Newspaper Page Text
Bat in the Son'h ihs U refuses to
jbok at any degree of arueltj in ebas
Jsements open the uiiivt rftl Uborer,
ihort of maiming or deth, and publie
sentiment is but little better than the
The laborer in the North answers la a
tribual ; in the South to a master , in
eenssd, passionate, vindictive in justice
executed upon aJl symptoms of resisting
.. In the North, nothing is mora sacred
than R man's family and his children.
It would not be possible foj a aian to do
publie violence to a family circle without
vindictive penalty. Let him separate a
toother from her daughters, let him hire
a ruffian to carry off the boys into the
country and parcel them out there let
him scatter the flock, and leare the chil
dren motherless, and the parents child
less, and what do jou think would be
come of htm f
In the South it Is a part of the ciril
rights of men to do these things when
ever they please. And though publie
sentiment is better than law, yet as no
public sentiment on earth is a match for
legalized lust, or avarice, or the grip of
misfortune, these things are continually
done, and remorselessly. Cruelty, chasti
ty.virtue, do not mean the same things in
the South as in the North. A man is
not blemished by deeds and indulgences
upon a plantation, among slaves, which
In the North, would strike him through
with infamy and house him in the peni
. In the South, there are many roads
leading from the top of society to the
bottom, but not one, not 051 from the
bottom to the top.
, In the Nonh, if the citizen choses to
walk in it, there is a road from every
man's door tip to the Governor's chair
9r the Presidential seat 1 '
- It needs no words, now, to convince
you, that out of such different theories of
men, there will exist, in the North and in
- the Soath extremely different ideas of
Society, Government and Public Policy.
, In the North, first in order of consid
eration is man. the individual man ;
.next the family, made of those of common
blood, and Ly far the strongest, as it is
the most sacred of all institutions. Then
comes the township, which presents the
only spectacle of an absolute political de
mocracy. For here only do citizens as
semble in mass and' vote, directly and
Dot by representation. Next corres So
ciety at large, or the mass of citizens
grouped into fctates. And in society, in
the North, there are no classes except
such as arise out of sponteneons forces.
Wealth, experier.ee, ability set men
above their fellows. There they stand
as long as there is a real superiority.
But they stand there, not by legal force,
. nor to exercise any legal power, or to
have one single privilege tr rerogstive,
which does not belong just as n uch to
every citizen clear down to the bottom.
'All that a class meant in the Nerthis,
that when men have shown themselves
strong and wise, men give them honor
, for it. Death levels it all down agan.
Their children inherit nothing. They
must earn for themselves. There is no
division of society into orders, by which
some have privilege and seme have not,
, some have opportunity, and pd ant ages
which others have not.
In the South Society is divided into
' two great and prominent classes, the ru
- ling and the obtying the thinking and
the working. The l.bor at the South is
. perfoimed by three million creatures
,.who represent the heathen idea of man.
All the benefits that have accrued to
: man from Christianity, are appropriated
Here is a seam that no sophistry can
, sew mp. Here is a society organized,
not on an idea of equal rights, and of in
'equalities enly as they spring from dif
iemnce of worth, but on an idea of per
manent, political organized inequality
r among men. They carry it so far that
the theory of Slate law regards the slave
' not as an inferior man, governed, for his
j own good as well as for the berefit of so-
eiety at large, but it pronounces him, in
reiterated forms, not a man at all, but a
When a community of Stales, by the
most potential voice of Law, says to the
whole body 'of its laboring population,
Ye are not men and shall not be ; ye are
chattels it is absurd to speak about kind
treatment about happiness. It is about
cattle that they are talking ! Our vast
body of laboring men do not yet feel the
force of such a theory of human society.
But, if that political system, which has
openly been making such prodigious
strides for the last fifty years, and effect
ing, secretly, a yet greater change in
men s taeas or society ana government
shall gain complete ascendency, they, in
their turn, and in due time will know and
see the difference between a Republican
Democracy and a Republican Aristoc
racy! Out of such original and radical differ
ences, there murt flow a perpetual con
trast and opposition of policies and pro
cecdures, in the operation of society and
of business. We will select but a few,
of many, subjects of contrast, Work, Ed
ucation, Ereedom of Speech, and of the
Press, and Religion.
It is very plain that while nominally
republican institutions exist both in the
North and South, they are animated by
a very different spirit, and used for a dil
rrent purpose. In the North, they aim at
tt welfare of the whole people ; in the
b utfi they are the instruments by which
a few control the many. In the North,
they tend toward Democracy; in the
South, toward Oligarchy.
It is equally plain that while there may
be a union between Northern and South
ern Spates, it is external, or commercial,
and not internal and vital, springing from
common ideas, common ends a:iJ com
mon sympathies. It is a union of mer
chants and politicians and not of the peo
Had these opposite and discordant sys
tems been left separate to v. ork out each
its own results, there would have been
but little danger of collision or conif-s. "
But they are politically uni e I. Thry
come together in one Congas. Thre
these antagonistic principles !ih crrrp
with subtle influence through tr-e ery
veins 6i their respective Suit-, ir-k
into open collision upon tvrrv j'-:iof p?
national policy. And si: jh wnrM b
pan, a republican spirit is u-. fit t. .-?r-nr.-power.
Hut an aristocratic spirit .?.,
t-aa aptitudo and impulse towards power.
It seeks and grasps it as naturally as a
hungry Hon seeks unJ grasps us prey.
For fifty years the imperious spirit cf
the South has sought and gained power.
It would have been of but little cons-
quence were that power still republican.
Tho sea rC empire may be ui'it.n-frn'.ly
. r ib i it;
fS 5f "t -I JX-11?S LJtty i sm viijwj j
on the Lakes or on the Gulf, if it be in
the same empire, acting in good faith for
trie same democratic ones.
But iu the grow th of power has been
accompanied by a marked revolution in
political faith, until now tho theorv of
M r. Calhoun, once scouted is becoming
the popular belief. And that theory
differs in nothing from outright European
Aristocracy, save iu the lorms and in
struments by which il works.
The struggle, then, between the North
and the &uih i not one of sections,
and of part in, Lul of Principles of
principles lviiiir at the foundations of
government of principles that cannot
coalesce, nor compromise ; that must
hate each other, and contend, until the
one shall drive out the other.
Oh ! how little do men dream of the
things that are transpiring about them !
