Newspaper Page Text
THE BELMONT CHRONICLE.
AND FARMERS, MECHANICS, AND MANUFACTURERS' ADVOCATE.
NEW SKRIES.-'YOL 5. NO. 18. ST. CUIRMLLR, OHIO, FRIDAY, JIMMY 28, 1853. WIIOLeIJo. 798
THE BELMONT CHRONICLE
FUBLISHF.t) EVERY FRIDAY MORNING,
BY II. J. HOWAftD Ac B. B. COWEN
OFFICE ON WEST SIDE OF MARKET ST.
immsoutklv MWfftll "A"" nouss.
TERM! Of SUSSOairTIOK.
If pftiil within three montlii,
"'pC'rldi.'Xn-.nly '".option of .... .di.or
wlill. arrearasca du!-
act. .qn.r., (11 " or If-.,) "'
Ktmv additional in"""vimn 40,0(1
Y.rly drtlMmenl. on. column, WM
tl.lt column, 15,0(1
THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS.
tllallarrear.resarc jatfc (,i.r to take their period-
,,uered them discontinued, without in-
4. If auraerilier. remove to o injtp m i
THE LAW OF NEWSPAPERS. POETRY.
From the Forest City.
THE COTTAGER'S WIFE.
Switv the hearth and sand the floor,
(My Kate, brush hack your hair'-)
And rub the handle of the door;
(There, Nell, sil by the chair!)
Now make the fire burn warm and bright,
(Johnny, my son, sit down !)
For father will be home to night.
(Here, Joannie, bring the gown!)
Now, Kate, go down to yonder spring,
iJcaniie, sit still my son!)
And a fresh pail Of water bring;
(The baby! Nolly, run!)
Hang on the pot and make it boil,
(Don't vex the baby, dear !)
And three nice herrings broil.
(John, bring my thimble here !)
Go, look if comes your father now,
(Rock rot the cradle so!)
Jubi round the hill's sharp eastern brow;
(The chicks, Nell, feed them! go!)
I am so glad he comes at la.t,
(Hush, baby, hush thy cry!)
All longings now nre with the past.
(You've hung the pot too high!)
And so, you've come at last my George !
(There, darling, that will do!)
I feared lest in the mountain gorge
(Carefully, Jtan, that's new!)
You should have perished there alone,
(How you do vex me, child !)
And joy ne'er come to our hearth-stone.
(I'm ftur. you all are wild !)
The rose that blushes like the morn
Ded.cks the volley, low;
And bo dost thatt, sweet infant corn,
My Angelina's toe;
But on the rose there grows a thorn
That breeds disastrous woe,
And so dost thou remorseless corn,
On Angelina's toe.
From the Ohio Cultivator.
The Great Evil of the Times—The
Want of a Love for Home.
My Dear Friends of the Cultivator.
I would send an appeal in oenaii oi nome
and the homestead. I do not mean at present
to speak of a homested exemption law, which
would simply ward off the creditor's claim.
Oh, no: the sacred hearthstone has in our
day and in our land, a more terrible enemy
by far than the sheriffs warrant.
We are a locomotive people we live up
on railroads we walk by 6team we talk by
lighting. The things we used and admired
yesterday, we fling aside to-day as out of date
and out of fashion. The spot which was our
habitation last week, has become old and
tiresome to us this week. The friends of last
month weary us which the monotony of their
society this month. Our brief summer is too
old before it is vanished, for we have grown
weary of our lace hats and tissue dresses, A.
we long for the new fashions of the winter,
(to say nothing of the intermediate changes
of spring and autumn.) Then we tire of our
plumes and furs, and are impatient for the
"new arrivals" of our merchants' summer
goods. We buy new furniture as often us
we can afford the expense, and shift the old
to make a change when we cannot.
Some of your readers, especially those
having such sweet homes us I have seen
about Mi. Pleasant in your State, may think
these remarks exaggreated, and only applica
ble to eastern cities, but I assure you it is
not so. I write from the Great YVoBt the
region of the Mississippi. We have a
glorious country utid a glorious peop'e here,
but of our merits I shall defer speaking until
dome other day. One of our great defects
is at this moment strongly pressed upon my
vision we scarcely know the name of home.
I am not speaking of inland places now; I
cannot speak advisedly of tliem, foreversince
I came to this region, I have been in some
portion of the territory absobed in the trade
of the Mississippi.
From St. Louis to St. Anthony, Minnesota,
it It all the same, and this has been the ex
tent of my field of travel and observation. In
that range are many beautiful cities; they
are very gay and fashionable places. Their
ladies are truly SolomonVLilles of the field."
One lady will wear enough upon her person
at a ball to pay for a comfortable home. Half
the time they may be seen migrating to spend
their summer East or the winters South.
