Newspaper Page Text
Supplcm ntarjr to an net entitled "An act to pro- to
vide for the creation ami regulation of IlKHirpor- 1
d Comtianic in die Slat ill Ohio," pa and Ma , ,
J. MM, w
Sic, I. lie it rwtctnl hf Ikr (mrrrll AntrmSlof
Wm State nt Ohio, 1 hat iii case ol acci lent or iiittor
M circumstance, nny ineorp irntcd Railroad 'r
1'link road Company lin!l he unable la compli le i'
MM Within iln Itmeltmlird by It charter, mi l flier
thull mil lie tin MifDHrnt remaining to glv thirty
dny notice of tin1 hling of the petition, (requlfft)
In thei-e-i nljritth "a nion uf thr m i to which fill j
:t If unU'iii' ntnrv. or if no refutnr term of ill
tOJOJttflf common 1'lcnn h:dl bo held in ihi county
where the p'ltv"ipl office ol' such cnm;iiny is kept,
txtore the Toirnrion of the lime, to limited 11 the
Mnpktton of tho ImpforMiiesjt, li shall lie lawfiil
twr the Jin's Of said court, in vacation, on the
helitbM of uch company, to extend tin' little lu lh
ont le'ion thereof, to the next rrirulnr term ol lit 1
joMt The allowance by said Judne 'hull I i n
domed on the bark nf said petition, which shall he
lorihwiih fitod In the clerk's ome of sai l cotttl ol ;
on. mull I' en, and notice I hereof hall 1 c given a j
in,uired in the seventy-sixth MOtlOtl ol the vt above
rehired to; and the niurtol common Pie, at the
hell regular ti Tin thereol, upon proof of tin due
publication nf notice, end on iron I rau-c shown muy
SUM Ik time for iIih eiimpleiion ol (aid impinvc
tneni to NMR p nod a may appear to melt court JtMl
JAMES C. JOHNSON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
January 27, 1853.
i-iipplviuantary to the acl for the lUl ol In Ml Vent
Bao. 1. Vr it im-tcl I' v the Grnrml AnrmM) '
ir Stele (Ml, That nny peron Who may be int
primncd under nny procem ls-tied from any ol the
OUrtaof thi? f-tnte, tor the collection ol anv fine or
bwatty Imposed by virture of any law of thi- State
Kir th punUhment of any offence, ball be entitled
to all the benefit of the act entitled "All aet lor the
relief of Inn, Kent Debtor," and ol any law
mui ndatory thereof, in ilea name manner a- though
tlie autumn of raid fine, penalty or 001 hod boon re
invered agMrtrat ittcb person In any civil ctroni jim
tiilr.l that the judgment defendant shall not bo entitl
ed ta the beamt m thi act until the expiration of
frtxtydayK imprisonment on pueh judgmonti tmle
the court teWtleilng wairl judgment, or any Juili
lliLteol in acatiun. t-liall otberwiae direct.
JAMES C. JOHNSON,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
February 1, 1853.
To fix an I proti le fur holdina tlie terttll of the court
ol ci.nitiMMt rie-H in the teveial cuttttti ol the
Thir UiMlivial i listrn t of ( Hrio,
Sir. i. fft it t tmrli'tl lii fa Omrrnl Awmlily tJ
th? St-itr n'oAin, 'I hat Ihc t. rmot die Courted Cutn
Nton Plea ahall In hokli n in tie- aevofal countie in
th Third Judicial I ilittlcl at follow!
Ft-. ? In th cotinty of f larding nn ttto fir:'t d-iv
of March, the eixih day ol Juno, and the Uiirtytirt
day ol ( leiolier.
In the county of Morion, on the olhlh day n!
March, lite tliirieentli day ol June, and on thi
NVenthday ol November,
In ilio county ul Union, on tin- iwi nty-ltnl day nl
March, the twentythird day of June, ami on Me
tvw iiiy firm day ol November,
In tho onunty ofLngan, mi lie fourth day of April,
the fifat day of August, and on the ti.th day o
iii -:i mbr.
In iho eoimty of Shelby, on tlteeiglitecnth day ol
April, tie- hull day ul Ju'y, and on th" third day n'
In the eotinly of Anqlalte, nn the aecond day ot
.May, the ' h v nth day of July, St on b(vVrUtot nil
day of letobet.
In ihe couutv of Alii n, on the ninth day of Mat
ml mi tbetwi nty-firurthday id October.
srr. n. in the oouniy nl rutnam mi ihe twenty
eeotind day ol March, and the twouty-aeveiilh day
ul S. ptelllln r.
In tin unly of Deltanee. on ihe t4m : tli day ol
Apnl. and tlie Iwi u'v-tumth day nl ( letnln r.
In theootinly "I IVilJiain, on tie1 nitietoeuth day
nl April, and the t igbteenth day ol kttobi r
In tlie county of Piitildlng, mi the twontyixtlidny
ef April, ond tb fourth day ol October.
in iheoouniyol Van Wirt. on tin third day ol
Mae, and the fourteenth day of Novvmbor,
Iii tin- county ol Mrn-i T, on the1 iituih day nf .May
and the nevenih day ol Noydlnber,
In the county of lb my, on lh twenlytlilrd day
ol May, and the twelfth day ol October.
In tftftrntinty ol Pulton, mi the aevenUi day of
Jane, and the iwi niy- -i oond day ol Novembi r.
Pre 4. in the county nt Wood, on ma twenty
eighth day of I-1 bruary, thirteenth day ol June, and
twcnty-Mxth day ol Heptembor,
In in county of If ancoek, on ill aeventh dav ol
March, twentloth day of June, and lllinl day ol
lu the enmity of Wyan'loit, on lie- fourteenth day
nf March, twenly-aevenlh day nl June, and tenth
day ol I letohi r.
In the eonnty of Crawlbrd, on the twenty fir-t day
nf Maun, lilih day ul July, and t vcntli day ul
In the OOUnty ol Soneca, on Ihe eleventh day ul
Aptil, twi llth day id July, and tbirty-flrat day ot
JAMES C. JOHNSON,
JAMES C. JOHNSON, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
February 5, 1853.