In Luther's days, how little they knew
the magnitude of the results pending that
controversy of fractious monk and haughty
Pope ! How little did the frivolous cour
tier know the vastnesi of thai struggle in
which Hampden, Milttfn and Cromwell
acted ! We are in just such another era.
Dates will begin from the period in which
we live !
Do not think that all the danger lias
in that bolted cloud which flashes in the
Southern horizon. There is decay, and
change here in the North. Old Jtew
England that suckled American liberty,
is now suckling wolves to devour it.
What shall we think when a President
of old Dartmouth College goes over to
Slavery and publishes to the world his
religious conviction ot the rightfulness
of it, as a part of Uod's disciplinary gov.
ernmentofthe world wholesome to man,
as a punishment of sins which he never
committed,' and to liquidate the long ar
rearages of Ham's everlasting debt ! and
avowing that, under favorable circum
stances, he would buy and own slaves !
A Southern volcano in New Hampshire,
pourintr forth the lava of despotism in
that incorrupt and noble old fortress of
liberty ! What a College to educate our
YY hat are we to think, wncn old Mass
achusetts, the mother of the Revolution,
every league of whose soil swells with
the tomb of some heroic patriot, shall
make pilgrimages through the South, and
after surveying the lot of slaves under
a system that turns them out of man
hood, pronounces tnem chattels, denies
them marriage, makes their education a
penal and penitentiary offense, makes no
proviiftn for their reliigous culture leav
ing it to the stealth of good men, or the
interest of those who regard religion as
a currycomb, useful in making sleek and
nimble beasts a system which strikes
through the fundamental instincts of hu
manity, and wounds nature in the core of
the human heart, by taking from parents
all right iu their children, and leaving
the family, like a bale of goods to be un
packed and parceled out and sold in
pieces, and without any other protection
than the general good nature of easy citi
zens; what shall bethought of the con
dition oi the public mind in Boston, when
one f her most revered, and personally,
deservedly beloved pastors, has come up
so profoundly ignorant of hat we thought
every child knew, that he comes heme
from his pilgrimage, to teach old New
England to check her repugnance to
Slavery, to dry up her tears of sym
pathy, and to take comfort in the assur
ance that Slavery on the whele, is as
good or better for three millions of la
boring men as liberty. He has instituted
a formal comparison between the state
of society and the condition of a laboricg
population in a slave system and those
in a free State, and left the impression
on every page that Liberty works no bet
ter results than servitude, and that it has
mischiefs and inconveniences which Slav
ery altogether avoids.
Read that book in Faneuil Hall, and a
thousand aroused and indignant ghosts
would, crme flocking theie, as if they
heard the old roll-call of Eunker Hill.
Yea, read those doctrines on Bunker Hill
and would it flame er quake ? No.
It would stand in silent majesty jointing
its granite finger up to heaven and to
Goti an everlasting witness against all
Slavery, and all its abettors or defenders !
At this moment, the former parties
that have stood in counterpoise have fallen
to pieces. And we are on the eve, and
in the very act of reconstructing our par.
ties. One movement there is that calls
tself American. Oh, that it were or
would be ! Never was an opening so
auspicious tor a true Americar party
that, embracing the principles of Amer
ican institutions, s-hould enter our Tern.
pie of Liberty and drive out thence not
merely the interloping Gentiles, but the
money-changers, and those, also, who
sell oxen, and cattle and slaves therein.
It is not the question whether a orth-
ern party should be a party of philan
thropy, or of propagandism, or of aboli
tion. It is simply a question whether,
for fear of these things, they will ignore
and rub out of their creed every princi
ple of human rights 1
I am not afraid of foreigners among
us. Nevertheless, our politicians have
so abused us through them, that I am
glad that a movement is on foot to rege
late the conduct of new-comers among
us, and oblige them to pass through a
longer probation before they beeome cit
izens. In so far as I understand the
practical measures proposed and set
forth in the Message of the Governor of
Massachusetts, I approve them.
But I ask you, fellow citizens, wheth
er the simple accident of birth is a basis
broad enough for a permanent National
parly ? Is it a principle, even ? It is a
Ought we not to look a little at what a
man is, after he is born, as well as at the
place where ? Especially, when we re
member that Arnold was born in Con
necticut and La Fayette in France.
If then, a party is American, ought it
not to be because it represents those
principles which are fundamental to
American Institutions and to American
policy ? principles which stand in con
trast with European Institutions and pol
Which of these two theories is the
American ? The Nonh has one theory,
the South another, which of them is to
be called the American idea ? Which is
American Northern ideas or Southern
ideas? that which declares ail men free,
tfcc, or that which declares the superior
races free, and the inferior slaves ?
That which declares the right ol every
man to life, liberty, and the pursuit of
happiness or that which declares the
riht of strength and intelligence to sub-1
ordinate weakness and ignorance ? j
Tii-l which ordains popular education, .
freedom of speech, freedom of the press,
pudiie discussion or that which makes
the aperoative, yielded to a class bur
denie to masses ?
That which organizes Society as a
Democracy and Government nd Repub
lic or that which organizes Society as
an Aristocracy, and Government as an
Which shall it be that of organized
New England tonsh'ps. schools, and
churches that resisted taxation without
representation tlat covered Boston
harbor with tea, as if all China had?
down her leaves t.eie which !
spake from Faneuil Hall, and echoed
from Bunker Hill ; or that policy wh ch
landed slaves on the Chesapeake that
has changed Old Virginia from a land
of heroes into a breeding-ground of
slaves that has broken down bounda
ries, and carried war'over our lines, not
for liberty, but for more territory for
slaves to work, the owners might multi
ply, and the cristocracy of America
stand on the shores of two oceans, an un
broken bound all between ?
If a Xatioual American party is ever
formed, by leaving ont the whole ques
tion of Human Right, it will be what a
man would be his soul left out !
An America National party liber
ty left out !
m An American party Human Rights
left out t
Gentlemen, such a party will stink with
dissolution before you can get it finished.
No Masonry can make it solid no art
can seeure it. No ahchor that was ever
forged in infernal stythy can go deep
enough into political mud to hold it !
If you rear up an empty name ; if you
take that revered name American, all
the world ever radient and revered . as
the symbol of human rights and human
happiness if you sequester and stuff
that name with the effete doctrines of des
potism, do you believe you can suppli
cate from any gods the boom of immor
tality for such au unbaptized monster ?
