Newspaper Page Text
Cfrroititlt anir Cransrript.
S. D. "Jott'AHD. ; :
J. D. COX. ::::::
: Emma d Fimimi.
: : Awkx iath Editor.
"WarrenWednesday, Jan. 3d.
X.A large ntm.btr of notices of
-Marriages and Deaths have been un
Toidbbly rmitteJ ".is -k. Some of
our "typos" had to have "Now Year"
and we are consequently obligeJ to deft-r
the above mentioned till next week.
X3T" We have no time dear reader to
write Editorials this week, but we have
tried to occupy the room with better mat
ter. This is the busiest New Year we
have ever known. We have only tim
to say "A Happy New Year to you all,
and many returns" ! ! Monday the 1st.
was a glorious day and we hope its cheer
ful sunshine may prove to be a happy
auyury to our subscribers the first of
three hundred and sixty five which shall
be etjually bright with the sunshine of
peace and prosperity.
The Indiana Free Banks.
The followin? article is important to ail
tolders of Indiana Bank Notes :
There was a Bank Convention held in
Indianapolis last wek, when it was as
certained hat the follow'nir are the on
ly Free Barks in hat State which do
now, and always hove since their orjran
ization. - redeemed thf ir circulation in
gold or silver, wl en presented :
Bank of ti e Cjrit-1, Irdi: nnrolis ;
Bank of Elkhart, Elkhart : Bank cf Gosh
en, Goshen ; Bank of Indiana, Mich.
City ; Fsnk of Monticello. Montir- llo ;
Bank of Mt. Vernon, Jit. Vernon ; Bank
of Prola. (this is a rrw hark, with lit
tle or no chculaiion :) B nk of Kockville,
Kockvilie ; Pank of Salem. Sal-m ; Bank
of Syracuse. FyracriFe ; Bank of Warsaw,
"Wt rsaw: Canal B?nk. Fvanville; Far
mer Bank Westfield; Cambrdpe City
Bank, Cambridge city ; Central Bank,
Irdianarolis; Crescert City Biink.Fvans
ville ; Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank,
Indianapolis; Fayeite Co. Bank, Con
nersville ; Gran e'rcey Bank. Lafayette ;
Hoosier Bank, Logansport ; Indiana
Bank, Madison : Indiana State Stock
Bank. Laporte : Kalamazro Bank, Albi
on ; Ken. Stock Bark, Colnrrbns ; La
grange Bank, Lpsranc-e : Merchants
and Mechanics Bank. New Alhany ;
SewYoik and Virginia State Stork Bank,
Evansville ; Prairie Ci'v Bar.k. Terre
Haute ; Salem Bank- Salem : Traders'
Bank, Indianapolis ; Western Bank, Ply
mouth. The following is the exhibit of these
thirty-one banks. j
J(TFrcpiterr"taI Heck at tbi't'ire $1.W-K.?15
"peeie and Eartmi Fxrhrner S.H.4TS
Cnnereyard other lark balm re R?UT
l!ill difeoonteri ...... 1.?5.?f4
Circulation ontnacdio) l,S4t.494 j
It wps proved npen examination that
the stockholders of the several banks j
repreren ed. are able to take np entire i
the outstanding circulation of their re
spective barks, without resort tr the
Stocks new deported with the Auditor
It was also ascertained that the follow
ing are what may be termed vagabond
banks ; that is they have no fixed local
ity or place i business now.
Bark 1 merca, Jforrro; Orange
Pank, I V f e j sville; Trovers' Bank. Borne;
Plyntrth Bank, Plymouth; Elkhart
Cotr.fy Bank. Goshen ; StateStock Bank
Logansport ; Merchants Bank, Sprng
; field ; Merchants' Bark. LafaTette :
State Stock Bank, Peiu ; Traders' Bank,
Terre Haute ; Northern Indiana Bank,
The balance of the banks, i: was sta-
ted, redeem- d their notes in specie, when
tLey are pre sented by what the f (Beers
consider honest men. Pittt. Dispatch.
The Indiana Free Banks. Repeal! Repeal !! Repeal!!
Mr. Mace of Indiana has intirducrd a
b'll :n the House for restoring the Mis- '
tzntl 1 1 Crm-r. i r . r. TI I V V J I
as is said after a perfect understand
ing with the Anti-Nebraska men. The
move mak'es the fire fly.
We hope tie At li-N braska iren will
not cease to struggle from day to day,
early and late, ;n sea on and out r f sea
son, until on the same where the st.in
was made, the blot shall bp wined out.
Let the determination be a solemn one to
- 'HipM octwtoii pirn here they were giren.
E'en were it in (L- gate ol Heaven.
Injunction—Banks vs. the People
Does the Journal intend to miin pre
sent facts in stating that our executive
officers, in making their assessment on
banks are acting in defiance of the de
cission of the Supreme Court at Wash
Or is the Journal as stupid as that su
perannuaUd old drive'er, yeUj,t John
McLean, who did.not know, eight weeks
since, that the banks of Ohio are cow
taxed, not only under another law, but
under another Constitution than that
which five old ladies in night caps, at
'Washirgton, made their Piqua Branch
What an ou'rage that a dotaid has
power to sit in judgement upon the
.rights of sovereign Stales, when his fac
ulties are so benumbed with age that he
under the necessity of depending upon
members of the bar to remind, as to j
wha.t is law.
It is rumored that Judge Leavitt has !
placed a few blank signatures already j
signed and sealed in the hands of the 1
banks attorneys to be used in case of any j
midden emergency created by any ras- j
cally Locofoco officer. Statesman. j
If infamj can find a lower deep than is
reached in the above, we have vet to'
it. Comment is unnecessary.
The Journal misrepresents no facts in j
case. There is not a lawyer, or a i
man of ordinary intelligence in Ohio, i
who does not know that the point dcci- i
by the Supreme Court of the United
States covets the entire ground of con
troversy. The Constitution of the Uni
ted States declares that no State shah
laws impairing the obligations of
contracts. The Supreme Court of the
United States has always decided that a
Bank charter is a contrach It declares
all laws which attempt to tax them
a different manner than is provided for
their charters, are a violation of the
Constitution of the United States, and are
therefore nu 1 and void.
It makes no difFerance when a law
this purpose is passed. The thing
void in any view and under all cir
cumstances. The new Constitution of
Uhto neither gives nor takes aw ay any
the provisions of the constitution cf
We repeat emphatically, and with a
knowledge of what we say a, that
decission of the United States Court
cprers the entire question. Iuis final,
should be obeyed as such by the
Auditor pf State. We shall hold him
his de.enders tothepoint. Let them
rjeware of the judgement of the tax pay
ers of Ohic. Slate Journal.
CoRN-Kurs Darragii. a Uwver of dis
Unction, died in Pittsburgh on Friday.
Jamks T. Moreukao, Ex-Governor of
Kentuckev, is reported at the point of
dea h, at his residence in Covington.
C. M. Clat, lectured on Slavery in
New York, Dec. 29.
TheOuIo rising rapid!y. Good news,
A man named Hanison Keeves killed
Arcliiball Hotcha, in Cincinnati, Tues
day. The murderer fled.
Thk trial of Goerge W. Green, a weal
thy citizen of Chicago, for the murder
of h's wife, is absorbing the attention of
the people of that city. The position
and standing of the accused lend a great
interest to the proceedings anl the court
room is constantly cr iwcd. The Dem
ocrat says that during the three days
spent in getting a jury, Green appeared
much dejected, as his f How citizen .one
after another came up and declared that
they could not serve on the jury, as their
minds were trade up on the merit of the
case. The man visibly appeared to grow
years older in the?c three days. His eyes
began to sink in his head and his dejec
tions to be extreme. However, as the
testimony progressed, he began to bright
en up a good deal. At the close of Dr.
Bird's testimony he appeared visi! ly re-
iirvid, fmrl ncK J nt. if grt Kind xsuX
been taken from off hi-i heart. The case
is conducted with rreat tact rnd skill by
h is counsel. So far the y have feH every
step of their way, and fought every irch
of the ground with a pertinacity and
ability which assure the prisoner of the
fact that he i well def nded.
It is said that Vr. E. A. Hanagan, for
merly Senator from Indiana in Congress,
and Minister to Prussia, is about to re
move to California to pa lice law.
CoNGRFt s has voted double rations to
General Wool for his twelve years' ser
yise as Inspector General. A "ration"
is counted as twenty cents a day. The
Inspector General has six. This would
m ake about 5,000 for twelve years.