1 o rut and provide for holding the linn - ol il tin
ol common tlea in the SiAth Judicial ii Uriel ot
St i. i. Hr it fn-i ted tni tlie OfHtral Awmiilit
the Stall- nt tltiif. That Ihe lellna III tlltl t'liiirt
of Common Plai i-hall fin holden iii the evral
eouuticM ot the Sixth JudleiaJ Diatrict a Ibllowai
in ttie ciiiimy oi ueiawure, on tlie ial Monday ol
Pabraary, th litrt Monday oi .May, and ihe wound
Monday ol Septembi r
In the eoum of Melting, on the aecond IVfondat
oi Aptil, the third Monday ol Augllat, and lint filth
Monday of I h3uber.
In li.e county ol Knox, on lite fourth Monday id
Man hi ihe lifth Monday oi AugiHt, ami third Mon
day ol Nov . loin i .
la the county Morrow, on th third Monday ol
n bruary, tin ltrl Monday ol .May, and ihe lounhl
Monday oi Septi ntber.
la th county ol Aahland, on the tlral Monday ol
March, lhatilin Monday ..i August, and thr lit t
Maaday ol November,
In'ln intyol Richland, on th fourth Monday
of March, lh Beeottd Monday of Sciilember, and
the burth Moo lay iii November.
In iaeatiot oi Caahociun, on the Oral Tuewlay
ot Karrh, the nllh Tuday oi Ai.,. ti i
'I'm da "t Novimihi r
lot!., eoum y oi Koua, ob th aeoond Mondayal
Mafch. th oond Monday af Seplndir, and ibo
vaaoad Moaday ol Noveatber,
latheeuutit) ol Wayn, on the foarth Mondayni
Mnreh, ihr burth Monday ol Saatafuaur, uud ihJ
lunriii Monday al November,
JAMES C. JOHNSON,
Speaker the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
February 5, 1853.
Top-peal th ihirlf -iiiiith of ih- art latllbll
"An act or ajalag and rei(ulutitiQ KoaiU and
lli.'hwa." piad Janaary iwlyvBi aa I
thoufnd iluhl hiliidrcd and gjftjr .
bat, I. V it aefd tm li ' , . .. ifalbal
fb State i f Ohio, That UM ll.llly-olutli m-ciiuii u
ihe an aaajibd "An act bt oat ning mid ragalaiing
Hoed il Highway, " pawl Janutry Iwiuiy-M v I
en, unc bjaaalaIbt btadtad und till) thr. , which
jMttlbn "Tld mi rhall tab efbet mui he
in t .i lr. -n and alt. r Ik lir.t d iy ot fatab, on
thounand right Imndrid mil hlly-lluce," b.-, uud tin I
mine m Uii ! ii iK-ulrd.
JAMES C. JOHNSON,
Speaker the House of Representatives.
President of the Senate.
February 7, 1853.
I have comnare,! ihe batgaiag with the onuiiml
eufiy. and find 'he name pBtl
Auditor of Belmont County.
At the SSaMtfilla adibarUI BaniitMf. R. n
Thuinpoii, of Calambua, oflrdtlMfJ!)wlng
Et iToi.a Men who are deterving uf better
rrinunt-ril un for their acrvice than any iiiu.r
cla uC individuala on OoJ' fbotitMl, Tlu-y
lull lon.'er.juixeiyB le. pay, Kt cur.eil i,,r,.,
and have M of the good thing of lil'e,tla
any other act of mortal.
UaniH'oi-at) Railiioad. The VirgfaU
an prole to hvo greut liorror of tindef.
ittnd R 'tilroada, hut art ace it atafed tltnt
p I'ai 'krrabnrgh road hns turnip thrre funarai
icre i nothing equal to that between the
hio river and Canada. -Manilla Intel. Aa
EXTRACT FROM THE SPEECH OF
Mr. CLEMENS, of Ala.
ln the U. States Senate Feb. 7, 1853.
I sail . Mr. President, in tlie outlet that we j
.vrre approachiiiji n pJfioJ of trial nml ol
danger hot that dinger doiM not threaten ti- ."'
IWnn abroadi tn that qturtef the nkiei are'1
elenr and bright, It is nt hnme thut the
aymptomi of an approaching hurricane are j "I
manifest. Thene aymptoflfll ore everywhere 1 1"
about u nml around Mi They may be found M
in tlie restless nntl disttirhcd f tMte of the 1 1"
public mind, in the epeechc of dinner C:
orators, dignifying war with the name ofjc
"progTOi," ntid chithin? wholesale robbery "
arlth tht mantle of patriotism. Tiiey might j
have been seen in the frenzied cnlhusiasni I
Wbictl followed the footstep of that sturdy l'
beggiTi Louis Kossuth, in the wild and.''
reckless ittteuipts of American citizens tol"
take posscfsion of the Island of Cuba. Sir, c
I deplore their fate ns inticli us any nan can, , v
and condemn as atfongly the cruel and liar- '
b irons Conduct of the Spiniah Oovamof. I
but refer lo th'-tn ns evidetiee of n atntc of. f
thinos to which all eyes ought to he directed. , '
And lu.-t, air, lhoughnot least, the light ofc
this diiijre,- may he found ill the llUnSgtgMttdi '
hut fieree ami strenuous HUrtl of HYoUBg A-
merica" lo bring about a war with anybody '
or Itpon any pretext. j 1
All time thing indicate that a spirit, of,
change is uhroad in the land. I may he told 1
; that word is written on every earthly thing.
