- v -
J .- J ...... 1. .
' ' '""'
W (-' . ". . .- "
UW1ES B. BOWAS9.
rims ikci. .
TOL39, KO. 26.
amiiq f onrnal, Drnofrb
Jo fmhmt &$nmmt;
Tiimkit, (Bkrafion, local
SaMHgmrr, anh t?t Htm
FEBRUARY' 21, 1855.
of i Datj."
'.- TXftMtt' ' '
on dolt-ar m ra-rr cam
fib umu or inuci.
WHOLE NO. 2004.
Poetry. A SNOW SHOWER.
Poetry. A SNOW SHOWER. A NEW SONG FROM AN OLD BARD.
leaa fcsra ay ary at, id Mrs. I pray.
Aaa aark ad aties the i
L, kwr aaa rmy.
Ml rit (NM BiM the MM -,. ' -
la Hlll Saba, her im e ,
- Flak, after Sake, u- ,
tkayaWtUtt aarkaa aUeat lata.
Faai raa ea.Mtir ri e.yne that aUaty veil ; .
Ma una. trm ta. skv life.
mrtwtiH la aw. aaa
AH. aieauiaa ewirtiy ar eettia alow.
.aa areaou l. tneeeata below; :
lis the eark aaa eilaat laka.;
i wataf thecleaa
Caeje aaauaw aewawva ta air. ilx.
way; .. ..
fata arn.aar aaa earlier aaaa aUll
-- flaka af tar aaka,
-4 -.-A .
rwiar. tier .Ode
Srea. their eallly ttrthrcleBa, aiai aaa army, .
O n eliayiar aieef their eaetaaay way ; ,
Am Maa4 wltm friead ar laat.aa vita wlla ,
I wkUt a ansaaiac la twtftar baata
aai aawm aa aww.tm ta. airiawMta. It.
Aau HiH ay awr.. iaiaavUycaa.nl.
toy tia, tiiaiiilTaUt aair aa.a.BT McM.
Thafcn.fcma aniaf Mdlaifcy. . - "
k.iU taair araaa aa alia : .
Vlak. after flaka, .
an la Cay (aaiWayai a tear ; ' ..: ;;
taaatataaaat at tri .nai. taa aaaa aaa aaaa, ..L. .
Vaa vara tar a (teaaad aaw an aat ;
AatfUataaaaMaHataad taaaaralaat, " ; , .
, Tlak. aftar flaka. '
AH laat la ta aark ana aileat laka, ' -' ":
' - ' - .-m -
Tat laat apala. for WwalaailtalrM.; -- r-- .
A gleam af alae aa a vaaar Hea ; i- .
Aadteraway, aataaawaataiaaiaa,- -.-.,-- :
A aaofceaai Uit fraa tar apca aMaa.
Wat the karrylBcaoat that flew aeta-aea
Tba cJaaa aaa Um water aaaiare la eeca ; r -
- Flake after flaka,- - -- ---
XWiuiaa Oeuaa BaraaT.
[From the Boston Transcript.]
SONGS. FROM THE GERMAN.
A wacttot are crrrpcth
Tape erery Teta, -.
Cloaeaa ar ahaaov kaepatk '
Toil vaary paia. '
I kaar the How km rllifc "
, 8. awarafvlly, -.They
eoBM, tkey ra.'bai Briaf
Ka aaaafe far am.
CnN,eeiM thy -rrtIUf Vs8. '
Ti an ta Tain! .
Tbi aunifwj tnrtk iln
T t -1 a
. ; ."Tbat the fraa aw art faoa,
i '.. Far, far away. - -
... ---ti m av ahadtnr kecpetk
V- '. Thla weary aaia. '
. A waatinf nr. ereepetk - '
. Thra erery raia. " "'
zj: " - It. - '-'
awraiar aartletfe artclitly, "
4 - ; Or wbaa ereBlnr o'er a. aeada,
-' I ia aye the raidaa bulaer.
') a waaat aia tba bean aaeaada. .
. ,s ,- f ?
-a J aa, tae xoaai aaa. flaaa
Larlnt to ta. 1otp4 u nih
: 0riAeaaMhr to aer Infant " ' -Bia(f
it ta aett aUlaby ; "
. WTirtber frin u (riaaa iaparai B,"
, HaM within hi. elaa. eatbraoa,
I Or th area ariaat aeatawa k,
r. Aakint alratiati aa Aia race;
" v 0rnM4yiarwarTorfael.lt.
v Aabi. laat tbaarht mtmt wara taaJa.
- -. . ary
SONGS. FROM THE GERMAN. Choice Miscellany.