Whole families, babies and all, are birds of
passage. The enterprise of the country
seems all concentrated upon trade and specula
tion; farming is too slow and tame a business,
by far, for the genius of our region, and is
mostly left to uneducated foreigners. We
have a few exceptions to the rule, but the
business men think farming a stupid occupa
tion they could never wait to see the wheat
that is sown this autumn, harvested next
summer. They would be off to California
before it was half grown. Our young men
are almost all gone to California or to Oregon.
This coutry is grown too old for them.
We are proud of our generosity; eastern
i people flatter us upon that point; but I hope
1 you don't guess how extravagant and earless
we are. We love new things so much, that
the sooner we can destroy the old ones, the
belter. We must be fine and new, no matter
what they cost. A young lady with no
known tnenns of support, save the charity of
a distant relative, will dress as fine as a
princess; and a young man whose salary is
no more than $4 a week, will spend that all
on Saturday, to take some curly-headed
school-girl buggy riding. Oh, we are very
extravagant! We don't think of home and
the rainy day; and we are very destructive
too destructive by far to know unythiug about
real neatness. And what do we restless
beings care for home! True, we love to
build a fine house, and astonish the natives,
with our grandeur; but in order to be nblo to
do this, we will live in a hovel three-fourths
of our time, without a tree to shade us, or
yield us its delicious fruits. 'Tis not the
home we care for: we'd much ruther have fine
Ah, I do love progress; I love activity and
life; I love the strides of human genius to
wards improving human surroundings and
means of elevation. I am far from clinging
to "old error as better than new truth." But
oh! 'my ear is pained, my soul is sick.' We
American people are a glorious people, (at
least in our own estimation) but mu9t we in
our overwhelming rage for progress, trample
under foot all the holiest affections of the
heart! Must that love of home, which is
justly ranked as next to love of God, become i
an obsolete passion a forgotten thing! Must
all those cherished objects, so closely knit
up with this love, as portions tf the house
hold altar, be set up at vendue, to give place
to new French fashions! Must "the old oak"
be cut up as firewood to make room for some
foreign tree of puny, showy growth! Must
the old fumily bible be resigned to rats and
m.ce in the garret, that a splendidly embel
lished and gilded copy of the Holy Book may
lie upon the table? "The old arm chair," in
which our grandfather sat, and our mother
breuthed her last, must this be thrown aside,
and broken into fragments, as an ugly thing!
Oh, love refinement, I love care und
elegance, but give me a home, aye a home
wherein to rest my weary bouI. Let us hear
the dear old clock tick from the same corner
where my grandfather usrd to look through
his glasses to sec if yet the hour for meeting;
let me see the cat upon the heurth, and the
house-dog in the door-yard. Let some of the
neat home made rag carpet be left, to tell
of the thrift and tidncBs of those we loved;
let the comfortable oaken furniture still invite
our wearied limbs; let the old orchard still
yield its golden store.
If we have not old homes homes mad
sacred by those whom we have loved, and
who have passed away, let our new homes
be homes, and not show-houses. But of this,
more in future. My letter is too long already.
Yours, as ever,
SARAH COATES HARRIS.
Gatena, Illinois, November 14. 1852.
From the New York Tribune.
Few of our readers except those who are
themselves engaged in the great business of
ghost seeking, spirit rapping, table-jumping,
speaking in tongues, misterious writing, and
other phenomena of the kind, are aware of
the extent to which these practices and rela
tions are carried on iu this free and inde
pendent country. There Is hardly a rural
parish, or a city one either, which does not
count its "mediums" and circles of explorers
into this department of the misty unknown.
Every where the curious and credulous are re
ceiving high moral and spiritual common
places from their defunct uncles, aun's, gran
dumes, ahd posterity. Dear, believing souls
exult at the new winks, and blinks, and squee
zes of the hand, and slaps on the buck, vouch
safed to them from the transinortunry world;
and the aspiring and hopeful long fur the
greater revelations that are promised, but
never received, from the same dubious
source. Those wiseacres who proclaim that
the delusion is exploded, and triumphantly
knock their knee-joints or crackle their toes
by demonstration, receive little attention and
make no coverts. But the ghosts do. They
go on conquering and to conquer. The num
ber of their disciples multiplies from Maine
to California. If it be all a delusion, there
was never one so widely disseminated, and
its time for those who depreciate its influence
and deny its spiritual claims, to really explode
if they can. It will not do to wait till it dies
out of itself, for, as we hoar, scores of people
are actually mudecrazy by it, and the received
faith with respect to the life of man ul'tcr
death is being so widely and dangerously un
dermined that it cannot for years recover that
gencarl assent, which, in the minds of reli
ous people at least, it has hitherto enjoyed.