; Perhaps it may he ho; but justice, honor,
j merry, are the children of (Jod, and know no ;
I change. In the sublime morullty of tlie
Christian's creed we may find a guide for our
: footstep which cannot lead to error: "Do
i unto others as ye would llicy should do unto,
you.'' It i i not in the book ol revelation that
! we are taught to covet the goods of our
neighbor, It is not there we ire encouraged
1 to Indulge it lawless spirit of War- und SOU
I quest, We do not learn from thence the
duty of progreaaing backward from a peace'
! fill nge to a period of barbarism, when the
j strong hand was the Only law, and the steel
blade tho only arbiter of disputed questions,
Blfi I have heard much ot this thing called
progress. In the eyes of some gentlemen, it
covers nil defects, and in ikes atonement lor
every i rror. I am not its enemy, but I wish ,
lo know exactly what il means, and In what
direction I am to prOgrell, If it means that
glorious spirit which sweeps abroad upon the
; 'wings ul peace, shedding life, anil ILht, and
' happinoaii on the hud ami on the sea, which
sends loo missionary among the heathen, uml
gathers the Infldel and the unbeliever beneath
the gaayevl ample shield, Which doubles tho
productions of earth, ami lays hare the trail-
I ore of ocean, which plints tin: ehureh of
find in the wlluerneai of ihe West, and snh
titntea IheHabbath bell for the how l of tlie
panther, which etrriea literature and science
to the log-cabin of Ihe pioneer, and connects
every purl of this wide Republic by links so,
strong, h i cloae thut the traveler leels every
spot he trends is home, und every hand he
grasps a brother's hand, if this he the ipro- ,
tgrea which is meant, molt gladly do I enlist
under its banner.
Hut, sir, I am not permitted so to under
eland ii. I understand progress, aa Interpret'
led by modern politicians, to he quite u tli f-
i frrent thing. The first lenon they Inculcate
is a sort of general defiance to all mankind,
an imitation of the w orst practice of olden
chivalry the practice of hanging a glove in :
j sonic public place ns a challenge to every
, passer-by to engage in mortal comb it a
practice, in no degree based upon wrongs to ,
he redressed, or injuries to he avenged, hut
i upon it pure, Unmitigated love of blood uml ;
Istrile. They have borrowed also from the,
crusaders another vicious and indefensible
habit that ol Impoverishing thomsolvai at,
I home lo raise the me nu of transportation to
other lands to erect altars and inculcate i
principles by Ihe edge of the sword. Thry j
propose to grasp the territory of an old und
faithful ally, not only without the shadow uf a
claim, hut without even the robber's plea of,
neceaiity-tu hush the hn.-y hum of commerce '
to withdraw the arlisiin from his worknhop, ;
Ihe laborer from his field, Ihe man of science I
I tlie man of letters from their high pur- '
' auita to convert the w hole land into one vast
camp, nml impress upon Ihe people tho wild '
anil tierce character of the followers of king
Sir, I wish to Indulge in no exaggerated I )
statements, hut let us, in the cant phriiuology ; '
of the day, "eitlblllh a foreign policy." I.el r
u aet about convincing the world that we
re indeed 'l Power upon earth." Let u .'
rob Spain of Cuba, England of 'atiada, and i
Mexico other remaining poiwiaionii ami!1
thi continent will be too small a theatre up-1 1
on Which to enact the lit. unly drama of A- "
tnorlcin progreiil 1, ike the prophet of the '
Bait, who carried the iword in one hand and
ihe Koran in the other, American armies will i 1
ho ent forth to proclaim freedom to ihe set,; I'
I til it he happen to loVO the land iii wliich
he was horn, and exhibits a nno manly at- "
tachmenl to tin- institution with which In-
familiar, his own life's blood will saturate the I
soil, ami hi w I fa ami children be driven forth 0
as h lUifleil Wgndera, in proof of our lender ' "
euniideratlon hut the nobis of humanity. "
Sir, this i u species of prog real with which
Satan himself might fall in lova,
Mr. PreaJdeOtt there are In this connection
still other light! in which the quCltioa before V
a., nay be presented, Look at America a I"
the now i. proaperouji in all thing, iplendhiJ ,
inagnlAeetrt, rich in her agriculture, rich in '
her commerce, rich in aril ami science, rich 1,1
in learning, rich ill individual Ireedoin, richer lr
-till hi Ihe proud prerogative of bending the !L
knee to none but the tiod who uiudo Ul, and 111
f worshipping even in -Hi temples iMord- '"
Ing to the form which eonacieaM, not tin- "
law, ha prejenhed. tiuzc upon that picture1 1,1
nnlil your miiiI has drank In all tl beatily, all "
It glory, and thu let nt paint for you lhai l''
athiab la offered at substitute. Look upon '
Uml where war bus become a pasajon, and
bh.od a welcome visitant; where every avenue "'
lo gealue is closed save that which leads U
through a Held ol strife; where tho widow
the orphan mingle unavailing teurs for the !'
husband and Ihe fulher; where literature has 'l
become u mockery and religion a reproach; "
upon I people, strong indeed, but terrible In V
their sire ni;tli. wilh Ihe tiger's outward beauty
, and the tiger's inward llercenes; upon a ll
people correctly deicribvd by the pool when
ho slid I'
"ItfliRion, bluthiiiK, veil her I acred fire, j
And unaware morality i pinn,
Nor pabli llai, nor private, dtHM to shine, i
Nor human park is li lt, nor gliiuune divine. '
Ljl thy dread empire, chao. reriorud, '
laght die htfor thy laieaaUag wordi
Thy hnnd, crcat Antrch, lets the curtain fall, ,),
And it tiivers.il darkness buries all." ,a
Let no one tell me that these are imaginary en
tigers. Af the commencement of the sin
ench Revolution, if any one predicted the a I
cesses to which it gave birth, he would mi
ve been regarded as a madman. What otl
curity have we against the occurrence of j on
nilar! Wo are human, ns they were Our ou
I of being is the same: and if we once an
part from the plain path of prudence and mi
rectitude, no human wisdom can forsee it.
