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51 IBrrkli arailq Snurnal, Druofri) ta Jmbom, iraltiijtt Xifrrafarf, dftmrafmn, loral SaWBgwrr, anb ifje ultras of i 5aq.
HAPGOOD & A
so pes. Asjnrar, rs adtasci.
WARREN, TRUMBULL COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 61361.
VOL. 4G; NO. 13
WHOLE NO. 2353
Our Boys Going to the War.
BY MRS E. M. OLMSTED.
& down Che red October bills
Th awollea torrent kp their rill
ret broke una and waiting mills
With fuelling noise.
So, hand to hand, with partiog thrills.
Sweep forth our boys.
Hot fierce to hate but strong to dare,
They hunt the traitor in his lair ;
The loneliest -cot has one to spare
From home's sweet joys ;
The fondest heart still breathes th j-rayer,
God speed oar boys !
No hireling from Oppression's hold.
No lawless mob in rapine bold , "
No patriot east io Freedom's mold
With base alloys ;
Fresh from the mint, earth's finest gold,
Our sterling boys!
What hones, what faith en cird them round
What songs of -oher to heaven resound,
What prayers that peace may yet abond,
Each htart employs ; - -"While
tears fall on the hallowed grousd '
Where sleep our boys.
One thought, one prayer to Him all-wise
At morn and evening sacrifice.
Till Freedom, stooping from the skies.
Her wings shall poise ;
-Aid our victorious anthem rise,
God bless our boys !
r . - t - , If . Y. Independent,
Farewell to the Swallows.
Swallows, sitting on the eaves,
See ye not the gather'd sheaves,
See ye ndt the falling leaves 1
Farewell ! -Is
it not time to go
To that fair land ye know ?
The breezes as they swell,
'Of earning winter tell.
And from th trees shake down
And "withered leaves. Farewell 1
. - .
Swallows, it is me bo fly:; -See
not ye th-altered sky T
Know ye not that winter's nigh?
Oo; "fly in noisy bands
To those far distant lands
Cf gold, and pearl, and shell.
And gem (of which they tell
rell and "V"" "5C ,j
pinu. There range
ontribvIn hW'i": F"U !
ahirta, c Swallows on your pinions glida
mith O'er the restless rolling tide -ay
ar" Of the ocean deep and wide;
In groves far, far away.
In summer's sunny rey,
In warmer regions dwell ;
And then return to tell
Strange tales of foreign lands,
Ferch'd-on the eaves. Farewell !
Swallows. I could almost .pray
That I, like you, might fly away.
And to each coming evil say
Yet "tia my' fate to live .
Here, and with cares to strive.
And I some day may tell
How they before me fell
Conquered. Then calmly die,
"Triala aid toiWFarewell !"
: . i. .- ThtmatHood.
THE THREE KISSES.
Not far front the year 1683, in the mer-'
iry month of.' June, Nicholas "Piemont,
painter of Amsterdam, was dreaming the j
sweetest of youth's deams. By day and by ,
there was music in his heart; poetry '
in his thoughts, and a new power of delicacy j
an his pencil. , But he was not irhoUy out
without anxiety respectina a rival cnifr !
for the hand of his beloved, who. much
Ticner man cimseii in wealth that perishes, ,
in high favor with the lady's ambi- ''
tious parents. Nicholas had christened him ''
"Money Bags," and the sight of him never
failed to occasion within iia breast a tu-ito
mult of unhappy feelings. j
It was holiday time with him, and he
resolved to devote it to his fortieth or fifti-
portrait f his -charmer. He selected i r'es
the clearest and warmest colors, prepared
with fastidiousness at which he'niste
"himself laughed, and proceeded with an the
degree of care. . With a touch as
gentle aeif he were caressing the original, I the
he made the soft, glossy hair ripple around i
white forehead and lightly tinted cheeks,
curled the long lashes over the deep, ex-
pressive eyes, marked the finely cut nos-1
trilfl, and brought the fresh lips to the !
vempting nue oi tne wud strawberry. The 1
-neaUy turned neck, the aloping shoulders.
tuuiueu wua ioids or lace, and the bn?t
girlish still, but trivinz r,rom;w f
Tiymmetry of outline, rapidly approached !
ju . vauYjoo. iUen thA hann-o ,f:,.t ; "Jn-u
-viewed his pioture from various distances,
deepened a Bhade, altered & i;n c
Baily extended his arms ,s if for an entl
brace, he kissed the air above his own ere
ation. ' '
A gentleman on horseback passed the
winaow, and dm mood changed. He nick
ed np his brushes, prepared his palette
new, and with restless fingers, traced the
figure of a young man in the foreground of! to
w Viux. rauy aressed ia a velvet cloak
almost covered with embroidery, a laced
doublet, and tasseled shoes, he, on Lsnded
knee, offered to the maiden a crystal gob
let of gold pieces, while a self-complacent
smirk disfigured his features not otherwise
onpleasing. , With one stroke of the pen
cill the lady's smile vanished, with another
a frown appeared instead. ' A gain the frown
Tanished. and a look cf perplexity and in
decision stole over the lovely countenance.
By this time the anxiety of the painter
was beyond control. He paced the little
room exclaiming. .Oh, Lily. Lily, if i
eonld only persuade you that love and truth
are letter than jewels ! Tshaw! what need
Lily loves me, I see the sweet
confession in her glance, I hear it ia her
voice. I feel it in the shy yet tender touch
of her hand when it clasps mine. But her
parents, they are dazzled, they arc bribed,
Lily will yield. I foresee it clearly, and
this sun of my life, this life of my heart,
will fade with the June roses.'
