Newspaper Page Text
BtfMOB & ABAMS.
' mm met. -.
& Wwklq arailq Soaraal, Jhootrfc lo miiam, . agrirnltart, Xiftratarr, dShnrafian, Xoraf jMIHgtiur, anb ijrt 3ta of ijre Darj.
02V8 8011AS AJfS WVFtt CHHTS
rat um, w avtascc. .
VOL. 39; NO. 38.
WARREN, TRUMBULL COUNTY, . OHIO. WEDNESDAY MAY 9, 1855.
WHOLE NO. 2014.
DECK OF THE "OUTWARD BOUND."
DECK OF THE "OUTWARD BOUND." BY ELIZA COOK.
. Bow iim wlrmitlb Mitwrt sreea.
Ter im by lb cenl itiut
BewBlUe we think of the wind and the wave,
IWtmtomw e end the barrtraao faee . :
And Uttle heed da w take, " ;
Theaiti thii Ittt t-tt r " " ' I" ww I
And the U ef ear hoenteteed ahake.
Bat (be aerlhaet wtad Mil 4! Seree tele. - -
WUh a TOle. of fearfal Kxuxl,
Oa Um ck m -Wward t "
Bowriatfelthea took aa the alfht, -
Aetna wind feuap, and Um but talatUcht ' v
-i bdriaf awarialheekT!
Saw we Hates w4 gun with a aUeat Bp.
And j hatha beaded tree,
x Hew the mm wild wind atifht teea the ship, .
-And ana Oh anhw seel
Ah! eedlj then 4o wo aat Am day.
-,. Wbeaeifna at atonm an feend, '
And any w the toeed aaa te awj,
'. , 0 tttt 4k at m -wtwar boan. '
Am la aaa thai I ekniiM wkca. kaai ia hut.
ABIttMaffcthatairlaTtrha4 ana aaUM land.
. laaattatlwanUpthaaMn, -AalHalskafthavstanaaeaaadvMa,
Aa4 Ikalk a Untmnu than. .
I kaa vatehaa tka wt4, 1 tar. watched Um Han,
Am hrank tram Cm teKpMt ani; - (i
. Vr y beart-rlng art wramthalwUh (ha ilaaaar
I hava llept raaa Ih. upbjn tattL to crwp,
' Ami ha iky aaa withaata trawa,
9at I ataiiad faeai firaat that fntfel alaea
- : WUhtha li iaai mt a ahia gting ivwm.
' X hare aat ia ha aM whaa tha aara waa ia ahack,
' Aa4 aha laapart hook vat bright,
Satao- taaay aeejand tha bnakar aa4 reek,
la tha aaaa at aMaalaaa aifhw
r O.IvUBaar ataaaara aSeetloa agaia. " (
-. Wail traadioa aarU'a lovarr awaad. .
- Bat wall tfU tha toraa ana iaftaar tha aaata. --
Oalhadookof ae "oataart boaad."
NO GOD. BY MRS. SIGOURNEY.
: JVb CaaV Jf Bl" Thaataptoat tawtr,'
- That aa tha wild la foaad.
And tnatblM at tha aoaad:
' "H 9adn aataalthad cha ariaa
rraa aat her eavera haar, '
.. Aad wrwrj waaderiai bird that flies.
Ttx nhn Mrmat lifti tta heat, -. ,
' " . tha Ahaigfatr to praclaia
: .: Thaarooktet,oait aiialaimnu.
- IMhtaaataftarahiaaaaaa. -"
Baw wU (ha daap aad Teagalal aaa,
' Aloaf tta feinoirj track, -.
Tha rad TaaaTiaa apea hia Booth
: T. harl Um biaehood back. .
: : Tha.pW-waa,arUhtopTiacleraat. .
' Tha aaaaa! fcaf abada.
.Thabraadtrattbeadlnf tottakad, .
b aaa br ialaad (Jada:
Tha wiagad aaada, that, bar by wiada. ,
. Tha rorlasaparrowa feed, '
:V. Tha aatlea, ea the deaert aaada,
. Caafate tha aeoraer'a creed. ,
- . . , .''''-.'.'
Tha fervent San ia etirrV,'
" Aad tha pate Moea tana paler atUl,
At each aa iiploaa word: .
' ! ' And (room ttnir Wrniaf tfaroMS, the Blare
' - Iok dowa ailk anfrr era, ;
. ThatUMaawametdMsboajdaMck s
NO GOD. BY MRS. SIGOURNEY. Choice Miscellany.