The prctent ioqultltlcn of Cuba, In my of
union, in anyway, is of questionable pro- , or
icty; but if il is come to us ns tho result of. O
r uml violence, instead of a blessing it will w
WO a deadly ill. When ('aractacua wia I at
irried to Rome, to grace the triumph of his , m
inqueror, he gned with wonder and awe la
ion the splendor and magnificence with in
llich be was surrounded. Then, turning to , pi
le Emperor, he expressed his simple wonder oi
lat one so rich, so powerful, eo blessed with st
le possession of everything that earth could it
estow, should have envied him his humble p
OttlgC homo in the forests of Britain. With tt
hat force, with what property, might not. p
)hl Spain atldress t ) us a simHar appeal! o
'ossessed of a territory extending ulinost d
rom the Northern ocean to the region of the r
topics, embracing every vuriety of soil, r
iilmite, ami production, why should we envy i
spain the lust 1 tile island ol her once mighly f
lominionil VVe do not need it for agriculture; v
ve do not need it fur purjioscs of national u
The assertion that Cuba commands the
Quit trade is a fallacy wliich it requires a i
rery slight examination to dispel. TortUgll c
uud Key W est Commind the Uulf trade, and i
not only that, hut they command Cuba itself, s
With those points properly fortified, a hostile i
Heel in the harbors of Cuba would he power-
less tor miichiefi This fact has long been t
familiar to English statesmen; and on that
account the cession of Florida to the United i
States was made the subject, of excited tie- i
bate in tie! Parliament of Britain. Spain i
was greatly cemured Tor making the cession I
while she professed to lie an ally of England; i
and this conduct of the Ministry in permitting t
it lo be dune was aniin idverlcd upon in terms t
equally severe. Nor are wit without authority
from our own officer!. Commodores Rodgori, j
ferry, end Tattnall, have ill made reports j
slnnving the immense importance of these
points, uml their ubsohite command of the
Uulf trade. Commodore Porter repeatedly I
expressed like opinions, baaed upon practical
experience while he was iii command of the'
Mexican fleet. General Totten has submit
ted lo the War Departmont an elaborate re
port to the same effect; und Lieutenant
Maury, in one of the ablest papers written by
him, shows conclusively that no vessel under
CillVOli can leave the Gulf w ithout passing in
sight of Tortttgas and Key West; and
estimates the amount necessary to complete
the fortifications at these poind ut something
less than two millions nf dollars.
II. thus appears thai, it is the part of I
economy, as well as of honesty, lo fortify our i
own possessions, ami leave our neighbors in
undisturbed enjoyment of what belongs to
them. It is surely bettor to appropriate $3,-
000. 000 to complete Ports Tuylor and Jeffer
son, than to expend HllU,0U(l,()Ul in the
purchase of Cuba, or uncounted millions in
its subjugation and conquest. Nor would the
heavy outlay rendered necessary by either
mode of annexation cover our whole loss.
We derive now from duties upon Cuban im
ports, an annual revenue of 13,000,000 or
96,000,000. If Cuba be annexed, thai
revenue ceases entirely. Higher duties must
be laid on other articles, and we shall have n
renewal of the discontents, bickerings, anil i
diiiemioni which attended the paaiegfl of
our earlier tariff law. I am not in the habit i
of using arguments addressed to the North I
or to the South. No argument can he n good I
one which does not address itself lo the whole '
country; and the Itateiman whose patriotism
is limited by n Slate line is an unsafe legll- '
later for a great people. Hut sectional ap- '
peals have been made, ami I propose to meet (
them, in no one aspect in which I can look t
ii this queitlep does it present any appearance 1
but that of injury to the Smith. If Cubit's
same in as a ilave State, it would give us no '
idditional political advantage, no additional U
loliticol power. The once cherished dream 'I I
if southern statesmen of maintaining u ! I
laluuce of power in the Senate of the U S. u
ins been completely exploded. The North U
las already obtained a preponderance, and
hat preponderance will be increased frum ; I
eur to year. What we have lost can never '
a- regained. For the maintenance of our u
Ightl, and the preservation of our privileges, a
re must look to other sources to the good 1 I
nae of the American people, to their deep jv
ive for tln institutions tinder which wo live, a
) their innate sense of right and justice, and U
,i Ihe certainly that any set ion- encroachment j
lust he followed by convulsions Which would u
hake i he continent, , a
Cuba as a slave Slate, would not restore I
lie balance of power, and is ' therefore, t
01. ticallv, of no importance, (no pecuniary "
oiut of view, il would be opprcsive and
u wouU u;.. t
powerful rival in dlroct competition, with "
ie moi( profitable production! of the south- u
rn Stales. Rcinote the duties now levied si
poll those tirlicles wllioll come front Cuba, it
ml tin ir culture in Ihe southern Stutei will pi
WO sicken and die. The present tariff upon j "i
igur is highly protective, and its removal ti
uuhl prove a gneyous burden; but there is tl
.en greater danger to be apprehended from j w
s increased produciinn. Spain has been t
umbering lor a hundred years. Nut long I CI
nee, I met un intelligent Luulaiana planter gl
i Havana, win ussured me that he hud m
I V'eried neurly tho whole island, thut he '
mud in its field but one modern plough, A w
i its ihills scarcely a lingl BjadmrQ improve- ! I.
cut. His opiuJOD was that if Cubu belong-' si
I to the United Stales its productions would j nl
i quadrupled. If. that opinion he correct, tl
i 1 doubt not it is, no one can fail lo see the Ot
laalroua effect of annexaiioa upon somhcin tl
As long us Cub reniuius in the possession si
:' Spain it will he of inc slimahlu advantage H
i the United State in the event of a war hi
ilh any foreign power. The whole cum- h
icrce of the gulf Stales could be poured into bi
s harbors-, merchants would he found there Ol
udy to purchase, and buying in a neutral oi
art, ami roshipping in u neutral vessel, they "
ould he safe from the danger of capture, & at
his one of Iho greatest lnrd.-hips of war -
ould be almost entirely alleviated. Our R
revloue hitory is pregnant with proof to 01
big ell'ect. During (he embargo of Mr. tl
efi'erson, wo shipped to Florida, then u o
paiiiah colony, about eight thousand bules
if cotton. As soon us the embargo was re- "
aOVed those sliipments ceased entirely. u o
1814, during the war with EnglanJ, we p
pped to Florida about thirteen thousand 'ci
les of cotton. In 1810, when the war hud iO'
led, not a soliary hale. These figures I o
)W how great w'A the advintago of having I U
leutral Power iinoii our borders, and how j rr
ich suffering was avoided which must',
lcrvvise have been endured. The vast in-! a
)aM of the GuM trade renders such aiijtl
tlet or far more importance now than nt e
y former period, and it is dlfticult to esti-,1
itc ull the advaitages which may How from i
Let me turn novv to a more general view j i
the subject. Cuba his a populate n of t
ic million ttvo hundred thousand inhabita'its. ' i
f theso about six hundred thousand are 1 1
bites; a little more than two hundred thous
id free blacks, and the remainder slaves, i
ost of them of recent importation. If the I
land of (tuba were turned over to us to- I
orrow without cost, with this heterogeneous 1
pulatlon, hoW it it to he governed! Not
ie of them has ever exercised the right of
lAVagc. Not one of them ever for a
lument felt the iron-hand of military des
Dtism relaxed. They could not be trusted
govern themselves. The habits and the
rejudicci of centuries are not to be shaken
IT in an hour. They would still cherish a
eep-seated attachment for the splendor of
nyully, and as deep a contempt for the plain
epublican government which Would supplant
t. To such n people a constitution and
itntc government after American models
rould he a curse, leading inevitably to !
