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THE BELMONT CHRONICLE.
AND FARMERS, MECHANICS, AND MANUFACTURERS' ADVOCATE.
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SBW SlIRPTll. 5. NO. 17 XT. E11IUTHLI, OHIO. PWB1V, JIM IR 21. m. WBOLB NO. W
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THE BELMONT CIIRONICL1
IM HI, I SIT 1. It EVERT FRIDAY MORlf IROi
It V II. J. HOW Alt I) A H. It. COWKN
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THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS.
I. ftRWrftiara wh tV irot give eaprcaa notice to tin
contrary., M-caiialacml tw wlliin!tMtiaa;4lMlr auli
4. M oliaerRirwrnerllieflioontirwianee of ilieli pc
Ttndlcak,tlie iinlilialicrs may continue to eWMi Unrni n
il !l rr rn(r'S are patd.
If mlwcrllxrn iw.sloctr refuae to taketlwir period
icala f rm Oac rlioes to wliich they are directed, tliey
an heM toattennilite till Him have nettlul tlie hilt, and
ordered them ctiscnntlmwfl.
4. If nilweriherH remove to other placoa witliout in
ftminn the paMilhfra, and the ierioilical aro mint tn
the former direction, they are held roepoltalhle.
i. ThaeourU have derided that refUsrRR lo take per
lodicala from the office, or removing and leaving them
uncalled for, in prima facie evidence of intentional fraud.
THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS. POETRY.
GIVE ME A FAITHFUL HEART.
I do not C7nve blight gems,of earth,
Nor gold of dnzr.ling hue:
But osk for something of more worth
A heart that's pure and true.
Though earth may yield her costly gems,
j. That look so fuir to view,
1 ask not for such dindei.is,
But for a heart that's true.
A heart that glows with noble deeds,
For this 1 e'er will fciic;
A guileless heurt from envy freed
A heart that's puro and true.
A heart like this is real worth
It nothing can outshine;
Tis all I ask for hero on earth
A heart that's pure and kind.
T hey are sleeping ! Who are sleeping'
Children wearied with their piny;
Fox the etars ol night ore peeping.
And the sun hatit sunk uwny.
As the dews upon the blossoms
Bow them on their slender stem,
So, us light as are their bosoms,
Balmly-sleop hath conquered them.
They arc sleeping! Who aro sUscpingi
Mortuls compassed round with wot:
Eyeliife, wearied out with weeping,
Clone through very weakness now;
And that short rt liel Irom sorrow,
Ilarrsssed nature shall sustain,
Till they wuke nguiu to morrow,
Strengthened to contend with pain.
They ore sleeping! Who are sleepingl
Captives in their gloomy cell;
Yot sweet dreams are o'er them creeping,
With o many-colored spell.
All they love, again they clasp them
Feel again tluir long-lost joys:
But the haste with which they grasp thorn
Every fairy form destroys.
They aro sleeping ! Who Bra sleepingl
Misers, by their hoarded gold;
And iii fancy now arc heaping
Gems and pearls of price unfold,
Golden chains their limbs encumber,
Diamonds seem before them sirown:
But they waken from their slumbers,
And the splendid dream is flown.
Thoy are sleeping ! Who are sleepingl
Pause a moment, softly thread,
Anxious friends are fondly keeping
Vigils by tho sleeper's bed !
Othor hopes have all forsaken.
One remains, that slumbers deep;
Speak not, test the (lumberer waken
From that sweirt and balmly sleep.
Thty arc steeping ! Who are sleepingl
Thousunds who have passed away
From tt world of woe and weeping;
To the regions of decay !
Safe they rest tho preen turf under,
(Sighing breeze, or numc's breath,
Winter's wind, or summer's thunder,
Cunnotbrvok the sleep of death !
From the Olive Branch.
THE DUTIFUL SON.
FOUNDED ON FACT.
BY MAY RITCHIE.
Charlcf Ainery was standing beside a win
dow in one or the reading rooms of the Mer
cantile Library Association. He had been
reading; but now, the hand that held the vol
ume hung listlessly at his side, and lie looked
out upon the street. It was the hour of twi
light; and the youth felt au undefinabie sen
sation of uread stealing over him, upon wit
necaiug this token of departing day, for which
he was unable to account.
"Perhaps," he mused, "tis a presentiment
of aome new calamity which is about to'befall
me. If so," he added, raising his dark orbs
heavenward, "grant, oh grunt, Eternal Par
eat, that my heart jiay be nerved strongly
nerved to meet manfully all the trials which
fate may have in store for me!"
He paused; for a moment ho appeared in
deep thought; then, permitting his restless yt
to wander alternately up &. down tho atreet.ht
thus aurrowfullv soliloquised.
