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title: 'Western Reserve chronicle and weekly transcript of the times. (Warren, Ohio) 1854-1855, March 14, 1855, Image 2',
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Cjmmirle anfr (transcript.
K D. HOWARD,
J. D. COX. : : : :
: : : : Edito akd Pmorsurro..
: : : Associm Eoitue-
Warren, "Wednesday, March 14.
When the Congress of last winter
passed the Xabrasta and Kanzas bill,
the indignation which flashed from the
Northern press, and the universal voice
of execration which arose from the
aroused masses of the free States, start
led the perpetrators ot that shameful
iniquity into a fear that they had taken
a step too far, and secured a triumph
which had in it the seeds of a future dis
astrous defeat. When Charles Scvxer
cried down to .hem from the elevated po
sition of a true senator, fit to represent
a free and enlightened people, "This
is the besnnin of the end!" and de-
clared to them in tones of eloquent
prophecy, that from the darkness of thai
outrage should rise the star of a new
and brighter dawn, then, even through
the bacchanalian revels of mad joy with
w hich the slavocratsof f e capitol hailed
the success of their diabolical scheme,
there flashed a sensation of fear, a
foreboding of the swift-coming future ;
and when the reports of mightymeet
inga held all over the country came
crowding each other along the wires,
which thrilled with sentient lightning,
some of the more cautious and less ex
citable looked blank "and whispered with
pale hps, 'they come!" In view of
this obvious danger there was one hope
to which these political traitors turned
for,1 consolation and encouragement;
"there would be a reaction" there
would be a little "fuss" made about it,
but before another important election
came round the thing would be forgotten.
Your thorough-bred demagogue has no
confidence in the intelligence or stability
of the common people. He believes
them ignorant, fickle and forgetful. He
looks upon them as "raw material" to be
managed Jy the exercise of his superior
cunning and forethought lor his own dis
honest ends. It is a theory borrowed
from, and born in, the diseased despo
tism of the old world, where the forced
ignorance and degradation, of the work
ing classes have given it the stamp of
truth ; but the time has come when in
the jree States of America, that is false
of ' American freemen, which in Russia
may be true of serfs and slaves. Hence
this reaction so confidently prophecied
by the Douglasites has failed to come to
the rescue. The recent senatorial elec
tions have deepened those fears, at first
so faint in pro-slavery hearts, to definite
and vigorous apprehension. Yet there
is but one cry which the Nebraskaite
can raise to cheer on his drooping and
disappointed followers "a reaction will
As an instance cf remarkable tenacity
- "under difficulties," we quote the fol
lowing from the Trumbull Democrat of
LTbere. is a reaction taking place in
the public mind ; the furore of tempo
rary excitement is subsiding under the
temperate' pressure of the "sober second
Truly; "Hope springs eternal in the
human heart!" The Democrat man is
undoubtedly a person of vivid imagina
tion, with an mm vailed power of self de
ception ; but whether his readers will all
possess those qualifications to as great a
degree is, to say the least of it doubtful.
He fails to indicate a single tign of this
wonderful reaction. If he could only
give ua a-glimpse of the evidences of
the temporary character of the ami-Nebraska
exciiement" he would contribute
to the enlightenment of the public and
ourselves. Give us light, friend Ritezel !
Our neighbor of the Democrat seems
determined to misunderstand or mistep
resent us. For instance in his last issue
after giving the following extracts he
charges us with inconsistency :
" Just so far as the Know Nothings, or
aay other organization of men, take
thorough and consistent Anti-Slavery
action, just so far are we with them.
and no farther." Chronicle, of March
Resolved, That the emigrants and ex
iles from the Old World, should find a
cordial welcome to homes of comfort and
fields of enterprise in the New : and every
attempt to abridge their privileges of be
coming citizens and owners of the sol
among us, ought to be resisted with in
flexible determination. Resolution of
Free Soil National Convention of 1 852.
Now we put it to the good sense of
both the readers of the Democrat and
Chronicle, whether the comparison of
these two articles justifies any one in
saying that " the Chronicle has no serious
objection to a most detestable species of
white slavery, but laments unceasingly
over the humiliation of the "poor black."
If' (his latter sentence has any mean'
- ing we should like to have it shown. We
endorse now, as ever, both the extracts
where is the inconsistency ?
The Pennsylvania Legislature has re
scinded its resolution postponing the elec
tion of U. S. Senator until October, and
was to make another at'empt yesterday
i:o report yet of the result. Cameron
was expected to be on the track again.
Asthont -Carter, nn old colored citi
zen, well known to every resident of
Warren; lor many years past, died sud
denly last week, agd, as is supposed 70
years, lie had been a slave in Kentucky
in earr life, but was brought into Oiiin,
and freed. He was a teamster in the
American army, at the time of Hull's
surrender, but wa finally restored with
o:her prisoners and brought to Cleveland,
from whence lie crime to Warren, and
e-tabiislud himself as a barber, in which
cittrng ha continued until within a few
.years of his death. His remains were
f Jlo'ved to the grave by a large number
of 'color; d citizen.
" The 'Court o -Cosmos Pleas com-me..-ci-.l
its spring session in Warren on
Ma. Thackeray expects to spend next
winter in the United States.
Tub peach crop is thought to be un
injured in the vicinity of Sandusky.
Harper is about to issue a volume of
miscellanies from the pen of Bancroft,
Miss Martixkau is said to be dan
geroulj ill from a disease or the heart.
She is not expected to recover.
Fred Douglas, the popular colored
orator and writer, it is said, has a volume
in press at Auburn.
The Postmaster General of Can
ada has determined that all newspapers
shall pass free in Canada. A sensible
Thb Journal states that nearly all the
hotels and saloon keepers in Columbus,
have been complained of for violating
the liquor law.
A brakman named William Harris, fell
between the Cincinnati and Dayton road
on Monday, and the train passed over
his body, mangling it horribly.
Mrs. Mary McMcrrat, wife of a
watchmaker in Toronto, cut her throat
with a razor last week. She left several
Thb venerable widow of President
Harrison has recovered her health. Six
has been dangerously sick during the
Thk President has signed the bill for
the payment of the Texas creditors.
There is now 823,439,500 in the U. S.
Treasury subject to draft.
Billy Bowlegs, the renowned Flori
da warrior, has 200 warriors left. He
still refuses to leave his old haunts in
It is evident thai George Law, the X.
Y. contractor and Steam Boat operator,
is the favorite candidate of the N. Y.
