r Ml 71 lr :l
S "SSttklq araih Sourndl, Shuo'frifta mbnrn, igriralto, Xiftratar?, (Bkration, Xarnl SatrUigrnrr, anb trr Jleins af tjj? Daqi ' v 'r :: . .
HAPQOOD & ADAMS.
4 v -.- .
:VOk J6, NO. 14-
WARREN, TRUMBULL COUNTY, OHIO, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 101.
: WHOLE NO. 23 J 1
Our Country's Call.
BY WILLIAM CULLEN BRYANT.
Lay dowa'tlie ax. fling by the ipaje ;
Lcare in its track Uie toiling plow ;
Tlie rifle and the bayonet blade
" . For arma lite your were fitter now.
'And let the bands that fly the pen '
Quit the light test and learn to wield
The horsraan'a crooted brand, and rein
-- The charger on the battle-field.
Our country call ; away ! away !
To where the blood -stream blots the green;
Stnk to defead the gentlest sway
- That time in all his course baa seen.
See from a thousand coverts seo,
Spring the armed foes that haunt bor track;
, They rush to smite her down, and wo
Vast beat the banded traitors back.
, Ho 1 sturdy as the oats ye cleare,
And mored as soon to fear and flight,
Wen of the glade and forest, leave
v Your woodcraft for the field of fight,
The arms that wield the ax must pour
An iron tempest on the foe ;
His serried ranks shall reel before
The arm that lays the panther low.
' And ye who breast the mountain storm
'. By grassy steep or highland lake,
Com, for the land ye lore, to form
A bulwark that no foe can break.
Stand, like your own grey cliffs that mock
The whirl-wind, stand in ber defense:
'The blast as soon shall move the rock
J -. As rushing squadrons bear ye thence.
And tc, whose liorae are by her grand.
Swift rivers, rising far away,
Come from the depth of her green land
As" mighty in your march as they ;
As terrible as when the raina
5 " Have swelled them over bank and bourne,
."With sudden floods to drown the plains
- And sweep along the wooJs upturn.
And ye who throng, beide the deep,
- Her ports and hamlets of the strand.
In number like the waves that leap
On his long murmuring marge of sand.
Come like tli at deep, when o'erliis brim.
He rise, all his floods to pour.
- "And fling the proudest barks that swim,
- A helpless wreck against his shore.
Few, few were they, whose swords of old.
Won the fair land in which we dwell ;
t Bnt we are many, we who bold .
, ' The grim resolve to guard it well.
y Strike for that broad and goodly land,
r Blow after blow, till men shall 6ee
That Might and Right move hand in hand,
And glorious must their triumph be.
H. Y. Ledger.
To the Loadstown Volunteers.
Hail you heroes I Lordstown's noble band;
Onward, drive the rebels from our land;
7- . Wake them succumb, to a law that's right,
1 - Change their black colors to those of white.
Raise the stars and stripes, for all mankind;
May each one, protection by (hem find;
1 Be like heroes, noble, strong and true;
Be ever active, and well to do.
' - When duty calls yon, be at eammand;
' -Willing to die. for yonr native land
Yes. let each protect it, to the last,
V.i Though to bleach, his hones be cast.
Captain, ctei teep yonr eocmge trao,
' ' And the principle of right in view;
' a yon have, in your life, thns far done;
- Tjnlil a Crown of laurels, you've won.
' And if you protect your country's right,
.1 . God will preserve you. in all your might:
When yonr pure soul are called to heaven,
--. To you shall all the glory be given.
The Great Naval Expedition.
Th New Yorl Post says "We give be
low an interesting account of the great na-
...Tal expedition, carefully collected by our
- reporters, who Save watched every step of
the preparations, and gathered as many de-
' tails ii vis possible with the restricted
privileges granted to the press.
It will be found that the Southern ex
pedition is on a scale more vast than any-
thing of the kind heretofore attempted on
this continent, at least; and that, from the
- completeness of its outfit and the fckill of
the men to whom the command is cotrust-
ed, we may hope for a severe blow at the
insurgents in their weakest spot
' With the object of the expedition we
have for the present nothing to do. Bat
of its composition we are permitted to
speak, now that it is safely at sea.
The expedition is the joint work of the
Navy and War Departments. " It was
meant to have been ready by the middle of
Septemb-r; and the Navy Department had
its vessels ready then. It was, however,
impossible to get ready the immense mate--
rial of the expedition by that time; and
.'though everybody concerned worked most
diligently, it was only on October 13 th
.'' that the transports were laden, and the fi
.. nal shipment of troops ready to be begun.
The expedition consists of the following
Steamer. ; y Guns. . Commanders.
58 C.'F. R. Ro-fi-a.
57 L. M Goldsbi.ro.
54 John Marston, .
2t) S. P Lee.
22 J. F. Greene.
Flag-ship Wabash, "
Frigate St. Lsriee,
Sloop of war Jam-stown,
Sloop vf-war Cambarland,
Sloop -of-var Savannah,
Dale. : - ' "
Florida, . 7.
James Adgcr, -
Quaker City. '
Saneca,. . 4
L'nadilla, -.' ,
Young America, , .
" The gunboats generally carry a 1 1 inch
Dahlgren forward, and are armed besides
with one rifled gun, and from two to four
24-poundcrs. . . . '
J.JW. A. Nicholson.
J. B. Marshand.
S. W. Godon.
Thomas H. Stevens.
B. H. Wyman.
' J. P. Bankhcad.
II. S. Xewcomb '
J. P. Gillie' - n
T1.a frrrv bnnts nr panaWf. r,f en i it in
v -t. 1 --"J a.
from five hundred to nine hundred men,
ana are generally armca wun six guns
each. The following is a list of those scut
with the expedition:
Baltimore, Commodore Tirry, Eagle,
Ellen, Ethan Allen, Mayflower, Philadel
phia, Pocahontas, Star, Stepping Stones.
Santiaso de Cuba, ISoO
Star of the South. 9G0
Tons. Draft, ft. Comrs.