Ile turned the picture to the wall, cover-
ed it with three cr four unfinished sketches.
aud went out He passed heedlessly on.
seeing neither the promenaders against
whom he jostled so carelessly, nor the boats
covered with busy families now dealing
away the fragments of the evening meal ;
seeing neither the exquisite carvings nor
the painted windows, to which he had never
been refused his gaze ; full of prophetic
fear, an intolerable sense of coming nI.-
Tired at last, he sat down on a bridge of
the canal. The rays of the setting sun
reddened the trunks of the great trees on
either side, warmed the gray stones of the
parapet, and shot far along the water,
weavinc thereon gold and crimson threads.
The cream-tinted, houey-yiclJiug linden
blossoms were musical with the hum of be
lated bees,- which shook down a shower of
yellow pollen, and whose soothing hum was
answered from the garden close at hand by I
equally diligent comoatriots in a fragrant I
thyme bed. Acquaintances passed the
painter with a merry word, a careless jest
or an invitation to some rural festival,
without eliciting much reply; and he was
about to return home, when the subject of
his thoughts slowly and wearily approached.
Her step had lost its spring, and her eyes
were dim with tcara which she had shed.
and with those which were still to follow.
"Lily, dear Lily," said Nicholas, spring
ing up, "I am so glad that yon have come!
I muit tell you of the new portrait I have
painted of you, with Money Bags at your
feet, as fine as velvet and lace can make
him, offering you a goblet ef gold pieces,
upon which you sometimes frown and some
times look bewildered aud perplexed.
Hush ! replied the girl, softly, "hush
Nicholas, husb! You must burn that can
vass and never paint my silly face again.
And yon must never say iloney Bags to
me, tor 1 am sold to him, and here is part
of the price which he has already paid."
Lily held up her hand as she spoke, and
revealed a hoop of great, gleaming pearls.
'Do you speak truly, Lily V Asked
Piemont, "and is there for me no hope ?"
I ao speak truly, A icholas, and there
no hope ft r either of us, at least none for
me, but the hope of peace. I am tired out
with the coaxing and scolding tired of the
constant talk about the evils of covert v
and the com lor ts oi wealth tired of allu
sions to disobedient children tired of my
self. I am not strong like you, and I can
not keep up under it"
"Strong !" returned the painter, "I am
not strong ! Without you, Lily, I am noth
ing." The unhappy speaker, overcome for the
moment with the certainty of his fate, near
ly fainted and would have fallen into the
canal but for the quick movements of the
maiden, who supported him f jr a moment,
and then, beckoning to a friend at a little
distance, resigned him to his care and left
him lest a full return of consciousness
should make the parting too painfuL
For a long time Nicholas was nearly in
despair. He shut himself up in his stadio,
wandered aimlessly about the streets,
brooding upon his misfortunes, of which he
never fpoke, but which he never forgot
The vivid fancy which had so greatly aided
his pencil became now his torment; and
he sensibility which, breathed into his
landscapes, had attracted the ltast impres
sible among his critics, added a thousand
fold to his regrets. His neglected pencil
was fast reducing him to poverty, and his
neglected health threatened a sneedv end
his sorrows in the grave, when a friend
and judiciously urged him to go to
He did not ask him to studv there.
r which the poor artist had neither the
a!ambition nor energy, but he assured him
e vou be far more tolerable among
strangers and in the midst of new and stir
night T1DS scenes.
Nicholas consented, and was scarcely
of Amsterdam before he felt the new
vigor inspired bv travel : and uncm arriv.
n3 at Home he found his health re-estab-1
nsneu on l his. curiosity awake. Lvery
was 2 delighted him, the ever gushing
fountai"S, rising in simple jets or playing
through, the mouths of monsters unknown
sc'01100; the countless -statues ; the vast
churches gray and old, and carved with
Buch kv'8b. fancy, such patient hand ; the
Teat Pala3 with their manifold menio
th te massiTe walls overhung with ivy;
P67 tradcrs at tljeir open stalls car
ihem witn aurt an th golden cisfus;
wnien tending their babes and gos
nnusnal PinS over tte'r spindles in the sun, and
kVOut kneeling before the bedizened
nca undisturbed by the chant of impro
the jTlsator or th" heavy blows of the smith,
wn0, w'th no shop but the street, sang as
lusti'j as he wrought his glowing fire.
Preseut,y he saw an inn with a withered
u lor a B1S- in iron t was a portico,
BUPPort1 l7 smsll pillars of brick, where,
"tue lauies, peasants swallowed 60ur
wlDe while they played at cards and dice.
rrom two sPuts a the wall the water
into a basin at which horses and
mules drank, crowned for the moment with
red gilliflowcr which crew ia the chinks
above. Behind the house was a cardan.
terminated with two gigantic cvr-resses.
where grape vines clambered about, and
w'hcre juicy melons and well-flavored figs
ripened. A cloud of sil ver-gray doves were
perpetually in motion, alighting like enow
flakes on thc eround. and aeain flvin hnMr
0 c j 0
their home, hiuh uo the roof
painter was charmed. He entered
asKed tor bread and lodgiug.
