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title: 'The Belmont chronicle, and farmers, mechanics and manufacturers advocate. (St. Clairsville, Ohio) 1848-1855, January 14, 1853, Image 2',
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THREE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE.
ARRIVAL OF THE ASIA.
Defeat of the Derby Ministry—Formation of
a New Cabinet.
NEW YORK, Jan. 5.
The steamer Asia Arrived this morning at
ton o'clock.. Site brings Liverpool dates to
the I9lh ultimo.
Cotton The eaten of the week were 37.000
bale, of which 6,600 were for export am)
8,000 for speculation. Orleans fair til;
Orleans middling 59-18; Uplands 5 J, middling
5 7-16. The market closed quiet.
At Manchester trade was steady.
The advices from India are considered
All the grain markets arc healthy. Fridiy's
market w as firm ; at a traction lower than
The ministry was defeated on Thursday,
on the House Tax by 19 majority. Lord
Derby ha? gone to Osborne to lay his resig
nation in the hands of the Queen.
Denniston St Co. quote breadstuff's as full
recovered, a ml having closed firmly at Fridny's
prises. The weather was wet and extremely
unfavorable. Western canal !28s Gd'ff'JDs.
Philadlphin and Baltimore- 29s(Sa9s Gd.
Ohio Ui 84(g 89a 6d. White wheat 7a
6da7a 10J. Red and mixed 6 9df7d 4d.
Yellow com 35a White none. Rosin no
aalea. Turpentine unchanged. Spirits of
Turpentine have declined to 49050. Yellow
dull, lower. Rice dull, no sales. Large
alee of American beef at ateady rates. Pork
acarce and dearer, L:ird advanced Odin, Is.
McHenry quotes breadstuff as having
nearly recovered, with an improving
Havre Cotlonmar'.et. There is no quotable
change. The sales of the week 4000
Tho Asia broke her shaft on her passage
I.ord Derby had gono to Osborne, post
haste, to place his resignation in the hands
of her Majesty. The futuro Cobinet is
already spoken of. It if thought there will be
a coalition uf Whigs, I'eelites, Moderates,
and Radical. Earl of Aberdeen is spoken
ofk leader in the House of Lords, and Mr.
Gladstone in the Commons.
nUahiiiet Council was held at noon on
Friday. All the ministers were in attendance.
After the Councilrose, Karl Derby Ntarted by
express iiinl steamer, to the Queen.
My telegraph to Liverpool. Marquis of
LausoWpe is Primer; Lord Aberdeen,
MinislelrForiv.'ii Allaire; Lord John Rosm-11.
LaiiBrWnnse of Commons; Gladstone,
Chancellor Exchequer! Osborne, Secretary of
War; Newcastle, Lord Lieutenant of Inland)
The country has been deluged with ruins.
Several towns on the river and coast have
Buffered really from the encroachments of
A telegraphic, despatch was received from
Imdon, stating that tho resignation of the
ministry w as accepted.
One of the Asia's was bent not broken.
She will work home safely.
Baring! Circular, represents money as
abundant out. ami in good demand. The
builion in the bank was near 91,000,000,
Consols above par. Americans stocks
were iu fair demand. United Stutes six per
cent, Bonds were scarco at 109,109.
Pennsylvania lives linn, at 8ilJ,(,f87j. 8jx m,r
cent, bond ".(.-Maryland lives have advanced
Arttutrae was committed nt Vienna, by
the authorities ol Austria, on an Englishman,
the correspondent of the London Morning
Chronicle, in consequence of letters which
have appeared in tho journal. Lord Ma
Imesbury's attention has been called to the
Prince Napoleon, son of tho ex-king of
Westphalia, has been appointed, to the govern
ment of Algeria. Ho is already forming his
The French loss in the siego of Laghona,
Algeria, is very severe.
T here is great consternation nt Constantino
ple owing t.i the relusal of the Dunk to re
ceive state paper, and the report that tho nort
of Zubljuc, on the Albanian frontier, had
been taken by storm, and the Turkish garrison
tnado prisoners by 300 Montunogros.
The Syrian campaign is over, and Scraskier
has returned to iiis winter quarters.
The Pope has expressed gratification at
the establishment of tho Empire, and will
viait France to crown Napoleon.
the country continues on the vcrgo of
FOREIGN NEWS BY THE ASIA—IMPORTANT.
The following synopsis of tho news front
Europe, brought by the Asia, is exceedingly j
iteresting. Among the most Important items,
aro the defeat of the English Ministry, the 1
contradiction of the report ol the approaching '
marriage of the French Emperor, the raiding
Kate of affairs in Italy and Spain, and the ex
traordinary yield of gold in AiiKtrulia:
Correspondence of the N. Y. Commercial Advertiser.
London, December 17.1852.
