Newspaper Page Text
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Voluine 56-1X6. 27.
Warren, Ohio. January 31. 1872.
Whole No. 887.
V Published every Wednesday morning.
In Empire Block, Market St Warren Wn.
Ritkisl. Editor and Proprietor.
THBLF.S AXD TESTaXEXTS at the
I-lwrft-ocof pebltthing thein, tor sal
lU'depoaitorres-Vhrourhoe the ourily. All
the stvles and price published by the
American Bible Society, kept constantly on
hand. Central Depository at , Hapgood
Brown's. Market St.. (south aide of Court
House square) Warren, O. (July a. lb. I.
DR. I,0T, Physician and Surgeon,
Office and. residence a few rod. isonth
nr th Atlantic c wreai. -
where he can be consulted professionally,
Warren. O., AprU 19, lS71-tf
AE. ITIiS, Dentist. Office over
opposite iu vu..
OCTVSfEIXSAJ, Dentist. Has
iHj t remain In Warren, and can
fnnnd at his Ola rooms lui uio miui
CMay 11. urO-U.
r EORGE P. HT5TZR, Attorney at
ijTLw, Office in VanQorder Block .Market
V Il'GIthrER, Attorney at X,aw,
I . and Notary Public, iiewtoa Falls. O.
Kov. 6. 1ST1, 1 yr.
1 SPEAR, Physician and Surgeon,
i. olHoe over Freer Smith's Grocery,
arket btxeet. Warren. Ohio.
DR. D. GIBBvXS, Dentists, teeth
extracted without pain; upper or low
arseuof teethfor $12.00. Office oyer T. J. Mc
Lain A Son's Bank, Main St. Warren. Ohio.
ARM 05 ft JTETCALF. Physicians,
--j a.OTne. o6p on Slsh Street at
tue stand formerly occupies w ' '
Jan. a 1(7
job botohot.- T.are
SCTCHIXS SPEAR, Attorneys at
Law. Office In First National Bank
ling, 2d story, front -WW W"erenU.
Jn. &. 1k70-1j.
ALH05 D.WIBB, Notary Public,
Pension, and Bounty Agent, and Fire
ana Life Insurance Aeent. Dwellings and
Farm nrnnerly insured for one, three oi nve
years, at low Tales. Insurance assets rep
resented, over $3u,tKK,0uu 00. Offlceln Webbs
Block, Main St, Warren, O. (Jan , lsra.
T H.'BRISCOE," Physician and Pur-
fl.eeon. Office over Park 4 Patch's store.
Market Street. Residence, north side of
Market Street, two doors east of tlm. Par
ticular attention paML te Oaonltteasea.
Jan. 6. KW-lyr.
BR. Y. A. BIERCE, Homoepathlo
k, il lgh SUeeu
R. J. R. 5ELS03, Fhysician ana
Surgeon, office east of First Nat. Bank.
omce bourajrom 7 to 10 o clock, a. m., eia
B. F." MYERS, Physician arid Sur
House. Entrance off Liberty street. Office
hours, from 10 to 12, a. rn tod 1 w P
m. Residence, corner ef High "Chestnut
streets. Nov. ZT, 1867-ly
geon. OfflMM " f"1 ' "'"""'
j. vautrot. .-..mad. Acxxsrr.
TXAUTROT ft ACIXET, Successors to
V t v.niw a ft Healers In Watches.
j.mi'n and Diamonds. Market Street, War
ren. Ohio. Jo i.iSia
B. W. BATLIFF. H. H- HOSES.
RATLIFF i. SOSES, Attorneys and
Counseiisrs t Law.1 Offleaover the Ex
change Bank of Freman Hunt, on Market
fau Warren Ohio. iJan-f
i K. COWBEST, Attorney at Law,
J sOffiee eornerof MiUandMalnSt Niles.
"VT B. TILER, Manufacturer and
I . Deale-ln Guns, Rifles, Pistols, Cutlery
Fishing Tackle, tint. Materials, Sporting
Apparatus, Sewing Machines, c. No. S, Mar
Jtetst, Warren. Wua. ; j .,IJ-a. 7l)-tf
w. . roKTxa. w. T. roBTia.
WS. ft W. F. PORTER, Dealers
.in (school suttd MisoeUaneous Books,
etaUonary, Wall Papers, Periodicals. Pan?
phleia and Magazines, at the New York Book
Ijxjre. Main aire.!. Warren, Ohio.
Li 1 ii : " - . ,-;
S. ROBBIXS, Xewton Falls,
.Kotry Public. ...JnorL lS-l-lyr
GEO. B. IEXSEDT, Fire and Life
Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio.
ueC , isiiaywA : i
.W. D. BAUi T. J. KaCZBT.
a ALL ft KACXET, Manufacturers
of Harness and dealers In Saddlery
ware. Trunk. Valiaea, Traveling Bags,
Whips. Horse Blankets, Baddies and Fancy
bsciery No Mkat Street, Wc,0.
Jan. 5. 1&7Q. ' . " "
1 r H ITTLESEY ADAMS, Fire and
f Life Insurance Agent, Warren, Ohio-
Merchandize ana outer property uin
the best Companies, on favorable terms;
Farm property. Isolated Dwellings, and their
umilure insured for one) -three and nve
years. Office in McCombs and Smith's clock.
KcXTTT, IToost; Slen, and
Ornamental Painter. Grainer. Ac,
King's New Block. Main St., arren. onio.
May 10. 1S71-U ,
WHEX AT WARRES, Call at M.
HARRIS', one door south of tbs
Post Office, for your Cigars and Tobacco.
iie keeps the beat five oeal Cisjnn in Aaarn.
July IS, "71-ly.
Tr SVBAirSOi; MAyor of the City
I .of Warren. Civil Jurisdiction same as
Justice of the Peace for the city, and crimi
nal Jurisdiction throughout city and county.
Ajao kgn lor Cleveland Cement Sewer and
a rain Pipe of ail sizes.
(Jan 3. 18Ti.
SRESSE5 ft GOIST'S X. L. C. R.
Carriage Works. Warren, Ohio, manu
arers of Carriages, Buggies, Wagons,
ieitfirf, and specialties.. Ail :rders from
any part of the couutr promptly attended
to. Painting, Trimming and Repairing done
lo order on the shortest notice. South of
CanaL Qan S, 1872.
rpOTKE FAR3LEES OF TREJLBULL
J fVunty,- O. H. 4allar, Agent-for Ohio
FaTrroers iTrsnranee Company? residence one
door north of National House, Warren. O.
Kates of Insurance lower, and security bet
ter than any other responsible company in
the Slate. Call and bee hita before yoa In
sure, may S, 1871-lyr. .
IDDESGS ft JT0RGA5, Dealers in Sta
ple and Fancy Dry Goods, Carpets, Mat
ifs and Floor Oil Cloths, window Shades
and fixtures, Tea, Coffee, Ac They keep con
stantly on hand, a large and fall assort
ment of goods In their line, of good quality
and fashionable stylea, and offer ahem lor
aale at the lowest assess is the market.
Jan. 6. UTO.
ABOLFBXS GRETER, pl in
Musical Merchandize of all descriptions,
no.: Pift"'-. OrsaDS. Malodeons, lollns.
lSitiiceous.claroneUa. Klutw Fife.
music. Music-books,-VioUn Strings, Guita
porter's Book Store. . Ulan. S. 1SJ0.
ITT ALEE R, LESLIE ft CO., Bani-
Y era. Church HllL Ohio. Coalers In
'""'. a.nrtiw roreln and Domea-
:Tr"rrreSons made, IntresJ
illox'ed on Jpeatal Deposits. Uan--ly
ARTE 0RD 'ACADE3aCIn8tnt.
r w fhenev. A. B.. Principal, with au
lent corps of assistants. Two courses im
study. Normal and Claasicai. ii
begin. Dec b. 'rlarr ;
Oct "fl-lyr Hartford,TrnmbaUCo,0.