1296 H Terry.
Great RepuMie, 3356 j Zenas Coffin. ".13
Ocean Express, 1GDT I Gulden Eagle. 112?
Courier, Gem of I lie Sons
All of the transports are fully armed,
and have a crew on board to work the
guns. Several transports were added to
the fleet at Fortress Monroe, and the en
tire Atlantic squadron will co-operate with
The expedition consists, in all, of eigh
ty vessels. Of these, three are steam frig
ates, six others are sailing men-of-war,
twenty-six are gunboats, twelve ferry boats.
and six sailing trans-
These vessels carry, besides their full
crew, a force of between 30,000 and 40,
000 picked soldiers, half of them the best
trained troops of Gen. McClellan's com
mand. The cry that the army of McClel
lan needed more men, which has for so
many weeks vexed impatient souls, is now
explained. It was not our land forces,
but cur naval expedition, that needed more
men. When troops went on to Washing
ton, it was only that others, better drilled
and more experienced, might le sent to An
napolis in readiness to embark in the ships
the expedition. Thus, from time to
time, by the patriotic readiness of the peo
to respond to a call, the precise pur
port of which they did not quite compre
hend, our gallant General was enabled to
detach from our vast army a large force of
best soldiers he had.
n e need not say that these troors arc
well armed and ably officered. Neither
cire nor expense have been spared to make
their outfit complete, in arms of all kinds,
great guns, shot shell, a.mmunition,and
the paraphernalia of war.
BOATS FOR LANDING.
Several months ago the Government be
gan to provide itself with surf boats. "We
may say that the expedition carries with
not less than five hundred of these need
helps for landing troops sufficient to
encct a simultaneous landing of a great
number of men.- Besides these surf bo?.ts
Government purchased several ferry
boats, their peculiar build making it much
easier to land troops from them than from
steamboats of the usual form.
First and most necessary, comes food.
Besides the rations provided for the troops
while they shall remain on board, the
transports bear at least three and a half
months' supplies of food of every kind for
great army which is to be landed.
The Ocean Queen and other steamers
take out besides troops, such articles as
shovels, picks, hoes, two wheeled carts,
brick, cement, grindstones, lumber, prcpar-!
frames of houses and barracks, ready !
up, cross cut saws,
quantities of sand-bags, beams, &c; &c.
An immense store of shot and shell is
board; as a'so many huge Columbians,
mostly the vast ten-inch fiuns which
such fearful execution. '1 he Atlantic and
Baltic carry the most of these, but more
understood to be placed on other ves
sels as welL
There are also quantities of
riages and light guns for field operations. !
il 1, 1 1 1, .
mcsi maiijr are larroi guns, ana all
completely fitted, ready for the artil
lerists' hands when they are landed
caissons, forges,' and largo- quantities of
grape, eannistcr, shot and shell being with
battery sufficient, one would think,
a campaign in the interior.
great army transportation
wagons are provided, over and above, those
which belong to each regiment, and which
troops took away with them. Extra
equipage of every desreiption is also
provided, and a
and infantry equipments.
l l r .. i.. l
grcai numucr oi cxua j
Wc may add here that all the best pilots
wn?nS tj -ew Yoik have gone down
uu ujc iAL;uiiion. lney were cuoscu
causc 'y ar familiar with every poiut
Senthcni coast from thc Chesapcak
,i . r TV , ,,e?aes lDCSC I
numucr oi sl;i uiul anil tnuiu ,,it
captains were cngiged from Cape Coi
men know every iueh of the coast :
sailed into every harbor and inlet with
craft, and will be able to carry the
into any port, great or email, on the
Atlantic or in the Gulf where the expedi
tion may be ordered to land.
J The infantry equipments put on board
arc sufficient for at least ten thousand men.
1 be.v "elude everything necessary to pre-
Of horses the expedition has nearly fif
teen hundred. 1 hey are mostly on board
the Great Republic, Vanderbilt, Ocean
Queen, Baltic, and Ericsson. One ship
takes as supplies tor tnese aninia . eicht
thousand bans of oats, and besides this
other vessels carry further supplies of oats
and corn, while many tons of hay are di-'
vided among the transports.
Colonel Scott, in his able military dic
tionary, gives an account of the manner of
using hot shot, and the peculiar destrue
tiveness of this missile. The reader will
remember that it was hot shot which made
t-.a a a vi. iia
curt umier uutcuauic lur uui t.diiaub Eur-
iq .Wrfviwl tlm innirnnnta
cnoutof tlio forts in the
. l m . . mi i
nrca irom tne snor .
nsoii; it wouia De a curious remnution it,
were in turn driv
bav bv hot shot
;::. c ur.i..i...;
iiuiut,ucc uuauuut Jv;t;idi ui iuu JUi-
est transports are nearly laden with these
materials, ana tnonsanas ot saeus are sent
off from this port, as well as shot, canister, ,
and every variety of deadly missiles. '
J J J
HOT SHOT. ARTIFICERS.
A TiiiTVi tiAT At MFruinrnra m cnr a nn,
uu. w -.r-.., .
other artmcers torm a part ot the material ;
oi inc expedition, so tnai in selling up
barracks and for other work, skilled labor 1
will be always at hand. j
s, therefore, been in the service forty-'
i . ' . . -
and ei"ht years a
, in our various
ti i j. .j- k l-i- I
der command of Commodore J. F. Dupont
one of the adlest officers of cur navv. He
is of New Jersey by birth, but is now a !
