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BIRTH OF A REPUBLIC.
The United States of Brazil
Spring: Into Existence
In a Day and a Bloodless Revolution
On of tha Molt Remarkable Political
Movements of Beoent Yean Kill of
Rio db JAimnqf Noy;t9Tflie ftyltod -tTnlted
States of JBrilj, oonltutlnft ;
federal republlo 01 " the different prov
inoes of the empire over whloh Dom
Pedro had ruled to long, la an estab
lished government The new republlo
Is to-day acknowledged by every prov
ince. J)om Podro U on hla way to Portu
gal, having accepted the situation with
no attempt at forcible resistance. The
flag of the new republlo has been adop
teo and Brazil Is as peaceful as though
no thought of revolution had ever
aroused the feelings of her people. The
overthrow of the empire has been ac
complished without the saoriQoe of a
single life, and the new provincial gov
ernment Is proceeding with Its work as
methodically and peacefully as though
It had been in existence for years in
stead of hours. - t ' ! .
- Dom Pedro submitted to the torms im
posed on him by the new government,
.and agreed to leave the oountry within
twenty-four hours after he received the
notioe at his summer palace at Petropo
Us, He was offered $2,500,000 In cash
-and provisions for the rest of his life in
the form of an annual pension of $450,
000, which is to be provided for In the
civil list of the new republlo. , Ho
nromntly accepted the offor and came to
Elo de Janeiro with bis family to em
bark for Lisbon. - The imperial family
on Sunday boarded the Brazilian gun
boat Paranhyba, whloh was still flying
the imperial flag in the harbor. The
Paranhyba transferred the Imperial
party to the Alagoah, which soon
steamed out of the harbor bound for Lis
bon. Dom Pedro and his family go into
perpetual exile, their absence from the
country being regarded by the leaders
of the republlo as essential to the peace
and welfare of the new government.
On the morning of the revolution th
city awoke to hear the proclamation T
the republlo of the United States of Bra
ill. Senhors Fonseca, Constant and
others proceeded to Petropolls on Friday
morning and Informed the Emperor that
he was dethroned. Dem Pedro was calm
and dignified , and listened quietly to
what his visitors had to say. Sonhor
Fonseoa acted as spokesman and said:
"Brazil has advanced In civilization
enough to dispense with mouarchy. The
countrv is irrateful for the Emperor's
patriotism, but has insisted on a repub
llo." - Dom Pedro replied with dignity, de
clining to abdicate. lie would yield to
force, out would not renounce the throne
It Is reported that the impending rev
olution was known to several financial
houses in Vienna two days prior to its
The new flag of the United States of
Brazil, whloh takes the place of the im
perial emblem with Its crown and coffee
real, Is composed of green and gold
stripes with a blue field, on which are
. emblazoned nineteen stars. Mo lives
have been lost in the revolution, and the
onlr vlolonoe attempted was the shoot
ing of the Imperial Minister of Marine,
who is now recovering. . Business In Bio
was suspended only twenty-four hours,
and an empire was destroyed and, a re
public born almost before the general
publio was aware that anything was
going on. The now Cabinet is composed
of men who have the confidence of tho
people. The leaders are representative
. Brazilians. President Fonseca is rocog-
nizea as a uravo soiuier ana nonesi citi
zen. Barbazo, Minister of Finance, is
able and honest, though poor, liocayuva.
Minister of Foreign Affairs, is a jour
nalist and a popular leader.
Washisotok, Nov. 19. Nothing has
been received at the State Department
concerning the revolution In Brazil since
Friday, when Consul (Jeneral Dockery's
brief cable announcing the change of
government was received. The failure
to receive additional Information leads
the department offlolals to think that
the cabtea have been seized, else upon
sontatlves of the United States would
have kept the Government advised of
the progress of events. Among navy offi
cers no surprise was expressed at the
. news of the revolution. Commodore
Ramsay, Chief of the Bureau of Navijpt
tlon, said that twenty years ago, when
he was in Brazil, there was a general
feeling that when Dom Pedro's reign
ended a republican form of government
would be Instituted. Lieutenant Barry,
whe only recently returned from Bra
til, says that theohange whioh has come
to pass was openly talked of among Bra
zilians as probable to occur, and they
expected It at any time. To the people
of Brazil he said It could not appear to
have been sudden.