"Would that father were like other fathers
then might 1 seek to obtaiu future eminence
but as it is. I must live on, and never seek U
raise abovo my present coudition If it wen
not for mother and sisters, though," he added
"I would heootno something, as it is; for 1
would go far from him, und commence life a
sew; and in my routine of business, seek tt
forget that ever such a cruel parent existed
but they must be cared for, and I, alas! mus
Ubmit perhaps through my whole life ti
J ihocnprice of a hard hearted parent; man
hnve all hopes of futuro prosperity mi off
inn' I t)U experience the galling morlificatioi
' of having a notorioui parent constantly at hi)
heels, demanding overy cent of my employer
' as soon ne it bccomeB due, & for what! mere
ly to gratify the cravlnga of a licentious up
. oetltel 'Tis miserable! I will leave no
i no, It Is my duty to remain and RURlain those
who are dearer to me than life; for upon me
and only me, depends their present, and fu-
i ture maintenance. Part of the lime that ii
1 allotted for rest must still be Bpcnt by me in
i correcting mistakes in ledgers, or similar la
1 hor, In order that they may subsist. This he
knows not of, or he would sock to rob me ol
this also. But not thus oppressed When 1 he
roine of nge! Itc shall then see. The scorn
ing World shall no longer gall mo with tho j r
taunts nnrfieeTe for I- will rise. This mo
ment haa decided my plans for the future; hut
until then I will suffer on in silence, and dis
charge my duty, as a son a,id brother."
He paused; his restless eyes ceased their
hurried wanderings, and assumed the soft ex
pression they were won't; while a holy calm
stole soltly over his hitherto, disturbed mind.
He was about to resume his reading, for he
felt that the short space whirh he had set n
part from his laborious task, for the cultivation
of his mind, should be wholly devoted lo that
purpose; when a second glonce at the street
displayed to his view a familiar countenance
from an open window of a magnificent bniUling
across the way. It was a friend of better
days, before adversity's chilling blast had
touched his smil. They-were both reared in
affluence, but now how different their condi
tions in life! One struggling hard with the
grim monster, poverty! the other backing in
the genial sunshine of unbounded vealth.
Charles Ainery felt the change, and in con
trasting tlie present with the past, he was plun
ged into a deeper melancholy than before; -he
was soon aroused, however, b) high language,
coming from the street; he glanced up and
down the same, to ascertcin the cause, when
lo! a sight that made his very soul sicken met
At the foot of the slTect he beheld his fath
er reeling about, much to the amusement of a
group of ill-bread urchins, who were showing
forth the same, much to the annoyance of the
reeling ineberulo, who was venting his fury
upon them in vociferous language. The horror-struck
youth scarcely had time to com
mand his feelings, when of o sudden, he be
held his wretched parent prostrated full length
upon the pavement! Quicker than thought
he tossed aside his book, grasped his hat, and
was soon upon the spot. He instantly sum
moned a carriage, & the filthy, bloated wretch
was ensconscd within, and conveyed to his
When arrived there, Charles Amery be
held in the supposed insensible form of his
parent, a corpse! Nature had endured Its ut
most, and that lilt draught had proved fatal
had consumatcd his mad career.
The bereaved performed the last sad offices
for him, whom, during his life, noprayers, teor-,
no entreaties could save from this terrible fate;
and afterwards, removed to a distant city,
where, through the efforts of Charles Amery,
prosperity was again restored to them.
Years have passed since then, and Charles
Amery has arisen to eminence. He never, in
recalling the past, regrets the efforts made in
the dark and trying hour of Adversity. And
now, as his little ones cluster about him, he
reherses to them tho sad tale of his past ex
perience, and enjoins upon then to be dutiful.
ELLEN'S HALF DOLLAR.
A USEFUL LESSON.
Ellen Villiers was the orphan niece of a
wealthy farmer, who had commenced the
world with no capital hut industry. Fortune
smiled upon his labors, and he was soon able
to purchase for himself a snug farm, upon
which he built a neat cottage, and went on
ycur after year, adding truct after tract of land
to his tvide domains until ho could look for
miles around on his own possessions. A
I little village reared its head amidst it beau
tiful cluster of elm trees, and owned him ns
its master, and was also known by his imtne.
He had, in early life, selected one from
amongst his neighbors, with whom to divide
his cares and share his Joys; und hand in
ban J they had journeyed on through life's
tedious way, so immersed in the tumult of
business as not to perceive the vacancy
around them. Hut at the age of fifty, Mr.
Granger found that, notwithstanding the
bounteous gifts of Providence, there was a
void in his breast; he had no smiling offspring
to gather around his knee at dewy eve, no
lisping pratlcr to greet his return.
However he was not long loft to mourn
over his lonely state; the death of an only
sister, at this period, gavo to his ch'irge the
orphunt Ellen, and tho old man entered, as it
were upon a new life.
