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title: 'Western Reserve chronicle. (Warren, Ohio) 1855-1921, May 07, 1873, Image 1',
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li .7 '
Warren, Ohio. May 7, 1873.
Whole No. 2953
SUSHI ES St;S 1 H S CTOPY.
V fiu t wdoa-sy "yP
"OIULrS AJD TESTABEWTS at the
R.ch-W oblu.hta tar sal
U deweelTone tbrocsboot U coaatr. U
tb.T? sad P" pa slashed bytbe
lit. Cml Dxl lory at
BwB-aTMarket at (mU Hid oOoort
OSes ea Maud .no. few ro 6oU
ikT lUiMl. arm etera DeP
WW. O. AjrU It lKl-t
4 St. Tntit. 9
evppoeu hh - lM. un-tf
vrmit. Attorney at
, -t4 i--oct paint rir w TT"
r .t teeth lur i .Ave. Otto o-.tr ?. J. Mo-
SoT7 imwt. Mala BU, w arrw. Ob-.
ri"i( 1 intTClir. rTivsira
ad e: fi
uuta riMrlmapM ay ear.
. .crew.: r- -rw.T..
S17TCBISS c T? 1, Aortwt
Lew. effiee-bi K:rTVUol
i.uN eaery. don -oms
Jaa... U?-t. v..-
- . .. ... w & - 'RYT&3LLm-
Warren. O. -i"
1 1 . xB
,. o 'clock, ad
A. c-. ,? set
TTilTMT AOttlT, 6uooon to
RATLITT BOTIS, AttnrnerjJ m4
"I . COTTDIBT, Attorney t 1,
' BvT t T
uTMnor i.. Stop n ruTi
t- s-mI d kieJ B-
ppjeMfc rarir " in i
SALI & KACK l T, Kax " ' -ernes
... . - - - - r
Ock.T.I "y. ftoyrwor. I
" IT ABSli CTC ?! HTI AUomy t
Y lw nd " '')' 'GSc to
Sh old ChroaiiBla Oi&cw, 1 -obi3 Balldl
BC. Market 8b, ot
7 BIT1IXSXT ABAKS, lire 4
If Uf IaraiBM ABBt, Vfma, Ohm.
BiaxAndixaaAa oiur Broperv liurareaic
- 1 u .Vvormbk terBu;
JTana Brawny, laaUtwi DiUDB. aad tiMlr
aralum Inwma ter on, tarw M in
f fer.'TUr-S5J,v Mayor of th City
I .t WmszM.. JurlKlloliOB aa
JwUm of ta twa (or tarn city, aad arlaii
Bal lanadicetoa ttrOBcbogtalty aad otMnt.
. i . nmlrni t SilULnl HWT and
CLTHrS GEITrK, Dealer In
. na!al ki erobMidJM o a J dor! Pt 'oat,
&Kit&AKTc .is .Camiaua io ta, ri.ea.
"Utttirl-nn Vkaun Braiia. Golkar
ML A. P. XllTZr Camtnefarot
- .... .v ... v,.y iurf h h&ai nr(W
Wad htfli Wii uvci niAi.
ALM kaa NMnnild AOt Of
GtMa. u4 it to, vukmU dottH til Mleirt,
aur t aWAd tat rapid la Saet b4 c!i-
l-.ltna a Kmv a ! aalia b- nnWM Ha
-will nmali In lOJMumj t il.o ntil
j ivia m r
JjUaaaara. rtU aroaipt aUaaMoa to
32 asarmBta aa ABCuoaaoa. ft til to
not?! ? or onotT. uaanaoW Una,
i ii 1 1 Hi iurta If aailred.oM
ar koUi yltt alxaiid aaiaa. OSsa of B. Elm
bmm la Kiac'a Bloeu Offioa af W. la
aJarar B Boialo Ootalng Blora. ftwai Uila
Amis iat. IK i. wilAont jB"f" "a-
sM. Miver, taasaa tuianv pacarajft
' - Istsvsad all kiasa af .
QOy E BN MENTCB O HD 8
lMterrt Allowed am tiate Hepoglt.
CJoltaaviaas ajsd all bastness nrmnrin1 with
j)anr'-g inomptly aiiaaeed to.
REVEKCE STAMPS FOR SALE
;ltarai Ltsn. llXil.L Jl.
1 TTOR BENT. " - i m
oae na-i of the new doobla bouse, eor-
good rooras, paatry.alx eloseta. with a good
Jeliar, altars rala water la kltebe a and
nod wall eooveaieat. W1U be rented at . rea
' eoaable rates, or the whole b- ie and lot
will bs s ill est tavorabie texv icr n oa
the premiese or of H. Fees, a Ui
PskIBra. Uaa. 32. IKS-tX.
rbs epTtaeruii lreVreeTnttB
reea Dr. U. JP. faJ M. i- VU.laia.,
lsdiaolved by Bsatutl eonMCt, tbl day,
April 1st, IK. Tbe baalnese of the arm
wUl be settled by Kenry Ponava, at Ira B.
Apia a.II7x-M M. L. WILLIAMS.
fOMER B. THOMPS03T, Ipao-
Lye. Debtor. Tbe aadersigwsa
beea duly appoiated and crnalifled aa As
signee of Hoaser B. Ttunoa,f Hartford,
Xrnmnau osuavy, T T . ,
AprU JS. lT-t
" - - ' ef aW-Jst ga.
T??TATE o-Hory fart!n, dee'd.
jPTha Badefarrr! has beea appointed
aiiid iosilao ae ainiti .ittew of ma csiave
,ot Henry awu, w
rnmboU ooonty. O, MABY MA&T1.N,
April !8. I7"1
EOOTS SIISES .
' S3". ;
ir. "T r-v- ,
LADIES, MISSES, :
MEN, BO YS AXD
LABGB AND SXTPESI02
In t7 particular, and will be aoldebeap
FMTCXS AXD QUAZJTT TO BUTT CVS
Tb Massfaetnrteg IpartTnBt will ba
carrid oa by W. U. ttAGLH. who will
taaEDtaotar to order at tea loweat prioM,
oarr varlsty of Boota and Bhoea whiob ara
f aaraateea to (iTaaatulaetloB, aa nooa but
lue bm tmw ar arooloTod. Call and
cs at tb Bits af to Bit Boot, Market
b!nsi, w arrwn. uota.
: 04; Sterling Co.,
Hut1 f tba laia nwl hanilanmH itorfc- of
AzbIbHu, Itaaula, TaaMtrf, Tkia. Ia
iui.U asala.aa4 tavrkad
r Oil Clotli, Hattiiis, &0.
Ktbt abowala '"
KOBTHERX OHIO. " -
Cornice, Lace Curtains
-! A BPECLairr.
: A fell lAu oi VpholmUrj Gooda. " .
, J89 SUPERIOR STh
LEryiKGWELL & CO
;'i ' ' nntmsor
riate aoH ai frew rark Brloes. M(
naioaia tucm! Dmoian m Fraaefa and
taw' ttujwuMa. lMatarirtajiHj.Poiaac.
riOOJmra QlJLSS PLATES.
Bl. Clair Oevfelan J, OMo.
'aEstiBatand Mjaplea 'ciic-iod oa
SppiMBUOB. -: .- t'l . ".
INGHAM.' CLARK ro , CJevs.
iaod, 0 tHfor Books la f ,-taicct.
vi LMeratnswBnd anpply i era s-d
- " Ti 1 Tn li I ' r t 1 1 .
Tata,sonday tMboot, Madiealor Iaw Ubn
riea. 1 eir swig k,iwwb, .v i
leagtb, s erowoed vita every BBitetv of
Books and Stationary. Wa represent
Erery Branch cf Utsratsre,
Law, Medical Tbsorosea. Misoallaaeons,
iMlural,facientlfio. bauhfelb ftolool, Jawmie,
h'Mk-, AaTiflnitarBl and Masle Books. Ctta
Uoaeryaad !Monl Wsl.rt-.ai. Depomtory of
tbwAmericaB Bible Boel sty and tbe Bell
goaa and oabbath Schoolfbltahing Soele-
. ANT Book ad vertieed'i ANt 'pspar on
AN Y SBhjsct malied free oa reealpt of Brio.
INGHAJI, CLARE ft CO.