The anticipated Ministerial crisis haa ar- I
rived. Tho Government wero defeated last i
nigh iaj the hrt division on the budgftt by a 1
lurjonty of 19, the numbers having been 30.1
to ""., uud their resignation is now positive- t
ly expected. A short time previously they , f
had calculated upon u majority of about 8, in ! a
which case, it is believed, they would have I r
taken back the budget and modified it (since I
it hua been plain for several days that it was i
hopeless to attempt to curry it in its present b
form) and Mould have remained iu office pr.de I a
ably through the session. jo
The new Cabinet, it is thought, w ill be form- c
ed by a junction ol Lord John Ruaaell'a friends' o
and the prominent members of the Peel party. ' J
Lord Aberdeen (Lord Piilmerstoii's old vppo-! c
nent) ia expected to he premier, while Lord 1 1
John Russell w ill bo content to leud the Houae J
of Commons as Home Secretary, with Sir 'i
JuuieeGrahuin as Chancellor of the Exc.hr- s
quer. Loid Granville will probably be foreign ' a
Minister, and the Duke ol Newcaatle la like- : L
wise expected to take office. Lord Gray, Sir : a
Charles Wood, sV. Lord Carlisle, it is thought, 1 1
will not be included, and of course, also, Lord
Palmerston w ill remain out. These details, '
however, must be accepted for the present us n
mere matlera of-specnlalion. i c
The foreign intelligence of the past day or . t
two l.u be n Interesting. It appears that 1 1
the positive announcements, o lung circula-1 i
ted, of an existing engagement between the tl
Emperor and the Princess Vasa have proved I
to be false, and that the Priuceaa lia prefer- j
'fee) the Prim e Albert of Saxony, to whom (
he is positively engaged. This will he a c
great diaappointinvnt to the Parlaiaua, by
vhorn 'he marriage fetes were looked forward
:o with jrrent delight ; and at preaent nothing t
a said of any other lady having been found
:n share the Imperial throne. The reaction I
m the Paris Bourse, has continued throughout
the week, but not to any serious extent, and
there is no apprehension that n break up of
mania is immediately nt hand. Theadvancea
to he made by the new credit bank, which
has only just commenced operations, mny be
expected to produce a renewed inflnmntion
before the final catastrophe occurs. Mean
while, however, indications are not wunting
of the inevitable course which the affair will
run. Within the past three months there has
been a decrease equal to 415,000,000 in the
specie of the Bank of France, while its loans
upon stocks and shares have been in an in
verse ratio. The shares of a new credit bank
ere still ot a premium of about 150 per cent.
From Austria, intelligence haa been real
ceived that the correspondent of tho London
Morning Chronicle nt Viena whb arrested on
tho 10th Dec, and detained at the police
prison for some I .no, among ordinary crimi
nals, Without being allowed even to send to
bis (Hinds, He was about to post his dis
patch to the Morning Chronicle at the mo
J inent he was seized, and tho only reason giv-
en for his treatment was that his commnnica-
tions were hostile to Austria. At the time of
j his release, the polico accompanied him to
I his apartments and took possession of his pa
per. This I hold to be only one among a
multitude of illustration ,;of the result of Lord
Mahnesbury'a cringing but hollow deference
to "our old ally."
The intelligence from Italy is as distressing
as ever. Such is the universul feeling among
the population, that the Austrian soldiery look
upon every man as a conspirator, and no one
can reckon upon his safety for a single hour.
Radetzky bus lately demanded reinforcements
and his mercilesB sytcm is again in full vigor.
The fact of his son, Colonel Radetzky, having
been just compelled to quit the army on ac
count of continued drunkenness, has tendered
probably rather to increase thesevcrity of his
temper. Out of 30 persons condemned to
death a short lime since, by court martial, at
Este, 15 were executed, while theothers were
sent to hard labor for periods of from (i to i!0
years. At Mantua, out of 10 persons charged
with conspiracy, one-half were put to death,
and the remainder doomed to Imprisonment in
In Spain the convulsion which seemed im
minent, in consequence of tho avowed inten
sions of the government to bring about a
chunge in tho constitution, with the view to
the establishment of arbitrary power, has been
averted for llio moment, but tho stato of af
fairs Is still critical. The nature of tho cris
is had led till the vurious factions of the oppo
sition to unite for the purpose of resistance,
and eonspicious among them was Marsha!
Narvaez. Their meetings, however, were for
bidden, and us the press hail already been si
lenced, every power of combination on their
part was frustrated. Nevertheless, to make
all secure, it was decided by the government
to send Nurvuoz out of tho country, and he
was accordingly ordered oil at a few hours'
notice, on a pretended mission. Bravo Muril
lOi seems thus to have prepared for an ap
proaching coup d'etat, much after the fashion
of Louis Napoleon, and the c nly question that
remains us to his success is in connection
with the fidelity of the Army. They have,
however, been well paid of late, and carefully
watched, and it is believed thut they may be)
The Australian news becomes moro and
mora astonishing, A few days later advices
have been received, uml it appears tiiat ovon
during that time new and extensive deposites
had been discovered. Returns are also given
of the amounts set down by escort from Mount
Alexander and Bullarut mi una, in tho colony j
of Victoria, to tho sea portof Mcrbourue ulone,
from October, 1851, to the end of August,!
which show the steady increase of the yield.