Herald for the next President of the
Judge Carter, of the Cincinnati Com
mom Pleas, has decided that the power
to imprison is con fe red upon Justices
of the Paece, for violations of the liquor
The entire Prussian mercantile navy
numbers only 829 vessels with an ag
gregate tonnage of 267,000 tons. Stettin
is thegreatest ship owning port. The
averages ize of the vessels is 320 tons.
The first term of the Federal Court
for the Northern District of Ohio, will
be held in Cleveland, on the 23d of Mar.
The even! is expected to add largely to
the business of that prosperous city.
Fraxcis T. Porter, for many years
one of the Editors of the N. T. Picayune,
died in February. He was a talented
writer, and brother of W. F. Porter, ed
itor of the N. Y. Spirit of the Times.
We are sorry to learn that Mr. Benton
lost the dates and notes for the 2J vol
ume of his "Thirty Years intheSenate,"
together with other important documents,
books, &c, by the recent destruction of
his house in Washington.
The Whigs of Connecticut have re
nominated the State ticket they so tri
umphantly elected last year. Henry
Dutton is their candidate for Governor.
The election will come off n the first1
Monday of April.
The Indiana Legislature has 'adjourn
ed wilhout electing a U. S. Senator, or
any other State officer. There was a
majority of Republicans on joint ballot,
but the Seuate, having a small majority
of die Slave Democracy, refused to go
into joint ballot.
Mr. Winegakdser, a Cincinnati watch
man, wus attacked on Friday night by a
powerful Irishman who was delirious
from mania potu, and terribly beaten.
By the aid of his club, the watchman
at last got the advantage of the madman,
and with the help of others secured him.
GaATif riKo. The Zanesville Courier
is in fine spirits at the prospect of the
Cincinnati, Wilmington and Zanesville
Railroad being completed eatlj in July
next A contract has been concluded
with the Wheeling Iron Works for a suf
ficicnt quantity of Rails tj finish the
road from Lancaster to Zanesville.
A terrible accident occurred recently
at Martinsville, Indiana. In raising the
cupola on a new Baptist Church, the
scaffolding gave way, and the timbers,
roof and joists were carried to the celler,
burying under the ruins twelve of the
workmen. Eight of tho twelve were se
riously injured, four fatally.
The Richmond Whig states that the
notorious John Mitchell, who longed for
"a plantation and slaves in Arkansas,"
is about to leave New York and remove
with his family to Tennessee, being in
fluenced to that step principally by a de
sire to raise his children in the South.
His intention is to engage in farming.
The Kansas Fiee Slate learns that a
Mr. Thompson, of that territory, has de
tei mined to make a visit to the Rocky
Mountains in a wagon propelled by wind.
He intends to take 30 persons 17 seats
being engaged and will start about the
first of June. The Free State says he
has succeeded very weilso far as he has
tried his plan.
Mr. Bolton of Indianapolis, the hus
band of Mrs. Bolton who writes such
glorious poetry, has been appointed Con
sul at Geneva. The Journal is rejoiced,
because " his gifted lady, who has gain
ed for our State abcul all the poetical
reputati n it possesses, will thus have
an opportunity to ste, and receive inspi
ration from the grand scenery of the J
Thb National Agricultural Society has'
elected M. P. Wilder of Mass., President,
a Vice President from each State. W. j
S. King of Boston, Secretary, and B. B.
French, Treasurer. Dr. Watts, of Ross
Co., is i n of the Execu ive Committee,
After a warm debate, the association
resolutions' o' jeeting to tho doc- j
of fne trade for ag icu'lure, and
protection f.r other interest. ,
[For the Chronicle.]
ship recked on the reefs or s' rands of
parly im, could ever have entertained
an opposite "opinion.
But, be it observed, the people was
the other c ntracling party. And it
must be a self-evident fact, that the
right? and privileges secured to them
passed selves, as the other ptrtyby those char
trine ters to banks, wire just as inviolable ar.d
a; such entitled iu good faith tj Leguard-
I regard our 10 per cent, interest law
a fraudulent act an act that has proved
suicidal to the best interests of the greet
mass of our fellow citizens, in a pecun
iary point of view, just as far as it has
effected them ; and uniformly demoral
izing in its tendencies.
But first, as to its unjust and fraudu
lent aspects and effects. The common
sense of the people of this State has been
lately expressed through her delegates in
our new C nstituiion, and by them sub
sequently rat tied ; prohibiting by a Con
stitutional provision partial legislation in
money mat ers actually requiring all
property (cot exempted,) to be tixed
"by a uniform rule." From this I de
duce a fundamental, settled principle con
tained in our fundamental or organic
law, viz: that no partiality shall per
vade our laws, in favor of, or against any
one class of our citizens in relation to
This rule or principle can as certainly
and effectually be sinned against by
granting privileges to one class of cH
zens in relation to their property, which
is denied to an other class in relation
to the same as by taxing property of
different classes of our citizens not by a
uniform, but by different and partial
rules, hence any law accomplishing that
object either way is equally an offence,
if not to the letter, certainly to the spirit
of the Constitution, and must be unjust
I assume that no legislature in this
State ever passed an act to incorporate
a banking institution for the benefit of
the incorporators only, but for the ben
efit of the public, as the primary object,
to secure to the people the privilege of
obtaining loans of money to facilitate
necessary business operations at those
banks at 6 per cent, interest ; the rates
to which all banks were, and are si ill re
stricted by their charters.
The financial facilities they sought to
be secured to the people were to be
measured only by the entire amount of
funds the banks would be enabled to
loan for the public accommodation, and
during the entire period for which they
The people, through their representa
tives, (chosen annually from their midst
and sent away with a fresh knowledge
of their wants,) passed those acts of in
corporation, established our chartered
banks as valued institutions of our State.
They demanded them at the hands of
their representatives for their own ac
commodations and benefit. Thus Un
designed to interpose barriers, to protect
labor from the oppression that capital,
(in the hands of beings having the ap
pearance but not the hearts of men,)
was then, as it is now, constantly seek
ing to inflict upon labor, by voracious
demands of exorbitant interest.
Safe guards were thus sought to be
provided against heartless and extor
tionate usurers. There they were not as
numerous and shameless then as now.
It is difficult to conceive a more happy
condition a people could be in as to finan
cial affairs, than by thus having a safe
and well regulated banking system on a
scale proportioned to the business re
quirements of the state a system pro
tecting and securing in good faith the
incorporated bodies, as a part of the pub
lic, in their just rights, and through these
affording the public necessary facilities
to aid industry and enterprise at the law
ful rate of interest ; all reciprocally pro
moting; each other's interests.