DR. FRANKLIN AND HIS MOTHER.
was an idea of Dr. Tranklin's, if not
a: settled opinion, that a mother might
by a kind of instinct of natural affec
tion, recognise her children, eren though
;she hAd lost the recollection cf their fea
iores.' And on a Trait to his natire town
"of . Boston, after an absence of many
years, he determined to ascertain by ex
perisaent whether his theory was cor
rect or not . - , .
. . On' a bleak and chilly, day in the
month of February, the Doctor, late in
the afternoon, knocked on the door of
.liia mother's house, and. Asked to speak
Urith Mrs. Franktin."' He' Lund the old
3ady knitting before the parlor fire. He
"introduced himself, and observing that
.lie Understood she entertained travelers,
requested lodgings for the night
She eyed him with that eold look of
"disapprobation which most people Assume
'who imagine themselves Insulted br be
tng supposed to exercise ao employment
, which they deem a degree below their
real occupation in life. She Assured him
" he hAd been misinformed she did not
keep a tavern, nor did she keep a house
- 40 entertain strangers. . It was true, she
added, that U oblige some members of
the Legislstare, she took a small number
f them into her family during the ses-
sioa ; that she had k v members of the
s Council and six of the Hoaae of rep
resentatives, ho ibenboArded with her,
and that all her beds were full. .--
Having said this she resumed her knit
ting with thai intense application which
said, as forcibly an action could, if you
have concluded your business, the sooner
you leave the house the better.' But on
I the Doctor's wrapping hit coaI About
him. Affecting to shiver.- and observing
" that the weather was rery cold, she pout
ed to a chair and gave him leare to warm
rl himself. - r
"j" The entrance of boarders prereated
all farther conversation. Coffee wassooa
serred. And he partook with the rest of
the family. To the coffee, According to
the good old eusto.-n of the times, sme
" eeeded a piste of pippins, pies, and a
ipW of tblatci, when the wbtis rJbm
pflDj formed a cheerful Aeml-circle be
fore the fire.' . " " , .
.- FerbAps bo man erer possessed eol-
loquiaJ powers in a more fascinating d
gree than Doctor Franllin, &nd.Berer
was there an occasion on which he dU
plajed them to better advantage than
the present one. He drew the Attention
of the company by -the solidity of his
modest remarks, instructing them by the
varied new And striking Hghts in which
be. placed his subjects. And delighted
thea with apt illustrations and amusing
Thus employed, the hours passed mer
rily along until nipper was announced.
Mrs. Franklin, busied with her household
affairs, supposed the intruding stranger
had left the house immediately after
coffee, andit was with difficulty she saw
him seat himself at the table with the
freedom of the member of a family.
Immediately after supper, she called
an elderly gentleman, a member of the
Council, in whom she was accustomed
to confide, to another room, complained
bitterly of the rudeness of the stranger,
tola ins manner of hia in trod action to
her house, obserred that he seemed like
an outlandish sort of a man. i , She
thought he hAd something rery suspi
cious in. his appearance, and she con
cluded by asking her friend's ad rice as
to the wsy in which she could most ea
sily "rid herself of iris presence The
old gentlemsa assured her that the stran
ger was surely a young man of good
education, and, to all appearances, a gen.
Ueman that, perhAps, being in agree
able company, he pud no attention to
the lateness of the hour. He advised
her to call the stranger aside and repeat
her inability to lodge him. ..She accord
ingly sent her. maid to him, and with
as much complacency as she could com
mand, she reeapitnlAted the situstion of
her family, obserred thAt it grew lAte,
and mildly intimated thAt he would do
weljjo eek lodgings.
s The- Doctor replied thAt he would by
no means incommode . her farailr. but
with her learehe would smoke one more
pipe with her'boArders, and then retire.
He returned to the company, filled
his pipe, and with the first whiff his eon-
TersAtional powers returned with double
joined in the discussion, supported- the
colonial rights with new and forcible ar
guments, was familiar with the names of
influential men of the House when
Dudley was' governor;' recited (heir
speeches and applauded their noble de
fence of the charter of rights.
Daring a discourse so appropriately
interesting to the delighted company, no
wonder the'clock struck eleren nnper
ceived by them. Hot was it a wonder
that tbe patience of Mrs. Franklin be
came entirely exhAusted. She now en
tered the room And addressed the Doe
i. r . i i . .
tur unorc me wnoie company, wun a
warmth glowing with a determination to
be her own protectress. She told him
plainly that she thought herself imposed
on, bat that she had friends who would
defend her, and insisted thAt he should
immediately leave the house. '
The Doctor made A.slight Apology and
deliberately put on his greAt. cost and
hat, took polite leave of the company,
and approached the street door, attended
by the mistress and lighted by the maid.
