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MBSSgmt92 ILJjjM,lw JilliluMH II.I1JI I. ii -
THE BELMONT CHRONICLE.
AND FARMERS, MECHANICS, AN) MANUFACTURERS' ADVOCATE.
NBW StUHBS.-VOL. 5. NO. 16. ST. CL1IRSVIHB,. ffilO, PHUT, JlllMIT 14, 1853. WHOLE NO. 796
1 1. ,n i , .
THE BELMONT CIIRONICM
PUBLISHER EVERT FBIDAY MORRTEO,
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THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS. POETRY.
From an English Paper.
THERE'S ROOM ENOUGH FOR ALL.
What need of all this fuas and strife,
Each waning with his brother;
Why should wc, in the crowd of life,
Keep trampling down each other?
Is there no goal that can be won,
Without a fight to gain it;
No other way of getting on,
But grabbing to obtoin itt
Oh! fellow-men, hear wisdom then,
In friendly warning call
"Your clans divide, the world is wide
There's room enough tor all!"
What if the swarthy peasant find
No field for honest labort
He need not idly stop behind,
To thrust aside his neighbor,
There is a land of sunsUjs,
Where gold for toll is glftm,
Where every brawny hand that tries
Its strength, can grasp a living.
Oh! fellow-men, remember then,
Whatever chance befall,
The world is wide, where these abide,
There's room enough for all.
From poisoned sir ye breathe in courts,
And typhus tainted alleys,
Go forth and dwell where health resorts,
In fertile hills and valleys.
Where every arm that clears a bough,
Finds plenty attendance,
And every furrow of the plough
A step of independancc.
Oh! hasten then, from fevered den,
And lodgings cramped and small,
The world is wide in land, beside
There's room enough for slL
In 'his fair region far away,
Will labor find employment,
A fair day's work, a fair day's pay,
( And toil will earn enjoyment,
Wliat need rhey, of this daily strife,
Where each wars with his brother?
Why need we through the crowd of life,
Keep trampling down each other?
From rage and crime that distant clime
Will free the .super's thrall;
Take fortune's tide; the world so wide,
Has room enough for all.
There is not room if one may own,
The land that others toil on;
If gold be dug, or grain be sown
For drones to gorge and spoil on!
But if to each the equal chance
To plough and dig be guarded,
To competence may all advance.
Through honest toil rewarded.
There's room, and more thnn room, we know,
And gold beyond the mountains;
Then let the land, and chance for gold,
Be free as nature's fountains.
THE REIGN OF PETTICOATS.
'Timothy Brown, stand up,' said hia Hon
or the Mayor, while trying the watchhouse
cases this morning, to a slim, nervous looking
creature, in the prisoner's dock.
Timothy stood up, but instead of casting Ml
eye towards the Mayor, he kept them fixet
upon a short and somewhat corpulent lady
with a aiMifigurcd shawl thrown over hei
rather broad shoulders, and a bonnet coveret
with flowers upon her head, who sat on thi
opposite side of the court room. At the timt
Mr Brown's name w -s called, she was cngagei
packing sundry little articles in a highly or
namented reticule. As he raised his body
however, she raised her head, and their eye
' ' met A kick from a horse could not havi
.hocked Timothy more severely, for he cer
'tainly would have fell had not his hands njr
votrtly grasped the railings of the dock.
-Mr. Brown," said the Mayor, "you an
charged with abusing your wife.
Yes that's the charge,' replied the lad;
we have mentioned, rising and making a cour
tesy, 'for, may it please your Honor, I am hi
"Has he been abusing you madam!
aj jinever did,' stammered Browr
ae she' .
.'Mr Brown," cried Mrs. B., stamping he
foot upon the floor, which apparently chille
the heart of her husband, 'Mr. Brown wi
T You hold your peace while I am speakinf.
Remember, air, that we are not now alone n
our domicil, where peace once reigned suprem
but which, alas! is now the abode of miserj
I stand now under the protection of the lav
and justice, with her blinded eye. and unei
ring sword, shall decide the difference betwee
"Mary, for Heaven's sake, don't '
"Mr. Brown, hold thy peace; you are
prisoner; prisoners are not allowed to speak
'You,' said the Mayor, charge your busbar
with abusing you-did he strike you!'
No sir that he dare not do. Strike m
! f Let him over attempt that, if he wishes thi
broomiiandle broken over his head.'
'In what manner, then, did he abuse you
I must know this before lean further proceet
with the cause.'