They were ns follows;
October, 1851 18,48a
November " 60,878
December " 169,684
January, I85'J I07,!116
February " 111,778
March " r l'ja,778
Juno ' lli'J,990
July, '(after tho ralna) 353,183
August " 360,968
besides 40,000 ounces from adjoining locali
ties, milking an aggregate of 1 ,77:1,974 ounces
worth i sterling or $20 per ounce. This,1
however, does not nearly represent the entire
imounl collected even in Victoria alone, since 1
die miners retain considerable quantities in I
iheir own hands uml it is consequently esti- j
nalcdthut the actual produce for the eleven
nonthl Cannot have been less than '2,500,000 .
junces, worth 10,000,000 sterling. The!,
field from the gold fields iu New South Wales
irought down to Sydney, remains to bo ad- ;
led, and the recent discovery of un ex ensive
tract in South Australia will likewise have to
lie taken into account. In each of tho three
iiiloniea there is enough, it is now believed, to
reward all tho population that can pour iu for
pear. The New South Wales or Sydney
nines have been iu u great mousuro neglect- J
ul, on account of the scarcity of hands, but '
hey are believed to be almost interminable in
xtent, and iu some purls nuurly as rich as '
Mount Alexander In Victorin. '
One largo truct of 313,000 acres belongs
0 the Auslruliiin Agricultural Compuny, 0
Minded in London about twenty-eight yours 1
go, uml during the present weuk they have
Calved advices that the whole ol it seems to ''
e richly impregnated with gold, and that it '
1 impossible to estimate its .veulth. It a- '
oundo likewis with quartz; and some pieces
dually picked from Ihe surface by tho Gov
rument commtssionet, and subsequently teat-
d at Sydney, were found to yield 8 pounds 4
unres per tun, or in sterling vulue 350 or
: too. Upon each of the JCI00 shares of this
ompuny the sum puid up is 35, and less
i ui a ear ago they could been purchased for "
'14. Now, however, they areeugerly sought,
'hey were yesterday at 90, and have been
old to-day at 205. The compuny also poa
ess valuable coul mines, which will be '
ruiight i ul o extraordinary activity for the
upply of ihe varioua steamers thut have quit
ed England during the past summer. ''
The English funds have continued to show
rent aleadineaa. Tho announcement this al
norning of the Ministerial deloat poduced no
fleet upon them at first except a alight flat- "
ieee, from which they have fully recovered, '
he last quotation thia afternoon showing an
approvement of a quarter per cent. At the
eparture of the laat packet, they were at
lL and they are now ai 100. :
The report of tho Liverpool cotton market
,r Jho week shows fair busiuesa and re
overy of Lj "r lb. at
In the grain market there has been ccnUu- hi
d steadiness hut no further advance in quo- r
The next steamer from this side will be the (
ARRIVAL OF THE AMERICA.
HALIFAX. Jan. 9.
The steamer America arrived from Liver- 1
pool and brings dntcn to the 26th. Sales of '
cotton for the week 33,000, Speculative 2000, 1
export 1000. Orleana fair nt tfi middling 6L
upland fair Bl, upland middling 6; Western
cnnal flour 38, this market is in good demand
prices firmer. The American arrived at half
past It o'clock. The Humboldt wae detained
at Havre for want of water until Friday
The F:iglish Ministry have formerly re
signed. -Lord Aberdeen has been appointed j
inew Premier, with the entire concurrence of
Lord Lansdoune, Russell, and Palmerston.
The new Cabinet is unknown, but is rumored
that Russell takes the Foreign and Paliament
have refered solely to the transaction or the
Ministry. Lengthened statements were made
of tho causes leading to the defeat. Dis
Jraclli matlo a similar statement. BothHousea
adjourned until Thursday; re-adjourned un-
til the 37, when it is expected that the new
Ministry will be announced.
France remains quiet and politics dull.
Tho Emperor of Austria and kings of
Prussia and Hanover, are consulting at Berlin.
The insurrection in Turkey is spreading.
New Spanish Mineetry formed under the
Presidency of Rocali.
Mr. Ingersoll haa accepted an invitation to
attend the Banquet at Manchester on the 7lh
Arrangements are progressing favorably at
Limerick for establishing a line of steamers
W. M. Dyer haa been appointed British
Consul at Mobile.
The French news relates solely to the
movements of the Emperor.
It is stated that overtures of a conciliatory
nature have been made to ejjhc Cavugnac
party, but firmly declined.
Abd-el-Knder sailed on the 21st, in a
French war steamer for Turkey.
The Empire was proclaimed on bonrd the
French ships in the river Tagus on the 17th,
when the French flag was saluted by all the
English and American ships of war in the
The Princess Vnsu, with the Prince of
Saxony, have been officially announced.
The news by telegraph states that modifi
cations of iho French Constitution have been
officially published in Paris.
The llravo Merillcs Ministry in Spain have
resigned, and are succeeded by Gen. Romeati
as Present uud Foreign Minister. The Gov
ernment unnouces the reception of the most
satisfactory accounts from Cuba.
The Emperor of Austria is visiting the
king of Prussia at Berlin. Tho king of
Hanover ami other Potentates are also there,
and great festivities are going on.
The Turkey question is settled, the Porte
ceding all the demands of the French Embus
sudor. Tho money market is in a bad state. It is
reported that tho Bank of Constantinople has
A formidable rising in Albania is reported.
The whole Sclavish race in EumpeanTurkoy
are Bald to bo in a statu of insubordination.
Australian dates to tho 29th Sept. have
been received. Sidney has been declared a
free port. The gold fields aro very productive,
yielding 15 pounds per ton nt Adela.de. mud
25 pounds per ton at Sidney.