Asln Pobllo Polio.
' Kew Orleans, Nov. 19. In the suit
of the Texas A Pacific Hallway Company
against the Southern Pacific Railway
Company to enforce a oontract made be
tween the two corporations November
M, 1881, and to recover $550,577 of the
earnings of the latter company, claimed
to be due the former company under
said agreement, the Supreme Court yes- '
terday affirmed the Judgment of the'
lower court in favor of the dofondani,
on tho ground that the oontract w.fS
against publio policy, being in restraint
of competition, and therefore the courts
will not enforce It '
Beef Barons Cited to Appear.
CmcAOO, Nov. 19. Sergeant-at-Arms
Canaday, of the United States Senate,
arrived here Monday with subpoenas for
Phil Armour, Nelson Morris and George
Swift, olting them to appear in Wash
ington before the Senate dressed beef
Investigation committee. Mr. Armour
accepted sorvioe of the document, but
Messrs. Morris and Swift could not be
hot by aa Unknown Party.
Dkrbyline, Vt, Nov. 19. Charles
Calkins, a blacksmith living near here,
was shot three times yesterday by an
unknown person while 'lions in." hi
house. He is still alive, but oan toot re
, oover. He was seen Sunday night in
company with one William Blanohard,
of Charleston, Vt.
' Am Overdo Steamer. . ' 1
Nxw York, Nov. 19. Some little
anxiety Is felt here for the safety of the
National line steamer Italy, whloh left
Liverpool lor this port on the 1st Inst,
and Is ae w about four days overdue. The
Italy has sixty steerage passengers on
K. OP L. CONVENTION.
Dwnershlp of Land sad Political Action
DUcuieed by the General Aetembly.
Atlahta, Oa,, Nov. 19. The Knights
of Labor spent yesterday morning dis
ousslng the land question. The follow
ing resolution was adopted and will ap
pear as the fourth article in the decla
ration of principles: "That the land,
including all the natural sources of
wealth, is the heritage of all the people
and should not be subject to speculative
tariff, Oooupanoy and use should be
the title to possession of land. The
tax upon land should be levied upon Its
fall value tor Ursa viflnwive of imnrove
,mnts."f A eemlte'Of two, oonslst-
utvouir. uowdBajy aa a. a. wngnt,
to meet with the farmers in St. Louis
December 8, was appointed.
. At the afternoon session a resolution
was passed urging that in the eleventh
census statistics covering mortgages oa
houses and farms be collected. After a
iqpg oooate ?n-ne quesiaon oi allowing
the oder ty take part in polltioal elec
tions. 'it wa resolved that the Ventral
Executive Board be given power to take
the report of the committee on legisla
tion, examine It in detail and publish to
the order from time to time such inform
ation as will be of benefit to them In
voting for tho different candidates for
legislative honors, and also to reoom
mend to the order suoh action as they
may deem wise. To-day the eight-hour
question will be considered.
JUMPED THE TItAUK.
Serious Accident on tho Pennsylvania
Railroad Six Persons Injured, On Pa
tally. Pittsburgh, Nov. 19. A serious aool
dent occurred la the Pennsylvania rail
road yards last night, resulting in th
Injury of six persons, one of them fa
tally. The third coach of the eastern
express No. 0 jumped the traok rounding
a curve at Seventeenth street, lmmedl
ately turning over and catching fire
There were forty passengers In the oar.
The crew of the train and yardmen set
to work at onoe to rescue the passengerr
from the burning oar. The injured were
removed to the West Penn Hospital and
are: : ' -
' Joseph Boucher, Chioago, en route to
Germany, . right leg and arm badly
burned; not expected to live.
Louis Hogaril, Pittsburgh, en route to
France, scalp wounds.
Edward Williams, Pittsburgh, bruised
and back sprained.
Sarah Williams, his wife, crushed;
both were en route to England.
Mary MoTighe, Pittsburgh, back in
jured. The other passengers were but
HUplace a Switch and a Freight Train Is
. 7 , Completely Daaaollihed.