It was never expected that misers and
extortioners, as destitute of patriotism
arid philanthropy as of principle, wou'd
ever countenance or aid those institu
tions, as they would stand directly in
their way to hinder them from grinding
the faces of the poor, by taking advan
tage of other's necessities.
Such a banking system the sovereign
people had a right to have. They by
these representatives passed nets grant
ing charters for banks to secure to them
selves those very objects. Those char
ters were accepted by the corporators,
and the banks rent into operation ac
cordingly. Thus the people as one parly
had secured to themselves rights as bor
rowers, and at rates of interest prescribed
and to continue till the expiration of the
charters. They had a right to do so.
As the charters were accepted, in effect
contracts were entered into between the
people and chartered banking companies.
By virtue thereof both parties high con
tracting parties if you please had se
cured to them well understood rights.
There has been very much talk about
the almost omnipotent power, as assumed,
of subsequentlegislatures to alter, amend,
or even abolish as interest, envy or malice
might bear rule, any provisions of tha
acts chartering our banks, and, what is a
little better than talk abjut tho matter,
we, though slowly, have certainly learned
by a late decision tf the Supreme Court
of the United Stales, thit so far as re
lates to one patty, the bank par:y, that
jt is not in the power of any legislature
to pas a Constitutional act abrid"in-'
the privileges or altering a single provis
ion of a bank charter, as it would in ef
fect "inval'date a contract." Now a
valid contract pre supposes two parties.
capable of making and having made, or
sntered vito it. Tfce reason of the de
cision of sail Court lies in common sense
and co nmon justice that entitles the pat
ty to be guarded and protected in i s
every charered right by every subse
quent legislature in good faith.
It is difficult to conceive ho-.v any
man, whose reason had not been de-
throned by covetousness, or his integrity
Jed and continued and not dimin'shed by
i any subsequent legislative act, Dither:
idiicctlv or indirectly, to the end of the
j period for which the banks were char-
! terc I, as were the rights of the Bank
party. I come now io say that any sub-
is quent legislative act, that shall di-
jrcitly or indirectly, intenti nally or un-
intentionally, interfere wiih an I prevent
those banking institutions on the one
hand, or the people on the other, from
deriving all the benefit that the letter!
spirit of those charters were intended
and calculated to sei.ure to either of the!
contracting parties, must necessarily
. . , . . , , , -mi,', .
uniust and fraudulent. I wi 1 a d tlui
any such act is suicidal to the best inter-1
i sts of the State, just as certa nly as it
would be better Lr the people to le ena
bled to obtain loans from time to time at
6 per cent, at banks, than at rates vary
ing from 10 to 60 per cent, from semi-
i: J ... l.,loo
extortioners, as the case now is, ant to
an ex ent of more than one-third perhaps
of all the money which at this very day
is actually loaned at such ruinous rates
in this State !
At the haz lrd of lediousness I design
to labor this matter till I cannot be mis.
It never can quadrate with the views
of any one whose mental capacity is re
moved a single step from idiocy, or wiih
the principle of any one who would not,
if he could, cause his intt rest nnnually
to exceed Ids principle that a law of
Ohio can be founded in good policy, be
just, or anything less than a fraud upm
our chartered banks as one party, and
the people as the o'.her, that grants to
monied men at home, or from abroad, a
privilege of taking for money loaned a
higher rate of interest than is allowed to
our ciiizens on loans from banks. By
all others, it u ill be seen and condemned,
that such a law makes an unjust dis
crimination in favor of capital, (lured
from abroad or otherwise,) out of banks
and against capital in them, bidding a
bounty in temptation to the former hold
ers, licensed for the woik of extortion,
arming their weahh with power to op
press weakness everywhere, with advan
tage to wage a war, with aid furnished,
with full liberty against our banks re
stricted and bound. Now if the war
waged against them by brokers and all
the various money holders, of domestic
or foreign monied capital rushed into our
State, privileged by partial legislation to
take 4 per cent, interest more than that
allowed to banks, if by the united combi
nation of all that capital with that unjust
and exclusive privilege, brokers, restricted
by no penalty, and stopping at no 10 per
cent., but doubling or tripling that, by
gathering up and playing .nto each oth
er's hands by exchanges, and returning
by their respective runners the bills of
all our banks, daily or weekly, drawing
specie, therefore, the banks should be
compelled for thei" safety greatly to di
minish their discounts from their usual
accommodations, such a diminuation
throughout the State must necessarily
injuriously affect every honest business
and employment. Every poor man or
woman depending upon daily labor for
daily bread, would feel the injury, the
effects of the fraud wantonly inflicted.
Unfortunately I am speculating upon
no idle theory or hypothesis. In the
present existing state of things we have
an illustration cr rather' a demonstration
of the experiment.
Banks, from causes alluded to, have
actually been compelled, or deemed it
prudent, to diminish their circulation I
presume to one half of their usual ac
commodation to their customers.
Business men are actually compelled
to supply their respective deficiencies, if
at all, of these very privileged brokers
and fraudulently legalized extortioneis,
not at the rate of 6 per cenr. or 10 per
cent., but now taking advantage of their
own wrongs, of their rascality which in
principle and practice often connected
with misrepresentation and falsehood, is
scarcely better than theft and robbery,
ow disiegarding all law, as well as all
right, callous to all that is humane or
just, they, with the voracity of the grave,
that never says " it is enough," with
their ear,s attuned only to the music, and
their tongues taught only to sing th?
song of the daughters of the horseleach
give, give," tbey make their demands
continually proportioned to the very
necessities they have been united by the
cause of, and grant their accommoda-
tions to relieve their friends, as spec al
favors, not at 10, or often at 20 per cent
but varying upwards at rates as neces
sities warrant, from 25 to 60 per cent.
That these effects, disastrous as they
have been, horrid as they are, have been
the fruits developing and developed from
the taking effect of the 10 per cent act of
fering bounties in temptation to avarice,
and setting no penal boundaries to covetousness-,
none need deny. That such
would soon be the effects of the law to
a great extent, very many besides its in-t-r-
?td advocates anticipated.
Did our Legislature considerately pass
... . ,..i i, r,ti,n r,.,m;,. ,t !
' v , i f "
Wit:i as much wisdom may a fu ure :
one pass an act, nlitled "an act to en- J
courage the growing of wool,"-and fill j
its provisions with most libeial bounties .
, . . e -i A
for bringing in from abroad, and propi-
gating at heme, ravenous do-s,
prowling wolves, nil their hoarao howls
sliou'd make nigSt hideous ever, where.