narchy, constant disturbances, and daily
senee of violence nntl bloodshed.
Another imposing difficulty is to he found
n their estabiathed religion. Willi us that!
tould nut continue. Tho magnificent cere
nontee which they have been accustomed to ,
ee, surrounded and protected by the full j
itrength ol Ihe law, would at once lose that !
irotCCtlon; and the cowled priest, whose j
itles are now paid to him as a legal right,'
rouid find himself dependent upon tho charity I
f his flock, whom therefore ho would have
tvery motive to render dlicontented and
urbulent. Who can estimate the cire-t ofl
hi upon an ignorant, bigot ed, and lupersti
ions race, speaking a different language, IC
suitomed to different laws, despising our in
llltutlons, looking upon us with jealousy and
rear! This blow at u religion which has been
Lratlimiltod to them from century to century
ivould dissipate the last hope of a Cordial
union between the races, ami render it nearly
Certain that in order to govern Cuba peare
nbly we first niUlt make it a solitude, anil
I hen people it with emigrants from these
Hut, sir, if every other objection to the
annexation ol Cuba were removed, there
would still exist an liinult insuperable dif
ficulty in the number of free blacks who
swarm ale nt ihe islam). Ignorant and vicious,
they would be Intuit! ready instruments in any
iviuk of mischief. Mingling freely with the
slaven, they would be constantly exciting the
latter to insurrection and revolt, and thus
render the lives of the planters every moment
insecure. Il inuyji asked why theia evils
ire n t now felt! V( m ! degree Ihey are;
out they arc felt lejaTsensibly, because, over
these as over the rest of her subjects, Spain
maintains a sleepless military rule. They
an turn in no direction without meeting a
COtnpauy of infantry ur a troop of horse; and
the Certainly with which a heavy punishment
follows suspicion, ever operates as an effectual
check upon their vicious propensities. With
us it would be wholly dill'i rent. There would
lie no soldiers to overawe them, no military
ixecutioni to keep alive their terrors, no
police exercising over tl.cin a constant
vigilance, and checking every plot in its first
inception. In the South, we understand the
iifiicultiei and the dinger which arise from
I his clan of population, and most of the
louthern Slates have passed laws to exclude
hem from their limits; hut they are already
ocnted in Cuba, and the difficulty is to get
id of them,
There are other arguments which I might
id vu nee, but it is not needed. In the elaborate
liscussion which these reiolul tons have cutis
'd, I do nol recoiled to have seen a single
enable reason advanced in livor of the
acquisition of Cuba. It possession is as
mned to be of immen so advantage; hut In
i hat thut advantage consists we uro wholly
ininformed. Wo are not told how wo are to
to benefited hy throwing away a revenue of
ive or six millions of dollars annually. Wi
re not told how we are to be beneli ed by
i-slroy ing the culture of sugar in tho lOUth
rn Btate. We are not told how we are to
e benefited hy changing the character of a
ictitral harbor into which our commerce
lighl be safely poured in time of war. We j
re not told what advantage we are to derive :
rom incorporating among us a mass of
retched human beings, whites, free blacks,
oil slaves, unfit to govern llieiu-clves, und
nwilling to be governed by us.
Not one of these things seems to have '
ecu considered of auffjeient Importance to :
(tract attention. In the eloquent speech ol I
ie honorable Senator Iroin Louisiana, (Mr. j
IwVLKf I was particularly strmk wilh Iho
OlOttCe of all this. 1 noticed, also, another;
ignilicunt omission, lie did not venture to
II i is vv hen or ill what WaV he thought Cuba
aght to he acquired, lie told us that he
us not in favor of its purchase, but there he I
opped. I u in ottre he does not desire that '
.should come to us as tho result of un un
ovoked and uggrcssiio war. There is but
tc other mode in which it can come, and,
tat is by successful revolt of the Cubuni
lemiolvei. Well, sir, if that be his method,
0 ure pretty nearly agreed. I am willing 1
1 compromise on that; for it is tolerably
irtaiU that he and I will both he cold in tlie 1 1
ave long before that revolution is begun,'1
uch less accomplished.
The Senator from Florida Mr. HaixobtI '
ent a bow-shot beyond the Senator from '
auUilM, and argued that there was some '
irt of "overruling necessity" which was 1
tout to compel us to snatch this gem (row 1
ie crown ol Spain. I recognize, sir, un
drilling Providence, whose law demands 1
at nations tdmull he upright, just und 1
inat, and deny the existence of any neces- i
ty which cumes in coullict with that law.
eretofore, "prugros" und"uiauifesldestiiiy" '
ive been considered sufficient to cover ull 1
signs upon the property of our neighbors; t
it these catchwords are nearly two years
d, und ure therefore approaching the pre- I
nets of "fogyism." It wa necessary that
k'oung America" should huve a new one;
id the Venator from Florida has supplied it t
-"overruling necessity." I admire his jiulg- ,
ent. He could not have selected a more
iinprehensive phrase. Certain it is that
icre is no wrong it will nut IX0UM no!
utrage it will not extenuate.