There was no pain that Ellen'a presence
could not mitigate, no grief she could not
assuage. No fears or threats could alarm
him, save the fear of losing Ellen, the idol
of his hopes, the center of his attractions.
Merry Christmas paid its annual visit
to the young folks, and the corner allotted to
Ellen for her playhouse groaned beneath the
tokens deposited there by numerous friends
for the purpose of delighting the fancy of tho
child, or gaining the favor of the wealthy
uncle. Among thereat of tho gifts was a
bright half-dollar, whirh she turned over and
over, and laid it in her work-box.
Christmas sports and pastimes over, the
i toys and playthings lost their attractions,
and Ellen siglijed for something new on
which to bestow her attention.
She became pleased with a pretty doll
which she saw one of her pluymaled have,
and expressed a desire to have one, as she
said it cost only a dollar, and alio could
' purchase it at her ovr n expense.
The doll was accordingly purchased, and
Ellen called to receive her charge, and take
good care of it until she needed something
"Oh, my beautiful doll and my half-dollar
too!" cxciuuied Ellen in surprise, hor beau-
' I fa ' ' -ifl' I ni I ii -.
1 ..!, Innate ' irlgi i .- -.
t tifnl eyes meanwhile beaming with dellgh
, towards her no Itm delighted uncle,
i Home moments after this, a neighbor rnllet
I on Mr. Granger to iollct aid In relief ing i
, family who had been reduced to beggary bj
(be Intemperance of her husband; but ait
. was sternly refused, as the old gentleniar
, Raid ho had hut little idea of wasting his sub-
Rtance on drunkenness and idleness.
, The friend, unwilling to be put off
- continued to plead for tlie starving wife ant
i helpless children.
Ellen who had been playing behind hei
- uncle, was an Attentive observer of all thai
was passing, and skipping galyly from hei
' bidding place, hounded off with the swiftnesr
or a fawn, and presently returned, putting
Into the gentleman's hand her shining half
dollar. "Take this," Raid she, "and buy
them bread. See," she continued, "I have
all I v ant and half a dollar too.'
"Sweet child," said the gentleman, taking
her in his arms, "you are destined to be a
blessing to those to whom you are
"Take your money, child," said the uncle,
"and be assured It has purchased food for the
hungry. Your uncle hns all he wants, and
wherewith to relieve the distressed."
The chilly blasts of winter had begun to
whistle around the dwellings of the poor.
The frugal and thrifty farmer was making
amplo provisions for his winter's store. And
Mr. Granger, exact to a letter where his own
interest was concerned, looked careful ly over
hia rent-roll, and round some of his tenants
at Grangersvillc in arrears. Hills were ac
cordingly sent in, with strict injunctions
that the money should he forthcoming.
On the following morning a poor widow
presented herself before her landlord, and,
with streaming eyes begged for a little longer
But Mr. Granger, not remarkable for len
ity, and wuricd with importunities, declared
lire intention of seizing the cow if he did not,
in a few days, settle the claim.
Tho poor woman returned home in great
distress, nsshc well knew she could not raise
the money, and her co.v, which furnished
food for her children, must be lost.
In tho evening, Mr. Granger took little
Ellen on his knee, as was his custom before
retiring, but the child did not return his ear
03srss with her usual warmth, wliich led him
to fear she was not well. Upon being in
terrogated, she replied that she was perfectly
After having sat some time upon his lap in
deep silence, she looked up kindly in his face
and said, "Uncle, you have a great many
cows, haven't you!"
"Yos my, child," replied Mr.' Granger; "I
have twelve ns fine ones in my pasture as
ever a pail went amdaaJM ..
"Then why, Uncle," resumed the etiild,
"will you take Mrs. Green's cow who has but
"Oh!" said Mr. Granger, "I do not want
the cow; I shall sell it for the rent that is
due for the house she lives in."
Oh! then Uncle,' laid the delighted child,
"I will buy it; for you know I have a whole
"And what do you want 'with n cow my
darling!' eaid Mr. Granger, patting her fondly
on the head.
"O! I should give it to poor Mrs. Greon
again," said Ellen; "and then you know lit
j tie Willie and Mary would not have to eat
j their bread alone, and go to bed, but can
I have their nice rich cream anil milk for their
j suppers. I did feel so sorry whon you talk
ed of taking their cow, and leaving them
nothing but their dry bread!"
A tear was seen to glisten in the old man's
I eye; sat for some moments absorbed in deep
I thought. "Let me learn a lesson," ho said,
I "from tli is child. I have enough, and more
' than enough; this poor woman has hut a
scanty subsistence; and yet I would lake
from her to add to piy well-filled purse. I
have toiled all my life like a slave, and have
been too narrow-hearted to enjoy the bless
; i in;- that 1 have so diligently toiled for. I
I will from this moment close my accounts and
open wide my heart."