'Please your honor,' trcmously said Brown
'I can tell you all '
, 'Mister Brown, ict'W you be silent?' inter
i rupted Mrs. II , with another stamp of herfoot
I which effectually stopped the tongue of hei
husband. Then turning to the Mayor, she
I I said 'That man, sir, was once the idol of my
i heart. I believed that he loved me at that lime,
but Heaven knows, sir, I have found my mis
take. He is a tailor by trade, sir a journey
man tailor as good a tailor as ever stitched
a pair of print but it profits me nothing now.
What is a husband, your Honor, without af
fection, which is the admiration of our sex
the acme of our heart's enjoyment!'
'Mary! Mary! I do love you,' cried Mr.
'You once did, Timothy, you oncedid, but
you do not now. My heart i. shrouded in
darkness, Timothy black dismal darkness.'
'Will you please tell me, madam, in what
manner your husband assaulted you!' inquired
the Mayor growing impatient.
'Oh, pardon me, sir,' replied Mrs. B.'but
my troubles so distract my mind, that I know
not what I say. Timothy, you will one day
repent all this.' Here Mrs. B., rested her
forehead upon her hand for a minute, as if in
deep study, and then addessed the Mayor as
'I will tell you all, though shame parch my
lips. I have told you we were onco happy,
but a change in his habits has ruined our peace.
For your better understanding, allow me to
say, that woman naturally yearns to dissemi
nate good among the chilhlren of Eve. Her
heart, naturally more refined than man's,
socks to penerate the recesses of darkness, &
shed righteous light upon poor humanity. I
am a woman, and have the feelings of a wo
man, and therefore seek to aid with my feeble
powers, the various reforms which now agitate
the world. I have attached myself to a sew
ing society for the relief of distressed emi
grants, the members of which meet '
'To talk about other people's business, slily
'At Mrs. Smith's every Tuesday evening,
and I am bound to attend it. And I am also
a member of the Ladies' Society for the Dif
fusion' 'Of Domestic discord,' again whispered
'Of Internal Knowledge, which meets every
Wednesday evening. Being a member of
the Female Improvement Association, I ne
cessarily attend its sittings every Thursday
evening, to '
'Learn nonrense and the devil's mischief,'
softly whispered Brown.
'See that the important interests of the As
socialon aro stot neglected. My EViday avert
ings are spent at Squire Hills, making '
'Mischief among the neighbors,' said Brown.
'Clothing for the suffering Heathen. Ev
ery Saturday evening, the married woman's
deba ing society meets, and being Monitress,
it demands my attention above'
'Your domestic duties,' happily whispered
'Every th ing else. Sunday is the day of rest
for us all.'
'Except me,' said Brown, bravely.
'For relaxation, I attend every Monday
evening, the Rev. Mr. Longbreath's popular
Lectures on popular ideas.'
Does your husband attend you to all these
places, madam!' inquired the Mayor.
'Bless you! no, thereby lays my complaint.
Formerly he objected not to my doing good;
but latterly he seems disposed to forbid me all
the privileges. Last evening, when I put on
my bonnet, preparatory to accompanying my
particular friend, Mr. Adam3, to the lecture,
he threw down the bady. (and Brown began
to tremble again,) and declared openly that he
would neither nurse the brat or clear up the
supper dishes. My feelings were so shocked
that I nearly fainted; for in six years of mar
ried life, Mr. Brown never before refused to
perform his share of our domestic, duties.'
'What did hedo after that!' coolly asked the
'Nothing, sir, but obstinately refused to dc
' his duty. After persuading him in vain, 1
i called in the officers of the law & had himar
; ; rested. I intended to show him that law ant
justice will sustain me.'
i 'You are mistaken madam. He has nol
I offended the law, however much he may havt
, offended you. I discharge him.'
'Discharge him! Heavens! is there n
I remedy for our sex! and will even the law in
i suit us when we ask for redress! Oh! woful
i woful, indeed, is the condition of society!'
1 She looked the Mayor in the eyes tor a few
- minutes, aa if expecting response, but getting
, none, turned to her husband. She gave hin
s a glance which almost melted him inhiB seat
; and then harshly stamped her little foot, shi
- said to him:
'Timothy, begone! I'll seek redress amonj
those who deal out justice.'
3 Mr. Brown obeyed, but with a tremblinj
step. His wife followed him, amid the laugh
r terof all who had witnessed the rich scene.
- Cincinnati Times.
The Quaker and the Countrymen.
A Quaker passing through the market stop
ped at a stall and inquired the price of cit
r "I hove none," said the honest country
d men, -'that will suit; they aro decayed an
II their flavor is gone."
', "Thank thee, friend, I will go to the uex
I "Hast thou any good fruit to-day!" said h
' to the dealer.
' "Yes; sir; here are some of the fincRt nut
megs of my garden. They are small bu
P rich of their kind."
"Then thou canst recommend them?"