A RAINY SABBATH.
AT DEACON HAMLIN'S
BY HANNAH E. BRADBURY.
Bless me ! how it rains 1"
good Deacon, rising upon bis elbow,
; diew aside the curtain and peered forth
into the outer' door world. : t
i ; had a strangely comfortable feel
ing as be contemplated the softly de-
aeending rain, which arose partlj from
the fact that bis crops were needing the
- Bosrishing moisture, and partly well, it
..' was Sunday morning. So the Deacon
tamed upon bis side and settled himself
for another dose, "r - Z . t i .
-- Now Deborah, the Deacon's worthy
lvelp-mate, was ill at ease, for already
bad the eld kitchen clock told the hour
; ci seren, and bad if been Monday in
; t stead of Sabbath, the whole household
would bare been astir two hours earlier.
' So after sundry knocks and thrusts,
' which failed to produce the desired effect
i - upon the sleepy Deacon, she arose and
. descended to the kitchen. '
After preparing breakfast, it was no
easy matter to rally the occupants of the
bed room ; but at length Deborah's elo-
. quesce, combined wiih the persuasiTe
fragrance of her coffee, prevailed, and
the Deacon, with a face expressive of
the most decorous and becoming dignity,
befitting the day, seated himself at the
table, and was soon joined bj two stout
,. lads in their teens and a young iil of
twelve...;: - -
, None of this small breakfast party
were disposed to be very talkative, but
Miss Lucy ventured to ask her mother
if they were to attend meeting. . ,
r Deborah looked inquiringly at the
' Deacon; but be was too busily occupied
' with coffee and toast to heed the look.
and with her usual quiet and submissive
tones she asked: - y .
"-. "Shall Charles harness the borse after
; breakfast ?- ! :;' ' J .
. "Why, Deborab, you would not think
. of going out in all this rain," answered
- the Deacon, v.
- ; 'We have close carnage, and with
- jny thick shawl I can go very comfort-
blf -J.tv..,. , ..... . . ,
' -"Sossejue ! Deborah, you'll be sure
to get a cold sitting in damp clothes ia'
that cold church, and besides, the horse is
in the back pasture, and cannot be caught
without a deal of trouble ; and I do not
like the carriage to be out in this rain
Deborah was silent; she was habitu
ally a woman of few words, and never
thought of opposing her husband's wishes.
She even wondered, as she moved gently
about the kitchen, performing those
household duties which cannot be omit-
ed on the Sabbath, whether ahe had not
been a little bold in suggesting to her
husband the propriety of attending meet
ing, and then strange that such rebel
lious thoughts should trouble Deborah
but it seemed to ber simple, church-lov
ing heart that the Deacon bad grown
wonderfully careful of the carriage since
Thursday, for oa that day he rode ten
miles in the rain to attend a political
Alter prayer Deacon Hamlin nerer
omitted family worship on the Sabbath,
and not often on week days, unless plant-
inghaying or harvesting pressed heavi
ly the conscientious farmer called for
the papers, and read very carefully the
pages of the "Independent." Now Dea
con Hamlin did sot approve of reading
secular and political papers Sabbath
day, but be bad read every thing of in
terest ia the "Independent, not omit
ting a long article on the best method of
curing hay, long before noon, and there,
within reach of bis itching fingers, lay
the "Tribune," containing an epitome of
everything worth knowing. The Dea
con did not mean to read it, but the
temptation just to glance at the leading
articles, to see what was agitating the
public mind, overcame bis religious sera-
pies, and Deborah a call to come to din
ner surprised him in the midst of aa an
extremely interesting article on the
Rights of Women."
Daring dinner, the Deacon gravely
catechised his children on the manner of
spending the morning ; and finding that
the boys bad been j-eadine one of Coop
er's sea tales, and Miss Lucy had been
weeping over the sorrows of "little Gir
ty," be thought such serious violations
of propriety required equally severe rep
rimands, and ia punishment thereof, he
assigned each of them a Scripture lesson
to be repeated at the tea table, easing
bis conscience by some very appropriate
remarks cn the friiolous character of
light literature, and the heartily expressed
wish that every novel was "at the bottom
of the sea." - r
The afternoon, at the Deacon's, wore
away much like the morning. Deborah
read Pilgrim's Progress and Judson's
Memoirs, and the deacon finished the Tri
bune, and then, taking his umbrella and
a bag of salt, went forth to the pastures
to look after his numerous flocks and
herds, for if any one of his sheep had fal
len into a pit on the Sabbath day. how
oould the Deacon have lifted it out,
had be been at church ? . Charles and
Henry committed the portion of Script
tore assigned to them, and then, not dar
ing to resume the novel, strolled about
the farm, and talked knowingly about
the prospect for harvest.