The literature of the soi disant ghosts al
ready extensive and daily increasing, affords
a striking indication of the temper of the pub
lic appetite toward the manifestations in
question. There are sume dozen periodicals
devoted ataier or in a great part to set
ing forth Bfcreteutioiis of these invisi
ble gentry, press groans with spirit
ual pamphlets anu books, in every style from
grave treaties on the inmost secrets of Being,
down to narrutivesof how 1'eter Simple learn
ed from the rappers that this grand-mother
died five years and three months ago of
phthisic, and is now in the Second Sphere,
which wonderfully agreed wiih his own pre
vious knowledge of the fact; or how Orsamus
Smudge was lifted from the floor by the ghosts
and violently bumped against the ceiling
when there was no other person in the room.
The ghosts provide for a great variety of
tastes, but their ruling passions seem to be
Medicine and Theology. Toward things of
moro ordinary and tangible utility thoir incli
nation is not so strong. Wo remember a
very highly-faVorcd "medium" who offered t
make us personally acquainted with Socrates
Abel, Swedcnborg, Solomon, or any other dc
parted worthy, or to describe the scenery o
of Jupiter or Hildebarsn; but who utterly de
clinci'. to tell what was going on at the mo
ment in London, even though offered a verj
high salary as a permanent trans-atlantic re
porter. Among all the works that we know
written on spiritual information, not one re
veals a real secret, as for instance, a better
mode of cooking, or a new motive power.
Evidently, such matters are not in the ghosts'
Among the periodical publications of this
kind the most elaborate is The Shehinah, a
monthly magazine often noticed and commen
ded in these columns. The Spiritual Tele
graph, hebdomadal, is conducted by the same
editor, Mr. S. B. Brittan. The Spirit Mrs
enger is published weekly in this city by Mr.
Ambler, himself a "medium," and may confi
dently be consulted by all who desire to know
what the spirits have to offer. The iYew Era
hails from Boston, is also a weekly, and gives
communications from "the higher order of
spirits." But the proverb that a living dog
is better than a dead lion was never more te
diously illustrated than in its pages; to hear
the braying of a live ass would be agreeable
passtime after their perusal, for the higher
the spirits mount, the bigger fools they seem
to become, if The !'ew Era doesthem justice.
Light from the Spirit World is published til
St. Louis, every Saturday; its pages are in a
great measure filled by the contributions of
spirits. The Seraph's Advocate is a paper we
have heard of but not seen. The Crisis comes
from from Grand Rapids, Michigan, and The
Mountain Cove Journal, the highest flown of
all in its gabble, is published in Virginia.
There are other papers which give a good
deal of space to ghostly discussions, though
not exclusively devoted there, as for instance
The Practical Christian, at Millbrd, Mass.
Iu till these journals the least interesting
and most silly articles are invariably those
which purport to be of spiritual authorship.
Generally, they consist of nothing but thread
bare commonplaces. Nothing seems so dis
agreeable to the ethereal writers us a new
idea, for they take special pains never to ut
ter one. If they have any care for their own
reputation and don't want to bring their trade
into discredit, they will at once shut up, and
hereafter leave their "mediums" and prophets
alone to expound the greut subject. The
"spiritual manifestations" are very remarkable
and seriously require explanation of another
sort than tiie upodictical verdict of solemn
ignorance that they are all humbug. But
the "spirits" themselves have so far only
proved their incompetence to afford any such
THE ERICSSON INVENTION.
We copy below, from the New Vork Trib
une, a description of the caloric engine in
vented by Mr. Ericsson, and now used on the
steamer of that name.
We think this invention as distinctly mar
king an era as new and striking as the inven
tion of the steam engine, and as one of the
most important events of the 19th century..
We therefore make no apology for so fre
quently and so diffusely noticing it. Every
information concerning it is of the utmost in
terest, and will be greedily sought after by
every intelligent and thoughtful mind.
When shall we have a caloric boat on the
Ohio river! The man who engages in this,
enterprise will reap a rich reward.
The editor of the Tribune, when giving an 1
account of an excursion on the Ericsson.suys: j
The time of the passage down wus spent j
in discussing an excellent breakfast, and ex-!
amining the engine. The first thing in the'
engine which strikes the observer, is the
magnitude of the cylinders. These are four
teen lectin diumeter,six feet more than those 1
of the Collins' steamers. There are four in
the Ericsson, standing in a fore-and-aft line;
two before and two abaft the shaft, and wor
king in pairs upon it. From the base of the
cylinders to the summit is about, thirty feet.
Each cylender is double, consisting of what
is culled a working cylinder and a supply
cylinder; the latter being on top and united
with the other, though of inferior diameter.