' 1 ' ' -rt
WARRE3 TEKPLE 50. 29, '-'
Horon and Temperance, meeU at Good
Templar's Hall. In this city, every Saturday
night. All desirous of aiding in promoting
the temperance cause, which is the cause of
God and bameitUy,- are Invited to attend
with us. J AS. LEONARD. W.C.T,
M. T. BALDWIN, W. R
Jan IS, 187Myr
..BtnCHIKS, O. M. 7TTTLB, J. B. IrOtt
SIJTCHIXS, TrTTLE ft STULL,
iUloroeya at Xa,of)ioe ovar Smith A
ler's Btore, corner - of Main and Market
streets. Warren. Ohio. IJan. 10. l&'U.
Lyman C. Wolcott, Plaintiff, vs. Cham,
vt . Clark, IelaadanL. .--f-v
p.efem-AodMwn -Dona. JusUor-f the
f PK-f raUigti.ox aiikf), munbcU
County, State o( obio.
On tue an h day of Dec A. D. 171, said Jus
tice Issued an order of Attachment In the
above action for the sum of Iwenty-alx dol
.Jsrrn and- lweniy-flve canta bald canse l
r -'flOlouTDed 4ev earitis' AO the 15th day A
February, A. D. 1672, at 10 o'clock, a.m. .
FarmingtoD, Jan. 17, l72-3f
BY SARAH L. JOY.
Kneeling;, white-robed, sleepy eyes
Peeping through the tangled hair,
"Now I lay me I'm so tired
Auntie, God knows all my prayer.
He'll keep little Margery.
White lids over eyes shut fhst, '"
Lashes brown on snowy cheek. '
Bnseoud month half hid In smiles.
Dimples playing hide and seek.
Sleeps sweet lmie Margery.
Watching by tbe little bed,
" Dreaming of tbe coming years.
Much I wonder what they 'It bring,"
. Most of sinileSi or most of tears,
' .... To my little Margery.
With the simple, trusting faith,
- Shining In tne childlike breast,
Always be so clear and bright T
Will God always know the rest.
Loving U I tie Margery?
As the weary years go on,
' And you are a child no more.
But a woman, troublj-wora, '
Will It come this faith of yore
. Blessing yon, dear Margery T t ,
If yonr Sweetest Idol shall fall.
And your Idol turn to dust,
' Will you bow to meet the blow,
. . Owning all God's wave are Just. -Can
yon, sorrowing Margery tt
Should yonr life-path grow so dark. '
Von can see nostep ahead.
Will you lay your hand In His,
, Trnstlnaby Him to be led
To the light, my Margery T
Will the woman, folding down
Peaceful bands across her breast,
Whisper, with her old belief,
"God. my father, knows the rest.
He'll take tired Margery f " '.
True, my darling, life is long.
And Its ways are hard and dim ;
Bnt God knows the path yon tread
I can leave yoa safe with Him
Always, little Margery. -
He win keep yonr childish faith -' -Through
your weary woman's years.
Shining ever strong and bright.
Never dimmed by saddest tears.
Trusting little Margery.
Ton have taught a lesson sweet
To a yearning, restless soul ;
We pray m snatches, asking part.
But God above ns k nows tlx e whole.
And answers baby Margery.
STATISTICAL REPORT OF THE
SECRETARY OF STATE.
Crop Reports and Comparisons-Social
Statistics, Property, Taxation, etc.
Statistics, Property, Taxation, etc.--The Iron and Coal Interests.
The statistical report of Hon. Isaac
R. Sherwood, Secretary of State, has
jnst been printed. It is attached to
the report proper or ine secretary,
which has already been given to the
public, the whole forming a volume
the most valuable for reference of any
of the State documents, and exhibit
ing, to a .degree never before attained,
the wealth and enterprise of Ohio. .
The Secretary hopes that the Con
stitutional Convention will make the
offioe of Commissioner of Statistics a
constitutional office, with an indepen
dent basis and a wider scope of useful
ness than can possibly be attained
under the present system. He says :"
Without statistics, there can bo no.
political economy. The present Con
press is engaged in legislation virtually,
afteetintr aericnlture, commerce and
manufacture: yet there Is not a State-
in uie.lnum able tosuow, inrougn
its representatives, either in its hidden'
or developed resources, or where its
domineat. interest in the present or
future is lodged. Ohio is the greatest
agricaltnral Stateiti the Union, and,,
with the exception of Missouri, lias
the best reserve -force of mineral
wealth. Xol far from our eeocrabical
ceut:r (near the north line of High-fhave
lanu IT u ii tjr j m me vc-mci ui pvpuia
tionof the entire. Union. Our agri
cultural resources, mineral wealth,
commercial facilities, healthful cli
mate, central location, and accessible
markets," make it certain that, at no
distant day, we shall hold within our
borders ot only the largest popula
tion, but the greatest aggregate wealth
of any State in the Union.
At this date, but seventy-one counties
have made tb elr reports to the Audi tor
of State, and I am unable to give the
aggregate on any article of manufac
Grapes and Win. The report
shows that in 1870, 804 acres of grapes
were dan ted ; there were 10,890 acres
in vineyard ; 19,853,718 jiounds of
grapes were gathered, and 2,577,907
callous of wine were pressed. The
crop was nearly equal to the entire
crops gathered in the five previous
Orchards, Acres In 1870, 377.297;
bushels of apples produced, 11,012,582;
peaches, 309,039; pears, 67,047. The
increase in acres of orchard over 1869
was 30,466, but there was a decrease
in production. Ten northern counties
pjrjduced one-third of the apples, p
TFAeaf-v-The number of acres sosn
in 1870 was 1,656,661; the number of
bushels Droduced 18,827,841; the aver
age per acre H'29. The average
number of acre sown for the twelve
years previous was 1,685,052, showing
a decrease for 1870 of 26,391, but an
increase of 806,763 bushels., During
the twelve yeart the average per acre
was 10.68 busneis, snowing an in
crease in 1870 of .72 bushels per acre
over that average. ' The average pro
duction per acre in the fifteen counties
raising Hie largest quauuiy or wneat
iu 1870 was 12.49.
(lorn. 2,360,189 acres were planted,
and 8S.565.299 bushels -produced, an
average of 37.52 per acre. This is tneu
largest cropvint-elsoU, and an increase
of 9.16 bushels on the average per acre
for that year.
Oats.-Acres sown, 927.160J; bushels
produced, 24.819.908J ; average per
acre, 26.76 the largest crop ever pro
duced in Ohio exeept in the years
1&57 and i860. .
Barley. Aeresaown,78,976; bushels
firoduced, 1,502,007; average per acre,
8, which is about the average for the
ten previous years, but below the
average for 1869. . .
Rye. Acres sown, 35,101; bushels
produced, 331,196; average per acre
9.43; a deerfasB from ths- average of
lbW-of 1.77. ,y , .
.JhickurteatAeniii. sown 24,426 ;
bushels., produced,, .2b7 ,643 ; average
per acre, 11.77- Compared with. IfeOlJ,
this is adecrease In acres, and increase
Ui product, and an' Increase intbe
average per acre of 4.0a. -
Potatoes. Acres planted, 87,787 ;
bushels produced, 6,121.590; average
per: acrtv 69.73, a decrease of 6.97
below the average fur the ten years
. Meadow. Acres In hay, 1,390,522T;
tons produced, 1,554,622; averag'per
acre, 1.11. The decrease in acreage
iron JS69 is 98,059, and the decrease
in average .08. .
Flax. At res sown, 61,204 ; bushels
of seed produced, 449,878 ; pounds of
fibre produced, 16,864,1234 decrease
iqeacii Case. -
-Clover -and Seed. Acres of clover
sown, 340,440; tons pf hay produced,
401.3S9;-bushels of seed produced, 867,
069: -acres plowed under for manure,
y6acwo.-TAew9 planted, 20.484;
pounds produced, 21,056,729 ; average
pounds per acre, .-1,027 an increase
in each particular. -
Butter and Cheese. Pounds of but
ter produced, 43,020,554; pounds of
cheese, 8l,3l,63S. The increase over
1669, in butter is 4,236,47 pounds; in
cheee'e, 10,860,870 pounds.