...stead of re-enacting lhe old law ro
viding for paying bounties for their
In another number 1 1 ropose to allude
to the certain demoralizing effect of lhe ;
percent, act. Ax Observer, j
r . ;
"I don't nrnd it as an individual,
a constable to a man who had inal- j
him ; "but as an officer. The
man who shakes me, shakes the common- I
An Irishman, a few days binee, bought
a family Bible, and on tuk ng it h m e '
his first record as follows : ' Patrick
Don, born Sept. SO, lsio, agrd Svs
Atchison for Kansas.
t departure was the necessity of his being tn
j Kanzas time enough to attend to the spring
, elections t'ttre."
Tiie S . Louis Democrat thereupon re
H's nhjr-ct is to secure the predomin.
be!n:,Veof "ulIilie" in lhe councils of the
! lafant territory. Tnus it seems he is intent
; i .,:.. i f
upon playing the same game over ana:n of
fraudulent importation of Missouri votes
which ho mid his followers did last fall and
The St. Louis Democrut states that
Senator Atchison was a: Jefferon, (Mo.)
'n 'a c"tl of nnSr'er at ''is defeat." A
recess of lbs L -gisl itnrc w an taken to
allow his .'i iemls to meet him, (his stay
being very short) when he stated, that
oie of his chief reasons fir so huiried a
this h calls SCJUATIEK. SOVKR
KIGNTY." lit goes fully equipped, too
carrying his tools with him, boing ac-
Yank -e, from whom I hi onlv thing that
can be gleaned is that he is exceeding
ly desirous of besoming a lire eater a id
of owning a g-KxJIy number of slaves if
he can get ihf-m. It is the view of his
companions du voyage" that the General
will at least receive a cordial welcome at
Weston, where Mr. S'.ringfellow was so
kindly entertained but a few short months
since vine la bagatelle. Cleve. Leader.
Law Reform in England.
lioius'y of iht ir counirymn or lhe euar
10 l'nship cf the police. Harptr Maga.
Short Mkascres The severest corn
said menUry on the honr sty of New York re
treated tailers ;s to b.i found in the recent report
of the ofliuer who examines weights and
nie isurvs, i.y which il appears that, out
t:f 13U7 dry in jures examined during
the last year, only 317 were found cor-
rc;t; while of all the wet measures exam
made intd, two-thirds were found to be incor-
by jury may le considered as a
"sick man;" it has had several paralytic
strokes. First came a succession of de
mons! rat ons in favor of abolishing all
action of grand juries, and leaving the yes
and no of indictments to remain exclusive,
ly at the will of a responsible public pros
ecutor. This was the repeatedly express
ed opinion of successive grand juries at
Middlesex, who have greater experience
on the subject than any other persons in
England. It is understood, in leed, that
at no remote day the present grand jury
system will be greatly, if not wholy abol
ished. The present blow was dealt by the es
tablishment of lhe county courts in En
gland, by which, plaii.titr and defendent
consenting, lhe decision could be given
by tho lawyer wlie presided as judge,
without bringing the case at all before
ajuiy. So extensively has this license
been made use of that, out of several
millions of cases which have been dispos
ed of in the county courts of England,
scarcely one in two thousand has been be
fore a jury. The public have referred the
decision to an impartial judge, and have
trusted the facts and the law to hi.ti.
The third blow is very recent, and has
scarcely b'.-en struck as yet. In the last
Parliamentary session a provision was in
troduced into a new stat-te for simplying
and improving common law procedure,
which allowed the judge, by mutual
written consent of the litigams, to try
questions of fact without a jury. This
will probably effect great changes. At
present, in the courso of equity proceed
ings, issues to try questions of fact are
frequently, sent down to the common law
courts. Heretofore such trials went be
fore a jury. In most cases, for the future
the judge alone will give the decision,
and it is expected (not unreasonably, per
haps,) that sounder judgments will be
given and more substantial justice per
formed than the public have received or
experienced when the jury system was
in f rce.
There appears no present intention of
interfering with trial by jury in criminal
cases. To deprive a man of the privilege
of being tried by his peers would probably
incur more disapprobation lhan law refor
mers in England would like to incur.
Yet it is understood that Lord Brougham
has the strongest doubts as to the pt-rfec-tio
i or propriety of the prestnt jury sys
tem in Engalud, and, with Lord Campbell
and other eminent British lawyers, desires
that the verdict shall be given by the ma
'jority, as in Scotland. It appears extreme-
n:ely absurd to expect jierf.-ct unammtiy
upon one subject from any collection of
twelve men. One refractory or conscien
tious juro under the preent system can
prevent the delivery of nny verdict, and
thereby duplicate the cost and trouble of
a trial, besides delaying it.
We have glanced at this question be
cause our own lawyers anil law-makers
ought to know how the law is being dealt
with elsewhere. No doubt they will at
tentively watch how the alteration works.
At all events its importance, legally and
sociailv, can scarcely bo exaggerated.
A. V. Times.
Cleveland and Mahoning R. R.
The public will be glad to learn that
steps liave been taken to secure the com
pletion of this road as far as Youngstown,
the coming summer. Messrs. Perkins
and Tod, have for some time past, been
in lha east, and have by this time, quit-j
probably, succeeded in making arrange
ments lo procure the iron necessary for
the track. We learn that a Philadelphia
firm projosed to furnish the iron, and re
ceive in payment the bonds of the road at
a moderate discount. A certain length
of till e had been given fortheaccrptance
or refusal of t!ia nronosiliim. If iron
couij M0, be procured on more advanta-
jgeius terms, the proposition of the Phila
delphia company would bo occeeded to
The Pennsylvania railroal company
lk'11'A aitrjbil t,-. .l.intlm M-tr. 1st Ptlf . luimli
, & , , ,r. ,. .. , ,
at (i p-r ton, anil take in payment the
bonds ot the road at par. We may now
regard the opening of lhe road, nxt fall,
as absolutely certain. Trumbull Dcm.
A Xr-e Place to Live ix. During
the lust century, the average of murders
in Rme, with a population of o.ie hun
dred and fifty thousand souls, were five
or si.x a day, and on one occasion four,
teen. While occupied by the French,
there were in a single day one hundred
and twenty assasinutions. And ns lute
as 18'J!j thev averaued one clni! v. A
chapel of Mddonnn, in the church of the
Augustiues, is hung about Willi knives,
dirks, und oilier murderous instruments,
suspen led there by th! owners, at the or-
deroflh.ir eon 'eors, a a condition of
absolution and evidence of pardon of tl.cir
The. street of Rome are not safe nt the
latt r hours of niht, even now, for liny
:- " aught about l.iro to tempt
the t up d.lv of its hi"h avium. Roman
, . ,' t ' j i
fri -mis of mine are accus onv d lo place
at niht. Uvexy I.o.:sckHper wiil tell
you the rWns lin y run in not k -cping the
tfricit'st watch over their premises; and
any one's experience in vi.si;i:i Italian
faniiiits will convince him ihut ihey have
more couftMence in their ortcul!is doors
and ti.as've "ratings thau in cither ihe
reel. This would caicely he credible
Were it ik;! au oihujul fact. Jorth Amer.