No. It may live to ravage our heritage
for a few days, but there t a spirit of
liberty that lives among us, and that
shall live. And aroused by that spirit,
there shall spring up the yet unroused
hosts of man that have bowed the knee
to Baal and we will war it to the knife,
and knife to the hilt.
For it shall be, America shall be free.
We will take that for our life's enter
prise. Dying we will leave it a legacy
to our children, and they shall will it to
theirs, until the work is done, our fathers'
firayers are answered, and this whole
and stands clothed and in its right mind
a symbol of what the earthly fruits of
the Gospel are !
If a National party is now to be form
ed, what shall it be, and what shall its
It shall be a peacemaker say sly pol
ticians. Yes, peace by war. But an
American party, seeking peace with im
perious Aristocracy by yielding every
thing down to the root one would think
no party need be formed to do that. Ju
das did as much without company, Ar
nold did that, without companions.
An American National party must
either be a piebald and patched-up par
ty, carrying in its entrails the mortal
poison of i wo beligerent schemes, former
legendary disputes, and agitation, and
furious conflict; or, to be a real national
party.it must first be anerMempartyand
beeome national. We must again walk
over the course of history. Here in the
North Liberty began. Its roots are with
us yet. All its associations and all its
potent institutions are with us. Having
once given forth this spirit of liberty, now
fading out of our Southern States, the
North should again come forth and re
fill the poisoned veins that have been
drinking the hemlock of Despotihm with
the new blood of Liberty ! Let us give
sap to the tree ef Liberty, that it may
not wither and die !
When Hercules was born, but yet a
child, the jealous Juno sent two serpents
to bis eradle to destroy him. Hercules
or the serpents must die. Both could
not lie in the same bed. He seized them
and suffocated them by his grip. While
his poor brother, Iphiclus, filled the
house with his shrieks. An infernal Ju
no, envious of the destined greatness of
this countryhath sent this serpent upon
it ! What s-hall we do ? Shall we imi
tate Hercules or Iphiclus ? Shall we
choke it ; or shall we form a timid Na
tional party, and shriek ?
Gentlemen, you will never have rest
from this subject until there is a victory
of principles. Northern ideas must be
come American, or Southern ideas must
become Amercan. before there will be
peace. If the North gives to the Nation
her radical principles of human rights
and democratic Governments, there will
be the peace of an immeasurable pros
perity. If the tkroth shall give to the
country a policy derived from her heath
en notions of men, there will be such a
peace as men have overdrugged with
opium, that deep lethagy jnst before the
mortal convulsions and death ! All at
tempts at evasion, at tdjourning, at con
cealing and compromising are in vain.
The reason of our long agitation is, not
that resless Abolitionists are abroad, that
ministers will meddle wtih improper
themes, that parties are disregardful of
the country's interest. These are symp
toms only, not the disease ; the effects,
not the causes.
Two great powers that will not live to
gether are in our midst, and tugging at
each other's throats. They will search
each other out, though you separate them
a hundred times. And if by au insane
blindness you shall contrive to put off
the issue, and sens' this unsettled dispute
down to your children, it will go down,
gathering volume and strength at every
step, to waste and desolate their heritage.
Let it be settled new. Clear the place.
Bring in the champions. Let them put
their lances in rest for the charge.
Sound the trumpet, and God save the
The Treasurer ano the Tax Pay
rs. We understand that the Treasurer
of Hamilton county has nearly finished
his " distraints " upon those merchants
who refused to pay the oppressive and
unjust taxes of le54. He at 'first re
fused to accept the sums of money, the
parties acknowledged their liability to pay
on account of the amount he claimed,
but finally thought better of it. Messrs.
Latimer, Colburn St Lupton have suf
fered to the extent of about $15,000 worth
fine cutlery. Glenn Sc Co., have pro
vided the county with a varied assort
ment of teas ; Harrison it Hooper have
contributed hogsheads of sugar, and J.
Butler & Co., boxes of choice Vir
ginia leaf by the score. Old Hamilton
by this time we'l supplied with dry
goods and groceries, and by a judicious
management of the sale could doubtless
supply the poor house, or perhaps the
court house jobbers with groceries and
tobacco at very low rates. Suits have
been brought before the Superior Court,
with a view of taking the case against
the Treasurer for trespass up to the Su
preme Court at Columbus, some time next
month. Timothy Wa!ker, Henry Stans
berry, and Messrs. Tafi, Groesbeck, and
Geo. Pugh have been retained for the
prosecution. Cin. Col.
That consistent and sound Democrat,
and honest man, Dr. Isaac Coles, of Pal
myra, Portage county, has been removed
by Postmaster General Campbell, fordar
ing to denounce the Nebraska fraud.
Free speech is no virtue in this Republic
nor is the exercise of it to be tolerated.
An outrage like this should blast the pow
er which "had committed it; for if high
officials at Washington shall stand as
overseers over those whom they appoint
offiie, then the liberty to speak h gone.
Atcrvile Aeliraskaiie, u. h. Wilson, fills
8js place. Er.
Cferonirlt anfr ftraitsmpf.
t S. UOWAED, ;
1. . COX. : : : : :
: Ssitoi i Ptcrtimi.
: Amocut ditos.
Warren, Wednesday, Feb. 7.
Henry Ward Beecher's Lecture.
We hope the masterly lecture of one
the most eloquent champions of freedom
the world has ever seen, which we pub
'ish this week, will receive the careful
reading it deserves.
Tho closing part which treats of the
requisites of a true American Party is
especially worthy of study.
The Nebraska Bill Repeal—Legislative
Instructions to Mr. Cass.
Our neighbor rouud the corner, who
seems determined to prove his orthodox
Democracy by showing his command over
that bluster and "Bowery B'hoy " slang
which, with the Loco-foco press in gen
eral, passes for vigorous writing, in read
ing us a lecture last week for our pre
sumption in demanding the repeal of the
Kansas Slavery extension, spreads him
self as follows :
You talk of repealing a law that as
serts a broader principle of equality than
ever penetrated your Abolition brain !
Your presumption is only equalled by
your bigotry. Talk of repealing the
Nebraska Bill! Why, we do not know
of a sane journal in the land, but what
treats the idea as an absurdity, and as
not only impracticable but impossible.