"Ellen, my child," he said, "your half-dollar
has bought the widow's cow."
: And seating himself at his writing-desk,
he wrote Mrs. Greeil a receipt in full, and
despatched a servant with it, that the poor
woman might sleep comfortably thai night:
; ami the next day several poor families in
Grangersville received the same treatment;
and the old man often says that Ellen's half
dollar has purchased for him more real enjoy
ment than all the money he ever spent.
I The Ant Siin- EltBicssox. We deem it
1 proper to state, as a matter of great impor
tance and universal interest, that tho projec
j tors of the grand enterprise of substituting
j hot air for stoam in the propelling of vessels,
confidently believed that their last experimen
tal trip establishes their success beyond a
doubt. The preformance of the Ericsson on
Tuesday, ii considered by them entirely con
! elusive. The vessel went down tlie harbor
i with the wind and tido at the rateof 1 (miles
I an hour. The engineer allowed the fires to
go entirely out while the . vessel lay at anchor
below. On the following day they wero re
kindled and the ship was propolled buck a
gaitist both wind and tide, at tho rate of 7
miles un hour. There were some imperfec
tions in the working of the machinery, aris
ing merely from defective udjustmont, or im
perfect packing, but nothing that was reckon
ed as casting any doubt whatever upon the
entire and perfect sucess of the great experi
ment, wi'h the ship and engine as they now
One hardly know in what terms to ex
press the oxtectbtitntB that may be entertain
ed of the results that will follow the triumph
which is tbu-i believed to hhve' boon achieved,
't prefigures a revolution of most interesting
and extraordinary character. .V. Y. TrUi .
A stranger, in a printing office asked ihe
youngest apprentice what was his rule for
punctuation I "t set up as lorig as I can hold
my L re.it h, then I put in a comma; when I
I ri'f- -I .nil ' 1- t " i 1 "...!
I gape, I insert a Rrmlcolun: and wrien t want
a chew of tobacco, I meke n pirarraph."
' We are indebted to" a friend, fays the New
I York Times, for the following interesting ex -i
tracts from a private letter from a lady who
went out as a passenger in the steamship Pa
cific, on her last trip to Liverpool:
STEAMSHIP PACIFIC, in the Channel.
Dec. 10. 1852.
We have had n very long passage, and a j
' very rough and boisterous one, with some,
incidents, which will make us feffieinher R !
j as long as we live. After leaving New York, !
1 ond getting opposite quarrentine, we were
' ' obliged to cast anchor and remain, there till
1 Sunday morning (28th November) at C a. m.
I ib there wns not sufficient water to carry us
j over the bar. From Sunday jnliHrhursday, '
j (2d December) we had Very pjlasant weath-'
cr and a smooth sea. No oticshnuglit of be-'
ing sea-sick, and we enjoyed ourselvei very j
much sitting upon the upper deck.
Still our steamer did not make very rapid
progress, owing to bad coal and a very heavy i
' cargo, principally wheat. We have a small!
number of passengers, and for the most part
' pleasant people.
On Thursday morning we found the wcath- ,
er had changed decidely for the worse, the
' wind blowing a gale, and the ship rolling'
fearfully. As soon as I attempted to rise I
' became very sea sick, and most of the pas
sengers were in the same condition.
There were only six at breakfast.
I From that time until Sunday I was obliged
j to keep my berth, and suffvred very much in
The gale increased all through Thursday,
; and on Friday morning it was terrific. i
j Then occurred a scene which I shall never
; forget. In the first place, mylnusband came ,
; into the stateroom, on bis returjrom break- i
ft' nl"l informed me that a poor sailor had I
fallen from the rigging, in the night, and Lro- '
kn his leg. He was quite senseless, and ,
with little hope of 'recovery; and that the
head steward, that morning, had a narrow es-
cape from bfling washed overboard. i
Shortly after he came in again, ond said 1
ihero was a wreck in Bight, and that it was i
the most awful scene ho had ever witnessed, i
The vessel was entirely dismasted, the sca n
washing completely over it; while the crew i
he could count nine were on the deck,
waving to them, and crying to those on board ,
the steamer for assistance. The bark was ,
so near, part of her name could be read; but
the sea was running mountains high, and the
captain and others feared it would be impos- I
sible to render any assistance. They, how-
ever, as soon as possible, sent out rockets
with ropes attached, but they did not reach j
the, ship. , ,
The poor sailors theji fSred'mif ''Send us '
your life-boat," which from the first was
thought to be impracticable. ,
The third officer in command then offered ,
to go in a life-boat, and three of the sailors i
volunteered to go with him. Of course there i
was great danger in approaching too near to)
the wreck, and although the wind was blow-
ing such a tremendous gale, they kept back-
ing the steamer against a heavy sea to keep ;
her in a line with the wreck.