The working cylinder has the furnace under
it; in it the active force of the machine is
developed in the form of air expanded by ,
heat. The supply cylinder is always cold. :
The working cylinder is fourteen feet in di
ameter: the piston which plays in it has a
superficies of 22,800 square inches. The sup
ply cylinder is 11 feet 7 inches in diameter,
and tho area of its piston is 14,500 square
inches: These pistons are joined by powerful
iron 'ods. The stroke is six feet. On the
under side of the upper piston are valves
through which tho supply of fresh air is I
druwn ufter the machine U put in motion.
Over the supply cylinder is a reservoir in
which the upper motion of the piston com
presses the air, which pusses in through
valves. The connection between the reser-
voir und tlie working cylinder is by a large,'
pipe running from the former to the base of
the latter. The engine is set in motion by j
pumping cold uir into the reservoir, by huud
From the reservoir, through a valve at the
bottom of the lurge connecting pipe, the
compressed air is admitted into the working
cylinder over the furnace. Here it is inst
antly heated, and by its expansion drives up
the piston, and at the same time compresses
the air in the supply cylinder, und forces it
into the reservoir. Then another valve in
the connecting pipe opens and the hot air is
let off into the atmosphere. This removes
the pressure that has driven the piston up,
when its own weight brings it down aguin,
and the etcape valve closes. Then the sup
ply valve opens again, and lets the cold air
iu over the furnuce; it is healed, and so the
process goes on.
But the great feature of the invention is
yet to be described. This is the apparatus
by which tho main part of the heat which
expands the air in the working cylinder is
saved and made to do duty over and over a
gain. This it is that produces the astunish-
jfng economy of fuel, which is one of th
, great characteristics of the invention. In i
steam engine the heat is used but once; i
r, passes away, and therefore has to be perpet
ually renewed. In the Caloric engine it i
economized. This is an immense advantage
1 The apparatus is formed of iron wire I-l(itl
- of an inch in diameter, woven into a wet
dense enough for the holes or meshes to oc
cupy half the surface. Fifty thicknesses oi
, disks of this wire cloth are used in each pipe
connecting the reservoir or working cylin
ders. Each disk is six feet long and foui
wide, and contains half a million of meshes.
They arc placed close together in the pipe
between the working cylinder and the two
( valves which let in new air and let out that
, which has been used. Thus all the air which
, comes in passes through the meshes of tht
; wires, as does all that goes out. Here lies
j the wonder of the invention. The heated
j air in going out leuves its h'.at in these wires
j and the cold air in coming in takes it up a
: guin. In the engines of 'he Erricsson the
; uir which comes out is but 30 degrees hotter
j than the atmosphere, though before passing
! through the wires it was 384 degrees hotter,
j Even these 30 degrees might be laved, says
Cupt. Erricsson, by increasing the number
of wire disks, but it is practically unnecessa
j ry. This apparatus is called the regenera
j tor. Though the principle of it is esscntial
j ly the same us that of 'Davy's Safety Lamp,
j the glory of its application to mechanical
I purposes is Capt. Ericsson's fortune.
As we said, there are four of these double
j cylinders, four working, and four supply.
j Accordingly there are four furnaces, ingeni
ously arranged, and set without any extraor
dinary out'ay of brick, such as has been re
ported. In these a small fire is kept up with
anthracite coal, which is preferable to other
fuel, because it does not blaze only its radi
ating heat is employed. From the grate to
the apex of the cylender bottom, which is
arched, of course, there is a distance of five
feet. The cylinder bottom TslJ inches thick.
Before the engiHe is put in motion, it may
get to a bre.vn heat, but at that distance it
cannot get hotter. As soon as the cold air
is let in, it cools much belo.v that point.
Thus there is no danger either of fusing,
cracking or oxydizinp- of the cylinder bottom;
all of which have been predicted by the scep
tical. A cylinder bottom will last five years
as long as a steam boiler: or if it gives out
can easily be replaced. The difference in
the cost of replacing cylinder bottoms and
steam boilers would, in a large ship, be from
thirty to forty thousand dollars in fuvor of
Tho piston in the working cylinder is
made six feet deep from top to bottom, con
cave underneath, to fit the cylinder bottom,
and tl -it at the top. The top as well as the
sides are of iron, but the space between is
filled with gypeui and rraTrpnl, nonconduct
ors of heat. Thus while the bottom has the
temperature of the hot air in the cylinder the
top is cool. The heat there is barely suffi
cient to keep the tallow used for lubrication
in a fluid state, not to burn it. In fact one
can stand upon it as it plays up and down,
and many gentlemen amused themselves yes
terday by riding there. Th is enables the en
gineer at any time to grease just the part of
it he may desire; when the ship is careening
for instance, and the friction of the piston is
all on one side, that side can be directly lu
bricated. This is a point of great practical
importance, which cannot be attained in a
6team engine. Nor is there any danger of
burning the packing, for it is at theiejDp of
the piston and never comes within less than
six feet of the fire.
