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THE- DEMOCRATIC NORTHWEST, THUKSDAY. MAHCIl 17.ISM.
I cmoalifo rawest.
n nr . i . .
. ' , . . ...
hundred yeara of national life acen -
lurv crowded with perils but ciowdod
this uui ciowueu
with triumphs of liUrty an.l love, lie-
, '. . , .
tore continuing our onward inarch, let
us pause on this keight for a moment
to strengthen our faith and renew our
Lope by a glance nt the pathway along
which our people have traveled.
TUK I.EXSOSN OK A K.NTfHY.
It is now three days more than a
hundred years since the adoption of the
first written constitution of the United
States the articles of confederation
and perpetual union. The new repub
lic was then beset with dangers on ev
ery hand. It had not conquered a
place in the family of nations. The de
cisive battle of the war for indepen
dence, whose centennial anniversary
will fcon be gratefully celebrated at
Vorktown, had not yet been fought.
Tho colonists were struggling, not on
ly against the armies of (ireat Britain,
but against the settled opinions of
mankind; for the world did not believe
that the supreme authority of a gov
ernment could be safely entrusted to
the guardianship of the people them
selves. Wo cannot overestimate the
fervent love of liberty, the intelligent
courage and saving common sense with
which our fathers made tho great ex
periment of self government. They
found after a short time that the con
federacy of the States was too weak to
moet the necessities of a vigorous and
THIS IS A NATION.
They boldly set it aside, and in its
3tead established a national uimn,
founded directly upon the will of the
people, endowed with powers of self
preservation and with ample authority
for the accomplishment of its great oh
jects. Under this constitution the
boundaries of treodom have been en
larged, the foundations of order and
peace have been strengthened, and the
growth of all the better elements of
national life has vindicated the wisdom
of its founders and given new hope to
Under this constitution our people
long ago made themselves safe against
danger from without, and secured for
their mariners and flag equality of
rights on all the seas. Under this con
stitution twenty-five State houses have
been added to the union, with constitu
tions and. laws framed and enforced by
their own citizens, to secure the mani
fold blessings of local self-government.
The jurisdiction of this constitution
now covers an aea of fifty times great
er than that, of the orininal thirteen
States and a population t wenty times
greater than that of 1780. The supreme
trial of this constitution came at last
uuder the tretneodous pressure of civil
war. We ourselves are witnesses that
the union emerged from the blood and
tiro of that conflict purified and made
stronger for all the beneficent purposes
at good government.
THE WII.I, OF TIIK 1'EOl'I.K 8UVBEME
And now, at the close of this first
century of growth, with the inspira
tions ot ats nistory in their hearts, our
people have lately reviewed the condi
tion of the nation and passed judg
ment upon the conduct and opinions of
political parties, and have registered
their will concerning the future admin
istratiou of the government, and to in
terpret and execute their will, in ac
cordance with the constitution, is the
paramount duty of the executive.
FACKD TO THE FH0NT.
jwen irom tins oner review it is
manifest that the nation is resolutely
facing to the front, resolved to employ
its best energies in developing tho
great possibilities of the future, sacred
ly preserving whatever has been gained
to liberty and good government dur
ing the century.
Our people are determined to leave
behind them all those bitter contro
versies concerning things which have
been irrevocably settled, ani the furth
er discussion of which can only stir up
strife and delay their onward march.
THE SUPREMACY OV THE NATION
and its laws should be no longer the
subject of debate. That 'discussion
which for half a century threatened the
existence of the union, was closed at
last in the high court of war by a de
cree from which there is no appeal,
that tho constitution and laws made in
pursuance thereof shall continue to be
tho supreme laws ot the land , binding
upon the States and tho people. This
decree does not disturb the autonomy
of the States, nor interfere with any of
their necessary rules of local seli-gov
eminent. But it does fix and establish
tho permanent supremacy of the Un
ion. 1NIVEUHAL l,IHl:i!TY AND ITS IH.KSSIXdS.