Old Soldiers' Bounty Land Bill.
The b II granting bounty binds to
officers, soldiers, stamen, volunteers, fee ,
who have been in the service of the Uni
Siates during uny of i:s wars, or, if de
ceased, to their i lows or minor children.
has become a law. It is a measure
which interests many of our readers.
The folio wing is published as a conect
copy of the act:
AN ACT in addition to certain acts gran
ting bounty laud to certain officers und
soidiers who have been cngagd in thf
military service of the United States.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of
JCepreseiitalifes of the United States oj
America in Congress assembled, That each
of the surviving c munissioned and no i
commisioned ollicers, musicians, and pri
vates, whether regulars, vol mti-crs, ran
gers, or millitia, wlio were regularly mus
tered into the service of Uni:ed States,
and every officer, commisioned and tiO:i
comissioned seaman, ordinary seaman,
marine, clerk, un 1 landsman in the navy,
in any of the wars in w hich this country
has been engaged since seventeen hundre I
and ninety, and each of the survivors ol
the militia, or voluuleers, or State troops
of any State or Territory, called into mil
itary service, and regularly mustered
therein, and whose services have been
paid by the United States subsequent to
the eighteenth day of June, eighteen hun
dred and twelve, shall be entitled to re
ceive a certificate or warrant from the
Department of the Interior for one hun
dred and sixty acres of land; and where
any of those who have so been mustered
into service and paid shall have recived a
certificate or warrant, he shall bo entitled
to a certificate or warrant for such quan
tity of laud as will make, in the whole,
with what he may have heretofore receiv
ed, one hundred and sixty acres ti each
such person having served as aforesaid
Provided, The person so having been in
service shall not receive said land warrant
if it shall appear by the muster rolls cf
nis regiment or corps mat he deserted, or
was dishonorbly discharged from service
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That
in case or the death of any person who, il
living, would be entitled to a certifficate
or warrant as aforesaid under this act,
leaving a widow, or if no widow, a minor
child or children, such widow, or if
no widow, such minor child or chil
dren, shall be entitled to receive a certi
fficate or warrant for the sam equantity of
land that such deceased person would be
entitled to receive under the provision of
this act if now living: Provided, That a
subsequent marriage shall not impair the
right of any such widow to such warrant
if the be a widow at the time of making
her applicaton: And provided further,
That those shall be ,cousidcred minors,
who arc so at the time this act shall take
Sec. 3. And be it further enacied, Thatjnt
no case shall any certiliicete or warran
be issued for any service less than 14 days,
except where the person shall actually
have been engaged in battle, and unless
the parly claiming such certificate or war
rant shall establish his cr her right there
to by record evidence of said servce.
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That
said certificates or warrants may be as
signed, transferred and located by the
warrantees, or their heirs-at-law, accord
ing to the provisions of existing laws reg
ulating the assignment, transfer and loca
tion ot bounty laud warrants.
Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That
no warrant issued under the provisions of
this act shall be located on any publiccause
except such as shall at the time be sub
ject to sale at either the minimum or
lower graduated prices.
Sec 6. And be it further enacted, That
the registers and receivers of the several
land offices shall be severally authorized
to charre und receive for their services
in locating all warrants under the provis
ions of this act, the same compensation or
per centage to which they are entitled by
law for sales of public lands, for cash, at
the rate of one dollor and twenty-five
cents per acre. The said compensation
tion to be paid by the assignees or holders
of such warrants.
Sbc. 7. And be it further enacted, That
the provisions of this act, and all the
bounty land laws heretofore passed by
Congress, shall be extended to Indians in
the same manner and to the same extent
as if the said Indians had been white men.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That
the widows of officers and soldiers of the
revolutionary war bo entitled to the bene
fits of this act.
Sec. 9. 'And be it further enacted, That
the benefits of this act shall be appli d to
and embrace those w ho served as volun
eers at the invasion of Pittsburgh, Sep
tember, eighteen hundred and fourteen.
Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, that
the provisions of this act shall apply to
the chaplains who served with the army
in the several wars of the country.
Sec. 11. And be it further enacted, that
the provisions of this act shall be applied
lo those who served as volunteers at the
attack on Lewistown, in Delaware, by
lhe British fleet, in the war of eighteen
hundred and twelve-fifteen.
The Rights and Liberties of the People.
fhe Legislature of Michigan, during!
its brief session, found time to take one
steptowaids the establishme nt of Slate
sovereignty. It passed a law intended
to apply to persons claimed as fugitive
slaves, under the title of "an act to pro
tect the runts and liberties of the inhab
itants of litis State."
7 does not propose to abrogate or nul
lify the act of Congress, but simply to se
cure to persons thus claimed, the ordin
ary legal lights of accused persons in
courts of justic, to a full hearing and a
fair trial. It provides that they shall be
entitled to nil the useful forms and bene
fits ol" the habeas corpus and trial by jury,
on questions of fact. That the District
Attorney shall act as their Counsel, the
U. S. Attorney being made, by ih oth
er act, Coun-el against them. That the
cost of the tiial, when the person turns
out t have been wrongfully cla med,
shall be chargeable to the Si ate. That i
the State jaiUand prisons shall not be j
use, for their incarceration. That the j
- 11 lit.
ict ot service or i;iDor oue snail noi De
deemed proved exirepl by the testin.onyj
of trediiable witnesses, as in other cases. I
Th :t falsely representing any tree per
son to De a siine in onier io nave n m
seized, shall be punished I.y three to five
years' imprisonment, and the forcible
seizure wiih intent to tidnap any such
person, shall be punished by a line of
1,000, and five years inpnsonraent.
Kansas. Judge Johnsou, one of the
new Jud"es of this Territory, ipent last
'ht in this city, on his way to Wi.sh- ;
gtou L'itv. He anpeartd in the finest
i.u 1 .1- n lha m.mf on Wri.il i '
ucaii.il, u. - i
tei ms of the Kansas country, lie says
better climate, richer soil and hner
scenery can scarcely be found any where.
