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THE BELMONT CHRONICLE,
AND FARMERS, MECHANICS, AND MANUFACTURERS' ADVOCATE.
NEW MMK.--WL. 5. HO. 21. ST. fUlBSHLLB, OHIO, NHIMV, FEBRUtRY 1853. IMLI NO. SOI
THE BELMONT CHRONICLE,
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From the Southern Literary Messenger.
THE HEIR OF ALBURN HOUSE.
BY PAUL CREYTON.
By the death of his father, Percival
Alburn came into the possession of a very
large fortune. Hitherto the young heir had
been subjected to the discipline of teachers
who curbed his restive propensities, and
kept him under continual restraint, but now
he resolved to throw off the yoke, and In
gaining his liberty, devote himself to the
pursuit of pleasure.
Percival did not neglect to pay a proper
respect to the memory of his father, who was
one of the best of men; as soon, however, as
the days of mourning were over, he gathered
about Mm a number of gay companions, whom
he chose for their pleasantry, and their de
votion to the enjoyment of the moment.
For a short time, in the absence of all -care
and reflection, the young heir was very
happy. Field Bports'by day and revelling by
night occupied his time. Percival Alburn
prided himself in keeping the best horses, the;
best dogs, the best guns and the choicest!
liquors which were anywhere to be obtained.
His table was the wonder of the country,
and his house was hospitably thrown open to
ill his friends. The old country scat of the
Alburns appeared to have undergone a strange
metamorphosis so wildly did the hilarity of
the heir contrast with the sobriety of his
Percival was the moving spirit of the
whole, and he was as I have said, very
happy for a time. But the gayest life soon
becomes monotonous; the young heir wearied
at last of the excitements which were no
longer novel or pleasing to his taste.
Percival desired a change.
"It ia very plain," said he, yawning
when he should have been gay, "a man
cannot enjoy himself in the country, where
there is no novelty.
The city is the only place worthy to be
come the residence of a man of leisure and
means. Let us pel away from this dull spot
as soon as possible."
Another change came over the old country
house of the Alburns. The revellers had all
departed, and only the servants remained.
The days were once more quiel, and the
glare of light and the sounds of mirth no
longer invaded the darkness and stillness of
Percival mixed with the gay throngs of the
metropolis. In seeking the enjoyments of life,
he suffered no scruples of conscience to deter
him; he drank deep or every fancied source
of happiness exhnusted the old pleasures
and invented new.
At the end ol a year, Percival was more
thoroughly disgusted with the city than he
had been with the country. He even con
sidered the monotony of the latter preferable
to the selfishness, vanity and deceit which
corrupt the former. But the thought of re
turning to the home of his fathers was repug
nant to him, and he resolved to travel.
"Complete happiness," said he, "is not to
be found in any one spot. It must be sought
in a variety of places; it mast be obtained
through a knowledge of the world."
Young Alburn selected a few traveling
companions, noted fortheirgayety.intelligence
and wit, and set out on his pilgrimage. He
Bought for happiness in Paris, but he found
only a glittering counterfeit, which proved to
be hollow. He sought for it then amid
Alpine scenes, bat it was not there nor in
in luxurious Italy, nor sunny Spain. Neither
the North nor the South, nor the Eeast nor
the West, nor the old world nor the new,
afforded him the gem he coveted. Sure, he
often saw tt in the possession of others, but it
was not for him; and whenever he flattered
himself that he had seized it at last, it van
ished in his grasp.
At length, weary of his frutless pilgrimage,
nd sighing lor repose, Percival Alburn
bethought him that he had never been so
near the enjoyment of what he desired as
when he entertained his friends in the Alburn
"I will return to it," he said, bitterly re
membering the waste of life he had made
during his voluntary exile; "I will make the
most of what happiness remains for me
Ten years from the day of his departure,
the heir of Alburn House returned to the
mansion of his lather, a disappointed,
melancholy man. The old servants scarcely
recognized in the dark brow, hollow cheek,
nd cold, piercing eye of the traveler, the
features of the once careless and hilarious heir.
And now Alburn felt that he had entered
a dreary wilderness, so cheerless seemed the
hull ot hi fathers. T live alone in such a
place was impossible; he would have died c
ennui. Accordingly, once more the heir c
Album gathered around him gay companion
who were quite ready to live upon his bounty
and endure his caprices with ncver-failin
Again Alburn House resounded withrevelr;
and mirth. The friends ol the heir exhibitei
a power of facetiousness in the vain emleavo
to make him laugh. He only smiled biterly.
They drank his wine with unaccustomed zeal
and became intoxicated, all fur his good
The heir of Alburn was sad as ever. The)
rode lu's maddest horses, leaped fences walli
and chasms, and sometimes perilled legs ant
arms, and even their heads merely to gratify
him all without avail. True, when Dar
Flcetflyer broke his neck in a fox chase
Alburn actually appeared entertained, but in
six hours he was as melancholy as before
By following Dan's example, the heir's
twelve companions who were left, could, rI
that rate, have kept him in good humor only
three days; and the bare idea of contributing
four necks a day to his amusements, wus not,
certainly, very encouraging.
Now, when Dan Flectflyer was comforta
bly under the sod, and the excitement attend
ant on his exit from the world, wns over, Al
burn remembered that he was the hardest ri
der, the hardest drinker, and the most fastidi
ous reveler of all his comrades, and conse
quently his most valuable man.