While the Doctor And his companions
hAd been enjoying themselves within, a
most tremenduous storm of wind and
rain had occurred without, and no sooner
bad the maid lifted the latch tban a roar
ing north-easter forced open the door,
extinguished the light, and almost filled
the entry with drifted snow and haiL
As. soon as the candle was re-lighted,
the Doctor cast'a woful look towards (he
door, and thus addressed his mother :
"My dear madam, can you turn me
out fat this storm ? I am a stranger in
this town, and will perish in the street
Yom look like a charitable lady I should
not think you could torn' a dog from your
house this eold and stormy night
" Don't talk of charity," replied bis
mother; "chArity begins at home. It
your own fault, not mine, that you
have tarried so long. - To be plain with
you, sir, I do not like either your looks
your conduct, and fear you have some
bad design in thus intruding yourself
into my family. -
The warmth of this parley had drawn
the company from the parlor, and. by
their united interference the stranger was
permitted to lodge in the house ; and as
no bed could bs had, he consented to
rest in the easy chair before the parlor
fire. " . . .( "
- Though the boarder.; apprtrel tit&d-
fide in the stranger's honesty, it was not
so with Mrs. Franklin. With suspicious
caution she collected her silver spoons,
pepper-box and porringer from her closet,
and siW securing her parlor door by
sticking a fork over the latch, carried
the valuables 10 her chAmber, charging
the negro man to sleep with his clothes
on, to take the great eleaver to bed with
him, and to waken and seize the vagrant
at the first noise he should make in at
tempting to plunder.
Mrs. Franklin rose be ore the sun,
then roused her domestics, and was quite
agreeably surprise 3 to find her guest qui
etly sleeping in his chair. She awoke
him . with a cheerful good morning, in
quired how he rested and invited him to
partake of her breakfast, which was ar
ways served previous to that of her
boarders. - t
"And pray, sir,1' said Mrs.' Franklin,
as you appear to be a stranger in Bjs-
ton, to what distant country do you be-
"I belong, madam, to the Colony of
Pennsylvania,, and reside in Philadel
phia." At the mention of Philadelphia
the Doctor declared he for the first time
perceived something like emotion in her.
"Philadelphia:'', said she, while the
earnest anxiety of a mother suffused her
eye ; "woy, U you live in rhilAdelphiA
perhAps you know my Ben ?"
"Ben Franklin, my dear Ben. Oh,
how I would give the world U see him !
He is the dearest son thst ever blessed a
mother. ' -
f What! is Ben Franklin, the printer,
your son? Why he is my most intimate
friend. He and I worked together and'
lodged in the same 'room." . I
"OhtHeATen forgive me 1" exclaimed
the Udy, raising her tearful eyes, "and
have I suffered a friend of my own Ben,
to sleep upon this hard chair, while I
myself rested upon a soft bed I" . .
Mrs, Franklin then told her unknown
guest that thougbTTieTiacr t)eeiTKbseTit
from her ever since he was a child, she
eould not fail to know him among a
thousand strange faces, for there was a
natural feeling ih the breast of every
mother, which 'she knew would enable
her without the possibility of a mistake
to recognize her son in any disguise he
might assume. - ' i-
Franklin doubted, and took leare to
ilispute his mother's proposition on the
power ot natural feeling. He said he
liad tried this 'natural feeling' in his own
mother, and found it sadly deficient in
the power she ascribed to it. 7 ;
"And did your mother,"inquired she.
"not know you? or if she did not seem
to know you, was there hot, in her kind.
net to you, an evidence that she saw
something in your appearance that was .'
dear to her, so that she could not resist '
treating yon with particular tenderness '
; "No, indeed," replied Franllin, "she
neither knew me, nordid Jsbe treat me
with the least symptom of kindness.
She would have turned me out of doors
but for the interposition of strangers.
She would hardly be persasided to let
me sit at her table. I knew I was in
my mother's house, and had a' claim
upon her hospitality ; and, therefore,
you may suppose, when she peremptorily
commanded me to leare the house, I was
in no hurry to obey."
'Surely,' interrupted his mother, she
eould not have treated you so nnmotherly
without some cause?' '
"I gave her none," replied the Doctor.
She would tell you herself I had al
ways been a dutiful son, that she doated
upon mei and that when I came to her
house as a stranger,' my behavior was
scrupulously correct and respectful. It
was a stormy night, and I had been ab
sent so long that I had become a stran
ger in the place.; I told my mother this,
sod yet, so little was she influenced, by
thst 'natural feeling' of which you. speak,
thAt she Absolutely refused me a bed, and
would hardly suffer what she called my
presumption in taking a seat at the table.