The election of the first Legislatuie
cines ofl'in March next, (we believe the
J.h,) and he thint tl ere is no prospect
Slavery being established there. The
sult of the first election, he thinks,
however, will not Ir. decisive of the ques-
' . , r, ,
n oy any uicaas. juinm jh uiwts.
Acts of the Relief Congress.
The following are the titles of some of
the more, important of ti.e public acts pas
sed at the Second Session e f the Thirty
third Congress. A large majority of the
laws enacted were private bills, i. e. bills
for the it lief of certain individuals; (there
re no less than 123 acts of this charac
ter, lesilts several "relieF resolutions.)
Io the list subjoined, it will be seen that
i va-l amount of relief is eontempL-ted.
Inde ed, relief to the Treasury appears to
be the chief end of modern legislation :
An act for the better protection of life
an ' propt rty from vessels shipwrecked
on the coasts of the United Slates. Ap
proved D. Ci-mber 14, 1851.
An net to relinquish to the State of
Wi.-co:isin, the la:id reserved lor tab
springs t erein. A proved Dec mb : 15,
An net to provide Cr the extinguish
ment of the title of the Chi pewa Indians
;o tho lands owned nd clam.ed by tlum
in the Tt rritory of Minnesota and Slate
ot Wisconsin, and Cr their domestication
and civilization. Approved Dec. 19,
An act to suppress the circulation of
small notes as a currency in the District
of Columbia. Approved Dee. ti7, 1851.
An act to continue la Crce, for a limi
ted time, the provisions or the act of Con
gress, ot'3J .March, 1851, and the section
of it ssupplement, of 18th January, 1854,
so as to enable the li. ard of Land Com
missioners in California to close their ad
judications of private titles in that State,
and for other purposes. Approved Jan
An act making appropriations for the
construction of certain military roads iu
the Territories of Nebraska and Wash
ingtou. Approved Feb. 6, 1855.
au act io secure me right oi citizenship
to children ofcitizensot the United States
born out of the limits thereof. Approved
reb. 10, 1855.
An act to amend "an act makng ap
propriations for the improvement of cer
tain hirbors and rivers," approved Aug
30, 1852. Approved Feb. 13, 15.
An act authorizing the construction of
a line of telegraph from the Mississippi
Itiver to the Pacific Ocean. Approved
Feb. 17, H55.
An act lo regulate the salaries of the
District Judges of the United States.
Approved Feo. 17, 1S55.
An alt for the construction of a milita
ry road in Oregon Territory. Approyed
eb. 17, 1855.
An act to establish an additional land
district in the Territory of Oregon. Ap
proved reb. 17, 18-io.
An act making appropriation for im
proving certain military roads in the Ter
ritory of Minnesota. Approved Feb. 17,
An act making an appropriation for a
territorial road in the Territory of Ne
braska. Approved Feb. 19, 1855.
An act lo establish the office of Survey
or-General of Utah, and to grant land for
school and university purposes. Approv.
ed t cb. 24, 1 855.
An act concerning the apprehension
and delivery of deserters from foreign
vessels in the ports of the Uuited States.
Approved Feb. 24, 1855.
An act to establish an additional land
district in lhe State of Wisconsin. Ap
proved Ftb. 24, 1855.
An act to establish a court for the in
vesication of claims against the United
States. Approved Feb. 24, 1855.
An act to provide fur the payment of
such creditors of the late republic of 1 ex
as, as are comprehended in the act of
Congress of September 9, 1850. Ap
proved Feb. 2-i, 1?55.
An act to promote efficiency ofthe -a-vy.
Approved Feb. 2$, 155.
An act for the payment of invalid and
other pensions of lhe United Stales, for
the year ending ihe 30. h 1856, and for
other purposes. Approved February 2d,
An act extending, in certain cases, the
provisions of the act entitled "an act to
extend pre-emption rights to certain lands
therein mentioned." Approved March 3,
153. Approved March 2, 1855.
An act to establish a Circuit Curt in
and for the State of California. Approv
ed March 2, 1S55.
An act to c stablish the collection dis
trict of Cape IVrpetua and Port Oxford,
in the Territory of Oregon, and to fix
the salaries of the Collectors of the Cus
toms therein. Approved March 2, 1855,
An act in addition to cei tain acts grant
ing bounty lands to certain officers and
soldiers who have been engaged in the
military service ofthe United States.
An act making appropriations for the
current and contingent expenses of the
Indian Department, and Cr fulfilling
treaty stipulations with various Indian
tribes, Cr the year ending the 30th June
An act to regulate the carriage of pas
sengers in steamships and other vessels.
An act to establish certain post roads.
An act to amend r.n act, approved the
4th of August, 1856, entitled "an act to
grau'uate and reduce tho price of public
Ian is to actual settlers and cultivators.
"An act for carrying into effect the
convention upon the subject of claims be
tween the United States and Great Britain,
An act making appropriations for deep
ening the channel over the St. Ciair
Flat, and for deepening the channel ever
the flats cf S Mary's River, in lhe State
. An act miltin apprrpriat:ons fir f..r
t'ficatiens and ot er works of defense,
an I for r p tirs of b.irracks an I quarters
f- r the year ending the ol)t;i ot June,
An aet to r model the diplomatic and
consular systems of the United States.
An net making appropriations for the
support of the army for ihe year ending
the 3d of June, 1836.
An uct to provide for the erection of
public Lu bungs in the Territory of Kan
sas An aet ts iirovu'e for the erection of
nnhi:e LuiMin js in the Territo'v of Xe-
An rct U oi-janize an i istiiution foi
tjie insano of ti.e amy a d navv an I of
t!.e District f Columbia, ia sr.i I Jistri t
An a -t in iking app-opr'ati ns for the
Civil i:nl Diplomatic epens of O..V-
n,liell, f ,r ,he ear ending the 3Jih of
ja, e, I85G, and t ther purp ses.
n net mating appropriates for the
navai ervice fr the jean nding the 30th
An act making isppopii .tions for the
jSt.rv;te of lhe Kst Offi e De artment
during the fi -i al j ear nJi.ig th-- aOih o(
An act f r t'ci onstnc"i.- n uf c-rtidn
militiirv roadi:i the Teir'tonrof K nsas.
i ' . f
tlptl .. r.t f. iii,I.iki .ml m n ! i fr I he '
mm vi iu Muicuu us..-
w j -
ra"f s ot p .stage mi the L mte I acute, ami ;
lor o'.her urp ses
in siecu,uu u.e :to inti.y kt. s.d. Bates. f
Creen, Mr. Jlisoa Si m, of I;Ta, Fulton couotjr. IIU
t-Br., of Mca-
In C"";-' s. -
ho:e of lhe lrnlr , lis Ror. Eouton, Mr. Sajsi ku J.