"O, certainly, sir."
a "Very well; I will take two."
' He carried them home, and they proved nc
only unsound but miserably tasteless.
The next morning he again repaired to th
!? same place. The man who sold him tl
. trult on the prcceeding day asked him if hi
would have some more.
! "Nay, friend; thou hast deceived me once
I and now, although thou speak the truth, stil
I cannot trust thee; but thy neighbor chose
! to deal uprightly with me, and from hence
forth I shall be hi. patron. Thou would'.'
. do well to remember this, and learn by ex
! perience that a falsehood is a base thing ir
i the beginning, and a very unprofitable on
in the end."
From Authur's Home Gazette.
A SCENE FROM REAL LIFE.
BY MRS. ALICE ATKINSON.
'My wife feels as though she was laboring
very hard for the benefit of others.'
This was spoken by a man who considered
himself a good husband; but if he had been
one in reality, would his wife have beer
troubled with such, fe elings! "
Let us consider the subject, and take an
occurrence from cvery-dy Hfe, to illustrate it.
Mr. B arises in the morning with
the intention of going to the city, a distance
of twenty miles, and back the same day. In
his haste to be gone lie does not observe thai
his wife is pailer than usual. Her health has
been poor for a long time, and htr altered ap
pearuncc now, is noteven noticed. Although
they are in comfortable circumstances, yet
neither feel able to keep hired help. As the
husband loves neatness and order, for which
the wife is remarkable, the latter determines
that her washing shall be done in his absence.
Hut many things arise to hinder, the wood
is poor and will not burn the babe requires
more care than usual. The sun has passed
the meridian and is hastening on its daily
course; but the work is not half done. She
pictures to herself the children quietly sleep
ing in their snug little bed, the floor mopped,
fire bright and cheerful, the table spread with
its 6nowy cloth, and her husband's favorite
dish prepared, ere his return.
But, alas! bright anticipations vanish; the
day is passed, and 'evening shades uppear,'
the babe becomes more troublesome and now
takes all the mother's time. She has nearly
succeeded in quieting it, when she hears the
well known step on the threshold; her hus
band enters; he sees the unfinished washing
with all its accompaniments of tubs and pails;
the fire lias nearly gone out, and his little
boy, two years old, is splashing water from
one thing to another, in great glee. Mr.
B seizes the child, and places him in
a choir in the corner, with so much violence
that the room quickly resounds with his
screams. He then whips him to still his
cries, that his own voice may he heard.
Every blow pierces the mother's heart, but
she knows remonstrance is ain, and lets
things take their course in silence.
-Her turn comes next, and he can hardly
'TlnC words strong enough to express his in"
j dignation; among moiy otlier tilings, he tells
her she never has anything in order, he never
knew her to have a fire; or a meal in season.
By this time, the babe was fairly aroused,
anil it needed considerable exertion to hush
its plaintive cries, but by carrying it about in
her arms the mother was at last triumphant
She next prepared their evening meal
with as much alucrity us exnausted nature
would alow; and, as her husband sipped his
tea, and enjoyed the genial warmth of the
jfire, the irritability of kis temper passed off,
. and with it all thoughts ot the late unhappy
occurrence. He soon retired to rest, and in
! refreshing sleep, forgot the toils of the day.
I His wife had now her washing to finish, and
I everything to put in its place, even her hu
j band's bootjack; for, with all his love of
order, he frequently forgot to put up his own
j things. When she had accomplished all, she
too retired to rest, but not to sleep-no; every
nerve was unstrung; and, as she laid hei
throbbing head on its pillow; and vainly at
tempted to sleep, the events of the day would
crowd themselves into her mind. Yet she
would not allow herself to think unkindly o
her husband. She tried to reason thus
'Have I not a good husband! Does he not
provide for my actual wants, according to the
i best of his ability!'
But, notwithstanding all her endeavors
I I the crued words which had been utterred b)
him in wrath, would rush into her mind, like
' unbidden guests, until tears began to flow ii
' profusion, and memory became busy. Thet
he thought of the happy home of her girl
hood, of the mother that watched over her, o
1 the days when the rose of health bloomed oi
her cheek, and her brow was unclounded b;
' care. But, most of all, her memory revertei
' to the bridal day, when her lover promised
' in the presence of God and man, to love
cherish and protect, unti1 death :ihould then
' part. She asked herself if she had ever beei
unfaithful to the marriage vow; conscienci
1 answered no, had she not studied her bus
hand's happiness with unerring zeal, unt
2 self was all forgotten, health gone, constitu
tion enfeebled! And, now, as she felt hei
I self less able to perform the duties requirei
of her, she felt that her love had been ill
' repaid. Thus, after . a day of overta6ke
labor, and nearly a night spent in tears, th
wife sunk into an uneasy slumber, to be dis
turbed at intervals by her babe, until th
dawn of another day, when the well reste
husband called upon his wife to rise, nc
" doubting but she was as much refreshen, a
Now, what had that husband gained by a
" this! Had not his wife done her best, an
what could she do more! It is true, he kie
not of her grief and tears; he knew not tho
I such treatment was hastening her to th
grave, she daily sunk under the accumulate
e weight of care, he knew not that the caus
was in any way attributed to himself.