'217 Superloi 4fL, ClnreUnd, O.
ApillXlff84no.4 ri f t
TEE IHPEOVTD No. 9
GTIOVEB cV BAKEB SHUTTLE
sewing Machine aeUa rapidly wherev
er introdBoed. It has atany decided point
of saaaliecoe which places it at tbe head of
tbe ssaay ouiapeUtor la the market. We
offer very liberal mbaioements to eanvaas.
em la NorUsera Ob 10. fe.nd for ciranlars
aadlarraa. G ftOV IRs isTEi, B. M. OO
CARRIAGE WORKS I
a gcath f C. A 1L.E.JL Depot,
The vroBriator desire to call the atten-
ttaaof Uxm wiahtog any thing la oar line
aw tbe oosauig year, to tfva fed that we bav
a ba.Bd aaa axs prepared to litiiiiijli latest
CARKIA6E8, ' ' --.
JLttT AJD TAEX ITAbOSS.
Aleote order, OmDlbae.Pddlar, LtgfatatM
Hod aad band Wagons, of the best material
rorkmaaablpuva anish. Orders solicited
aod promptly "attended 'to. ' tepatriiig,
ana PucUng done with neatness and dee-
ptitol). i-U work warranted aa we rears
bent. Our atotto Is, we will not ba andar.
jld or su rpssaedor any rival in the country
T7IAJOJATJD5S OF TEACH EES-..
Pil nu! faKcr aotios. there will be aa
...rm.:uLfLliKi the Etzb Behoui
bnaduig la Wstbi, aa the first Bauardayef
every month daring tbe year, axoeptlng
that daring tbe months of April and Sep
tember, there will be an axjusinsUoB oa
eacn soceesaing actarosy, a tuuowm
first aatardav. Ps.vaa's tSirnars; aesol
Jobaston; Uilrd, Bristol : foarta, Warresw
Notiee Is hereby gl vea of tbe adoption of the
Kiilovininu..vbiravui oeernoi yauDvreo
to: 4Ait e-ertlC.i:j.,tes bere&ner ranted br
to is BoarOi-shau be elated oa-the day-tf
examinauoa, axeeps ust la special eases
for good reasoa. eertifleates may be dated
back, bat la e aae aeyeod the date of lbs
By order of the Board, -
OKO. P. HUNTER, Clerk.
BJarraB.O.Fab.7 JO-lyr... . ; i. :.
CUT H DAT j HiiUIET
I HE under! sued wonld rea-
peetrclly aaaooBes to the elU-
"i af Warrea aad the vtetnity,
that he has opeaed a Meat Market oa Lib-
art) Btmet.oppas.ia K. a WiseU's Oarrlag
be la tends to keep so
son head, au suaos of n-ssa metis, and af
aa good eoality aa the eooaory wtll afforeW
Ihaveempioyed thesarvieesof agoeoeutofe.
ar who baa bad long experience la tbe baal
Bess, aad who wUi al way be oa haad to at
tend to the waste of ail customers. . All or
ijr left for um'j in tbe evaains will be
sroaptly attended to, U desired eaa be de
livered at tneir reataeocea, or aept ta
Msarator till sailed on.
. n.ie . lrt-tf (JFMTJsXj DRAT
fob. A fU tmkI eornslM ""r 1
I dmM t ldtr Bt CbU-i I
ton' fie sad hm work, iif ctoek
: i . I
,.T EGAL NOTICE.
Ijla Probate Cannot TrnmbnffCoBiity,
6T1 1 al Obio.
Wn. C 8a rase, Eremtor oTMKm a BmH,
vs. Almon H. umlth, et. al.
Nathan M. 8mlll. railiUng In Olmstead
eouoty. MtDniwota; Martin H. Smith, resid
ing at Klrai Tali., Plaroa ooonty. Wlaoon.
In; Mary 0, SmJtb. Aim Ira Smith, and
Iaaae Smith, raldlu In Lenw comity,
Michigan; Jnlla K. Bowyer, and Anaon
Bowyer, Anaon Bowyer, Jr, rasidlBgln
Crawford ooonty. pennsylrania, win
take notice tbat on tbe I6tu day ot April,
Ilea. Lb. aatd Wililajn C Savaje, exeeu-
toroT Marua Smith, defl'd, filed 10 th. Iro-
petiUonagatnatUiem, and othera. alleging
lumt uUl, of aald Martin
Smith, wea lntmfflclem to pay the debte of
aald oeeeaaed, that be diro kibbo 01 "Jw"
ondlTkded one-hal of Mi lollowlag real
estate, to-wit: Known a being the whole
of Lot No. g7, and 14 acrea from the aouth
part of Lot No. 86, and tbeeooth half of Lot
Ka. TO la aald towaablp, ouMaining one
bnadred and elxty-uiree aciw 01 lauo, w
the-aame more or le--iet aid laBoaare
enoambered bye mortgage to one JeremUh
BlaaelL, that It U neoenary to Ball aald lands
to pay debt of Bald deceaeed.
Praying for an order of aald Court for
authority for said exeinitor to sell said
land and to ad j ost the Ueat e pon the same.
Bald oanse will be for beartnr In said Coort
on tbe fen day of Jane, 1ST3. The above
named non-resident parties will answer on
or before aald last mentioned day or an or
der will be made In said esse in accordance
with tbe prayer of said petition.
VM. C BAVAGE,
Exenrtor of Martin Bmilb.
Hatcnina, Tatue 6tu 1 1,
Attys for Petitioner.
April U. UTS-it
SALE OP REAL ESTATE BY
On Tbitradar.Mar H. 187S. between a-m.
and 3 n m at the Conrt Hoose la Warren.
lbio. will be sold to the highest bidder, a
parcel 01 tana eitoate in 111 s city 01 w ar
um. Obio, uelog oa tae uarth stdeof Sontk
Btreet, boaaded Bona by leodeof Vlng,
east by Daniel Bisbop; soeth by Hoeta St.,
west by C H. Angstadt; being eboaL 7k tel
frent, sebjeet to aaaiiey on north side alz
teek Xenuseaah. 1 H. AKiiSTADT.
Adm'rof Hiram Mowry, dec d.
April at, l7S-4t
T7 STATE of Alexander Booth,
JJjdee'd. Notice la hereby given that the
undersigned has been appointed Adminis
tratrix of tbe estate of Alexander Booth,
dee'd, late of Newton township, Trmcball
county. O. MARY K. BOOTH.
Newton FaUa. 0Aar.u, mia-Si.
RB. J. '35. KEACHAM. is sow
saadr with a vary thoie and MU stock
of new goods, BonnetaA Hats la great va
riety of styles. f.lg7int Trimmings; also
st-ta bHwis, rtonu-s. uoitarB, iuii, rxmir
it raids,) witches, Netta, ate. Ekpernal atten
Uaa given to Dressing over and Bleaching.
April 0, l7S-et
XTOTICE. ' '
1 1 At meeting of the Council of tbe City
of Warren, Ohio, held April 25, 1S73, there
was passed the following reeolnuoa, to-ariu
Rsjnti-miL Br the Council of the city War
ren, Ohio, two-thirds of tbe members) eon
earring, tnst it is deemed necessary te eon
tract a tewer on Elm street, In aald -city,
and that the City Engineer be and is here
by instructed to prepare plans, prolile,nd
iDeclncauona and make a snrvey for said
sewer, and report at next meeting and that
tnecityuierK oe ana lsinnracteato puoiisa
tbe neoesBary legal notice. Aa oral nance
nravldlnc for the eonstrnctlon of ssid sew
er la now pending, and all persons having
objections thereto, or claiming damages by
reason thereof, are hereby noticed to file,
the same In writing with the City Clerk,
describing tbe property In question, on or
belore the istn oayoi jane, 153, oroe inere-
af ter debarred therefrom.
The Btsts of Ohio, Trumbull Ooonty, aa.
Oliva A. McDonald,') la Trambnlt Com-
v. non irieaa.
Henry W. Hnsk. J
n v4r4n. of an exeentlon va defendant.
lamed ont af the Oonrt of Common Pleas of
TrnmbnlleoaBtyOhio, In thebove named
ease, to me directed and delivered. JU on the
Sist day of March, A. l&s, at two o'clock.
p, m., 01 aata aay, leviea we ssme us vne
End and tenements of the defendant, H. .