LATER FROM CALIFORNIA.
The steamer Daniel Webster from San
Juan on the 2d Inst., arrived at New Orleans
bringing news from California to tho 15th
December; being two weeks lutcr intelli
gence. She brings 100 passengers and $100,
000 in gold. She made her entiro trip frutn
Ban Juan to New Orleans in twenty-three
days, being the shortest trip on record.
The mail steamer to Panama will leuve
with $2,000,000 in gold. 1
Sun Jnuu heulthy.
No detention in crossing the Isthmus.
Several passenger that were uboard the 1
steamer City Pittsburgh, which was burnt at
Vuluparaiso, arrived at Van Fruncisco.
The ruiny sensou had generally commen
ced. Great Itoods causing dtimnge and much
loaa. But miners are operating successfully,
though with much inconvenience.
Thero is grout scarcity and high prices of
provisions, Flour has advanced above any
prico ever puid for it since tho discovery of
the county; also all othea provisiona greatly
advanced markets generally active; business
Sacrmnento city is nearly rebuilt.
Advices from tho Sandwich Islands sny
thero wus a great riot among the American
whaling sailors. 1
A terrible band of robbera was organized '
it Los Angelos causing great dread. '
ARRIVAL OF THE NORTHERN.
NEW YORK, Jan. 10.
The Northern Light arrived on Su.iday.
I'he steamer Pacific, left California i n the f
5th. Tho Hteamer New Orleam from
unuma arrived up. Tho Northeri Light t
iriuga 250 passengers. Tho Pucitic srrived
it Han Juan on the 27th.
The market al San Francisco have materi- (
lly declined, and exhibit still a downward
endency, particularly llour nml provisions. j
The . 'earner Brother Jonathan arrived up
u the 8th, and the Northerner on the 9th. j,
i'liemnil steamer Tcnneasee was to leave on
lie Hith with full files to dute. Tho Herald '
oea not report the probable amount of specie !'
A Ore recurred at Shasta, but not in the ,
usiness localities, consequently not many
oods burnt. !
The schooner Mary Howard from San
usn for New Orleans, with passonger list, Jj
n the 6th December, run on Quienta Juena j '
auk. Passengers and crew saved.
A terrible gale took place at Souora, Nov. ,
0th, causing a greittdeslruction of property. tj
'he Eagle und City Hotels and Musouic
tail nearly destroyed.
The murders of Gen. Beane have been
tken and were to be hung by lynch law. '"
The United States ship Portsmouth waa "'
: San Diego on the 38th of November.
Floods aro occurring on the rivers through- re
at the country, and the plums and valleys
re laat filling with water. Marysville and "'
uba City are inundated. .
The mining news are generally favorble. '
Immense preparations are being made for '
Jtting down wheat, corn, rye, &c, the com
ig aeaaon. 1,1
A Western editor lately publishec1 ,
i entire chapter fromthe bible, adding tint tki
d auppoacd it would be new to meet of his
eadcrs. It ia rem rkable that very large -nmkins
grow Wheti that chap waa raiaed h
Jin. Cat t
BELMONT Co. Dec. 28th. 1852.
MH. HOWARD Sir Several weeka ago I i
nserted in your pf sr a proposition for aaec
jnd exhibition oftl? two saddle horacs to I
A'hich the first and second premiums were I
warded nt our Into County Fair. My note 1
was short, plain, at 1 I think courteout. Dr. I
Estep him replied 1 1 it in a manner to which I
wide as the tcojie oj the atscrtion mny le) I did I
not suppose he wo Id descend. He begins
with the stale ski ig of poltical scurrility.
He anys Miti belli,, "ought to have aome
Scott aoup before he faints.' With a
power of concentration but little apparent
iu any other part of his long letter, the
Doctor condenses into this short sentence
a slur on both parties. Probably
this was intentional. Probably not
knowing my politica he determined, like
to old lady, who whipped all her chil
dren because she could not find ou the of
fender to make the thing certain by a thrust
at each party. Or he may have intended it
merely as a gratuitous prescription a pro
festional recipe generously volunteered. It
may be that it .van entirely relevant to the
question of an exhibition of horses, (not,
surely, If the animals are "well-bred") and it
mny ftf, too. thut it was very severe as to
myself, but really I can see nothing in it but
ground for inferences that will suggest them
selves as to the writer's talent and temper.
Therefore 1 shall not take the trouble and
get into an ill humor about thisorotlierciKaf
ly important items mentioned, nor will I even
raise them jo theAhrfitty of contempt by far
ther mention. Woe to the issue.
Dr. Estep says my "challenge contains
such a co.npound of positive declarations,
some of which ardso foreign from truth, that
it will be necessary to dissert some of the parts
most discasul and tlww their morbidcondilion."
But he has ulreadj prescribed, und now pro
poses to examine the disease. Should not
the examination citric first! I am only a
farmer and do not froless to know medical
philosophy and teeljnical rules, but merely
inquire. Such small authorities as "Gunn's
Domestic Medicine," and tho "Family Re
ceipt Book," suggest the propriety of exam
ining tho cuse liefore prescribing. But then
they may bo entirely wrong. Of course, in
n violent case, there is no time for this "Di
agnosis," I think it is the Doctors call it.