" , Yet, it would have required but little fc
' bearance on his part to have spoken a kin
word or sympathized with her a little. Sh
would then have performed the same dutit
with cheerfulness, and considered herse
happy in the possession of such a husban
II And when her head rested on Ub pillow, at
she Btrove to hush its throbbing!, no iinagi
e but such as affection brings would J ha'
el haunted her imagination; and her slumbe
would soor have been a calm as those ol
the loved or.e. beside her.
, If any man, who hat a care-worn wife,
I chance to read this article, let him look well
I to the subject; and if he wishes to be met
with a smilo or look of happiness, lot him
t strive by hi own example, g sow the good
seed of affection, and he will be sure to reap
i an abundant harvest, for 'virtue is its own re
From the New Orleans Picayune Dec. 19.
From the New Orleans Picayune Dec. 19. LOSS OF THE WESTERN WORLD---
THRILLING DESCRIPTION BY
Another of these lamentable accidents
, I which are of such painfully frequent occur
I rence in these waters, has taken place on
1 1 the Mississippi.
On Tuesday, the 14th instant, at a qunr
u tcr before 5 o'clock in the morning, the
j steamboat Western VYiuJcL on her way (Jown
jcviine in collision a jTif bend just below
j Princeton, with the steamboat H. It. XV.
Hill. The concussion wig so Blight as not
j in the least to alarm me (hough I was lying
' awake in tny berth. In a few seconds, how
ever, hasty and frequent cries of "Get up!
get up! she's sinking!" resounded through
: the saloon. With solemn silence and hur
ricd movement each sprang from his bed, and
snatching hastily at what was within reach
; and of value rushed out.
The Hill was alongsiif. Some first threw
; thoir small valuables on her; some with a
! stronger impulse for selKpreservation, sought
' only their individual safety. In less than
five minutes the World carjened partially
over. Some persons on her slid down the
1 columns that support the saloon deck, and
scrambled onboardthe Hill us best they might.
1 Finding that the World did not go over en
tirely, n gangway plank was run out from
the Hill to her saloon. Over this many more
, persons escaped. Sonjp even returned to
the World and saved 'fair baggage. A sol
j emn and awful silence reigned, except when
broken by those on board the Hill ordering
back the tide of people which rushed to her
side to witness the cataBtrophe.
Some ten minutes had elapsed from the
moment the boats came in collision, when a
frightful crash was heard, and careeningcom
pletcly over, the Western World went to pie
ces, the lurid light of torches revealing the
death struggles ol scores of the unfortunate
cattle that had not been cast loose.
But was all human life saved! Whoknew!
How few cared! One at least could bear
' bitter testimony to a sad negative. He stood
j near the stove, a half naked infant in his arms,
two other, at his feet. Ten minutes have
turned him from a man to an idiot. Hi.
mind is too far gone to exhibit grief no
heaving sighs and bursting 6obs all is va
cancy to his wild, iin3'"i.'iW -?Ure. The
"Crie or his' bosom arf ttvo uf-rVc bis chil
dren are buried in the dark waters of the
Others were lost some twelve or fifteen.
They were not saloon passengers or negroes;
I these had places in the upper pojrt of the boat
whence egress was easy by numerous doors.
' The helpless deck passenger., cribbed in be
low, stowed among freight with no chance
of egress or escape in case of a sudden ac
cident of this nature, were the victims.
Were they prepared for such a catastrophe!
Such is the construction of Ike locality they
j are placed in, that few of the strongest and
coolest can ever escape. Only one poor wo
j man in this instance escaped by crawling
; through the running water under the feet of
the cattle, whence she emerged covered with
It is said, and truly, that there is great in
I difference to human life ha. tljspe regions. I
' confess it was a painful sight cw witness such
. a total absence of any proper feelings as was
, ! exhibited on this melancholy occasion. The
I bar of the H. R. W. Hill was the first place
visited by many who had just escaped death,
f and even while the holy work of rescue was
. going on, the ribald jest circulated freely
among those who sat drinking and smoking
i around the stove, unchecked even by the
sight of the poor idiot and his three children,
( who, standing at the same fire, must have
, reminded them that though they were saved,
. others had been hurried but an instant before
, 1 into eternity.