W. Hoak, and shall expose to pablle safe at
the door of the Court Hons la toe city of
Warrea, Ohio, on
Thinoay Sir 2tB, A. V. Kit,
at ens 'stock p. aa- tbe land and tena
menuso levied upon; bonnded and descri
bed a follows, to-wit : eu taste in toe town-
snip or Weatoarsseia, enaoiy or xmmouu
asd State of Ohio; and knows as Lot Na.
KM in A. M. auaoKKM s aodiuon to uie vu
iage of Kilos, aa anrveyed and platted by F,
or 1 f 1 1 1 , .i li ,,1 1 ilr nnM-lv Rnmrw anil
sBwleded before him Auk. IS, 16T, be
the same mora or leas, not Bauoctto au le-
gal highways. Appraised at f . Terms
Lwh. 9. w. BICKIN80. Bberlff.
bUmtr-M onoe, H arraa, o Apru se,is,-ot
rr f v-n IV n TaT!TisTar
BESIDES keeping our regular stock
uf Fine Jewelry, Frenoh Clocks. w
are tit Inr s sp:ly f tbe beat Asaerl
can sua f ore . braads of wstcbea, ia
hn . .toutiuM made eanaelally tor oar
iriL aicnie.1 lor Merebaata, Clerk, Ma
ebanua, s arsaera, and all who want aosae
tblngpractlaalamd sensible wlthaefsBcy
prieea. With every watch eomas a eenifl.
cats of wmrrsst V-hioh wa will send with
ua watcn. C o. D- with the privilege oi
exaailnlng belore yon take It. Otu1 Refer
eoca are tile paper, ths Cleveland Herald.
Leader, aad Plain Sealer, besides thous
ands who earry ear watches Bend for clr
eaiar of prices, ate. sent free by mail. Ad
dress or call an . ' H. OUWELL at CO.
IZ7 liana; ueveiano, o.
April 16, 187t-3uno
Ucrti. Bristol Nursery..
XHE ATTENTION OF THOSE
desiring Fro It or Ornamental Trees,
es. Shrubs, Plants, Ac. te. Is called to
oar saperlor stock that we offer for sale this
spring. Tbose desiring anything in onr line
will do well by celling upon as at nursery
or sending in orders at once. We shall de
liver trees at WarreB.Kaat Mecca. Johnston
and Kinsman, this spring. Any one desi
ring trees la the vicinity of either of the
named place eaa have them delivered free
of charge, aad satin faction always guar
anteed. Ws shall aiao be prepared to (ap
ply, la season. Sweet Potatoes, Trophy To
male aod Cabbsge Plants. To secure plants
p.eae "B1 "Ta? ' F. SAGES, '
- North Bristol. Trumbull Co, O.
j Tba Slata of Ohio, Trumbull ooonty.
la the Court af Common Pleasv .
MaryJ. Cnew. vs. WlUiam chew. Bald
Mary J. has filed In said conrt her petition
against eaid vriiiiem. ror Q.uiw, cudhjui
of child aad alimony; catraea alledged.
wilful absence for three year ana gross
neglect of doty.
ror hearing at any urn.
aftar six weeks fnma April 16. 1: i
H CTC K7 Ka. TUXt
L j ijir. ei diulu
April 14, lri-tt,
AW'ys for Plt'ff.
SALE OF -P-E AL.' ESTATiJ BY
,.n Saturday, the Mtb day of May 1S4.
hetweea the hoars of 1 o'clock aade o'clock
p. na- at the premises la Vienna, will be
ZnA at anction. a Dortloa. not to exceed
tulrty-flve acres, off the soots side of tbe
Urs. situate In lots S and 8 In the township
or Vienna, Trnmball eonnty, Ohio, being
UBdseonveyed to said McMaatera by Geo.
t . r V. .niim.Un seeds. Dass532. and
land conveyed by the executor of Leioea
ter King, deoeased.'toaame, by deed record
ad la same rec-irJs, vo,Uiae f nags 50B.
praiaea at oc w vr.
I moaths, S1 bslaaoe in II months. Defer-
rea parweuie up T PATrTE. '
- Adm'raf Horaoa XUWis, ipp'd..,;
April a. UT-4t " - '
XTEW BOOKS .RECEIVED AT
1 Porter' Book Store ; New Life la New
Land, by Grace Greenwood. 'The Mhttery
of MtropoltinrUle,by Eggleatoni Window
Garoeninri Practical Fioraculture; Every
Wecnaa her own Flower Gardner; Paris,
Irish aad Eastern Sketches; True as Steel;
Alice end Pbr-be Cary; Back-log Stndles;
Bart Bldgeley, effto the Qeyasra; The Reli
glea of HiunaBlty, by Frotbingham ; Har
per's new edition of Dickina.
ALLEN SONTAG, Jr.
nrTHTSnra blooded stal-
Kj. ION will make the season af 1273. at Ins
ataoie oi weioDtcniiw, m a insw,ai.Arum-
tmll county, imio. '
Terms iioto Insure. Pastnrrng ftrmlshea
to msres from a distance at S3 per month.
"Allan 8omg. Jr.('wa aired by Allen
Sontag. of Pittsburgh, owned by Wm. M.
. . i . . ta , tl Linn. .. CI 1.
CSeran, Urea, uj WU",T"""W,1 a-aaaawa-
lng. Long Island, i.Y, from the famocl
trotting mare, ots , and Elhn Allan,
. , . LhoA. His dam "ei.-uatajr''.
va (naiad In Vermont, la May. lets, bred
fmm a hav marabv Nioholas by Alexander.
The aire of Ladle Bontag wa the celebrated
Harrla Hamliiet-jnlan.oy Bishop's Hamble-
tontan.by lmpenea meesetig r. i"
f a l lc Sob tea. Jr." was a Dae brood
aired by M igar, her data a GreenMoua-
Allen Son tag, Jr." I a chestnut sorrel. (
year old, loi hands high, weighs I2ts Sau
hm la well Drooortloned. poasewe good
nerve. Ane action And give prom lee of great
.peed. E. P. BiX.a.WlTl.
Man)h , in. '
XRTATE of Joshua Harrington,
rdae'd. The nnderalrned has been duly
appointed and qnalified as Admlnislrstor
oa to estate of Jeahaa HaJrliiglon, dee d.
late of Tmmbuunty,omo.aAirDEEa
Hubbard. Ohio, April 3S. 187-St
TWELVE THOUSAND ROLLS
of Wall Paper and Borders of all style
OH pncn,JPH ova Aunmi nwKnivivi
Written for the CHRONICLE.
REPLY TO TAM GLEN'S EPISTLE
What bletberln' body's thi I hear,
Wha's obeeks are wat wi mony a tear.
Wl t-lrnlng spite cries Woollier
1 And Salary Bteal,
Asalnst a man to all so dear,
1 " xhe great Uarfleld
Dry nayonr een and qnat yoar greeUng,
Hae yean onion no been eating.
Te mind meo' ananld wife fly ling;
. . , . Yoor -woaM-be teUiers
FaYaia-ane wa a' delight In. . .
, J silly blethers.
I've beard o" Jedbnrgb Justice, Tammy,
Whaur anee oar aald Scotch frien
aae nae yee u uouui uijr uiuu.,.
First hang a man.
And syne In law's due form most canny.
The trial began. ,
J 1st sea some lawyers np In Warren,
An' lleiB' politicians assembled therein,
To rain Garfield their only earln'.
On Jedhareh plan.
Borne resolDtlOG passed, declarlu'
Him guilty man.
Tbey ea'd blm o' leeln' loons, the ehlef,
MoDlUer, retroactive thief ;
They thought they'd Jamie fetcb to grief -
Crying oat resign I
While mony a lawyer oof In brief.
Thought's place 1 mine. ;
Bnt Jam le rose against them a'.
And gaed his lug aa earnest claw? '"
Axtd placed hi back against tbe wa'. '
And drew hi (word.
Then heads aa' lessen' arms did la',
k Cpon say word. ,
Tarn wedyetpeako' Jany faass,
Achieved apon tbe battle's plain.