A bold dose mny ''mend or end" tho case .it
once und Hun examine it, as the doctor is
about to do this. Ho proposes "to dissect."
Whut is it ho threatens thus with the ter
rors of anntnrny-! kj&ade of Esculapius! be
present with thy disciple whenever again he
may wish "to disaoct." Even even, 'a
COMPOUND OF roHITIVK DECLARATIONS!"
But oh! if his scalpel bo as dull and rusty as
his sarcasm, and as awkardly handled as his
syntax, spare, "in pity, spare," living patients
from his inflictions. But as it is out uf my
line, I refer this professional brunch of the
question to the question to the "Belmont
The Doctor's "declarations" will need but
little "dissecting." Their "morbid condition"
Is apparent on the very surface. In my note
I said the decision was "contrary to the free
ly expressed opinion of the best horsemen
on the ground." The Doctor says he has
been able to find but one man who docs not
'give it in favor of his horso." This isolated
ami unfortnnaUi excepti in he dismisses by
another of bJs elegant and forcible similes,
lie pronoTfJvalSis "hofabmanshlp" ana--j!rr-mcnt"
"about us good" as those of "a mon
key." This "compound of declarations I
will not "dissect." Its "morbid condition"
borders too closely on putridity. But by way
uf consoling that unhappy victim, who has
rushly braved the Doctor's wrath, as well as
to confirm my originul statement, I insert the
BELMONT Co. Dec. 27th, 1852.
V e, the undersigned having been present
at the last Belmont County Fair and having
seen the exhibition of saddle horses, can cer
tify that we considered Leander C. Mitch
f.ll clearly entitled to the first premium in
tli nt. clustr.
We i an also confirm the statement that
mch wus tho freely expressed opinion of the
rest horsemen on the ground, and that such
100 was the obvious preference of the crowd.
rlitiAN PENNifujoa, Smith Hollowat,
lone LippinWTtt, I. H. Urazlb,
Hoover, Lewis Wood,
M. Calhoun, Ehwin Johnson,
William P. Fkasier.
These men aro knuwu to be among "the
test horsemen on the ground." What deci
lion Dr. KsTKr will pronounco upon their
'judgment" it would be idle to conjeduro.
Now as to the statement that the decision
'wus contrary to the judgmont of a part of
ho cotiiu 'Iteo, and, indeed, to the first deci- 1
don of a majority of them." Tho following
:crtiticuto is from a member of that commit-ee:
BELMONT Co. 12th mo. 27th, 1852.
The undersigned having been ajnember of
he committee on Saddle horses at the lute !
iir iu eur County, can atate that I consid
red Leander C. Mitchell clearly entitled
1 the first premium in that cluss twoofthc 1
ommitteo were in favor of giving it to Dr. '
isTbr, I told 0eU Mitchell's horse had moro '
alts and was epeedier and easier. In the
veiling whan we met at the Norton House I
hey still insisted upon giving it to Estep '
nd told me that his horse wus a good pacer. I '
told them if he we, 1 would, under that l
onaideration, consent to give it to him.
lot being salisliod with it, however, as the
ommittee wero strangers to me, I mado in- 1
uiry about Estci's horse and was informed
I could not pace at all. I then went to l'
Lilonee and to, hiiu I was dissatisfied with '
le decision, lit (Malonee) said if I was,
e would changs it and give the first to
litchell and the lecond to Estep. We so
rreed. Some tine after he eamo to me and I
lid he would staid to nothing but what they ri
nd done tho evtning before. I told hiiii
ablic opinion woild be aguinst us, that 1
jnsidered Mitchel fairly entitled to it, and f
tat therefore I cuild not aign tho report. h)
as to uie unim;trtant matter or it having
sen a "first deeisUi" by which the rlrat pre
film was nwureV to my horse, I accept the '
tplunation of Mr. Dawson. The main fact w
mains tho aame that such was the cuso by
decision pi ior to the final report of a part
Ike committee. This ia now on authority
ial cannot be inifeached. Thia by the way, J?
Ihe only one of thoae anatomixed "declar- J
ions" that the Doctor attcmpta to prove .
breign from trtila," endeavoring to show
at "the whole committee, without s dissent- pr
t voice or the slightest objection, agreed x
decide as the report was made." That
4 statement is utterly "foreign from truth,'
-Mr. Dawson has shown by speaking for
imself, in a plain detail of the fact. If at
ny time he consented to such decision it i
vas by iniarepresentationa that only devolop
till more clearly the manner in which that
lecision was obtained.
The other "declarations" that were to be
io terribly anntornizoil havo escaped about
ike this. They are scarcely senrred by their
lisserting-room ordeal. Of one he aaya, "it
lecds no comment." Of another he most
llttonst says, "it was very unkind." The
bird he answers by nn irrelevant "Qure."
And the fourth being unanswerable, he gets
up an extempore circus with the monkey and
pony and plays clown himself.
Now aa to the test, I will agree to any con
ditions that may be laid down by any impar
tial committee of judges. The Doctor shall
choose one. I will select another, and they
two shall agree upon a third, To any test
they shall require of a Saddle horse os!
such I will cheerfully assent. There ahall j
he no backing out on my port. To the prop
osition for a premium of $200, to be made up
between Dr. Estep and myself, I also freely
assent. And as the Doctor "don't wish to
spend time for naught," I p equally willing
it shall be $500. I am ready at any time to
make pereliminary arrangements.