Then tho life-boat was got ready, and those ; i
brave men went in her to the rescue, if possi-; f
ble, of those unfortunate creatures. Hus- c
band went on tho upper deck, and stood there : I
clinging to the ropes, watching tho whole r
scene. Some of the time the whole of the j
wreck was entirely hid Irom view by the
high waves, and the little boat was lost to ,
sight almost all tho time. They had great I
d tfic.ulty in getting along side of the wreck, t
fearing tho life-boat v ,4,! Iv y.tnve to pieces.
Then when they did and the waves took tke
boat up to the side of the wreck, the poor ,
cruatures let go their hold, one by one, and
dropped into the boat. There wero sixteen ,
souls in all, but no passengers. Tho bark J ,
was the Jennie Dawson, of Irving, Scotland.
hound from Quebec to Belfast, laden with
lumber. Tho poor creatures had been in the ,
situation, in which they were found, two ,
days and nights, with the seii washing over ,
I hem all the time. Two or three of them ,
were becoming quite insensible, and had to
he pushed over into the boat. i
1 never shall forget tho sensations of joy I
felt when u gentleman came down into the ,
! ladies' saloon, and from my berth I heard him j
say, "they are all saved." That was after ,
they had all been got on board the steamer. 1
The officer said the life-boat had two or thrive .
blows while ulong side of the wreck, and he t
thought that if they had received another, I
they would all have perished. The life-boat .
half filled with water, returning to the stea- : i
mer. and as soon as all were on board, the ,
life-boat was stove all to -pieces. The offi- j j
cer's description of the scene, when he was r
; in tho lil'o-boat, between the steamer and tho j ,
wreck, both of them at times hidden from his ,
j view, and then again, as he saw them madly
plunging in the waves, appearing as though
j they would cruh the frail life-boat, wee very .
j thrilling. f
j 1 can give you but a fulnt idea of the cx-;
citement on board the steoiner, produced by '
! this shipwreck. The passengers called a .
j meeting on Monday to testify their sense of
I thu noble during and counge of the officer
and sailors who saved these men, by some
1 suitable acknowledgment.
They hare raised the handsome sum of five
: hundred dollars, which, considoring the small (
I number of passengers, wns quite handsome. l
j This is to he put into tho Savings' Bank, in
, New York, subject to their order for oilher J
1 prinoipal.or interest. On Monday evening
wo had thu rescued captain in tho saloon. Ho
is a young man of about 2f years of age, aed
i he gave us an account of the disaster,- und
told us that, young as ha was, this was the
third time he had been shipwrecked. He cer
tainly was not born to be drowned. The
steamer wus detained four Hours by this oc
currence. Tlie gale Jrvbich commenced on
Thursduy morning, continued with little or
no abatement until Tuaadhty morning.
No man has a right to do as he pleasos, ex
cept when he plcuRea to do right.
lot .t'Ditj vun;ir. Ill .' i' .11 i
A TRAGEDY ON THE GLACIERS.
Two 'of the most adventurous rhamoia
; hunters in Switzerland have just lost their
lives at the glacier of Argentieas, under cir
cumstances peculiarly distressing. M. Car
rier, long resident of this place, went out
few mornings ago, w ith his son, a lad of 19
years, to hunt marmots. The rather had dis
covered a burrow such as marmots are accus
tomed to dig, and laying himself on the
ground, fore downward, began to enlarge the
entrance, hoping to take the animal at the
bottom. Suddenly a large quantity of dirt
fell jn him, and he was unable to rise. He
called to his Bon, who crept in after him, and
tried in vain to extricate his father from the
load which was pressing upon him. While
thus engaged, a second slip of earth took
place and covered both. After two hours of
suffering the son died, lying on the bark of
his father. His last words were full or filial
affection and anxiety Tor his parent. Three
long days ond nights, without 'food or light,
far from all human aid, unable to move, und
with the corpse of his fon on his back, did M.
Carrier lie in this place until his friends, who
had come out in search of the lost hunters,
found him at the point of death. The unhap
py sufferer only lived long enough to commu-1
nicate these particulars, and died while his i
friends were carrying him home.
Antcdote or Mr. Clav. A highly re-'
Bpectable llaptist minister of Kentucky, still '
living, related to us the following anecdote: '
He had just commenced preaching, and
hud for a few years been married and house- j
keeping. He wus in humble t ircumstunces
IM or a limited education modest and re
tiring to a fault. It was with great difficulty !
that he could summon resolution to address '
t congregation. Mr. Clay, in the discharge
jf his duty as a lawyer, MUM to the. neigh-!
jorhood of our informant, ("Clover Bottom,"
VVoodworth Co.,) to have surveys made of 1
mine laud then in litigation. He was ac-
companied by another lawyer of note. They
nade tlie humble cabin of I!ro. H. their home.