Sorghums Acres . planted, 23,450 ;
pounds of sugar produced, 21,983;
gallops pf molasses prod uced, 2, 187,673;
average gallpns per acre, 93. ' .
Maple Sugar, Pounds made, 2,
204,325; gallons of syrup, 256,133 a
, Street Potatoes. Acres planted,
2,350; bushels produced, 264,199; aver
age per acre, Hi an increased average
of 43 bushels over 1669. r. ,
- Pasturage and Lands. Tbe num
ber of acres in pasture in 1S70 was
4,1(35,013, an increase in one year of
4,iaa,ui8.. Tbe acres or uncultivated
land numbered 5,738,009, an increase
of 116,630 over the previous year.
Hortes. --The number of horses
listed for taxation In 1S71 was 711,343;
value, $46,02,789; average val ue,$G5,93
an increase of 6.6S5 horses, and a
decrease in average value of thirteen
oents. - . - .-
Mulct. Number in 1871, 21.9S0 ;
value, $1,593,3S3; average value, $72.51
a decrease of 71 mules.
tattle. Number 1S71, 1,C4C,440;
value, $3o,642,4S4 ; average value,
$21.64 an increase In number over
the previous year of 123,019, aud in
crease in value of $2,235,RS2.
Sheep. Number in 1871, 4,302,904 ;
value, $8.0G2,699; average value, $1.87.
The decrease in number from 1870
was 749,124 ; decrease In value, $355,
Jfoffs. Number In 1871. 2.164,03 4;
value, $9,290,414; average value, 449.2
an increase over the previous year
of 444,290, and a decrease in average
value of seventy cents.
Wool. The returns of the assessor
show that the wool clip of 1870 was
16,711,521 pounds, which is a decrease
of 2,581,337 pounds as compared with
the clip of 1S69. Tbe Federal census
of 1870 reports the wool clip of Ohio
at 20,539,643 pounds.
Marriages. The- total number "of
marriages during the year was 24,627,
a Jailing off from 1870 of 832. There
has been a steady decrease in mar
riages since 1SG6, (the year after the
war,) the number that year being
Births. During the year ending
Anril 1, 1871, there were reported
59,957, of which 842 were llhgitimate.
Divorces. Total number applied
for 2,255. Granted- on petition of
husband 323; on petition of wife 754 ;
total granted, 1.077. Causes: adultery
277; neglect and absence 445, drunken
ness 82, cruelty 172, miscellaneous
9L In lS(Xi there were 1,153 divorces
Deaths. For year ending April 1,
1671, 25,149, or aa increase over 1870
of 1.46C. Of the deaths there were
13.292 males and 11,781 females. Dur
ing tbe year there have been 566 vio
lent deaths reported, of which 49 were
homicides and 74 suicides.
ICaturalization. Total for year end
ing July 1, 1871, 2,299, of which Ger
many contributed 926 and Ireland
6S3. For the eleven years since and
including 1859, there have been 63,900
persons naturalized, viz.: Germans,
,dod; lnsbmen, 1,U0 j other coun
Crim inai 'statistics. Foi 'year ending
July 1, 1671 number persons par
doned 2,871 ; executed C; sent to peni
tentiary 325: to county jail 445. The
amount of costs in criminal cases was
SI 15,995, iof which $50,511 is taxed to
the State. ' Of the $6-5.483 taxed to
defendants but $25,805 have been col
a!perti.-rAccording to the re
turns of the County Auditors, the
uumber of paupers in county infirm
aries is 4.651; otherwise supported by
counties,. 666 ; total, 5,517. Insane
Asylums and Reform Schools, (sup
ported by the State), 974.
Xcw Structures. The number is
13,592, the value $S,139,716, and the
average value !M.U2.
r ft'choals.-The ; whole number of
schoo.'l (youth in-Ohio is 1,058,048;
average number in attendance in
common' schools, 431,296. Ninety
colleges, universities and academies
AND IRON MANUFACTURE.
The returns received from the sixty
nine counties,) reported show the fol
lowing results for the year 1S70 : Pig
iron manufactured, 310,033 tons. Of
this, 112,328 tons were smelted with
charcoal, and 197,705 tons with stone
ooal. Bar and nail iron, 27.GS1 tons ;
nails, 6,736 tons; hoop iron, 8,040
tons ; sheet iron, 5,202 tons ; stoves,
7,198 tons ; car wheels, 2,775 tons ;
other castings, 16,530 tons ; spikes
and railroad chairs, 4, 175 tons ; rail
road iron, 71,405 tons.
The following counties are reported
engaged in the manufacture of pig
iron : Columbiana, 19,767 tons ; Cuy
ahoga, 14,057, tons; Hocking, 3,400
tons ; Sackson, 30.791 tons ; Jeffer
son, 21,711 tons ; Lawerence, 46,302
tons; Lucas, 406 tons ; Mahoning, 85,
til tons ; Muskingum, 1,250 tons;
Scioto, 17. 804 tons ; Stark, 2,500 tons;
Trumbull, 27.-39S tons ; Tuscarawas,
2,650 tons ; Vinton, 37,000 tons.
In 1870, 47.5S4.792 bushels of coal
were mined in Ohio. In 1871, W. B.
Brooks, P. Hayden and T. Long
etr ;th, of this city, mined 25S,472tona.
PROPERTY AND TAXATION.
The total valuation of taxable prop
erty in 1871 was $1,502,129,971. " The
levies for State purposes amounted to
$4,350,728,28 ; county purposes. $6,
6,587.76 ; other levies, $12,299,072.36,
Total taxes, including delinquencies,
$23,687,664,95. The value of real es
tate in Ohio in 1841 was $100,850,837 ;
in 1871, 1,025,619,034.
This report contains a letter from
General Garfield, which presents cen
sus statistics in a most interesting
shape, but which can not be fairly
reproduced ' in a limited space. He
says Ohio has reached a period of de
velopment in which emigration and
immigration are almost equal. Of
her present population, Ohio has re
ceived from other States 450,454, and
from foreign ooun tries 372,493, making
a total 822,947. She has given to oth
er States, of their present population,
806,9s3. Adding to the latter number
ibe number of her native population
that Ohio has probably given to for
eign countries, "woulvl laake the sum
of her vital gifts fully equal to thoe
she has received."
The Columbus State Jouiutl well
says, and the remarks apply equally
to this locality, that persons who hap
pen to be present on any of those en
joyable occasions where churches,
lodges or other public bodies meet in
social reunions of aseral-publiccliarac-ter;
Tieed not feel obtrusive or offici
ous in sending a suitable note of them
tor publication- So mauy of these
are happening about these days that
it is impossible to reach them all; yet
there are -pleasant features connected
with each which Interest the public.
Our friends may lay us under the
most sincere and abiding obligation
at any time, by sending memoranda
of news. The proper buisr.ess of a
newspaper is to record all matters of
public interest withiu its jurisdiction,
and nothing of this sort comes amiss
The "Friend of the Colored
Man." "Here's yer nice roast
chick's,'.' cried an aged colored man,
as the cars stopped nt a Virginia rail
way station. "Here's yer roast
chick'n, 'n taters, all nice and hot,"
holding his plate aloft and walking
the platform. "Where did you get
that chick'n, Uncle?" asks a passen
ger. Uncle looks at the intruder
6harply, and then turns away, crying,
'Here's yer nice roast chick'n, geu
tl'm'n, all hot; needn't go in deboufe
for daL." "Where did you get that
chicken t'l repeats tbe inquisitive
passenger. "Look a-yer." says Uncle,
speaking privately ; "is you from de
Norf?" "Yes." "Is yon a friend of
the cuilud man?" "I hope I m."
"Den don't you nebber ask me whar
I got dat chick'n. Here's yer nice
roast cbir&'n, all hot."
The New Hampshire Republicans
have nominated E. A. Straw for
Governor. Holmes Co. Farmer.
That was to show Democrats bow
the wind blows.
Congressional and Washington Matters.