Our " Abolition brain " is doubtless
weak enough, compared with the trans
cendent intellect which " bedizzena the
eyes " of all who read the Democrat,
but, unfortunately for that wonderful
genius, his declaration of this new final
iiy was followed in the very next mail
by a little piece of news from Michigan
which will prove rather a hard nut for
him to crack.
There surely is no limit to the 'pre
sumption' and 'bigotry' of 'Abolition
brains ' and even the above awful judg.
mentof insanity pronounced upon us does
not cure us ; and, worst of all for the
poor Democrat, the mischief is fast spread,
ing, so that some such 'absurd' repeal
doctrine as that we alluded to has been
sanctioned throughout the North to the
tune of which the 'key note' is 'Eighty
thousand in Ohio.' Even Legislatures
are becoming infected as the following
instructions to Cass and Stewart will
show, and we confidently expect to give
ere long a like piece of news with re
gard to the Illinois Legislature and the
'little giant,' to be followed before anoth
er year by the 'same old tune for the
benefit of Mr. Pugh, the forlorn hope of
The Michigan legislature has just
passed a series of resolution strongly
Anti-Slavery in their spirit, and declara
tory of their determination to oppose the
Slavocrats with persevering energy.
Among the series occurs the following
which we especially commend to the at
tention of our luminous friend.
Heiolvtd, That our Senators in Con
gress be, and they are hereby, instructed,
and our Representatives requested, to
vote for, and use their best exertions to
procure the passage of, an act of Con
gress that shall prohibit the introduction
or existence of slavery in any of the
territories of the United States, and espe.
ciallv in Kanzas and Nebraska ; and
to introduce, without delay, a bill for thit
No doubt it is very stupid, and even
'insane' for the Michigan legislature to
talk in that style ; but if our sage neigh
bor does not entirely quit this sublunary
sphere before the next election, through
disgust at its moonstruck inhabitants, we
will venture to predict that he will be
very like the fellow in Bedlam we used
to. read of, who declared, "The world
said I was mad, and said the world
was mad, and conotnd them, they out
voted me." c.
"Joel B. Buttles he."
Is safe in the Penitentiary.
We learn from the Columbus papers
that our very distinguished townsman,
the late 'model editor,' has been appoin
ed Warden of the Penitentiary, and has
resigned his post on the boaad of Direc
tors, to enter upon the duties of his new
office. We congratulate him on his
good luck, and hope he may quit the of
fice when his time comes, with a better
reputation than that of his predecessor.
Greiner of the State Journal, who.
claims, though a stiff Republican, to have
more influence with the 'unterrified' than
the Statesman, says jocosely.
The Board of Directors of the Ohio
Psnotentisrv n in session to dav. for
the purpose of choosing a Warden, and
we believe they have agreed to connrm
our nomination of Mr. Buttles, to the to
tal discomfiture of a host of applicants
from all parts of the State. Mr. Buttles
ill doubtless appreciate our disinterest- j
.llt..ii Via KViolf and we trust if be
accept the post, he will conduct the af- j
of that institution in such a manner i
as not to cause the blush of shame to
tingle our cheek for recommending a Lo-
cofoco to office
More Anti-Nebraska Guns!
WISCONSIN has elected Chablis
Dcreix, an out-and-out Republican, to
the United States S nate, ia the place
of Augustus Caesar Dodge the prince of
MASSACHUSETTS has elected to
the same body Hesbt Wilson well
known as an Ant'i-Nsbrasxa man with
NEW YORK. The majority in the
N. Y. Leg'slature has in caucus unani
mously re-nominated that noble Repub
Iicaa Statesman Wit. H. Sswabd.
Jcdgr Herxaxn Knickerbocker, of
Columbia county, N. Y., who is said to
have been the original of Irving' "Deid
reich Knickerbocker," in his amusing
History of New York, died on Tuesday,
in Williamsburgh. Judge K. was a mem
ber of Congress in 1809 10. He was
widely known, and respected everywhere,
as one of the finest specimens of the old
Dutch chivalry that Time had preserved
to these latter days. The quaint stories
and laughable anecdotes of which the
Judge is the hero, are ali:.ost innumerable.
(For the Chronicle.)
Mr, Editor: I seo (hat my friend
Senator Noams, has selected your paper
in order to reply to my former letter ho
vainly thinks like Baalam of old that a
change of place may be more successful
iu offering sacrifices, but truth cannot be
curttd I The Senator's little tame thing
in your last needs no reply from me. It
is evident he has made a "political blun
der," and in order to cover it, he has
made a logical error 1 When he sees
the conclusions drawn from his own
premises, he starts back as if confuted!
He then denies his own premises, and
says " I cannot find it I !" He says re-
piattdly "If Congress has the power
(constitutional) to forbid it (slavery) it
may allow and legalire it 1 I claim that
I clearly showed in my former letter that
power to forbid, does not imply that Con
gress may allov and legalize. I gave sever
al examples where Congress has power to
forbid yet not power to allow it I Not an
argument has he even tried to answer, not
one ! It seems Mr. Nokkis thinks when
he meets with an argument with anything
in the form of reasoning that tuck things
must be "burletque," or logic or proof
be appears to get scared, or befogged or
he knows little or nothing about his
topic ! His " say so" in your paper is
10 utterly destitute of anything like an
answer, that I was surprised and might
have been tempted to believe that some
silly one, had concluded to try his hand
at forging, and that he has made said
reply as his maiden effort I But on
looking back at the Senator's former pro
ductions I judged the article genuine! I
hope Mr. Nobris will get some one to
help him answer my former letter, and
if he cannot I would rather offer him my
own humble services than have no an
I shall wait in hope.
Yours, J. Bai.
[For the Chronicle.]
WHITE SERMONS ON A BLACK SUBJECT.
BY A LAYMAN.
to cruel and drunken masters. We fre
fairs quently notice iu the papers accounts of
Why lUutd we In jeopard erery hoar." I Cor.
In this discourse I shall attempt to
prove that we, the people of the United
States do stand in jeopardy every hour ;
and that we thus stand in jeopardy in
consequence of the wicked fanaticism of
Northern abolitienists ; that their unrea
sonable and cruel war upon Slavery puts
us all in constant peril.