Mr. President, 1 need not say that I do not j
itend to vole for these resolutions. The
tie which announces our purpose nut lo take
osscesion of Cuba by fraud or violence is
'rtninly, that far. in accordance with my j Hri
vti feelings; but I do not see the neceslity Of
nuking the declaration. It seem to me ( I.a
be both undignified and unmanly to be Th
taking constant protestations of, our honeefy. wl
et u show the world by our arts that we En
re honest, and leave all such declarations to tnr
losg w hose doubtful character requires ionic j to
nch bolitering. Nor do I think the reaffirma-! on
on of the Monroe doctrine would add to its wl
mportmce. Our policy has long ngo been j Ft
nnooneed to the world, and this restless I cu
esirc to reiterate it upon all occasions, lookl ml
0 me somewhat ns if we doubted our own ('
esolntion, mid required a few legislative !
csolves to keep up our courage. di
The Senator from Michagan has expressed st
onsitlernble surprise at what he terms c.ur S
ihl inking from meeting the questions ruUcd t
"iy his resolutions. Sir, there may be other w
;aues than fear which render us reluctant ' w
lo vote for them. When a hoy I read a sto- 1 tr
ry of the civil wars of England, which tnttght p
mo a lesson not yet forgotten. An adherent tl:
of the Parliament had been cruelly treated ct
by one of the opposite party. His houses had ' rt
been burned down, and his fields made des- I
olate. Some time afterwards he met an ac- C
qrjnfntnnCC to whom he told the story of his fj
wrongs. It was done simply and plainly, rji
Without a single threat or execration. When ,
he h id finished, his friend asked him with 1 tl
surprise, '-And did yon not vow revenge!"!
Now," was the reply; "those who take fhe'w
' trouble to make vows are very cer.uin that (
'a time will come when they will need avow !c.
' to steady their purposes. I never doubted Si
what I would do, and I made no vows." Sir, ' tj
there was more danger in one such a man it
than a whole regiment of noisy babblers. U
Silence is almost invariably the concomitant (
of determined resolution; and tho world will
be quite ns likely to believe us in earnest, I q
ami will respect us as much for refusing tu L
pass, y ir alter year, a series of threatening I
Hi, President, I find that I am taxing my , J
itrength too much, an I I must soon close. I
The pllgri It who In obedience to n vision j
oftCntimea repeated, seized his staff and net
out in search of a land in which he had been (
promised alt the joyi of Paradise, after tra
versing many lands, steadly pursuing his
daAgorDUS way through ioreiti and
deserts, reached at last tho only mountain
which shut out, from his gaze the promised
hind. Slowly he commenced the ascent; (
then paused.overcoine by conten lingemotions.
1 If from that mountain top, he should indeed
look upon a v alley, such as had appeared to Iii ii i .
in his dreams, beautiful, and gloriutis, where ,
the Dower had lost its thorn, where the
j iwecteit melodies were continually poured
into the ear, and the very air was redolent
with perfume,how cheaply would it be purchas
ed even by all the toils ami dangers he had
encountered. Hut then the fear that dream .
bail deceived him; that he might find a barren
waste of thorns and brambles, desert, cheerless,
ami inhospitable. Anxious to knn.v the truth,
yet dreading to have it revealed, he stood
up in the mountain aide unable to advance or
to recede. Even - uch emotions, Mr. President, ,
might now well swell the American bosom.
We have reached the hillside from whose top
ihe fill ure of America may he found. Hut .
who can ascend it without a feeling of doubt
and terror! Is it to ho the America which
all of us loved to paint in our boyish days
free, happy, and prosperous, inculcating hy
its precepts, und enforcing by its example a
deep Jove of law and order, offering a refuge
and asylum to the fugitive from oppression,
cultivating with assiduous care the arts of
peace, and Illustrating all the mild beauties
of Christaintyl Or is it to he that America
wliich "progress," "manifest destiny," and
"overruling necessity'' are now seeking to
make it, where freedom will be lost amid the .
clash of arms, and the wail of every pood
spirit wil! rise above crushed and broken J
hope ol man's incapacity to govern himself) j
Sir, it us in our action that the answer must;
be found. Our country is at stake, and he j '
who hives it as he ought, lh till Id pause audi'
ponder long it well before tampering, ill any '
way, wilh luhigh and holy a trust. j'
WASHINGTON, Feb. 5.
mkn.vte Mr. Hunter notified the senate
of his intention to move tu take up tho De-jj
fieiency hill on Monday. I ,
The hill from the House, granting land to
Arkansas und Missouri for railroad from the
mouth of the Ohio to little llock, was taken ; ,
The hill, after some debute, was passed.
The Pacific. Railroad bill was then taken
up. Mr. duller made a long speech against il,
mi the ground of its unconstitutionality.
Mr. dell replied.
Before he concluded the Senate adjourned.
Hurst:. Alter passing a number of pri-1
vale bills, the house took up and passed re- .
solutions providing lor printing the census, j
and then adjourned.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 7.
Hoi-sr The bill for the relief of the town u
of llelleville, Iowa, passed. j ,
Mr. Toombs offered u resolution Instructing rl
Ihe cominoree to inquire into the evpediency ' d
of repealing the navigation law s, and throw
ing open the coasting trade to the com
petition of ull nations, and to report by hill
The question on suspending the rules was ! t
After some unimportant business the House ! j.
BgaATB.-The bill for extending pre-emption I
ights to settlers upon lands not surveyed inju
Serial n cases, passed after some debate.
Mr. t Hunter reported additional amendments
o the Deficiency Bill, pi
Mr. QwyHn offered i resolution calling for a
ilatcineut as to the time und money neces-1 ,j
tary to put San Francisco in a stute of
Mr. (-'ass's Monroe resolutions were taken u
ip, when Senator Clemen made a speech
ensuring Iho course ol Messrs. Cass, Douglas,
mil others, is calculated to embarrass the ti
BCOntlng administration. Tho speech ol Mr.
BlemCM was quit long. j
WASHINGTON, Feb. 8.
SEKATf .-The bill grunting further remedies
;o patentee' passed by a vote of 21 to l.V
Alter a debate between Messrs. Uayard p
ind Miller, the resolutions in regard to the i
Ll.iruy grant were taken up. Mr. Seward ki
iddressed the Senate.