Jn the first night they staid with him, our
jrothcr was reduced to great extremity. He
vas in the tMibit of holding family worship
norning and evening; but he trembled at
;he thought uf doing so in the presence of
jiiests so distinguished us lr. ('. and his
friend. His little children were becoming
sleepy, and his wife, by significant gestures,
mggested that the time for prayer had come,
lro. B. hinted to his guest3 that perhaps
'they would choose a bed." But Mr. Clay,
.villi great politeness said "that he did not
"eel at all sleepy, and that unless it was in
Lrusivc, would be happy to enjoy his society
longer." or course Bro. B. could not ob
ject. Still the matter of prayer could not be
posTpoHed wlttroirt rerrrJinj W cU.U.-ou to
bed in advance, which wus contrary to his
settled principles of procedure. At last witH
:onsiderable trepidation, he stated to Mr.
L'lay and his friend what was his custom;
tnd said that they could stay and unite with
lis family in their devotions, or retire at their
plion. Mr. Clay promptly and with some
eeling replied, "that they would remain by
ill means that the earliest recollections or
ife were associated with such exercises
hot his father was a Baptist minister, and
lis mother was still a member was of that I
lommuiiion, and that they had taught j
lim to reverence the institutions of
eligion, and thai none more so than fam-1
Bro. B. then proceeded with his wonted '
xercises, but with much fearand trembling. I
le says that he never felt so much embar- !
assed in his life. When the seasonof prayer
vas passed, Mrl Clay upproached him uud
"Mr. B. never again feel the least hesita- j
ion in the discharge of your duty to God on
lecOu'nt of the presence of men. I saw your
'mbarrassment, and remained on purpose
hat you might never fee! it again. Ren, em-1
jer, my dear sir, that every man of sense
vill respect the individual, who is not aslium
id to acknowledge his dependence upon his
naker; und he deserves only contelnpt who I
'an cherish any other feelingsthan reverence
tor 'the consecrated hour of man in audience
,vith the Deity.' And what are myself and
rricnd here but frail and feeble mortals like
fou and your little children indebted for all
hat we are to tile great fountain of good, und
le pendent on Him for etery blessing of life!
iVe and you are destined to the same prove
tnd 10 the s ime final retribution. The king
ipon his throne, and the beggar in his rags,
ire the same in the eyes of thcOmniscient. i
riiink of this, Mr. Ii. and you will never h 'si
ate again to enga ge in prayer to God on
iccount of the presence of men. For myself,
would rather know that the prayers of a
lious man, no matter how humble his p. si
inn in life; were uscending in my behalf,
ban to have the wildest applause of listen
Mr. Clay and his Iriend then retired for
Ihe night. Bro. B. says it was the best les
on of his lire, He afterwards heard the
'root statesman in alibis resistless eloquence,
'it he insists that in no effort he ever heard,
vas he so impressive as on the occasion ua
ned. Wetlfrn Recorder.
Facts about Digestion.
Many popular notions about differei't ar- .
icles of food (and there are few subjects up- i
in which people indulge more notions) are '
otally disproved by scientific facts. We
impose to write down a few well-established
ruths respecting the relative quantity Of
nutriment in different kinds of food, and the
-dative time occupied in their digestion.
In the first place, however, we would re
mind our readers, that it is by no means the
article contuiriing the gratest proportion of
nutritious substance, which takes soonest the
form nT blood and other necessary elements
I' animal life. Neither is the most physical
strength (supplied by the articles containing
the most nutriment. Nuts are almost entirely
composed of nutritious material, oil) pota
toes contain eighty-eight paru of wasted mat-
,aj i I :i .. .' Of i .... u W
I . n- ;tM: i'. J . '.'.' o V, !
i.tr'i ,-!! i je: tn.er , v ' .. " ' -
r"M Mil . M,.
ter to twelve of nutriment. Vet the latter
' impart fRr morn strength to the body limn the
former. Bread in more nutritious than meat;
but meat is stimulating a well aa nutritive,
and is supposed to strengthen the bodily func
tions more than bread.
I Another Important fart toremomberin this
connection, is that nil stomachs are not alike,
i and that the calculationa given In-low are ap
plicable to a healthy stomach. What propor
tion of healthy etomacha there are in the
; world, we do not know; but the probability
is, that in the majority of case, food is not
digested as rapidly rr here stated. In aome
atomRchs, food of particular kinda ferments,
iwhich interferes with complete digestion.
ThiR happens most frequently with regard to
I vegetablea Raw-dust donors to the contrary
i In general, howr-rer, the most nutritious
and the moat easily digested are the beat for
health and strength.
Wheat is the most nutritious of all Rub
jRtRncea except oil; oil containing ninety-fire
parts of nutriment to five of waste matter.