STUKki.ssr, of Tn mbn l Co., to 31 t I"hks A. Jlo.t
a' Cortlai 4 .n:, N V f -.
NElRAL.';l.. Thij furmiilaMe ill .. whir
jeen. u l.rU- the k,l! of lb phjsicians, yield like
mi?ic to Caru-r' SiKui-sh Mixture.
v u '"'aierly ..r the AMor Ilvaar. Xtw
ork; a"'' pprirtr of itw Eiehaa-e Hotel. Rieh
mon.l. is on of tlx kn...i.i. i.
of terrre Neuralm. br far,-, a
Since hi cure be hx, m-.-J-Ti u . i
others, who . er ,tr-ri:. wilh form of
aurase. vith the moit woo.ierful ucccj.
lie far it t the mt extr0r,tiD,rr me.ieine he
ha erer fern med. nd the he, bloi puriaer kcoen.
. wimuKnwiii iu muoiuer column.
IT SUOI LD BB tSIVEKSALLV KW,Nf.u
strictly true that imligeftioa i the parent of l.rgo
proportion of fatal dieeue. Dyscut-ry, diarrhiea.
cholera aiort.u, liver complaint, and many etlier ili
Kaae enumerated in the city iupectr'f weekly cat
nloose of death, are renentted by inilijreatioti a'oDr.
Think or that dyspeptic! think of it all who mTerfn
dij.irdered flomachs, and if yon are willing; to be gui I-
y. iimwioi spun experience, resort at once
( Ion t delay a day) to Hoonand German Bitters, pre
pared by Ir. C. M. Jackson, which, aa an alterjtire,
curarlTe, and inTigorent, stand alone and nnappruach
etl. Oeneral depot, lit) Ar.-h v k... i.j
these Bitter, and kuow that ih ..,!... i, ik.
disease specified ahore. HiUdeiki Cit Item. See
a-lvertisement. i m-
SELLERS' VERMIFUGE. IT WORKS WONDERS
BIG SANDY, Ky., May 12. 1848.
Ma. R. E. ScLLCKS Dear Sir : Your Vermifiie nriw
ilnces such wonderful remits, that I think it worth me
while Ut few facta about it A nei-hbor. Dr.
firar, bought of me one rial of it, and gare'the content
tn three of his children ; the first passed leU,the second
Ij3, ai d the third ;osukinz I9 worms discharged
bj using on rial. Mr. liray immediately purchase
four rials more. Mr. J. McSurley also rare the con
tents of one rial to three of his children, which I rouht
irom tne nrst ij, from the second x!, and from the
third 31 making 15U by the use of one rial. I gare
my own child, aged one year, two tea-spoonfuls, whicii
expelled 14, one of which waa at least wne foot long.
Vonr Vermifuge is considered the best that baa erer
been brought to this section of the country, and so far
a I know, ha nerer failed. lour respectfully, -v
J. L. Tl UMAX. 3
Prepared and soil by R. E. SELLERS at Co- Pitts-
buegh. P Mar. T, 1 m
FOR RKNT, SEVERAL D WELLING
UOrSES. Al-OUSTTS GRAKTER.
Warren, Mar. 14., Jf.
Any person wishing to take Children to raise
can he accommodated by calling at the Trombnll Coun-
ny lcnrmary. yiar. 14,'5j4w
Qf) BUSHELS OF POLAND SEED
OATS, a superior article, for ale by the subscri
Newton Falls, Mar. 12th -3-
LAN D WARRANTS The undersiz
ed will attend to the prosecution of BOl'STT
LAND CLAIMS, under the -Old Soldiers, Bill," pae!
March 3d, 1K5. Office threw doors below the Oaskill
House, Warren, Ohio. II. C. KAN'NEY.
SADDLE AND HARNESS MAKER'S
STAND FOR SALE, in the Tillage of Kinsman, O.,
vitn an excellent trade and c opposition. Terms ea
sy. If not sold by prirate sale, it will be offered at
Auction, together with Household Furniture, gadillerv.
c, on Tuesday , April 3d IfiS, between twelre and
four P. M. Apply post paid to
JAMES THOMPSON, Kinsman, Trombnll Co.,0.,
Mar. 14. 'ji 'IO
BOUNT Y LANDS. Congress having
passed a law firing 160 acres of land to each sol
dier who has serred in the armies of the United State
since A. D. 17'JO, for a period of fourteen days at least,
and to the minor children of those deceased, and to.
widows in certain cases, I propose to act a an agent
in procuring warrants for those who will employ me.
I will do the business on as farorable term a any one.
I may be found at the Cronicle office from 4 tn 19 M.
and from 1 to 5 P. M. THOMAS D. WEBB.
Warren. Mar. 7, '55
I REMINGTON'S PATENT COFFEE
POT Testimonials in faror of the same.
We the undersigned, baring used Remington's Patent
Coffee Pot, lace pleasure in recommending it, a an ar
ticle worthy of general patronage, it being superior ta
uie . sue - rw iu common ue.
J. K Brown,
J. O. Brooks.
M. B. Tayler.
Jacob 11. Baldwin,
John A. Wood,
J. R. Woods,
B. II. Fitch,
C. S. Porter,
P. T. Bartlett,
H. W. Smith,
J. W. Brooks,
I am satisfied that
it renders the eofie liquid more
pure, and is a great faring in the quantity to be used,
and attended with le trouble and expense.
H B. IUekoh, Warren, Ohio.
I will sell County Rights in the State of Ohio, on
such term as will insure a naadsome profit to the pur
chaser. Addret J.J. SMITH,
Care of K. Leland, X. 38 Superior St., C Iceland, O.
OTICE OF SALE.
The subscriber, baring sold his hi farm, would
hereby gire notice that he will sell at rendue, without
reserre or side bidding, to the highest bidder on Fri
day, the 3UU1 in su, hi large and entire nock of per
sonal property ; consisting of Sledf, Plow; Stone
boat, Scraper, seren good Chains, steel Teeth Cultirn
tor, (new.) new Joint Harrow, three good Stores, a
good Caadie, Scythes. Ire kihds of Shore!, a Grind
stone, a large lot of Iron and Iron Ware, one Sulky,
eTCrai Harnesses, one Saddle, one hand, wood and
cross-cut Saw, a set of Blacksmith tools, a lot or
Plank and Boards and Scantling, a good Holler, a Fanning-
31 ill. a lot of stake and cap, fire good Yokes, a
quantity of spring Wheat, some grass seed. Chairs, Ta
ble and Tin Ware, a good two Horse Waggon, ons
good hog, a fine yoke of fire year old Oxen, one Cow,
ana a pair ot tous it not sold before tne day of sale,
at prirate sale, and rarioua other article to numerous
to mention. Sale to commence at nine o'clock A. M.