The long pending suit between the
States of Geogia and Florida, relative to
their boundary line, will be argued at
the present term of the U. S. Supreme
Court at Washington. The judgement
of the Court will thiow into the State of
Geocia or Florida nearly two million of
acres of land, belonging to the United
. . . . ., .
The newCentpieces.it is said, will
be issued from the Mint, in tie ccuiFe of
a few days. They are corsiderably
smaller than the old cent pieces, and
fo- m an attractive copper coin. On one
side is the lead of Liberty, and, the
thirteen stars be'ng omitted, the sur
face is plain and polished. The reverse
is the srrne in design as the old cent, but
brigh'er and moie finished. There is a
certain amount of alloy mixed with the
copper, and the petfecticn of the die
gives to the crin a finish that has nev
er before been attained in our copper
Effokts aie be?np made to es'ablish
in a central location in Massachusetts,
a college for young women. Success
has attented the efforts thus far. The
citizens of Wcrchester have already sub
scribed between four and five thousands
dollats towards its endowment. A col
lege chaiter wasgranted by the last Leg
islature, and several efficient men are
now at oik raising a bundled theusand
dollars as an endowment.
The Sandvsky Dcghter of the 21st
says, ihirlcen fugitives fiom bondage
passed through this city last week, seek
ing fieedcm in ihe land of the Queen.
They were acccir.pani d by the best
wishes of every man whose soul is not
dead to christian feeling and truth.
Mrs. Mow att Richie has another book
in print, which ill shortly be published.
Some mathematician has calcu'ated
that the Eastern w ar costs the allies 60
equal to S300 a minute.
Legs Agaixst Wikgs. At a skating
m a'ch recently held at Madison Wiscon
sin, a mile was run in one minute and
fifty-six seconds, starting included. It
is said to be the twiftest time on record,
and equaled to ordinary railway express
Hear and Consider.
grows bolder and bolder in its pro
slavery denunciations, and announces that
Seward will be beaten in New York.
But wherefore ? Not on the ground of
his friendliness to foreigners, but because
he is an anh agitator. Let the American
Organ speak for itself :
"Are we asked for a reason? Because
we desire the perpetuity of the Union, and
the recognition cf the rights of each and
all the States, as guaranteed by the Con
stitution. But it is false that we advocate
Slavery by opposinj Seward. We never
have discussed, and never intend to dis
cuss the merits or demerits of Slavery in
our columns. We would exclude, if we
cou'd such men as Seward from the halls
t r ... . . i -. .
Congress, to prevent the agitation of the
question of Slavery, and the ultimate dis
ruption of the bonds of our national
Further, hu a letter from ono of the
most consistent and firmest opponents of
tlie uespDtisin ot Koiuanism, written from
Washington, speak : "They brug here,
that they hold Ohio in the hollow of their
hand, and that t!io strongest Anti-Slaverv
men and press w ill follow in the wake of
the national Pro-Slavery leaders of the
order." We doubt. We don't believe
any combination, or any betrayal of
Freedom by any Press, w ill change the
fixed purpose of Nor; hern Ohio to stand
the principles of Freedom, one and all.
We charge its true friends, however,
be on their guard. Watch and act.
Lewis D. Campbell.
A special correspondent of the N. Y.
Tribune says of the late dispute between
Campbsll and Stephens of Ga.
" In the passage to-day between Ste
phens, of Georgia, and Campbell of Ohio,
Nebraska, the Georgian was evidently
not himself, while the Ohio member was
head and shoulders above his ordinary
mark. His scathing of Stephens was
powerful and triumphant. The quotations
from a former speech by Stephens against
Pcpular Sovereignity wera cmshinj;.
Washington's News—Important from
into a treaty, otH-nsive and defensive, with
England and France. It is important,
inaii.ly, as declaring the policy of thes?
Powers ; fir it docs not hind either party
to a particular course of action. Thus
the Allies cannot compel the Emperor Jo
seph to declare war upon Russia, nor can
Austria comptl the Allies to muke peace
EFFECT OF THE TREATY.
Money wise .Mark Lane, and all the
Bourse aie glad. Consols advanced in
Fjgland from 81 to !:!. Whether this
jruwsout of the belief 1 1. at peace is nigh,
or that Nicholas can now be successful ly
met, remains to be seen. Politically, the
effect upon Ceiinanv no one cm tell, as
it seems ( us. or even conje-:ure. Prus
sia is diviiieil me siue bcins hoilile, the
other friendly to Russia. Again, the
.orih of Germany hates Austria, and ihe
Catholic por:ion of it is ready to war
acainst the Protestant portion. Now
whether Emperor Joseph can sway Prus
sia and the lesser German powers so ns
tc secure one uniform line of action, re
mains to be proved.
WHAT THE LIBERALS THINK.
The liberal clement of Europe say that
England and France have guaranieed
Austria against any rising in Italy and
Hungary. This guaranty is tecrct. Tims
have they forfeite l all their claims to lib
erality and justice ! The Liberals believe
that the treaty requires no immediate ac
tion on the part of Austria, and that it is
nMy of iia.valf ; r xa other words,
that Austii i wiil fall back or go forward,
ilo or t or do, as her interest or her Des
pot's will may decide.
We have explained that before, but re
peat it again, that the reader may embrace
the whole subject. Nicholas offers, as a
basis of Peace : First ; a joint guarantee
by the five powers, of the prrt'Ttion of
the whole Christian population in Tuikpy.
Secondly: a joint protectorate of the five
powers over the Principalities, subject to
existing Russian treaties. Thirdly: The
revision of the treaty of 1841, to which
Russia wiil nsent, if the Sultan will like
wise do so. Fourthly: The free naviga
tion of the Danube.
The Allies agree so far, but insist upon
an extended interpretation of these t s-n-tial
conditions. Austria is their medium
to reach Russia, and many sagacious men
think, that the Allies will secure peace
through Austria before Spripg.
counts represent him as determined ; and
say that he will be nady to face the
West and the South next Spiing with
near half a million of men. In our judff-
ment, if this be so, we shall hear in an
other year of the rising of the Hungarians;
learn that Austria :s tlcomily nearing a
darky vejed falo UllkJruptcy and
death; and hear of a general conflagration
in Europe, the result of which uo one
may even ventuie to guess.
The battle of Inkeimann has kept all
quiet in the Crimea. Mcnchikoff knows
new that numbers cannot master English
courage, or disturb English coolness, and
the English, being limited in numbers,
dare not risk an engagement until lully
reinforced, as it is certain that the reliev
ing army must be defeated ere Sevasto
pol can be taken. Consequently the Al
lies are busy entrenching their camp and
preparing for a regular campaign. There
will be no storming of the fortress on their
side, and no serious sorties on the pait of
the Russians. The loss of the baitle of
Inkermann is attributed by the Russians
to the rasl nf ss of Samantff; their Jatal
defeat is fully acknowledged by them.
Their force was over 40.000 strong.
How it was won is a marvel ; the Brit
ish displayed a prodigy of valor, as Kos
suth says. It was at its height about 8
o'clock. Then men covered with blood,
and spitting it out, came li-Tiping along,
and sat down by the bushes examining
tin ir hurts and imploring water or a little
brandy. Ambulances hovered cn the
plain in the rear areund the scene of the
fight ; horses on three legs or cut by balls
hopped along, looking piteously for he'p,
the fog fold d the hills in its clammy m
brace, but the roar of cannon and mus
ketry told of the struggle which cs go
ing on along those Moody heights.
AFTER THE FIGHT.
In every bush on every yr.rd of the
blood-statneil cronnd lav a dead or dvina
Russian. The well known bearskins cf
of our Guards, the red coats of our in
fantry, and the bright blue of the French
Chasseurs, revealing each a silrr.t horror
in the glades, and marking the spot where
stark and stiff lay a corpse contorted on
the grass, pointed out the scenes of the
bloodiest contests. The dead were happy
the dull, cold eye the tranquil brow
the gent'y epening lips, which had given
escape to the parting spirit. as it fled from
its bleeding shell, showed how peacefully
man may die in battle, pierced by the
rifle ball. The British and the French,
many of whom had been murdered by Ihe
Russians as they lay wounded, wore ter
rible frowns on tl.eir fsces, with which
the agonies of death had clad them.