Dry peas, nuts and barley are nearly as nu
tritious aa wheat. Garden regetables stand
lowest on the list, inasmuch as they contain,
when fresh, a large portion of water. The
quantity of waste matter is more than eight
tenths of the whole. Only one-fortieth of a
cucumber is capable or being converted into
nutriment. The nutritious part or the differ
ent meats varies from one-fifth to one-cigth
of the whole. Veal is the most nutritious;
mutton next; then chicken; then beef; last
pork. Fruits vary between two. and three
tenths of nutritious matter, and their order is
aa follows, the most nutritious being placed
nil plums, grapes, apricots, cherries,
peaches, gooseberries, apples, strawberries, !.
melons. Milk contains less '.ban one-tenth'
of nutritious matter, as it is mainly composed I
Of all tho articles of rood, boiied rice is di
gested in the shortest time an hour. As It
also contains eight-tenths of nutritious mat
ter, it is a valuable substance of diet. Tripe
and pigs' feet (strange to tell) are digested
aitnost as rapidly. Apples, if sweet and ripe,
are next in order. Venison is digested almo-t j
as soon as apples. Roasted potatoes are di
gested in half the time required by the sumej
vegetables boiled, which occupy three hours
and a half more than beef or unit ton! Bread I
occupies three hours and a quarter: Stewed I
oystera and boiled eggs are digested in three I
hours and a half -an hour more lhan is re
quired by the same urlicles raw. Turkey Sl
goose are converted in two hours and a half
no hour and a half sooner than chicken.
Roasted veal, pork, and salted beef occupy
five hours and a half the longest of all ar
ticles of food. Hartford Reviete.
I. O. or Odd Woues On last Saturday
afternoon, rhe degree of -Rebeccn" was con
ferred upon nine Ladiea, in the Odd Fellows
Lodge, in this city. The bestowal of this
degree forms a new era in the history of Odd
Fellowship, having been incorporated into
the ritual of the brotherhood at the lust ses
sion of the Grand Lodge or the I. O. or O.
F. None but the wives or members who
hsv e taken all Ihe degrees in a working lodge
of the order, are ctitled to receive it, and
special meetings ore held once a month at
wliich no male membe-s are admitted unless
in possession of all the degrees. The object
of this new degree is not to give the fairer
portion of the sexes a chance to gratify an
idle curiosity; but to initiate them into the
secret of recognising a "brother" in case of
distress, to prevent imposition. Lancaster
Important to Lovers of Music. Choir- I
isters, Singing Masters, Organists, Musicians i
and Teachers of Music generally, and all i
Clergymen interested in the advancement of i
Musie or in the elevation of the standard of
musical taste, will hear of something both in- t
terresting and advantageous by sending their i
names and address to Slessrs. Dver Si IVn- i
r.is, publishers of the "Musical World and I
Times," 257 Broadway, New York. Meas
ures are being taken to facilitate a universal i
dissemination of good music, and correct mu- I
sical principles, throughout the whole coun- i
try, and the co-operatiun of ull who feel an I
interest in this important work, is solicited. I
The co-operation of Editors and Publishers is
also solicited, so far, at least, as to give this
paragraph the widest possible circulation. I
Increase of Gold. The editor of the fi
nancial columns or the New York Express
'The steamer -Uncle Sam,' from Aspan
wall, has brought advices from San Francisco
to the 1st December. The amount or gold
dispatched from San Francisco, on freight &
in 'he hands of passengers, It is expected, will
realise over three millions of dollars the lar
gest Rjpoont ever received. The augmented
amounts from the Pf.?iflcshow the production
to be undiminished, or rather, as it should be
expressed, ou the increase. The California
papers some months since predicted this in
creased production, and then stated that in
the course of two years the amount Would be
doubled. It looks us if this would be before
t he expiration of anotheryenr. We entertain
no doubt but "hat the joint yield from Calfor
nia and Australia, ih 1855, will exceed five
hundred millions of dollars."
New Machine to Facilitate Joiners'
Operations. Mr. Dudley, from America
has exhibited before the philosophical Socie
ty of Liverpool, an improved mode of apply
ing the power of driving band;) to machinery.
The inventor was Mr. Parker, a houso car
penter, and a very ingenious mechanic.
This principle not only economises power,
but expense in pulleys und belting, and also
in space. Ho then exhibited a model of the
machine, with one of which size, he said,
with a stout man to turn und a buy to feed,
more sawing could be done, of the character
generally dune in a joiner's shop, than eight
men can do by the present mode of operation.
The machine was also equally applicable to 1
nil descriptions of machinery that required
i 1 'I
rotary motion as It waa to the saw. By the
present mode of banding pulleys, friction In
creased in freRter rRtio than velocity. By
the new method, a savin; of three-fowths
waa effected in the friction, and, aa friction
did not increase with the speed, the earing
of power waa more apparent and greater tho
higher the speed or velocity of the machinery;
ro that, supposing, on driving a tpindle by
the old method of belting, Ray at the speed of
1,000 revolutions in a minute, the power eon
Btimed in friction was 20 per cent, and to
rRise that to 3,000 revolution, upward of 40
per cent, of power would be used; they would,
therefore, save 35 per cent.