A PASSENGER ON THE LOST STEAMER.
f An Irisman, working in a forge, gol
, a particle of hot iron in hi. eye. He was
. in great pain, and his suflbring drew some
j ; persons about him. Among them was a boy
! fourteen years old or so, who said, with a
. : cool, speculative eye upotite violent face
. I of the man:
1 1 'Will you give me half a dollar if Igettha
3 out of your eye!'
'Hey!' exclaimed the Iriahman, taking bin
j ' in, with his serviceable optic, I'll give yoi
1. 1 anything I'll give you a dollar.'
Away the boy ran, and came with a mag
1 net, with which, in about a minute, he drevt
y out the Iron atom! Paddj winked water
j eyes, and swore an oath of relief and grali
c tude. He then gave the (operator the hal
e 'Holy Mother,' said the hoor fellow', sis
j ter, who stood by; 'thenj Yankee childrei
t cld do anything. J
A hoy was detected by a police officer ii
I Now York a day or two ince, in picking i
j lady's pocket, as was sup losed, of a wallet
v The boy was taken befor a justice and tin
lady followed for the pu pose of making i
,. complaint. On searchin; the boy, nothing
4 was found but the half f . Dutch cheese
ie which the lady unwillingly y confessaed wa:
tho article purloined fromTher pocket. She
r. much mutified, took her departure without en
i( tering a complaint.
e :" j i
,t Passinq Away. Thej following though
II from Goethe, is peculiarly appropriate tovth
j present season: "The yeaj- is going away W
, j the sound of bells. The Wind passes over t
n stubble and find, nothing to move. Only th
,e red berries of that slender tree, seem as
rs they would fuin remind us of somethir
cheerful; and the measured beat of the
thresher's flail calls up the thought, that in
the dry and falling ejr, tuts so mwJi rVurin
mini and lift:."
L 1 lie annexed amusing sketch w ill bear to
be twice told. It appeared originally in the
.V. Oi Delta. Secure your button boles,
reader, and then commence:
( Scene in front of a fashionable Hotel.
Gentleman , (dismounting from hi. home.;
SUbltT attend refrigerate my beast by
allowing him thrice to circumambulate yonder
fountain; that accomplished, to imbibe a
moderate quantity of acqucous particle.;
conduct him thence with care to the repository
for wearied beasts; and having clothed in
Ijstre his dusky skin by a gentle application
of the vegetable materiel vulgarly calied
straw, suffer him In quiet to partake food
which .hall afford notvi.hment and generate
Stalikr, (laughing.) 'Wha-a-at sir?'
Umt 'What, sir! Stand you thus like one
who has not reason in his soul, while this
poor beast whose every pore's a fount of
gushing strength, valetudinary beneath Sol's
oppressive rays! Ye volatile barbarian!'
Utah. (Still laughing more unrestrainedly.)
'I cant understand a word you Bay, but I
s'pose you want your horse put up!'
dent. 'Stupidity unequalled! Landlord!
Fulminate ywu censure cgainst the
tardy churl who thus iiianifestsoppugnation
to my desires; and conduct me to secluded
apartments, and bring restorative of the most
vivilic character to reinstate in their former
power the varyingenergics of my exhausted
Landlord. (laughing.) 'I will.'
Gent. 'Preposterous! And you sir, unite
in the disgraceful merrmetit of your minion!
I should really surmise myself the first of the
species you had ever beheld.'
Landlord. (Laughing still mure,) Indeed
you are, sir.'
Gentleman. 'Terminate this prolix scene,
and officiate as my guide to aparrnents. At
the hour of dinner summon me; if wcarness
should have caused me to be recumbent in
repose, gently reanimate me with the breath
of a fan.'
Scene 2 the Dining Hall.
CtttU, Seating himself at the table
dinner over others standing in the room,) 'I
should judge voracity and ignorance the
prevailing characteristics of this mansion, j
see nothing amid these reeking ruins worthy
; the regard of a gentleman's palate. Waiter,
I desire a female fowl sufficiently but not
redundantly made edible by fire. (It is brot.)
Waitr, dissect with care, the same; do
hot violently seperate the parts lest my joints
! suffer dislocation from the discordant sound.
(It is done.) Waiter, pjace a tender portiin of
ItTTe breast upon my plate with the necessary
accompaniments.' (It is done as ordered,
and the gentleman commences his dinner.)
A wag, who with others had observed
the proceedings, seated himself at the table
opposite our hero.
Wag. 'Vaiter, furnish me with a female
fowl; be sure of her virginity.' (The waiter
understands the joke and docs as he is
Wag. 'Vaiter, divide these parts into
portions suited to my deihle capacity.'