St. Thomas, Ont, Nov. 19. An east
bound freight train on the Michigan
Central railroad was ditched at Stevens
ville Sunday, owing to a switch having
been designedly misplaced by unknown
persons. The train was running thirty
miles an hour. The engine was turned
upside down, burying enginoer Rear
don, his fireman and brakeman Murray
In the ruins. Reardon is badly Injured!.
Murray Is hurt internally and will die.
Seventeen cars were oomplotely
wrecked, over 100 hoad of sheep killed
and the track so badly torn up that nine
hours were required to oioar the road. A
reward of $500 has been offered by the
company for the arrest of the wreckers,
. .. . Aa Aatonlaked blah Leader. -
London, Nov. 19. Mr. Parnell Is
amazed at the reports of his mother's
Impoverished condition and has tele
graphed to his a'gont in America to as
sist hor immediately. In an interview
last night he said that on previous occa
sions of pecuniary need his mother had
always applied to him and obtained the
sums she asked for. Mr. Parnell thinks
his mothor's inoome and crops have been
attached pending the result of foreclos
' Miner' Convention Called.
Columbus, O., Nov. 19. An important
convention of miners has been called for
December 18. Representatives from six
States will be present. The restriction
of tonnage by the operators and hours of
labor will be among tho questions con
sidered. A joint meeting of miners and
operators is now regarded as an Impos
sibility. It is understood that the
miners will endoavor to create a sub
stantial dofense fund.
Fomented the Cla-armakera' Strike
Tallauassek, Fla., Nov. 19. Gov
ernor Fleming has forwarded to Secre
tary Blaine the report of the Key West
Board of - Trade, charging tho Spanish
sonsul at Key West with fomenting the
prolonged strike of cigarmakers at that
Dlaoa. The Governor renueata th Knn.
rotary to takesuch action as may seem
to mm necessary to relieve the people
of Key West of the troublo complained
Prefer th Jail to a Senatonhlp.
. Columbus, O., Nov. 19. Allen O.
Myers has published a card denying the
recent statement that he la a candidate
tor United States Senator. He says that
he would rathor serve his unfinished
term in Ull than be a member of the
United States Senate as at present con
stituted. He adds that his mission is to
send one or more of Ohio's millionaires
to the penitentiary.
Tragedy Reaultlnf From Jealotuy.
Elgin, HI., Nov. 19. Fred Engel,
iged twenty-three, of Chicago, shot and :
instantly killed Sophie Uoth, aged twen
ty, in the National House at noon yes
terday, and then ended his own exist
ence with a bullet The tragody was the
result of jealousy. The girl had recent
ly jlltod Engel and would give him no
reason for the act.
Nkw Havch, Conn., Nov. 19. George
Francis Train, who Is registered at a
hotel here as from "Cell No. 10, Suffolk
County jail, Boston," addressed the Con
necticut Weekly Press association yes .
terday and will address the students of
Yalo during his stay here.
'i Collom Jury Still Ont. , '
Minneapolis, Minn., Nov. 19. The
jury in the Collom forgery case oame la
at ten o'olock Monday, after having been
ont since Saturday night. The foreman
announced that the jury was unable to
agree, v The judge sent them back again.
Eploemle of Hearlet Fever.
1 'Xxnia, O., Nov. 19. Soarlet fever has
broken out at the Soldiers' Orphans
Home and a number of the children have
been attacked by the disease, whioh la
rapidly assuming epldemlo proportions.
Dlaatreos Blae la We term Town.
( Aubora, 8. D., Nov. 19. The west
sldto of Main street waa burned Sunday,
aine large business holisos being de
stroyed. The loss Is nnknown, but tha
Uuurince was mora than $7,000.
In the Cronln Tilal Brings For
' ward Witnesses , ,
1 i-. ,. rr !..: ,- V i .
To Break Down the Force of Testi
mony Given by the Prosecution.. .
A Bad SUM Mad of It by Several Friend
of the Aeeueed on Croat-Examination
Some Queer Statement. ' '; .V ,',.'
Chicago, Nov. 19. Frederick Squibb,
the stenographer who too'i tha report of
the testimony at the inquest, was the
first witness in the Cronln case yestar-
!ay. lOn'orots-eximinatlon he testified
hatx'Wjor" Bampson bad said at the .