"Ah, that ehall you have, and of the
too," said the bustling smiling mis
tress; and she went herself up the "steep,
narrow stairs to a little room under the
with a crazy balcony, which, howev
er, she declared was a great deal stronger
Nicholas was satisfied, for he could look
the street, which, crooked and dirty,
yet a busy thoroughfare, cr over a
dense tangle of verdure, where, through
enchanting gloom of century old ilexes,
there gleaming the marble of busts aud
, pillars. A lew days of eight-seeing arous
ofthaf? ! ed his slumbering ambition and renewed
the dreams of his childhood those dreams
! which came to him before he loved Lily;
J that one he put sternly aside. He studied
j with a heartiness which left him no leisure
I for other thoughts, and with a carelessness
of money profit which soon exhausted his
purse, lie was unable to pay his landia-
dy, whom he put off from week to week
and mouth to month, one was at nrst au
noyed at this, but she speedily became rec-
onciled to it Althouch unlettered, she
had seen the best pictures from her infan
cy, and she knew her lodger was a good
one, aud would probably become a fjsh
ionablc painter. She respected, then liked,
then loved him. His indebtness to her
diminished the distance between them.
She did not wish it less, and she permitted
it to increase without any serious rcmom
stranee. Nicholas had long ceased to reckon it,
when, on the morning of a festal day,
Madame entered his studio attired in the
brilliant contadica dress so becoming to a
brunette. He looked up from his easel and
gazed admiringly at the carmine mantling
her brown cheek; at the flashing eye,
which could express everything or nothing;
at the raven hair, with its smooth braids
kindling at every curve; at the fine bust
shown off by the scarlet boddicc, and the
rounded arm tapering to a large but well
shaped hand, and decorated with coral brace
lets. "Madauie is very beautiful to-day,"
he said, smiling and bowing, "and her
dress is perfect." ' " "
"Not quite perfect," said Madame.
"1 here still needs a ring for the finger. If
one had but one's dues, one may look as
fine as another at the festival."
"I am, indeed, very far behind-hand,"
replied the artist, sadly, "but alas ! I know
not how to pay you, uuless I take service
ia the inn."
"Or," continued madame, gently and
gTavely, "become the inn 8 master.
The artist's countenance clouded, and he
shivered slightly. "I see," said madame,
"tae signor eaunot stoop to marry a con
tadina." "You are wrong." siid Nicholas; "that
was not my thought I fled from my own
country because she whom I loved refused
me for a richer rival. I may not love her,
but the death of nij affections has wither
ed my whole heart I have nothing left
give you but a friendship es passionless
it is sincere."
"But, if the beautiful Signora never
comes to Italy to mar my work, I can win
the steror's love. I can make him a bright
sunny home, without care and without ericf
save meh as t.'ie good God sends, and there
his h'arT1nirblooni again.'nof" so" gaily
perhaps, but as richly as it did before."
"the bignora will never come to Italy
I 6hall never sec her again," said Nicho
las, and he arose and kissed the contadina
her lips. It was not such a kiss as
greeted the empty air above the picture of
Lily in the studio a't Amsterdam, but it
was pure, though cold, and carried with it
promise which the giver -was tra&ble to
1 here was at the time, and had long ex
isted in Rome, a society called the Boutvo
gal Society. It was made up of Flemish
painters established temporarily or perma
nently there, who received all such artists
their own nation as desired to join them.
The introduction took place at some inn at
expense of the person introduced.
some droll ceremonies were observed, and
then a name was given to the new member
expressive either of his physical perfections
defects, of some trait of character, of
some peculiarity of artistic 6tyle. . An en
tire night was occupied by the initiation.
and, in the morning, all present walked to
spot at some distance from the city called
tomb of Bacchus, and there ended the
Vrfrrinance with a libation. The gay
brotherhood could by no means let slip so
good an oportunity for the exercise of their
cb was offered by this mis-alliance, and
they called Nicholas Opgang, or elevation,
because from an artist he had become inn
keeper. But their victim does not seem to
have been disturbed. He took no part in
management of the house, which was
conducted entirely by his wife; and, rcliev
d from every care, he soon excelled in
landscape paintinc; the branch of art to
which he esjceially devoted himself
Scveuteen years glided quietly and un-
feventfully away, when Madame Piemont
hethcr her prophecy had been en
tirely fulfilled how far her assiduities
warmed and fertilized her husband's chill
ed heart how dear the joys were which
sprang up at the call of her own overflow
ing feeling, cannot be known. He remain
ed at home for a time, and then gathered
his goods and returned to his native
Much was changed since he had last
walked in the shadow of its lofty gables.
Then he was poor and unknown, and his
device, had he sought one, would have been
little boat oh a stormy sea, without rud
der or compass. Now he was rich rich
money, rich in fame, rich in recollections,
one respect only be was the same. He
still unhoping, for the one prize which
to exalt and vitalize every other was
as he believed, beyond the grasp.
return had made him painfully con
scious of this blank in his lift this heart
want which neither genius, nor toil, nor
patience, had been able to supply. Why
he not remain at Borne'? What folly
feci the blow once again on thc spot '
where it was first giveu!