"What did that ungrateful wretch want to
break his neck for!" growled the heir, on re
turning one morning from a dull and unsuc
cessful hunt. "I would rather have lost any
six fellows of the devil'sown picking. Nay,
Dan was worth more than all of you, with
your vast stomachs, red noses, and insipid
These remarks were overheard by the heir's
companions, but so far from taking offence at
them, they sought to restore his good humor
by praising boisterous Dan, and repeating
some of his most admired sayings. Alburn
was only the more angry.
''Dont exaggerate my loss, or I shall send
some of you to keep Dan company!" he said,
with an oath.
So the heir's followers were silent, and lie,
with wrath and desperation in his heart, led
the way down a long hill, in the direction of
the Alburn House.
At the foot of the bill was a small humble
cottage standing on the Alburn estate, with
Ita doorwny fronting the south. As the heir
passed by. the happy voice of a female grated
harshly on his ear. She was a plainly clad
woman of middle age, and she was singing a
lullaby to the baby, in the cottage door. On
lifting her eyes and perce;ving the dark
scowl of the heir of Alburn, she ceased sing
ing, and with an involuntary shudder, clasped
the Infant to her heart.
I Muttering a curse, the misanthrope passed
on only to meet another source of annoyance,
which angred him more than the first.
The husband of the woman was sitting un
der the shadow of a stack of corn, tearing the
husks from the ear, which he threw into a
basket. When the basket was full, he emp
tied its shining, yellow contents into a crib
near by, singing all the time merily as a crick
et. Hard at work, in his stained and patch
ed garments, he appeared as happy as a mor
tal could possibly be.
Every day when he had passed that way,
the heir of Alburn had seen that man work
ing and heard him singing the same, but he
hud never remarked him so closely, and with
such bitterness in his heart, as on this occa
sion. 'What stupid boor is that," he growled,
"who lias found in a hovel, what I have sought
the world over in vain.' Why is he so hap
py in his dirt and rags, when I am so wretch
ed in wealth and splendor! He enjoys him
self better alone thun I with my sporting
companions. To him labor is pleasure, while
to me pleasure is labor. I will follow his ex
ample; I will dismiss my companions and
make my own happiness."
Accordingly, the heir sent away the com
pany of revellers, and for a month aiterwards,
did nothing but hate the world and meditate
on suicide; while all the time the poor cotag
er worked and sung as happily as ever.
One day the heir of Album, in his most bit
ter humor, called his steward to him &.said
"Who is this clown that lives under the
hill, singing forever and ever!"
"Surely, sir," replied the steward, "you
have not forgotten Joe Jarvis!"
"I did not call you, to have you ask .no
whether I have forgotten this man or that
man," answered the angry heir. "Tell me
who and what is this man!"
The steward, too well accustomed to his
employer's humors to be disturbed by them,
replied in a quiet tone:
"His name is Jarvis, and I thought you
must remember him, from the fact that he
once saved the life of your father at the risk
of his own. This was when he was a boy,
but your father rewarded him as if he had
been a man. He gave him yonder cottage
to live in, and the twenty acres around it to
work, as long as he lived, rent free."
"And the fellow never pays any rent!"
"No sir I never supposed you would think
of doing differently by him from your father"
"How dare you to dictate to me!" thunder
ed the heir of Alburn. "Go bring this hap
py man to me!"
Alburn was sitting in the room which had
been his father's study, in the midst of the
long neglected, rusty books, when poor Joe
The misanthrope looked up from the wine
glass, in which he had been striving to drown
the blue devils which had been haunting his
brain, and scowled darkly upon the cottager.
The latter, holding his faded and bruised
straw hat in his hand, bowed respectfully,
and stood patiently to know what service the
heir of Alburn desired at his hands.
"You did me the honor to send' for me sir,"
said he, after a long silence, which the heir
rilled up with a scowl of hatred.
"1 did," replied the latter, in a aepuchral
tone of voice; "and you have no more respect
for me than to make your appearance in a
I "Indeed sir," rejoined Joe Jarvis, smiling
if j ruefully at his working-day garment, "I know
f I very well I am not dressed for genteel society
i, ! and I assure you sir, I should have run to the
, house and put on my Sunday coat which
,r I never wear except to mvrting and on great
occasions, and I have hud it now for six years
l but Mr. Peters said you was in a hurry tu
I 1 sec me."
r "Well! well! I can excusp your dress; but
do you mean to say you have only twocouts?"
. "I had three, sir, but since my wife cut up
. j my old black one to make a new brown one
for Billy, I hav'ttt but two; and in fact, I do
i j very well without any more, for I never wear
I I one In the summer, though incoolish weather
j like this, when I go to a raising, or to town.
i I sometimes feel as if this shiny and patched
, old thing was hardly good enough to wear,
while you know I couldn't afford to put on
my best one. So I sometimes say to Pjlly
that's my wife 'If I only had a kind ol
: second best coat' "
"And is there nothing you want more than
I a coat!"
"Indeed, sir, there are a good many things
j I sometimes think it would be convenient to
"Well, Jarvis," said Alburn, eyeing the
cottager, "what are those things!"
"Oh, it's no use to speak of them, or think
I of them, so I am contented without them,
j but since you have done me the honor to ask
me, I may say I should like very much to
I have a new axe to cut wood with, since Billy
I has badly nicked the old one, by striking it
j into the ground; I would like to got little
Polly a p;iir of new shoes for winter to-be-
1 sure the weather is growing too coy now for
. the poor child to go barefoot"
"Pshaw! don't mention these little things
tell me, do you never desire a carriage, fine
horses, a splendid house!"
"Ha! ha!" laughed the good Matured man,
"how would I look in a fine house! What
i would I do with a fine Carriage! No, no; I
! was not brought up to these things; and though
j I don't doubt but they would be very pleas
ant, I don't desire them."