Inquest that he had known Dan Cough-'
lin for some time previous to the .time .
the latter approaohed hint to "slug" Dr.
Cronln. Peter Koch, a hard wood fin
isher, who lives at Lake View, was then
called. Witness said he had known Joba
Kunse for twb or three years. Kunze
had worked tot him some time, and
boarded at his house. He left his em
ploy between April 8 and 11. Witness
was then asked if he knew Thomas
Lynch, and If Lynch bad spoken to him
about Kunze. Mr. Uynes objected.
Forrest then explained that he wanted
to show that the conversation was about
the explosion of the bomb In Lynoh's
distillery. "Lynch and Coughlin," con
tinued Mr. Forrest, "went together to
Koch's house after Kunze. They took
blm out, got him drunk and took two
papers from hlra. They wanted a third,
but Kunze said he would not take $1,000
for it. Tho next day Coughlin and Lynch
went to Koch's again and got Kunze.
The next day this witness drove Kunze
from his house and the latter went to
the South Side and changed his name.
The papers were supposed to relate to
the bomb explosion at the Lynch dis
tillery." This was brought out to show
why Kunze changed his name, and that
he feared arrest because of certain mat
ters relative to the distillery case.
The court decided that Kooh's tostl
money was regular and he went on to
testify that he had seen Coughlin and
Kunze together on several occasions. On
one of them Coughlin got Kunze drunk
and tried to take from Mm two papers.
They bad a scuffle and Coughlin suc
ceeded. The papers were a letter and a
telegram from Barrows, the whisky
truHt man. Kunze 1 remarked at the
time that he had another paper, but
would not give it up for $1,000. Wit
ness was further examined with ihe
view to showing that it was Lynch, the
millionaire distiller, that was seen with
Kunze on Lincoln avenue, and that this
was April 8 instead of May 4.
- Captain Sohaack was recalled, but re
fused to give the defense his notes of
the description given him by Dinan of
the man who had hired his white horse,
on the ground that they were, his pri
vate property. The ex-Captain was aa
unwilling witness and soon became
choleric He denied that his first state
ments regarding what he had been told
by Mrs. Conklin and Dlnan differed from
his last, and his evidence .was of but lit
tle benefit to the dofense. .1
James Hyland, ar laborer, swore that
on Sunday night, May 5, he and hla
cousin Jeremiah called at O'Sulllvan'i
bouse at seven o'clock, went out to a sa
loon and had several glasses of wine.
The witness greatly resembled Cough'
lin, and the purpose of the testimony'
was to show that it was Sunday night
that the men were seen in the saloon bj
witness Niemann, and that the men h
took to be Coughlin and Kunze were the
Joremiah Hyland was the next wit
ness and his testimony was substantially
the same as that given by his cousin,
the preceding witness. Kunze was oallej
up to stand by the witness' side to afford,
the jury an opportunity of noticing thq
likeness between the two. Thoy worV
about the same height. On cross-exami
lnatlon tho witness said that last week,
when he read it In the papers, was the,
first time he remembered being Jn the
saloon mentioned by himself and hii
oousln, and ho had not been in it sine.
May 5 except last Sunday night
Mlko Whalen, the ex-detectlve and
partner of Dan Coughlin, was noxtcallod
and testified that on the night of May i
he was at the Chicago avenue station
from eight o'clock until midnight. From
eight till ten witness saw Coiighlln sev,
eral times, and at no time up to the last
mentioned hour was Coughlin out of huj
sight for more than half an hour. Th
witness, togother with Coughlin and
Sergeant Stlft, wen into Gleason'l
saloon and had a drink. He Was very
positive as to the date from tho fact that
on that day he attended the funentl oj
an old friend and in tho evening b
learned of the promotion of Lieutenant
Brennan, of the Chicago avenue station,
to be secretary of poloe.
On cross-examination Whelan said h
did not tell the coroner's jury that the
last time ho saw Coughlin on the nlghi
of May 4 was seven o'clock. On the
contrary he was with the suspoct from
nearly that hour until ten o'clock. The
witness said that he and Coughlin were
sent out to search for Smith on May 7.
