seem at all afraid of him. I won
dered why this madcap and February
Twenty-Second were so fond of each
other, and I asked them how it came
. "O just in the course of human
events," said the merry July Fourth,
with a twinkle in his eye.
Before I had time to say any more,
the children had begun to form for a
final dance before the party should
break np. The music began and they
sang as they danced, at first softly and
Slowly move the Days along;,
Slowly sing the parting; song,
- The old year diets, slowly.
What, a nice time they have had,"
I turned to say to Mrs. New Year, but
she was not close beside me as I had
thought, and I imagined for a moment
that! saw her moving away in the di
rection of the sunset. I suppose the
blaze of light must have dazzled my
eyes, for pretty soon I saw her coming
from the opposite direction, while the
music quickened and the children sang:
Merrily comes tbe glad New Year,
Look to the East I ber steps are near,
With a kiss and a greeting; and smile of good
comes the glad New Tear.
Mrs. Eva March Tappan, in Christian
A Christmas Stocking; Filled by the
As the children grow ' older they
take less stockin' Santa Claus.r Yon
hen Gazette. .
The crusty old bachelor now figures
up how many nephews and nieces he
has and sits down on his pocketbook
with a weary sigh. Easton Free Frets.
The average editor won't hang up
his stocking; but will indulge in profit
less regrets that he was so imprudent,
as to hang up his overcoat. Worcester
The Christmas slipper is now get
ting soled and, come to think of it, so -will
be the happy recipient when the
shoemaker presents his bill. Catskill
When a boy examines his stocking
just before Christmas, and finds a big
hole in the heel, he "darns" it, and
then hands it to his mother to darn.
Norrislown Herald. . , :-r
With many people Christmas gifts
will only come through the imagination.
This, however; will enable them to ex
hibit great presents of mind. Cincin
nati Saturday Night ,. :
A new Christmas present has been in
vented. It is to slipper ten dollar gold
piece in the hand of a deserving person
on Christmas. X. B. We are always at
home on that day. Whitehall Times.
With the approaching Christmastide
we encounter whole bushelfuls of fancy
yarns about the house, and the tip-toe
of an unfinished pair of slippers peeps
out from some obscure corner Bhine
bec Gazelle. ....
It strikes us that "in the bright here
after when the angels sing," there will
be a front orchestra chair reserved for
the man who shall have devised "a
noiseless drum" as a Christmas present
for boys here below. N. T. Commer
cial. -. r
There is no time, perhaps, when the
indulgent parent of a family of girls
more fully realizes the changes which
the years produce than when on a
Christmas eve he notes the yearly in
crease in the capacity of a suspended
row of stockings.
The World says the phrase, " A Merry
Christmas,' is only a corruption of A
Myrrhy Christmas," alluding to the
offerings of Myrrh... Very likely. And
probably "A Happy New Year" is
only a corruption of A Hoppy New
Year," alluding to the offerings of
Beer. N. T. Graphic
. This is the week when the cat kindly
refrains from breaking any crockery;
when the most supercilious domestic
will carry a hod of coal up to the fifth
story without a murmur; when Milli
cent Aurelia's pianofore is guiltless of
candy-smirches and when John refrains
from tearing his trousers, and brings
home a clean report book from school.
Next week will be different in style. 4
Every home is as full of mystery now
as market mince meat, but on Christ
mas morning, when the head of the
family finds a pair of slippers two-sizes .
too small for him, wedged into his
shoes, and a blue-nosed dog' modeled
into a pen-wiper tumbles out of bis hat,
he will understand then that the sig
nificant looks between his wife and
daughter all this while only indicated
that they were skirmishing around to
promote his ; happiness. Cincinnati
Breakfast Table. 9
A Singular Habit of the Woodcock.
Among several curious habits ef the
woodcock, described by the editor of
the Zoologist, its practice of carrying
its young is perhaps the most interest
ing. The testimony of many compe
tent witnesses is cited to corroborate
the statement. The late L. Loyd, in
his Scandinavian Adventures," wrote;
If, in shooting, you meet with a brood
of woodcocks, and the young ones can
not fly, the old bird takes them separ
ately between her feet, and flies from
the dogs with a moaning cry."
The same author makes a similar
statement in another work, this habit
of the woodcock having been observed
by a friend.
One of the brothers Stuart gives, in
Lays of the Deer Forest," a graphic
account ofthe performance. He says:
" As the nests are laid " on dry ground,
and often at a distance from moisture,
in the latter case, as soon as the young
are hatched, the old bird will some
times carry them in her claws to the
nearest spring or green stripe. In the
same manner, when in danger, she will
rescue those which she can lift; of this
we have frequent opportunities for ob
servation in Tarnaway. Various times
when the hounds, in beating the ground
have come upon a brood, we have seen
the old bird rise with the young one in
her claws and carry it fifty or a hundred
yards away, and if followed to the place
where she pitched, she has repeated
the transportation until too much har
assed. In any sudden alarm she will
act in the same way.". Another method
of transportation has been observed by
Mr. Charles St. John, and described in
his Natural - History and Sport in
Moray." He says: " I found out that
the old woodcock carries her young even
when larger than a snipe, not in her
claws, which seem quite incapable of
holding up any weight, but by clasping
the little bird tightly between her
thighs, and so holding it tightly against
her own body."
History or the Old Red Cent. :
As the old "red cent" has now
passed out of use, and, except rarely,
out of Bight, like the old oaken
bucket," its history is a matter of
sufficient interest " for preservation.
The cent was first proposed by Robert
Morris, the great financier of the Revo
lution, and was named by Jefferson
two years after. It began to make its
appearance from the mint in 1792. It bore
the head of Washington on one side
and thirteen links on the other. The
French Revolution soon created a iage
for French ideas in America, which put
on the cent instead of the head of
Washington the head of the Goddess of
Liberty a French Liberty with neck
thrust forward and flowing locks. The
chain on the reverse side was displaced
by the olive wreath of peace; but the
French Liberty was short-lived, and so
was her portrait on our cent. The,
next heas or figure that succeeded this
the staid classic dame with a fillet
around her hair came into fashion
about thirty or forty years ago, and her
finely-chiseled Grecian features have
been but slightly altered by the lapse