But this was not the worst ; no sooner
was the rapper ended, than my .good
mother told me, with aa air of solemn
earnestness, that I must leave her house.
- Franklin then proceeded to describe
the scene at the front door the snow
drift that came so opportunely into the
entry his appeal to her 'natural feel
ing, of a mother her unnatural and un
feeling rejection of his prayerand final
ly, her Tery reluctant, compliance with -the
' solicitations of other persons in his
behalf that he be permitted to sleep on
a chair. . '; , . ' , ', P
Every word in this touching recital,
went horns to the heart of Mrs. Franklin,
who could not fail to perceive ' thAt it -was
a true narrative of the events of the -preceeding
night in her own house ; and '
while she endeavored to escape from the
self-reproach that she had acted the part
of an unfeeling mother, she could not ea-':
sily fVsUt&edonvttr& thai fhestran-1
ger, who became more And more inter
esting to her as he proceeded in his dis
course, was indeed her own son. But
when she observed Xhe tender ex
prosiveness of his eyes as he feelingly
recapitulated the circumsta. .es under
which she attempted to turn him shelter
less into the street, her maternal convic
tion overcame all remaining doubt, and
she threw herself into' his arms, exclaim
ing: ' '
It must be it must be my dear Ben 1"
WHITHER ARE WE DRIFTING?
BY HENRY WARD BRECHER.
It is often asksd, If the North ere so im
measurably superior to the South in intel
ligence, moral power And wealth, why has
the South gained political power so rapid
ly for the past fifty years, until now she
controls the policy of this nation I .
Tbe reason is two-fold :
I. The North is a community of indus
tries. ' Every man is busy in building up
bis home, and enriching it for his children.
Our Northern people sre educated to in
tensely mind theirown business. But the
South has a different state of Society.
Slave labor sets free Irom industry a large
class of men, who, being Aristocrats, not
by nature alone, but by the o'ganization of;
the Southern society, have any degree of
leisure to attend to politics. "
There is, then, a very different aptitude
for power between the. North and the
Northern society is democratic ; South
ern, aristocratic. ' A democracy tends to
produce power, but ditlrlbuUt it. An
aristocracy produce! but little, but it Ab
sorbs and concentrates power, never dis
tributing. The North strengthenstoo'ery;
the South government. The North makes
the citizens, full, self-reliant, productive,
independent. Such men do not cohere
easily into pliant parties.: The South
finds an easy task in forming parties of
plastic elements, and wielding them ef
fectively. The first reason foe the gradu
al superiority of ihe Sauth in political
power, then, lies in the fact thst an aris
locrcay; in its rery nature, is better adapt
ed for the absorption and the retention of
power than is a democracy, which in its
nature, germinates power, but disperses it
among individuals. - -
2. There is a second reason yet more
subtle, and more dangerous. '
. The North is industrious and productive.
Each man thrives; and seeks to thrive.
The interior idea and essential spirit of our
community, is for each man to build up
his little kingdom of a family. .
-. It pi not the sordid lore of money. : It is
not a grasping, avaricious, selfish spirit of
commerce. ' It is a national disposition to
strengthen the individual and the family
by - productive industry. Out of this
grows, sometimes, to be sure, selfishness ;
but generally aa over-grown concern for
one's own affairs, and a neglect of national
affairs. Citizens want a national policy
which will leave them room to work, end
a certainty of acquiring.
- Now; it is through this known feeling of
the North, that the South has contrived to
bribe and seduce her from fidelity to her
own more sacred principles.
It has been subtely said. You shall
have leisure and peace, if you will only
acquiesce in such and such measures.
These measures were subtile changes in
favor of absolutism and against republi
canism. .. At each aggressive step tbe
South has been fiercely met at first by
the indignant North ; but as a thief quiets
a dog with a bit of poisoned meat thrown
to him, so the South has cast to the North
a temptation peculiarly seductive to men
who are given to industry. Thus for the
sake of peace, for the sake' of avoiding
agitstions unfavorable to commerce and
productive industry, the North has grad
ually yielded step by step, until now, if
new slave Sta'es are carved out of Kan
sas, there will be no more to give. The
balance of power will change. The
South will be able to control and dictate
policy -without circumspection or bribes.
When it comes, what will the North
do ? So soon as hr connection with the
Sjuth begins to be a practical And home
AnnoyAnce, and touches the interests of
the North, she will rise up, like Lazarus,
bound hand and foot with grave clothes,
and demand that she be loosed : set free.