While out Coughlin stopped and talked
with a man whom Coughlin subsequent
ly told the witness was Smith, the drlvt
1 er of the white borse. Why Coughlin
did not arrest Smith, witness could not
I tell. The wltnoss was suspended from
I the force on May 25, the day of Cough
lin's arrest. . -
"Did you not, on the night you were
suspended, appear before the mayor,
chief of policg, corporation counsel
Hutchinson, Captain Sohuettler and at
torney Hynea and say that you did not
know where Coughlin waa on tho night
i of May 4?" asked Mr. Longonccker. The
j witness said he never told anybody any
such thing. The State on rebuttal
put the mayor and others on the
to oontrodict tne last answer. ,
"When vou and Coucrhlin saw Smith
j why didn't you arrest him?" the State's
1 Attorney asked.
The witness tried to explain that he
understood Smith .was not wanted, but
the effort was a very lame one. Police
Sergeant Stlft testified to having seen
Coughlin about the station between nine
and ten o olook on the night of May 4.
Doing- of iA Prison Aaeoelatloav
NAanvnxi, Torino, Nov, 19. The Na
tional Prison ; Association met again
Monday. Papers were read iy Isaao D.
Smead, of Toledo, O., on "The Ohio Pa
role Law," and by Charles E. Felton, of
Chioago, on "Identification of Criminals
as a Preventive of Crime." The mem
bers will visit the Hermitage to-day. .
l( Peal Play Snapected. ' ' ; '' ' '
' Chicago, Nov. 19. Margaret Loonier,
of Wilmette, disappeared from her home
last Friday and no trace of her oould be
found. Yesterday morning j her body
was found In an old well, some distaaoe
from her home. Foul ptay la suspsotea
and aa Investigation will m made.
. DESTROYED BY FIRE, r-
lUratMt China Work In th Country Ooe
Up In 8moke-A Duuuter Cauwd by Ki.
ptodlnr Jt. 1 '
1 East Livkbpool, O., Nov.' 19. The
Knowlc ' iujlor 'it' Kaowles china
works, the Urgent In! the United States,
were totally destroyed by fire last even
ing. The loss will probably reach 6800,
000;. -insurance not wore- than $100,000.
Several persons were injured In escap
ing from the works., The was caused
by an explosion of u.gas whloh escaped
while -a plumber; was repairing a main.
The elevator shaft carried the flames
quickly through the six stories of the
struoture. The water supply was insuf
ficient to check the flames and the works
and several adloininr dwellings were de
stroyed. The onlv oerson serlouslv in-
-jorod Is a workman named Nicholson,
jtio broke his arm and sustained inter
nal injuries. The works manufactured
opaque uhlaa of .a specially fine grade.
If the firm dnoides to -rebuild it will
take a year to do so.
THE NEW BQUADlioN. '
- ' rf- ( , y t
Foar Steel Kea-af-Wa gall From Kw
STork for a Cruli In Foreign Watar.
Nkw YonK, Nov. 19. The first squad
ron of the new navy left this port yes
terday for . a orulae (ln foreign waters
that will extend for a period of one year.
The squadron was composed 0 four new
ships of war, built wholly of American
rolled steel the Chicago, Boston,At
lnnta and Yorktown. Rear Admiral
Walker was in command and his pen
nant was flying from the Chicago. The
man-of-war , Dolphin with Secretary
Tracy on board, aooompaniod the squad
ron down the bay. The ships are going
abroad for the double purpose of show
ing foreigners that the United States
have some war ships and also for exor
cising the ofllcers and men in the evolu
tions of a squadron. The squadron will
touch at Boston, where it will remain a
week. From there it foes to Lisbon,
Portugal, touching at the Azores.
Darin- Outran Committed In the Fah
lonabl Portion of 8t. Loot In Broad
St. Louis, Nov. 19. Miss Alice Jack
r"'n was abducted in broad daylight
Monday morning from in front of the
residence of W. II.. Brouthers, In the
fashionable quarter near Lafayette Park.
Sho was about to ontor a carriage with
Mrs. Brouthers when she was seized by
two men and hurried Into a closed car
riage and rapidly driven away. Miss
Jaokman is the niece of John U. Taylor,
of the Klchardson-Taylor - Drug Com
pany, and heiress to 3:10,000. She left
the home of her guardian, Mr. Taylor,
about three months ago and went to the
Brouthers, to live. Mr. Taylor denies
having had anything to do with the kid
naping. The girl is still missing, with
no clue to her whereabouts.