The Committee on Ways aud
Means has bad under consideration
the repeal of the Income-tax. There
was do conclusion arrived at, neither
was there sufficient expression of
opinions to tell what the final action of
tbe committee will be. a prominent
member of the committee wno lavor?
the reix-al. rives it as his opinion
that there will be nothing done this
session in the matter.
Mr Kimball, head of the tobacco
division of the Internal revenue de
partment, has prepared a paper for
tbe information of tue committee on
ways and means,eatimatiog tbe num
ber of tobacco consumers in the
United States at eight millions, who
each nse eleven pounds and fourteen
ounces of tobacco and one hundred
and sixty seven cigars annualy. He
says the tax of twenty-four cents per
pound by prohibition sale of leaf to
consumers, and a thorough collection
of taxes, would produse a revenue of
A convention of delegates, repre
senting the interest of State agricul
turl and horticultural societies, beard
The senate Committee on Public
Lands have agreed to report favorably
on the bill allowing every ex-soldier
to preempt one hundred and sixty
acres of land within the limits of
railroad grants. .
An Indian delegation of Cherokees,
Choctaws and Creeks called on the
Piesident. They informed the Presi
dent that they were opposed to the
Congressional legislatio'n which pro
posed for tham a territorial govern
ment, and were satisfied with such
institutions as they now had In the
Indian country. They desired to be
let alone to work out their own desti
ny. The Indians bad confidence in
the President, and were sutisfied with
his policy. They incidentally stat
ed the progress they had made, refer
ring to their institutions of learning
and the irood order which prevailed
among the several nations. The pres
ident said that as far as he was con
cerned no Territorial government
snail be extended over tue uueroKee
country, unless they want one. He
assured them that he would at all
times do whatever lay in his power to
promote their prosperity.
THE CARE OF INFANCY.
I wu visiting a patient the
other day, when a baby some few
weeks old was brought into the cham
ber and placed in the lady's arms. I
was called upon to admire it, imme
diately began rolling up the child's
long clothes, exposing the little legs,
and then asked the family standing
around which was most to be admir
edthe pretty, chubby, little rose
colored legs, the handiwork of nature,
or the unnatural and abominable
long clothes, the work of some dress
maker. After a laugh at tbe ddity
of the question, tbe baby's legs were
of course the best thought of. Then
why on earth, said I, do you seek to
destroy them ? why do you seek to
torture, to deform or kill the little
thing with all sorts of colic, and
cough, and convulsion ? Why put it
into the stocks ? Why treat it as ao
Indian, that squares or flattens her
child's head, or as a heathen Chinese,
that cramps and cripples her child's
feet? It is all alike ? baroarity, cruel
ty, ignorance, and heathenishness.-
Why should the child move its
arms, or its jaws, or its eyes, and yet
not be Buffered to move its legs T
Don't you know that legs were made
for motion, that the motion'of the
legs promotes tbe action of all the
functions of' the body, aort helps to
preserve the little- one's- health?
That there is a world of comfort in
being free to move all our limbs just
as we want ? Tie your own legs if
you please, bundle them round with
what you like so as to prevent your
moving and see what good it will do
your digestion, how comfortable it is.
And think if you can of any other
animal that gets its legs tied up and
bundled round save and except man.
Don't you know that a little child
laughs and talks as well as walks
with its legs ? Well, then, it does.
Pat the little roly-poly on its back
now tickle Its ribs and the little lees
play as many expressive antics as a
couple of harlequins ; are as merry
as two drumsticks. Don't yoa call
that laughing ? I do. The legs and
the whole body laugh just as much as
the face. Now make it impatient.
Refuse to feed it, and see how the
young vixen kicks straight out a suc
cession of indignant complaints.
"Action is eloquence," says the great
est of poets. And as it is in health,
so it is only to a more marked ex
tent in illness the motion and po
sition of the child's legs are signifi
cant. A single attack -of stomach
ache will show at once what is meant.
Pursue tbe evil. If the child does
not sleep at the time (and times al
most innumerable I have been re
quested to drug such cases) you give
it poison in the shape of "Mr. Wins
low's Soothing Syrup," an ounce of
which, is said, in an analysis iu the
Medical Gazette, to contain one grain
of Morphine a dose or which for an
infant three months old, as prescribed,
by Mrs. Winsiow's printed directions ,"
contains an amount of morphine
equal to ten drops of Laudnum. Ig
norant quacks should prescribe for
innocent mothers ! This or some oth
er equally poisonous nostrum, I say, ,
is given to the child. Thus it is that
opium eaters, drunkards, hypochon
draics, epileptics, and maniacs are
made to say nothing or those victims
who are quietly disposed of in a more
sudden manner, liome ana Hearth,
Wood Ashes. Dry, clean wood
ashes are worth more than 25 cents a
bushel to any farmer who wants ma
nure. You can scarcely use them on
any crop without very sensible results.
A handful thrown around the corn
shoots at the first hoeing will greatly
increase their growth, and givuthein
a dark green color. Scattered iu the
hill, before the potato is covered, or
before hceinr will have the same re
sult. Sown bioadeaston the mowintr
field at tbe rate of even five bash els
to the acre, they will greatly increase
the growth and color of the crop. Be
sides this, their beueficial results will
continue for many years in succession.
Strewed over young cabbage plants,
squashes, melous, or any of the Ear
ner! vegetable, sucn as matoes,
beets, onions, turnips, or carrots,
wood ashes not only disturb the in
sects that infest the plants, but have
a. decided influence on the growth,
and quality of tbe plants. All tbe
ashes made on the farm should be
collected with care,- kept dry, and
applied to the crops. Nothing could .
be better for the young orchard.
Spreading ashes broadcast over the
surface would be more useful than a
mulch for the trees. The roots will
soon find it, if spread. It is bettor to
supply a small amount annually than
to apply a large amount at a time.
Ashes may be safely used in composts
of loam, muck, straw, dry or fibrous
material, they having the chemical
property necessary to the reduction of
sucu articles or manure. In composts
where the droppings of cattle area
portion of the material, the ashes
should be applied immediately before
the compost is to be used, and the
compost heap slightly covered with
soil. The easiest and best way, how
ever, is to apply the ashes in a dry,
unmixed state. Ar. Y, Farmer. '
The Carroll Free Press says the
search in that town for capitaLreariy
to be invested in manufactures, is like
the boy's hunt for ben's eggs. He
went to the barn sanguine and rejoic
ing. He came back less hopeful, and
said, "I didn't find any eggs, but
there are a good many hens standing
about doing nothing." ,
[From the New York Herald.]
MUTUAL INFLUENCES OF CHRISTIANITY
' In no other age of the world since
the apostolic days has the Church been
so auxioua and earnest in its endea
vors to brine the blessings of Chris
tian civilization within the reach of
all men as at the present time. A
kind of enthusiasm prevails In many
lands among Cbristlaua In this direc
tion, and every year the idea . is
gaining ground that nominally Chris
tian countries should not be treated!,
as they now are, aa mission fields, but
that those " who know not God nor
regard the. Gospel of our Lord Jesus
Christ "- and. tbe . blessings which
always follow in the -wake of 'this
knowledge shall be taught the way to
secure and to enjoy the same. : Hence
musions among the : heathen are
being enlarged aud . multiplied,, and
the results justify the expenditure of
money and meant therein. . And as
those results are from time to time
spread before the Church in the
various religioas papers of this con n try
and Europe the missionary contribu
tions correspondingly increase. No
investment pays so well as this, either
in a religious or a commercial point
of view. ' ' - .
Haifa century ago, when mission
enterprises -were la their infancy,
India and China and Burmah and
the countries and kingdoms adjacent
thereto, were tbe great poiDts of
interest.' There mainly the Church
and missionary societies of - Europe
and America plasted the banner of
the Cross and reared their schools and
churches and colleges and orphanages.