1st. In consequence of their treasona
ble movements, there is great danger of
a dissolution of the Union. I know that
many well-disposed persons among us
are of opinion that we have no great
reason to fear such an event : and I
know, too, that the whole infernal host
of abolitiontsist (except a few incarnate
devils who are trying to bring it about,)
are constantly sneering at us for enter
taining such fears at all. But I must
confess, my brethren, that it seems very
strange to me that any man, in his sober
senses, should doubt the reality or the
greatness of the danger. Loek back
for a moment, and consider the closing
career of the lamented, immortal Web
ster : think of the last, strong effort of
his great intellect to avert a calamity so
fearful ; and then call it a pretence, or a
delusion if they can. "Who ever doubted
his sagacity or his sincerity? What was
his opinion of the men who could scoff at
his pious and patriotic efforts to save the
Union ? He compared them to the pro
fane scoffers in the days of Noah, who
would not believe in the reality of a flood
after they were actually drowned by it ;
but, when the tops of the highest moun
tains were covered, said to Noah, " Wit
shan't have much of a shatter. The great
Webster, my brethren, saw clearly that
the danger was not imaginary, but real ;
and therefore he exerted the last ener
gies of .his mighty mind to appease the
rising wrath of the South, and to save
Secondly, In consequence of incend
iary publications, and other diabolical
measures resorted to by abolitionists to
inform the minds of the slaves, our
Southern brethren stand in jeopardy of
their lives every hour.
The time has been when southern
slaves toiled on contentedly, in happy ig
norance ot what abolitionists call their
rights as men. They regarded them
selves as the goods and chaite of their
masters ; and had no desire to d any
thin" else. But northern fanaticism has
wrought a most disastrous change in
their views and feelings. Many of them
begin to look upon themselves as meu ;
and,when severely lashed for their faults,
often feel as if they were really abused
and injured ; and secretly harbor feel
ings of resentment against their masters.
The consequences of such improper feel
in1 in slaves axe often fatal, especially
masters having been murdered by their
slaves, who have afterwards very prop
erly been burned alive. But the more
they burn, the more they will have to
burn, unless a stop can be put to the in
cendiary movements of. abolitionists. It
is in vain to appeal to their consciences,
which are " seared as with a hot iron ;"
and the only remedy, in my opinion, is a
law of Congress with severe penalties,
prohibiting the use of Northern tongues
pens and presses for any other purpose
than to defend slavery, and to save the
Lastly, though not least in importance,
there is great danger that the faithful
and patriotic citizens of the North will
all loose their offices. In this respect, it
may be truly said, they " stand in jeop
ardy every hour ;" and especially every
election. To prove thi, I have only to
refer you to the late election-returas
throughout the Northern States. In a
very few years, it is to be feared, there
will seraeely be a Northern member of
Congress who will generousty disregard
the interests and opinions of his constitu-
for the sake of sarin;; the Union.
Abkam E. Gwtnxb, Esq., a member
of the Cincinnati Bar, died Tuesday afternoon.
- Mr. Bbicksnbidgx will not sccept
the Spanish Mission till after the adjournment
Two convicts were being taken from
New-Orleans to the Penitentiary at Ba
ton Rouge, on a steamer, when they
jumped overboard, and were drowned.
A California paper advertises a grand
bull fight, in which a woman will fight
and kill one of the wildest bulls that can
be obtained ; also, a Gghtbetween abear
and a jackass, all to come off on Sunday.
Wa learn from the Paulding Demo
crat that the population of that county
is rapidly increasing. In 1850 the
population was only 1,7C6, while in 1354
it exceeds 4,000.
Tu Columbus Fact says that on Fri
day, near Alton, as Mr. Wm. Durfey
was tending a sawing machine by the
side of the railroad, a stick of wood was
aecidently thrown across the track. The
cars were close at hand, and as Mr. D.
was in the act of picking up the stick to
get it out of the way, he was struck by
the locomotive and instanily killed.
Neal Dow is preparing a still more
stringent liquor law for Maine. It pro
vides fifty dollars fine and four months
imprisonment for the first offence ; same
fine and six months imprisonment for
the second, and one hundred dollars fine
and one year's imprisonment in the State
prison for the third offence. No action
will lie against officers for destroying
liquor. Common carrier are liable for
carrying liquors contrary to law.
The guano diggers at the Chinchi Is
lands from the United States, have been
driven off by the Government of Vene
zuela. The sloop of war Falmouth was
at St. Thomas and would sail to Bird Is
land to look into these matters. Guano
is becoming an important institution.
Beintr an article of salt water commerce,
it is constitutional to protect it by the
Tub Catholic Almanac for the 1855
gives the following statistics of the Ro
man Catholic Church in the United
States : There are 7 Archbishops :
Vicars Apostolic ; 23 Bishops ; 1,704
Priests, 1834 Churches, showing the in
crease the past year to have been 2 Bish
ops; 129 Priests, and 112 Churches.
There are also 698 Missionary Stations;
28 Colleges ; 117 Female Academies,
and 37 Theological Seminaries.
Thb German liquor sellers of Cincin
nati have resolved'to disobey the liquor
laws of State and City, and are circula
ting petitions calling on the Governor to
convene the Legislature for the purpose
of repealing 'he anti-liquor law.
As a striking commentary on the move
ment of the Cincinnati liquor sellers, we
record the melancholy fact that Peter
Achey, of Preble county, bought liquor
at a groggery on Saturday, drank it,
and on Sunday was found dead, frozen
A Turkish Facha who rendered valu
able assistance to the steamer Wm. Penn,
which got ashore in the Dardanelles
lately, in partaking of the hospitalities
of the officers of the Penn, refused to
drink wine because it was forbidded by
the Prophet, but imbibed champagne
freely, getting over the difficulty of con
scince by saying that eampagne was in
vented subsequently to the death of Ma
homet, and therefore could not come un
der his prohibition.
Tax General Post Office at Washing
ton, embracing the Appointment and
Contract Office, Dead Letter Office, &c.
dec, is to be enlarged, by extending it
over the whole block on which it stands,
leaving a square court-yard for mail
carts, bc, in the centre. It is of white
marble, and when completed will cover
about as much ground as the Astor
House. A bill appropriating $400,000
for it has passed the Senate, and is now
before the House.
Mamachubitts. The Know Nothings
have had trouble in agreeiug upon their
candidate for Senator, in the old Bay
State. The majority nominated Gen.