- TO ENFOKCE TUB LAW.
Allen Contract Labor Act to be Tee ted In
the Cue of Canadian Mechanic Work
in; In Detroit.
Wasiiinotox, Nov. 19. The collector
of customs at Detroit, Mich., has been
making Investigations concerning viola
tions of the Alien Contract Labor law at
that port, and he has reported to the
Secretary of the Treasury that between
BOO and 600 persons reatdlng in Windsor
and other places on the Canadian side
oome'-to Detroit every day to pursue
their various occupations, and he thinks
that several hundred citizens of the
United States are thrown out of work in
sonsequence. The Secretary has direc
ted the oolloctor to proceed against the
rontons oomplained of, with a view of
nforcing the law. The penalty for vio
lating the Allen Contract Labor law Is a
line of $1,000.
Left the Track.
MoOueoor, la., Nov. 19. Tho Elka
lor train on the Chicago, Milwaukee A
St. Paul road left the track Sunday even
ing at Stolaf, shaking up the passengers
nd badly injuring soveral. Mary Mo
ban, of Dubuque, was seriously hurt
sbouttbe spine and side. Andrew Kelter,
af the McGregor News; Mrs. Thomas
Williams and Deputy Sheriff Elmer
Itenton, of McGregor, sustained painful
though not serious injurlos. The pas
tenger ooaoh turnod completely over.
Found Dead In a Boa Car.
Richmond, Va., Nov. 19. A colored
man was found dead yesterday morning
In a box car loaded with bales of wool
which was brought to this city via the
Riohmond A Danville railroad. The car
was loaded and sealed at St. Louts about
sine days ago. Whon found the negro
was standing on bis head between the
wool sacks. There were no bruises or
marks of violence about bis person, and
ill the olrcumstanoes about his death
Inmnity BesulU From Chawing Guru.
Chicago, Nov. 19. W. C. Hawkos, the
Richmond, Ind., man who created so
nuch excitement at the Palmer House
Saturday ovehlng by his queer antics
nd discourses on chewing gum, was
cked up at the Armory yesterday for
tafe keeping. It is thought he has be
jome crazy on chewing gum. He spent
ill of bis ready cash for that article and
sontinually has his mouth filled with
The Bankers' Petition.
Wasiiinotox, Nov. 19. A committee
f the National Bankers' Association,
leaded by Colonel James O. Broadhead,
t Ht Louis, called on the President
Monday afternoon and presented a po
sition asking him to incorporate in his
tnnual message a recommendation fu
rorlng a national bankrupt law. The
('resident reoolved the petition and said
to would give the request his attention.
Rearly aiOO.000 Lou by Fire.
Nbw York, Nov. 19. A fire occurred
festerday In the six-story Iron building
No. fl'J8 Broadway. After it was extin
guished Messrs. Michael A Plcard said
ihat they had a stock of cloths on the
three floors which they occupied worth
f.200,000, and that their loss, caused by
nnoke and water, would be about forty
per . oent. of. that amount. The other
tosses aggregate $18,000.
Virginians Aboit to Emigrate.
'Toronto On L, Nov. 19. A. I. Mlln,
Manitoba agent here, reports that quite
I colony of Virginian from near Cbar
lotteville -are preparing to move into
Manitoba, whero they will engage-) in
(arming. Among them are several to
bacco planter, who have bought land
snd will move northward, taking their
plantation hands with them. -'
. . Another Brotherhood U Nailed. ,.
Baltihoiik, Nov. 19. Matthew Kll
roy, the Baltimore pitcher, arrived here
yesterday. .He denies that he signed
with the Boaton Brotherhood olub and
says be will play with the Baltimore
ALL' NATIONS GAMBLE. ,
It Is a Tloa aa Old as th Universe) sad'
Thrive In Spite of Law.