Mia' heapsaad beapso' gauanlslsin; -
Bis rebel foes
Soon reeled, nor could the figtil aaaintaln
Before bis blows.
And In onr Legislative ha's, " C
None abler atood wltbia lis 't
'Fore Jamie Garfield' ponderous blows,
E'en butler quailed.
Baa's awfttl eoeKere aoon was closed, i
, . If Jim asaalled.
Time a' things trie, an' time will tell, .
Tbst Jam' but stambled, never fall,
.raigt b set of men who dwell,
la slough and mire.
The present; cloud lime will dispel, "
,4.11 raise Jam' higher.
SANDY THRAWNKIT , JR.
CHURCH HILL. O., April 28, 1873
LETTER FROM NEBRASKA.
Reptblicak Cttt.Harlan Co.,1
" ; Nbbbaska, April 30, 1873. J
, Editob Chronicle : Not having
seen anything rrom the greaf Repub
lican Valley, lit your paper, and In
order to fulfill oiy promif roada to
many of your readereI will attempt
a silgDt- aesonpuoiu- ai mauy c
your readers have read the letter of
H- D Niles, from Gibbon; of thia
State, they are probably somewhat
familiar with the Platte Valley. But
the Platte Valley can be compared to
the Republican Valley about as
Champion or Soulhington can be
compared to the best townships in
Two years ago the' frontier or Wis
valley was on the Little Blue River,
at Maredlan ; to-day the frontier is at
the month of Driftwood, in Range 30,
west r.Sf., one hundred and eighty
miles west of Maredlan. Republican
City is in Bangs 17; between thia and
tba frontier settlers lathe tow Da of
Alma, Orleans, Melrose.Arapahoeand
Red Willow, all flourishing. The Ra
publican Valley is well watered with
springs that form little streams on
both sides of the river. The timber
that grows on these little streams are
eottOB'Wood. box -eider, elm, . ash
and cedar. I think that the RepublM
, . ti., thmrt I
can Valley is belle Umbered than I
any ather part of tbe west liiat I bs.Tt
lyet seen, The soil la nbeut the same
s ail prairie soil, very 'easy to -work,
and easier broken up than prairie east
of here; aaturapy of moist nature
We have had no rain' here since Sep
tember last, yet old ground' is moist
and plows np mellow. Plowing com
menced here about the first of March,
and wheat is all in now '
A company is being organized here
now to form a new location, a loca
tion that was made by men tbafhave
inent six months of time-' and some
money trying to find a good locatlorff
for settlers, and any of onr Ohio
friends that have decided to go 'west
can join this company free, and. can
leant more about it by addressing the
undersigned, enclosing stamp.
Game is getting somewhat scarce,
especially buffalo, yet ,we .cart; buy
buffalo beef In market at from three
to five cts. per pound. Buffalo beef is
considered better than domestic beef.
There are yet some elk, deer and an
telope ; turkeys and grouse are plenty.
Indians are also lenty, hot w dont
see them only as they pass through
on the hunt; they axe quieCaod, barm-
lees, and will never harm any one in
this valley for the reason that they
dare not; there are too many settlers
here now. A. IFrrcH.
ARTICLES ON ASTRONOMY.
During the last half century many
mathematicians hare applied . their
favorite study to the field of astro
nomlcaal discovery. Sir Isaao New
ton prepared i the way two hundred
years agoj He discovered the force
by which all the planets are held to
wards the pentxal sun, and by which
they act upon each other. An invis
ible body may be so situated as to draw
a visible body out of its place. By care
fully observing tbe displacement, and
determining the weight, or gravita
ting force of the body moved, and
the direction In which It is taken out
of - its regular course, the cor
responding weight and position
of the -disturbing body can be
found. Certain relations are known
ta exist between the visible planets
regulating their motions, their mag
nitudes, and their distances from tba
sun. These relations were all found
to hold true in the case of Uranus.
Still all of the irregularities observed
prior to the discovery of that planet
were not satisfactorily accounted for,
and new suspicious were awakened
by observed deviations in the motions
of Uranus and Its satelites. Adams,
of England, and Le Verrler, of France
and other eminent mathematical as-
rtronomers. applied themselves to the
task of finding the unknown distur
ber. ( The two men named bad, at
the same time, reached definite con
clusions, though unknown to each
other. Adams was reviewing bis
work. : Le Verrier wrote Dr. Galle of
the Berlin Observatory, to look for the
supposed planet in a particularly de
scribed part of tbe heavens ; and point
ing his great telescope to the place
indicated, the Prusian taw, on the 23
of September, 1846, what the French
man hd found by a skillful use of bis
Tbe new planet, thus caught at the
end of a celestial sounding line, was
duly christened Neotune. the name
given by the ancients to tbe god of
This newly discover! member of
the solar system is estimated .at about
thirty times tbe earth's distance, or
2,743,000,000 miles from the sun. Its
diameter is 38,000 miles, making the
planet more than ninety-three times
the earth's volume. It requires 1041
years to jnake one revolution around
tbe sun. During 1873 it msy be found
by the far sighted telesoopist near the
small star o in the constellation Aries.
Tbe most favorable time for observa
tion will be in October, a the planet
will then be in opposition to the sun.
Neptune receives only one thousandth
as much solar light and heat at any
one place as the earth. One of Its
moons has been discovered and anoth
er suspected. No other astronomical
event of this century thus far, has ex
cited so much interest, or awakened
so much enthusiasm as tba discovery
Allegheny Oollege, MT,1673. J. M.
Ell Perkins la a Sayar SeBaery
Tbe Fan--XoTellj"Aad rTUdom ef it.
To the Editor of th Daily
Graphic: Do you wish to know all
about tLe sugar which yon eat every
day how it is made in filth, shoveled
over in dirt.apd how it ia finally puri
fied till it lb white and Immaculate T
New York has 35 out ot the 50 su
gar refineries in tbe United States
tka other refineries being in Boston,
Philadelphia, Baltimore, aDd 8t
Louis. The largest refinery in tbe
world is that of Constance. Bey, In
Paris. -Sey refines 6,0u0 barrels per
day. The next largest Is that of Have
meyer A Elder, of New York. They
refl ne 8,000 barrels per day. - j
How does sugar come here?
Last year the 643,789 tons of angar
shipped to this country came meetly
from Cuba. Porto Rioo,Brasil,ManiIa,
Jamaica, San Domingo,- and Barba-
doea. It came in bogs beads weighing
1 ,p00 pounds, boxes weighing 450 and
bags weighing L50 pounds. A large
part of it came in a black, dirty, 'raw'
state, and some called "centrifugal"
had the water - whirled out of it in
centrifugal machines before it lea
Cuba. So sugar is quoted at "raw"
and "centrifugal." Raw sugar" Is
worth about 8 cents and centrifugal 9
cents per pound.. Cuba sugar ia the
beet sugar, but it all has to be cleaned
before it is fit to Use, and then the raw
sugar wholesales for about 8 cents per
pound more. From dirty 8 cent su
gar tbey make white lump sugar
worth 111, light yellow worth 10,
dark yellow worth ; Pi, and . syrup
worths. ' .- . .,
How do they do this ? - :
This is what I saw for The Graphic
yesterday, in the largest sugar refinery
In the United States..'.- - .
First, the sugar in filthy black
bags, hogsheads covered with mad,
and boxes smeared over With bilge
water and filth, was landed at the
Willlamsburgh docks, where yon see
these immense sugar houses.. Then
stevedores carried it back to a big
copper vat filled with hot water,
broke open the boxes, cut open the
boxes, cut open the hogsheads and
let it all dirt, mud, sticks, niggers'
shoe?, old hata, pipes, bones, undis
solved newspaper, and - sleeveless
shirts- yes, let it all slide into tbe vat
What ..all this dirt?. : i ." .,
- Yes, and more too. : They pladfed
Ike filthy old hogsheads, soiled bags
and dirty boxes into a steam vat.
steamed and washed off the dirt and
sugar and then put that in too. , Then
a greasy old Dutchman-stirred it up,
ojoasionallv ,exneo(oratlnz tobacco
juice, here and there and scraping bis
WunamBtHirgnmuu inw id tuture
frosUngof ou r w4.d Ugscake.