Probably the most joyous feeling ex
perienced by any member of the family
during the day, was when the kitchen
clock told the hour of retiring.
May the time be far distant when an
other rainy Sabbath keeps the Deacon's
family from church, and long, long be
the time ere bis pastor's heart is chilled
with the sight of his empty pew ! ' ?
A STRANGE PHENOMENON.
We have never seen in print a notice
of the following strange fact, although
every steamboat acquainted with Green
River navigation, can verify its truth.
Jost about the locks, when the river is
in a low stage, for several miles steam
boats shut down their furnace doors and
allow no torches to be lighted, for fear
of what the deck hands call "setting the
nver on fire I" Frequently boats using
torches or keeping their furnace doors
open, at this particular place, have them
selves engulphed in blue flames, greatly
to the alarm of passengers, and in sever
al cases setting the steamer oa fire. In
some instances the passengers have only
been prevented by the strenuous exer
tions of officers, from leaping overboard
in their alarm. The cause of the singu
lar phenomenon is simply this : ' The
bottom of the river becomes covered with
forest leaves and rubbish to the depth of
some incnes, probably several feet.
Boats in low water' run through this
bed of vegetable matter, their wheels
stirring it up thoroughly. An inflanja
ble gas is thus permitted to escape, which
on communicating with a flame, at once
takes fire and burns with a blue blase,
At such times the boat is stopped and
the flames cease. When out, the boat
goes oa again, taking the precautions
mentioned above. Unless allowed to
continue some Ettle time, this burning gas
is not pt to eomramnicate its fame to
wood but is quite sufficient to seriously
alarm those not acquainted with hseause.
EvanxviUe, Ind. Journal.
AN EARTHLY PARADISE.
Of South America, especially its inte
rior, we know but little, lhe explora
tions of Herndon and Gibbon have given
us more reliable information concerning
it, than, perhaps, all other travelers and
writers combined. Some months since,'
we noticed at considerable length, the
work of the first named. That of the
latter we have just read, with even great
er interest. We give below aa interest
ing sketch, selected from this book, of
the Department and city of Santa Crus,
situated near the eastern boundary of
Bolivia, and almost mid-way "between
the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. With
no commerce other than that carried on
by mule trains, and cut off from inter
course with the world, it scarcely feels
the loss of either. Its natural produc
tions make it independent of all other
countries. Their great variety and its
equitable and luxurious climate makeita
'Happy Valley," an earthly paradise.
But let the author speak for himself :
" When we look at the list of produc
tions in that region of country, we are
struck with the independenctvof its in
habitants upon all external trade. A
breakfast table in Santa Crus, construct
ed of beautiful cedar wood, is described,
covered with white cotton cloth, silver
plates and dishes, with silver cups, forks,
and spoons ; coffee, sugar, cream, but
ter, corn and wheat bread, mutton, eggs,
and oranges, are all produced in the
province. Beef is found on the pampa.
game in the woods, and fish in the rivers.
Potatoes and all the garden vegetables
are raised upon the plantations. The
arm chair of the creole is made of the
ornamental "Caoba," or mahogony tree.
Eight guests may be seated, each one
in a different species of mahogany. His
Indian servants gather grapes, make
wine, collect the tropical fruits, and to
bacco ; while bis wife or daughter take
pride in well made cigars. The climate
is such that horses roam about all the
year; there is no expense for stabling
the animals. No barns are neeessarT
for the protection of his harvests during
bard winter. His bouse may be as
open as a shed. What little thin cloth
ing and bedding bis family require are
supplied by the soiL and worked into
fine cloth by the hands of Indians, who
spin, weave, and sew. bilver he cares
little for except in table use. Gold oun
ces are melted into crosses and earrings
for the Indian girls. The inhabitants of
Santa Crux are therefore the most indo
lent in the world ; under !s hospitable
climate, few men exert themselves ' be-
yond what is absolutely necessary.