The cylinders act ih pairs, and in each
puir the action is reciprocating; that is to
say, us the piston goes up in one, it goes
down in the other.
The pressure for which the Caloric engine
is calculated at 12 lbs. per square inch, and
to obtain this it is necessary to heat the air
384 degrees. By raising the air to 45tjrtie
grees, a pressure of 15 lbs. could be obtained,
but 12 is sufficient for practical purposes, and
moro convenient to manage. Capt. Erics
son is of opinion that that will be ret lined us
the maximum pressure by future builders of
engines. Yesterday, owing to the unfinished
state of the machine, and especially of the
valves, it was impossible to get more than 8
lbs. pressure. With that, nine or ten revo
lutions were obtained per minute. The full
number of revolutions to be had from the Er
icsson's engine is reckoned at 12, and at
that rute it is calculated that she will make
from 10 to 12 miles an hour. This is the ut
most that is hoped from her, and we think
rather more than will he obtained. Her en
gines aro not powerful enough to make her a
competitor in speed with the fast Collins or
Cunurd steamers. For that Bhe must have
larger cylinder?. The means of increasing
power is to enlarge the diumeter of the
cylinders. When these engines were built,
Capt. Ericsson desired to have cylinders of
16 feet, but no establishment would under
take to cast them, and 11 were the largest he
could get. Now Messrs. Hogg it Delamater
ure ready to make them of uny size required,
ut their own risk.
The smoothness with which the engines
worked wus remarkable. Capt. Ericsson said
that J lb pressure was enough to move them.
The amount of friction he finds very much
less than he anticipated. The coal consumed
by the whole four furnaces is ut tho rate of
0 tuns in'24 hours; 7 tuns is the utmost limit
of their consumption. The engineer and one
fireman suffice to tend tho whole mechanism.
There is no unpleasant mell as about Bteam
machinery. There aro two smoke pipes and
two pipes to carry off the escaped air. These
pipes are 12 feet above the deck and 30 inches
in diameter. They are painted white, with u
gilt rim at the top, but there is not smoke
enough to sully them. The amount of air
passing through the four cylinders in an honr
is from 60 to 75 tuns. This keeps the ship
perfectly ventillated. It was cool and
pleasant in tho immediate vicinity of the
The Ericsson is a beautiful ship as she sits
on the water; a lovlier model one would no1
wish to sco. She Is 230 feci long on deck
I 40 Ntf besrn; depth of hold 27; diameter of
i wheel 32 feet; length of buckets 10. With
t ballast in her, as at present, she draws 17
- felt Water. Her bottom is moderately sharp,
and she is one of the strongest vessels in the
. port. The hull was built by Messrs. 1'errine,
i Patterson &. Stack, of Williannburgh, and
) the engines by several builders under the !
oversight of ('apt. Brieeeon himself.
It is not necessary here to add any reflec
I tions on the consequences to flow from this'
great invcniioa. As we have already said, !
we do not think the Ericsson will prove a
fast ship. But the New Motive Power is as
well established w ith !t miles an hour as with '
00. Larger cylinders will be put into other J
ships, and speed will be attained which will
leave steam as much behind as it is now sur- 1
passed in economy, safety and convenience.
In this mighty revolution, tlie palm of honor
belongs to the inventor, but no little credit ;
is due to tha gentlemen who have joined him
in bringing unt the Caloric Engine on such
a scale, prominent among whom we may
name Messrs. Edwin W. Stoughton and John
B. Kitching. Nor do we desire to conceal a
satisfaction which our countrymen will uni
versally feel, that the New Motive Power has
been brought out in the United States.
From the Clermont Courier.
Fannv Wkioiit, later known as D'Ar'Js
mont, died in Cincinnati last week, from in
juries received from a fall upon '.he pavement,
last winter. She was about fifty -seven years
of age. This most remarkable woman of
genius, was a native of Dundee, Scotland,
and not of English birth, as some of the city,
papers have stated. Her maternal ancestors
were the Compbells, long fanned for courage
and chivalry in the ann ils of Scottish history. (
One of them a general in the British army,
lost iu.- life in an engagement on the Pen
insula, and left his fortune to Fanny Wright;
and her sister. Her father, a successful
merchant of Dundee, also left a lare amount
of wealth to his daughters. Thus surrounded
by powerful family influences and fortune,
Fanny Wright received cveryjeducational
advantage which Europe could afford; and!
her bold genius well improved them. Gifted I
alike with the finest of physical and mental!
constitutions, equally disciplined, she entered
upon life with prospects as brilliant as those j
of any woman of the age.