. What next? -
hogshead .staves, after
. , ' i i i nr
tnw sugar ant. uirs arw woura vu, r
. - l!oejd.,
of suearand dirt nerdsv are Dumned.'
in a liquid form, Iulo the fifth story
to be cleansed and purified.
What! can tbey take oat filthy
cigar stubs, dead rata, -negro- b&Uas,
bilge water, and everyrning 7
es; In five hours' they draw from
this w itches' . chowder . -syrup as
Dure And as colorless and odorless as
ice-water, and as clean too. All dirt,
salts, smells, and every material obsta
cle cr gaseous odor or oxyd is separa
ted, and transparent liquid sugar runs
out as water trickles from a crystal
spring. . . .,".. ; -
How aa they ao it t -
First, the dirty liquid is pumped
into one thousand-gallon cauldrons,
with a steam pipe In the btfttom.
Then, blue litmus paper(pa per soaked
in bine cabbage juice) is dippee into
it to see if it is sour. If it is soar, the
blue paper is changed to red. Than
they throw in a pail of lime. This
kills the acid, br the acid leaves the
sugar to attack the lima, when-Iike
the Kilkenny oats, they are both eat
en up. If you pour acid fn soft soap,
tbe alxall (another form of lime) wiii
leave the . grease to leea upon me
acid. " - - -Whatnext?:
. ' ' .- -
Then the half-naked men who work
over the hot cauldrons pour fivegalv
Ions of warm bullock's blood, fresh
from the slaughter houses, into-each
1,000 gallons of melted sugar. The
white of etres would be better, but
eggs cost too much, while blood, which
is almost as ruuoi moumenjoniy costs
eleven cents per gallon. The blood
"settles" the sugar as an egg "settles"
your conee that la, the aioumen
seizes hold oi every parucie oi a in,
and holds it- Then, when they raise
the temperatare to ISO degrees,' the
blood. linie.dirt.sticks.Ac. float to the
surface, while the syrup, yellow and
ouite transparent, ia drawn off thro'
strainers irom me oottom, tearing
tbe scum on top. this scum ana dirt
are rinsed with clean water, the best
nart saved to wet cp a fresh ot.ef
sugar, and the dirt carted off .a a fee
tilizer. iney utae a too. oi ncn ma
nu re out of the sugar every day.
How is the syrup strained ?
: Through bags -long: eloth bags hav
ing four or five thicknesses of -cloth
in them. . Thev catch all the heavy
dirt, little stones, sand, dVc, and the
syrup reaves them transparent, only
sliehtlv tinged with yellow. These
bags take out about four per cent, of
dirt real niac-, .- mucay. -cirv tne
same as you see in tbe streets.. The
syrup is now ninety-three per cent
pure sugar, whereas it was' but eighty
pet eent. five hours ago. There r
mains seven per cent, of coloring.
foreign salts and gassea yet to be re
How are these gasses and salts re
moved? . -
, This is done by filter! ntr the yellow
syrup through bone black or animal
charooal r bones burnt black and
groud np.) Largs iron tanks, looking
like upright steam boilers, are filled
with 30,000 pounds of bone black
each. Through this tbe syrup Is made
to trickle. As it comes out at the bot
tom K lg as pure and transparent aa
rock crystal. A goblet of it looks like
pure water. . . ry
f i'T It norf.wtlv nn re now 9" T asked
f"' f x ' 1
ihem chemists. - t ,
"Yes, sir, as pear as possioie. it is
99 per cent pore sugar. You might
pour five gallons of kerosene ana , a
small-pox patient cut into sausage
meat into that first tank, and I tett
you, Perkins, that I . wouldn't have
the slightest objection to drinking the
syrup five hours afterward. It's per
fectly clean and pure." .'-.TIT-.'
How is this white transparent syrup
made Into sugar ? ., .-'..',
.This is simply done by taking the
water out of it. This is accomplished
by boiling it in a vacuum. It would
boil like water in the open ail aad
voliUlize at 212 degrees Fahrenheit,
but remove the air pressure and it will
boil at i50,..Fahjenbeit; 150 degrees
never burns it, and the sugar is white.
After boiling the syrop -down -to a
thick paste, it is, drawn off in pote
shaped like tba old ' fashioned sugar
loaf. These pots hold fire gallons,aui
are open at the large end.: The small
end has a hole io it through wuioa
the water runs out, leaving the sugar
to . crystalize in a bard white cake,
such as used to be soid In the market.
But now-a-days the pure white sugar
loaves are sawed up into; regular:
shaped cubic pieces of sugar. The
soiled sugar or hose , with yellow
streaks in them, are crushed into
lumps, and the sawdust and leavincs
are made into granulated and pul ver-
izea sugar. .-
Where does the yellow sugar come
from? :: -.-';
The syrup which runs out when the
white sugar Is eryatailting-the resi
due is treated in the same manner as
tbe original Cuban sugar, when an
inferior sugar and an anterior ay rap
results. The syrup growirtnore 1
pnreeachtlme. BLtljl finally it can
not be erystalited; - It ia. aeur and
salty. Thia import er brawn sugar is
shoveled into a centrifugal revolving
machine, which revolvs two thousand
times per minute.' This throws out
the water through a strainer, leaving
tbe sugar quite light and mealy.
"Which is the cheapest to use
brown sugar or white ?'.'. . I asked of
"Why, white, eir. Brewn sugar is
simply pure sugar with dirt and wet
ter in it. The cheapest sugar to buy
is white granulated sugar; It Is sim
ply 99 per cent, pure sugar,' while
brown sugar is only about Jo pet cent.
0 per cent, water, and 10 per. cent,
dirt and salts. j White refined soft su
gar is 93 per cent, sugar. I know some
old women brought up on brown su
gar, still stick to brown sugar, and
call it sweeter than-white sugar, bnt
tbey simply dupe themselves. If yon
want brown sugar, you can take a
pound of white sugar, poor in some
water, a handful of sewer dirt, lime
e salt, and you'll have twe pounds
v-"How many kinds of crude sugar
, "Three cane sugar, fruit sugar and
dim sugar, cane - sugar is touna in
sugar cane, Indian corn stalks, sorg
hum, beets, melons, sweet potatoes,
eoooanuta, e has touts, - palm trees,
birch trees, and scgar maple. - Case
sugar is three times at sweet as " milk
or fruit sugar. Syrup eont&ia a good,
deal of fruit sugar, generated by fer
mentation, Ac Therefore,, syrup ia
not so sweet as pure sugardUsotved in
water. Beet sutrar smells badly, and
sorghum hae too much acidity. They
cotn contain salt, to remove w nioa u
very expensive. : They are- things of
tbe past when sugar cane can be bad
reasonable ana in eumcieai quanti
ties. In Europe brown segar is sot
used. White is considered. eteaper
and better, : ; . .' -Eli PxRKtxa, -
[From Harper's Weekly.]
and bribery ia many ef eur lat;ialaltv
bodies, however ror us moment a is
hearten ins. have one cheering de-
meat, since tbey show that political
corruption with us is soon brought to
light, and can not, as in other forms
of government, be effectually conceal
ed. I;"rery rtatesmso or political lead
er among us lives in the condition of
tbe Homan senator, and nas a tnous-
and. eyes watching him abroad or at
home... Tou.ing is niauen from tne
keen ' scrutiny: of the press, of his
neighbors, or his opponents: every
apartment of his house is thrown open
ta tne view oi nis leuow-ciuzenawaua
no architect could build one that
wonld not afford the rigid .publicity
demanded --by the Bom an chief.