When be takes a fancy to wear itri-
ped trousers, he plants a row of white .
cotton and a row of yellow. These col-
ore contrast without the trouble of dye-
stuff ; should he wish a blue, he plants
a row of indigo ; when he requires red,
be gathers cochineal from among the
woods, where he also finds a bark which
produces a deep black, whieh the wo
men often employ to dye their white
The heart-leaved bixa grows wild;
the vanilla bean scents the door-way,
while the coffee and chocolate trees
shade it. The sugar cane may be plant
ed, in any part of the province, to be
manufactured into sugar, rum, and mo
lasses, during the year of planting.
It may be well to give, from report,
an outline of the daily life of a family
in this town. Very early in the morn
ing the creole, getting out of bed, throws
himself into a hamac ; his wife stretch
es herself upon a bench near by, while
their children seat themselves with their
legs under them on the chairs, all in
their night dresses. The Indian servant
girl enters with a cup of chocolate for
each member of the family. After
which she brings some coals of fire in a
silver dish. The wife lights her husband
a cigar, then one for herself. Some time
is spent reclining, chatting and regaling.
The man slowly pulls on his cotton trou
sers, woolen coat, leather shoes, and
vicuna hat, with his neck exposed to the
fresh air silk handkerchiefs are scarce
he walks to some near neighbor's, with
whom. he again drinks chocolate and
and smokes another cigar.
At midday a small low table is set in
the middle of the room, and the family
go to breakfast. The wife sits next to
her husband ; the women are very pret
ty and affectionate to their husbands.
He chooses her from among", there
being about that number of women to
one man in the town. The children seat
themselves, and the dogs form a ring
behind. The first dish is a chupe of,
potatoes with large pieces of meat. The
man helps himself first, and throws hia
bones straight aoross the table ; a child
dodges bis head to give it a free passage.'
and the dogs rush after it as it falls upon
the ground floor. A child then throws
his bone, the mother dodges, and the
dogs rush behind ber. The second dish
holds small pieces of beef without bones.
Dogs are now fighting. Next comes a
.dish with finely -chopped beef ; ther.beef
soap, vegetables, and fruits; finally.
eogee or chocolate. After breakfast the
man pulls off bis trousers and coat, and
lies down with his drawers in the hamac.
His wife lights him a cigar. The dogs
jump up and lie down upon the chairs
the fleas bite (hem on the ground.
The Indian girl closes both doors and
windows, takes the children out to play,
while the rest of the family sleep.
At 2 p. m. the church bells ring to let
the people know the priests are saying a
prayer for them, which rouses them up.
The man rises, stretches bis hand above
his head and gapes ; the dogs get down,
and whiningly stretch themselves ; while
the wife sits up in bed and loudly calls
for "fire;" the Indian girl reappears
with a "chunk" for her mistress to
light her master another cigar, and she
smokes again herself. The dinner, which
takes place between 4 and 5, and is near
ly the same as breakfast, except when
a beef is recently killed by the Indians,
then they have a boil. The ribs and
other long bones of the animal are trim
med of flesh, leaving the bones thinly
coated with meat ; these are laid across
a fire and roasted : the members of the
family, while employed with them, look
as if all were practising music.
A horse is brought into the house by
an Indian man, who holds while the
" patron " saddles and bridles him ; he
then puts on a pair of silver spurs, which
cost forty dollars, and mounting, he
rides out of the frontdoor to the opposite
house ; halting, he takes off his hat and
calls out " Buenas tardea, senoritas "
good evening, ladies. The ladies make
their appearance at the door ; one lights
him a cigar ; another mixes him a glass
of lemonade to refresh himself after his
ride. He remains in the saddle talking,
while' they lean gracefully against the
door-post, smiling with their bewitching
eyes, tie touches his bat and rides on
to another neighbor. After spending
the afternoon in this wsy be rides into
his house again. The Indian holds the
horse by the bridle while the master dis
mounts. Taking off the saddle, be
throws it into one chair, the bridle into
another, his spurs on a third, and him
self into the hamac ; the Indian leads
out the horse, the dogs pull down the
riding gear to the floor, and lay them
selves on their usual beds.
Chocolate and cigars are repeated.
Should the Creole be handed a letter of
introduction by a stranger traveling
through the country, be immediately of
fers his hamae and a cup chocolate.