.. " ? " rlZZrZr of
inutest details, and one afternoon he
to thc little bridge where so long ago
had parted with Lily. Xow, as then, the
setting sun reddened the trunks of the trees
either side, warmed the grey stones of the
parapet, and shot far along the water, weav
ing thereon gold and crimson threads. The
honer-vieldins; linden blos
were' musical i;h the hum
which shook d.-tfn a shower
whose Koothii' ' hum was
..v... V !1ll
in a fragrant thjrac- (
a , tr 1a'
i-ned. tie seemed 10
nug. Suddenly, not
ision only Lily ap
peared. The p..ii.vr sprang toward her,
her to Li3 ti.. .bbing bosom, and kiss
ed her brow, no lei; :er smooth aud snowy
wrinkled and llcd under her faded
oi Delated .
answered ! DCS3
diligent compatriot -bed.
The years v.
return to his grccu
fancy not as
hair. It was not such a kiss as greeted
the empty air above her picture in the lit
sle studio, nor such as that which gave as
tcnt to the Roman contadina. It was a
kiss of memory, not of hope, and it looked
into the past only, having no future of
promise or prophecy. Unexpectedly to tne
painter, it was Bottly and timidly returned,
and he saw that the color which mantled
the flush of modesty, not of indignation.
Lily was free, and when, late at night,
Nicholas returned to his lodgings from ber
pretty and tasteful home, they had already
plighted their troth.
ine re-nnucQ pair returned to toueu;
Ilovcn, where, after four years of happi-
ness, Nicholas died in 1709.
Unkindness in the Housohold.
There is much mnr mi.'wrv thrown
the cup of life by domestic unkindness
than we might at first suppose. In think-
the evils endured by society from
the male-violent passions of individuals, 1
we are apt to enumerate only the more
dreadful instances of crime; but what arc I
the few murders which unhappily pollute
the soil of this Christian land what, we
: tt r.: it : v.t'
4i - j i- j v
ed with the daily effusions of ill-humor
which sadden, may we not fear, many ,
thousand homes ? We believe that an in-
calculably greater number are hurried to j
the crave by habitual unkindness than by i
sudden violence; the slow poison of churl- j
ishncss and neglect is. of all poisons, the
most destructive. If this is true, we want
a new definition for the most flagrant of all !
crimes; a definition which shall leave out
ihe element of time, and call those actions
the same, equally censured by the ri"ht-
eous government of Heaven, which pro-1
ceed from the same motives, and lead to
the same result, whether they be done in !
a moment or spread out through a scries
Habitual unkindness is demor-
: : .
alizmg, as well as cruel. i henever it
fails to break the Lctrt, it hardens it To 1
take a familiar illustration : a w:fc who is
never addressed by her husband in tones of ;
kindness, must cease to love him, if she I
wishes to be happy. It is heronly altera-one
ativc. Thanks to the noLilitv of our na
turc, she does not always take it. No ; for
years she battles with cruelty, and still '
with affection the hand which smites on
her; butit is fearfully at her own expense. I
Such endurance rrcys upon her health, and
hastens her exit to the asylum of thc grave.
this is to be avoided, she must learn to
forget what woman should never be tempt-'
must learn to oppose indifference to neglect, a
and repel him with a heart as cold as his ,
But what a tragedy lies involved in j
career like this ! We gaze on something
more horrible than murder: we
see our nature abandoned to the mercy of .
passions, and the 6acred sus- j
which were intended to fertil- j
with the waters of charity . the path- J
way of life, sending forth streams of hit-1
terest galL A catalogue of such cases, .
faithfully compiled, would eclipse in turpi- ll
and horror all the calenders of crime cr
that have ever sickened the attention of the die
WOnl" ii. . .i i
T he obligations of gentleness and kind- ,
ness are as extensive as the claims to man-
liness ; these three qualities must go to- j
There are some classes, however, '
which such obligations are of special ! 0f
force Perhaps a precept here will be pre-1 anJ
sented most appropriately under the cuise
an example. We have now before our i
mind's eye a couple whose marriage tie was,
few months since, severed by death.
husband was a strong, hale, robust sort
man, who prohahiy never Knew a day s!
1 he , her,
ii. e i ir i i icru
lliuess iu iiic cuursc ui uio iiiu, uuu buusui
sympathy on the behalf of weakness or saff-jfrom
ering in others, it was exceedingly difficult ,
evoke; while his partner was the very j
reverse, by constitution weak and ailing, j an(Jj
withal a woman of whom any man1 ,
might and ought to have been proud. Her j
elegant form, Ler fair, transparent skin, j
classical contour of her refined and cx-' gel3
pressive face, might have led a Canovia to j -ijj
have selected her as a model of feminine.
beauty. But, alas! she wa3 woak; she
could not work 10m other women : her bus-. Baze
band could not Liast among his shopmates
much she contributed to the mainten-:
anceof the family, and how lai6 ly she ..jjy
could afford to dispense with the fruit of
, , T , f ... , , . , . rial
labors. Indeed, with a noble infant-,
her bosom, and the cares of a house-1
resting entirely upon her, she required , umes
herself, and at least, she needed what j
wife can dispense with, but she, least of j i
uiympa,. .-ce, and aU those j
tranquihzing virtues which flow from a I
heart of kindness. She, least of all. could '
a harsh look to be treated daily inss
?il .ll ! . . . ' -
wuu com, uisapprovmg reserve, a petulant tncrc
dissatisfaction could not but be death , to '
c will not say it teas enough that
is dead. Thc lily bent before the storm, : 0TJ-
at last was crushed by it We ask !