Wilson, who has been a prominent and
active Freesoiler. A portion of the order
have remonstrated, and have used much
effort to bring forward another man.
Each House votes by itself, and the tel
egraph says the House, By 100 majori
ty, elected Gen. Wilson. We have no
doubt the Senate will confirm this choice.
Qckzb Matbimo.iial Fbiak. A let
ter from a citizen of Livingston ccunty,
Ky., to the Danville Tribune, relates the
fo lowing bit of family history in that
" A widow took an orphan bov to
raise, quite small, and when he arived
at the age of eighteen she married him,
she reing in her fiftieth year. They
lived many years together, happy as any
couple. Ten years ago they took an or
phan girl to raise. This fall the old lady
died, being 96 years of age, and in seven
weeks after old man marri- d the girl
they had raised, he being 68 years old
and she 18."
Thk Baijibridoe. Lieut. James H
Rwan has been ordered to the command
of tbe United States brig Bainbridge,
vice Lieut Charles G. Hunter, dismissed
Th Catholics of New Haves. The
Roman Catholic Bishop of Hartford
wishes to form a German parish at New
Haven, and for that purpose has sent a
German Catholie Priest among those to
set it a going ; whereupon they have
adopted the following resolutions, by
wav of protest against the proceeding.
They do not look very prosperous for the
Right Kev. gentleman s projee. .
Kesolvf-d. That we, Roman Catholics,
earnestly protest against such proceed
ings, and declare to trie mgnt nev.
Bishop that we do not want a German
Roman Catholic Priest here in New Ha
ven. Resolved, Thnt we have suffered al
ready in our fatherland too much from
pries craft and kingcraft ; and that we
here, in our new home, thank our Lord
nd God, in at least thirty churches oth
er than Roman Catholic, that we are free
from that yoke, and that every one of
as can worship his God according to hi(
best belief and conscience.
News Items. Home Affairs.
Honor to the Brave—Citizen's Meeting
—Turn Out Lover's of Liberty!!!
A mating wi'l be held at Empire
Hall n Friday evening to tes ify the
feeling of this on:munity regarding the
outrage recently committed by a hire
ling judiciary upon the Wisconsin patriot
S. M. Booth.
We hope every bo ly will be there, es
pecially the lailiet.
Spiritual Lectcris. Mr. Tiffanv
completed on Friday evening the last of a
course of nine lectures on Spiritualism,
which from the talents and pleasing Rhet
oric of the speaker drew crowded homes.
We regret that the course was commenc.
ed at a time when the clergymen in
town were all engaged in protracted meet
ings, as we had anticipated a quite full
and interesting discussion of the subject
on both sides. At his lecture on Tuesday
evening of last week Mr. T. read a letter
from Elder Ehbett which on behalf o
Mr. E. and his brother ministers, ex
plained their absence by referring to their
revival labors, and their inability to leave
such a work to engage in a discussion.
The letter slated, however, that if Mr.
Tiffant could make it convenient to
come at some time when no such special
eflbrt engrossed the attention of the clergy
and would agree upon regular propositions
for debate, they would be i : jpy to enter
into a thorough discussion with him.
We have not heard any reply to this
proposition, but hope it may be met.
One side has already been presented, and
the people of this place are anxious to
hear the other, when the champions of
both parties are present to show for them
selves whether their respective principles
are fairly represented or not.
We had intended to give a synopsis of
Mr. T's position as taken in his lectures,
so that it might be seen by all our readers
wherein he differed from orthodox Christ
ianty, but we have no space thb week.
Snow, Snow, Snow, it has been "com
ing in flurries for nearly a week upon a
dry, hard ground, so that even old "Var
mount," could not show better sleighing
than we have had for a while. In the
eastern States the drifts may be deeper,
and the"thankee-marms" more abundant,
but for Ohio we are having remarkably
good winter weather. We have noticed
the long graceful curl of the drifts run
ning close to the fence-tops in many pla
ces, and the youngsters wallowing through
them on their way to school consider it a
special dispensation of Providence in their
favor. We meet them shouting and roll
ing along in the highest glee, and we
need nothing but the bold sweep of a few
New England hills, giving a chance for
some old-fashioned "coasting" on the hand
sleds to make a boy's paradise complete.
Protracted Mretihgs. Up to the
commencement of -the present week the
meetings at the various churches have
continued with great interest. The num
ber of conversions is said to he quite
large, being about a hundred in the ag
gregate. Probate Court. We are happy to
report that the Probate Court had no oc
casion to call a jury at the criminal ses
sion this month. We hope the decrease
of crime may be such that we shall often
have this report make.
On Monday next Gbore F. Browx,
Esq., enters upon the duties of Pro
bate Judge of this County, and the office
will then be moved to a room in the New
Court House, fitted up for that office.
Blackwood for January is received.
The publishers, Scott & Co., are prompt
in the issue of their reprints of the five
sreat magazines of Great Britain. The
contents of the number are, "The Conduct
of the War; Civilization, the Census,
Education ; Zaidee, a Romance, part 2 ;
Rural Economy of Great Britain and
Ireland ; Thackery and his novels ;
Peace and patriotism, a letter to Ireneas ;
The Story of the Campaign, part 3d,
written in a tent in the Crimea."
This number commences a new vol
ume. Any one of the magazines ie t3
per year. Now is a good time lo sub
scribe. Address Scott & Co., 54 Gold
Greeley's Whig Al.ma.xac for 1358,
is to be found at Baldwin's bookstore on
Main St. Besides the fullest astronomi
cat calculations, it contains a great
amount of valuable statistical and politi
cal information, copies of late treaties
with Japan, &c.
Important to Farmers. We take
pleasure in calling the attention of all
those who are interested in the improve
ment of stock to the extract from the
Ohio Farmer in the advertising column,
by which it will be seen that Mr. Chas.
Brown of Bloomfleld has purchased some
ip top Suffolk hogs for the purpose of
improving the breed, in this section. It
will be sr-en by the extract that they are
choice specimens of the best blood.