The baggage will be attended to, and
as long as the traveler remains, be is
treated with a degree of kindness and
politeness seldom met with in fashiona
ble parts of the world. No alteration
will be made in their mode of living on
account of his being among them, except
that the dogs and horses are kept out of
the house, and there is less dodging of
bones. Pride, and a natural feeling of
good manners, prevent the stranger from
seeing such performances. The Creels
speaks of the wealth of his country in
the most exaggerated manner ; be has
so many of the good things of the world
at his door, that he naturally boasts ;
he thinks little of other parts of the
world; he has no idea of leaving his
own fruits and flowers. The roads are
bad ; he cares little for their use. When
he leaves his native city, it is more- for
pleasure than for commerce. He is not
obliged to build railroads that be may
receive at low rates of freight the tea of
China; the sugar of the West Indies;!
the flour, iron, or cotton goods of North
America. His own climate is so agree-
ble that be seldom wishes to travel ;
there is no place like At home I When
the traveler inquires bow he would like
to see a steamboat come to the mouth of
the Piary river, the water of which be
drinks, his ejes brighten, and he smil
ingly says " he would be delighted ; "
at once -telling what he would put on
board of her as a cargo for the people
who sent ber. He is contented with the
roads constructed by the hand of the
Creator of all things ; but the Creole is
honest in bis desire to see what he has
never seen a steam engine move a ves
sel. He is ready to sell his produce to
those who come to bim ; yet when you
inquire what he desires from other parts
of the world, it is very certain, from the
length of time it takes him to answer.
that be seldom thinks he is in want of
anything ; and if asked how much he is
willing to subscribe towards purchasing
a steamboat, bis usual answer is, that
" he has no money, and is very poor 1'
It is calculated that two hundred
thousand men have perished in the pres.
ent European war
AN ANCIENT AND CIVILIZED PEOPLE FOUND.
The following curious letter is calcula
ted to arrest more than ordinary atten
tion. ' It is from the pen of O. H. Green,
of the U. S. sloop-of-wsr Decatur, is
dated "off the Straits of Magellen, Feb.,
15th," and appeared in the New Orleans
Picayune of the 1st inst :
There being no appearance of a change
of weather,' I obtained leave of absence
for a few dajs, and accompanied by my
class-mate and chum, Dr. Bainbridge,
Assistant Surgeon, was landed on Terra
del Fuego. With great labor and diffi
culty we scrambled up the mountain
sides, which line the whole southeast
shore on these Straits, and after as
cending 3500 feet, we came upon a plain
of surpassing richness and beauty.
Fertile fields the greatest variety of
fruit trees in full bearing, and signs of
civilisation and refinement meeting us
on every side. We had never read any
account of these people, and thinking
this Island was wholly deserted, except
by a few miserable cannioals and wild
beasts, we bad come, well armed, and
jou can judge of our surprise. The in
habitants were utterly astonished at our
appearance, but exhibited no signs of
fear, or any unfriendliness. Our dress
amused them, and being the first white
men ever seen by them, they imagined
that we had come from their God, the
Sun, on some peculiar errand of good.
They are the noblest race I ever saw,
the men all ranging from 6 feet to 6,
well proportioned, very athletic, and
straight as an arrow. The women were
among the most perfect models of beau
ty ever formed, averaging 5 feet high,
very plump, with small feet and hands,
and a jet-black eye which takes you by
storm. We surrendered at discretion,
and remained two weeks witlf this strange
Their teachers of religion speak the
Latin language, and have traditions from
successive priests, through half a hund
They tell us this Island was once at
tached to the main land; that about
1900 years ago, by their reeords, their
country was visited by a violent earth
quake, which occasioned the rent now
known as the Straits of Magellan ; that
on the top of the mountain which lifted
its head to the sun, whose base rested
where the waters now flow, stood their
great temple; which according to their
description, as compared to the one now
existing we saw, must have been 17,208
feet sqare, and over 1100 feet high,
built of the purest pantile marble. A
thousand reflections crowd upon the mind
in viewing this people and this paradise,
unknown to the world.
The ship is in sight that will carry
this to you, and I must now close ; only
saying that the official report of Dr.
Bainbridge to the Department, will be
filled with the most interesting and val
uable matter, and astonish the American
people. The vessel proves to be the
clipper ship Creeper, from the Chichi
Islands, with guano, for your port, and
I will avail myself of this opportunity to
send you a specimen of painting on por
celain, said to be over 3000 years old ;
and an image, made of gold and iron,
taken in one of their wars many years
before the Straits of Magellan existed.