.it:, f nlL K.i,.,;. t, u r-
1 nf Hnnnnf, h'n nr. i l-nn no 1
powder manufacturers. Captain Dupont
entered the navy December 19 th, 1 S 1 5. j
passed in service at sea,
anil n tinlf in clinm ,7nfir
norv rnr.l, i7,..Lc nl 11. 'j.
training in the preperatiou and use of arms '
The fleet captain is Commander Charles
H. Davis, who stands in the revised navy
list nearly at the head of the commanders
Ha is 9 n,t; Tn.nnl.n,, TfllA
w h nun V, ui L tJlAVll I tO CL1 LU1 CtX I
ih. wrvi in isoi u,a -i,t
ycars' service, and was last superintendent '
of the Xau'ical Almanac, and engaged in
other srecial dutv at Washington. He U by
i. i ,t 1 1 . i . . - ,
vuuiL-u :im.iiLr uie auipfii niid mnRr Ririi nil
officers in the service. The fiV lieutenant, ;
the remaining officer of the commodore's :
staff, is Lieut S. W. rreston, a Canadian 1
bvbirih an,l 9 .JtiV.n nf ill;; fr.m !
which State he entered thc serviee in isr.7
Captain L. M. Goldsborou-b, who is in!
command of the northern half of thc At-! '
lantic blockading squadron, will also take : and
an aetir. mrt in niriinn. tho iti.n
He was born in the District of Columbia,
ti r i i .r n
aim i i i , 1 1 . i 1 1 1 r- i t r ( i in ill ill H rv 1:1 nil i . i ut.
which State he is a citizen, in 1 S 12. j
He has been seventeen years at sea and I
flcveii rear on BW rl,,fv nnrl raa l.,st !n 1 0.
command of the Conriress frijrate.- His
present ship is the Minnesota.
Of thc array forces we can give no com-
letc account A portion of the troops !
were detailed from Gen. McClellan's army,
but other regiments sailed directly from
New York, more from Boston, and a few,
we understand, from other points between
those cities. The regiments, so far as we
have been able to ascertain, are given be
low, but as thc whole expedition was pre
pared with the utmost secrecy, and many
tho regiments kept in Northern camps
tho last moment our list is necessarily
The land forces are tinder command of'
Thomas W. Sherman, an able and ', field,
distinguished officer, who entered West ; an
Point in 1S32, wa3 second lieutenant
Third Artillery in 1836, assistant com-'
missary of subsistence in 1 S37. first lieu-1
tenant in 1S3.S, and captain in May 1S4G. the
is distinguished as an artillery officer, ! 1BS
Mexican war. Capt. Sherman was
breveted "for gallant and meritorious con
duct in the battle of Bucna Vista." He
a native of Bhcdc Island .
General Sherman's hcadnnarters are on of
hoard the steamer Atlantic, which carries 1
ovcr 1.200 troops besides her own crew. being
Three brigades of the land forces are
commanded by Generals Yiele, Sttvent and ' t'-'k
T -1 r - i
Kgbert !. Yiele was craduated from the
West Point Military Academy in the year
1S42, and was a classmate of General'
.iiv;e.;eii.iii. no teiYfa in ine Mexican
war and 1U loo resumed his COTnriUSiicn
accept tbo position of chief engineer of
State of Xcw Jersey. Since then he '
been engineer-in-chief of the (Antral;
: ' 1 3 tl 1.1 T I .
lowed the Seventh Regiment to V ashing-'
ton. He is considered an able and an ex-!
Pncnccd officer, and at thirtv-siv -rr-nrq nf
racks a a r.rina.li.r .;.n.,,1
Isaac Ingalls Stevens, who is seneral in
command of thc second brigade, was gradu-' Hai
at West Poini in 1S30. and entered 1H!
uliulus, us leriueu iu ir.
S.i.i tn fl..rit Tim finn.vnf-.Al f f.. ...
, j-..vin.iui.ui ui viuiei- llow
cf . Washington Territory, and wasj
elected as Representative to Congress in 'i7. j J-oo
r c l tr
uen. otcYens was in iiicxico. ana was
i.i . , i .
nrcvcica captain ior gauant ana men ton- KVliy
conduct at Clicrubuseo, and was brc-' K-yw
Mojor at Chcpultcpee, Sept 13, '47. !
was severely wounded on thc same day. !
Horatio Gates Wright, commanding the'
third brigade, was graduated at West l"t AleUail
'37, and appointed a lieutenant in the'
engineers' corps iu '4 1. Since his gradua-! 51:-
he has been an asssistant professor at ;
United States Military Academy, and i
thc reputation of being a superior cnp-!
in . it.. -.rc :.Ti. r. " i
iuju niuiuu"iii-euieieut uiueer.
c J ;
'"' ; on
"Do you likocodfish balls, 3Ir. Wiggins?"' j
Wiggins, hesitatingly: ! really dou't'on
know Miss, I never recollect of -attending ! will
- : ' bring
Departure of the 41st Regiment.
.u mv .u.tu . V :',..
it has the post ot honor, viz : tnc ngut oi
the regiment As will be seen by the fol-
The 41st Bcgiment left Camp Wood,'
on the Gth inst One company
, , . , i .
6 rcfe,rct tUc Lcalt!l of Capt Lush-,
nell made his resignation necessary, as he ,
would have been verv useful in his do- ;
lowing, from the Cleveland Herald, Capt
Seth A. Bushnell has resided, and Lieut.
J r '
sUion, but we arc sure that LicntOpdycke
is m every way competent to fill his place,
He will undoubtedly be appointed captain,
The Herald savs:
The Forty-First took up its line of march
tins morniniF. nn.l rr nnw i"q vnlf wnT to
wrap uennison, l rcparauons ior acpari-:
ure have been in projress for several days.
Yesterday attcraoon the last parade in
mn Waa,1 t.lr v,1.,aa nn.l rtrtl Mfrf .
vw iwn, riaw., uu wj. puuw
a ast niht in rlistrihiitin-. rations, and
. ; o c ' . 1
maklD2 their last arrangements. At day ;
lUi n.u. nU
d at 9 o'clock the Regiment rendezvoused j
by Companies en the Paik. the mud pre-,
Ivntlnn h,foli;.,n n.mmta Hn th
ric'iimeni lormea in line unaer
saritoni and prepared to march
Jast fomi tbc ilc
fnmnnnv A wfita flrfiwn nnji siil.v and CanL i
cj, p.i,ni; ; , Ei,nr ,n,i r,,fr;nti'(.
';,! ,a rhin of '.