The will of a nation speaking with
tho voice of battle and through the
amended constitution, has fulfilled the
great promise of 177G, by proclaiming
liborty throughout tho land to all the
inhabitants thereof. The elovation of
the negro race from slavery to the full
rights of citizenship is the most import
ant political change wo have known
since the adoption of the constitution
of 1787. No thoughtful man can fail
to appreciate its benificent effect upon
our institutions and people. It has
freed us from tho perpetual danger of
war and dissolution. It has added im
mensely to the moral and industrial
forces of our people. It has liberated
the maMcr well 4 i ho Lva from
relation which taronireJ tul entf'KrA
boih. It bin lorn-mler. to their own
K.ir.iiiif.u,. .. . .
tlmn live millions of iMMinleaiid ouenel i :
to a. li one -f thorn a career of fretiom
B , .
It liasuivena new lu-
' stiiration to the ttowrr of elfht-lp 111
i Uf ho"
; orahlo w the olio and more necessary
i. ., .,.
to the other. The influence of this.
, , . , .... r.l,..r
j J"' h "
frill's with coming vears.
Hut. those who resisted the change
should remember that under our insti
tutions there was no intildle ground for
the negro race tictwecu. slavery and
equal citizenship. There can be no
H.'rmaneiit disfranchised peasantry in
the United States. Freedom can nev
er yield its fullness of blessings as
ion-us me or u aumu.
places the smallest obstacle in the path.
way of any virtuous citizen.
. i . i . . . ;
THE EMANCIPATE!) HACE
has already made remarkable progress.
Willi unquestioning devotion to the
union--with a patience and gentleness
not bom of fear they have followed
the light as God gave them to see the
litrht. They are rapidly laying foun
dations of self-support widening the
circle of intelligence and beginning to
enjoy the blessings that gather around
the homes of the industrious poor.
They deserve the generous encourage
ment of all good men. As far as my
authority can lawfully extend, they
shall enjoy full and equal protection of
tho constitution and laws. The free en
joyment of equal suffrage is still in
question, and a frank statement of that
issue may aid in its solution, it is al
leged that in mahv communities negro
citizeus are practically denied the free
dom of the ballot In so far as the
truth of this allegation is admitted, it
is answered that in many places honest
local government is impossible if the
mass of uneducated negroes are al
lowed to vote. These are grave alle
gations, so far as the latter is true. It
is the only paliation that can be of
fered for opposing the freedom of the
ballot. Bad local government is cer
tainly a great evil which ought to be
prevented; but to violate the freedom
and sanctity of the suffrage is more
than an evil; it is a cnmo which, if
persisted in, will destroy the govern
ment itself. Suicide is not a remedy.
If in other lands it be high treason to
compass the death of a king, it should
be counted no less a crime here to
strangle out the sovereign power and
stifle its voice. It has been said that
unsettled questions have no pity for
the repose of nations. It should be said
with the utmost emphasis, that this
question of suffrage will never give re-
pose"or safety to the States or to the
nation, until each within its own juris
diction makes and keeps the ballot free
and pure by the strong sanctions of the
THE DANOEKSOF ION011ANCE.
But the danger which arises from
ignorance in voters cannot be denied
It covers a field far wider than that of
negro suffrage, and the. present condi
tiou of that race. It is a danger that
lurks and hides in the sources and
fountains of power in every State. We
have no standard by which to measure
the disaster that may be brought upon
us by ignorance and vice in our citi
zens when joined to corruption and
fraud in the suffrage. The voters of
this union, who make and unmake con
stitutions and upon whose will hangs
the destiny of our government, can
transmit their supreme authority to no
successor save the coming generation
of voters, who are the sole heirs of sov.
ereign power. If that generation comes
to its inheritance blinded by ignorance
and corrupted by vice, the fall of the
republic will be certain and remodiless.
The census has already sounded the
alarm in the appalling figures which
mark how dangerously high the tide of
illiteracy has risen among our voters
and their children. To the South this
question is of supreme importance, but
the responsibility for the existence of
slavery did not rest upon the South
alone. The nation itself is responsible
for the extension of the suffrage, and
is under special obligations to aid in
removing the illiteracy it has added to
the voting population of the north and
soutn alike. There is but one remedy.
All constitutional power of tho nation
and of the States, and all tho volunteer
forces of the people, should bo sum
moned to meet this danger by the sav
ing influence of universal education.