Wag: (Opening his mouth and throwing
himself back in his chair.) 'Vaiter, place
one of them within the orifice before you.'
(Our hero begins to understand the quiz, and
is evidently disconcerted.)
Wag. 'Vaiter, wag my jaws.' Amid,
roars of laughter and curses upon his lips
our hero rushes from the room.
LUNCH ROOM IN THE CAPITOL.
the best lunch to be hud in the 'city of
magnificent distances," is In the lunch room
at the Capitol. The renders at the universal
Cotton Plant must not be surprised to hear
that, within the walls of the Capitol of this
great republic, is just as snug and cozy a res
turant as is to be found any where in the
world. Here chubby-looking pigs, that seem
to have been caught (as the artists have it) &
cooked in the agonies of death; turkeys, and
chickens kicking up their legs; ducks with
folded wings; beef beautifully roasted; ham "ir
champaigne;" suspicious looking bottles; long
necked do; silver-capped do; black do; blue
do; green do; square do; and stout do; with
eggs, and butter, and coffee, and sugar, etc.
! etc., are congregated to satisfy "the assem
bled wisdom thut all's right in the country.'
(The roast pig, which looks as though it had
died of apoplexy, shows that.)
It is a marvelous sight to see General Casi
and Gktnoral Rusk talking over the "Texai
I boundary," with their mouths full of bread &
butter; to see Soule and Summer vis-a-vL
. over the agonizing turkey; to deliberate upor
. the sublimity of Seward, perferring his fingen
to a fork, as he munches away at the "drum
stick" of a chicken, (of which he is fond.)
, say it is a marvellous sight.
, Just fancy Old Jacinto and Borland, after i
tilt in the Senate, to a breathlessaudiencc:
( Houston. "liorlandi I rather got on tin
con-sti-tu-tiun-al'' (his voice lost in a hngi
mouthful of roast beef and dry crackers.)
. Borland. "I don't know, exactly (piect
of pickle) I think the Constitution Is clea
on the point. (Piece of ham.) There mat
b? some slight modification (brandy & wat
. or) due the question in .11 its expansions
(unbuttons the lower button of his waistcoat
, but I'm of the opinion, General (anothei
. piece of ham) that you are wrong (finishe
, the brandy and water.)
Just behind these, Hale is making Hunte
. laugh his eyes out, while in a corner you wll
see a couple of cabinet men (the 'undertakers
of the. Administration) with the "Speaker
mingling the probability of a war with Eny,
land with a "toddy" that would even temp
t Sum Houston.
e The room is always Open, but conducte
r, with great propriety. There are many othe
j "nice little things" about the Capitol. Cot
w ton Plant.
2 To swear is neither brave, polite, nor wise
WOt .' '. . .'. 10 J i. ' iaM
Atlantic and Pacific Railroad.
I lie W ashmglon correspondent of the N
I Y. Journal of Commerce, uftrT referring ti
the various projects which have been st.rtci
for the construction of a railroad bc;tweot
the Atlantic States ar.d our territories on, th'
P.cific coast, and the difficulties and objee
lions connected with then, goes on t- gay
But, fortunately, a solution of all the man
ifold difficulties with which thU question ii
surrounded is found in the propos'lion sTWel
i. about to be in.de to Congress by an a
.ociation of enterprising engineers capital
lata and financiers of the State of New York
Thi. association will be prepared nex
week, to subm;t to Congress, in a forma
manner, a project which ha. already beei
brought to the notice of many members, ant
has been approved by them for construe
tion "A military and post road from tho Val
ley of the Mississippi River to Sin Francisco
in California, of other place on the Pacific
Ocean." The compaiiy consists of men ol
the most enterprising character, and the
greatest, amount of practical information
and the widest influence and credit, and tl.'i
large-t wea!lh in New York. They are to
be chartered as a Company by the New York
Several agents of the association have al
ready Visited Washington and conferr; I frith
mem! ers of both Hotiaea, and hive been in
vited to bring forward their project.
Mr. Cbttfleld, Mr. KeAlpiat, and Gen.
Clarke were here for some days, a. agetits of
the association, and were probably among its
The details of their scheme are yet sub
ject to some alteration; but, in a word, thry
propose to relieve Congress of all difficulty
as to the location of tl e road, by selecting
the route themselves. They o.Ter to make
I the road within five tears, and by that time
to have it in complete operation. They ask
of the Government no public lands except
what may be necessary for the purpose of
the road. They undertake to procure the
assent of every State or Stater, within the
boundaries of which the road may pus;.