But now that tbe Christian religion
and the form of civilization which it
owns and fosters 'has obtained a sure
foothold in Asia; and that regular
commercial relations have been estab
lished between it and Christian lands,
the attention of theChurch is directed
more especially toward Africa. . This
terra incognita has been- compara
tively closed for sgee to every form of
civilization save such as could be
maintained along the coasts. But
even this, feeble aa it may seem to
many persons, has surrounded that
dark land as wfth a net work of
religious and commercial stations,
whose influence and laws are felt and
feared by thousamls and millions of
savages adjoining within them. It is
said that the little republic of Liberia,
with a population of about six hun
dred souls, including savage and
civilizedeally controls ten millions
of people. The British settlements in
Western and Southern Africa have
a similar, if not greater influence.
And how much soever the natives
may fight against an established and
independent community which builds
railroads and canals and ships and
locomotives and thrives and grows
great upon the products of the earth
xr here the aboriginal starved, or ob
tained only a meagre subsistence, tbe
latter must eventually come to per
ceive and to understand what it Is
that ' makes the difference and to
accept and adopt it. And thus reli
gion and commerce aro continually,
acting and reacting, the one upon the
other, and are mutually blessing and
ennobling mankind. ' .
" Less than a; generation -ago the
English Church Missionary Society
established its agents In Abbeokuta,
West Africa, and six years later
cotton presses and gins; were in full.
blast, and Liverpool and ' London
were receiving and are yet receiving
annually thousands of bales of cotton
for British' manufacture. About a
generation ago Liberia, too, became &
mission field and mart of commerce,
and now EnglaniLAnierica, Liverpool
and New York, carry on a traffic with
that country which amounts 1b value
to millions of dollars annually,- And
so it is with the Cape and other
African colonies of Greet Britain,
The influence of civilized men is
pressing itself so strongly and steadily
aerainst tbe savage everywhere that
the latter are compelled to admire and
then embrace this civilization which
we denominate Christian.
But the great drawback to the
spread of Chic religion and this civili
zation in Africa is the absence, or
supposed absence, of communication
between the coast and the Interior.
No river, no commeice : no railroad
or steamboat, and no water supply
can be obtained. This has been the
puzzle of Christian governments and
religious associations for a quarter of
a century at least, as one expedition
after another has been sent to explore
the dark land and to find ont whereto
its rivers flow, or if it has any save
the Nile and Uie half dozen that have
long been known along its coasts.
Not in the interest . of commerce
merely have these expeditions been
undertaken, hut rather in that of
religion and science. And while none
of them have furnished us with any
thing like a complete or satisfactory
account of the whole or of any part of
the people or of the county traversed ;
yet each has given a new impetus
and inspired afresh hope in the breast
of every succeeding explorer, and the
contest of religion and science with
physical and physiological difficulties
aud opponents is steadily kept up in
mat land. Ana tne result is becoming
more and more gratifying every year,
as euch succeeding expedition reaches
some new point or reveals some new
fact. Captains bpeke and Grant.
Baker end Burton, Du Chaillu and
Dr. Livingstone, the most intrepid
and persistent explorer of them all,
assure us that there are tribes in the
interior of Africa who enjoy a com
rlvnnfpr1 ffocrrpA nf u-ml.
i - - o - .
civilization, and who carry on a system
of internal commerce among them
selves and occasionally, also, with
coast tribes. And the recently pub
lished correspondence from theHerald
expedition confirms in a measure
these statements. Those travelers
also tell us that there are rivers in the
interior, but so little is known of them
that theyoannot be made available,
in the present imperfect state of our
knowledge, for any practical purposes.
Should the exploring parties succeed
in tracing the socices of the Nile to
the interior aa they suppose, and find
it navigable for any considerable dis
tance, or Bhould they find other and
perhaps more favorable outlets to the
ocean, a new future may be opened
up for Africa, i It can hardly be the
design of Providence to abut out this
land alone from the blessings which
the' rest of the world -enjoy- more or
less. "And the time tsinst be near at
hand when its inhabitants shall cast
side their sheep sk his and goatskins
and assume the garb and the manners
of civilized men, as other barbarians
are doing. While the Christian mis
sionary may lead (he way the Chris
tian mercnant win not be lar bemnd,
and the toil and trouble of tbe one
and the dollars or pounds of tbe other
will be repaid a hundredfold by and
by. The coming - five - years will
probably make manifest as Brest if
not greater changes and discoveries
than the seventy years of this century
past have revealed. - The common.
tbe almost universal, impulse of
Christendom, i is : toward Africa, of
whose eighty or more millions of in
habitants less than twomlllions prob
ably know or enjoy In any true sens
anything of the religion without law
and the liberty without license which
we enjoy, Africa has not yet had a
fair start in the race for religion and
civilization in these later. days. Her
sons have been bought and sold like
chattels in tbe market, and her soil
has been shunned as if it were the
very gateway of tbe bottomless pit.
But no sooner did slavery bein to
disappear from the commerce and the
statute books of the nations of the
earth than scientists and philosophers
and philanthropists began to direct
their attention toward the home of j
the black man. As long as he was a .
slave and a chattel be was nothing, ;
but when he became a man, recog-
nized as such among men, a feeling,
of brotherhood was awakened, and
Christian Kovernments and Individ
uala at once undertook tbe task of
bringing to bis land tbe blessings of
our I bristian civilization.
Ethiopia shall soon stretch out ber
hands to God, and tbe nations shall
look upon her whom they have pierc
ed and trampled under foot, and in
her exaltation aud prosperity shall be
their highest gain. She is compara
tively one of the best customers which
England has to-day, In proportion to
her semi-civilized population, with
whom contact can be had. And in
tbe opening up of Africa to Christi
anity Western civilization and com
merce will find its richest and surest
rewards. Thus Christianity and
commerce act and react upon each
other, and that law of morals as well
as ot physics holds trne in this case,
as in every other, that be who water
eth ethers shall be watered also
himself. We hail, then, this fresh
evidence of the growing brotherhood
of mankind, and for our share In
furthering these grand movements
we have the approval of our own
consciences, ana are willing to wait
for the. opening up of the dark aud
unknown land for our recompense.
It is a glorious privilege to live in
such an age as this, and to have a part
and lot in such enterprises as these.
[From Home and Health for January.]
[From Home and Health for January.] CONCERNING CHILDREN---OVER-MUCH
BY HENRY E. CHAMPTON M. D.—FIRST PAPER.
The experience of several years in
that best of all schools, the house
hold, as well as an acquaintance of
fifteen years with the treatment of
every form of childish ills, has quali
fied us to say a few words concerning
First in the order of importance is
the question of their physical culture.
For the first few years of their exis
tence their animal nature needs de
veloping and guiding. . A new crea
tion is going on; a human being un
like in some respects any other which
has preceded it on the globe, and
different from any which shall follow,
is to exhibit the miracle of existence.
Nothing which affects it life, in any
of its phases, whether physical or
mental, is beneath our notice.
The development - of . our minds
must wait; In this busy age there is
no danger of our children growing up
dunces. The improved method of
instruction in our schools, will per
vert this. We should rather aim to
retard the ohildish Intellect from
study, or from continuous mental ap
plication. "The brake must be put
oa" orourehildren will growup phe
nomena, able to read perhaps at three
or four years of age, with brain de
veloped disproportionately, and with
nervous system in an irritable con
dition, fcrilliant in certain directions,
but sure to coffer for it in health in
We say animal nature, for the lusty,
vigorous, untrammelled growth of
the child is all in the doctrine of iu
animal existence. It is at once the
most sensitive and the most helpless
of all animals, for it cannot obtain its
own food for several years.
