Newspaper Page Text
HAFOOOD & ADAMS.
& HJttklq araili Sonrnal, Draotrb to .frobora. 'iralturr, literature, (Station, loral Snblligtntr, anb tjft l&ins of tjt Dai. :.
collar ajto rxrrr castr . .
ru un, nr ataxb. -
VOL. 39, NO. 44.
WARREN, TRUMRULL COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY JUNE 2 0, 1855,
WHOLE NO.; I03Q- ?
[For the Chronicle.]
LINES TO A YOUNG FRIEND.
BY MRS. AMANDA GRAY.
SHt Friona, th spring ant mm and M
'fliMllkrhatmini; " "
JtifuHV glorta, loo. tore Born,
Whn Sowar ul loaf of from.
Ana Won win ar sighing m,
Th fikla an brown and aw.
Ana SMUiy-tincoa rorwt lmw,
To gild Om Men., appear.
The groT ar aad and itlent, who
Th singing bird ban been.
And pmlT tteaffht aoaM MaUas
Th ariad in aaeh a ob ;
Bat spring with all its long bright day.
Hot linn i with it flower ;
Her tine, nor abssne, deamt trtand.
Can amr hearts fflt san.
Thmgh Annum tears are fading now.
Oar Mendthip ata i green ;
Thoagh ebang i Barked on n&are'l brow.
Ho Chang in a U seen.
Ynng friend; eonki I npoa thy hand.
All richest bleating pear.
I'd ld r mti Ckrittf
lor th Fd k a nter.
[From the Ohio State Journal,]
BY WM. F. PORTER.
On th hiHsid. sloping southward, then th gcatl
Waking cp with warm embraces, fragrant flower en
Till th BMantalna, and th hillsides, and th valley
gparkl with their wealth of blossoms, as they sparkled
1st of snow.
Yirat to meet th son'f caresses tb Llvrwrt with
BoSaeting In iu soft recesses, sore from the arching
Peeping through th unbend bed of dry and Sear ad
Timidly to meet th light Its Uttw head aphssT.
Dowa bshind yoa mossy htllock, reowted sen-
beams lie. T
Sis up ttnfragll Wind-flower ; then mm friendly
Shield It from the cold north winds, while they let the
soother pmy -
Hid. aad Mk amid th tender hlouems all tlx lin-locg
When amid th dnsVrlng boshes soma clear tramlet
tads Its way,
Blooau the gentle pnrpfe riolet, sprinkled by the drift
Wails the Craw-Foot and Spring Beaaty fill ta sassd-
ws al aroand.
Aad aba little drooping Bhat-kelll ctnster s'er each av
' ay moond.
Waaaaa, Ohio, April, 18SS. "
BY WM. F. PORTER. Choice Miscellany.
MR. PEPPER'S WIFE;
AND HOW HE SHUT HER UP.
" Mrs. Pepper, I labor under the im
pression that it is high time yon were
getting breakfast. As my former house
keeper understood all my wishes, in re
gard to these things, I found it unneces
sary to give any orders respecting them,
but with yoa it is different. As yoa
hare never got a meal in this house, of
coarse yoa know nothing of the regula
tions of the household.
In the first place yoa will make a fire
in the kitchen, pat on the teakettle, Ac.
Then yoa will make a fire in here ; that
done yoa will cook the breakfast and
bring it in here, as I hare always been
accustomed to taking mine in bed, and
I do not consider it necessary to depart
from that custom on yoar account ; bat
should yoa prefer it, yoa can eat yours
in the kitchen, as it is perfectly immate
rial to me."
This occurred the morning after Mrs.
Pepper went to housekeeping. Mrs.
Pepper was a sensible woman she made
bo reply to Mr. Pepper's commands ;
' but as soon as her toilet was finished,
she left the room, and sitting down in
the kitchen, she thus ruminated :
" Make the kitchen fire yes 111 do
that ; then make a fire in the bedroom,
I'll see to that too ; then take the break
fast to his bedside just see if I do !"
And then Mrs. Pepper eat down and
thought deeply for a few minutes, when,
apparently having arrived -ata satisfac
tory conclusion, she proceeded to busi
ness. ; . -
Having got a nice fire kindled in the
kitchen, she carried some coal into Mr.