They ask of Congress a loan of thirty mil
lions, to be issued in five per cent, stock, and
delivered to the Company as they progress
with the road, at the rate of fifteen thousand
dollars a mile. Thus, upon the completion
and furnishing with necessary apparatus for
travel, fifty continuous miles, they are to re
ceive stock to the amount of seven hundred
and fifty thousand doilnrs.
The Company are to pay off the loan in
thirty years, and in failure thereof, the Gov
ernment la ".o lake possession of the road and
its appurtenances. The Government may
also, at the end of twenty years, purchase
the road and take possession of it, with all
; the appurtenances, on paying to the compa
iny the actual cost thereof.
The Company shall construct a single l:ne
. of magnetic telegraph along the entire line
of the Road, so as to be ready for operation
;on the completion of the road. The Com-
pany is to carry the messages of the Gov
j ernment without charje, and they are also to
! transport the mails of the U. S-, and mail
I agents, and troops, ordnonce, military stores,
natal stores and supplies, Indian supplies,
etc., free of charge to the Govornmert.
Such is the outline of this bold and truly
great and beneficial project; and I have
very little doubt, con-Merino the auspice;
under which it is brojght forward, that it i;
to be successful.
It is understood, however, t!i".t the Com
pany have not designated or selected any
route as yet, and may take theMlaauurinsnte,
or Gov. Roane's route, or Gen. Rusk, or thut
which a Texan Company has designated from
El Paso to San Diego, or, with the assent
of Mexico, M. Dupugr.ier's route, through
Sonora. They take the wide range of the
Mississippi valley for a point of departure.
THE OHIO BANKS.
The first of November, 1832, we had, In all
68 banks in Ohio, whose condition pres?nteJ
the following aggregate figures:
Capital stock 87.115,00!
Eastern Deposits 3237.000
! State Stocks in Treas. 2.S03.O00 8,72 1 ,00'
This shows that, with all the efforts to dis
1 credit the Ohio banks, their condition is gooi
1 and safe to the note holder, depositor, ttock
' holder, and the public yet their circulatioi
is restricted and curtailed, until it has fullci
fur below what is required for ordinary busi
ness transactions, and the consequence i
' natural one is an increased amount and va
riety of the notes of distant and foreigi
' banks, to supply business necessities, whicl
' neither gold nor legislation can supply. Tin
1 best judges estimate the amount of currenc;
' required for the transaction of our extende
! trade to afford it healthy accommodatio
and facilities, but not to surcharge or ove
stimulate it at forty millions of dollars, lea
1 ving a field for the circulation of the notes c
foreign banks to an amount of more tha
twenty-eight and a half millions! These fot
' eign notes are only convertible at dktar
points, and at considerable cost. This les
" sens their value in the hands of the holder;
r and, consequently, gives them more activ
' and diffused circulation. These note, ai
generally small ones, and while kept alloa
are in the hands of the many, not the wea
thy or largo operators; and if any of th
banks issuing them fail, the loss must fa
8 mostly on the poorer class of citizens. Tl;
notes of our bunks are known, and may b
1 easily converted into coin in case of difficu
, ty, and, moreover, they are perfectly saj
made so by deposited Slate stocks or comb
ned responsibility. Which class of thei
notes furnish the safest circulation! Oi
own or foreign banks! Our own beyoi
j doubt. Why then, we nsk, pursue u coun
calculated to increase tho circulation of t)
,r poorest currency? Because the currency,
which ell of us have a like interest, is mat
I a political hobby lor demagogues to pran,
J tbii '""uection we copy belo.v part
(an Brticle on the present condition of our mo
. netary afTnirs, in the last Columbus Elevator,
, j which contains observations well deeerving
I consideration. The article fays: (Cm. Oat
1 "Ohio f not likely, in case of a sudden re
; Vullion in business, to mfTer the less, but ra
ther the more becaose'the baa not contributed
: her .hare of paper money. It is certain that
' 'an inferior class nf bunk paper is in conse
'ii":ice palmed upon her confiding cttltena.
1 Ti.e v. hole of our bank issues doee not prob
'! ably exceed thirteen millions, and from the
Vfi-t qnanlity and high prices of our aurplus
pr tstoett, and the great number of railways
1 inproirress of construction, forty millions are
' probably required to transact our business.
1 Twet ty-five millions, therefore, are furnish
' ed from other Stales). Like a large number
of our fellow citizens, we are wholly ignor-
: ant of the character of this PaPSVi a we are
of those who administer the arfuirs of thoae
1 institutions. We are far from wishing to
' create alarm or distrust; but ,t would be al
most smirtclo if all these multitudinous
nanking institutions should be sound and ho
nestly conducted. Unless jreat care and vi-
' pilance shall be used, wc shall be pleasantly
disappointed if our confiding citizens, by-and-by,
ar.d p. obnbly sooner than i.' generally ex
pected, shall not be most cruel'y "vindled."