It is u high privilege and a sacred
duty of those now living, to educate
their successors and fit them by intelli
gence and virtue for the inheritance
which awaits them in this beneficent
work. Sections and races should be
forgotten, and partisanship should be
unknown. Let our people find a new
meaning in that Divine oracle which
declares that "a little child shall lead
them," for our little children will soon
control tho destinies of the republic.
LET US HAVE 1'EACE.
My countrymen, we do not now dif
fer in our judgment concerning the
controversies of past generations, and
fifty years hence our children will not
be divided in then opinions concern
ing our controversies. They will sure
ly bless their fathers and their fathers'
God that the union was preserved, that
slavery was overthrown, and that both
races wore made equal before the law.
We may hasten or we may retard, but
wo cannot prevent, tho final reconcilia
tion. Is it not possible for us now to
make a truce with time by anticipating
No doubt this Kreat change has all I he preservation of the lmblu- of t,1(J Rprv it80,f f"or the ptiUH.litm
cans,-,, a serious distur .ance to our creJit and the resumption of specie ; (lf tb(j(ie who areelltruste,i wlth theap
southem cora.m.rn.y. This is to be payments, so successfully attaint by ; :.ui against the waste of
( ettlored. thouL'h it was unavoidable, the administration of my pi edece-woi-. i !: i i
!nJ accepting i; itw-viubltj vrlu t?
' oiTjKTiv.nr. i-k the rrtfLK.
j Kutorunw o( the hiirW im.M.n,.,..
I to our moral ami material
! inviiM u MHt 4fTr kinnla t.x r. ...
i .i,,..,,.,..., ilf ,,, i ' ,
all our people, leaving Uilimd thMn tlio
hall ffw Jsof den l issue- r,.il'S'"J"" ""y-
i wd and in hV Vh 7 Z
I , r(,,t(,,1M1inu-i -..,,;
ana resiorea union win grander vitor-
j wrj- 1
is is wuuoui parallel tn our Lis -
has enabled our
people to secure the
u.uosiiigi which me seasons oroughi.
MATTKHS OK FINANCE.
liy the experience of commercial na
tions in all ages it has been found that
Kld and silver afford the only safe
foundation for a monetary svstem.
t-l- .: I .1- -L t ,
Confusion has recently been created by
VHI.iatiolls in the relative value of the
, two nietaj but j confi(lently beljeve
! tllat arrangelnelUs can be m.tJe bc.
tween the leading commercial nations
which will secure the general use of
both metals. Congress should provide
that tho compulsory coinage of silver
now required by law may not disturb
our monetary system by driving either
metal out of circulation. If possible
such an adjustment should bo made
that the purchasing power of every
coined dollar will be exactly equal to
its debt-paying power in all the mark
ets of the world. The chief duty of the
national government in connection
with the currency of the country is to
coin and declare its value. Grave
doubts have been entertained whether
Congress is authorized by the constitu
tion to make any form of paper money
a legal tender. The present issue of
United States notes has been sustained
by the necessities of war, but such pa
per should depend for its value and
currency upon its convenience in use
and its prompt redemption in coin at
the will of tne holder, and not upon its
compulsory circulation. These notes
are not money, but promises to nav
money if holders demand it. The
promise should be kept.
1 he refunding of the national debt
at a lower rate of interest should be ac
compli shed without compelling the
withdrawal of national bank notes and
thus disturbing the business of the
1 venture to refer to the position I
have occupied on the financial questions
during my long service in Congress,
and to sav that time ana experience
have strengthened the opinions I have
so often expressed on these subjects.
The finances of the government shall
suffer no detriment which it may be
possible for my administration to pre
vent. THE INTEHESTS OF AORlCUI.TL'HE
deserves more attention from the gov
ernment than they have yet received.
The farmers of the United States afford
homes and employment for more than
one-half the people and furnish much
the largest part of all our exports. As
the government lights our coasts for
the protection of mariners and the
benefit of commerce, so it should give
to the tillers of the soil the lights of
practical science and experience.
are rapidly making strides to become
industrially independent and are open
ing to capital and labor new and profit
able fields of employment. This steady
and healthy growth should still be
Our facilities for transportation
should be promoted by the continued
improvement of our harbors and great
interior water ways, and by the in
crease of our tonnage on the ocean.