P's appartment, and filled up his stove,
having first ascertained that there was
not a spark of fire in it. That duty per
formed, she next prepared the breakfast,
of which she partaok with great relish,
and after matters and things were all set
to rights in the kitchen, she went down
town on a shopping excursion.
Meanwhile, Mr. Pepper began to grow
- impatient. " He labored under the im
pression" that the atmosphere of his
room did not grow, warm very fast, and
he began to feel unpleasantly hungry.
keeping out from behind the curtains,
he saw how affairs were with regard to
the stove. Something like a suspicion
of the leal staff of affairs began to dawn
upon his mind. He listened for a few
minutes, but all was still about the house.
Hastily dressing himself, he proceeded
to investigate the affair. He soon com
prehended the whole of it; and was very
wrathful at first ; bat he comforted him-
sell with the reflection that he had the
power to punish Mrs. P., jind he felt
bound to do it, too. After some search
he found the remains of the breakfast.
of which he partook with a gusto, and
then he sat down to wait for Mrs. P.
She was a long time in coming, and he
had ample time to none his wrath.
While sitting there, he thus soliloquised,
"That ever 1, Philander Pepper,
should be so treated, and by a woman,
too, is not to be believed. I can't be
E"Vit. bo, nor t won't etthwr. - fiat she
shan't escape, that's certain ; if " she
should, my putatkm for dignity would
be forever gone I for haven't I told Sol
omon Simpleton all along how I was go
ing to make my wife stand around, and
how I was a going to make her get up
and make the fire every morning, and
let me lie in my bed, and how I was go
to to shut her up, and feed her on bread
and water, if she dared to say she would'nt
"A cozy little arrangement, Mr. Pep
per," said a soft voice behind him.
Mr. P. started up, and there stood Mrs.
P. right behind his chair, laughing just
as hard as she could. Mr. P. pat on a
" Sit down iu that chair, madam," he
said, pointing to the one he had just va
cated, while I have a little conversation
" No w I should be pleased to know why
yoa did not obey my orders this morn
ing, and where yoa have been all this
'Where have I been this forenoon,
Mr. Pepper, I have not the least objec
tion to tell yoa ; I have been down town
doing a little shopping. I have purchas
ed some lovely napkins; just look at
them," said she holding them up de
murely for his inspection , " I only paid
a dollar a piece for them; extremely
cheap don't yon. think so ?" she added.
Mr. Pepper was astonished ; how she
dared to turn the conversation in this way,
was a mystery to him. Suddenly his
bottled wrath broke loose. Turning
fiercely Upon her he said
" Betsey Jane yoa disgust me ; yoa
seem to make light of this matter ; bat
it is more serious than yoa imagine, as
yoa will find to roar cost presently. If
yoa do not instantly beg my pardon, in
a submissive manner, I shall exert my
authority to bring yoa to a proper sense
of your misconduct, by imprisoning yoa
in one of my chambers until yoa are
willing to pxosnise strict obedience to my
At the close of this very eloquent and
dignified speeduYMr. Pepper drew him
self up to his full height, and stationed
hiniself before Mrs. P., ready to receive
expressions of sorrow and penitence ; he
had no doubt but that she would fall
down at his feet and say
" Dear Philander,, won't yoa please
to forgive me this time, and I'll never do
so any more. I"
And he was going to say, " Betsey
Jane, you'd better net;" but instead
of doing J1 this, what do yoa think she
did ? Laughed him right in the face 1
Mr. Pepper Was awful wrathy. He
spoke op to her in a voice of thunder and
"Mrs. Pepper, walk right up stairs,
this very minute, and don't yoa let the
grass grow under your feet while yoa
are going, neither. . Ton have begun
your antics in good season, Mrs. Pepper,
but I'll half yoa to know that it won't
pay to continue them any length of time
with me, Mrs. Pepper. Again I com
mand yoa to walk up stairs."
" Well, reejly, Mr. P., it is not at all
necessary for yoa to speak so loud I
am not bo deaf as all that comes to; but
as for walkidg up stairs, I have not the
least objection to doing so, if yoa will
wait until 'I have recovered from my
fatigue ; but I eant think of doing so
But yoa mutt, Mrs. P."