Album's brow contracted.
"So you are contented with what youhave,"
"I think I should be a wretch to complain,"
replied the cottager. "Thanks to your kind
ness in giving me those twenty acres rentj
free, I and my family have enough to eat and
"My friend," said Alburn, bitterly, "my
friend, since you can be so happy with so lit
tle, you must do with less. 1 have c.illedyou
here to tell you that from this day I can spare
you only ten acres.
A shadow crossed the poor man's brow,
but a moment after he smiied, while a tear!
glistened in his eye.
"Indeed, sir," he said, in a trembling voice,
"I can only thank you for having given "mo I
the use of the land so long, and you ure very
kind to leave me the other ten acres still.
True, Polly can't have the new gown she
was going to buy, and I shan't be able to
send Billy to school this winter, but I am sure
it will be all for the best in the end. I thank
you, sir, from my heart."
"Come! you have said enough!" growled
the misanthrope "Go!"
The cottager bowed respectfully, and re
tired. Alburn enraged at seeing a poor man bo
' much happier than himself, and at having, for
a moment, felt a glow of human sympathy in j
! nil heart, struck the table savagely with his i
! fist, and called his steward, to whom he gave
order to have the cottager' laud divided.
I Feeling a tierce joy in the thought that this
I act would certainly curtail the poor man's
happiness, Album rude by the ilottage a few
days after, to exult in the anticipated change.
Jarvis had that morning found a tree, which
the autumnal gules had blown down on Al
burn's laud, and now, with the permission of
Mr. Peters, the steward, he wus cutting it
into firewood for winter. Not observing the
I heir as he rode by, the poor man stopped to
rest, and began to whistle in the most cheer
ful and contented manner.
At the sight of such happiness, the misan
thrope was more enraged than ever, and he
! immediately gave orders that the cottager
' should be compelled to pay rent for the ten
' acres which had been left him.
This was a hard blow for the poor man; but
instead of complaining, he resolved to make
the best of it, look on the fairest side of the
picture, and frighten care away with singing.
Now the cottager had a large family, and
the heir of Alburn knew that it must take
everything ho had to supply their mora ur-
! gent wants, and pay his rent; but, angered at
seeing the poor man so much happier than
himself, he remorselessly allowed them to
I suffer. In the depth of winter Jarvis was
compelled to sell his cow; and the proprietor
of the estate was one day informed that the
poor man's neighbors had actually been ob
liged to come to the assistance of his family,
which was very much in need.
I "Peters," said Mr. Alburn, on the follow
ing morning, "send for Jarvis, and employ
j him to shovel out the snow from the avenues
The misanthrope rejoiced in the tbo't that
, now, if never before, he should have the pleas
i ure if such the feeling might be culled of
I seeing this poor man cast down with his mis
fortunes. As Jarvis approached, wading thro'
the snow drifts, with a scoup on his should
er, Alburn watched him with a tltirk scowl,
and a lip curling with savage triumph.
"Are you a mortal man!"
Jarvis opened wide his wondering eyes,
and returned Album's scowl with a look ol a
mazement. "If you are," muttered the proprietor of the
estate, "you are an exception to the human
"I beg your pardon, sir but if you will
be so good so to tell me whut is my fault!"
"Your fault 1 Why, you are always hap
py!" The misanthrope spoke in a terrible tone
of voice, as if he had been accusing the poor
man of some horrid crime.
To the raga and disappointment of the
misanthrope, however, Joe J:irvis began to
sing, keeping time with his scoup, as he thrcv
i up the snow. Alburn stamped his foot fierce
ly upon the floor, and ordered the cottager tt
be brought before him.
It was a cheerful apartment; n bright fir
blazed on the hearth, there were books am
newspapers on the slielvtsand desk, ami wiw
on the table. The cottager smiled as he en
tercd, for poor as he was himself, he was glai
to think the son of bis benefactor must bi
happy in the enjoyment ol so comfortable ai
apartment. Alburn's gruff voice startlei
'So I am, I believe, now that 1 think of it,
replied the cottager, with a guilty look. '
am pretty generally in good spirits, and
hope you will pardon me, since -I never hai
any idea of giving offence. Really, I am i
poor man, and I suppose have no right to bi
always happy; and if it displeases you, sir,
will try and not be so happy in future.'
"I forgive your insolence," growled tin
misanthrope, imagining Jarvis to be a grea
deal more satirical than the poor man had on;
idea of being, "sit down, sir, and tell me you
The cottager scratched his head. Alburt
gathered his brows.
"Indeed, sir, I have no secret," said the for
"The secret of your happiness, Jarvis tel
me what makes you always so happy."
"Oh, sir indeed, sir excuse me, but 1
can't tell, for I never thought of the thing be
"Listen to me," said the heir of Alourr
House in a suppressed voice. "Twelve yean
have 1 spent in search of what men call hap
piness. Sometimes I have thought it wai
found at last; but howsoever fair the fruit, it
1 has turned to ashes on my lips. I weary ol
everything even my jovial comrades, whe
make it their study to counterfeit happiness,
I have dismissed in disgust. I have tried
books but they do not interest mo. I take no
pleasure now in the society of women, and
wine has ceased to warm my heart. Friend
j Jarvis," added the wretched man, earnestly,
"I have made you a confidant of my sorrows,
that you may teach me the secret of happiness.