In that day, our Union will be like flax I
before flame. When the Union promotes
thrift, its value is beyond all computing. 1
When it is against thrift, it will be found j
that its value will be cast out, and trod
den under foot of men. -
"We are marching as straight upon dis
union as erer people did, and blindfolded.
Forp?ace and Union sake, we are giving
the South an advantage, which, when
once secured, they will use to goad the
North to inevitable rupture. Those men
who counsel peace and acquiesccnces
now, counsel disunion and belligerency
hereafter. - Their words are smoother
than oil, but the poison of asps is under
the'tr tongues'. It u always. sb-r Men
will not foresee. Our fathers did foresee:
their children have not the gift. We
shall probably og on ; and when the
work is done, and every omen and saga
ions prediction eomes to pass, then we
shall wonder, and repent, and buOd the
sepulchres of the men that we now exe
crate. . ,
- The facility with which the aroused
indignation of the whole North has been
extinguished by the miserable perfidy of
the so-called American party, is morti
fying, and sorrowfully prophetic. By
years of persistent labor, the conscience
and honor of multitudes of the North had
been aroused. They began to see and
value the real principles fundamental to
American institutions. Under the shal
low pretense that Know-Nothing lodges
would, by -and-by .become the champions
of liberty, as now they are of the Prot
estant faith, thousands have been in
veigled into these catacombs of freedom.
One might as well study optics in the
pyramids of Egypt, or the subterranean
tombs of Rome, as liberty in secret con
claves controlled by hoary knaves versed
ia political intrigue, who can hardly
enough express their surprise and delight
to find honest men going into a wide
spread system of secret caucuses.
Honest men in such places hare the pe
culiar advantage that flies hare in a spi
der's web the privilege of losing their
legs, of buzzing without flying, and of
being eaten up at leisure by big bellied
We sre heartily agreed with the ori g
inal movers of the Know Nothing enter
prise, that the foreign population require
special attention. Their naturalization
should be after a longer probation ; the
offices, State and Municipal, should not
be filled up with hungry foreigners; the
American language should be the only
one in which public documents should be
printed ; and every means should be
employed to break up distinctly foreign
organisations in our midst, and to pro
mote a speedy absorption and digestion
of the whole foreign vlement. But while-
these ends command our approval, we
disapprove of a method of accomplishing
them which is at variance with the whole
spirit of our institutions, and which ena
bles crafty politicians to turn the organi
zation into a tool for purposes of private
ambition, and of Southern domination.
: Already the enthusiasm of the North
burns like a flame a mephitic gas.
Strongmen Are weak. They thst were
wise of speech are dumb ; and many a
Sampson has' risen from the lap of his
Delilah, shorn and weak. It only remains
that they should carry out Sampson's
history, grind awhile in eyeless solitude,
and they will be ready to free themselves,
and destroy their foes, by bowing them
selves upon the Tery pillars on which
our temple of liberty stands, and gain
their release amid the ruins of the Union!
When will men understand that simple,
open integrity, an unflinching adhesion
to Principle, is tbe peculiar advantage of
Truth and Liberty? A.11 that the Right
asks is air, light, an open enemy, and
room to strike. It is Wrong that sneaks
in the dark, and gains by the stiletto.
ARTIST'S MODELS IN ROME.
I am a good deal interested and amused
by the professional models who " most do
congregate" on the great flight of steps
leading up to tbe Trinila di Monti from ;
the Piazza di Spagna. There ere often '
to be seen picturesque and varied groups,
snd single figures of striking character.
Handsome peasant women, with charm. :
ing brown babies wild long-haired boys j
from the mountains raven-bearded i
young men and snowy-headed old men
and coquetish young girls, with flashing I
eyes and dashing costumes. There is
one grand-looking old man, with a boun-!
teous white beard, who U said to do great j
business in the saintly and patriarchial '
line. He is a multitudinous Moses, and !
ineshaustible Joseph, and the pictorial
stock Peter of many seasons. There is :
also a powerful, handsome, dark, and ter- j
rible looking fellow, who does the brigand
and bravo. These various candidates
for artistic favor seem to have the most
social and agreeable relations with each I
other indeed, I have remarked the pa- .
triarch chatting and laughing with the j
brigand in a familiar manner, and scarce
ly in keeping with bis venerable charac
ter. But let an artist or two ascend the
steps, and presto! the dark-eyed girls j
cease their idle gossip, and spring into !