This step was rendered ira-:
vuuu ui 1 uu Ulll Jl JUl Ul'UlUU lut, va.&
Leland's glorious old Band lcadin the van. !
Th streets bein" in poor condition the '
Begimental officers did not take charge of ,
tho. linn but npvprthrlfsj. th 4 1 st madft i
i i . i a f
splendid appearance, and as they march-
down Superior and Water streets, made i
k e..;v. uui ti, i ct t ;i,7
tenant. Orlycke, at once, of course assumed
At ten o'clock the order to march was
nn,i ,i, !!;mmt. .tH r.tT tn th,. ;
trrnp. nf "Tho fiirfl lpfr behind mp." Jack i
rvnrxr Clnr-oUnrUr'a lmflrt nnlcnfA vcith !
The Forty-First is peculiarly endeared to j
the citizens of Cleveland, from the fact that :
.three of the Field and many of the Com-i'"s.
!pany officers are Clevclandcrs, and all of p
Bnmnlnina .nninncml nf r.i,lnta nf I ln
v ua ff h u Wit- jp w vm. uwauvuw w
'rWMniiil nr. vininitr- ill. finlnnpl liimlf i
heing a native of Portage county. 1
The regiment was escorted to the depot I
the artillery companies attached to it.
1 " jf ii'.t n-
uuuur cummnuu oi v il it L'Liuorc j iiim
battery, which consists of two howitzers
and two Parrot rifled pieces, is to remain
here for the present, occupying Camp Wood. , aP
Leland's band will not W. town nntil .
Monday next, when they will join their
command at Camp Dennison. , on
A harried farewell to mothers, wrres .
sweet-hearts at the depot, and the 4 1 st
off to the wars. :
Speaking of sweet-hearts, we take pleas-,
; ,vi;.. !, t,n-:
,tt ilvuiuiu luc hi.u n .ii luauinra
which occurred yesterday : ;
-Major Geo. S. Mygatt, 4 1 st Bcgiment
V. M.. and Mrs. Annie Clark. Cant 1US
'Frank D. Stone, Company E, 41st Kegi-;
jrueut, and .Miss Lizzie Ives, all of CIeve-.'to
land, these, of course, owinc to the sudden an4
to march( were very zIMt U
Both these ladies were at the depot this '
morninr. it liein their intention to aceom-
pany their husbands to the scat ef war.
41st left the depot in two trains tcr-courscs
noon to-day, en route for Kentucky '
Camp Dennison. We bid them a hearty .
From Cleveland Herald.
Increase of Army Officers.
The war has of course greatly increased
number of the regular army aud its
'1 here arc now seven Brigadier
Generals Wool, Harney, Sumner, -Mans-Gen.
McDowell, Anderson and Bosccraus,
increase of four. Gen.
stricken from 'the roll. McClellan!
Premout aud Hallcck have been appointed
is aniucrcascot threeliom .
old regime Gen. Scott formerly stand
He alone in that rank. Thc volunteer ar-
designed to consist of halt a million of
fit . . . a? If . 1 l f . LI
rais ior .
nnteer service, and appointments are
made. About thirty Colonels
acting as Brigadiers, having
DJ brevet The Biigidiers arc:
,rt.,ir. nrv i!ti. a 11.- cu
Thc following i3 an alphabetical list cra?
t.- t.:,i:. i 1, : .v 1 and
ii:.. r i.:" :- ii.-
Uenliam Utnrv J
Hr,...'i 'r,l rt
i.r,.r j w
Duitm a brum
iam C '
Oonnan Willis A
1. . 1 1
wJ U O
lluribut S A
Cl ails D
rfuuiisoD lLicunra rr
ncock W S
Ii John 1
HcihliK-m.'.u S p
Lliktoii Ti H k W
Mnrtindalc Julm H
5IcCook A lcI)
Mitchell o M
Jltnrgomety W" It
ri , r u
thc bulletin of a Western post office :
"Lost a red kaf. lie had a white spot
1 of his legs. He was a she kaf. I
give thrc dolcrs to cvribadi that will
Nj-gly J S
Oafs J anus
Paine Kieazer A
Peek John J
I'urter Filz John
Pivnlisa I'.i'iijaiiiin M
R-yncl.ls John K
Hey nobis Joji-pli J
Kiclmrilson laraol C
Knssc-au Lovcll Ii
Sjlieuck ltoliert C
Sedgwick Job ii
Sickbs Daniel K .
Sherman William T
Smith diaries K
Smith William F
8!o-iUi II W
Sturcr Iaaae I
Slune Cbnrles I
Strong William K
Sturgia Samuel D
Tlioinas George II
Thurston Charles M
Told John I! S
Viele Egbert L
Vi'adsvrorih Jamea S
Ward William P
Williams A S
Ww..l Tlrimas J
notice was found posted a3
The Armies of the Potomac.
The task demanded of the Federal and
Confederate leaders on the Lank of the
'mw mc most uimeuit mat
ever un t0 tlje lot of military men. Both
McClellan and Bcaurcard have withered
together immense bodies of troors. divided
lul lu;- a similar situation is com-
mon ln tlme of Lut . . .
stances have the hostile armies h.n so
large or so difficult to handle. The nura-
01 "n unacr the commana ot the ri-
Dut a few miles from each other, and ready
V woru ot.command to engage inmor-
n i i .it- .i l i
" Fwj "o mucn icss
tljaQ four hundred thousand, two hundred
thousand on each side. At Lcipsic, where
was fought one of the greatest battles of
modern ime3, Napoleon had 175,000 men
Ja1,i- , ......
inc .A1"cs 'io,ooo. but this, we
3 UlC ODlV msti
Vnrrttnv. v ,1 v e
rau.uu cittx'ueu iuai uuw aiiumca py me
3 upon the 1 otoniac At Aus
polcon had SO.000 troops and
the Allies about 90,000. At Waterloo.
forces of tho Allies did not reach that
number. At the late battle of Maccnta.
taPoleon ha1 aljout 6.000;
rlimiQ Af ihA .'CI -
, v , , c ,. . , ,
" immber of Anrtnans was
F&KT, but not much. At Soltcrino the
numbered 180,000, the Allies
150,000. Wellington never had a hun-
ea lll0U3an(l men under Ins command
"F" a uaiue-neid, and treV10U3 to the
present cmbroglio Gen. Scott never con-
trolled the movements of twenty thousand
lie immense size of !