- At first nature will indicate the re
quired amount to be supplied. Should
an excess be taken, it will be simply
thrown of, or "regurgitated," the act
of vomiting with a child being pain
less and natural, except wnen aue to
disease. - As the child giows nature is
still our guide. The old adage that
we should "get up ."rom the table
hunirry." so often preached to the
little one, is an absurdity. We sel
dom do it ourselves. In health tbe
feeling satiety determines the neces
sary amount to be taken.
rso animal eats more than It re
quires, and tbe human species is no
exception to the rule. There is no
created being so long in reaching IU
maturity, and none which requires
greater care, food, rresn air, daily
exercise, carefvl avoidance or ail men
tal stimuli, except such as the child
neceasarilv receives In the daily in
struction of the household from listen
Ingto Its parents, are all it needs for
several years, it possioie u snouio
be sent to a evmnaslum, or take exei
else of some sort commenced at borne
after reaching the aire of six, which
should be continued at some Institu
tion until it becomes able to perform
without fatigue the most elaborate
- The men who have ruled the world
were what is termed backward in their
yuntb. ' Nature would not be denied
in building up the sound body, and
the sound mind came after, - This
truth cannot be too forcibly impressed
opon the minds of parents and in
structors Children who have In
herited delicate constitutions are often
they develop mentally very early, and
the delighted parent will often en
courage them to exertion. They will
sing with "childish treble," or "speak
pieces," or otherwise exhibit some
faculties which are unexpected and
therefore surprising; but it is at a fear
ful cost. - - :
How many children are there who
at fifteen or sixteen are only capable
of "speaking pieces" or singing at
childish concerts, who have became
unable to get out of this narrow
groove! This is the mildest revenge
that nature takes. Often the overtaxed
nervous system gives way and chorea
(a trembling or twitehinz of the mus
cles) directly traceable to nervous ex
cisemen t or even nyarocepnaius ( water
on the brain). Is the sad result.
Take the boohs away and give them
childish games or even toys, ceaso to
encourage over-brain work by an
appeal to their love of approbation.
. In another article we will pursue
this subject further.
A PRISON ROMANCE.
Every prison has Its romance, and
that of tbe penitentiary, at Kingston,
Canada. Is worth recounting, says the
Chicago Post. In 1842, near Toronto,
the serving man of a Capt. Kmnear,
murdered bis master to obtain a sum
of"-money -which -wae in the bouse.
After killing him, the wreteh, also
slew tbe housekeeper. He was ar
rested, and at bis trial implicated a
girl of fifteen, named Grace Marks,
living in tbe house, as an accomplice;
alleging that she knew of the murder
of tbe oianter before Uiat of tbe house
keeper took place. Her story was
that he threatened ber with death if
she gave the alarm; but, as she bad
been on intimate terms with the mur
derer, it was discredited. He-was
hanged and she sent to the peniten
tiary for life. Almost thirty years
have since elapsed, and she kt still a
Erisoner; no more a blooming girl,
ut an old woman, pale, sad, silent,
prematurely : gray. From time to
time some newspaper correspondent,
visiting tbe institution, bears and
publishes ber story. There is talk of
petition for her release ; people say,
'tis strange, 'tis passing strange, 'tis
pitiful, 'tis wondrous pitiful, and then
the matter dies away. Even if this
woman were guilty, a lifetime of im
prisonment might be held to have
assolled ber crime, and she might be
set free to die. - There would be little
else for her to do in this later world.
Where she lived and the cry of mur
der went up, are now acies of brick
and mortar, aud miles of dusty streets.
Her kindred are dead, ber crime for
gotten, and her very existence and
history are unfamiliar. To such a
one a late mercy might be shown.
In Youugstown when wives get
angry at their husbands they throw
lime into their eyes. At least, that is
bow Mrs. Julia Ashley did. Blinding
Mrs.- Sarah J. Hale, Editress of
Godey'a Lady's Book, Is S4 years of
age. . r - ..- '
rnrs k, Mr , k
, I . 1. tn . l Tl i. ; 1 - J l
wnwi ui a IJm K I ayu. is IUO 1 UI tauci
phia Pubho Ledger listened to an
agricultural address delivered by the
Ute Nicholas Biddle. at: tbe annual
exhibition of the Philadelphia Socie
ty for tbe promotion of Agriculture.
We were particularly struck with
two things be then enunciated. One
was that fences were made to retain
cattle within tbe particular premises
enclosed, and not to shut them out
from such enclosed premises, Tbe
Idea, though seemingly a very simple
one, was new, and against the almost
universally received opinion of the
farmers and the public as to the
purpose of fencing. It was believed,
up to that time, that the highways
were public pasture grounds, on all of
which any one and everybody were
free to graze their stock at pleasure,
and, indeed, on the adjoining premi
ses, unless the owner thought it fit to
protect tbem by legal fencing, for
statue law prescribed their height
and cnaracter. :ven then a larger
privilege than bis was accorded the
pastures of what used to be called
"the long farm," as the highways
were sometimes designated. - Accident
or death resulting from tbe wander
ing of this stock at large was not at
the risk of tbe owners, but at the eost
of tbe railways whose tracks might
be invaded with damage to the roving
herd. . The price of the injured or
killed cattle was considered so equita
ble a claim that it was paid invariably
without a question. From the date
of this memorable address, delivered
by Mr. Biddlo from a rude platform
of rough boards, to a company of in
telligent, sunburnt farmers, the senti
ments to which he then gave utter
ance have gradually spread, not only
all over this country, but all over the
world, and are now the recognized
law of the courts as well as of the
highway. The cost of fencing is net
to be borne to keep cattle trespassing
upon the publie roads from trespass
ing also upon private property, nor is
the penalty upon the railway compa
nies when cattle roaming at large are
injured or killed. Tbe Joss is to the
owner, and in some instances the
courts bave gone farther, and put
penalties on the owners of the stock
for the damage done to tbe property
of the railway companies, and their
passengers, by throwing the train
from the track. It is a wholesome
and most equitable change, and we
can now but wonder that the old cus
tom was so long endured. And yet
this ereat and important revolution
in publie sentiment was first publicly
started by a man made eminent by
his learniug and his position, it is true,
but before a comparatively few and
uninfluential citizens. The other
startling fact made by Mr. Biddle was
the very large proportion of the farm
er's capital that was invested in his
fencing. In the State of Pennsylva
nia alone, be said, a careful estimale
showed that at least a hundred mil
lions of dollars was invested at that
time in fencing. Much attention has
since been given to this branch of the
then new thought, and great economy
ba been effected; but still the amount
of capital is greatly beyond tbe esti
mate of any one who has not given
the matter special attention. Cheap
er material for fences has been found,
and movable fences for the necessary
division of fields are common. In
addition to this, instead of laws
passed by tbe Legislature prescribing
the height of a fence to turn outside
cattle, we bave now statutes which
protect the farmer's premises in cer
tain localities from Invasion' in the
abeence of all fencing. Fences cost
enough In cities, but that cost beare
a small proportion to the charges for
them in' the country at large. When
city people go into the country they
see little to admire in the post and
rail, the worm fence, the rough stone
'walls, tbe slightly strung wire, or
even the white palings of the villages.
The fence Is an American institution
and habit, and a costly one it is. Illi
nois is said to have ten times the
fencing of Germany, and Dutchess
county, New York, more than all
France. - These marks show that
these brown and dingy division
marks, overgrown with briars and
thistles, are an enormous tax on the
industry of the country, and all to
keep stock from trespassing. Some
of these days, under the careful till
age of the old world, fences will dis
appear, and land boundaries will be
marked with fruit and shade trees, or
neat hedge rows, and the country will
present a much improved appearance.
Chester County (Pa,,) Bepublican.
The Arctic Expeditions.