" Then all that I have got say is this,
you'll hare to carry me, for I won't
Mr. P. looked at his wife for a moment
with (he greatest astonishment; but as
she began to laugh at him again he
thought to h.imself
" She thinks I won't do it, and hopes
to get off in that way ; but it won't do ;
op stairs she's got to go, if I do have to
carry her ; so here goes," and taking
the form, of his lady in his arms, he soon
had the sutjafaction of seeing her safely
lodged, in her prison, and carefully lock,
ing her in, he stationed a little red-headed
youth on the frontdoor steps, to attend
to callers, aad also see that Mrs. P. did
not escape ; and then he betook himself
to a restaurant for his dinner, and after
dispatching that, he hurried off to his
office, and Was soon engrossed in busi
ness. About the middle of the forenoon,
our young -sentinel rushed into the of
fice, and said, never stopping to take
"Mr. Pepper had better run home
just as fast as he can, for that woman
what is shut up be making an awful
racket, and she be tearing around there,
and settling things the distressingest
kind, and if she beanl splitting up some
thing or other, then I don't know what
splitting be 1"
Without waiting to hear more, Mr. P.
seized his hat, and hurried off home at a
most dignified pace.
Opening the hall door, he stole up
stairs as carefully as possible, and ap
plying Jbis eyes "to thetty hwla, he be
held a sight which made him fairly boil
Mrs. P. was sitting in front of the fire
place, reading his old love letters. The
one she was engaged in perusing at that
particular moment, was from a Miss
Polly Primrose, who, it appeared, had
once looked favorably on the suit of Mr.
P.; but a more dashing lover appearing
on the scene, Miss Polly sent him a let
ter of dismissal, promising her undying
friendship, and accompanying the same
with a lock of her hair, and some walnut
But it was not the love letter alone
that made Mr. P. so outrageous. He
had been something of a traveler in his
day, and had collected a great many
curiosities in his rambles, which he had
deposited in a cupboard in the very room
where he had confined Mrs. Pepper, and
she had got at them.
She had split up an elegant writing
desk with his Indian battle-axe, in order
to have a fire, as the day was rather
chilly. In one comer of the fire place
was Mr. Pepper's best beaver, filled up
with love letters.
On a small table close to Mrs. P., was
a beautiful flat China dish, filled with
bear's oil, in which she had sunk Mr.
P's best satin cravat, and having fired
one end of it, it afforded her sufficient
light for her labors for Mr. Pepper had
closed the blinds, for the better security
of his culprit.
On some coals in front of the fire, was
Mr. P's silver christening bowl, in which
Mrs. P. was popping corn, which she
ever and anon stirred with the fiddle bow
meanwhile, occasionally punching up
the fire with the fiddle, for Mr. P. had
with commendable foresight, removed
the shovel and tongs.
Mr. P. condescended to peep through
the keyhole until he had obtained a pret
ty correct idea of what was going on
within. Never was there a Pepper so
fired as he. He shook the door, but it
was securely fastened within, and resist
ed all his efforts to open it. He ordered
Mrs. Pepper to open it or take the con
sequences ; but as she did not open it, it
is to be presumed that she preferred the
consequences. Mr. P. daited down the
stairs like a mad man.
"I must put astoptothis," he thought,
" or I shall not have a rag of clothes on
Procuring a ladder, he began to
mount to the bed room ; but Mrs
P. was not to be taking so easily.
She knew that he had left the door
unlocked, for she had examined it as
soon as he had left; but she had no
idea of letting him have the benefit of
her fire ; so, hastily seizing several large
bottles of cologne, she thew the contents
upon the fire, and in a few minutes had
the satisfaction of seeing it entirely ex
tinguished. That duty performed, she
left the apartment, and locking the door
she stationed herself in a convenient
position to hear everything that trans
In a few moments Mr. P. was safe in
the apartment, and as soon as he had
closed the window, he stood bolt upright
in the middle of the room, and said in a
"Jezebel, come forth 1"
" Jade, do yoa think to escape ?"
Still no response, Mr. P. begins to
feel uneasy, and hastily commences to
search the room ; but had not proceeded
far, when he hears a slight titter some
where in the vicinity of the door. He
listens a moment and it is repeated.
Darting to the door he attempts to open
it, but finds himself a prisoner. There
is but one more chance, he thinks, and
hurries to the window ; but alas for Mr.
Pepper ! his wife had just removed the
ladder, and he cannot escape.