They number about three thousand
men, women and children, and I was
assured the population has not varied
two hundred, as they prove by their
traditions, for immemorable ages. As
the aged grow feeble (bey are left to die,
and if the children multiply too rapidly
they are sacrificed by the priests. This
order comprises about one-tenth of the
population, and what the ancient Greeks
called "Gymnosophists." They are all
of one peculiar race, neither will they
admit a stranger into their order. They
live, for the most part, near the beauti
ful stream called Tanuhan, which takes
its rise in the mountains, passes through
the magnificent valley of Leuvu, and
empties into the Atlantic at the extreme
southwestern point of the Island.
This residence is chosen for the sake
of their frequent purifications. Their
diet consists of milk, curdled with sour
herbs. They eat apples, rice, and all
fruits and vegetables, esteeming it the
height of impiety to taste anything that
has life. They live in little huts or cot
tages, each one by himself, avoiding
company and discourse, employing all
their time in contemplation, and their
religious duties. They esteem this life
but a necessary dispensation of Nature,
which they voluntarily do as a penance,
evidently thirsting after the dissolution
of their bodies ; and firmly believing
that the soul, at death, is released from
its prison, and launched forth into per
fect liberty and happiness. Therefore,
they are always cheerfully disposed to
die, bewailing those that are alive, and
celebrating the funerals of the dead with
joyful solemnities and triumph. .
ANECDOTES OF DR. CHAPMAN.
Ths late Doctor Chapman, of Ph3i
delphia, mourned of many who will laugh
at his wit no more, has left behind bim a
memory that will be transmitted through
generations. His wit was equal to his
skilL It waa hard to say which did his
patients the most good, and as he always
gave bis best of both at the same time,
they probably helped each other. Just
as it happened when one of "his patient
revolted at a monstrous dose of physic,
and said :
" Why, Doctor, you don't mean such
a dose as this for a gentleman ?"
" Oh, no," said the Doctor, "it is for
working men 1"
And a good laugh is often as good as
a medicine. With him the pleasantry
was as certain as the opportunity. Even
in txtremit it would come out of him.
He was walking in the streets, and a
baker' cart, driven furiously, was about
to run him down. The baker reined up
suddenly, and just in time to spare the
Doctor, who instantly took off his hat,
and bowing politely exclaimed, "You
are the best brtd man in town."
At the great gathering in Philadelphia
of the Medical Society of the United
States, our literary and distinguished Dr.
Francis and Dr. Chapman met, as they
had done a thousand times before, having
been friends for half a century. At a
large dinner party a pompous little Dr.
Mann, presuming that these gentlemen
were strangers, said to Dr. Francis, "Let
me introduce you to Dr. Chapman, the
head of our profession in Philadelphia
t was too much for Dr. Chapman, who
retorted, " Dr. Francis, let me introduce
you to Dr. Mann, the tail of our profes
sion in Philadelphia." Little Mann left
the lions alone after that.
Very much against his will the Doctor
was made a vestryman in bis parish
church, and one of his duties was to pass
the plate for the contribution at the morn
ing service. He presented it with great
politeness and becoming gravity to the
genlleman at the head of the pew near
est the chancel, who was not disposed to
contribute. The faithful collector, noth
ing daunted, held the plate before him.
and bowed, as if he would urge him to
think the matter over and give tonutking.
a little something, and refused to go on
till he had seen his silver on the plate.
In this way he proceeded down the aisle,
victimising every man till he came to
the pew nearest the door, where sat an
aged colored woman. To bis surprise
she laid down a piece of eold. " Dear
me ?" said the astonished Doctor, " you
must be Guinea nigger." They never
troubled the Doctor to go around with
the plate after that.
Dr. Chapman was a delegate lo the
Convention of the Church, which was to
hold its anual session at Pittsburgh.
Party spirit ran high, and the members.
both clerical and lay, being men of like
passions with other men, became more
excited and violent in word and tone
than was becoming so reverend and
crave a body. When things had gone
on at tuis rate for two days, and were
nothing bettered, but rather grew worse.
one of the most venerable members arose
and said, that he thought these scenes
were highly indeccrus, especially as
they were enacted in the presence of
God, whose servants we all profess to
be. Dr. Chapman, for the first time,
now stood up, and with a peculiar twist
ing of his words, and the profound atten
tion of the whole convention, remarked
" Mr. President, I think so, too. It
too bad. The members ought not to do
so. But I do not feel the force of that
last remark. The gentleman says, 'we
ought not to conduct ourselves in this
manner in the presence of God ; now.
sir, to my certain knowledge, He has
not been in this place since we came to
The rebuke was so just, so pertinent.
that priest and people felt it alike, and
the business of the convention was eon'
ducted with decorum to its close. liar-
perM Magazine. -
A Quakeress, being jealous of her
husband, watched his movements, and one
morning actually discovered the truant
hugging and kissing the pretty servant
girl. Broadbrim was not long in discov
ering the face of his wife, as she peeped
through the half-open door, and rising
with all the coolness of a General, thus
addressed her :
"Betsy, thee had better quit peeping,
or thee will cause a disturbance in the
Hobacs BurmiT says that "the paths
of trade fairly bristle with temptation."