Son e in their last t'iroes had torn up the
earth with their hands, and held the grass
between their fingers up towards heaven. ;
All the men who exhibited such signs of:
pain had been bayonted. The dead men
who lay with an eternal smile on their
lips had been shot.
had ln.in wi-ere the hand and the ball had
felled them. There were very few, it is
true, but all our searching had not discov
ered the secrets of that blood-stained hill
sidp, and it was towards nen to-day ere
the last of our soldiers had been found in
his lair and carried to the hospital. But
the Russians, groaning and palpitating as
they lay around, were far more numer
ous. Some cf these were placed together
heaps, that they might be more readily
removed. Others glared on you from the
bus'ies with the ferocity of wild beasts as
they hugged their wounds. Some im
plored, in an unknown tongue, but in ac
cents not to be mistaken, water or succor,
holding out their mutilated and shattered
limbs, or pointing to the track of the lacer-
aling ball. The sullen, angry scowl of
these men was fearful. Fanaticism and
immortal hate spoke through their angry
eyeballs, and he who gazed uron thern in
pity and compassion could at least (un
willingly) understand why these men, in
savage passion, kill the wounded,
and fire on the conqueror who, in his gen
erous humanity, had aided them as he
passed. It was a relief to see that their
arms were broken that their catridges
were lying in open heaps on the ground.
-bearers, French and English,
clothed the hill-side, now toiling painfully
with a heavy burthen for the grave, or
with some subject for the doctor's care ;
now hunting for the dead and dying.
Our men have acquired a shocking fa-
in their diagnosis. A body is be-
i fore y" ll,ere is a S,10U " Col,,e Lerc.
boys, I see aMtussiau !?' (or a " French
man, or one of our fellows. One of
the party comes forward, raises the eye
lid if it be closed, peers into the eye,
shrugs his shoulders, says quietly, " He's
dead, he'll wait, and moves back to the
litter; others pull the feet, and arrive at
equally correct conclusions by that proc
ess. Tho dead are generally stripped of
all but their coats. The camp-followers
and blackguards from Balakiava, and
seamen from tho ships anxious for tro
phies, carry oii"ull they can take from the
At particular spots you see a party of
men busy at work. Groups of them are
digging away along the hill-sido, at the
distance of forly or fifty yards apart. (Jo
over and you will find them around a
yawning trench, thirty feet in length by
twenty in breadth and six in depth, at the
at the bottom of which, in every conceiv
able altitude, lie packed together with
exceeding art, some thirty or forty
corpses. Tim grave diggers stand chat
ting on the mounds by the sides waiting
for the arrival of some bearers to complete
the number of the dead. Frenchmen with
litters, are also busy locking out for their
dead and wounded, and in sharing the
sad labors of the day. At last the num.
ber in the trench is cqnpleted. The
bodies lie as closely ns they can be pack
ed. Some of them have upraised arms,
in the attitude of taking aim; their legs
stick up through the mould as it is thrown
upon them ; others are bent and twisted
into shapes like fantoccini. Inch alter
inch the earth rises upon them, and they
are left " alone in their glory." No, not
alore, for the hopes and fears, and afTec
lions of hundreds of human hearts lie
buried with them.
That was a hurricane which blew over
the Crimea on the 1 3th of November. It
buried beneath the w alers one thousand
men, apart from those captuied by the
Russians, Iroke up thirty French and j
hrgiish vessels, wrecked and dismasted
fifteen at Oaluklava, wrecked and djs
masted eighteen at the Katcha in all
sixty-three ! Two millions of pounds lost
on that day.
The London Times says : "It was not
to be supposed that the balance of the civ
ilized world was to be corrected at once
by a naval promenade and a military
demonstration. The grandeur of these
disasters is only in keeping with the mag
nificence of the rize, or rather with the
magnificence of the tatk. Sevastopol
once in our hands,and the Crimea secured
from invasion by land, England and
France mny hold it, and with it the do
minion of the Black Sea rnd the control of
the Mcditeranean, for nges to come. It
is impossible to exaggerate the conse
quences of such a position in the hands cf
two such powers, but we will venture to
say that, largely as the Crusades bore on
the interest of humanity and the course of
the world, the Anplo-r rench ascendancy in
Black Sea, the Egian, the Mediteranean,
and the East is pregnant with far greater
consequences. lurkey, Asia Minor,
Egypt, Africa, Persia, Arabia, Central
Asia, and many other countries now
crushed by Turkish apathy, menaced by
Russian ambition, or lying in their own
ancient barbarism, will lie opened to the
civilizing and softening influences of the
Very possibly we shall live to see the
realization of the dream that e'en sober
men have indulged in the replenishment
of the depopulated countries of Asia wilh
copious migrations from Western Europe.
It cannot be imagined but that the religion
of the West wilt go along w ith the power
of our arms. But can these great objects
be attained in a day, or een in a few
Lrief n onths ? Such a rapidity, not to
say versatility, is not to be expected in
Fortune herself. We shall have to fight
hard, to contend with storm famine and
disaster with impregnable forts and in
numerable armies before we can put forth
hands and grasp the hiph object of cur
ambition. No other result was to be ex
pected, and there fc re w e do not see in these
disasters any reason to despair of a just
and noble cause.
Bryant, Spencer, Lusk & Stratton's
By the politeness of the principals of
this institution we have been invited to
visit their Rooms, which are filled with a
class of highly intelligent and respectable
appearing gentlemen and ladies. They
have at present about ninety pupils in the
several departments w ith daily accessions
to their classes.
We are pleased to see young men so
generally turning their attention to the
pursuit of Mercantile study before enter
ing the field of actual business. If men
would become thoroughly conversant with
Con merciul Science, not only bexk-kecp-ing,
but every other department of Lusincss
pursuits, before trusting their fortunes to
the hitherto uncertain and risky bark of
commercial enterprise, there would be a
tur less number ot mercantile reverses
aud failures than is now experienced.
There is just as much salety in pursu
ing the various branches of trade and
commerce as farming, if they are properly
Every young man w ho has a desire to
commence business for himself should
know that he is well-informed in all those
branches taught in our best mercantile
It is not our sphere to recommend gen
tlemen and ludies to any particular school
in this city, or elsewhere.
Of the ge ntlemany teachers connected
with this College we need not speak.
Mr. Bryant has long been known as a
most thorough accountant and skillfull
teacher, while Mr. Lusk, as a rapid off
hand penman and accomplished instructor
IU 111? lIlUIOpcUOIUl; Hi t) llt-M tU OvlJI-IUI j
in tliis country.
tn I t ! nrl i-iaiioi V I r nrt ly ra nn ciihAririr .
Ihe estimate ot the superior tacilitics
they offer (or study, is manifested by the
very extesive, and almost unprecedented,
patronage the College has received during
the past year, which embraces nearly five
Among the pupils we noticed a large
number of ladies engaged in study. This
is as it should be. it is well for women
to become familiar with the Mercantile
In conclusion we would say to young
men, whether they be farmers, mechanics
or merchants, that their time cannot be
spent la better advantage ii these hard
times than in fortifying themselves by a
thorough Mercantile education, for the
want of which many a man has been
wrecked upo:i the -hoa!s of bankruptcy
and disgrace, and doomed to those wasting
and chilling influences which so often re
sult from the loss of property. Cleveland
Gov. Pease of Texas, has issued a
proclamation again -for contracts to build
Mississippi and Pacific Railroad,
lie declares that Walker 6s Co. have
failed to comply with the requirements ol
law. Proposals will be receive 1 at the
office of the Secretary of that State until
the 1 st day of May next.
From the N. O. Bee.
papers give accounts of
the elections, in favor of Gen. Santa
Anna, at Vera Cruz and the City of
Mexico. In the former city not a single
negative vote had been received, and in
the City of Mexico, on the first day of
voting, 12,512 votes were thrown, with
but one vote in the negative, which ac
cording to private letters, was thrown
by a carpenter named Mendoza. Ac
counts from either places had not been
received. The voting was to continue
for the next two succeeding days.
A number of anecdotes arc circulated
respecting this farce of free sulfrage.
The ajuiul mayor of the Minister of Fin
ance collected the votes of the office
holders eight days before the 1st of Dec.
They all avowed themselves in favor of
Santa Ana except two, who have been,
or are about to be dismissed. They
knew their fate beforehand, but only
scornetl to sacrifice their independence.