one question, in order to point the mor
all: In the circumstances we have delinea-'
what course of treatment was most cou-
sonant with a manly spirit that Vhich 5s
actuallv pursued, or some other. wLiL-h n
reader can suggest ? j Clay
Yea. u tn Li.nnr.r- an.l tn low,
happy and to love is the very spirit of true '
manliness. We speak not of exaggerated c
passnn and falg 8entiment: we sneak not Ule
those bewildering indescribable feeling, i
under that name, often monopolize
a time the guidance' of the youthful
hrart: 1 lilt OTAr.V ff w r., as
ia ocnevoicnce lntensinea, auu wnun, i .
i.i.u :i;o .i..,. with
light of joyousness around the mani-; Plow
relations of life. Coarseness, rude-
tyranny, are so many forms of brute;
, -j "J - . -
Power so many manifestations ot what it " .,
, , , ... , , Hrtla
Ulau Pecu"ar g'ory not to ne; nut Kina- --
ana goneness can never cease to be,
"Not ExrKCTEn" in that Case. An
swerof old Mrs.
eminent professor of natural philosophy) .
a gentleman whom she had invited to T
uinner, anu wuu uuu acccpua me luvita-
;it 1 m spareu : cel. wcel, n, t
Kobinson (widow of the
Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia.
BY C. A. READ.
I haye visited many "cities of the dead,'
. but none ever so interested and hlled my
goul with adoration, as this. So beauti-
j fu locatc(J u . wherc
("Heavenly contemplation dwells. The
j deep dell, at the bottom of which flows
the Schuylkill, the grove of lofty trees on
:tg banks, the einffuiarlv solemn lookins
old mansion-honse in the midst of this
"garden of death," the little chapel en
closed, with its deep-stained windows, and
the clustering vines, and wild flowers on
every side, combined with every invention
that tie chisel could execute to render
grief immortal altogether, form a scene
at can not fail to deeply interest any ad
bgof mjrer art and adorer of Mature and
4 p" ,1
At tue entrance, '3 a mommleut to the
memory of Walter Scott The fiT f
oi,1 Mortality" with .Ur,l ,V
x - .
jhand, traveling from place to place, can-
not tct infcllibly stamp upon the mind of
every gazer "lhou too art mortal and
traveling to the tomb."
As leaye tHs anJ fte whole
, , . . r ,
solcmn and prcssive scene bursts upon
Jou a Fr lyinS n tlie perspective dis-
tance, and half hidden in the luxuriant
foliage. Here you see the doting husband,
mmmnt:n(, v;, w hv tllB lnfMj M,
t.i.ii0i ' j
umu lcua lUB woria 01 ucr wuo sixT
beneath. Here the brother's storied urn,
there the affectionate sister's monument,
' Tinw tTiAn nana nnMa aliftff r
. , , ., .
"c vl oumc uuc lu"
BJCCP3 ln a wreign lana.
In one enclosure lies, pcrh aps, a whole
family, that the " scythe of death" cut
doWQ wMl one fetal 8trok perchance,
, , , , . , . r ,
dear one lcft benlnu to wceP 0 " their
But what is this, so truly natural, as to
draw tears from every eye that gazes there
presses ? It . , b
, . ..
thc eeeP.f th, etly reposing with
one little hand beneath its tiny head;
while his sweet countenance looks as though
life wa8 fcut just cxtinct. The babe thus
"v uarimg, ouu ax euo eioou
strewing, around toe mound, nowcr3 cm
own. blematical of her love, bedewing them with
affection.s tears," who could forbear sym
lnfinitely ... . ... , . . ., . ,
Prizing with her, and breathing a fer
malignant vent prayer that she may meet that cher
ccptibilities, ished one in the world where all tear3 are
wiped from sorrow's eye. Fond mother;
wcep no more for this litde "bud of hope,"
, , , , , , , 1
h" only been transplanted to bloom ev
tude more in a pe rennial clime where flowers
But we pass.to a more humble and se-
, , . , . -
C'ed spot, where the deep shadows of
over-hanging trees almost hide from ob
gether. servation, a beautiful obelisk, fit emblem
her wh0 lies beneath. A sweet, gentle
unassmning girl who hail reared
, , .
uaaer we veering care or good and pious
, M ,. .
parents, who had early inculcated within
a love of virtue and true pict y. She
i,uuwxd o-euiuiu" ludia, auu ivus
tbem their precious treasure in the
priic e of her days and the pride of her
beauty. They laid her in this quiet spot,
ag th fc b ; d
.iV ,. I . ., ,
Sl0nc Wlth the,r PartlD2 inscribed
thereon; "Farewell, sweet child, may an
the guard thy sleeping dust until we meet
in a remote corner, as if to shun the
. . , , .
01 ule "ranger s eye. a Pia.n monu-
mental stone attracts your attention, with
naught inscribed, but this appellative-
Mother." What a touching mcmo-
, , .. . i, m
of thc anection of an only orphan son.
..... ; , ,
inouSu mVl in IorM " '
to tho heart
Where could be found a more fitful
for mC(litation, than this chamber of
d h h j ft . &u
fc . 1
conei-cratsd spot, I never left without feel-
of regret; and the solemn impressions ;
received, though a long time ago, can
bc cffaced from fte TaWet of Mcm.
Ridging Garden Soil.