; We woulj ask our citizens to turn back to
about the year 1838, and see whether things
do not look a little now as th'-y did thca.
Our Legislator, should not handle roughly
the delicate machinery which constitute,
credit. It Is dangerous to stop a machine
, suddenly which has acquired too much velo
city. They ought to do something, however,
to iruard the community against imposition,
and frauds, not forgetting at theaame time
that the laws o! ct.-.n.-rf." nr stronger than
We ;.:!.!, '-or bank for not
djing inre to prevent the cmHmlon of
doubtful foreign paper amongst the people.
They ought as soon as possible without inju
ry reject all such issues as they deem the
least doubtful, and give timeiy notice of such
intentien. Thi3 is a duty we think they owe
the public, and we call upon tbera to perform
It. We are not, however, of those who would
t,et the dogs upon our own sheep to drive out
l our neighbors' that had broken in amongst
them much less would we destroy our flock
that theirs goats and ull, might batten on our
A Correspondent of the Sanduskey Register
writing from Columbus says:
'The Bank war is again to be commenced.
A few days since Mr. Gest introduced a bill
for the relief of payers of taxes illegally or un
constitutionally assessed, permitting them,
after paying the full amount assessed, to aue
f.r th-; r.-. .vry of the portion illegally
assessed. Pretty strong intimations hsUtebeen
gi-.cn out, that no fatlii'ul Democrat will vott.
for this bill. Its design was to allow batiks
to pay the taxes under t!ie ne w tux law, and
sue in the U. S. Court for the recovery of so
much as they can prove unconsititutiocal or
illegal. A bill litis also been introduced for
the more speedy collection of Bank taxes in
this Stat-, which authorizes Treasuer
tj use all necessary forjj to brenk
into the safes, vaults, rooms, dec, cf any bank,
and levy on the coin, notes &.c., therein, to
the , no int of the tax, anolhrr bill hes been
introduced for the safe keeping and disburse
ments of the public funds of Uhio, which
requires all receipts to be paid inspecie or
notes of tax paying hanks in this State, and
disbursement to be in ipeci-. Yery well,
the Banks most fight their own battles, and
not rely on the Whigs."
Negotiations with Great Britain.
1 ne negotiations between the Secretary
of State and the Britsh Minister, Mr. Cramp
1 ton are proceeding with due activity. What
the precise arrangements are, it is, of course
not easy to learn; but is known that Mr.
Crampton, is now waiting for further in
, structions in cider to finish the affair. It is
understood that not only has the subject of
the fisheries been discussed and reciprocity
) with the provinces adverted to, but the
) Hudson Bay Company, have manuagetj, also
to ley in their claim for certain possessive
' right in Oregon. Tiiis latter business, it
j will be remembered, was tried on during the
) j close of President Poik's administration, and
! the beginning of that of Gen. Taylor's, but
j unsucessful, notwithstanding the ingenous
j lobbying which was brought to b:ar. Several
miliions were then demanded for these
possessive rights; but as the Hudson's Bay
people could not show that their property
j was worth as many thousands, the idea was
at that time abandoned in disgust. It is
, now to be tacked to the codfish.
P Vast quantities of magnetic iron ore are
j i found in the neighborhood of White Hall,
n in the upper part of the county. We under
, i stand that, at this time, the Ashland Com
. j pany are procuring from 15 to 20 tons per
,r j day from a bunk belonging to Mr. James
n I Norris, about two miles east of White Hall.
.. About ten hinds are employed in quarrying
, it. Large quantities are also taken to Sarah
U Furnace, in Harford county. Much i. also
I procured from the property of J. M. McComas,
g in the same neighborhood, and plenty of it
,e also found on other farms near by. Some
t lumps taken from the land of Mr. John Wise,
i near the railroad, uppear to be rich.
e Baltimore county, so rich in many minerals,
II seems particularly favored with regard to
m that most valuable of metals, IruO. All that
gravelly laud, east and south of the city, ia
i full of it. Large beds of it lie slumbering on
l the Hampton estHte and in that neighborhood.
. At Timoniutn, Mr. Thomas Galloway is pro
se curing much very valuable ore, and if some
,, means could be adopted to drain his mines,
,j the supply would b1? inexhaustible. Mr. C.
!e Griscoin, a short distanco below Timoniiim,
ie is sending to Ashland cunnMearble ore. This
ln place is situated in the midst ol a rich iron
. region- that only require, a certainty of
' remuneration to bring it forth and convert it
to thousand uses of tho n'.-hallimort Coun
Of ty AdiKt.