At the Auditor's office, two days be
fore the election, the President Cansero
gathered together his employees and de
manded their opinion for the purpose of
voting for them all. The first to v hom
he applied was Mr. Monastcrio, son of
an ancient Official Mayor of the Depart
ment of Foreign AflVirs. "My opinion,"
said Mr. M masterio, "is adverse to Santa
Anna; I vote for Juan Baptista Cebal
los." A second was interogated. "My
opinion," replied he, "is again-t Santa
Anna ; I vote for General Santiago
Blomo." The question was put to a
third, but he refused to answer. "Free
suffrage is accorded only on the 1st of
December; on that day I shall make
known my choice." President Consero
hastened to communicate the details to
Santa Anna, and in two hours after the
partizan of Beballos and that of Blomo
were dismissed for having expressed
opinions contrary to tl e Government,
while their companion lost his place for
refusing to utter any opinion.
A sergeant presented himself at the
poll. "Whom do you vote k. ?" is the
question. "I vote in the negative," re
plied the sergeant, "for I cannot sustain
a Government which does not offer the
slightest individual guarantee." Five
minutes after this manifestation of inde
pendence, the honest soldier found him
self in a dungeon.
I could cite a thousand similar occur
rences, but these samples are sufficient,
1 am acquainted with a number of Mex
icans, who prefer the best founded and
mot violent abhorrence of Santa Anna
and his ministers, and who nevertheless,
voted for him. Although nt ither func
tionaries n r employees of the Govern
ment, they dreaded lest their absence from
the polls would draw down upen them
the wrath of the tyrant.
1 he same results are to be expected
in every quarter of the Republic. In
reality, this Government by exercising a
system of violence so poorly disguised,
and by playing so ignoble an electorial
farce, must have regarded the Mexcan
people as a nation of brutes or asses.
Elder Orson Hide and Brigham
Yovng have made official proclamation
of their views in regard to polygamy in
speeches (alike coarse and impious) de
livered before the Saints in Utah.
It is evident that the Mormons mean
to make an issue with the United States,
and pretty certain that they are prepar
ing, with the aid of the Indians, "to
fight it out." The clouds look black
enough over the Plains and in Utah. It
is well known that the red men pant for
revenge against the whites, and that the
Mormons will use them for the bloodiest
Any one must read the speeches of
tlaer Jrson liyde and of (jov. Brigham
Young to realise either thir ferocity or
their reckless impiety. One fact wiil il
lustrate both. The former devotes a
large portion of his speech to prove not
only th at the Savior w as married, but
that he was a polygamist !
The Government cannot, then, avoid
the issue thus forced upon the country,
whatever its consequences, it must be
met. e should noi be surprised, there
fore, if ere another year had passed
round, that issue had roused the whole
country, and was made a lest question
with the whole people.
The doctrine of popular sovrcignty, as
upheld by President Pierce, Doiolas
Si Co., gives to the people of Utah the
right to establish polyp a my, and yet the
people of no State will sanction it. What
tlien, is to be done" How will th Uov-
ernment act? It has appointed Col.
Steptoe, Governor and Bkiguam Yocxg
announces (if the St. Louis Journals are
correct, and as the logic of his speech
would warrant us in declaring,) that he
will retain his secular power, despite of
President Pierce. In what way, the n, is
an issue to be avoided, and how can
Government tolerate the Utah system?
Letters irom Utah, and from the
Plains, as well as from the best inform
ed men in Missouri. peak gloomily of;
the future. A fierce relentless Mormon
and Indian war is predicted. The fan-
atlClMT) Of the people Ol Utah I8 vhetled .
iu lis Miarpu&i tue, unu inc neu men
l . . .1 .1 .1.- T3...1 I
thirst fir rerenjie. Imagine the former I
controlling the latter and uniting for war; I
for a war, too, in which they will brave !
extermination, rath- r than submiion.
We fear serious difficulty will grow out
of the Utah question. Lender.
The Collection of Taxes in Cincinnati.
The Citizens' Committee on Taxation,
have quietly prepared to carry out their
intention ot making a legal resistance to
tlie collection of taxes arbitrarily imposed
upon them by the Auditorof S:ate. They
will make no active movement until after
the 20th, when it is understood that the
Treasurer of the county will proceed to
distrain upr.n a sulHuient quantity of the
goods of some mercantile firm to cover
H(il - taXCS.
pay or parties against whom the
jisIraint is issUf.d wni ul once annlv to
the "supreme wurt ot Lincinnati, for
injunction nguinst the Treasurer. If
this injunction is not granted, or if it i.s
hrst granted and then dissolved upon the
ireasurers apj.hcation, it is supposed
that the next slop will be to proceed
against that officer for trespass. In this
manner, tlie question will, probably, be
mude lo reach the Supreme Court of tlie
State. If, after a full re-hearing therein,
the Auditor is sustained, and there is no
loop-hole for escape remaining, we can
see no remedy but in a revision of the
constitution. CVi. Columbian.
Taxes An Arrangement. The Cin
cinnati Commtrc'al of Wednesday, states
that an arrangement had been made be
tween the People and the State and
County Officers, by which the question
reference to the payment of taxes, will be
brought up at once before the Court for
trial. On the 21st inst. the County
Treasurer of Hamilton will distrain the
property of a citizen, and no proceedings
will be had till a final decision is rendered.
The lime for paying personal taxes
has been extended to the 2Gth inst The
result in one case will determine the
course of the Treasurer as to all.
Nothing important from the Crimea.
Cleveland & Mahoning R. R.
E.NUlM.tlt Dtl-AKTJIIINT. C. & M. 1!. K. ?
Cleveusu, lHrember iu.lsjt. f
'IV' tlie President & Pircrtoni of the
Cl'fUuii & Mahoning Kail Korid ConipaiiT:
eeut!emeti. Sinr tlie tidte 01 nit lai.t l't:port
wlut-li i-niitaiiied description aru comparimii ut
tho lariuiii routes ureeit. with an estimate of!
their rust, tlie work on 07 utile from Cleveland has
been let to Contractor, and the n.ad U. d on tlie
WettTii Division to Warren Uuovr uearlj retdr
for tlie suierstrui-ture.
GRADING AND MASONRY.
On the 3d of Mareh. 1":, contract were eon
rludi'd for the "railing and masonry ol 53 miles
from Cleveland to Warren, and on the ISih t.f .May
fulliivvii)... for 14 additional milt-v tV,:ti, Wnrren lo
rnllWk. illUlieLw Vnuf'tt, ..- The vt .irk nl
construction " as commenced on the tilth of March,
IS.VI, on Section :. uearthe inourh f Kintjsliury
Kun.and during the sumtner and auf.ininof that
year was teadily prosecuted, with the exception re-
ferred to lielutv. and as rapidly as was dien:ed uec-cess-TV
to secure its completion rwulv for the super
structure hy the time the irou rails could be procu
red. The contractors to whom the central portion of
the Hue was allot ted, l.at failed to prose mtetli ir
work withaforce suHicient to complete it V: ilie
time specilied, their contract wasdeclai-Hl i" rtVtttd
on the -"it'i Octoher. lA'i-'J.andantimlier of sections
were consequently fi.ratime 9U ended. Thein
ellicieut manner in which their work was carried on
durinsr the hest months cf tlie year, andatatime
financially favorable for railrttad construction, and
the ultimate failureof the contract ois. h itc serious
ly retarded the completion of the road. Had they
exerted ordinary enenry ami km1 manaemant in
pushing forward their contract. 1 have no douiit
that the road would now be in full operation to
"Warren. By nctrlectinjr to secure the foundations
and forward the masonry of several important
bridges in the pro'ier season, not only tile comple
tion of the structures themselves, hut thr.r of the ad
j:icrt embankments was necessarily d-Herred to
another season; and v hen they finally aliandoned
the w ork, it was too late that year to remedy tlie con
sequences of their incJfieiency and neglect.
The several sections thus forfeited were, as soon
as practicable, relet, and until July last the w hole
line under contract was making vntisfactory prog
res. At that tim 3. the Uoard of Directors instruc
ted me. in consequence of the great and increasing
stringency inthe money market. to reduce theforce
on the w hole line, whereverit could be done with
out working serions damage tothe contractors.
Accordingly, a gradual reduction has been effected'
and the monthly estimates during the winter will
not exceed the available means of the company to
It being, moreover, evident that nothing would
be gained by completing the work between War
ren and Youngvtown tiiis year, orsooner than the
line from Cleveland to Warren could possibly be
finished.it was deemed advisable to cancel the con
tract for tliat portion of tlie line, which bv mutual
consent was accordingly done ou the .Ith July last,
and the grading on thoe sections wasentirely sus
pended. The masonry, however, has been steadily
prosecuted by the party to w hom it w as assigned by
the original contractor, and who now hold their
contract directly from tho company. The masonry
lieing thus advanced, the grading, when resumed,
can befiuished in a few moutlis.