L. C. MITCHELL.
I . . ills but justice to myself and cour
tesy to Dr. Estep u. atate that tho forgoing
was prepnred for Inst week's pnper, but with
held by the request of some gentlemen be
onging to the Belmont County Agricu ltural
Society until after their elprtinn.
L. C. M.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 5.
Senate The Miiitnry Acndemy Bill
passed by the House, was referred to the
A message was received from the Picsldent
in reply to Mr. Mason's resolution making in
qury relutive to a tripartite treuty onthe
subject of Cuba, which was ordered to be
Mr. Rusk introduced a resolution in favor
of giving Mr. Merriwther mileage and pay up
to the time of Sir. Dixon's admission to his
Mr. Underwood stated that the resolution
was not t-.Tered nt the request 'of Mr.
Merriwether, and without precedent, as his
seat was not contested.
Mr. Seward and others approved of the
resolution, which was passed.
Hot;sE The Senate resolution extending
the time for tho steamboat Law going into
operution was taken up, and ufter nn umend
inent extending tho time ninety days, was
Mr. Cobb called up the hill for the relief of
the Memphis and Churlston Railroad, the
Tennesse, Mississippi end Alabama the
Alabamu and Tennessee River, the Coosa,
the New Orleans, the Jackson and the
Western Railioad companies, by extending
for four years the time of paying duties on
railroad iron. This wan last session, laid on
tho table, und the question pending was on
Mr. Jekins' motion to reconsider this vote
and to lay said motion on tho table. The
question wus taken on this, and decided af
firmatively yeas 74, nays 73.
The debate was resumed on the Lietitenan
Generalship in which Messrsr Polk, Smith
and others participated.
The. House then i.d.ioonol
WASHINGTON, Jan. 6.
House. Mr. King from the Committee
reported a bill to prevent frauds on the
Treasury which was debated and laid over.
The Houae went into Committee nominal
ly on the Deficiency Bill. Mr. Marshall, ol
California, mads a speech. He said ho had
intended to oiler n resolution that the Com
mlttea of Ways and Means report a bill for
setting apart, und putting at the disposal of
the President elect, 5,000,000 or $10,000,
000, to be used at his discretion to meet any
emergencies in foreign affairs, particularly,
und iu the general condition of the country,
which, it is admitted on all hands, are likely
to arise. He said he wanted to introduce
such a proposition because it would elicit an
expression from tho democratic members of
the House, which the times culled for. He
said as matters now stood, America was de
graded in the eyes of its own citizens and of
tho world, and avowed his intention to in
truduco .such a resolution, und ho called upon
his friends of the House to announce to the
incoming ndministrution their confidence,
such as that given by tho people at the bullot
box. He spoke of the conduct of this ad
ministration in relation to Huyti & Nicurugua
und censured the government strongly. He
spoke of the acquisition of Cuba as a ques
tion of time, and suid that the opposition of
Mr. Venuble to the meusure, in his speech
die other duy, was becuuse that gentleman
cured it would not bo slave territory. Ho
tuid tho matter was settled thut there never
:ould be any more salve territory annexed to
Sen ate. Yesterday the President trans
nitted the correspondence touching the
ripartite treuty, proposed to tho U. States
y Franco and England in regard to Cuba,
tmbracing the lettom of Mr. Cramption and
,ord Mulmesbury, Mr, Webster's letter to
'ount de Surtiges, tho druft of the conven
ion, and Mr. Everett's reply, declining, on
lehulf of tho President.
The report makes three columns of fine
ype in the Philadelphia Ledger. It was
irdered to be printed.
The debute on tho question of referring
ie mutter to tho Committee on Foreign
Lelutions, is yet to take place.
After some unimportant business the Sen- J
Iu the Senate to-day, Wednesday next was '
xed upon aa the day tor debating Mr. Cass's
Mohltion affirming the Monroe doctrine. 1
Mr. Maaon also gave notice that on 1
Vednesduy next he would 'move to refer the f
resident's message touching tho tri-partite
ealy, and tho pooposition of England and f
The bill to increaso the efficiency of the C
rmy by a retired list, wus taken up and all 1
it relative to the Navy aud Marine corps v
as Btrioken out.
The bill for the payment of the Texas "
ibt was postponed until Mondky. '
Mr. Cass and other Senators explained !'
at they would not have voted for the 1
layton and Bulwer treaty, touching Central
inerica, if it had been understood at the
ne that the construction placed upon its ''
uvisions by the parties drawing it, did not "
elude Uuglaiid from any part of Central
inerica. Mr, Clayton was denounced in "
vero terms. v
The Senate adjourned until Monday.
WASHINGTON, Jan 10.
Senate. Mr. Seward replied to Messrs.