He sits down on a chair and looks rue
fully around him ; and presently he
arises and picks up a few fragments of a
letter which is lying on the carpet, and
finds it is from Polly Primrose. He
wonders what she has done with the
lock of hair. -
At this moment his eye falls upon his
daguerreotype which is lying upon the
table before him-mechanically taking
it up, he opens it and sees what 1 noth
ing but his own face. All the rest of
him being rubbed off, and around his
lovely phiz is the missing curl, and the
walnut meats are carefully' stowed in the
corner of the case. Mr. P. fairly blab
' Good !" thought Mrs. P.; " when
you find your level, I'll let you out, and
not till then. A little wholesome disci
pline will do you good, and I'm fully
prepared to administer it."
How long Mrs. Pepper kept her liege
lord in durance vile, deponent saith not,
and as to what passed between them
when he was released from captivity, we
are not better informed, but of this we
are sure, Mr. P. might have been teen,
a morning or two afterwards, to put his
head into the bedroom, and hear him
say in a meek manner
" Betsey Jane, I've made the kitchen
fire ; and put on the tea kettle ; won't
you please to get up and get breakfast?"
DON'T SPILL THE GRAVY.
Catlin, the famous American travel
ler and collector of Indian curios ties, has
seen some stirring incidents in the course
of bis adventures. The following is re
lated by a fellow-traveller, who gave
Catlin the tobriquenl of " Governor :"
" One day, when we had landed, and
most of our party were lying asleep on
the boat, which was drawn under the
shade of some large trees, the Governor
and I had collected wood and made a
large fire on this bank, two or three rods
from the boat, over which we were roas
ting a fat pig, which I had shot from the
boat daring the morning. I was squat
down on one side of the fire, holding a
short-handled frying-pan in which we
had made some very rich gravy, which
the governor, who was squatted down op
posite me, was ladling over the pig with
an Indian wooden spoon. All of a sud
den I observed his eye fixed upon some
thing over my shoulder, when he said to
me in a very low tone, 'Now I want you
to keep perfectly cool, and don't spill
your gravy : there is a splenid tiger right
behind you !' I held fast to the frying
pan, and, turning my head gradually
around, I had full view of the fellow.
within eight spaces of me, lying flat on
his side, and with his paws lifting up and
playing with the legs of one our Span
iards who had laid himself down upon his
belly, and was fast asleep. Our rifles were
left in the boat ! The Governor drew
himself down the bank, on his hands and
feet, ordering me not to move. I was in
hopes he would have taken the old Minie,
but he preferred his own weapon, and
getting it to bear upon the beast, he was
obliged to wait some minutes for it to
raise its head, so as not to endanger the
poor Spaniard ; at the crack ot the rifle
the animal give a piercing screech, and
leapt about fifteen feet straight into the
air, and fell quite dead. The Spaniard
leapt nearly as far in a different direc
tion ; and, at the same instant, from be
hind a little bunch of bashes on the op
posite 6ide, and not half the distance from
our fire, and right behind the Governor's
back, where he had been sitting, sprang
the mate, which darted into the thicket j
and disappeared. We skinned this beau
tiful animal, which was shot exactly be
tween his eyes, and, after all hands had
withdrawn to the boat, waited several
hours in hopes that the other one woild
show itself again ; but we waited in vain,
andiost our game."
Kissing nr Russia. Kissing, whbh
with the Western nations is a caress,
seems to be considered in Russia rather
as a greeting, a national salute, a univer
sal custom, derived from remote antiqui
ty. A traveler in that country says nt
only husbands kiss their wives and fath
ers their children, whenever they enter
and leave their apartments, though it be
forty times a day, but men kiss each oth
er the Emperor kisses his officers
smart cadets are rewarded with an impe
rial kiss old generals with rusty moos
tachios kiss whole regiments kiss. It
is said that one of the bridges in St. Pe
tersburgh is to this day called Potzalui
Most, or Bridge Sf Jvisses, in commemo
ration of Petejthfereat, who, having
'n a fit passj&a. dnsstly degraded an of
ficer in face of his whole regiment; kis
sed the poor man in the same open way,
upon the next public occasion, on this
" Raritied Mas." The closing para
graph of an article from the pen of Hen
ry Ward Beecher, is as follows : Alas 1
that we should have so many ratified
men among us, who are so holy that they
cannot quite touch the ground, and yet
are not etherial enough to rise entirely up,
and therefore hang in an unpleasant os
cillation between earth and heaven, quite
uncertain in their own minds to which
their duties belong.