A beautiful and siilistantial iron tiriiTjre of 80 feet
C inches speii in the ciear. has been erected over the
Ohio Canal at Cleveland, and one of three spans of
70 feet each, on the same plan if uearly ready for the
crossing of the Mahoning Hiver at n arren. Con
tracts have lwen made for wooden superstructures
for the other large bridges, to wit; one over the Cuy-
ahrga river nt Cleveland of two spans of ll"" left
each; o: eof the same dimensionsat the crossing of
the Chagrin Kiver.on section 21: one ol SO feet sutn
over the Cuyahoga Kivcr. on tection .' in Mantua
tow nship: and one of UO feet span, in the clear, over
the Mahoning Kiver.on section 41. The material
is already provided, anil tlie contractors are ready
to commence the framing and erection of the same
The contract lor furnishing and delivering the
Crosstiesfor the entire line lo Youngstow n.is in the
hands of efficient aud responsible men, who have al
ready delivered upon the line of the road, more than
on half of the w hole numlier required.
Tlie total amount expended for Grading. Ma
sonry, and Bridging, at the date of tlie last month
ly estimate. Novcmlier 2"th. is $:VW.f4.5,l':i be
tween Cleveland and Warren, and tlie amount of
work remaining to be done between the same
points, at contract price, is $ltyjlO. making an
average of $-.!.", per mile. The amount expen
ded between Warren and Youngstown. including
section 4. jising the town of Warren, is "5 lii.J.Hl,
oi. and to be done $si.-, averaging $ai'J per
mile, making the total value of work done ou the
w hole line $-i.,!iiy"'--"7, and remaining to lie done
$ l!'J,Sr.. The w hole cost of th- Grading. Ma
sonry and Bridging from Cleveland to Youngs
towti thus amounts to $.iyi,l"j7,57, or an average
of $ 1 79 per mile. .
lu my original estimate of the same items the
cost to Warren was set down at $in.".!lti6. It w ill
be seen above that the actual cost w ill exceed this
estimate bv US.IrnO. This difference is readily ac
counted for. By the- failure of tho contractors
above referred to," the work had to be relet, and of
course at increased prices. For tinder what cir
cumstances soever a contract may be given up, the
w bule experience of railroad constiuction testifies
that the railroad company suffer by the transaction.
In the presentcase, the season cf the year at which
tlie work was abandoned, the scarcity of men, the
high prices of provisions, and the condition in
w hich the work was left, made it impossible to re
let it. except at an advance on the original prices,
prices which at the time the work w as uuderta
keu were ample and remnnerating with propersu
pervision and management amounting to more
than -.i.UU0, or V2 per cent, on the whole amount
of their contract. The estimate has also been in
creased bv a change in tlie location of the line at
the crossing oftlie Cleveland, Columbus & Cincin
cinnatti Kail Koad, bv an amount of not less than
2,i."ii0; these two items alone accounting for
S 'ib.OOOout of $ i-".i-i)ofdi.ference between the es
timate and actual cost.
Jn addition to the amonnt expended in construc
tion as alw.Te. there has also been paid for cross
tiei $""2.4J,oX; for right of wav S .' ".4:'.",'M; for
Heal Kstate. Depot Grounds, kc'. S io.iiys.7!. For
"fencing WtMMU. for Engineering. Superiutend
ence. field instruments. AiC Si4.722.tii; and for
Cravel Cars iv'M0; making the total amonnt ex
date, as above enumerated 3ii28dyt2.
CONDITION OF THE WORK.
The following sections are completed, 4, ". Ci.O,
l--. 27, 21). 3. 31. S2. t!4. 25. M. SO. 40. 41.42.
4U and 44; in all iO sections, Bieaiuriug in length
2: miles. Sections 3. 7, 8. 1 1 . 12, 1 1. Hi. 21. 2;". 2,
'M. 1)7 and ot. thirteen sections, in length lii l-.
miles. Can be fiiiihed in about one mouth of good
weather, at a cost of f IX.1'00. The remaining 11
sections. 1. 2. H 13. 17. I. 20, 21. 22, 23 aud 2i.
will require fn.ni three to live months to complete
them, according to the Lecessitv of the cae and the
The niaoiirT with few exceptions is fin'shed and
w ill not interfere with the j rosecution of the Gra
ding. It will thus I cu that if tlie means can ne
realised to pay for the work as it progres.-es, aud if
satisfactory negotiations tor the iron rails can be
matured, the roud may lie in operation early iu the
autumn of next veartrom Cleveland to arren,
and from Warren to loungstowu luafew weeks
CONDITION OF THE WORK. YOUNGSTOWN, TO NEWCASTLE.
timated toctM $r.'."Kl. There is do l.as-vy work
.l.:. r .1.
uiMin this nortion of the line, and inafaw innthi
after commencing work upon it. it could 1m ready
for the uerstructure. for about 6 mile next M
Newcastle, two entirely different routes have been
located.. One bv the way of the "ft extern Keserve
Ilaibor.audthe other bv wty of Mahoning Town
The results of these surveys were laid before you iu
detail at vour nieetinir in October, amKt is nutnec-
essarv to refer to them now. further than to say,
that both are good, practicable Hues, dirteriiif; but
litt:cin length or cost. 1 he selection, in n-vjudire-nicnt.
should be determined mainly with the view
of securing the bet connection w iihthe North
Western Hail Hoad of Pennsylvania, which ternii-
uaies nere ami wi.ico . our . ..... :e . em.-
sylrania Kail Koad forms indi...utab.y tne bet
ami snortesc tnroun line irom mr mu uin 1
to the Atlantic sealioard. Fortunately, j
this can be acctniplisIieJ without tletnmont to the !
of Newcastle, which should not. and need !
. ,. . . o-i , . i :. .riv..
not be disregarded. 1 he frreat ami i .trtii.ar hus-
meTi of this enter oris inir and flour-tunn? town will
constitute a very iuiMrtaut part of the local trade of
I submit the followin-r revised estimate of the whole
cost of the road from Cleveland to Sew Castle:
G nulio if. Masonry aud IriJ-;in-r. fr sii'gle
track. and uie necessary sidings, v
miles, at an arenige of er mile.
Crossties aud track laying W miles inclu
iJmr 4 miles of -titlui::. at 313J per ni.ie.
3 U7 ,CtO
Bails, weihin-f 59 Us ler yard,
13 tons gross per mile, at Svi-i
per tn. per mile. $5,115
Chains S lf-i. Spks $2e-5, per mile, -4"
Fro-iTS, Switches, etc., 5J
Ninety miles, at $ii,-rJ5p.in. S."61.150
Rijjht of way ami fencinr, I Ij-
Keal estate and Dep-jt trrounds, Uto.WiO
Station houses, wter t.itions and woodsheds, i5.0
Workshops, engine and car houses, tiirnu'des.&e 0M0
Kuj;iueeriug, superiateudeuce aud contiusea's, 50,U-
Total estimated cost of road and fixtures, Sl,Tii.!."
LocomotiTfts and ears, iij,lrtO
Total estimated cnt of nu T iu runulng order, $ 1,936,150
Ar-eraginr "3--," Ir
This estimate which does not include discount nor
interest accouut, provides for as lull an ouiht of roil in?
stock as will be reiuired at l-a?t for one year a&4
more complete arraDfCements for the transaction of lm
tuess, the accommodation of passenrs, repairs of
machiuery, dec, than are atauluttly necessary at the
ntset ; but not more perhaps than will be io;-uirrd he
fore the road shall have been one year iu operation to
New Castle. The road could br opened to Warrra or
Younstown, wilh an expenditure in the last four items
enumerated, of $ I5M.0MU less than the amount set dn.
At Voungstown we reach the heart o the coal region
In the ralley of the Mahoniu-r, as at preseut dereloped,
and, as tins part of the road will prohaldy he in opera
tion some time lefore it is completed to New Castle, X
have prepared the following estimates of the cost of the
road iu niiibinjr order from CleTeUud to Yoanirstown,
and the revenue accruing therefrom for the first year
of its operation.