Garden soil, especially if clayey or old.
mucU iu,Proved by lag dug up and left
ridges- "P0 to the winters frost
soil, thus treated, becomes quite lael-
and old soil is freshened. This ex-
rsuro is, also 7,ery tene8"11 hJ exposing
Pfubs-and 0th" larT of "Beets, to
vitality. 1 o receive the full beneht of
exposure, the ridges should be
a3S,wcct potocs, and left as rough
possible. Ihe more surface that is ex-
. , , 'i ;
the plow, or the spade, where tne
f11110 . A" orchar(? ,us
treated, and manured m the furrows in the
? S ME rS
i :ii 1 fl vnfi,tl fianiM. !
?. " : . ; . , - . .
thus riibjed. will be in better workine
- . . .. , , ,
"r. "- " . Tlf . : be
i b r I
is so good for a cold, stiff clay.
. theK at & w
ia a gami sworJ at
t f it3 ..paraisc lo8t- Zou. Jour.
t,,. ..nara(1;nf torrs." because whis-
cents per gallon.
the present at least, will keep the Cres-
The Secret of Confederate Finance.
Among the many marvelous features of.
the great southern rebellion there is none so
unaccountable to the JSorth as the facility
with which the South has raised money,
Sectional hate, a dread of invasion, and an
uncompromising public opinion, with able
management on the part of the confederate
government will account for the vast ar-.
mies called into the field and for the sue-
cess which has so far accompanied the mil-
itary arm of the rebellion, but where the;
money comes from to feed and clothe the
soldiers and conduct the vast operations of
the rebel government, is one of the marvels
The confencrate loan of fifteen millions
we know was a failure, but even had that
sum been raised it would have been but a
drop in the bucket The exchange of con-
ieaerate Donas ior cotton and tooacco
would not realize any money to the rebel
treasury until the latter was sold abroad.
which we know has not been done as yet.
From whence, then, does the money come"?
Let us explain.
There are two points to be noted in con
nection with southern financial matters.
First, the currency is exclusively of paper ;
no gold ia ever seen. Second, a3 yet this
pap?r "om a 0:1,150 wc presently cx
niaSn i". "s not very heavily depreciated.
The samp: 1VI1,"U.".C,:
have seen are ba BOt UP" l"e m ;
the confederate governiTen cut "PQ !
of some county or municJpau.'1"""-"1"
on. st-K, ti, f.iUwm.' n icany as
van VMIIVA .1 aVlttWlUg, w
we can judge, is the modus opetpndu
three hundred million dollars to conaurtIAllhamai
its operations; this sum is apportioned
amoDgthe seceeding States according to 'u-?"
population, and by them re-apportioned i
i .. , . t
among me several couuues in tne otates.
Each county on the average is required to
take say five hundred thousand dollars of
(vwif.-dprare rmnil.u. fnr which It nnv in nn.
, i j i
per promises to pay based upon its credit
This paper is the present currency of the
Southern States, and though it is incon
vertible into gold it has still basis enough
to give it a Certain value. HOW enormous
a sum can be raised by this means will
be seen by multiplying the number of ;
counties in the Southern States by five , a
hundred thousand dollars each, as per cx-
South Cvrolina -Tnnessee
ilultij lieJ ly
- 51 counties.
. - 95 counties
- 59 counties.
- 29 counties.
- l'Si counties.
Gives - - S3tiS.00O.0U0
In the above we have given the numlcr
of counties as found in the census of 1S50,
and have allowed for all the counties in
Virginia as an eqnivalent to the supplies
the confederates have received from the
border States that have not seceeded.
This explanation is, we believe,
to the financial system ot thc South
ingenious, and will doubtless work very
ii f i l i -l r zi : i. 1 1. ;
weii ior a uuie, utn it carries wnu n me
seeds of future distress and misery. These ;
pauper currency expedients, besides being '
iutrinsically unsound, are wasteful and ru-' is
; and however the war will end, thc j
South will be found saddled with a debt
the key ,
. it is ,
heavier than any the Xorth could contract 1
in the course of a loner contest -V. Y.
An Indomitable Editor.
Rev. Dr. Elliott, editor of tho Central ,
rhrUK.m XAv.-mtn Rf T onw fm.U that i
his paper is suffering like many others from
the hard times. He is not ia despair, I
though, and sets a cood example to the
timid. He says: " j
Every economical savin" that can be
made will be resorted to and adopted. All
the operators of the paper, embracing thc
acntand printer, will, after the 31st of .
1801, reduce their claims ten
cent at least The Editor will reduce ,
his twenty per cent after December 31st. :
S6 1. And sooner than this paper should
suspended before May. 1661, he will!
strike off every cent of Lis salary from .
vice, crovided there is the co- operation of
thc patronizing contt
such an exigency
up to jilay, lslH. It that
expedient will not give us our daily bread,
will stake what property we have to
meet the case. And should neither of
these succeed, the agonies of starvation to '
are now over by thc ordeal throudi
which our feelinss have passed since last of
January next to the end of his term of scr-;
food to cat, aud patch up his old clothes
as to last up to May, 1 SCI. If that
January. ' Hence wo have attained to a ;
stoical indifference as to thc result of this
maltcr, j the
To ratify thk we will civc in writing
j - - - O -
attested, to the Book Agent, our le-
oblicaiion. which will exempt them from
future demands by us or our heirs. ,
the General Conference then do as it ; ami
fit We arc fixed in this purpose, and
trust in God for the result And yet;
believe that we shall have enough of,
good wholesome food while the Almighty the
permits us to live, and suitable warm cloth-
too, until we will need a winding succt
This guarantee, in conuceticn with an itin-
life, was ratified to us in a eonsoling ' rels
rromise about fifty years ago, with the the
words, "Thy bread shall be given thee, J
And for half a cen- firm,
this assurance 'has been sustained bv have
TL;3 Cllttral, then.