Tum; Credit of one year, with interest, on all
sum over three dollars, with appro red seenritr.
THO. A. THOMSON.
Vernon, Mar. 14 1w.
"f?7"THE KNOW NOTHING AL-
KJ 1 MANAC. and American ManuaL
To gire an idea of the character of the work we sub
join a partial list of its contents.
A history of Uie American Party and its principles,
from the days of Washington np to the present time.
America for Americans 160 Acres of Land for ererr
American Man, Woman and Child.
Roman Mysteries exposed.
Principles of the Jesuits.
Opiuioo of Eminent men.
Washington a "Know Nothing.
Jefferson a -Know Nothing."
Webster a "Know Nothing.
Secret instructions of the Jesuits.
Influence of atomish Priest at flection.
Count Raimoad's Degradation (with wood cat.)
Massacre of American by the Irish Catholics, in
Death of Stuffier.
The American flag desecrated and destroyed by pa
pal Irishmen. ,
Convents exposed Miss Bunkley and the Ensjettl
bnrg Nunnery. Her escape. Ate.
The Jesuits and tne Widows.
The.Konush Curs the Bishop nth, and the Jesuit's
The Leopold Foundation (By Professor Morse.)
American book destroyed by Catholic Teacher.
Morality of Romanism.
Romanism inimical to Republicanism.
Influence and power of Foreigners.
With fine engraring -Just received at
Mar. 14. Tvi. ADAM'S BOOKSTORE.
rj. REELEY'S WHIG ALMANAC, a
V-T New Supply (Mar. 14, 'S5.) ADAMS',
FLEMING AND TIBBIN'S FRENCH
DICTIONARY, Octaro. Price S4.0Q. A few cop
pies at (Mar. 14. ') ADAMS'.
QCOTT'S COMMENTARIES, 3 vol-
K-J umes. Library Binding, price $7,
CLARK'S COMMENTARIES, com
piece in ix Tulnme, fall bcaod. price 910,00,,
3Iar. H. '5S. At ADAMS1.
MERICAN ELECTIC DISPENSA-
tort, 13U1 razes, full bound. Price 96.00, tx
D IL II. TLJBBS'
1. Ih-. II. TCBB8, Analytic Physician, will be at hit
room. Warren, liukill House, Tuesday. April 13.
Orwell, 3lr. Eatoa'a, SaUnUy afternoon, Apnl4
Ravc. Prentisa House. Monday and Tuesdav.
Aj ril, ;Uj and Cth.
Those afflicted with Chronic diseases of the lirer.
Lunjrs, Kidneys or spleen Inflamations, Rheumatism,
Asthma, Shortness of i-rcath or ditlicutt ot Breath. Df ,
vy'lWMJMU Dropsy, weakness or Aerrcas debility.
Restlessness, Loss ot Appetite. Con sti patina. Derange
ment of the Stomaren, Billions Ailectiobs, Gravel,
White Swellings, or any long standing disease, are In
rited to cull
O CBtkBOB WOn C8KSCLT.VT10 !
Dr. TuM-s neither bleeds nor blisters, nor is be a
HomeopAthist ; he nerer uses Alcrcury. Antimony, Ar
senic, or any other Minerals, as mdtemi asrents; nor is
he a Thompsoniaii he neither steams nor (tires emetics.
Uis theory of disease diJers from ail others that ha
been atopted, bat not more so than does his system of
treatment, lie does not makt ict tm mmk well, no
ttrtn down t kmild mm again ; nor allay irritation by
patching np with
Patieuts should mark well the dates giren above.
Our entire time being pre-enfcaged, attadaiice most
accord ttrictly with published announcements.
An unbiased opinion as lo the probahitity of a car
is always given suljectini( the patient to no expense
without a reajouaole prospect of success.
The attention of Invalids is called to the CoHowins.
Mr. Cask s health remains excellent.
No vta ua, February, 1854.
Dk. Tt sas Sir r Believing that my life kts rcen pro
Ivned by yonr treatment, and dediriug that ethers amy
probt by your experience, I send you. the follow:ng
Mlesaent for Htblieat:oa. In Central America, iar.
14, 1-, I w:ls attu-ked with B'lliouj Remitting Fever;
several teadinr physicians attended me while there,
and on my return passage Fever lei't me weak with pro
fuse coU s-rcats at nigltt. which continued until after I
saw yoo. Liver became enlarged, stuoiach and a!d
mea much Moated, and hoH so csmstiiated, that t it
tie or no movement occurred for ten or twelve days in
succession, unless forced by cathartics, which, in turn,
seemed to aggravate rather than relieve. A coah set
in which becme incessant and with constant bm tiring
painI could tv.d no rest iu any pciitiou djj or night.
I sieit tnt little- Expectorations were incredibly large
fretieutly exceeding a uart of ropy substance during
the ni:hu Countenance was sallow and death-like. 1
hid Ixvn at hoate nine months before ousnlting yo
Neither the change of climate nor the skill of our phy-
sicUns helped me- On the contrary,! grew worse aid
ami Deinhhurs. as wcl asaisseir, rexanlol dead ioer
worse, until p'o sicians tnouM treatment of little avail
.UMe urir a( fc!MMK ndnt J0. a p,e-
scHpnoa ny in March tuu.auj w uukt maist
until the first of August. t wh.ch time I coo:mfiicel
labor. Sine then 1 bare ha.1 noeougaur espeelora.
tion. no ni;ht sweats, inilijrttian or e..tien-sj. I
now feel perfectly well, as well a erer in bit 1 f-.
We thennderifneit. eitiieof Surwalk. Huron C ..
0., hare carefully eninineii the statement of Mr. C ise
to Dr. H. Tuhb. in -li't.lhedisea.ewh:ch hecon
tracte I while ia Central America, antl fram onr person-
alae-in.int.Bce with Mr. Cie mvii frefii i -ration
of the condition of h s health, we hare no hesita
tion insuring lha w beiiere his SUU-meLt strictly
A. t. Satt'n, S.natur f Oiiio ; Chas. B. Stirkr.ey
Profile Ju I ;e. Huron ontil ; 31. b. ltiiiy. Ju3tice oi
th pjat-r. 31. Kcl le, Sjtary I"a ;l e. .Mar. 14, 'ii m