Whoever attempts bribery in Kansas
or secuIaUoa ia California, .whoever
takes glue at jusany oroiien tnam at
Washington, is cesUin to- he dragged
before his f el low-countrymen, aad so
rudely handled try. -pnas and people
that he can groeay.hoce for another
opportunity of pornsaitunr, the same
ouenstv. .fubuazs is t?e natural trait
of a free geTernmeBU Whatever our
faults are, we are anxious to have
them told we trust with the hope of
correcting them. If crimes and de
bt! cations, political ana inonu oor
runtion. startle us on all aides, it is
one proof at least that the- guilty -are
not bidden from observation by the
selfish delicacy of a ruling -caste, or
protected by absoiete power from tne
scrutiny of tha law.-... . . :' ..; ..' .:. ;:' : ': : '
It is safe te say that oar principle oi
DahTlr-itv ia not preserved under any
other form of government. The Eng-
llsnoonautuuaB is neia to prouuuo a
hiarh decree of euritv ie statesman
ship and boaeaty In political leaders;
yet it has many bidden retreat of
corruption, where the press seldom
yenbuwAtoiiUrudsVor where the pro-;
Sress of reform nae not yet penetrated,
ot many years ago it ia notorious
that the expenses of an election to
Parliament were enomiouar thr can'
didates lavished tbetr money with a
profusion : that might have startled
even an Ames or a Bogy. We believe
Air. Disraeli brought lo a bill against
corruption, and that several members
were unseated lor tempting eieciars to
sell their votes. : But the practice of
Surchaelng peats in .Parliament Is so
eeply impressed upon the British
constitution by long usage, by ite
perfect responsibility, i and, by the
eminent names that have given it
their sanction, that wa fear it -still
flourishes la mnch of its ancient vigor..
We have no wish te press tbe fti owe
gve argument; yet it is impossible not
to feel that there are many traits in
royalty and aristocracy upon which
the English pre exercises a discreet
silence that wopld find so parallel ia
the unauarded candor- of our own-
that the scandals of Amfin legialaw
tares are not wholly Inapplicable even
to the highest branches of the Eng
lish.. . KA..: i .
We should scarcely. Indeed, have
thought it necessary la notice tbe
fault other covernmeBU in our
concern for -oar own, had not the in
accurate criticisms of several of -the
English Journals seemed to require a
reply.' aa una unramomsne paper,
the London Tablet, we have a bitter
and unscrupulous assault upon re
publicanism series of erroneous
statements and of unjustifiable insin
uations. We are - told that in the
United States "to know bow to bribe
and how to deserve a bribe is almost
an essential qualification for the popu
lar vote, especially since the gentle
men of the kiouth ware suppressed by
thecivll war;" that there are aa ben
eat men in any of tbe European kfngv
doma aa in tbe Uj.ltedSU.tea. bat that
they avoid or are ostiwessedfrooi poli
tics; that dishonesty tnour politicians
is tne surest wsy to the esteem of our
people; that successful fraud only
excites tbem to"en vlous admiratien;"
that our "executive" is tainted with
dishonor, and our statesmen, since
the fall of slavery, tjUetmfi: to nteet
on equal grounds, in - character and
native dignity, the rulers of England.
In other words, our ultramontane
journal, - the .representative of the
opinions of Archbishop Manning and
of lbs Psna CounciaJL laments oxer
4 the fall of slavery, denounces repub
licanism as tnorougniy uisnonetn ana
corrupt, celebrate Uj superior vir
tues of despotism, and covers our gov
eenmeatwith. unfounded calumnies.
The danger of such ceaseless limau.
Huns is chiefly tbst tbey come from a
sou roe which is looked upon aa infal
lible authority by large bodies of men
In Europe and Americas -. To reply to
them is peedless for any cultivated
readers ; It Is rather fortbelranthors
that we point the moral of the theme.
If such extravagant falsehoods are
propagated by ' literary journals of
repute ia Europe, where can be the
honesty of the claae for which tbey
Bribery has always been the vice of
the British . rriiament. Tbe late
Napoleonio empire was so' covered
with peculation and corruption, hid
den by tts despotism from -press or
people, that even its army was sent
InUi the field at times without food
and without anna. Napoleon ruled by
bribes, and scoffed at the notion of
honor. ..The public officials by whom
be was surrounded were of tea the least
trustworthy of their fellow-subjects.
Even Germany, usually honest, has
shown traces of a "Wide system of
fraud. The Soitzederswindie involv
ed the court, the : Church, and the
press of Alualcn la - one : common
shame In economical Prussia im
portant railway speculations recall the
mruiwiisui ri8Lauuyi.siiic9, auv
press of the city of Rome, under the
rule of the popes, was never suffered
to relate the scaodals of the Church.
The press of Spain never ventured to
throw any light upon the loose man
ners of tbe court. Yet it can scarcely
be doubted that had the keen scruti
ny of our reporters and; editors beed
turned onon the secrete of the dee not-
ie rule of Louis Napoleon, of Isabella
of Spain, -of the ultramoatanes , of
Bavaria, or tne clerical omcuus oi
Antooeiii. our American Legislatures
would have seemed, in contrast, sym
bols of purity, our republican legis
latnres. - too. Are racidlr reforming
themselves, are laboring to- throw off
the corrupt! ana enforced by slavery
and the total influence of uncultiva
ted foreigners. .
:- Honesty,, we may assure bur for
eign critics, is almost exclusively a
republican virtue. It is the offspring
of the communal feeling and of patri
otic self-deniaL The conception of
honesty -. adorned the democracy of
Athena; and just Aristides wandered
ia tattered robes beneath the Acropo
lis; the graceful Pericles boasted that
he bad taken nothing from his coun
trymen: Pboolon rejected the Mace
donian gifts; and;Atbenlaa treasurers
were vain of tbe accuracy oi tceir
accounts.- The conception passed to
republican Rome: it was Illustrated
in a long line of popular rulers, to
whom bribery and corruption were
the chief offenses against tbe welfare
of the people. - Honesty died, with
the Roman republic The very con
ception of it perished in tbe M'ddle
Ages. .Savage kings ruled by rob
bery. Unworthy popes -won the
triple crown by bribery, and enrich
ed their ambitious children by the
blunder or tbe miserable peopre. a-
moua saints seem to have had no con
ception of honesty; their faith was
firm, but their moral perceptions
clouded, St. Louis plundered bis
Jewish subjects.- and Dominie 1 and
Loyola Inculcated the spoiling of the
heretics. At lengui wiin tne iteror
mation honesty became once more
the crowninr trait of statesmansnrp.
To be "as honest sa a Huguenot" was
the last testimony of decaying France
to tbe superiority of public virtue. Col
bert wss the last of her honest states
men. In England the notion made
slow process; and in tne east century
LWaloole bribed whole Parliaments,
ana members oi parliament - nave.
never since ceased to bribe their elect
ors. Honesty crowned with signal
lustre tbe founders of the American
republic; and the heart of the whole
nation is, we believe, more-true to
day ta tbe rigid requirements of pub
lic virtue, notwithstanding the mny
lapses of public men, than when .its
ancestors first pledged- themselves to
its support. The community ia labor
ing painfully yet eeaseieasly toward a
higher civilization. ,
We da qot, therefore, fear the most
t-tringent criticism ef foreign writers
upon our republican, purity, nor the
sometimes erroneous assaults of our
owa preaa upoe the characters of our
public men. We desire to. conceal
nothing.'! It is the duty, of the press
to keen watch over the career of the
political leader, and publicity is the
natural safeguard ef freedom, Ia the
strife of parties errors will be commit
ted, severity will be ofteit. indulged,
the shadow . of suspicion converted
Into tbe reality of guilt, but we be.
lieve the people and the press will
finally be iuak. And hence the charg
es which are ao freely hurled against
our public servants, of bribery, men
dacity, corruption, will do no harm
to the honest man, ana serve oniy to
make his innocence more conspicuous;
they Will help to diminish the crimes
which they wrongfully impute, and
frighten the guilty from the paths of
THE MODOC WAR
Details of the Last Massacre—Forty of
Details of the Last Massacre—Forty of a Command of Sixty-Nine Killed-
Another Bloody Fight With the Modocs.
Sur Francisco. April IS. A cour
ier has arrived,' and reports Another
terrible fight witn tne moaocs. in
which nineteen cf our men were kill
ed, Including Captain Thomas and
Lieutenant Howe, of the Fourth Ar
tillery, and Lieutenant Wright, of
tbe tweixtn in ran try. i weniy.mree
men were wounded, among whom is
Lieutenant Harris, of the Fourth Ar
tillery. Others are missing. ' Partic
ulars soon. ---
LATER—PARTICULARS OF THE MOVEMENT.
Nbtw York, April 29 A Herald
Special from the Lava Bed, dated the
26 fays: .. .