DTIMATK Of TBJt COST Of THE ROAD FROX CLKTKLAMD
rail inc. Masonry and bridmr, $535,188
buerstructure as above. 7u miles, including
sidings, at $7,535 per mile, 527,450
Bight of way, fencinr, ml estate, station
buildintrs, water stations, wood sheds,
work shops, Jcc, -Sic, 3rtl.nno
Locomotives and cars, 161, Out)
TUl csti mated cost to Tangstwa,
KSTlxtTtB xrvEM i, (o ctiKUJDTO vol .tosTOWK-
In estimatiu the )rolal!e amount of lu-iness that ;
trill he thrown Umu the road Ufoii ;t coaiptetion to I
YminiMiown. I a...um thnt it will be necessary to run i
oic i Miuwiiix iron eacn way ilauy : vile oadrnfer
ira'n, one mixcl train tor the accoaucMlat:on ol mis
crllanemis fie til,-, with ue or ouire pj-sit-Dgt-r cnx
fajwat, ii-artl equivalent to lew raoin
aiiaeiint, ana one coal tnuu.
over the w hole route eac.'i wajr. at e-u-h.
: Hi-cell-uiroua freight, including iron,
' ,"n':."" l"T ""
Coal, iuo tous.at 8 l'J per tun.
Total daily receipts. - S90l),tiO
Amounting for tlie year of 313 davs to $31,700.
The expense of working these several trains, eharg
inc e tch with its roMrtirn of the general exr-;uses of
the road, wouhl he as follows :
Pa. -Hrnirer train. fr the round trip of
fiT mites and back.ivunine exien's,
: Cral cxpeue.
i Jliu'd train, ditto, running expenses,
i "" expcii ,
J Coaltriln. ditto, running expenses.
j -"-rat exius.
This includes the wages of all train hands, re- J
pairs and renewals of engines ar.d car, fuel, oil j
and incidental expenses, and interest on the cos,
of the whole equipment ot engines and cars, and
to $-I.Pi4 ' a year. ;
i o tnis must ue aaileu tne exliense ot uiaiwaui-
the road, covering repair and adjustment of
road bed, track and bridges, payof watchmen and
sw if chnicn, maintenance of work shops and other
buildings. .Vc. estimated at stxia mile, a year for
til miles. .W.il.
Total .enses. $107,0;4 iS. Net revenue.
lll.lhl.i 42. This result would be materially
varied by the ruuuing of one additional coal train,
the expense of which would lie 3 a day. while
it would earn g-'lJl, thus adding to the net reve
nue $-V,4Ul. aud makirg the total profits 32i,
Wdi 42, equal to l.'J per cect. on the cost of the
road. These two trains, carrying each 2l"ttons
of coal daily, would deliver at Cleveland, an ag
gregate of only l2.2iai tons a year, an amount tar
within the demand, and certainly very far short of
the capacity of the road to transport.
The above estimates of the cost of working the
road are based upon certain and reliable data, the
results of long experience, varied only iu their ap
plication, by the character of the road iu grades
and curves, the distance of transport, tne price oi
fuel. .Vc, and the amount of business done Uh n
the road. I pon this last particular everything de
pends. Between a minimum amout.t which would
not pay the exienses of operating, and the maxi
mum which is limited by the ca(uicity of the road,
there is a wide range for profit or loss. In a mis
cellaneous freight and passenger business, there
may be occasionally trains run which do not par
expenses. The actual running expenses of a
loaded train are very little more than those of an
empty one. and the wea and tear of the road, and
the proportional expense of maintenance of way
due to each train, is nearly the same. The road
must be kept up in as good condition for a light as
fora heavy train, and the great weight of the mo
tive power oe rates as injuriously upon tlie track
without a load as with it. But iu the transporta
tion of coal, there can be no reason why every
train should not pay a certain profit. The amount
carried may be so small that the accruing profits
will only pay a very small interest, if any, on the
capital invested. But it is absolutely certain that
anv railroad, whether a single or double track,
that ran find a market for all the coal it can carry,
must yield full dividends on its cost.
Suppose, for illustration, a road 80 mile long,
costing 92.xi',Oi0. the annual expense of main
taining v. Inch, in peifect order, w hen worked to
its full capacity, amounts to 9I.'"D a mile, but
which can lie kept in merely a safe condition for
the transit of the minimum of lonage, for say $iO0
a mile. This will amount in the one case toSjsO,
WO.and in the other to 8 to.OnO a year. This ex
pense of esil.ilOn being borne by I.'.00O tons of
conl. Each ton carried is chargeable w ith only 8
cents for its share of this item of tiie cost nf trans
portation. On the other Hand, say ow,iiu tons is
chargeable with st'"U'' or cents a toil. The.
runtiiii" expenses a estimated above, average
sixtv-seVcn one-hrmdredth of a cent per ton jr
l . c. ;i .1... , vtJ .wAn
mile. or tor So miles they amount to o-H cent.
Adding to this the charge for maintenance of road.
and we have til 1 cents in one case, and lti cents
in the other, as the actual cost of transportation.
And at a uniform charge of 11 cents a ton a mile.
or 1.2 a ton ft r 8M miles, the profits in one case
would, be .ri cents, yielding $ "k.,lt net revenue,
bein" equivalent to 2tl per cent, on the capital of
8 Milml. while in the other case the receipts
would not cover expense. In this calculation tlie
roa.lissuppose.ltoc$-,.".0'Oamile. If it cost
SlW.'ioO per mile with the same business.it would
pav about 7 per cent. The Keading Kail Koad
which cost ."".IX a mile, with a double track.
carrie annually nearly 2.UU0.IXIO tons of coal and
pavs S tier cent, on its cost. .
1 i ' . ,.r .!... '
tl liat tneu y me uioioouii. -.... v. -.- iim..
must be transjioited over the .Mahoning l.au Koail
to guarantee against loss, or to secure a return of i
titer cent on its cost? The gross receipts of the !
passenger and mixed trains are set down above at '
,-d:. o, wl.V-jsiioavear. The annual ex- 1
peuse of working these trains is $.V1.4s-". and of j
maintenance of road 8.J.(iiHi ; total, $ t07.C8."rnet
nrotits. sil.71-". The interest on the whole cost, I
5 1 Asl.tsW at 0 per cent., amounts to 'Jo.Ol 8.2S. .
i'he difference, eqtial to 14JJi3 would come from j
transportation of coal.
As the whole cost of maintaining the road is j
provided for. or charged to the passenger and '
c i- i - i .,, f LT
freight business, we have only, for our present
purpose, to consider the actual running exieiise i
as the whole cost of transportation. Tbeseamount ,
to4 cents a tun imm luunsrnwn to nereianu. ;
AAsuniine them nt TH) cent, and the rate charged as
SiwOo. we hate 81 profit on each tn, whi.h will
' ... 0 1 , , 4 .i. .
amuuntto14.onl l .JVtnilSaTear.oron 4.
to 4 cents a ton from l oungstnwn to 1 levelanu. j
tons a. lay. It follow that whenever the amount of
coal iraii-iioncu over vour n'a.i c.vcrw it.'i.'
a year, it must, with tne otner Dusinesa asAumea
aboTe. pay more than 0 er cent, on it cost, ll
mavsafelv be pretliete.,Hi .tew of the fact that the
coal operators are all waiting anxiously for the
completion of the railroad, and for easier access
are constructing, or hare projected u ranch roads
from tlie mines to meet it, that it can never fall
below, but will many fold exceed this amount.
BUSINESS FROM CLEVELAND TO NEWCASTLE.
there was hut one iut rnrnace in tne .Manonin? vai
Cleveland w ; there are now 7 furnaces, (iliree of which have
leen erectt within three years.) and roar inrtre rou
intcrest i"S m.lU, oe-f whieh is enjl I in tl.e manurnre
tf iron rails. In a-Mition to the above, therearea
number of otllvr furiaCfr, aut immt.nliatelr on the line
f .h.r.,).r hut whirl, will he ilneiiilfi.t utwn it. and
If the prosftect be so flattering, looking only to
the h-cal business of the road in its unhi.is.ied state,
it needs no demonstration to prove that w hen fin
ished to Newcastle, where, in addition to the exten
sire iron interests there to be accommodated, it will
receive tribute from other coal fields now being de
vested, and where, bv its ennnection w ith the
W. K. K ami with" Pittsburgh, it will secure a
large amount of through business, it will prove a
most lucrative investment.
To those who are unacquainted w ith tlie country
traversed bv this road, a full statement of its busi
ness, resources and prospects, would seem to be
rreatlv exajj'eniteU. To do it full justice would!
e.vteml tins report to too frreat lentn. ann I can j
oulv "lance at its lertilini; feutures, coal and iron.