She travelled over Europe. She visited
' every spot consecrated by great events in the
world's history. She obtained the fullest ac
cess to society and courts, and was preparing,
I herself for achevements as useful and gto-!
rious as those which have distinguished the
greatest of her sex.
At maturity her mind became profoundly;
interested in the question of American Sla
very, tinctured with the wildest republican
tendencies; she beemme indoctrinated with
the opinion now recognized as Communism,
and Woman's Rights, united with the most j
thorough scepticism, not to Bay infidelity, in
regard to the fundamental points of the J
Over thirty years ago she came to Ameri
ca to propagate her peculiar theories of gov
ernment and faith. After traveling over the
United States, residing for a time in the'
principal cities, and delivering to admiring!
audiences lectures upon her favorite topics, I
she settled down at New Harmony, Indiana,!
with the little band of kicdred spirits which
have long since been extinguished. There, !
in association with her future husband, Mr.
D'Arusmont, she edited a monthly journal'
devoted to the advocacy of the tents of the '
order of New Harmony. Mr. D'Arusmont
was a nutive of one of the Provinces in the '
South of France, of a family distinguished
for talents, and himself of the highest schol
astic attainments; he was un enthusiast, but
his idiosyocracy developed itself in some
novel scheme of education which he had
commenced in France, and which he had
been condemned by the authorities, and which
he was laboring to elucidate in this country . '
Two or more years were thus spent in I
frutless attempts to establish a new order of
things, to popularize new systems of social
organization, new systems of government,'
new systems of education, and new systems
religion, when diversities of opinion begat'
Ihewildlest discord among the orderjnnd the,
whole brotherhood dissolved like chaff before'
Fanny Wright made another tour in Europe, 1
and about this time received another accession
to her fortune by the death of her only sister.
She finally resided at Paris, where she was
juined by D'Arusmont, to whom she was
married, illustrating at last the complete,1
overthrow of one of her favorite theories:
which was a repudation of the marriage!
contract. With her husband and child (which
we believe, wus born lefore, or about the ,
time of her murrage,) she returned to Cin-J
cinnati, and invested u part of her funds in
lands adjoining that city. But her w'ld and;
impracticable nature was dissatisfied with'
the failure of her attempts to ingratiate her I
tenets into the Americun people. She found j
sympathy in Paris. Here, againj she
domiciled with her family, when domestic
disputes arose respecting the education ofher
daughter. Mr. D'Arusmont, desired, of
course, to apply his long-loved system of
intellectual discipline, and Madame D'Arus
mont was equally inexorable in her determina
tion to pursue her own projects in this
particular. She was a woman whose will was
not to be thwarted; but she had imbued her
daughter with her own lofty spirit and in
vincible decision. The daughter took sides
with her father, and then broke out one of
those infuriated broils which such a woman
only could provoke.
After frequent and bitter recriminations
an agreement was made by which a portion
of .the estate of Madame D. wus set apart to
Mr. D'Arusmont and his daughter, and the
former returned to America, und purchused a
large plantation, with negroes, in Tennessee,
i where she took up her abode. Here she
i pursued her itudiei) prepared and published
, we behove, several volumes, among which
her work on "England" is considered th
Years psnsed on. Madame D'Arusmont wat
separated from her daughter, to whom slit
was passionately and tenderly attached. Th'
hope, and pride, arid most lofty ambition ol
her great heart was defeated. She became a
i prey to the most bitter melancholy. She
wandered up and down thiB broad land
seeking such poor crumbs of comfort as thin
WOf Id could offer to DUCfa an unsatisfied anil
craving soul. Her friends were few and fast,
but they could uflbid littlo consolation to
one beggared of the priceless jewelry of the
heart. She was mioses siren by her own
child. Her dreams of ambition, which had
sustained her great mind through long years
of effort and trial, had proved the merest
phantasmagoria. Her DM fold schemes, the
impulseof a generous and lofty soul, involving
large pecuniary sacrifices, had failed; she had
emancipated her slaves; by a thousand
outlets her fortune had been squandered, and
she was, now aged, infirm, and poor. It
seemed as it her lost ties to earth had been
sundered. She was tottering upon the brink
of the grave, her heart, her intellect, her life
was a failure. Fanny Wright was, indeed,
herself no longer. Magnificent she wus, even
This was not later than ISSh About this
time the lands which had been purchased in
the vicinity of Cincinnati had became valuable
from the CXteoaioU of the city limits They
came into market at high prices. Th-y were
subdivided into lots, and their value was
estimated at near 100,000. Th s p rtion
had fallen to Mr. D'Arusmont in the divis'un
or settlement of the estate, which had he n
made at Paris more than twenty years before.