It has often been maintained that
gambling Is an acquired or cultivated
taste or habit and. not the result af a
natural vioiouS Inclination Inherent la
human nature. , The facts do not bear
out this theory, however, says the New
Orleans Picayune,' as history clearly
proves that gambling has been a preva
lent passion with all nations and olassea
In all ages, and that ia spite of tha most
rigorous, repressive laws it has survived .
with onoimuiisnea vigor. , . .,
' In old Greece gambling was a recog
nized evil and laws were enacted for its
repression.:' Among the Goths and Van
dals dloe play was tarried oa to such an
extent , that t these barbarous people
would not only risk their whole fortune,
but their personal liberty aa well, on a sin
gle throw. The gambling4 of the Saxons,
Danes and Normans are matters of En
glish history, and when cards name hi to
fashion, which was in the reign 'ef
Henry ;YII.,. It. soon became, necessary
In the eyes of the authorities of the time
to prohibit their use. There was a curi
ous exception made In favor of the
Christmas holidays, during whloh even
apprentices were allowed to play with
cards provided they did so in their mas
ters' houses. ' ! -
Tha laws promulgated against gam
bling during the reign of Henry VI IL
were framed not so much against gam
bling itself aa to prevent suoh pastimes
from tempting the English youth to neg
lect manly sports. But still, 'be the
ground what It may, gaming houses, too,
were forbidden by this monarch. James I.
was not against them and left on record
under his own hand: "When it Is foule
and storme weather there may be law
ful play at the cards or tables;" but la
Charles II. 's reign the vice spread to
suoh extent that more repressive meas
ures than ever were taken against it
and gaming was forbidden in all forms.
Queen Anne, too, oarried on the cru
sade, creating quite a revolution in the
fashions of the time by her enactments
declaring gambling dobts void and mak
ing playing for money unlawful In
Itself. , The record is much the same In
subsequent reltfns. George II., George
III. and George IV., all in various de
grees, extended the penal statutes.
THE ENFANT TERRIBLE.
How H Paralyied HI Big Slater's De
. A .young man who Is not a little par
ticular about his reputation, whloh hap
pens to be good enough to be worth tak
ing care of, had this doleful experienoe
In the country last month, says tha Bos
ton Courier. It was up in the hills, and
as it ohanced two parties of people
whom he knew were lingering at towns
a few miles apart From time to time
there were festivities In one place or the
other, and one evening the young man
in question, accompanied by a friend of
about his own age and ia his class at
oollege, set out to drive over from the
village where he was staying to the
other to attend a dance.
The night was dark and the way ob
scure. Absorbed in some mattef whloh
they were discussing the young men did
not give any particular heed to tha di
rection which their horse took, and were
not a little surprised and still more dis
gusted whon at length he stopped short
in front of what proved upon examina
tion to be a stone wall far out in a field
away alike from the road and any human
habitation. It was with a good deal of
difficulty that they found their way out
of the rustio track Into which their
steed had turned, and before they had
reached the highway tho exploration of
ditches, quagmires and the like, whloh
they had involuntarily made, bad re
duced their attire to a condition whioh
rendered tholr attendance upon any so
cial function Impossible. They were
forced to make the best of their way
back to their starting point and oonsolo
themselves as best they might for the
loss of tho dancing party.
The next day the hero called upon
young lady who for the moment reigned
supreme In his affections, and Into her
sympathizing ear he poured the tale of
his woe, not noting that her three-year-old
brother, who wss playing upon the
floor, was also absorbed In the recital.
His feelings may be Imagined when, at
the close of his story, the youngster
looked up to say with a frown of over
"Well, that old horse must have been
THE FINAL OUTCOME..
What the Earth Will Look Mke In
Year S, 000,000 A. D.
No particle of sand which goes down
into the sea ever comes back, says the
St. Louis Republlo. Yet millions of
particles leave the surface of the earth
every second and are carried, suspended
in the waters of more than 80,000 rivers,
out Into the ocean. There are more
than 100 streams, classed as rivers, In
the State of Louisiana alone. Each of
these basBeveralhundredoreeks, brooks
and spring branches tributary to It.
Each brook or spring branch, with Its
countless rivulets, olasps the hillsides
and drags down the surfaces thereof
down into the brooks down into the
creeks down Into the rivers down to
old ocean. And there the atoms rest
patlontly; each atom waiting for others
now resting in the green fields, but soon
to Join the oomrade gone before.