Holt eg. The House concurred in the di
Senate amendment to tho bill relating to hi
locations uf lands in Oregon under the I,
ilonulion act. ai
A message wus received from the President ut
covering a report from tho Secretary of oi
Slate, in relutiou to negotiations pending u
belwoen this government and that of Great t
tain, on the subject of the Fisheries, and dor
the reciprocal navigation "f the St. En
wrence, and the canals connected with it. I
e Secretary suys it has been here perceived,
th satisfaction, that the government of
gland is prepared to enter into an arrange-
nt for the admission of (he United States )(,
a full participation in tho public fisheries ol
the coasts and shore.v of the provinces, pri
tli tho exception, at present, of New ,(
lUndland, gnd Ifl the right of drying nntl
ring fish on the shore, on condition of the IT;,
mission, duly free, into the markets of the -0
tilled States, of the products of the colonial iuj
herlCS) similar privileges, on the like mil
lions, to be reciprocally enjoyed by British an
bjects on the coasts and shnresof Ihe United
tales. And it is now also understood that
e Ilritish government is de-irous, in conceit ln
ith the provinces, to come to an agreement
ilh the United States for reciprocal free e.
tide with the provinces in certuin national i,j
ode.ctions; ami that the free navl'gation ol
ie river St. Lawrence and the Welian.l- C
inal would he conceded as part of the nr jj
The Secretary of State recomnicnds that
ongress pass an act admitting provincial j(
sh tree of duty, into the United States, on (,
inditlon that the fishermen of the U. States r
8 freely a.linittetl to a full participation in
ie provincial fisheries.
The message w as referred and the HoUlO
ent into committee on the bill to establish
ie territorial government, the territory to be '
imposed of all that portion of Oregon lying
itith of 49 deg. north lalitud.; and north of! g
ie Columbia river from its mouth, to where !
ie 40 th deg. north latitude crosses suid river,
iience with the 40th degree to the summit ofl
lie Rocky Mountains.
On motion of Mr. Stanley the name of the I .
'errltory was altered to that of Washington j
nd the hill was ordered to be printed.
Tho Committee next took up the bill te
stablish the Territorial government of r
Without conclti ling, the Committee re-
torted the Washington Territorial dill to the 1
louaeand then tuuk a recess until le'ven 1
'clock ut niglit. i
WASHINGTON, Feb. 9.
The returns were read in joint session, and
Franklin Pierce and William R. King were
innounccd as President and Vice-President
or the term of four years, (rom the 4th of
March next. The Senators then retired.
In the House, Messrs. Jones of Tennessee,
ind Hehard were appointed a committee to'1
icquaint Franklin Pierce with his election.
Mr. Hunter was appointed by tho Senate.
The House adj turned without an evening
session, vhich, last night, effected nothing,
:hcre being no quorum present.
After returning to I heir chamber, the Senate
lppointcd a committee to announce to Messrs.
fierce and King their election, and then ud-journcd.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 10.
Senate Session occupied in debating the
Pexas debt bill, which was proposed to he '
unendod authorizing the issu.i of eight and ' ,
ne third millions of 3 per cent, bonds payable
n 'JO years, paid to the Creditor and holders '
if the bonds of Texas, secured by pledge of!,
eveuue arising from imports. The debate
vas carried on hy Messrs , Pearce, Hunter
HoUSB.-The bill establish ing the Territorial
3overnment of Washington in Oregon, w as
A bill establishing the Territory ofCoiumbia,
vas proposed and debuted. A motion was '
nade to change tho name to Washington,
The Nebraska Territorial bill was considered
n committee of tho whole.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 11.
St: nate. Mr. Mason, from the Committee
n Foreign Relations, made a report relative ,
o the establishment of the British Colony at ,
lelizO, concluding with a resolution to the
fleet that no action waa required, as nothing ,
ontained in the Bnlwer and Clayton treaty ,
iOUld be considered as BtTeotlng the title or j
txisting rights of Great Britain to Bnglishh
lettlements in Honduras. ,
The Texas debt bill was then taken up.
Ur. Houston opposed it. It was postponed
intil Thursday next. j
The Senate then adjourned into Executive
Session &. indefinitely p nip me I Mr. Badger
lomination for the Supreme Court ,
WASHINGTON, Feb. 12.
Senate. Mr. Davis reported back the bill I
irhich he. introduced last week, proposing re
iprocal fishing rights und privileges be-I
ween Americans und British fi.-horman in i I
caters of both countries postponed, I
House hill regulating 'fees to be allowed j t
Uerk, Surehala, Attorney, Collectors,!!
'rectors and other in the, U. s. Cjurt was'i
tasted With Various amendment.
Houkr. Mr. Garrison from the Committee I
n MI Hilary officers reported u bill for the i
elief of Col. Fieemont tnproprlating I
!l'J,.r)00 to relieve him from certain costs and I t
imiajtv and bail in Rngtand, c
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14.
Hot sr. The resolution to meet in future 1
I one o'clock, was decided to be in order for 1
ie evening session. u
Mr. Davis of Indiana, reported a bill to ad- 0
ist the difficulties growing out of the sales, 11
y Ihe General Government, of swump lands I
eretoioro granted to certuiu States; which, w
ter debate wus laid on tlie table. fi
House adjourned. s
Senate. The Senate met at half past "
The Deficiency bill was taken up on mo-
in of Mr. Hunter. The amendments re-
Lu ted by the Finance committee recommend- 0
Ig an appropriation for Light Houses, being l'
I da consideration, Mr. liorlund said that "
cts had been disclosed before ihe investigu- D
in cotninittee, showing the most outrugeous "
ii uds in the Light House Departments, s- ll
cially in the contract for Light Houses on 1
ie Pucilic. e
On motion, the appropriation for Pacific M
ight Houses was stricken out. s'
Provisions was also made for leasing build- ''
gi and machinery for assayers office in San '''
The Monroe doctrine resolutions being tu- 11
n up, Mr. Dongluss made a long and eh ''
jent speech adverse to their adoption. Hi
lined his position with regard to Cuba a,- l'
;ing to let her alone as long us she remained 1
yui to Spain, but to take her in if she us- .''
rts her own independence ami purchase for
Imission; or if Spain Is willing, to endorse it
a reusouhie terms; but to seize and buhl it
II hazards, if any European power attempt?
i take possession. Ho wished tho Monroe
" ' . .1 j
itrine put in force by protesting against the
glish Colony nt ihe Balhw,
Ur. Cuss replied.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 15.