Madame D'Arusmont, at the time of the
separation, among other pecuniary troubhs,
was annoyed with the failure to receive certain
annuities from Scotland, which she attributed
to restraints instigated by her late husband.
She was in great pecuniary want, and determi
ned to seek redress through the coi:rls.
claiming that she had endowed Mr. D'Arus
mont, who was without u fortune, with all he
possessed, and also, that an inequitable
division of property had been made in the
original settlement. In other words, she male
a claim of ulimony. which able couns-.-l were
retained to prosecute.
In October, of last year, the case had a
hcuring before Judjie !. B. Warden. It v us
ourgood fortune, then a reporter for one of
the city papers, to hear the revelations made
to this court during the pendency of the case,
which occupied several days, and we believe,
oven weeks. The mj-t eminent counsel
were emplcyed on either side. Madame D.
was represented by Judge Walker and Y. Y.
Gholsou, who were opposed by Judge M. R.
Tilden. The greatest latitude wis allowed
by the court, as the investigation was one of
inquiry a. to the rights of the plaintiff, predi
eating a claim for alimony. The domestic life
of these parties, both so gifted, and whose lives
seemed wonderful in their antagonisms, vet
with great natural affinities, was spread
before the court, leaf by leaf. There were
reveahnents which our weeak pen dare not
approach with even the attempts at portrayal.
It is left for abler hands than ours.
The court was patient while this protracted
evidence was detailed, covering two lives of
greater length than usually fails to the lot ofour
race, embracing the most minute domestic
history of two remarkable persongaes, and in
volving transactions in two hemispheres, and
various kingdoms therein situated. The law
involved in the case was not such as usually
comes before American courts, as sjmeef the
transactions of the parties required the
application of the tawi of France and Scotland.
By far the must able, ingenious, impressive
argument, to which it has ever been our I
fortune to listen, was made by Judge Tilden
on the occasion, in resisting the claims of the
Madame D'Arusmont was present. Sir.
D'Arusmont was in France guarding with
parental solictude the daughter of this sin
gular pair, herself achildol" genius. MadameD
saa as remarkable in possession of thehighesl i
style of physical womanhood, as in the!
muscularity of her intellect. Even though
in years of decrepitude, she yet possessed
remains of great beauty. Her frame wa3j
large, and her face and head were of singular
lieauly and grandeur. She watched with
eagerness the progress of her case from stop '
tostep. By permission of the court she1
ivould occasionally unwrap the mystery which
involved some portion of the testimony. She
spoke in the purest style of Saxon, with a
precision of earnestness evincing clearness,'
comprehensiveness, and the fullest confidence
in the knowledge of her subject, and the
justness of her cause. The opposing counsel
in a scathing review of the career of the
plaintiff, observed "in all the history of the1
world, but one such domestic relation had
been recorded upon its pages: it was that of
Socrates and Xantippie." It was well for him
that the subject of his satire was a woman,
aged and decrepit. Her eye3 shot volleys of'
(ire. Such passions were never saw before
delineated upon living face.
The conn, trusting toour recollection, at--1
ruiesced in the plaintiff's claim, the final de
cision of which is now pending.
These sources of anxiety and solictude,
with the estrangement ofher daughter and
husband.no doubt bowed this proud spirit to the
dust. She was endowed with great natural
gifts, surrounded with fortune's favors, and
her heart was the seat of us lofty, noble, and
unselfish impulses, as ever animated or
thrilled a humin breast. With such en
dowments, rightly directed, her life might
have been more useful than that of any woman
ofherage her name might have been em
blazoned on that scroll on which is inscribed
those of her sex, who have adorned and
purified the world whom generations yet
unborn "shall rise and call them blessed"
wrongly directed und it is (shall we say it of a
woman! ) a bye-word and a scorn upon the lips
Sho suffered all that a great mind could
endure in this world; it is but common clia
ity to trust that another, butter fur moro glo
I rious has awaited her.
From the National Intelligencer.
TO THE EDITORS.
M OEJTr.r.Mr.x: Knowing that several Hena
'(tors had had interviews with Col. If mo since
' j the statement made in the Senite by Gen.
I Can On Thursday last, and the publication
I I tn the Intelligencer of Col. Kino's note to
Mr. CtATtO of the 4th ol July, 1850, in
1 reference to the Clayton snd Bulwer Treaty,
, I went to the Senate this morning confident
; ly expecting to hear such an explanation of
the apparent inconsistency between the
I statement and the note as would be satisfao
tory to all parties, and place the whole mat
let in a proper light before the country.