Mr. Binney alludes to the trade in dry
goods, groceries, eke.; bat. we imagine
the trade which bristles most with temp
tations, is the bog-trade of the Western
States. When a man once embarks
that trade, be is apt to " go the entire
DIMENSIONS OF HEAVEN.
"And he measured the eity with the
reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The
length, and the breadth, and the height
of it are equal." Rsv. XXI. IS.
Twelve thousand furlongs 7,920,000
feet, which being cubed, is 496,793,088,-
000,000,000,000 cubic feet. Half of
this, we will reserve for the Throne of
God, and the Court of Heaven; add half
of the balance for Streets, leaving a re
mainder of 124.193,272.000,000,000,-
000 cubic feet.
Divide this by 4066, the cubical feet in
a room 16 feet square, and 16 feet high,
and there will be 30,321,843,750,000,
We will now suppose that the world
always did and always will e on tain 900,-
000,000 inhabitants, and tt at a generation
lasts 331 years, making 2,700,000,000
every century, and that the world will
stand 100,000 years, making in all 270,
000,000,000,000 inhabitants. : Then
suppose there were 100 such worlds,
equal to this, in number of inhabitants
and duration of years, making a total of
27,000,000,000,000,000 persons. Then
there would be a room 16 feet long, 16
feet wide, and 16 feet high, for each
person and yet there would be room.
Tax V aj.cs or Fosxst Tbxxs. The
remarks which follow are credited to
Dr. Hawks, and are worthy the earnest
and serious attention of every benevolent
and patriotic mind.
"Civilisation uses a vast amount of
wood, although for many purposes it is
being fast superseded ; but it it not ths
nteettary use of wood thai it sweeping
away the forest of tha United Stat, to
much at it wanton dettntction. We
should look to the tontequtneet of this.
Palestine, once well-wooded and culti
vated like a garden, is now a desert the
haunt of Beudouins ; Greece, in ber
palmy days the land of laurel forests, is
now a desolate waste ; Persia and Bab
ylon, the cradles of civilisation, are now
covered beneath the sands of deserts, pro
duced by the eradication of forests. It is
comparatively easy to eradicate the forests
of the North, as they are of a gregarious
order one class succeeding another ;
but, the tropical forests, composed of in
numerable varieties, growing together in
the most democratic union and equal
ity, are never eradicated. Even in Hin
dostan, all its many millions of popula
tion have never been able to conquer the
phoenix-life of its tropical vegetation.
Forests act as regulators, preserving
snow and rain from melting and evapo
ration, and producing a regularity in the
flow of the rivers draining them. ' When
they disappear, thunder-storms become
less frequent and heavier, the snow
melts in the first warm days of spring,
causing freshets, and in the fall the rivers
dry up and eease to be navigable.
These fre&hets and droughts also pro
duce the malaria, which is the scourge
of Western bottom-lands. Forests, al
though they are at first an obstacle to
civilisation, soon become necessary to its
continuance. Our rivers, not having
their sources above the snow line, are
dependent on forests for their supply of
water, and it is essential that they should
In Virginia the severity of the winter.
and the drouth of the spring have opera
ted injuriously upon the wheat crop of
that State. The appearances now are
not flattering. But, spring rains and
auspicious weather may yet bring abun
Srscx it has become the fashion for
men to confess their past errors very
freely in books, it is boldly asserted that
there is no material difference between
an autobiography and a naughty biog
Ths doctors are beginning to discuss
the powers of electricity as a remedial
agent. So we suppose they are only
going to abandon the old modes of kil
ling for one more "shocking."
As experienced woman asserts, that
when men break their hearts, it is all the
same as when a lobster breaks one of
his elaws ; another sprouting immediate
ly, and growing in its place.
Tas following advertisement lately ap
peared in an English paper: "Wanted,
a man end his wife to look after a farm,
and a da ry with a religious turn of
mind without incumbrance."
Is May, 1854, Ohio had within a frac
tion of five million of sheep. The coun
ties of Columbiana, Licking and Har
rison have about 130,000 each.