position look archly or mournfully over'
-i i r. i i J i t i i I
Ilia leu anouiuer, ur wun viaapeu nanus
modestly contemplate the pavement ; the
pretty peasant woman snatches up tbe
baby she had left to creep about at its
own sweet will, and bends over it tenler
and Madona-like ; while, at a word from
her, a skin-clal little shepherd boy drop,
his game of pitch-penny, and takes up
his ro! of St. Jjfan. . Perhaps a dark, dig-
nifnd, but somewhat rheumatic old wo--
man, with her head wrapped up Ha)
brown clo'-Vrasics a abda&l venture
herself ss St. Anna ; while the fine old
man I have described makes the most of I
the comparatively unimportant character
of St. Joseph, or separating himself en
tirely from tbe group, looks authoritative
as Moses, or inspired as Isaiah, or reso
lute as Peter. The handsome bravo or
brigand gives a fiercer twist to his mous
tache, slouches bis pointed black hat, ap
pears to be concealing a dagger under
his brown cloak, or on ihe point of draw,
ing an imaginary pistol from his belt,
sets hisleetb, scowls, and cultivates the
diabolical generally. It is altogether, a
very amusing and skillful process of can
vassing. Gback GtzsirwooD.
[From the New Orleans Picayune.]
WHIPPING A SLAVE TO DEATH.
First District Cocat Judge Robert
sonState versus Aimee Dietz and Eliza
Dimitry, wife of John Dimitry. Indict
ment for murder. Ibe prisoners are
charged with causing the death of the
slsve girl, Lida, the property of Lochan
metle, on the 19th of November last, by
cruelly beating and whipping her, when
already in a feeble state of health, from
previous ill-treatment, with a cowhide,
on various parts of the body, on the 16th
of the same month. Mrs. Deitz is the
mother of Mrs. Dimitry, and resides tn
the house with her daughter, and the
slave Lida was a servant in the family
Attorney General Morse and District At
torney Tappan appeared for the State,
and Judge Larne and Judge Bermudez
for the prisoners. ' ; . .
The counsel f r the acotrsed moved a
severance of the defence, in order that
tba husband of Mrs. Dimitry might ap
pear as a "witness for Mrs. Dietz. - This
motion was overruled, and the taial pro
ceeded. ' ' "' 1 ' " '-"
Mrs. Caroline Constant, a German wo
man, testified that she lives near the ac
cused, and that for a period of six weeks
or more up to within a few days of the
death of the deceased, she had known tbe
deceased to be- whipped by the accused
every day on an average as often as ten
times a day, there being each time some
five or six blows inflicted.
Mary Clark, a servant in the family
from the week prior to the death of the
deceased to the present time, testified
that she bad known the accused to whip
the deceased for stealing, but not in a
cruel manner ; and that when the slave
was taken sick, they were very kind and
attentive to her up to the hour of her
Another witness testified ss to the whip
ping of the deceased.
Dr. Mercier, who attended the poet
mortem examination, testified that he found
several worms in the deceased ; that the
deceased was afflicted with the worm dis
ease ; that this disease was the immediate
cause of the death ; that there were many
marks, bruises and flesh wounds on the
body of the decessed, spparently caused
by some instrument of punishment ; thst
tho punishments which caused these
wounds might accelerate the termination
of the ditease which afflicted the slave,
but that thev were not in her case the
immediate cause of death.
Drs. Faget and Velete, who were also
present at the poet-morlem examination
testified as to the numerous marks and
-bruises and flesh wounds oft the body of
the deceased, and also as to the existence
of a worm disease, but they differed with
the previous witness as to the worm dis
ease being the immediate cause of the
death. This they considered a mistake.
They thought the injuries' were the im
mediate cause of the death.
Dr. Turpin was called for the defence
and testified that he attended the deceased
slave during her illness ; that she had
convulsions; that her sickness was caused
by worms ; and that she died of the worm
disease ; and that he gave his certificate
of her death to that tffart. At this stage
of the trial, ( nearly 7 o'clock ) one of
the jurors wss taken auddenly ill, and
being removed from the Court room, was
found to be ia so critical a state that it
would be impossible to proceed with the
trial. Accordingly, the Court discharged
the jury, and continued the cause to a
. Waxkixq ok Rzd-Uot Ia. A lec
ture recently delivered in London by
Professor Pepper, of Polytechnic Insti
tute, before a large audience of mechan
ics, in which he remarked that the set
ting of the Thames on fire wss no lon
ger a joke, but a reality. By dashing a
a small bottle of sulphuric ether with a
few panicles of metal potasium into a
flat cistern a bright flame was produced,
which illuminated the whole space. He
laid down four plates of red-hot iron up
on four bricks, and one of his atten
dants walked over them barefoot with
out injury. . By wetting his finger in
ammonia the Professor dipped them into
a crucible of melted 1 ad, and let the
metal run off into the shape of bullets
into a shallow cistern of water.