. l .. j. ,
were forcing back his front lines, there
werc 40,000 men at MaDassas, about three !
"?Ue9 distant only, in such a position that j
theJ rendered no help, and the Confederate
firmly !iniV.nro XTItt T- f.ann cnfArl .
: J "ff"'"""; J uj v
the PPrtune arrival of Johnston and his
(HU..A f ' t 1 1 i .. -1 t i
the lorccs the American Generals have to i
one source of difficulty. t saw at
ta"k of Bull Bun that neither con- j
stant was able to bring his whole army .
lnt0 action. hile Beauregard was in !
"anger of defeat, while the Federalists !
trOOt'S frOIQ d point thirty tUllcS distaut.
? ,thc ,Eame waJ ar tta f
redc onJy al)0.ut. 20..0 were en
PSf 1D e Da"1e, and though the tight
linn lii a sA nn a w I. I . ,1 il. - .
mender scarcely smelt powder.
WilOle Cave OCCn Dr0U"ht
m"taneousiy against the rebel lines, the
const would have been short and decisive, j
lliat. morc mcn were not brought up at i
critical moment angurs bad general-
Shin on the nart of AlDi-in-.M WVll. it -
t x --,-
J 3 easy to talk of hun- j
drcds of thousands of mcn, that we arc !
forget how immense is the mass of j to
which we speak. Let us think for a mo-
.ment' ,f MWellan orders an advance up-
the enemy's lines he has to direct the
nBTCn,entf of probably 200,000 mcn: :
tLosc, of them who do not take part in the j
attack being so disposed as to be readily
avaiiaue in cascof defeat Now, thc pop-1 it
Uiation of Toronto, of Montreal ami
' - .
cbec but liftlc exceeds 200,000. Y'ct
he movements of a mass of men. equal- j
" numher the total inhabitants of the to
thra largest cities of this Province, have !
arranged with thc greatest nicety, j
"icd out with accuracy if success is '
be lusurcd. Thc slightest accident may !
.tbrow thc wbolc into confusion. It is cv-;
,aent tuat n country covered with woods, :
Iencca ana tarm houses, intersected by wa
Thc and broken by railway embauk
about mi:nt3' 110 larSc DoJJ of trcops can be
marched any considerable distance in an
extended line, as they might be upon a vast
smooth plain, the divisions of the
must necessarily be sent by different
and concentrated at a nivrn mint. '
o t j
arrangements necessary for successful-;
uniting the scattered fragments of an
army so that they may not be overwhelm-. a
iu detail, tax t'ae powers of thc Goner-
, , . ,v - u-u ,
to thc utmos and call for the excrcis. -
.u 1 1 -v. i-ii .
1111; inquest. 111IUL 11 V Milll. XtnuSSOiuC t
, . 0 , . J , iluUD"'u'- .
ua? rpweu ina a uue allowance has i .
been made for the different marching
wPf"W 01 various or.gades, or ot the
: " , w-t.-... v,.c w.uu.,
U1L3. J.T -.l.vl 1 .l"ill
the most disastrous results. A vet
regiment may be capable of march
ing three times the distance, in a given
bed by raw re-
a nuiance or sixty-two miles, to lalav-
-ln twcQtJ-s's tou. " compact order.
in hot weather, leaving only seven-
stragglers bthiud, and upon their ar
irnmeuiateiy tooK charge ot the out-
posts. A more snlciidid march was never
made. It is doubtful whether t' ere is a
6inglc brigade in the American army that,
march ten miles in a day and be in !
fit condition to meet the enemy. Jnthe:
Crimea, when the English troops made the '
expedition to Ivcrtcu, a distance of only
eleven miles, they fell out by sections on
way; and we sec no reason to suppose
Americans are superior to them. 2st'
has a General accurately to calculate yoik
distance his army, as a whole, can rauke i i
a given time, but the route one division
to traverse may be beset with obsta-'
thc others will not meet with; ob.-ta-
of which he has not, even by the most has
minutfi r.minniiiicin lavn nkL In nl.lnn
.u Mv.v .v vk,.MIU .
In thc standing or-! and
of thc English Light Division, it is ; was
as a proved fact, " -that thc defiling
one battalion cn tho inaicb. in order to; turc
au obstacle, cv:n if done with as ! "pon
prompitudo-as practicable upon such '
lsions, win c.usc a delay of tcu mm
if not j
one such object, therefore,
without defiliui?. would rl
brigade half an hour," in which time a 1 hats
may be lost, aud a dynasty or a re-!
rom these remarks a slight idea may
perhaps be formed of the sturcnJuous task
General undertakes, who in a country
V irgiuia, engages to move forward say
hundred thousand men. No matter
what accuracy his plans may be laid,
are liable to be overturned by the stu-
of a solitary subordinate, or thcill
I inline nf n sincle rccimcntcven though.
a whole. his officers werc experienced
Lis army well drilled. Douuts have
founded whether it is possible for a
battle actually to take place in ir
ginia for many mouths to come. There
expressed and it may be they arc . 7
may Ic isolated combats of considerable
extent, but will the opposing Generals be
awe to place one hundred thousand nieu
face to face to fight a battle in which all
be engaged, as the Knghsh and French
were , aienoo or toe Ausinans and
the Allies at Solferino ? It is argued that
the country is of so difficult a nature as
to preclude the concentration of so large a
body of troops on cither side that the
battles must be a series of . comparatively
small encounters, in which sections of the
rivals will be engaged quite independently
of each other in action, though not of
course in the result It will necessirilv
be the aim of the rival Generals to over-
whelm each other at decisive point3 Beau-
regard being on the defensive, has the best
nViin.tA f.Mi it ia fA Via v m wv A V.n
vU....v.v., .v. ,v w w iJiuuiuvu iuu cum-1
munication between the different sections j
of his arrav are complete, and that he has 1
thus every facility for concentrating his ;
troops wherever needed along his extensive !
line. On the other hand, McClellan ha?
the advantage of knowing where he intends
to attack, and may be able to deceive his
adversary and overcome him before rein
forcements can arrive; though as be ad
vances into the neighborhood of the ene
my and into a country of whi-h he is nec
essarily in comparative ignorance, the dif
ficulty of communicating with his vaiious
corps must increase. loronlo ( Canada)
How the Pacific Telegraph Works.