Piety is not an end, but a means,
through the purest repose of the spirit,
to attain the highest culture. Where
fore it may be remarked, that (hose who
pursue piety as an end and aim, are
"In the heraldry of Heaven," writes
Bishop Horn, " goodness precedes great
ness, so on earth it is often more power
ful. The lowly and the loving may of
ten do more in their own limited sphere
than the gifted."
MEN WITH TAILS.
We published, some time since, an in
teresting article upon this subject, eopied
from some French paper. The New
York Medical Times has the following
further information in regard to this mat
ter of human caudal appendages :
"Dr.. Hulsch-,. Hospital Physician at
Constantinople, baa addressed a letter on
the subject of " Men with Tails," which
adds many interesting details to those al
ready received from travelers. We will
briefly lay before our readers the infor
mation more or less positive, which we
possess, on the existence of this curious
variety of the human species, and of
which the earliest indication dates as far
back as 1677. .
Mb. EnrfOK : At this time, when at
tention seems to be concentrated on a tail
bearing race, Niam-Niams, it gives me
much pleasure to be able to add some
observations which I havehad occasion to
make at Constantinople.
In 1852, 1 saw, for the first time, one.
of this race, a negress ; struck by this
phenomenon, I interrogated her master,
a slave merchant I was informed by
him that there existed in Nigritia, a tribe
called Mam-Niams ; that all the mem
bers of this tribe bear the caudal appen
dix ; and as exaggeration is a necessity to
the oriental imagnation, he assured me
that he had seen the tails two feet in
length. . The one observed by me was
smooth, without hair, and was two inches
in length, and terminated in a point.
The negress was black as ebony ; her
hair was crisped ; the teeth were white,
and inserted upon the alveolar piocess
strongly inclining outwards. The four
canines were filed, her eyes were in
jected with blood. She ate raw meat
with much relish, clothes were disagree
able to her; 'torn inldligenc elat au
niveau de celle det gent de ton etpece.'
Her master had offered her for sale for
six months at an exceedingly low price,
but was unable to sell her, the horror
which she inspired not residing in her
tail, but in her taste which she took no
pains to conceal for human flesh.
Her tribe eat the flesh of prisoners ta
ken in battle with the neighboring nation,
with whom they are constantly at war.
When any of them die, the relatives
instead of intering the body, eat it ; from
this cause, there are no cemeteries in the
They do not all lead a wandering life,
many of them construct huts with the
branches of trees : they manufacture the
impliments of war and of agriculture,
cultivating maize, grain, etc. Cattle are
also bred by them.
The Niam-Niams have a language
which is altogether primitive ; it contains
many Arabic words. They go entirely
naked, and wish for nothing but to sat
isfy their sensual appetites. Let fit
eouehant avee hurts meres, let froret avec
feurts, tacurt,ttc. ; there is a frightful
pell-melL The strongest among them be
comes their chief ; he it is who leads
them to battle, and it is he who divides
the booty. It is not known whether they
have any religion, but is probable they
have not from the facility with which
they embiace any that is taught them.
It is very difficult to civilize them, their
instinct leading them always to search
for human flesh ; there are examples of
slaves who have killed and then devour
ed the chilnren of their master, who had
been confided to their care.
I saw, last year, a man of this same
race, having a tail one inch and a half
long, covered with a few hairs. He
seemed to be about 35 years of age, was
robust, of good constitution, ebony black,
and had the same particular conforma
tion of the lower jaw spoken of above,
i. ., the alveoles incline outward. Their
canines are filed in order to diminish
their masticatory force.
The Nim-Niams are endowed with
Herculean strength. The merchants re
ject them, as they are so very difficult to
subjugate, and the people fear to con
fide to them the guard of their houses.
I knew, at Constantinople, the son of
an apothecary, ten years of age, who
was born with a tail, one inch in length;
he belongs to the white Caucasian race.
One of his ancestors presented the same
anomaly. These phenomena are gener
ally regarded, in the east, as a sign of
The Turks have known, for a long
time, this race of men, and are very
much astonished that scientific Europe
seems to ignore their existence al this
late day. Hulsch.