[From the Pitt. Dispatch.]
AN OLD "MERCURY"
W are- indebted to a friend tor a copy
of the Pittsburgh Mercury, of March 0,
1814 nearly forty-one years old. " The
paper was in its secondyear ; published
by John M. Soowden, Esq.' r Pittsburgh
wss then a borough. The war between
England and this country wss raging, and
tbe paper is chiefly filled with reports of
land and naval operations. General Hull's
trial for the surrender of Detroit was then
pending. The frigate President had just
returned from a cruise in which she bad
run past tbe blockading fleet, succeeded
in destroying a number of English mer
chant vessels, and rescued the American
schooner Comet, which had been captured
by the enemy; tbe privateer Governor
Tompkins hsd also returned home after
escaping from an English frigate, from
which she had "caught a tartar" having
mistaken her tor a merchantman. - The
ooly persons killed on the General Tomp
kins were two colored seamen, John John
son end John Davis, of whom Captain
Shsler makes this mention:
"The name of one of my poor fellows
who wss killed ought to bs registered in
the books of Fame, and remembered with
reverence ss long as bravery is consider
ed a vime. He was a black man by the
name of Johm Joknton. A 24 lb. shot
struck him io the hip, and took away all
the lower part of bis body. In this state
the poor brave follow lay on the deck,
snd several times exclaimed to his ship
mates, "Fire a way my toys ! Xo kesul m
Gen. Wilkinson had just burnt the boats
and barracks at .French Mills, snd was
pressing on to Plsttsburg, Malooe And
Sackett's Harbor, to meet the British ; the
corvette John Adams waa waiting at New
York to take on board Messrs. Clay and
Russell, appointed to meet tho English
commissioners at Gottenburg, to negotiate '
for peace. Jonathan Roberts, then M. C. .
from Montgomery county, had just been
elected U.JL Senator in ptace of Dr. MJ.-7
chael Leib, reeignei I Tbe "Ohio Com-'
pany" had just been organized here, "for
the purpose of raising a fund to assist tbe
farmers, mechanics and merchants in the
purchase and sale of such artioles as they
respectively raise, make, manufacture, or
deal in." Capital to consist of $250,000.
The Washington (Pa.) Bank was just be
ing com me need books of subscription to
be opened" on tbe 25th of March, 1314.
Tbe Pittsburgh Steam Mill was then pay.
ing 1,25 per bushel for wheat, and 6 2s.
for corn end rye. Nathaniel Holmes had
his "porter and ale bottling cellar" under
Mr. Grant's store on Market street, be
tween Third and Fourth. Cramer, Spear
And Eichbaum were selling and publish
ing books. C. Yon Bon bo rat advertised
for a shepherd at his residence above
Turtle Creek. 8. Murdoch was Secre
tary of the Western Medtcal Society.
5. Englea it Co were just dissolving
partnership aa printers. Peebles, Twee
dy & Ok, were making hats. J. Johntson
6, Co., selling groceries, die. ' (We no
tice, as a fact which would be curious
now, that very few of the advertisers took
the trouble to mention their place of bus
iness. The borough was then "small po
tatoes," snd everybody knew everybody
snd everybody's business.
HUGH MILLER'S FIRST LESSONS.
We commend the following charming
thing, from the Autibiography of Hugh
Miller, the distinguished geologist, to the
special Attention of teAchers of young ch 3
"I had just been sent, previous to my
father's death, to a dame's school, where
I was taught to pronounce my letters to
such an effect ia the old Scottish mode,
that still, when I attempt spelling a word
aloud, which is not often, for I find the
process a very perilous one, the aa'
and m's, and As and mane, return upon
me, and 1 hare to translate tliem with no
little hesitation, as I go along, into more
modish sounds. A knowledge of the let
ters themselves I had Already acquired by
studying the sign-posts of the place,
rare works of Art, that ezoited my utmost
admiration, with jugs and glasses, and bot
tles, and ships, and loaves of bread upon
tliem, all of which could, as the articles
had intended, be actually recognized.
During my sixth year I spelt ray wsy,
under the dame, through the short Cate
chism, the Proverbs, and the New Testa
ment, and then entered upon the highest
form, ss a member of the Bible Class ; but
all the while the process of acquiring
learning had beeo a dark one, which I al
ways mastered, in humble confidence in
the awful wisdom of the school-mistress,
not knowing wbilber it tended ; when at
ooce my mind awoke to the meaning of
the most delightful of all narrations, the
story of Joseph. Was there ever such
discovery made before ! I ae:u J.'y found
out for myself, that the art of reading is
the art of finding stories in books: aaJ
from that moment reading bocami one ot
the nt3rf djtigUtful ol my aimwttiunU. '
1 began by getting into a course on tbe
cfisrruasaJ of the school, and then conning
over to myself the new-found story of Jo..