Do it, and name your reward- -if it be to take
my pluce here in this magnificent house, and
to give me yours, and happiness, in the cot
tage under the hill." 4f
The cottager was rrft embarrassed. He
scratched his bead, antrTcreed up his mouth
In a great vuri ety of shapes; and at length
he said slowly and thoughtfully
"I don't know what to say, sir," unless I
tell you when I am least happy. If I am idle,
or allow myself to envy any body, or to desire
any thing I cannot have, then I feel uneasy
like, and if I suffer myself lo speak unkindly
to Polly or the child, I e in pure to be mis
erable afterwards. Nowlll tell you when I
am happiest that's when I am doing all I
can to mukc others happy when I am thank
ful for what God gives me, and contented
with my lot. So I should say, if there is a
secret, TO keep Youn conscience clear, and
TO LOVE AND LABOR FOR THE HAPPINESS OF
Alburn cast down his ryes before the open
and cheerful and animated countenance of the
After a moment's reflection he said:
"With my experience in the world, I am
satisfied, my friend, that you have given me
the true secret of happiness: and although it
may be too late for me to profit by it, I will
reward you with any boon in my power to
"Oh, sir, cried the crttager, quickly, "I ask
I desire no reward only let me see you
happy, and I shall consider myself richly re
paid for anything I could do for you."
"And if you do not have the happiness of
seeing me happy!" suggested Mr. Album,
searching the open face of the poor man with
his piercing eyes "then you will not be re
paid for your trouble."
"And have I not been warming myself by
your beautiful fire all this time!" replied Joe
Jarvis "and huven't you been impressing on
my mind a truth which I am sometimes near
"And what is that!"
"That happiness does notdepend on wealth
and station, and that it is often better to bo a
poor peasant than a powerful prince."
"Jarvis!" exclaimed the heir of Alburn,
House, earnestly, "you are an honest, sensi
ble fellow, and more of a philosopher than all
the dusty calf-skin pedants that encumber the
"For my part I have deemed to be unhap
py. My selfishness has been its own punish
ment. I have even hated you because I saw
you happy! I ask your forgiveness!"
"I forgive you with all my heart!" cried the
"And from this day," added the heir of Al
bum House, "the twenty acres of which I
have so cruelly deprived you, are yours again;
and here, my good friend, is something to
make your children happy."
Poor Joe Jarvis would have refused the
purse of gold, but Alburn urged it upon him,
and would not permit him to go away without
it. The cottager almost wept for joy and
"Ah!" he exclaimed, "I told Polly it would
all be right with us in the end!"
Haviiigdismissed the cottager, Alburn pass
ed the remainder of the day in meditating on
what he had heard. I need not say how much
he regretted the twelve years he had thrown
away in a worse than fruitless search after
happiness, and how ardently he desired to
profit by poor Joe's philosophy.
"Hut it is too late!" he said; "dissipation,
selfish pursuits and misanthropy have untitled
me for happiness!"
Yet Album experienced certain feelings of
satisfaction, such as he had not known before
for yeurs. The thought that he had done Joe
Jarvis a kindness, produced a comfortable sen
sation in his heart, which surprised him; and
had it not been for the bitter remembrance of
his past career, Alburn would that night have
been comparatively huppy.
v Resolved to forget himelr, and to ori npy
- hia time in some interesting and useful pur-
suit, Alburn on the follow ing day, bethought
him of a number of poor families in the neigh-
borbond, who, report said, were suffering Irorn
1 the severity of the winter. Going to visit
5 them and relieve their wants, be became-
- deeply intere.-ted in the novel tu-k, and the
1 night came before he had scarcely thought Of
i That evening Alburn drank less wise and
I ate more SUbetentNl food thin be had done
, before for many months; and on retiring to
' rest, he said to himself
I "Joe Jarvis has revealed to mc the sreret '
I of happiness after all!"
I And feeling a quiet joy stealing into his
I heart, he sank into a genial slumber, from
I which he was awakened by the crowing of
I the cocks on the following morning.
That day Alburn paid a visit to the cot
5 tager's family, which he could not Sufficient
t ly admire for its order, neatness, rally and:
' happiness. Another long and serious t-on-r
versation with Jarvis. strengthened him in
I his resolution to waste no more time in sel
' fish pleasures, which are only the counterfeit
i In order to prosecute his good works to
' the best advantage, Alburn associated him-
self with an old man named Fisher, distin
guished for his public spirit and his kindness
I j to the poor, but whom the heir formerly shun
I ned, with the repugnance which gayeiy and
folly are apt to feel tow ards sobriety and wis-
dom. Delighted with the sentiments Alburn
' expressed, the old man gave his hand a henr-
i i ty shake, and proceeded at once to make
i him a confident of all his plans of benevo-
lence, und to give him necessary and useful
i counsel. From that time he and his new
. friend were united in nearly all their opera
tions; the former became interested in the
; churches, the schools, and in al! public works;
and in a few months, he found himself enga
j ged in politics, not from any low ambition,
but from an ardent desire to do good.
So complctly was Album's min i absorbed
in his new puruits, that he quite forgot to ask
himself w hether he w.is happy, until to his
surprise, he discovered that he was as nearly
so as he could expect to be in his present
position in life. So complete a change had
his ideas of life undergone, that he was now
convinced that DOMESTIC ni.iss was the most 1
perfect from of all earthly happiness.
"As I have no mother nor sisters to cheer '
my hearth and home, I must find a wife,
whom I can love, and in whose happiness I
can take delight."