The force' under Captain Thomas,
whiob started to reoonnoiter the posi
tion supposed to be held by the Mo
docs, numbered sixty-nine men. The
object was mainly to find out how the
Modooa were situated, and whether
mortars could be brought up and used
fTectivsly against them. Ai . the
troops approached the cave lava beds,
about half past ton, onr command was
brought to a halt and tbe men allow
ed to take "iest. The story of the
first firs is differently reported, some
saying that five or six shots were fired
and others . only four, hut Tlckuor
says positively, that it came from a
party of nine Indians who occupied
a bluff to the eastward of where the
troops were stationed. .-. Major Thomas
Immediately threw, his-men into
skirmishing Ardor, with Lieutenant
Wright's company on the right The
latterhowever, had not got Into po
sition before they were flanked to the
right by a party of fourteen other In
dians, thai had come up to tbe assis
tance of those who fired. Tbe first
cross fire on Wright's men proved
very demoralising, and tbey fell back
in confusioo, - leaving their gallant
leader In an exposed situation, and.
supported by a few of his a on -commissioned
officers." I U the mean time
another small party of. Indiana had
obtained a position to tbe left and
opened a raking fire on the two bat
teries of artillery.
It was a fearful trap, and the first
four shots were only fired to draw the
troops more directly between the fire
of the Indians on the right and left.
The rout was complete, and with.' the
exception of the officers and non-com-miteiened,'
officers, the majority of
wham lay stretched ou the rocks with
their life blood ebbing fast away, tbe
watchword was "sauve qui pent."
Co fused and demoralised aa they
Were, the men became an easy prey
to the MVca, who, confident la the
protection X their native rocks, shot
them down like so many frightened
deer. Occasionally,-' news was
brought in by the soared stragglers,
exaggerated in the extreme, but sig
nificant of some dire disaster. Many
of these men, who bad deserted their
officers ta the time of peril, had seen
an hundred Indians all around them.
Fear had distorted their vission, and
made them so helpless that one of
their no ruber was afterwards found
dead on the field without a shot. He
had been butchered by knives., and so
panic struck, that ho could not fire a
shot in his own defence. '
. There waa a mystery about tbe
attack that Bobody appeared to solve,
aa to how the troops were so complete
ly surprised, i If - in camp, where
were the pickets or advanoed skir
mishers? It appeared so strange tbst
a party of sixty-nine men should be i
almost surrounuea cy tne in mans,
without their being aware of a sign
of an Indian, as far as they could see.
in ia tact alone, will give tne puouc
an idea of the nature of the ground
in which these Indians fight, and
what our soldiers have to contend
.During the nltrht Indians were
creeping through the rocks to scalp
and strip the dead soldiers. - Coming
through Colonel Green's lines, I told
him where the remains of batteries K
and-A were te bo found. Colonel
Green immediately moved forward
bis line to the place indicated, and
there hid in somesaze bush, were the
naaea pouies of Major Thomas, Lieu
tenant mows, sergeant Bower and
six others. - Colonel Wright's body
lay a little to the left, and on the
right was Lieutenant Harris severely
wounded, and the bodies of five of his
men stripped of all their clothing-.
Forty-nine were killed and wounded
out of a command of sixty-nine men.
Washington, April 29 A compar
atively Drier teiegran received by
General Sherman to-night, contains
nothing new relative - to- the Modoc
expedition in addition to the press
accounts, wnicDitconJirmea...'i ; ..
San FitAivcisco, April 2t- A.' dis
patch from Portland to-night says that
fourteen hundred Indian warriors
are camped on White Bluflk. Yaki
ma river, above Walla Walla, and are
patting up breastworks. The settlers
are greatly -alarmed. The Indians
are traveling about painted, and
warning the whites to leave the coun
try. The Spokane Indians are threat
ening also, and warning the settlers
to leave. Massacres like those by the
Modocs are feared. -
Adispatch from Yieka to-night says
the people of that place and Scott's
Valley are arming, apprehensive of a
general war. Tbe ladles have taken
measures to send the sick and wound
ed lint, band aires, fruit and other
necessaries. - Mendenholl's : troops.
one hundred and thirty, were expect
ed to join Gillem last night. The set
tlers in the valleys of Oreg6n above
the lake lava bed are getting ou. with
their cattle and property, afraid to re
main longer. There is no further
news from the front.
The wounded, so far as can be learn
ed just now, are First Se argent Clif
ton, company c, iwentu lnrautry ;
private John B. Gaflbrd. battery K,
Fourth - artillery t nrivate - . Johu
Lynch, battery K, Fourth artillery
(since died) ; private Joseph, J. Mc
Laughlin, battery K. Fourth artillery;
private Al. v aiiace, battery iv, t ourtn
artillery (since died.) Private Joseph
Broderiok, battery A. Fourth artil
lery, and Lieut. Wright of the
Twelfth infantry, are reported dan
gerously wounded. Lieut. - Harris,
Fourth artillery, was struck by a
spent ball, but was not seriously
- The Third Assistant Postmaster
General officially announces that the
Department will commence tbe Issue
of tbe fjoetal cards authorised by the
act of June 8, 1872, on May 1, 1S73. .
- The Department also tarnishes the
following official information respect
ing postal cards and their use :
' The card adopted Is 6 inches In
length end 8 inches In width, aad is
made of good stiff paper, water-mar Ic
ed, with the initlale U. S. P. O. D. in
monogram. . The face of the card Is
engraved, surrounded by a border of
scroll worked one-eighth of an inch in
width. Tbe one-cent stamp printed
oa the -upper right hand corner is
from a profile bust of the Goddess of
Liberty, looking to the left, and Bur
rounded by a lath-work border, with
the words "U. S. Postage" Inscribed
above, and 'on9 cent" below.
Oa the upper left-hand corner are
the words "United State postal card,''
with directions to "write the address
only on this side the message on the
other." Underneath, and occupying
tbe lower half of tbe card, are ruled
lines on which to write tne address,
the top line being prefixed with the
Tba back of the card, intended for
the communication ia entirely plain.
In color tbe body of the card is a light
cream, the printing velvet brown.
No variation in size, shape, color, or
any-other particular -will be made
from the regular style to accommo
date: special esses, nor will the De
partment do any printing on these
cards beyond tbe engraving specified
in the description.
Postal cards will be sold for one cent
each, neither more nor less, whether
in large quantities or small. -.-'
:i The object of the postal card is to
facilitate letter correspondence and
provide for the transmission through
the mails, at a reduced rate of postage,
of short communications, either prin
ted or- wrritten,' in pencil or ink, or
partially la both. In tbeir treatment
as mail matter, they are to be regard
ed by postmasters the same as sealed
letters, and not as printed matter, ex
cept that In no case will unclaimed
cards be sent to the dead letter efnee.
An ordinary printed business card
may be sent through tbe mails when
prepaid by a one cent postage stan-p
attached, but such card must contain
absolutely no written matter except
the address ; otherwise It will be treat
ed as not fully prepaid,' and refused
admission into the mails. - - . -
All cards different from those here
in described, bearing embossed or
Srinted postage stamps, and purport
ng to be United Ktates postal cards,
are counterfeit; and the manufactur
er of such cards, or the attempt to use
the same, will subject the offender to
a fine of $600 and imprisonment fori
five years. (Sec 173 Postal Code.)
Postmasters will net, under any
circumstances, be permitted to reduce
or exchange postal cards that may be
misdirected, spoiled in printing, or
otherwise rendered unfit for use in
the bands of private holders.'
Tbe Department will not furnish
less than five hundred cards on the
order of postmaster. Individuals
desiring postal cards will purchase
tbem of a postmaster, aa in no case
can they obtain - them upon direct
application to the Department.
HEALTHFULNESS OF LEMONS.
When people feel the need of an
acid, if they would let vinegar aloae,
and use lemons or sour apples, they
would feel just as well satisfied,' and
receive no injury. And a suggestion
may not come amiss as to a good plan
when lemons are cheap in the market.
A person should, in those times, pur
chase several dozen at ouce, and pre
pare them for use in the warm, weak
days of spring and summer, when
acid, especially citric and malic, or
the acids of lemons aud ripe fruits,
are so grateful and usefuL press your
hant on the lemon, and roll it back
aud forth briskly on the table, to
make it squeeze more easily; then
pre the juice into a howl, or tumbler,
never into tin; strain out all the seeds,
as they give a bad taste. ; Remove all
the pulp from the peels, and boll In
water, a pint for a dozen pulps, to
extraot the add. .A few minutes'
balllne is enough: then strain the
water with tbe juice of the lemons ;
put a pound oi wnite sugar w a pint
of the Juice; boll ten minutes ; buttle
it; and your lemonade Is ready. Put
a tablespoonful or two of this lomon
syrup, in a glass of water, and you
bays a cooling, healthy driuk.