There ure now three or four expi-
ditions in the Arctle Regions, endeav
oring to reach tbe North Pole. First,
the German expidition, which follows
tbe plan lor rescuing tne Polar tea
devised by Dr. Putermanr, which is
to go up on the east side of Spitsber
gen. Kecond, captain flairs expedi
tion, which goes up Baffin's Bay to
Jones 'pound. Third, The expedition
wblcb started irora can rrancisco,
last summer, intending to penetrate
the Arctic Sea by way of Behring's
StriaL Fourth, A Sweedish expedi
tion, which proposes to winter in tbe
north part or Spitsbergen, ana try to
reach the pole next summer. The
Sweedisli explorers folio w tbe direc
tions of Professor Nordensjoid, who
prescribes the route along the east side
of Spitzbergen. We are not quite
sure that this Sweedish expedition has
actually sailed, although it was in
tending to leave this year ; but it
will go next summer, ll it nas not al
ready i or, rather, if it did not leave
previous to September, as it is impos
sible to sail to tbe north part of Spitz
bergen later in tne season. I'ro les
sor Nordensojoid puts forth some
rathei curious views of tbe Artie Sea,
whicb summarilly disregard facts al
ready established. He begins by de
nying the possibility or an open
Arctic sea, aud maintaining that
whoever reaches the north pole must
travel on the ice from about 78 of
north latitude. The non-existence of
au open polar sea, he says, "has been
proved by science." . Like some oth
er learned men, be seems to give more
attention to speculations than to facta.
nd subsumes bis tbeory lor science
The existence of an open sea near
the nole is shown bv the discoveries
of tne Russian explorer, Wrangell,
who examined tne coast and ocean
north of the eastern part of Siberia ;
and by Dr. Kane's expedition, some
members of which actually went to
the open sea across the ice. ' Tbe truth
Is (notwithstanding what the Sweed
ish Professor says), science suggested
the existence of an open sea around
the pole, and the deduction of science
has been verified. Tbe most import
ant point now to be settled concerns
the possibility of sailing into that sea
by way of some other passage through
the surrounding belt. ' Tbe German
expedition appears to have reached
the open water reported by Wrangell,
wnicn is believed to be a part of the
open polar sea visited by Kane's men.
A full report of this exploring voyage,
when it shall be completed, is likely
to add something to our knowledge
of the Arctic Sea.
The discoveries and adventures of
the expedition which went through
Behring's Strait will probably have
no lack of interest. Captain Hall
can hardly do more than was done. by
Dr. Kane, even if he should have very
good success ; for bU progress north
ward is sure to be stopped by the ice
belt, and to get a view of .the open sea
he must make a long Journey cn the
ice. As to tbe Sweedish expedition,
we hope it may have great success,
and contradict the dogmatic theory
Professor Nordensjoid by its discov
ies. It may do this, should next sea
son be so favorable as to bring down
tbe northern line of the ice-belt
below the eightieth paralell. TTorce
PICTURES BY JOAQUIN MILLER.
Ths hills wers brown, tbe heavens irers
A wood-pscker pounded a pics-lop shell,
Wnlle a partridge whistled ths wools day
For a rabbit to danca la th chapparal.
And a gray grouse drammed,-All's well,
. alls well.-.. . . . .w..' ,. . . ,.
OF AUTUMN: OF A FIGHT:
From pine and poplar, hare and there,
A cloud, a flash, a crash, a thud,
A warrior's garment tolled In blood.
A yell that rent the mountain air .
Of fierce defiance and despair.
Lid tell who fell and when and where.
Then lighter drew the ooUs aroond.
And closer grew the batlie-gronnd.
And fewer feathered arrows fell.
And fainter grew the battle-yell,
I'nti!; upon the hill was heard
The short sharp whistle of the bird. ,
OF GIRLS AT PLAY:
Two li ttle girls with brown feet bare.
And tangled, tossing, jellow hair,
Plave.! on the green, fantastic dressed,
Around a great Newfoundland brute
That lav hulf-reatlng on his bra .t,
And with his red mouth opened wide
Would make believe that he would bite.
As they assailed him left and right.
And then sprang to the other sloe.
And niled with shouts the willing sir.
Oh, sweeter fa' than lyre or into
To my then hot nnd thirsty heart.
And better sells so wholly mute,
W ere those sweet voices calling there.
OF A TROPICAL SCENE:
Birds bang and rwunz.irreea-robed and red.
Or drooped In carved lines dreamily,
Ralnliows reversed from tree to tree, '
Or saDg low-nangingover-head
Bang low, as If they sang and slept.
Sang faint, like some far water-fall,
And took no note of os at all.
Though nnta that in the way were spread
Did crush and crackle as we stepped.
How ran the monkeys through the leaves T
Uow rushed they through, brow.i clad and
Lute shuttles harried through and through
The threails a hasty weaver weaves !
How quick they east as fruits of gold.
Then loosened hand and all footnold.
And hung limp, limber, as If dead,
Hnog low and listless ovsr head ;
And all the time, with half-open'd eyes
Bent full on us in mute surprise
Looked wisely too, aa wise beads do
That watch yon with tbe head askew.
The long day -through from blossomed trees
There came the sweet song of sweet bees.
With chorus-tones of cockatoo
That slid his beak along the bough, -And
walked and talked and nunc and
In crown of gold and eoat of bine.
The wisest fool that ever sung.
Or had a crown, or held a tongue.
Not far from San Jose, says a Cali
fornia exchange, lives an old lady
whose frugality baa verged so closely
upon parismony that she has actu&Uy
the reputation of being miserly. She
has a son, whose wild habits, disso
lute ways and propensity for playing
practical jokes wall some day lead
him to the gallows or to editing a pa
per in San Jose. Next, bat by no
means least in the trio whose names
will be passed down to history through
this ".recital, is a worthy representa
tive of the Flowery Kingdom named
Ah Skoot the latter very fond of ex
perimenting. Now to the facts : Not
long since a party consisting of a bak
er's dozen ef San Jose ladies visited
tbe ranch, where the old lady, by
raisin 2 chickens, keeps the wolf from
the door, and drops an occasional five-
cent piece into the deacon's nat.- i ne
ladies belonged to the 'sewing circle,'
and the ?ld lady derterreined in tbe
fullness of be: heart to decapitate a
chicken, upon which these thirteen
hunirry Christians were to dine. Ah
Skoot received his orders to that ef
fect, and Immediately repaired to the
poultry yard to carry them, into exe
cution itne orders, not we poultry;.
How to eaten a ckicken in tbe day
time was now the difficult problem
which exercised the brain of tbe Chi
nee. About this time, Jim, "the old
lady's son, hove in sight, and to Ah
Skoot's interrogatories answered in
this wise ; "Now, look here, Skoot,
you get some corn, and I'll tell you
what to do then.' The necessary arti
cles were duly procured.
The hopeful James had loaded the
gun plum full up to the muzzle, and
telling Skoot to throw down some
corn, about two hundred chickens
put in an appearance. Now tne Chi
naman, as before stated, was quite
fond of experiments, and reaching for
the gun he took aim at a noble rooster,
wl'n, towering above the others in the
pride of his youth and roosterhood,
was entirely unsuspicious of the com
ing storm. It is perhaps needless to
state that James immediately enscon
ed himself behind a large tree, outof
harm's wav. lAbout this times report.
which would have done credit to aJ
twenty-four pounder, aroused ine
folks in the bouse, who, . en masse,
rushed out to tbe scene of the slaught
er. At first nothing was visible but
smolteand dust, next about two score
of chickens were rising and falling,
flopping and squealing. The ground
was strewn with the mangled remains
ofttboutbrty more, while tbe remain
er of this once interesting flock were
making for neighboring ranches, to
avoid another earthquake.
But what of Ah Skoot ? Did that
mass of torn and disheveled rags re
semble the once festive youth, whose
delight bad once been to experiment ?
It was he. The kind ladies approach
ed bim, and tenderly, oh ! so tender
ly; raising his bead, they essayed to
administer spiritual consolation from
an old black bottle, which the old
lady pioduced. By and by the dis
torted features showed signs of ani
mation, seeing which the old lady
said ; "Speak to me ; Skooty I Oh,
speak to me ?" John raised his hea2
and gave vent to the following :
"Speakee! Wassy matter speaky ?
More blandy, more blandy : too much
sbooty ?" It is perhaps, u necessary to
add that John is now in quest of an
Thk Susplowek as a Fields Ciujp.
From inquiries as to tbe propriety
of engaging in the culture of this
plant; it would seem that the attention
of those farmers who are ever on the
lookout for novelties is directed to it.
Statements of its great value as a farm
crop are now commonly to be seen
in print. vnne an tuese may be
true, it must be remembered thai tbe
results of specialties similar to this
are generally disastrous, and tbe
probability or a farmer getting rich,
or even making a living by leaving
bis legitimate business to ' follow
" butterflies " snch as this and kin
dred speculations, is -veYy- remote
indeed. "Out of nothing nothing
comes," and the day has not yet
dawned in which he can hope to get
one single dollar out of his ground,
unless he first places the greater part
of it beneath the soli either in labor,
manure, or capital in some other
shape. : It is well known that the'
sun dower requires the richest of soil,
which is a requisite that few of such
speculative farmers do or ever will
possess. Hearth and Home.