The development of the world's
commerce has led to an urgent de
mand for shortening the great sea voy
age around Cape Horn by construct
ing ship canals or railways across the
isthmu3 which unices the two conti
nents. Various plans to this end have
been suggested, and will need consid
eration, but none of them have been
sufficiently matured to warrant the
United States in extending pecuniary
aid. The subject is one which will im
mediately engage tho attention of the
government, with the view to the
thorough protection of American in
terests. We will urge no narrow poli
cy, nor seek peculiar or exclusive
privileges in any commercial route, but
in the language of my predecessor, I
believe it to be tho right and duty of
the United States to assert and main
tain such supervision and authority ov
er any interoceanic canal across the
isthmus that connects North and
South America as will protect our na
The constitution guarantees absolute
religious freedom. Congress is pro
hibited from making any law respect
ing the establishment of religion, or
prohibiting the free exerciso thereof.
I he territories of the L nited States
are subject to tho direct legislative au
thority of Congress, and hence the gen
eral government is responsible for any
violation of the constitution many of
them. It is therefore a reproach to" the
government that in the most populous
of the territories this constitutional
guaranty is not enjoyed by the people,
and tho authority of Congress i3 set at
naught. The Mormon church not only
offends the moral senso of mankind by
sanctioning polygamy,but prevents the
administration of justice through the
ordinary instrumentalities of the law.
In my judgment it is the duty of Cou-
ru.tful masons have do.iB much i cannot I,, on aaatisfactorv basis
gre., while n.-iwtiit;r to the) utmost
ciiiiM'ietiiioHs cinvictiiiii anl religious
. cruplM of every citizen.
within i.js juris liction all criminal
jKt-iully of that class which
destroy fi;:mly ivlation and endanger
a .- nr run nv iwi v1Bi.ii.
, ' ' m
! rp th, S,nalle,t dU fun
i "oi a and powersol the tiatioual ;ov
1 tiik i ivii. skuvu e
! ft,18d ,,v i.lordinate r,rflst),ire for
place, and for tho protection of incum
bents against intrigue and wrong. I
shall, at the proper time, ask Conirres
t fix the tenure of the minor offices of
the several executive departments, ami
proscribe the grounds upon which re-
1 movals shall be made during the terms
tor wiiicn me incuinoeuis nave ueea
THE ADMINISTRATION S AIM.
rmaiiy. acting always wituin uie i
authority and limits of the constitu
tion, invading neither the rights of the
States nor the reserved rights of the
people, it will be the purpose of my ad
ministration to maintain the authority
and in all places within its jurisdic
tion to enforce obedience to all laws 'of
the union; in the interests of the peo
ple, to demand rigid economy in all ex
penditures of the government, and to
require honest and faithful service of
all executive officers, remembering that
offices were created not for the benefit
of incumbents or their supporters, but
for the service of the government.
A1TEAL FOR SUPPORT.
And now, fellow citizens, I am about
to assume the great trust which you
have committed to my hands, I appeal
to you for that earnest and thoughtful
support which makes this government,
in fact, as it is in law, a government of
tho people. I shall greatly rely upon
the-wisdom and patriotism of Congress
and of those who may share with me
the responsibilities and duties of the
administration; and. above all. upon
our efforts to promote the welfare of
this great people and their government
I reverently invoke the support and
blessing of Almighty God.
ine retirement or so many leaders
from the United States Senate will be
seriously felt by the country. When the
Senate convenes it will be composed of
many new members, which will give it a
strange newness and freshness to those
who have so long been familiar with the
old leaders. New men will take the
places of Thurman, Blaine, Kirkwood,
Windom, Wallace, Bruce, Eaton, Me-
Donald, Kernan, Bailey, Withers, Ran
dolph, Hereford, Hamlin and Carpenter.
These have been the working members
of the Senate, always conspicuous in the
general debates, and will be sadly missed
by their respective friends. The Demo
cratic party will certainly feel the loss of
Allen G. Thurman, as he has, in all prob
ability, retired from public life forever.
His retiracy is a great and irreparable
loss, as in an impromptu debate he was a
match for Conkling, Edmunds, Blaine or
any of the Republican leaders. There
has never been a purer, better specimen
of an American, there has never been a
higher type of an inoorruptibe statesman
in the Senate since its foundation than A.
G. Thurman. The fatal mistake of his
life was his temporary abandonment of
hard money just at a time when the busi
ness of the country was greatly depressed.