To sum up by a scientific view of the
ease, the existence of " men with tails,"
appears incontestible ; and if travelers
raise doubts on the subject, it is probab
ly because they confound the Niam
Niams, their neighbors of the first, an
thropophagi like them, but deprived of
Five of the sweetest words io the En
glish language begin with H Heart,
Hope, Home, Happiness and Heaven.
THE GULF STREAM.
It is believed by many that the waters
of the Gulf Stream are nothing more or
less than the waters of the river Amazon.
This great father of waters is imbedded
more than 1,000 miles immediately un
der the equator, and all its tributary
streams for many, thousand miles, are
constantly pourig-viher hat water, into
this mighty reservoir "cTwaier: A these
waters are gathered under the burning
sun of the equator, they are extremely
warm, far more so than the waters of the
Atlantic under the equator. The great
body of heated water shoots out into the
Atlantic more than a hundred miles, in
the face of the eternal trade winds.
The Amazon is sixty miles wide ; af
ter being embedded in its irresistable
course, it curves off to the left, and scuds
off before the strong trade winds till out
of their reach. Driven along with great
force, it takes its course round the great
bay formed between the two continents
of North and South America. Dashing
along the Northern coast of the West
India Islands, it leaves the shore of
Cuba, proceeds along the shores of Flor
ida, the Capes of Virginia, and the south
coast of Newfoundland, ends its mission
among the icebergs which float out o
the northern ocean. Cut off the Gulf
Stream, and it would not be many years
before the North Atlantic would be filled
with icebergs, and the port of New York
would cease to be the centre of Ameri
can commerce. Before the course of
the Gulf stream was known, ships from
Europe to New York, in winter, used to
sail first to Charleston S. C, then coast
it down to Hudson. The voyage used to
occupy them from six to eight months.
The Nantucket fisherman were the first
to discover the course of the Gulf Stream,
and while English captains were taking
six months to reach New York they used
to make it sometimes in one month.
Vessels running north of this stream
in winter get their sails and rigging
frozen so that it is scarcely possible to
make any headway. By running into
the Stream they thaw out, for the water
is always warm, and is known by this,
and its intense deep blue color. It is
provided as a reservoir of heat by the
Great Governor of Worlds, to accom
plish His grand purpose. It is the influ
ence of this Stream which renders the
climate of Britain so genial.
Were it diverted to break upon the
coasts of Spain only, the Island of Brit
ain would soon become a bleak, cold, in
hospitable region, with a climate as cold,
and a winter as long as Labrador ; and
Erin would cease to be named the Eme
rald Isle, for her fields would be covered
with snow during eight months of the
year, instead of green herbage. It ap
pears from Geological evidences, that the
Gulf Stream did not break upon the
shores of Britain, and it was then as cold
Upon such harmonies of Nature's ope
rations directed by an All-Wise Creator,
do men and nations depend. Scientific
Am Irish soldier before Sebastopol
writes as follows:
Every one goes to his duty as merry
as a lark, caring as little for Russ or his
balls as they do for the football they kick
for sport. As illustrative of this, a few
nights ago, while the 18th Royal Irish
were going down the ravine that leads to
Greenhill battery, they being for trench
duty, a son of Erin thought he would
amuse himself with one of his native airs,
when he was reproved by an officer for
daring to whistle in the ranks, and while
going on duty. Just as the officer spoke,
one of Russia's balls came whistling
over the ravine. Pat cocks his eye up
towards it, and quietly said, "There
goes a boy on duty : and, by Japers,
hear how he whistles 1'
IstAorsAar Monstibs. In order to
grow wiser, perhaps we could hardly do
better than recur to the little parable,
apoken some time since, on the borders
of Wales, by an itinerant" preacher of
the Evangelical Alliance : " I was go
ing toward the hills, early one misty
morning. I saw something moving on
a mountain-side, so strange-looking that
I took it for a monster. When I eame
nearer to it, I found it was a man
When I came up to him, I found he was
' Will yoa take the life of Pierce or
Scott this morning, madam ?' said
newsboy to old aunt Betsy.
No, my lad she replied, , they may
live to the end of thcirdays for me I've
nothin' agin em.
" Father," said a juvenile to his pa
rental guardian, who had the bad habit
of alternating from piety to profanity.
do think you ought to stop praying or
swearing I don't care which.