continued un to
this assurance 'has been sustained by have
good hand of our God over us. Aud . fall,
would bc "worse than an mhdcl, now
tne tnrcc score anu icu.u hi uur age, non
we ever douLt that the residue will be; man
providing, will catc
the millennial. And
hence we will sing, as we did in February
"Praise God, from vhom all bhssinjs Cow,
Praise him all crcaiuats htrre below;
Praise liiin atx.ve, ye l.eurciily host,
l'raij Fathtr, Sod, aad Holy (ihoit."
Very bad hahits The
habits of the
The Numerical Value of the Rebellion.
It has been correctly said that abstract
, reasoning may deceive, and that "figures
,of speech often lie; but figures of arith
j metie rarely lead to erroneous conclusions
when it is possible to- introduce them as
tests of discussion. We have taken some
! pains to apply this mathematical analysis
to the present rebellion, and we shall pre
raise our calculation by observing that it
j is obviously just to consider the vote given
for Mr. Breckinridge at the Presidential
Election of 1SC0 as exhibiting the entire
.ballot of persons in the Union, at that
time, who might be considered so disaffect
of ed as to be willing to countenance Seces-
j The entire vote of the people at that
election of Presidential electors (with the
exception of South Carolina, whose electors
are etiosen Dy tne .Legislature,; is as iol
Seceded States we shall have the following
remarkable demonstration of the real weak-
nesg of tbe rebellion, in popular sentiment,
even in those States, as well as in the
Total vote in all the Stales...
Vots for T).'ait!a9 .................
totes for B-rcicinridje....
fulxt for tall
Ttal rote tralnst Lincoln,.
To jil rote for Lincoln,. .....
Popaar majority against Lincoln,
Now; if we take the votes of the eleven
Miss;siipni, ....... .......
Tstil, ; 430 SSJ
BrtriHniJte'smJor!ty in the Sed1 State. .718
Thus, in the eleven Seceded States alone.
we discover that but 80,713 voters out of
total popular vote in those States of
"S2,4 13 constituted the majority which
forms the numerical value of the Hebellion. j
But if we go further and concede the whole !
vote of these States, viz: 7S2.4G6, to be;
in favor of unconditional Secession, and
deduct it from thc total Presidential vote
iu mo luucu ciaics, viz: i.uti.'.lU, we
shall have 3,S70,704" against the Rebellion
d against Secession in everv wav!
aua against secession ia every way
Wfft5irow Tennessee, Xorth Carolina and
rather forced into the rebellion than willing
participants, its strength will be diminish
ed still more by 376,olG on the entire na
tional vote. Baltimore American.
The Army Manufacturing Business.
central part of the citv, we found it bar-
i i i ,. .
ncauca wun paeKtng D0XC3. The boxes
are the work of a man who three months
ago could hardly find any occupation. He
now mating packing boxes for the gov
inous ernmcnt with all tho hands he can employ.
and carte blanche to continue work until
Every day brings with it illustrations of,
thc wide spread activity caused by the
preparations oi tne government tor a lnn
ti i ,
war 1 assing. or ratherendeavonng yes-
terday to pass throush an alley wav in the I
ordered by the Quartermaster to stop
Good mnilo far tho V. s anmJ'. :
' v w i vtuuttut ui '
delivered at the arsenal, government find-1 8
ing the boxes. 1 he receipts of cl othin 1 f
the arsrrml aro rnnrm.-ma T.-. ;nmvJ?
the operations is well worth a day's time.
()3s B?c establishment deliver dailv 3.-
000 shirts and 3,(X0 pairs drawers: from!
another is received in equal number of
hx' anJ tbcre ar0 bui two sample estab- j
I'shmcnts of the many that are engaged in j
rur'lBS to the arsenal their various I
rrouacti 1I,e number of mills running ; w
lt-'J ul "u U"u-Y o"i ana army nanneis
are becoming legion. .Mr. Divine, of Bank !
trect' Bas no lc3S than six, while scarce a ,
dav ras--'c3 ia some cotton mill is!
not altered into a woolen mill and set to
woric uPn clot! and flanncL
here hayforks and scythes took the
"'eiiuou or a manuiacturer, sword blades
turners have left off making faucets and
Al L 1 1 I" ,
1UUA makers uave tanen to tueiasn-
ouing oi i.napsaeKS, and men who once
made carriages for the wealthy, are now
making ambulances for the soldier,
The. rcsu!t that he city is gradually
becoming one vast workshop, and the hum
'"dustry each day grows louder and
and bayonct3 are produced instead. Brass
S,,IP uPn carnages,
Trunk makers have
louder. From the streets besgary has al-
most disappeared, and the demands upon
committee by the families of absent
volunteers are aauy diminishing trom thc
V p X w. .
aounuapec or employment oficrcd to the
industrious. 1 ho present war may pinch
onnin r.Ta.Mn V..A . i. 1 a.