Almost aay one knows that the
quality of soil may in a great measure
be determined by the timber whioh
grows upon It, but of the exact nature
indicated by the primitive trees,
riple are not so 'well posted. Mr.
B. Smith, of Patmos, Ohio, writes
to tbe New York Farmers' Club ef
this matter, and says that white-oak
land is poor; that red oak and soft!
limine aisw muicaie pour buo uui
shell-bark mostly grows la old. wet
. - - 1 , : 1 . . . v. .
landr that flat beach and sugar brnds
are good for summer crops and grass,
not for wheat ; that rolling beach and
sugar lands, where large poplar and
black walnut abound, are fine grazing
lands, and produce, when new, large
crops of all kinds of grain except
wheat, where it is winter killed; that
large white oaks and chestnut grow
ing together, ana black oak and
hickory, indicate a loose subsoil ; and
that lands where the water soon sinks
into the subsoil are much the most
valuable for grain; that a soil that
will raise large crops of all kinds of
grain, and tben clover and timothy.
ana auertney run ont will come lu
with green grass and white elover, is
Care of Cows.
Cows should be provided with warm
shelter. Milking sbouloV be done at
regular hours, night and morning;
slow milkers soon dry up cows, the
faster they are milked the better.
Cows should be stripped soul no milk
is obtained, or they will gradually fall
in milk, let the feed be what it may.
Some cows disebarge tbetr milk ;
faithfully rubbing: the.jwhole bag:
while giving no milk, and month,
after with tallow, .wLUrCure thi
entirely. Milk is aSected'by tbe food
of the cow ; it she eats turnip or cab-'
bage it injures her milk materially.
Most persons use their cow's miik the
fourth milking, but itwoald be well,
to test ic ; if it boils without curdling,
it Is fit for use ; if not tUrow. j,t out.;
In feeding wheat screenings as ob
tained from the mills, thev snould ba
soaked in water eight or ten hours, or
at least wasneo, Derore leealng, to
soften the white caps, swell the
shrunken kernels and 'destroy the
poisonqus dust. - Corn meal should
always be mixed with, boiling water
for chickens,. Onions, tops as well as
bottoms, should be cut fine and fed
doily. Thy are very strmulatin?,
and scperwr io many medical prepa
rations recommended fos siek chick
ens. A daily feeding of onions tends
greatly to ward off disease.. .
How to Know the Age of a Horse.
Tbe colt is born with seven grind
ers ; when four front teeth bave made
their appearance the colt Is twelve
days old ; and when the next four
come forth it is four weeks old. When
the corner teeth appear tbe colt is
eight months old; when the bitter
have attained to the height of. the
front teeth it is one year old. The
two-year-old colt has the kernel (the
dark substance in tbe middle of the
tooth's crown) ground out of all tbe
front teeth ; ana when three years old
these are substituted for tbe berse
teeth. The next fourth year, and the
corner teeth in tbe fifth.
At six years of age the kernel Is
worn out of the lower middle row of
teeth, and the bridle teeth bave sow
attained their full growth- At seven
years a hook has been formed in the
corner teeth, ot the upper jaw, tne
kernel of the teeth next at the front
is worn out, and tbe bridle teeth be
gin to wear olT At eight years of age
the kerne! Is worn out of all the lower
er front tee'.h and begins to decrease
ia the middle upper front. In tbe
niuth year tbe kernel baa wholly dis
appeared from the upper middle front
teeth, tbe hook on the corner teeth
has increased in size, and the bridle
teeth lose tbeir points.
In the tenth year, the kernel is worn
oat of the teeth next le the middle
front of tbe upper jaw; and in the
eleventh year the kernel nas entirely
vanished from the corner teeth cf the
same jaw. At twelve -"years old. the
crown of all the frost -teeth in the
lower jaw has bemm triangular and
tbe bridle teeth are mueb, worn down.
As the horse advances in age the gum.
shrinks away from, the teeth, which
consequently receive a narrow appear
ance, aud their kernels bave become
UJCUI1UUI JLHAA B W0. Kl U. jrw.u.,
Vray hairs -increase iar the forehead,
oser the eyes, and the chin assumes
the tprrn of an, angle. ;
. Some , way er other apiculture
seems incomplete .without a flock of
sheep. They are essential to the
thick set longevity of- tbe old grass
land, and all the world ever in olden
times theywerw tsteemed as most
important, and ia the most improved
agricultural country, viz., England,
they are cherished by every farmer,
from the highest to the lowest. The
wool is one of the incemes which
cannot be dispensed with and the
flocks are so managed that tbe tegs
cut heavier and more valuable fleeces
than older sheep : in fact teg fleeces in
England not only weigh thirty per
cent, heavier than those of the ewes,
but make ten or more percent, high
er prices. If any tenant farmer in the
regular agricultural districts of Eng
land farmed without sheep, be would
soon lose his crops, and nobody would
rent to a man who did not practice
sheep husbandry. Cor. Country
Sons of Successful Men.
"Burleigh," the New York corres
pondent of the Boston Journal, writes:
Next to the inquiry, what becomea of
the pins? an interesting question
would be: What becomes of the sons
of successful men ? A few men and a
few firms are In the bands -of the
founders; but these are exceptions.
The old name and the old trade gen
erally pass into the bands of others.
"Co you see that man shoveling coal?
Well bis children, and children like
his. will jostle your pampered eons
and rule this land," said an old New
r orker, tne other day. .
Tbe old names have ceased in the
pulpit. The famed men of the bar
seldom bave a successor. The em
inent jurists carry tbeirl honors wth
them to tbe grave. Merchant prines
, The reason Is clear. The lathers
laid tbe basis of the business one way
and the sons build another. Men
who earned tbeir fortunes by hard
work, by diligence; that knw six
teen hours- toil, by attention ' that
were (heir own book keepers ; sales
men, cashiers and often porter , are
followed by sons who do as little as
possible; who delegate to others all
the work they can, and who know
more of tbe road than of the ledgers.
Famous hotel men were gentlemen,
men of intelligence, men who were
tbe equals of the best in the land, and
who never sunk the gentlemen in
their trade. Young men who fling
the examples of the sires to tbe windn,
find it easy to squander a valuable
name: run through a fortune quicker
than it was erui, -aod find them
selves, while young,, at tbe point
from which their fathers started.
One thing is c,uite marked in New
York. It Is the fact- that the heavy
business is getting into-the bands of
foreigners. The heavy importers, the
great bankers and nabAf tbe trade
of value is slipping out ul tbe bands
of Americans, as the trade of England
got into the power or the1 Lombards".
A gardeaer aAiteil was recently
employed cutting down some trees
that, like numbers of, outers around
Paris,. had been injured by shot and
shell. Suddenly he struck with his
hatchet a shell embedded in tbe trunk,
and unhappily so as to ignite the shell,
which immediately iuit with a
frightful noise, rending tbe trunk into
fragments. By a singular stroke of
good luck' neither the gardener nor
other persons near-at' hand were
touched. "There Dave " been many
frightful accidents frons' shells since
the war ended.: A terrible accident
occurred lately oa , the, plateau or
Champigny, where the combats of
the 1st and 2d of December, 1S70, were
fought. The share of a plough came
In contact with a bombshell, which
l.1 -i- u- .i 1 1
,nto f"""?. caued
' ue ooay, oi tne man
driving was scattered about the lied
in morsels; the horses were killed,
and the plough blown to pieces.
The story 1 told of a good aid dea
con who thought it tended to increase
minister's faith and to make bim
more spiritual to keep bim, on a small
salary. We have known other people
who maintained tbe raaae opinion.
But we bave never found anybody
who thoughiit equally good for bim- ,
self. It Is because the brethren bave
much . more grace than ministers
that It is so much safer for them to
give themselves to money-mating ?