Elkssxo are the merciful for they shall
Br. AaraoaT Om, X ianosota Tar., May SS, 18SS.
Mxssas Editors : In view of - the
very large emigration from all parts of
the Union and the world, to this far off
Territory of the North West, a few words
may not be uninteresting from one of
the many fortune-seekers from Trumbull.
From Cleveland westward I found my
self in a heavily loaded train of cars, and
if arary xtaaaenoeX-WAJ MLSm jgjant
to the West. And as we passed through
the vast regions of Michigan and Illinois,
(which certainly offer strong induce
ments to those in search of a western
home,) the number did not seem to di
minish ; and at Chicago, the turning-off-
place for Wisconsin bound, the number
diminished so little that more cars were
needed from that place to Galena than
before. At the latter place undoubtedly
many stopped or crossed over to Iowa,
bat still two large boats, which left that
night for St. Paul, were fairly crowded
to overflowing with passengers.
The river scenery from Galena up, is
by far the most pleasant of any on
the Mississippi. At this season of the
year it is delightful. Too are not once
out of sight of islands, which are all cov
ered with verdure, as are also the banks
and high bluffs of the river. These
bluffs are very high ; sometimes three
or four hundred feet. The scenery in
the vicinity of lake Pipin surpasses that
of any other point, and in beauty excells
anything I ever saw. The lake is two
or three miles wide, and thirty miles
long, and as we came up, its surface was
as smooth as glass. A great place for
fish, this Lake Pipin. Yoa see them all
around leap out of water, displaying
their full length, sometimes two or three
Maiden Rock is the most attractive
point in Lake Pipin. It is 400 feet high.
and the upper half perpendicular, and
receives its name from an Indian legend.
An Indian maiden was desired by her
parents to marry a brave of the tribe,
and her wedding day was set. She lov
ed a daring white hunter, and resisted
the desire of her parents. Finding her
resistance was of no avail, as the In
dians were encamped in the vicinity of
of this rock, she climbed to the top, and
in a loud voice commenced to reproach
her parents below. Seeing her deter
mination, they entreated her, and told
her she might marry whom she chose.
but it was all of no avail. She sung her
death dirge, and leaped from the fearful
Well, in due time we arrived at St.
Paul, which beats all, so far, in its
growth ; having now about 8,000 in
habitants. It is a very pretty place
sightly, healthy, with good hotels, (and
good prices, of course,) and rapidly im
proving in size and beauty.
This place (St Anthony,) is situated
14 miles by river, and 9 miles by road
above SL Paul. Between the two places
are some of the nicest farms I have ever
seen. There is to be a great city here
at St. Anthony Falls ; there is no avoid
ing it. This is the only really practical
place for a railroad bridge over the "Fath
er of Waters," and to say that there will
eventually be a railroad from here to the
Pacifie is just as probable as to say there
will be one at alL And then the water
power here, would build a city any
where in America. Already is nearly
one-half the channel of the river in one
place occupied by a gigantic saw mill
running eight or ten saws night and day.
And flouring mills, Ac, are now draw
ing their power from these Falls. In a
word, the water power is incalculable
can be used all along for two or three
miles. On the opposite side of the river
the town building is called Minneapolis,
and is beautifully located for a large
place. Eventually the whole neighbor
hood of the Falls will be one big city.
Already a wire suspension bridge spans
the river the first bridge ever built over
the Mississippi. It was partly destroyed
by wind this spring, but will be repair
ed again in a few weeks.
I have not seen so much of the coun
try here as I hope to ere long, but I have
seen enough to convince me that this is
a great, country. I unhesitatingly
say that there is as good soil for farming
here as there is in America, that there
is more woodland than in any of the
Western prairie states, and that there is
lumber enough " up country " to wear
out several generations of the " pinery
boys," in the getting of it. I suppose,
also, that the climate is as pleasant in
the winter, (the cold being steady,) as
in Northern Ohio with its changes. I
was much surprised at the rapid advance
which has been made here in socie
ty at the schools and churches, and
newspapers, (sure indication of a fine so
ciety,) there being 13 or 14 in the Ter
ritory, and others projected 5 of them
daily. 'The people here are mostly east
ern born a great many lumbermen from
Maine and New Hampshire. The soci
ety is much be tier in that respect than
it is in Wisconsin, Illinois or Iowa.