Now Mr. Fisher had a daughter, whose
kindness, cheerfulness and goud sense, were
subjects of remark. Alburn had seen enough
of her to be assured that report had not ex- 1
aggerated her virtues, and to feel that she
might exert an all-powerfui influence over his
heart. He sought her society, lie portrayed to
her the despai he had conquered, the uspira
tions he had conceived, his weakness, and his
need of help. Her interest was awakened
then her sympathy then her love: and in
the course of time, they were married.
Every one marked the contrast between
Alburn House, of the bride and bridegroom,
and Alburn House, of the da s of hard-riding
and hard-drinking all was peace and I
happiness where once all was revelling and
discontent. Percival Alburn loved liis amiable
wife, and Irom that time he was safe from the
demons which selfishness fosters in the soul;
but it was not until he was surrounded bv
children whom he loved, that he felt all the
I truth of Joe Jarvis's definition of the secret of
Keep your constience clear, and love and
labor JOT the happiness of others.
The following very eloquent passage, in
relation to Africa, we extract from the address
of Edward Everett, the present Secretary of '
State, before the American Colonization So- i
jciety, recenlty in Waahington. In speaking !
of the impracticability, if noi impossibility, ,
! of civilizing the continent of Africa by while
! men he said:
"I say again, Sir, you Caucasian, you proud ,
I Anglo-Saxon, you self sufficient, ull-attempt- I
j ing white man, you cannot civilize Africa. ,
j You have subdued and appropriated Europe; I
and the native races are melting before you '
j in America, as the untimely snows of April i
before the vernal sun; you menace China and s
Japan; the remotest isles of the Pacific are J
not distant enough to escape your grasp, nor i ,
insufficient to elude your notice; but Central ! t
j .r. iu uuiiiwmo juj, tuij uiuo vuu ueuanov. ' '
I Your squadrons muy range, or blockade her j t
coast, but neither on the errands of peace or; '
on the errands of war, can you penetrate into ,
the interior. The God of Nature, no doubt, i
for w:se purposes, however inscrutable, has
drawn across the thief inlets a cordon you j
cannot break through. You may hover on j
the coas , but you dare not set foot ou shore, -j
Death sits portress at the undefended gate- r
ways of her mud built villages; yellow and j I
intermittent fevery, blue plagues, and poisons
that you can see as well as feel, await your I
approach. As you ascend the rivers pesti- 1
lence shoots from the mangroves that fringe t
their noble banks, and the glorious sun, which I
kindles all inferior nature into teeming, burst- J
ing life, darts disease into your languid sys- t
tem. No, you are not elected for this mo- 1
mentous work. The great disposer in anoth- ,
er branch of His family, has chosen out a ,
rttee descendants of this torrid region, chil- '
dren of this vertical sun, and fitted them by (
ages of 6tern discipline, for this gracious
"From fun in realms, and lands remote, supported i
by his earo, 1
Tin y I'aas, unharmed, through burning climes, and !
breathe the tainted air." t
Goinu Back to reyond the Dark A- '
ges, when Might made Right. A bill has
been reported in the Virginia House of Del-
egates, which provides for the appointment j
ol overseers, who are lo be required to hire ,
out at public auction, all free persons of color
to the highest bidder, and to pay into the '
State Treasury ihe sum accruing from such
sale. The sums are to be devoted in fu'ure
to sending free persons of color beyond the
limits of the State. At the expiration ol five
years, nil free persons of color remaining in
the H ate are to be soli! into slavery lo the
hicrhest bidder, nt public auction, the pro
ceeds of surh sales to be paid Into the public
treasury, protided that said persons of color
i 'mil be allowed the privilege ol becoming
the slaves ol any fret white person nhnin
they may select, on the payment by sui h ; ST
son of a fsir price.
New York Extravagance. Hon. John
A. D;x, in a recent lecture before the Histori
cal Society made the llluwing very just re
marks: Nothing can be more unw ise than the e
rection of costly dwelling--, which run only
be maintained by princely foi tunes. At the
death of ll;e hesd ol the family, : nd the divi
sion cl the inCOStral prop-riy, not one of the
children, ns a general rule has enough to
support tbe establishment and it passes into
other hands. Nothing ran be more cruel to
children than to bring them up with expecta
tions which cut lot be fulfilled, und with huti-
Ita of II As which bey aro compelled lo aban
don. The pareir :or the sake of a few years
of ostentation, invests a large pcrt'on of his
estate, in a splendid dwfliingi with the cer
tainty thai his death will be the signal for the
expulsion ofhis children from it. Nothing
can be more Inconsiderate if it is done
with a full view of the inevitable consequences.
Look for the splendid mansions of 3D years
ago, and see what has become of them.
Scarcely one remains in the family by which
it was constructed. They are boarding
houses, places of public exhibition, or the
w ork shops of fashions.
0r"Josliui R. Giddings, writing to the True
Democrat, condemns in strong language the
loeofoCO free trade and direct taxation plank
furced into the free soil resolutions. He spits
upon Spaulding's Platfjrm, end frowns, and
shakes his angry locks at him. Our free soil
friends raised a terrible outcry against the&tli
resolution in the Whig piatfurm of lust sum
mer, but it was not one thuu.-andth part a
full of iniquity and mischief in iLs practical
uperation as this miserable free trade and di
rect taxation scheme. No wonder that the'
K iser heads oi the party are alarmed at the
interpolation of the inonater into the creed.
liut how will they get it oul! Forrest City.
LAWS OF OHIO.
Published by Authority.
To pruvldn for the tnuwfrr nf buaim s.- from tha Su
perioT nitd Cotnmercisl Courts of Cirv'tntisHa lo
the Court of CHiituofl PloM ol Hamilton County:
nirl uOa trorn tha Bupt'floT Cottn of Ctevtteiid
to tha Court of Common Pitas ol Coyabog Lootuttjr.