The business men of Xcw York appre-
ciatc the commercial advantages of a tele-'
for ten words, and forty-eight cents for j
each additional word which are regarded
as moderate for the di:
likely to be reduced at i
jP rT'.nitrAM jri tti i - n f V i at a lvnTI.I iliA
"c"-M t",u6 "uu'""j
line, it was expressly forbidden to fix the
ii i. i 1 jiorr i t
stance, and are not
present In the act
cranhic line to the Pacific On
day after communication between tins city
and San Francisco was established, over ;
forty purely business dispatches were sent ;
through. U-sidcs many of congratulatory ;
character. The rates now in use arc 85,9r I
through rates above 8 1,2." for ten words.
and thirty six cents for each additional
word; but no definite rates were mention
ed for the way business. 5'r. J. H. Wade,
President of the line, has telegraphed to
this city that a meeting of the Directors
will soon be held, and a tariff of rates
made tor au the intermediate points. Ln-
til then, the through rates will be paid for
telegrams to Salt Lake City, Carson City,
Nevada iemtory. and cveiy other station
on th ront.i. In rstmiaf'n t!i. .r.ct- nf
,- . .
telegraphing from New York City, or ether
points, to San Francisco, the regular rates !
, St. Louis are simply added to those j
which now are, or may be, fixed for the;
Pacific line beyond. .
There is a difference of about 4H de-1
fcTee3 of longitude between Ncw York City
iDJ San Francisco. If a telegram were I
instantancouslv sent over tb i.'br,l 1in
would reach San Francisco at a time, ac
t,.j r,l',i;..t., ti.. ,f .. :.. -i t
luiuiu" l.i lii i. liul&s i lu il in.. ttiMi.ti .
three hours and fifteen minutes before the i
time at which it left New York according !
the clocks here. Thus a disralch sent
from this city at the high business houref '
10i A. M., would arrive ot San Francisco
before thc man to whom it was addressed i
was out of bed; while a dispatch started , r
from this cily in the edge of the evenins '
would find the same man un to his mvk in :
Dusincss. l hough these astonishing things
theoretically possible, yet practically
takes an appreciable space of time to
a dispatch from New York to the Ta
sific The weather is rarelv favorable for
telegraphic feat of working so long a
distance without repeating and. even if it
i.-v ...:.. ,1;, :-.;.-,., r '
tut; lAiiuus u 1 i-ivLLj vi tuv lulu
would bo scarcely ever unoccupied with
business which could be suspended to let
dispatch straight through.
1- j j., if
inder thc present arrangement, tue
v 1 1 - 1 r c
New lork teletram is copied four or five
l.r -l 1 c ir 1
times before it reaches San Francisco, and
t. .,,.e tur ;th dumt,ho.
.wr roTvtU: A..c-.io miv r,. .nt I ui
,1m- i.nt !
1.111 111 ' n n i 1 1 K t .1 f v 1 11 a u iiii: ;auiLi uti . uui. ' .
the wires are crowded with business. I
VVJLUIilUllJl.ailiJi;3 uiilk iuiih uui IVW I
ably take part of two dys, I or all prae-
tioal purposes this 13 almost as good.
though nit near so amazing, as thc instant
..lrtirrT.l, I., fl It I In crk.i-illv 111, i-.n, f 'ilif '
occasions, like ilia arrivals of Lurorjein ,
?toamers, when thc atmosphere clonir thc
wlinl. lip. i iucf. ii lif. ilin wirr will lrf
worked from New Yoik, and even from ! .
Halifax to San Francisco, without iatcrru i
.Yew l orL Journal of Cu,.i,urct.
Origin of the Hat.
We owe the hat, as we owe most of our '
manuiaetnres, to Asia, in Asia men tirst ;
learned thc ait of felting wool, so as to
compose the substratum of the j'abrie. lit
Wool, so long as it contain? the natural j
or animal grease, refuses to felt that j the
its fibers will not mat together into a the
compact and close-drained mass, such as ; 7.-1);
constitutes felt AVhsn thc yolk has Ici-n
extracted by a chemical process, the wool ;
a tendency to interlace its fibers ar.d to :
lillirre firnilv to tho nninn linn f imieib
the union thus finned:
from a very remote period this secret 1 debt
possessed by the Orientals. The bats
which -re constantly alladcl to in Scrip-1 tlie
those for instance, which were bound
the heads of Shadracb, Mcshach and
Abcdnr.rr. when tncy were cast into tue it
probably adorned by turbm cloths wound ! jear,
around them. I have seen the sclf-saraa itics,
.11 1 .. r i
tall, narrow cylinders of gray felt,
surrounded by a handkerchief or cle-th on j
umnec were genuine hits, but it
, ii . i i.i
ure cf thc hat a Hebrew mon.iply ; ;
heads of the Jews of Asia. Xor was .
ure cf thc hat a Hebrew monoply.
Kurds, l'ersians. Armenians, and some
of--Turks and Tartars, wear the hat,
tncir tattlers did m bauuin s jn.y. i ne &JS
lamo s wooi uonncc oi iae i ersian, is ;
a unmicss nai .. wa u ,lap o caj.-
aieurougnncs-.. j ne eSlorian nrisuuns ;
ivurd.stan wear nats almost exactly sim-:half
to a battered Irish cauocen only of a . the
"i v. ""vu(",u- out
j-.ast tnc dervishes and wandering
t.l i.. . ,.li . i .