In speaking of a tribe of 1500 Win-.
nebago Indians encamped in the neigh- -borhdod,
our correspondent says :
It is very painful for one who has re- 1
eeived his notion of Indian Lie and char
acter from reading of the brave, high-
spirited arKrwiae King Philip, PowhatUa,
leenmsey, and Black Hawk, to look at
these Wmnebagoee and see the marks of '
lindfJmicfiaVicAJraat of pride and iru'if-
ference to insult. And then the person "
who has read of Pocahaatas and the
thousand Indian beauties of the novelist,
has his romantic notions decidedly shock
ed on seeing these tame, greasy, filthy.
siuggisn squaws of the Winnebago. I
have no doubt they are greatly degene
rated from tnetr early state, and I have
no more, also, that we in childhood,
have received too favorable as aeeouo
of their early condition. They eeea.
to adopt the vices, only, of the whites
The first they learn of our language ia l
swear. One of the great causes of their "
diminished numbers, is their love of "
drink whisky has killed mora red men.
than ever did the white man's rifle.
They readily become inveterate theivea,
liars and gamblers. All their degene
racies are directly ehargable at the door
of the whites who go among them. They
nave the white man a passion, yea, more,
and without his controlling judgment.
It gave me much pleasure, however, to
see the action of their principle chief,
Winneshiek. He seemed to be a maa
of considerable intelligence, and readily
apprehends all the vicious tendencies of
the Indian character. He Is strictly
temperate, and fails not to punish intem
perance. In a speech here he warned
his people not to drink, and when two of
them did get drunk, he had them brought
before him and severely whipped. Th
laws of this Territory make, a peniten
tiary offence of selling liquor to an In
THE FIRST SEGAR.
Among a certain class of ill trained
buys, smoking and chewing tobacco are
thought to be unquestionable requisites
to all who may be considered manly aad
independent. A few days ago, I saw a -ragged,
pale-faced, sorry-looking boy.
about seven years old, puffing what was
evidently his first segar. He stood lean
ing against a house, his cheeks drawn
in, his eyes red and watery, his counte
nance bearing the expression of nausea,
and altogether looked as though he were
ready to repent of his foolish bargain.-
Several other lads a little older stood
around, encouraging him, and anxiously
awaiting the result of the experiment
Poor, silly boy ! He probably thought
it was a fine manly thing he was learning,
instead of a dirty, disgusting and un
healthy habit, which will prove a curse to
him as long as he lives, if not broken up .
I can hardly believe he would have en
dured the deathly nausea of the first se
gar, with such martyr-like patience, had
he suspected the real nature of the pro- -eese
he was going through.
There are other boys every day going
through the same initiatory steps, under
the same strange delusion. Some in
whose hands this book will faQ. may be
exposed to the same danger t To such
I would say, beware how yoa acquire
this habit. The use of tobacco, whether
chewing, snuffing, or smoking, ia both a
physical and moral evil, and evil contin
ually. The most skillful physicians hv
the world have testified to its dangerous
effects upon the system. The most emi
nent men in the various other walks of
life, clergymen and teachers, judges and A
lawyers, men of literature and art, sci
ence and morals, have denounced the
use of tobacco as one of the greatest evils
of the day. It would be difficult to find
a candid and well-formed mani who V
would seriously deny this position, so
well established is the fact. Boy't Own
Rjecxpx roB Floathq. Any human
being who will have the presence of mind
to clasp his hands behind the back, and
turn the face towards the zenith, may float
at ease in perfect safety in tolerably stiS
water aye, and deep there, no matter
how long. If not knowing how to swim
yoa would escape drowning when. yea
find yourself in deep water, yoa have
only to consider yourself an empty pitch
er let your mouth and nose, not the
top of your heavy Lead, be the highest
part of yoa and yoa are safe. But thrust
up one of your bony hands and down
you go ; turning up the handle tips over
the pitcher. Having had the happiness
to prevent one or two from drowning by
this simple instruction, we publish it for
the benefit of all who either love aqaatio
sports or dread them.
There are, at the lowest calculation, five
hundred pages royal octavo' of meaning
in the twenty-seven words following:
"A fool in high station is like a man
on the top of a monument everything
appears small to him, and he appears
small to everybody."