MM nnd Downs, concerningthe Clayton and
Hulwer treaty called the Nicaraguan Conven
tion, which waa signed at Wahitigton by
Messrs. Clayton and Bulwer, aa approved by
i he Senate and signed by negotiators, Si which
stipulated that tho two Governments declare
that nei'her one nor the other willever obtain
or maintain sny exclusive control of the con
templated ship Canal, St agreeing that neith
will occupy or fortify, or colonize, or aasume
dominion over Nicaragua, Costa Rica, the
Mosquito Coaal or any part of Central Ameri
ca. Subsequently an undcrstandingor explan
atory declaration was agreed to, that the en
gagement as to neutral territory did not ap
ply to Her Majesty's settlement at Honduras
and its dependencies. Mr. Seward then re
ferred to the charge made by Mr. Cuss that
thia construction was given to the treaty with
out the consent or knowledge of the Senate,
and that in this transaction tho executive de
partment of (Jen. Taylor's administration had
committed a great error.
Mr. Seward went on nt great length, defend
ing Mr. Clayton and arguing that the con
struction placed upon the treaty by him wos
well understood when the Senate passed upon
House. The House passed tho Senate
rasolution filling vacancies in the Board of
Regents of the Smithsonian Institute with
i Alexander Dallas Bache and J. Mcpherson
Mr. Meade made an ineffectual effort to
call upon the President for all the correspon
dence between this Government and that of
Nicaragua or her ministers, since the 4th of
The House then went into committee of tho
whole nominally on the deficiency bill.
Mr. Bell spoke in answer to several who
have heretofore spoken in favor of annexing
Cuba, Mexico, &c. He said that the acquisi
tion of Cuba would be a curse to our institu
tions and would ccrtuinly produce war. If
I the gentlemen were bent on annexation, how
I ever, let them turn their attention to the Brit
ish Provinces of North America.
After further debate the committee rose Si
the House adjourned.
jim. i. no quorum ior ousiness.
Jan. 3. Senate. A bill was introduced to
amend the tax law. A bill was introduced
to allow railroad companies to erect their
j bridges for the accommodation of other travel,
und to charge toll.
House. A quorum was obtained by the
ssitanco of tho Sergoant-ut-Arms. The
j State Treasurer reports that the circulation
of the Independent Bunks has been lessened
j $101,034 since the passage of the tux law.
In the afternoon the Sergeant succeeded in
j finding a quorum, and the bill to amend the
act relating to county surveyors was passed,
j Jan. i. Senate. Some time waa spent on
j a question of privilege on an insinuation in
I the Capitul City Fact, that the members were
; better judges of whiskey than State politics,
j Notico wus given of a bill to provide for the
election by the people of engeneers, super
intendents, and collectors of tolls on the
1 public works, and for the appointment of
House. The bill fixing the times of hold
ing the courts in the 8th District was passed.
Jan. 5. Senate. A resolution was olTcred
requesting tho committee on the Public
Works to report a bill for the sale of all tho
-public worka in Iho Suite.
House. The bill authorizing county com
missioners to approve the bonds of Sheriffs
and Coroners was passed. The bill to pro
vide for the sale of Ohio Lands at 75 per cent
below their appraised value, to actual settlers
in quantities not exceeding a quarter section
was passed. Considerable time was spent
on a motion to grant the use of the Hall for
a temperance lecture.
Jan. 7. Senate. Resolutions were adopt
ed calling for information as to the amount
of the public debt each year from 1846 to
1852, the amount of principal and interest
paid each yenr, fcc, &.C.. The bill fixing tho
times of holding the courts iu the 8th District,
was amended and passed.
Hivuse. The report of the Board of Public
Works was ordered to be printed.
THE SALEM BANK.
Treasurer Quinn with a possee of bullies,
armed to the teath, went to Salem en Monday
morning lost, to exact a certain tax from the
Bank, which ihe Directors claim, und we
think justly too, they have no right to puy un
der their character. That Banks ought be
taxed no one will deny; but they have no
right to be taxed on what they owe as well
as what they own. Great fears were enter
tained by some, that if the Bank refused the
Treasurer's demand, blood would be shed.
The officer's of the Bank would not comply
ith his request. Quinn raved and foamed
at tho mouth brandished glittering war-like
instruments in tho air, and threatened to whip,
kill, break open the vault, &c, but it was no j
go the Cashier was inexorable and quietly
led the courageous Treasurer out of the Bank,
and closed the door in his face, allaying his
bravery considerably. We would advise Mr.
Quinn to watch the movements ol the Bank,
least he might get 'roptd;New Lisbon Pal- '
NARROW ESCAPE OF PRESIDENT
PIERCE, INJURY TO HIS LADY,
AND DEATH OF HIS SON.
BALTIMORE, Jan. 6.
A terrible accident occurred lo-duy on the i
Boston and Muine Railroud. Franklin
I'ierce, President elect, wife aud son were i
tboard. Young Pierce waa killed, Mrs. Pierce
adly hurt, and Mr. Pierce only slightly 1
Later. Mrs. Pierce is seriousy injured, t
indna'rowly escaped death, the son waskilled u
nstantly, and the President elect severely c
tunned. Twelve persons were more or it
ess injured by the same accident. Tjj ii
ident waa caused by the axle of a care p
ireaking. The cars wero thrown down an a
mbankment 20 feet, turning a complete S
omeraet.and alighting on a pile ofrocks, and e
'ere smashed to atoms. Gv'n. Pierce was ft.
lie first to extricate himself, his son was tl
istuntly crushed to death, and Mrs. Pierce
nrverly, though fatally injured. Gen. Pierce
sound in limb, though he complains of pain ''
l the back. di
Some ninny of a house-breaker not
aviiqj the fear of ridicule before hia eyes,
tade an entry into Editor Cist's house on
Wednesday night, and went away no richer w
txcept in experience) than he came. When il
ill the lighl-fliigcred geutry learn that ed-
ors reeliy have nothing worth stealing n
tcept aa occasional idea. Amu.
fe w i " te
CIIRONfljE k ADVOOATe!