D ' narrow nall
..m-,. .v.v, uuv..nL. VJ aiW; lag, ( jay8
towering upward jikc a ciaimncy pot, I can
Chambers' Journal . 1 f-m.
Late from the Kanawha.
i lie uovcrnmcnt transport steamer
onora nrrlur.l r;ns,n-,r, f, ir,n,
the night of the Gth. She left the steam
shall boat landing, five miles below the mouth
of Gaulcy river, at 8 o'clock Tuesday morn
i ins. and the Commerl nhr
and the Commercial obtained from her
clerk, G. L. Tyler, a full and intelligible
statement of affaire at Ganlev, as follows:
n., 4-111.-11- - . i
t; ,n n .i T r f v g , v
tion on the west side of New and kauawha
rivers, having three batteries of two guns
each, one ornosite (ipn. Rowrnm hnn.l. I
I .;W. 'tu n...
and one opposite to Kanawha Falls, a mile
and a half above GauW th Uur rh
closest and most danrroni f!v thnT.it.
A. . . 1 1.1 1
icries nicy command tac roaa over which
our supply trains must pass to the Falls to i
AVdVU4U UbH4lbUSM,l Jf S) U1J"
tancc of six miles, and the trains have
the battery opposite the mouth of Gauley.
been ordered to move only in the night
On Mouday the rebels were firing at every'
moving object on our side of the river, but :
with very little effect : They succeeded in I
uie moruiua iu wounding two ot our men
, i v .i .1. ,i 1
tuj ccuiji twines, mm saeus. in ma
afternoon of that day the fire slackened,
ii i .. 1 1 i- , ,, .
thrlr firing" -Tn f " "f .1 -
a m,n , l J- y ''rr- ,tUrCi !
Our guns were replyin?, and had silenced
" " iv m.of
- ou,. ui oruiuaucc bwrcs nau jusi
been received by Gen. Rosccrans, and they
would be got into position Tues-lay night
to respond to the rebel battery bearing on
":C "fcawha I alls. Confidence was U It
j "r" "r"
on I La
Sunday Dight the Leonora
was ordered to hold herself in readiness to
receive tne picKets it they were driven in
mm' ,'",' Wa9 tw0
miles below the steamboat land.ug or sev-
iniita irom uaniey. un Monday the,
ia ' h'3 "my was on the eastern
Slde of the nver, and our pickets
by the enemy. Sho was also orderel to be
ready to serve Gen. Bcnbani. but was re
lieved by the Silver Lake. Thursday morn
ing very few troops of Bcuha-.a's brigade
were seen at his camp on the right bank
of the river at that point
1 1 was believed that Benham's troops Lad
crossed tne river m the night and
aiming to gain the rear of the rebels.
was not definitely ascertained, however.
The troops Lad been ordered to prepare in
four day's rations, a circumstance indicat-'
ing a purpose to attack the rebels. 1 be
conjecture was current that a decisive bat-
xl . !) 1 li l rs
no woum no lount on Wednesday, the
. , . .
msmtcterJ no djosition to re-
,irc' b"t fre rejnarsaWy conhdent Some
of thc opwuo that they had gathered
in Satiorcc, and uad set a trap for Itos
craus, Laying op:ncd fire on his supply
73.1 a3) rurP0SC of inducing him to
i?.'08.9 ,C, f'"4 ewpnse ns if
7 t0.I" he
stroni-lor the country in which they are
?u , ,.a2 tras,tatlcon ouU
gIJ mmenlL, 1 be uthern papers of a -Born
posted is not capable of sustaining a large
aruij, auu lueir iiacs oi communication are
i.r ul luuounccu lue ara7
Jt JnVh1. wlUl transportition, and
" , .. .
1 ,ne .ClCT" lln.rPosl1t?,1 tns ,raonth . of b
?, Co"on ,hl!!' anJ 13 consid-
uu uc udu on our swe,
liy such a position Was not Occupied and
fortiucd by our forces, now seems to an un-
person, at this distance, to have uel
been a serious oversight, but we presume, "
the officers iu command know what thy
are about ,
England's National Debt.
burdens which other people have to beer
the consequence of war. A recent num
ber of the London Saturday IL'vbw throws
some considerable light upon the condition
tf ii . t? 1 11. r.. ii- - ,
lu- "-'" v- viieai. unniii, auu
Mipr-lics information which miy be con-
. . . w
encc. The amount of
As a national debt ha3, thanks to the
rebellion in thc South, bceome a necessity It
with us, it may La well to "lance at the'
i5'on aftcr t1lC war had closed, a siukinj
IunJ wa3 Citab,:shed for the reduction of
"""' naous 11.10.iity. ai a ins capital oi
was X233,.jf,l4S. But at the close of
war growing out ot the trench Kcvo-
compass for reier-
tint debt in 17D
lution, say in ISIS, it had risen to 340,- cf
."0.401. .hc additional burden impngdl
y that protracted stnigalc being Gol.-
..-'4vi. In thc anninl interest
nnon the debt am.uited to Xli',014,!) 1 1.
ue-iji was oueuessiieiv reuuevu, wnu
interruptions, uutil 1S7.1, when it
amounted to C77I.:3ri.S01, a red'iclion of
ji'tj 1,010 in thirty-five ycar3 of con-
tinuous peace. By thc loans for the lias-.
si;:n war it wa? subrciuent!v increased to-
-07,9 I,7.-t. and at the end oi la?t year
stood at i!J0!,-I77,ClL la forty four
vear;. thouch a cost! v siukii." fund has all
time been maintained, tue capital of
debt was reduced by only g'jO.Srir.-i
while within the last seven years, ws
thirty millions cf pounds sterling have been tj
aided to it. C i
In the mantiic?, however, by the con-1
i:,, f . r ii,:
ii.uiui.iLui uiuca ui a jia I b v'l lat .
into stock l-carin? a lower rate of in-!
tcrcst, and by ether "financial measures,!
charge for tlie debt has decreased pro-
portionatcly much more than the capital. '
It was jt:12,2S.7."l in l.lC; in 1351
was X27.C 17,Sl'0; by the P.iusian wai
in con?cqueccc of the lapse of
it had fallen to Xti.333,470.
vas increased to X25,SS3,381;
A Monster Warrior.