In Warren, on the 90 int. by 3. S. Hotsnaker Kstv,
Mr. FsuutT D. BffUT, and M iu Mabt Ann Fockb. bota
In basetta. Jan. tfth 1P35. by Bt. Isaac Win in of
Mecca, Mr. He met D. Warkbii forwrl of Wisconsin,
and Miss PmL4aaLA J. Stucklaxb of -" i
In Boston, MaaaatUmsetta, on 2Uv Year's Kre. Mr
Somhu N. Bos us Merchant of Wilhels- to Miss,us
Assrrsi M. Cot nu of V -mu. Vnie.
In Mecca, Jan Sfea fcOV, bj S. i- Bites, Mr. J.
Owsas Bira, and Miss Lacs. Sam. both of Mecca.
In Rrookfteld, Oct. 2nd, 135. Ron-tan WtLDoar son
of Daridand Blisa Waldorf, aged twenty-six year, and
In BrookSeU, Korember 7th, 1354, luaa wife of
Daeid Waldorf, aged fifty-one years, bight months and
Ia Tiopna, Jan.Tlh Don-ran OaTsn, at the adranced
age of 97 years, 4 months and 8 days.
The deceased emigrated to Tieona. from Hartland,
Conn, in the year !!. where she has resided with her
son in-law Solomon Payne, eeer since she in early life
experienced the Christian'a Hope and united herself
with the Presl'jterian Church, of which she was a mem
ber until the last. When her eyea grew dim with e
she Mill looked forward for that hope which the chris
tian alsas has, and sunk to rest as she had always
Happy soul, thy days are ended.
All Uiy mourning days below;
Co by angel's guards attended.
To she tiut of Jean an.
S. B. P.
' deaih is at the door, tbe mseJj which voald
fc' od life, if nlml.-ii-t-rtd in time, come too lata.
De aot trifle with diieaie. Bel upon it, that wbaa the
atomache will aot di(at food when faintneas and teea-
itnde perrade the eyr.em when the aim ia dtatnrbed,
the appetite feefcle, the mis letharie, the nerrea anna?
nrall eeoeitiTe, and the heat eonfueed rely npoa It.
that when these srmptrais occur, the powers of vitality
are railing, and that, auleas the mischief ia r-roaapUr
checked, life will be ahortened.aa well aa rendered mis.
arable. Now we know that from a auaa of testimony
greater than was eaer before accumulated in faror of
one remedy, that HooSind's German Bitters, prepared
by Dr. C. M. Jackson. Philadelphia, will immediately
abate, and, in the end. entirely remote all of these dis
orderas rarely u a mathematical process will ssIts a
problem. Who, then, will endure the agony, and taw
risk of life, with health and safety within reach? See)
adrertiament. Trtj 7 -SS, Sw
BOARDINGv-Persons wishing to se
cure a rood place to board, with good Accommo
dations and on reasonable terms, can do so by sDDlTin
at thia office. ' rr
FVem 14 OAie Fmrmtr, Dtc. 22. lt34
SCTfOlKS FOB LOG AS St TRUMBULL COUJiTIES,
CsuaLsa Blows, of Korth BieomSeld. Tram bed
county, has just purchased two of the SuSufks which o
advertised in the fmrmtr a sow and a soar. The boar
is a theraogh bred from Stickney'a importation , and
the sow was purchased, but summer, of Col. L. 6. stea
ms, of Mount Foruam. Westchester county, N. Y-. and
ia new far gone in pig. ' They are a pair ef aa pur
bloods as can be found Id the United States, and are
good specimens of that popular breed. The Farmers
of Trombus, who desire access to this popular breed ef
hogs, can now be accommodated. Feb. 7, ew
T. VALENTINES DAT.
would respectfully inform my friends, and tho
public generally that I hare amply supplied myself by
securing one of the richest, neatest, and elegant selec
tions of Valentines, which for newness of stile and var
iety cannot be surpassed. For sale in large or small
quantities, at feb'y7 BALDWIN'S Maia St.
for 1855. at
As St. Valentine's day ia nearly upon us. our
friends will remember that a meet elegant variety ef
Valentinee can be had at Annas' Bookstore. We havw
mrge quantitiea of Comic and Cheap ones, deeigning ta
supply country scores, aa well also aa high priced one
SKETCHES OF THE IRISH BAR.
O by Richard Sailor Shell. M. P. All of oar leeal
gentlemen should read this work.
voL doth, price)
A LL t
L . can as
the New Works of the times
usual be found at
GREELEY'S WHIG ALMANACS
forlPSS at ADAMS.
Also German Almanacs by the Gross. Feb 7j
to Tin auditor of thr statr or OHIO.
STATEMENT OFTHE CONNECTI
CUT mutual lifr insurance compast,
of Hartford. Conn- on the SUth January, lr35. (fur
nished by tbe Agents of said Company in the State of
Ohio.) in compliance with the requirements of the Act
of the Legislature of the State of Ohio, entitled An
Act to regulate the agenciea of Insurance Companies)
unincorporated by the State ef Ohio," passed May 1.
Nan or tits Coaramr: The Connecticut Mntoal
Life Insurance Company.
Awocsrr or rra CarnaL Stock: None, being a Mu
Cash on hand. S35,B14J3
Bonds. Hartford and Providence Bal troad.
mortgaged, at 7 pr. ct. pr. annum. f.'O.UUu
Iron Hai 1 road, mortgaged, at 7 per cs.
per annum. 25,000
Columbus, Pi qua and Indiana Rail
road, mortgaged, at 7 pr. ct. pr. an-15,000
Hartford City Railroad, mortgaged,
at per cant, per annum. If ,000
Bond and Mortgage Loans on Real Estate. 806,(67,1)8)
Loans en Bank Stock Security, ta,t!tt SO
" to City of Hartford and other
Stocks. City Bank, of
Merchants' Bank, of New
Phoraix Bank, of Hartford, 1,650
Char 'r Oak Bank, of Hartford, l,uu
Hartford aad slew Hatch
Connecticut Riyer Railroad, 5,000
Premium Notes of Insured Mem
bers, bearing S pr, ct- interest, XfmBfn
Amount due tram Agents, 15,QtM7
Amount of Liabilities due and not doe to Banks anal
other creditors of the Company none.
Amount of Losses adjusted and due, 8,650 - -
" " and not diss, 73,400
" unadjusted none.
m in suspense, wait-
Ing further proof, 7,000
All other claims against the Company :
Dividend unpaid, not due, contingent upon
the continuance ef the Policies to which
they are credited, 906411,00)
The g mat est amount insured in any one risk, 15,000.