No inch explanation having been made in
the Senate, (perhaps from a want of proper
Information on the subject,) and it having
, been my privilege as well as my duty to be
eery frequently with Col. KisV; during his
present distressing illness, and thus to have
had opportunities to understand his views not
't open to others, it seems to me that justice to
him requires that there should be no longer
delay in placing this matter in its true and
proper position. The propriety of this is
deemed to be the moro urgent from the fact
that Gen. Cass reiterated to-day his state
ment in the Senate. It is as follows:
"I conversed with Col. King, and he au
thorized me to say that there is an pntire
mistake upon this point. He told me that
after this quasi ratification came from Eng
land, on the 29th of June, he had an interview
with Mr. Clayton, who desired toknow if the
treaty should be sent back to the Senate for
its action upon this conditional ratification.
He told Mr. Cbyton that if it came there for
that purpose it would not get a vote in the
Senate; and that till this day he supposed the
pn.j. ct of accepting this declaration had been
abandoned, and that the treaty stood upon
P own provisions. Col. King further said
( he had some general idea of a claim of Eng
land to rut logwood in Honduras, hut he nev
er thought of its being set up as the founda
tion of a pretension to establish a colony
Tho follow 1 OK is the Note nflhto Jih.
King to Mr. Clayton,
JULY 4. 1820.
bit ut-ap. bib: Tne Senate perfectly un
Iderstood that the Treaty did not include Brit-
lah Honduras. Frankness becoinei ourGov
j ernmentj but you should bo careml not to
I use any expression which would seem to re
cognise the right of Engiand to uny portion
of Honduras. WM. R. KING.
To Hon. Jobs M. Clavtow, Secretary of
Now, this whole difficulty is loareptibll of
explanation in a few words. Col. King's
language to Mr. Cass was based upon a sup
posed statement of facts, very different from
the facts as they actually exist.
After the negotiation nd ratification of
the Treaty by the Senate it was sent to Eng
land, and returned with a proposition th-t it
should be considered as ratified on the part
of the British Government, provided a con
dition should be annexed to it recognising
title snd jurisdiction in that Government
over a certain portion of Honduras. Col.
Kiso never saw the proposed provision in
writing, but understood it was insisted on
by L,rd RiLMEsSTos, He vary promptly
told both Sir. Clayton and Sir HehbT Bcl
WEft that with such a condition the Treaty
could not get a vote in the Senate. Mr.
Clatt .n afterwards informed him that tho
provision had been abandoned, and he con
sidered the Treaty ratified by the British
Government precisely as it had boon ratified
by the Senate.
When Gen. Cass called on Col. Kino for
his recollections upon the subject, the latter
supposed that the Documents furnished by
the State Department showed that Lord Pal
merston's demand had been yielded to in all
ils extent instead of abandoned, as he had
been told by Mr. Clayton. Upon this sup
position he did say wh it Gen. Cass repre
sents him to have said in his statement.
In reference to British Honduras, Col.
King was well aware, as every schoolboy is,
that Great Britain has long had certain priv
ileges there, and from these he did not sup
pose, nor until very recently did he imagine
that any body supposed, she was to be sum
marily ousted by the Bulwe; and Clayton
In making this explanation I have had no
desire to obtrude myself befora the public.
Senator Clemens, I learn, has been for soms
time detained from his seat by indisposition,
and Alabama has no representative in the
Senate. The character of Col. Kinf is too
dear to his friends and his Stats for them to
stand by und see it even remotely implicated,
without at once coming to his vindication
Had it comported with parliamentary rules
this should have been done from my seat in
the House ol Representatives. As it is, I
have to ask a place for this communication
in your columns.
Very respectfully, your obedient servint,
WASHINGTON, JANUARY, 10.1853.
WASHINGTON, JANUARY, 10.1853. From the Newark Daily Advertiser of Jan. 7.
President Fillmore and his Cabinet.
Could any except the most pusillanimous
of rulers have constantly, as they have for
three years, so good uu understanding with
foreign Powers, the weak as well as the
strong, governed us they ure too by empe
rors und kings, and practicing continual op
pressions upon their subjects! Tho con
temptible kingdom of Portugal owes our
' merchants money, but Mr. Fillmore has not
declared war against it. Austria and Rus
sia have duno their will in Hungary, but we
did not march a platoon thither. How comes
it that our Government allows the subjects
of Napoleon (II. to speak French almost
within cannon shot of our California boun
i dury ! Are wo nover to have a brush again
i with old England! We believe not, in our
i conscience, as loug as the present powers
', Thank Heaven, their reign will cease in
j two short months, and then we shall see if
England will be aliowej to sail her ships uf
I war in company With tae Pasnch in tho Car-