IIOHTOH J. HOW Alll, r.rfitor.
Til rlorLR, AMD TIIKIR RIGHTS.
I rliluy Morning, .ma. 14 18,1s.
There Is general complaint throughout the
State, at tho amount ol foreign Rank paper
in circulation amongst us. This is a great
evil, we admit, but how it is to he remedied,
is not so easily seen. Ever alnco the Legis
lature commenced their war upon our own
Banks, they have been gradually curtail
ing their issues, preparatory to winding up,
and investing their money in other business.
In this we think they set wisely. They can
accomplish no valuable end by contending
with the Legislature, and we think jt a mark
of prudence on their part, to withdraw very
gradually, the notes they have in circulation.
In the mean time, it is natural that tho
currency of other States should flow in, to
fill up the vacancy created by the withdrawal
of the home currency and if it is not as good,
a a our own, that is surely no fault of our
Hanks. The people must have some kind of
currency with which to do businese; and un
der our present tariff the idea of keeping at
home gold and silver sufficient to answer that
purpose, can only occupy the brain of a moon
struck fanatic. We find by Lloyd's List that
we now owe Europe over four hundred and
twenty millions of dollars, which debt is cola,
tinuully increasing, while wo probably havo
not one hundred millions of specie in the U.
States. Of course we cannot retain Specie
enough to form a circulating medium, even
should the receipts from California be quad
rupled. We believe the Banking System of Ohio is
the best in the world safe for the Banker,
and safe for the Note Holder. But the loco
focoB are determined that they shall go out
of cxistance, and for our part, we cannot see
any other possible result but that we shall hare
to use the currency of other States. True, a
large portion of it will probably die on our
hands but that is part of the tax we shall
have to pay for our suicidal policy of letting
the locolocos have the ruling power in the
State. Their course has ever been to destroy,
and that of the Whigs to build up. The peo
ole must take the consequences of their own
The following, ffofSV the Message of the
Governor of New York, will Bhow the kind of
currency we are getting, instead of that of
our own sound Banks:
' The Superintendent of the Banking De
partment, in his annual report, will call the
attention of the Legislature to the fact that
many of the free banks are established merely
to get bills for circulation. They evade the
provisions of the laws requiring them to do
business nt some designated place, and
circulute their notes through brokers in th
commercial cities. They frequently allow
their notes to bo discredited for the purpose
ofboyingthem at largo discounts, thereby
subjecting the bill holders twloss. The mul
tiplication of bunks of this description is at
tended with numerous evils, and, in times of
pressure in tho money market, will cause
great embarrassments. Further legislative
restraints are necessary to save the public
from frauds and losses. In some instances,
bills have been obtained upon insufficient se
curity by fraudulent representations."
In every direction throughout the country
the railroad fever is quite high. What will
be the ultimate result is hard to decide, but
it is certain that the business of the country
requires more railroads than we have at pres
entand every newly plowed acre of the
western prairies is adding to that amount of
business. Those who are so fearful that tho
railroad business will bo run into the ground,
should bear in mind that the vast resources
ol our country are but in the infancy of de
velopement, and that each successive year is
adding largely to tho internal trade of the
country. So that even should the railroad
fever result in more roads than are at present
wanted, it would be but a very short time be
fore they would be required, and find profita
Those who reason from the great losses
suatoined by muking too many roads in Eng
land, should bear in mind that the resources
of that country ure developed to their fullest
capacity, and hence could bear no analogy to
our own country, and especially to the Great
West, where each decade, for many in auc
cession. may double tho business now done.
The principal dangor is in having too many
IMfsJiol roads, too near together. We know
)f no such case in existence at present, or
ikely to be so but in looking to ultimates,
his should be borne in mind.
03-The most luughable attempt to bore an
luger-hole with a small gimlet, that we have
ately seen, is in a resolution passed at the
ncofoco meeting in this place, on the 1st inst.
t reads as follows:
"Resolved, That we congratulate each c
her and the Democracy of the whole Union
pon the election of our distinguished fellow
itizen, the Hon. Wilson Shannon, to a seat
1 the councils of the Nation; at a time of
uporlance both as to our home and foreign
olicy, his known and acknowledged ability
nd experience as as eminent Jurut and
talesman, renders him a man for the times,
aiinently trustworthy and fully competent
ir any station in the government, or gift of
We auppose that for proof of these rost
ra, they would refer us to the Banks of San
isky, Steubenville, Gallipolis and Wooster
-dead, and to Seiior Rejohu and John Tyler
In their preamble, they charge the Whiga
ith being opposed to equal rights and priv
iges to all citizens. The writer df the ro
tation the committee that reported Rt the
esident who put the question aud the