Senats. dell passed providing that ease
ore the Courts oftho District ol Columbia,
t completed at expiration of terms, shall
iceed In the same manners as if the terms
I not expired,
Deficiency bill taken up with amendment to
r ! 300,000 dollars to ( 'alifomia, from the fund
Heated as duties In that State, prior to her
mission Intb the Union; Adopted.
Mr. llnrland moved an amendment to the
propriation bill for the Capitol extension,
at monies in future be expended by thq
immissiontr of public buildings, instead of
Mr. dorland made a speech denouncing
amis which he said had been predicted by
in a year since; Amendment adopted.
HorsF. Hill from the Senate relative to
lining half and quarter dollnrs, dime and half
me, taken up and advocate I hy Skelton and
rook, ind the motion to lay on the table
Sgatived by 54 to 109; previous question
Conded, the House proceeded to vote am
ndments, and rejected those proposed by the
'Ommlttee uf Ways mid Means.
The dill passed finally.
The Negotiations with England.
the president ol the United States trans
litteil to Congress, on Tuesday, u message,
oVerlng the following important report of tho
iecretury of State, to the latter portion of
rhicli he invites the attention of tho two
Department of State,
Washington, Feb. 7, 1853.
Vo The President of the United Stales:
The Secretary of State has the honor to
ubn.it to hie President the following report
elative to the negotiation pending between
Ins Government and that of Great dritain on
he subjectof the fisheries, ,.r reciprocal inter.
:ou,se with the BritiakNorth American IVo
inces, and the naviglfioii oftho St. Law
ence and the canals connected with it.
The prospects of the negotiation n't the
commencement of the session ware alluded to
In a general way in the President's message
The attention of this Department was given
to the subject at the earliest day possible, and
it has been pursued with diligence. It has
been perceived with satisfaction that the
Government of her Britannic Majesty is prepar
ed to enter into an arrangement for tho at!
mission of the fishing vessels of the United
States to a full participation in the public
fisheries on the coasts and shores of the Pro
vinces, (with the exception, perhaps; at pres
ent, ol Newfoundland,) and in the right of
drying and curing fish on shore, on condition
ol the admission, duty free, into the markets
ol the U. States, of the products of the col
onial fisheries; similar privileges, on the like
condition, to bo reciprocally enjoyed by Brit
ish subjects, on the coasts und shores oftho
Such an arrangement, the Secretary has
reason to believe, would be acceptable to the
Uhipg interests of the United States.
It is also understood that uie British Gov
ernment is desirous, in concert with the Pro
fince, to come to an agreement with the U-
ititod States for reciprocal free trade with the
Province in certain natural productions; and
that the free navigation of the St. Lawrence,
and of the Welian.l and Rldeau Canals, would
be conceded as part of the arrangement.
An agreement of this kind has for several
roars received the attention of Congress, and
i bill providing for reciprocal free trade, in
MrtaiD articles on one occasion passed the
House ol Representatives. The present ne
gotiations have been conducted by tho De
artment under the impression that, if the de
:ail of the arrangement could be satisfactor
ly settled, and in such a way as to afl'ord a
prospect of mutual benefit, Congress would be
lUpoaod to perform its pari to carry it into
Even if the United Slates, as a party to the
wmpact which furnishes by fur tho largest
narket to the other, ah n.ld think it necessary
ii some respects to limit um j others to en
urge th I number of article subject to the ar
ongeinent, beyond what the British Govern
ment on the Provinces vvo'd prefer, the Secre
tary has been of opinion thai the main provis
os abo.e alluded to promised so much bene
it on both sides that it would be fell to he ex
pedient to enter into the arrangement for a
lefiuite tiine, leaving to future legislation &
negotiation, guided by experience, to render
t still mure satisfactory by further limitation
The number und vuriety of the details which
i ive presented themselves in the progress of
he negotiation, and the important interest in
liOereul purls both of the United States and
he British Provinces requiring to be ciireful
y considered, taken in connection with the
lecessiiyofa reference to London for in
tructlons us to ull questions of moment that
irise unexpectedly, have thus fur prevented,
ind will probubly render impossible the con-
ilusion of u comprehensive arrangement of
he kind Contemplated in season to be submit
ted to the Senate, and to become the subject
'I legislative uclion during the present short
cssion. It i believed, however, from the
irugress made, und the present state ol nego
iations, that timo only is wanted tor a satisfac
ury agreement between the two Governments
n all the subjects above alluded to. The
nly part of the proposed arrangement which
lay be considered as of an urgent nature is
uch an adjustment of the fisheries question as
ould romovo all danger of trouble on the
shiug grounds during the approaching ses
ion. This is an object of great importance
nd worthy the immediate attention of Con
ros. As belonging to a general settlement,
tie dritish Government is willing to dispose
fit separately; but the Secretary of State is
f opinion that, under the circumstance of
ie case, if Copgress should pass an act ad
litiin; provincial fish free of duty into the
uited States, on condition that the fisher
ten of the United States aro admitted to a
ill participation in the provincial fisheries,
M Government of Great Britain would give
fleet to the measure by the requisite legisla
on on her part, in the expectation on both
es that the question of reciprocity, and of
ie use of the St. Lawrence and tiie canals
mneeted with it, will be tuken up hereafter,
Ith a favorable disposition to come to mu
ully advantageous agreement on that part
the subject also.
Even If Mich un act should fai) to produce
ie desired result, which is not apprehended
would relievo the United States of the re
nlbilly of consequences.
All which is resn 'dually submitted
Wool. The coming Wool crop of ihii
luntry is being bought up it t n rmous prices