Tl,-. T r,.ln J-l f ,.
.,,.;,,,- tr.a crwmt- nf w,-
an iron-cased frigate recently added to
iiritish fleet, which, appears, the writer
to nave been eminently successfuL
Thi3 Tcsiej is of 0Q() ton lurden;
tbrow a broadside of 1.400 lbs. of
ractalf atl(j ha, C08t 300,000. She i
as l,r again as the lamest shin in
I!ritisa na anJ tt ship
of the water. Each of her
fiilatf flVA tin.Aa tliA Vtr nf ihftQO vith
"-" .""'- -
which three-deckers fought their actions in
one by 'i be most ardeni wisa wc
nttcr tjat vessel never have to
;.cr ,iuti-uctivepower3 u-to operation.
Biting at the Bare Hook.
Tho folio wiug anecde tc is tld, but it ia
worth re-producing of teu :
I was some time since walking upon the
wharf where a fishing boat lay, and, as I .
was passing and re-passing, tne master was
uttering tremendous oaths. : At length I
turned to him and standing beside bis boat,
"Sir' 1 am onacquaicted with your busi
ncg3L What kind of fish are these?"
rhey are b. . . - -
..ii ' i .. . .
g a T0 usually out, m or-
Iuer wuib your load r
tain a livin in this wav"
.. yci woit " tA h
" Two or three weeks," he answered.
'At what price do you sell them ?" '.
He informed me. '
tt'cM, have you hi-1 hard work to ob-
..ypa " q;,i !,
e? saia ue,
"With what Jo you bait these fish ?" ,
"Did you ever catch mackerel ?" -: -
Well, now, did you ever catch a fiah
I was out last vear.
and one day when I was a fixin' my line, '
the bare hook fell into the water, and the
t0k t0lJ f ft nd 1 drW h
sir-" -1 tave often thought
.., i . c .
He always baits his hook with that kind
bait which different sorts of sinners like
bt, but when he would cat
swearer; he does
catch a profane i
not take the trouble to.
pt on bait at all. for tho fool will always'
bite at the bare Lsoi."
He was silent. His countenance solemn-
and after a nann?. as 1 turned to m war.
zvl him say to
i one standing near Lint:
Misquotations from Scripture.
lamb." Frcra Sterne's Sentimental Jour-
ncy to Italy. Compare haiah xxviL 3,
God tempers the wind to the shorn
In the midst of life we arc ia death.'
From the burial service; and this orignally
from a hymn of Luther.
-Bread and wino which the Lord hath?
commanded to be received." From the
Xot to be wisj above what is written."
Not in scripture.
"'lhat the spirit would ro from heart ta
t t. -
heart as oil frcm vessel to vessel." Not
"The merciful man is merciful to hi?
boast" The Scripture form is, "A righi
teous man regarded the life of his least"
1'rov. xiL 10.
-A nation shall be born in a day." ' Ia
Isaiah it reads, "Shall a nation be him at
oncer Prov. IxvL 3.
"As iron sharpenith iron, ?.i doth a man
Ue countenance of his. friLnd." Prov.
xxviL 17. ,
"That he who runs may real" "That
may ma that rcadeth." Hab. iiL "2."
"Owe no man anything, but love." "Owe
'' to n as the sparks fly upward."
to trouble as the sparks fly upward."
man anything, bat to love one another.'
l;om. xxn. 7.
Job v. i.
-Kxaltcd to heaven in point of privilegi
Not in thc Bible.
hve was not Auam j helpmate, but mcre-
a help meet for him; nor was Absalom's
l.jng hair, of which he was so proud; the
instrument of his destruction; his head,
and not th bair nmn ir lmvinrrli-.n
caught in thc lotahs of thc tree. 2 Sam
military xviil D.
' . '
Tll, ' ;,fv, , ' , , ' v- ,
scuthern people who have offered
iueuicives aua uieir an ior tae prosecution
thi3 war, and who have reposed implicit
CO&flJcncc in thc raun rnirntod iritli ira
conduct, have looked for something better,
Li not to be disguised that a sense of
uneasiness an.! ilistnut w im,in,:ir mn.
plantiag that generous confidence. A. sus-
is gaiiaj ground, that all the ad
vantages of our posit ion have not been profit
ed by as they might have been; that the
war has not been prosecuted with the vig
or and energy demaniled Ly ths emergency.
master. Commissary, and thc Medical De-
rartmcnts. rrowinT out cf t ho nrmnmrra.nt
hear muttcriijgs an.1 complaints, apart
from those conncctrd trit! tln Oimrt.r.
so many Chilians to Inch commands.
Mai;y of these appeintmtnU hive filled the
country with apprehensions of some crcat
A fellow having imbibed rather freely,
took it into his head that he could fly, and
get a good position, ascended a sign post
started. He was questioned thc next
as to how he liked flying. Uhl''
he, "it's nothing to fly, the lighting is
hardest part of the operation."
Conudnims for Greely. Why is Grecly
Richard Hi? Bx'au?e the advance
Richmond flcored him.
. -- ion :
Iy are the game laws the jolliest laws
Dave Because their express object is
ccp tbc game alive.
-Xow is tlie time to get up clubs," as
Knw on!,! i.Ln t:.i. i.
HUI.U JOU1UU1UI B "Og
State's Evidence A wretch who is par
of doncd for bcin baser than bis comrades
t -u --"'
The ri2ht wav ta lmk trj.-ts C.cn
repairing thc road to Washington".
infancy becomes a hal it ia
A man's name passes around most fresly
it has a handle ta it -
Take the world easy, hut be cireful lest
the world you are easily taken. -;
We may judge of a man's character by
he loves what pleases him.
Small faults, indulged, are thieves to let
ury Twelve prisoners iu a box to try
more at tho bar.
' ' I '
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