Sic. 1 B? H riftffi.i hif i!u Gin.nl Asctiljf o
thi Staff of Oifai Tlim opon tbe final adjournment
at the fctapufiof court ot Cinrumnri. mm I Cummer
ciftl Court of Cincinnati, on the uocond Monday ot
r't-'briinry. on1 Ijhontaitd t Ight bunt red unl nYryturee,
1 1 io Clerks of raid Courta hull ro-pcctivjly deliver
10 the Clerk of il,.- Court ot Common IMeai of Uara
ilton county, anil the latter .-lull reeehe nil the
innl files aii'l Other piper in the cauii then p
wr before that time dtspOMvl ot in s-ii 1 gup ri r an :
I'onimerual Courtat also, the rei-unls, journal. dock
ata, t-.v.xuti ns, eiders ot aele, and otoor books pa
pera end property ot" said Superior an 1 Commerci il
Bsc. 2. Tim all cau??3 prn-liu in anil Sup ri t
and Conunerri tl Courta. on said day of sjuourntn nt.
Mia.l !-, arranged on the dockets of f-iil Court o:
Common Pteas, in auch order I Court ahull
ilireet. ami aai I uauaea shell wu s - i to final dispu
H.ti.ui in said Court :i it o-ijunlly brought therein;
und alt Wlb oi review, writ ot scire fades and er
ror ourani nobles motions to ajnenjasJturtArsutasiiie
udgmenta, decrees lor new trials, orders or other
proceeding! i and other motions and applications
winch shall bo rendered proper or neoosaary by the
JaeraaSt orders, judgments or other aeocerlings .
uid Superior or Commercial Curt entered m any
time previous to gnjd adjournment shall he brought
in and dimm ed I I by BUtd Court oj Common PlettJ
Six. J. Thai where any cause has taen disposed
if. mid a con ptete reeura thereof nude in either
jaid Superior or Commercial Court on or before i
adjournment but said record has not been signed by
he Judge ot suid Court, said record ahull I"- exam
ned and if fttund corn et, atoned by any one of the 1
udgesofthe court nfoommoa ;ile;.y: and any can etli-i-josed
ol in either said Superior ur s;,ii Commercial
Jourt, on or before said adjournment, of which a !
complete word has not then been mode, shall W
eeatattd by the Clerk of the Court of Common Pit as
nut signed by any one of the Judges of aai l Court;
inJ all uaescrMa of the records of any cau
Mised of in sni 1 Bupeti r or Commercial Court shall
w mada and authenticated in he same msoHr is if
mid cause Iind been disposed of in theCourtof Com
Hec, 4. That all vtHs of execution, orders for
ale in Chancey, and other final processus issued out
if said Superior or Commercini Courts on or after I
he first Monday in J tnuary, A. I)., una thousaii 1
ililit lmnded and fifty three, shall be made return
inta to th t May term t the Court ot Common Pleas
ban mmwt - mil i ... I , ...-it- (
ttoeeeaes of any kind, outstanding at the expiration
i either aaid Superior or Comntcruial Courts, shall '
ie returned to the Court ol Common Pleas at iu'
laid May t no, A. ). one thousand eight hundred
ind ftlty three, mid have the same va'iiity and t it t
n the aaid Court of Common Pteas th y would
iiive had in nail Superior and Commercial Courts;!
md ail procees necessary to carry into effect nny '
11 luni. iii. decree, order or Other pfOOeodillg of said
-upfti-ir or Commercial Court, biiatl, utter said ad- '
imminent, ! issued from said Court of Common
'leas in the same manner and have the saute effect
is if said jiidgnj Hit d toreo iwdet r other processi
ng were originally had and entered therein.
Si c j. That any cause disposed of in said Su
erior or Commercial Conn may be removed to the
astfiol Court by appeal, writ of error, ecrtiorari, or ,
itberwiae, in the same manner as it disposed ot in !
aid Court til Common PU ns; nud all special man
lates, anil writs of procedendo, and other writs no
saury to carry into tlV.xl any judgmfQl widtifa
hall nave been thereto removed front aai I Superior
Commercial Conn byuppcal, writ ot error or otb
rwisc, shall, after said aojour lment, lie directed to,
ind obeyed by said Court ot Common Pteas, in like
nanner aa il aaid cause bad been removed there
rem; but this seetion shall not be constru ad so us to
leprive the District Court of its power lo bsuja pro
ess in such causes not directed to an interior Court.
BBC b That the District Court and Court ot
Common Pleas aforesaid, shall have the same pow
tra ith respect to the causes rauuiillg or disposed of
ii said Superior and Coinni- rctll Courts, at or before
m i J adjournment, and with respect to all the jud
acute, decrees, orders nud oilier proceedings, and
be process of suid courts, as said Courts respective
y Would have had had tin y been continued in e.
stence, ami said causes, judgmcntr, decrees, orders
md other proceedings, shall bold and occupy tlte
mmu position, and Trtve, thu s one effect in law as it
irlgtnelly brought, entered, or hud in said Court of
Stc. 7. Tint all eaasa transferred from said su.
erior and Commercial Courts te the CtHin ot Cout
nun Pleas, in which notice ol aOpeal shall huveheou
mterod, but in whi h the appeal shall not have hetm
lerfected, Mich appeal Dtay 1 perfected in the aaid
Jouri ol Common Pleas; an 1 when any order orde
:reo of eilhor the Superior or Commercial Courts
equires a report or accounts to be rendered to either i
die said Superior or Commercial Courts afu r Hid i
jay, the sume slm!l be made to tbu court ol cum-
' Ssjofi plen. as if ihe BOm ft- r S Of order bid Is on
' mads in saw court of common plea.