To-day an atom forms partof a farm In
Iowa or Missouri, to-morrow It la on its
way to the gulf. This process has been
going on slnoe the beginning of time
since "the earth waa without form and
void;" the primeval rooks have been dis
integrated and spread abroad in fortile
field to be slowly sifted out and washed
Into the ocean; perhaps again to be up
heaved and formed Into Islands and con
tinents abldlng-plaoes for coming gen
erations. . All life, animate and inani
mate, la simply an illustration of this
grinding down process; of the master
rubbing down tha bumps to fill up tha
hollows.' . ' !
The final outcome, after millions of
years, 6f thissmoothlng-dowa process oa
the' surface of our globe, will make tha
earth partake of tha nature of a huge
billiard ball sailing through the sky
dvnM of h(. or valleys, tnor.ntalns or
la:bi. i . .
Chamberlain's Eye and Skin
A certain cure ; for Chronic Sore
Ryes. Tetter, Suit Rheum, Scald Head.
Old Chronic Sores, Fever Sores Ecce
ms, Itch, Prairie Scratches, 8 re Nlpr
pies and pllrs. it is cooling and sooth
log. Hundreds of - Cases have bee
tured by it after all ether treatment
had failed. 39 nod SO cent boxes for
ale by Fred D. Felt Druggist. Iy33t33
il I flWil : .rM
Dr, A. E. Elliott's
Method of RECTAL Treatment
Piles, Fistala ia Ano, Fissure in
Ano, Pruritis.or itching piles
and Rectal Ulcer without
the Knife, Ligature
Rectal Ulceration is the mo a
dangerous of all rectal maladies
owing to its nmlerminialize tn
tern before its victims renlizA thnir
danger, the absence of pain being
aue to tne scarcity 01 nerves in
that portion of the rectum mostly
Symptoms of Rectal Ulcer
Pain or weakness across lower
Eortion of back, often referred to
idney troubles, burning in rectum
after ntool, itching about anus, at
tended with a moisture caused by
discharge from ulcer, constipation
sometimes attended with spoils of
diarrhoea, finally resulting f in
chronic diarrhoea, when the disease
is almost beyond cure, but if not
too long neglected may yet be
cured : mucous and bloodv dis
charge from rectum, soreness
through bowels extending to
stomach causing , dyspepsia ; in
females frequently vaginal and n
terine inflammation resulting in
leucorrhcea and ulceration. Bend
to Lodi, O., for descriptive pam
phlet. Examination and Consult!
tion FREE. .
WILLS X AT
::;::.. House, Wellington?.
Third Thursday in each month
Is the best place in the city
to get strictly No.l Meats ,
and Sausage Fresh
Meat always clean. Attention alws)
WHITNEY & ABBOTT,
Our Illustratco pamphicts
BaMaand T ' " - I'rr-1
by Four TUkt Aant or addnaa
C 0, WHITCOMB, Gtn'l rW AfWit,
Detroit A Cleveland Steam Nav. Co.
It ciantinc.Commr.n Sanaa
II la Va Treatment (or files, and
RfWnnBnKS and Anna, wlthaut tha
uh ol knila or llf atura. Rarely Interfering
with tha patient'a ordinary duties and
practically palnleaa. A. at. to 1:30 r. at.
SI ATWTriFt.l..rLf:VELAIVB.J. '
Loose's Bed Clover Pi'o Eomedy.
Is a positive specific. Ir. all forms of
the disease. Blind, Bleedinc, Itching, VI-
ceroatwl, and Protruding Piles. Price 59
For sale by Fred relt. , . .,,.
Attraronthly toaUid and vbobanm preparation
for arreetiiie' farmeiitaUoQ, enabling onv to havn
hoh,eDark)fne; elder the year arovM, Haabeeeioa .
the market alx yenre, and si Indnreed br Ummw
aadewhoaaTettaed It. Itthoroug-hlyelaH&aa,aad
tmparvi no forelffn tnete. Put ap la box doeltra
d tor S and (0 Kail package, rebtillaf at Sband
to eta. Bold by dealera or Ml by null on ro4iit
ofnruw. MtslAH SS0 1, Paaaaaouna, Akraa. 0.