This mistake was tho result of a patriotic
desire to do something to alleviate the
distress that filled the land. That Sena
tor Thurman was persuaded against Ids
will to adopt the policy that more money
was needed to give an impetus in busi
ness is apparent iron) the fact that he
abandoned his views so soon as thre was
a change for the better in the condition
of the country. But his mistake on the
financial question cost him a defeat for
the Democratic nomination for Presi
dent in 1876. That was a greater mis
fortune to his party than to him, for the
Presidency would have added nothing to
his fame, while if he had been elected,
as be would have been, he would not
have permitted the Republicans to steal
the office to which he had ben elected.
As it is, the next generation will look
back upon Thurman as the present gen
eration does upon the great leaders of the
past generation. Indeed, when the
speeches of Thurman nre collected and
published, history will regard him as one
of the ablest men of the present day. The
logical directness and the great abilities
of Thurman pervade all Ids speeches.
But, besides the power of bis great mind
there is a fervid patriotism in all Ilia ut
terances which commanded the respect
of his political opponents. He and Ed
munds were more intimate than any two
men iu Congress. Indeed every Repub
lican member of Congress entertained the
highest respect and admirat ion for Thur
man's ability, honesty, patriotism and
high social qualities. "He is an Ameri
can, and his love of country knows no
sectional lines. While other Senators
have made fortunes out of their positions,
Senator Thurman retires poorer than
when he first entered that body. He re
tires after more than thirty years of faith
ful service as a Representative in Con
gress. Judge and United States Senator
without stain upon his name, while a
grateful people will ever remember his
eminent services and unite in pronounc
ing mm a statesman wiio has reflected
renown upon his country.
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etc. Frio, 50 cants per box. Bent by mall. Ad
dress, CARTER MEDICINE CO.,
22 Park Place, New York.
Bold by Drngjiats everywhere,
rout ty tiic constant toil and worry 01 your worx !
I CENTS WANTED furl Bsaa4 Pastas
.a. fc-lrlu t-utoiul bouaa and HltM. lTV-fS rr
oxwliif-rcnu, National iul-Uh.u I'tula
ni-I.lt. III.UBJ PMBrnafHim IIW
If oatai fn. Addma Tt- H u,Auula, Vista .
a V LTl i -i . l . i . .
I'ITI-,'T Wm- MI'TKK. Solicitor o(
I'almta, ei; Rrsrnlh KIM or
lloi Wa.hllurtoo.D.C, Kolrr r! ultra nulr
limt t oairru. Hnd ft rtrruiar ciii t-rm
c. Katalillabrd ISTo. oetiltt
0 arasa Orrat cbancrtu tcaar tuemj.
It I I I I 1 IM"! a iH-nun 111 rvrry Imru tolas..
VI VsMbW sul-VTi.tiuti forllM-laritnrt.rhrap-Mt
and brat lUilMralrd (audit pub
lication in th workl. Anyone ran
branwaaarceia(ulattruU HlxtaVstant wcrk. of art
Kitrn fntoaubarrllrni. The pile- i. mi luw that
aliuutf linrrrybtiU, iilaM.-rihrm. Our awrut ivrorts taa
iur 1JO uha.-rilx-ni iu a Cmy. A lady agrol
r..rt. rnaklug over gjui rkaur ir..tti iu ten
rtsya. All ahorumire niaka nxm.) f,j. yon ean
tl-vute all your Uiue to the buaiur, or only your sparr
tiro, loo nmluot beawajr Irum how ovi-r niajnt.
.Hiraudoltaawt-Uaa otucra. Full Oim-lioua and
teri-.w frv. Klrxatit and ripruaive Oullti ftv. If
you want nrontabk? srork aud us y our ail.liw at one.
Itco.tsuotluntoti7thl.n.lnMi. Noon alio .
gain fails to rusk grrat pay. AdUn-as tlmnoK
8T1MOM k CoM Portland. Main. jj i5i,r
tu!-inow l for th public-
' -. uiitan Illl.Urj I UH11T
work f r us than at aiiylhliiK all
v apitai not mpurrd. w will start
1:111 tl'l.il... I .