Coal. The coals of this region fruoi their first
introduction into market, have been in such steady
demand that it has keen difficult to keep up the
suiiidr. 1 lie crow tu oi tins traue uas scarcely its
parallel in tlutt ot tne antriraciie coal traae ol
K astern Penusvlvania. which from similar beirin-
ninjrs has jrrailuallv develoiied itself, until it now
amount to tui-re thau .AiNKMHSiof tons annually.
The amount of cul sent front the Mahoninir Val
ley to ('leveland.iiicreased from .'u.Sl tous in 181!'.
to '.KKf.iO tons iu IS-hJ. The cost of transKrtatioD
and handling at Cleveland, an average distance of
HIU miles bv canal, has rarged from 14H to
cents, and dunni; the ast season fnml.Jlto I'.R)
cents per ton, ami it will command in market at
Cleveland, from t) cents to 9 1 a tou more than any
other coal. The average distance of transport bv
railroad would be about bV miles, and there is no
doubt tliat in view or rue annoyance auuueuivso. ,
. . - -i i ii r .
coal shi)ed would prefer the railroad to -be canal
at the same cost. In the estimate above. 1 have
assumed a chanreol.) I .xta ton.wbich much below
tlie average cost ou the canal. There can. how
ever, be no competition betwen thetn. lioth beiitsr
controlled bv the same interest, and both will be
Cann navianon. r:ie fjreai ouia. II iim ever, ion 01 ,
fully employed. It is worthy of remark that iu
every instance where a railroad ana a canal irav-
erse the sainedUtrirt. or connect the same terniini,
they have iuvariablr operated to their mutual
Ino!. The lerel'pmcnt of the iron tratle in this
V.ill-v i Mu-ilir rentarkalile ami encoui;i,rioc. The
rtJ mhifh lilrrr a.,M,titto lue manufactnre
jrv)U- iULi mainly oniriMitea t i this re-jilt. In
al'iimlnnce of cual ami its u-rior .jnality, ivossessinj;
trilutiry to its tri-le. 'or the aretf;t proluct of
the-e works, exclusive of the last mentioned, amount
-, of ice tu I aud maiiuiacuired iron, to mure than 10U
tons daily, the cnal atlnls lut an imperfect outlet.
Of iron ore these furnaces consume daily alout 3-0
tons. iHiring the season of nav:-.'atiou iu 3.1M-0
tons of like Cluuuplain wre were tiMiisportel over the
canal fnui Cl veUnd to the l.thmii.c Valley. The
risi r--in. acconiinz to Uie Collector's returns, the
same itrin aniuunted to over 15.MW tons, or 50 tons a
day for days, showing an increase of snore than
5uu jer cnt- over the year 1.-5?. l'pu the opening of
the aaut St. Mary i'aual, which is aVrnt fi.i;srked, and
wliich will te cuipUted and 0eneil fur l-usine eurly
next spring, more than bail tiie demand would besup
plitrd fro.u Lake Superior, with the facilities of trans
port whkh oar road would adord-
llere then, we have a iuineis ulrendy exist in? in
coaL iron ore. and the product of the furnace and the
rolling mill ot mi tons a day. or ?H.0iO tons a rear.
What it w ill amount to when it shall enjoy the faeiii
tie of a first class railroad. 1 suake no estimate, leav
ing it to the parties interested to make th-tir own cal
cuUtions. 1 have siid nothin- of other sources of lmsineM of
miscellaneous kini, and of agricultural products.
The whole route litrs thr-ii-rh n rich and productive
countrr, covered wit't hi Vv nri::irited faruis. and in-
iyan Indus. r! r-. :ir- ring and intelligent
popuLUiou. The aiuout.t s-ct down fu the estimate he
low, ts, I am contldeut below the mark.
Travel, eiivalcnt to through passengers,
at li 50 $5 r.0
Coal, -0 tons, at 1 75 3. mi 00
" itiO w 1 50 Sou)
Iron ore, 300 tons, 1 all 4J0 00
Manufactured irou, nails, glass, &c 100 tons,
at $ 50 250 00
Miscellaneous frei 'ht, 100 tons, at $2 50 50 10
press goods, mail service, otc-, lot oO
Per day, $,5 00
Amouutibg to $727,755 a year.
Without giving in detail the actnal cost of doing this
business, 1 shall a-tsnme the expenses at a'-out -J5 per
cent., ei'Oal to $3.7,7-J5, and a-inmtnc that the super
structure will require renewal throughout otce iu li
yam. set apart fora sinking fund for this ruirpnse
$3O,U0O, and there remains a net revenue of $3T0.(Mju,
being aHout 17 per cent, on a capital of $2),WK, in
depeiident of through l.usinea.
It is a moderate calculitton to av-ume tliat the
through business will amount W 150 passengers at i
cents per mile, $1 75 each. 00
'J50 tons of freight, at $1 75 4? Ul
Amonnting to lH,7a7,and increasing the net re ve tint
$-0,333. Alter setiing apart fur a sinking fund a
before, th-re remains I90,3. eqna! to 19, per ecnt
on the capital increased to HJ,00I.
1 ,M? uisunce front Cleveland, eomaaeneing at the
t'e shore on t' e west sle of the CuaiMiga river,ta
pouiis namnl,are as follows:
From ClevelaBd t. Warren. S3.9 miles
Vouuestowa, fin. "
- L,n. ""6-S "
-.. .... -sle. "
- ..en w nrancp irom Newcastle to New Rrlrhtnn
on the Ohio and Pennsylvania a. R. const-
&T" t"-"1 to P.tuoijl. wi'TE.
mn'y'TT t0 lh? rwnl eharart" the line, it
must he kept in mind tlut. except at the point of leav
logtlie ..lie, of th.Cuyabos.at Clevelaii i. mt'-
il", T t0,n? ? " oul '" "d goinz west
l feet fer mile, that three fourths of the line i.
strai gnt, ao.1 on the remaindar the curvature is verv
light, the least radii
lions, being 1U10 feet.
of curvature, with rare excep-
Western (Pennsylvania) Haf, 117.
rron"0 eonimon uerot at Newcastle to r.lairsviiie. on
'" . t".n-R: R " w? "" uu,'r contract iu June last,
well-known en. r.-y of the contractors who have nn.ler
amouuts fcikeo it. Th.it majniiiccni chain of railways front
.1 - "a" - xh Divisi.B of
, . -" oierio Kail Koail, is m operation
a rT "'"'fa'T"1' "rm'n'' oepot at Clevel.no to iac-gft-"!dusky
d the .row i, lai,l. ,n the r4 .in
thrOUZh lu Tolfilo thi nmnih a... .u.. .a. .
" ."iwi-ipniiu me .viirnig-in, Southern,
Oevelaurt T..le.t... Cleveland Xahoning, Sorta
Western, and Pennsylvania Kail Road, is bit becom
ine a reality, whose results can scarcely be eja-rated.
The excuses of this department in uperiiiten.liDg
the construction of the work, have beea rc-tuced. as far
as possible, to a scale comm.-nsurxte with the force
now employed on tlie line. It is due to the Principal
Assistant, .Mr. Oeorjtc C. Beckham, an4 tothe Engineer
Corps g-nerally. to acknowledge here their Bdellty and
seal in the iliscaaree of their several trusts.
Chief Engineer. Marriages.
On Wednesday, Dec. 2flth, by the Key. Bishop Simp
son, Mr. Chicle C. Hoc-row to "His Enwosla A.,
daughter of Key. Dr. Cooke, all of Pittsburgh.
Chief Engineer. Marriages. Deaths.
fcer, not distinctly recollected. Since then, they have
been doing well, and are now in good health,
Yours respectfully, s. WAKEFIELD,
PT1 a,1 "'' bj " E Sanaa Co., Pitta
Uiii hM- We. S-lm
In Solon, Iowa, on the 20th of November, Tuixt
St-TLirr, eldest son of Allen C. SutlilT, fomerly of this
county, aged 32 jear.
In Wayne township, Indiana, on the 13th ult-, Slrs
Lvoia Stlt, wife of George Straly, and daughter of
James J. TruesdeU. late of Vienna, O. agd 41 years.