Daring ah earthquake the inhabi
tants of a' village wsre very much
alarmed, bat were at tbe same time
astonished at the calmness and appa
rent Joy of an old lady whom all
knew. Some one asked her if she
was not afraid. "No," said she, '"I
rejoice to know that I have t Uxi
that ran hakr the imHiJ' ,
THE NORTHERN PACIFIC RAILROAD.
Commercial Advantages and Connections.
Pugel Sound, a deep and land look -"
edarm of the sea, abounding with
hatuml harbors, indents the western ' -'
coast of the continent in Washington -.
Territory nearly 200 miles,- carrying
tne nnvigauou or tne r"aciuc Uceau
that f.tr inland and eastward. On the "
other hand, Lake Superior extends -"
the navigation of the Atlantic Ocean, .
tbe St. Lawrence and -the. Lake
chaicj some 300 miles farther west "
than LaketMichlgan. The Northern ' '
Paciflo Railroad wil span the conti-
nent and unite these opposite laden- ,
tetions or water-wavs by the shortest ...
possible line. Tbe harbors cf PugL-t
Sound are already the centra of ra
pidly growing commerce with nearly
all parts of the world; and thesalllntr
distance tetween these harbors and t
the ports of Asia is claimed -by expe
rienced navigators to be materially '"
less than between San Francisco and -
Asia. At Portland, Oregon, the-,
Northern Pacific will connect with
the ooast lines of road extending to
California, with tbe steamboat lines-'
of the Columbia River and the ooast- -wise
trade of the sea.
: On the east, improvements uow
making and projected in the canals
uniting the Lakes and the St.-Law- 1
renoe will enable ships to sail direct- -ly
between Liverpool and the head ot .
Lake Superior, the eastern terminus
of the Northern Pacific Rairoad.
The sailing distance to' Buffalo and
the St. Lawrence is substantially the;
same- from Duluth as from Chicago, ,.
the actual difl'erenee in distance be
ing less than 30 miles. . ;
-At St. Paul and Minneapolis the -Northern
Pacific Railroad - system
connects with the navigation of the
Mississipl River, with the various
lines of railroad extending through -Chicago
to the Atlantic coast, and
with the general railroad svstem of
the United States. At the Sault Ste
Marie, on the completion of projected
lines eastward along the south shore
of Lake Superior, the road will unite :,
with the Canadian system of railways,
thus forming a short all-rail route
from Montreal, Portland and Boston
to the Pacific Ocean.
At St. Vincent, on the northern
boundary of Minnesota, the Northern- .
Pacific Railroad will connect (ovor
the Su Paul & Pacific) with the Cana
dian Pacific Road, which Is proposed
to be constructed under the auspice
of the- Dominion Govern meat, and
the general route of which., lit some
250 miles north of .the line of the
Northern Pacific Road. J This - con-
nection will give!the Canadian- Pa
cific direct rail transportation . for ,.
passengers, freight anaeoatauuctiou
material to and from Lake Superior; -
and Immediate access to the railroad
systems of the United States . and
Canada. , - - r- , --, '
The numorous navigable. rivers
which intersect the routed of the
Northern Pacific "Road render tribu
tary to it the trade of a much larger
area of country than could otherwise"
be reached by It."" Lateralbranch
lines of road, several cf which are al--" -ready
projected, wIlL doubtless? also
be built by corporate and local enter-,
prise aa rapidly as the needs of the n
contiguous country , require. . .
' -Ia brief, it may be said that ill '
Northera Pacific Railroad system, be
sides being entire and practically in- '
dependent in Itself, will, from -the
day of its completion, enjoy such fa--vorable
connection wi&i- tasv line of
water and land transit at both termi- .
ni, and to the north and south of its -route,
as to make- it a necessity to
commerce, and place Jits success ta
yood question. " -V.". . " ' -"'.'
A TALK WITH BARNUM'S CANNIBALS.
Kate Field in th New York Trtbnjae.. ; . .-, .
I was exceedingly thrilled by the
appearance of the two young gentle- .
men from the Cannibal Island, who
are beautifully embossed . in green
and red,. and compassionated them
for the sacrifices they , make In put
ting on blankets and civlli zarion, - Is
it right to deprive them of their daily
bread I - mean - their tJaily- baby f -Think
wh at self-restrain I they must
exercise while gaaing upon the tooth- ,
some ioiante that congregate at the.,
eireua, and, like cherubim and sera
phim continually do cry. That they do " '
fase and smack tneiroverhanging lips '
know, because, after going through
their J cannibalistic dance, they- eaa
behind me and howled in a subdue-! .
manner. : Tbe North American .In
dian who occupied au adjoining seat
favored me with a translation of tbeir
charming conversation, by which I
learned many imporant facts concern- -ing
man as an arttde-wf tet. It ap -pears
that- babies, iaiter all; do not
make the daintiest morsels.. Tender
tbey are. of course, but being iinma- '
tars, tbey have not the rich flavor of
a youthful adult Thia seems to me
reasonable Veal is tender, but an
It be favorably compared with beef?
The cases are parallel. - The em bossed
young meu consider babies excellent
f-ir entrees, but for roasta - there Is
nothing like plump maidans in their
teens. Men of twenty are. not bad
eating. When older they are invar;-
bly boiled. Commenting upon the .
audience, the en ties did not consider
it appetizing, and, strange asv it msy
appear, I felt somewhat hurt by the
remark, for who is not vain enough - -to
wish to look good enough to eat?
Fancy being; snfpwrekeed - off the
Fejee Islands, and discarded by canni
bals as a tough, subject, while your...
eom pan ions are literally killed with
attention I Can you not imagine that
under such circumstances, a peculiar
jealousy ot the superior tenderness of
your friends would be a thorn in the
flesh, rendering existence a temporary
burden? If we lived among- people
who adored squinting, should we not
all take to it, aud cherish it as the ap
ple of our eye? And If we fell among
anthropophagi, would not ear love or
approbation make u long to be as.
succulent as young pigs ? What glory .
to eecspe- from the jaws ol! death, if
the jaws-repudiate us? Sa long, as:
memory holds a seat in this distracted .
hiain. I shall entertain. unpleasant . ..
feelings toward the embossed young
gentlemen who did not long to fastet
their affections otherwise their teetkr
on ms . It was worse than a crime; -It
was bad last. Roam ing .among the .
wild animals 1 made tbe acquaintance -
of the cassowary,. In which I; have,
been- deeply in teles ted since ebiltl
hood's sunny hours, for then 't waa.
oft I sang a touching hymn, running A
thus: ' j: ' l . ...
Ill were a cassowary. ' ' 4 .
Far away in Timb&ctoo, ' - - .
I should eat a missionary,
Hat, and boota, and byain book ton."
From that hour to the present time -the
cassowary has oecupiea a large
niche in my heart. - The. desire to .
gaae upon a bird capable of digwting -food
to which even the ostrich aever , .
aspired pursued me by day and tiuc
tured my dreams by night.. r";Yaat.; -yoa
sek: for- all your lite you will.,
oome upon suddenly when the whole
family Is at dinner,?, says Tboreau.
I met tbe caesowary-aC dinner. He
dinning alone, having left his family
In Africa, aud I mast say that 1 nev
er met with a greater disappointment.
Were it not foe the touching iotinia
tion of tbe hyma A etsould. believe it
impossible (or him to eat a miHeiona
ry. A quieter,.- more amiable bird,
aever stood on two,, lege. A polite
attendant stirred him up for me, yet .
his temper and his feather reuiaiue-1
unrumed. Perhaps if our geograpit
icsi position had changed to Xiruiuic-.,.
too, and I had been a mUsiouaxjj with ,
by ma book in hand, the cassowary
mieht hav realised my expectations. -As
it was, one more illusiou .vanished -
and I wetMled my way home, stuMer
.arid wier, . . ,