!ph : nor did one perusal erve ; -the
other Scripture stories followed, ia es-
pecial, the story of Ssmpsoa and the Phi
listines, of David and Goliah, of the propb -
ets Elijah And Elisha; and after these
came the Nsw Testament stories and par
The kind most known snd best adapted '
to All kinds of soil, is the Bell Vsriety ";
or Egg ShAped, and moscultivated ia
New England. They can be propagated
the seed, or from cuttings, or by
transplanting. The last method is most '
frequently adopted. The first crop ob
tained by planting the seed will be one
or two years later than that produced by
transplanting. . When cultivated, the
berries are large and Abundant ; ; after -'
being gathered, they turn from light scar-
let to deep red. and. sometimes almoe -buck
They will keep a very long tint ,
if not gathered too early. They shook :'
remain on the Tines until it is. necessary
to gather them from the frost. They '
should be properly dried by spreadianf
them thin for three or four weeks; they
eaa then be packed and sent to any part
of the world. ' If gathered too early, '
while some of the berries are green, they ''
willnot keep. , .. ' " V
The soil most suitable for their growth
is poor swampy land, where nothing else
will grow." Thev grew naturally oa -watery
', bogs ao4 ,m arsh.es,. and bear
abundantly on marshes covered with
coarse sand, entirely destitute of organ
ic matter of any kind, but accessible ft,
moisture on. pare peat covered with
sand; and on every variety of soil, ex-'
Cptelay or sand, liable' to become hard,
and bake in dry weather but notso ah and-.
antly on dry soil, (unless treated as ree-
oinmended by Mr. Bates of Mass.) He
has raised 300 bushels to the sere, by
apreaating eavarrtiaj-of meadow fmuck
on the soil. After harrowingthe'soU.
plant them in drills. For cultivating the
Cranberry on poor swampy land it should
be drained, (and the surface taken off
for a compost heap) And sand or gravel
aarted in, or plowed and harrowed X
sometimes it can be burnt over, so as io .
get it in a condition to set out the phuts
then lay out the ground as you would
for setting Cabbage, Strawberry or other
plants. Have a pointed stick or dibble,
and make a hole for -the plants-hare
the roots emerged in. muddy water so
thick as to adhere to the root place it
ia the hole, and press the dirt very close
ly around it. To have the rows uniform,
draw a line and put the plants, 18 by
20 inches, in rows where small patches
are desired, which ean be kept , clean
with a hoe the nearer they are togeth
er the quicker they cover the ground
but where acres are planted, it will save
much labor by patting them 2 to JJ feet
apart, then a plow or harrow can be used
to keep out the grass and weeds until
thsy cover the ground.
At 1 8 inches Apart, it will take 1 9,000
plants; 2 feet, 10,000 ; 2J feet 7,000
plants to the acre. After one or two
years cultivation, to keep out the grass,
they will take care6f themselves. Where
the ground is shaky or loose, two or three
inches of sand is sufficient on the sur
face. A more simple mods where there fa
hardly anything but brushes and bogs,
then strike a hoe into the soil, and raise
it a little to insert the roots and press the
soil slightly with the foot. -
They ean be planted out in the fall at
the North, from .September until the
ground freezes, or in the Spring until the
middle or last of May at the South
from Jaunary until April. Ereiy family
can have their garden patch ia that ease,
and in dryish soil, grass, meadow muck
or tan around the plant, which wQl be
beneficial to retain the moisture. No
animal or vegetable manure should be
used, as the fruit draws most of its moist
ure from the atmosphere. Th poorer
the soil the less eultivation needed. The
first year they often bear 50 bushels to
the acre, and increase every year, until
sometimes they bear from 200 to 300
bushels per acre. Perhaps the net av
erage is from 100 to 150 bushels per
They are highly ornamental in pota
the fruit hanging on the plants until
the blossom appears for the next crop.
One man with a rake made for the
purpose, win gather from thirty to forty
bushels a day, with a boy to pick up the
Prices under 500 plants 50 ets. per
100, for 10,000, 30 ets. per 100.
A genius out West was invited to take
a game of poker, but he refused, saying,
M No, I thankee ; I played poker all one
I summer, and had to wear Nankeen pants
all the rn-xt winter. I have had no taste
for that amusement since."
xml | txt