Jot io Tint Ixtalid. We cut the following from
the "Philadelphia Saturday Gazette," and recommend
our readers to peruse carefully, and those suffering
shcuid not delay purchasing :
"Pa. nooFLaae's iibwx Brrrns. This celebrated
medicine, prepare,! by Dr. C. M. Jackson, at the im
posing German Medicine Store, Ko. 1-.-U Arch street, is
exciting unprecedented public attention, and the pro
prietor, who is a scieMinc physician, is aelling im
mense iiuantilies of it. The virtues of this remedy are
so fully set forth in the extended notice of it, to be
seen in our advertisii.g columns, that there is hardly
SDy room left for us to speak of it. This much we may
add-Of the long train of physical ills to which hu
manity is heir, there is none more distressing than the
general de-augement of the digestive apparatus, which
never fails to acccmpany a disordered state of the
liver. Headache, pile, languor, fretfnlness. a bilious
tongue, a morbid breath, loss of appetite in short, mtt
indescribable wretchedness of existence, an iu insuf
ferable aud life-wasting attendants. These diseases,
which have baffled the skill of the ablest Doctors, have
been radically cued by iloo&and's tiermaa Bittera.'
GniiT Crax-or Rmrscren. The Editors of th
Richmond Republican, of Dee. 34th, lr.v, says thai
Carter's Spanish Mixture is no quack medicine.
They had a man in their press-room who was afflic
ted w ith violent Mercurial Rheumatism, who was Con
tinually complaining of misery in the back, limbs and
joints ; his eyes had become feverish and mattery.
"""" swollen, throat sore, and all the symptoms or
nY-;m- h.,? With "fT? J"-" houle?.''t
t-artei s pauish Mixture cured him. and, in an edito-
ria notice lhoT(, tesjln JDy . wmdeT
fu, eflects.and say their only regret is, that all suffering
with disease of tlie blood are not aware of the existence
of such a medicine. They cheerfully recommend it-
their certificate, and notice in full areund the
The Truth, it Mix or Tacm. Concerning Sellers
Vermifuge. A sin-.de vial producing wond-rs. Read
'h following from the Key. 8. WakrfleM, Pastor of the
l'lrt"r treet Methodst lrjj. a lfi4-
Mr. n E. Seli.k: It i. f mm a sense of duty.'aa
well as with greal pleasure, that I bear testimony to
the virtue of yonr justly celebrated Vermifuge. 1 pro-
eurci a single bottle, and gave it to three of my chil-
drea- "rho """" ' 'or eral The eldest
eighteen moutlis- The first passed fifty-six worms, die
Second Ttirlr -V n ami ik. thtr.1 mnnlmhU mam.
fANLARl AND FEBRUARY Ap
the til pointments.
Dr. II. Tl'BBS. Analytic Physician, will be at hi
""". Warren, tjaskill House. Monday Feb. A
Orwill. Sir. KatOB s Tuesday afternoon, Feb. (.
Hxvt Uou4e. Tuesday and Wednesday,
w-K itJth and alst
This being the season of Brood itis and Lung diseases
reference is given to a severe ca. e cured three years
reterrncr is jriT-en to serure ca. e curat three j
since, showia-; iwcnrery rnnt,ifeteuii permaut-ut.
Proprietor of a Hotel in Eat CleTelamI, an
resident, ami pen era II? known. Of the ntilitr of
..tiscaii testifr.mod in no cas-a-i
Ul(. in,,,,),,,. M be uati rightly prescribed.
Our undivided attention bein? riven to chronic dis
eases, nearly all the enrvs are of persons who hare
thoroughly tried the routine of remedies (so called) now
extant, and many becoming hopeless martyrs to popular
tut repulsive modes fit treatment.
MO CH1I6I POa CO!WCLTTtO f
Dr. Tuhhi neither Meeds nor blisters, nor Is he a
Homeopathist ; he never uses Mercury. Ajitimtoy, Ar
senic, or any other Minerals, as mtdieal a -steals; nor is
he a Thompsonian he neither steams nor gives emetics.
His theory of disease differs from all others that have
been adopted, !ut not more so than does his system of
treatment, lie doea out mke sick tmmakt sa-fi, nor
temr dowm tm hmilU wp aiaia ; nor allay irritation by
pat chine np with ammdynes.
Patients should mark well the dates given above.
Our entire time being pre-engaged, attendance musjt
accord strictly with puMished announcements.
An unldased opinion as to the probability of a core
is always -given subjectintr the patient to no expense
without a reasonable prospect of success. .
BROXCIIITI.- IT3 WORST STAGES CCRED.
Pa. Tosss, Sir : When I commenced your treatment a
few months since, I was much debilitated, and suUerias;
from severe pain in the side, shortness of breath, weak-
nessaixt paia ia tie snail of th back, niuht sweats.
resnessness, conRnm. anaxpeetoratiiig proruseiy, of-
ins;. Toole cold freiiuDtly and a soreness and inflama
tion of the throat of two years standinz, seemeil increas
ing and extending down upon the lungs. At times I
becane so diuy a to faU. anless near some hject of
supftort. Byase of your meiiicines I was entirely re
lieved, and am now as well and strong as ever before ia
my life ; am at work through all kinds of weatner. and
though sometimes wet, neither the cough DOT soreness
of throat troubles me in the least.
Yours re-vpectfuH.v. James S. WsLca.
East Cleveland, hie 1C1
ACER vfc WARREN'S MARBLE
WORKS oa Liberty Su. a few rods south of the
bank. The citien of Warren and vicinity are re
quested to gire us a call and examine our stock of Ital
ian and Vermont Marble, as we hare one of the largest
stacks in this country. All sorts of MarMe Mouoment.
Toni! Stones, Spires and everything in the Marble Lino
maybe found a. our shop. Shops in the country can
le furnihd with Italian Marble from 3 to 8 inches
ie iurni-in?fi who la isn j
bick u ct)uk1 the, can get it East withtran.-
porLition aililed. All persons wisnmic anyuuog la lae
pojiun fclilf.l. All person.
aiiore uu will do well to give us a call.
N. B. A great variety of Fancy Jobs for ehn.lrea
kepi on hand. L. F. HAIlliK.
Jaa. X lrJ4 ly J. K. WAKI'KN.
T"7lE"PERS0N who borrowed Porter
tfc CVs IM-nensatory will confer a favor by return
ing it immediatly-
(1USE & LOT FOR SALE. W. N.
PORTKR offers for ;ie on the most reasonable
term, his IIoueantl Lot situate! oo Market SU Th
lot is seven nxJs fr:it. and thirteen .leep. Forty
choice fruit trees. Tlie house is two stories high, and
well tin i shed off wood-hou-w and baro, cistern and
well, all in goo l repair, and newly paintej. Pos-es-siou
given on the 1 of April. For further parttc-ulars.
emtnire of D. B. Gl LLMUllE, Warren, or W. X. P0K
Ttl Bazetta. jau3-6t .
OR SALE. The Dwellinij House
and Lot. situated on south side of H sh streetind
east side of the one now occupied by Dr. VVsa. Paine.
For particlars apply to
jan3 B.P. MICKSCH.
TN DOORS AXD OUT, Or Views
A from the Chimnev Corner, elegantly illustrated
complete in 1 voL 1-Mo price $100. A lew copies jost
received at A0AA1S.
BLOWER BARNL'M Brewed a Book
of Trn?sy Itlowinir: anil if Blowrr Bamum Prrweii
Book or Bransy Blowiair. where it the Uookof Brrosaj
Blowing Blitwer Barnnm llmrfj At the
jan 3 N EV" YOKX Book S tore. Main St.
IDA NORMAN Another Supply at
the Ua3l 5EW Y0KK Book Stire.
IDA MAY Ti.ird Supply Jnst recier
eilatthe (aa 3 N EW YORK Book Store.
L7UDGE DOINGS, bv IK. MARVEL
at the jan 3
SEW YORK Book Store.
EVVS BOYS-at the
SEW YORK Book Store.
LIFE of HORACE GREELEY at the
jan 3 S KW Y0KK Book Store.
CHILD'S HISTORY OF ENGLAND,
at the jan 3 5 EW YORK Book Sto. e
I ANC0NIA STORIES, BY JAB0B
ARH0TT. at the
jan 3 S EW YORK Book Storff. .
TJUTII HALL. An Eminent Uritio
V remarkel after readinz : VTe feel conTineetl that
faction which tlie hoik i founded are hot rho.
which have traii3ireil in ber own life, and that !ie I
heroine of ber oa .ory."" I'or s.i!e at the
jausj .Mr ukiv nooa store.
DATE LEAVES A New Supply
jut receiTiil and e!Iinif as rfiwl'ly a old doll.ira.
the 1 jan SI EW YORK Book Store.
ANNY KEREN'S new work is selling
rapidly ea!I aad Ret one at ADAJI.i.
GREELY, LIFE OF