I'f. i carries employment
comparative ease to others. I. &
According to the Jamestown Journal.
shipments of oil on the Atlantic and
Great Western Bailroad in thc five months 1
ending Oct 1st, ware 49,381 barrels. A
contract has been made to ship40,0o0 bar
crant of oil f r Eurore over this road and
The Journal also says that a Boston
hitherto larf dealers h, whale oil
madu a mm-.ns nn.l win f 4t,:,
niado a purchase and will erect, this
a large refinery, with a tank of the
capacity of 20,000 barrels for the recep-
oi on. And tnat a Hungarian centlc-
is about erectinz a Iare refinerv in
Cma I.-lviK.m 1. T . 1 "
out iwdxLjr. Auusv movements mui
God a larje eastern trade in refine! nil.
lie latest oil well fire recently occurred
VanangDlco, Pa. At the depth of 400
an immense jet of oil and gas shot into
air to the height of 150 feet Th
took fire from the furnace, a terrible
exDlosion followed, and the 6tream of oil
became a fouutain of fire. Big story, but
declared by eye-witnesses to be true.
A New Kind of Dress Goods.
A pleasant Paris letter in the Courrier
des Etats Unis tells this story: .
A paper manufacturer has just invented
a kind of impermeable paper, suitable for "
dress goods. ?5It3 manner of employment
is both simple and ingenious. It consists
in replacing by small frames the hoops up- ,
on which are ballooned the petticoats of '
our ladies. These new fangled engines are :
covered with packing canvas, upon which
you have only to glue, as on a common
screen, the n6wly invented paper.
Thanks to this invention, when a lady
wants a new dress, her husband has no
longer to distress himself with the dis
bursement of five or six hundred francs. '.
for twenty yards of velvet, or thirty of ;
moire antique; all he will have to do will
be to buy five or six rolls of twelve sous
paper, and send for the glue man. Thi
is as simple as all grand ideas usually
The father about to marry his dauehter
will not be obliged a long time beforehand '
to bother himself about her trostettu; he : '
will limit himself to asking his wife, on
the day before the weddinz. "What raner
shall we glue to our Emily ?'
"Mon DUu," my love, the mother wul '
reply, "do whatever yon think proper it :
seems to me that some twenty-two eent pa
per, with a pretty border, yon know." .
lhenamanwill take a wife without -
dower, and the marriage contract will stip
ulate that the father-in-law engages to pa
per hang his daughter ( faire tapiser ta -
fille) for the first three years.
The Army of the Union.
The Generals of the Union armv "
tho whole line, from the Atlantic to the '
Ear West, have now at their control as
magnificent a force, perhaps, as ever were . '
put under the command of anv rmmK,. " "
cenerals. From reliable sources we have
comjZ.'cu atawe showing the number of
troojs each bjai State has now in the field
or on their way to tie seat of wax :
Conteeticat. ...... ,lr)8
n" 7" tjSS
Rhodt island .na
Iofatitr,-, Cavalry- Artillery. Total.
' J HjO
In addition ta the above there are the
State and Government troops in Kentucky '
and Missouri, which may bo estimated ao -.
Total. 13.UC0 . 43,000
There are also five thousand volunteers
raised in California, five thousond in Mary
land, one thousand six hundred in Dela
ware, and two thousand in the District of
Columbia, besides ten thousand regulars,
whfch. added together, will show the Union
r v e v i- j j
au iwws ii uuuiwr uo uuwixcu auu
twelve thousand men. With such an army.
be accomplished ? r. T. Herald.
A Fat Office. A most desirable office
to hold at any time is that of surveyor of
the port of New York. The dullest years
secure to him the snug little sum of thirty
too much of a good thing.
or fdrt thon3:in(1 dollars per annum, whiles
present, the avalanche of condetttsations
. . . - .
confiscations increase that sum so
s to bnnS lk lltde &0lt of a miUion do1"
fur the Current SCaSOQ. This 13 nthCT
Eoosixa tub Mixister. A country
minister had often been invited, with his
wifo, to dine and spend the night at the
house of one of his Liirda. Their host was
very proud of one of the very large beds
men nad just come into fashion, and in
": "0 me iauy now sue naa
slept in it "Oh. very well, sir; hut in
Dccembcr, deed I thought I'd lost the minister a-the-r.r
The following epitaph contains a back
Landed compliment (unconsciously, no
doubt) to the unfortunate deceased lord and
masUr: "Maria Brown, wife of Timothy
Brown, aged 80 years. She lived with
Those who are now crying for "peace,'
should tell us how peace can be secured
without sacrificing the Union and the Gov- -ernment,
or else "hold their peace.
What is that which, supposing its great- "
breadth to be four inches, length nine
inches, and depth three inches, contains, a
solid foot ? A well made shoe. .
If the United States armies now involve,
they are said to do, an expenditure of a
million of dollars a day, we hope they are
earning the money.
A man down east has invented yellow
spectacles for making lard look like batter.
They are a great saving of expense if wota
Thc best Christians generally make tho
best soldiers. A man who has faced tho
devil successfully will not shrink from a
Fan is worth more than physic, and who
ever invents or discovers a new supply de
serves the name of a public benefactor.
Pack your cares in as small a space as
can. so that you can carry them your
self, and not let them annoy others.
Tublic Abuse The mud with which eve
ry traveler is spattered on hU road to dis
tinction. Bargain A ludicrous transaction, In
which each party thinks he cheated the