! Hrr 8. That nil vn which may have Wrt
hr tf'foit hfmtjftil into id- d tat rial eustrt, in ihe comi
ty of Herutltevi, from snM ssjaed r or atanaasyejal
Beufle, bv n; peal, writ of error, or certt 'rRri. ami
Wlifcfl me nave lieen dlspoaM of by Mid distriet
sjssjft, nt the ixmrniion oj paid hi,), rior and com
inr 'f i d e.jnrt-. but which may yet remain to bo re
saaraVd to tha enstrt below for new trial, execution
IF other proceeding' may ! SO remanded to ibo
sard court of common pirns, w ldeb shall proceed as
if the nm'1 had ori onaied therein.
Sir Lt, Thai lor all . tviei m rfrmei. under thi
net by the rU rk ol the f i ' court of common pMae
and snrarlnr end ernareiiil court, for th nm
peiMJiiion ol vrldcfa He re i no urntajluil by lew,
t lie coiir' of t i-iPhion pi an miy alnw compensation,
to be paid OSJI of the nottnty 'r aMury, not exceed intr,
each amount ns would 1 v xtble for like Aervict-s
hf Bffescribad by th art reublatin the fee of clerks
of court of common pVns. pipsed Mny first, ono
ihntasaod eight hundn l and 0 tytwo.
Si. In. That on ills final adjournment of th t
MCMior court of Cb vc! nd, in the county of Cn
i yelasgy . an th' ooond Monday of rsjDrajnry, on
ihossjaad tight hundred and fi;tv-three. the clerk of
aaid rourt shall deliver to ihe clerk of the court M
comrmm pb as i i said county of Cuynhofa, compr int
USD third subdivision in the fourth judicial cir
cult. and eaM list annrjueajd eiefh shall feerlve all
the original files and other papers in the eausx i tot i
p ndiog or before that time -V; - I of, n mid
M rior court ot Cleveland; and nlno th record,
journals Sockets. eJMcutioas, orders of sale, and
other bfjoka. eajpets and property of said suiierior
cnurt: ari'i in all further proceedings in relation to
the cau.-'.a or other Rattafl So transferred, the saj I
ootrri ot common plea, or the proper district cour,
IS the case mny be. in said fulWivUion. shall he u.tv
em d by the prevbdonS of this act in like manner
i- r quired oi the ensjft of common plena of Hit i
lleon county or discreet overt, in reference to tin
aa ease or otre r matters tranesl rrad Iran the super r
and ef mruereia! court- d ( ineinnnti, to far a- - j
provisions ere applicable, St ee if the sense had bei t
frniK.d 00 at to apply in r-peciHc laagSJagS to - id
court of cucanntl pier.- of Ccyuhoa county, or
' irict court in sold subdivision.
tja, IL That the clerk ef the court of tonim
plena of llesjdliesj eeauitv ha asal Us i hep '
qojred to snake out With aii convenient dnp
end prtei rvs In bis otftce a loll and ournsjlete in-u x
of judgment and decrees rendered in the sai 1 ootn
mercSa) and superior courts ot Cincinnati, aud :!-
nf those rendered in the court of common pleas of
, Hamilton county, sines the organization of the sai 1
1 eottrti reepectjvt ly. both direct end ravereed uniform
with the index ol judgments and decrees rendered
in ttettpremu court of natnittdB county, heretofore
Sm . 12. Tint for Ma services in making out the
said Ind tee the siid clerk shall be allow, d fira
cents tor each 8000 indexed, and if indexed und'-r
mora than one nainc, tlssp five cents additional tor
each additional name under which it shall ,.
deled, to Ik panel out of the county treasury on i!ie
ortkr of the county oommlesloriere.
JAMES C. JOHNSON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
January 27, 1853.
Put the rt organltirion of the Slate Library, and io
provide for ihe appointment ot Librarian.
Sr.e 1. it rtnt tt'l ft lite i t'-f.ll .UrffwV' nf
the State nf (J7o, Tint it shall Im the duty of the
Governor of this State, bv and wHi th? edviee an l
eouseflf of t!i rVnete t. appoint a8ute Librarren,
v. ': shall hold I i offiee t or two years end until bit
sU'-ec-i x sbnll U- a;tp Yt-1 an 1 tpialitl kL
See 3. Tbe ianrl in. h rfbre he enters upoej the
discharge of his official dutieaehall Hvea Uon I ii
nee penal sum of ten thjueand doltors, with good
and sufficieni aeeurity, to l approved by the Oav
nrnor, made pay iMe to tlw Statu ot Uhio, eieidition
ed that he shall, f ii'hia'ly di-c;arj ihe duties of
Librarian, and d ii vcr over to his successor in office
1 1 !iooks und irthjcr piuuerty bejtorjfging to the Bute
Ubrury. ace -inline to Jaw, an 1 so rui.-s aril re
gulations us may be eJopted by the Ooneral Assam)
Se--. J. That siid Librarian sh i!l ageente and de
livers n-cfipt to tt!3 Treasurer of State, tor all books,
maps and other property belonging t the Stare J
orary, or which mav hereaiusr be ptrrehasnd tor or
presented to aaid Library, snecifying In said lacelpt
each iook or est of books, map, or ertieie tf prouer
ty st ne rati ly, which receipt, with ihe bond pvea bv
sail Libruiion, shell be nJed in the Treaeurers ca
Sec, & me Librarian be held accountable for ail sail
prop rty: and in case id t!ie death, resisnadoa or re
nioval from otle-.-ol the Librerii n, aUbooaa, mans
an J other pronurty belonging to the Library shall
hum dUtelyoa delivered to hi- sncoessor in omce.