The amount allowed to be insured is any one city,
town or Tillage unlimited.
GUT R. PHELPS,
Omn Cow. Mutual Liars Iks. Co., Saerscorv.
HAJtTroaB. January SO, leiS.
STATR OF COXXBCTICUT.l as. HAjrrronn, January
Hartford County, - 83rd, KS.
Personalty appeared, Guy R. Phefps, Secretary of tho
Connecticut Mutual Life Insurance Company, and
made oath, that the foregoing Statement, by him sun-
scribed, is truevto the best of his knowledge and belief.
Before me, GROBiiR S. OILMAN.
JssXie lac Ptmtm.
Omen or m Conn. Mcroat lam Ins. Co
HaaTsoan, January 23rd, 1855.
I hereby certify, that the foregoing is a true copy of
the Statement, filed in the office of the Auditor of the)
State of Ohio. .Attest, GUI R. PHRLPS,
Origin! Certi Scats of Aotltorit, to expire oa the 31st
da of July, k&&,
STAT Or OHIO,
Aodttok or St.tb's Orncs,
CotXMsurs, February 1,
lsrs. The Connecticut Mutoal Life Insurance Coos
pany located at Hartford, la the State of Connecticiit Jiae
filed in this office a sworn stateasent of its condition
as required by the first section of the "Act to igulatti
the Agencies of Insurance Companies not ucorporsr
ted by the State of Ohio," passed May 1, 1654 :
jfmd vsstmst, Said Coca pany has furnished the an
dersifrned, satisfactory eridence that it is possessed of
at least one hundred thousand dollars of actual capital
in rested in stocks of at least par raloe. or in bonds er
SBortrares of unincumbered real estate worth double
the anraontforwsRtch the same Is sxkrtrared :
- wSr4m. Said Coaipany Has filed in this office a
written instnktnent, under its eorporated seal, signed
by the President and Secretary thereof, possi Dating
and appointing. THOMAS J. M LAIN of Warren, ita
Agent for the tjui sac tion of the business of Life In
suraace, and fully and anreserredly authorising him to
acknowledge service of process for and on behalf of
said Company, consenting that service of process npoa
him, the said Agent, shall be taken and held to be a
Talid as if served upon the Company, according to the
laws of in ts state, or or any outer suae, and waiving all
claim of error by reason of such serriee :
Jsatw, rS4trr, In pursuance of the first section of
the Act to regulate the Agencies of Insurance Com
panies aot incorporated by the State of Ohio, passed
May 1, 164, I, WILLIAM D. MORGAN, Auditor ef -said
State, no bssbbt cuTirr, that the said THOMAS
J. McLAJN, is authorised aa an Agent for the said
Company, to transact the business of Life Insurance,
in this State, until the thirty flr?t day of July, in
the year one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five, so
far he may be legally empowered so to do by his letter
of appointment, and the instructions which may be
given to him by the said Company.
In wrrifBSB wucREor, I hare hereto subscribed my
name, and caused the seal of my office to be affixed,,
this 1st day of February in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and flfty-flre.
feb y 7,lbtf-3w. W. D. MORGAN, Anditor
'VTOTICE, is hereby giv
expose to sale on the premi;
veil tbat I shall
exnose to sale on tne premisee ai punuc Tennuo
on the lath day of Xarco lJOs Between toe nours ox w
A. M. and 4 P. X. on deferred payments ef two years,
the foUowingdescrined farms, and real estate situate in
the township of Vernon, Trumbull county. Ohio, under
an order of sale issned tome as gnardiea of Timotfty K.
Thompson, by the Probate Court of said County.
One peice of land lying about half a mile North of
the center of said Wwnship and bounded as follows:
Beiriining at a point on the North and Sooth center
Highway, in said Vernon, at the South-Rast corner of
mods of Lucius Holcomb, and running thence Snath,
along said Highway aerenty rods to the Xorth-Cast cor
ner of lands of Thomas A. Thompson : thence West
along the North line of said lands of Thomas A. Thom
son, three hundred and thirty-fire rods to a stake and
stones, at the eouth-west corner of aaid Timothy K.
Thompsons lands; thence north on the east line of lands
known aa lands of late owned by Granger, and on tho
west line of lands of said Timothy K. Thompson, ser
enty rode to the south line of lands formerly owned by
.,. ah.ldnn. and now belonging te said Lucius Hol
comb; thence running east along the south line of said
binds ef Holcomb 320 rods to the place of beginning,
containing witnia said boundaries, one hundred and
forty-three acres and forty-Use rods, known as tho
h... MiM.t farm of aaid Timothy K. Thompson.
Also one tract of land situate about one mile west ef
the center of said Vernon, bounded as follows: begin
ning at a point on the Highway leading from the center
of Vrrnoa to the center of Johnson, at tbe loath-east
corner of John R. Thompson s lands and running
thence north on the east line of said Joha R. Thomp
son's bud to the north east corner thereof about ana
hundred and si sty rods, thence west along the north
line of said John R. Thompson's land about serenty
rods to the lot line; thence north along the lot lino
about forty rods lo the north-west corner of said tract;
theuce east along the south Une of lands owned by
Thomas A- Thompson about one hundred and twenty
rods to the north east corner of said track to a stake
aad atones: thence south along the west line of landa
owned by Horace Bates, aad lands owned by Daniel J.
Mauos, and lands owned by Ralsa Clark to the said
highway: thence west along the said highway to tho
place of beginning, containing withia smdjunuariea
eighty-fire and one-fourth acree of land. Beirttraet or
Guardian of Timothy K. Thompson.
Ry Surra 4 Terns. Atty's. Feb 7 g.w
t TTACH1IENT NOTICE. ,
ii. John Berwick. Soit AttteluMnt
Christian Reck ' .
At my instance an order of attachment was issued ea
the 11th day of January A. . by Joseph U.WoU
eott,justiceofthe peace in Farmingtoa township, Trum
bull coanty Ohio, against tbe goods, chail- Is, rights,
credits stocks and interests in stocks, atonies and ef
fects ef aaid defendant phristian Beck, who is a nen
resident of said eoun'y, for the sum of $-0.43. Rai4
suit stands for bearing un the first .lay of March next,
at on o'clock P. M. Josui Bi.athsw.oa, PIT,
Fannin juhi, fob. 7, J-i