The emperor Roloquc, like other sovereign-,
has chosen a body guard to attend on him.
A French traveller mneh interested in obsenr.
ing this famous band, noticed that each of
ficer bore on his headdress a glittering badga,
which our touriat supposed to be an ornament
of distinction. Desiring to study this orna
ment more closely, he gut near enough to ex
amine it, and on brazen plate read this in
teresting legend "Martin, Marchaud de
Sarlines a la kochclle.' Some boxes of
cured sprats having found their way to tha
dominions of the Emperor, he had thus em
ployed the labels.
Freshet of Gold. The U. S. Mail steam
er Georgia will bring the largest shipment of
treasure ever forwarded by one steamer from
California, $2,7)0,555, which exceeds that by
the Golden Gate by more than 8125,000.
Add this to the shipment per Panama, and
the grand aggregate exported from San Fran
sisco for New York on the 1st inst., is three
millions two hundred and ticenty-ltcq thousand
four hundred and thirtij-fivt dollars. The Re
counts from the mining districts are consid
ered unusually good; the longlooked fer rainy
season the gold-digger's harvest has set in
in good earnest. The health or the country
was good, trade prosperous, and matters in
most other respects quiet.
07-The Bunker Hill Aurora contains the
fallowing paragraph, which show s at what n
sad price many purchase the golden ore of
'Three of our citizens have lately returned
from the country of gold, sick, hoping to be re
stored by the air of their native climate, and
the catfulness of friends; but all have died,
Jrupped into the grave among their kindred,
without, in cither case, being able to commu
nicate to them any information respecting their
affairs either in California or here. They ac
counted it a great blessing, at last, to be per
mitted to return home to die."
Femat; Phtsiciant. The Boston Journal
talks thus of female physicians: That the
medical profession is hereafter to consist of
women as well as men, is no longer a matter
of doubt, judging from the strong setting of
public sentiment in this direction. The pre
ference for females in some departments of
practice is becoming so general, we under
stand that the few who are educated are over
tasked with labor, and many incompetent
women are prompted to advertise themselves,
and for the want of those better qualified are
Louis Napoleon, it seems, hasplay'd a suc
cessful game for wealth a well as power.
According to a paragraph in the Boston
Since the coup d'etat, the French railway
shares have advanced almost fifty per cent.
While the Paris Bourse has been animated
with unwonted speculation. There was some
thing unnatural in all this, and the people
ire beginning to find it out. Louis Napoleon
it is said, did it all and for his own benefit,
politically and pecuniarily. It gave a certain
rehU to his administration, and it filled his
aurse. When shares, Sic, were low, he pur
posed largely, and then patronized the lines
iftey appertained to. His agents filled Lon
Jon and Paris; and his gains are set down by
ihrswd and able speculators at 10,000,000.
With 10,000,000 in his own chest, what
nay he not dare! But former defeats havo
aught him caution; he is not ready, and ho
:an wait. The despots uf Europe wait upon
Un, compliment him, court him and dread
Not VlilY Bad The Detroit Tribune
ells of a gentleman who was sitting at the
table of a very excellent lady who had stewed
pears on the table. He took up one of them,
.ml chppe'd it in his mouth, pulled at the
stem to get it out and leave the pear in his
mouth, but it was no go. After twitching of
it two or three times, he gave it up in despair,
and dropping it uppun his plate, remarked
that the stem was put in tiht. On examina
tion, however he found the jiear to be noth
ing more or less lhan a mouse, which had un
fortuuately got drowned in the preserve jur!
The Nttional Era bids its friends be on
the alert and to allow no false security to lead
us into error, in regard to Cuba. It says:
Again, then we say, there is danger, per- ,
petual danger, from the aggressive schemes
of Slavery, and the danger threatens on eve
ry side. On the Pacific, on the Rio Grande,
in the Isthmus, on our Southwestern coast,
we hear the tread of Slavery, marching
''teadil' onward in search or new fields and
03-The St. L)uis Intelligencer soys "A
statement went the rounds, not long ago, that
the hired girls of Pittsburgh had sent homo
835,000 to their relations in the 'old countries'
within the six months previous. Of its cor
rectness we know nothing. But we have
recently taken some pains to procure from
authentic sources, a reliable statement of the
amount sent from St. Louis within twelve
months past, in remittances by immigration
to Ireland. An aggregate of 81)0,000 ha
been purchased here and thus remitted during
the present year.
"Honor and shame from no condition rise;
Act well your part there all the honor lies.
. - . WIMl v -lc I