taking Iii- reeeipl for tbi same, which sball be Sled
with liu- State Treasurer, ami a credit s'utll be. en
tercd on the rem lot of the Ibrmer librarian accord
innly; bnineithu the roceiot nor ihe bond of the
Libra: i m ahsll be given no or eonoclls 1, pnlees tlio
whole property in bis hinds shall have been secouut
e 1 for accirdino to lew end the rules and regulations
for t!:- government i the Butte Library
Sec. F. 'i'lf Li ifarian may he rem ivad by Joint
Resolution ol tin i -n-ral ssembly, for snflleiant
cause, wbl sh ihatl he specified in pucq resolution.
Bud It. Tlmt th rescoatlou of ihe Librarian
shnll b- mud. t - Uw UiVcmOf, who : hereby uu
thoris -d tir ami ui i o Librarl oj in ail easssj where a
rseartcy ahali happen during toe reeesj of the Qcn
eral Assembly, and the p-r.o.u so Bppointod shell
iiiv, th same bond, sign the earn receipt, arid dj
ch irife all tb duties appi rt lining to said oili re In
th- same manner as though be had b- ,i appointed
aaoorrting to the previswns nf the first sectl m uf this
set, andw slrallnuld bisolBce until the next eession
H the Uann1 XutUkt ! U l' bis snocessur
1 sliall be ap.-'.'.ut-.-.l and .!iS -I.
Si . 6. Th it tlic Btete Library rJiall b tin 1 r tin
niauagetneni of a Board ot Co nmissf mere, oonsi it
ing of the Governor, Secretary ui State, and Stata
.Sic 7. Thai the Cornmi-rionrrs of tha Library
ha!l hSVO p Wi r to adopt any rules and rt ;u ,pS
proper or noonsasry I,,r preservation, rttfulanoti
an f inert as iof ttie ltlarnry, not lnoonatstni with
the law, wbieb tha librarian shall in all thlnirs ob
serve, an 1 lo superintend and direct all egpenoiwr i
of appreprUUeiUl made lor the Library.
fctec. 8, That the s;iil Hoard of Comm. i Ml r
shall eonirol die sale of th i Reports of th Supre n
court, and ill extra copies ol statistics and otu
doeum jnts not otherwise uppropri ned or otnsrwj
slirlfiT-ts f- Inn ft-iisTrnrcil ol kept ill lb Li'r ir -.
and tor the uurpooe of making such sale the earn
imsei oners may appoint a enitahle pi reon up . -,
terms as ihey snail deem beat, Uon wh un tti v s tall
Like abuoil "iiii aatiefaotnry surety, oondiUoti i t,,
the faltatiil y rtnrmsnee at his duty, an I payin over
th proceeds ol the sa'es by bini uiaoaj an i i t
Comiulsiiiunera snail spply the prs.;i'.!. ot sue isaJusi
to the inoruass aadpreeervatl mi of tij i Library.
Sec '.I. The commissioners shall direct ri Li
brium ti exebangs statu'.L-, loantals, legislative
daeuntoute and other spooks wttn other fssjslative
bodies nud Ubrarieoi as they ihall deem prip.r.
Sir. io. Ail persons sh id bo pjermltte-J to visit
tin? Library and examine and re id till books then-,
without tailing tbsganu thcr.-fro.u. unisr snah sa
sdaiious as the Board of oomndasi mora snail pre
scribe, members sad sa Members of the Usnerel
Assembly, Judges of the Supre o o Ooart n i 1 a ur t"
common I'lcas, olllcere of State und tb ir clerks
actually engaged in the servloe of tha State, and
cicrks and Serv ants-it- Anna of tlte li- ueral Aaseui
b!y, shall have tree access to the use of ilw books of
ihe Library, uu 1 ti ive the liberty of taking the sent
oui, uojdereujh regulation-i a the eominissieaars
may deterntine; bui no public ofQarr or other peaoii
baring a rigiil t- lake bookaOUl n die Library, shall
have in authority to eivu any other puson in order
Ul take bo i Its out of ihe sam -, uu I il any pereai
having such rigui shall give such order, or otherwise
obtain books OUt oi til - Library to be Uied by imv
other p' raou iioi having suen ri rht. such person shall
thereupon forfeit el ri.mt to take books trwiairons.
Sic. II, That ilie commlsfioners ot thuSuteLt
brary shall, five d ij proot i din $ the ooinnesgaasaant
of each regular sessloii t thu Ueneral Assembly,
make a rep "i t I be Uovi HUT, of all receipts and
expenditures, and of the condition oi the Library, At
nil other m i t rs in relati u thereto that they may
deem expedi m loi lbs I ifurmation of the tie ienl
Aaaamb y id set I rep fl ihall b u imuiunicated by
the Govern m to theGe ierai Asset tn'dy, al in ; with
tlie reports ! the tlxocj Ive Departineni und State
Su. I) Thai the aoi entitled "An act rubt'ing io
the Stat- U.eary,ie'i! January 2i, 1-JI, aud ifia
act io regulate ihe Maw Library, possrsj March 6th,
1- i.i, be and th suma are b r. .' rojualud.
JAMES C. JOHNSON,
JAMES C. JOHNSON, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
January 27, 1853.