A Music Dxaus recently received
an order for " 2 coppys weave me no
God a ehaplet," the man wanted the
ballad, "Weave me no gaudy chaplet"
Ms. Siati'Lss wants to know if a "Board
of Trade" trades in boards. Mr. Sim
ples is to build a wheelbarrow, and wan's
to know the price of lumber.
DIMENSIONS OF HEAVEN. For the Farmer.
From the Ohio Observer.
THE DROUGHT AND ITS LESSONS.
Let us look first for the economical les-j
sons, which msy be gathered from tha
Drought and its results. This is the
second Drought which has centred in:
ten yeari one m 1845, the other in
1854. There is usually in AHgust a ucc
of moisture to sustain vegetation.. The
Western Reserve is a land of cheese and.
butter. The eeneral effort of farmers
is to produce as much as possible of
these and as little of anything else. The
effort is to push off all kinds of stock,
and to buy cows, cows, cows. : Another.,
class of farms is devoted to the maturing
of cattle for the butcher, and the talk of
their owners is of bullocks, but the plow
is little used and oa some farms not at
all from year to year. . - .
It seems bad economy to depend en
tirely upon one resource anywhere, but
especially in such a climate as this.
There will always be liability to failure.
whieh shall bring distress upon the whole
community. This is true m the South.
where one staple, as tobacco, rice, cot
ton or sugar is the sole dependence ; if
that fails, there is of necessity commer
cial trouble, and the greater, if this fail
ure occurs, as this year, at the same tune
with a general interruption of confidence
in the commercial world. .: . . ; . --;
If a mixed husbandry is pursued, it
will rarely happen that all crops will fail. .
If the grass and corn fail, wheat may be
a good crop, and the straw, chaff, and
shorts will keep the stock though the
winter, and the farmer wiS not be com
pelled to buy food for himself and his
cattle at the same time.
It is not then the true policy of our
farmers to run all to grass, but to pur
sue a mixed husbandry ; to cultivate a
few acres in the best possible manner,
and raise a crop of wheat, another of
oats, another of corn, with potatoes for
family use. The amount of stock which
could be kept would be diminished, but
by no means in proportion to the increased
security ; for at the same time ' the
amount of winter forage would be in
creased. The habit of plowing more
would increase security in another way.
Lands which have been plowed and seed
ed are much less affected by the drought
than natural meadows, except bottom
lands, of which we have very Ettle.' 'Ia
1845 the crop on plowed lands were "dou
ble that on nnplowed. The early part
of last season was wet, so that the pro
portion wits less, though there was great
difference. Besides all this, I expect
that in less than fifty years, an inproved
eulture will show our clay soils to be the
true wheat soils.
The lesson also seems to be taught by
this Providence, that there is no safety
in stocking farms to their utmost ca
pacity in good seasons. These wSl oc
cur about as often as the barren ones,
while the majority will be of medium
productiveness. God taught Egypt, by
the month of Joseph, to lay by ia the
fruitful year to supply the lack of the un
fruitful. So be teaches us by his Prov
idence. Years of careful observation
and experience have convinced me that
in good seasons, the farmer should cal
culate to leave over, in this climate.
about one-third of his fodder to provide
for the contingencies of the following
season, so as to let the abundance of the
one supply the lack of toe other. But
the propensity is to stock up fail, to make
up for the loss of the last season ; the
consequence is, cows have to be bought
when high and the farmer ia reduced ia
means. He finds at the elose of the sea
son, perhaps, that the price of the pro
duct has been diminished, and be has
made nothing. The second or thirdsea
son is short and be sells at a sacrifice,
till be thinks be can get through, and
be does get though with the loss of some
of the weaker ones ; but the others axe
"spring poor," and therefore moderate
The annual August drought suggests
another item of economy. Dairies uni
formly fall off in this season, and with
out any necessity. No season, not even
the last, has been known to be so dry
that a well prepared field would not pro
duce a considerable quantity of corn-fodder,
.if seeded for that purpose. Every
dairyman should sow from one to tea
acres, according to the number of bis
herd, to supply them with green fodder
for this season. He could thus increase
bis number and add greatly to their pro
ductiveness, and whatever was not waa
ted could be saved for winter use.- The
land being cleared early, would, if prop
erly worked through the season, be in
the best order for wheat. It should be
put in early so that the crop eould be all
removed in time for the early sowing
of wheat, that being the best season for
curing that which is left, J '