. . ,, ,,iManis uiaur
m nuiiip oj nit) lUdllKtliolut. ,V,
wororo, boys aud ulrls wautrd wrywhvr.. to work for
lis. .Now I. ihe tun. Vou can devote yon whol
tlnmtotlirwork oronly your apara mom..i,ta. N
ollirbiisliiiawiUpayjou nearly as will. Noon
aillliiir to work can fail to make enormous pay by eu
KaKltiKat one. Costly Oittttt aud tern's free. A
(treat opportunity for making money easily and
honorably. Ai'dresa Tufa- A- Cu AiiRuata, ,M alne. 1
Pf-TIClnut? Thousands of soldiers ami their
CilkiiUllO. heirs entitled by late laws of Gou
(rreKs. .N.-n,l two stamps for laws, ami copv of Citizen
SllldlHr. to . U. Vil.tfnn.1,1 ft u .,1-1...'...,.. ..
, JO . , , . . . t.ianu Airy, 1MH
! tW, W ashiiiKton, D. ;. oell'ltf
Jtawiiwa.! Mil. B 1,11 L JJ.. iliiihi.
B UliLIXGTOX no i n:.
rf?"Nii other lino runs Three Throiijrh Pas
senuiT Trains Dully ht-twi'i-n t hiiro, Dos
Moiups, I (Hindi lllnlfs, Oimilui, Lincoln. St.
Joseph, Atcliisoii, TopoltH mm Ruiisn. City.
Direct connections for nil points in Kansas.
Nebraska, rnlnm-lu, Wynmhiir. Montana, Ne
vada, New Mexico, Arizona, lihiho,Oreirun and
The Shortest, Speediest ami Must Comforta
ble Itoute via llitnnitu.l to Fort teott. Denlson,
Dallas, Houston, Austin. Sail Antonio, Oalvcs
ttin anil all points in Texas.
The tineiiiiiileil inducements olTered by this
lane to Travelers and Tourists, are as follows:
Tho celebrated I'ulliiiun ltt-wheeli Palace
Slecpinif t'a.-s. run only on this Line. C, il. i
Q. Palace lirawinir-liooin t'ars, with Morton's
Iteclinino- chairs. Xo extra charge for Scats
in Keelininif Chairs. The famous C, II. & Q.
Palace Diiiinn Cars, (iorireous Smoking Cars
fitted with Elegant Hiich-Ilaekeil Itattan Re-'
vulvitis; Chairs for the exclusive use of first
Steel Track nuil Superior Equipment, com
bined with their Great Throuub Car Arrange
ment, makes this, above all others, the favorite
Kouto to the South, South-West, und tho Far
Try it, mid you will find traveling a luxury
Instead of a discomfort.
Through Tickets via this Celebrated Line
for sale at all ofliccs in tlio United States and
All information about Rates of Fare, Sleep
ing Car Accommodations, Time Tables, &c,
will be cheerfully given by applying to
JAMES K. WOOD.
G I'licrai Passenger Agent, Chicago.
T. J. POTTEK,
General Manager, Chicago.
Jc-r-S O U CD
r-h M '
m o y
M Hr1 CD
, O d3
' P l
STOVE PIPE SHELF
AND UTFNSII STiWn
"assssF -ssr ss.isi vast V are IBtCp
A o at? irva H7J vinKin at-
imobt convenient article ever offered
-"" j. o. u6cu UlVUt WJIII
grf ntcr miccf'ss than ever. One ftgent
In 2fhn, onnHic (27 in 1 duy. Boxlne ftntB
I'rciKlit Free to AcruntfH. 8pnd for circulars to
Ciiiclimiiti, P., or m. Iroula, Mo.
COMBINED CATALOGUE OF
Will be Mailed Free, to all who apply by
Oar Experimental GrountT In
tvlileh vo test our Vectuble and
Flower Sneda arc most complete
and our Grecnhouiscs for Planu
(covering 3 acres In glass), are
tlio larycst in America.
PETER HENDERSON & CO:
39 Cortlandt Street, New York,
Aacnta Wnntcd. iaanaymade
scllliiourI'I.A t'FOHM fAMlLf
MCALE. WeiKhsuptoltSlbs. Rotnll
linen. 1,50. '1'cruissurpriiio Asents.
Uomkstic Mali; t:o., I lucliinaU.O.